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1.Who used a compound microscope to see chambers within cork and named cells?

a. Anton van Leeuwenhoek


b. Robert Hooke
c. Matthias Schleiden
d. Rudolf Virchow

2.Which of the following is NOT a principle of the cell theory?


a. Cells are the basic units of life.
b. All living things are made of cells.
c. Very few cells are able to reproduce.
d. All cells are produced from existing cells.

3.Electron microscopes can reveal details


a. only in specimens that are still alive.
b. about the different colors of cell structures.
c. of cell structures only once they are stained.
d. 1000 times smaller than those visible in light microscopes.

4.Colors seen in images made from electron microscopes are


a. true to life.
b. the colors of electrons.
c. added to make certain structures easier to see.
d. added so scientists can trace living cells through the body.

5.Looking at a cell under a microscope, you note that it is a prokaryote. How u know?
a. The cell lacks cytoplasm.
b. The cell lacks a cell membrane.
c. The cell lacks a nucleus.
d. The cell lacks genetic material.

6.Which of the following enclose their DNA in a nucleus?


a. prokaryotes
b. bacteria
c. eukaryotes
d. viruses

7.Not all cells are alike. Which the following is NOT a true statement about differences between cells?
a. Cells come in many different shapes.
b. Different kinds of cells are different sizes.
c. Some cells have a nucleus, but others do not.
d. Most cells have a membrane, but some do not.

8.Which of the following organisms are prokaryotes?


a. plants
b. animals
c. bacteria
d. fungi

9. Observe the following picture

Which of the following conclusions could you draw about the cell shown in Figure 71?
a. The cell is eukaryotic because it has a nucleus.
b. The cell is prokaryotic because it has a nucleus.
c. The cell is eukaryotic because it does not have a nucleus.
d. The cell is prokaryotic because it does not have a nucleus.

10.Which of the following is a function of the nucleus?


a. stores DNA
b. stores sugars
c. builds proteins
d. packages proteins

11.Which of the following best describes the relationship between the nucleus and the cytoplasm?
a. The cytoplasm is a fluid that fills the inside of the nucleus.
b. The cytoplasm is an organelle that is usually found near the nucleus.
c. The nucleus is an organelle that is surrounded by the cytoplasm.
d. The nucleus is a fluid and it mixes with the fluid cytoplasm.

12.Which of the following statements about the nucleus is NOT true?


a. The nucleus stores the coded instructions for making the cells proteins.
b. The nucleus usually contains a nucleolus region which is where ribosome assembly begins.
c. The nucleus is the site of protein assembly.
d. The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear envelope that lets materials in and out.
13.Which organelle breaks down organelles that are no longer useful?
a. Golgi apparatus
b. lysosome
c. endoplasmic reticulum
d. mitochondrion

14.Which of the following is a function of the cytoskeleton?


a. helps a cell keep its shape
b. contains DNA
c. surrounds the cell
d. helps make proteins

15.Which structures are involved in cell movement?


a. cytoplasm and ribosomes
b. nucleolus and nucleus
c. microtubules and microfilaments
d. chromosomes

16.Which structure makes proteins using coded instructions that come from nucleus?
a. Golgi apparatus
b. mitochondrion
c. vacuole
d. ribosome

17.Which sequence correctly traces the path of a protein in the cell?


a. ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus
b. ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplast
c. endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, Golgi apparatus
d. ribosome, Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum

18.Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more
convenient for the cell to use?
a. chloroplast
b. Golgi apparatus
c. endoplasmic reticulum
d. mitochondrion