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Hope Seweyestewa

PPE 310

Signature Assignment: The link between Nutrition and School success among high school


Arizona State University

Fall 2017


There are specific nutrients and vitamins that our body gets from food. These nutrients

play a major role in the development and learning of students in secondary education. When

students are provided with the proper nutrition it positively affects the academic achievement in

high school students. There are six keys to overall health and those subjects include Social,

Emotional, Physical, Spiritual, Nutritional and Intellectual health. Results have respectively

revealed That malnourished children are less likely to enrol in school on time and achieve an

age-appropriate grade by 26 percentage points and 31 percentage points (Khanam, 2011). This

means that student who do not get proper meals full of nutrients will not perform as well

academically. Schools assisting with nutrition can provide a healthy breakfast or snacks.

Literature Review

Basch, Charles E. (2011). Breakfast and the Achievement Gap among Urban Minority

Youth. Journal of School Health, 81(10), 635-640.

The study started with a various group of nine year old girls and followed up with them

when they were nineteen years old. The groups varied between race/ethnicity, and

socioeconomic status. The study found that skipping breakfast greatly affected their academic

success along with attendance. Then it compared how much of a positive impact nutrition has on

students when the school offers a reduced lunch program. The article offered percentages of

students who skip breakfast, participate in reduced meals, and students who actually ate

breakfast. It also offered some suggestions to make the reduced breakfast successful.

Center for Chronic Disease Prevention Health Promotion , Atlanta, GA. Adolescent

School Health Div. (2000). Promoting Lifelong Healthy Eating An Overview. CDC's

Guidelines for School Health Programs. S.l.]: Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse.


They offer a lot of local information about school health and promotions. They talk about

what is offered for schools to use and how to apply for services. There are various links to other

articles that help understand the benefits of schools promoting health. THis website is a great

resource that provides a lot of information and where school can get assistance for things like

reduced lunch. The CDC also promotes healthy eating and how is positively affects a student's

academic performance.

Khanam, R., Nghiem, H., & Rahman, M. (2011). THE IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD


Biosocial Science, 43(4), 437-451.

The purpose of this paper examines how malnutrition affects schooling from rural

Bangladesh. They wanted to see how a childs health will have a lifelong effect on their

education as they enter high school. There was a study performed and it was entitled

Macronutrient and Gender study, and it was administered by the International Food Policy

Research Institute. The study was administered at three different sites (villages), from there

participants were random selections of representatives per village. Then households were

randomly selected totalling 5541 individuals from 957 households and 47 villages. The results

revealed that malnutrition did have a slight effect on the students but there were other factor that

had a bigger contributor. However the study did show that children who come from a wealthier

home tend to perform better and that seemed to be based on their access to appropriate nutrition

and health service. It was determined that healthy meals including breakfast helps the student

perform better in the classroom.

Lyons, Z., & Janca, A. (2012). Indigenous Children in Australia: Health, Education and

Optimism for the Future. Australian Journal of Education, 56(1), 5-21.


The purpose of this study was to look at the lifelong effects overall health has on children

as they become adults. They looked at Indigenous and nonindigenous communities along with

possible incentives that both communities can benefit from. This study compared both groups of

students year in school along with the core categories of academics. The results and finding came

from a collaboration of other studies that were placed into one article. The results showed that

Indigenous students who were in high school had a greater disadvantage to proper nutrition along

with their overall health. This means that Indigenous students did not perform as well as the Non

Indigenous students. However they do point out how other aspects affect ones health like their

social emotional barriers, access to healthcare, and exposure to certain illness.

Ward, D., Vaughn, A., Bangdiwala, K., Campbell, M., Jones, D., Panter, A., & Stevens,

J. (2011). Integrating a family-focused approach into child obesity prevention: Rationale

and design for the My Parenting SOS study randomized control trial. BMC Public

Health, 11, 431.

This study talked about a different aspect of health, obesity. The study talked about how

this aspect of weight can affect a students academic performance. This means that not providing

the proper nutrients also has a negative effect on students. Once again parents fail to notice or

provide a healthy example of overeating. For this study they used a 35 week My parenting SOS

intervention. 12 of the sessions targeted the parents and helping educate about obesity. Then the

next phase is using the learned information with the child and parent. In the end they talk about

and discuss the effects of overall health has an effect on children especially as they get older.

