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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example

Appendix A ADR module

Table of Contents
01 ADR A3+4 Minimum wall thickness acc. to EN 14025/ADR/RID DIN EN 14025:2014-02.................................... 2
02 EN07 A.5.1 Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................... 5
03 EN07 A.5.2 Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................... 7
04 EN08 A.5.3 Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................ 11
05 EN07 A.6.1 Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................. 13
06 EN07 A.6.2 Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................. 15
07 EN08 A.6.3 Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................ 19
08 EN08 A.6.4.2 Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ............. 21
09 EN08 A.6.4.4 Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ............. 26
10 EN08 A.6.5 Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02 ................ 31
11 EN09 A6.6 Betr. Openings in spherical and cylindrical shells DIN EN 13445-3/9:2015-12 + DIN EN
14025:2014-02 ..................................................................................................................................................................... 33
12 EN09 A6.6 Prf. Openings in spherical and cylindrical shells DIN EN 13445-3/9:2015-12 + DIN EN
14025:2014-02 ..................................................................................................................................................................... 37
14 Summary Documentation .............................................................................................................................................. 41
Appendix: Material documentation .................................................................................................................................... 42

Layout

Input values: 1.234 or 1.234


Calculated values: 1.234 or 1.234
Critical values: 1.234 or 1.234
Estimated values: 1.234 or 1.234

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

01 ADR A3+4
Minimum wall thickness acc. to EN 14025/ADR/RID DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Minimum thickness and test pressure acc. to EN 14025/ADR/RID

Calculation temperature T 100 C


Filling/draining pressure (0 for gravity draining) PF 0.3 MPa
Maximum filling height (>0 for gravity draining) HF 2300 mm
Outside diameter De 2300 mm
Inside diameter Di mm
Actual wall thickness em mm
Weld joint factor (0.8/0.9/1) S 0.8

Minimum thickness acc. to ADR 6.8.2.1.18 (for structural steel: 5mm e0 6 mm


for D1800mm, 6 mm for D>1800mm)

Specific weight of fill medium F 1 kg/dm


Vapor pressure at 50C Pvap 0.2 MPa
Boiling point above 35C (0=No 1=Yes) SP 0 (0,1)
Total weight with charge GW 34000 kg
Dead weight Tare 4000 kg

Type of material (1=fine grain steel, 2=other steel, 3=aluminum) WS 2 (1-3)


Material code 1.4404(H)
Strength (Operation, exception, Rp, Rm etc.) K 430 MPa
Safety factor (Operation, exception) S 3
Tensile strength at 20C Rm20 530 MPa
Proof stress at 20C Rp02, Rp1 Rp20 260
Allowable stress at operation acc. to EN 14025 f 143.3 MPa
Allowable stress for ADR/RID Min[0.5*Rm20; 0.75*Rp20] fT 195 MPa
Rupture elongation A1 40 %

Results
Operating pressure acc. to EN14025 6.2 Max(PB, MWP) PEN 0.3 MPa
Required wall thickness Min(eT, eC, e1) eMin mm
Material Conditions satisfied!

Calculation pressure PC 4 bar = PC 0.4 MPa


Test pressure Ptest 4 bar = PT 0.4 MPa
Static pressure component Pstat 0.023 MPa
Max(PF, Pstat) MWP 0.3 MPa
Dynamic pressure Pdyn 0.1417 MPa
Dynamic operating pressure Pvap - 0.1MPa + Pdyn PB 0.2417 MPa
Minimum thickness for testing acc. (A.3) eT mm
Minimum thickness for operation acc. (A.4) eC mm
Equivalent thickness e1 3.635 mm

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations for P

6.2 Table 1

PC = 0.4 MPa = Calculation pressure acc. ADR 6.8.2.1.18 distinguishes among

For Pvap = 0.2 0.11 holds:


for (PF = 0.3 = 0)

for (PF = 0.3 <> 0)

For Pvap = 0.2 > 0.11 holds:


PCmin = 0.15 for (SP = 0 = 1, Boiling point > 35C)

PCmin = 0.4 for (SP = 0 = 0, Boiling point 35C)

with G = Pstat for gravity draining (PF = 0)


Test pressure [bar] G 1.5 2.65 4 4 4 10
Calculation pressure [bar] G 1.5 2.65 4 10 15 21
PC
Test pressure PT acc. to Table Appendix A.4 and 6.8.2.4.1 ADR/RID in bar

Equations for e
Minimum thickness acc. branch A and B in calculation diagram Fig. 1.

(A.3)

(A.3)

Eq.(A.4) and ADR 6.8.2.1.18

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Conditions for the material


A.2.12 Section 6.8.2.1.11: For welded steel tanks holds

A.2.13 Section 6.8.2.1.12: For the rupture elongation holds

For fine grain steels: A 16%

For other steels: A 20%

For aluminum alloys: A 12%

Conditions satisfied!

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

02 EN07 A.5.1
Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
7.4.2 Cylindrical shells under internal pressure
Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Testing
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.4 MPa

Nominal wall thickness en 5 mm


Outside diameter De 2309 mm
Weld factor S 0.8

Material
Material designation 1.4404(H)
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.4 mm
Material strength (Re, Rp, Rm) K 260 MPa
Safety factor S 1.05
Nominal design stress f 247.6 MPa

Result
Inside diameter Di 2300 mm
Mean diameter Dm 2305 mm
Geometrical ratio e/De 0.001007
Analysis thickness en - () ea 4.6 mm
Required thickness e 2.324 mm
Required thickness with allowances e 2.724 mm
Maximum allowable pressure Pmax 0.7908 MPa
Allowable unreinforced opening outside shell discontinuities dA1 361.1 mm

Load case Testing


Strength condition fulfilled fulfilled
Geometrical condition fulfilled fulfilled
The requirements acc. EN 14025 are fulfilled. fulfilled

Allowable stress for testing acc. EN 14025


Tensile strength 20C Rm20 530 MPa
Yield stress 20C (Rp02 or Rp1) Re 260 MPa
Nominal design stress = Min[0.5Rm20; 0.75Rpe] f 247.6 MPa

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations

(1)

Strength condition fulfilled

Geometrical condition fulfilled

(7.4-3)

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

03 EN07 A.5.2
Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
7.5.3 Torispherical ends under internal / external pressure (Korbbogenboden type)
Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Testing
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure (ext. pres. acc.8.8.2: P<0) P 0.4 MPa

