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s

Instructiuni de Operare

Intrerupator 3AP2 FI

Pentru tensiunea nominala 420 kV

Serie: 35121898

...

899

Operating Instructions

Circuit-Breaker 3AP2 FI

for rated voltage 420 kV Serial number: 35121898

...

899

s Instructiuni de Operare Intrerupator 3AP2 FI Pentru tensiunea nominala 420 kV Serie: 35121898 ... 899

1000335a

Siemens AG, Power Transmission and Distribution, High Voltage a introdus si aplicat un sistem de calitate in concordanta cu DIN EN ISO 9001.

Laboratoarele de testare ale fabricantului au fost certificate inca din 1992 de catre German Accreditation Council in conformitate cu DIN EN 45 001.

Daca doriti copii suplimentare ale instructiunilor de operare va rugam sa comandati de cel mai apropiat birou Siemens, indicind titlul si numarul de comanda:

927 10359 141 A

The Siemens AG, Power Transmission and Distribu- tion, High Voltage has introduced and applies a quality system in accordance with DIN EN ISO 9001.

The electrical testing laboratories of the manufacturer have been certified since 1992 by the German Accredi- tation Council in accordance with DIN EN 45 001.

If you require further copies of the operating instruc- tions, please order them from the appropriate Siemens office, indicating the title and order number:

927 10359 141 A

Publicat de:

Siemens AG Power Transmission and Distribution High Voltage D-13623 Berlin

Published by:

Siemens AG Power Transmission and Distribution High Voltage D-13623 Berlin

Tel.:

+49 30 386 26659

Tel.:

+49 30 386 26659

Fax:

+49 30 386 27116

Fax:

+49 30 386 27116

Mobile:

+49 171 3347190

Mobile:

+49 171 3347190

E-mail:

hvcb-service@siemens.com

E-mail:

hvcb-service@siemens.com

Internet:

http://www.hv-circuit-breaker.com

Internet:

http://www.hv-circuit-breaker.com

Subject to change.

Subject to change.

Toate drepturile, incluzind drepturi de traducere, reproduceri prin printare, copiere sau metode similare, chiar si in parte sunt rezervate.

Ofensele aduse sunt raspunzatoare de daune. Toate drepturilor, incluzind drepturile

Tiparit in Republica Federala a Germaniei 05.2011 E T HP CB B OM PE

All rights, including rights of translation, reproduction by printing, copying or similar methods, even of parts are reserved.

Offenders will be liable for damages.

All rights, including rights created by patent grand or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.

Printed in the Federal Republic of Germany 05.2011 E T HP CB B OM PE

1 Continut - Contents

1

Continut

1

Contents

2

Generalitati

7

2

General

7

2.1

Introducere

7

2.1

Introduction

7

2.1.1

Structura instructiunilor de operare

7

2.1.1

Arrangement of the Operating Instruc- tions

7

2.1.2

Comunicarea prin intermediul instructiunilor de operare

7

2.1.2

Communication by Means of the Oper- ating Instructions

7

2.2

Instructiuni de siguranta

8

2.2

Safety Instructions

8

3

Descriere

11

3

Description

11

3.1

Date tehnice

11

3.1

Technical Data

11

3.1.1

Standarde, reglementari

11

3.1.1

Standards, Regulations

11

3.1.2

Temperatura de functionare

11

3.1.2

Operating Temperatures

11

3.1.3

Clasa izolatiei

12

3.1.3

Insulation Rating

12

3.1.4

Date electrice

12

3.1.4

Electrical Data

12

3.1.5

Timpi de actionare

13

3.1.5

Operating Times

13

3.1.6

Mediu de stingere SF 6

14

3.1.6

Arc Quenching Medium SF 6

14

3.1.7

Contact auxiliar

14

3.1.7

Auxiliary Switch

14

3.1.8

Alte date tehnice.

15

3.1.8

Further Technical Data

15

3.2

Intrerupator

16

3.2

Circuit-Breaker Design

16

3.3

Coloana polului

18

3.3

Pole Column

18

3.4

Camera de stingere

20

3.4

Interrupter Unit

20

3.5

Stingerea arcului

22

3.5

Arc Quenching

22

3.6

Mecanism cu resoarte al intrerupatorului

24

3.6

Spring Drive Mechanism of the Circuit- Breaker

24

3.6.1

Armarea resortului de inchidere

24

3.6.1

Charging the Closing Spring

24

3.6.2

Inchidere

24

3.6.2

Closing

24

3.6.3

Deschidere

25

3.6.3

Opening

25

3.6.4

Seventa de actionare

25

3.6.4

Operating Sequence

25

3.7

Functionarea mecanismului cu resoarte

26

3.7

Function of the Spring Drive Mecha- nism

26

3.7.1

Armarea resortului de inchidere

26

3.7.1

Charging the Closing Spring

26

3.7.2

Inchiderea

29

3.7.2

Closing

29

3.7.3

Declansarea

34

3.7.3

Tripping

34

3.8

Control

35

3.8

Control

35

3.8.1

Mecanismul cu resoarte

36

3.8.1

Spring Winding Mechanism

36

3.8.2

Monitorizare gaz

38

3.8.2

Gas Monitoring

38

3.8.3

Blocaje

40

3.8.3

Lockouts

40

3.8.4

Controlul motorului

40

3.8.4

Motor Control

40

3.8.5

Rezistente de anticondens

40

3.8.5

Anti-Condensation Heaters

40

3.8.6

Semnalizari

40

3.8.6

Signals

40

3.8.7

Contacte auxiliare libere

41

3.8.7

Free Auxiliary Switch Contacts

41

3.8.8

Contor de cicluri de comutare/Contor de comutări

41

3.8.8

Operating Cycles Counter/operations Counter

41

1

Continut - Contents

  • 4 Instalare

43

4

Installation

43

  • 4.1 Masuri pentru Siguranta pentru Instalare

43

4.1

Safety Rules for Installation

43

  • 4.2 Livrare si depozitare

46

4.2

Delivery and Storage

46

  • 4.2.1 Ambalare

46

4.2.1

Packing

46

  • 4.2.2 Verificari la sosire

46

4.2.2

Checking on Arrival

46

  • 4.2.3 Depozitare

46

4.2.3

Storage

46

4.3

Lichide de curatare, lubrefianti si agenti de protectie corozivi

48

4.3

Cleaning Liquids, Lubricants and Cor- rosion Protection Agents

48

  • 4.3.1 Lichide de curatare

48

4.3.1

Cleaning Liquids

48

  • 4.3.2 Lubrifiant si agenti de protectie coroziva

49

4.3.2

Lubricants and Corrosion Protection Agents

49

  • 4.4 Instructiuni generale pentru instalarea

50

4.4

General Instructions for Installation

50

  • 4.5 Instalarea intrerupatorului

51

4.5

Installation of the Circuit-Breaker 51

  • 4.5.1 Necesar pentru ansamblu

51

4.5.1

Requirements for Assembly 51

  • 4.5.2 Asamblare pe structura suport la locul de instalare.

51

4.5.2

Assembly on Supporting Pillars at the Place of Installation

51

  • 4.5.3 Asamblare-Generalitati 52

4.5.3

Assembly Overview

52

  • 4.5.4 Demontarea kitului de coloana izolanta.

