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Secondary School

Secondary 4 Express
Paper 1 & 2

1 Anderson Secondary School SA2

2 Anglican High School SA2
3 Bukit Panjang Government High School SA2
4 Cedar Girls Secondary School SA2
5 Chij St. Nicholas Girls School SA2
6 Chij St. Theresas Convent SA2
7 Holy Innocents High School SA2
8 Hua Yi Secondary School SA2
9 Hwa Chong International School SA2
10 Kuo Chua Presbyterian School SA2
11 Methodist Girls School SA2
12 Nan Chiau High School SA2
13 Queeensway Secondary School SA2
14 St. Margarets Secondary School SA2
15 St. Patricks School SA2
16 Temasek Secondary School SA2
An astronaut conducted a pendulum experiment on the moon. The acceleration due to
gravity of the moon is one-sixth that of the Earth. The angle of oscillations of the fixed
CANDIDATE length pendulum is 20 and each complete oscillation takes two seconds. If the angle
NAME of the oscillations is reduced to 1o, each oscillation will lake
NUMBER Ll J A 0.3-s B 1.0 s c 1.3s b 2.0s
2 The diameter of a clay ball is measured using a micrometer screw gauge. Dean takes
5058/01 an intial zero error reading and then a reading of the diameter. The diagrams show an
PHYSICS 13"' September 201 o
1 hour enlargment of the screw gauge readings.
Paper 1 'l'heory
iero reading d iameter reading
Addlllonal Materials: MuKIP.I Choice Answer Sheet
WMte In soft pencil.
Do not use staples. paper clips, higlightets, glue or correction nuld.
WMte your name, Class and Index number on the Answer Sheet In the sp11ces provided unless \/Vnat is the diameter of the ball?
lhis has been done for you. A 1.42 mm B 1.92 mm C 1.98 mm D 2.04 mm
Thefe are fOrty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there ~re four
possible answers A , B , C and 0. . . It takes 36.5 s for a pendulum to swing from X to Y and back again twenty times.
Choose the one )'OU conisder correct end record your choece m soft pencil on the separate
Answer Sheet
Read the Instructions on the Answer Sheet very ~refully.
Each cotTect answer Will score one mark. A malll Wid nQt be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough worl<ing should be done In this l>ookleL
Take g , ecceler11tlon due to gravity (on earth) to be 10 ms" and c, the speed of light In 81' lo be 3
1o' ms"unless otherwise slated. What is the frequency of the pendulum?
A 0.274 Hz B 0 .548 Hz C 1.83 Hz D 2.74 Hz
4 A runner lakes 9 minutes to complete a 2.4 km route. Wnat is his average speed?
A 0.26 ms1 B 3.75 ms1 C 3.9 ms D 4.4 ms
TI1is document consists of il printed pages including this cover peQo
ScUer 1'llfr J-;r,,ut Yu
Ph,' P11pu I
5 A toy car is traveling at a constant speed to the left. Balls are projected \lertically
upwards from the toy, one at a time, at one-second intervals.
Neglecting air resistance, which diagram best shows a possible snapshot of tre toy car ; The density of a meta'.bar is 12 g cm.J. When a hole of volume 1.0 cm is drilled into
and the balls after the third ball has been projected? the bar, what wili be its density be?

,. e 12.0 g cm-3 D 13.0g cm-3
el' CD e A w ind;nlll is pushed by four external forces as shown.
~ ~ 10~ 2m
. m
I 8N
IM'lat are the possible sets of forces for F and G for the windmill to be stationary?
~ ' ~ SetA:F= 10N, G.,.8N
Set B: F = 8 N, G = 10 N ,
Set C: F = 2 N, G = 16 N
5 A skier is traveling downhill. The acceleration on hard snow is 4 ms2 and on sott snow
is 2 ms-2 Vllhich graph shows the motion of the skier when moving from hard snow to A Set A only.
soft snow? B Set Conly.
A s B c Sais A and B only.
0 -Sets A, B ar.d C.
:> The diagram below shows a lamina of 1Jn:form thi<:M~ss.
lime/a Thnol
s 10 5 10
c Speed/
Where is the centre or gravity of the lamina most likely to be located at?
' 2
A lift is moving downwards at a constant acceleration of 2 ms . Given that the li't has a
20 mass of 500 kg, what is the tension of tre cable supporting the lift?
A 2500 N B 4000 N C 5000 N D 6000 N
5 10 5 10
l'h~1n Paper
I Sr:ttcr: Mr SnMTt Y11
r1.,,.fic.r/41~rl s~"". "'' ~3<l r11
11 A floor has a maximum loading capacity of 5 kN m-2. Vl/hich of the following is allowed
on this flOO<?
15 Clara observes the Brownian motion of smoke particles in air with a microscope. She
An elephant weighing 50 000 N stands on 4 legs with each foot covering 400 cm2 sees moving points of light. These points of ligt)t comes from
A of the floor.
A 50 kg lady wears a pair of high heel shoes. Each shoe has a contact area of 9 A air particles only moving random ly.
cm2 with lhe floor.
B smoke particles only moving randomly.
1,; A 100 kg washing machine stands on a surface area of 6500 cm2 ,...
C smoke particles only vibrating.
A designer's table weighing 1000 N stands on 3 legs. Each leg has a contact area
0 2 D both smoke and air particles moving randomly.
of 0 .1 cm with the floor.
12 A ir is trapped in a narrow tube sealed al one end. \/Ihlen the atmospheric pressure is 113 A fixed mass of gas is heated while kept at constanl volume. How do the properties of
75 cm Hg, the length of the trapped air column is 10 cm as shown. the molecules of the gas change?
Frequency o f Average
Average Speed
collision with walls distance apart
A Unchanged Increases Increases
B Increases Increases Decreases
Assume temperature is kept constant throughout, wh!JI is_the pressure of the trapped c Increases Unchanged Unchanged
air? D Increases Increases Unchanged
A 6cm Hg B 85 cm Hg ~ 90 cm Hg D 100cm Hg 17 \Miich of the following can be used to measure the temperature of boiling mercury?
1~ A metal block or mass 20 kg is pushed up a rough inclined plane as shown below. 1 mercury-In-glass thermometer
2 alcohol-iniJlass thermometer
3 thermocouple themlometer
A 3 only B-1only C 1 and--2 only D 1 and3 only
The total work done on the block from A to Bis 1000 J.Vl/hat is the work done against 18 Expanded polystyrene is often used to make containers for storing ice-cream because
friction? the trapped air reduces loss of thermal energy by
A 20 J B 400 J c 500 J D 600J A radiation only.
14 Bryan runs to the top of the science block in 1 minute. There are 50 steps, each 0.2 m
B conduc tion only.
in height. What is Bryan's power if his weight is 750 N? C conduction and convection.
D conduction, convection and radiation.
A 2.SW $ 125W C 625W D 1250 W
1'hy..0<$Popt1 I Scflcr: Mr Eni Yu
Ph)'1'CI Peru I Srltt'f', M r .r,.c.rl J'u
19 A beaker contains 200 ~f water at 5 ,e_ St
cold water as shown below earn at 100 C is blown into the beaker of
ir the beaker reaches 90 oc_The process stops when the final temperature of the water
Z.2 A painter standing at the centre of a rectangu~c room looking into a 1 m long mirror at
the opposite end of the room. 1 ,.1onq ,,,.,;.;
0 .,..,....
Calculate the f1rtal mass of watert n the beaker, 1;iven the following:
Spe<:!flc heat capacity of wat~ 4.20 J g-'K"' How much of the painted wall can he see through the 1 m long mirror?
Spec~f1c latent heat of vapourlsation of water: 2260 J g-
Specific latent heat of fusion of ice: 336 J ., A 1m B 2m C 3m D Sm
A 31.Sg B 538 23 Given that the refractive index of glass is 1.5 and the refractive index of air is 1.0. what
. g C 231.6 g. D 253.8 g is the critical angle when a light ray tra_vels from glass to air?
2C ~;~v~~~-ner~tor which makes 5 oscillations a second is used to produce waves in a A 22.6 a 3o.o c 41 .8 o 4a.s
24 Which of the following statements about ultrasound is/are correct?
1 Ultrasound has the same frequency as the sound wave that we hear.
2 Sound waves that human being cannot hear is known as ultrasound.
3 Ultrasound travels much faster than the sound wave that we hear.
VVhich of these is correct for-the wav_es produced? A 2 only B 2 and 3only C 1 and 3 only D None of the above
Frequency/Hz W avel ength/cm 25 A positively-charged sphere and an uncharged sphere Q , each mounted on an
Spe ed/cm s 1
A 0.5 insulating stand. are placed in contact Q is also connected to earth by a wire.
12 6
E s 3 15
c 5 12 240
D 20 3 60
~~a~~ station broadcasts at 93 800 MHz. VVhat is the wavelength or the radio wave in
Vv'nen the wire is removed and \hen P and Q are separated, Q 1s found to be
negatively-charged. What is the nature of materials P and Q?
A 3.20x1oJm B 313m C 320m
D 2.8x1019 m p Q
A Conductor Conductor
El Conductor Insulator
c Insulator Conductor
D Insulator Insulator
St!llffr_ Mr Emut 1-u
PhJ:Jfcs l'apw I Stll'-,. M,. .U"'e.ti }'u
26 Which diagram best illustrates the electric field around a positive point charge?
29 A 2 m long wire with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm2 has a resistance of 16 0. What is
the resistance of the wire if ii has a cross-sectional area of 2 mm2?
* *
A 4Q 8, 80 c 32'2 D 64Q
:\0 A household a.c. supply is connected to the circuit as shworibelow.
c D
'Mlich of the following diagram show tt>e voltage V across the resistor?
27 40 J of energy was withdrawn from a battery as ii was used for 20 s. If the e.m.f. of the
battery was 2 .0 V, how much of electrical charge was withdrawn during'.that time
A 0.1 C B 2C C 20C D SOC
Ti\/". ~~ .
t Is.
28 The d iagram below shows how the current, I, through a filament lamp changes wit!" the
p.d. applied across it.
It is not a straight line graph because
31 The diagram shows a thermistor in a circuit.
A electricity is used to produce light.

the resistance of the filament increases.

the filament of the lamp is of uneven lhickness.
the potential difference from the battery is not stable. Q
What happens as the temperature of the surroundings increases?
A The light bulb will flash intermittently.
B The light bulb will get dimmer.
q The light bulb wlll get brighter_
D The light bulb is unaffecfed.
Plt)diCJ l,.npu I St1ter: Nf, l\, Yu
Pi.y,tcs Pop<r I S~ttu: Mr Ern~st Yu
32 \Nhen th~ term~nal~ T1 and 2 of the Y-lnput of a CRO are connected to points X and y
o~ the g1~en c1rcu1t respectively, the bright spot is deflected to P as shown in the
display gnd. 34 If 1k~ of electricity cost $0.20, how much does it cost to switch one spot light rated
Time bae at 2 kWfor6 h?
A $0.60 {I $2.40 C $15.00 0 $60.00
1~ 3!) Three st\eels of material are placed between magnets and iron nails as shown in the


' \ , 1ten nal '\, kon nan ~ lton nail
VVhich of the following desaibe the force on the nail for each material?