Nominal wall thickness en 5 mm


Outside diameter De 2310 mm
Weld factor S 1

Material
Material designation 1.4404(H)
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.4 mm
Material strength (Re, Rp, Rm) K 260 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operation Rp02T 166 MPa
0.2% proof stress at ambient temperature Rp02R 220 MPa
Safety factor S 1.05
Nominal design stress f=fd acc. EN 14025 f 247.6 MPa
Allowable buckling stress fb = fd = f acc. EN 14025 fb 247.6 MPa

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Result
Maximum allowable Min(Ps,Py,Pb) Pmax MPa
pressure

Analysis thickness en - () ea 4.6 mm


Required wall thickness Max(es, ey, eb) e 3.072 mm
Required thickness with allowances e 3.472 mm
Required thickness of spherical part, membrane es 1.493 mm
Required thickness of knuckle, yield 7.5.3.5 ey 2.376 mm
Required thickness of knuckle, plastic buckling eb 3.072 mm

Inside diameter Di 2301 mm


Inside radius of spherical part R 1848 mm
Outside diameter of knuckle DKe 3706 mm
Inside radius of knuckle r 355.7 mm

Geometrical ratio R/De 0.8


Geometrical ratio r/De 0.154
Calculation coefficient 0.7967

Thickness reduction distance (Re) acc. 7.5.3.4 l 75.35 mm


Limit skirt height 0.2(Die) acc. 7.5.3.4 h 16.82 mm
Actual skirt height ha 15 mm
Required skirt height h 9.217 mm
Crown height h2 585.9 mm
Allowable unreinforced opening (completely in crown area) dA1 1084 mm

Load case Testing


Strength condition fulfilled fulfilled
Geometrical conditions fulfilled fulfilled
The requirements acc. EN 14025 are fulfilled. fulfilled

Allowable stress for testing acc. EN 14025


Tensile strength 20C Rm20 530 MPa
Yield stress 20C (Rp02 or Rp1) Re 260 MPa
Nominal design stress = Min[0.5Rm20; 0.75Rpe] f 247.6 MPa

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations

(7.5-1)

(7.5-2)

The auxiliary values for (X, Y, Z, N at the end of mask) have been calculated iteratively with the required
thickness e.

(7.5-3)

Strength condition
fulfilled

Geometrical conditions

fulfilled

Rating of the permissible pressure

(7.5-6)

(7.5-7)

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

(7.5-8)

Parameter Y = 0.001663 Z = 2.779 , X = 0.1546 , N = 0.8447

Parameter 0.06 = 1.705 0.1 = 1.119 0.2 = 0.5287

= 0.7967

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

04 EN08 A.5.3
Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Spherical shells acc. to 8.7.1
Regulation (0=EN13445-3, 1=EN14025) 1 (0,1)
EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods, section 6.4
Load case Testing
Safety factor acc. to section 8.4.4 S 1.1
Calculation temperature t 20 C
Calculation pressure P 0.4 MPa
Nominal wall thickness en 8 mm
Mean radius of the shell R 1848 mm

Material properties of the spherical shell


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Poisson's ratio 0.3
Austenitic steel? Yes
Wall thinning allowance e 0.5 mm
Corrosion allowance c2 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.5 mm
Strength acc. to specification (Re, Rp, Rm) K 260
Safety factor according to section 8.4.4 S 1.1
Modulus of elasticity E 200000 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02 220 N/mm
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02p 220 MPa
allowable elastic limit (Rpx, Rpx/1.25) e 176 N/mm

Curvature deviation greater than 30%? No

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Results
Analysis wall thickness ea 7.5 mm
Limit pressure for circumferential yield (8.7.1-1) py 1.429 MPa

Theoretical instability pressure (8.7.1-2) pm 3.986 MPa


Ratio pm/py 2.79
Ratio (8.5-5) pr/py 0.4144
allowable pressure (pr/S) pall 0.5382 MPa

Condition P= 0.4 < 0.5382 = pall fulfilled

The strength condition is fulfilled

for load case Testing

(8.7.1-1)

(8.7.1-2)

at shape deviation < 30% (8.7.1-3)

Max. measuring length of curvature deviation acc. to 8.7.2:

Acc. to section 8.4.1 vessels under external pressure pe must also be calculated for internal pressure pi=pe per
section 7 (EN07 module)

Vessel ends acc. to section 8.8


Hemispherical ends shall be designed acc. to the rules for spheres.
The mean sphere radius for torispherical shells is R=crown outside radius and for the stress calculation acc.
7.5.2 (inside pressure P<0 with module EN07) holds N=1.
For semi-ellipsoidal ends the mean sphere radius is R=D/(4h).

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

05 EN07 A.6.1
Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
7.4.2 Cylindrical shells under internal pressure
Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Operation
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.3 MPa

Nominal wall thickness en 6 mm


Outside diameter De 2311 mm
Weld factor S 0.8

Material
Material designation 1.4404(H)
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.4 mm
Material strength (Re, Rp, Rm) K 430 MPa
Safety factor S 3
Nominal design stress f 143.3 MPa

Result
Inside diameter Di 2300 mm
Mean diameter Dm 2306 mm
Geometrical ratio e/De 0.001304
Analysis thickness en - () ea 5.6 mm
Required thickness e 3.013 mm
Required thickness with allowances e 3.413 mm
Maximum allowable pressure Pmax 0.557 MPa
Allowable unreinforced opening outside shell discontinuities dA1 348.7 mm

Load case Operation


Strength condition fulfilled fulfilled
Geometrical condition fulfilled fulfilled
The requirements acc. EN 14025 are fulfilled. fulfilled

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations
Nominal design stress for the selected load case

(1)

Strength condition fulfilled

Geometrical condition fulfilled

(7.4-3)

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

06 EN07 A.6.2
Shells under internal pressure DIN EN 13445-3/7:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
7.5.3 Torispherical ends under internal / external pressure (Korbbogenboden type)
Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Operation
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure (ext. pres. acc.8.8.2: P<0) P 0.3 MPa

Nominal wall thickness en 6 mm


Outside diameter De 2310 mm
Weld factor S 1

Material
Material designation 1.4404(H)
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.4 mm
Material strength (Re, Rp, Rm) K 430 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operation Rp02T 166 MPa
0.2% proof stress at ambient temperature Rp02R 220 MPa
Safety factor S 3
Nominal design stress f=fd acc. EN 14025 f 143.3 MPa
Allowable buckling stress fb = fd = f acc. EN 14025 fb 143.3 MPa

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Result
Maximum allowable Min(Ps,Py,Pb) Pmax MPa
pressure