53

4.5.4

Disassembling the Insulator Column Kit

53

  • 4.5.5 Asamblarea cutiei de comanda

54

4.5.5

Assembly of the Control Cabinet

54

  • 4.5.6 Montarea cutiei mecanismului de actionare

56

4.5.6

Assembly of the Operating Mechanism Cubicles

56

  • 4.5.7 Asamblarea coloanei izolator

57

4.5.7

Assembling the Insulator Column

57

  • 4.5.8 Montarea capetelor cu dubla stingere

60

4.5.8

Erecting the Double-Break Assembly

60

  • 4.5.9 Placa de ridicare

70

4.5.9

Lifting Plate

70

  • 4.5.10 Cuplajul mecanismului de actionare

70

4.5.10

Coupling the Operating Mechanism

70

  • 4.5.11 Conectarea tevilor de gaz

71

4.5.11

Connecting the Gas Pipes 71

4.6

Impamintarea si coenectare legaturilor

73

4.6

Earthing and Connecting the Leads

73

  • 4.6.1 Inpamintarea

73

4.6.1

Earthing

73

  • 4.6.2 Lucru la terminalele de inalta tensiune

73

4.6.2

Work on High-Voltage Terminals

73

  • 4.6.3 Instalati protectia cablului

74

4.6.3

Install Cable Guide

74

  • 4.6.4 Conectarea legaturilor 77

4.6.4

Connecting the Leads

77

4.7

Umplerea intrerupatorului cu gaz

79

4.7

Filling the Circuit-Breaker with Gas

79

  • 4.7.1 Evacuarea

79

4.7.1

Evacuating

79

  • 4.7.2 Umplerea intrerupatorului din butelie de gaz

79

4.7.2

Filling the Breaker from the Gas Cylin- der

79

  • 4.7.3 Testarea scurgerilor dupa instalare

82

4.7.3

Leakage Test after Installation

82

  • 4.8 Executarea testelor de functionare

83

4.8

Carrying Out Test Operations

83

  • 4.9 Verificarile inaintea darii in exploatare

85

4.9

Checks before Commissioning

85

  • 4.9.1 Elemente anti-condens

85

4.9.1

Anti-Condensation Heaters

85

  • 4.9.2 Testarea controlului Óntrerupatorului

85

4.9.2

Test of Circuit-Breaker Control

85

  • 4.9.3 Raport de punere in functiune

85

4.9.3

Commissioning Report

85

  • 5 Functionare

87

5

Operation

87

5.1

Instructiuni de operare

87

5.1

Instructions for Operation

87

  • 5.1.1 Rezistente de anticondens

87

5.1.1

Anti-Condensation Heaters

87

  • 5.1.2 Inchdere si deschidere

87

5.1.2

Closing and Opening

87

  • 5.1.3 Presiunea gazului SF 6

87

5.1.3

SF 6 Pressure

87

  • 5.1.4 Blocaje generale

88

5.1.4

General Lockout

88

  • 5.1.5 Blocaj mecanic la inchidere

88

5.1.5

Mechanical Reclosing Lockout

88

1 Continut - Contents

  • 5.1.6 Numarul max. de intrerupaeri posibile

89

5.1.6

Max. Permissible Number of Interrup- tions

89

  • 5.1.7 Proceduri recomandate in cazul neconformitatilor intrerupatorului 3AP2 FI

91

5.1.7

Recommended Procedure in the Event of Irregularities on the Circuit-Breaker 3AP2 FI

91

  • 5.2 Dezactivare sistemelor si dispozitivelor de inalta tensiune

93

5.2

Disposing of High-Voltage Switching Devices and Switchgears

93

6

Intretinere

95

6

Maintenance

95

  • 6.1 Inspectii si intretinere- Generalitati

95

6.1

Inspection and Maintenance - General

95

  • 6.1.1 Servicii de mentenanta (grafic)

95

6.1.1

Maintenance Services (Schedule)

95

  • 6.1.2 Desemnarea personalului

96

6.1.2

Assignment of Personnel

96

  • 6.1.3 Kituri de mentenanta

96

6.1.3

Maintenance Kits

96

  • 6.1.4 Data initiala pentru serviciile de inspectie si mentenanta

96

6.1.4

Initial Date for Inspection and Mainte- nance Service

96

  • 6.1.5 Perturbante

97

6.1.5

Disturbances

97

  • 6.1.6 Puncte de importanta

97

6.1.6

Points to be Noted

97

  • 6.2 Reguli de siguranta pentru inspectie si menteanta - Generalitati

98

6.2

Safety Rules for Inspection and Mainte- nance Service - General

98

  • 6.3 Program de mentenanta

102

6.3

Maintenance Schedule

102

6.3.1

Program de mentenanta

103

6.3.1

Maintenance Schedule

103

6.4

Lucrari in conformitate cu calendarul de mentenanta (intreruptor)

104

6.4

Work to be Carried Out in Accordance with the Maintenance Schedule (circuit- breaker)

104

  • 6.4.1 Inspectii generale

104

6.4.1

General Inspection

104

  • 6.4.2 Extragerea gazului de SF 6

104

6.4.2

Drawing Off the SF 6 Gas

104

  • 6.4.3 Verificarea contactelor sistemului

105

6.4.3

Check of Contact System

105

  • 6.4.4 Evacuarea si umplerea cu gaz a intrerupatorului

106

6.4.4

Evacuating and Filling the Circuit- Breaker with Gas

106

  • 6.4.5 Verifcati manometrul de presiune

109

6.4.5

Check Gas Pressure Gauge

109

  • 6.4.6 Testarea densimetrului

109

6.4.6

Testing the Density Monitor

109

  • 6.4.7 Verificati pierderile intrerupatorului in funciune

110

6.4.7

Check for Leaks on Operational Circuit- Breaker

110

  • 6.4.8 Verificari ale mecanismului de actionare

111

6.4.8

Checks at Drive Mechanism

111

  • 6.4.9 Siruri de cleme

113

6.4.9

Terminal Strip

113

  • 6.4.10 Rezistente de anticondens

113

6.4.10

Anti-Condensation Heaters

113

  • 6.4.11 Verificari de functionare

113

6.4.11

Function Checks

113

  • 6.4.12 Verificarea functionarii motorului

114

6.4.12

Check of Motor Control

114

  • 6.4.13 Masurarea continutului de gaz de SF 6

114

6.4.13

Measuring the SF 6 Gas Humidity Con- tent

114

  • 6.4.14 Masurarea continutului de aer din gaz de SF 6

115

6.4.14

Measuring the SF 6 Air Content

115

  • 6.4.15 Protectie anti-coroziune

115

6.4.15

Anti-Corrosion Protection

115

  • 6.4.16 Incidente speciale

115

6.4.16

Special Occurrences

115

Raport Dare in Exploatare Intrerupator 3AP

  • 117 Commissioning Report for the Circuit-Breaker 3AP

117

Diagrama de functionare a mecanismului cu resoarte

  • 125 Function Diagram of Spring Drive Mechanism

125

1

Continut - Contents

2

Generalitati

2.1 Introducere

2 Generalitati - General

2

General

2.1 Introduction

Instructiunile

de

operare

se

adreseaza

These operating instructions apply to high-voltage cir-

intrerupatoarelor de inalta tensiune cu seriile din titlul

cuit-breakers with the serial numbers given on the title

paginii. Instructiunile sunt destinate pentru a familiariza

page. They are intended to familiarize operating per-

personalul

cu

functionarea

si

constructia

sonnel with the design and functioning of the circuit-

intrerupatorului. Ele furnizeaza detalii de operare si

breaker. They also supply details of operation and pro-

informatii de instalare si intretinere.

 

vide information on installation and maintenance.

Toate valorile de presiune sunt valori etalon in afara de cazul cind presiunea absoluta este in mod expres precizata.

Este recomandat pentru personalul operativ sa fie familiarizat cit mai curind posibil cu instructiunile, si cu ajutorul si al altor documente furnizate sa se obtina informatii suplimentare relevante despre intrerupator si caracteristicile sale.

All values of pressure given are gauge values unless absolute pressure is expressly stated.

It is advisable for the operating personnel to familiarize themselves as early as possible with the instructions, and with the aid of other documents supplied to gather any relevant further information on the circuit-breaker and its features.

Nota

Instructiunile de operare contin informatii pentru operarea si intretinerea corecta a intreruptorului, impreuna cu note de avertizare suplimentare. Scopula acestora este de a preciza actiunile nepermise si de a arata pericolul potential asociat cu operarea intreruptorului.

Daca alte informatii sunt solicitate sau daca alte probleme apar si nu sunt acoperite suficient de instructiunile de operare, problema va fi adresata catre biroul de vanzari local Siemens.

Note

These operating instructions contain information on proper installation, opera- tion and maintenance of the circuit- breaker, as well as warning notices. These are intended to point out impermissible actions and to show the potential danger associated with operation of the circuit- breaker.

Should further information be desired or should particular problems arise which are not covered sufficiently in the operating instruc- tions, the matter should be referred to the local Siemens sales office.

  • 2.1.1 Structura instructiunilor de operare 2.1.1 Arrangement of the Operating Instructions

Aceste instructiuni sunt impartite in capitole 1- Continut, 2- Generalitati, 3- Descriere, 4- Instalare, 5- Functionare si 6- Intretinere.

These operating instructions are divided into chapters 1- Contents , 2- General, 3- Description, 4- Installation, 5- Operation and 6- Maintenance.

  • 2.1.2 Comunicarea prin intermediul instructiunilor de operare

Pentru comunicarea in scris sau verbala ca si pentru comanda oricaror piese de schimb va rugam sa folositi denumirile si numerele de cod folosite in instructiunile de operare, ce furnizeaza informatii despre codurile de comanda din instructiunile de operare 927 10359 141 A, numarul paginii si specificarea nr. Ilustratiei.(Fig.) In acest fel confuziile pot fi evitate si prevenite.

