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51 Aufrufe62 SeitenDecimals and Fractions for Middle School

Nov 26, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

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Decimals and Fractions for Middle School

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

51 Aufrufe

Decimals and Fractions for Middle School

© All Rights Reserved

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

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The

How are decimals

Animations and fractions

Vocabulary

connected?

Math Songs

Multilingual

eGlossary

Learn alent

Equiv tions

Make this Foldable Frac imals

Personal Tutor ions and Dec

to help you organize ract

F

a ls

cim

information about De

Virtual

Manipulatives decimals and

fractions. Begin

Audio with one sheet of

8 _ 11 paper.

1

Foldables 2

Self-Check Practice decimal decimal

a number that uses

eGames place value, numbers,

and a decimal point

Worksheets to show part of a whole

0.3

6 004A 112056

Key Vocabulary

Assessment

English Espaol

fracciones equivalentes

equivalent fractions

maximo comn divisor

greatest common factor

forma reducida

simplest form

nmero mixto

mixed number

380

When Will I Use This?

Nicholas in Flying Feat Right, Nicholas! Your turn,

Each student will use their tape Olivia.

Boy, this paper measure and Ill write down

airplane contest is the distance their plane flies.

going to be fun,

Mr. Grey!

OK!

My Good

Wow! airplane went Mine went

How far throw, 6 14 feet.

7 34 feet. My Ethan!

did it go? Sweet! turn!

Julian and 6 13 feet! turn,

Teresa, how Nicholas. airplane goes

about you? the farthest.

Your Tthuiisrn!

You will sollve err.

teer

problem in the chap

Are You Ready You have two options for checking

Prerequisite Skills for this chapter.

for the Chapter?

Text Option Take the Quick Check below.

1. 2. 3.

4. four-tenths 5. eight-tenths 6. twenty-hundredths

Write the amount of rain that fell as a fraction.

8. 9.

4

__

1

__

= ___ 5

= ___

10

5 10

4 6

10. In Salvadors aquarium, ___

10

of the fish are yellow, and ___

10

are blue.

Are there more blue or yellow fish in Salvadors aquarium?

Explain how you know.

Multi-Part

Lesson 1 Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea Tenths and Hundredths

I will explore decimals. A decimal is a number that uses place value and a decimal

point to show part of a whole. The place-value chart shows

Materials how decimals are part of the base-ten system. You can use

Workmat 6 a place-value chart and models to represent decimals.

0OFT %FDJNBMT

UIPVTBOEUIT

IVOESFEUIT

IVOESFET

UFOUIT

POFT

UFOT

hundredths grid

10 10 10 10

U

Write 7 in the tenths column.

Get ConnectED

0 7

GLE 0406.2.1

Understand place value of Step 2 Use a model.

numbers from hundredths

to the hundred-thousands

place.

0.7

Model forty-five hundredths. Write the decimal.

M

Write 4 in the tenths column and 5 in the

hundredths column.

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths

0 4 5

Step 2 Use a hundredths grid.

Shade 45 of the 100 parts to show 45 hundredths.

0.45

So, forty-five hundredths can be written 0.45.

About It

1. Describe the difference between the decimals two-tenths and

two-hundredths.

Identify the greater decimal.

and Apply It

Write a decimal for each shaded part.

3. 4. 5.

6. two-tenths 7. twenty-five 8. forty-nine 9. seventy-three

hundredths hundredths hundredths

10. 0.37 11. 0.51 12. 0.88 13. 0.9

write seventeen-hundredths.

384

3 Decimals and Fractions

Multi-Part

Lesson 1 Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will model and

Tenths

describe tenths as part

of the base-ten system.

In the previous lesson, you used parts of a whole to

show the place value. A decimal is a number that uses

Vocabulary

V place value, numbers, and a decimal point to show part

decimal of a whole. A tenth is one of ten equal parts.

tenths

Write Tenths

W

Get ConnectED

HORSES Lorena and Rebecca

GLE 0406.2.1

went to 10 horseback riding

Understand place value of lessons. Three of the lessons

numbers from hundredths

to the hundred-thousands

were outside the barn. What

place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read part of horseback riding lessons

and write numbers from

was spent outside?

hundredths to hundred-

thousands in numerals

and in words.

or three-tenths.

Read three-tenths

Write 0.3

Write Tenths

W

CAMPING A campground has 10 campsites. Eight of the

campsites have campers. The rest are empty. What part

of the campground is empty?

of ten campsites do not have campers.

or two-tenths.

0 2

Describe Tenths

decimal. SSee EExamples

l 1 andd 2

4. 0.5 5. 0.1 6. 0.3

7. A flower has ten petals. During a 8. A house has ten windows. During

storm, five of the petals fall off. spring cleaning, eight windows

Write a decimal to show what were washed. Write a decimal to

part of the petals is left. show what part of the windows

still needs to be cleaned.

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Begins on page EP2.

Model and write each decimal. See Examples 1 and 2

10. one out of ten 11. five out of ten 12. four-tenths

16. 0.2 17. 0.6 18. 0.9

19. Emilio had a math quiz today. He 20. Codys dog had ten chew toys. Cody

answered nine of the ten questions took six toys outside for his dog.

correctly. Write a decimal to show Write a decimal to show what part

what part of the quiz Emilio answered of the toys is still inside.

correctly.

22. There were ten goldfish in the

21. Jasmine had ten pennies in her aquarium below. Some fish were

pocket. Some fell through a hole in moved to a new aquarium. Use the

her pocket. Below are the pennies picture to write a decimal to show

she still has in her pocket. Write a how many fish are still in the original

decimal to show how many pennies aquarium.

she lost.

of rainfall for 4 weeks in April. Use the table to answer April (in inches)

the following questions. Week 1 eight-tenths

Week 2 four-tenths

23. Write each amount of rainfall in decimal form. Week 3 nine-tenths

Week 4 seven-tenths

24. Model the decimal described in week 1.

25. OPEN ENDED Write a decimal whose value is greater than five-tenths.

26. E WRITE MATH Write a real-world problem with 0.8 as the answer.

Multi-Part

Lesson 1 Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will describe Hundredths

hundredths as part of

the base-ten system. A hundredth is one of one hundred equal parts.

Vocabulary

V

hundredths

thousandths

Get ConnectED

Understand place value of one one-tenth one-hundredth

numbers from hundredths

to the hundred-thousands

place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read

and write numbers from

hundredths to hundred-

thousands in numerals Write

and in words.

Hundredths

Drew has a 100-piece puzzle.

There are four corner pieces

in the puzzle. What part of the

puzzle is corner pieces?

Four of the 100 puzzle pieces

are corner pieces.

4 of 100 parts

are shaded.

Read four-hundredths

Write 0.04

Write Hundredths

Tiffany has the coins shown.

What part of a dollar are the

W

coins worth?

$1 = 100

10 11

11 12

12 13

13 14

14

Fourteen-hundredths is 0.14 of a dollar.

decimal SSee EExample

l 1

1. 2. 3.

See Example 2

4. 5.

6. A movie theater has 100 seats. 7. E TALK MATH Explain why coins can

Seventy-eight of the seats are full. be used to model decimals.

What decimal shows the part of the

seats that is full?

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Begins on page EP2.

Write each decimal. See Example 1

8. 9. 10.

14. 15.

16. 17.