Lead Iron A l uminium
AttracLion Attraction Attraction
If T1 is next connected to Z (T2 still at Y), where will the bright spot be deflected to? A
B Attraction Attraction Repulsion
AO BR CS O T Attraction
c Attraction No Force
D No Force No Force No Force
X3 A 3-p~n plug. is wrongly wired as shown in the diagram. It is connected to a washing
machine which has a metal case.
36 Plotting compasses X and Y are placed on the right and on the left of a current
carrying wire respectively as shown in the diagram.
In which oirections will the compass needles point?
Yellow and green wire A B D
CUJrent dtctlon C~tonl diteehon
~t~ ~t~
V\otlich of the following is TRUE?
The washing machine will not function when it is switched on.
The metal case of the washing machine will become 'live'.
cDjaS cDjaS
C The 13 A fuse in the plug 1s likely to blow as soon as the socket is s witched on
0 The main circuit breaker will trip as soon as the appliance 1s switched on.
Plr)'$JCI Popu
Sclkr: >h Emr..IJ Trt"r I
37 A positive charge enters a region of magnetic field as shown below.
A conducting wire cuts perpendicularly through a region of magnet.ic field at a speed v
:"~lot"~ge troYeling into a
as shown.

The charge will
A not be affected and continue to travel straight through.
B experience an upwards force.
C experience a downwards force.
D experience a force into the paper.
11vt11ch of the following lncre~ses the induced e.m.f. ?
36 Vllhich of the following increases the turning speed of a simple d.c. motor?
~ increasing v
1 Increasing the number of tums of the coil 2 decrease the gap netween the bar magnet
2 Increasing the input d.c. voltage '3 use a pair of stronger magnets
3 Inserting a copper core 1n the coil
A 1and2 only
A 1 and 2 only. B 1and3 only
B 1 and 3 only. C 2and 3only
C 2 and 3 only. D 1,2and3
D 1, 2 and3.
39 Which of the following is/are done to minimise heat loss by industrial power
transmission cables?
~ Increase the cross-sectional area of the cable
2 Step down the voltage of the wire
3 Use a wire with better insulation
.A 1 only
B 1and2 only
C 1and3 only
D 1,2and3
Phy.riaPapr I Scilttr Mr Ern~s1 ru ANDERSON SECONl) l\K Y SCHOOL 14
s~11er' 1\fr P,mt!..11 J'11
l'Jryuu Pper I
Section A
2010 Prelims Physics Paper I 505811
ANSWER - andcrson Answer all the questions in this section.
Mr Koay used a data-logging system to record the speed of a falling
D 11 c 21 A 31 c brick
2 B 12 c 22 c 32 c Motion sensor
3 B 13 D 23 c 33 B LJ
Data-logger Concrete brick
4 D 14 B 24 D 34 B
~ CJ
5 D 15 B 25 c 35 c
6 A 16 D 26 A 36 c
7 B 17 A 27 c 37 B I
8 D 18 c 28 B 38 A bench
9 B 19 c 29 B 39 A
10 B 20 B 30 c 40 D
The concrete brick of mass 2 kg was released from rest under a
motion sensor. The data logger obtained the following data.
speedfms 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 0.85 1.50 1.70 2. 10 I 2_55 2.95
time/s 7.80 7.85 7.90 7.eS a.oo a.o5 a.10 s. 1~ e.20 I 8.25
(a) Using the data from the t able above, plot a speed-time graph in the
grid given. [4]
This document consisrs of JR printed pages including lhis cover page.
(e} Explain why there is a difference in the values obtained in (c} and
3 50 Ou:C..:r..TimaT4 and a (d). [1]
are ~ea to see t:-:is picture
There is energy loss due to air resistance resulted in falling object
Cannot accept 1ust friction.
2 A metal electric kettle, rated 230 V, 8.0 A , contains some water. It is
2 50 placed on a balance as shown in the diagram.
1. The kettle is switched on and when the water is boiling, the reading on
the balance is found to decrease by 0. 16 kg in 3 m inutes.
0 (a) Describe in terms of the motion of particles, how thermal energy is
conducted through the metal walls of the kettle into the water.
000 --~~+-~~of'---+---+---+---+---+----+----+-~ When the kettle is heated up, the metal molecules of the kettle
780 185 790 7 95 00 805 810 815 8.20 e2511mels
walls gain energy and vibrate faster about their fixed positions,
(b) From your graph, estimate the d istance travelled by the brick
[2] [1] and trasnferring energy to their adjacent molecules [1).
y, x 2.95 )( 0.35 0.516(0.490 to 0.542) These vibrating molecules in turn transfer energy to the water
molecules in ~ntact with the_k
~ w_
_.~[1~]_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
Distance travelled by the brick is 0.516 m
- ------ ---------
(c) Determine the loss in potential energy of the brick during the (b} Calculate
journey in (b}. [1) (i) the power rating of the kettle, [ 1]
p IV
P.E. mgh 2 x 10 x 0.516 10.32
The loss of potential energy is 10.3 J 8.0 x 230
1 840
(d) From your graph, find the maximum kinetic energy of the brick
(2) The power rating of t he kettle Is 1 840 W
Max velocity= 2.95 mis
KE. = Y,mv2 = 'h x 2 x 2.962 8.70
The maximum kinetic energy of the brick is 8.70 J
Plty~fl'.fPa1>fr } Stlf("r Mr t.r1~j'I >'- Ph)..~ics Po~r 1 Se11er: Mr Er11es1 >'11
(ii) the specific latent heat of vaporisation of water. state one (b) Why must the bird work out the depth of the fish" before it dives?
assumption made. [3) [1]
Assume no heat loss to the s urrounding of kettle [1]
a ml, The bird would not be seen at the real depth of the fish . Fish would
Iv (1840x3x60) + 0.16
2.07 look nearer than it 1s.
The specific latent heat of vaporization of water is 2.07 MJ/kg (c) On the diagram draw a ray to show how light from the fish travels to
the kingfisher. [2]
(c) Explain why the surface of the kettle is highly polished (1)
(d) Sometimes the kingfisher might not even see the fish especially
Shiny surfaces are bad emitter of heat. So water in the kettle when the fish is at a particular position. This is a phenomenon
common to light when it travels from water to air. Explain what this
will be kept warm for a longer period time [1] phenomenon is and how it can occur. [2)
3 K ingfishers usually hunt from a perch a few meters above the water. Total internal reflection has occurred.[1)
swooping down at up to 100 km/h to snatch their prey, before returning
to the perch. The whole process is an extrordinary feat of calculation, Light must travel from the water to air (denser to less dense
not only must the bird work out the depth of the fish before it dives, but
it also compensate for the effect of refraction in the water. In addition, medium). The angle of incidence must be greater than the critical
these birds have special features in their eyes to cut out reflection and angle.[1]
see their prey better.
[Extract from Focus magazine, Issue 219} 4 The digram below shows a wave approaching a beach at a speed of
2.0 m/s and the depth of the seabed at the beach.
2.0 mis
Fresh water
A B c
(a) The wave takes 3.0 s to travel from A to B.
(i) What is the distance between A and B? [1)
distance = speed x time
2.0 x 3 6.0
The distance between A and B is 6.0 m
(a) Explain what is meant by the refractive index of water? [1)
(ii) What is the wavelength of the wave? (1]
It is the ratio of speed of light in (vaccum)air and the speed of lig.!!.L
Wavelength = 6.0 / 2.5
in water 2.4
The Wavelength of the wave is 2.4 m
l'hy"''h'\P(lpc"r1 Slllltr: Mr &nesr Yi1 Phys1cJ Pnr>r 1 ~ll~r- Mr Erm~..'fl Yt1
(b) State what happens to the wavelength as the wave travels from B (b) Using a scale of 1 cm representing 20 cm for object and image
to e. [1) distance, draw a ray diagram in the grid below. In your diagram
show relevant rays. Label the focal points, image, object, and
The wavelength of the wave decreases gradually as it appraches object and image distance from the lens. [3]
C. Focal length of lenses is 30 cm from question. Scale 1 cm rep 20 cm
(c) A object is seen floating on the water. State the direction (if any) in
which the object will move in the next instant. [1 ) Image
(d) Determine the frequency of the wave. [2)
Frequency speed I wavelength
2.0 12.4
The frequency of the wave is 0.833 Hz
5 !star performs an experiment to investigate the relationship between
obj ect and image distance by using means of a thin converging lens.
The setup is shown below. (c) 'From your ray diagram, determine the distance between the object
and the lens. [ 1)
120 cm (accept 116 to 124 cm)
6 When spray are used to paint the metal car body panels, the result is
sometimes patchy, with some areas being missed. One way to
overcome this problem is to use 'electrostatic spraying' as shown in the
diagram below.
00 00 nleo z. z r
0 00 -
o :o:
The lens is first placed such that it is 60 cm from the object. The screen
is moved to obtain a clear image that is an inverted replica of the

Paint droplets
(Positively charged) np int
The lens is now moved a certain distance away from the object. When (a) Explain why the droplets spread out as they leave the nozzle.
the translucent screen is moved 40 cm away from the lens, a clear [1]
image is formed on it.
The droplets spread because they are of the same charge
(a} Draw, in the box below, the image observed from behind the
[1] {positive). Like charges repel each other.
Physics Poper': Sef/er: Mr /}n<'SI Y11 />11y.\i<:.'i Poper 1 Seflt>r: Mi- fo
(b) State one advantage of using electrostabcs in this way to pamt the (c) s, and S2 are closed. [2)
metal parts. (1)
Total current in the circu it (A1 and A2) =5 + (1O + 10) =0.25 A
Less paint is neeeded. Paint more evenly spread out. Either one = =
Reading on V1 V2 5 + 2 2.5 V =
(c) Suggest how the paint droplets become positively charged upon
8 Ultrasonic waves are emitted by a transmitter to measure the depth of
leaving the nozzle. [3)
the sea. A receiver is used to detect the reflected waves and the
signals are shown on a cathode-ray oscilloscope or CRO.
The paint droplets rub against the nozzle as they leave[1] causes
~ ,---r-; 1-T-ji -_- ----;;ifl
electrons from the paint droplets to be transferred to the
t-+- I __1_L+--1I ~.
1 I I I
' 'i '-t - -+-1
! 11
nozzle[1). Droplets has less electrons becoming positively I I ' ; I J: l , . : i ~W
T~-,,~1_ 1rr-: 11 1 11
...E!!a~---------~--------- ~ ...--!-----, I -,- ,-- - -.. -,--,
1 1 ! j I t ; ' I
1 I
l____j ____ : _I _!
I '
- ---
I !
