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This workbook belongs to ______________________________________ from class ________


Presentacin
Tu Workbook ha sido preparado por tus profesores para ayudarte a superar la
asignatura de ingls con xito. Revsalo con frecuencia, trelo siempre a clase, lee los
consejos que aparecen en l cudalo! y no olvides que hay que trabajar desde el
primer da.

Contiene las siguientes secciones:

Gua para el alumno ............................................................................. 1


Consejos para mejorar tu ingls ............................................................... 3
Cmo aprender vocabulario? .................................................................. 4
Classroom language ............................................................................. 5
Nmeros ........................................................................................... 8
Verbos irregulares ................................................................................ 10
Reglas de ortografa ............................................................................. 13
Cmo hacer una buena presentacin ......................................................... 14
Diario de lectura ................................................................................. 15
Fichas para las lecturas ........................................................................ 19
Vocabulario por unidades ....................................................................... 20
Fichas para mejorar la destreza oral ......................................................... 31
Explicaciones gramaticales y ejercicios ...................................................... 40
Mi Portfolio ........................................................................................ 58

Buen curso 2015-16!

The English Department


IES Pedro Espinosa
IES PEDRO ESPINOSA
DEPARTAMENTO DE INGLS
HOJA INFORMATIVA PARA EL ALUMNADO 3 ESO
CURSO 2015-2016
I. SISTEMA DE EVALUACIN
Se realizarn 2 exmenes trimestrales, para los que se establecer hora y da, y todos los controles de vocabulario, verbos,
frases oportunos. No olvides que la EVALUACIN ES CONTINUA, lo que implica que cada examen engloba todo lo
estudiado desde el comienzo de curso hasta el momento del examen y cada examen sirve de recuperacin del anterior. Puesto que
la nota de exmenes es slo el 70% de la calificacin trimestral, ningn alumno podr aprobar la asignatura SLO Y
EXCLUSIVAMENTE CON EL LTIMO EXAMEN. Hay que trabajar desde el primer da!
Los exmenes constarn de las siguientes partes:
Gramtica y Vocabulario (Use of English) 40%
Comprensin del texto (Reading) 20%
Comprensin auditiva (Listening) 10%
Redaccin (Writing) 20%
Expresin oral (Speaking) 10%

Recuerda que los EXMENES REPRESENTAN UN 70% DE TU NOTA FINAL Y EL 30% RESTANTE SE BASAR EN TU
TRABAJO DE CLASE Y EN TU CUADERNO Y EN LA REALIZACIN DE TAREAS, PROYECTOS, LECTURAS Y
REDACCIONES tal y como se muestra en la siguiente tabla:

Nivel 1, 2, 3 y 4 ESO. 100% repartido entre:


Exmenes: 70% Trabajo del alumno: 30 %
Trabajo en clase/casa Proyectos y
Exmenes de unidades Tests Biblioteca de aula
Participacin Redacciones
50.00% 20.00% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00%

Por tanto, para aprobar la asignatura ser necesario:


Realizar Tarea en casa. Se revisar diariamente.
Participar en clase y en las actividades propuestas por el departamento.
Trabajar proyectos.
Aprovechar el tiempo dedicado a la lectura y llevar al da el diario de lectura.
Tener el cuaderno completo, limpio, ordenado y corregido.
Mostrar inters por la asignatura.
Realizar exmenes orales y escritos.
El alumnado que no supere el curso en la convocatoria de junio, deber presentarse a la convocatoria de septiembre. El examen
de septiembre incluir todas las destrezas trabajadas durante el curso.

II. RECUPERACIN DE CURSOS ANTERIORES


Para recuperar los cursos anteriores el alumnado deber presentarse a un examen trimestral en las siguientes fechas y de las
siguientes unidades:
1 evaluacin: temas 1, 2 jueves 19 noviembre 17.00
2 evaluacin: temas 3, 4 jueves 18 febrero 17.00
3 evaluacin: temas 5, 6 jueves 26 mayo 17.00
Recuerda que para repasar tienes tu cuaderno del alumno realizado por el Departamento. Si lo has perdido, podrs descargarlo de
la pgina web del centro: http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es departamentos ingls cuadernillos). Si tienes dudas,
recuerda preguntar a tus profesores; te ayudarn.
*El profesorado indicar el lugar de realizacin de la prueba.

III. MATERIAL
Obligatorio
Interface ESO3, Students Book. Editorial Macmillan (Lo recibirs en el Centro)
Recomendado
Cuadernillo del Alumno realizado por el Departamento (fotocopiadora del Centro, pgina web del centro en formato
*pdf: : http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es departamentos ingls cuadernillos).
Diccionario de bolsillo. Debe traerse a clase TODOS LOS DAS. Editoriales recomendadas: Collins Gem, Oxford,
Larousse, Longman.
Cuaderno a eleccin del alumno. Deber estar perfectamente ordenado y presentable con nombre, apellidos y curso en la
portada.
Fundas folio para guardar las fotocopias que se entreguen o que se recomienden para su compra. Si el tamao lo permite,
deben pegarse en el cuaderno.

IV. INSTRUCCIONES
NO SE PUEDE ESCRIBIR en el Students Book porque NO es nuestro.
Cuando el/la profesor/a llega, todos/as tenemos preparado nuestro material y estamos listos/as para empezar la clase.

V. RECURSOS ONLINE
http://englishyesplease.blogspot.com
www.wordreference.com (diccionario)
www.languageguide.org/english/ (vocabulario)
http://www.ego4u.com/ (gramtica, vocabulario, expresin escrita)
http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/grammar/2eso.html (gramtica, listening)

VI. PARA QU ME SIRVE EL INGLS?


Para APROBAR esta asignatura y as ir por buen Para seguir tus series de televisin favoritas.
camino para obtener mi graduado. Para conseguir un trabajo.
Para navegar por internet. Para ligar, viajar
Para escuchar y entender las canciones o a los
deportistas que me gustan.

VII. QU MTODOS PUEDO USAR PARA APRENDER INGLS?


Aprovechar al mximo las clases en el instituto: Lectura de peridicos, revistas y libros
prestando atencin, participando. (adaptados u originales).
Clases de conversacin con un hablante nativo. Uso de Internet y DVDs.
Charlas con turistas. Concentracin en la prctica oral.
Prctica con compaeros fuera de clase. Concentracin en los ejercicios de gramtica.
Audicin de podcasts.

VIII. SI YO FUERA ALUMNO/A


No faltara a clase a no ser por extrema necesidad y, en caso de faltar, comunicara al profesor el motivo de la falta y
adems me informara de lo que se ha tratado en clase el da en que yo he faltado y recuperara los apuntes. Recuerda que
debes ensear el justificante de tus faltas.
Por lo menos una vez por semana dedicara un tiempo a estudiar la materia de esa semana.
Participara en clase:
o corrigiendo la tarea. o me dirigira al profesor con respeto.
o preguntando lo que no entendiera. o ira completando mi cuaderno poco a
o hablando en ingls. poco y este estara limpio y claro.
o respetando el trabajo de los dems. o controlara mis ganas de broma y de
o participando en los dilogos y teatrillos. juego en clase.
Estudiara el vocabulario y los verbos a diario y NO la noche antes del examen.
Preparara los exmenes intentando comprender todo, practicando con ejercicios, repasando el vocabulario

Me doy por enterado de qu tengo que hacer para aprobar la asignatura de ingls, de los criterios de evaluacin, de los
materiales necesarios, de mis obligaciones y mi firma y la de mis padres da fe de ello.

FIRMA ALUMNO/A (3 ESO grupo:____) FIRMA PADRES

Fdo.________________________________
Fdo.________________________________

SEPTIEMBRE, 2015
Descarga en tu MP3 o smartphone los
listenings recomendados, audiolibros o
cualquier cosa que te guste. Aprovecha
cualquier momento! No importa que al
principio no entiendas. ESCUCHA,
ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA!

3
Sabes por qu es difcil aprender palabras en ingls?
1) Para un hispanohablante, la gran mayora de las palabras en ingls son sonidos ininteligibles que no
significan absolutamente nada. Si la palabra nueva te resulta familiar solo se puede deber a dos motivos: es
una palabra de origen latino o la has escuchado en los medios de comunicacin.
Recuerda: Dado que el ingls es un idioma de origen germnico, muy alejado del espaol, no se asimila un
nuevo sonido hasta que no se repite unas diez, a veinte veces, hablando. Algunas palabras incluso tienen
que llegar a repetirse unas cien veces para que se queden grabadas en la memoria.
2) Hay, al menos, dos tipos de vocabularios. El vocabulario del ingls hablado y el del ingls escrito. Esto
quiere decir que hay palabras que lees pero que no se suelen usar en ingls hablado y palabras que escuchas
pero que no se suelen escribir. Las palabras de ingls hablado son las ms difciles de aprender porque una
gran mayora no son de origen latino; son "phrasal verbs", o palabras de origen germnico.
Recuerda: Es mejor empezar aprendiendo el vocabulario del ingls hablado ya que ser el que ms vas a
necesitar en el da a da.
3) El nmero de palabras que hay que aprender para hablar con cierta fluidez ronda las tres mil. Aprender
tres mil palabras es difcil y toma tiempo, por tanto, necesitaremos determinacin a prueba de fuego.
Recuerda: Para incrementar tu vocabulario, determinacin a prueba de fuego; esto significa planificacin y
constancia.
4) Por cada palabra, hay que aprender "pronunciacin" y "deletreo" (spelling). Si no sabes escribir una
palabra, no importa demasiado porque siempre puedes buscarla en un diccionario, pero si no sabes
pronunciarla realmente no sabes esa palabra.
Recuerda: Solo puedes decir que sabes una palabra si puedes pronunciarla y colocarla correctamente en una
frase. Consejo: Bscate ahora mismo alguien para hablar.
Cmo superaremos todas estas barreras?
Slo hay una manera: con mucha determinacin y un buen mtodo. Suponiendo que ya tenemos la
determinacin, veamos los mtodos.
Una de las mejores maneras de aprender vocabulario es viendo pelculas en ingls con subttulos. Ves la
imagen, escuchas cmo suena y ves cmo se escribe.
Ni que decir tiene que otra fantstica manera de aprender vocabulario es cantando.
Otra buena frmula es hablando. Cuando no sabes cmo decir algo, la necesidad de comunicarte te lleva a
buscar las palabras que necesitas para expresarte. As que piensa durante el da frases en espaol y piensa
cmo las diras en ingls. Si tienes dudas pregunta a un profesor.
Otra forma eficaz de incrementar tu vocabulario es leyendo. La gran ventaja de la lectura es que
aprendes las nuevas palabras en un contexto determinado. La desventaja es que no sabes cmo suena la
palabra. Por ello, la lectura debe combinarse siempre con prcticas de conversacin. Tambin son buenos
los audio-books para leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo.
Por ltimo, se aprende vocabulario estudiando y echando mano de todos los recursos que tenemos a
mano: diccionarios, internet,trucos para memorizar, juegos, crucigramas (crosswords), el ahorcado
(hangman), leyendo las noticias en ingls, etc
Cmo recordar vocabulario nuevo?
1. Traduciendo la palabra a tu idioma. Por ejemplo: coche car (ingls).
2. Describindola en espaol. Por ejemplo: vehculo con motor y de cuatro ruedas para transportar
personas.
3. Haciendo un dibujo.
4. Ponindola en contexto. Por ejemplo: Mi coche se ha estropeado y tengo que llevarlo al taller.
5. Colocndola dentro de un grupo lxico. Por ejemplo: coche, camin, moto, etc.
(Fuente: http://elblogdelingles.blogspot.com.es/)
4
CLASSROOM LANGUAGE

