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Designation: F 104 03

Standard Classification System for


Nonmetallic Gasket Materials1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation F 104; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope F 36 Test Method for Compressibility and Recovery of


1.1 This classification system2 provides a means for speci- Gasket Materials2
fying or describing pertinent properties of commercial nonme- F 37 Test Methods for Sealability of Gasket Materials2
tallic gasket materials. Materials composed of asbestos, cork, F 38 Test Methods for Creep Relaxation of a Gasket Mate-
cellulose, and other organic or inorganic materials in combi- rial2
nation with various binders or impregnants are included. F 146 Test Methods for Fluid Resistance of Gasket Materi-
Materials normally classified as rubber compounds are not als2
included, since they are covered in Classification D 2000. F 147 Test Method for Flexibility of Non-Metallic Gasket
Gasket coatings are not covered, since details thereof are Materials2
intended to be given on engineering drawings or in separate F 148 Test Method for Binder Durability of Cork Compo-
specifications. While the facing materials for laminate compos- sition Gasket Materials2
ite gasket materials (LCGM) are included in Classification F 152 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Nonmetallic
System F 104, materials normally classified as LCGM are not Gasket Materials2
covered since they are included in Classification F 868. F 433 Practice for Evaluating Thermal Conductivity of
1.2 Since all of the properties that contribute to gasket Gasket Materials2
performance are not included, use of the classification system F 607 Test Method for Adhesion of Gasket Materials to
as a basis for selecting materials is limited. Metal Surfaces2
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the F 868 Classification for Laminated Composite Gasket Ma-
standard. The values given in parentheses are for information terials2
only. G 21 Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the Polymeric Materials to Fungi4
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the 3. Significance and Use
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-
priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- 3.1 This classification is intended to encourage uniformity
bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. in reporting properties; to provide a common language for
communications between suppliers and consumers; to guide
2. Referenced Documents engineers and designers in the test methods commonly used for
2.1 ASTM Standards: commercially available materials; and to be versatile enough to
D 2000 Classification System for Rubber Products in Auto- cover new materials and test methods as they are introduced.
motive Applications2 3.2 It is based on the principle that nonmetallic gasket
E 11 Specification for Wire-Cloth Sieves for Testing Pur- materials should be described, insofar as is possible, in terms of
poses3 specific physical and mechanical characteristics, and that an
infinite number of such descriptions can be formulated by use
of one or more standard statements based on standard tests.
1
This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F03 on Therefore, users of gasket materials can, by selecting different
Gaskets and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F03.30 on Classification. combinations of statements, specify different combinations of
Current edition approved April 10, 2003. Published May 2003. Originally
approved in 1968. Last previous edition approved in 2002 as F 104 02e1.
2
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 09.02.
3 4
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.04.

Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

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F 104 03
properties desired in various parts. Suppliers, likewise, can sheets are used, they shall, where applicable, be cut squarely
report properties available in their respective products. with the grain of the stock, and the grain direction shall be
noted by an arrow. If finished gaskets are used, the dimensions
4. Basis of Classification of sample and any variations from method must be reported.
4.1 To permit line call-out of the descriptions mentioned 7.2 For qualification purposes, thickness shall be 0.8 mm
in 3.2, this classification system establishes letter or number (0.03 in.), except for Type 2, where the qualification thickness
symbols or both for various performance levels of each is to be 1.5 to 6.4 mm (0.06 to 0.25 in.), and Type 5 Class 1,
property or characteristic (see Table 1)5 . where the qualification thickness is to be 0.4 mm (0.015 in.).
4.2 In specifying or describing gasket materials, each line When thicknesses other than those shown above are to be
call-out shall include the number of this system (minus date tested, the specification limits shall be agreed to in writing
symbol) followed by the letter F and six numerals, for between the purchaser and the supplier.
example: ASTM F 104 (F125400). Since each numeral of the 7.3 Sufficient specimens shall be selected to provide a
call-out represents a characteristic (as shown in Table 1), six minimum of three determinations for each test specified. The
numerals are always required. The numeral 0 is used when average of the determinations shall be considered as the result.
the description of any characteristic is not desired. The numeral
8. Conditioning
9 is used when the description of any characteristic (or test
related thereto) is specified by some supplement to this 8.1 Prior to all applicable tests, specimens shall be condi-
classification system, such as notes on engineering drawings. tioned as follows:
4.3 To further specify or describe gasket materials, each 8.1.1 When the first numeral of line call-out is 1 (Type 1
line call-out may include one or more suffix letter-numeral materials), specimens shall be conditioned in an oven at 100 6
symbols, as listed in Table 2, for example: ASTM F104 2C (212 6 3.6F) for 1 h and allowed to cool to 21 to 30C
(F125400-B2M4). Various levels of definition may be estab- (70 to 85F) in a desiccator containing anhydrous calcium
lished by increasing or decreasing the number of letter-numeral chloride; except when second numeral of line call-out is 3
symbols used in the line call-out. (Class 3 materials), the specimens shall be conditioned in an
4.4 For convenience, gasket materials are referred to by oven for 4 h at 100 6 2C (212 6 3.6F).
Type according to the principal fibrous or particulate reinforce- 8.1.2 When the first numeral of line callout is 2 (Type 2
ment or other material from which the gasket is made and by materials), specimens shall be conditioned at least 46 h in a
Class according to the manufacturing method, or the common controlled-humidity room or in a closed chamber with gentle
trade designation. Type numbers correspond with the first mechanical circulation of the air at 21 to 30C (70 to 85F) and
numeral, and class numbers correspond with the second 50 to 55 % relative humidity.
numeral of the basic six-digit line call-out, as shown in Table NOTE 2If a mechanical means of maintaining 50 to 55 % relative
1. humidity is not available, a tray containing a saturated solution of reagent
grade magnesium nitrate, Mg(NO3)6H2O, shall be placed in the chamber
NOTE 1While this cell-type format provides the means for close to provide the required relative humidity.
characterization and specification of each property and combinations of
properties for a broad range of materials, it is subject to possible 8.1.3 When the first numeral of line callout is 3 (Type 3
misapplications, since impossible property combinations can be coded if materials), specimens shall be preconditioned for 4 h at 21 to
the user is not familiar with available commercial materials. Table X1.1 of 30C (70 to 85F) in a closed chamber containing anhydrous
this classification indicates properties, characteristics, and test methods calcium chloride as a desiccant. The air in the chamber shall be
that are normally considered applicable to each type of material. circulated by gentle mechanical agitation. Specimens shall then
5. Physical and Mechanical Requirements be transferred immediately to a controlled-humidity room or
closed chamber with gentle mechanical circulation of the air
5.1 Gasket materials identified by this classification shall
and conditioned for at least 20 h at 21 to 30C (70 to 85F) and
have the characteristics or properties indicated by the first six
50 to 55 % relative humidity.
numerals of the line call-out, within the limits shown in Table
8.1.4 When the first numeral of a line callout is 4, no
1, and by additional letter-numeral symbols shown in Table 2.
conditioning of specimens is necessary.
6. Thickness Requirements 8.1.5 When the first numeral of a line callout is 5, 7, or
8, test specimens shall be conditioned in accordance with
6.1 Gasket materials identified by this classification system 8.1.1 (Type 1 materials).
shall conform to the thickness tolerances specified in Table 3. 8.1.6 When the first numeral of a line callout is 0 or 9,
7. Sampling specimens shall be conditioned as in 8.1.3, unless otherwise
specified in supplements to this classification.
7.1 Specimens shall be selected from finished gaskets or 8.2 In all cases where testing is conducted outside the area
sheets of suitable size, whichever is the more practicable. If of specified humidity, specimens shall be removed from the
chamber one at a time just prior to testing.
5
IRM 903 is available from R.E. Carrol, Inc. P.O. Box 5806, Trenton, NJ 08638. 9. Test Methods
The user should be aware that results may differ from results using ASTM Oil No.
3. ASTM Oil No. 3 is no longer commercially available due to potential health risks
9.1 Thickness:
associated with its use. IRM 903 has been approved by Committee D-11 as a 9.1.1 Measure the specimens with a device actuated by a
replacement for ASTM Oil No. 3. dead-weight load. The device shall be capable of reading in

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F 104 03
TABLE 1 Basic Physical and Mechanical Characteristics
Basic Six-Digit Number Basic Characteristic
First Numeral Type of material (the principal fibrous, particulate, or reinforcement material from which the gasket is made) shall conform to the
first numeral of the basic six-digit number, as follows:
0 = not specified 5 = flexible graphite
1 = asbestos 7 = nonasbestos fiber, tested as Type 1
2 = cork 8 = vermiculite
3 = cellulose 9 = as specifiedA
4 = fluorocarbon polymer
Second Numeral Class of material(method of manufacture or common trade designation) shall conform to the second numeral of the basic six-digit
number, as follows:
When first numeral is 0 or 9, second numeral:
0 = not specified
9 = as specifiedA
When first numeral is 1 or 7, second numeral:
0 = not specified
1 = compressed sheeter process
2 = beater process
3 = paper and millboard
9 = as specifiedA
When first numeral is 2, second numeral:
0 = not specified
1 = cork composition (Class 1)
2 = cork and elastomeric (Class 2)
3 = cork and cellular rubber (Class 3)
9 = as specifiedA
When first numeral is 3, second numeral:
0 = not specified
1 = untreated fibertag, chipboard, vulcanized fiber, etc. (Class 1)
2 = protein treated (Class 2)
3 = elastomeric treated (Class 3)
4 = thermosetting resin treated (Class 4)
9 = as specifiedA
When first numeral is 4, second numeral:
0 = not specified
1 = sheet PTFE
2 = PTFE of expanded structure
3 = PTFE filaments, braided, or woven
4 = PTFE felts
5 = filled PTFE
9 = as specified
When first numeral is 5 or 8, second numeral:
0 = not specified
1 = homogeneous sheet
2 = laminated sheet
9 = as specifiedA
Third Numeral Compressibility characteristics, determined in accordance with Test Method F 36, shall conform to the percent indicated by the third
numeral of the basic six-digit number. (Example: 4 = 15 to 25 %)
0 = not specified 5 = 20 to 30 %
1 = 0 to 10 % 6 = 25 to 40 %
2 = 5 to 15 %* 7 = 30 to 50 %
3 = 10 to 20 % 8 = 40 to 60 %
4 = 15 to 25 % 9 = as specifiedA
* 7 to 17 % for compressed sheeter process
Fourth Numeral Thickness increase when immersed in IRM 903 Oil:5 determined in accordance with Test Method F 146, shall conform to the percent
indicated by the fourth numeral of the basic six-digit number. (Example: 4 = 15 to 30 %)
0 = not specified 5 = 20 to 40 %
1 = 0 to 15 % 6 = 30 to 50 %
2 = 5 to 20 % 7 = 40 to 60 %
3 = 10 to 25 % 8 = 50 to 70 %
4 = 15 to 30 % 9 = as specifiedA
5
Fifth Numeral Weight increase when immersed in IRM 903 Oil: determined in accordance with Test Method F 146, shall conform to the percent
indicated by the fifth numeral of the basic six-digit number. (Example: 4 = 30 % max)
0 = not specified 5 = 40 %, max
1 = 10 %, max 6 = 60 %, max
2 = 15 %, max 7 = 80 %, max
3 = 20 %, max 8 = 100 %, max
4 = 30 %, max 9 = as specifiedA
Sixth Numeral Weight increase when immersed in water:determined in accordance with Test Method F 146, shall conform to the percent indicated
by the sixth numeral of the basic six-digit number. See left and below. (Example: 4 = 30 %, max)
0 = not specified 5 = 40 %, max
1 = 10 %, max 6 = 60 %, max
2 = 15 %, max 7 = 80 %, max
3 = 20 %, max 8 = 100 %, max
4 = 30 %, max 9 = as specifiedA
A
On engineering drawings or other supplement to this classification system.