7 The digram below shows a DC circuit. You can assume the voltmeters (a) What do the two pulses shown on the CRO represent? [2]
have infinite internal resistance and the ammeters have negligible
internal resistance. The bigger pulse represents tge uktrasonic signal emitted bt the
source. (1) The smaller pulse represents the signal reeflected
from the seabed.[1 ]
(b) If the speed of sound in seawater is 1200 mis and the time base of
the CRO is set to 0.2 second per division, calculate the depth of the
~- ~
Determine the reading in all voltmeters and ammeters when
(a) s, and S2 are opened, (2} Time between the two pulses 10 x 0.2
No current will flow through V1 and Az so they will have O value 2s (1 )
V2 has high resistance so reading will be = e.m.f 5 V =
A 1 = O since current will be negligible as resistance is almost
infinite. Distance travelled by the wave 2 x 1200
2400m [1 J
(b) s, is opened and S2 is closed, [1)
The depth of the sea 2400 /2
V1 and V2 has almost infinite resistance hence negligible current 1200m [1 }
= =
flowing through. Hence V1 OV V2 2.5 V
Hence A 1 and A2 0.25A
Phy:c1c.w1'1TJJf!rZ St1uer: Mr ti-nest l'i1 Phyt;ic.J l'~r 1 S1111r: Mr Erwu H1
Section B (a) Why must an alternating current be used by the coil to produce
heat in the pot? (2)
Answer all the questions in this section. A.C. is needed so that an a changing magnetic file beproduced
Answer only one of the two alternative questions in Question 11.
In the coil.[11 This field will induce an alternating current in the
9 Read the following passage about the induction cooking stove.
pot.(1 I
Cast Iron pot
(b) State two ways in which heat can be generated in the pot.
Current flowing in the pot will generated heat loss through
the resistive metallic pot (12 R). [1)
Heat produced by hysteresis losses.~----------
(c) Jenelle uses a pot made of copper as a cooking vessel as he
Figure 9 thinks that since copper is almost a perfect conductor of
electricity he will save energy by decreasing the time to cook his
An induction cooker uses a type of inductten heabng for cooking. It is chiefly distinguished food using his pot. 1s he right? Explain. (2)
from other common forms of stovetop cooking by the fad that the heat is generated
directly in the cooking vessel, as opposed to being generated in the stovetop (as in the No, [1] heat produced depends on resistance in th~otc...._ _ _ _
case of electrical coils or burning gas) and then transferred to the oooking vessel.
Material with no resistance would not generate as much heat loss.
In an induction stovetop, a localized coil of copper wire is placed underneath the cooking
pot. An alternating electric current is made to flow through the coil, which produces an [1) Material is not a magnetic material.
oscillating magnetic field. This results in heat being generated in the co0k1ng vessel over
The cooking vessel or pot for 1he above case must be made ol a magnetic material
(ferromagnetic) and etectricaDy conductrve Principally, the coil induces an electric current
(d) On Figure 9, draw the magnetic field lines generated by the coil.
in the pot, which produces resistive heating proportional to the square of the current and to Must draw field through the pot (1)
the electrical resistance of the vessel.
(e) The cooker requires a voltage of 110 V. It is connected to a
Secondly, It also creates magnetic hysteresis losses in the pot due to Its ferromagnetic mains of 230 V a.c. via a step-down transformer. Determine the
nature. The first effect dominates: hysteresis losses typically account for less than ten
percent of the total heat generated.
turn ratio of the transformer. (1)
Induction cookers are faster and more energy-efficient than tradrtional electric cooktops; Turn ratio - 23 : 11 (23/11)
moreover, they allow instant control ol coolong energy, which no energy source other than
gas olfers Bee.use induction heats the cooking vessel itself, the poss1bdrty of bum injury
is significantly less than with other methods only skin contact with the cooking vessel itself
(or. when high heat has been used, the stovetop for a while after the vessel has been
removed) can cause harm.
PhJJic."' PCT/Xr 1 Yu~r Afr F.rr1u1 );, Ph~ /#ilJNr :! Srll~r: Mr fJJwM )"
(f) The coil draws a current of 8.0 A Given the efficency of the 10 The figure shows a U-tube manometer connected to a gas cylinder of
transformer is 80%, determine the primary current of the large volume. The atmospheric pressure is 76 cm of mercury.
transformer. (2)
230 x Ip
= 0.8(8 x 110)
3.06 -........ .
The primary c urrent of the tra ns forme r Is 3.06 A
"' ""
(g) State 2 possible reasons why a transformer suffers from energy "'
loss though heat. (2)
Heat loss through Eddy(induced) current. [any two)
Heat loss through resistance in the cable. (a) What is the pressure at point A and point B in the right and left tube
respectively? (2)
Heat loss through hysteresis
Pressure at point A = 76cm Hg
Pressure at point B = 76 + 30 106 cm Hg
(h) There is a safety feature missing from the induction cooker to
reduce the risk of harm caused by current leakage. Explain what
this safety feature is. (1) (b) The tap is opened and mercury ran out until the level in the left tube
drops to the 50 cm mark.
Earthing should be implemented or 3 pin plug w ith the earth cable (i) Assume that the pressure in the gas cylinder remains constant,
what is the new position of the level in the right tube? (2)
connected to the metal chassis of the cooker.
Level at Left hand tube dropped by 50 - 40 10 cm
Level al Right hand tube will increase by 10 cm to 20 cm mark.
(ii) Explain how you arrived at your answer. [3)
The pressure of the gas c~inder and the atmospheric J>ressure
Remains the sameJ1], hence the difference between the levels
Of the mercury in A and B remains constant. [1 J Since B drops by
10 cm, A will also drop by 10 cm to 20 cm mark.[1]
Phyr.:11.,, J'aper 1 s.mer: /vfr Erm:.,1 Y11
A crane with 2 beams attached, is seen lifting a load on its side. Both
beams can be adjusted_ Beam A is adjusted such that it is (c) The crane has a "wing" attachment deployed as shown in the
perpendicular to the ground. Beam B which consists of a pulley at its diagram below_
end is adjusted such that it is parallel to the ground. The mass of the
crane without the 2 beams is 10 x 103 kg. Each uniform beam has a
mass of 500 kg.
1m BeamB Steel cable
Beam A
Explain the purpose of this "wing" attachment. State what else can
10m be done tl> the crane (without add-on modifications to the crane)
BeamA Sm
such that the neccessity of using the "wing" attachement can be
reduced . (3)
The attachement is to provide the crane with better stability.[1J
It increases the base area of the crane as well as lowering the CG
Of the crane.[1)Adding load on to the crane at the base of the
15 m
beam A or adjust Beam A and B such the resultant
Frant View Side View
The weight of the crane, W is positioned at the center of the metal moments by the load is reduced .[1]
frame of the crane.
(d) On a particular windy day, the load experience an easternly gale
force of 50 kN as shown in the diagram below.
(a) Define moment of a force_ (1)
Ille product of a force and its perpendicular distance about
about a point or pivot
(b) The load has a weight of 25 x 10 N. Ex.plain with mathematical
evidence whether the crane could support the load. [3) Using means of a scaled vector diagram, determine the tension in
the steel cable [3]
Total anti-clockwise moment by weight of the load and Beam B Scale I cm rep I 0 kN
[25000 x (10 - 2)) + (5000 x (5 - 2) 215 000 Nm 50cmor50kN
Total clockwise moment by weight of crane only:
100 000 x 2.5 250 000 Nm (1] Not drawn to scale
cm or 57 kN
Hence the moments by the weight of the crane is greater than the
load and beam B so the crane is able to support the load. (1) Tension of the cable 1s S7 kN. (accept SS kN to 59 kN)
Physics /'~p~r J Sttncr. Mt ErtH''llt Yrt PhyUct PQfWr] Stf11r : M r limt."I./ )'11
(b) Wai Ji designs a simple doorbell as shown in the diagram below.
When sw itch S is pressed and then released, two notes of identical
frequency 'dong-dong' are produced.
{a) The diagrams below show a simple d.c motor. The ends of the
single loop coil ABCD are soldered to copper pieces X and Y which
make contact with springy metal strip P and Q A cell is connected
across P and Q. Figure 10a.2 shows an end view of the
LJ ________.
,. . . .,.,___] .11l----_J
r-----., '<.>-1
I 11--__j (i) Explain how the two notes are produced. [2]
When switch S is dosed, iron core magnetised attracting ham mer
Figure 1 Oa.2
Figure 1 Oa.1 Hammer strikes bell and make first dong(1). Switch is
releasedCircuit is broken iron core loses magnetism, hammer
(i) Show with arrows on Figure 1Oa.1 the direction of the current in
the loopABCD and label it 1. [1] swings to other metal plate producing second dong [1 ]
{ii) State the direction of rotation of the coil. (1)
Anti clockwise direction from the front.
{1i)Wai Ji makes the following statement.
"T he bell will still work if the battery is replaced with an a.c.
(iii) Explain the working operation of this motor. Include in your source."
explanation the purpose of the comm utator. (3)
Do you agree? Explain your answer briefly. [2)
When current flows into the coil through the magnetic field of
No, (1] Current will alternative too quickly. Hammer will move
the magnet, forces will be prodcused such that the coil will turn.
A little not enough to strike metal plates.
[1 Jthe commutator resverse the current m the coil every half-
cycle[1] so that coil can turn continously in 1 direction.[1]
{iii) Suggest one way to increase the loudness of the bell. [1]
Increase current, or increase turns around core
Plt)'\lt.'."'i l'OfNT 1 .'kuu: Mr &JJt>_u YN Ph)-'SJPOf1'r1 S~lh:r: Air nwst y.,
Answer ALL the questions on the answe< sheet (OMS) provided.
A cyhndncal can 1s rolled along the ruler as shown 1n the diagram below. It rolls over
Anglican High Sch ool twice before reaching the final position.
Secondary 4
Preliminary Examination 2010 mark o:.\Jtart
ing position finQal
0 cm 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 4-0
What ts the radius of Ille can?
Name : Index Number : ...... - ................
A.30cm B. 6.0cm c. 12.0cm 0. 24.0cm
Class :
2. The average speed between X and Y 1n the speed-time graph shown is
PHYSICS speed I ms
Signature of P11cnt I Guardian
PAPER 1 Multiple Ch oice l)ate~ - -- - --
Fnday 27 August 201 O 1 hour
0.'--;----2-1---<31----1~ 1ime Is
A. 6.7ms' a 133ms' C. 150ms' D. 20.0ms'
Additjonel Material:
Multiple Chotee answer sheet (OMS)
:; The diagram shows a model hot-aW' baUoon. Why will the bag and the box rise in a cold
Instructions to candidates:
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters. glue. correction fluid or correction tape.
Write your name, class. index number and subject on the separate OMS provided.
Answer ALL the questions on the answer sheet (OMS) in soft pencil.
Take g 2 10 m/s2 unless otherwise stated. A. Air pressure is smaller inside the bag than outside.
B. The candle flame blows up the bag.
C. The box is lighter than air.
O Wasm air is less dense than cold air
This Question Paper consists of 13 pmted pages including this cover page.
[Turn over)
4 Two Identical balls X and Y were dropped from a ~Ill bUlduig at lhe same tme_ x fell 7. A car driver stepped on the accelerator when the traffic light turned green. The graph
from the top of the building while Y fell from haJ way up as shown below. below shows how the resuttant force on the car vanes wllh tme_
o nm.
'NhlCh ol lhe folowing speed-time graph shows the corre-::t relationships between velocity Which graph shows the variation of the car's speed With trne?
and trne for baUs X Md Y?
speed A B
~ time 0 time


k~. l~~--
D speed
! )(
----Y 0 ~ 0
8 Four blocks are placed on a plank. The end of the plank, x. is then slowly ralsd. If the
5 INhen a honzontal force o1.4N is applied to a wooden btcck of mass 2 kg on a horlzontal blocks do not slip on lhe plank. which block would be the first to topple over?
surface. the block moves with a constant velocity. If the lorce 1s increased to 10N. what
win be the acceleration of the block? 1
A. 2 m/ s2 B. 3 ml s 2 C. 4 ml s' D Sm/s2
6. The densities of metals X and Y are 7.6 glcm' and 3.0 gcm' respectively. The metals of
equal mass are melted and mixed to form an alloy.