  • 2.1.2 Communication by Means of the Operat- ing Instructions

In verbal or written communication, as well as when ordering any spare parts required, please use the des- ignations and part numbers used in the operating instructions, giving details of the order number of the operating instructions 927 10359 141 A, the page number and specifying the number of the illustration (Fig.). In this way, misunderstandings can be pre- vented.

2

Generalitati - General

  • 2.2 Instructiuni de siguranta

Pe durata actionarii, anumite parti ale intrerupatorului sunt sub tensiune si tensiuni periculoase putind fi prezente.Anumite parti sunt sub presiune(SF 6 ). Componentele exterioare conectate la mecanismul de actionare pot avea miscari bruste si care nu pot fi anticipate, cauzate de sistemele de protectie si automatizare.

In starea sa pura, hexafluorura de sulf(SF 6 )este un gaz fara culoare, fara miros, netoxica si neinflamabila, inerta ca si nitrogenul. SF 6 este nepericuloasa daca exista oxigen in aerul respirat. SF 6 nu constituie pericol pentru ecosistem.

2.2 Safety Instructions

During operation, certain parts of the circuit-breaker are live and hazardous voltages therefore present. Certain parts are also under gas pressure (SF 6 ). External drive attachments are capable of making unforeseeable, abrupt movements caused by the automatic control.

In its pure state, sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) is a colour- less, odourless, tasteless, non-toxic and non-flamma- ble gas, inactive like nitrogen. SF 6 is safe if there is adequate oxygen present in inhaled air. SF 6 constitutes no danger to the ecosystem.

Personalul trebuie sa fie familiarizat cu avertismentele si procedurile de instalare, operare, montenanta si reparatie continute in aceste instructiuni de operare.

Personnel must be thoroughly familiar with all warnings and procedures for installation, operation, maintenance and repair contained in these operating instructions.

AVERTISMENT

Incalcarea avertismentelor poate avea ca

rezultat moartea, raniri grave si pierderi

ale

proprietatii

substantiale.

si

ale mediului

WARNING

Non-observance of warnings can result in death, severe personal injury and sub- stantial property and environmental dam- age.

Utilizatorul intrerupatorului trebuie sa asigureca instalarea, intretinerea si directivele de operare relevante pentru activitatea in cauza, reguli de siguranta locale si informatiile despre ceea ce trebuie facut in cazul unui accident sunt disponibile si afisate, ex. pe o nota ce poate fi accesata oricind.

In plus fata de regulile de siguranta valabile in tara respectiva citeva masuri si puncte de precautie ce trebuiesc notate sunt prezentate mai jos:

  • - Accesoriile ce sunt necesare instalarii, operarii si intretinerii intrerupatorului si pentru motive de siguranta (haine de protectie, dispozitive pentru actionarea manuala, semnale de avertizare, lampi manuale, stingatoare de foc etc.) trebuiesc depozitate in locuri speciale si verificate periodic pentru completare si functionare corecta. Acestea includ si instructiunile de operare.

  • - Intervalele de intretinere specifice si instructiunile pentru reparatie si inlocuire trebuiesc atasate.

  • - Instructiuni referitoare la securitatea muncii sunt incluse in sectiuni specifice ale instructiunilor de operare. Sunt puse in evidenta de cadre litere ingrosate si/sau alte semne.

The user of the circuit-breaker must ensure that the installation, maintenance and relevant operating direc- tives to the appropriate activity, local safety regulations and information on what to do in the event of an acci- dent are available or displayed, e.g. on a notice board so that they can be referred to at any time.

Additionally to the safety rules valid in the country in question a few precautionary measures and points to be noted are listed below:

  • - The accessory items required for installation, opera- tion and maintenance of the circuit-breaker and for reasons of safety (protecting clothes, devices for manual operation, warning signs, hand lamps, fire extinguishers etc.) must be stored neatly at a certain point and be checked regularly for completeness and proper functioning. This also includes the com- plete operating instructions.

  • - The specified maintenance intervals and the instruc- tions for repair and replacement must be adhered to.

  • - Detailed warning references describing the secure execution of dangerous work are included in the particular sections of the operating instructions. They are highlighted by frames, bold lettering and/or other means.

2 Generalitati - General

AVERTISMENT

WARNING

In spiritul acestor instructiuni moartea, raniri personale grave sau distrugeri de proprietati sau mediu inconjurator apar daca masuri de siguranta adecvate nu sunt aplicate.

in the sense of these operating instruc- tions means that death, severe personal injury or substantial property and environ- mental damage may occur if appropriate safety measures are not taken.

Atentie

Attention

In spiritul acestor instructiuni ranirile usoare ale personalului sau deterioararea proprietatii/mediului pot apare daca masuri de siguranta adecvate nu sunt luate.

in the sense of these operating instruc- tions means that light personal injury or property/environmental damage may occur if appropriate safety measures are not taken.

Nota

Note

Informatiile din instructiunile de operare simplifica si imbunatateste manevrarea intrerupatorului. Sunt bazate pe experienta personalului Siemens.

Note in the sense of these operating instruc- tions means information to simplify and im- prove the handling of the circuit-breaker. These informations are based on the experi- ences of Siemens staff.

2 Generalitati - General

3 Descriere - Description

3

Descriere

3

Description

3.1

Date tehnice

Intrerupatorul 3AP2 FI este de tip auto-compresie si utilizeaza gazul de SF 6 ca mediu de izolatie si stingere. Descrierea se refera la constructia intrerupatorului tripolar de exterior.

Intreruptorul este echipat cu un singur mecanism pe pol si de aceea este destinat pentru RAR monofazat si trifazat.

  • 3.1.1 Standarde, reglementari

Intrerupatorul impreuna cu echipamentul si scule speciale livrate este in conformitate cu legile in vigoare, reguli si standarde aplicate la data livrarii.

3.1

Technical Data

The 3AP2 FI circuit-breaker is of the self-compression type and uses SF 6 -gas for insulation and arc-quench- ing purposes. It is of triple-pole outdoor design.

The circuit-breaker is equipped with one operating mechanism per pole and therefore suitable for single and triple pole auto reclosing.

3.1.1 Standards, Regulations

The circuit-breaker, together with the equipment and special tools supplied, is in conformity with the statutory laws, rules and standards applying at the time of deliv- ery.

Intrerupatorul corespunde conform: The circuit-breaker conforms to:

  • - Specificatiile din IEC Publicatia 62271-1.

-

the specifications in IEC-Publications 62271-1.

  • - Specificatiile din IEC Publicatia 62271-100.

-

the specifications in IEC Publications 62271-100.

  • 3.1.2 Temperatura de functionare

Intrerupatoarele sunt

destinate

a

functiona

la

o

temperatura ambianta intr-o gama de la -30 C la 40 C.

3.1.2 Operating Temperatures

The circuit-breakers are designed for operation in an ambient temperature range from -30 C to 40 C.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.1.3 Clasa izolatiei

 

3.1.3

Insulation Rating

Tensiune nominală

420

kV

 

Rated voltage

420

kV

Tensiunea de tinere la frecventa industriala

 

Rated short-duration power-frequency with- stand voltage

 

la pamint

520

kV

to earth

520

kV

De-a lungul intrerupatorului in pozitia deconectat

610

kV

across the open circuit-breaker

610

kV

intre faze

520

kV

between phases

520

kV

Tensiune nominal‚ la impuls de trasnet

 

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage

 

la pamint

1425

kV

to earth

1425

kV

De-a lungul intrerupatorului in pozitia deconectat

1425

kV

across the open circuit-breaker

1425

kV

intre faze

1425

kV

between phases

1425

kV

Impuls de tensiune la frecventa industriala

1425

kV + 240 kV

Impulse against power frequency voltage

1425

kV + 240 kV

Tensiune de comutare

 

Rated switching impulse withstand voltage

 

la pamint

1050

kV

to earth

1050

kV

De-a lungul intrerupatorului in pozitia deconectat

1050

kV

across the open circuit-breaker

1050

kV

intre faze

1575

kV

between phases

1575

kV

Impuls de tensiune la frecventa industriala

900

kV + 345 kV

Impulse against power frequency voltage

900

kV + 345 kV

Flashover distance in air

 

Flashover distance in air

 

la pamint

3430

mm

to earth

3430

mm

De-a lungul intrerupatorului in pozitia deconectat

3200

mm

across the open circuit-breaker

3200

mm

intre faze

vezi desenul cu dimensiunile

between phases

see dimension draw- ing

Linia de fuga minima de-a lungul izolatorului

 

Minimum creepage distance over the insu- lators' surfaces

 

la pamint

12865

mm

to earth

12865

mm

De-a lungul intrerupatorului in pozitia deconectat

10500

mm

across the open circuit-breaker

10500

mm

Tabel 1

Clasa izolatiei

Table 1

Insulation rating

  • 3.1.4 Date electrice

 

3.1.4

Electrical Data

Tensiune nominală

420

kV

 

Rated voltage

420

kV

Frecvenţă nominală

50

Hz

Rated frequency

50

Hz

Curent nominal de alimentare

1600

A

Rated normal current

1600

A

Curent nominal al circuitului de oprire Ón caz de scurt-circuit

40

kA

Rated short-circuit breaking current

40

kA

Curentul de rupere in sarcina a liniei (1,4 p.u.)