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F 104 03
TABLE 2 Supplementary Physical and Mechanical Characteristics
Suffix Symbol Supplementary Characteristics
A9 Sealability characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 37. External load, internal pressure, other
details of test, and results shall be as specified on engineering drawing or other supplement to this classification.
B1 through B9 Creep relaxation characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 38. Loss of stress at end of 24 h shall
not exceed the amount indicated by the numeral of the B-symbol.
B1 = 10 % B5 = 30 %
B2 = 15 % B6 = 40 %
B3 = 20 % B7 = 50 %
B4 = 25 % B8 = 60 %
B9 = as specifiedA
D00 through D99 The former ASTM standard F 64, Test Method for Corrosive and Adhesive Effects of Gasket Materials on Metal Surfaces,
was discontinued in 1980. The newly established test for adhesion has become Test Method F 607.
E00 through E99 Weight and thickness change after immersion in ASTM Fuel B shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 146.
Weight increase shall not exceed the standard rating number indicated by the first numeral of the two-digit number of the
E-symbol. Thickness increase shall not exceed the standard rating number indicated by the second numeral of the
E-symbol.
Weight Increase, % Thickness Increase, %
(first numeral) (second numeral)
E0_ = not specified E_0 = not specified
E1_ = 10 E_1 = 05
E2_ = 15 E_2 = 010
E3_ = 20 E_3 = 015
E4_ = 30 E_4 = 520
E5_ = 40 E_5 = 1025
E6_ = 60 E_6 = 1535
E7_ = 80 E_7 = 2545
E8_ = 100 E_8 = 3060
E9_ = as specifiedA E_9 = as specifiedA
H Adhesion characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 607. Results shall be as specified on
engineering drawing or other supplement to this classification.
K1 through K9 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Practice F 433 using a temperature of
100 6 2C (212 6 3.6F). The k-factor obtained in W/(mK) [Btuin./hft2F] shall fall within the ranges indicated by the
numeral of a K symbol.
K1 = 0 to 0.09 (0 to K5 = 0.29 to 0.38 (2.00
0.65) to 2.65)
K2 = 0.07 to 0.17 K6 = 0.36 to 0.45 (2.50
(0.50 to 1.15) to 3.15)
K3 = 0.14 to 0.24 K7 = 0.43 to 0.53 (3.00
(1.00 to 1.65) to 3.65)
K4 = 0.22 to 0.31 K8 = 0.50 to 0.60 (3.50
(1.50 to 2.15) to 4.15)
K9 = as specifiedA
L000 through L999 Type 7, Class 1 or Class 2 materials. First fiber constituent indicated by the first numeral of the three-digit number of the
L-symbol. Second fiber constituent indicated by the second numeral of the three-digit number of the L-symbol. Binder
constituent indicated by the third numeral of the three-digit number of the L-symbol.
First Fiber Second Fiber Binder
(first numeral) (second numeral) (third numeral)
L0 = not specified L0 = not specified L0 = not specified
L1 = Aramid L1 = Aramid L1 = NBR
L2 = Glass L2 = Glass L2 = SBR
L3 = Carbon L3 = Carbon L3 = CR
L4 = Graphite L4 = Graphite L4 = EPDM
L5 = Mineral/ L5 = Mineral/ L5 = IR
Inorganic Inorganic
L6 = Cellulose L6 = Cellulose L6 = CSM
L9 = as specifiedA L7 = none L9 = as specifiedA
L9 = as specifiedA
M1 through M9 Tensile strength characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 152 and 9.2. Results in MPa (psi)
shall be no less than the value indicated by the numeral of the M-symbol.
M1 = 0.689 (100) M5 = 10.342 (1500)
M2 = 1.724 (250) M6 = 13.790 (2000)
M3 = 3.447 (500) M7 = 20.684 (3000)
M4 = 6.895 (1000) M8 = 27.579 (4000)
M9 = as specifiedA
R Binder Durability characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 148. There shall be no evidence of
disintegration at conclusion of test.
S9 Volume change characteristics, when immersed in ASTM No. 1 Oil, IRM 903 Oil,5 and ASTM Reference Fuel A, shall be
determined in accordance with Test Method F 146. Results shall be as specified on engineering drawing or other supplement
to this classification.
T Flexibility characteristics shall be determined in accordance with Test Method F 147. There shall be no evidence of cracks,
breaks, or separation at conclusion of test.
W Mildew Resistance shall be determined for visual effects only as described in Sections 9.3 and 9.3.1 of Practice G 21. The
only fungus shall be Chaetomium globosum, see Section 6.4.1 of Practice G 21. The test unit from which specimens were
taken shall be considered defective if one or more of the specimens tested has a rating higher than 0. Specimens taken
from gaskets and strips shall be 2 in. long and the approximate width of the material undergoing testing.
Z Other characteristics shall be as specified on engineering drawing or other supplement to this classification.
A
On engineering drawing or other supplement to this classification.

