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Gender: Masculine and Feminine Nouns

Grammatical gender

Grammatical gender is a system of noun classification. A common gender


classification includes masculine and feminine categories. Masculine nouns are
words for men, boys and male animals. Feminine nouns are words for women,
girls and female animals.

abbot abbess

actor actress

Alexander Alexandra

bachelor spinster

baron baroness

beau belle

billy-goat nanny-goat

boar sow

boy girl

bridegroom bride

brother sister

buck doe
buck-rabbit doe-rabbit

bull cow

bull-calf cow-calf

bullock heifer

Cecil Cecilia

Charles Charlotte

Christian Christina

Clarence Clara

cock hen

cock-sparrow hen-sparrow

colt filly

count countess

dog bitch

drake duck

duke duchess

earl countess

emperor empress
enchanter enchantress

father mother

father-in-law mother-in-law

fiance fiancee

Francis Frances

friar nun

gander goose

gentleman lady

George Georgina

god goddess

grandfather grandmother

hart hind

he she

he-goat she-goat

headmaster headmistress

heir heiress

Henry Henrietta
hero heroine

him her

host hostess

hound Brach

husband wife

John Joan

Joseph Josephine

king queen

lad lass

landlord landlady

lion lioness

lord lady

male female

male-child female-child

man woman

manservant maidservant

marquis marchioness
masseur masseuse

master mistress

mayor mayoress

monk nun

Mr Mrs

nephew niece

Oliver Olive

atrick Patricia

Paul Pauline

postman postwoman

postmaster postmistress

priest priestess

prince princess

ram ewe

Robert Roberta

shepherd shepherdess

sir madam
sire dam

son daughter

son-in-law daughter-in-law

sorcerer sorceress

stag Hind

stallion mare

steer heifer

stepfather stepmother

stepson stepdaughter

steward stewardess

Sultan Sultana

tiger tigress

tutor governess

uncle aunt

Victor Victoria

waiter waitress

widower widow
William Wilhelmina

wizard witch

Animals

With animals, there is one general word for the animal. There are however many
species of animals, particularly those domesticated, have been given specific
names for the male, the female.

Common gender nouns

Some nouns are used for both males and females. These nouns are referred to as
common gender nouns.

Examples

baby,
bird,
cat,
cattle,
child,
companion,
comrade,
cousin,
dancer,
deer,
friend,
guardian,
guest,
infant,
owner,
parent,
passenger,
pig,
president,
pupil,
relative,
sheep,
singer,
student,
swan,
teacher,