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CHAPTE R

8 Decimals and Fractions


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Investigate BIG Idea


How are decimals
Animations and fractions
Vocabulary
connected?

Math Songs

Multilingual
eGlossary

Learn alent
Equiv tions
Make this Foldable Frac imals
Personal Tutor ions and Dec
to help you organize ract
F
a ls
cim
information about De
Virtual
Manipulatives decimals and
fractions. Begin
Audio with one sheet of
8 _ 11 paper.
1
Foldables 2

Practice New Vocabulary


Self-Check Practice decimal decimal
a number that uses
eGames place value, numbers,
and a decimal point
Worksheets to show part of a whole
0.3
6 004A 112056
Key Vocabulary
Assessment

English Espaol
fracciones equivalentes
equivalent fractions
maximo comn divisor
greatest common factor
forma reducida
simplest form
nmero mixto
mixed number

380
When Will I Use This?
Nicholas in Flying Feat Right, Nicholas! Your turn,
Each student will use their tape Olivia.
Boy, this paper measure and Ill write down
airplane contest is the distance their plane flies.
going to be fun,
Mr. Grey!

OK!

My Good
Wow! airplane went Mine went
How far throw, 6 14 feet.
7 34 feet. My Ethan!
did it go? Sweet! turn!

5 12 feet. Your Hope my


Julian and 6 13 feet! turn,
Teresa, how Nicholas. airplane goes
about you? the farthest.

Your Tthuiisrn!
You will sollve err.
teer
problem in the chap

Decimals and Fractions 381


Are You Ready You have two options for checking
Prerequisite Skills for this chapter.
for the Chapter?
Text Option Take the Quick Check below.

Write a fraction to describe the part that is green.


1. 2. 3.

Write each as a fraction.


4. four-tenths 5. eight-tenths 6. twenty-hundredths

7. Measurement On Tuesday, seven tenths of an inch of rain fell.


Write the amount of rain that fell as a fraction.

Algebra Copy and complete.


8. 9.

4
__ 
1
__ 
= ___ 5
= ___
10
5 10

4 6
10. In Salvadors aquarium, ___
10
of the fish are yellow, and ___
10
are blue.
Are there more blue or yellow fish in Salvadors aquarium?
Explain how you know.

Online Option Take the Online Readiness Quiz.

382 Decimals and Fractions


Multi-Part
Lesson 1 Decimals
PART A B C D E

Place Value Through


Main Idea Tenths and Hundredths
I will explore decimals. A decimal is a number that uses place value and a decimal
point to show part of a whole. The place-value chart shows
Materials how decimals are part of the base-ten system. You can use
Workmat 6 a place-value chart and models to represent decimals.
0OFT %FDJNBMT
UIPVTBOEUIT
IVOESFEUIT

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths


IVOESFET

UFOUIT
POFT
UFOT

hundredths grid
10 10 10 10

colored pencils Use a place-value chart to show seven-tenths.


U

Step 1 Use a place-value chart.


Write 7 in the tenths column.

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths


Get ConnectED
0 7
GLE 0406.2.1
Understand place value of Step 2 Use a model.
numbers from hundredths
to the hundred-thousands
place.

Step 3 Write the decimal.


0.7

decimal point tenths place

So, seven-tenths can be written as 0.7.

Lesson 1A Decimals 383


Model forty-five hundredths. Write the decimal.
M

Step 1 Use a place-value chart.


Write 4 in the tenths column and 5 in the
hundredths column.
Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths

0 4 5
Step 2 Use a hundredths grid.
Shade 45 of the 100 parts to show 45 hundredths.

Step 3 Write the decimal.


0.45
So, forty-five hundredths can be written 0.45.

About It
1. Describe the difference between the decimals two-tenths and
two-hundredths.

2. Use a hundredths grid to model the decimals in Exercise 1.


Identify the greater decimal.

and Apply It
Write a decimal for each shaded part.
3. 4. 5.

Write each decimal.


6. two-tenths 7. twenty-five 8. forty-nine 9. seventy-three
hundredths hundredths hundredths

Model each decimal.


10. 0.37 11. 0.51 12. 0.88 13. 0.9

14. E WRITE MATH Explain how to use a place-value chart to


write seventeen-hundredths.

384
3 Decimals and Fractions
Multi-Part
Lesson 1 Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will model and
Tenths
describe tenths as part
of the base-ten system.
In the previous lesson, you used parts of a whole to
show the place value. A decimal is a number that uses
Vocabulary
V place value, numbers, and a decimal point to show part
decimal of a whole. A tenth is one of ten equal parts.
tenths

Write Tenths
W
Get ConnectED
HORSES Lorena and Rebecca
GLE 0406.2.1
went to 10 horseback riding
Understand place value of lessons. Three of the lessons
numbers from hundredths
to the hundred-thousands
were outside the barn. What
place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read part of horseback riding lessons
and write numbers from
was spent outside?
hundredths to hundred-
thousands in numerals
and in words.

Step 1 Find the parts.

There were 10 horseback riding lessons.

Three of the 10 lessons were spent outside.

Step 2 Model the parts.

Use a base-ten model to show three out of ten,


or three-tenths.

Read three-tenths

Write 0.3

So, 0.3 of the horseback riding lessons were outside.

Lesson 1B Decimals 385


Write Tenths
W
CAMPING A campground has 10 campsites. Eight of the
campsites have campers. The rest are empty. What part
of the campground is empty?

If eight out of ten campsites have campers, then two out


of ten campsites do not have campers.

You can use a place-value chart to write two out of ten,


or two-tenths.

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths

0 2

So, 0.2 of the campground is empty.

Describe Tenths

Use words to describe 0.7.

Seven-tenths means seven out of ten equal parts.

So, 0.7 can be described as seven out of ten.

Model and write each decimal


decimal. SSee EExamples
l 1 andd 2

1. four out of ten 2. eight-tenths 3. two-tenths

Describe each decimal. See Example 3


4. 0.5 5. 0.1 6. 0.3

7. A flower has ten petals. During a 8. A house has ten windows. During
storm, five of the petals fall off. spring cleaning, eight windows
Write a decimal to show what were washed. Write a decimal to
part of the petals is left. show what part of the windows
still needs to be cleaned.

9. E TALK MATH Explain why dimes could be used to model tenths.

386 Decimals and Fractions


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Begins on page EP2.
Model and write each decimal. See Examples 1 and 2
10. one out of ten 11. five out of ten 12. four-tenths

13. seven-tenths 14. nine-tenths 15. eight-tenths

Describe each decimal. See Example 3


16. 0.2 17. 0.6 18. 0.9

19. Emilio had a math quiz today. He 20. Codys dog had ten chew toys. Cody
answered nine of the ten questions took six toys outside for his dog.
correctly. Write a decimal to show Write a decimal to show what part
what part of the quiz Emilio answered of the toys is still inside.
correctly.
22. There were ten goldfish in the
21. Jasmine had ten pennies in her aquarium below. Some fish were
pocket. Some fell through a hole in moved to a new aquarium. Use the
her pocket. Below are the pennies picture to write a decimal to show
she still has in her pocket. Write a how many fish are still in the original
decimal to show how many pennies aquarium.
she lost.

Measurement Meteorologists reported the amount Rainfall


of rainfall for 4 weeks in April. Use the table to answer April (in inches)
the following questions. Week 1 eight-tenths
Week 2 four-tenths
23. Write each amount of rainfall in decimal form. Week 3 nine-tenths
Week 4 seven-tenths
24. Model the decimal described in week 1.

25. OPEN ENDED Write a decimal whose value is greater than five-tenths.

26. E WRITE MATH Write a real-world problem with 0.8 as the answer.

Lesson 1B Decimals 387


Multi-Part
Lesson 1 Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will describe Hundredths
hundredths as part of
the base-ten system. A hundredth is one of one hundred equal parts.

Vocabulary
V
hundredths
thousandths

Get ConnectED

GLE 0406.2.1 1.0 0.1 0.01


Understand place value of one one-tenth one-hundredth
numbers from hundredths
to the hundred-thousands
place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read
and write numbers from
hundredths to hundred-
thousands in numerals Write
and in words.
Hundredths
Drew has a 100-piece puzzle.
There are four corner pieces
in the puzzle. What part of the
puzzle is corner pieces?
Four of the 100 puzzle pieces
are corner pieces.

4 of 100 parts
are shaded.

Read four-hundredths

Write 0.04

So, 0.04 of the puzzle pieces are corner pieces.

388 Decimals and Fractions


Write Hundredths
Tiffany has the coins shown.
What part of a dollar are the
W
coins worth?

Step 1 Count the parts.

$1 = 100

10 11
11 12
12 13
13 14
14

Step 2 Compare the parts to the whole.

Each cent is one hundredth, or 0.01, of a dollar.


Fourteen-hundredths is 0.14 of a dollar.

So, the coins are 0.14 of a dollar.

Write each decimal.


decimal SSee EExample
l 1

1. 2. 3.

Write a decimal for each part of a dollar shown.