400

A

Rated line-charging breaking current (1.4 p.u.)

400

A

Curentul de rupere in sarcina a cablului (1,4 p.u.)

400

A

Rated cable-charging breaking current (1.4 p.u.)

400

A

Tensinea tranzitorie de restabilire in conditii de defect

conform cu IEC

Transient recovery voltage under terminal fault conditions

acc. to IEC

Curentul de scurtcircuit

100

kA

Rated short-circuit making current

100

kA

Durata normata a scurt-circuitului

1 s

Rated duration of short-circuit

1 s

Secventa nominală de manevră

O-0,3s-CO-3min-CO

Rated operating sequence

O-0.3s-CO-3min-CO

Tabel 2

Date electrice

Table 2

Electrical data

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.1.5 Timpi de actionare

 

3.1.5

Operating Times

Durata minima de comanda (comanda de inchidere)

80

ms

 

Minimum command duration (Closing com- mand)

80

ms

Durata minima de comanda (comanda de deschidere)

80

ms

Minimum command duration (Opening command)

80

ms

Timp de inchidere

65

ms ± 6 ms

Closing time

65

ms ± 6 ms

Timp de deschidere

37

ms ± 4 ms

Opening time

37

ms ± 4 ms

Timp de rupere

 

60 ms

Rated break time

 

60 ms

Timp de inchidere-deschidere

60

ms ± 10 ms

Close-open-time

60

ms ± 10 ms

Timp de pauza

300 ms

Dead time

300 ms

Tabel 3

Timpi de actionare

Table 3

Operating times

3 Descriere - Description

3.1.6 Mediu de stingere SF 6 3.1.6 Arc Quenching Medium SF 6 bar 10.0 9.5 9.0
3.1.6
Mediu de stingere SF 6
3.1.6
Arc Quenching Medium SF 6
bar
10.0
9.5
9.0
8.5
8.0
7.5
7.0
6.0
6.5
e
6.0
a
5.2
5.5
b
0.2
5.0
4.5
c
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50 ˚C
1000377c
a
Dispozitiv de umplere cu gaz de SF 6
Semnalizare pierdere de SF 6
a
b
b
c
c
e
Intrerupere generala de SF 6
Curba de lichefiere
e
SF 6 -filling gauge pressure (nominal density line)
Overpressure for signal loss of SF 6
Overpressure for general lockout SF 6
Liquefaction curve
Fig. 1
Valori de operare si umplere ale manometrului de
presiune de SF 6
Fig. 1
SF 6 -filling and operating values of density monitor
(gauge pressure)
Masă de umplere (Óntrerupător de putere
complet)
Volum (intrerupator complet)
Presiune nominală relativă SF 6 la +20 C
Monitorizarea gazului de SF 6
Semnalizare pierdere de SF 6 la 20 C
Deconectare generala SF 6 la 20 C
Material filtrant (intrerupator complet)
38,6 kg
Filling mass (complete circuit-breaker)
38.6 kg
836 dm 3
836 dm 3
6,0 bar
6.0
bar
5,2 bar
5.2
bar
5,0 bar
5.0
bar
7,5 kg
Volume (complete circuit-breaker)
SF 6 nominal filling gauge pressure at +20 C
Monitoring of the SF 6
Overpressure for signal loss of SF 6 at 20 C
Overpressure for general lockout SF 6 at 20 C
Filter material (complete circuit-breaker)
7.5
kg
Tabel 4
Mediu de stingere SF 6
Table 4
Arc quenching medium SF 6
3.1.7
Contact auxiliar
3.1.7
Auxiliary Switch
Curent nominal de alimentare
Curent nominal de scurtă durată
10 A
Rated normal current
10 A
100 A/30 ms
Rated short time withstand current
100 A/30 ms
Capacitate de Óntrerupere 48 V ≤ U a ≤ 250 V c.c. ;
L/R 20 ms
440 W
Breaking capacity 48 V ≤ U a ≤ 250 V DC ; L/
R 20 ms
440
W
Tabel 5
Contact auxiliar
Table 5
Auxiliary switch

Contact auxiliar clasa 1

Auxiliary switch contact class 1

  • 3.1.8 Alte date tehnice.

3 Descriere - Description

3.1.8

Further Technical Data

Nota

Note

Date Tehnice pentru

Technical Data for

-

-

-

-

  • - Tensiune de declansare

- Trip voltage

  • - Tensiunea de control

Control voltage

  • - Tensiunea rezistentelor

Heater voltage

  • - Putere de incalzire

Heating power

  • - Monitorizarea presiunii pentru gaz de SF 6

Pressure monitoring for SF 6

  • - Motor de actionare a mecanismului cu resoarte

-

Charging motor of the spring drive mecha- nism

sunt indicate in schemele de circuite.

are indicated in the circuit diagram.

Nota

Note

Date Tehnice pentru

  • - Greutatea intrerupatorului

  • - Forta admisibila la intindere a cablului

sunt indicate in desenul de gabarite.

Technical Data for - Circuit-breaker masses the permitted cable pull F

-

are indicated in the dimension drawing.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.2 Intrerupator

Coloanele polilor intreruptorului sunt fiecare asezate pe un suport 11, la marginea fiecareia se va monta cutia mecanismului de actionare 15.1.

Coloanele izolante sunt formate din mai multi izolatori si fiecare coloana suporta un ansamblu format din doua camere de stingere 22 cu condensatoare de egalizare

  • 23 conectate in paralel si cu mecanismul cu parghia

cotita 21.

3.2 Circuit-Breaker Design

The pole columns of the circuit-breaker are each mounted on a base 11, to the side of each of which an operating mechanism cubicle 15.1 is fitted.

The insulator columns are assembled from several multished insulators and each of them supports an dou- ble break interrupter assembly consisting of two inter- rupter units 22 with grading capacitors 23 connected in parallel and a bell-crank mechanism 21.

Cutia de comanda 12 este localizata la polul B. Control cabinet 12 is also located at pole B.

21 22 16 16 11 12 15.1
21
22
16
16
11
12
15.1

11

12

15.1

16

21

22

Fig. 2

Baza

Cutie de control

Cutia mecanismului de actionare

Izolator suport

Mecanismul cu parghie cotita

Camera de stingere

Proiectarea intreruptorului 3AP2 FI

11

12

15.1

16

21

22

Fig. 2

Base Control cabinet Operating mechanism cabinet Post insulator Bell-crank mechanism Interrupter unit

Design of the circuit-breaker 3AP2 FI

1000336b

3 Descriere - Description

Cele doua camere de stingere determina o rupere dubla pe fiecare pol, condensatoarele de egalizare asigura o distributie uniforma a tensiunii.

Ansamblu de doua camere de stingere si coloanele izolante sunt umplute cu SF 6 cu scopul de stingerea arcului si de izolare.

Densitatea gazului pentru fiecare pol al intreruptorului este monitorizata printr-un un dispozitiv de monitorizare de densitate,presiunea gazului fiind indicata de un manometru.

Energia necesara pentru comutatie este stocata intr-un resort de anclansare si intr-un resort de declansare. Resoartele de anclansare si declansare sunt montate in mecanismul de actionare.

Cutia de comanda 12, care este atasata polului B al intreruptorului, contine echipamentul pentru comanda si monitorizarea intreruptorului si a blocurilor terminale necesare pentru conexiunile electrice. Gazul SF 6 este monitorizat pe fiecare pol in cabina de mecanismului de actionare.

Sunt cabluri pentru cuplarea electrica a controlului cu cele trei mecanisme de actionare

The two interrupter units provide a double-break fea- ture per pole, the grading capacitors ensuring uniform voltage distribution.

The double break assembly and the insulator column are filled with SF 6 for arc-quenching and insulating pur- poses.