Analysis thickness en - () ea 5.6 mm


Required wall thickness Max(es, ey, eb) e 3.649 mm
Required thickness with allowances e 4.049 mm
Required thickness of spherical part, membrane es 1.935 mm
Required thickness of knuckle, yield 7.5.3.5 ey 3.044 mm
Required thickness of knuckle, plastic buckling eb 3.649 mm

Inside diameter Di 2299 mm


Inside radius of spherical part R 1848 mm
Outside diameter of knuckle DKe 3708 mm
Inside radius of knuckle r 355.7 mm

Geometrical ratio R/De 0.8


Geometrical ratio r/De 0.154
Calculation coefficient 0.788

Thickness reduction distance (Re) acc. 7.5.3.4 l 82.12 mm


Limit skirt height 0.2(Die) acc. 7.5.3.4 h 18.32 mm
Actual skirt height ha 18 mm
Required skirt height h 10.95 mm
Crown height h2 585.2 mm
Allowable unreinforced opening (completely in crown area) dA1 1082 mm

Load case Operation


Strength condition fulfilled fulfilled
Geometrical conditions fulfilled fulfilled
The requirements acc. EN 14025 are fulfilled. fulfilled

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations
Nominal design stress for the selected load case

(7.5-1)

(7.5-2)

The auxiliary values for (X, Y, Z, N at the end of mask) have been calculated iteratively with the required
thickness e.

(7.5-3)

Strength condition
fulfilled

Geometrical conditions

fulfilled

Rating of the permissible pressure

(7.5-6)

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

(7.5-7)

(7.5-8)

Parameter Y = 0.001975 Z = 2.705 , X = 0.1548 , N = 0.8447

Parameter 0.06 = 1.665 0.1 = 1.102 0.2 = 0.5281

= 0.788

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

07 EN08 A.6.3
Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Spherical shells acc. to 8.7.1
Regulation (0=EN13445-3, 1=EN14025) 1 (0,1)
EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods, section 6.4
Load case Operation
Safety factor acc. to section 8.4.4 S 1.5
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.3 MPa
Nominal wall thickness en 8 mm
Mean radius of the shell R 1848 mm

Material properties of the spherical shell


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Poisson's ratio 0.3
Austenitic steel? Yes
Wall thinning allowance e 0.5 mm
Corrosion allowance c2 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.5 mm
Strength acc. to specification (Re, Rp, Rm) K 430
Safety factor according to section 8.4.4 S 1.5
Modulus of elasticity E 194000 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02 166 N/mm
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02p 220 MPa
allowable elastic limit (Rpx, Rpx/1.25) e 132.8 N/mm

Curvature deviation greater than 30%? No

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Results
Analysis wall thickness ea 7.5 mm
Limit pressure for circumferential yield (8.7.1-1) py 1.078 MPa

Theoretical instability pressure (8.7.1-2) pm 3.866 MPa


Ratio pm/py 3.587
Ratio (8.5-5) pr/py 0.4844
allowable pressure (pr/S) pall 0.3481 MPa

Condition P= 0.3 < 0.3481 = pall fulfilled

The strength condition is fulfilled

for load case Operation

(8.7.1-1)

(8.7.1-2)

at shape deviation < 30% (8.7.1-3)

Max. measuring length of curvature deviation acc. to 8.7.2:

Acc. to section 8.4.1 vessels under external pressure pe must also be calculated for internal pressure pi=pe per
section 7 (EN07 module)

Vessel ends acc. to section 8.8


Hemispherical ends shall be designed acc. to the rules for spheres.
The mean sphere radius for torispherical shells is R=crown outside radius and for the stress calculation acc.
7.5.2 (inside pressure P<0 with module EN07) holds N=1.
For semi-ellipsoidal ends the mean sphere radius is R=D/(4h).

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

08 EN08 A.6.4.2
Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Cylindrical shells with light stiffeners according to section 8.5.3.6
Regulation (0=EN13445-3, 1=EN14025) 1 (0,1)
EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods, section 6.4
Load case Operation
Safety factor according to section 8.4.4 (1.5, 1.1) S 1.1
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.04 MPa
Nominall wall thickness of cylinder en 6 mm
Analysis web thickness of the stiffener ew 8 mm

Material properties of the cylinder


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Austenitic steel? Yes
Poisson's ratio (e.g.: 0.3) 0.3
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c2 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Total allowance () 0.4 mm
Strength acc. specification (Re, Rp1, Rm) RK 430
Modulus of elasticity E 195000 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02 166 N/mm
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02p 220 MPa
Allowable elastic limit (Rp02, Rp02/1.25) e 132.8 N/mm

Material properties of the stiffener


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Austenitic steel? Yes
Modulus of elasticity ES 195000 MPa
Poisson's ratio S 0.3
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02S 166 MPa
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02Sp 220 MPa
Allowable elastic limit (Rp02, Rp02/1.25) eL 132.8 N/mm
Additional safety factor for cold or hot rolled steel (1,33 or 1,20) Sf 1.33

Rem.:

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Geometrical data of stiffeners

Distance from cylinder end L s' 1132 mm


Contact width of the stiffener w1'' 0 mm
External height of dished end 1 h' 591 mm
Distance of two stiffeners Ls'' 1368 mm
Contact width of the stiffener w2' 0 mm
Contact width of the stiffener w2'' 0 mm
Distance of two adjacent stiffeners Ls''' 1368 mm
Length of cylindrical section Lcyl 5000 mm
External height of dished end 2 h'' 591 mm

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Definition of cylinder length according to Table 8.5-1


a) Analysis of failure of a cylinder section according to 8.5.3.4
(1) between stiffener and cylinder end
(2) between two stiffeners.
Type (1 or 2) of section 1

For a stiffener at the cylinder end, please specify the distance Ls' from the end, height h' of dished end, and
profile centroid w1'', F. 8.5-6, 8.5-8

L =( L s' - w1'' ) + 0.4 h' (8.5.3-1)


L =( 1132 - 0) + 0.4 591
Result for the unsupported shell length L= 1368 mm

Please specify also the distance Ls'' of two stiffeners, and the appropriate profile centroids w2' and w2'' acc. to
Fig. 8.5-8

L= Ls'' - w2' - w2'' (8.5.3-2)


L= 1368 - 0 - 0
Result for the unsupported shell length L= 1368 mm

b) Verification of the elastic stability of single stiffeners (8.5.3.6.2)


(1) for the first or last stiffener
(2) for an intermediate stiffener
Type (1 or 2) of stiffener

For stiffeners at the cylinder end with values above


Ls = ( L s' + 0.4 h' + Ls'' )/2 (8.5.3-6)
Ls = ( 1132 + 0.4 591 + 1368)/2
Result for the mean distance Ls = 1368 mm