18. Emma earned eighty-nine out of 19. A department store had one hundred

100 points on a math test. What teapots. Six of the teapots were sold.

decimal shows the part of the points What decimal represents the teapots

that Emma earned? that are left?

20. Darnell inserted the coins shown 21. Bena received the coins shown as

into a vending machine. What part change after buying pencils at the

of a dollar are the coins? school store. What part of a dollar

are the coins?

22. OPEN ENDED Write a real-world problem that results in an

answer of 0.72.

23. CHALLENGE What is the least number of coins needed to make

0.90 of one dollar? Which coins are used?

below. Explain.

Decimals

A whole number can be divided into 1,000 equal parts called

thousandths . Thousandths are smaller than hundredths.

Write Thousandths

W

CARNIVALS A school carnival sells 1,000 tickets.

On Saturday, 415 of the tickets are sold. The rest

are sold on Sunday. What part of the tickets is

sold on Sunday?

Subtract the number of tickets sold on Saturday.

1,000 415 = 585

On Sunday, 585 of the 1,000 tickets were sold.

Read five hundred eighty-five thousandths

Write 0.585

So, 0.585 of the tickets were sold on Sunday.

25. three hundred forty-two 26. twenty-six 27. five-thousandths

thousandths thousandths

28. An apple orchard can produce about 1,000 apples. If 35 of

the apples are rotten, what part of the apples is not rotten?

29. E WRITE MATH Explain why 0.040 is not the same as 0.004.

Multi-Part

Lesson 1 Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will write decimals Decimals Greater

Than One

greater than one.

Get ConnectED You have described decimals that have values that are less

than one whole. The value of decimals can also be greater

GLE 0406.2.1

than one whole. These numbers contain a whole number and

Understand place value of a decimal part.

numbers from hundredths

to the hundred-thousands

place. SPI 0406.2.1 Read

and write numbers from

hundredths to hundred-

thousands in numerals

Model

and in words. Decimals

Model 5.02.

Since the least place value is the hundredths place,

use hundredths grids to model 5.02.

Since the whole number is 5, shade 5

hundredths grids.

Since there are two-hundredths, shade 2 squares of

a sixth hundredths grid.

two-hundredths = 2 out

of 100 squares shaded

hundredths of one whole.

Representing Decimals

number using digits

Word Form a way to write a number using

words

Expanded Form a way to write a number

showing the value of each digit

Examples 6.25

six and twenty-five hundredths

6 + 0.2 + 0.05

Write Decimals

A flamingo weighs about eight and seventy-five

hundredths pounds. Write eight and seventy-five

h

hundredths in standard and expanded form.

Write each digit of eight and

Thousandths

Hundredths

seventy-five hundredths in a

place-value chart.

Tenths

Ones

Standard form: 8.75

8 7 5

W

Write sixteen and one hundred twenty-eight thousandths

To write decimals in in standard and expanded form.

word form, use the

word and for the Write each digit of sixteen and one hundred twenty-eight

decimal point. thousandths.

Model each decimal

decimal. SSee EExample

l 1

4. Write seven and fifty-three hundredths 5. E TALK MATH Describe how to write

in standard and expanded form. eighty-two and three-hundredths in

See Examples 2 and 3 standard form.

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Begins on page EP2.

Model each decimal. See Example 1

6. 1.6 7. 3.9 8. 4.27

See Examples 2 and 3

12. five and thirty-seven hundredths 13. eight and ninety-three hundredths

14. ten and sixty-one hundredths 15. thirteen and forty-six hundredths

For Exercises 1618, use the table at the right. Longest Bones in the Human Body

16. Write the length of a tibia in expanded Bone Length (in.)

form. Femur (thigh bone) 19.88

Humerus (upper arm 14.35

17. Write the length of the shortest bone in bone)

Seventh Rib 9.45

word form.

Tibia (shin bone) 16.94

18. Write the length of the longest bone in word

and expanded form.

19. Write the length of a King Cobra in Facts About Cobras

expanded form. King Cobras have been

found up to 5.5 m long.

20. Write the length of King Cobra fangs The fangs of a King Cobra

can be up to 1.25 cm long.

in word form.

The black-necked cobra

can spit venom 2.4 m.

21. Write the distance a black-necked

cobra can spit venom in word form.

22. OPEN ENDED Write two decimals that are equivalent to 3.6.

Explain.

can help you write the standard form of the decimal.

Test Practice

24. Which model represents 2.01? 25. Lydia has five pizzas. Each pizza

(Lesson 1D) has ten slices. Four of the pizzas

are whole. One pizza has only

A.

8 slices left. Which decimal

describes Lydias pizzas? (Lesson 1D)

F. 4.08 H. 4.8

B. G. 4.2 I. 5.4

clips. There are two full boxes. The

C. third box has only 24 paper clips.

Which decimal describes the boxes

of paper clips? (Lesson 1D)

A. 2.24 C. 3.24

D. B. 2.42 D. 3.42

27. two-hundredths 28. nineteen-hundredths

per minute. Use a hundredths grid to model 0.88.

(Lesson 1C)

To assess partial mastery of SPI 0406.2.1, see your Tennessee Assessment Book. 395

Multi-Part

Lesson 1 Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will compare and Compare and

Order Decimals

order decimals.

place value.

SPI 0406.1.2

Compare decimals using

concrete and pictorial

representations.

SCORES The table shows

SPI 0406.2.6 Use the

symbols <, >, and = to the results from a

compare common skateboarding

fractions and decimals in

both increasing and competition. Who has

decreasing order. the higher score,

Doria or Elise?

Doria has a score of 79.7,

while Elise has a score of 79.5.

Elise Doria

79.5 79.7

So, 79.7 > 79.5.

Line up the decimal points.

Tenths

Ones

Tens

In the tenths place, 7 > 5.

So, 79.7 is greater than 79.5. 7 9 7

7 9 5

Order Decimals

Everyday Use

Order select items Order 9.86, 9.8, 9.92, and 9.09 from greatest to least.

you want

Math Use

Next, place zeros to the

right of the last digit so all Finally, compare

Order to arrange in

First, line up the numbers have the same and order using

a logical pattern

decimal points. number of decimal places. place value.

The order from greatest to least is 9.92, 9.86, 9.8, and 9.09.

Compare

Compare. Use >,

> <<, or =.

= See Example 1

1. 0.2 0.6 2. 12.07 1.207 3. 5.60 5.6

4. 3.2, 4.5, 3.9, 4.1 5. 0.12, 1.2, 1.21, 12.0 6. $6.52, $5.62, $6.50, $5.60

decimals from least to greatest.

4 4.5 5 5.5 6

Traveling to Camp

9. Measurement Four friends are going to

different summer camps. The table shows the Name Distance (mi)

distance between each camp and their hometowns. Bill 64.25

Order the distances from least to greatest.

Sami 42.5

Latesha 64.87

10. E TALK MATH Tell how to order 5.5, 5.3, 5.4, and 5.0

Irena 42.35

from greatest to least.

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Begins on page EP2.

Compare. Use >, <, or =. See Example 1

11. 0.74 7.4 12. 16.33 16.3 13. 0.56 0.58 14. 0.8 0.80

15. 1 0.09 16. 0.90 0.9 17. 82.6 82.60 18. 1.06 1.05

19. $19.62, $19.56, $19.60 20. 0.5, 0.55, 0.6 21. 68.16, 81.6, 68.1

Use the number line to compare and order each set of decimals

from least to greatest.