Cosas que podras decir a tu profesor/a Things you might say to your teacher
Lo siento, no lo entiendo Im sorry, I dont understand.
Perdn? Pardon? Sorry?
Qu quiere decir chair? What does chair mean?
Cmo se dice X en ingls? How do you say X in English?
Cmo se deletrea eso? How do you spell that?
Es esto correcto? Is this correct?
Cul es el pasado de go? What is the past of go?
Cmo se pronuncia esta palabra? How do you pronounce this word?
Qu tenemos que hacer exactamente? What exactly do we have to do?
Perdone, puedo pasar? Excuse me. May I come in?
Podra hablar ms despacio, por favor? Could you speak more slowly, please?
Perdone. Lo siento, llego tarde. Excuse me. Im sorry, Im late.
Puedo ir al bao, por favor? May I go to the toilet, please?
Puedo sacar punta al lpiz, por favor? Can I sharpen my pencil, please?
Dgalo otra vez, por favor. Say that again, please.
Puede ayudarme, por favor? Can you help me, please?
Es esto correcto / incorrecto? Is this right / wrong?
Lo siento, he olvidado mi cuaderno. Im sorry, I forgot my notebook.
Lo siento, no hice mi tarea. Im sorry, I didnt do my homework.

Cosas que tu profesor podra decirte. Things your teacher might say to you.
Abrid vuestro libro por la pgina 25. Open your book at page 25.
Responde las preguntas. Answer the questions.
Escribe las respuestas. Write the answers.
Trabajad solos / en parejas / en grupos. Work alone / in pairs / in groups.
Haz estas preguntas a tu compaero. Ask your partner these questions ...
Responde las preguntas de tu compaero. Answer your partners questions ...
Escucha y repite otra vez Listen and repeat again
Haz la pregunta. Make the question.
Escucha el CD y esponde las preguntas. Listen to the CD to answer these questions.
Lee el texto. Read the text.
Escribe una redaccin sobre Write a composition about
Copiad esto en vuestras libretas. Copy this into your notebooks.
La tarea es ejercicio 5, pgina 11 The homework is ...exercise 5, page 11
Bien hecho! Well done!
Habis terminado? Have you finished?
Dnde est Pedro hoy? Wheres Pedro today?
Quin falta hoy? Who is absent / missing today?

5
Habis hecho la tarea? Have you done your homework?
Nos vemos la prxima clase. See you next lesson.
Que tengis un buen fin de semana! Have a nice weekend!
Cmo ests? How are you?
Estaos quietos! Be quiet!
Ven a la pizarra. Come to the board.
Sintate. Sit down.
Levntate. Stand up.
Cierra el libro. Close your book.
Abre el libro. Open your book.
Ensame tu libreta. Show me your notebook.
Vamos a empezar con la clase ahora. Lets start with the lesson now.
Est todo el mundo listo para empezar? Is everybody ready to start?
Voy a pasar lista. Im going to take attendance.
A quin le gustara tener un positivo hoy? Who would like to get extra marks today?
Coge uno y psalos. Take one and pass them on.

Cosas que podras leer en tu libro o en Things you might read in your book or in an
un examen. exam.
Completa las frases con las palabras de Complete the sentences with the words below.
abajo.
Completa las frases con la forma correcta Complete the sentences with the correct form of
de los verbos entre parntesis. the verbs in brackets.
Escribe las frases en negative e Write the sentences in the negative and
interrogative. interrogative.
Elige / Subraya / Rodea Choose / Underline / Circle the correct
Escribe las palabras en el orden correcto. Write the words in the correct order.
Lee el texto y responde las preguntas. Read the text and answer the questions.
Escribe cinco frases sobre Write five sentences about
Traduce las siguientes frases a ingls. Translate the following sentences into English.
Escribe los contrarios. Write the opposites.

Cosas que podras decir a tu compaero. Things you might say to your classmate.
Podra coger prestado tu? Can I borrow your, please?
Puedes dejarme un? Can you lend me a ?
Lo siento, no recuerdo tu nombre. Sorry, I cant remember your name.
Podemos compartir el libro? Can I share your book with you?
En qu pgina estamos? What page is it on?
Me puedes pasar esas hoja, por favor? Can you pass me that piece of paper, please?
Perdona, ese es mi libro. Excuse me, thats my book.
Quin va a empezar? Who is going to start?
A quin le toca? Whose turn is it?
Me toca a mi ahora. Its my turn now.

6
SCHOOL AND EDUCATION TEACHING
go to school ...................... ir al colegio term ................................trimestre
study .............................. estudiar timetable..........................horario
learn (by heart) ................. aprender (de memoria) subject.............................asignatura
do homework .................... hacer la tarea lesson ..............................leccin
ask ................................. preguntar period ..............................hora de clase
answer ............................ responder free period ........................hora libre
know .............................. saber french class .......................clase de francs
revise.............................. repasar vocabulary ........................vocabulario
take an exam .................... hacer un grammar ...........................gramtica
examen FACILITIES
pass an exam..................... aprobar
playground ........................patio
fail an exam...................... suspender
library..............................biblioteca
repeat a year .................... repetir
assembly hall .....................saln de actos
leave school...................... dejar el
language lab ......................laboratorio de idiomas
colegio
canteen ............................cafetera
take the register
reception ..........................recepcin
attendance ....................... pasar lista
staffroom ..........................sala de profesores
expel .............................. expulsar
registration room ................secretara
punish ............................. castigar
laboratory .........................laboratorio
punishment....................... castigo
gym.................................gimnasio
skip classes*...................... saltarse las clases
headteachers office ............despacho del director
absent............................. ausente
present............................ presente IN THE CLASSROOM
hard-working..................... trabajador classmate .........................compaero
inattentive ....................... distraido chair................................silla
undisciplined..................... indisciplinado cupboard ..........................armario
high / secondary school ........ instituto locker ..............................taquilla
state school ...................... colegio pblico stapler ............................grapadora
private school.................... colegio privado hole punch .......................taladradora
AT SCHOOL schoolbag .........................mochila
board...............................pizarra
class ............................... clase
notice board .....................tabln
classroom......................... clase
dictionary .........................diccionario
headmaster ...................... director
notebook ..........................libreta
deputy ............................ vicedirector
sheet ..............................hoja
director of studies .............. jefe de estudios
pen ................................bolgrafo
counsellor ........................ orientador
pencil .............................lpiz
teacher ........................... profesor
marker ............................subrayador
tutor............................... tutor
boardpen ..........................rotulador pizarra
caretaker ......................... conserje
chalk ..............................tiza
secretary ......................... secretario
crayons ............................ceras
language assistant .............. asistente lingstico
coloured pencils .................lpices de colores
cleaner............................ limpiador
correction fluid ..................lquido corrector
desk ............................... pupitre
spelling ............................ortografa
table .............................. mesa
essay ...............................redaccin, trabajo
ruler .............................. regla
translation ........................traduccin
glue ............................... pegamento
exam ...............................examen
scissors ........................... tijeras
mistake ............................fallo
stick .............................. pegar
good mark .........................buena nota
calculator......................... calculadora
bad mark ..........................mala nota
brush .............................. cepillo
pass mark..........................aprobado
computer ........................ ordenador
school report......................boletn
keyboard ......................... teclado
prize................................premio
mouse ............................ ratn
GCSE ...............................graduado de
headphones ..................... auriculares
Secundaria
loudspeakers ..................... altavoces
holidays............................vacaciones
laptop ............................. porttil
netbook ........................... miniportatil SUBJECTS
map................................ mapa computer studies ................informtica
drawing pin ...................... chincheta maths ..............................matemticas
duster, eraser.................... borrador history .............................historia
rubber............................. goma geography .........................geografa
sharpener......................... sacapuntas science.............................ciencias
schoolbag ......................... mochila biology .............................biologa
pencilcase ........................ estuche chemistry..........................qumica
exam .............................. examen physics .............................fsica
break .............................. recreo languages..........................idiomas
bell ................................ campana English .............................ingles
chair............................... silla physical education ..............E.F.
religion ............................religin
French .............................Francs

7
Zero scores in team games are usually called nil.
In tennis, table tennis , it is used the word love
In British English And is used before the last two figures
Manchester three; Liverpool nil
(tens and units) of a number.
Fifteen - love ; your service.
325: three hundred and twenty-five.
3,077: three thousand and seventy-seven.

Note that in writing, commas (not a full stop) are used to There are two ways of saying dates. Ordinal numbers are
separate thousands. used. We write the preposition on with dates.

1 /08 /2009 : On the first of August / August the first

When dates are written the, of and often the ordinal


The words hundred, thousand and million can be used in ending (-th) are dropped.
the singular with a or an, but not alone.
A is more common in an informal style. Years are usually said in two halves.
1986 : nineteen eighty-six
I want to live a hundred years.
The journey took exactly one hundred days. To say the time we can use , digital numbers or time
expressions :
Whats the time?
12:15 . Its twelve fifteen / Its a quarter past twelve
Simple fractions are expressed by using ordinal numbers

:threefourths : one third

In phone numbers we say each figure separately.


0 is called / u /. And if a number is repeated we say
Decimal fractions are said with each figure separate.. we use double.
a full stop, called point, not a comma, before the fraction. 6532209 : six five three double two o nine.

0.5 : nought point five

Ordinal numbers are used for Kings and Queens.


