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Nouns

A noun is a word which names a person, a place or a thing.

A noun can be a common noun or a proper noun

Nouns Meanings Examples


Common Name that refers to a person, a place or a Time Part Group
Noun thing in general. They do not begin with Person Eye Problem
capital letters unless thay start a sentence. Year Woman Fact
thing work mountain



Proper Noun Name that identifies a particular or a John January
specific person, place or thing. They Mr Tan Titanic
always begin with capital letters. Malaysia Petronas Twin
Proton Towers
Pangkor Island

Common nous can be countable or uncountable and singular or plural.

- Countable nouns are nouns which can be counted. They can be used with quantifiers such as
a, an, the, some, any, a few, several and many.

- Uncountable nouns are nouns which come in a state or quantity which cannot be counted.
They are always considered to be singular and can be used with quantifiers such as some,
any, a little, less and much.

Examples of Countable Nouns Examples of Uncountable Nouns


Address Group Message Aid Electricity Rain
Adult Hall Nation Advice Food Smoke
Bank Hotel Stream Art Money Success
bill machine task clothing music traffic

*Some uncountable nouns can be used in the plural as well, depending on the meaning or
context of the word. Take a look at these sentences:

Would you like some coffee? Uncountable
Because its referring to the drink in
general.

He has ordered a coffee. Countable
Because its referring to a cup of coffee.

Theres no truth in that rumours. Uncountable
Because it refers to that quality or state or
being true.

The fundamental truths about human Countable
nature. Because its referring to facts or beliefs that
are true.

Singular nous are nous that stand for one person, animal, thing or place.

Plural nouns are nouns that stand for more that one person, animal, thing or place.

1. Adding -s to nouns. House houses


- s Room rooms
Garden gardens
2. If a nouns ends in -ch, -sh, -ss or -x, Church churches
then add -es. Dish dishes
-ch, -sh, -ss -x Glass glasses
-es
3. If a noun end in a vowel + y, then add -s. Key keys
However, if a noun ends in a consonant + Monkey monkeys
y, then drop the y and add -ies. (vowel)
y-s Party parties
-yy Sky - skies
-ies
4. If a noun ends in -f or -fe then drop the Calf calves
-f or -fe and add -ves. Knife - knives
-f -fe-f -fe
-ves
5. Some nouns keep the same form in the Tooth teeth
singular and plural forms. Child children


6. Some nouns change in their plural forms. Sheep deer
Furniture scenery
7 Some nouns appear only in the plural forms. Scissors trousers
Clothes goods