6 7 8 9

22. 6.3, 8.1, 7.5, 7.7 23. 8.4, 7.9, 8.8, 8.6

24. 7.5, 6.2, 7.75, 6.25 25. 7.8, 8.25, 8.2, 8.50

26. Marlon averages 5.6 rebounds per 27. Measurement Desiree ran the

game. Tina averages 5.9 and Omar 100-meter dash four times. Her times

averages 4.3 rebounds per game. were 16.25, 15.36, 16.55, and 15.23

Who averages the most rebounds? seconds. What was her slowest time?

Explain.

4.48 on a number line?

from least to greatest. Find and correct her mistake.

6.27, 6.19,

6.29

ordering decimals.

398 To assess mastery of SPI 0406.1.2, see your Tennessee Assessment Book.

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Equivalent Fractions

Like decimals, fractions are used to show part of a number.

Main Idea

Fractions that represent the same part of a number are

I will explore

equivalent fractions.

equivalent fractions.

Materials

fraction tiles Identify two fractions that are equivalent to _1 .

3

Model _.

1 1

Step 1

1

1 3

4 3

1 1

2 Start with 1 whole.

Then, use the 1

_

1 3

fraction tile

Get ConnectED 3

to show _ .

1

3

Step 2 Find a fraction

1

SPI 0406.2.5

Generate equivalent forms

of common fractions and equivalent to _1 .

3

decimals and use them to

Using _ fraction

1 1

compare size.

6 3

tiles, place 1 1

them below the 6 6

_

1

fraction tile.

3

How many

_

1

fraction tiles

6

are used?

fraction equivalent 1

to _1 . 1

3 3

Use _ fraction

1

12 1 1

tiles to equal the 6 6

length of the 1 1 1 1

_

1

fraction tile. 12 12 12 12

3

Count the number of _ fraction tiles.

1

12

1 2 4

3 6 12

IIdentify equivalent fractions.

number lines that show 0 1

zero and one.

0 1

0 1

0 1 2 3 4

Step 2 Divide the first number 4 4 4 4

line into fourths. Divide

the second number line

into eighths. Divide the 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

third number line into

sixteenths.

Notice that _ = _ = _.

1 2 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

4 8 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

About It

1. Algebra Copy and complete _ = _ = _.

1

3 9 15

2. Refer to Activity 2. Find two fractions equivalent to _.

3

4

and Apply It

Determine whether the fractions are equivalent.

Write yes or no. Use fraction tiles or number lines.

2 6 6 5 2 3 9 3

4 12 8 10 3 5 12 4

Find two equivalent fractions for each fraction. Use fraction

tiles or number lines.

7. _ 8. _ 9. _ 10. _

1 2 4 2

5 6 8 12

11. E WRITE MATH Explain what it means for two fractions to be equivalent.

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Main Idea

I will find equivalent

Equivalent Fractions

The fraction models show that _ is the same as _. Fractions

fractions. 4 1

8 2

Vocabulary

V that represent the same amount are equivalent fractions .

equivalent fractions

Get ConnectED 1

1

SPI 0406.2.5 2

Generate equivalent forms

of common fractions and 1 1 1 1

decimals and use them to

compare size. Also

8 8 8 8

addresses GLE 0406.1.1,

GLE 0406.3.1.

Find Equivalent

Fractions

Prefixes The prefix FISH Allie has 8 fish in an aquarium. Four fish are

equi- means equal.

green. So, _4 of the fish are green. Find three fractions

that are equivalent to _.

8

4

8

Multiply the Divide the

numerator _

4 2

= _

2 numerator

4 2

___ _

8 and the 82 4 and the

8 2 = 16 denominator

_

2 2 _1

denominator

by the same by the same

number, 2. 42 = 2 number, 2.

8 2 1 4

16 4 2 8

Write the fraction for the part that is shaded

shaded. Then find an

equivalent fraction. See Example 1

1. 2. 3.

4. _

1

4

5. _

4

6

6. _

1

5

7. _

8

10

8. _

1

3

9. Javier has 4 juice boxes. Three are 10. E TALK MATH Tell why _

3 _6

, and

4 8

grape flavored. Write two fractions _

9

are equivalent fractions. Give an

12

that describe the part of the juice

example of another set of three

boxes that is grape.

equivalent fractions.

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Begins on page EP2.

Write the fraction for the part that is shaded. Then find an

equivalent fraction. See Example 1

11. 12. 13.

17. _ 18. _ 19. _ 20. _ 21. _

2 2 6 2 2

7 5 10 12 3

6 1 9 1 12

8 2 18 6 20

27. A roller coaster has 16 cars. Six of the 1

2

Ayana ran _ mile. Did they run the

cars are green. Write two fractions for 4

the part of the cars that is green. 6

same distance? Explain.

Algebra Find the value of x.

29. _ = _ 30. _ = _ 31. _ = _ 32. _ = _

3 12 2 x 8 x 8 1

4 x 5 25 12 3 64 x

white-tailed deer. Female deer, called does, usually

have 1 to 3 young at a time. Young deer are called

fawns. The male deer, called bucks, grow antlers in

the spring.

33. Suppose 10 deer are traveling together. If 4 of

them are does and 3 are fawns, what fraction

represents the number of bucks? Write another

fraction that represents this number.

34. A doe has 3 fawns. If one of the fawns is male,

what fraction of the fawns is female? Write a fraction

equivalent to this fraction.

2

5

equivalent to _. Which fraction represents a greater number?

3

6

Explain.

6

18

Find and correct his mistake.

6 3 = __

_______ 3

18 3 6

25

100

38. E WRITE MATH Can you always find an equivalent fraction for a

fraction? Explain.

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Main Idea I will solve problems by making a model.

The pet store has 15 reptiles. One third

of the reptiles is turtles. Two are snakes,

and the rest are lizards. How many of each

reptile are there?

There are 15 reptiles at the store. Two are snakes.

k

One third is turtles. The rest are lizards.

What do you need to find?

Find the number of each reptile.

Solve

Draw 15 circles. Since the

fraction _ is used, place the

1

3

circles in 3 equal groups.

1

3

three equal groups. So, there are

5 turtles. There are 2 snakes, so

shade 2 circles to show the snakes.

This is the number of lizards.

and 8 lizards at the pet store. snakes

The pet store has 15 reptiles. So, the answer is correct.

SPI 0406.2.10 Solve contextual problems using whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.

Refer to the problem on the previous page.

1. Explain why you used 15 circles. 3. If the pet store had 24 reptiles, how

many of the reptiles would be lizards?

2. You know that _ of the reptiles are

1

3

turtles. Explain why 5 circles were 4. Check your answer to Exercise 3.

shaded to show the number of turtles. How do you know that it is correct?

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Begins on page EP2.

5. Measurement There are three trees 8. There are 22 students

in a backyard. The second tree is half in Ms. Lanes class.

as tall as the first. The third tree is Half of them packed

taller than the second tree and shorter their lunches. Eight

than the first tree. The total height of students are buying

the trees is 24 feet. What is the height pizza. The rest are

of each tree? buying salads. How

many students are

buying salads?

10 ft

y how long Adam and Kenya rode their

x

bikes. Who biked more minutes? How

many more minutes?