The density of the SF 6 gas for each circuit-breaker pole is monitored by a density monitor and the gas pressure indicated by a pressure gauge.

The energy required for operating one pole is stored in one closing spring and one opening spring. The closing and opening springs are located in the operating mech- anism unit.

Control cabinet 12, which is attached to circuit-breaker pole B, contains the equipment for controlling and mon- itoring the circuit-breaker and the terminal blocks required for the electrical connection. SF 6 gas is moni- tored single-poled in the operating mechanism cabinet.

There are cables for electrical coupling of the control with the operating mechanisms.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.3 Coloana polului

Coloanele izolante ale intreruptorului sunt identice. Fig. 3 prezinta o sectiune a coloanei izolante. Camera de stingere este montata pe izolatoare suport care asigura izolarea fata de pamant.

3.3 Pole Column

The circuit-breaker's three pole columns are of identical design. Fig. 3 shows a cross-section of a pole column. The double break assembly unit is mounted on post insulators which provide insulation against earth.

15.16.3 21 22.22 15.11 22 22.1 16 16.9 16 15.9 15.8.3 15
15.16.3
21
22.22
15.11
22
22.1
16
16.9
16
15.9
15.8.3
15

1001370c

15

Cuplaj in unghi

15

Corner gear

15.8.3

Ax

15.8.3

Shaft

15.9

Brat de actionare

15.9

Lever

15.11

Filtru capac

15.11

Filter cowl

15.16.3

Sac de filtrare

15.16.3

Filter bag

16

Izolator suport

16

Post insulator

16.9

Tija de operare

16.9

Operating rod

  • 21 Mecanismul cu parghie cotita

21

Bell-crank mechanism

  • 22 Camera de stingere

22

Interrupter unit

22.1

Anvelopa

22.1

Jacket

22.22

Terminal de inalta tensiune

22.22

High-voltage terminal

Fig. 3

Sectiune in coloana izolanta

Fig. 3

Sectional view of pole column

3 Descriere - Description

Comanda de comutatie este transmisa la unitatile intreruptorului 22 (inalta tensiune) prin mecanismul de actionare cu resort (pus la pamant) printr-un mecanism de actionare cu tija 18.27.1, manerul 15.8.3, tija de actionare 16.9 si mecanismul cu parghie cotita 21.

Filtrul capac 15.11 contine materialul de filtrare 15.16.3 care colecteaza SF 6 produsele de dezintegrare si umiditatea din gaz.

The switching operation is transmitted to the interrupter units 22 (high-voltage potential) by the spring drive mechanism (ground potential) via an operating mecha- nism rod 18.27.1, the shaft 15.8.3, the operating rod 16.9 and the bell-crenk mechanism 21.

The filter cowls 15.11 contains the filter material 15.16.3 which collects SF 6 decompositon products and moisture residue.

23 23.1 23.2 22 1001360a 22 Camera de stingere 22 Interrupter unit 23 Condensator de egalizare
23
23.1
23.2
22
1001360a
22
Camera de stingere
22
Interrupter unit
23
Condensator de egalizare
23
Grading capacitor
23.1
Consola de interior
23.1
Inner bracket
23.2
Consola exterioara
23.2
Outer bracket
Fig. 4
Dispunerea condensatorilor de egalizare
Fig. 4
Arrangement of grading capacitor

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.4 Camera de stingere

Fig. 5 arata o vedere sectionata a unei camere de stingere. Contactele intrerupatorului sunt amplasate in gaz intr-un invelis de portelan etansat 22.1.

3.4 Interrupter Unit

Fig. 5 shows a sectional view of an interrupter unit. The breaker contacts are accommodated in the gas-tight porcelain jacket 22.1.

22.29 22.35 22.29 22.17.2 22.11.19 22.11 22.11.2 22.11.1 22.31 22.4 22.32 22.22 22.29 21.1 22.29 16.9
22.29
22.35
22.29
22.17.2 22.11.19
22.11
22.11.2
22.11.1
22.31
22.4
22.32
22.22
22.29
21.1
22.29
16.9
22.23
22.17.1
22.11.18
22.41
22.3
22.45
22.9
22.52
22.1
15.11

1001371c

15.11

Filtru capac

15.11

Filter cowl

  • 16.9 Tija de operare

16.9

Operating rod

  • 21.1 Cutia mecanismului de actionare

21.1

Gear unit housing

  • 22.1 Anvelopa

22.1

Jacket

  • 22.3 Contact lamelar

22.3

Contact lamination

  • 22.4 Mecanism de actionare in tandem

22.4

Tandem gear

  • 22.5 Sina de ghidaj

22.5

Guide rail

  • 22.9 Pin

22.9

Pin

22.11

Contact tubular

22.11

Tube contact

  • 22.11.1 Virful contactului

22.11.1

Nozzle

  • 22.11.2 Duza auxiliara

22.11.2

Auxiliary nozzle

  • 22.11.17 Piston

22.11.17

Piston

  • 22.11.18 Supapa plata

22.11.18

Valve plate

  • 22.11.19 Supapa de grup

22.11.19

Valve group

  • 22.17.1 Tija de actionare contact

22.17.1

Contact tube

  • 22.17.2 Tija de cuplare

22.17.2

Coupling rod

  • 22.22 Terminal de inalta tensiune

22.22

High-voltage terminal

  • 22.23 Racord interior

22.23

Inner socket

  • 22.29 Garnitura rotunda

22.29

Sealing ring

  • 22.31 Contact purtator

22.31

Contact carrier

  • 22.32 Baza

22.32

Base

  • 22.35 Aparatoare

22.35

Cover

  • 22.41 Cilindru de incalzire

22.41

Heating cylinder

  • 22.45 Electrode

22.45

Electrode

  • 22.52 Pin

22.52

Pin

Fig. 5

Camera de stingere

Fig. 5

Interrupter unit

Circuitul principal al unei unitati de stingere este compus dintr-o borna de inalta tensiune 22.22, racord 22.32, piesa mobila de contact 22.31, contact lamelar

  • 22.3 aranjat in inele pe piesa mobila de contact, cilindru

de disipare a caldurii 22.41, racord interior 22.23 si mecanismul de actionare 21.1.

Contactele lamelare 22.3 sunt centrate pe piesa mobila de contact 22.31 si se autosustin spre cilindrul de disipare a caldurii 22.41. Tensiunea interna a contactelor laminare 22.3 genereaza presiunea de contact necesara de la piesa mobila de contact spre cilindrul de disipare a caldurii 22.41.

The main circuit of an interrupter unit consists of the high-voltage terminal 22.22, the socket 22.32, the con- tact carrier 22.31, the contact lamination 22.3 arranged in rings in the contact carrier, the heat cylinder 22.41, the inner socket 22.23 and the gearbox 21.1.

The contact laminations 22.3 support themselves cen- trically from the contact carrier 22.31 inwards to the heating cylinder 22.41. The internal stress of the con- tact lamellae 22.3 generates the necessary contact pressure from the contact carrier 22.31 onto the heat- ing cylinder 22.41.

3 Descriere - Description

In paralel cu circuitul principal este circuitul de stingere a arcului, care este realizat din pinul mobil 22.9 din piesa mobila de contact 22.31 si tubul mobil de contact 22.11 situat in cilindru de disipare a caldurii 22.41.

Pinul 22.9 si contactul tubular 22.11 sunt fabricate din materiale ce produc uzura minima in contact.

Tubul mobil de contact 22.11, pistonul 22.11.17 si cilindru de disipare a caldurii 22.41 sunt interconectate mecanic si cuplate cu tija de (ex)tragere 22.17.1. si formeaza partea mobila a unitatii de stingere.

O sina de ghidaj 22.5 este montata la duza 22.11.1. Aceasta se angreneaza cu levierul de comanda 22.46 prin pinul 22.52. Ca rezultat, levierul de comanda este supus micarii de rotatie, cauzand miscare liniara a pinului in sens opus miscarii duzei. Electrodul 22.45 este conectat la duza prin angrenajele de actionare folosind doua tije de conectare si asigura pinul cu ecranare dielectrica.

Partea inferioara a pistonului 22.11.17 este echipata cu o valva plata 22.11.18 care impreuna cu valva de grup 22.11.19 realizeaza compresia camerei pentru stingerea arcului electric.

Procesul de intrerupere a camerei de stingere este

descris schematic in diagrama din sectiunea Stingerea arcului.

3.5

Parallel to the main circuit is the arcing circuit, which is made up of the movable pin 22.9 in the contact carrier 22.31 and the moving tube contact 22.11 situated in the heating cylinder 22.41.

