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Date: 18 03 2014
Revision number: 22
Version: Draft 24
Status: Editing
1

1 1 Introduction

(/nsibiri/) is an ideographic writing system with roots in the Cross River region
of south eastern Nigeria neighbouring Cameroon. The oldest evidence of were
discovered on pottery found in the Calabar region, dated back to the 4th century.1
is used primarily by the various leopard societies of the Cross River region. Before the
creation of these societies, was used by the public and was taught in pre-European
schools to children. has since declined following the introduction of the Latin script
and Western education in the 19th and 20th centuries.

The neo- project (/nsibiri /) was started in 2010 in order to convert


symbols from the (/sbr/) ideographic script from West Africa into morphographic
characters that could be used for a number of languages in the region of its origin. is
and was a means of communication through drawn ideographs and gestures of the limbs
which has been estimated to have existed in the Cross River region of south eastern
Nigeria and south western Cameroon since the 4th century NEW.2 A significant amount
of symbols could be described as morphographic (often referred to as logographic),
but extensive use of as a morphographic or moraic script before European contact is
not evident. The project is for the most part based on a number of journals published
in the early 20th century by European missionaries; these journals contain hundreds of
recorded ideograms. Other sources for the come from first hand witnessing of
motifs, such as on clothing (like okara), and other art forms.

The project was first made public through the internet on blogger.com in
hopes of a wider community contributing to the development of a moraic derived
script. It was decided that a mora system should follow characters for easier learning,
2

Figure 1.1. Radicals (n: )


3

and for foreign words to be transliterated without confusion. The moraic system was
developed from the current (/ss gb/, Igbo language) (/nw/) Latin
alphabet, created in the 1950s by the SPILC, an Igbo language regulatory board, as
the standard orthography for writing Igbo.

The original derived mora which was named (/k g/), (meaning leopard
hand in , a nod to the leopard societies) underwent many changes. has since
been simplified into an alphabet with diphthongs acting as one letter.

The first language that is to use the system is of which all characters will be given
readings from and of which compound phonetic-semantic characters will be based
on. The project aims to increase literature in by making the homophones in the
language easier to differentiate. For example, an speaker may be able to tell
the difference between egg, a cloth or crying (which are homophones in ) by just
looking at the shape of the characters that were used.
4

2 2 Methodology

2.1 Introduction

The neo- ( ) project is based on the modification of original characters


in order to create fully morphographic characters. Most of these are from early 20th
century sources in the journals of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain
and Ireland. Being that most of these were wholly ideographic, it was necessary to
simplify many of the characters into morphographic forms to be able to record in true
writing. There are four types of incorporated into the project which includes new
characters, compounds, simplifications, and fully original . At the core of these four
types of characters are the radicals which are the basic shapes that all characters
are composed of or the most used characters used to give compounds a semantic
context.

is written from left to right. Each character is written as if it is in an invisible square.


Most characters are monosyllabic since this is how most Igbo morphemes are,
although some are exceptions and may be polysyllabic for easy reading. Some of
the characters aid in semantic extensions meaning that one word can indicate two
related concepts through differentiating the characters. For example a word for tree
trunk which was expanded to bridge because of the historical use of tree trunks as
bridges is given two characters; one for bridge and another for tree trunk.

One of the main aims of the project was to preserve as many original characters
and meanings into the new writing system. The key method in implementing was the
creation of compound characters which required the decipherment of the radicals. The
5

compound characters are rough compositions of original that are brought together
to signify a new meaning, to be specific, a morpheme (word). An example of this is the
compound for the morpheme < > (/h/, market) which is composed of the original
symbols for people/object and trade which implies trade area, building or crowd, and
to specifically serve the reading for market. Most of the characters in this project are
made like this. While forging the characters we use phonetic-semantic reasoning to
make characters easier to learn, for example some of the semantic markers include the
walled character, and characters for rod, and long.
6

2.2 Nsibiri

2.2.1 Background and history

The symbols that existed before this project do not appear to constitute true writing
which is defined as symbols that represent a specific utterances.2 Most symbols
were apparently ideographic meaning that they represented something in a semantic
field, but not necessarily specific phonemes (sounds). However symbols seem to
have a consistent aesthetic and a few symbols seem to show evidence of having a
morphographic value which were used on their own to represent a specific utterance.
One example is the for bunch of plantains which Elphinstone Dayrell claimed to
have been written as Etak Ntaa Nsibidi and sent to someone on a farm for an order
of plantains.3 There were also examples of proper names of people written in .

apparently derived from the action-writing of the society (or an establishment


that preceded it) which involved a sort of symbolic mime-dance that was done by male
secret society members. is subsequently said to have come from Cross River
languages terms for turning or twisting which derived from the esoteric movements of
the mime dancers. These same performances of turning and making strange movements
can still be seen in leopard-society dances like that of kp. From these movements
the societies started to draw signs on the ground that related to the movements as
ideographic signs that delved much into the judicial aspect of these societies. In time
graphemes came to depict many aspects of life, most notably they came to be heavily
associated with love, courting, and married life.4

There are no clear examples that show that symbols were ever used in succession
in a grammatical structure resembling true writing. Although this conclusion has been
met, it is to be noted that s history is still being uncovered as evident by the apparently
-like motifs found on pottery in several archaeological sites near Calabar, Nigeria.

2.2.2 Grapheme shape and inventory

It is unclear just how many symbols exist or existed and their origins remains unclear.
There are local legends from Cross River communities which suggest mythical origins
like the claims that was taught their ancestors by baboons. The symbols for the
7

most part appear to have a consistent shape and an aesthetic pattern. symbols were
drawn with a stylus for the symbols composed of strokes. The strokes are often ended
with another stroke in the opposite orientation, reminiscent of serifs found in the Roman
alphabet. Many symbols, unlike in this revision which places each grapheme in an
equal square, were drawn in different sizes and orientations. Most of the symbols are
abstract. in this glossary uses Hindu numerals for the most part, but numerals in
the glossary come from the counting of rods in traditional -writing societies, rods are
an archaic form of currency of especially bronze and copper make.

2.2.3 Composition of characters


2.2.3.1. COMPOUNDS

The new characters were composed in different ways, the first step of creation
was incorporating original symbols which represented a specific meaning instead of
more pictographic symbols, this was in effort to preserve as many original graphic
shapes as possible by applying the symbols to morphemes that were of a similar
meaning. Many symbols with specific meaning were also simplified. For the second
step many of the characters were joined together as a compound to represent a new
morpheme; there were two methods of making compounds which feature semantic and
phonetic extension, meaning that characters with a separate meaning can be joined
together to form a new meaning depending on what the characters represent in a
pictographic and phonetic sense.

The semantic compound joins characters with a certain shape together to form a new
meaning from their pictograph quality. One such compound characters is < > /yr/
which combines two hills, < > /gw/, to represent a valley, this compound is therefore
a semantic one. All characters are generally made to fit in an invisible square so there is
no confusing or muddling up of a compound character and repeated characters of the
same shape. The second type of compounds are the phonetic-semantic compounds
which takes a character with a similar meaning and uses it for a new meaning while
combining it with a character with a similar sound to the morpheme being represented.
An example is < > /z/ steal, which is formed with the character for a human (laying
horizontally) and the character for buy < > which is read as /z/, the character for
steal has appropriated the phonetic value for the character for buy while using the
semantic value of the person laying on their side to depict cunningness in relation to
8

Akagu | Nsibidi Akagu | Nsibidi

Plate 1 Origin of akagu


9

Figure 2.1. Pictographic origin of the nasal diacritic with loose relation to the shape
of the mouth when pronouncing nasalised words.

theft. Other examples are found in the characters for /n/ which is a homophone for
and < > and in < >.