Biking Schedule

6. Corey has 8 apples. Four are red, two

are green, and the rest are yellow. Name Time Spent Biking

Write two fractions that name the part 1 of an hour

__

Adam

of the apples that are yellow. 3

Kenya 15 minutes

7. Emil bought his mom a dozen roses.

Some of the roses are shown below.

10. There are 16 books on a shelf.

The rest are white. Of which color

One-fourth of the books are about

were there the most? What fraction of

animals. Two are adventure. The rest

the roses were that color? Write an

are mystery. How many are mystery

equivalent fraction.

books?

10. Explain how you used the make a

model strategy to solve the problem.

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Main Idea

I will compare and Compare and Order

order fractions.

Fractions

Get ConnectED To compare fractions, you can use models, number lines,

and equivalent fractions.

SPI 0406.2.6

Use the symbols <, >,

and = to compare

Compare Fractions

common fractions

and decimals in both MEASUREMENT Ramon has an

increasing and insect collection. The table shows

decreasing order.

the lengths of four insects in his

collection. Which is longer, a field

cricket or a whirligig beetle?

You can use fraction models to

compare _ and _.

5 3

8 8

_

5

Field cricket

8

_

3

Whirligig beetle

8

5 3

8 8

So, the field cricket is longer than the whirligig beetle.

1 1

4 2

_

1

Mosquito

0 1 2 3 1 4

4 4 4

_

1

Lightning bug

0 1 1 2

2

So, the lightning bug is longer than the mosquito.

Order Fractions

3 2 12

Number Equivalent

One Way: Lines

Another Way: Fractions

with the same denominator.

0 2 1 _24

=

_8 _16

=

_6

3 34 12 26 12

2 Order from least to greatest.

_6 , _7 , _8

0 7 1 12 12 12

12

_1 < _7 < _2 _1 , _7 , _2 .

2 12 3

2 12 3

2 12 3

Compare E l 1 andd 2

1. 2.

0 1 2 3 1

4 4 4

_

5

_

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1

8 8 6 6 6 6 6

_

1

_

1

4 6

3. _ _ 4. _ _

3 1 3 3

4 2 6 4

5. _, _, _ 6. _, _, _

3 2 4 1 7 3

8 6 8 16 8 4

1

3

8. E TALK MATH Explain how to compare

an hour. Sasha worked for _ of an the fractions _ and _.

3 7 2

12 12 6

hour. Who worked for a longer time?

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Compare. Use > , < , or =. See Examples 1 and 2

9. 10.

_

7

_

4 _

4

_

1

10 10 8 4

11. 12.

0 1 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1

3 3 6 6 6 6 6

0 1 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1

6 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

_

2

_

5 _

4

_

5

3 6 6 8

2 1 3 5 4 8

6 3 5 6 5 10

2 5 4 1 5 2

3 9 10 2 8 3

19. _, _, _ 20. _, _, _ 21. _, _, _

4 1 3 3 2 7 3 3 3

6 3 3 4 3 8 10 4 5

22. Which meat makes up most of 23. Allison took a survey. Find the favorite

Mr. Collins sandwich? weekend activity.

Fraction of

Activity

Friends

Movie 2

ADMIT ONE

ADMIT ONE

6

Mall 1

4

Basketball 5

12

24. Aisha ate _ of the carrots in the bag. 25. Suzanne practiced volleyball for _

1 2

4 3 3

Enrique ate _ of the carrots in the hour on Saturday and _ hour on

1

12 6

bag. Who ate more carrots? Sunday. Which day did she practice

longer?

Student Time

26. Measurement The table shows how much time _

4

Simn hour

each student needs to finish an art project. Does 12

3

hour

4

27. OPEN ENDED Write three fractions that are not greater than _.

1

2

28. WHICH ONE DOESNT BELONG? Identify the set of fractions

that does not belong with the other three sets. Explain.

_1 , _5 , _

15 _2 , _1 , _1 _2 , _1 , _

7 _3 , _1 , _2

4 8 16 9 3 2 5 2 10 4 2 12

150

500

3

is greater than or less than _.

3

4 5

Test Practice

the fraction represented by from greatest to least? (Lesson 2D)

point M on the number line?

F. _, _, _

3 6 2

(Lesson 2B)

5 15 10

M

G. _, _, _

2 3 6

10 5 15

1 1 3 1 5 7

0 8 4 8 2 8 8 1

H. _, _, _

2 6 3

10 15 5

A. _ C. _

1 1

4 2

I. _, _, _

6 3 2

B. _ D. _

3 3 15 5 10

8 4

33. Toya h

has 8 coins

i iin hher piggy bank. One fourth of

the coins is quarters. Three of the coins are dimes.

The rest of the coins are pennies. How many pennies

does Toya have? (Lesson 2C)

34. _ 35. _ 36. _

1 2 3

2 3 5

7 1 4

10 8 12

To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.6, see your Tennessee Assessment Book. 409

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Main Idea

I will write a fraction Simplest Form

in simplest form.

Among the equivalent fractions _, _, and _, the fraction _

2 4 8 2

3 6 12 3

Vocabulary

V is in simplest form because its numerator and denominator

simplest form have no common factor other than 1.

greatest common

factor

Fractions in Fractions NOT in

Simplest Form Simplest Form

Get ConnectED

_

1 _

2 _

3 _

3 _

5 _

2 _

4 _

8 _

8 _

16

2 3 4 7 8 4 6 10 12 24

SPI 0406.2.4

Find factors, common

factors, multiples, and To change a fraction into its simplest form, you can divide both

common multiples of two

numbers. Also addresses the numerator and the denominator by the greatest common

GLE 0406.3.1. factor. A greatest common factor is the greatest of the

common factors of two or more numbers.

Simplest Form

QUIZ There are 12 questions on a quiz.

Esteban got 8 out of 12, or _8 , of the Name:

12 1.

7.

questions correct. Two fractions 2.

9.

8.

12 3 6 4.

8 10.

12 5.

11.

6.

12.

Step 1 Find the common factors of

8 and 12.

Factors of 8: 1, 2, 4, 8

Factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12

_

8 4

=_

2 The numbers 2 and 3 have no

12 4 3 common factor other than 1.

So, _

8

in simplest form is _.

2

12 3

To write a fraction in simplest form, you can also divide by

common factors.

Simplest Form

ANIMALS Koala bears sleep

up to 18 hours each day. What

part of a day do koalas sleep?

Write the fraction in simplest

form.

Step 1 Write a fraction.

_

18 hours of sleep each day

24 total hours in a day

_

18

= _ =_

18 2 9 A common factor of

24 24 2 12 18 and 24 is 2.

numerator and the

denominator have no

_

9

= _=_

9 3 3 A common factor of

common factor other 12 12 3 4 9 and 12 is 3.

than 1.

So, _ simplifies to _. Koalas sleep up to _ of a day.

18 3 3

24 4 4

Simplest Form

by the greatest common factor.

Another Way Divide the numerator and denominator

by common factors until the only

common factor is 1.

form If it is in simplest form,

form

write simplest form. See Example 1

1. _ 2. _ 3. _ 4. _

2 6 5 18

4 10 6 30

know that _ is in simplest form?

fraction of an hour did she read? Write 4

5

as a fraction in simplest form. See Example 2

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Begins on page EP2.