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F 104 03
TABLE 3 Thickness Tolerances
Type and Class of Material
(First Two Numerals of Basic Thickness Specified, mm (in.) Applicable Tolerance,A mm (in.)
Six-Digit Number)
11, 12, 71 and 72 0.41 (0.016) and under +0.13 (+0.005)
0.05 (0.002)

over 0.41 (0.016) and under 1.57 (0.062) 60.13(60.005)


1.57 (0.062) and over 60.20(60.008)

13 up to 3.18 (0.125) 60.13 (60.005)


3.18 (0.125) to 12.70 (0.500) 60.25 (60.010)

21 all thicknesses 610 %, or 60.25 (60.010)


whichever is the greater

22 under 1.57 (0.062) 60.25 (60.010)


1.57 (0.062) and over 60.38 (60.015)

23 1.57 (0.062) and over 60.38 (60.015)

31, 32, and 33 (also 00 0.41 (0.016) and under 60.089 (60.0035)
and 99)B over 0.41 (0.016) to 1.57 (0.062) 60.13 (60.005)
over 1.57 (0.062) to 2.39 (0.094) 60.20 (60.008)
over 2.39 (0.094) 60.41 (60.016)

51 and 81 1.6 (0.062) and under 60.051 (60.002)

52 and 82 12.7 (0.5) and under 610 %


A
Tolerances listed are permissible variations applicable to a given lot of sheets or gaskets. Where other thickness tolerances are necessary due to the gasket
application, tolerances applicable to individual sheet or gasket may be agreed to in writing between the purchaser and the supplier.
B
Unless otherwise specified on engineering drawing or other supplement to this classification.

TABLE 4 Thickness Measurement Stresses and Forces


0.02-mm (0.001-in.) or smaller units, and readings shall be Type of Material
Pressure on Total Force on
of First Numeral
estimated to the nearest 0.002 mm (0.0001 in.). The presser of Six-Digit
Sample, kPa Pressor Foot, N
foot shall be 6.40 6 0.13 mm (0.252 6 0.005 in.) in diameter. Number
(psi) (oz) (reference)
The anvil shall have a diameter not less than that of the presser 1 and 7 80.3 6 6.9 (11.5 6 1.0) 2.50 (9.0)
foot. The pressure on the sample shall be as specified in Table 2 35 6 6.9 (5.1 6 1.0) 1.11 (4.0)
4. 3 55 6 6.9 (8.0 6 1.0) 1.75 (6.3)
0 and 9A 55 6 6.9 (8.0 6 1.0) 1.75 (6.3)
9.1.2 Take the reading by lowering the presser foot gently 5 and 8 80.3 6 6.9 (11.5 6 1.0) 2.50 (9.0)
until it is in contact with the specimen. Take a sufficient A
Unless otherwise specified on engineering drawing or other supplement to this
number of readings, depending on the size of the specimen, to classification.
provide a reliable average value.
9.2 Other Types of Materials (as indicated by 0 or 9 first
numeral of basic six-digit number)Use the same apparatus 10. Keywords
and general procedure outlined for Type 3 materials, unless 10.1 classification; description; gasket; line call-out; non-
otherwise specified in the engineering drawing or other supple- metallic gasket; physical and mechanical properties; specifica-
ment to this classification. tion; testing

APPENDIX

(Nonmandatory Information)

X1. APPLICABLE TEST METHODS

X1.1 Table X1.1 indicates properties, characteristics, and of the system of identification of gasket materials previously
test methods that are normally considered applicable to each used in Specifications D 1170 which has been superseded by
type of material. It is not intended to limit the use of Classification System F 104.
numeral-symbols as provided in Classification System F 104
where experience indicates that the related properties, charac- X1.3 Tables X1.3-X1.5 are also retained in this Appendix to
teristics, or test methods, or all, are applicable. provide a reference for converting formerly used
P-identification numbers into the present Classification System
X1.2 Table X1.2 is being provided to offer an explanation F 104. These conversions are shown in Tables X1.6-X1.8.

