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BARUNAI FOOT HILL

AN OVERVIEW

Barunai hill is situated in Khordha District about 4 km. from Khordha town.
There are number of medicinal plants in foot hill of Barunai. The medicinal
plants that have been found during field trip are:

1. Aegle marmelos
2. Aloe vera
3. Azadirachta indica
4. Catharanthus roseus
5. Clitoria ternatea (Blue variety)
6. Datura stramonium
7. Mentha piperita
8. Mimosa pudica
9. Ocimum sanctum
10. Taivetia neerifolia

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Introduction

Out of the total 4, 22, 000 flowering plants reported from the world more
than 50,000 are used for medicinal purposes .In India, more than 43% of the
total flowering plants are reported to be of medicinal importance. Utilization
of plants for medicinal purposes in India has been documented long back in
ancient literature However, organized studies in this direction were initiated
in 1956 and off late such studies are gaining recognition and popularity due
to loss of traditional knowledge and declining plant population.

Right from its beginning, the documentation of traditional knowledge


especially on the medicinal uses of plants, has provided many important
drugs of modern day .Even today this area holds much more hidden treasure
as almost 80% of the human population in developing countries is
dependent on plant resources for healthcare. In the interior areas of western
Himalaya plants become the only source of medicine and well being.
However, information on the uses of plants as traditional medicines has not
been documented from various interior areas of western Himalaya such as
Chhota Bhangal. Due to its remoteness and lack of modern health facilities
dependence on plants for medicine is very high. Ironically, information on
the uses of plants for medicine from this area is completely lacking. At the
same time, the area is undergoing rapid transformations due to its
recognition as an ideal paragliding site and is therefore becoming more
market oriented. This can be seen in the changed cropping patterns of the
local people. The role of market economy in depletion of traditional
knowledge has been well documented in many parts of Himalaya . Thus
many important leads to drug discovery may be lost in absence of proper
documentation.

Keeping this in view, the present study was initiated, with an aim to identify
knowledgeable resource persons and document their knowledge of on the
utilization of medicinal plants in Chhota Bhangal area of western Himalaya.

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NAME : Curcuma longa

BOTANICAL NAME : Curcuma longa linn

FAMILY : Zingiberaceal

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Gauri, Kanchari

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Turmeric plants is perennial plant which grows to a height of about 3 to 5 feet.

The leaves are long, smooth, uniform, green & tapering at each end.

Phizomes on root tubers are powdered to obtain turmeric powdered.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Turmeric is used for treating digestive disorders.

Raw turmeric juice is used to treat hyper acidity & indigestion.

The juice of raw turmeric also acts as a flood purifier.

USEFUL PART : Whole Plant

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NAME : Aloe vera
BOTANICAL NAME : Aloe vera (Linn.) Burm.
(Aloe barbadensis Mill)
FAMILY : Liliaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Kumari, Grithakumari, Grihakanya
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Tikta, Madhura
Guna: Guru, Snigdha
Virya: Seeta
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
A perennial shrub grows with fleshy leaves and short stem.
Leaves are fleshy, sessile, with prickles on margins.
Flowers are in long spikes, fruits capsules, often sterile.
Reproduction is by budding.
Leave juice dried in air is called elio.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, amenorrhoea, wounds, ulcers, burns, colic,
hepatitis, skin diseases, constipation, tumor, malignancy, low back pain, edema,
arthritis and general debility.

USEFUL PART : Leaves juice.

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NAME : Azadirachta indica
BOTANICAL NAME : Azadirachta indica A.Juss.
FAMILY : Meliaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Nimba, Arista, Hinguniryasa, Manda, Tiktaka

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Tikta


Guna: Lakhu, Snigdha
Virya: Ushna
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
A moderate to large sized tree grows up to 30 m in height.
Leaves are imparipinnately compound, leaflets opposite, serrate and acuminate.
Flowers are yellowish white, found in axillary panicles.
Fruits are elliptical one seeded drupes yellowish when ripe.
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, skin diseases, eczema, fever, wound, ulcer, burning
sensation, tumor, worms, cough, diabetes, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis.

USEFUL PART : Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Seed, Oil.

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NAME : Catharanthus roseus
BOTANICAL NAME : Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G.Don
FAMILY : Apocynaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Nityakalyani.
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Tikta
Guna: Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya: Ushna

PLANT DESCRIPTION :
An erect annual herb grows up to a height of 1 m in height.
Leaves are deep green oblong, flowers in cymose, axillary clusters, deep rose or
white in colour.
Fruits are cylindrical follicle.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, diabetes, hypertension, leukemia and
malignancy.
The root is stomachic and tonic.

