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# PROBLEMS

## 1. The uniform I-beam has a mass of 60 kg per meter of its length.

Determine the tension in the two supporting cables and the reaction
at D. (3/64)
PROBLEMS m = 60 kg/m, determine the tension in the two supporting cables and
the reaction at D.

## A (5,0,0) m , B (5, 2,3) m , C (5, 2,3) m , D (0,0,0) m , G (3,0,0) m

z
2 j 3k
TAB TAB
3.606

0.55 j 0.83k
TAB TAC G
2 j 3k
TAC TAC
3.606 y
ND

0.55 j 0.83k

W

ND NDk x

kg
W 60 8m9.81 2 k 4708.8k ( N )
m
m s

M A 0 rG / A W rD / A N D 0

2i 4708.8k 5i N D k 9417.6 j 5 N D j 0
N D 1883.52 N
PROBLEMS m = 60 kg/m, determine the tension in the two supporting cables and
the reaction at D.

## A (5,0,0) m , B (5, 2,3) m , C (5, 2,3) m , D (0,0,0) m , G (3,0,0) m

TAB TAC G

y
TAB TAB 0.55 j 0.83k ND

TAC TAC 0.55 j 0.83k W

Fy 0 TAB TAC x

## F 0z 2(0.83)TAB 4708.8 1883.52 0

TAB TAC 1701.98 N
PROBLEMS

## 2. The light right-angle

boom which supports the
400 kg cylinder is
supported by three
cables and a ball and
socket joint at O
attached to the vertical
x-y surface. Determine
the reactions at O and
the cable tensions. (3/73)
PROBLEMS Boom is supported by three cables and a ball and socket joint at O.
Determine the reactions at O and the cable tensions.
A (0,0,2) m , B (1.5,0,2) m , C (1,1,0) m , O (0,0,0) m , D (1.5,2,0) m , E (1.5,0,0) m
G (0.75,0,2) m

i j 2k
TAC TAC
2.45

0.408i 0.408 j 0.816k

2 j 2k
TBD TBD Oy
2.828

TAC

0.707 j 0.707k Oz Ox

TBE TBE k TBD TBE
G

O Ox i O y j Oz k

W 400(9.81) j 3924 j ( N )
W
PROBLEMS
A (0,0,2) m , B (1.5,0,2) m , C (1,1,0) m , O (0,0,0) m , D (1.5,2,0) m
E (1.5,0,0) m , G (0.75,0,2) m

M O 0 rA/OTAC rG/O W rB/O TBD TBE 0
Oy

2k TAC 0.408i 0.408 j 0.816k 0.75i 2k 3924 j TAC O z

Ox

TBD
1.5i 2k TBD 0.707 j 0.707k TBE k 0 G
TBE

W

0.816TAC j 0.816TAC i 2943k 7848i 1.0605TBD k 1.0605TBD j 1.414TBDi 1.5TBE j 0

0.816TAC 7848 1.414
BD
T i 0.816TAC 1.0605TBD 1.5TBE j
2943 1.0605TBD k 0

k 1.0605TBD 2943 , TBD 2775 N

i 0.816TAC 7848 1.414(2775) 0 , TAC 4809 N

j 0.816TAC 1.0605TBD 1.5TBE 0 , TBE 654 N
PROBLEMS Boom is supported by three cables and a ball and socket joint at O.
Determine the reactions at O and the cable tensions.