Synthesis of Information

When looking at all four articles for my paper they had a common theme of discussing

how overall health can greatly improve a students academic performance. Two of the articles

shared a common conclusion that healthy eating habits helps with academic focus, performance,

and attendance at school. The article, Breakfast and the Achievement gap among urban

minority youth along with the website research both talked about the benefits of using a reduced

lunch program. This would mean meals offered at the school can be offered at a reduced price.

Another article about malnutrition talked about the importance of nutrition and children however

their study was based on an overall viewpoint. This meant that nutrition plays a big role into

academic success however there are also other factors that could have a great effect on their

academic results.

The last article was about a study based on children obesity. They had a different outline

of their article but the main topic about nutrition and how it affects children were the same. It

brings up another great point that deals with nutrition. Obesity can also have a negative effect on

nutrition which can also affect a student's ability to succeed in the classroom.

In conclusion all of the articles support the fact that nutrition supports children through

school and it betters their performance. A couple of sources mentioned the importance of

breakfast so students can start the day focused and ready to learn. Other sources focus on the

overall nutrition at school and home so the students body is being fueled with the correct

nutrients to be healthy. Nutrition gives their bodies the nutrients they need for overall growth and

development. When focusing on nutrition there are multiple sides along with the good and bad.

Good nutrition will be the one children benefit from the most.

Practical Implications

To support healthy nutrition for the students at Red Mountain High School I would

administer pre evaluation forms about student and staff overall health. This would include

questions about their diet, hours of sleep, and exercise. I would have monthly newsletters about

reduced meal program along with a monthly menu. In the newsletter I will also include facts

about how nutrition helps with academic success. There will also be a reminder about the healthy

snacks being offered in my classroom. This happens twice a month, healthy snack time in study

hall includes a variety of healthy snack available while the students have the option to do

homework with staff assistance. Study Hall takes place four times a week after second hour for

30 minutes.


A factor of success is making sure I establish a committee and have the support of other

staff. In order to start any program on a campus I would need to get the administration approval.

I would present the information I have collected about the connection of nutrition and higher

academic success among high school students. This could be a presentation to administration,

staff, parents, and students. I will discuss the information about reduce meal plans including

requirements, registration, and continuing support. Then I will talk about the healthy snack

program that will be offered during study hall. In this presentation the program will be explained

along with its benefits, purpose, benefits, and rules. In order to run this program and I will need a

committee who will help throughout the school year and to keep it running successfully. My

supervisor, the special education site leader will be an advocate on my behalf she is the

supervisor who is also in charge and sign off of documents when needed. There is a group of

staff who have joined my team to help with the study hall. They will all have a monthly rotating

schedule. Each department of the school have agreed to help with a couple of healthy snack

items. Parents are always more than welcome to donate snack item for study hall. All of these

people will be apart of my committee who will help keep this healthy program running.


In order to provide the funding for the reduced meal program I have looked into the

School breakfast program (SBP) which is offered through the Health and Nutrition Services in

the state of Arizona. When I work with my committee we will put in the application before the

school year so its ready by the first day of school. When these program are set Im able to add

flyers to the parent/student back to school packet or at open house at the beginning of the school

year. That is where the funding will come from for the reduced meals. The snacks provided

during study hall are all donations from the special education department, school staff, and

parents. If needed I will be writing a donation letter to Bashas for their local support in healthy

snacks. The more people I include and reach out to the more help I can get to join my committee.


The educational components displayed will come from the article research I have done

along with the information from the Arizona Health and Nutrition services guidelines. The

research and information put together will be presented to the administration, students, parents,

and staff. Over the months of school I will add education information that link healthy nutrition

to the student's academic progress. While I conduct the reduced meals program and healthy

snack time I will have each student sign into study hall. Then each quarter I will track their

progress with the utilization of the study hall room. I believe this will support my theory of how

nutrition can lead to higher achievement among high school students.