See Example 2

4. 5.

6. A movie theater has 100 seats. 7. E TALK MATH Explain why coins can
Seventy-eight of the seats are full. be used to model decimals.
What decimal shows the part of the
seats that is full?

Lesson 1C Decimals 389


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Begins on page EP2.
Write each decimal. See Example 1
8. 9. 10.

11. 12. 13.

Write a decimal for each part of a dollar shown. See Example 2


14. 15.

16. 17.

18. Emma earned eighty-nine out of 19. A department store had one hundred
100 points on a math test. What teapots. Six of the teapots were sold.
decimal shows the part of the points What decimal represents the teapots
that Emma earned? that are left?

20. Darnell inserted the coins shown 21. Bena received the coins shown as
into a vending machine. What part change after buying pencils at the
of a dollar are the coins? school store. What part of a dollar
are the coins?

390 Decimals and Fractions


22. OPEN ENDED Write a real-world problem that results in an
answer of 0.72.
23. CHALLENGE What is the least number of coins needed to make
0.90 of one dollar? Which coins are used?

24. E WRITE MATH Write a decimal to represent the models


below. Explain.

Decimals
A whole number can be divided into 1,000 equal parts called
thousandths . Thousandths are smaller than hundredths.

Write Thousandths
W
CARNIVALS A school carnival sells 1,000 tickets.
On Saturday, 415 of the tickets are sold. The rest
are sold on Sunday. What part of the tickets is
sold on Sunday?
Subtract the number of tickets sold on Saturday.
1,000 415 = 585
On Sunday, 585 of the 1,000 tickets were sold.
Read five hundred eighty-five thousandths
Write 0.585
So, 0.585 of the tickets were sold on Sunday.

Write each decimal.


25. three hundred forty-two 26. twenty-six 27. five-thousandths
thousandths thousandths
28. An apple orchard can produce about 1,000 apples. If 35 of
the apples are rotten, what part of the apples is not rotten?
29. E WRITE MATH Explain why 0.040 is not the same as 0.004.

Lesson 1C Decimals 391


Multi-Part
Lesson 1 Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will write decimals Decimals Greater
Than One
greater than one.

Get ConnectED You have described decimals that have values that are less
than one whole. The value of decimals can also be greater
GLE 0406.2.1
than one whole. These numbers contain a whole number and
Understand place value of a decimal part.
numbers from hundredths
to the hundred-thousands
place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read
and write numbers from
hundredths to hundred-
thousands in numerals
Model
and in words. Decimals
Model 5.02.
Since the least place value is the hundredths place,
use hundredths grids to model 5.02.

Step 1 Model the whole number.


Since the whole number is 5, shade 5
hundredths grids.

Step 2 Model the decimal.


Since there are two-hundredths, shade 2 squares of
a sixth hundredths grid.

two-hundredths = 2 out
of 100 squares shaded

So, 5.02 represents the whole number five and two


hundredths of one whole.

392 Decimals and Fractions


Representing Decimals

Words Standard Form the usual way to write a


number using digits
Word Form a way to write a number using
words
Expanded Form a way to write a number
showing the value of each digit
Examples 6.25
six and twenty-five hundredths
6 + 0.2 + 0.05

Write Decimals
A flamingo weighs about eight and seventy-five
hundredths pounds. Write eight and seventy-five
h
hundredths in standard and expanded form.
Write each digit of eight and

Thousandths
Hundredths
seventy-five hundredths in a
place-value chart.

Tenths
Ones
Standard form: 8.75

Expanded form: 8 + 0.7 + 0.05


8 7 5

Read and Write Decimals

W
Write sixteen and one hundred twenty-eight thousandths
To write decimals in in standard and expanded form.
word form, use the
word and for the Write each digit of sixteen and one hundred twenty-eight
decimal point. thousandths.

Standard form: 16.128

Expanded form: 10 + 6 + 0.1 + 0.02 + 0.008

Lesson 1D Decimals 393


Model each decimal
decimal. SSee EExample
l 1

1. 2.4 2. 5.13 3. 9.07


4. Write seven and fifty-three hundredths 5. E TALK MATH Describe how to write
in standard and expanded form. eighty-two and three-hundredths in
See Examples 2 and 3 standard form.

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Begins on page EP2.
Model each decimal. See Example 1
6. 1.6 7. 3.9 8. 4.27

9. 7.69 10. 11.37 11. 26.46

Write each decimal in standard and expanded form.


See Examples 2 and 3
12. five and thirty-seven hundredths 13. eight and ninety-three hundredths

14. ten and sixty-one hundredths 15. thirteen and forty-six hundredths

For Exercises 1618, use the table at the right. Longest Bones in the Human Body
16. Write the length of a tibia in expanded Bone Length (in.)
form. Femur (thigh bone) 19.88
Humerus (upper arm 14.35
17. Write the length of the shortest bone in bone)
Seventh Rib 9.45
word form.
Tibia (shin bone) 16.94
18. Write the length of the longest bone in word
and expanded form.

For Exercises 1921, use the table at the right.


19. Write the length of a King Cobra in Facts About Cobras
expanded form. King Cobras have been
found up to 5.5 m long.
20. Write the length of King Cobra fangs The fangs of a King Cobra
can be up to 1.25 cm long.
in word form.
The black-necked cobra
can spit venom 2.4 m.
21. Write the distance a black-necked
cobra can spit venom in word form.

394 Decimals and Fractions


22. OPEN ENDED Write two decimals that are equivalent to 3.6.
Explain.

23. E WRITE MATH Explain how the word form of a decimal


can help you write the standard form of the decimal.

Test Practice

24. Which model represents 2.01? 25. Lydia has five pizzas. Each pizza
(Lesson 1D) has ten slices. Four of the pizzas
are whole. One pizza has only
A.
8 slices left. Which decimal
describes Lydias pizzas? (Lesson 1D)
F. 4.08 H. 4.8

B. G. 4.2 I. 5.4

26. Each box holds one hundred paper


clips. There are two full boxes. The
C. third box has only 24 paper clips.
Which decimal describes the boxes
of paper clips? (Lesson 1D)
A. 2.24 C. 3.24
D. B. 2.42 D. 3.42

Write each decimal. (Lesson 1C)


27. two-hundredths 28. nineteen-hundredths

29. forty-eight hundredths 30. two hundred sixty thousandths

31. A pronghorn antelope can run about 0.88 mile


per minute. Use a hundredths grid to model 0.88.
(Lesson 1C)

To assess partial mastery of SPI 0406.2.1, see your Tennessee Assessment Book. 395
Multi-Part
Lesson 1 Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will compare and Compare and
Order Decimals
order decimals.

Get ConnectED To compare decimals, you can use a number line or


place value.
SPI 0406.1.2
Compare decimals using
concrete and pictorial
representations.
SCORES The table shows
SPI 0406.2.6 Use the
symbols <, >, and = to the results from a
compare common skateboarding
fractions and decimals in
both increasing and competition. Who has
decreasing order. the higher score,
Doria or Elise?
Doria has a score of 79.7,
while Elise has a score of 79.5.

One Way: Number Line


Elise Doria
79.5 79.7

79.0 79.2 79.4 79.6 79.8 80.0

79.7 is to the right of 79.5.


So, 79.7 > 79.5.

Another Way: Place Value


Line up the decimal points.
Tenths

Then compare the digits in


Ones
Tens

each place-value position.


In the tenths place, 7 > 5.
So, 79.7 is greater than 79.5. 7 9 7
7 9 5

So, Doria has the higher score.

396 Decimals and Fractions


Order Decimals
Everyday Use
Order select items Order 9.86, 9.8, 9.92, and 9.09 from greatest to least.
you want
Math Use
Next, place zeros to the
right of the last digit so all Finally, compare
Order to arrange in
First, line up the numbers have the same and order using
a logical pattern
decimal points. number of decimal places. place value.

9.86 9.86 9.92

9.8 9.80 9.86

9.92 9.92 9.80

9.09 9.09 9.09

The order from greatest to least is 9.92, 9.86, 9.8, and 9.09.

Compare
Compare. Use >,
> <<, or =.
= See Example 1
1. 0.2  0.6 2. 12.07  1.207 3. 5.60  5.6

Order from greatest to least. See Example 2


4. 3.2, 4.5, 3.9, 4.1 5. 0.12, 1.2, 1.21, 12.0 6. $6.52, $5.62, $6.50, $5.60

Use the number line to compare and order each set of


decimals from least to greatest.

4 4.5 5 5.5 6

7. 5.7, 5.2, 4.7, 4.2 8. 4.2, 4.8, 6.2, 5.8

Traveling to Camp
9. Measurement Four friends are going to
different summer camps. The table shows the Name Distance (mi)
distance between each camp and their hometowns. Bill 64.25
Order the distances from least to greatest.
Sami 42.5
Latesha 64.87
10. E TALK MATH Tell how to order 5.5, 5.3, 5.4, and 5.0
Irena 42.35
from greatest to least.