Henry VIII: Henry the Eighth
The figure 0 is normally called nought in British English and
Zero in American English.
When the numbers are said figure by figure 0 is often called
/u / like the letter O.
The singular of pence is penny.
My account number is 41326069 : four one three two six o .. 1p : one penny Informal : one p / pi /
5p : five pence five p / pi /
In measurements, like temperature is called zero
In sums with pounds, the letter p is dropped.
0 : Zero degrees Centigrade. 3.75 : Three pounds seventy-five

8
Exercise 1
Write how you would say these numbers or figures.

1. He was born 3 -January 1975



2. His telephone number is 956 447 201

1. Addition 3. Juan Carlos I is the King of Spain.

2+ 3 = 5 4. How much are those trainers? They are 103.50

Two and three is / are five 5. He lives on the 15 floor.
Two plus three is /equals five
6. Who won the match? Real Madrid beat Manchester United 1-0
2. Subtraction
7. My cousin won 1,500,000 in the lottery two years ago.
7-4=3
8. + = .
Four from seven is / leaves three
Seven minus four is /equals three 9. Nadal is winning 40-0 in the 1st game.

3. Multiplication 10. When is Toms birthday? His birthday is on 30 / 3
..
5 x 2 = 10 11. What time is it, please? It s 19:40

Five times two is / makes ten 12. The temperature now is 0 C.
Five multiplied by two equals ten
13. 10 - 1.5 = 8.5
4. Division
14. 352 + 1760 = 2112.
9:3=3
Nine divided by three equals three 15. 27 : 3 = 9
..

Exercise 2 Exercise 3
Write the following numbers Correct the flollowing numbers.

1. 1968 ( year) . 1. The concert is the two of May.


2. 21st .
3. 6374420 ( ) . 2. One thousand and three hundreds.
4. 5 + 7 =12 ..
5. 100,65 3. He died in one thousand nine hundred
6. 5C and sixty two.
7. Elisabeth I ..
8. 2/5 (fraction) ........... 4. Manchester beat Liverpool three zero.
9. 6-0 (football) .
10. 15-0 (tennis) .. 5. My phone number is six nil one two four
11. 18/10/1999 .. nine nine five.
12. 4 x 9 = 36 ..
13. 15 : 5 = 3 .. 6. Henry the Eight was born in Greenwich.
14. 1,950,011 ..
15. 3rd .. 7. The car cost a lot of money, thirty
16. 100 .. thousands euros.
17. 1,000 ..
18. 1,000,000 .. 8. How much is three time six?
19. 502 ..
20. Henry II . 9. His birthday is the eleven January.
21. 50,20 .
22. 30 19 =11 . 10. The lesson starts at nine thirtieth.
23. 2010 (year) .

9
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

Irregular Verbs
INFINITIVE PAST PAST TRANSLATION
SIMPLE PARTICIPLE

1 be was, were been estar


2 beat beat beaten derrotar, golpear
3 become became become convertirse en, hacerse
4 begin began begun empezar
5 bend bent bent doblar
6 bet bet bet apostar
7 bite bit bitten morder
8 bleed bled bled sangrar
9 blow blew blown soplar
10 break broke broken romper(se)
11 breed bred bred criar
12 bring brought brought traer
13 build built built construer
14 buy bought bought comprar
15 catch caught caught coger, atrapar
16 choose chose chosen elegir
17 come came come venir, llegar
18 cost cost cost costar
19 cut cut cut cortar
20 deal dealt dealt tratar
21 do did done hacer
22 draw drew drawn dibujar
23 dream dreamt dreamt soar
24 drink drank drunk beber
25 drive drove driven conducir
26 eat ate eaten comer
27 fall fell fallen caerse
28 feed fed fed alimentar
29 feel felt felt sentir
30 fight fought fought luchar
31 find found found encontrar
32 fly flew flown volar
33 forbid forbade forbidden prohibir
34 foretell foretold foretold predecir
35 forget forgot forgotten olvidar
36 forgive forgave forgiven perdonar
37 freeze froze frozen congelar
38 get got got conseguir, recibir
39 give gave given dar
40 go went gone ir(se)
41 grow grew grown crecer, cultivar
42 hang hung, hanged hung, hanged colgar, tender
43 have had had tener, tomar, haber
44 hear heard heard or
45 hide hid hidden esconder
46 hit hit hit golpear
47 hold held held sujetar
48 hurt hurt hurt doler, hacer dao

10
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

INFINITIVE PAST PAST TRANSLATION


SIMPLE PARTICIPLE

49 keep kept kept continuar, seguir


50 know knew known saber, conocer
51 lay laid laid poner, extender
52 learn learnt learnt aprender, enterarse de
53 leave left left irse, dejar
54 lead led led encabezar, dirigir
55 lend lent lent prestar
56 let let let dejar (autorizar)
57 light lit lit encender
58 lose lost lost perder
59 make made made hacer, fabricar
60 mean meant meant significar, querer decir
61 meet met met conocer, reunirse,
quedar, encontrarse
con alguien
62 pay paid paid pagar
63 put put put poner
64 read read read leer
65 ride rode ridden montar (caballo, moto,
bici))
66 ring rang rung tocar (el timbre) sonar
(el telfono)
67 run ran run correr
68 say said said decir
69 see saw seen ver
70 sell sold sold vender
71 send sent sent enviar
72 sew sewed sewn coser
73 shake shook shaken agitar, sacudir
74 shine shone shone brillar, relucir
75 shoot shot shot disparar
76 show showed shown mostrar
77 shrink shrank shrunk encoger
78 shut shut shut cerrar
79 sing sang sung cantar
80 sink sank sunk hundirse
81 sit sat sat sentarse
82 sleep slept slept dormir(se)
83 speak spoke spoken hablar
84 spell spelt spelt deletrear
85 spend spent spent gastar (dinero), pasar
(tiempo)
86 spread spread spread extender
87 spring sprang sprung aparecer, brotar
88 stand stood stood estar de pie
89 steal stole stolen robar
90 stick stuck stuck pegar, colgar
91 stink stank stunk apestar
92 sweep swept swept barrer
93 swim swam swum nadar
11
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO

INFINITIVE PAST PAST TRANSLATION


SIMPLE PARTICIPLE

94 take took taken coger, llevarse


95 teach taught taught ensear
96 tell told told decir, contar
97 think thought thought pensar
98 throw threw thrown tirar, arrojar
99 understand understood understood entender
100 wake woke woken despertar(se)
101 wear wore worn ponerse, llevar puesto
102 weep wept wept llorar
103 wet wet, wetted wet, wetted humedecer, mojar
104 win won won ganar
105 write wrote written escribir

12
English spelling often appears to be totally illogical. The following rules can help you to decode the
mysteries of English spelling. But remember, even the best rules have their exceptions.

ADDING -ING/-ED
Spelling Rule
Just add -ing or -ed to the end of the base verb:
work > working > worked, play > playing > played, open > opening > opened
Exceptions:
If the base verb ends in: do this: and add: For example:

consonant + vowel + double the final -ing stop > stopping > stopped
consonant consonant -ed begin > beginning
and a stressed syllable tap > tapping > tapped
But, for example:
open > opening > opened
(because no stress on last syllable of
open)

consonant + -e remove the -e -ing phone > phoning > phoned


-ed dance > dancing > danced
make > making
rake > raking > raked
dye > dying > dyed

-ie change the -ie to -y -ing lie > lying


die > dying

nothing -d lie > lied


die > died

ADDING -S
We add -s to words for two reasons:
1. to make plural nouns (boy > boys)
2. to form the 3rd person singular of the present simple tense (you work > he works)
Spelling Rule
Just add -s to the end of the word, for example:
dog > dogs, play > plays, demand > demands
Exceptions:
If the word ends in: do this: and add: For example:

-ch nothing -es church > churches


-s mass > masses
-sh brush > brushes
-x fax > faxes
-z box > boxes
chintz > chintzes

-f remove the -f or -fe -ves wife > wives


-fe calf > calves
except:
beliefs, chiefs, dwarfs, griefs, gulfs, proofs,
roofs

consonant + -y remove the -y -ies spy > spies


baby > babies

Note: words that end in -o normally just add s, except:


buffalo > buffaloes ; cargoes (or cargos) ; domino > dominoes ; echo > echoes ; go > goes ; grotto > grottoes
halo > haloes ; hero > heroes ; mango > mangoes ; mosquito > mosquitoes ; motto > mottoes (or mottos) ;
potato > potatoes ; tomato > tomatoes ; tornado > tornadoes ; torpedo > torpedoes ; veto > vetoes ; volcano
> volcanoes

13
THE BEGINNING OR INTRODUCTION
Good morning/afternoon everybody.
GETTING PEOPLE ATTENTION
Great, shall we start?
The purpose of a PowerPoint presentation is Right / Well / Ok. Lets start.
to support a spoken presentation. GIVE TITLE AND INTRODUCE SUBJECT
Dont repeat what is written on the I plan to talk about
slides explain whats on the slide and
Today Im going to talk about
add to it.
The subject of my presentation is
The text on each slide should be
My talk will last about minutes.
written in point form avoid full
sentences. I will speak for 15 minutes.
GIVE YOUR OBJECTIVES
Every slide should have a title.
What I would like to do today is to explain,
The background colour of your slide
to illustrate
should contrast with the font do not
TRANSITIONS
use patterns with lots of colours.
Now let us turn to point one.
Your font size should not be smaller
than 18 points, otherwise people at Let us now move to the second part
the back of the room wont be able to THE MIDDLE OR THE BODY
read it. There are three things we have to
The best way to show statistics or consider: one
trends is with a graph. First of all
In the first place
LINKING IDEAS
To give an example:
Now lets take an example.
To illustrate this
For example
I mean For instance
Well To rephrase:
Well, you see In other words
So Another way of saying the same thing is
You know what I mean That is to say
OK To summarize:
Right
To summarize
Lets see
To sum up
My point is
THE END OR CONCLUSION
How shall I put it?
Whats the word for it? In conclusion, I would like to say that
Now, let me think Finally
Its on the tip of my tongue As a conclusion
Thats an interesting question Id be happy to answer any questions.
If there are any questions, please feel free
to ask.

Create and present a PowerPoint presentation.


Research one of the issues talked about in class.
Create a PowerPoint presentation to go with your oral presentation.
Give your presentation in front of the class.

14
MY FIRST BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY SECOND BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

15
MY THIRD BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY FOURTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

16
MY FIFTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY SIXTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

17
MY SEVENTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY EIGHTH BOOK:

I started to read..................................................... on the .............................


It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................

I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:


st nd rd
1 session: 2 session: 3 session:
th th th
4 session: 5 session: 6 session:
SUMMARY

WORDS I LOOKED UP

I finished reading this book on the .................................


It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.

18
Title
Author
Publisher and date

Main characters

Setting

Plot. What happens


in the story?

My comments
about the book

Would you
recommend the
book? Why?

