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Mock MTAP Math Challenge Year 4

Individual Written Competition Set 1


Part I: Solve each problem and write the answer on the answer sheet provided. Give lines as ax + by + c = 0. Leave
answers in simplified radicals and use base 10 unless otherwise stated. [2 points each]

1. Find the vertex of the parabola y = 2x2 8x 5.


2. What is the remainder when 3x3 5x2 + x 2 is divided by x 2?

3. Find the domain of f (x) = log 3x2 5x + 2.
4. Determine all real numbers x such that |5x 6| 7.
5. In right triangle ABC with C = 90 , AB = 15 cm and AC = 12 cm. Find the length of the altitude to AB.
 
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6. Suppose that the point P x, lies on the unit circle x2 + y 2 = 1. Find the values of x.
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7. Factor completely: x5 16x.
8. Find the harmonic mean between 6 and 12.
9. What is the fifth term of (2x + y)10 ?
10. If 4ABC 4XY Z, AB = 6 cm, XY = 15 cm, and the area of 4ABC is 15 cm2 , find the area of 4XY Z.
11. What is the probability of having 4 boys and 4 girls in a family with 8 children?

80 6 n 80 + 6 n
12. Find a positive integer n such that is the reciprocal of .
n n
13. Find a quadratic equation whose roots are the squares of the roots of x2 + 4x 6 = 0.
14. Determine x such that x, 2x + 7, 10x 7 are consecutive terms of a geometric progression.
15. Two pipes can fill a certain tank in 12 minutes. The larger pipe alone can fill it in 10 minutes less time than the
smaller pipe. How long will it take for the smaller pipe alone to fill the tank?
Part II: Solve the following problems on a scratch paper, then write a neat and complete solution on the answer sheet
provided. Draw any necessary diagrams; give details and any necessary reasons/explanations to get full points. [3
points each]

1. Suppose that x 1 and x + 2 are the factors of f (x) = 2x3 + ax2 7x + b. Find the ordered pair (a, b).
 2
2x 6x
2. Solve for x: + 18 = 0.
x5 x5
3. A semicircle with diameter AB is drawn inside the square ABCD with CD = 6. Point E lies on side AD such
that CE is tangent to the semicircle. Find the length of CE.
4. Solve for on the interval [0, 2): cos 2 + (1 + 2 cos )(sin cos ) = 0.

5. Find the equations of the lines passing through (1, 5) and has a distance 2 10 from (6, 0).
Part III: Solve the following problems on a scratch paper, then write a neat and complete solution on the answer
sheet provided. Draw any necessary diagrams; give details and any necessary reasons/explanations to get full points.
[5 points each]

1
1. A rigged coin is tossed 8 times and the probability of obtaining exactly 3 heads and 5 tails is times the
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probability of obtaining exactly 5 heads and 3 tails. Find the probability of getting a head in a single toss of
the coin.
2. Find all real numbers x such that
log3x+7 (4x2 + 12x + 9) + log2x+3 (6x2 + 23x + 21) = 4

3. Determine all ordered triples (x, y, z) of real numbers such that


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
+ = + = + =
x y+z 2 y z+x 3 z x+y 4