F 0
x Ox 0.408TAC 0 , Ox 1962 N

## F y 0 O y 0.408TAC 3924 0.707TBD 0

Oy 0

F 0
z Oz 0.816TAC 0.707TBD TBE 0

Oy
Oz 6540 N
TAC Oz Ox
O 6828 N
TBD TBE
G

W
PROBLEMS
3. The uniform panel door has a
mass of 30 kg and is prevented
from opening by the strut C,
which is a light two-force member
whose upper end is secured under
the door knob and whose lower
end is attached to a rubber cup
which does not slip on the floor.
Of the door hinges A and B, only
B can support force in the
vertical z-direction. Calculate the
compression C in the strut and
the horizontal components of the
forces supported by hinges A and
B when a horizontal force P = 200
N is applied normal to the plane
of the door as shown. (3/89)
PROBLEMS
of the door hinges A and B, only B can support force in the vertical z- P
direction, calculate the compression C in the strut and the horizontal
components of the forces supported by hinges A and B
E
Ax
O (0, 0, 0) A (-1.2, 0, 1.8) B (-1.2, 0, 0.2) Ay
G (-0.6, 0, 1) E (0, 0, 2) D (-0.2, 0, 1)
H (-0.2, 0.75, 0) m
G
0.75 j k D
nDH 0.6 j 0.8k
1.25 Bz

FC
FC FC nDH FC 0.6 j 0.8k W

A Ax i Ay j Bx

B Bx i B y j Bz k By
O
W 30(9.81)k 294.3k N
H
P 200 j N

M B 0

M B 0.6i 0.8k 294.3k i 0.8k FC 0.6 j 0.8k

1.2i 1.8k 200 j 1.6k Ax i Ay j

M B 0.48FC 1.6 Ay 360i 0.8FC 1.6 Ax 176.58 j 0.6 FC 240k

PROBLEMS
of the door hinges A and B, only B can support force in the
vertical z-direction, calculate the compression C in the strut
and the horizontal components of the forces supported by P
hinges A and B
E
k 0.6 FC 240 , FC 400 N Ax
Ay

i 0.48FC 360 1.6 Ay , Ay 105 N

j 1.6 Ax 0.8FC 176.58 , Ax 89.64 N D
G

Axy 138 . 06 N Bz
FC
W
Fx 0 Ax Bx 0 Bx Ax 89.64 N Bx

## Fy 0 Ay By 200 0.6 FC 0 By 145 N O By

Bxy 170 . 47 N H
PROBLEMS
4. Consider the rudder assembly of a radio controlled model airplane. For
the 15 position shown in the figure, the net pressure acting on the left
side of the rectangular rudder area is p = 4(10-5) N/mm2. Determine the
required force P in the
control rod DE and the
horizontal components
of the reactions at
hinge B which are
parallel to the rudder
surface. Assume the
aerodynamic pressure
to be uniform. (3/92)
PROBLEMS p = 4(10-5) N/mm2, determine P and horizontal components of reaction at
B parallel to rudder surface.

P Pi , A Ax i Ay j Az k , B Bx i By j Bz k
Area of rudder A 4880 3840 mm2 , F pA 410 5 (3840) 0.1536 N

F 0.15sin 15i 0.15cos15 j 0.0388i 0.145 j
top view of rudder O (0,0, 0) A (0,0, 26) mm
H C B (0,0, 68) mm D ( x,17.86,10) mm
H (24cos15, 24sin 15, 40) (23.18, 6.21, 40) mm
x O, A, B
z
22 F
Bz

P D y Bx
By
24 H
H F Az
15 16

16sin15=4.14
C Ax
x 16cos15=15.45 Ay
17.86
O
D
y P y
x
PROBLEMS p = 4(10-5) N/mm2, determine P and horizontal components of reaction at
B parallel to rudder surface.

P Pi , A Ax i Ay j Az k , B Bx i By j Bz k , F 0.0388i 0.145 j
O (0,0, 0) A (0,0, 26) mm
M AB M A nAB M A k 0 B (0,0, 68) mm D ( x,17.86,10) mm

M A rH / A F rB/ A B rD/ A P 0 H (23.18, 6.21, 40) mm

23.18i 6.21 j 14k 0.0388i 0.145 j 42k Bx i By j Bz k

xi 17.86 j 16k Pi 0
2.03 42By i 0.54 16P 42Bx j
z
3.6 17.86 P k 0
Bz
M A k 0 P 0.202 N B

x

By

F H Az
i 2.03 42 B y 0 , B y 0.0483 N
Ax
j 0.54 16 P 42 Bx 0 , Bx 0.0641 N Ay
Bxy 0.0803 N O