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.1 Typical Types of Materials

NOTE 1X indicates that the test conditions shown in first column have been used to characterize the type of material named in column heading.
Dash () indicates that the test method is either not applicable to the material named or has not been commonly used in characterizing the material.
Type 1, Asbestos or Other Type 3, Cellulose or Type 5, Flexible
Type 2, Cork
Inorganic Fibers Other Organic Fibers Graphite
Properties, Characteristics, and
Test Methods Com- Beater Asbestos Cork Cork and Cork and Un- Treated Homoge- Lami-
Treated
pressed Addition Paper and Composi- Elasto- Cellular treated Elasto- neous nated
Protein
Asbestos Asbestos Millboard tion meric Rubber Fiber meric Sheet Sheet
Compressibility:
5000-psi load (Test Method F 36, Procedure A) X X X X
100-psi load (Test Method F 36, Procedure F) X X
1000-psi load (Test Method F 36, Procedure H) X
(Test Method F 36, Procedure G) X X X
400-psi load (Test Method F 36, Procedure B) X
Tensile strength X X X X X X X X X X X
Resistance to exposure in ASTM No. 3 Oil:5
Volume change, 70 h at 212F X X
Weight increase, 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
Thickness increase: 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
5 h at 300F X X
Resistance to exposure in ASTM Fuel B:
Weight increase: 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
5 h at 70 to 85F X X
Thickness change: 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
5 h at 70 to 85F X X
Resistance to exposure in ASTM No. 1 Oil:
Volume change, 70 h at 212F X X X
Resistance to exposure in ASTM Fuel A:
Volume change, 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
Resistance to exposure in distilled water:
Weight increase, 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
Thickness change, 22 h at 70 to 85F X X X
Sealability X X X X X X X X X X X
Creep relaxation X X X X
Adhesion X X X X X X X X X X X
Binder Durability X
Flexibility X X X X X
Thermal Conductivity X X X X X X X X X X X
Mildew Resistance X

X1.3.1 The ASTM F 104 F-identification numbers shown in P-identification number range or limit is desired the as speci-
Tables X1.6-X1.8 have basic characteristic numerals from fied numeral 9 may be substituted for the differing F104
Table 1 and Table 2 that may not have the same ranges and basic characteristic numeral and the Tables X1.3-X1.5 range or
limits as the corresponding P-idenfication numbers in Tables limit specified.
X1.3-X1.5. When such a difference exists and the

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.2 System of Identification
Digit Type 1 Type 2 Type 3
First Digit (principal fibrous or 1. Asbestos or other inorganic 2. Cork 3. Cellulose or other organic fibers
particulate material) fibers
Second Digit (trade designation) 1. Compressed asbestos sheet 1. Cork composition 0. Tag
2. Asbestos beater sheet 2. Cork and rubber 1. Chipboard
3. Asbestos paper and millboard 3. Cork and cellular rubber 2. Vulcanized fiber
3. Cellulose fiber
4. Fiber and filler compositions
Third Digit (binder or treatment (Same for all three types)
other
than sizing) 0. None
1. Protein (glue-glycerin or equivalent)
2. Resin
3. Rubber, Type S, Class A (polysulfide or equivalent)
4. Rubber, Type S, Class SB (acrylonitrile or equivalent)
5. Rubber, Type S, Class SC (chloroprene or equivalent)
6. Rubber, Type R (natural, reclaim, styrene, or equivalent)
Fourth Digit (compressibility index, (Same for all three types)
Test Method F 36, Procedure G, 0. 0 to 5 %
total
load1000 psi). 1. 6 to 15 %
For identification purposes only. 2. 16 to 25 %
May not agree with 3. 26 to 35 %
compressibility
in tables where other loads are 4. 36 to 45 %
em-
ployed. 5. 46 to 55 %
6. 56 to 65 %
7. 66 to 75 %
8. 76 to 85 %
9. 86 to 95 %
Suffix Letter Used to distinguish grades of material within one 4-digit category which differ sufficiently to justify
separate tabular values. If only one grade of material is listed in the table, the letter A is used.
Example: __ Letter indicating a gasket material included in Specification D 1170
__ Cellulose or other organic fibers
__ Rope or chemical wood, or both
__ Binder or treatment, rubber, Type S, Class SC
__ Compressibility index is 26 to 35 %
__ Grade