Lesson 1E Decimals 397


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Begins on page EP2.
Compare. Use >, <, or =. See Example 1
11. 0.74  7.4 12. 16.33  16.3 13. 0.56  0.58 14. 0.8  0.80

15. 1  0.09 16. 0.90  0.9 17. 82.6  82.60 18. 1.06  1.05

Order from greatest to least. See Example 2


19. $19.62, $19.56, $19.60 20. 0.5, 0.55, 0.6 21. 68.16, 81.6, 68.1

Use the number line to compare and order each set of decimals
from least to greatest.

6 7 8 9
22. 6.3, 8.1, 7.5, 7.7 23. 8.4, 7.9, 8.8, 8.6

24. 7.5, 6.2, 7.75, 6.25 25. 7.8, 8.25, 8.2, 8.50

26. Marlon averages 5.6 rebounds per 27. Measurement Desiree ran the
game. Tina averages 5.9 and Omar 100-meter dash four times. Her times
averages 4.3 rebounds per game. were 16.25, 15.36, 16.55, and 15.23
Who averages the most rebounds? seconds. What was her slowest time?
Explain.

28. NUMBER SENSE What number is halfway between 4.36 and


4.48 on a number line?

29. FIND THE ERROR Ashley wrote 3 decimals in order


from least to greatest. Find and correct her mistake.

6.27, 6.19,
6.29

30. E WRITE MATH Write a real-world problem about comparing and


ordering decimals.

398 To assess mastery of SPI 0406.1.2, see your Tennessee Assessment Book.
Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Equivalent Fractions
Like decimals, fractions are used to show part of a number.
Main Idea
Fractions that represent the same part of a number are
I will explore
equivalent fractions.
equivalent fractions.

Materials
fraction tiles Identify two fractions that are equivalent to _1 .
3
Model _.
1 1
Step 1
1
1 3
4 3
1 1
2 Start with 1 whole.
Then, use the 1
_
1 3
fraction tile
Get ConnectED 3
to show _ .
1
3
Step 2 Find a fraction
1
SPI 0406.2.5
Generate equivalent forms
of common fractions and equivalent to _1 .
3
decimals and use them to
Using _ fraction
1 1
compare size.
6 3
tiles, place 1 1
them below the 6 6
_
1
fraction tile.
3
How many
_
1
fraction tiles
6
are used?

Step 3 Find another


fraction equivalent 1
to _1 . 1
3 3
Use _ fraction
1
12 1 1
tiles to equal the 6 6
length of the 1 1 1 1
_
1
fraction tile. 12 12 12 12
3
Count the number of _ fraction tiles.
1
12

So, _, _, and _ are equivalent fractions.


1 2 4
3 6 12

Lesson 2A Fractions 399


IIdentify equivalent fractions.

Step 1 Draw three identical


number lines that show 0 1
zero and one.

0 1

0 1

0 1 2 3 4
Step 2 Divide the first number 4 4 4 4
line into fourths. Divide
the second number line
into eighths. Divide the 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
third number line into
sixteenths.
Notice that _ = _ = _.
1 2 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
4 8 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

About It
1. Algebra Copy and complete _ = _ = _.
1  
3 9 15
2. Refer to Activity 2. Find two fractions equivalent to _.
3
4

and Apply It
Determine whether the fractions are equivalent.
Write yes or no. Use fraction tiles or number lines.

3. _ and _ 4. _ and _ 5. _ and _ 6. _ and _


2 6 6 5 2 3 9 3
4 12 8 10 3 5 12 4
Find two equivalent fractions for each fraction. Use fraction
tiles or number lines.

7. _ 8. _ 9. _ 10. _
1 2 4 2
5 6 8 12

11. E WRITE MATH Explain what it means for two fractions to be equivalent.

400 Decimals and Fractions


Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Main Idea
I will find equivalent
Equivalent Fractions
The fraction models show that _ is the same as _. Fractions
fractions. 4 1
8 2
Vocabulary
V that represent the same amount are equivalent fractions .
equivalent fractions

Get ConnectED 1
1
SPI 0406.2.5 2
Generate equivalent forms
of common fractions and 1 1 1 1
decimals and use them to
compare size. Also
8 8 8 8
addresses GLE 0406.1.1,
GLE 0406.3.1.
Find Equivalent
Fractions
Prefixes The prefix FISH Allie has 8 fish in an aquarium. Four fish are
equi- means equal.
green. So, _4 of the fish are green. Find three fractions
that are equivalent to _.
8
4
8

You can use multiplication or division.

One Way: Multiply Another Way: Divide


Multiply the Divide the
numerator _
4 2
= _
2 numerator
4 2
___ _
8 and the 82 4 and the
8 2 = 16 denominator
_
2 2 _1
denominator
by the same by the same
number, 2. 42 = 2 number, 2.

So, _, _, and _ are equivalent to _.


8 2 1 4
16 4 2 8

Lesson 2B Fractions 401


Write the fraction for the part that is shaded
shaded. Then find an
equivalent fraction. See Example 1
1. 2. 3.

Find an equivalent fraction for each fraction. See Example 1


4. _
1
4
5. _
4
6
6. _
1
5
7. _
8
10
8. _
1
3

9. Javier has 4 juice boxes. Three are 10. E TALK MATH Tell why _
3 _6
, and
4 8
grape flavored. Write two fractions _
9
are equivalent fractions. Give an
12
that describe the part of the juice
example of another set of three
boxes that is grape.
equivalent fractions.

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Begins on page EP2.
Write the fraction for the part that is shaded. Then find an
equivalent fraction. See Example 1
11. 12. 13.

14. 15. 16.

Find an equivalent fraction for each fraction. See Example 1


17. _ 18. _ 19. _ 20. _ 21. _
2 2 6 2 2
7 5 10 12 3

22. _ 23. _ 24. _ 25. _ 26. _


6 1 9 1 12
8 2 18 6 20

28. Measurement Lucas ran _ mile.


27. A roller coaster has 16 cars. Six of the 1
2
Ayana ran _ mile. Did they run the
cars are green. Write two fractions for 4
the part of the cars that is green. 6
same distance? Explain.

402 Decimals and Fractions


Algebra Find the value of x.
29. _ = _ 30. _ = _ 31. _ = _ 32. _ = _
3 12 2 x 8 x 8 1
4 x 5 25 12 3 64 x

Science The state animal of Michigan is the


white-tailed deer. Female deer, called does, usually
have 1 to 3 young at a time. Young deer are called
fawns. The male deer, called bucks, grow antlers in
the spring.
33. Suppose 10 deer are traveling together. If 4 of
them are does and 3 are fawns, what fraction
represents the number of bucks? Write another
fraction that represents this number.
34. A doe has 3 fawns. If one of the fawns is male,
what fraction of the fawns is female? Write a fraction
equivalent to this fraction.

35. OPEN ENDED Write a fraction equivalent to _. Write a fraction


2
5
equivalent to _. Which fraction represents a greater number?
3
6
Explain.

36. FIND THE ERROR Julian is finding a fraction equivalent to _.


6
18
Find and correct his mistake.

6 3 = __
_______ 3
18 3 6

37. CHALLENGE Identify a fraction that is equivalent to _.


25
100
38. E WRITE MATH Can you always find an equivalent fraction for a
fraction? Explain.

Lesson 2B Fractions 403


Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Problem-Solving Strategy: Make a Model


Main Idea I will solve problems by making a model.

Brandi and her mom are at a pet store.


The pet store has 15 reptiles. One third
of the reptiles is turtles. Two are snakes,
and the rest are lizards. How many of each
reptile are there?

Understand What facts do you know?


There are 15 reptiles at the store. Two are snakes.
k
One third is turtles. The rest are lizards.
What do you need to find?
Find the number of each reptile.

Plan Make a model to solve the problem.

Solve
Draw 15 circles. Since the
fraction _ is used, place the
1
3
circles in 3 equal groups.

To show the turtles, shade _


1
3

of the circles, that is, one of the turtles


three equal groups. So, there are
5 turtles. There are 2 snakes, so
shade 2 circles to show the snakes.

There are 8 circles not shaded.


This is the number of lizards.

So, there are 5 turtles, 2 snakes,


and 8 lizards at the pet store. snakes

Check Look back. 5 turtles + 2 snakes + 8 lizards = 15 reptiles.


The pet store has 15 reptiles. So, the answer is correct.
SPI 0406.2.10 Solve contextual problems using whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.

404 Decimals and Fractions


Refer to the problem on the previous page.
1. Explain why you used 15 circles. 3. If the pet store had 24 reptiles, how
many of the reptiles would be lizards?
2. You know that _ of the reptiles are
1
3
turtles. Explain why 5 circles were 4. Check your answer to Exercise 3.
shaded to show the number of turtles. How do you know that it is correct?

EXTRA 0R
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Begins on page EP2.

Solve. Use the make a model strategy.