There are also characters noted that come from uli designs of the Igbo mainland which
were used as motifs.

2.2.3.2. SEMANTIC COMBINATION AND AKAGU AFFIXES

For certain morphemes the phonemes of the character is based on the akagu affix
which corresponds to the beginning of the word. The affixes were used instead of
creating new characters so that the number of characters needed to be learned is
reduced. The characters without the affixes keep the original reading. The semantic
combination also adds two characters together to form a new word along with the
affixes. The characters here are used ideographically even though they are used in a
certain way for each word. The process of using the characters as ideographs comes
from the use of traditional . The combinations are all in a bid to reduce the number
of graphemes needed to be memorised. An example of such combination is with the
word < > /kp/ which gives the character < >, pronounced /f/ year on
its own, a phonetic value of /kp/ and the < > indicates that the sound starts with
10

// to form the word for generation, /kp/. The affixed morphemes are indicated in
the character list in bold which indicates the part of the word that is represented by
a character and the single phoneme that is represented by an akagu letter. These
characters are still in development and will require the reader to have some former
morphological information before hand since there are specific combinations for each
word and phonetic-semantic value for each character.

2.2.3.3. RELATIONSHIP WITH IGBO PHONOLOGY

The characters are meant to match with each of the most common and basic Igbo
morphograms and allow for the combination of such characters to form common Igbo
words. There are also characters that represent multiple morphemes usually for
common words like /uggb/ meaning glass or mirror (depending on dialect).

It is expected that will be adapted to the various Igbo dialects by appropriating


the characters to equivalent morphemes of similar meaning in each dialect. It is also
encouraged that characters be used for other Cross River languages.

Figure 2.1. Okereuki recorded by Elphinstone Dayrell. The was recorded at an early stage
of Igbo orthography using Roman script so we may assume that Okereuki corresponds to the
Igbo name Okereke which translates as Male born on the k day. k also corresponds with
a cardinal point (east) as do the other three market days of the Igbo four day week; the
appears to depict four points which could be the four cardinal points and market days, although
its possible Okereuki may not be in reference to a [Igbo] name.
11

Figure 2.2. Onuaha in nsibiri, an Igbo name, documented by J. K. Macgregor with noted Western
influence. J. K., Macgregor (January June, 1909). Some Notes on Nsibiri.. The Journal of
the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (Royal Anthropological Institute of
Great Britain and Ireland) 39: 209219.

2.2.4 Notes
1. Slogar, Christopher (Spring 2007). Early ceramics from Calabar, Nigeria: Towards a history of
Nsibiri.. African Arts (University of California) 40 (1): 1829.
2. Although definitions of writing vary, this definition applies to morphemic uses.
3. < > Etak Ntaa Nsibiri Nsibiris bunch of plantains. When the head of the house wants
plantains he sends this sign to the head boy on the farm. Dayrell, Elphinstone (1910).
Some Nsibiri Signs. Man (Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland) 10:
113114.
4. Isichei, Elizabeth Allo (1997). A history of African societies to 1870. Cambridge University
Press. p. 357.

2.3 Akagu

2.3.1 Background

is a completely new alphabet made from the short-hand of characters, and


simplified into letters. Akagu was created through a process similar to acrophony. The
aim of is to make learning the whole system easier and to serve as a better writing
system to than Latin has done. was also created in order to write words that
has no characters for, mainly sounds, onomatopoeia and foreign words. There are
two types of which are akag s quick hand which is the version used for
writing ; and then regular used for foreign words and onomatopoeia. Akagu
would also be key in writing affixes which are attached to the majority of Igbo words.
Akagu uses diacritics to indicate tone, the first kind are acute and grave ticks, on the
left and right side respectively, which correspond to high and low tones. The second
set of diacritics are acute and grave angled shapes which indicate vowel nasality and
derive from the shape of the mouth when pronouncing vowels.
12

Table 2.1. The full alphabet


13

One of the key changes of from Latin is the removal of the letter C and the
inclusion of new letters for several digraphs. The alphabet also includes a method
to serve vowel assimilation in which does by merging the two words which
will assimilate a vowel and shrink the assimilated vowel. This is in a manner similar
to an exponent and is done in order for the two words to be understood but for the
assimilated words to be deciphered.

2.3.2 Composition of
2.3.2.1. DIACRITICS AND SPECIAL CHARACTERS

There are two main types of akagu diacritics, the first are for the high and low tones
and the others are for nasal tones and the their high and low tones. The low tones are
shown with a grave mark on the right such as < > and the high tones are shown with
a rising mark on the left such as < >. These marks are meant to be representative
of the tone through the vertical directions and are used on Igbo tonal phonemes. The
nasal marks have a high, mid, and low mark, such as < > (high nasal), < > (mid
nasal), and < > (low nasal). When the letter < > (/r/) is doubled < > then this
signifies a rolled /r/ such as in the word < > /r/ madness.

2.3.2.2. VOWEL ASSIMILATION

Figure 2.2. Place of articulation for (//) and (//)


14

Akagu uses ligatures and a form of superscript to depict vowel assimilation. The
ligatures are used in the same form as in other languages, in akagu they are written
vertically. The letters form a new sound based on the blending of the letters. In many
cases in Igbo the nucleus (ending vowel) of a word is assimilated by the vowel at the
beginning of the next word, with the superscript the nucleus of the first word has a
reduced size when reading to indicate the vowel assimilation, but in a way that allows
the reader to decipher the word that had been partly assimilated.

2.2.5. Short Example Sentence

A short sentence below demonstrates the superscript of akagu. The letters are colour-
coded for easy demonstration.

A short man is used as a diacritic ( ) in the more formal version of between sounds
that are usually not sounded in Igbo, for example Igbo has no words which require the
sound made when /p/ ( / ) and /r/ ( / ) are put together, therefore this would spelt
, the diacrtic is also used as a final like in the English word prince, the ce /s/ would
be finalised with the diacritic like For final /n/ the is used.

Figure 2.5. All shapes of graphemes excluding all possible ligatures


15

3 3 The characters

3.1 Classification

Below are all the characters that are currently in the system as on release of this
document. The key columns letters refer to the origin of the characters which are: O for
original (pre-1900 ) C for compounds (specifically semantic-semantic compounds),
S for simplifications, P for phono-semantic compounds, N for new characters made
from the radicals, M for original symbols that have been modified (Mf for form and Mm
for meaning, Mmf for all), and I from those imported from uli designs. The readings
are from multiple Igbo dialects (a reading should change according to dialect). There
are currently 1400 characters in the system.

Note: readings vary depending on dialect, these readings are examples taken from the
most well known form of the particular word. It will be necessary to tweak each reading
for every dialect of the languages that will use these characters.