During the year a student teacher from Arizona State University will be conducting

organized activities during both lunch periods. At this time games will be played inside the

school gym. We have meet with one another and agreed to support and promote one anothers

program. Nutrition and exercise are all apart of healthy living for the high school students and

community. Providing these types of resources for the students teaches them healthy living and

could be something they can carry home. The more people involved with the program helps with

sustainability and continuing for the following years.

Creating a well developed program requires hard working committee members. I have

put together a solid team of administration, teachers, parents, and student. I have monthly

newsletter that promote nutrition, study hall, and the links to higher educational achievement.

The information will be put together by my committee along with a rotating monthly schedule so

one person is not doing all the work. Keeping the schedule well organized will keep the program

running smoothly. If I keep track of the students we service along with their academic progress

this will give solid evidence that will promote the programs.


Promoting and supporting a healthy diet is important at any age. A healthy breakfast is a

good start to any students day. Among high school students there is a close relation between of

how well students perform academically and how their healthy diet is. This can be promoted at

home, within the community, and school. To plan this event I would need the help and support of

the high school staff and administration. If students are allowed some study time along with the

choice to have breakfast/snack it can help them throughout the day. When students miss

breakfast they might not be focused and it could lead to other behavioral problems. During this

time high school students will get the chance to feed their growing bodies the nutrients that will

help with their learning throughout the day. In the future I see this program running with the

special education and school staff. When a sign-in log is kept and grades, attendance, and

behavior reports are kept this will show the positive effect on how my program deals with high

school students and their academic success. This program is already set to be implemented in the

next school year and have plans to continue. I was unable to put together the physical aspect of

this project because my committee would not support that particular activity within a classroom.

This would be too much of a liability since the classroom is too small and they were unable to

grant another space for me to conduct these activities. Despite this setback the nutritional section

will continue to be used in the future and continuing. This includes the lion time, which is about

thirty minute after second hour where students can have breakfast/snacks and study with staff

support. Even though only a portion of this program was successful Im excited to see the other

parts continuing to run for the further years to come.


Basch, Charles E. (2011). Breakfast and the Achievement Gap among Urban Minority Youth.

Journal of School Health, 81(10), 635-640.

Center for Chronic Disease Prevention Health Promotion , Atlanta, GA. Adolescent School

Health Div. (2000). Promoting Lifelong Healthy Eating An Overview. CDC's Guidelines

for School Health Programs. S.l.]: Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse.

Khanam, R., Nghiem, H., & Rahman, M. (2011). THE IMPACT OF CHILDHOOD


Biosocial Science, 43(4), 437-451.


Lyons, Z., & Janca, A. (2012). Indigenous Children in Australia: Health, Education and

Optimism for the Future. Australian Journal of Education, 56(1), 5-21.

Ward, D., Vaughn, A., Bangdiwala, K., Campbell, M., Jones, D., Panter, A., & Stevens, J.

(2011). Integrating a family-focused approach into child obesity prevention: Rationale

and design for the My Parenting SOS study randomized control trial. BMC Public

Health, 11, 431.

Red Mountain High School 2017-2018

Snack & Study


Breakfast is available from 7:00 to 7:45 AM. During this time students have the opportunity to choose from
several meal options. Reduce meal programs applied.

Does my child have to eat Breakfast?

No, its an option. However if your student can get to school early to sit down for a full meal it helps them to
be prepared and energized for the day.

Can my child take snacks?

Yes. Their own snack are welcome. We do ask that it stays within healthy guidelines at

Who Provides the snacks?

The local Bashas has made a generous donation to contribute to our healthy snack program. The staff
departments have also signed up to make donations. Parents are allowed to donate as well, just get in touch
with Ms. Seweyestewa ( or Mrs. Lame ( for details.

Red Mountain High School

Snack & Study

August 5, 2017

At Red Mountain High we would like to provide our students the opportunity to perform
to their best ability. It has been proven that students who eat breakfast have fewer
behavioral problems, perform better academically, and better attendance.

Healthy snacks will be provided for all participants along with a quiet environment for
any study/homework time. There will be 2-3 teacher to available to help with
homework questions. Any type of study is Welcome!