Please specify the distance Ls,,, of adjacent stiffeners


Ls = ( Ls'' + Ls''' )/2 (8.5.3-7)
Ls = ( 1368 + 1368)/2
The mean distance results in: Ls = 1368 mm

c) Additional specifications for the whole cylinder (8.5.3.6.2)


Please specify the cylinder length Lcyl and end height h'' acc. Fig. 8.5-6
LH = ( Lcyl + 0.4 h' + 0.4 h'' ) (8.5.3-10)
LH = ( 5000 + 0.4 591+ 0.4 591)

Result for the total length of the cylinder LH = 5473 mm

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Examination of failure between stiffeners acc. to 8.5.3.4

Specification
Analysis thickness of cylinder ea 5.6 mm
Mean radius of shell R 1152 mm
Radius of stiffener centroid Rs 1127 mm
Cross sectional area of stiffener AS 368 mm
Width of stiffener in contact with shell w 8 mm

Results
Number of circumferential buckling waves ncyl 9
Factor acc. Eq. (8.5.3-19) 0.016
Calculation parameter acc. to Eq. (8.5.3-22) G 0
Calculation parameter acc. to Eq. (8.5.3-21) N 1
Factor Gamma according to Eq. (8.5.3-16) 0.2894
Modified area of stiffener, (8.5.3-17) Am 384.4 mm
Calculation parameter acc. to (8.5.3-18) B 1.63

Limit pressure for circumferential yield (8.5.3-15) py 0.6457 MPa

Unsupported shell length between stiffeners L 1368 mm


Parameter R/L Z 2.644
Circumferential strain at collapse 2.718e-4

Theoretical elastic buckling pressure (8.5.2-5) pm 0.2577 MPa

Real buckling pressure (8.5-5) pr 0.1292 MPa


Allowable (pr/S) pall 0.1175 MPa
pressure

Condition (8.5.2-8): P < pr/S is fulfilled. fulfilled


Load case Operation

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Stability of a stiffened cylinder according to 8.5.3.6.2

a) Elastic instability, Specification of the stiffener


+1 = internal, -1 = external stiffener 1
Manufacturing safety factor of stiffener Sf 1.33
Cross sectional area of stiffener AS 368 mm
Area moment at stiffener centroid IS 64891 mm^4

Results
Mean distance between the stiffeners (Table 8.5-1) LS 1368 mm
Total length of the cylinder (Table 8.5-1) LH 5473 mm
Number of circumferential buckling waves n 4
Factor acc. Eq. (8.5.3-25) 4.648e-5
Combined cross sectional area of stiffened shell Ae 1052 mm
Calculation parameter Xe 11.49
Effective length acc. (8.5.3-34) (u 17.03 Le 122.2 mm
=
x 0.07779 Y1 1.567 Y2 1.2 Y3 0.7381 )
Area moment of shell and stiffener Ie 214201 mm^4
Theoretical elastic buckling pressure pg 0.3438 MPa

Condition (8.5.3-31): P < pg/(SSf) is valid.


P= 0.04 < pg/S/Sf 0.3438 / 1.1 / 1.33 = 0.235
=

b) Maximum stress in the stiffener, additional specifications


Contact width of the stiffener wi 8 mm
Outside radius of the stiffener Rf 1104 mm

Results
Modified area of stiffener (8.5.3-17) Am 384.4 mm
Factor (8.5.3-19) 0.016
Factor (8.5.3-40) dquer 39.14
Limit pressure for circumferential yield pys 1.104 MPa

Maximum stress in the stiffener (8.5.3-37) s 109 MPa

Condition (8.5.3-41) 0 < s < eL = 132.8 is: valid

Sideways tripping of stiffeners


a) Stiffener with rectangular profile? Yes
Radial height of the profile d 46 mm
Width of stiffener in contact with shell ew 8 mm

b) Specifications for non-rectangular profile, Figs. 8.5-14 to 8.5-17


Angle profile acc. Fig. 8.5-16 (yes=1, no=2)
Radial height of the web plate between flanges d 46 mm
Analysis web thickness of the stiffener ew 8 mm
Thickness of the profile flange ef mm
Leg length of the profile flange wf mm
Shell outside radius to the web plate ri mm
Coefficient for non-rectangular profile C

Instability stress for sideways tripping i 765.3 MPa

Condition i/4 > P eL/pys is valid

i/4 = 765.3 /4 > P 0.04 132.8 / 1.104


eL/pys =

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 25 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

09 EN08 A.6.4.4
Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Cylindrical shells with light stiffeners according to section 8.5.3.6
Regulation (0=EN13445-3, 1=EN14025) 1 (0,1)
EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods, section 6.4
Load case Operation
Safety factor according to section 8.4.4 (1.5, 1.1) S 1.1
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.04 MPa
Nominall wall thickness of cylinder en 6 mm
Analysis web thickness of the stiffener ew 8 mm

Material properties of the cylinder


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Austenitic steel? Yes
Poisson's ratio (e.g.: 0.3) 0.3
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c2 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Total allowance () 0.4 mm
Strength acc. specification (Re, Rp1, Rm) RK 430
Modulus of elasticity E 195000 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02 166 N/mm
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02p 220 MPa
Allowable elastic limit (Rp02, Rp02/1.25) e 132.8 N/mm

Material properties of the stiffener


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Austenitic steel? Yes
Modulus of elasticity ES 195000 MPa
Poisson's ratio S 0.3
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02S 166 MPa
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02Sp 220 MPa
Allowable elastic limit (Rp02, Rp02/1.25) eL 132.8 N/mm
Additional safety factor for cold or hot rolled steel (1,33 or 1,20) Sf 1.33

Rem.:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 26 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Geometrical data of stiffeners

Distance from cylinder end L s' 1132 mm


Contact width of the stiffener w1'' 0 mm
External height of dished end 1 h' 591 mm
Distance of two stiffeners Ls'' 1368 mm
Contact width of the stiffener w2' 0 mm
Contact width of the stiffener w2'' 0 mm
Distance of two adjacent stiffeners Ls''' 1132 mm
Length of cylindrical section Lcyl 5000 mm
External height of dished end 2 h'' 591 mm

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 27 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Definition of cylinder length according to Table 8.5-1


a) Analysis of failure of a cylinder section according to 8.5.3.4
(1) between stiffener and cylinder end
(2) between two stiffeners.
Type (1 or 2) of section 1

For a stiffener at the cylinder end, please specify the distance Ls' from the end, height h' of dished end, and
profile centroid w1'', F. 8.5-6, 8.5-8