Twenty words you have learnt reading the book


ENGLISH SPANISH ENGLISH SPANISH

19
STARTER UNIT
OPPOSITES ice cream .......................... helado
jacket potatoes................... patatas asadas
tall ................................ alto jam ................................. mermelada
short .............................. bajo juice................................ zumo
old................................. viejo lamb ................................ carne de cordero
young ............................. joven lettuce ............................. lechuga
fat ................................. gordo macarroni.......................... macarrones
slim................................ delgado mayonnaise........................ mayonesa
big ................................. grande meat................................ carne
small .............................. pequeo milk................................. leche
expensive ........................ caro nuts................................. frutos secos
cheap ............................. barato orange.............................. naranja
good............................... bueno pasta ............................... pasta
bad ................................ malo pork ................................ carne de cerdo
potato/potatoes.................. patata/patatas
rice ................................. arroz
PARTS OF THE BODY salad................................ ensalada
arm .......................... brazo sandwich/sandwiches ........... sandwich/sandwiches
ear ........................... oreja/ odo spaghetti........................... espagueti
eye ........................... ojo Spanish omelete .................. tortilla de patatas
face .......................... cara strawberry/strawberries ........ fresa/fresas
finger ........................ dedo (de la mano) sweets.............................. caramelos/dulces
foot/feet.................... pie/pies tea .................................. t
hair .......................... pelo toast................................ tostada
hand ......................... mano tuna ................................ atn
head ......................... cabeza vegetables......................... verdura
hump ........................ joroba
leg ........................... pierna/pata PLACES IN TOWN
mouth ....................... boca
neck ......................... cuello airport ...................... aeropuerto
nose.......................... narz aquarium ................... acuario
tail ........................... cola bank ......................... banco
thumb ....................... pulgar book-shop .................. librera
toe ........................... dedo (del pie) building ..................... edificio
tongue....................... lengua bus stop..................... parada de autobs
tooth/teeth ................ diente/dientes caf.......................... cafetera
campsite .................... camping
chemist ..................... farmacia
FOOD church....................... iglesia
apple ............................... manzana cinema ...................... cine
bacon ............................... tocino exit .......................... salida
banana ............................. pltano flat........................... piso
beans ............................... judas hotel......................... hotel
beef................................. carne de ternera library ....................... biblioteca
biscuit .............................. galleta museum..................... museo
bread ............................... pan newsagent .................. quiosco de prensa
butter .............................. mantequilla park.......................... parque
cake ................................ tarta restaurant .................. restaurante
carrot............................... zanahoria road ......................... carretera
cheese.............................. queso school ....................... colegio/instituto
chicken............................. carne de pollo shoe shop ................... zapatera
chips ................................ patatas fritas shopping centre ........... centro commercial
coffee .............................. caf souvenir shop .............. tienda de recuerdos
dairy products..................... productos lcteos supermarket................ supermercado
egg .................................. huevo swimming pool............. piscina
fast food ........................... comida rpida tower........................ torre
fish.................................. pescado train station................ estacin de ferrocarril
fizzy drinks ........................ refrescos underground station ...... estacin de metro
French omelete ................... tortilla francesa water park.................. parque acatico
fruit................................. fruta
gravy................................ salsa
ham ................................. jamn

20
LANDSCAPE FEATURES jeans ........................... vaqueros
jewel/ jewelery .............. joya/joyas
beach ........................ playa jumper ......................... jersey
desert ....................... desierto kilt .............................. falda escocesa
forest ........................ bosque leggings ........................ mallas
gulf .......................... golfo necklace ....................... collar
ice............................ hielo outfit ........................... conjunto
island ........................ isla sandals ......................... sandalias
lake .......................... lago scarf ............................ bufanda
mountain.................... montaa shirt ............................camisa
rainforest ................... jungla shoes ........................... zapatos
river ......................... ro shorts........................... pantalones cortos
sand.......................... arena skirt ............................ falda
snow ......................... nieve slippers......................... zapatillas (de casa)
tree .......................... rbol socks ........................... calcetines
water ........................ agua sunhat .......................... sombrero (de sol)
waves........................ olas sweater ........................ sudadera
swimming costume........... baador (de mujer)
SCHOOL SUBJECTS swimming-trunks ............. baador (de hombre)
art and design................ educacin plstica tie............................... corbata
drama ......................... teatro track suit ...................... chndal
English......................... ingls trainers ........................ zapatillas de deporte
French ......................... francs trousers ........................ pantalones
geography..................... geografa T-shirt.......................... camiseta (manga corta)
history......................... historia umbrella ....................... paraguas
ICT ............................. informtica waterproof jacket............ impermeable
Literature..................... literatura wellington boots.............. botas de agua
Maths .......................... matemticas
Music .......................... msica SEASONS
PE (physical education)..... educain fsica spring...........................primavera
Science ........................ ciencias summer ........................verano
autumn.........................otoo
ROOMS AND FURNITURE winter ..........................invierno
armchair ...................... silln
bathroom ..................... cuarto de bao
bed............................. cama
bedroom ...................... dormitorio
bookcase ...................... estantera
chair ........................... silla
cooker ......................... hornilla
cupboard...................... armario
desk............................ escritorio
dining room................... comedor CLASSROOM LANGUAGE
kitchen ........................ cocina
lamp ........................... lmpara How do you say X in English? ............Cmo se dice X en
living room ................... saln de estar ingls?
mirror ......................... espejo What does X mean? .......................Qu significa X?
sofa ............................ sof How do you spell it? ......................Cmo se deletrea?
table ........................... mesa What have you got for number X? ......Qu tienes en el
toilet .......................... aseo nmero X?
wardrobe...................... armario What do you think?........................Qu crees?
Can you lend me a X? .....................Puedes dejarme un
X?
CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES How do you pronounce X?................Cmo se pronuncia
boots .......................... botas X?
bracelet ....................... pulsera
cap ............................. gorra
coat............................ abrigo
dress ........................... vestido
earrings ....................... pendientes
fancy dress ................... disfraz
flip-flops ...................... chanclas
gloves.......................... guantes
jacket ......................... chaqueta

21
UNIT 1: FREE TIME
FREE TIME ACTIVITIES make noise .......................hacer ruido
miss................................echar de menos, perder
chat online ...................... chatear share ..............................compartir
do voluntary work .............. trabajar como voluntario spend..............................gastar
do magic tricks .................. hacer trucos de magia tidy ................................ordenar
do some kind of sport ......... hacer deporte worry ..............................preocuparse
draw cartoons .................. dibujar cmics adjectives
go to a disco ..................... ir a la discoteca ancient............................antiguo
go to the cinema................ ir al cine bad (at) ...........................malo (en)
go to the gym.................... ir al gimnasio be bored ..........................estar aburrido
go to a youth group............. ir a un club juvenil be boring .........................ser aburrido
go out for a meal ............... salir a comer busy ...............................ocupado
go skydiving...................... hacer paracaidismo frightened ........................asustado
go jogging ........................ hacer footing good (at)..........................bueno (en)
learn a language ................ aprender un idioma interested (in) ...................interesado (en)
listen to music................... escuchar msica keen (on) .........................le gusta mucho
make models .................... hacer maquetas tired ...............................cansado
play computer games .......... jugar al ordenador unusual ...........................raro, inusual
play an instrument ............. tocar un instrumento worried ...........................preocupado
play tennis ....................... jugar al tenis nouns
practise fencing ................. practicar esgrima advice .............................consejo
relax .............................. relajarse animal refuge ....................refugio de animales
running ........................... correr ball boy/girl......................recogepelotas
travel ............................. viajar balloon ............................globo
CHARACTER ADJECTIVES court ..............................cancha, pista
adventurous ..................... aventurero equipment........................equipo
cautious .......................... cauto evening ...........................tarde/noche
confident......................... seguro de s mismo fit ..................................en forma, sano
dishonest ......................... deshonesto fun .................................diversin
energetic ......................... enrgico pressure ..........................presin
enthusiastic...................... entusiasta profile.............................perfil
friendly ........................... simptico showbiz (showbusiness) ........el mundo del espectculo
funny.............................. divertido skill ................................destreza
generous ......................... generoso spider .............................araa
helpful ............................ servicial, amable strawberry (pl, -ies) ............fresa(-s)
honest ............................ honrado stressful...........................estresante
lazy................................ perezoso supper.............................cena
musical ........................... musical teenager ..........................adolescente
quiet .............................. tranquilo training ...........................entrenamiento
selfish............................. egosta try .................................intentar
serious ............................ serio volunteering .....................voluntariado
shy................................. tmido washing-up .......................fregado (platos)
talkative.......................... hablador linkers
unsociable........................ insociable although ..........................aunque
because ...........................porque
OTHER VOCABULARY so ..................................as que
adverbs OTHER EXPRESSIONS
once............................... una vez
hardly ever....................... casi nunca for a time.........................durante un tiempo
instead............................ en lugar de s/he is not only (adj) but also (adj)... es no slo (adj),
too ................................ tambin pero (adj) tambin
twice.............................. dos veces s/he is good friends with ......es buen/a amigo/a de
verbs how often ........................con qu frecuencia
chat ............................... charlar, chatear Im not (+adj) at all ............no soy nada (+adj)
fancy (+ing) ...................... gustar in late (+year) ...................a finales de (+ao)
get good / bad marks .......... sacar buenas/malas notas loads of ...........................montones de
get stressed...................... estresarse no wonder ........................sin duda
laugh at........................... reirse related to ........................relacionado con
since then ........................desde entonces

22
UNIT 2: TECHNOLOGY
TECHNOLOGY electrician ....................... electricista
politician ......................... poltico
verbs technician........................ tcnico
charge a mobile phone ........ cargar el mvil journalist......................... periodista
download a video............... descargar un vdeo scientist .......................... cientfico
go online ......................... estar conectado artist .............................. artista
make a phone call.............. hacer una llamada actor .............................. actor
play a video game .............. jugar a un vdeojuego actress ............................ actriz
plug in a memory stick ........ enchufar un pendrive doctor............................. mdico
post a comment ................ escribir un comentario fireman/woman ................. bombero
print a document ............... imprimir un documento postman/woman ................ cartero
read an e-book.................. leer un libro electrnico policeman/woman.............. polica
scan a photo..................... escanear una foto salesman/woman ............... vendedor
send an email ................... enviar un correo engineer .......................... ingeniero
electrnico waiter............................. camarero
send text messages ............ enviar mensajes de texto waitress .......................... camarera
store data........................ almacenar datos cook ............................... cocinero
take a digital photo ............ hacer una foto digital nurse .............................. enfermera
transfer .......................... pasar, transferir office clerk ...................... oficinista
upload a video .................. subir un vdeo cashier............................ cajero
write a blog ..................... escribir un blog housewife ........................ ama de casa
upload download OTHER VOCABULARY
verbs
nouns develop ........................... desarrollar
broadband ....................... banda ancha get stuck ......................... atascarse
desktop computer .............. ordenador de mesa have a peek...................... echar un vistazo
electronic gadget............... aparato electrnico hope............................... esperar
flatscreen tv..................... television plana look for ........................... buscar
high definition .................. alta definicin own ............................... poseer
inch ............................... pulgada perform live ..................... actuar en directo
laptop ............................ ordenador porttil realize ............................ dares cuenta
network .......................... red ring................................ llamar
printer............................ impresora adjectives
scanner........................... escner available ......................... disponible
search engine ................... buscador blind .............................. ciego
social networking sites ........ redes sociales deaf ............................... sordo
exciting........................... (ser) emocionante
excited ........................... (estar) emocionado
heavy ............................. pesado
ill .................................. enfermo
second-hand ..................... de segunda mano
sure ............................... seguro
nouns
client ............................. cliente
lens................................ lente
JOBS offer .............................. oferta
request ........................... pedido, solicitud
accounting clerk ................ contable robber ............................ ladrn
secretary......................... secretario thief............................... ladrn
material mover ................. rubbish ........................... basura,
assistant ......................... ayudante rubbish (informal) .............. tonteras
shop assistant ................... dependiente stuff (informal).................. cosa
teacher........................... professor user ............................... usuario
lorry driver ...................... camionero wedding .......................... boda
taxi driver ....................... taxista
builder ........................... albail stuff (uncountable) = thing (countable)
researcher ....................... investigador
lawyer ............................ abogado

