Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

PARTS OF SPEECH

1. NOUNS (imenice) :
2. PPRONOUNS ( zamjenice) :
3. a) subject pronouns ( I, you, he, she, it, we, you they = ja, ti , on, ona, ono, mi , vi,
oni) ; npr. Jack= he, Mary= she, a dog = IT (pazi !!!!!!, NIJE he) Mike and I = we ,
Jack and Mary= they.
b) object pronouns ( odovaraju na pitanje koga/to) : me (mene) ~ he loves me (mene).
You (tebe) ~ I see you in the street. ( Vidima tebe na ulici.)
Him (njega)
Her ( nju)
It (ono)
Us (nas) ~ Tina left us at home. Tina je ostavila NAS kod kue.
You ( vas)
Them (njih) ~ I recognize them from the photo. ( Prepoznajem
NJIH s fotografije.)

I) Write the missing subject and object pronouns.

My name is Charlie. _________ have two brothers. ________ are both older than ______
Sometimes they take ________ to the park and ________ play football together. I like
playing football with __________because they are very good. We are going to the park
now. Would you like it come with ________ ? _________ can all play together.
Afterwards, ________ can come to my house if ________ want to. I think _______ will
like my dad. He is funny and ___________ makes great pizzas. Do ______ like pizza?

c) possessive pronouns za razliku od posvojnih pridjeva, one stoje SAME, BEZ


IMENICE I IMAJU S ( osim MINE)
mine- moj ~ That book is MINE. ( Ta knjiga je MOJA.)
yours- tvoj, tvoja
his
hers
its
ours- nae
yours- vae
theirs- njihovo

I) Write the missing possessive pronouns.


1. I chose this seat first, so its _________________.
2. Can we borrow your coloring pens. Weve lost _________________.
3. We live in the city and they live in the countyside. Our house is smaller than ________
4. Sally is looking for her gloves. Are these gloves _______________?

1
5. Can Julie use your bike? _____________ is broken.

d) reflexive pronouns ( povratne; sebe ili se)


myself sebe npr. I cut MYSELF with a knife. Porezao sam SE noem.
Yourself
Himself
Herself
Itself
Ourselves
Yourselves
Themselves
NAPOMENA: fraza all by myself znai sam
~ They cleaned the house all by the themselves. ( oni su oistili kuu SAMI).

I) Some of teh reflexive pronouns are used correctly ( tono) , and some are not.
Write the correct feflexive pronoun in the blank space.

1. Sometimes I do the dishes all by himself.____________________


2. Dad had an accident. He cut herself ____________ with a knife.
3. Sally washes the car by herself. _____________________
4. Do you think the doctor can cure itself_______________ when he is sick?
5. Can you dress themselves__________________, boys and girls?
6. The light is automatic. It switches itself _____________ on when it is dark.
7. The cat stays clean by licking herself_______________ .

e) interrogative pronoun ( upitne Zamjenice) se koriste kad


postavljamo pitanja ( which- koji, who tko, whom- koga, whose iji)
~ Whose car is that? Its mine. WHOSE- upitna zamjenica
( iterrogative pronoun)
MINE- posvojna zamjenica
~ What time is it?
~ Which boy is your brother?

f) demonstrative pronoun ( POKAZNE ZAMJENICE- ako stoje same, bez


imenice, tebi je u jednoj vjebi pisalo DETERMINERS ovaj izraz koristimo
ako stoje uz imenicu :
this ( ovaj) + imenica u jednini, , these (ovi) + im. u mnoini
that ( onaj) + imenica u jedn., those ( oni) + imenica u mnoini
This is a problem. This= demonstrative pronoun ( zamjenice
uvijek stoje same)

2
These are my pets. These- semonstrative pronoun ( ovo je
zamjenica jer stoji sama, bez imenice)
ALI !!!! This bag belongs to me. This- demonstrative jer stoji uz
imenicu

I ) Write the demonstrative pronoun ( dakle BEZ imenice).