p 3 3 5 3 A

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.3 Type 1Asbestos or Other Inorganic Fibers
Original Properties Properties after Immersion in Liquids
After Aging 5 h at 21 to
After Aging 5 h at 150 6 2C
Former Compressibility 30C (70 to 85F) in
Igni- (300 6 3.6F) in ASTM Oil No. 35
Identifica- G No. Tensile ASTM Reference Fuel B
tion No.A (for refer- tion
Strength, Loss in
ence only) Total Com- Recov- Loss, Compress- Thickness Weight Thickness
min, psi Tensile
Load, pressibil- ery, max, % ibility In- Increase, In-
Strength,
psi ity, % min, % max, % crease, % max, % crease, %
max, %
P1141A 1122-1 5000 7 to 17 40 2000 ... 20 30 0 to 13 20 0 to 15
P1151A 1123-1 5000 7 to 17 40 2000 ... 30 50 15 to 30 30 10 to 25
P1161A 1111-1 5000 7 to 17 40 2000 ... ... 70 20 to 50 40 15 to 35
P1161B ... 5000 7 to 17 40 2000 ... ... 80 40 to 70 50 25 to 45
P1162A 1111-2 5000 15 to 25 30 1600 ... ... 70 20 to 50 40 15 to 35
P1241C ... 5000 13 to 23 35 1000 ... 30 35 5 to 20 30 0 to 15
P1242C ... 5000 30 to 40 30 1700 ... 45 15 0 to 20 50 0 to 15
P1242D ... 5000 20 to 30 35 2000 ... 35 20 0 to 20 40 0 to 15
P1243A 1422-2 5000 35 to 50 15 500 ... 55 25 0 to 5 50 0 to 5
P1251A 1423-1 5000 10 to 20 40 2000 ... 35 40 10 to 20 35 0 to 15
P1252A 1423-2 5000 20 to 30 35 1000 ... ... 60 20 to 35 50 5 to 20
P1252D ... 5000 30 to 40 35 1200 ... 45 30 10 to 25 50 5 to 20
P1252E ... 5000 20 to 30 35 1200 ... 40 40 10 to 25 45 5 to 20
P1253A 1423-3 5000 35 to 50 20 1000 ... ... 50 0 to 15 55 0 to 10
P1261A ... 5000 15 to 30 30 1200 ... ... 60 10 to 25 60 5 to 20
P1262B ... 5000 25 to 40 35 1000 ... ... 80 10 to 40 70 0 to 30
P1301A 4131 1000 6 to 15 40 200 20 ... ... ... ... ...
P1302A 4111 1000 16 to 25 30 175 20 ... ... ... ... ...
A
Thickness tolerances:
Thickness Tolerance
P1100 and P1200 Series
1 64 in. and under +0.005 in.
0.002 in.
Over 164 in. and under 116 in. 60.005 in.
116 in. and over 60.008 in.
P1301 610 %
P1302 A Up to 18 in. 60.005 in.
18 to 12 in. 60.010 in.
A
The above thickness tolerances are permissible variations applicable to a given lot of sheets or gaskets. Where special thickness tolerances are necessary due to
application, the tolerance on the individual sheet or gasket shall be agreed to in writing between the purchaser and the supplier.

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.4 Type 2CorkA
Original Properties Properties after Immersion or Aging
After Aging After Aging 22 h
After Aging 70 h
After Oven 70 h at at 21 to 30C
at 100 6 2C
Flotation Aging, 70 h 100 6 2C (70 to 85F)
Former Compressibility (212 6 3.6F)
TestsC at 100 6 2C (212 6 3.6F) in ASTM
G No. in ASTM
Identification Tensile Density, (212 6 3.6F) in ASTM Reference
(for Flexibility Oil No. 35
No.B Strength, min, Oil No.1 Fuel A
reference Factor, F
only) min, psi lb/ft3 2 h at
Total Compress- 3 h in 12 h in 100 6 2C Flexibility Volume Volume Volume
Recovery, Flexibility
Load, ibility, Boiling Boiling (212 6 3.6F) Factor, Change, Change, Change,
min, % Factor, F
psi % Water 35 % HCl in ASTM F % % %
Oil No. 1
Cork Composition
P2116A 2114 100 10 to 25 60 175 24 N ... N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2117A 2113 100 15 to 30 65 150 20 N ... N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2117B 2112 100 20 to 40 75 100 17 N ... N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2118A 2111 100 30 to 50 80 75 14 N ... N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2126A 2214 100 10 to 25 60 175 24 N N N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2127A 2213 100 15 to 30 65 150 20 N N N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2127B 2212 100 20 to 40 75 100 17 N N N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
P2128A 2211 100 30 to 50 80 75 14 N N N 5 ... ... ... ... ...
Cork and Rubber
P2236A 1221-3 400 25 to 45 75 200 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 5 to +5 0 to +10 5 to +5
P2243A 1222-2 400 15 to 25 75 250 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 5 to +10 2 to +15 2 to +10
P2245A 1222-3 400 25 to 35 75 250 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 5 to +10 2 to +15 2 to +10
P2245B ... 400 40 to 55 70 150 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 15 to +15 0 to +25 5 to +15
P2246A 1222-4 400 35 to 45 75 200 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 5 to +10 2 to +15 2 to +10
P2254A 1223-2 400 15 to 25 75 250 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 2 to +20 +15 to +50 0 to +15
P2255A 1223-3 400 25 to 35 75 250 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 2 to +20 +15 to +50 0 to +15
P2255B ... 400 40 to 55 75 125 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 10 to +5 +15 to +50 0 to +35
P2256A 1223-4 400 35 to 45 75 220 ... ... ... ... 5 16 16 2 to +20 +15 to +50 0 to +15
P2265A 1211-3 400 25 to 45 75 150 ... ... ... ... 5 16 ... ... ... ...
P2268A 1211-5 400 40 to 60 75 75 ... ... ... ... 5 16 ... ... ... ...
Cork and Cellular Rubber
P2347A ... 100 35 to 50 75 100 ... ... ... ... 5 16 ... 20 to 5 10 to +5 10 to +5
P2357A ... 100 35 to 50 75 75 ... ... ... ... 5 16 ... 10 to +10 +15 to +50 0 to +25
P2367A ... 100 35 to 50 75 100 ... ... ... ... 5 16 ... ... ... ...
A
Grain size may be specified for certain applications. If so, the following will usually apply: Finewill pass a No. 20 sieve and will be retained on a No. 40 sieve;
Mediumwill pass a No. 10 sieve and will be retained on a No. 20 sieve; Coarsewill pass a No. 5 sieve and will be retained on a No. 10 sieve. Sieve sizes are as specified
in Table 1 of Specification E 11.
B
Thickness tolerances:
P2100 series610 % or 60.010 in., whichever is the greater; P2200 seriesunder 116 in., 60.010 in.; 116 in. and over, 60.015 in.
P2300 series116 in. (minimum thickness) and over 60.015 in.
C
N = No disintegration.