L =( L s' - w1'' ) + 0.4 h' (8.5.3-1)


L =( 1132 - 0) + 0.4 591
Result for the unsupported shell length L= 1368 mm

Please specify also the distance Ls'' of two stiffeners, and the appropriate profile centroids w2' and w2'' acc. to
Fig. 8.5-8

L= Ls'' - w2' - w2'' (8.5.3-2)


L= 1368 - 0 - 0
Result for the unsupported shell length L= 1368 mm

b) Verification of the elastic stability of single stiffeners (8.5.3.6.2)


(1) for the first or last stiffener
(2) for an intermediate stiffener
Type (1 or 2) of stiffener 1

For stiffeners at the cylinder end with values above


Ls = ( L s' + 0.4 h' + Ls'' )/2 (8.5.3-6)
Ls = ( 1132 + 0.4 591 + 1368)/2
Result for the mean distance Ls = 1368 mm

Please specify the distance Ls,,, of adjacent stiffeners


Ls = ( Ls'' + Ls''' )/2 (8.5.3-7)
Ls = ( 1368 + 1132)/2
The mean distance results in: Ls = 1250 mm

c) Additional specifications for the whole cylinder (8.5.3.6.2)


Please specify the cylinder length Lcyl and end height h'' acc. Fig. 8.5-6
LH = ( Lcyl + 0.4 h' + 0.4 h'' ) (8.5.3-10)
LH = ( 5000 + 0.4 591+ 0.4 591)

Result for the total length of the cylinder LH = 5473 mm

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 28 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Examination of failure between stiffeners acc. to 8.5.3.4

Specification
Analysis thickness of cylinder ea 5.6 mm
Mean radius of shell R 1152 mm
Radius of stiffener centroid Rs 1127 mm
Cross sectional area of stiffener AS 368 mm
Width of stiffener in contact with shell w 8 mm

Results
Number of circumferential buckling waves ncyl 9
Factor acc. Eq. (8.5.3-19) 0.016
Calculation parameter acc. to Eq. (8.5.3-22) G 0
Calculation parameter acc. to Eq. (8.5.3-21) N 1
Factor Gamma according to Eq. (8.5.3-16) 0.2894
Modified area of stiffener, (8.5.3-17) Am 384.4 mm
Calculation parameter acc. to (8.5.3-18) B 1.63

Limit pressure for circumferential yield (8.5.3-15) py 0.6457 MPa

Unsupported shell length between stiffeners L 1368 mm


Parameter R/L Z 2.644
Circumferential strain at collapse 2.718e-4

Theoretical elastic buckling pressure (8.5.2-5) pm 0.2577 MPa

Real buckling pressure (8.5-5) pr 0.1292 MPa


Allowable (pr/S) pall 0.1175 MPa
pressure

Condition (8.5.2-8): P < pr/S is fulfilled. fulfilled


Load case Operation

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 29 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Stability of a stiffened cylinder according to 8.5.3.6.2

a) Elastic instability, Specification of the stiffener


+1 = internal, -1 = external stiffener 1
Manufacturing safety factor of stiffener Sf 1.33
Cross sectional area of stiffener AS 368 mm
Area moment at stiffener centroid IS 64891 mm^4

Results
Mean distance between the stiffeners (Table 8.5-1) LS 1368 mm
Total length of the cylinder (Table 8.5-1) LH 5473 mm
Number of circumferential buckling waves n 4
Factor acc. Eq. (8.5.3-25) 4.648e-5
Combined cross sectional area of stiffened shell Ae 1052 mm
Calculation parameter Xe 11.49
Effective length acc. (8.5.3-34) (u 17.04 Le 122.2 mm
=
x 0.07779 Y1 1.567 Y2 1.2 Y3 0.7381 )
Area moment of shell and stiffener Ie 214201 mm^4
Theoretical elastic buckling pressure pg 0.3437 MPa

Condition (8.5.3-31): P < pg/(SSf) is valid.


P= 0.04 < pg/S/Sf 0.3437 / 1.1 / 1.33 = 0.2349
=

b) Maximum stress in the stiffener, additional specifications


Contact width of the stiffener wi 8 mm
Outside radius of the stiffener Rf 1104 mm

Results
Modified area of stiffener (8.5.3-17) Am 384.4 mm
Factor (8.5.3-19) 0.016
Factor (8.5.3-40) dquer 39.14
Limit pressure for circumferential yield pys 1.104 MPa

Maximum stress in the stiffener (8.5.3-37) s 109 MPa

Condition (8.5.3-41) 0 < s < eL = 132.8 is: valid

Sideways tripping of stiffeners


a) Stiffener with rectangular profile? Yes
Radial height of the profile d 46 mm
Width of stiffener in contact with shell ew 8 mm

b) Specifications for non-rectangular profile, Figs. 8.5-14 to 8.5-17


Angle profile acc. Fig. 8.5-16 (yes=1, no=2)
Radial height of the web plate between flanges d 46 mm
Analysis web thickness of the stiffener ew 8 mm
Thickness of the profile flange ef mm
Leg length of the profile flange wf mm
Shell outside radius to the web plate ri mm
Coefficient for non-rectangular profile C

Instability stress for sideways tripping i 765.3 MPa

Condition i/4 > P eL/pys is valid

i/4 = 765.3 /4 > P 0.04 132.8 / 1.104


eL/pys =

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

10 EN08 A.6.5
Shells under external pressure DIN EN 13445-3/8:2015-12 + DIN EN 14025:2014-02
Spherical shells acc. to 8.7.1
Regulation (0=EN13445-3, 1=EN14025) 1 (0,1)
EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods, section 6.4
Load case Operation
Safety factor acc. to section 8.4.4 S 1.1
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.04 MPa
Nominal wall thickness en 3.65 mm
Mean radius of the shell R 1848 mm

Material properties of the spherical shell


Material designation 1.4404(H)
Poisson's ratio 0.3
Austenitic steel? Yes
Wall thinning allowance e 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c2 0 mm
Thinning allowance during manufacturing m 0 mm
Sum of allowances () 0.4 mm
Strength acc. to specification (Re, Rp, Rm) K 430
Safety factor according to section 8.4.4 S 1.1
Modulus of elasticity E 194000 MPa
0.2% proof stress at operating temperature Rp02 166 N/mm
0.2% proof stress at room temperature Rp02p 220 MPa
allowable elastic limit (Rpx, Rpx/1.25) e 132.8 N/mm

Curvature deviation greater than 30%? No

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Results
Analysis wall thickness ea 3.25 mm
Limit pressure for circumferential yield (8.7.1-1) py 0.4671 MPa