5. Measurement There are three trees 8. There are 22 students
in a backyard. The second tree is half in Ms. Lanes class.
as tall as the first. The third tree is Half of them packed
taller than the second tree and shorter their lunches. Eight
than the first tree. The total height of students are buying
the trees is 24 feet. What is the height pizza. The rest are
of each tree? buying salads. How
many students are
buying salads?

9. Measurement The table shows


10 ft
y how long Adam and Kenya rode their
x
bikes. Who biked more minutes? How
many more minutes?

Biking Schedule
6. Corey has 8 apples. Four are red, two
are green, and the rest are yellow. Name Time Spent Biking
Write two fractions that name the part 1 of an hour
__
Adam
of the apples that are yellow. 3
Kenya 15 minutes
7. Emil bought his mom a dozen roses.
Some of the roses are shown below.
10. There are 16 books on a shelf.
The rest are white. Of which color
One-fourth of the books are about
were there the most? What fraction of
animals. Two are adventure. The rest
the roses were that color? Write an
are mystery. How many are mystery
equivalent fraction.
books?

11. E WRITE MATH Look back at Exercise


10. Explain how you used the make a
model strategy to solve the problem.

Lesson 2C Fractions 405


Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Main Idea
I will compare and Compare and Order
order fractions.
Fractions
Get ConnectED To compare fractions, you can use models, number lines,
and equivalent fractions.
SPI 0406.2.6
Use the symbols <, >,
and = to compare
Compare Fractions
common fractions
and decimals in both MEASUREMENT Ramon has an
increasing and insect collection. The table shows
decreasing order.
the lengths of four insects in his
collection. Which is longer, a field
cricket or a whirligig beetle?
You can use fraction models to
compare _ and _.
5 3
8 8

_
5
Field cricket
8

_
3
Whirligig beetle
8

The models show that _ > _.


5 3
8 8
So, the field cricket is longer than the whirligig beetle.

Which is longer, a mosquito or lightning bug?

You need to compare _ and _.


1 1
4 2

_
1
Mosquito
0 1 2 3 1 4
4 4 4
_
1
Lightning bug
0 1 1 2
2
So, the lightning bug is longer than the mosquito.

406 Decimals and Fractions


Order Fractions

Order _2 , _1 , and _7 from least to greatest.


3 2 12

Number Equivalent
One Way: Lines
Another Way: Fractions

Use a number line. Find equivalent fractions


with the same denominator.
0 2 1 _24
=
_8 _16
=
_6
3 34 12 26 12

0 1 1 Compare the numerators.


2 Order from least to greatest.
_6 , _7 , _8
0 7 1 12 12 12
12
_1 < _7 < _2 _1 , _7 , _2 .
2 12 3
2 12 3

So, the order from least to greatest is _1 , _7 , _2 .


2 12 3

Compare. Use > , < , or =. SSee Examples


Compare E l 1 andd 2

1. 2.
0 1 2 3 1
4 4 4

_
5
_
1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1
8 8 6 6 6 6 6

_
1
_
1
4 6
3. _  _ 4. _  _
3 1 3 3
4 2 6 4

Order from least to greatest. See Example 3


5. _, _, _ 6. _, _, _
3 2 4 1 7 3
8 6 8 16 8 4

7. Measurement Griff worked for _ of


1
3
8. E TALK MATH Explain how to compare
an hour. Sasha worked for _ of an the fractions _ and _.
3 7 2
12 12 6
hour. Who worked for a longer time?

Lesson 2D Fractions 407


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Begins on page EP2.
Compare. Use > , < , or =. See Examples 1 and 2
9. 10.

_
7
_
4 _
4
_
1
10 10 8 4

11. 12.
0 1 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1
3 3 6 6 6 6 6

0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1
6 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

_
2
_
5 _
4
_
5
3 6 6 8

13. _  _ 14. _  _ 15. _  _


2 1 3 5 4 8
6 3 5 6 5 10

16. _  _ 17. _  _ 18. _  _


2 5 4 1 5 2
3 9 10 2 8 3

Order from least to greatest. See Example 3


19. _, _, _ 20. _, _, _ 21. _, _, _
4 1 3 3 2 7 3 3 3
6 3 3 4 3 8 10 4 5

22. Which meat makes up most of 23. Allison took a survey. Find the favorite
Mr. Collins sandwich? weekend activity.

Favorite Weekend Activities


Fraction of
Activity
Friends
Movie 2
ADMIT ONE

ADMIT ONE

6
Mall 1
4
Basketball 5
12

24. Aisha ate _ of the carrots in the bag. 25. Suzanne practiced volleyball for _
1 2
4 3 3
Enrique ate _ of the carrots in the hour on Saturday and _ hour on
1
12 6
bag. Who ate more carrots? Sunday. Which day did she practice
longer?
Student Time
26. Measurement The table shows how much time _
4
Simn hour
each student needs to finish an art project. Does 12

Simn need more or less time than Phil? Explain. Phil _


3
hour
4

408 Decimals and Fractions


27. OPEN ENDED Write three fractions that are not greater than _.
1
2
28. WHICH ONE DOESNT BELONG? Identify the set of fractions
that does not belong with the other three sets. Explain.

_1 , _5 , _
15 _2 , _1 , _1 _2 , _1 , _
7 _3 , _1 , _2
4 8 16 9 3 2 5 2 10 4 2 12

29. CHALLENGE Identify a fraction that is greater than _.


150
500

30. E WRITE MATH Explain how to decide if _


3
is greater than or less than _.
3
4 5

Test Practice

31. What fraction is equivalent to 32. Which set of fractions is ordered


the fraction represented by from greatest to least? (Lesson 2D)
point M on the number line?
F. _, _, _
3 6 2
(Lesson 2B)
5 15 10
M
G. _, _, _
2 3 6
10 5 15
1 1 3 1 5 7
0 8 4 8 2 8 8 1
H. _, _, _
2 6 3
10 15 5
A. _ C. _
1 1
4 2
I. _, _, _
6 3 2
B. _ D. _
3 3 15 5 10
8 4

33. Toya h
has 8 coins
i iin hher piggy bank. One fourth of
the coins is quarters. Three of the coins are dimes.
The rest of the coins are pennies. How many pennies
does Toya have? (Lesson 2C)

Find an equivalent fraction for each fraction. (Lesson 2B)


34. _ 35. _ 36. _
1 2 3
2 3 5

37. _ 38. _ 39. _


7 1 4
10 8 12

To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.6, see your Tennessee Assessment Book. 409
Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Main Idea
I will write a fraction Simplest Form
in simplest form.
Among the equivalent fractions _, _, and _, the fraction _
2 4 8 2
3 6 12 3
Vocabulary
V is in simplest form because its numerator and denominator
simplest form have no common factor other than 1.
greatest common
factor
Fractions in Fractions NOT in
Simplest Form Simplest Form
Get ConnectED
_
1 _
2 _
3 _
3 _
5 _
2 _
4 _
8 _
8 _
16
2 3 4 7 8 4 6 10 12 24
SPI 0406.2.4
Find factors, common
factors, multiples, and To change a fraction into its simplest form, you can divide both
common multiples of two
numbers. Also addresses the numerator and the denominator by the greatest common
GLE 0406.3.1. factor. A greatest common factor is the greatest of the
common factors of two or more numbers.

Simplest Form
QUIZ There are 12 questions on a quiz.
Esteban got 8 out of 12, or _8 , of the Name:
12 1.
7.
questions correct. Two fractions 2.

equivalent to _8 are _2 and _4 . 3.


9.
8.

Write _ in simplest form.


12 3 6 4.
8 10.
12 5.
11.
6.
12.
Step 1 Find the common factors of
8 and 12.

Factors of 8: 1, 2, 4, 8

Factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12

Common factors: 1, 2 and 4

Step 2 Divide by the greatest common factor, 4.


_
8 4
=_
2 The numbers 2 and 3 have no
12 4 3 common factor other than 1.
So, _
8
in simplest form is _.
2
12 3

410 Decimals and Fractions


To write a fraction in simplest form, you can also divide by
common factors.

Simplest Form
ANIMALS Koala bears sleep
up to 18 hours each day. What
part of a day do koalas sleep?
Write the fraction in simplest
form.
Step 1 Write a fraction.
_
18 hours of sleep each day
24 total hours in a day

Step 2 Divide by common factors.

Divide until the


_
18
= _ =_
18 2 9 A common factor of
24 24 2 12 18 and 24 is 2.
numerator and the
denominator have no
_
9
= _=_
9 3 3 A common factor of
common factor other 12 12 3 4 9 and 12 is 3.
than 1.
So, _ simplifies to _. Koalas sleep up to _ of a day.
18 3 3
24 4 4

Simplest Form

One Way Divide the numerator and denominator


by the greatest common factor.
Another Way Divide the numerator and denominator
by common factors until the only
common factor is 1.