23
UNIT 3: STRANGE BUT TRUE!
PREPOSITIONS and ADVERBS guest ....................... invitado
head torch ................ linterna cabeza
across ...................... al otro lado de; por hip.......................... cadera
along ....................... por; a lo largo de jungle ...................... selva
away from................. lejos de lake ........................ lago
down ....................... abajo mound ..................... montculo
into......................... en myth ....................... mito
out of ...................... fuera de note ........................ nota (recordatorio, mus.)
over ........................ por; sobre owner ...................... propietario
round ...................... alrededor parachute ................. paracadas
through .................... a travs pool ........................ piscina
towards.................... hacia python ..................... serpiente pitn
under ...................... debajo rescue ..................... rescatar
up .......................... arriba reporter ................... reportero
-ED / -ING ADJECTIVES sailor ....................... marinero
bored ...................... (estar) aburrido sausage .................... salchicha
boring...................... (ser) aburrido side......................... lado, cara
frightened................. asustado shape ...................... forma
frightening ................ aterrador shark ....................... tiburn
tired........................ (estar) cansado shore ....................... orilla
tiring ....................... (ser) cansado skydiving .................. paracaidismo
excited .................... emocionado sleeping bag .............. saco de dormir
exciting.................... emocionante snake....................... serpiente
worried .................... preocupado spaceship.................. nave espacial
worrying ................... preocupante storm ...................... tormenta
surprised .................. sorprendido surfboard .................. tabla de surf
surprising.................. sorprendente tent ........................ tienda de campaa
interested ................. interesado thief........................ ladrn
interesting ................ interesante toilet lid ................... tapa del inodoro
annoyed ................... (estar) molesto topic ....................... tema
annoying................... (ser) molesto trade ....................... comercio
treasure ................... tesoro
OTHER ADJECTIVES voyage ..................... viaje, travesa
accurate................... preciso wetsuit .................... traje isotrmico
alone....................... solo wood ....................... bosque
brave....................... valiente VERBS
huge........................ gigante, muy grande
loud ........................ fuerte (sound) avoid ....................... evitar
low ......................... bajo (sound) bite......................... morder
weak ....................... dbil climb....................... escalar
crash ....................... chocar
NOUNS dive ........................ bucear
bear ........................ oso fix .......................... arreglar, sujetar
blood....................... sangre jump ....................... saltar
bodyboard................. tabla de surf pequea knock ...................... golpear
branch ..................... rama lid down ................... acostarse, echarse
bull ......................... toro look after ................. cuidar
cage ........................ jaula pick ........................ recoger
coastguard ................ guardacostas push ........................ empujar
countryside ............... campo, campia reach....................... alcanzar
danger ..................... peligro sail ......................... navegar
dark ........................ oscuro shelter ..................... refugio
dolphin .................... delfn ship......................... barco
field ........................ campo sink......................... hundirse
fire ant .................... hormiga roja LINKERS
first aid .................... primeros auxilios
fox.......................... zorro when ....................... cuando
flat ......................... piso while ....................... mientras
ground ..................... terreno as ........................... al mismo tiempo, cuando

24
UNIT 4: SPECIAL PLACES
PLACES TO VISIT unusual .................... raro
weigh ...................... pesar
bridge............................. puente
building........................... edificio OTHER NOUNS
castle ............................. castillo army ....................... ejrcito
cathedral......................... catedral bakery ..................... panadera
cave .............................. cueva bench ...................... banco
coastline ......................... litoral cake shop ................. pastelera
lighthouse ........................ faro chariot ..................... carro
natural places ................... lugares naturales concrete................... hormign
opera house...................... pera contract ................... contrato
pyramid........................... pirmide coffee shop ............... cafetera
rainforest ........................ selva tropical crowded ................... abarrotado
reef ............................... acantilado diner ....................... restaurante (US)
ruin................................ ruina exchange .................. intercambio
temple............................ templo flag ......................... bandera
tomb .............................. tumba flavour ..................... sabor
tower ............................. torre granite block ............. bloque de granito
World Heritage sites............ lugares Patrimonio de guest ....................... invitado
la Humanidad hall ......................... vestbulo, entrada
ADVERBS heath ...................... monte
jewellery .................. joyas
angry.................. enfadado lawyer ..................... abogado
badly .................. mal wall ........................ pared
carefully.............. cuidadosamente king ........................ rey
easy ................... fcil lift .......................... ascensor
fast .................... rpidamente marble ..................... mrmol
happily................ felizmente merchant .................. comerciante
hard ................... difcil, duro mosaic ..................... mosaico
noisily................. ruidosamente octopus .................... pulpo
quickly................ rpidamente pistachio .................. pistacho
quietly ................ tranquilamente queen ...................... reina
slowly ................. lentamente sheet ....................... sbana, hoja
well ................... bien sightseeing ................ turismo
ADJECTIVES silk ......................... seda
amazing .............. asombroso site ......................... lugar
cheap ................. barato slave ....................... esclavo
crowded .............. lleno de gente stall ........................ puesto, tenderete
entire ................. entero stone ....................... piedra
expensive ............ caro OTHER WORDS
everlasting ........... duradero instead..................... en lugar de
flavoured ............. con sabor a whole ...................... todo, entero
grilled................. a la parrilla between ................... entre (dos)
iconic ................. icnico among ..................... entre (varios)
inexpensive .......... barato enough..................... suficiente, bastante
luxurious ............. lujoso too (+adj) ................. demasiado
man-made............ hecho a mano too ......................... tambin
pale ................... plido
safe ................... seguro OTHER EXPRESSIONS
sandy....................... de arena What is X famous for? ...............Por qu es X
tiny......................... diminuto famoso?
twisted .................... retorcido Its famous for........................Es famoso por
wet ......................... hmedo S/he is in her/his twenties .........Tiene unos 20
VERBS S/he is over/about/around 20 .....Tiene unos 20
S/he is 20 more or less..............Tiene ms o menos
hang out................... tender 20
hire......................... alquilar
join......................... unir(se)
spend ...................... pasar tiempo, gastar dinero

25
UNIT 5: HEROES
FUNDRAISING IDEAS equipped .....................equipado, dotado
event .........................acontecimiento
collect money ................... hacer una colecta famine ........................hambre, hambruna
do a sponsored swim ........... organizar un concurso football pitch................cancha de ftbol
de natacin para glasses ........................gafas
recaudar fondos Goodwill Ambassador ......Embajador de
have a barbecue ................ hacer una barbacoa Buena Voluntad
have a bring and by sale....... hacer un mercadillo headache.....................dolor de cabeza
de segunda mano hut ............................cabaa, choza
make a charity cd............... hacer un CD benfico letter .........................carta
organize a jumble sale......... organizar un rastrillo laptop ........................ordenador porttil
raise money...................... recaudar dinero luck ...........................suerte
sell badges ....................... vender insignias mile ...........................milla
sell raffle tickets ............... vender boletos para mistake.......................error
una rifa note...........................nota
sell sweets ....................... vender caramelos nurse..........................enfermera
wash cars......................... lavar coches nursing........................enfermera
organizer .....................organizador
MAKE AND DO refugee .......................refugiado
do charity work ............ hacer tareas benficas shape .........................forma
do exercise ................. hacer ejercicio shark ..........................tiburn
do homework ............... hacer la tarea success .......................xito
do nothing .................. no hacer nada tent ...........................tienda, carpa
do someone a favour ...... hacer un favor a alguien toy ............................juguete
do your best ................ hacer todo lo posible
make a decision............ tomar una decisin aim = objective
make a mistake ............ cometer un fallo
make friends................ hacer amigos
make money ................ hacer dinero ADJECTIVES
make someone laugh ...... hacer a alguien reir awful.................. horrible
cool ................... guay (informal)
dirty................... sucio
second-hand ......... de segunda mano
sick.................... enfermo
sponsored ............ patrocinado
wealthy............... rico
whole ................. entero, todo
wooden ............... de madera

wealthy = rich
wealthy, rich poor
VERBS
encourage........................ animar dirty clean
launch ............................ lanzar, fundar
look after ........................ cuidar ill = sick
realize ............................ darse cuenta ill, sick healthy
release an album ............... sacar un album
star................................ protagonizar
LINKERS
NOUNS so........................... as que
aim ........................... objetivo
auditorium .................. auditorio OTHER EXPRESSIONS
badge ........................ insignia
a long time ............... mucho tiempo
beginning.................... comienzo
on somebodys behalf... en nombre de
century ...................... siglo
suddenly................... de repente
charity ....................... organizacin benfica
together................... juntos
earthquake.................. terremoto