Table 3.1 Key

v. verb ad. v. adverb


adj. adjective n. noun
p. n. pronoun pr. n. proper noun
s. suffix d. determiner
c. conjunction [word] an elaboration
Bracket [...] elaboration int. interrogative
contr. contraction
16

3.2 The full character list

# #
0001

0013
O leopard O female

child, baby
MMF

1 1
0002

0014
O male
2 [ : ] 2 childish

1 [ : ] chief
1

0015
C self, own
0003

O 2 [ : ] elder
2
3 [ : ] 3 ancient; century 0016

C breast; milk
0004

MF tree; wood; stick

1 bush, woods, human, person,


0017

1 O
0005

MM forest, grove mankind


2 [ ] 2 forest

house, home,
0018

MF homestead;
0006

C iroko tree
building

root; origin,
0019
MMF

O four, 4
0007

source

problem, trouble,
king, leader, chief, palaver; situation,
0008

C
0020

head; owner O emergency;


annoyance,
inconvenience

hall, palace, long


0009

C
room
0021

O sword

1 leaf; paper,
MMF

1
0010

book, page, leaflet


2 [ : ]
0022

2 thatch C machete, matchet

1water, liquid;
1
0011

O watery, runny youth, teen,


2 [ : ] 2 cistern, well C youngster,
0023

teenager
0012

MF snake, serpent
0024

O rod, spoke; iron


17

# #

train, raise, tutor,


0025

0039
N C clean (v.)
drill, educate

under, below;
0026

0040
C C clean
subterranean

razor, blade, pleasure,


0027

O C

0041
dagger merriment
0028

0042
N place (n.), location C search, find

show, display;
support, help,
MMF
0029

0043

C teach,
assistance
demonstrate

impregnate,
0030

0044

O one, 1; single N
germinate
0031

0045

O two, 2; twice O five, 5


0032

0046

O three, 3 O six, 6
0033

0047

N tender palm frond O seven, 7 [rods]

up, top, atop;


0034

0048

O guard (n.) N
superior
0035

0049

MF gun, rifle C edge, corner, roof


0036

S sun, solar C raise, erect, lift


0050

shine, radiate,
0037

0051

C C rain (n.)
emit; ray

illuminate, blaze;
0038

0052

C C day; date, time


fashion, trend (v.)
18

# #

0066
C thin, slim C animal
0053

sky; heaven,
0054

0067
C pantheon; space, C swell, rise
cosmos;

hill; mound,
0055

0068
N C him, her, it
mountain
0056

0069
O eight, 8 [rods] PC steal, thieve
0057

0070

O nine, 9 [rods] N people of, people

1 person of,
0058

0071

1
O ten, 10 [rods] C person
2 [ ] 2 who (int.)

star, stars,
0059

0072

O cosmos; dandy, O hook


celebrity

ground, land,
0060

MF night
0073

C earth; planet;
property, estate
0061

O mat
0074

MM vagina, vulva

riot, disturbance,
nuisance;
0062

O 1 1 penis
0075

confusion; noise, MM
2 [ : : ] 2 phallus, phallic
argument, raucous

children, babies,
wealth, money,
0063

0076

MM MF offspring; group;
capital, riches
young, youth

talk (n.), speech,


0064

0077

N leg, foot MM
words

walk link, join, unify,


MMF

1
0065

1
0078

O
2 [ : ] 2 walking unity (v.); copulate
19

# #

camwood, reddish

0092
C lover PC
0079

orange

stick, sticky, glue,


0080

0093
PC slip, place, staple, PC key
post (v.)

journey,
0081

0094
O embarkment, C light, glow
odyssey; struggle

civilization,
road, path, portal, intelligence,
0082

0095
O C
way, street, track stateliness,
morality; aura

1 1 split; crack
MMF
0083

0096

2 [ : ] 2 divide O spider
3 [ : ] 3 half

pregnancy,
0084

0097

O pregnant, term; O ladder


after birth

message,
0098

notification, news; O bridge, overpass


0085

O
letter; teachings,
sermon
0099

big, large, great, PC [tree] trunk; limb


0086

C grand; plentiful,
much, many

moon; month;
0100

heart; feelings; MF
season
0087

MM
courage; soul

1 1 year
0101

eye, eyes; C
[ : ] generation
0088

2 2
MF
opening, vent
0102

see, realise, C full moon


0089

C ascertain, decode;
care, love; meet
0103

post, pillar, C over-clouding


0090

C
column, stake
0104

C halo
0091

C width
0105

O tortoise
20

# #

nsibiri [cf. Ekoi begin, start,


0106

0120
O C
nsibidi] commence

iron bar; prison;


0107

0121
O C come, arrive
imprison
0108

0122
C cage, cell, room C relation, relative

love, affection,
0109

0123
O admiration; flirt, O slave
flirting 0124
0110

C plenty, too much C and (c.)


0125
0111

S mouth; opening C or (c.)

1 front, in front,
1 Igbo language,
0126
0112

C forward C
2 [ : : ] Igbo people (n.)
2 future generation

but, however, if
0127
0113

C fall, collapse C
not (c.)

public, state;
0128
0114

C C so (c.)
people, population
0129
0115

M market day; north C because (c.)


0130
0116

M market day; south C yet (c.)


0131
0117

M market day; east C although (c.)


0132
0118

M market day; west C after, following (c.)

1 1 cut, slice in, at, inside, in the


0133
0119

C PC
2 [ : ] 2 end, ending middle, centre
21

# #
0134

0148
C country, state C present, in, inside
0135

0149
S talkative O anchor

talk, say, speak


0136

0150
S O currency
(v.)

embrace, move to,


0137

0151
PC N zero
hug

public; square;
0138

0152

C music, song MF
street, public way

important, relevant,
0139

0153

C come together (v.) C significant,


necessary

1 happiness, joy,
1
0140

0154

I kola nut C celebration


2 [ : ] 2 play
0141

0155

C greet, welcome C war, riot, upheaval

follow, escort, stone, pebble,


0142

0156

C N
accompany boulder
0143

0157

C chalk C beauty, goodness


0144

0158

C black C food

scratch, erase,
0145

0159

C O fire, heat
tear, engrave

husband,
soul, essence;
0146

0160

C dedicated to, C
universe
professional
0147

0161

C wife, partner O welcome


22

# #
0162

0176
C group C no (d.)
0163

0177
C now; time C work, build

strengthen, stiff,
0164

0178
C breeze, gale, wind C
hard

life, live, alive,


0165

0179
C O drum
living; strength
0166

0180

O betray C trickster deity

cause mischief, be
0167

0181

C buy, purchase C
sneaky, trickery
0168

0182

MF feather C marriage
0169

0183

C entrance O lie, deceit


0170

0184

C culture C mind, wisdom


0171

0185

MF plantain C tie, bind

1 door
0172

0186

1
O 2 wooden shutter, S corpse, dead body
2 [ ] window, portal

warrior, soldier,
0173

0187

C N fear
strong man
0174

0188

MM question S death

nation, tribe, kill, harm,


0175

0189

C C
ethnicity slaughter
23

# #
0190

0204
C mother C cold, chill, freeze
0191

0205
C father, patriarch C regional deity
0192

0206
C please C money, currency

running, chase,
0193

0207
MM bad, evil C run, quick, fast,
race

smoke, fumes, air


0194

0208

C go, sojourn C
pollution

earth goddess (pr.