Write each fraction in simplest form.


form If it is in simplest form,
form
write simplest form. See Example 1
1. _ 2. _ 3. _ 4. _
2 6 5 18
4 10 6 30

5. Daniela read for 24 minutes. What 6. E TALK MATH How do you


know that _ is in simplest form?
fraction of an hour did she read? Write 4
5
as a fraction in simplest form. See Example 2

Lesson 2E Fractions 411


EXTRA 0R
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Begins on page EP2.
Write each fraction in simplest form. If it is in simplest form,
write simplest form. See Example 1
7. _ 8. _ 9. _ 10. _ 11. _
2 3 7 6 4
10 12 20 9 16

12. _ 13. _ 14. _ 15. _ 16. _


10 18 24 32 42
15 27 40 42 56

Measurement What part of one day is each amount of time?


Write as a fraction in simplest form. See Example 2
17. 9 hours 18. 16 hours 19. 20 hours

Algebra Find the value of x to simplify each fraction.

20. _ = _ 21. _ = _ 22. _ = _


15 x 16 4 20 x
45 3 28 x 36 9

Write as a fraction in simplest form.


23. Six of the 16 marbles in a bag are 24. Adina read 12 out of 36 pages in a
yellow. What fraction of the marbles comic book. What fraction of the pages
is yellow? did she read?

Measurement The table lists the length of


some objects in a classroom. What part of
a foot is each object? Write as a fraction in
simplest form. See Example 2

25. pencil 26. crayon

27. scissors 28. pencil box

29. OPEN ENDED Write three fractions that are in simplest form.

30. WHICH ONE DOESNT BELONG? Identify the fraction that does
not belong with the other three. Explain your reasoning.

_2 _6 _1 _
11
3 15 2 12

31. E WRITE MATH The simplest form of _


6
is _. How can you
2
15 5
use multiplication to show that they name the same number?

412 Decimals and Fractions


Test Practice

32. In the circle below, _ of the


4
33. Mr. Henshaw used some eggs from
8
sections are shaded. a full carton to make breakfast for
his family. The eggs that are left
are shown.

Which of the following is equal


to _? (Lesson 2B)
4
8

A. _
1
4

B. _
3
6 Identify the part of the eggs in
the carton Mr. Henshaw used.
C. _
6 (Lesson 2E)
10
F. _ H. _
3 1
4 3
D. _
5
G. _ I. _
12 2 2
4 3

34. Ashley has six coins. One third of the coins is quarters. She has
1 dime and the rest are nickels. What is the value of Ashleys
coins in decimal form? (Lesson 2C)

Write the fraction for the part that is shaded. Then find an
equivalent fraction. (Lesson 2B)
35. 36. 37.

Determine whether the fractions are equivalent. Write yes or no.


(Lesson 2A)

38. _ and _ 39. _ and _ 40. _ and _


5 6 1 8 6 3
10 12 4 12 8 4

Lesson 2E Fractions 413


Multi-Part
Lesson 2 Fractions
PART A B C D E F

Main Idea
I will write mixed Mixed Numbers
numbers and improper
fractions. A mixed number has a whole number part and a fraction part.
An improper fraction has a numerator that is greater than or
Vocabulary
V equal to its denominator.
mixed number
improper fraction
Mixed Numbers Improper Fractions
1_ 2_ 3_ _ _ _
1 3 5 3 11 23
2 4 6 2 4 6
Get ConnectED

SPI 0406.2.2
Locate and place mixed Mixed Numbers and
numbers on the number
line. SPI 0406.2.7 Convert Improper Fractions
improper fractions into
mixed numbers and/or
FOOD Nyoko is selling pies
decimals. Also addresses at a bake sale. Each pie has
GLE 0406.1.7.
5 slices. There are 7 slices
left. What fraction of the
pies is left?

One Way: Mixed Number Another Way: Improper


Fraction
Count the wholes and the Count the parts.
parts.

1 1 1 1
5 5 5 5
1 1 1
5 5 5 1 1 1
1 1
5 5 5 5 5
1 1
5 5
_5 + _2 = 1_2
5 5 5 _7
5
whole part

So, 1_, or _, of the pies are left.


2 7
5 5

414 Decimals and Fractions


You can change from a mixed number to an improper
fraction. You can also change from an improper fraction to
a mixed number.

Mixed Number to Improper Fraction

Write 1
W _3 as an improper fraction.
8
1_ = 1 + _
3 3 Write the mixed number as the sum
8 8 of a whole and part.
= _ + _ Write the whole number as a fraction.
8 3
8 8
= _
8 + 3
Add.
8
= _
11
8

Write
W _
11
as a mixed number.
8
Divide the numerator by the denominator.
s
The fraction bar stand
_11 whole number 1 R3
for divided by. So, 8
8 
11
means 11 divided by 8.
denominator
-8
numerator
3
So, _ = 1_ .
11 3
8 8

You can show improper fractions and mixed numbers on a


number line.

Use a Number Line

Identify point A as a mixed number and improper fraction.


A

4 5 6
Each interval on the number line is one third. So, point A
is 5 _.
1
3
A

4 5 51 6
3

5_ = _ + _ + _ + _ + _ + _
1 3 3 3 3 3 1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3

= __ = _
3+3+3+3+3+1 16
3 3
So, point A is 5 _, or _ .
1 16
3 3

Lesson 2F Fractions 415


Write a mixed number and an improper fraction for each model
model.
See Example 1

1. 2. 3.

Write each as an improper fraction or a mixed number.


Use models if needed. See Examples 2 and 3

4. 1_ 5. 2_ 6. _ 7. _
2 3 9 13
5 4 4 3

Identify each point as a mixed number and an improper


fraction. See Example 4
8. B 9. G

7 8 9 4 5 6

10. Andrews family ate 1 _ pizzas and


3
8
11. E TALK MATH Explain how to compare
Sheris family ate 1_ pizzas. Who ate 2 _ and _.
4 3 17
16 5 5
more pizzas?

EXTRA PR
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Begins on page EP2.
Write a mixed number and an improper fraction for each model.
See Example 1

12. 13. 14.

Write each as an improper fraction or a mixed number.


Use models if needed. See Examples 2 and 3

15. 1_ 16. 2_ 17. 6_ 18. 8_


3 7 7 5
4 10 8 8

19. _ 20. _ 21. _ 22. _


7 17 45 50
3 5 8 6

416 Decimals and Fractions


Identify each point as a mixed number and an improper fraction.
See Example 4

23. W X 24. M N

1 2 3 4 5

Travel A diagram of a horseback riding tour


is shown. There are resting stops along the trail.
25. Joaquin and his family started at the
stables on the left. They are at the
covered bridge. How many miles of
the trail have they traveled?

26. Joaquin reached the end of the trail


in 2 hours and 15 minutes. Write the amount of time
he spent on the trail as an improper fraction.

Use the information to solve the problem.


Flying
Flying Feat Feat
Remember, My airplane
the class is having distance is
a paper airplane 72_1 feet.
contest.
So far the So, who
distances are: won the
Ethan64_1 feet, contest?
Julian63_1 feet,
Olivia74_3 feet, and
Teresa52_1 feet.

27. Whose paper airplane went the farthest? Explain.

28. OPEN ENDED Name an improper fraction that can be


written as a whole number.

29. E WRITE MATH Compare fractions, mixed numbers, and


improper fractions.

Lesson 2F Fractions 417


Test Practice

30. Lionel used 2 _ cups of pancake mix.


1
31. What mixed number does point A
2
Which improper fraction shows the represent? (Lesson 2F)
number of cups of pancake mix he A
used? (Lesson 2F)
A. _ C. _ 2 3 4
2 4
2 2
F. 3_ H. 3_
1 2
B. _ D. _
3 5 2 5
2 2
G. 3_ I. 3_
1 2
5 6

32. The table shows the number of 33. Caroline has a bag of marbles.
minutes Grant read each day. In simplest form, what fraction of
the marbles are blue? (Lesson 2E)
Grants Reading Log
Day Minutes
Monday 30
Wednesday 55
Friday 45

What fraction of an hour did he read


F. _ H. _
3 4
on Friday? (Lesson 2E) 10 6
A. _ C. _
1 3
G. _ I. _
4 5 2 4
5 5
B. _ D. _
1 3
2 4

Write each fraction in simplest form. If it is in simplest form,


write simplest form. (Lesson 2E)
34. _ 35. _ 36. _
4 8 5
6 10 8

Compare. Use >, <, or =. (Lesson 2D)


37. _  _ 38. _  _ 39. _  _
1 1 4 1 5 5
8 6 12 3 6 10

40. Zaria counted ten insects on her deck. Half of the insects were ants.
Three were ladybugs, and the rest were crickets. How many insects
were crickets? (Lesson 2C)
To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.2 and partial mastery of SPI 0406.2.7,
418 see your Tennessee Assessment Book.
Mid-Chapter
Check

Write each decimal. (Lesson 1B) Find an equivalent fraction for each
fraction. (Lesson 2B)
1. three-tenths 2. eight-tenths
14. _ 15. _
1 3
3. one out of ten 4. four out of ten 6 9

