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UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY

Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City


Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

TECHNICAL SKILLS AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

OF SELECTED STUDENTS IN BSE TLE

CONGRESSIONAL CAMPUS

An Undergraduate Thesis Proposal presented to the

faculty of Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in

Technology and Livelihood Education

In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirement for the Degree

of Bachelor in Education

by

Arjhay DC. Serpa Juan

2014
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Table of Contents

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

CHAPTER

1 The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

Conceptual Framework

Statement of the Problem

Hypothesis

Scope and Limitation of the Study

Significance of the Study

Definition of Terms

2 Review of Related Literature and Studies

Literature

Studies

Synthesis of Related Literature and Studies

3 Methodology

Research Design

Population Sampling

Respondents of the Study

Research Instrument

Data Gathering Procedures

Statistical Treatment of Data


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

CHAPTER 1

The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

Technical Skills are the source of learning of

the students which it can acquire through studying and

applying. It is also refer to talent and expertise

which the person possesses to perform a certain job or

skill. These skills can now be identified by the

teachers and students. Technical skills are also known

as hard skills or skills that are more on practice

rather than theory.

In our K to 12 Education Curriculum, those

technical skills are graded and can now be assessed by

the teachers. Our country now is undergoing this

curriculum which helps all the learners to acquire a

certain skill. Examples of those skills are more on

communication or language, sports, arts, music and

livelihood education. They are all under technical

skills but usually it focus on livelihood education.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

How these technical skills affect the academic

performance of the students? There are other factors

which affect the academic grades of the students.

Parental involvement, principal leadership, socio-

economic status, school facilities, teachers

strategies and technical skills are the following that

affect the academic grade of the student.

Here the researchers will find out if the

technical skills have a relationship to the academic

performance of the students.

Conceptual Framework

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT

Profile of Administrati
the on and
Action
respondents retrieval of plan to
questionnair improve
Age e the
Gender Distribution technical
of skills and
Year level questionnair the
e academic
Technical
skills Interview performanc
e
Academic Statistical
performance treatment
on that and
skill
Figure 1. Conceptual Framework on interpretati
Technical Skills and the Academic Performance of
Selected Student in TLE. on of data
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Statement of the Problem

This research aims to determine the relationship

of the technical skills and the academic performance

of the selected students. Specifically it will try to

find answers to the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms

of:

1.1 Age,

1.2 Gender and,

1.3 Year Level?

2. How do the respondents assess their technical

skills as to the following:

2.1 Cooking,

2.2 Electrical Installation,

2.3 Woodworking and,

2.4 Drafting?

3. What is the academic performance of the students

in the following skills?


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

4. Is there a significant relationship between

technical skills and academic performance of the

respondents?

Hypothesis

This study hypothesizes that there is no

significant relationship in the technical skills and

the academic performance of selected students in BSE

TLE Congressional Campus.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

This study confined in determining the

relationship between the technical skills and the

academic performance of the selected BSE TLE students.

The respondents of this study will be limited to 59

students and will be selected through stratified

random sampling. 1st year and 4th year students are not

included in the study. Researchers only select skills

that acquired already by the 2nd year 1st and 2nd

semester to be fair with both 2nd year and 3rd year as

our respondents.
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Significance of the Study

This research could be a source of information

to the different secondary schools and colleges in

Caloocan City in which it will determine on how the

technical skills affect the academic performance of

the BSE TLE students.

Specifically, this study will be a great value to

the following groups of people:

Students. This study will be a great help for the

students in order to determine their technical skills.

It will benefit to the students academic performance

to know what are their strengths and weaknesses.

Teachers. The study will help teachers to

determine also the technical skills to be focus on the

students.

Researchers. This study may help the researchers

to determine the relationship between technical skills

and academic performance of the students.

Future Researchers. This study will help them to

know how technical skills may be improved together

with the academic performance of the students.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Definition of Terms

K 12 Program curriculum that implements an

education that starts from Kindergarten up to Grade

12.

Students Academic Performance - Academic

achievement or (academic) performance is the outcome

of education the extent to which a student, teacher

or institution has achieved their educational goals.

Technical skills - are those abilities acquired

through learning and practice. They are often job or

task specific; in other words, a particular skill set

or proficiency required to perform a specific job or

task.