26
UNIT 6: INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS
TRAVEL nouns
amount ........................... cantidad
arrive ............................. llegar clothes ............................ ropa
buy a guidebook ................ comprar una gua cruise ............................. crucero
buy souvenirs.................... comprar recuerdos disease............................ enfermedad
come back home ............... regresar a casa event.............................. acontecimiento
get on a train ................... subirse a un tren fear................................ miedo
get off a coach.................. bajarse de un autobs forty-nineers..................... los del 49
have adventures ................ tener aventuras gold-seeker ...................... buscador de oro
meet people..................... conocer a gente gold rush ......................... fiebre del oro
pack a suitcase.................. hacer la maleta immigration desk................ mostrador de inmigracin
plan a journey .................. planear un viaje influenza ......................... gripe
send postcards .................. enviar postales land ............................... tierra
set off ............................ salir/ponerse en camino leukaemia ........................ leucemia
mill ................................ molino
EXTREME ADJECTIVES population........................ poblacin
amazing .......................... asombroso queue ............................. cola
awful ............................. horrible/malsimo record holder .................... poseedor de un rcord
bowling........................... hirviendo seat ............................... asiento
delighted......................... encantado sightseeing bus tour ............ autobs turstico (ciudad)
enormous ........................ enorme shark .............................. tiburn
exhausted........................ agotado/exhausto ship................................ barco
freezing .......................... helado/congelado shuttle bus ....................... autobs de enlace
terrifying......................... aterrador sailor .............................. marinero
tiny ............................... minsculo/diminuto steak .............................. filete
teenager.......................... adolescente
OTHER VOCABULARY trip ................................ viaje/ salida
adverbs wave .............................. ola
abroad............................ extranjero whale ............................. ballena
ever............................... alguna vez wheel ............................. rueda
mostly ............................ generalmente wheelchair ....................... silla de ruedas
solo ............................... en solitario yacht .............................. yate
today ............................. hoy linkers
tomorrow ........................ maana after that......................... despus
verbs finally ............................. finalmente
discover .......................... descubrir first................................ en primer lugar
do tricks.......................... hacer trucos next ............................... a continuacin
drive up .......................... llegar then ............................... luego, despus
drive down....................... bajar in fact............................. de hecho
encourage ....................... animar so .................................. as que
enjoy ............................. disfrutar OTHER EXPRESSIONS
harm .............................. hacer dao
hitchhike......................... hacer autostop a few .............................. unos pocos(contable)
land ............................... aterrizar a little ............................ un poco de (incontable)
leave.............................. salir a lot of............................ un montn de
pick up ........................... recoger a alguien at last! ............................ por fin!
queue............................. hacer cola in the middle of ................. en mitad de
sail ................................ navegar lots of ............................. un montn de
stand ............................. permanecer de pie on his/her own .................. solo/sola
adjectives on time ........................... a tiempo
alone ............................. solo what a journey! ................. vaya viaje!
blue-haired ...................... de pelo azul
ecstatic .......................... extasiado
free ............................... libre
foreign ........................... extranjero
in-flight .......................... durante el vuelo
lucky.............................. afortunado
warm ............................. templado

27
UNIT 7: ON SCREEN
FILM VOCABULARY be set .............................tener lugar/estar situado
come out .........................salir/ estrenar
action scenes .................... escenas de accin change ............................cambiar
audience ......................... espectadores die .................................morir
autograph ........................ autgrafo enjoy ..............................disfrutar
award ............................. premio exist ...............................existir
blockbuster ...................... xito de taquilla fail.................................suspender
box office ........................ taquilla give sb a lift......................llevar a alguien en coche
director........................... director (de cine) give up ............................dejar/abandonar
film a scene...................... filmar/rodar una escena move ..............................trasladarse
film-maker ....................... director de cine realize ............................darse cuenta
film-making ...................... rodaje de pelcula replace............................sustituir/reemplazar
film star .......................... estrella de cine retire ..............................retirarse
filming ............................ rodaje/filmacin pass................................aprobar
fresh films........................ pelculas recientes wait for win ......................esperar ganar
plot................................ trama, argumento adjectives
producer ......................... productor amazing...........................asombroso
release a film.................... estrenar una pelcula awesome..........................impresionante
screen ............................ pantalla boring .............................aburrido
script.............................. guin computer-generated............producido por ordenador
soudtrack......................... banda sonora exciting ...........................emocionante
special effects................... efectos especiales interactive .......................interactivo
star in a film..................... protagonista de la pelcula lifelike ............................realista
stunt .............................. doble lonely .............................solo/solitario
stunt man/woman .............. espacialista realistic ...........................realista
win an award .................... ganar un premio successful ........................de xito
NOUN SUFFIXES timeless...........................eterno
advertisement................... anuncio well-known .......................conocido/famoso
arguement ....................... discusin nouns
competition ..................... competicin achievement .....................logro
connection....................... conexin career .............................carrera
decoration ....................... decoracin depth..............................profundidad
development .................... desarrollo holograms ........................hologramas
education ........................ educacin multiplex cinema................multicine
enjoyment ....................... placer, disfrute odour ..............................olor
equipment ....................... equipo rubbish ............................basura
excitement ...................... entusiasmo training ...........................entrenamiento
information ...................... informacin winner ............................ganador
possession........................ posesin linkers
prediction........................ prediccin for this reason ...................por esta razn
suggestion ....................... sugerencia since...............................ya que/desde que
therefore .........................por tanto
OTHER VOCABULARY
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
adverbs
definitely......................... definitivamente in my opinin ....................en mi opinin
dramatically ..................... drsticamente like ................................como
even............................... incluso/hasta none of that......................nada/ninguno de eso
everywhere ...................... por todas partes not many .........................no muchos/as
exactly............................ exactamente to make somebody dreams come true...hacer que los
inside ............................. dentro sueos de alguien se hagan realidad
onward(s) ........................ en/hacia adelante up to ..............................hasta
perhaps ........................... quiz(s)/ tal vez
probably .......................... probablemente
soon ............................... pronto
verbs
apply (for) ....................... solicitar
ask for ............................ pedir
be born ........................... nacer

28
UNIT 8: GOOD FRIENDS
MAKING FRIENDS wake up .......................... despertar(se)
arrive early ...................... llegar temprano adjectives
be late ............................ llegar tarde asleep ............................. dormido
be polite ......................... ser educado approachable .................... accesible
be rude ........................... ser maleducado aristocratic....................... aristocrtico
bring a present .................. traer un regalo clever ............................. inteligente
click your fingers ............... chasquear los dedos funny .............................. divertido
interrupt a conversation....... interrumpir una conversac. kind ............................... buena persona
jump a queue.................... colarse lively .............................. vivo
kiss a stranger ................... besar a un extrao leather ............................ de cuero
point at someone ............... sealar a alguien older(than) ....................... mayor (que)
shake hands...................... estrechar la mano quiet .............................. tranquilo
take off your shoes ............. quitarse los zapatos rude ............................... grosero, maleducado
tell jokes ......................... contar chistes safer .............................. ms seguro
VERB AND NOUN COLLOCATIONS slim................................ delgado, esbelto
give advice....................... dar un consejo successful ........................ de xito
give presents .................... hacer regalos tidy ................................ ordenado
have an argument .............. discutir thoughtful ........................ atento, amable
have fun .......................... divertirse reliable ........................... de fiar
receive advice................... recibir consejo nouns
receive presents ................ recibir regalos achiever .......................... triunfador
spend money .................... gastar adventurer ....................... aventurero
spend time ....................... pasar el tiempo balloonist......................... aeronauta
tell lies ........................... decir mentiras borrowing ........................ toma a prstamo
tell the truth .................... decir la verdad campiste.......................... camping/campamento
celebrity.......................... famoso/a
OTHER VOCABULARY cheek ............................. mejilla
adverbs exchange ......................... intercambio
anywhere......................... en cualquier lugar engineer .......................... ingeniero
early .............................. temprano gadget ............................ aparato/artilugio
extremelly ....................... extremadamente hot-air balloon .................. globo aerosttico
every day......................... cada da host family ....................... familia anfitriona
just ................................ justo midnight ......................... media noche
luckily............................. afortunadamente neighbourhood................... vecindario
perhaps ........................... quizs rule ................................ norma
plenty............................. un montn sock ............................... calcetn
verbs stuff ............................... cosas
achieve ........................... lograr salesman.......................... vendedor
apologize ......................... pedir disculpas linkers
ask (sb) out ...................... invitar a alguien although .......................... aunque
be famous for ................... ser famoso por furthermore...................... adems
be good at ....................... ser bueno en however .......................... sin embargo
be late ............................ llegar tarde in addition ....................... adems
burp ............................... eructar in fact............................. de hecho
camp .............................. acampar OTHER EXPRESSIONS
complain ......................... quejarse
do nothing ....................... no hacer nada as well as......................... adems de
do the shopping ................. hacer la compra all over the world ............... por todo el mundo
go camping....................... ir de acampada if ................................... si (condicional)
go out (with)..................... salir (con) me neither ....................... yo tampoco
look after ........................ cuidar so do I............................. yo tambin
meet friends ..................... quedar con amigos whats he/she like? ............. cmo es (personalmente)?
meet people ..................... conocer gente what does he/she look like?... cmo es(fsicamente)?
realize ............................ darse cuenta wherever you go ................ donde quiera que vayas
take sth seriously ............... tomarse algo en serio with whom? ...................... con quin?
take off........................... quitar(se)/despegar
support ........................... apoyar

29
UNIT 9: WORLD OF MUSIC
MUSIC bleed ..............................sangrar
broadcast .........................transmitir/emitir
a hit ............................... un xito carry around .....................llevar consigo
a music festival ................. un festival de msica come out .........................salir/lanzar(se)
a playlist ......................... una lista de reproduccin develop ...........................desarrollar
a record .......................... un disco disagree...........................estar en desacuerdo
a recording studio .............. un estudio de grabacin download .........................descargar/bajar
a single ........................... un disco (sencillo) have fun ..........................divertirse
an album cover.................. una cartula de un lbum hold music........................guardar msica
form a band...................... formar un grupo make sure ........................asegurarse
go on tour ........................ ir de gira mean ..............................significar
go to number one ............... subir al nmero uno own ................................poseer
high fidelity...................... alta fidelidad play back .........................reproducir/poner
long-playing record............. elep, disco post................................enviar
music player ..................... reproductor de msica share ..............................compartir
opera house...................... teatro (de la pera) store...............................guardar/almacenar
performance ..................... representacin raise (money) ....................recaudar dinero
phonograph ...................... fongrafo upload.............................subir/cargar
play live at a concert .......... tocar en directo adjectives
un concierto against ............................contra
record a song .................... grabar una cancin both ...............................ambos
record player .................... tocadiscos large...............................grande/amplio
release an album ............... sacar un lbum loads of ...........................un montn
singer-songwriter ............... cantautor/ora portable ..........................porttil
song lirycs........................ letra de una cancin nouns
tape ............................... cinta broadband ........................banda ancha
venue ............................. lugar de actuacin/local cartoon ...........................dibujo animado
NEGATIVE PREFIXES caricatura
illegal ............................. ilegal card ...............................tarjeta/cartulina
illogical ........................... ilgico charts .............................lista de xitos
impatient ........................ impaciente cognate ...........................afn/similar
imperfect ........................ imperfecto computer file ....................archivo de ordenador
impossible........................ imposible data ...............................datos
impractical ...................... poco prctico electromagnet ...................electroimn
unadventurous .................. poco atrevido loads ..............................un montn
unfriendly........................ antiptico reel-to-reel player ..............magnetfono
unhappy .......................... infeliz/descontento-a side ................................lado
unimaginative ................... poco imaginativo survey .............................estudio, encuesta
unnecessary ..................... innecesario linkers
unoriginal ........................ poco original although ..........................aunque
unreliable ........................ informal/poco fiable because of........................debido a
unsuppportive ................... insolidario however ..........................sin embargo
untrustworthy ................... de poca confianza in addition........................adems
in the end ........................al final
OTHER VOCABULARY so far ..............................hasta ahora
adverbs OTHER EXPRESSIONS
almost ............................ casi
at least ........................... por lo menos/al menos decorated in (+colour) .........decorado de
even............................... incluso for the first time ................por primera vez
on average ....................... de media loads better ......................mucho mejor
over ............................... alrededor de me neither .......................a m tampoco
still ................................ todava me too ............................a m tambin
worldwide........................ por todo el mundo unlike .............................a diferencia de
verbs without ...........................sin
agree.............................. estar de acuerdo
attend ............................ asistir
be born ........................... nacer
be short for ...................... ser el diminutivo de