0195

0209

I C say, said
n.)

sacred, holy,
0196

0210

C C us, we
forbidden

courtesan,
0197

0211

O C oil
prostitute, harlot

1 be sick, suffer,
to rain,
ill; to be troubled,
0198

0212

1
C precipitation, hail O
2 [ : ] tormented
from the sky
2 sickness

spring [from rock],


0199

0213

C me, myself O
stream
0200

0214

C you O have sex

argue, quarrel, be
0201

0215

O C back, behind
in disagreement

descend, come
0202

0216

C strength, energy C
down
C, MMF

sweet, be sweet,
0203

0217

C queen
be flavourful
24

# #
0218

0231
PC take, snatch C village
0219

0232
C come together S kite (bird)
0220

0233
C womans abode S slit drum
0221

0234
O hand; arm C egg; delicate

fist, knuckle;
0222

0235

N O comb
boxing
0223

0236

C wrist C thought
0224

0237

PC dwarf C third child


0225

0238

O mortar C virgin
0226

0239

MM bee, bees C in-law (n.)

1 1 particle, fruit inside, inner, in,


0240

PC
0227

C 2 [ : ] 2 fruit interior, enclosure


3 [ : ] 3 seed
0241

S bury (v.)
0228

O leprosy
0242

C kitchen
0229

S cow

so that, lead to;


0243

C
allow, let
0230

S wound, scar

birth tradition;
0244

C
post-natal
25

# #
0245

0259
C menstruate C protect, shield

think, reflect;
0246

0260
C ask, query C
remember
0247

0261
S earth, dirt C eat, bite, chew

leave, exit, come 1fish


1
0248

0262
C out; escape; C 2 whale
embark 2 [ ]
0249

0263

PC touch, feel C ease, easy


0250

0264

C infertile (n.) C teach


0251

0265

C when; time C cry, sob


0252

0266

C time C eat, consume


0253

0267

C do, act C tooth, teeth

face, faade;
0254

0268

C dance (n.) PC
mask
0255

0269

O flower (n.) C excrete

1 1 enter
0256

0270

C C remove, take
2 [ : : ] 2 verandah
0257

0271

C of S give

1 place, location,
0258

0272

1
C site, position S hair
2 [ : ] 2 here
26

# #
0273

0287
C beside C bless, invoke upon

give birth,
0274

0288
C C downward, falling
procreate

1 first, precede,
1
1 1 twist, turn start; ancient, past
0275

0289
PC C 2 [ : ]
2 [ : : ] 2 tornado 2 before
3 [ : ] 3 first, beginning

bread; plantain
0276

0290
C bronze C
flakes
0277

0291

C gold C refuse (v.)

well, correct,
0278

0292

C C arrogance
proper, right
0279

0293

C vegetable, plant S goat

a greeting; thank
inflict, infect pass
0280

0294

C C you; good bye; I


on, affect
understand

1 chair, seat first son; main


0281

1
0295

O C
2 [ : ] 2 stool man

first daughter;
0282

0296

S toad C
head woman

bag, sack, king [regional];


0283

0297

S C
luggage mayor, governor

what
0284

0298

O womb C
[interrogative]

street, road, open


0285

0299

C lift, carry C road, highway;


middle of the road

cross, pass, speed


0286

0300

C precede; first C
past
27

# #

medicine; charm;
0301

0315
C climb, crawl up S
poison

1 grow big, grow


1
0302

0316
C cycle, movement C fat
2 [ : ] 2 fat (n.)

step, trample,
0303

0317
C C gossip, idle talk
stamp feet
0304

0318
O sleep C cat
0305

0319

C mistake, accident C today

cry, shout out,


0306

0320

PC C tomorrow
bleet

debt, payment,
0307

0321

C C married woman
salary
0308

0322

C calabash C space, outdoors

1 1 butterfly
0309

0323

O to pain, be in pain C
2 [ : ] 2 moth

fill; full; enough,


0310

0324

C yellow; golden C
limit (adj.; v.)

go, embark, walk


0325
0311

C marry C
(v.)
0312

0326

C write PC copy (v.)

originate from,
0313

0327

S bone C pass, divert;


method, how

sleep, be bitter, strong taste,


0314

0328

C C
unconscious (v.) sour
28

# #

greater than;
1 commit, wedding supersede,
0329

0343
C 1 C
2 betroth dominate, be
2 [ : ]
bigger

lay down; be
head, leader, first,
0330

0344
C intimate, friendly C
beginning
relations, have sex

new, like new;


0331

0345
C C concerning
reborn; clean

proverb,
be like, resemble,
0332

0346
C adage, wisdom, PC
copy
philosophy
0333

0347

C jump, jump over PC still, continue


0334

0348

C visitor, foreigner C know, learn

count, calculate,
0335

0349

C O elephantiasis
note; read

1 cloth, fabric,
1 1 shooting star
0336

0350

1
S S textile
2 [ : ] 2 suddenly 2 [ : ] 2 table cloth
0337

0351

PC thing, of, the C weave, plait


0338

0352

C elephant C clothing, clothes


0339

0353

C horse C flag, banner

search, want;
call; name, blame,
0340

0354

C C desperate for,
indict, insult
require, desire

order, line,
arrangement,
0341

0355

MM C pot
organisation
system
0342

1
0356

C 12 pillar, column C body, torso


2 [ : ]
29

# #

left (n.), common


0357

0371
C blood; red, reddish C
hand

MMF
0358

0372
C look, watch; stare rat

1 what;
1 live. exist, inhabit,
0359

0373
PC 2 how much, which PC
2 [ : ] dwell
one
0360

0374
C mister, sir S poison, sorcery
0361

0375

C evening C leave, escape

shout, volume,
0362

0376

C die, decease C
loud, noise
0363

0377

C fear, danger C stuff, wedge

enter something
0364

0378

C ocean C
into, put

1 1 free born
0365

0379

C middle, centre O
2 [ : ] 2 citizen

1 1 protest, shout wake, rise, stand


0366

0380

C C
2 [ : ] 2 protest up

fire wood, stick,


0367

0381

C anger S
wood
0368

0382

C you C bush rat

name (n.);
0369

0383

C C shield (n.)
reputation
0370

0384

C albino C shout, cry out


30

# #
0385

0399
C hunting C horns

wear, dress in,


0386

0400
C C alcoholic drink
clothe
0387

0401
C a deity (pr. n.) C yes
0388

0402
C borrow C brain
0389

0403

O soap S yam
0390

0404

C sea C noise, disturbance

stay, remain,
describe, discuss,
0391

0405

C present in, sit C


tell
down
0392

0406

C sweep, clear, rake C a deity (pr. n.)


0393

0407

C to fight, struggle C lightening


0394

0408

C ear S crab

trade (n.);
0395

0409

C resemble, look like O


industry, market

market, industry,
MMF
0396

0410

C small pox
business; goods

meeting,
trader,
0397

0411

C conference, O
businessman
summit
0398

0412

C tell account S vessel, boat, ship


31

# #
0413

0427
S parrot C children

weaving frame,
0414

0428
O C baby, child
loom
0415

0429
C hunger C footprint, footsteps

pull, tug, draw;


0416

0430
C tongue C
slimy

plate, dish,
0417

0431

C hang S
crockery

toe, finger; 1 1 metal, iron


0418

0432

C C
cylinder 2 [ : ] 2machine
0419

0433

C hold, use, have O python


0420

0434

C awn (n.), goatee O walking stick, staff


0421

0435

C pride, arrogance C grey


0422

0436

C language, speak C how, way, method


0423

0437

C talk, speak C good luck


0424

0438

C saliva, spit C forest

squeeze, squint,
transport, pass,
0425

0439

C C cut eye, give the


carry
evil eye
0426

0440

PC cheek (n.) C bite, gash


32

# #

escort, lead, guide,


0441

0455
O accompany, follow, C entice
safeguard

1 endure,
1 are, that, is (aux.
0442

0456
C endurance PC
2 [ : ] v.)
2 try hard, best

negative of are, is
0443

0457
PC try, attempt (v.) PC
(aux. v.)

1 beginnings, long,
1 past are, that, is (aux.
0444

0458
C C
2 [ : ] 2 endless, eternity, v.)
forever
0445

0459

C peace C archery, arrow

1
0446

0460

C garden, park C 1, 2 them


2 [ : ]
0447

0461

C boundary C law, act

clear by cutting,
0448

0462

C border, edge, bank C


weed (v.)

voice; dialect,
0449

0463

C bundle C
language

different,
0450

0464

N muscle, flesh C
individual, unique

lick, drink,
0451

0465

C C grow, be tall
consume

only, solitary (ad.