What Is the density of the alloy?
A 12Sgtcm3 9 If au the potential ene<gy of an iron ban that falls from a height ol 100 mis conllel1ed into
a 21sg1cm'
.; 4 30 gtcm'
thennal energy. what IS the nse in temperature Ol the bag? (Specific heat ca1>3crty of "'"
is 590 J/kgK)
D. 5 30 g/cm3
A. 0.5 K
9 1.69K
t. 273.5 K
D. 274_7 K
,~ In the diagram below, 3 identical uniform metre rules are pivoted at the mid-poi~I 0. In An Immersion heater 1s usea to b<>il off water at 100 c.
The total mass or the beaker and
0<der to balance the tules horizontally, weights W , A, Band C are placed on me rules as water Is found to change from 270 g to '50 g with the kilowatt-hour meter showing
shown. d~ference In lhe readingof 0.07 kWh.
Arrnnge in ascending order, the magnitudes of the reaction torces ( 1}. (2) and (3) at 0 . The specttic latent heat of vaporn:ation of water in kJ kg .s
(2)..., A. 4704 B. 3024 c. 2100 D 1680
~ O T
I l B
! !
l I

o. The diagram below shows a gas cyti'lder wtuch contains a constant mass or gas at a
temperature ot 30 c.
A. (1), (2). (3).
B. (1), (3), (2)
c. (2), (1). (3),
gal re-- c:ytn:ler
0. (2), (3), (1) .. ..----i
When the p'ston is pulled upwards, the pressure decreases. Why 1s this so?
"i. What Is the total weight of the atmosphere pressing down on a fiat horizontal roof or
dimensions 4 .0 m x 1.0 m 7 (Given: atmospheric pressure a 10,000 Fa). A. There Is a larger a ; ea or cylinder i~ contact with lhe gas
B. The Intermolecular r0<ces between gas molecules decrease.
A. 250N B. 1250 N C. 20000 N D 40000N C. The gas molecules collide with each other less often.
ti. The ga~ mc1ecules coUide with the cylinder wau less often.
1:. quanoty must be the same for two bodoes ,f !hey are to be"' thermal equilibrium?
'l, A thetmometer uses a p.iysical property that varies W11h temperature. Which of lhe
"- inte~I energy 13. potenl181 energy following could not be used as lhe basis f<>" a thermometer?
C temperature D. mass
A. e m I developed by two metals joined together
B. length of a lhread of mercury
~ .>. When a metal Is heated, which of the following will occur? C. volume of a frxed mass of air
?> weight of a fD<ed mass of air
I The atoms can move freely ..
II The atoms have a larger amplitude of vib<atron.
1,1 The average kinetic energ y of the atoms Is Increased. '&. The diagram shows t11e path of a ray of light as II strikes the water-to-air boundary.
A . I and II only B. II and Ill on~/ C. I aid 1:1only C. I, II and Ill only air
1 ~. A faulty thermometer roads 10'C and 90"C whon placed In melOng ice and steam
respectively. If !his lhermometer is uniformly graduated, fond the !Ne temperature "f tt>e
lhermometer reads 40'C.
A. 27 S'C B. 32.0"C C 375"C 0 42.0-1,; ll\lha1" th P99d of light in water 7 (Given f"""f nf hQhl 3 0 x 1o" mis).
A. :93x1<fmts
B. 2.30 x 1cm1s
C. 3.0C 10 mi s
D. 3.2C x 1o" mi s
1S. Two plane mirrors X and Y make an angle of 60' with each other. If a light ray PQ strikes '" A 200 m race is run on a straight track and the timing is taken using an electronic device
the mirror X at Z , making an angle of incidence of 60', the angle of reflection at mirror Y as well as manually by a timekeeper at the finishing line_ The timekeeper starts the watch
is as soon as he hears the sound from the pistol and stops the watch when the w inner
crosses the finishing line.
Given Iha: the speed of sound in air is 300 ms', and the electronic device records the
Q correct 11-.e as 24.0 s, whal is the time recorded by the timekeeper?
- :eo"
- 'A. : p A. 22.5 s B. 23.3 s c 24.7 s D. 25.S s
'% '
2~. Three energies are listed ~elow_
~-"'y (i) the energy of a 3 m wavelength radio wave
the energy of X-ray
(ii~ the energy of yellow light from
a sodium lamp
A P" B. 30" c. 60" 0. goo
Which of the following puts these energies in order of increasing magniluc.e?
2C' A ray, XY, parallel '.o the principal axis of the lens L passes through Las shown in the A_ i, ii,iii 3. I, iii, ii C. ti,iii, i D. iii, H, i
diagram below_Where w ill the other three parallel ra1s converge after passing through L?
:-T- -- -r-: - - -- ---,-,-- TTTi--~ i-TTT - 2~. What type of image is produced at the back of the human eye?
1 : 1 I I i i
! I I I , I \ ' I l ! I j A. real , upright, same sze
B real, hverted, diminished
C. virtual, upright, diminished
D. virtual. Inverted, magnnied
l i . Cl' ?S. X and Y are two light metal balls suspended using nylon threads. When a positively
Charged rod was placed between these two balls, ball X was attracted towards the
charged rod but the ball Y w&s repelled away from the rod_
I ! J i
I ! ! ! *0-~-
i ; ! i f i I
t.:=:.:.- -.J:.:~.: ~~ =1:-H-- :::i~-H----- -t++- --
r. 'N.lich of t~e following statements correctly describes the similarities between water
waves and sound waves?
A. Both travel at the same speed. W'lich ol lhese is the correct conclusion about lhe charge on each ball?
~- Both can propagate In space.
G Both can be reOected. BallX BallY
I'.>_ Both travel fastest in solids. A. negative only positive only
B. negative or neutral '
positive neutral
c_ negative or neutral positive only
2~. When souna waves travel from one medium into another, Jie wavelength changes positive or neutral
D. negative only
'\. the fre~uency changes.
R the speed changes.
c_ the attraction between the molecules of the medum changes_
o_ different media have different temperatures_
7 8
27. Two wires P and Q, each of the same length and the same material, are connected in 31 Which of the following is not a form of a variable resistor?
parallel to a battery. The diameter of Pis half that of 0 .
VI/hat fraction of the total current passes through P?
A. 0.20 8 . 0.25 c. 0.33 0 0.50
28. T he diagram belOw shows t he current-voltage relationships for four different types of
ohmic conductors of the same length.

-1 A
t c
32. Why can birds stand on an overtiead transmission line without being electrocuted?
A Thel" bodies have very high res1star.ce.
B' There is no potential difference between ther feet
C . Their feet are very good l(ISulators.
0 . The spaces between their feathers act as insulators.
33. The diagram shows two wires X and Y. Each wire carries current Of the same magnttude
but in opposite directions. The wires are placed in a region ol megnetic f ield, which acts
Suppo!ie 311 four conductors are connected in parallel And .Q h:.ttMy is connected across at right angles to the plane of the wires.
WireX WireY
Which of the condUClors (A, B, C or 0) will allow the least amount of cha<ges to pass
through 4 at any one bme? x x x x x x p
x x x x x x
29. A 2.5 kO resistor is connected in series with a light
dependent resistor (LOR) and a 15 v d.c. power supply.
When light shines on the LOR, its resistance drops from
12oon to 500 n.
The voltage across the LOR when light i$ shining on it is








Mag n<1t: field acts
into the ~lane of the
A. 2.5 v B SOV
C. 7.SV 0 . 125V IMlat will be the directions of forces on wires X and Y, 11 terms of d.-ectJon P and
dl"ec11on Q?
30. Two resistors X and Y have the same resistance and are connected in series to a battery Force on wire X Force on wire Y
of negligible intemal resistance. When the key K 1s opened, the power dissipated by X A p. p
alone is P. a p a
c. Q a
0. Q p
34. A relay is an electrical component
A. whose resistance increases W4h 11Cteasing temperature
B that allows current to flow 11 one direction only.
C wtiose resistance decreases wh increasing light intens ty
If the key K 1s closed, what is the dissipated across X? O that uses a low-current circun to switch a high current ClfCUll on or on.
A 4P B. 2P
C. O.SP D. 0.25P
9 10
35. Diagram 1 shows the magnetJC held pattern near a car magnet and an object XY. 3lt Tte figure below shows the display on a CRO With the tllTl&-base and vottage sensitivity
Diagram 2 shows the pattern that is oblafled when XY is timed around. 'Mlat 1s XY? set at 2 ms/div and 4 V/d'N respect'Nely.
dag<am 1 diagrarr 2
A. copper rod
B A magnet with the North pole at X
C. A magnet wtth the North pole at Y
1:1. A rod of sort iron

V.hich of the following best shows the display when the settings are changed lo 4 rnS1d1v
and 2 Vldiv?
"39. In which situation is 1 kWh of energy expended?
.A a 40 W lamp used fer 2\'I hours
"' a 2000 W heater used for Vi hour
C. a 100 0 resistor with a constant potential difference of 200 V for Y. hour
D. a 100 n resistor carrying a constant current of 0.5 A for 4 hours C. 0
37 A lamp JS connected to the secondary coil Of the transformer by long leads which have a
resistance of 2.5 Oas snown in tne diagram. (In the diagram, the resistance of the leads
1s shown as a single resostor of vaiue 2.5 0.)
39. T NO bulbs P and Q are connected to an~~transformer as shown below
II tne current flOWrlg through the tamp Is 2.0 A. Nhat is the vohage across the resistance
of the leads and the lamp? Which of the following statements Is true when switch S Is dosed?
Voltage across the leads Voltage across 1he lamp (~ The brightness of bulb P decreases. .).
A 2.5V 9.SV (i) The reading of the ammeter Increases, X..
8 5.0V 7.0V (ii) The reading of the voltmeter remains unchanged
C. 5.0V 19V
D. 5.0V 115V A. (I) only
e,.. (iii) only
C. (i) and (i~ oniy
D. (ii) and (iii) only
11 t2
46. A 240 V 5() Hz supply is connected through a transfomier to a diode as shO'Ml below.
_J\1r1-J~ R
50Hz t_
l J
What Is the resulting voltage acrnss R?
,13 a VoltageN
0.02 Tlrne/s
c VoltagoN ~ VoltageN
ro~ 0.02 Tme/s ll+,A_
l==I 2
s 6
B l !f I
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
D c B c c D D B A c
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
c B B B B c A D A A
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
B B B D D B B A - B c
Se ction A (50 m arks) gravrtatJonal force: .. ... ..: ..................... (2)
Answer all the questions in this section. 2. (a1 Stae the principle of moments tor a body 1n equ1hbrn 1m
Fig 1 1 shows a trolley P oo a horizontal table. Fig. 1.2 stows an ldenbcal trolley Q , whlCh is
loaded with steel bars. on the same table. A horizontal force of 10 N is applied to each of the
trolley for a bme or
~s. Bot!' trolleys are initially ot rest. .._,
(b) A cesk lamp is illustrated m Fig. 2.1.