Write each fraction in simplest form. If it is in simplest form,

write simplest form. See Example 1

7. _ 8. _ 9. _ 10. _ 11. _

2 3 7 6 4

10 12 20 9 16

10 18 24 32 42

15 27 40 42 56

Write as a fraction in simplest form. See Example 2

17. 9 hours 18. 16 hours 19. 20 hours

15 x 16 4 20 x

45 3 28 x 36 9

23. Six of the 16 marbles in a bag are 24. Adina read 12 out of 36 pages in a

yellow. What fraction of the marbles comic book. What fraction of the pages

is yellow? did she read?

some objects in a classroom. What part of

a foot is each object? Write as a fraction in

simplest form. See Example 2

29. OPEN ENDED Write three fractions that are in simplest form.

30. WHICH ONE DOESNT BELONG? Identify the fraction that does

not belong with the other three. Explain your reasoning.

_2 _6 _1 _

11

3 15 2 12

6

is _. How can you

2

15 5

use multiplication to show that they name the same number?

Test Practice

4

33. Mr. Henshaw used some eggs from

8

sections are shaded. a full carton to make breakfast for

his family. The eggs that are left

are shown.

to _? (Lesson 2B)

4

8

A. _

1

4

B. _

3

6 Identify the part of the eggs in

the carton Mr. Henshaw used.

C. _

6 (Lesson 2E)

10

F. _ H. _

3 1

4 3

D. _

5

G. _ I. _

12 2 2

4 3

34. Ashley has six coins. One third of the coins is quarters. She has

1 dime and the rest are nickels. What is the value of Ashleys

coins in decimal form? (Lesson 2C)

Write the fraction for the part that is shaded. Then find an

equivalent fraction. (Lesson 2B)

35. 36. 37.

(Lesson 2A)

5 6 1 8 6 3

10 12 4 12 8 4

Multi-Part

Lesson 2 Fractions

PART A B C D E F

Main Idea

I will write mixed Mixed Numbers

numbers and improper

fractions. A mixed number has a whole number part and a fraction part.

An improper fraction has a numerator that is greater than or

Vocabulary

V equal to its denominator.

mixed number

improper fraction

Mixed Numbers Improper Fractions

1_ 2_ 3_ _ _ _

1 3 5 3 11 23

2 4 6 2 4 6

Get ConnectED

SPI 0406.2.2

Locate and place mixed Mixed Numbers and

numbers on the number

line. SPI 0406.2.7 Convert Improper Fractions

improper fractions into

mixed numbers and/or

FOOD Nyoko is selling pies

decimals. Also addresses at a bake sale. Each pie has

GLE 0406.1.7.

5 slices. There are 7 slices

left. What fraction of the

pies is left?

Fraction

Count the wholes and the Count the parts.

parts.

1 1 1 1

5 5 5 5

1 1 1

5 5 5 1 1 1

1 1

5 5 5 5 5

1 1

5 5

_5 + _2 = 1_2

5 5 5 _7

5

whole part

2 7

5 5

You can change from a mixed number to an improper

fraction. You can also change from an improper fraction to

a mixed number.

Write 1

W _3 as an improper fraction.

8

1_ = 1 + _

3 3 Write the mixed number as the sum

8 8 of a whole and part.

= _ + _ Write the whole number as a fraction.

8 3

8 8

= _

8 + 3

Add.

8

= _

11

8

Write

W _

11

as a mixed number.

8

Divide the numerator by the denominator.

s

The fraction bar stand

_11 whole number 1 R3

for divided by. So, 8

8

11

means 11 divided by 8.

denominator

-8

numerator

3

So, _ = 1_ .

11 3

8 8

number line.

A

4 5 6

Each interval on the number line is one third. So, point A

is 5 _.

1

3

A

4 5 51 6

3

5_ = _ + _ + _ + _ + _ + _

1 3 3 3 3 3 1

3 3 3 3 3 3 3

= __ = _

3+3+3+3+3+1 16

3 3

So, point A is 5 _, or _ .

1 16

3 3

Write a mixed number and an improper fraction for each model

model.

See Example 1

1. 2. 3.

Use models if needed. See Examples 2 and 3

4. 1_ 5. 2_ 6. _ 7. _

2 3 9 13

5 4 4 3

fraction. See Example 4

8. B 9. G

7 8 9 4 5 6

3

8

11. E TALK MATH Explain how to compare

Sheris family ate 1_ pizzas. Who ate 2 _ and _.

4 3 17

16 5 5

more pizzas?

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Write a mixed number and an improper fraction for each model.

See Example 1

Use models if needed. See Examples 2 and 3

3 7 7 5

4 10 8 8

7 17 45 50

3 5 8 6

Identify each point as a mixed number and an improper fraction.

See Example 4

23. W X 24. M N

1 2 3 4 5

is shown. There are resting stops along the trail.

25. Joaquin and his family started at the

stables on the left. They are at the

covered bridge. How many miles of

the trail have they traveled?

in 2 hours and 15 minutes. Write the amount of time

he spent on the trail as an improper fraction.

Flying

Flying Feat Feat

Remember, My airplane

the class is having distance is

a paper airplane 72_1 feet.

contest.

So far the So, who

distances are: won the

Ethan64_1 feet, contest?

Julian63_1 feet,

Olivia74_3 feet, and

Teresa52_1 feet.

written as a whole number.

improper fractions.

Test Practice

1

31. What mixed number does point A

2

Which improper fraction shows the represent? (Lesson 2F)

number of cups of pancake mix he A

used? (Lesson 2F)

A. _ C. _ 2 3 4

2 4

2 2

F. 3_ H. 3_

1 2

B. _ D. _

3 5 2 5

2 2

G. 3_ I. 3_

1 2

5 6

32. The table shows the number of 33. Caroline has a bag of marbles.

minutes Grant read each day. In simplest form, what fraction of

the marbles are blue? (Lesson 2E)

Grants Reading Log

Day Minutes

Monday 30

Wednesday 55

Friday 45

F. _ H. _

3 4

on Friday? (Lesson 2E) 10 6

A. _ C. _

1 3

G. _ I. _

4 5 2 4

5 5

B. _ D. _

1 3

2 4

write simplest form. (Lesson 2E)

34. _ 35. _ 36. _

4 8 5

6 10 8

37. _ _ 38. _ _ 39. _ _

1 1 4 1 5 5

8 6 12 3 6 10

40. Zaria counted ten insects on her deck. Half of the insects were ants.

Three were ladybugs, and the rest were crickets. How many insects

were crickets? (Lesson 2C)

To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.2 and partial mastery of SPI 0406.2.7,

418 see your Tennessee Assessment Book.

Mid-Chapter

Check

Write each decimal. (Lesson 1B) Find an equivalent fraction for each

fraction. (Lesson 2B)

1. three-tenths 2. eight-tenths

14. _ 15. _

1 3

3. one out of ten 4. four out of ten 6 9

16. _ 17. _

5 4

5. MULTIPLE CHOICE There were ten 10 5

peaches in a bag. Some were eaten.

The peaches below were not eaten. 18. Stewart has a collection of 12

footballs. Nine footballs have been

signed by professional football players.

The others have not. What part of the

footballs has not been signed? Write

What decimal shows the part of the an equivalent fraction. (Lesson 2C)

peaches that was eaten? (Lesson 1B)

Write each fraction in simplest form.