0452

0466

C ash, powder C
v.)
0453

0467

C lover C brass

stomach, belly,
0454

0468

C C silver
tummy
33

# #
0469

0483
C farm C maggot

pledge, covenant,
scratch, erase, testament,
0470

0484
PC C
tear, engrave appointment,
schedule, contract

servant,
1 1 beg, ask
0471

0485
S C henchman,
2 [ : ] 2 pray
sidekick, agent
0472

0486
C soup, sauce C catch hold, snare

space, freedom;
0473

0487

C revolt C
outskirts
0474

0488

C charm C especially

1 1 curse, trick lineage, family line,


0475

0489

C C
2 [ ] 2 bewitch paternal line

world, known reach, arrive;


0476

0490

C C
universe attain

leave, abandon,
0477

0491

C ditch; quit; C arrow


bequeath

spirits; ghost;
fill, full, stock,
extraterrestrial,
0478

0492

C pack, crowd, S
supernatural being;
inundate
toy

lead [in politics];


0479

C C history, genealogy
0493

campaign

1 send
1 organise,
2
0480

0494

C corn C
2 [ : ] schedule, arrange,
ration

action, method,
0481

0495

C pig, pork C
way; effect
0482

0496

C template, model C male, man [prefix]


34

# #

heavy, hefty,
0497

0511
C C laziness, lazy
difficult
0498

0512
C soldier ants C pepper (n.)

lose, lost, miss,


0499

0513
C wait, guard C
missing

upset, hurt,
0500

0514
C glass C
sadden, pain (v.)

1 1 listen, hear anger, angry (v.;


0501

0515

C C
2 [ : ] 2 understand n.)

gently, gentle (adj.;


0502

0516

C strike, nail C
n.)

agree, attest,
0503

0517

C pour, spill C
complicit
0504

0518

C hero, war general C tripod


0505

0519

C since C favour, grace (n.)


0506

0520

C yesterday C thorn, barb, prickle

1 1 finish, end (v.)


0507

0521

C C affliction, distress
2 [ : ] 2 end (n.)
0508

0522

PC hide O dark, black


0509

0523

C to be, is C dry (v.), stiffen


0510

0524

C shell C lock of hair (n.)


35

# #

that, those (p. n.;


0525

0539
C ache, throb C
d.)
0526

0540
C name (v.) C sorcery, poison

worry, stress, over


0527

0541
C fly (v.) C
think

madness, insanity;
divination deity
0528

0542
C C recklessness,
(pr. n.)
immorality
0529

0543

C sheep; idiot C wrestle, wrestling

1
1, 2 gong
0530

0544

C chain C 2 [ : ] 3 bell
3 [ : ]

1 1 depth, deep
0531

0545

C C portion, share
2 [ : ] 2 cistern, well
0532

0546

C rope, string C cure (v.)


0533

0547

C tell, inform C firm

push, shove, make


0534

0548

C contact; make to C deities; magic


fall down

[ritual] oath, a to open, to close,


0535

0549

C C
swear, pact, vow spread

row, paddle, steer;


0536

0550

C desire N
drive
0537

0551

C hang, hook (v.) C jump; push; hang

1 1 firm, firmly
0538

0552

C C fate, destiny
2 [ : ] 2 roof
36

# #

1 collection, heap
0553

0567
C C bond
2 [ : ] 2 pile

small, little, bit,


0554

0568
C C support
mini

protect, save,
0555

0569
C C homage
safety

little, miniscule, at hand, now,


0556

0570
C C
tiny, small today

scattering of the
0557

0571

C set fire, ablaze C


skin
0558

0572

C cook, boil, fry, heat C dawn


0559

0573

C tail; end, last C sunrise, rise

ivory, elephant
0560

0574

1
C C 1, 2 will, going to
tusk 2 [ : ]

ancient, old
0561

0575

PC pool C
person, elderly
0562

0576

PC clump C orphan, destitute


0563

0577

PC lion C grudge
0564

0578

C remaining, left C song, hymn

1
0565

0579

C pinch, poke C 1, 2 ape, primate


2 [ : ]

leadership, rule
0566

0580

C protection C
(n.)
37

# #

another, next;
0581

0595
C PC excreta
again

drink, sip;
0582

0596
C C king fisher
consume
0583

0597
C plantation C have, possess
0584

0598
C /shrub/ C him, her, it

him, her, it [non-


0585

0599

C this, these (d.) C


nasal]
0586

0600

MM murder C chase; follow


0587

0601

C flatness C calm, calmness

be wide, spread,
0588

0602

C O adultery
stretch, distribute
0589

0603

C iroko fruit C imitation


0590

0604

C trap, snare, net C whisper, murmur

1 1, 2 quick, quickly,
0591

0605

C cassava C
2 [ : ] fast

wood, wooden, 1
0592

0606

C C 1, 2 stand
box, coffin 2 [ : ]

run, move, leak,


0593

0607

C MM create, make
flow
0594

0608

C wood N [affix] a little, a bit


38

# #
0609

0623
N throw PC breadfruit

carry, scoop, move


0610

0624
C C island
up

0625
0611

C measure S lamp, lighter

port, edge,
0612

0626
C S coral
opening
0613

0627

C air O female, maiden

1
1bright metal;
0614

S mirror 2 [ : ]
0628

S metal bar;
2
3
3 zinc, metal
[ : ]
0615

PC twin, twins
0629

S bamboo
0616

C press, rub
0630

O horn
0617

PC wrap, tie, fasten


0631

N box, luggage
0618

C leak
0632

S type of fruit
0619

C announce 1 long, tall


0633

1
C
2 [ : : ] 2 stilts, stilt dance
0620

S larynx
0634

N empty, zero
0621

C neck emptiness;
0635

C vagabond, sell out,


traitor

1 cough (n.)
0622

1
C
2 [ : ] 2 dry cough
39

# #

model, fashioned
0636

0650
C lizard C after, template,
muse, reference

1 cane, whip;
0637

0651
1
S C bend
2 [ : ] 2 club, weapon
0638

0652
C whip (v.), flog C dog

chewing stick,
0639

0653
O C bark, shout
tooth brush

open (adj.),
0640

0654

S drink, alcohol C
gaping, wide
0641

0655

C press together (v.) C cook, fry

easy, ease;
0642

0656

C narrow C passable;
overcome able
0643

0657

C pluck C break, shatter


0644

0658

C square, court C energy, strength


0645

0659

C town C distance, far

1
0646

0660

C 1, 2 stop, park O bad, ugly (adj.)