Theoretical instability pressure (8.7.1-2) pm 0.726 MPa


Ratio pm/py 1.554
Ratio (8.5-5) pr/py 0.2625
allowable pressure (pr/S) pall 0.1115 MPa

Condition P= 0.04 < 0.1115 = pall fulfilled

The strength condition is fulfilled

for load case Operation

(8.7.1-1)

(8.7.1-2)

at shape deviation < 30% (8.7.1-3)

Max. measuring length of curvature deviation acc. to 8.7.2:

Acc. to section 8.4.1 vessels under external pressure pe must also be calculated for internal pressure pi=pe per
section 7 (EN07 module)

Vessel ends acc. to section 8.8


Hemispherical ends shall be designed acc. to the rules for spheres.
The mean sphere radius for torispherical shells is R=crown outside radius and for the stress calculation acc.
7.5.2 (inside pressure P<0 with module EN07) holds N=1.
For semi-ellipsoidal ends the mean sphere radius is R=D/(4h).

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

11 EN09 A6.6 Betr.


Openings in spherical and cylindrical shells DIN EN 13445-3/9:2015-12 + DIN EN
14025:2014-02

9. Isolated openings in spherical and cylindrical shells


Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Operation
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.3 MPa

Material properties Shell Nozzle, Ring


Material designation 1.4404(H) 1.4404(H)
Thickness allowance e 0.4 mm 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm 0 mm
Manufacturing allow. m 0 mm 0 mm
Total allowance () 0.4 mm 0.4 mm
Strength Re, Rp, Rm K 430 MPa 430 MPa

Safety factor S 3 3
Weld factor acc. 9.5.2.3.2 1 1
Remark

Geometry of shell
Shell Cylinder
Nominall wall thickness ens 3.64 mm
Analysis thickness eas 3.24 mm
Reduced calculation thickness without allowances (lso) *) ecs 3.24 mm
Cross-sectional area of fillet weld Afw 0 mm
Outside diameter of cylindrical or conical shell in center of De 2306 mm
opening
Actual length ls 500 mm
*) e = e must satisfy the strength condition: e > required thickness
as cs cs

Geometry of opening
Type of nozzle: set-in
Orientation of sectional cut axial
Outside diameter of opening, nozzle or ring d,deb 510 mm
Nominal nozzle (ring) thickness ev 5 mm
Application acc. 9.4.6 Fatigue endurable
External cover No
Length of nozzle extension outside the shell lb1 150 mm
Length of nozzle extension inside the shell lbi 50 mm
Insertion length for partial penetration lbp 3.64 mm
Oblique nozzle: axial inclination angle a 0

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Results
Allowable pressure (P = 0.3 MPa Pmax) Pmax 0.3979 MPa
Pressure loaded area of shell Aps 392594 mm
Pressure loaded area of nozzle Apb 38371 mm
Additional pressure loaded area of oblique nozzle Ap 0 mm
Cross-sectional area of fillet weld Afw 0 mm

Shell
Inside radius ris 1150 mm
Maximum supporting length lso 86.39 mm
Supporting length of cylindrical connection lcyl 86.39 mm
Effective supporting length Min(ls;lso) l's 86.39 mm
Cross-sectional area of shell Afs 279.9 mm
Nominal design stress f 143.3 MPa

Nozzle
Accountable wall thickness acc. 9.4.6 eb 4.6 mm
Analysis thickness eab 4.6 mm
Max. supporting length of nozzle outside shell lbo 48.22 mm
Max. supporting length of nozzle inside shell lbo/2 24.11 mm
Reduced nozzle length outside shell Min(lb;lbo) l'b 150 mm
Reduced nozzle length inside shell Min(lbi;lbo/2) l'bi 46.36 mm
Nominal design stress f 143.3 MPa
Reduced stress, Min(fs;fb) fob 143.3 MPa
Cross-sectional area of nozzle (Ring: Afr) Afb 918.2 mm
Adapted penetration length Min(lbp;eas) e's 3.24 mm
Inside diameter of nozzle (or ring: dir) dib 500.8 mm
Outside radius of nozzle or opening a 255 mm

Geometrical condition for openings


9.4.5 Shell without nozzle d/(2 ris) = 0.2177 0.5
9.4.5 Spheres+domed heads d/De, dib/De or dir/De = 0.2177 0.6

9.4.5 Cylinder with nozzle d/(2 ris) = 0.2177 1


EN 14025 Fig.6 for eb/em eab/eas = 1.42 2
Load case Operation
Application case Fatigue endurable
Shell type Cylinder
Type of nozzle set-in
Orientation of section axial
The strength condition is valid
The geometrical conditions are valid
The design is adequate for EN13445-3 requirements

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Additional results for openings close to discontinuities acc. 9.7

9.5-1 Minimum ligament width for single nozzle Lb' 122.3 mm

9.7.2.1 Permissible distance wmin between opening in cylindrical shell and


a) dished/flat end, reducer, flange wmin 17.28 mm
b) small conical end, convex shell, branch wmin 86.39 mm
c) expansion joint wmin 43.19 mm
9.7.2.2 Permissible distance wmin between opening in conical shell and
a) Cylindrical shell at wide end wmin 17.28 mm
b) Cylindrical shell at small end wmin 86.39 mm
with a connection diameter Dc 2303 mm
and a thickness e1 (or e2 acc. Fig. 9.7-10) 3.24 mm

9.7.2.3 Permissible distance wmin between opening in domed and wmin 17.28 mm
bolted head and a flange

9.7.2.4 Permissible distance wmin between opening in elliptical and wmin = 0


torispherical heads and the knuckle (De/10 acc. Fig.9.5-4)

9.7.2.5 The minimum distance wmin of the opening in hemispherical wmin 17.28 mm
head of a flange, a tube sheet, or a cylinder adapter

Available distance w mm

9.5.2.2:
Reinforcement dispensable if d= 510 12.96=0.15 lso and w > wmin

9.7.3 Reduced distance from discontinuity


For w = mm < wp the available support length of the reinforcement
for the calculation ls = 500 mm of the shell must be reduced.
The minimum distance wp of the opening from discontinuities without influence on ls and the reduced
available support length Max(ls) acc. 9.7.3 amount to

wp Max(ls)
a) 9.7.2.1a), 9.7.2.2a), 9.7.2.3, 9.7.2.4 86.39
b) acc. to 9.7.2.1b) 172.8
b) acc. to 9.7.2.1c) 129.6
c) acc. to 9.7.2.2b) 172.8