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.5 Type 3Cellulose or Other Organic Fibers
Properties after Immersion in Liquids for 22 h at 21 to
Original Properties
30C (70 to 85F)
Former
ASTM Reference
Identification G No. (for Compressibility ASTM Oil No. 35 Distilled Water
Tensile Fuel B
No.A reference
only) Total Strength Thickness Weight Thickness Weight Thickness Weight
Compressibility, Recovery, min, psi
Load, Increase, Increase, Increase, Increase, Increase, Increase,
% min, %
psi max, % max, % max, % max % max, % max, %
P3002A 3111 1000 10 to 25 50 1500 ... ... ... ... ... ...
P3102A 3141 1000 20 to 30 45 750 ... ... ... ... ... ...
P3200A 3261 to 3262 1000 0 to 10 70 6000 ... ... ... ... ... ...
P3301A 3151 1000 5 to 15 60 3000 ... ... ... ... ... ...
P3302C ... 1000 15 to 30 40 1500 ... ... ... ... ... ...
P3313B 3212 1000 25 to 40 40 2000 5 15 5 15 30 90
P3341A ... 1000 5 to 15 50 4000 5 10 5 15 90 80
P3341D ... 1000 6 to 16 55 3000 12 35 5 35 40 40
P3342C ... 1000 16 to 26 45 3500 20 35 5 20 20 30
P3342F ... 1000 17 to 27 40 1800 30 80 30 80 50 80
P3342G ... 1000 20 to 30 35 1500 10 50 10 50 35 70
P3345A 3232-6 1000 40 to 60 20 500 5 80 10 80 25 65
P3353A ... 1000 25 to 40 25 1500 12 80 12 90 30 75
P3353B ... 1000 20 to 35 40 2000 15 50 15 55 40 50
P3354A 3233-5A 1000 30 to 50 30 800 15 80 15 90 25 65
P3361A 3234-2 1000 5 to 15 40 2000 10 25 10 20 30 25
P3362A 3234-3 1000 15 to 30 40 2000 15 45 15 60 40 50
P3365A 3234-6B 1000 40 to 60 20 500 5 95 5 120 20 70
P3413A 3221 1000 25 to 45 40 1500 5 15 5 15 15 85
P3415A 3222 1000 40 to 55 40 1000 5 30 5 30 30 100
P3421A 3223 1000 10 to 20 50 1500 20 35 5 25 15 30
P3423A ... 1000 25 to 35 50 1000 20 50 5 30 5 20
P3441A ... 1000 5 to 15 45 2200 20 30 20 30 30 30
P3442A ... 1000 10 to 20 35 2500 15 30 0 30 40 60
P3443B ... 1000 25 to 35 55 1100 25 65 0 50 15 25
P3443C ... 1000 25 to 35 40 1200 10 65 0 70 35 50
P3444A 3242-3 1000 30 to 45 25 800 10 75 0 70 20 55
P3464A 3243-3 1000 30 to 45 30 700 30 100 30 105 20 70
A
Thickness tolerances:
Thickness Tolerance
164 in. and under 60.0035 in.
Over 164 in. to 116 in. 60.005 in.
Over 116 in. to 332 in. 60.008 in.
Over 332 in. 60.016 in.
The above thickness tolerances are permissible variations applicable to a given lot of sheets or gaskets. Where special thickness tolerances are necessary due to
application, the tolerance on the individual sheet or gasket shall be agreed to in writing between the purchaser and the supplier.