P
x y
PROBLEMS
5. Under the action of the 40 Nm
torque applied to the vertical shaft,
the restraining cable AC limits the
rotation of the arm OA and
attached shaft to an angle of 60
measured from the y axis. The
collar D fastened to the shaft
prevents downward motion of the
shaft in its bearing. Calculate the
bending moment M, the compression
P and the shear force V in the
shaft at section B. (Bending
moment, expressed as a vector, is
normal to the shaft axis and shear
force is also normal to the shaft
axis.) (3/94)
PROBLEMS collar D prevents downward motion of the shaft in its bearing, calculate the bending
moment M, the compression P and the shear force V in the shaft at section B.
(Bending moment, expressed as a vector, is normal to the shaft axis and shear force
is also normal to the shaft axis.)
A (0.16sin 60,0.16cos60,0) (0.1386,0.08,0) m
B (0,0, 0.11) m , C (0,0.18, 0.2) m

0.1386i 0.1 j 0.2k

T T T 0.53i 0.38 j 0.76k
0.263

M B 0 rC / B T 40k M x i M y j 0
Bz

0.09k 0.18 j T 0.53i 0.38 j 0.76k

Mx

My
40k M x i M y j 0 T

Bx By

M B 0.106T M x i

0.047T M y j 0.095T 40k 0

PROBLEMS collar D prevents downward motion of the shaft in its bearing, calculate the bending
moment M, the compression P and the shear force V in the shaft at section B.
(Bending moment, expressed as a vector, is normal to the shaft axis and shear force
is also normal to the shaft axis.)

T T 0.53i 0.38 j 0.76k

k T 421.05 N

j M y 19.79 N m

i M x 44.63 N m
Bz
M M x M y 48.82 N m
2 2
My
Mx

T

F 0
By
x Bx 0.53T 0 , Bx 221.89 N Bx

F 0
y By 0.38T 0 , By 160.19 N
V Bxy 273.62 N

F 0
z Bz 0.76T 0 , Bz P 320.19 N
PROBLEMS
6. The shaft, lever and
handle are welded together
and constitute a single rigid
body. Their combined mass is
28 kg with mass center at G.
The assembly is mounted on
bearings A and B, and rotation
Determine the forces
exerted on the shaft by the
bearings A and B while the 30
Nm couple is applied to the
handle as shown. Would these
forces change if the couple were applied to the shaft AB rather than to the
handle?
PROBLEMS Determine the forces exerted on the shaft by the bearings A and B
while the 30 Nm couple is applied to the handle as shown. Would these
forces change if the couple were applied to the shaft AB rather than to
the handle?

Ax
F
Bx
Ay

C
By
W
PROBLEMS
7. The electric sander has a mass of 3
kg with mass center at G and is held in a
slightly tilted position (z-axis vertical)
so that the sanding disk makes contact
at its top with the surface being
sanded. The sander is gripped by its
handles at B and C. If the normal force
R against the disk is maintained at 20 N
and is due entirely to the force
component Bx (i.e., Cx = 0), and if the
friction force F acting on the disk is 60
percent of R, determine the
components of the couple M which must
be applied to the handle at C to hold
the sander in position. Assume that half
of the weight is supported at C. (3/95)
PROBLEMS
R = 20 N F = 0.6R=12 N
m =3 kg, normal force R =20 N due entirely to
force component Bx (i.e., Cx = 0), the friction
force F acting on the disk 60 percent of R,
determine the components of the couple M
which must be applied to the handle at C to hold
the sander in position. Assume that half of the W = 29.43 N
weight is supported at C.
A (120,0, 100) m
Bx 20 N , C x 0 B (40, 200, 0) m
C (0,0,300) m
G (40,0, 0) m
F 0 z