Fig. 1.1 Fig. 1.2
(a) After 0 .2 s, trolley P moves to the right with a speed of 5 mis but trolley Q moves to the right '''
with a speed of 1 rl]/s. El<plain why these speeds ore dit!elent.
,/ 2.0N t ' -.., li(lht bUtb
,( 2.0N G.ON
__________..c=- - --==--..-.--~
The lamp must be constructed so that it does not topple over when fully extanded as shown
(~J Trolley P is now turned over so that it is resting on its top surface. as shW.-0 in Fig. 1.3. in Fig. 2.2. The bose of the lamp is Cffcular and has a radius of 10 cm. Othe dimensions ore
shown on the figure. The total weight of the light bulb and shade 1s 6 .0 N and eoch of the two
unifonn arms has weight 2.O N.
Fig 1.3
Explain why a force of 10 N acting for 0.2 s now results in a very small speed after O 2s and
why that speed rapidly reduces to zero.
{'i On Fig. 2.2. draw on arrow to represent the weight of the base (1)
c;r, The lamp will rotate about the point P If the base. rs not heavy enough. Usg the principle of
.... ................ ....................................... ........................... ................................. (2) moments to calculate the minimum weight of the base required to prevent toppling .
1C) The mass of trolley P Is 0.50 kg. Calculate the gravitational force acting on trolley P when the
trolley Is near the surface of the Earth. (The acceleration of free tall is 1o m/s2 at the surface
of the Earth.)
minimum weight ='"' ~ ........... .. . [3]
3 A sphygmomanometer is commonly used by doctors to measure a patienrs blood pressure. The F1~ 4 shows two si'nil2r round-bottomed flasks placed at the same distance above a 100 W
inflatable blood pressure cuff 1s wrapped around the pal,enrs upper anm, and the cuff 1s inflated lamp. Flask A is blackened while flask B 1s coated with white pamt. Both flasks are filled
by squeezirg on the rubber pump repeatedly until the desired pressure is obtained. The patient's completely with water. The flasks are sealed with stoppers connected by a U-tube. The water
blood pressure is then determined by the doctor listening to the blood flow in the patient's arm le;els in the U tube are at the same level when the lamp 1s not switched en. The space above
wll~e the pressure is released the water level in the U-tube 1s filled with air.
For a particular patient. the air pressure in the cuff was 111Cfeased such that the mercury level
rises as shewn in Fig. 3 (not drawn to scale)
U-tube - -- ---t stoppers
mm Hg
Fig. 3
~ to pump and blood
50 .J L pressure cuff Fig. 4
(a) The mercury rises to 150 mm above the mercury level on the right. The atmospheric The lamp is then switch on for 3,Q minutes. After 30 minutes, the water level from nask A is
pressure for the day is 760 mm Hg observed to have risen more than the water level from flask 8 .
(~ Calculate the pressure difference (in SI units) between the air pressure in the blood (~I Explain the difference 1n the rise of the water levels from the two flas<S.
pressure cutf and the external pressure. (Density of mercury =13600 kgtrn>.)
pressure difference = ....,.... _ .. ....... (2]
(i~ Calculate the pressure (:n mm Hg) at a pomt 5.0 cm under the surface of the mercury . ...... " ................ ...........(3)
on the left tubP
ib) Explain, using the kinetic model of matter. why the pressure of the trapped air in the U-
tube increases as its volume decreases. Assume that the temperature of air remains
~sure=:-:-. ,., ... ............;,1 .... . [2'.
(b) Explain why mercury is use2 in the sphygmomanometer even l!10U9h ii is poisonous.
.... ....... ........ .. ... ..... ..... ................... ...... . ........ ........ .......... .. ........ ..... .. ...... .. [2]
4 5
. (3] (ill ::>raw the charges on the metal sphere on Fig. 5 111
5. (a) A polyethene rod may be charged negatively by rubbing rt Vllth a cloth but a copper rod
held in the hand cannot be charged in this way.
. Tiie circuit shown in Fig. 6 .1 is used to produce the 1-V charactenstic of the lamp. Tlns
(ii State clearly v.tlat have happened when the polyelhene rod is bemg charged. characteristic is shown 111 Ftg. 6. 2
............ rLJ
12V __l_
(1i) Explain why the copper rod cannot be charged in this way.
Fig.6.1 0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 v/V
.... (2]
Fig. 6.2
(iii) Suggest what could be done to charge the copper rod by rubbing (a) A voltmeter and an ammeter are required In order to obtain the necessary readings.
Draw on Fig. 6 .1 the appropnate posltioos of the two meters [2)
... (1)
(b) For the lamp operating under normal cond1bons Vllth a potenllat difference of 6.0 V~across i~
(i} the resistance of the lamp,
(b) A copper rod is charged negatively and is hanged freely by an 1nsulabng thread as shown
1n Ftg. 5. An earthed metal sphere is then brought near it
insulating thread
metal sphere
resistance =.. . [2]
Fig. 5 ~ (:r) the power supplied to the lamp.
(i) State what happens to the copper rod .
........... ............ ........................................ ........................ ....... ....... (1)
6 7
power = .. (21
.............. .................... ......... ...... ......................... ....... ............ .... [2]
7. Fig. 7 1 shows the inside of a mains-operated hair dryer. The fan can either blow hot or cold air.
Fig 7 2 is a circuit diagram of the same dryer. showing how it 1s wired up for use.
8 (;?) Fig 8 1 shows the south and north poles of two bar magnets bemg placed close to and
facing each other.
.:: CT=Q+=lrftow
....- .:: -+- Coldok
: ,
Fon Fig 8.1
FIQ 7 1
Draw the magnetic fiel<l pattern oeiween the tWo opposite poles. [1]
(b) State two differences (in terms of magnetic properties) between a soft and hard magnebc
(~i Show, by placing ticks 1n the table, which switches need to be switched ON to get the results
shown. [2)
Result Switch A Switch B Switch C
A blow of hot air
(:-.j Fig 8.2 shows an ell!ctromagnel' tllat conu01s 'two lamps, />. and 8:
(b) The heater must not be switched on v.ithout the fan. Which one of the switches must always J\
be switched ON to achieve this? ,-
switch .... ......(1)
(~) Explain what you would expect to happen if the heater was switched on, and the fan failed
to work.
Explain why lamp A goes off and lamp B lights up when the switch 1s closed.
, \d) Explain why the ha~ dryer 1s norma~ly wired to a two-pin plug rather than a three-pin plug.
8 9
magnification= .......:.................[21
.. ............. .................. ....... .............................. .[3]
Section B (30 m arks)
Answer a ll the questions in this secbon.
Answer only one of the two alternative questions in Question 11.
9. (a) A uun converging lens with pnncip;il fuci di F 1 and F, fcrms a real image I at the pcx:otion
shown in Fig 9.1. Five small squares of the graph represents 1.0 cm 9. (b) Fig. 9.2 below gives the speed or water waves in metres per :>e<..lJIHl f0< various wavelengths
an:! for 4 different depths of water.
Wavelength Im
0.001 0,01 0.1 10 100
Depth /in 0.1 0.67 0.25 0.40 0.93 0.99 0.99
1 0.f)7 0.25 0.40 1.25 2.95 3.13
Fig. 9.2 \0 0.67 025 0.40 1.25 3.95 9.33
100 0.67 0.25 0.40 1.25 3.95 12.5
(i) Describe. in general terms. how the speed varies with the wavelength, r~ a depth of 1 om.
...... ..................... ................[ 1)
Fig. 9.1 (ti) State the relationship between the speed of water waves and the depth of water for a
~ertain wavelength of 0.1 m or less.
(t) Draw appropriate rays to IOCate the position ot the object and l<llit!I U>e object O (3]
.................................. ... ............... ..[1)
(ii) Measure and record the distance of the object from the lens.
object distance =...._ ... ......(1) (m}Calcutate the frequency or a water wave of wavelength 10 m ata depth of 100 m.
(iii) Determine the magnification of the image.
10 11
Tap water at 20 c is used to fill the tank. One litre of water has a mass of one kilogram.
(i} Calculate how much energy must be absorbed by the waler 10 raise the temperature to
its boiling point
frequency = ..................... (21
energy=" .1.(2)
10 (aJ Define specific heat capacity of water. 10. (b) M Calculate the fime taken for the water to begin to boil.
.......... ....(2)
(b) A contractor, Mr. Phua CK, uses the steam wallpaper stopper, shown in Fig 10, to help him
prepare his ciienrs living room for re-OecorabOn
Fig. 10
time= ...~ ... ~ .... (2)
(c;} The appliance is used un\ll so % of the water has been tume<I into steam. How much energy
is required to bnng about this change of state?
heot i ng element
\Nhen the appliance 1s used, water is heated until 11 boils and produces steam Tl:e plate is
then held against the wau and the stean released from the pipe slackens the paper. The
following information is shown on the appliance: -
Power rating 2 .5 kW
Voltage 240 V energy =~.....,....... .. . .:. [21
Capacity 20 hires
Specific heat capacity of water= 4.2 Jg c1
(d) Explain latent heat of vaporization in terms of molecular motion.
Specific latent heat of vaporization = 2260 Jg'
12 13
f,lit) Besides increasing tile number of turns of the left COtl and increasing the voltage of the A .C
.................. .............................. .......................... ................................. [2} mains, suggest another way to make the lig~t bulb glow brighter
(b) A real transformer
(a) Fig. 11.1 shows a U-shaped soft-Iron core. The right side ol the core has a 500-turn coll The table contains data about a real transformer. The load resistance, connected to the
connected to the 240 V A.C. mains. The left side of tile core has a 5-tum coil formed by a secondary coil. is varied to obtain the readings.
long wire. The eiiaS'Ol the long wire are connected to a bulb When the A.C. mains is
switched on, the bulb glows. The number of turns of the coll on the left side ot the core is column 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9
then increased to 20 and the bulb glows brighter.
primary secondary input output toad output input output
turns turns Voltage voltage resistance curren: current power
/V /V IQ /A /A IW
l<:IW 1 120 240 6.00 0 .57 1.0 057 1.14 0 .33
,_ 2
120 240 6.00 4 .00 10.0 0.40 0.80 1.60
3 120 240 6.00 6.00 20.0 0.30 0.60 1.80
4 120 240 6.00 7.20 30.0 0.24 0.48 1.73
5 120 240 6.00 7.64 35.0 0.22 0.44 1.67
6 120 240 6.00 12.0 verv larQe 0.00 0.00 0.00
(i) State the effect of increasing the load resistor on the input current.
(i) Explain why the light bulb lights up when the A.C . mains is swHrhorl on?
........................ (1)
~ii) When the load resistor Is 10.0 n, calculate the percentage of the input ~<:!Wer that is wasted in
the transformer.
(ii) Why do more turns make the bulb glow brighter?
14 15
percentage wasted = ....\ ..... [2)
r~;; Discuss whether columns 1. 2, 3 and 4 suggest that the transformer is a step-up or a step-
down transformer?
