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Name_________________________ Date_______________

Physical Science, Chapter 7, Electricity, Reading Scavenger Hunt


Directions: Use page 192-213 to complete the reading scavenger hunt.
Section 1
1. An ___________________ contains equal numbers of protons and electrons, so the _______________________

and negative charges cancel out and an atom has a no net ____________________ ______________________.

Objects with no net charge are said to be electrically _____________________.

2. Reading check: How does an object become charged? _______________________________________________

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3. Draw figure 3
Positive and negative
charges exert forces
on each other.

4. Draw figure 4.
Surrounding every electric
charge is an electric field
that exerts forces on other
electric charges. The arrows
point in the direction a
positive charge would move.

5. Reading check: Compare the strength of electric and gravitational forces between protons and electrons.

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6. A material in which electrons are able to move easily is a _________________________.

- List 3 examples:

7. A material in which electrons are not able to move easily is an ________________________.

- List 3 examples:

8. What is charging by induction? __________________________________________________________________

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9. Connecting an object to Earth with a _________________________ is called ____________________________.

For example, buildings often have a metal light rod that provides a ______________________________ path

from the highest point on the building to the ground to prevent damage by _____________________________.

Section 2

10. . . . electric charge flows from higher voltage to lower voltage. A ___________________ ___________________
is related to the force that causes electric charges to flow.

11. What does the (first) caption on figure 12 say? _____________________________________________________

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12. What is the difference between dry-cell batteries, wet-cell batteries, and lead-acid batteries? Be sure to read
through each description carefully before answering.

Dry-Cell ___________________________________________________________________________________________

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Wet-Cell___________________________________________________________________________________________

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Lead-Acid Cell ______________________________________________________________________________________

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13. Figure 14: Describe the energy conversions that occur in a lightbulb filament. ____________________________

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14. The ____________________ ____________________ of most materials usually ______________________ as

temperature of the material increases. The ______________________ of an object such as a wire also depends

on the _____________________ and diameter of the wire.

15. According to _____________ _____________, the current in a __________________ equal the voltage
difference divided by the resistance.

16. What are two ways to write the Ohms Law Equation?
17. Applying Math: Calculate the voltage difference in a circuit with a resistance of 25 if the current in the circuit is
0.5 A.

18. Apply Math: A current of 0.5 A flows in a 60- W lightbulb when the voltage difference between the end of the
filament is 120 V. What is the resistance of the filament?
(Hint: the watts of the lightbulb are not part of the equation)

Section 3

19. ______________________ usually include three components. One is a source of __________________


______________________ that can be provided by a battery or an electrical outlet. Another is one or more
devices that use ___________________ __________________. Circuits also include _____________________
such as wires that connect the devices to the source of voltage difference to form a closed path.

20. Figure 16 A series circuit provides only one path for the current to follow. Infer What happens to the brightness
of each bulb as more bulbs are added? __________________________________________________________

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21. Reading Check: How many loops are in a series circuit? ______________________________________________

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22. What is the difference between an open circuit and a parallel circuit? __________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

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23. As the amount of current ___________________, so does the amount of _____________produced in the wires.

If the wires get too hot, the insultation can melt and the bare wires can cause a _____________. To protect

against overheating of the wires, all household circuits contain either a fuse or a ________________

______________.

24. Reading Check: What is the purpose of fuses and circuit breakers in household circuits? ____________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

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25. The rate at which electrical energy is converted to another form of energy is the _____________________

____________________.

26. What is the Electric Power Equation?

27. What is the Electric Energy Equation?

28. The cost of using the appliance can be computed by multiplying the ____________________ ________________
used by the amount the power company charges for each kWh. (kilo Watt per hour). For example, if a 100-W
lightbulb is left on for 5 h, the amount of electrical energy used is

If the power company charges $0.10 for each kWh, the cost of using the bulb for 5 h is

29. Section 3 Review 1. Explain how electric power and electrical energy are related. _________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

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30. Section 3 Review 3. Explain what determines the current in each branch of a parallel circuit.

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