Bz C z 29.43 , Bz C z W 14.715 N Bx
2
Bz

MC 0 rB /C Bxi Bz k rG /C W rG / A Ri Fj

M xi M y j M z k 0 My Cy Cz
Mx

300k 40i 200 j 20i 14.72k 300k 40i 29.43k

400k 120i 20i 12 j M x i M y j M z k 0 Mz
PROBLEMS
R = 20 N F = 0.6R=12 N
m =3 kg, normal force R =20 N due entirely to
force component Bx (i.e., Cx = 0), the friction
force F acting on the disk 60 percent of R,
determine the components of the couple M
which must be applied to the handle at C to hold
the sander in position. Assume that half of the W = 29.43 N
weight is supported at C.

M C 2944 4800 M x i
6000 588.8 1177.2 800 M y j

4000 1440 M z k 0
Bx
M x 1856 N mm
Bz
M y 1411.6 N mm
M z 2560 N mm
My Cy Cz

Cy 12 j
Mx

Mz
PROBLEMS

## 8. Because of friction a very large force T is required to raise the 10 kg body

when the cable is wound around a fixed rough cylinder as shown. For the static
equilibrium values shown, determine all of the reactions at point O. The 0.3 m
dimension refers to the point A where the cable loses contact with the
cylinder. Neglect the weight of the fixed cylinder.
PROBLEMS
x
determine all of the reactions at point O, neglect
y the weight of the fixed cylinder

T
Tz Tyz Tx x
30 MOx
20 A
A T 60 Ox
y 30 mm 60
y Oy Oz
z
MOy
MOz
z

W=10(9.81)=98.1 N = 0.0981 kN
W
O (0, 0, 0)
A (30sin60, 30cos60, 800) = (26, 15, 800) B (0, 30, 1100) mm

Tx T sin 30 15 kN
Tyz T cos 30 25.98 kN
Ty Tyz cos 20 T cos 30 cos 20 24.41 kN
Tz Tyz sin 20 T cos 30 sin 20 8.89 kN
PROBLEMS

determine all of the reactions at point O, neglect
the weight of the fixed cylinder
O Ox i O y j Oz k ?

M O M Ox i M Oy j M Oz k ?

M O 0 rB / O W rA / O T M O 0

MOx

M O 30 j 1100k 0.0981i Ox

26 j 15 j 800k 15i 24.41 j 8.89k

Oy Oz

M Ox i M Oy j M Oz k 0 MOy

M O 19394.65 M Ox i 12123.34 M Oy j
MOz

856.72 M Oz k 0
M Ox 19394.65 kN mm 19.4 kN m W
M Oy 12123.34 kN mm 12.1 kN m
M Oz 856.72 kN mm 0.86 kN m

M O 19.4i 12.1 j 0.86k kN m , M O 22.88 kN m

Fx 0 Ox Tx 0.098 0 , Ox 14.902 kN

Fy 0 Oy Ty 0 , Oy 24.41 kN O 14.9i 24.41 j 8.89k kN
Fz 0 Oz Tz 0 , Oz 8.89 kN O 29.95 kN
PROBLEMS
9. The structure is subjected to the loadings shown. Member AB is
supported by a ball and socket joint at A and a smooth collar at B. Member
CD is supported by a pin at C which acts like a thrust bearing. Determine the
reactions at A and C.
PROBLEMS Ball and socket joint at A, smooth collar at B, thrust bearing at C.
Determine reactions at A and C.
PROBLEMS
10. A circular plate with a weight of 900 N acting at its center point G is
supported by cord DE and a thrust bearing at B. Shaft AC is fixed and
frictionless.
a) Draw the Free Body Diagram of the circular plate.
b) Determine the cable tension and the reactions acting on the circular
plate from the bearing at B.

G
D

G
PROBLEMS W = 900 N, circular plate supported by cord DE and a thrust bearing at
B. Shaft AC is fixed and frictionless. Determine the cable tension and
the reactions at bearing B.

G
D