USEFUL PART : Whole plant

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NAME : Clitoria ternatea (Blue variety)
BOTANICAL NAME : Clitoria ternatea Linn (Blue variety)
FAMILY : Fabaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Sankapushpam, Aparajita, Girikarnika.
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Tikta
Guna: Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya: Ushna
Prabhava: Medhya
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
Leaves are compound, imparipinnate, leaflets 5 7, sub coriaceous, elliptic-oblong,
obtuse. Flowers are blue, solitary, axillary or in facicles.
Fruits are nearly straight flattened pods.
Seeds are 6-10 smooth yellowish brown.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, migraine, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma,
tuberculosis, ascites, ulcers and fever, jaundice and skin diseases.
Seeds are used in abdominal cramps and promote intellect.

USEFUL PART : Root, leaves, seeds.

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NAME : Datura stramonium
BOTANICAL NAME : Datura stramonium Linn.
FAMILY : Solanaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Dhattura, Dusthara, Unmatta, Durdhura

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Tikta, Katu


Guna: Lakhu, Rooksha, Vyavayi, Vikashi
Virya: Ushna
Vipaka: Katu
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
An erect spreading annual or biennial plant grows up to 2 m in height.
Leaves are simple, alternate, triangular and unequal at base.
Flowers are large, solitary and white.
Fruits are globular capsules covered with numerous prickles, containing numerous
yellowish brown seeds.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, arthritis, cough, asthma, muscle spasm, fever,
ulcer, skin diseases, lumbago, sciatica and dandruff.

USEFUL PART : Whole plant

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NAME : Mentha piperita
BOTANICAL NAME : Mentha piperita Linn
FAMILY : Lamiaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Pootiha, Pudina, Rochani
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Katu,
Guna: Lakhu, Rooksha, Teekshna
Virya: Ushna

PLANT DESCRIPTION :
Aromatic annual herb grows up to 60 cm.
Leaves are simple, opposite and ovate or lanceolate.
Flowers are lilac coloured seen in axillary whorls.
Fruits are nutlets.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, dental caries,
jaundice and urinary retention.

USEFUL PART : Leaves

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NAME : Mimosa pudica
BOTANICAL NAME : Mimosa pudica Linn.
FAMILY : Mimosaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Lajjalu, Samanga, Raktapadi, Namaskari,
Kharatvak, Sankochani
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa: Kashaya, Tikta
Guna: Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya: Seeta
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
A diffuse under shrub grows up to 60 cm in height.
Leaves are bipinnately compound, pinnate 2-4 digitally arranged with 20-30 pairs
of leaflets and touch sensitive.
Flowers are pink in round heads.
Fruits are bristly pods, flat, consisting 3-5 one seeded segments.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, oedema, allergy, bronchial asthma,
haemorrhoid, ulcer, jaundice, arthritis and fever.

USEFUL PART : Whole plant.

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NAME : Ocimum sanctum
BOTANICAL NAME : Ocimum sanctum Linn (Black variety)
FAMILY : Lamiaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi.
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna
PLANT DESCRIPTION :
An erect much branched under shrub, grows up to 1 m in height.
Leaves are pale dark brown in colour, simple, opposite, elliptic, oblong, obtuse or
acute, serrate, entire, pubescent on both sides.
Petiole is slender and hairy.
Flowers are purplish in elongate recemes.
Fruits are nutlets, smooth, not mucilaginous when wet.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated tridoshas, cough, asthma, bronchitis, fever, toxins, vomiting,
lumbago, gastric distension, genito-urinary diseases, ringworm and skin diseases.

USEFUL PART : Whole plant.

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NAME : Taivetia neerifolia
BOTANICAL NAME : Taivetia neerifolia Juss
FAMILY : Apocynaceae
SANSKRIT SYNONYMS : Karaveera, Peetakaraveera, Asvaghna,
Asvamaraka, Hayamaraka
AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES : Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha, Teekshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka: Katu

PLANT DESCRIPTION :
An evergreen shrub grows up to 7-10 m in height.
Leaves are three in a whorl, linear-lanceolate, acute, and yellowish green.
Flowers pale yellow colored and fragrant;
Fruits are globular and 4 chambered.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES :
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, skin diseases, arthritis, pruritus, and ulcers for external
use. Internal use will cause toxic symptoms.

USEFUL PART : Roots, Leaves

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Conclusion

It can be concluded from the study that Bhangalis inherit a rich traditional
knowledge and documentation of this knowledge has provided novel information
from the area. They still depend on the plants for medicinal purposes and are very
much concerned about their degradation in wild as they now have to travel even
more far to collect these plants. The incoming of roads and coming up of the area
as an important tourist destination has allured the younger generation towards
market economy, this certainly will have larger implications. Thus, the present
documentation of traditional knowledge from an area where novel information
has been generated will not only provide recognition to this knowledge but will
also help in its conservation vis--vis providing pharmacological leads for the
betterment of human society.

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References:

BOOKS:
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants
By NISCAIR
Economic Botany
By B. P. Pandey

WEBSITES:
www.google.com
www.medicinalplants.com
www.indianmedicine.com

PLACES:

BARUNEI FOOT HILL, Khordha

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