A. 0.4 C. 0.9

(Lesson 2E)

B. 0.6 D. 0.10 _

19. _

3 8

20.

6 10

6. Write a decimal for the part of a dollar

21. _ 22. _

shown. (Lesson 1C) 6 12

30 20

improper fraction for the model.

(Lesson 2F)

into 10 slices to share with his family.

There are 13 slices left after his family

eats. Write a decimal that describes

the leftover apples. (Lesson 1D)

24. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which set of

Compare. Use >, <, or =. (Lesson 1E) fractions is in order from greatest

to least? (Lesson 2D)

8. 0.49 0.7 9. 1 0.90

F. _, _, _ H. _, _, _

3 6 2 2 6 3

10. 82.6 82.60 11. 1.06 1.07 5 15 10 10 15 5

G. _, _, _ _

6 _

, ,_

2 3 6 3 2

I.

Order from least to greatest. (Lesson 1E) 10 5 15 15 5 10

25. E WRITE MATH Explain why ___

10

30

13. 5.3, 5.23, 4.62, 5.20 and ____

100

are equivalent. (Lesson 2B)

Multi-Part

Lesson 3 MP-Title

-TitlFractions

Relate e and Decimals

PART A B C D E

A fraction shows part of a whole. A decimal also shows part

Main Idea

of a whole. A decimal is a number that uses place value,

I will explore fractions

and decimals. numbers, and a decimal point to show part of a whole.

Get ConnectED

GLE 0406.2.4 W

Write a fraction and a decimal

Understand and use the

connections between ffor the shaded part.

fractions and decimals.

Step 1 Find the shaded parts and

the total number of parts.

There are 34 shaded parts out

of a total of 100 parts.

_

34

100

Step 3 Write a decimal.

Write thirty-four hundredths as a decimal.

0.34

hundredths place

34

100

and Apply It

Write a fraction and a decimal for each model.

1. 2. 3.

2

.

100

Multi-Part

Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will identify, read,

Fractions and Decimals

and write tenths,

hundredths, and A decimal is a number that uses place value and a

thousandths as decimal point to show part of a whole.

decimals and as

fractions.

Get ConnectED

GLE 0406.2.4

Understand and use the

MONEY It costs 85 cents

connections between for a child to ride a

fractions and decimals.

light rail system. Write

Also addresses GLE 0406.1.6.

85 cents as a fraction

and as a decimal.

The amount 85 cents

means 85 pennies out

of 1 dollar.

Hundredths

Shade 85 out of 100 parts

Hundreds

Ones

Tens

0 8 5

hundredths hundredths

Write

_

85

or 0.85 Write

_

85

or 0.85

100 100

85

100

Some fractions can be written as tenths, hundredths, or

thousandths.

Write

W _5 as two different decimals.

10

Write Tenths Write Hundredths

0.5 0.50

Write

W _

23

as a decimal.

1,000

Read twenty-three thousandths

Write 0.023

23

1,000

part. SSee Example

E l 1

1. 2. 3.

4. one-tenth 5. twenty-five hundredths 6. seven-thousandths

7. E TALK MATH Shade all of the boxes along the outer edge of a

hundredths grid. Write a fraction and decimal for the shaded part.

Why is it not 0.40?

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Write a fraction and a decimal for each shaded part.

See Example 1

8. 9. 10.

14. sixty-two hundredths 15. two-tenths 16. thirty-five hundredths

20. _ 21. _ 22. _

22 2 2

100 100 10

23. _ 24. _ 25. _

50 375 80

100 1,000 1,000

26. On Monday, it snowed _ of 27. A car traveled _ of a mile in 18

6 3

10 10

an inch. seconds.

2

28. Each state has a representation

10

of _ in the United States Senate.

2

students in his class are left

100

handed.

2

10

and _. Write the fraction and its decimal equivalent.

25

100

false. Explain. The fraction _ equals 0.0006.

6

10,000

equivalent to fractions that have denominators of 10 and 100.

in Music

Decimal

N te-ati n

o

o

Musical notes are a universal specific; they are relative to the

language. Musical notes are based other notes. For example, a

on fractions. The most common one-eighth note is twice as

musical notes include whole, half, long as a one-sixteenth note, a

quarter, eighth, and sixteenth one-fourth note is twice as long

notes. These values represent the as a one-eighth note, and so on.

duration of the notes. The

durations of the notes are not

Beethoven was

the first musician

to use the

one hundred

twenty-eighth note.

Fractional

Note Notation

Equivalent

Whole _

1

1

Half _

1

2

Quarter _

1

4

m.

Write the value of each musical note as a decimal.

Refer to Exercises 13. Draw a number line that shows these values.

Draw three musical notes that Draw four musical notes that

represent a value of 2 _ .

1

represent a value of 2.5.

4

Multi-Part

Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals

PART A B C D E

Problem-Solving Investigation

Main Idea I will choose the best strategy to solve a problem.

played 0.20 of the games. She visited

the fair again Sunday. By the end of

the day she still had not played 0.62

of the games. What part of the 100

fair games did she play on Sunday?

There are 100 games at the fair.

She played 0.20 of the games on Saturday.

She did not play 0.62 of the games.

The part of the 100 fair games she played Sunday.

Plan Work backward to find the part of the games she played Sunday.

0910

100 total games

- 62 games not played 38 out of 100,

38 total games played or 0.38

- 20 games played Saturday 18 out of 100,

18 games played Sunday or 0.18

of the games Sunday.

Check Add the total number of games she played to the number

of games she did not play.

62 + 38 = 100 So, the answer is correct.

GLE 0406.1.2 Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to problem solving, including estimation, and

reasonableness of the solution. GLE 0406.2.6 Solve problems involving whole numbers, fractions, and/or decimals using all

four arithmetic operations.

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Make a model.

Make a table. 6. Algebra The table shows the number

Choose an operation. of shapes after a pattern repeats itself

five times. How many of each shape

are in the original pattern?

Use any strategy to solve each problem.

1. There are 18 students in Mr. Cases Pattern

class. Twelve of the students play an Shape Circles Squares Hearts

instrument. What fraction of the Number 15 5 10

students play an instrument?

2. Mrs. Keys has 36 pens. Yesterday she he put a new floor in the kitchen.

had half that amount plus 2. How Thirty-four tiles are blue and 16 tiles

many pens did she have? are gray. Write the total amount of

blue and gray tiles as a decimal and

a fraction.

3. There are three lines. The first line is

3 times as long as the second. The

second line is 4 inches longer than the 8. Cathy baked 36 muffins. She gave half

third. The third line is 2 inches long. the muffins to her neighbor and ate

How long is the first line? the muffins shown below. She brought

the rest to school. What fraction of the

muffins did Cathy bring to school?

4. The table below shows Adelais Write in simplest form.

schedule. She finished at 5:00 P.M.

What time did she start her lunch?

Adelais Schedule

Activity Time

9. Giselle played with some friends on

Lunch 1 hour

Monday. She played with 2 times as

Scrapbooking 3 hours

many friends on Wednesday. This was

4 more than on Friday. On Friday there

were 4. How many did she play with

on Monday?

practice. Leslie ran _ of a mile. Who

80

100 10. E WRITE MATH Look back at

ran farther? Write each distance as a Exercise 9. Explain which strategy

decimal. you used to solve the problem.