16. _ 17. _
5 4
5. MULTIPLE CHOICE There were ten 10 5
peaches in a bag. Some were eaten.
The peaches below were not eaten. 18. Stewart has a collection of 12
footballs. Nine footballs have been
signed by professional football players.
The others have not. What part of the
footballs has not been signed? Write
What decimal shows the part of the an equivalent fraction. (Lesson 2C)
peaches that was eaten? (Lesson 1B)
Write each fraction in simplest form.
A. 0.4 C. 0.9
(Lesson 2E)
B. 0.6 D. 0.10 _
19. _
3 8
20.
6 10
6. Write a decimal for the part of a dollar
21. _ 22. _
shown. (Lesson 1C) 6 12
30 20

23. Write a mixed number and an


improper fraction for the model.
(Lesson 2F)

7. Mark has six apples. He cut each apple


into 10 slices to share with his family.
There are 13 slices left after his family
eats. Write a decimal that describes
the leftover apples. (Lesson 1D)
24. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which set of
Compare. Use >, <, or =. (Lesson 1E) fractions is in order from greatest
to least? (Lesson 2D)
8. 0.49  0.7 9. 1  0.90
F. _, _, _ H. _, _, _
3 6 2 2 6 3
10. 82.6  82.60 11. 1.06  1.07 5 15 10 10 15 5
G. _, _, _ _
6 _
, ,_
2 3 6 3 2
I.
Order from least to greatest. (Lesson 1E) 10 5 15 15 5 10

12. 0.98, 0.79, 0.89, 1.87 3


25. E WRITE MATH Explain why ___
10
30
13. 5.3, 5.23, 4.62, 5.20 and ____
100
are equivalent. (Lesson 2B)

Mid-Chapter Check 419


Multi-Part
Lesson 3 MP-Title
-TitlFractions
Relate e and Decimals
PART A B C D E

Fractions and Decimals


A fraction shows part of a whole. A decimal also shows part
Main Idea
of a whole. A decimal is a number that uses place value,
I will explore fractions
and decimals. numbers, and a decimal point to show part of a whole.

Get ConnectED

GLE 0406.2.4 W
Write a fraction and a decimal
Understand and use the
connections between ffor the shaded part.
fractions and decimals.
Step 1 Find the shaded parts and
the total number of parts.
There are 34 shaded parts out
of a total of 100 parts.

Step 2 Write a fraction.


_
34
100
Step 3 Write a decimal.
Write thirty-four hundredths as a decimal.
0.34
hundredths place

So, the shaded part of the model is _, or 0.34.


34
100

and Apply It
Write a fraction and a decimal for each model.
1. 2. 3.

4. E WRITE MATH Explain how to find the decimal equivalent of _


2
.
100

420 Decimals and Fractions


Multi-Part
Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will identify, read,
Fractions and Decimals
and write tenths,
hundredths, and A decimal is a number that uses place value and a
thousandths as decimal point to show part of a whole.
decimals and as
fractions.

Get ConnectED

GLE 0406.2.4
Understand and use the
MONEY It costs 85 cents
connections between for a child to ride a
fractions and decimals.
light rail system. Write
Also addresses GLE 0406.1.6.
85 cents as a fraction
and as a decimal.
The amount 85 cents
means 85 pennies out
of 1 dollar.

One Way: Use a Model Another Way: Place Value

Draw a hundreds model.

Hundredths
Shade 85 out of 100 parts
Hundreds

to show 85 cents. Tenths


Ones
Tens

0 8 5

Read eighty-five Read eighty-five


hundredths hundredths
Write
_
85
or 0.85 Write
_
85
or 0.85
100 100

So, 85 cents is _ as a fraction and 0.85 as a decimal.


85
100

Lesson 3B Relate Fractions and Decimals 421


Some fractions can be written as tenths, hundredths, or
thousandths.

Write Fractions as Decimals

Write
W _5 as two different decimals.
10

One Way: Another Way:


Write Tenths Write Hundredths

0.5 0.50

The decimals 0.5 and 0.50 are equivalent decimals.

Write
W _
23
as a decimal.
1,000
Read twenty-three thousandths
Write 0.023

So, _ can be written as 0.023.


23
1,000

Write a fraction and a decimal for each shaded part


part. SSee Example
E l 1

1. 2. 3.

Write as a fraction and as a decimal. See Examples 13


4. one-tenth 5. twenty-five hundredths 6. seven-thousandths

7. E TALK MATH Shade all of the boxes along the outer edge of a
hundredths grid. Write a fraction and decimal for the shaded part.
Why is it not 0.40?

422 Decimals and Fractions


EXTRA 0R
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Begins on page EP2.
Write a fraction and a decimal for each shaded part.
See Example 1

8. 9. 10.

11. 12. 13.

Write as a fraction and as a decimal. See Examples 13


14. sixty-two hundredths 15. two-tenths 16. thirty-five hundredths

17. eight-tenths 18. fourteen-thousandths 19. six-thousandths

Write each fraction as a decimal.


20. _ 21. _ 22. _
22 2 2
100 100 10
23. _ 24. _ 25. _
50 375 80
100 1,000 1,000
26. On Monday, it snowed _ of 27. A car traveled _ of a mile in 18
6 3
10 10
an inch. seconds.

29. Wesley learned that _ of the


2
28. Each state has a representation
10
of _ in the United States Senate.
2
students in his class are left
100
handed.

30. OPEN ENDED Write a fraction whose decimal value is between _


2
10
and _. Write the fraction and its decimal equivalent.
25
100

31. CHALLENGE Decide whether the following sentence is true or


false. Explain. The fraction _ equals 0.0006.
6
10,000

32. E WRITE MATH Write a summary statement about decimals


equivalent to fractions that have denominators of 10 and 100.

Lesson 3B Relate Fractions and Decimals 423


in Music

Decimal
N te-ati n
o

o
Musical notes are a universal specific; they are relative to the
language. Musical notes are based other notes. For example, a
on fractions. The most common one-eighth note is twice as
musical notes include whole, half, long as a one-sixteenth note, a
quarter, eighth, and sixteenth one-fourth note is twice as long
notes. These values represent the as a one-eighth note, and so on.
duration of the notes. The
durations of the notes are not

Beethoven was
the first musician
to use the
one hundred
twenty-eighth note.

424 Decimals and Fractions


Fractional
Note Notation
Equivalent

Whole _
1
1

Half _
1
2

Quarter _
1
4

Use the table above to solve each problem.


m.
Write the value of each musical note as a decimal.

Refer to Exercises 13. Draw a number line that shows these values.

Write the value of each group of musical notes as a mixed number.

Draw three musical notes that Draw four musical notes that
represent a value of 2 _ .
1
represent a value of 2.5.
4

Problem Solving in Music 425


Multi-Part
Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals
PART A B C D E

Problem-Solving Investigation
Main Idea I will choose the best strategy to solve a problem.

Clarissa visited a fair on Saturday and


played 0.20 of the games. She visited
the fair again Sunday. By the end of
the day she still had not played 0.62
of the games. What part of the 100
fair games did she play on Sunday?

Understand What facts do you know?


There are 100 games at the fair.
She played 0.20 of the games on Saturday.
She did not play 0.62 of the games.

What do you need to find?


The part of the 100 fair games she played Sunday.

Plan Work backward to find the part of the games she played Sunday.

Solve 0.62 = 62 games out of 100 not played

0910
100 total games
- 62 games not played 38 out of 100,

38 total games played or 0.38

38 total games played


- 20 games played Saturday 18 out of 100,

18 games played Sunday or 0.18

So, she played 18 out of 100, or 0.18,


of the games Sunday.

Check Add the total number of games she played to the number
of games she did not play.
62 + 38 = 100 So, the answer is correct. 

GLE 0406.1.2 Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to problem solving, including estimation, and
reasonableness of the solution. GLE 0406.2.6 Solve problems involving whole numbers, fractions, and/or decimals using all
four arithmetic operations.

426 Decimals and Fractions


EXTRA 0R
P !C
2A )# E
# T4 IC %
Begins on page EP2.
Make a model.
Make a table. 6. Algebra The table shows the number
Choose an operation. of shapes after a pattern repeats itself
five times. How many of each shape
are in the original pattern?
Use any strategy to solve each problem.
1. There are 18 students in Mr. Cases Pattern
class. Twelve of the students play an Shape Circles Squares Hearts
instrument. What fraction of the Number 15 5 10
students play an instrument?

7. Mr. Lawrence used 100 tiles when


2. Mrs. Keys has 36 pens. Yesterday she he put a new floor in the kitchen.
had half that amount plus 2. How Thirty-four tiles are blue and 16 tiles
many pens did she have? are gray. Write the total amount of
blue and gray tiles as a decimal and
a fraction.
3. There are three lines. The first line is
3 times as long as the second. The
second line is 4 inches longer than the 8. Cathy baked 36 muffins. She gave half
third. The third line is 2 inches long. the muffins to her neighbor and ate
How long is the first line? the muffins shown below. She brought
the rest to school. What fraction of the
muffins did Cathy bring to school?
4. The table below shows Adelais Write in simplest form.
schedule. She finished at 5:00 P.M.
What time did she start her lunch?