Harry and I went for a walk on the beach. Whats ___________ over there? I asked. It looks like
broken glass, said Harry. He gave me a bag. Put it in _______ , he said. I put the broken glass
into the bag. We should put __________ in the trash, I said. He took the bag from me. You have to
hold it like ___________, he said.

g) indefinite pronouns : all , each, another , other, everybody , anybody,


everyone, anyone ,everything nobody ,none, somebody , anything , someone,
many, few, both

Everybody is welcome at the meeting. indefinite pronoun


Does anybody want a sandwich? - anybody- indefinite pronoun
Many are called but few are chosen.
I finished my cookie and asked for another.

ADJECTIVES- opisuju kakva je imenica


Possessive adjectives + IMENICA - stoje uvijek UZ IMENICU :
my (moj) ~ my birthday is in.
Your ( tvoj) Your mother is beautiful.
His ( njegov, njegova) ~ His girlfriend is a singer.
Her ( njezin, njezina) ~ Her bag is new.
Its
Our ( na, naa)
Your
Their

VERBS ( glagoli)
NAPOMENA: TASTE, FEEL ( osjeati), LOOK , SEEM ( djelovati) ide PRIDJEV , a
ne ADVERB !!!!!

I feel tired. Tired= pridjev


She is pretty. Pretty= pridjev

DETERMINERS (iza njih stoji imenica, zato se i zovu tako; oni poblie
odreuju imenicu): to su lanovi ( the, a, an) , this + imenica, that + imenica, these +
imenica, those + imenica ( dakle, ako THIS/ THAT/ THESE / THOSE stoje UZ imenicu,
onda su to DETERMINERS; ako stoje SAMI, onda su DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS)!!!!

3
U ovu skupinu spadaju i : MUCH, MANY, A FEW ( nekoliko, ali dovojno), FEW (malo),
BOTH (oba, obje), SEVERAL, ALL, A LOT OF , MOST (NAPOMENA: iza njih ide
IMENICA), npr.;
~ Several friends went with me.
~ Both brothers have dark hair.
~ Most teachers are strict.
~ A lot of people like burgers.
~ Some girls like to play football.

U ovu skupinu spadaju i BROJEVI.

PREPOSITIONS : on, in, at, by, under, above, in front of, from, for, to, ..
Obino idu PRIJE imenice ili zamjenice.

CONJUNCTIONS ( veznici) : and , but, or, because, so

ADVERBS : poblie opisuje GLAGOL, poneka poblie opisuje neki pridjev ( npr.
She was very pleased. She is so beautiful.) ili ak i cijelu reenicu ( npr, Normally, you don
t have to come.)
Odgovaraju na pitanje KAKO?
Priloge tvorimo tako da na pridjev dodamo LY.

Slow------slowly
Dead------deadly
Ako pridjev zavrava Y ispred kojega je SUGLASNIK, onda Y prelazi u I , te dodajemo
LY, npr. happy------ happily , heavy------heavily

Ako pridjev zavrava na -able, -ible, ili -le, umjesto -e piemo -y. ( OVO JE ONO TA SI PITALA
KADA SE GUBI E !!!!)

Adjective Adverb

probable probably

terrible terribly

gentle gently

Ako pridjev zavrava na -ic, dodajemo -ally. IZNIMKA : public -> publicly

basic basically

4
tragic tragically

economic economically

Neki prilozi imaju ISTI oblik kao i pridjev:


Early ------- early

Fast------ fast npr. He is a fast runner. Fast- adjective


He runs fast. Fast- adverb ( kako tri?)

Late-------late She usually arrives late. LATE- ADVERB


PAZi!!! LATELY ( u zadnje vrijeme) to NIJE prilog, ve ima drugo znaenje

Hard ---------hard, She works hard. Hard- adverb


PAZI !!!!! hardly ( jedva) NIJE prilog, ima drugo znaenje
He could hardly speak. Jedva je govorio.