Multi-Part

Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea Decimal Equivalents

I will explore fraction You can use a number line to find fraction and decimal

and decimal

equivalents.

equivalents.

Get ConnectED

Determine whether 0.2 and

D _1 are equivalent.

GLE 0406.2.4 5

Understand and use the

connections between

Step 1 Model 0.2.

fractions and decimals. Use a number line to model 0.2.

SPI 0406.2.5 Generate

equivalent forms of 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

common fractions and 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

decimals and use them

to compare size. 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1

Step 2 Model _1 .

5

Use a number line to model _ .

1

5

0 1 2 3 4 5

5 5 5 5 5 5

Step 3 Compare.

Compare the locations of 0.2 and _ on the

1

5

number lines.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

0.2 and 5 are located in

the same position on the 0 1 2 3 4 5

number lines. 5 5 5 5 5 5

1

5

428

4 Decimals and Fractions

Find fraction and decimal equivalents.

F

the shaded part of the model.

Determine which fraction the

model represents.

the model is shaded.

1

4

Step 2 Find a decimal equivalent.

Divide the model into 100

equal parts. Then count the

shaded squares.

25

100

of the squares are shaded.

1

4

About It

1. Do 0.6 and _ represent equivalent amounts? Explain.

3

5

3

4

and Apply It

Write a decimal equivalent for each fraction.

3. _ 4. _ 5. _

1 4 3

2 5 4

_2 .

4

Multi-Part

Lesson 3 Relate Fractions and Decimals

PART A B C D E

Main Idea

I will find fraction and Fraction and Decimal

Equivalents

decimal equivalents.

Get ConnectED When a fraction and a decimal name the same amount,

they are fraction and decimal equivalents.

GLE 0406.2.4

Understand and use the

connections between

fractions and decimals.

TRAVEL Austins family is

SPI 0406.2.5 Generate

equivalent forms of taking a trip. The odometer

common fractions and (mileage tracker) shows

decimals and use them

to compare size. they have driven 0.5 mile.

Austin wants to find this

in a fraction. Use a model

to find an equivalent

fraction.

Use tenths and hundredths

grids to model that 0.5 and _1 name the same amount.

2

0.5 = _5 = _1 0.50 = _

50

=_

1

10 2 100 2

same amount.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0

0 1 2

2 2 2

0 0.5 1.0

So, 0.5 and _1 are equivalent.

2

To find a decimal that is equivalent to a fraction, it helps to write

the fraction with a denominator of 10 or 100.

W

Write a fraction and a decimal

to describe the shaded part

of the model.

_

32 25

=_

75 THINK What number can you multiply

4 25 100 the denominator by to get 100?

_

75

= 0.75 Write _ as a decimal.

75

100 100

3

4

Fraction-Decimal Equivalents

_

1

= 0.5 _

1

= 0.25 _

2

= 0.5 _

3

= 0.75

2 4 4 4

_

1

= 0.2 _

2

= 0.4 _

3

= 0.6 _

4

= 0.8

5 5 5 5

Use a model to find an equivalent fraction or decimal l 1

3. _ 4. _

2 4

1. 0.6 2. 0.06

4 5

each model. See Example 2

5. 6. 7. 8.

9. Lupe got 20 out of 25 questions 10. E TALK MATH What do you notice

about _ , _ , and _ ?

correct on a quiz. Write her score as 3 6 12

a decimal and a fraction. 4 8 16

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Use a model to find an equivalent fraction or decimal. See Example 1

11. 0.78 12. 0.4 13. 0.6 14. 0.35

1 4 7 1

4 5 25 10

Write a fraction and a decimal to describe the shaded part of

each model. See Example 2

19. 20. 21. 22.

27. Measurement Adelina swam 3 out 28. Vince read 6 out of 10 pages in a

of 4 laps. chapter of a book.

29. Jun ate 8 out of her 10 orange slices. 30. Cathy has completed 18 out of 20

math problems.

31. Maya has painted 1 out of 4 walls of 32. Jack has opened 3 out of 5 of his

her bedroom. birthday presents.

Write two fractions and a decimal to describe the shaded

area of the model.

34. CHALLENGE Carra collects stuffed frogs. She has 25 frogs, and

_

2

of them are multicolored. The rest are green. How many green

25

frogs are in her collection? Explain how you found your answer.

35. E WRITE MATH Demetri is completing 0. = _

5

.

50

Explain how he can find the correct answer.

432 To assess mastery of SPI 0406.2.5, see your Tennessee Assessment Book.

Fraction and Decimal Game You will need: 10 index cards

Compare Decimals to Fractions

Get Ready!

Players: 2

Get Set!

On each index card, write a

0.25 < _31 0.5 > _

10

statement using >, <, or =. Write 20

5 true statements and 5 false

0.75 = _4 0.8 < _

statements. A few examples are 3 75

shown at the right. 100

GO!

Shuffle the cards.

facedown on a desk.

card and must say whether

the statement is true or false.

the answer is correct and

draws again. If Player 1 is

wrong, the index card is put

back. Player 2 takes a turn.

more cards wins.

Chapter Study

Guide and Review

Concepts are noted in your decimal

Foldable.

equivalent fractions

Decim

als Frac

tions Equ

F ival

mixed number

and ractio ent

Dec ns

ima

ls

simplest form

Vocabulary Check

Complete each sentence with the

Key Concepts correct vocabulary word.

Decimals (Lesson 1) 1. The ? of 8 and 12 is 4.

Tenths , hundredths , and thousandths

are used to describe decimals as part of

the base-ten system.

2. The fraction _ is written in

2

3

Fractions (Lesson 2) ? .

Equivalent fractions represent the same

amount. 3. A(n) ? has a whole

number part and a fraction part.

_

1 _

2 _

4

4. An example of a(n) ? is

2 4 8

5_.

2

Fractions and Decimals (Lesson 3) 10

decimals. same amount are ? .

2 2 14 2 12 2 34 3 6. A ? is a number that

uses place value, a number, and

When a fraction and decimal name the a decimal point to show part of a

same amount, they are equivalents. whole.

Multi-Part Lesson Review

Lesson 1

Decimals

Tenths (Lessons 1A and 1B)

7. one out of ten Sandra knocked down seven out of ten

pins with her first bowling ball. What

8. five out of ten

part of the set of pins is still standing?

9. nine out of ten If seven out of ten pins were knocked

10. Caleb ate six out of ten pretzels. down, then three pins are still standing.

Write a decimal to show what part The amount of pins still standing is three

of the pretzels Caleb did not eat. out of ten, three-tenths, or 0.3.

dollar shown. Write a decimal for the part of a dollar

11. shown.

12.

Each cent is one hundredth, or 0.01, of a

dollar.

So, thirty-seven cents is 0.37 of a dollar.

expanded form. Write fourteen and thirty-seven

13. two and eighteen hundredths hundredths in standard

and expanded form.

14. eight and ninety-four hundredths

Hundredths

Tenths

Ones

in the decimal in a

Tens

eats eleven and eighty-eight place-value chart.

1 4 3 7

hundredths pounds of breakfast

Standard form: 14.37

cereal each year. Write this amount

in standard and expanded form. Expanded form: 10 + 4 + 0.3 + 0.07

Chapter Study Guide and Review

Hundredths

17. 6.40 6.40 jogging for 5.34 minutes.