Technology Education refers to the education

which deals on the improvement of technical skills.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

CHAPTER 2

Review of Related Literature and Studies

Literature

Technical skills are known as a specific skill

which the person may possess through learning and

practice. You may acquire technical skills through

experience or pursuing it as specialization. But how

these skills affect the academic performance of the

student?

Academic performance serves as standard in order

to determine the result of student achievement. There

are some factors of which affect the student

performance. Mushtaq and Nawaz Khan (2012) mention

that there are factors affecting student achievement

like learning facilities, student test results,

communication proper guidance and family stress. But

there are some variables which affects the performance

of the students.

Technical skills can be acquired through

technology education. Camarao(1998) defined technology

education as those educational or learning activities


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

dealing with the development of technical skills,

knowledge and attitudes relative to production or

service occupations for effective citizenships, or

preparing people for employment in technical

occupations; or upgrading persons who are actually

employed or engaged in technical occupations.

It is supported with R.A. 7796- An Act creating

the Technical Education and Skills Development

Authority, Providing for it proves, structure and for

other purposes. The Act states its goals and

objectives that it strengthens technical skills, to

develop those skills and also the moral character,

work ethics and nationalism.

To develop more the academic achievement of the

students and to unleashed more the technical skills

that they possess. The DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2012 K to

12 curriculum has been implemented already for the

high school. The program aims to focus not only on the

academic field of the learners but also to the

technical and livelihood skills they have. That is why

modules for exploratory courses and specialization are


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

created to develop simultaneously the technical skills

and academic standard of the student.

However, technical skill is still important in

our education. Palipis (2007) stated in his book that

in 1987 Philippine Constitution under Article XIV Sec.

3 paragraph 5. That the State must provide adult

citizens, the disabled, the out-of-school youth with

training in civics, vocational efficiency and other

skills which means that our government also must

emphasize on both academic and technical skill of the

learners.

Studies

According to the study of Delos Santos (2010)

there are factors which affect the academic

performance of TLE students. Profile of the students,

in terms of age, gender, occupation of parents and

their educational attainment are variables that

contribute to the performance of the students. Other

variables are attitude of the students, parental

support to the students and their performance of

students in TLE.
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

However, Garduque (2012) in his study stated that

learning theories were not enough we need to have

skills to do things. Those skills are technical skills

and livelihood programs which may help the students

and graduates to become skilled workers of the future.

In the study of Kumazhege et. al. (2014) he

conclude that there are some factors which affect the

academic and technical skill of the learner according

to the perception of their technical teachers in

Adamawa state, Nigeria. They suggest that their

government must give their students adequate

facilities and laboratories and also develop the

teacher training programme of the technical teachers.

On the other hand, ACT (2009) conclude in their

study that strong academic achievement, technical

skill, certainty of occupational choice, college

readiness promote degree and job attainment in careers

of interest and job satisfaction helps high school

graduates to enter college. It means that academic and

technical skills are still essential.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Synthesis of Related Literature and Studies

The literature and studies supports this research

especially in technical skill and the academic

performance. Mushtaq and Nawaz Khan gave us the

factors that affect the academic performance of the

student, while Camarao introduced the technology

education and the technical skills and then supported

with the objectives of TESDA Act and K 12 Program.

Delos Santos, Garduque, Kumazhege and ACT also gave

information to our study.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

This chapter includes the method of research to

be used, the research locale, subject population,

instruments to be used, the gathering of data and

statistical devices utilized for the treatment of

data.

Research Design

This research used descriptive research that aims

to collect the information regarding to the technical

skills of the selected BSE TLE students. Descriptive

research is used to find study with adequate and

accurate interpretation and findings. This methods

involved range from the survey on how the technical

skills can affect the academic performance of the high

school students.
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Population and Sampling

Table 1
Distribution of Respondents as to Year Level

Year Level Population Sample Percentage


2nd year 88 35 40
3rd year 60 24 40
Total 148 59 40

It can be gleaned from this table that the

population of 2nd year level is 88 while the 3rd year

level is composed of 60 students. Over all they are in

total of 148 and the researchers only choose 59

respondents through a stratified sampling.

Respondents of the Study

There are 59 respondent composed of selected

student of BSE TLE Congressional Campus. Each year

level will represent 40 percent of the population.

Research Instrument

1. Survey Questionnaire utilized in gathering

information on assessing the technical skills of

selected students.
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

2. Interview utilized to gather information on

teachers, students, professors and department

head.