The pin 22.9 and the tube contact 22.11 are made of materials which produce only minimal contact erosion.

The tube contact 22.11, the piston 22.11.17 and the heat cylinder 22.41 are mechanically interconnected and coupled with the pull rod 22.17.1. They form the moving part of the interrupter unit.

A guide rail 22.5 is mounted at the nozzle 22.11.1. This engages with the control lever 22.46 via the pin 22.52. As a result, the control lever is subjected to rotary movement, causing linear movement of the pin against the direction of movement of the nozzle. The electrode 22.45 is connected to the nozzle via the gears using two connecting rods and provides the pin with dielectric shielding.

The rear side of the piston 22.11.17 is equipped with a valve plate 22.11.18 which together with the valve group 22.11.19 makes up the compression unit for arc quenching.

The

breaking

process

in

the

interrupter unit is

described in a schematic diagram in the section 3.5 Arc Quenching.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.5 Stingerea arcului

In procesul de deschidere, contactul principal ce exista

intre contactul lamelar 22.3 si cilindrul de incalzire

  • 22.41 se deschide (Fig. 6. Contactul de arc constituit

din contactul pin 22.9 si contactul tubular 22.11 ramine

inchis, avind rezultat comutarea curentului pe contactul de arc.

3.5 Arc Quenching

In an opening operation, the main contact that exists between the contact lamination 22.3 and the heat cylin- der 22.41 is opened (Fig. 6, position b). The arcing con- tact, consisting of the pin 22.9 and the tube contact 22.11 remains closed, with the result that the current commutates onto the arcing contact.

22.11.19 KV 22.11.18 22.41 22.11 22.5 22.52 22.11.17 HV 22.11.2 22.3 22.11.1 22.9 22.51 22.46 22.56
22.11.19
KV
22.11.18
22.41
22.11
22.5
22.52
22.11.17
HV
22.11.2
22.3
22.11.1
22.9
22.51
22.46
22.56

a)

3 Descriere - Description 3.5 Stingerea arcului In procesul de deschidere, contactul principal ce exista intre
3 Descriere - Description 3.5 Stingerea arcului In procesul de deschidere, contactul principal ce exista intre
3 Descriere - Description 3.5 Stingerea arcului In procesul de deschidere, contactul principal ce exista intre

b)

c)

d)

1001583b

  • a) Pozitia INCHIS

a)

CLOSED position

  • b) Deschidere: contactul principal in pozitie DESCHIS

b)

Opening: main contact in OPEN position

  • c) Deschidere:contactul de arc in pozitie DESCHIS

c)

Opening: arcing contact in OPEN position

  • d) Pozitie DESCHIS

HV

KV

d)

OPEN position

Volum de caldura

HV

Heating volume

Volum de compresie

KV

Compression volume

  • 22.3 Contact lamelar

22.3

Contact lamination

  • 22.5 Sina de ghidaj

22.5

Guide rail

  • 22.9 Pin(miscare)

22.9

Pin (moving)

22.11

Contact tubular

22.11

Tube contact

  • 22.11.1 Virful contactului

22.11.1

Nozzle

  • 22.11.2 Duza auxiliara

22.11.2

Auxiliary nozzle

  • 22.11.17 Piston

22.11.17

Piston

  • 22.11.18 Supapa plata

22.11.18

Valve plate

  • 22.11.19 Supapa de grup

22.11.19

Valve group

  • 22.41 Cilindru de incalzire

22.41

Heating cylinder

  • 22.46 Levier cu cama

22.46

Cam lever

  • 22.51 Cuplor

22.51

Coupler

  • 22.52 Pin

22.52

Pin

  • 22.56 Brat de actionare

22.56

Lever

Fig. 6

Schema operatiei de deschidere

Fig. 6

Schematics of opening operation

3 Descriere - Description

Pinul(miscare) 22.9. este actionat in sens opus miscarii tubului de contact 22.11 de componentele conectate ale cilindrului de incalzire 22.41, duza 22.11.51, pinul 22.52, levierul de comanda 22.46 (miscarea de declansdare a intreruptorului).

Electrodul deplasat 22.45 este de asemenea impins in directia cilindrului de caldura 22.41.

In timpul cursei de declansare, contactele de stingere se deschid creand un arc (Fig. 6c). In acelasi timp, cilindrul de incalzire 22.41 se deplaseaza la stanga si comprima gazul de stingere dintre piston 22.11.17 si grupul de valve 22.11.19. Aceasta face ca gazul de stingere sa se deplaseze in sens opus miscarii pieselor de contact prin valva cu un singur sens, compusa din pistonul 22.11.17 si port supapa 22.11.18, in interiorul cilindrului de incalzire si prin spatiul dintre tubul de contact 22.11 si duza de stingere, astfel realizandu-se stingerea arcului.

Pentru curenti de scurtcircuit mari gazul de stingere aflat in jurul pinului 22.9 in camera de stingere este incalzit de energia din arc si deplasat in cilindrul de incalzire 22.41 la presiune inalta. Cind curentul trece prin zero, gazul trece inapoi din cilindru prin duza si stinge arcul. Cind se intimpla atfel, valva unisens 22.11.18 in cilindrul de incalzire 22.41 previne inalta presiune de a intra in camera de compresie printre pistonul 22.11.17 si valva de grup 22.11.19.

The pin (moving) 22.9 is moved against the direction of movement of the tube contact 22.11 by the connected components of heating cylinder 22.41, nozzle 22.11.1, connecting rod 22.51, pin 22.52, control lever 22.46 (circuit-breaker opening movement).

The moved electrode 22.45 is also pushed in the direc- tion of the heating cylinder 22.41.

During the continued course of the opening operation, the arcing contact opens, creating an arc (Fig. 6c). At the same time, the heat cylinder 22.41 moves to the left and compresses the quenching gas between piston 22.11.17 and valve group 22.11.19. This causes the quenching gas to be forced in the direction opposite to the movement of the moving contact components through the non-return valve, consisting of piston 22.11.17 and valve plate 22.11.18, into the heat cylin- der and through the gap between the tube contact 22.11 and the arc quenching nozzle, thus quenching the arc.

With large short-circuit currents the quenching gas sur- rounding pin 22.9 in the arcing chamber is heated by

the arc's energy and driven into the heat cylinder 22.41 at high pressure. When the current passes through zero, the gas flows back from the heat cylinder into the nozzle and quenches the arc. When this happens, the valve plate 22.11.18 in the heat cylinder 22.41 prevents the high pressure from entering the compression cham- ber between piston 22.11.17 and the valve group

22.11.19.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.6 Mecanism cu resoarte al intrerupatorului

Aceasta sectiune contine o prezentare generala a mecanismului cu resoarte; vezi imaginea 3D de pe prospect la sfirsitul acestor instructiuni de operare. Functionarea sa este descrisa in sectiunea 3.7 Functionarea mecanismului cu resoarte.

3.6

Spring Drive Mechanism of the Circuit- Breaker

This section contains a general presentation of the spring drive mechanism; see the 3D illustration on the foldout page at the end of these operating instructions. Its function is described in section 3.7 Function of the Spring Drive Mechanism.

  • 3.6.1 Armarea resortului de inchidere

3.6.1 Charging the Closing Spring

Intrerupator in pozitie DESCHIS Circuit-breaker in OPEN position

Arcul de inchidere 18.4 (vezi imaginea 3D la sfirsitul acestor instructiuni) este armat de catre mecanismul de armare 18.2 folosind motorul 18.1 prin intermediul tijei de armare 18.4 si tijei de conectare 18.10. La sfirsitul operatiei de armare, tija de armare se separa de

mecanism de prin roata libera 18.3 si fixat de catre clichet de INCHIDERE 18.17. Resortul de inchidere

  • 18.4 este acumincarcate pentru operatia de inchidere

si intrerupatorul este gata pentru operatia de inchidere.

The closing spring 18.4 (see 3D illustration at the end of these operating instructions) is charged by the charging gears 18.2 using the motor 18.1 by way of the charging shaft 18.14 and connecting rod 18.10. At the end of the charging operation, the charging shaft is separated from the gears by the free-wheel 18.3 and secured with the CLOSE latch 18.17. The closing spring 18.4 is now charged for the closing operation and the circuit-breaker is therefore ready for closing.