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations

Cross-sectional area Afb of the nozzle for type set-in :

Cross-sectional area Afs of the shell

Afs = 279.9 , Afb = 918.2 , Afw = 0

Pressure loaded area of nozzle

Additional pressure loaded area for oblique direction axial

(axial)

The strength condition is valid : Efficiency = 0.754 1

Maximum permissible pressure

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 36 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

12 EN09 A6.6 Prf.


Openings in spherical and cylindrical shells DIN EN 13445-3/9:2015-12 + DIN EN
14025:2014-02

9. Isolated openings in spherical and cylindrical shells


Regulation EN 14025: Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods
Load case Testing
Calculation temperature t 100 C
Calculation pressure P 0.4 MPa

Material properties Shell Nozzle, Ring


Material designation 1.4404(H) 1.4404(H)
Thickness allowance e 0.4 mm 0.4 mm
Corrosion allowance c 0 mm 0 mm
Manufacturing allow. m 0 mm 0 mm
Total allowance () 0.4 mm 0.4 mm
Tensile stress 20C Rm 530 MPa 530 MPa

Proof stress 20C Rp 260 MPa 260 MPa


Weld factor acc. 9.5.2.3.2 1 1
Remark

Geometry of shell
Shell Cylinder
Nominall wall thickness ens 3.64 mm
Analysis thickness eas 3.24 mm
Reduced calculation thickness without allowances (lso) *) ecs 3.24 mm
Cross-sectional area of fillet weld Afw 0 mm
Outside diameter of cylindrical or conical shell in center of De 2306 mm
opening
Actual length ls 500 mm
*) e = e must satisfy the strength condition: e > required thickness
as cs cs

Geometry of opening
Type of nozzle: set-in
Orientation of sectional cut axial
Outside diameter of opening, nozzle or ring d,deb 510 mm
Nominal nozzle (ring) thickness ev 5 mm
Application acc. 9.4.6 Fatigue endurable
External cover No
Length of nozzle extension outside the shell lb1 150 mm
Length of nozzle extension inside the shell lbi 50 mm
Insertion length for partial penetration lbp 3.64 mm
Oblique nozzle: axial inclination angle a 0

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Results
Allowable pressure (P = 0.4 MPa Pmax) Pmax 0.5413 MPa
Pressure loaded area of shell Aps 392594 mm
Pressure loaded area of nozzle Apb 38371 mm
Additional pressure loaded area of oblique nozzle Ap 0 mm
Cross-sectional area of fillet weld Afw 0 mm

Shell
Inside radius ris 1150 mm
Maximum supporting length lso 86.39 mm
Supporting length of cylindrical connection lcyl 86.39 mm
Effective supporting length Min(ls;lso) l's 86.39 mm
Cross-sectional area of shell Afs 279.9 mm
f=Min[Rm20/2,Rpe 3/4]= 195 MPa

Nozzle
Accountable wall thickness acc. 9.4.6 eb 4.6 mm
Analysis thickness eab 4.6 mm
Max. supporting length of nozzle outside shell lbo 48.22 mm
Max. supporting length of nozzle inside shell lbo/2 24.11 mm
Reduced nozzle length outside shell Min(lb;lbo) l'b 150 mm
Reduced nozzle length inside shell Min(lbi;lbo/2) l'bi 46.36 mm
f=Min[Rm20/2,Rpe 3/4]= 195 MPa
Reduced stress, Min(fs;fb) fob 195 MPa
Cross-sectional area of nozzle (Ring: Afr) Afb 918.2 mm
Adapted penetration length Min(lbp;eas) e's 3.24 mm
Inside diameter of nozzle (or ring: dir) dib 500.8 mm
Outside radius of nozzle or opening a 255 mm

Geometrical condition for openings


9.4.5 Shell without nozzle d/(2 ris) = 0.2177 0.5
9.4.5 Spheres+domed heads d/De, dib/De or dir/De = 0.2177 0.6

9.4.5 Cylinder with nozzle d/(2 ris) = 0.2177 1


EN 14025 Fig.6 for eb/em eab/eas = 1.42 2
Load case Testing
Application case Fatigue endurable
Shell type Cylinder
Type of nozzle set-in
Orientation of section axial
The strength condition is valid
The geometrical conditions are valid
The design is adequate for EN13445-3 requirements

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Additional results for openings close to discontinuities acc. 9.7

9.5-1 Minimum ligament width for single nozzle Lb' 122.3 mm

9.7.2.1 Permissible distance wmin between opening in cylindrical shell and


a) dished/flat end, reducer, flange wmin 17.28 mm
b) small conical end, convex shell, branch wmin 86.39 mm
c) expansion joint wmin 43.19 mm
9.7.2.2 Permissible distance wmin between opening in conical shell and
a) Cylindrical shell at wide end wmin 17.28 mm
b) Cylindrical shell at small end wmin 86.39 mm
with a connection diameter Dc 2303 mm
and a thickness e1 (or e2 acc. Fig. 9.7-10) 3.24 mm

9.7.2.3 Permissible distance wmin between opening in domed and wmin 17.28 mm
bolted head and a flange

9.7.2.4 Permissible distance wmin between opening in elliptical and wmin = 0


torispherical heads and the knuckle (De/10 acc. Fig.9.5-4)

9.7.2.5 The minimum distance wmin of the opening in hemispherical wmin 17.28 mm
head of a flange, a tube sheet, or a cylinder adapter

Available distance w mm

9.5.2.2:
Reinforcement dispensable if d= 510 12.96=0.15 lso and w > wmin

9.7.3 Reduced distance from discontinuity


For w = mm < wp the available support length of the reinforcement
for the calculation ls = 500 mm of the shell must be reduced.
The minimum distance wp of the opening from discontinuities without influence on ls and the reduced
available support length Max(ls) acc. 9.7.3 amount to

wp Max(ls)
a) 9.7.2.1a), 9.7.2.2a), 9.7.2.3, 9.7.2.4 86.39
b) acc. to 9.7.2.1b) 172.8
b) acc. to 9.7.2.1c) 129.6
c) acc. to 9.7.2.2b) 172.8

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Equations

Cross-sectional area Afb of the nozzle for type set-in :

Cross-sectional area Afs of the shell

Afs = 279.9 , Afb = 918.2 , Afw = 0

Pressure loaded area of nozzle

Additional pressure loaded area for oblique direction axial

(axial)