Data gathering device such as observation

technique, documents and research analysis were also

utilized to attain the objectives of the study.

Data Gathering Procedures

1. The researchers will have to ask permission first

on their department head to conduct a study on

the BSE TLE students.

2. Survey questionnaires will be utilized to gather

information on the BSE TLE student.

3. Interview also with the teachers, professors and

to the department head will be used to give their

view about the study.

Statistical Treatment of Data

The purpose of these is to analyze the percentage

in the technical skills and the academic performance

of selected students in BSE TLE Congressional Campus.


UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

a. The researchers will use the t-test for

dependent or correlated samples. This formula

stated that to conduct a test of difference in

means with two dependent sample use the t

statistic:

t = d/sd /

Wherein:

t = statistic

d = mean of the difference between the n matched pair

of measures

sd = standard deviation

b. formula for getting the dependent samples:

sd = 2 ()2
n(n-1)

Wherein:

= mean

Sd = standard deviation
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

BIBLIOGRAPHY

I. BOOKS

Carameo Technology Education in the


Philippines NATIONAL BOOKSTORE Copyright 1998
K to 12 Module Carpentry EXPLORATORY COURSE
Grade 7 and 8
K to 12 Module Commercial Cooking EXPLORATORY
COURSE Grade 7 and 8
K to 12 Module Electrical Installation and
Maintenance EXPLORATORY COURSE Grade 7 and 8
K to 12 Module Mechnical Drafting EXPLORATORY
COURSE Grade 7 and 8
Palispis, Epitacio Sociology and Anthropology
REX Publishing Quezon City Copyright 2007

II. ONLINE SOURCES

DepEd Order No. 31 s. 2012


ceap.org.ph/upload/download/201210/1714521500_1
.pdf
Kumazhege et. al.2014 Technical Teachers
Perception of Factors Affecting Practical Skill
Acquisition among Technical College Graduates
in Adamawa State Nigeria
www.erint.savap.org.pk/PDF/Vol.3(3)/ERInt.2014(
3.3-11).pdf
ACT (2009) The Path to Career
Success:HighSchool Achievement, Certainty of
Career Choice, and College Readiness Make a
Difference
www.act.org/research/policymakers/pdf/PathCaree
rSuccess.pdf

Mushtaq and Nawaz Khan (2012) Factors


Affecting Students Academic Performance
http://journalofbusiness.org/index.php/GJMBR/
article/view/721

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7796 - An Act creating the


Technical Education and Skills Development
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Authority, Providing for it proves, structure


and for other purposes.

III. THESIS AND DISSERTATION

Garduque, Nida Soriano TEACHERS PERFORMANCE


IN BENIGNO NINOYAQUINO HIGH SCHOOL IN
TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION AND
TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AS PERCEIVED BY
THE STUDENTS DR CARLOS S. LANTING COLLEGE
Master Thesis March 2012

Delos Santos Related Variables that Affect the


Performance of Technology and Livelihood
Education 1 Master Thesis 2010
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

APPENDIX A
SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
CONGRESSIONAL CAMPUS, CALOOCAN CITY

DATE: December 17, 2014

Dear Respondents:

We are presently conducting our thesis entitled


"TECHNICAL SKILLS AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF
SELECTED STUDENTS IN CAMARIN HIGH SCHOOL". May we
request your help and cooperation in this activity by
accomplishing the questionnaires, accurately as
possible.

Your answers will be treated with utmost


confidentiality.

Thank you.

Respectfully yours,

Arjhay DC.Serpa Juan

Chairman
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

Name: __________________________ (Optional)

Age:

Gender:

Year Level:

I. Direction: Kindly assess the following technical


skills based on your own perception of your
abilities by checking opposite each item in the
corresponding column using the scale below.

5 Excellent (E)

4 Very Good (VG)

3 Satisfactory (S)

2 Needs Improvement (NI)

1 Unsatisfactory (U)

Cooking 5 4 3 2 1
1. Utilize kitchen tools and
equipment.
2. Maintain kitchen tools,
equipment and working
area.
3. Store and stack kitchen
tools and equipment.
4. Carry out measurements
and calculations in a
required task.
5. Calculate cost of
production.
6. Read and interpret
kitchen plans.
7. Create kitchen layout.
8. Identify hazards and
risk.
9. Control hazards and risk.