  • 3.6.2 Inchidere

Clichetul de inchidere 18.17 este eliberat prin actionarea bobinei de declansare 18.16. Energia rezultata din descarcarea arcului de inchidere 18.4 este transmisa prin intermediul unui disc cu came 18.6 parghiei 18.7 si arborelui 18.22 conectate la acesta. In timpul functionarii, arcul de deschidere 18.11 este incarcat datorita rotatiei arborelui 18.22, parghiei 18.24 si barei de conectare 18.27. Miscarea barei de conectare 18.27.1 de-a lungul barei mecanismului de

operare 15.9, arborelui cotit 15.8.3 si barei de operare

  • 16.9 este transmisa unitatii de intrerupere din centru

    • 22. In acelasi timp, contactele unitatii de intrerupere 22

sunt inchise.

La finalizarea operatiei de inchidere energia cinetica reziduala este absorbita prin inchiderea atenuatorului 18.41. Cama 18.19 si rola 18.41.1 previn balansarea inversa a arborelui de incarcare 18.14.

Parghia 18.7 este simultan angajata cu clichetul de deschidere 18.9. Polul este acum in pozitie inchisa si poate astfel fi deconectat.

3.6.2 Closing

The closing latch 18.17 is released by actuation of the trip coil 18.16. The energy of the discharging closing spring 18.4 is transmitted via the cam plate 18.6 to the lever 18.7 and the operating shaft 18.22 connected to it. In the process, the opening spring 18.11 is charged by means of the rotation of the operating shaft 18.22, the operating lever 18.24 and the connecting rod 18.27. The movement of the connecting rod 18.27.1 along the operating mechanism rod 15.9, the torque shaft 15.8.3 and the operating rod 16.9 is transmitted to the inter- rupter unit 22. At the same time, the contacts of the interrupter units 22 are closed.

On completion of the closing operation, the residual kinetic energy is absorbed by closing damper 18.41. Cam 18.19 and roller 18.41.1 prevent backward swing- ing of charging shaft 18.14.

Lever 18.7 is simultaneously engaged with OPEN latch 18.9. The pole is now in a CLOSED position and can thus be switched off.

Arcul de inchidere 18.4 este astfel complet reincarcat in

The closing spring 18.4 is then completely recharged in

mai

putin

de

15 s.

Un

blocaj

mecanic previne

less than 15 s. A mechanical lockout prevents switch-

declansarea

mecanismului

inainte

de

operatia

de

ing back on of the operating mechanism before the

deschidere.

 

opening operation.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.6.3 Deschidere

Actionarea bobinei de declansare 18.8 elibereaza parghia de deschidere 18.9. Contactele unitatii de intreruptor 22 sunt separate prin arcul de deschidere 18.11, prin intermediul barei de conectare 18.27, parghiei de operare 18.24, bara mecanismului de operare 18.27.1, parghiei 15.9, arborelui cotit 15.8.3 si barei de operare 16.9. Energia cinetica la sfarsitul la sfarsitul ciclului de deschidere va fi absorbita prin atenuatorul de deschidere 18.15. Atenuatorul de deschidere 18.15 deserveste simultan finalizarea opririi pentru ciclul de deschidere.

3.6.3 Opening

Actuating tripping coil 18.8 releases OPEN latch 18.9. The contacts of interrupter unit 22 are separated by opening spring 18.11 via connecting rod 18.27, operat- ing lever 18.24, operating mechanism rod 18.27.1, lever 15.9, torque shaft 15.8.3 and operating rod 16.9. The kinetic energy at the end of the opening cycle will thereby be absorbed by opening damper 18.15. Open- ing damper 18.15 simultaneously serves as an end stop for the opening cycle.

  • 3.6.4 Seventa de actionare

In pozitia inchis a intrerupatorului, resoartele de inchidere si deschidere sunt in stare armat. Aceasta inseamna ca intrerupatorul este capabil sa execute secventa de operare D-I-D.

3.6.4

Operating Sequence

In the closed position of the circuit-breaker, the opening and closing spring are in charged state. This means the circuit-breaker is in a position to perform O-C-O operat- ing sequences.

3 Descriere - Description

  • 3.7 Functionarea mecanismului cu resoarte

3.7

Function of the Spring Drive Mechanism

Functionarea mecanismului cu resoarte este descrisa

The function

of

the

spring

drive mechanism is

mai

jos

in

corelare

cu

modulele principale de

described below in conjunction with the major modular

asamblare.

 

assemblies.

Este recomandat mai intii sa citit sectiunea 3.6 Mecanism cu resoarte al intrerupatorului.

It is advisable first to read the section 3.6 Spring Drive Mechanism of the Circuit-Breaker.

  • 3.7.1 Armarea resortului de inchidere

Pozitia de start: intrerupatorul este starea deconectat. Resoartele de deschidere/inchidere sunt destinde ex. o manevra cu intrerupatorul nu este posibila.

Cama disc 18.6 si tija de conectare 18.10 sunt in apropierea punctului maxim inferior. Pirghia de ghidare 18.7 si pirghia de actionare 18.24 sunt conectate rigid si sunt in pozitie DESCHIS (Fig. 7).

Pentru a incarca resortul de inchidere, axul de armare

  • 18.14 este rotit de catre motorul de actionare 18.1 si

angrenajul 18.2. Roata libera 18.3 angajeaza pe cama axului de armare 18.14 (Fig. 8)si roteste atit cit sa ajunga in puctul max. superior.

Axul de armare 18.14 este astfel rotit mai repede de efectul destinderii arcului de inchidere 18.4 decit de roata dintata in masura in care clichetul de inchidere

  • 18.17 Inainte ca, cama plata 18.6 sa se opreasca la

10 dincolo de punctul max. superior prin intermediul

rulmentului 18.23 si clichetului de inchidere 18.17 (Fig. 9), cama 18.20 fixata pe mecanismul carcasei elibereaza cuplajul de mers liber 18.3 de pirghia de armare 18.14 (Fig. 10). Pirghia de armare 18.14 si angrenajul 18.2 sunt astfel separate. Motorul este oprit automat si incetitinit de angrenajul 18.2.

Resortul de inchidere este armat si mecanismul de actionare gata pentru manevra de inchidere.

3.7.1 Charging the Closing Spring

Starting position: the circuit-breaker is in the OPEN position. The closing and opening spring are relaxed, i.e. a switching operation is not possible.

The cam disc 18.6 and the connecting rod 18.10 are near the lower dead centre point. The guide lever 18.7 and operating lever 18.24 are rigidly connected and are in the OPEN position (Fig. 7).

To charge the closing spring, the charging shaft 18.14 is rotated by means of the charging motor 18.1 and gears 18.2. The free-wheel 18.3 engages in the cam of the charging shaft 18.14 (Fig. 8) and rotates it as far as the upper dead centre point.

The charging shaft 18.14 is then turned as far as the closing latch 18.17 more quickly by the effect of the partly relaxed closing spring 18.4 than by the free- wheel, i.e. the form-fit between the free-wheel of the charging gear and the charging shaft is cancelled and the charging shaft outpaces the charging gear. Before the cam plate 18.6 is stopped in the position 10 beyond the upper dead centre by means of the roller 18.23 and the closing latch 18.17 (Fig. 9), the cam 18.20 fixed to the mechanism housing disengages the free-wheel 18.3 from the charging shaft 18.14 (Fig. 10). Charging shaft 18.14 and gear 18.2 are thereby sepa- rated. The motor is shut down automatically and runs down with the gearing.

The closing spring is charged and the operating mech- anism ready for the closing process.