Adelais Schedule
Activity Time
9. Giselle played with some friends on
Lunch 1 hour
Monday. She played with 2 times as
Scrapbooking 3 hours
many friends on Wednesday. This was
4 more than on Friday. On Friday there
were 4. How many did she play with
on Monday?

5. Dirk ran eight-tenths of a mile at track


practice. Leslie ran _ of a mile. Who
80
100 10. E WRITE MATH Look back at
ran farther? Write each distance as a Exercise 9. Explain which strategy
decimal. you used to solve the problem.

Lesson 3C Relate Fractions and Decimals 427


Multi-Part
Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals
PART A B C D E

Model Fraction and


Main Idea Decimal Equivalents
I will explore fraction You can use a number line to find fraction and decimal
and decimal
equivalents.
equivalents.

Get ConnectED
Determine whether 0.2 and
D _1 are equivalent.
GLE 0406.2.4 5
Understand and use the
connections between
Step 1 Model 0.2.
fractions and decimals. Use a number line to model 0.2.
SPI 0406.2.5 Generate
equivalent forms of 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
common fractions and 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
decimals and use them
to compare size. 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1

Step 2 Model _1 .
5
Use a number line to model _ .
1
5
0 1 2 3 4 5
5 5 5 5 5 5

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Step 3 Compare.
Compare the locations of 0.2 and _ on the
1
5
number lines.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1


0.2 and 5 are located in
the same position on the 0 1 2 3 4 5
number lines. 5 5 5 5 5 5

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

So, 0.2 and _ are equivalent.


1
5

428
4 Decimals and Fractions
Find fraction and decimal equivalents.
F

Write a fraction and a decimal to describe


the shaded part of the model.

Step 1 Identify the fraction.


Determine which fraction the
model represents.

One out of four equal parts of


the model is shaded.

So, the model represents _.


1
4
Step 2 Find a decimal equivalent.
Divide the model into 100
equal parts. Then count the
shaded squares.

25 out of 100, or _, or 0.25


25
100
of the squares are shaded.

So, 0.25 is a decimal equivalent to _ .


1
4

About It
1. Do 0.6 and _ represent equivalent amounts? Explain.
3
5

2. Is the fraction _ equivalent to 0.7? Explain.


3
4

and Apply It
Write a decimal equivalent for each fraction.
3. _ 4. _ 5. _
1 4 3
2 5 4

6. E WRITE MATH Explain how to find an equivalent decimal for


_2 .
4

Lesson 3D Relate Fractions and Decimals 429


Multi-Part
Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals
PART A B C D E

Main Idea
I will find fraction and Fraction and Decimal
Equivalents
decimal equivalents.

Get ConnectED When a fraction and a decimal name the same amount,
they are fraction and decimal equivalents.
GLE 0406.2.4
Understand and use the
connections between
fractions and decimals.
TRAVEL Austins family is
SPI 0406.2.5 Generate
equivalent forms of taking a trip. The odometer
common fractions and (mileage tracker) shows
decimals and use them
to compare size. they have driven 0.5 mile.
Austin wants to find this
in a fraction. Use a model
to find an equivalent
fraction.
Use tenths and hundredths
grids to model that 0.5 and _1 name the same amount.
2

0.5 = _5 = _1 0.50 = _
50
=_
1
10 2 100 2

The number lines also show that they name the


same amount.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
0 1 2
2 2 2

0 0.5 1.0
So, 0.5 and _1 are equivalent.
2

430 Decimals and Fractions


To find a decimal that is equivalent to a fraction, it helps to write
the fraction with a denominator of 10 or 100.

Find Fraction and Decimal Equivalents

W
Write a fraction and a decimal
to describe the shaded part
of the model.

_
32 25
=_
75 THINK What number can you multiply
4 25 100 the denominator by to get 100?
_
75
= 0.75 Write _ as a decimal.
75
100 100

So, _ and 0.75 describe the shaded part of the model.


3
4

Here are some common fraction and decimal equivalents.

Fraction-Decimal Equivalents

_
1
= 0.5 _
1
= 0.25 _
2
= 0.5 _
3
= 0.75
2 4 4 4
_
1
= 0.2 _
2
= 0.4 _
3
= 0.6 _
4
= 0.8
5 5 5 5

decimal. SSee EExample


Use a model to find an equivalent fraction or decimal l 1

3. _ 4. _
2 4
1. 0.6 2. 0.06
4 5

Write a fraction and a decimal to describe the shaded part of


each model. See Example 2
5. 6. 7. 8.

9. Lupe got 20 out of 25 questions 10. E TALK MATH What do you notice

about _ , _ , and _ ?
correct on a quiz. Write her score as 3 6 12
a decimal and a fraction. 4 8 16

Lesson 3E Relate Fractions and Decimals 431


EXTRA 0R
P !C
2A )# E
# T4 IC %
Begins on page EP2.
Use a model to find an equivalent fraction or decimal. See Example 1
11. 0.78 12. 0.4 13. 0.6 14. 0.35

15. _ 16. _ 17. _ 18. _


1 4 7 1
4 5 25 10
Write a fraction and a decimal to describe the shaded part of
each model. See Example 2
19. 20. 21. 22.

23. 24. 25. 26.

Write each amount as a fraction and a decimal.

27. Measurement Adelina swam 3 out 28. Vince read 6 out of 10 pages in a
of 4 laps. chapter of a book.
29. Jun ate 8 out of her 10 orange slices. 30. Cathy has completed 18 out of 20
math problems.
31. Maya has painted 1 out of 4 walls of 32. Jack has opened 3 out of 5 of his
her bedroom. birthday presents.

33. OPEN ENDED Create a model and shade in a fraction of it.


Write two fractions and a decimal to describe the shaded
area of the model.
34. CHALLENGE Carra collects stuffed frogs. She has 25 frogs, and
_
2
of them are multicolored. The rest are green. How many green
25
frogs are in her collection? Explain how you found your answer.
35. E WRITE MATH Demetri is completing 0. = _
5
.
50
Explain how he can find the correct answer.

432 To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.5, see your Tennessee Assessment Book.
Fraction and Decimal Game You will need: 10 index cards
Compare Decimals to Fractions

Get Ready!
Players: 2

Get Set!
On each index card, write a
0.25 < _31 0.5 > _
10
statement using >, <, or =. Write 20
5 true statements and 5 false
0.75 = _4 0.8 < _
statements. A few examples are 3 75
shown at the right. 100

GO!
Shuffle the cards.

Spread out the cards


facedown on a desk.

Player 1 turns over an index


card and must say whether
the statement is true or false.

Player 1 keeps the card if


the answer is correct and
draws again. If Player 1 is
wrong, the index card is put
back. Player 2 takes a turn.

The player who collects


more cards wins.

Game Time Fraction and Decimal Game 433


Chapter Study
Guide and Review

Be sure the following Key Key Vocabulary


Concepts are noted in your decimal
Foldable.
equivalent fractions

greatest common factor


Decim
als Frac
tions Equ
F ival
mixed number
and ractio ent
Dec ns
ima
ls
simplest form

Vocabulary Check
Complete each sentence with the
Key Concepts correct vocabulary word.
Decimals (Lesson 1) 1. The ? of 8 and 12 is 4.
Tenths , hundredths , and thousandths
are used to describe decimals as part of
the base-ten system.
2. The fraction _ is written in
2
3
Fractions (Lesson 2) ? .
Equivalent fractions represent the same
amount. 3. A(n) ? has a whole
number part and a fraction part.

_
1 _
2 _
4
4. An example of a(n) ? is
2 4 8
5_.
2
Fractions and Decimals (Lesson 3) 10

Mixed numbers can be written as 5. Fractions that represent the


decimals. same amount are ? .

2 2.25 2.5 2.75 3

2 2 14 2 12 2 34 3 6. A ? is a number that
uses place value, a number, and
When a fraction and decimal name the a decimal point to show part of a
same amount, they are equivalents. whole.

434 Decimals and Fractions


Multi-Part Lesson Review
Lesson 1
Decimals
Tenths (Lessons 1A and 1B)

Model and write each decimal. EXAMPLE 1


7. one out of ten Sandra knocked down seven out of ten
pins with her first bowling ball. What
8. five out of ten
part of the set of pins is still standing?
9. nine out of ten If seven out of ten pins were knocked
10. Caleb ate six out of ten pretzels. down, then three pins are still standing.
Write a decimal to show what part The amount of pins still standing is three
of the pretzels Caleb did not eat. out of ten, three-tenths, or 0.3.

Hundredths (Lesson 1C)

Write a decimal for each part of a EXAMPLE 2


dollar shown. Write a decimal for the part of a dollar
11. shown.