[2) nme =.L .121
11 OR
11 OR (~) Sketch a graph to show how the displacement ot the material of the ciisc varies with time as
one pulse IS created. 'ndicale the bme involved
Ultrasound techniques are used in tile cllarncal engineering 1ndustJy for measunng and
detecting the levels of liquid in closed vessels. In one such method. the Pulse Echo method,
pulses of ultrasound are passed through the liquid under test By timing the echo of a renected
pulse it is possible to calculate the depth of liquid in the vessel.
The apparatus is shown 1'.l Fig. 11.2.
The source of ultrasound is a transducer. Separate
pulses of ultrasound are created using a thin disc of
material which is made to oscillate rapidly at a sealed
vessel (2)
freouency or 6 Ml-iz. Each pulse contains Just a few
~~~~~~ madeof
cycles ot the osc1:iation. with the amplitude rapidly (c) Explain why. when each pulse 1s sent out 1nlo the metal,
deaeasing wrtll lime. metal (')a large pulse returrs almost immediately,
The ultrasound passes into the metal of the vessel but,
at the metal/liquid boundary, onty about 12% of the
ultrasound passes into the liquid, the other 88% is ........................... ...................................... ... ..................................... ,(1)
reftected. The pulse is highly directional a~d does not
spread out transd ~ ttien a much smaller pulse (abou1 1.4% of that initially passing into the metal) returns.
At the boundary between the liquid and Ille gas 1n the
vessel very nearly 100% of the ultrasound Is reflected.
The reflected signals are plciled up by another transducer similar to the one that generated it,
indeed it is usuaUy convenient to i,se tre >ame transducer for emrtting and receiving the
T~e time taken for the sound to travel through tne IK1uid is measured and the po:.1liur1 ur U1e
liquid surface can be calculated. ........................... ...... ......... ..................... ........... " ................... "' .... (2)
[Adapted from Ultrasonic Transducers for Chemical and Process Plant (R.C Asher Physics Calculate how long the ultrasound w'll take to return to the transducer given that the
Technology, vol14)) thickness of the metal is 1 O cm and the depl'1 of the liquid Is 30 cm. Take the speed ot
ultrasound in the metal as 5600 mis and in the hquid 1500 mis
Af'!swer the following quesbons based on the 1nformatioo given above.
(a) Calculate the time taker for one oscillation of the disc In the transducer.
16 17
Anglican Hig h School Prclim Exam 2010
Pure Physics Paper I & 2 suggested answers 3(a) (i) Difference in pressure = ISOmmHg
= ( l 50x Io3) ( 13600)( I0) Pa
~ 20400 Pa
Paper 1 Answers
(ii) Pressure at the point = atmospheric pressure + pressure due to mercury
I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I I 12 I 13 14 15 16 17 I 18 19 I 20
B c D c IB c c D D i B A c = 760 + 50 mm I-lg
~ ~- D B B c D c = 810 mm Hg
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 I 33 34 35 36 37 138
21 39 140
(b) As density of mercury is very high. the column would be shorter
Paper 2 answers
I (a) The acceleration of trolley Q is lower than that of trolley P.
4 (a) Black surface is a better absocber of radiation than white surface.
This is because trolley Q has a larger mass than trolley P.
Hence water in flask A is hotter thu.n the wntcr in flask B.
Water in flask A expands more than water in flask B.
The net force on trolley Q is less than that of trolley P
as friction force acting on it is higher.
(b) As volume decrease, the number of molecules per unit volume increases I
l (b) The net force is much smaller during the 0.2s as the friction acting on trolley Pis space for the molecule to move decreases.
The frequency of collision of the air particles with the walls o f the tube
much higher now. This results in a smaller speed.
After 0.2s, the net force on trolley P is now negative as friction is the only force increases.
Force exerted on the walls per unit area increases.
acting on the trolley. Hence the trolley decelerates and finally stops.
l(c) W = mg S(a) (i) The electrons are transferred from the cloth to the rod.
- 0.50 x 10 This causes the rod to be negatively charged as it has more/extra
2(a) The sum of clockwise moments about a point is equal to the sum of
(ii) The copper rod is a conductor in which electrons arc free to move.
anticlockwise moments about the same point.
The extra charges gained from the cloth will be trarsferred to the hand.
(b) (i) 1rs1 ...
(iii) Hold on to the copper rod with an insulator instead of using bare hands.
~" ,r~
must be drawn from the CG
(ii) Let the weight be W. Taking moments about P,

(i) The rod is attracted towards the metal sphere.
w x 10 = (2.0 x 5) + (2.0 x 35) + (6.0 x 50)
W =38 N
Ammeter m series wilh lamp (c) The soft-iron gets magnetized and attracts the soft iron am1ature.
t2V _.._
Voltmeter parallel to lamp The lower set of contacts arc separated I the circuit for lamp A breaks and
Ammeter cannot be in senes wilh hence lamp A goes off.
the 12 V battel)'. The upper set of contacts arc closed I the circuit for lamp B is closed and
hence lamp B lights up.
9(a) (i) Ray without arrow or wrong arrow direction, minus Im max.
(b) (i) R = V / ! = 6.0/2.4
=2.5 n
(ii) P - VJ - 6.0 11. 2.4 (ecffor current value)
= 14 Wor l4.4 W
7(a) Result Switch Switch Switch
A B c
A blow of hot
air " " " I
A blow of cold
air " " I
(b) Switch C
(ii) object distance = 7.8 cm
(c) lhc heat generated by the heater would not be effectively removed.
This may cause the exterior cover of the dryer tc melt. (iii) magnification= distance.ofimagefromJhele1rs
(d) The live components inside a hair dryer are carefully shielded and isolated 4.8
from the user by means of double insulation/ The outer casing of the hair 7.8
dryer is made of insulator. =0.62
Hence there js no danger of the casing becoming live even when the live
wire touches the casing due to a fault.
9(b) (i) In general, speed increases as wavelength increases.
(ii) Speed remains constant when depth changes.
(iii) frequency = speed/wavelength
= 3.95/10
= 0.395 Ilz
Straight in the middle, curve near the sides, with arrows from N to S.
(b) A soft magnetic material gets magnetized easily while a hard one does not.
A hard magnetic material retains its magnetism while a soft one does not.
I O(a) Specific heat capacity of water is defined as the amount of heat required to (i ii) It is a step-up transfom1er as the secondary tuns are larger than the primary
raise the temperature of ill of 'A'ater through~- turns. Moreover, the output voltage is larger than the input voltage for rows 4, 5
and 6 (load resistance >200).
(b) (i) Q = mce = 20 x 4200 x (100-20)
= 6 720 000 J
ll OR
(ii) Q = LVt = 2.5 x 1000 x t
6720000 l l (a) t = l= _ 1_
t = 2 .5 I OOO = 2688 S f 6x10'
(c) Q = ml = IO x 2260 x 1000 = 22 600 000 J = 1.67 x 107 s
(d) During vaporization, latent heat is used by the molecules to break. the bonds of (b) displacement
attraction between the water molecules.
Euergy i:; ahu n::y uired for the water molecules to overcome external
atmospheric pressure to escape into the atmosphere.
OR: energy is used to push on the atmosphere as the water molecules occupy a
larger volume
OR: energy is converted into potential energy of the water molecules at the
gaseous state. (c) (i) 88% of the pulse (ultrasound) is reflected back and it travels fastest in
11 Either
(ii) Only 12% orthe pulse passes through the solid container into the
I l(a) (i) There is a change in the magnetic lines of force linking the 5-turn coil/circuit liquid. As the pulse in the liquid gets reflected back to the solid
on the left due to the alternating current in the 50-tum coil.
container, only 12% of this pulse can pass throJ gh the solid container to
An induced emf is produced in the 5-turn coil, hence induced current flows and
the transducer.
the bulb glows. Hence only 1.4% (0.12 x 0.12) returns to the transducer.
(ii) When there are more turns, the rate of change of magnetic lines of force
linking the coil on the left will increase. ( d)
time . metal = 2( 1x10-2 )
taken to travel through
According to Faraday's Law of electromagnetic induction, the induced emf 5600
produced in the coil on the left wi ll also increase and hence more induced c urrent = 3.57x10-6 s
will flow and the bulb will be brighter.
time taken to travel through the liquid= 2( 3 ox1 o->)
(iii) Placing an iron bridge I bar across t11c top of the U-shaped iron core I use
= 4.00x 10... s
laminated sheets for the iron core I reduce the number of turns of the coi I with
the A.C. source.
total time taken = 3.57xl0.,' + 4.0xl 0...
= 4.04xl 0 s
(b) (i) The input current will decrease till it becomes zero.
(ii) Input power= V x I = 6 .00 x 0.80 = 4.80 W
percentage power wasted= 4SO-t60 x 100% = 66.7%
.c Nu_m l ____
__b_e_r..._ N_a_m
Which of the following pairs of physical quantities have the same unit?
PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION 2010 A energy a.nd power
SECONDARY FOUR EXPRESS B friction and pressure
C heat capacity and latent heat
PHYSICS 5058/01 ~ displacement and distance traveled
26 August 2010 2 The diagram below showS a thick-walled tube. The thickness of the wall ts 3 mm.
1 hr INhat IS the internal diameter O( the lube?
0800 -0900 h
Candidat es answer on the OAS
Additional Materials: ~alculator
Oo not open this booklet unm you are told to do so.
Write your namo, clas.s Md index number in the spaoes at the top o! this page and on the Optical
Answe< Sheet (OAS).
There are fOf'ty ques1lons in this paper. Answer all question. A 2.8cm
For each question there are four possible answers A. B, and o. Choose the one you conside
correcs and reoord your choice in soft ~ncil on Iha OAS .

e 3.6cm
o 7.4 cm
The pendulum shown below \Akes 0.25 s lo move from point P to point a. Whal is
the treqUflncy of the oscillation?
Take acceleration due lo gravity. g =to m/s2 unless otherwise stalad
Silent eledronic c:alculators may b;i used.
A 0 .25 Hz
C 1.00 Hz
t7 2 .00 Hz
This document consists ct 15 prtntcd pages
An iron cube of side xis resting on a horizontal plane. How will the pressure P on
4 Three coplanar forces F 1, F2 and F, ;icting on a particle 0 are represented in the plane vary with x?
m~nilude and direction in the diagram below.
L, l=-- PL.'6=_.
To balance these forces, a single force, Fis applied. F should be equal to
1 16 5 cm' was added to 20 g of water at 4'C
9 Ice at .5c of mass _15 9 and voThumel of ice and water was left on the table and
and volume 20 cm~ 1n a glass. e g ass
A F3 the temperature was aUowod to stabilize to 4 C.
8 2 F3
C F 1 -F2 What is the density or the Ice-water mixture?
0 F, + F2 A 0.95gcm.J
Q 0.96gcm"
c 1.00 g cm.J
s A particle is molling in a stralght tine. Which of the &peed-time graph is O i.1ogcm.,
If the engine of a rocket traveling in space is turned off, the rocket ,..;n
A st.oP malling. .
e continue to move "1th uniform vel<Y.1ty.
e continua to move with decreasing s~.
o continue to move with uniform accelerauon.
sk of .water usi:ig a stand and clamp as shOwn in t~
1 that the arrangement will ran eas~y.