Todd has been jogging

18. 2.27 2.72

Tenths

for 5.32 minutes. Who

Ones

19. Della gave her brother part of a has been jogging longer?

sandwich and said, Here is your _

1

2 Compare 5.34 and 5.32.

of the sandwich. Her brother said,

5 3 4

4>2

Actually, you ate _ of it. Who is

2 5 3 2

4 5.34 > 5.32

correct? Explain.

So, Stephanie has been jogging longer.

Lesson 2

Fractions

Equivalent Fractions (Lessons 2A and 2B)

fraction. Find a fraction equivalent to _4 .

6

20. _ 21. _ 22. _

1 1 1

5 3 4

_

42

=_

8 Multiply the numerator and

62 12 the denominator by the same

number, 2.

23. _ 24. _ 25. _

6 7 9 _ is equivalent to _.

8 4

8 14 12 So,

12 6

26. Jeff had 28 grapes. He ate _ of them

1

2 Marcela has 24 crayons. Of them, is _1

3

for lunch. Then he ate 10 more as a blue. Four are yellow, and the rest are

snack. How many are left? green. How many crayons are green?

27. Marisa has a marble collection. Make a model.

One-fourth of her 16 marbles is blue. There are 12

She has 5 red marbles. The rest of parts left.

the marbles are green. How many So, 12 of the

are green? crayons are green.

Compare and Order Fractions (Lesson 2D)

28. _ _ 29. _ _

4 8 6 5 Dakota has a red and a blue pencil. The

5 10 6 6 1 _

red pencil is of a foot long. The blue

Order from least to greatest. 3 2 _

pencil is of a foot long. Which pencil

8

30. _, _, _ 31. _, _, _

2 3 4 1 3 7

3 7 35 4 16 8 is longer?

Find an equivalent fraction.

_

1

_=_

4 4

2 4 8

32. Measurement Patrick took _ of

3

4

_

4

> _

3

8 8

an hour to finish a test. Jose took _ of

3

8 So, the red pencil is longer than the blue

an hour to finish. Who took more time pencil.

to finish the test?

it is in simplest form, write simplest

Write _

1

15

in simplest form.

form. 20

Factors of 15: 1, 3, 5, 15

33. _ 34. _

4 2

10 3 Factors of 20: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20

35. _ 36. _

6 3 The greatest common factor is 5.

13 18 _

15

_

5

=_

3

20 5 4

fraction for each model. A fourth grade class had a pizza party.

37. The amount of pizza eaten can be

represented as 3_ . Write the amount

1

5

of pizza eaten as an improper fraction.

3_ = _ + _ + _ + _ = __

38. 1 5 5 5 1 5+5+5+1

5 5 5 5 5 5

=_

16

5

So, 3 _ = _.

1 16

5 5

Chapter Study Guide and Review

LLesson

esson 3

Relate Fractions and Decimals

Fractions and Decimals (Lessons 3A and 3B)

shaded part. Write eight tenths as two different

decimals.

Write tenths. Write hundredths.

40. three-tenths 0.8 0.80

41. twenty-two hundredths Eight tenths can be written as 0.8.

42. Jonas earned $5.25. Ian earned A one-year-old puppy has three new

$5.50. Who earned more money? toys. A day later, the puppy has

43. Zach has $30. Tickets to the school one-third of the toys. How many toys

baseball game cost $7. How much does the puppy have left?

Find _ of 3. You do not need to know

1

money will Zach have left if he buys

3

3 tickets? the age of the puppy.

So, the puppy has one toy left.

describe the shaded part of each model. Write a fraction and a decimal to

describe the shaded part of each model.

44. 45.

Thirty-two squares

are shaded. So,

that is _, or 0.32.

32

100

Practice

Chapter Test

Tell whether each statement is true or Compare. Use > , < , or = .

false.

9. 4.75 4.77 10. 3.21 3.20

1. _ and 0.5 are equivalent.

1

5

Write each as a mixed number or an

improper fraction.

2. To find an equivalent fraction,

multiply or divide the numerator

11. 2_ 12. _

3 27

and denominator by the same 4 5

number.

13. There are 12 fish in an aquarium.

One-half of the fish is goldfish. Four of

Write as a fraction and as a decimal.

the fish are tetras. The rest of the fish

3. one-tenth 4. nine-tenths are rainbow fish. How many of

the fish are rainbow fish?

5. eighteen- 6. three-

hundredths hundredths 14. A

5 6

15. B

coins are shown. What decimal

represents the part of a dollar 2 3

shown?

3

10

Then she read 0.4 of the book on

Sunday. What fraction of the book

does Abby still have to read?

8. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which number is

NOT equivalent to the shaded area of 17. MULTIPLE CHOICE Which set of

the circle? numbers is in order from least to

greatest?

G. 0.76, 0.67, 0.6 I. 0.67, 0.6, 0.76

A. _

1

C. 0.5

Explain how _

2

2 18. E WRITE MATH

7

B. _ and _ are equivalent fractions.

2 6

D. 0.4

4 21

Test Practice

does point K represent? Count the intervals between

whole numbers on a

K number line to find how the

7 8 number line is divided.

A. 7_ C. 7_

3 4

10 10

B. 7_ D. 7_

4 4

6 5

You need to find which number point K represents.

Solve the Question

7 and 8 let you know that each line is _. Fill in

1

10

the numbers up to point K.

K

7 7 1 7 2 7 3 7 4 7.5 8

10 10 10 10

So, point K represents 7_ on the number line.

4

10

The answer is C.

Read each question. Then fill in the correct answer on the answer

sheet provided by your teacher or on a separate sheet of paper.

1. On the number line below, what 2. Which symbol makes the following

number does point A represent in sentence true?

decimal form?

A 13.08 1.308

1

2 22 3 F. > H. =

B. 2.5 D. 2.8

3. In the rectangle below, _ of the

4

8 6. GRIDDED RESPONSE The

sections are shaded. function table shows some input and

output values.

1 1

2 4

Which of the following is equal to _ ?

4

8 3 7

A. _ B. _ C. _ D. _

1 1 1 4 4 10

4 2 8 4 5

4. GRIDDED RESPONSE The

elephants below each weigh What is the missing value?

16,500 pounds. How many pounds

do they weigh altogether? 7. The table shows how long Tara read

each night during a week. What

fraction of an hour did she read on

Wednesday?

Monday 17

Tuesday 24

5. Which order shows the distances run Wednesday 36

from greatest to least? Thursday 30

Friday 32

Track Practice

Runner Miles

A. _ C. _

1 3

Darin 1.24 2 5

B. _ D. _

Kirk 1.5 2 36

3 100

Damon 1.31

F. Kirk, Damon, Darin 4

5

Which decimal is equivalent to _ ?

G. Kirk, Darin, Damon 4

5

H. Damon, Darin, Kirk F. 0.7 H. 0.8

I. Damon, Kirk, Darin G. 0.75 I. 0.85

If You Missed Question... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Go to Chapter-Lesson... 8-3E 8-1E 8-2B 5-4A 8-1E 3-4A 8-2E 8-3E

For help with... GLE 2.4 SPI 2.5 SPI 2.5 SPI 2.11 SPI 2.1 GLE 3.2 SPI 2.4 SPI 2.5

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