2 [ : ]
0647

0661

C week C day

hate, enmity,
0648

0662

S eagle C
grudge

imitation, example, shrine; deity;


0649

0663

C C
exemplar, image divine
40

# #

move, drive
0664

0678
C C thousand
kick
0665

0679
N buttocks C ancient, early

waist; [colloquial:]
0666

0680
N C soil (n.)
butt, ass, arse
0667

0681
N fat, lard (n.) C guess (v.)

hit, smack, flog; straight, correct


0668

0682

C C
beat, pump good; moral

change; exchange;
0669

0683

C C track (n.)
spoil

sorry, apologies;
0670

0684

C C boundary line
condolences
0671

0685

C prevent C give way, yield

reveal, unravel,
0672

0686

C shade (n.) C
demystify

1
0673

0687

S 1, 2 answer (v.) C cave


2 [ : ]
0674

0688

PC sweep, clean C hollow


0675

0689

C vertical, standing C slim


0676

0690

C real, proper (adj.) C dry vegetation


0677

0691

C hundred C grass, weed


41

# #
0692

0706
C wilderness C pebble

sound; effect; a
0693

0707
C laugh C
say, entitlement
0694

0708
C shellfish C borrow
0695

0709
C circle, disk C lower
0696

0710

C salt C confess
0697

0711

C valley C cross (n.)

to cup, cup in
0698

0712

C C mix, stir
hand, carry

common, generic,
0699

0713

C everyday, ordinary, C shape, size


simple; ignore
0700

0714

PC silence C number, call

white (colour); vehicle, wheel,


0701

0715

C C
clean; bright; blank baby walker

outdoors, outside,
0702

0716

C C study, learn
periphery; public

1 rest, recharge,
1
0703

0717

C match, friend C charge


2 [ : : ]
2 verandah

mist, haze,
0704

0718

C poverty, poor C
cloudiness

1 common
1
0705

0719

C neighbour C festival
2 [ ] 2 age mate
42

# #
0720

0734
C change, return C evening

change (v.) age-set, age

MMF
1 1
0721

0735
C
2 [ : : ] 2 tornado (n.) group

mature, become
0722

0736
C PC smell (v.)
old, age (v.)

far side of river/


0723

0737
C C restore, well
road
0724

0738

C near, close; soon C hear, perceive

repair, correct,
0725

0739

C colour, color C manage, restore,


maintain

attitude, character, descent, family,


0726

0740

PC C
attribute, feature lineage
0727

0741

C plan (v.) N slope, descent


0728

0742

C cane rat C turn


0729

0743

C million C paddle
0730

0744

C mosquito C swampy plain


0731

0745

C floor, storey C fame

abroad, over the


0732

0746

C sell, auction C
water, overseas

cloudiness,
0733

0747

C noon C
dimness
43

# #

1 a walk,
1
0748

0762
C warm, burn C friendship
2 [ : ] 2 pity
0749

0763
C type, kind, specie C height, tallness

break, smash,
0750

0764
C morning C
strike

friend; lover;
0751

0765
C C grow big
partner
0752

0766

C expire, spoil C ripen, mature

1 rock, stone,
0753

0767

1
C pebble C be far, distant
2 [ : : ] 2 phallic, phallus

1 1 soften
0754

0768

C C draw, illustrate
2 [ : ] 2 soft

usefulness, profit,
0755

0769

C cloud C
use, benefit
0756

0770

C fan, blow breeze C cotton


0757

0771

C vulture C banana
0758

0772

C grasshopper C cotton tree

spade, short equalise, equate,


0759

0773

C C
shovel equal

pick, pluck, pinch, suffer, suffering,


0760

0774

C C
strum trouble, difficulty

in-law, be related
joke, friendly
0761

0775

C C by marriage; bride
joking, tease
wealth
44

# #

set up, keep,


0776

0790
C C thread
maintain, restore

1 sign, mark,
insignia, character;
0777

0791
1
C C mimic (v.)
2 [ : ] sign, omen
2 pattern
0778

0792
C exit C rice
0779

0793
C tick [insect] C borrow
0780

0794

C spear grass C geek


0781

0795

C creeping grass C mix

act stupid,
dizzy,
0782

0796

C C stupidity,
disorientated
procastinate
0783

0797

C press, hit; gather C weakness, fault


0784

0798

C snore C row, line

line, stroke;
0785

0799

C lose flavour C
boundary

open space by the


0786

0800

C C laziness
river or stream

hindrance,
0787

0801

C waterfall C
blockage

wonder, amazing,
full of ora,
0788

0802

C C office, position
unbelievable; out of
the question

plentiful, plenty,
0789

0803

C C family, relative
large, many
45

# #
0804

0818
C bed C sandbank
0805

0819
C cocoyam C shoe

1design 1 1chicken
0806

0820
1
C C
2 [ : ] 2 art, craft 2 [ : ] 2 cockatrice
0807

0821
C lie (v.) C harmattan
0808

0822

C scatter; repeat C [the] wild; nature

pledge, mortgage,
0809

0823

C C witch, vampire
hostage, collateral
0810

0824

C shoulder C wizard, sorcerer


0825
0811

PC foreleg C carpenter
0812

0826

C stale C drawing
0813

0827

C fishing net C pull, draw


0814

0828

C waterside C seduce

residential unit,
0815

0829

C C shadow
tribe
0816

0830

C night, darkness C uproot, weed (v.)


0817

0831

C announce C temptation
46

# #
0832

0846
C season C wash

1 1 cut, snip
0833

0847
C C fishing
2 [ : ] 2 end

1 play
go up, climb up, 1
0834

0848
C C 2 play; fabricate;
crawl up 2 [ : ]
discuss
0835

0849
C condition, seat C laugh, smile (v.)
0836

0850

C luggage C drum
0837

0851

C health C bring, take


MMF
0838

0852

C riverside mud wall


0839

0853

C borrowing PC wall
0840

0854

MF knife S jail, prison

creation, art,
0841

0855

C mud C
making
0842

0856

C farm C return

good, be good,
0843

0857

C illumination, light C
beautiful
MMF
0844

0858

C heat, hot goose


MMF
0845

0859

C spoil, become bad nest


47

# #
0860

0874
C family PC tie, capture
0861

0875
MM song, hymn PC forceps, tongs
0862

0876
C wateryam C spoon

1 1 skin
0863

0877
C C fork
2 [ : ] 2 leather
0864

0878

C pus C scarcity, arcesc


0865

0879

PC bullet C insult (n.)


MMF
0866

0880

PC waterleaf stalk, rod, stem


0867

0881

C pain PC type of mat


0868

0882

PC abyss, large hole C he-goat


0869

0883

PC dry C small mortar (n.)