3 Descriere - Description

18.16

18.31

18.17.1

18.17

18.14

18.6

18.19

18.23

18.9

18.9.1

18.41

18.9.2

18.10

18.4

18.4.1

22 18.27.1 18.41.1 18.22 18.24 18.7 18.7.1 18.27 18.15 18.11 18.8
22
18.27.1
18.41.1
18.22
18.24
18.7
18.7.1
18.27
18.15
18.11
18.8

1000809a

18.4

Resort de inchidere

18.4

Closing spring

18.4.1

Saiba Grover

18.4.1

Spring washer

  • 18.6 Disc cama

18.6

Cam disc

  • 18.7 Sistem de pirghii

18.7

Lever

18.7.1

Rulment

18.7.1

Roller

  • 18.8 Bobina de DESCHIDERE

18.8

Trip coil OPEN

  • 18.9 Clichet de deschidere

18.9

Opening latch

  • 18.9.1 Piesa de sustinere

18.9.1

Supporting latch

  • 18.9.2 Pirghie suport

18.9.2

Support lever

  • 18.10 Tija de conectare (pentru resortul de inchidere)

18.10

Connecting rod (for closing spring)

  • 18.11 Resortul de deschidere

18.11

Opening spring

  • 18.14 Pirghia de armare

18.14

Charging shaft

  • 18.15 Amortizor pentru deschidere

18.15

Damper for opening

  • 18.16 Bobina de INCHIDERE

18.16

Trip coil CLOSE

  • 18.17 Clichet de inchidere

18.17

Closing latch

18.17.1

Pirghie suport

18.17.1

Support lever

  • 18.19 Cama

18.19

Cam

  • 18.22 Ax de actionare

18.22

Operating shaft

  • 18.23 Rulment

18.23

Roller

  • 18.24 Pirghie de actionare

18.24

Operating lever

  • 18.27 Tija de conectare (pentru resortul de deschidere)

18.27

Connecting rod (for opening spring)

18.27.1

Bara de transmisie

18.27.1

Driving rod

  • 18.31 Interblocaj mecanic de inchidere

18.31

Mechanical closing interlock

  • 18.41 Amortizor pentru inchidere

18.41

Damper for closing

18.41.1

Rulment

18.41.1

Roller

22

Camera de stingere

22

Interrupter unit

Fig. 7 Diagrama de functionare a clichetelor de zavorire deschis/inchis: starea deschis, resortul de inchidere si deschidere destins

Fig. 7

Function diagram of closing and opening latching:

OPEN position, closing and opening spring relaxed

3 Descriere - Description

18.20

3 Descriere - Description 18.20 18.2 18.1 18.14 18.3 1000661a 18.1 Motor 18.1 Motor 18.2 Angrenajul

18.2

18.1

18.14

18.3

1000661a

18.1 Motor 18.1 Motor 18.2 Angrenajul de armare 18.2 Charging gear 18.3 Roata libera 18.3 Advancing
18.1
Motor
18.1
Motor
18.2
Angrenajul de armare
18.2
Charging gear
18.3
Roata libera
18.3
Advancing pawl
18.14
Pirghia de armare
18.14
Charging shaft
18.20
Cama
18.20
Cam
Fig. 8
Rolul rotii libere: armarea resortului de inchidere
Fig. 8
Function of the advancing pawl: Charging of the
closing spring
18.31
18.17
18.23
18.6
18.14
18.4
1000810a
18.4
Resort de inchidere
18.4
18.6
Disc cama
18.6
18.14
Pirghia de armare
18.14
18.17
Clichet de inchidere
18.17
18.23
Rulment
18.23
18.31
Interblocaj mecanic de inchidere
18.31
Closing spring
Cam disc
Charging shaft
Closing latch
Roller
Mechanical closing interlock
Fig. 9
Diagrama de functionare a clichetelor de zavorire
inchis /deschis
Fig. 9
Function diagram of closing and opening latching:
OPEN position, closing spring charged

18.20

18.3

18.14

18.2

18.20 18.3 18.14 18.2 3 Descriere - Description 1000663a 18.2 Angrenajul de armare 18.2 Charging gear

3 Descriere - Description

1000663a

  • 18.2 Angrenajul de armare

 

18.2

Charging gear

  • 18.3 Roata libera

 

18.3

Advancing pawl

  • 18.14 Pirghia de armare

18.14

Charging shaft

  • 18.20 Cama

 

18.20

Cam

Fig. 10

Functia

rotii

libere:

decuplarea

angrenajului

de

Fig. 10

Function of the advancing pawl: Uncoupling the

armare

charging gear

3.7.2 Inchiderea

Activind bobina de INCHIDERE 18.16 se elibereaza cama disc 18.6 prin clichetul de INCHIDERE 18.17 si bara suport 18.17.1 (Fig. 11).

3.7.2 Closing

Actuating CLOSE tripping coil 18.16 releases cam disk 18.6 via CLOSE latch 18.17 and supporting lever 18.17.1 (Fig. 11).

18.23

18.6

18.20 18.3 18.14 18.2 3 Descriere - Description 1000663a 18.2 Angrenajul de armare 18.2 Charging gear
18.20 18.3 18.14 18.2 3 Descriere - Description 1000663a 18.2 Angrenajul de armare 18.2 Charging gear
18.20 18.3 18.14 18.2 3 Descriere - Description 1000663a 18.2 Angrenajul de armare 18.2 Charging gear

18.16

18.17.1

18.17

1000813a

18.6

Disc cama

18.6

Cam disc

  • 18.16 Bobina de INCHIDERE

18.16

Trip coil CLOSE

  • 18.17 Clichet de inchidere

18.17.1

18.17

Closing latch

Pirghie suport

18.17.1

Support lever

  • 18.23 Rulment

18.23

Roller

Fig. 11

Diagrama de functionare a clichetelor de inchidere/ deschidere: Eliberarea clichetului de inchidere

Efectul resortului de inchidere este rotirea axului de armare 18.14 (Fig. 12). Rulmentul 18.7.1 piesei 18.7 se misca de-a-lungul camei 18.6 si transmite miscarea catre pirghia de actionare 18.22. Miscarea este transmisa de pirghia 18.24 (fixata pe axul de actionare 18.22) si tija mecanismului de actionare 18.27.1 catre camera de stingere 22. Contactele intrerupatorului sunt inchise.

Fig. 11

Function diagram of closing and opening latching:

Disenagement of the closing latch

The effect of the closing spring turns the charging shaft 18.14 (Fig. 12). The roller 18.7.1 of the lever 18.7 moves along the cam 18.6 and transmits the movement to the operating shaft 18.22. The movement is then transmitted by the lever 18.24 (fixed to the operating shaft 18.22) and the operating mechanism rod 18.27.1 to the interrupter unit 22. The contacts of the interrupter unit 22 are closed.

3 Descriere - Description

22 18.27.1 18.6 18.22 18.14 18.24 18.27 18.7.1 18.7 18.9 18.9.1 18.11
22
18.27.1
18.6
18.22
18.14
18.24
18.27
18.7.1
18.7
18.9
18.9.1
18.11

1000814a

  • 18.6 Disc cama

18.6

Cam disc

  • 18.7 Sistem de pirghii

18.7

Lever

18.7.1

Rulment

18.7.1

Roller

18.9

Clichet de deschidere

18.9

Opening latch

18.9.1

Piesa de sustinere

18.9.1

Supporting latch

  • 18.11 Resortul de deschidere

18.11

Opening spring

  • 18.14 Pirghia de armare

18.14

Charging shaft

  • 18.22 Ax de actionare

18.22

Operating shaft

  • 18.24 Pirghie de actionare

18.24

Operating lever

  • 18.27 Tija de conectare (pentru resortul de deschidere)

18.27

Connecting rod (for opening spring)

18.27.1

Bara de transmisie

18.27.1

Driving rod

22

Camera de stingere

22

Interrupter unit

Fig. 12

Diagrama de functionare a clichetului de nchidere/ deschidere: Inchidere

In acelasi timp resortul de deschidere 18.11 este armat prin pirghia de actionare 18.24 si tija de legatura 18.27. Clichetul de deschidere 18.9 se misca de-a-lungul rulmentului piesei 18.9.1 (Fig. 12). La sfirsitul miscarii curbe, piesa 18.7 se deplaseaza, avind rezultatul ca clichetul de deschidere 18.9 poate cadea in spatele rulmentului pirghiei piesei 18.9.1 (Fig. 13).

Fig. 12

Function diagram of closing and opening latching:

Closing

At the same time the opening spring 18.11 is charged by way of the operating lever 18.24 and the connecting rod 18.27. The opening latch 18.9 moves along the roller of the latch lever 18.9.1 (Fig. 12). At the end of the curve, the lever 18.7 overtravels, with the result that the opening latch 18.9 can drop behind the roller of the latch lever 18.9.1 (Fig. 13).

3 Descriere - Description

18.6

18.19

18.41.1

18.7.1

18.9.1

18.41

3 Descriere - Description 18.6 18.19 18.41.1 18.7.1 18.9.1 18.41 18.7 18.9 1000817a 18.6 Disc cama

18.7

18.9

1000817a

  • 18.6 Disc cama

18.6

Cam disc

  • 18.7 Sistem de pirghii

18.7

Lever

18.7.1

Rulment

18.7.1

Roller

18.9

Clichet de deschidere

18.9

Opening latch

18.9.1

Piesa de sustinere

18.9.1

Supporting latch

  • 18.19 Cama

18.19

Cam

  • 18.41 Amortizor pentru inchidere

18.41.1

18.41

Damper for closing

Rulment

18.41.1

Roller

Fig. 13

Diagrama functionala a clichetului de inchidere/ deschidere: Cursa pirghiei