A B c 0 11 A swdent sets up a Ila . h tells hm
diagram below. However, his tcac er
To make the arrangement more stable. he shou1d
6 A beam balance cannot be used to measure the mciss of a body if there is f\O
gravitational field. This is because
A. the beam balance measures mass by comparing weights.
ll in the absence of gravitational field, substaf\Ces cannot exist.
o in the absence or gravitational field, mass and weight are equaL
0 in the absence of 9ra11itational field, the quantity mass does not eX1st
1 A body Is molling in a straight line under the action of a constant force. Which of
the following quantity of the body wlil change? I. shorten the distance d that the flask is abQlle the base of lhe stand
A mass
\\i. ~:=~~~~e~~3 ~:~~ ~~at the n;isk of water is at a higher level
B inertia
c acceleration A I and II only
0 kinetic energy B I and Ill only
C II and 111 only
D I, II and Ill
6POHS 2010 $4 Exp;eu SOSM
Ph)"'k:& Eumlru1ton
12 low hows a umform
. recianglllar plate PQRS of WEll9hi 10 N and
The d iagram be
4 s led about comer P. . . I lo:e in thal
. es cm by 3 om. PfVO mes to rest with R iff
Frictional fcxce d er.;
from gra111tali0na i
while gravi1ational orce
acts in a
sio fme the plate ro. in a llOrizontal d11eot1on
After sW111g1 feely
ng P. e1nerQy lost by the plate? frictional force acts does not.
vertically below is
=~!1 d:~
vertical direction. trouble but grawational gravitational force. ili!e
c frictional foroe. force exceeds wori<
I~ C::~~rmal into potentlal energy "'
p 'Mlrl< done by f Inst gmllitatioN1lforce energy.
Q worlc done aga . lo I converted in .n
n inclined plane wit
k done against friot n '
15 woe
a pushing force p is applied on a block, it meves up a
s 4cm R ~!- ~
A 0 .10 J
'B- 0 .15 J
C 0.20 J
0 0 25 J
R its weight W and
The forces acting on thle llaoMng
Which ortha o
block Include
be~t lrepre
diagramnorma reaction
sentsforce ' body diagram of
the free
A uniform plank .is su~pothe below. at
cteddiagram AP and ~act.s on the plank at O.
A boy walkll on the plank fristion f . o
from to P as shown n the blOck? c
p a 16 A narrow beam of. light
. i: incident
the angle of VICidence
at the from
i is increased glass;}~~ :~~~~~d~es Iha brightness of
As d vary?
The distance between the boy and point Q is x. How
C does R vary W11h '11.?
.. ....,, ra t.:,'~
~ h.~L
Incident , beam
Rl Ax .
beam I
~ L L
Bdgh~tn"' 8"gh\"'~
10 "''1A
. . ; L._____j__
ao / ao
80. ; eo
17 A small iJninous objP.ct ie placed at a point .X ir. front of a plane mirror MN. Ti'.&
object S then moved tr. a point Ynuch that '1:'f is paraltel to the mirror. Tt.c gmph below shows a sol<d JI mass 4.0 Kg M'!ich is healod by a 4CO W electric
heater. What is the ;pecific latent heat of fu~co of t~.e soltd?
Ot IM four reflected rays shown in the diagram below, two rays are cue to object
a t X while two other rays are due to object when it was at Y. Determina >. Y
0 15
A 1.CUkg'
B 3 .P kJ k9"
c 30 kJ kg''
A 07cm i's 6Ci kJ l<,g'1
e 1.o cm
c 1.Scm x
T we blOcks and Y which are mado of ttie same metal are healed by heate<s <;>I
D 3.0 C'l\ the ~e poo.ver atirlg. ~ vanatiof'I of temperature vith time ol bO'h blC>C'<S IS
s"lown on the same graph telo,..,.
,; In the diagram below F a nd f' ere lhe cc of a dive111ing le1s. Whid'I is tne most )(
likely path of the ray XY af\or passing thrcu;h the IBtls? t.emperature /C
\/\'hat is the ra~i<. of the n1ass of .X to that of Y?
A. 1:3
B 1:4
,. Path 1
c 3'1
0 4:1
II Path 2
c Pa!.h 3 A sound wave a wa.el9ngth of 30 cm ar.:l speed c' 330 ms" in. 1a1r Wilen the
0 Pa'. h4 sound wave enters a meclum, ils speed changes to HO m s . What b its
wavaleogth in the '?
) I) r,m
a 15 c~
C 30cm
o 60cm
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. 22 What is the period of the wave in the diagram below?
25 Fout metal spheres, P. Q, R and S are suspended by cotton threads with P
touching Q and R touching S. A positively charged rod is brought near S and then
P is earthed, as shown in the diagram.below.
Os 5s 10s 15s 20s
A 3.5 s
'B 5.0 s
c io.os
D 20.0 s
n X-rays are used in clinical diagnosis for taking X-ray films because If the ea rth and the rod. are both removed. what are the char es on the sohe
p a R s
negative neutral neutral
I. X-rays affect photographic plates. A ne;iallve
II. X-rays cause ionization. negative negative positive - negative -
ts negative
Ill. the absorption of X-rays is different for different materials. c neutral neut1al
positive <' negative -
0 neutral negative
A lonly
B II only
C lllonly 21> A positive static electric charge is placed at P and a negaiive static electric charge
0 I and Ill only is placed at Q respectively. X is equidistant from points P and Q.
2:4 The diagram below shows a ship moving from p to Q
The ship contim1ously sends ultrasonic waves to the ~ea-Oed.
p a ~-8.,..
ultrasonic " :. x

What is the direction of electric field at the point X due to both static charges at P
Which of the following graphs correctly shows the variation of the time interval and Q as shown in the diagram above?
between emitted pulse and ~s echo from the sea-Oed along PQ?
8 c D
"c - l
p Q p Q p Q p Q
Position of ship Posltlon of ship Position of ship Posltlon of ship
BPC)"IS 2GIO S4 ~~ 50S8/I
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?h)'ilc\ ~cfim!Mry f.,(arnln.oeot\
~e .::liayr;;;;; !!11low sho~ a mel<:1I block of dimensions 1 cm by 2 cm by 3 c
e re~1stance of the block due to faces x, y and are
Determine the relative values of R R and R
x. 1 l

;i: R
o m
x. "rand R, respectively.
30 The diagram below shows a three-pin plug. Which wire should X. Y and Z be
connected to?
2cm x
A R,> R,> R,
B Ry>R,>R, x y z
c R,> R, >Ry A neutral live earth
0 R,> R,> Ry El live earth neutral
c . earth neutral live /
28 In the circuit below, the ratio of power dissipal;-d in the resistors R'. R, and RJ is O neutral earth live....-
31 The heating element of an eledric cooker consists of two 50 O coils. The coils
may be used singly or together in series or in parallel combil".Stion. If the cooker ls
used on a 230 V supply. what is the most appropriate fuse rating for tho heating
element circuit?
A R1 : R2 : R, "A
B R/ : R,2 : R,,' D 30A - - ---
c 1 1 3? The diagram below shows a potential divider circuit. When terminal J Is moved
R,' R; R, towards a.
which of the fo41owing stalements islare true?
0 -!... _:_
_1_ .
R, 2 R,'. R} p
The potential difference across a fixed resistor of resistance 5.0 n is 3.0 V.
What is the work done in carrying 2 o coulomb ~f charge through the resistor?
A 2.SJ
B 6.0 J
c 10 J
0 15 J I. The brightness of the bulb increases
11. The reading in the voltmeter decreases
Ill. The current lhrough lhe bulb decreases
A II only
B I and II only
C land Ill only
o 11 and Ill only
_ ...,&_
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:n A compass is placed at point M on the cardboard as shown in the diagram below. '
, The nor1h pole of the compass needle will 'point in the direction of 36 The diagr<im below represents a model motor.
A B c b
l4 An electron beam passes through a pair of solenoid as shown in the diagram When the key K is closed, as seen by observer at 0, the coil will
below. In which direction is the be<im of electrons deflected?
A remain stationary.
B rotate ctockwise.
c rot.ale anliciocl<wise. .. . . . d. Jar
oscillate about the axle until it rests in a position with its plane perpen icu
to the magnetic field.
Electron '"'am The diagram below represents a model generator. Risa fixed resistor.
A into the page
El ou1 of the page
C upward
D downward
35 The figure below shows the resultant field pattern arourid a cross-section of a
direct-current canying straight wire placed in a unif?rm.magnetic field.
Which of th e following graphs represents the variation of voltag!l with time?
c D
A a
Whal is the dlreclion of force acting on the ....;re?
A r ightward
B out of the page
C upward
C5 downward
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Pti(SQ Prt:Amlnacy e:1to~n irtion
Section A
Answer all questions in !his section.
two horizontal ropes A and B. whi<:" are
38 The resistanee of a thermistor a11d a light-dependent resistor depends on different A box is dragged across a floor by
.....,...., lo the direction of motJon of
1 f 36 and 21 res.,..- -
physical quantities. Which or lhe following conditions wiH c-?use the resistance of
mclined aTIhan abonxg ~~ains in oontact with the ftoor.
both a thermistor and a light-dependent resistor to be maximized? the bolC. e
. . Determine ltle tension in rope B and the
- Thermistor Li h\-<le endent resistor The tension 10 rope A 15 2oN. --'ud labeled vector diagram "' your
1-'ighest teml)e(eture Highest brightness resultant force on the box. 11"" e
h ighest temperature Lowest brightness answer.
IC lowest temperature Highest brightness
LQ-_ _,_;;.lowe
="'~-"tu'"-re.._._ _Lowest htness
~9 Power is supplied lo a load from an ideal transformer. The primary ooil draws a
current of 0.10 A from the 240 V mains supply in order to deliver a current or 2.0 A
to the load.
Which of \he following is lhc correct set of values?
Number of turns Number of turns Potential difference.
on orimarv coil on secondarv coil
across loadN
A 300
B ,6000 300 12
c 300 6000 4800
0 6000 300 4800
40 An alternating current is passed through a circuit wi'.11 s'hitch S, diodes and twO
light bulbs L1 and L1 .
...---.----<> 40 v o--~-,
tension in rope B = .. ..
Which or the two light bulbs L 1 and L2 lights up when the switch S is (I) open; end
(ii) close,_d._? -..._ ___,,,_,,...,.....----.-----::::--,~-:---:---, resultanl force = (3)
S is dosed
A L2 only
Iii L, only .
c L 1 and L~
0 L and Li
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Phys.oo P1~ [u""n.Uon
Fig. 2. 1 shows a Jet plane which can carry six peoofe. The plane is at resl.
3 .
Asphencal uuOf m a..
b-" ..., 0 5 ,,_
"" faRs from rest in air and strikes a pood below. . For
variat~ kinetic energy of the bOb with the distance moved
~~in~ ~t~~:ent. The gravitational field strength g is 10 NI kg.
the us& only
Fig.2.1 10
(a) On Fig. 2.1 . draw arrows lo represent the forces acting on the plane. label
your arrows With Ifie names of the for~ (1 J
When fuUy loaded, the mass of Iha plane and its passangera is 2560 kg.
During taktH>tf, the 11.W> jet engines exen a total thrust of 8000 N and the friction r
between the wheels and the ground is 340 N. .,,
~:__--..r----j~---,r---r--~~ distanc.i m
0 2 $
{bf (i) Calculate the initial acceleration of the plane during take off.