Electrical Installation 5 4 3 2 1
1. Identify electrical
supplies, materials, and
tools needed in electrical
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

wiring/installation.
2. Request appropriate
supplies, materials, and
tools for specific job.
3. Receive and inspect
electrical supplies,
materials and tools.
4. Select measuring tools and
equipment.
5. Carry out measurements and
calculations.
6. Analyze signs and symbols
and data.
7. Interpret technical
drawings and plans
8. Check conditions of tools
and equipment.
9. Perform basic preventive
maintenance
10. Store tools and
equipment
11. Identify hazards and
risks
12. Evaluate risks and
hazards.
13. Control hazards and
risks.

Woodworking 5 4 3 2 1
1. Identify materials and
tools applicable to a
specific construction job
2. Request appropriate
materials and tools
3. Receive and inspect
materials
4. Check conditions of tools
and equipment
5. Perform basic preventive
maintenance
6. Select measuring
instruments
7. Carryout measurement and
calculations
8. Analyze signs, symbols
and data
9. Interpret technical
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

drawings and plans


10. Apply freehand
sketching
11. Identify hazards and
risk
12. Evaluate hazards and
risk
13. Control hazards and
risk
14. Maintain
occupational health and
safety awareness

Drafting 5 4 3 2 1
1. Identify drafting
materials and
tools/drawing instruments
applicable to a specific
job.
2. Request, receive and
inspect drafting
materials and tools
3. Select and use measuring
instruments
4. Clean and store measuring
instruments
5. Convert fraction to
decimal and vice versa
6. Convert English and
Metric measurement vice
versa
7. Identify assembly and
detailed drawing
8. Identify hazardous area
9. Use personal protective
clothing and devices
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

II. Direction: Kindly assess your academic grade based


on your own perception of your abilities by
checking opposite each item in the corresponding
column using the scale below.

Cooking 90- 80- 70- 60- 59-


100 89 79 69 below
10. Utilize kitchen
tools and equipment.
11. Maintain kitchen
tools, equipment and
working area.
12. Store and stack
kitchen tools and
equipment.
13. Carry out
measurements and
calculations in a
required task.
14. Calculate cost of
production.
15. Read and interpret
kitchen plans.
16. Create kitchen
layout.
17. Identify hazards
and risk.
18. Control hazards
and risk.

Electrical Installation 90- 80- 70- 60- 59-


100 89 79 69 below
14. Identify electrical
supplies, materials, and
tools needed in
electrical
wiring/installation.
15. Request appropriate
supplies, materials, and
tools for specific job.
16. Receive and inspect
electrical supplies,
materials and tools.
17. Select measuring
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

tools and equipment.


18. Carry out
measurements and
calculations.
19. Analyze signs and
symbols and data.
20. Interpret technical
drawings and plans
21. Check conditions of
tools and equipment.
22. Perform basic
preventive maintenance
23. Store tools and
equipment
24. Identify hazards
and risks
25. Evaluate risks and
hazards.
26. Control hazards and
risks.

Woodworking 90- 89- 79- 69- 59-


100 80 70 60 below
15. Identify materials
and tools applicable to
a specific construction
job
16. Request
appropriate materials
and tools
17. Receive and
inspect materials
18. Check conditions
of tools and equipment
19. Perform basic
preventive maintenance
20. Select measuring
instruments
21. Carryout
measurement and
calculations
22. Analyze signs,
symbols and data
23. Interpret
technical drawings and
plans
24. Apply freehand
UNIVERSITY OF CALOOCAN CITY
Block 29 Congressional Road, Bagumbong Caloocan City
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in Technology and Livelihood Education

sketching
25. Identify hazards
and risk
26. Evaluate hazards
and risk
27. Control hazards
and risk
28. Maintain
occupational health and
safety awareness

Drafting 90- 89- 79- 69- 59-


100 80 70 60 below
10. Identify drafting
materials and
tools/drawing
instruments applicable
to a specific job.
11. Request, receive
and inspect drafting
materials and tools
12. Select and use
measuring instruments
13. Clean and store
measuring instruments
14. Convert fraction
to decimal and vice
versa
15. Convert English
and Metric measurement
vice versa
16. Identify assembly
and detailed drawing
17. Identify hazardous
area
18. Use personal
protective clothing and
devices