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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI

FIRST SEMESTER 2012-2013

Mechanics of Solids (Assignment on Chapter 6)

Q1. A solid circular shaft transmits 75kW power at 200 rpm. Calculate the shaft diameter, if twist is not to exceed

1° in 2 meters length of shaft, and shear stress is limited to 50 MN/m 2 .Take G=100 GN/m 2 .

Q2. A hollow steel shaft is made to replace a solid wrought iron shaft of the same external diameter, the material

being 35% stronger than the iron. Find what fraction of outside diameter the internal maybe. Also, neglecting the

coupling, find the percentage saving in weight by substitution, assuming that steel is 2% heavier than wrought

iron.

Q3. A solid shaft of mild steel 200mm in diameter is to be replaced by hollow shaft of alloy of steel for which the

allowable shear stress is 22% greater. If the power to be transmitted is to be increased by 20% and the speed of

rotation is increased by 6%, determine the maximum internal diameter of the hollow shaft. The external diameter

of the hollow shaft is to be 200 mm.

Q4. Fig. Q4 shows a composite shaft .If 2kN-m torque is applied at the junction, determine the maximum shear

stress developed in steel and copper shaft. Assume G steel =2G copper .

2 kN-m Copper shaft Steel shaft 60 mm 75 mm 45 mm 1.2 m 1.2
2 kN-m
Copper shaft
Steel shaft
60 mm
75 mm
45 mm
1.2 m
1.2 m

Fig. Q4

Q5. A shaft is made by rigidly joining an aluminum rod 2 m long to a steel rod 1.5 m long. The rods are of diameter 80 mm and are subjected to torques as shown in Fig Q5.Find the maximum stresses and the maximum angle of twist in the shaft .G=85 GPa for the steel and G=30 GPa for aluminum.

Aluminum Steel 2 KN-m 2 KN-m A B C D 0.75 m 1.25 m 1.5
Aluminum
Steel
2 KN-m
2 KN-m
A
B
C
D
0.75 m
1.25 m
1.5 m

Fig.Q5

Q6. A torque of magnitude M t =1000 N-m is applied at D as shown in fig Q6.Knowing that allowable shear is 60 MPa in each shaft, determine the required diameter of (a)shaft AB and CD.

determine the required diameter of (a)shaft AB and CD. Fig.Q6 Q7. A gun metal sleeve is

Fig.Q6

Q7. A gun metal sleeve is fixed securely to a steel shaft and the compound shaft is subjected to a torque. If the torque on the sleeve is twice the torque on the shaft, find the ratio of the external diameter of the sleeve to the diameter of the shaft. Given G steel =2.5G gun metal .

Q8. In an experimental set up solid circular shaft of 100 mm dia is subjected to a torque of 25 kN=m. The angle of twist over a length of 3 m is observed to be 0.09 rad. Find the shear modulus of the material.

Q9. A hollow circular shaft has an external diameter of 120 mm and internal diameter of ¾ of external dia. If the stress at a fiber inner side of shaft is 36 MPa due to a torque applied. Find a) the torque applied b) the maximum shear stress in the shaft.

Q10. During the process of drilling the holes in a wooden piece with a robotic drilling machine (10 mm dia steel), Drill bit carries a twisting moment of 8 N-m. The axial pressure applied is 50 kN. Find a) Value of principal stresses b) Maximum shear stress (Neglect helical groove in the drill bit)

Q11. A circular shaft of length 2 m is subjected to a torque of 90 kN-m subjected to a maximum shear of 90 MN/m 2 .Find a) the diameter of the shaft. b) As a part of design modification to reduce the weight of the shaft, the above shaft to be replaced by the one hollow shaft of the same material. There is restriction for outer diameter of the shaft cannot be increased more that 20%.Find he inner radii and the outer radii.

Q12. A shaft BC is hollow with inner and outer diameters 90 mm and 120 mm are respectively. Shafts AB and CD are solid and of diameter d. For the loading shown, determine (a) maximum and minimum shearing stress in shaft BC b) the required diameter d of shafts AB and CD if the allowable shearing stress in the shafts is 65 MPa.

shaft BC b) the required diameter d of shafts AB and CD if the allowable shearing

Fig: Q12

13. Under normal operating conditions a motor exerts a torque of magnitude 136 N-m at F. Knowing

that the allowable shearing stress is 72 MPa in each shaft, determine for the given data the required

diameter of a) shaft CDE b) shaft FGH. Take r D =200 mm and r G =75 mm.

CDE b) shaft FGH. Take r D =200 mm and r G =75 mm. Fig: Q13

Fig: Q13

ANSWERS

1. Case I diameter = 80.4 mm, Case II diameter =71.4 mm

2. 0.714,50%

3. 103.7 mm

4. τ s = 22.85 MN/m 2 c = 14.29 MN/m 2

5. τ Al =18.15 N/mm 2 , τ St =21.63 MN/mm 2 CB =-0.00189 rad, Φ DC =-0.00954 rad

6. D AB =59.6 mm, D CD =43.9 mm

7. 1.565

8. 84.8 GPa

9. 5.56 kN-m,47.9 MPa

10. 37.62 MPa,-44.02 MPa,40.82 MPa

11. 170 mm,77.65 mm,200 mm

12. 86.2 MPa, 64.7 MPa,77.8 mm

13. 21.36 mm, 29.6mm