The strength condition is valid : Efficiency = 0.7389 1

Maximum permissible pressure

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

14 Summary
Documentation
Example EN 14025 Appendix A, Comparison with calculation by Lauterbach
Calculation acc. EN14025 section Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik
A.3 Minimum thickness acc. to ADR
eT = 2.95 mm eT = 2.949 mm
eC = 2.36 mm eC = 2.359 mm
A.4 Equivalent thickness
e1 = 3.64 mm e1 = 3.635 mm
A.5.1: Testing pressure cylinder
required thickness e = 2.95 mm e = 2.953 mm
A.5.2: Test pressure Korbbogen
required thickness e = 3.6 mm e = 3.602 mm
ey = 2.91 (with ev=5mm) ey = 2.988 (iter. with ey)
A.5.3: Test pressure baffle e=8mm
allowable pressure P = 0.6 MPa Pzul = 0.5994 MPa
A.6.1: Operation pressure 3bar Cylinder
required thickness e = 3.02 mm e = 3.013 mm
A.6.2: Operation pressure 3bar Korbbogen
required thickness emin = 3.65 mm emin = 3.654 mm
A.6.3: Operation pressure 3bar baffle e=8mm
allowable pressure p = 0.383 MPa Pzul = 0.3827 MPa
A.6.4.2 as A.6.4.3
A.6.4.3: Failure between stiffeners
allowable external pressure p=0.04 MPa pzul = 0.04002 MPa
A.6.4.4: Stiffened cylinder
allowable external pressure p=0.190 MPa pzul = 0.1899MPa (8.5.3-31)
Stress in stiffener SigS = 129.1 SigS = 128.1
Sideways tripping:
Sigi/4 = 766.72/4 > 0.04*132.8/0.932 765.3/4 > 0.04*132.8/0.9335
A.6.5: External pressure 0.4bar sphere
pzul = 0.138 MPa pzul = 0.1378 MPa
A.6.6 Operation pressure opening
131 200 / 190 663 = 0.688 < 1 efficiency = 0.687 < 1
A.6.6: Test pressure opening
174 933 / 259 995 = 0.673 < 1 efficiency = 0.6733 < 1

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Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module

Appendix: Material documentation


Section 1: Behlter / Vessel/ADR
Section 2: Schale/EN07
Section 3: Schale/EN07
Section 5: Schale/EN07
Section 6: Schale/EN07
Section 7: Schale/EN08
Section 8: Schale/EN08
Section 8: Versteifung/EN08
Section 9: Schale/EN08
Section 9: Versteifung/EN08
Section 10: Schale/EN08
Section 11: Schale/EN09
Section 11: Stutzen / Nozzle (1)/EN09
Section 12: Schale/EN09
Section 12: Stutzen / Nozzle (1)/EN09

Material specification:

Regulation: - Spec. No.: EN 10028-7 Product: warmgewalztes Band / hot rol-


led band
Material code: 1.4404(H) Short name: X 2 CrNiMo 17-12-2

Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]: 100 Pressure [bar]: 4


Thickness [mm]: 2 Outside diameter [mm]: 2300

Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition Operating condition


----------------------------------------
Nominal design strength [N/mm]: 260,00 430,00
Safety factor: 1,05 3,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]: 247,62 143,33
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]: 200 194

Wall thickness tolerance [mm]: 0,00 acc. to EN 10029 Class A

EN 10028-7 Tables 7-10:

0,2%-Elong.|1%-Elong.|Tensile|Tensile|Rupture|Rupture
strength|strength|strength|strength|elongation|elongation
min|min|min|max|A 80 mm|A
N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|%|%
---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------
220|260|530|680||40

EN 10028-7 - Table A.1 & A.2:

yield stress at a temperature in C

|-196|-150|-80|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm
|||||||||||||
------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------
--+-------
0,2%|350|315|275|166|152|137|127|118|113|108|103|100|98
1%|450|415|355|199|181|167|157|145|139|135|130|128|127
Rm|1200|1070|840|430|410|390|385|380|380|380|370|360|0

EN 10028-7 - Tables 11-15 & F.1:

modulus of elasticity at .. C thermal expansion between 20C and

desity||||||||||||therma
(20C)|20|100|200|300|400|500|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|conduc
kg/dm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|W/Km
------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------
--
7,98|200|194|186|179|172|165|16,7|17,2|17,7|18,1|18,4|0

Comment:

EN 10028-7: June 2000 replaces DIN 17441: 1996-09


partial substitution for DIN 17440: 1997-02 and DIN 17460: 1992-09
DIN 17441:1985-07 is annulated with EN 10028-7.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 42 13.06.2016


Example EN 14025 Edition 2014 Example
Appendix A ADR module


+----
Section 2: Schale-20C/EN07
Section 3: Schale-20C/EN07
Section 4: Schale/EN08
Section 5: Schale-20C/EN07
Section 6: Schale-20C/EN07

Material specification:

Regulation: - Spec. No.: EN 10028-7 Product: warmgewalztes Band / hot rol-


led band
Material code: 1.4404(H) Short name: X 2 CrNiMo 17-12-2

Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]: 20 Pressure [bar]: 4


Thickness [mm]: 5 Outside diameter [mm]: 2309,2

Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition Operating condition


----------------------------------------
Nominal design strength [N/mm]: 260,00 530,00
Safety factor: 1,05 3,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]: 247,62 176,67
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]: 200 200

Wall thickness tolerance [mm]: 0,40 acc. to EN 10029 Class A

EN 10028-7 Tables 7-10:

0,2%-Elong.|1%-Elong.|Tensile|Tensile|Rupture|Rupture
strength|strength|strength|strength|elongation|elongation
min|min|min|max|A 80 mm|A
N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|%|%
---------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------
220|260|530|680||40

EN 10028-7 - Table A.1 & A.2:

yield stress at a temperature in C

|-196|-150|-80|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm|N/mm
|||||||||||||
------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------
--+-------
0,2%|350|315|275|166|152|137|127|118|113|108|103|100|98
1%|450|415|355|199|181|167|157|145|139|135|130|128|127
Rm|1200|1070|840|430|410|390|385|380|380|380|370|360|0

EN 10028-7 - Tables 11-15 & F.1:

modulus of elasticity at .. C thermal expansion between 20C and

desity||||||||||||therma
(20C)|20|100|200|300|400|500|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|conduc
kg/dm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|kN/mm|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|/1e6 K|W/Km
------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------
--
7,98|200|194|186|179|172|165|16,7|17,2|17,7|18,1|18,4|0

Comment:

EN 10028-7: June 2000 replaces DIN 17441: 1996-09


partial substitution for DIN 17440: 1997-02 and DIN 17460: 1992-09
DIN 17441:1985-07 is annulated with EN 10028-7.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 43 13.06.2016

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