0870

0884

PC slip PC particle, fragment


0871

0885

PC suck, absorb, sip PC shortness, stump

section of seed/
0872

0886

PC bear fruit PC
nut (n.)
0873

0887

PC that C cliff, steep place


48

# #
0888

0902
C society (n.) C wake
0889

0903
O crossbow C rub, paint

twist, braid, wring narrate, report,


0890

0904
C C
(v.) discuss
0891

0905
C dry season C stab
0892

0906

C breaking of day (v.) PC compress


0893

0907

PC be difficult PC grunt

1 1 support, help (v.) soak, submerge,


0894

0908

C O
2 [ : ] 2 promise drown
0895

0909

PC clean, wipe (v.) PC boil

worship (v.), pound, mash, hit


0896

0910

C PC
praise (v.)
0897

0911

C adornment (n.) C weigh


0898

0912

C thank, greet (v.) C anus


0899

0913

C stretch C nose
0900

0914

C build, establish C jaw

stomach, rubbery
0901

0915

C put, place C
enclosure
49

# #
0916

0930
C throw; point; inflict C corner

compound, court,
0917

0931
S peacock C
quarters
0918

0932
PC volume, shouting C compound

1 compound wall,
shortness; hunch 1
0919

0933
PC C fence
(n.) 2 [ : ]
2 citadel

island/obstruction
0920

0934

PC anthill C
in river

1 1 walking stick wet, dampen, flood


0921

0935

O C
2 [ : : ] 2 stilts, stilt dance (v.)
0922

0936

PC pole C sand
0923

0937

PC can (n.) C monkey

rubbish, heap,
0924

0938

PC C careless
landfill

1 money store,
0925

0939

PC move, flex C 1, 2 safe


2 bank
0926

0940

C stammer (n.) C four cornered seat


0927

0941

PC vomit (v.) C heifer


0928

0942

PC red C gaping wound


0929

0943

C wide C staple
50

# #
0944

0958
C waterfront C thunder

mans quarters,
0945

0959
C worthless MM
building

powerful woman,
0946

0960
C stupid, fool C
rich woman

1 1 cricket
0947

0961
C stupid C
2 [ ] 2 locust, swarm
0948

0962

C cross roads C tomato


0949

0963

C long basket C time, hour


0950

0964

C back door, gate C excuse (n.)


0951

0965

C banana husk C secret, private

spirit, water-spirit,
0952

0966

C bead C
mermaid
0953

0967

C [bead type] C rendezvous


0954

0968

C mashed nuts C double edge knife


0955

0969

C company, industry C big roots

choose, pick;
0956

0970

C favour, prefer; C thread [beads] (v.)


choice

1 desire, hunger,
1
0957

0971

C mango C thirst (v.)


2 [ : ] 2 famine
51

# #
0972

0986
PC swamp PC swim

rattle, jangle,
0973

0987
C show, display, post PC shake and make
noise

underwear, pants,
0974

0988
C C palm-wine tapper
loin
0975

0989
PC cassava C hole, pit

knot, cyst, tumour,


0976

0990

PC C albino
lump, hump
0977

0991

C rust, brown [colour] C cowrie


0978

0992

O fight (n.) C grind

1 struggle in
1 judgement, court
0979

0993

MF C rib, rib cage


2 [ : ] case (v.)
2 will, decree
0980

0994

PC hoe C pluck
0981

0995

C yam store, barn C [elephant] trunk

disappear,
0982

0996

C C gown
invisibility
0983

0997

PC sickly PC hippo
0984

0998

C coil (v.) C thigh


0985

0999

C dig C size
52

# #

loin cloth,
1000

1014
C C middle child
underwear

1 1 coal
1001

1015
C story, history, fable PC
2 [ : ] 2 soot, charcoal
1002

1016
C story, tale C sneeze

avoid; be allergic
1003

1017
C lip, lips C
to; dislike
1004

1018

C dream, think (v.) PC cockroach

vibrate,
1005

1019

C reverberate; PC cock
murmer, mutter
1006

1020

C centipede PC ball
1007

1021

C difficult C rainbow

complaint, sphere, spherical,


1008

1022

PC N
complain, anger round
1009

1023

O dispute, argument C slime, slimy


1010

1024

S river PC approve

crawl; move
slowly; enter;
1025
1011

C hook (v.) PC
sneak, hide;
manoeuvre

metamorph,
1012

1026

PC transform, mutate; S wing; sides


become [ideal]

1 1 bird
1013

1027

PC much, large S
2 [ : ] 2 have faith
53

# #

last, remain,
1028

1042
C C distort
alone (v.)

service, bondage,
prove, test,
1029

1043
C homage, PC
challenge (v.)
veneration
1030

1044
C bright blue C pulp
1031

1045
C only, alone C puddle, splash

puberty; maturity,
1032

1046

C wisdom, mind PC
age
1033

1047

C direct, command C observe, pry, peep


1034

1048

C competition C provoke, evoke

1 blow, puff,
1
1035

1049

PC wax (n.) C exhale


2
2 blow whistle

push, nudge, tap,


1036

1050

S C muscle
poke

indigo plant;
1037

1051

C C coast, shore
indigo, blue

coloured (adj.),
round, circular;
1038

1052

PC C blacken, to become
circle
black

skilled; dedicated,
1039

1053

C C blindness, blind
devotee
1040

1054

PC knee, kneel C blur

shy, nervous, shy,


1041

1055

C pay (v.) C
embarassed
54

# #
1056

1070
C mutate, mutation PC sacrifice (n.)
1057

1071
C also PC stake, involvement

aura, wisdom
1058

1072
C vein C charm, glory,
stateliness
1059

1073
C grip PC tar
1060

1074

C table PC target, bulls eye


1061

1075

C shake PC heel

mould, shape, sharpness,


1062

1076

PC C
cast intelligence

room, private
1063

1077

PC spoil from sun S


quarters

bench, long chair,


1064

1078

PC excess S
sofa

gutter, sewage,
1065

1079

PC underwood C
sewer, viaduct
1066

1080

PC burn, scorch C lake, wide waters

listen, observe; desert, baron


1067

1081

PC C
take advice lands

smell, scent,
1068

1082

PC N courtyard
odour

1 pond
1
1069

1083

C wealthy, profit C 2 pool, pond, body


2 [ : ] of water
55

# #

reasoning, point,
1084

1098
C C communicate
motive

carry [on back],


1085

1099
PC PC bend, turn
pick up

left over, change


1086

1100
C PC rub
[money] profit [n.]
1087

1101
PC side PC flow [river]
1088

1102

PC meat, flesh, carnal C roast


1089

1103

PC witness (n.) PC shake, shiver

[become] large,
1090

1104

PC PC lap [water] (v.)


big (v.)
1091

1105

C fill up, swell C window


1092

1106

PC mark (v.) C expression: good


1093

1107

C compress, choke PC float

pull, draw, stretch;


1094

1108

C heal C smoke, suck,


inhale
1095

1109

C tell, relate C tickle

1 1 peel, cut, unravel


1096

1110

PC lift down PC 2 [ ] 2 peel off, skin (v.)


3 [ : ] 3 scales (n.)
1097

1111

PC hurt PC nail, spike


56

# #

mask,

1126
1112

PC PC strange, queer
masquerade

1127
1113

PC stage, clown PC namesake

1128
1114

C clod PC sitting platform

1129
1115

C hit, beat; play PC strength, the best


1130
1116

PC palm nut C bachelor

clot, congeal,
1131
1117

C PC invitation, feast
coagulate
1132
1118

PC nail, claw C container

1 1 clay
heat up, become
1133
1119

PC 2 [ : ] 2 edible clay PC
hot
3 [ : ] 3 clay pot

mould, carve, put on, cap, close


1120

1134

PC C
create (v.)

1 [affix] my, me,


[ : ] mine, myself
1135

2
1121

C C cap, close (v.)