30
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 1


"FREE TIME"
Discussion Questions Model Answers
1. What is your favourite free time activity? 1. I fancy (+ing) / I really like / Im good at and I
2. How often do you practice your favourite free time also like
activity? 2. I practice X once/twice a week / at weekends.
3. What do you usually do at the weekends? 3. Lets see At weekends I usually
4. How often do you watch films? 4. I watch films once/twice a week/month at the
5. Where do you usually meet your friends? cinema and at home
6. What are you wearing at the moment? 5. I usually meet my friends at the cinema, at school
7. Do you enjoy listening to music? Why? Why not? 6. Im wearing a blue T-shirt, a pair of jeans
8. Do you love doing sport? Which one? 7. Sure! I love it because it is relaxing/funny
9. What do you like doing on Saturdays? 8. I dont like it very much, but if I have to choose
10. What are you keen on doing? one / I love sport! My favourite one is
11. What kind of films are you interested in watching? 9. On Saturdays I enjoy (+ing)
12. Are you good at learning languages? Why? Why 10. Let me think Im keen on (+ing)
not? 11. Im interested in watching romantic / horror films
13. What are you good/bad at? because they are shocking / amazing
14. Imagine you are bored at home. Suggest your 12. Im afraid Im not good at because / Sure! Im
friend watching a film and buying a pizza. Act out very good at because
a conversation. 13. Im good/bad at
15. Describe yourself / your best friends personality. 14. Do you fancy (+ing)? Lets get some Do you
16. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, thats
Describe it. boring/No, letsinstead.
15. I think I am / My friend is not only but also
16. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives
Free-time activities: do voluntary work, relax, make To describe people: cool/boring; cautious/adventurous;
models, play an instrument, learn a language, chat talkative/quiet; friendly/unsociable; generous/selfish;
online, go to the cinema, play tennis, go to the gym, play energetic/lazy; serious/funny; shy/confident;
computer games, go to a disco, go out for a meal, go to a honest/dishonest
youth group, draw cartoons
Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, To describe films: shocking, boring, interesting,
frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never engaging, romantic, cute, (un)believable
Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month
Suggestions: do you fancy (+ing)? Lets get some Do To describe clothes: baggy, casual, cool, dressy, formal,
you want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, thats smart, sporty, tight, loose
boring/No, letsinstead.
Clothes and accessories
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

31
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 2


"TECHNOLOGY"
Discussion Questions Model Answers
1. How many hours do you use a computer every 1. Well Lets see I spend about X minutes
day? downloading music files and then So, I think I
2. How many hours do you watch TV every day? spend all in all.
3. Which modern invention could you not live 2. Mm Lets see I watch TV for X or X hours on
without? Explain your choice. weekdays. At weekends, I watch it for over
4. Which is your favourite IT activity? Why? 3. No doubt I could not live without my because
5. What IT activities do you do with your computer? 4. My favourite IT activity is +ing. I find it really
6. What did you do last weekend? interesting because
7. What were you doing at 8pm last night? 5. Thats an interesting question because I do lots of
8. Which jobs do you think are easy / hard / activities with my computer. For example
dangerous / fun? 6. Last weekend I
9. Whats your fathers job? What time does he start 7. At 8pm last night I was +ing.
work? 8. Well its a difficult question but in my opinion
10. What does your mother do? What time does she being a is a job because
finish work? 9. My father is a He starts work at
11. What would you like to be? Why? 10. My mother is a She finishes work at
12. Would you prefer a job that pays well or a job you 11. I would like to be a because
enjoy? Explain. 12. I think I prefer picture number X because...
13. Do you prefer working indoors or outdoors? Why? 13. Thats an interesting question. I think I prefer
14. What three things are most important for you in a working indoors because
job? 14. If you ask me Ill tell yoy the three most important
15. Imagine you want to buy a new mobile phone. Act things for me in a job are
out a conversation. 15. Can I help you? This ones on special offer. Here
16. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? you are. Thats 50 then, please. Im looking for
Why? Describe it. Can I see another one? How much is it? Ill take
that one.
16. I prefer number X because.... In the photo we can
see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives
IT activities: take a digital photo, play a video game, To talk about IT activities: useful/useless, entertaining,
make a phone call, scan a photo, send an e-mail, store funny, enjoyable, available, second-hand
data, print a document, charge a mobile phone, post a
comment, download/upload a video clip To talk about jobs: boring/interesting, safe/dangerous,
Jobs: builder, researcher, lawyer, electrician, politician, well-paid/badly paid, absorbing, motivating, stressful,
technician, journalist, scientist, artist, actor, doctor, monotonous, rewarding, exciting
housewife, fireman, postman, policeman/woman

Other expressions Essential classroom language


Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

32
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 3


"STRANGE BUT TRUE!"

Discussion Questions Model Answers

1. Have you got any superstitions? 1. Yes, I have / No, I havent. For example, If I see
2. Do you know any strange stories? 2. Yes, I do / No, I dont. One day...
3. What were you doing at 5pm yesterday? 3. At 5pm yesterday I was +ing
4. What were your friends doing when you saw them 4. When I saw my friends this morning there +ing
this morning? 5. When the English teacher arrived today I was + ing
5. What were your friends doing when the English 6. When the class started I was + ing
teacher arrived today? 7. When I woke up this morning my mother was +ing
6. What were you thinking about when the class 8. Last night I was watching a football match / a
started? documentary / a film / a talk show
7. What was your mother doing when you woke up 9. On my birthday I usually have a party / go to the
this morning? cinema with my friends and
8. What were you watching on TV last night? 10. I go to the countryside once / twice a day, very
9. What do you usually do on your birthday? often / at weekends
10. How often do you go to the countryside? 11. I was thinking about
11. What were you thinking about now? 12. Let me tell you about the / actually, it was / it
12. Tell an anecdote to a friend. Where were you? was so / for one thing / in fact / thanks to
Who were you with? What happened? What was 13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
the best / funniest part? see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
13. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.

Useful vocabulary More useful vocabulary


Prepositions: up/down, out of/into, under/over, away To tell anecdotes: For one thing, As I discovered last
from/towards, across, over, along, round, through year, As you can imagine, In fact,, Like the
-ed/-ing adjectives: frightened/frightening, time, Thanks to
bored/boring, tired/tiring, excited/exciting, Nouns: parachute, skydiving, crocodile
worried/worrying, surprised/surprising, Verbs: bite, crash, dive, push, break
interested/interesting, annoyed/annoying
Linkers: suddenly, meanwhile, then
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

33
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 4


"SPECIAL PLACES"
Discussion Questions Model Answers

1. Which of the World Heritage sites would you like 1. Its difficult to say I think I would like to visit
to visit? Why? because it is
2. Whats Antequera like? What is there to do there? 2. Antequera is beautiful / awesome / and there are
3. What is Antequera famous for? many things to do there. You can
4. Compare two buildings in your town. 3. Antequera is famous for El Torcal, a cold cream
5. When you travel, what places do you prefer to called porra, a special bread called mollete and
visit? its more than twenty churches.
6. Would you like to visit London? Why / why not? 4. Im going to compare and The X is bigger /
7. What are the most popular attractions in your more beautiful than X. However, X is than X.
country? 5. Lets see when I travel I prefer to visit castles
8. City trip or beach holiday? Which do you prefer? and I find them very interesting / amazing
9. Which is your favourite building? Describe it. 6. Sure! / Not at all because I find it boring /
10. Talk about something you do quickly / carefully crowded / interesting / amazing
/slowly. 7. The most popular attractions in my country are
11. Talk about things you do well / badly. 8. No doubt I prefer because
12. Imagine you are a day out with your friends. Act 9. I always do carefully. Moreover
out a conversation. 10. My favourite building is It is in It was built
13. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? in
Why? Describe it. 11. Lets see. I often do X and X well. However, I X
badly.
12. Whats X like? What is there to do there? What
happened? What was the weather like? Was it fun?
Its really Well, you can It was We had a
good/bad time.
13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives
Places to visit: a ruin, a cathedral, a coastline, a amazing, cheap, crowded, entire, expensive, everlasting
pyramid, a temple, an opera house, a lighthouse, a reef, a flavoured, grilled, iconic, inexpensive, luxurious, man-
rainforest, a tomb, a cave, a castle made, pale, safe, sandy, tiny, twisted, wet

Adverbs: quietly/noisily, quickly/slowly, fast,


badly/well, happily/sadly, angrily, hard/easily, carefully

Other expressions Essential classroom language


Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

34
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 5


"HEROES"
Discussion Questions Model Answers
1. Have you ever collected money for charity? 1. Yes, I have/No, I havent because/although I find it
2. Have you ever given money to charity? useful and interesting.
3. If you had to organise a fundraising event, which 2. Yes, I have/No, I havent
one would it be? Explain. 3. I would wash cars / have a barbecue / make a
4. Do you know any charities? Which one would you charity CD because I think it is a idea
choose? Why? 4. Yes, I do / No, I dont. I would choose ... because
5. Have you ever learnt to play a musical instrument? 5. Yes, I have / No, I havent. I have learnt to play
If so, which one? the
6. What makes you happy? 6. Thats a(n) easy/difficult question There are
7. Which people make you laugh? many things that make me happy, for example
8. Whats the biggest mistake you have ever made? 7. Thats a(n) easy/difficult question There are
9. How often do you do exercise? many things that make me laugh, for example
10. Whats the most difficult decision you have ever 8. Mmm lets see. The biggest mistake I have ever
made? made is when I / +ng
11. Where do you usually do your homework? 9. I exercise once / twice a week at weekends
12. Whats the best way to make a lot of money? 10. Let me think The most difficult decision I have
13. Imagine you want to organize a sponsored walk: ever made is when I / +ing
talk about it with a friend. Act out a conversation. 11. I usually do my homework in but I sometimes
14. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? 12. Its difficult to say, but perhaps the best way to
Why? Describe it. make a lot of money is
13. Would you like to sponsor me? Im raising money
for a charity. Could you help me, please? Ill give
you 1 a mile. No, Im sorry, I havent got any
money. etc
14. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives

Fundraising ideas: sell sweets, wash cars, have a awful, cool, dirty, second-hand, sick, sponsored
barbecue, make a charity CD, do a sponsored swim, wealthy, whole, wooden, interesting, useful
collect money, sell badges, sell raffle tickets, organize a
jumble sale, have a bring and buy sale

Make and do: do charity work, do exercise, do


homework, do nothing, do someone a favour, do your
best, make a decision, make a mistake, make friends
make money, make someone laugh
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing
35
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 6


"INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS"
Discussion Questions Model Answers

1. Do you like travelling? Why? Why not? 1. Yes, I do. I really like it. I think it is
2. Does your father / mother / sister / brother like amazing/funny/interesting/relaxing! No, I dont. I
travelling? Why? Why not? dont like it at all. I think it is boring/tiring/stressful.
3. Have you ever been abroad? Where did you go? 2. Yes, s/he does. She / No, she doesnt. S/he
4. How many countries / cities have you visited? Talk 3. Yes, I have. I have been to I went to
about them. 4. I have visited lots of cities/countries. / I havent
5. Where do you usually go on holiday? What do you visited any cities/countries. In my opinion X is the
like about it? best/worst country/city Ive visited.
6. How do you usually travel? (e.g. by plane, car, 5. I usually go to What I like about it is
bus) Which do you prefer? Why? 6. I usually travel by However, I prefer
7. Do you prefer the beach or the mountains? Why? 7. No doubt I prefer because it is
8. Where do you usually stay when youre on 8. I usually stay in/with
holiday? (e.g. hotel, resort, camping, family) 9. Well Let me think The three cities I like most
9. Which three cities do you like most? are
10. Which country would you like to visit? Why? 10. I would like to visit X because
11. Which country would you NOT like to visit? 11. I would not like to visit X because
Why? 12. How was the journey? Did you have a good seat?
12. Imagine you are at the train station to pick up a Did you change trains at? Did you have anything
friend: ask her / him about the journey. Act out a to eat? Etc
conversation. 13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
13. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Why?

Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives

Extreme adjectives: terrifying, amazing, enormous, To describe places: amazing, funny, interesting,
exhausted, delighted, tiny, awful, freezing, boiling. relaxing, boring, tiring, stressful, beautiful, crowded,
Travel: send postcards, meet people, get on a train, have deserted, dry, hot, fresh, colourful, incredible, modern,
adventures, plan a journey, get off a coach, set off, come pleasant, quiet, romantic
back home, arrive, buy a guidebooks, buy souvenirs,
pack a suitcase, shuttle bus, arrive at, leave X, It was a To describe means of transport: fast, slow, cheap,
nightmare, what a journey! It was a disaster! expensive, (un) comfortable, luxurious, (un)reliable,
(un)punctual, ecological, safe, dirty, clean, dangerous

Other expressions Essential classroom language


Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

36
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 7


"ON SCREEN"
Discussion Questions Model Answers

1. How often do you go to the cinema? Who do you 1. I usually/never/sometimes go


go with? 2. I usually prefer romantic/horror films but
2. What kind of films do you like? Why? sometimes I also like watching
3. Whos your favourite actor or actress? Why do you 3. My favourite actor/actress is because
like them? 4. Let me think The last film I saw was Its set
4. Whats the name of the last film you saw? What in It tells the story of
was it about? 5. Not at all/Sure/No doubt because I think they
5. Do you like romantic/horror films? Why? Why are
not? 6. The best/worst film I have ever seen is In my
6. Whats the best / worst film you have ever seen? opinion it is
Explain why. 7. I usually prefer but
7. Do you prefer to watch movies at home or in the 8. I always/often/usually prefer it X because its more
cinema? Why? interesting/motivating/difficult/boring
8. When you watch an English film, do you prefer it 9. Well I usually eat pop corn/gums/hot dogs and
dubbed or subtitled? Why? for a drink I usually prefer a fizzy drink/water
9. What kind of snacks or drinks do you have when 10. I watch films in I prefer
you go to the cinema? 11. What did you think of? Did you like? What
10. Do you watch films in English or your language? about you? I thought the actors were brilliant. The
Which do you prefer? special effects were very good. Etc
11. Imagine you go to the cinema with some friends 12. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
Act out a conversation. see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
12. Look at the pictures: which film do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.

Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives


Story/ plot: motivating, captivating, intriguing,
Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often, engaging, boring, funny, hilarious, (un)predictable,
frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never original, (un)realistic
Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month Characters: funny, nice, mean, happy, miserable,
Film: director, stuntman/woman, stunt, film star, script, cute
soundtrack, special effects, producer, plot, star in a film, Actors: talented, (un)convincing, versatile
win an award, release a film, film a scene, screen, its set Director: talented, famous, skilful
in, it tells the story of Dialogues: smart, boring, confusing, witty
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

37
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 8


"GOOD FRIENDS"
Discussion Questions Model Answers
1. What is your father/mother/brother/sister/friend 1. Well, let me think S/hes really friendly, funny,
like? adventurous, cautious, unsociable, energetic, lazy, shy
2. What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend 2. Let me thinkS/hes very pretty. Shes tall, short,
look like? medium-height, slim, skinny, fat, dark, blonde
3. What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend 3. I think s/he likes playing tennis, watching films,
like doing? chatting online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco
4. What cultural rules from other countries do you 4. Thats an interesting question. Let me think In
know? France for example and in England. In
5. Do visitors have to bring presents in your country? 5. No, they dont. However, presents are always
6. What would you do if your best friend told you a welcome. In France, however,
lie? 6. Well, if my best friend told me a lie, I would
7. What would you say if your best friend was late to 7. If my friend was late to meet me, I think I would
meet you? 8. Thats a difficult question. But if I didnt like a
8. Would you tell the truth if you didnt like a friends boyfriend, I think I would
friends boyfriend? 9. Let me think I dont usually have arguments but I
9. When did you last have an argument with a friend? think the last argument I had with a friend was
Explain. 10. If you ask me, I must tell you I think
10. Is it ever OK to tell a lie? 11. At weekends I (dont) usually spend much time with
11. How much time do you spend with your parents at my parents. For example, on Saturday mornings we
weekends? 12. So, what was the party like? Whats s/he like?
12. Imagine your friends went to a party last weekend Wheres s/he from? What does s/he look like? What does
and met someone. Ask them to describe that s/he like doing?
person Act out a conversation. 13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
13. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Why? Describe it.
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives and phrases
Making friends: bring a present, be late, click your To describe personality: Whats s/he like? S/hes really
fingers, interrupt a conversation, jump a queue, tell friendly, funny, adventurous, cautious, unsociable,
jokes, arrive early, take off your shoes, shake hands, kiss energetic, lazy, shy, confident, talkative, quiet, generous,
a stranger, be polite/rude, point at someone selfish, serious, honest, dishonest...
Describing people: whats she like? (personality) what To describe appearance: What does s/he look like?
does she look like? (appearance) what does she like S/hes very pretty. Shes tall, short, medium-height, slim,
doing? (preferences) skinny, fat, dark, blonde, red-haired
Personality and character adjectives To describe preferences: What does s/he like doing?
Free-time activities S/he likes playing tennis, watching films, chatting
Adjectives describing appearance online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

38
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department

Oral exam preparation: UNIT 9


WORLD OF MUSIC"
Discussion Questions Model Answers
1. How do you usually listen to music? 1. I usually listen to music on my mp3 player. But I
2. Are computers used at your school? also like listening to music on my computer and
3. Are dictionaries allowed in your English class? 2. Of course they are. We use them not only in the
4. How often are festivals celebrated in your region? English class but also in
5. Whats your favourite album? When was it 3. Certainly! We use them very often. They are useful
released? Why do you like it? for
6. What kind of music do you like? Why? 4. Let me think There are lots of
7. What is the best recent music video? 5. Well My favourite album is Im not very sure,
8. Have you ever been to a concert or live show? but I think it was released in I really like it
Talk about it. because
9. Have you ever downloaded music from the 6. I must say I love music because I find it
Internet? Why? 7. The best recent music video for me is
10. Do you prefer music in English or in your own 8. Sure / No, never
language? Why? 9. No doubt / Not at all I have done it because
11. Do you have an MP3-player? How often do you 10. Well its difficult to say I reckon I prefer
use it? 11. Sure! I have one since I use it
12. Who is your favourite singer or music group? 12. Thats a difficult question because / since I like lots
Why? of them but if I must choose one, Id say I like
13. Imagine you are going to a concert. Talk about the because
band or singer you are going to listen to. Act out a 13. I think so / Me too / Me neither / I totally agree /
conversation. Im not sure / I see what you mean
14. Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer? 14. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
Why? Describe it. see / This photo shows / This is a photo of
Useful vocabulary Useful adjectives and phrases
Music: single, record, playlist, hit, recording studio, Describing an event: exciting, colourful, noisy,
album cover, song lyrics, music festival, play live at a delicious, funny, boring
concert, go to number one, record a song, release an
album, form a band, go on tour Describing music: trendy, melodious, rhythmic, loud,
Types of music: rock music, metal music, jazz, blues, tuneless, instrumental, calm, lively
pop music, rock music, rock music, reggae, rap, classical
music Describing singers and bands: good/bad player,
Frequency adverbs: from time to time, every now and good/bad singer, beautiful/good-looking, original, smart,
then, (not) often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never, intelligent, masterful
once/twice/three times a (day/week/month)
Other expressions Essential classroom language
Helping you to explain ideas: I'm sorry, I don't understand.
What is more, ... Sorry, Im not sure what you mean.
Actually, ... / In fact Can you repeat please?
As a matter of fact, ... Can you speak more slowly, please?
Opinion Can you spell that word for me, please?
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon / Id say/ If Let me think...
you ask me, ... / I mean / What I mean / My point That's a difficult question...
is / I find it really interesting/ The truth is that I'm not sure about this question...
Gaining time to think Sorry, I don't know...
Its on the tip of my tongue / Let me think / Thats
an interesting question / How shall I put it? / Whats
the word for it? / Its difficult to say
Expressing for and against views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are
One advantage/disadvantage is
On the other hand
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / Its not my thing

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