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.6 F-Identification Numbers for Type 1 Gasket Material
P-Number Former G Substitute F-Numbers in accordance with ASTM F 104
Number
P1141A 1122-1 F 1 1 2 1 0 0 E 3 3 M 6 ...
P1151A 1123-1 F 1 1 2 4 0 0 E 4 5 M 6 ...
P1161A 1111-1 F 1 1 2 6 0 0 E 5 6 M 6 ...
P1161B ... F 1 1 2 7 0 0 E 6 7 M 6 ...
P1162A 1111-2 F 1 1 4 6 0 0 E 5 6 M 5 ...
P1241A ... F 1 2 3 2 0 0 E 4 3 M 4 ...
P1241B ... F 1 2 4 2 0 0 E 4 2 M 4 ...
P1241C ... F 1 2 4 2 0 0 E 4 3 M 4 ...
P1242A ... F 1 2 6 2 0 0 E 5 2 M 5 ...
P1242C ... F 1 2 6 2 0 0 E 6 3 M 4 ...
P1242D ... F 1 2 5 2 0 0 E 5 3 M 6 ...
P1243A 1422-2 F 1 2 7 2 0 0 E 6 1 M 3 ...
P1251A 1423-1 F 1 2 3 2 0 0 E 4 3 M 6 ...
P1252A 1423-2 F 1 2 5 5 0 0 E 6 4 M 4 ...
P1252D ... F 1 2 6 3 0 0 E 6 4 M 5 ...
P1252E ... F 1 2 5 3 0 0 E 5 4 M 5 ...
P1253A 1423-3 F 1 2 7 1 0 0 E 6 3 M 4 ...
P1261A ... F 1 2 4 3 0 0 E 6 2 M 4 ...
P1262B ... F 1 2 6 5 0 0 E 7 3 M 4 ...
P1301A 4131 F 1 3 2 0 0 0 E 0 0 M 1 Z
P1302A 4111 F 1 3 4 0 0 0 E 0 0 M 1 Z

TABLE X1.7 F-Identification Numbers for Type 2 Gasket Material


P-Number Former G Sustitute F-Numbers in accordance with ASTM F 104
Number
P2116A 2114 F 2 1 3 0 0 0 M 2 R ...
P2117A 2113 F 2 1 4 0 0 0 M 2 R ...
P2117B 2112 F 2 1 5 0 0 0 M 1 R ...
P2118A 2111 F 2 1 7 0 0 0 M 1 R ...
P2126A 2214 F 2 1 3 0 0 0 M 2 R ...
P2127A 2213 F 2 1 4 0 0 0 M 1 R ...
P2127B 2212 F 2 1 5 0 0 0 M 1 R ...
P2128A 2211 F 2 1 7 0 0 0 M 1 R ...
P2236A 12213 F 2 2 6 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2243A 12222 F 2 2 4 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2245A 12223 F 2 2 6 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2245B ... F 2 2 8 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2246A 12224 F 2 2 7 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2254A 12232 F 2 2 4 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2255A 1223-3 F 2 2 6 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2255B ... F 2 2 8 0 0 0 M 1 S 9
P2256A 12234 F 2 2 7 0 0 0 M 2 S 9
P2265A 12113 F 2 2 6 0 0 0 M 1 S 9
P2268A 12115 F 2 2 8 0 0 0 M 1 S 9
P2347A ... F 2 3 7 0 0 0 M 1 S 9
P2357A ... F 2 3 7 0 0 0 M 1 S 9
P2367A ... F 2 3 7 0 0 0 M 1 S 9

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F 104 03
TABLE X1.8 F-Identification Numbers for Type 3 Gasket Material
P-Number Former G Substitute F-Number in accordance with F 104
Number
P3002A 3111 F 3 1 3 0 0 0 M 5
P3102A 3141 F 3 1 5 0 0 0 M 3
P3200A 3261 & 3262 F 3 1 1 0 0 0 M 9
P3301A 3151 F 3 1 2 0 0 0 M 7
P3302C 3122 F 3 1 4 0 0 0 M 5
P3313B 3212 F 3 2 6 1 2 8 M 6
P341A ... F 3 3 2 1 2 8 M 8
P3341D ... F 3 3 2 1 5 5 M 7
P3342C ... F 3 3 4 1 3 4 M 7
P3342F ... F 3 3 4 4 7 7 M 5
P3342G 32323 F 3 3 5 1 6 7 M 5
P3345A 32326 F 3 3 8 1 7 6 M 3
P3353A ... F 3 3 7 5 7 7 M 5
P3353B ... F 3 3 7 5 7 6 M 6
P3354A 32335A F 3 3 5 1 7 6 M 3
P3361A 32342 F 3 3 2 1 3 3 M 6
P3362A 32343 F 3 3 5 1 6 6 M 6
P3365A 32346B F 3 3 8 1 9 7 M 3
P3413A 3221 F 3 2 6 1 2 7 M 5
P3415A 3222 F 3 2 8 1 4 8 M 4
P3421A 3223 F 3 9 3 1 4 4 M 5
P3423A ... F 3 9 6 1 4 3 M 4
P3441A ... F 3 3 2 2 4 4 M 6
P3442A ... F 3 3 3 1 4 6 M 7
P3443B 32422 F 3 3 6 1 6 4 M 4
P3443C ... F 3 3 6 1 7 6 M 4
P3444A 32423 F 3 3 7 1 7 6 M 3
P3464A 32433 F 3 3 7 4 9 7 M 3

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