3 [ : ] me, I [with verb]
4 [ : ] (contr.)
1136

C pray mantis
1122

C clinch, grasp
1137

C heap
1123

PC chop, fell, saw

theft, thief,
1138

C thieving, stealing,
1124

C chin
illegal
1139

PC twenty, 20
1125

C coconut
57

# #
1140

1154
PC four hundred, 400 PC patterned (v.)

1 strands, fibre,
1
1141

1155
C hair, follicles PC measure
2 [ : : ] 2 eyebrow

break surface,
1142

1156
PC hit, knock PC
pinch
1143

1157
PC kidnap, strangle PC drizzle (v.)

older than, to be
1144

1158

PC PC lie, tease, coniving


senior

industrious,
enterprise, hard
1145

1159

PC place, lay (v.) C


work, zest,
eagerness, fast

untie, unwrap,
1146

1160

PC C musical pot
loosen
1147

1161

PC praise, glorify PC times, a multiple

extol, praise,
1148

1162

PC PC fold
name

1
1149

1163

PC 1, 2 plant, stick C fog


2 [ : ]
1150

1164

PC build, erect C round (adv.)


1151

1165

PC order, request C cup

mistress,
1152

1166

C breathe PC
concubine

1 1 vapour
1153

1167

PC contact C
2 [ : ] 2 steam
58

# #
1168

1182
C cell PC cow tail, fly-whisk
1169

1183
PC tobacco C storeroom
1170

1184
PC thick forest PC widow
1171

1185
C growing calabash N lame
1172

1186

PC beans PC a slap, assault

foreign land,
nostalgia; to miss
1173

1187

PC C marsh, riverside
someone
people
1174

1188

PC disgust, ugly PC dane gun


1175

1189

PC raffia PC sharpen

dryness, dry, 1 shine (v.)


1176

1190

PC C 1, 2
hardness 2 glow (n.)

1 1 testes, testicle;
1177

1191

C C spine, taproot
2 [ : : ] 2 sperm

1 1 forehead
1178

1192

PC C all, altogether
2 [ : : ] 2 eyebrow
1179

1193

C larynx PC entire, totality

wed money, bride


1180

1194

C wealth, bride C sieve (v.)


price;
1181

1195

PC bribe, bet, wager C elbow


59

# #

1210
1196

PC consider, discuss C blame


1197

PC [geographical term] PC share, split

1211
narrate, report,

1212
1198

PC bore (v.) PC
interpret

menses,

1213
1199

C fly (n.), flies PC menstruation,


menstrual cycle
1200

1214

PC field C bastard
1201

1215

C pay C swallow, engulf

walk, swagger, extinguish, off, die,


1202

1216

C C
majestically end
1203

1217

C knead PC miss [road] (v.)

court case,
1204

C comb, rake (v.) O


1218

judging

send, send on
1205

C errand/mission, C placenta
1219

dictate, appoint

burn, clear by
1206

PC C homestead
1220

burning,
1207

C dip, duck PC every, regular


1221

six pence, figure, sew, stitch, tailor,


1208

C C
1222

figurative nothing weave

1 evaporate, dry add to,


1 1
1209

PC up PC supplement, top
1223

2 [ : : ] 2 evaporation
2 [ : ] up; also
60

# #

C stair, step C fool


1224

1238
trickery, craftiness,
C musical instrument C
1225

1239
cunning, lie

C music C farmland
1226

1240
to [prefix for
PC female tortoise PC
1227

1241
action]

C sweat C assign
1228

1242

begin, start,
C adult C
1229

1243

intensify

periodically,
C C gong, bell
1230

1244

occasionally

warrior, soldier;
C PC staff, warrant
1231

1245

military

C semen, sperm PC porcupine


1232

1246

C prepare, dress PC hernia


1233

1247

avenge;
C C kind of tree
1234

1248

revenge

village; hamlet;
C quarter; compound; PC bush cow
1235

1249

ward;

C cannon C fowl
1236

1250

greeting,
C breath PC entertainment, gift,
1237

1251

bribe
61

# #

C leopard skin; PC fish fillet


1252

1266
C parasite, worm PC trench
1253

1267
C sweet potato PC bowl, cup
1254

1268
hall, room,
PC PC palm, sole
1255

1269
quarters

C seagull PC heap, bundle


1256

1270

C season C spear
1257

1271

PC yam, yam tuber C sweetness


1258

1272

sacred grove,
PC grey hair C
1259

1273

woods

those, them, that,


C C he-goat
1260

1274

this

farm land, land


C vision, apparition C dominated by one
1261

1275

crop

behaviour,
C vulva C
1262

1276

conduct

C middle C spleen
1263

1277

wash [hands],
PC C purpose
1264

1278

rinse

C scabbard, sheath C rudder


1265

1279
62

# #

C song, ululation C migraine


1280

1294
C thumb piano PC divination
1281

1295
C xylophone C gill
1282

1296
C strings, guitar C loom
1283

1297

C pot drum C needle


1284

1298

C grudge, animosity C shrimp


1285

1299

PC plenty, many C huge, enormous


1286

1300

PC steer, drive burglar, thief


1287

1301

C raffia cotton cloth C harpoon


1288

1302

C fowl meat C clitoris


1289

1303

stock, breed,
C C hearth
1290

1304

kindred

C pelvis C termite
1291

1305

PC pineapple C buy, acquire


1292

1306

C rabbit hole C ankle rattle


1293

1307
63

# #

thread, sewing
C bamboo mat C
1308

1322
thread

C ball bearing C silence


1309

1323
C potion C evening, sundown
1310

1324
PC palm kernel PC throbbing pain (v.)
1325
1311

C kidney C pneumonia
1312

1326

PC peanut C clever, intelligence


1313

1327

C dispute PC urine, piss


1314

1328

C funnel C deaf, mute


1315

1329

close, nearby,
C fowls comb, crown PC
1316

1330

adjacent

C meal, lunch PC pigeon, dove


1317

1331

C perch C waist band


1318

1332

PC chameleon C waist beads


1319

1333

C respect C sow, plant


1320

1334

chamber, cavity,
PC shin C
1321

1335

cell
64

# #

C arena, place, area C overnight


1336

1350
C wash clothes C gift
1337

1351
C coward PC flour
1338

1352
PC probe, instrument PC tax, tribute
1339

1353

wave, waves;
PC PC early dawn
1340

1354

trouble

PC granary C smithy, smith


1341

1355

C dew C lagoon
1342

1356

effort, work,
PC C hospitality
1343

1357

struggle

C foreskin C mortar
1344

1358

C sacred forest C leisure


1345

1359

PC liver PC mythology
1346

1360

PC manners PC guinea fowl


1347

1361

C profit C be, exist


1348

1362

C mourning, sorrow C mould, mildew


1349

1363
65

# #

C haze C rabbit
1364

1378
C body of water C chest, ribs
1365

1379
C time, age, when C hook, crook
1366

1380
PC omen C parcel, package
1367

1381

C snail C fine, tribute (v.)


1368

1382

C lily C secretive, stealthy


1369

1383

C ladle C silk
1370

1384

C knot PC faith (v.)


1371

1385

C woods PC reduce
1372

1386

C envy, jealousy C reed


1373

1387

C raft C sway, wobble


1374

1388

limp, hanging,
PC rafter C dripping, drooping,
1375

1389

lazy

PC latex C hire
1376

1390

C leech PC appoint
1377

1391
66

appoint,
PC
1392

appointment

C honorific for male


1393

C honorific for female


1394

PC innocence
1395

C step, tread
1396

PC co-ordinate
1397

C curl, squeeze
1398

C bend down
1399

C billion
1400