Where: Learning Lab, Room 213

When: The 1st and 3rd Monday of every month during Lion Time

9:55 - 10:24 AM

Rubric for Signature Assignment

Criteria with 5 4 3 2 1
Professional Exemplary Highly Proficient Approaching Unsatisfactor
Standards (97 100%) Proficient (83 92%) Proficient y
Referenced (93 96%) (73 82%) (72%
and below)
Outline 9-10 Points 7-8 Points 5-6 Points 3-4 Points 1-2 Points
Outline Turned Logical, Brief Brief outline Brief outline No outline
In(Already detailed outline with some with one or was
submitted for outline with at with at references no references submitted.
points) least 5 least 5 but not 5 submitted.
original peer original original peer
reviewed peer reviewed
references reviewed references
written in references written in
APA format is written in APA format
submitted APA are
with a format is submitted.
technology submitted.

selected to
embed the

Introduction 9-10 Points 7-8 Points 5-6 Points 3-4 Points 1-2 Points
Introduction to Introduction is Introductio Introduction Introduction Introduction
the topic and fully n is fully is addressed is addressed is omitted or
overview (In developed, developed well, adequately. was
your purpose well with all somewhat disorganized
statement also organized, topics organized and did not
introduce all
introduces all introduced. and created a create a plan
topics, created plan for the for the paper.
InTASC 1c,k; a plan for the paper
5k; 9f; 10h paper and
NAEYC 6b invites the
NETS-T 3a,d; reader to read
4a,c further.
13-15 Points 10-12 Points 6-9 Points 5-7 Points 1-4 Points
Adequacy of 1. Literature 1. 1. Literature 1. Literature 1. Literature
Knowledge review Literature review may review does review does
(includes 5 peer highlights review address not address not have the
reviewed major issues addresses major issues, the major depth of
original in the area. major but issues issues in the knowledge
research articles
2. Through issues in may not be area; the appropriate
InTASC 1c,k; use of a range the area. supported level of to this upper
5k; 9f; 10h of references 2. with expert support for level course.
NAEYC 6b to support key Thorough knowledge. the issues is
issues. use of a not adequate. 2. Includes
NETS-T 3a,d; range of 2. Good use less than 2
4a,c 3. Description references of references, 2. Includes 3 references.
of important to support but additional references.
CEC EC2S1; studies key issues. references
CC7K1; establishes may have
EC7K1;CC9K4 context for the 3. Includes strengthened
;CC9S8 reader. description the paper.
s of
4. Includes important 3. Includes 4
more than 5 studies to references.
informative provide
references. context for

the reader.

4. Includes
5 or more
Synthesis of 13-15 Points 10-12 Points 6-9 Points 5-7 Points 1-4 Points
Synthesis of 1. Studies Studies Information The literature The literature
Information covering the covering is presented review is a review does
(what did the same topic the same study-by- mixed set of not
articles synthesize topic are study rather ideas without demonstrate
collectively say related summarize than a particular a particular
about the topic?
research. d and summarized focus. focus and
Which authors
had similar and integrated by topic. lacks ideas
different 2. Described level work. based on the
findings?) similar or 2. Described subject
InTASC 1c,k; differing and similar or chosen.
5k; 9f; 10h detailed differing
NAEYC 6b themes themes 2. Described
NETS-T 3a,d; throughout the throughout similar or
4a,c articles the articles differing
CEC EC2S1; which were themes
CC7K1; 3. not detailed throughout
Demonstrate the articles,
thoroughly 3. Somewhat however they
how your demonstrated were not
research and how your detailed
the data research and
collected the data 3. Did not
supports your collected demonstrate
stance on why supports your how your
your healthy stance on research and
and active why your the data
school plan is healthy and collected
not only active school supports your
important for plan is not stance on
hope and only why your
engagement at important for healthy and
your school hope and active school
and in your engagement plan is not
community, at your only
but ties to school and in important for
academic your hope and
success in community, engagement
your but ties to at your
classroom as academic school and in