12.
Each cent is one hundredth, or 0.01, of a
dollar.
So, thirty-seven cents is 0.37 of a dollar.

Decimals Greater Than One (Lesson 1D)

Write each decimal in standard and EXAMPLE 3


expanded form. Write fourteen and thirty-seven
13. two and eighteen hundredths hundredths in standard
and expanded form.
14. eight and ninety-four hundredths
Hundredths

Write each digit


Tenths
Ones

in the decimal in a
Tens

15. On average, a United States citizen


eats eleven and eighty-eight place-value chart.
1 4 3 7
hundredths pounds of breakfast
Standard form: 14.37
cereal each year. Write this amount
in standard and expanded form. Expanded form: 10 + 4 + 0.3 + 0.07

Chapter Study Guide and Review 435


Chapter Study Guide and Review

Compare and Order Decimals (Lesson 1E)

Compare. Use >, <, or =. EXAMPLE 4

16. 4.35  3.45 Stephanie has been

Hundredths
17. 6.40  6.40 jogging for 5.34 minutes.
Todd has been jogging
18. 2.27  2.72

Tenths
for 5.32 minutes. Who

Ones
19. Della gave her brother part of a has been jogging longer?
sandwich and said, Here is your _
1
2 Compare 5.34 and 5.32.
of the sandwich. Her brother said,
5 3 4
4>2
Actually, you ate _ of it. Who is
2 5 3 2
4 5.34 > 5.32
correct? Explain.
So, Stephanie has been jogging longer.

Lesson 2
Fractions
Equivalent Fractions (Lessons 2A and 2B)

Find an equivalent fraction for each EXAMPLE 5


fraction. Find a fraction equivalent to _4 .
6
20. _ 21. _ 22. _
1 1 1
5 3 4
_
42
=_
8 Multiply the numerator and
62 12 the denominator by the same
number, 2.
23. _ 24. _ 25. _
6 7 9 _ is equivalent to _.
8 4
8 14 12 So,
12 6

Problem-Solving Strategy: Make a Model (Lesson 2C)

Solve. Use the make a model strategy. EXAMPLE 6


26. Jeff had 28 grapes. He ate _ of them
1
2 Marcela has 24 crayons. Of them, is _1
3
for lunch. Then he ate 10 more as a blue. Four are yellow, and the rest are
snack. How many are left? green. How many crayons are green?
27. Marisa has a marble collection. Make a model.
One-fourth of her 16 marbles is blue. There are 12
She has 5 red marbles. The rest of parts left.
the marbles are green. How many So, 12 of the
are green? crayons are green.

436 Decimals and Fractions


Compare and Order Fractions (Lesson 2D)

Compare. Use >, <, or =. EXAMPLE 7

28. _  _ 29. _  _
4 8 6 5 Dakota has a red and a blue pencil. The
5 10 6 6 1 _
red pencil is of a foot long. The blue
Order from least to greatest. 3 2 _
pencil is of a foot long. Which pencil
8
30. _, _, _ 31. _, _, _
2 3 4 1 3 7
3 7 35 4 16 8 is longer?
Find an equivalent fraction.
_
1
_=_
4 4
2 4 8
32. Measurement Patrick took _ of
3
4
_
4
> _
3
8 8
an hour to finish a test. Jose took _ of
3
8 So, the red pencil is longer than the blue
an hour to finish. Who took more time pencil.
to finish the test?

Simplest Form (Lesson 2E)

Write each fraction in simplest form. If EXAMPLE 8


it is in simplest form, write simplest
Write _
1
15
in simplest form.
form. 20
Factors of 15: 1, 3, 5, 15
33. _ 34. _
4 2
10 3 Factors of 20: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20

35. _ 36. _
6 3 The greatest common factor is 5.
13 18 _
15
_
5
=_
3
20 5 4

Mixed Numbers (Lesson 2F)

Write a mixed number and an improper EXAMPLE 9


fraction for each model. A fourth grade class had a pizza party.
37. The amount of pizza eaten can be
represented as 3_ . Write the amount
1
5
of pizza eaten as an improper fraction.
3_ = _ + _ + _ + _ = __
38. 1 5 5 5 1 5+5+5+1
5 5 5 5 5 5
=_
16
5
So, 3 _ = _.
1 16
5 5

Chapter Study Guide and Review 437


Chapter Study Guide and Review

LLesson
esson 3
Relate Fractions and Decimals
Fractions and Decimals (Lessons 3A and 3B)

39. Write a fraction and a decimal for the EXAMPLE 10


shaded part. Write eight tenths as two different
decimals.
Write tenths. Write hundredths.

Write as a fraction and as a decimal.


40. three-tenths 0.8 0.80
41. twenty-two hundredths Eight tenths can be written as 0.8.

Problem-Solving Investigation: Choose a Strategy (Lesson 3C)

Use any strategy to solve each problem. EXAMPLE 11


42. Jonas earned $5.25. Ian earned A one-year-old puppy has three new
$5.50. Who earned more money? toys. A day later, the puppy has
43. Zach has $30. Tickets to the school one-third of the toys. How many toys
baseball game cost $7. How much does the puppy have left?
Find _ of 3. You do not need to know
1
money will Zach have left if he buys
3
3 tickets? the age of the puppy.
So, the puppy has one toy left.

Fraction and Decimal Equivalents (Lessons 3D and 3E)

Write a fraction and a decimal to EXAMPLE 12


describe the shaded part of each model. Write a fraction and a decimal to
describe the shaded part of each model.
44. 45.
Thirty-two squares
are shaded. So,
that is _, or 0.32.
32
100

438 Decimals and Fractions


Practice
Chapter Test
Tell whether each statement is true or Compare. Use > , < , or = .
false.
9. 4.75  4.77 10. 3.21  3.20
1. _ and 0.5 are equivalent.
1
5
Write each as a mixed number or an
improper fraction.
2. To find an equivalent fraction,
multiply or divide the numerator
11. 2_ 12. _
3 27
and denominator by the same 4 5
number.
13. There are 12 fish in an aquarium.
One-half of the fish is goldfish. Four of
Write as a fraction and as a decimal.
the fish are tetras. The rest of the fish
3. one-tenth 4. nine-tenths are rainbow fish. How many of
the fish are rainbow fish?

Identify each point as a mixed number.


5. eighteen- 6. three-
hundredths hundredths 14. A

5 6

7. Madison emptied her pockets. Her


15. B
coins are shown. What decimal
represents the part of a dollar 2 3
shown?

16. Abby read _ of a book on Saturday.


3
10
Then she read 0.4 of the book on
Sunday. What fraction of the book
does Abby still have to read?
8. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which number is
NOT equivalent to the shaded area of 17. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which set of
the circle? numbers is in order from least to
greatest?

F. 0.6, 0.76, 0.67 H. 0.6, 0.67, 0.76


G. 0.76, 0.67, 0.6 I. 0.67, 0.6, 0.76

A. _
1
C. 0.5
Explain how _
2
2 18. E WRITE MATH
7
B. _ and _ are equivalent fractions.
2 6
D. 0.4
4 21

Practice Chapter Test 439


Test Practice

On the number line below, what mixed number


does point K represent? Count the intervals between
whole numbers on a
K number line to find how the
7 8 number line is divided.

A. 7_ C. 7_
3 4
10 10
B. 7_ D. 7_
4 4
6 5

Read the Question


You need to find which number point K represents.
Solve the Question

Look at the number line. The 9 marks between the


7 and 8 let you know that each line is _. Fill in
1
10
the numbers up to point K.
K

7 7 1 7 2 7 3 7 4 7.5 8
10 10 10 10
So, point K represents 7_ on the number line.
4
10
The answer is C.

Read each question. Then fill in the correct answer on the answer
sheet provided by your teacher or on a separate sheet of paper.

1. On the number line below, what 2. Which symbol makes the following
number does point A represent in sentence true?
decimal form?
A 13.08 1.308
1
2 22 3 F. > H. =

A. 2.3 C. 2.75 G. < I. -

B. 2.5 D. 2.8

440 Decimals and Fractions


3. In the rectangle below, _ of the
4
8 6. GRIDDED RESPONSE The
sections are shaded. function table shows some input and
output values.

Input (x) Output (y)


1 1
2 4
Which of the following is equal to _ ?
4
8 3 7

A. _ B. _ C. _ D. _
1 1 1 4 4 10
4 2 8 4 5 
4. GRIDDED RESPONSE The
elephants below each weigh What is the missing value?
16,500 pounds. How many pounds
do they weigh altogether? 7. The table shows how long Tara read
each night during a week. What
fraction of an hour did she read on
Wednesday?

Day Minutes Read


Monday 17
Tuesday 24
5. Which order shows the distances run Wednesday 36
from greatest to least? Thursday 30
Friday 32
Track Practice
Runner Miles
A. _ C. _
1 3
Darin 1.24 2 5

B. _ D. _
Kirk 1.5 2 36
3 100
Damon 1.31

8. Trina grew _ of an inch in a year.


F. Kirk, Damon, Darin 4
5
Which decimal is equivalent to _ ?
G. Kirk, Darin, Damon 4
5
H. Damon, Darin, Kirk F. 0.7 H. 0.8
I. Damon, Kirk, Darin G. 0.75 I. 0.85

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Test Practice 441