Wrong------ wrong

Close-------close

Daily--------daily

Free----------free

Long--------long

Right------right

High--------- high
~ We saw many high buildings. High- adjective
~ The bird flies high in the sky. High- adverb
Good well ~ I speak English WELL.
~ I am a GOOD singer. I sing WELL.

Prilozi mogu biti:


- adverbs of time : yesterday, now, soon, then, a few months ago.
- Adverbs of frequency : always, ever,
often,rarely, seldom, sometimes, twice, usually
- Adverbs of place: above, below, here, outside, over
there, there, under,upstairs, under, in front of
- Adverbs of manner (naina) ., to su ovi na LY :
badly, happily, sadly, slowly, quickly,well, hard, fast..

Adjective or adverb
1. There was a ___________________ noise last night. Did you hear it? (loud)

5
2. Sara speaks so ________________ that I can ___________________ understand her. (fast,
hard)
3. Why are you so ___________________? (angry)
4. I feel ___________________ about leaving my dog at mothers place. (bad)
5. You look ___________________ today. (great)
6. Jason ate his dinner rather ___________________.(quick)
7. The car ___________________ crashed into the tree.(near)
8. Try to speak ___________________ if you are giving a speech.(clear)
9. The situation requires a ___________________ investigation.(serious)
10. She sang so ___________________ that most of the audience left at the break.(bad)
11. Students who study ___________________ will do ___________________ in college.
(hard,good)
12. We thought he played basketball because he was _______________ tall.(real,)
13. Driving at night can sometimes be very ___________________.(dangerous)
14. ___________________ the car changed directions.(sudden)
15. The ship was ___________________ huge.(incredible,)
16. They shouted ___________________ at each other.(angry)
17. He found his way ___________________ through the ___________________ light.(easy,
bad)
18. Is she a ___________________ princess?(real)
19. The answer sounded ___________________.(correct)
20. Robert is a very ___________________ person.(lazy)
21. Nathan stamped his feet ___________________.(angry)
22. A ___________________ written story is very ________________ to read.(good, nice)
23. The teacher explained it to us ___________________.(careful)
24. The music played ___________________ in the background.(soft)
25. It was a ___________________ lake to swim in.(dangerous)

RJEENJA:
1. There was a loud noise last night. Did you hear it? (loud) 2. Sara speaks so fast that I can
hardly understand her. (fast, hard) 3. Why are you so angry? (angry) 4. I feel bad about
leaving my dog at mothers place. (bad) 5. You look great today. (great) 6. Jason ate his dinner
rather quickly.(quick) 7. The car nearly crashed into the tree.(near) 8. Try to speak clearly if
you are giving a speech.(clear) 9. The situation requires a serious investigation.(serious) 10.
She sang so badly that most of the audience left at the break.(bad) 11. Students who study
hard will do well in college.(hard,good) 12. We thought he played basketball because he was
really tall.(real, tall) 13. Driving at night can sometimes be very dangerous.(dangerous) 14.
Suddenly the car changed directions.(sudden) 15. The ship was incredibly huge.(incredible,
huge) 16. They shouted angrily at each other.(angry) 17. He found his way easily through the
bad light.(easy, bad) 18. Is she a real princess?(real) 19. The answer sounded correct.(correct)
20. Robert is a very lazy person.(lazy) 21. Nathan stamped his feet angrily.(angry) 22. A well
written story is very nice to read.(good, nice) 23. The teacher explained it to us carefully.
(careful) 24. The music played softly in the background.(soft) 25. It was a dangerous lake to
swim in.(dangerous)

Adverbs and Adjective: Circle the correct form to complete the sentence.
1. The student wanted to finish her homework quick / quickly .
2. Todd walked very sneaky / sneakily down the hallway.

6
3. The student was in such a hurry that she did bad / badly on the assignment.
4. The girl sang beautiful / beautifully .
5. The classroom was very noisy / noisily .
6. Antonio wound up and threw the football hard / hardly .
7. Whoever made the cake did a wonderful / wonderfully job.
8. She was running down the hallway crazy / crazily .
9. She answered the question wrong / wrongly .
10. The flowers smelled good / well .