well. success in your

your community,
classroom as but ties to
well. academic
success in
classroom as
Practical 27-30 Points 23-26 Points 19-22 Points 15-18 Points 1-14 Points
and Technology
Practical 1. Practical 1. Practical 1. Practical 1. Practical 1. Practical
Implications implications implication implications implications implications
(Discuss how of your event s are are discussed are not are not
the findings can details discussed but not at a thoroughly discussed and
or will later be including your but not particularly discussed and no details of
applied to your
teaching level related to a level or in a only a few the event are
setting) and in a particular particular details of the present.
InTASC 1c,k; particular teaching setting and event are
5k; 9f; 10h setting are setting or many details present 2. Contained
NAEYC 6b discussed topic or of your event 3 or fewer
NETS-T 3a,d; thoroughly. A certain are missing. components
4a,c minimum of 6 details are of a
CEC EC2S1; topics are missing. 2. Contained comprehensi
CC7K1; applied. at least 4-5 ve school
EC7K1;CC9K4 components program
;CC9S8 2. Contains of a
thorough comprehensi 3. Contains
discussion on ve school little
how each of program; discussion on
the 6 however, which
program/com some of the programs/co
ponents that needed detail mponents are
are in place is missing. currently in
are organized, place
conducted, 3. Most
and overseen programs/co 4. Few
or a detailed mponents programs/co
plan about implemented mponents
how each include implemented
component discussion on include
can be added. modifications discussion on
for those modifications
3. All with for those
programs/com disabilities. with
ponents disabilities.

implemented 4.
include Technology 5.
discussion on infusion was Technology
modifications used but it infusion was
for those with did not not used.
disabilities. enhance the
4. Contained
discussion on
a specific
highlighted by
the special

5. Embedding
Technology as
a platform to
enhance your
Conclusion 9-10 Points 7-8 Points 5-6 Points 3-4 Points 1-2 Points
Conclusion Major issues The major The Provides No
ITASC 1c,k; support and issues are conclusions opinions, but conclusions
5k; 9f; 10h establish summarize are not not a are included.
NAEYC 6b conclusions. d under complete. summary of
NETS-T 3a,d; conclusions findings.
Writing and 9-10 Points 7-8 Points 5-6 Points 3-4 Points 1-2 Points
First Draft of Detailed draft Detailed Detailed draft Missing Incomplete
all sections of all sections draft of of MOST sections or (missing half
submitted with of the paper ALL sections with paper has of the
changes made with sections some errors regular errors requirements
integrating appropriate with some in content across ) or
content, errors in covered, content completely
comments from
the outline headers, content headings, covered, missing
writing style, covered, writing style headings, paper.
a choice of headings, and/or writing style
technology to writing references in and/or
embed the style and/or APA 6.0 references in
assignment references style. APA 6.0

and references in APA 6.0 style.

in APA 6.0 style.

Integration of All comments Most Some Very few No

instructor from comments comments comments comments
comments from instructor from from from from
first draft integrated into instructor instructor instructor instructor
(Sub-Section of final version. integrated integrated integrated integrated
Writing and
All were into final into final into final into final
highlighted in version. All version. Most version. Most version. The
yellow were were were changes were
highlighted highlighted highlighted not
in yellow in yellow in yellow highlighted
Writing and 1. Cover page 1. Cover 1. Cover 1. Cover 1. Cover
referencing included, page page page not page not
style proper included, included, included, included,
(Sub-Section of spelling and few some many major
Writing and grammar, all grammatica grammatical grammatical grammatical
references in l errors and errors and errors and errors and
APA 6.0 misspelling misspellings, misspellings, misspellings,
style. Paper s, all some errors some errors many errors
was references in in in
appropriate in APA 6.0 referencing referencing referencing
length (at style. style APA style APA style APA
least 5 pages) 6.0. 6.0. 6.0.
2. Paper
2. The file was 2. Paper was 2. Paper was 2. Paper was
document appropriate too short for too short for too short for
name length (at the topic (3-4 the topic (1-2 the topic (1-2
contains least 5 pages) pages) pages)
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3. This rubric contains the not contain
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4. This rubric
4. All was added 4. This rubric
sentences are but not at the was not
clear and well end of the added to the

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submitted submitted
5. Proposals
and events are 5. Most 5. Many
appropriate sentences are sentences are
length with clear and not clear and
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margins, font, developed ed
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