Fig. 3.1
{a) (i) V'Jhat Is the depth of the pond?
depth " .................. (l]
{IQ Find the acceleration of the bob before it covers a distanoe of 2m.
acceleration= .. -., ......... r~ ... (2)
(ii) Explain why t~e acceleration decreases as the plane speeds up.
acceleration=................. ... (I]
... ............ ...................
(iii) What is the significance of the value obtained in (ii)?
~Y " " " [lj
{iii) The average accefe<ation during take-off is 2.2 mls 2 Calculate the
time the plane takes to reach its lake-off speed o f 55 mis. -..-.............................................................[!]
(I>) Describe the energy Changes of lhe bob in AB.
............................................... y .............
................................................ - ...- ..... ,.,............[1]
Fiod lhe tenninal velocity rea~ed by the bob
$PGHS 2010S4 Ez.Pteu 5051111 time= ........... ............ (2]
f>hyua. Pr._,.fl" &~tion Ptiper J
vetoci1y =........ -~-r-111
5 6
A student experimented with fight on a triangular glass prism XYZ. A light ray is
s incident at 11' on the surface XZ from air. The subsequent path of the ray in the
U$11!1 only
4 Fig. 4 .1 snows a wooden walking-stick and has a metal head
lt balances on a pencil placed 0.50 m from its rubber fool. and a rubber fool prism is shown in Fig. 5.1.
Flg. 4 .1
(a) (i) Why is the balance of the walking stick nol affected by its weighr'
- ... - - - ""' "'"' V o[1 }
Fig. S.1
( ii) The pencil is moved along the walking-slick towards its b
State and explain the motion of the walking-stick. ru ber foot.
(a) (i) Calculate tho refracti11e index of the glass.
"Pf".... .. . - ..... .. . . ... ....... . . . ... . . . - .... ..
- -
... ........ .... ...... ....... ........ ............... .., ........ ........................ ) .' \
. . . . .. . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . - . .. . . . . . . ... . .... . 1 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . refractive index =........ -:: .........(1 )
............ ........................ ..................................................... (21
(ii) State what is happening al E.
The pencil is now placed at o 45 m from lh
n 15 m from the rubber foot balance the t~ ::i'kin;~t::"o~ :oi!~~~s is placed
bb 1
....-.u ...,,...... - ...... '--"''"'"' .. ~~- .. -11)
(iii) Calculate the least possible value for angle 'JL for this effed to occur.
{bl ;aleulate the weight of the walking slick.
The gravitational field strength g is 1o N 1 kg.
'JL= ... ..... .. ...... ... (1)
N) .=xptain. with clear catculat10C1, the subsequent path of the fight ray after ii
reaches the surface XV.
weight = ......................121 ..... ~ .......-: ...... .....,, .. :: ..... ; .............................- .....,,,.,.... .. .. ~ ............. .
.. (2]
.. . ...... ........ ........................................
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6 ~~al~ ~f ~ecies is placed in front of and dose to a squared paper as shown
. . . e image obseNed through the lens is as shown. .
7 A student is investigating the effect of electromagnetism in a loudspeaker. He F"'
attaches a magnet to a cardboard cone to represent parts of lhe features in a :: : : " '
" \_ _ _ The magne\ is placed dose to a ooa A. which is connected to an electrical circuit
_,_ -- L1 .,. '--~
L2 :: '--'-
ooil A
( ) S Fig. 6.1
a late the type and linear magnification, m, of both tens
15 v
L1 Type= .. .,..... ............. m=
Fig. 7.1
L2 Type= ......... .............
m= ....o........... 111 {a) The ends of oo~ A is connected to a 15 V battery. Switch S is closed.
An object placed 30.0 cm in front of State and explain the movement of the magnet.
Image which is twice the size of the obje~~nver91n9 lens produces an upright ,
... (21
lb) l"he 15 V battery is now replaced wilh a 1S V a.c supply lhat causes the
oorrent in the cott to change direction 100 times every secood. Explain why
the above set-up can produce a sound wave in air v.tien S is dosed.
... .... ..... ............................................... .................................. ... .
Fig. 6.2 . .. .... ..... .. .._...................... ........................................................... .
(b) In Fig . 6.2, by drawing suitable rays above. locate and label ........................... ............ ................................................ ......... [2)
(i) the lens L, (11 (cJ lhe sound wave has a frequency o f 1.0 kHz. The speed of sound in air is
(Ii) principal focus F 11 1 320 m/s. Calculate, the wavelength of sound wave in air.
(e rom Fig. 6.2. find the focal length of lens, f.
f =... ............ (1 )
wavelenglh ~ ........ :'..::.. ...'..(1]
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8 Flg. 8. 1 sho"."s M el~ctrical circuit containing three resistors and a 50.0 cm long ior For
resistance -Mre or resistance 10 n per metre is added across points XY. nn>ners Switch S 1 is closed and switch S2 is open. The resistance wire XY is examtne1's
removed and a new resistor is added across XY. The p.d across the new <tS<>Ollly
A jockey J is placed on the 40.0 cm mark of the resistance wire and the other resistor is 9 .0 V. Calculate the resistance of the new resistor.
end is connected lo a voltmeter. Switches s,
and 5 2 are used to control the
current in tile citaiil
resistance =....................(21
9 A bar magnet is suspended by a spring so ltlat i\ can osclllllta freely in and out _of
a coil as shown in Fig.9.1. The coil is connected to an oscilloscope, which has ls
time base switched on. The oscilloscope Is ad1usled so a trace is obtained.
fig. 9.2 shows an enlarged view of Iha trace at a particular instant
Fig. 8.1
s, -
{) When switch is open, the ammeter reading Is zero. ,........_ r v
~late the value of the potential difference across switch s,. I \ /
potential difference =..... ~_ ..........(1 1 .----. "' \ I
(b) 'ilJ Determine the ammeter and voltmeter readings when S 1 is closed
and S2 is open.
II 1cm
1 ~m
Fig. 9.1 Fig. 9.2
Cat Explain why there '16 an induced alternating emf in the coil \Nhen the
magnet is oscillaljng inside the coil.
ammeter reading=... ................(1)
voltmeter readrng " ... . .......(1)
(ii> Withou! further calculation, state and explain whether there are . f .......................... . . . . . . ........ ..... .
chllnges in both meters when switches S 1 and 5 2 are closed.
............................................. (2)
ff the osciUat1ng magnet Is moving up and down at a frequency ?r 2.5 Hz
and the peak voltage is 12 V, state the Y-gain in V/cm and the time base
sensitivity in ms/cm of the CRO
Y-gain " .. ......... [1]
time-base "[1)
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Phylkl Prd'fn'li.lry EA.em.,etion Ptipe( 2
8PGHS 1010 $4 E:rpre.u 5051.JU
Phrsb ?tcfflrin'Y E1~A'linatln Pap-tr2
State and explain the poiot(s) f>., B, c, D or Eal which the magnet 12
(I) moves past lts equibbrium position Section B
Answer ooly one of the two altemalive questions in Question 12.
.. --
10 Read the foliowing.artiele ancs then answer the questions that follow.
(Ii) Is al the extreme point of its oscillat1on
The operation of a refrigerator is-based on two physical principles. First wt.en
a substance changes from liquid to gaseous state, its temperature remains at
its boiling point and latent heat Is absorbed by the substance. On the other
hand, the boiling point of a substance rises under high pressure, allowing lhe
gasified substance to return to its fiquid stale, hence releasing the latent heat.
- .[1]
obs~ lo fi Fig. 10. 1 shows that a pipe located partly inside (inner pipe) and partly outside
,,! ::ruceev'!hlg.~~r
(d) If lhe student wishes
state one way In which this can freq~<:>' on the CRO. (outer pipe) a refrigeralor. A special substance called the refrigerant has a
of the CRO. Wluoout ad1ustir1g the settir1gs ver/ low bomng point and ~s continuously circulated within the pipe by a pump .
.......[1 I
Fig. 9.3 shows lhe magnet beln
through the coil g re1eased from rest and Clropp1ng venically
On Fig. 9.4 sketch a graph or Ila
on lhe CRO. \/0 ge against lime n the first C.4s as observed
~oillt voltage
GJ release
- --- t.=.os
Fig 10.1
A narrow hole at the lop part of the outer pipe slows down the refrigerant,
causing It lo be under high pressure. As a result, the refrigerant eJ(periences a
rise in boiling point and fiquefies. releasing the latent heal
When the liquefied refrigerant enters the refrigerator. ils pressure is reduced
and its boiling point re'!Urns to its previous low level. The refrigerant then
changes from liquid to gaseous state in lhe inner pipe.
Source: HKCEE
(a) In terms of molecular motion, explain how the items in the refrigerator can
be kept cool by lht! refligerant.
- - --==c:.._____ _ t =0.4 s
Fig. 9.3
Fig. 9.4
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(IJ) E><plain. in terms of whether latent were released or absorbed, the
thermal process that the refrigerant undergoes in the (f)
F 10 2 below shows the cooling curves of two p.ure liquids, y and Z =::,.;_.,
(i) inner pipe; and
u~der the same cooling condition. Both Y and Z have the same mass. ..., onty.
(ii) outer pipe.
"' - -tr " '' .. " -- "'
--..-.................. ...~..........._ ................... ............ .....(11
(c) What is the purpose of the pump?
- ...... ~ ...................................
............. ................ ............ ..... ...........................................(1)
{d) How is the boiling point of the refrigerant Increased?
Fig 10.2
(i) State the significance of temperature T1 as shown in Fig. 10.2
... . .................. ......................................................................... (1)
(e](i) When the remgeranl is in operation. the outer pipe dissipates thennal
energy. Stale and explain a design of the outer pipe that increases the
rate of heat dissipation.
..............-- ... .- ........................... ... ..............[t]
Which substance has a greater specific heat capacity in the liquid state?
Explain your answer deartv.
...... ... .. . . ................ ! .... ..... .. ; ...... ... .... .... ........ ........ ..... (1)
, ............... ... ~....... .... - .- ..................................... .....111
\!ii The average rate of heat dissipation inside the refrigerator is 120W. Find
the minimum lime requited to completely freeze 0.2 kg of water that was
(iii} Which substanceiias a greater speetfic latent heal of fusion? Explain your
placed in lhe refrigerator at an initial temperature of 20' C.
answer clearly.
specific heat capaclty of water is 4200 J kg' 1 c-1
specific lalenl heat of fusion of ice is 3.34 x 1 o J kg'' '.
....~ ......... ................... ~. .\ ............ (11
time= .............. . ... [2)
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( ,, ) The value obtained in (i) ,changes as the level of the oil in the tank For
Fig. 11.1 shows a cylindrical metal tank resting on a horizonlal surface. The tank for fallS: Expl;iin this observa!JOn. vs only
has a base area of 0.50 m 2 and contains oil of density 804 kg m-3 to an initial height elCamrner'.s
ot 0.86 m. An empty U-tube Is attached lo the tank is linked by tap T1 while T 2 is u~e Only ....................... .............................. . ............ .. .
on the opposite side of the tank.
....... ................... .
................ ......
.................. ................ ................ ... : .................................. [2}
aro side of the LI-tube\ in Fig. 11.2 to indicate
T1 (d) Mark.two cro,:>S8ths (onU aluob~ ~en aH the oil has flo~d out of the tank. (11
theod !eves 1n e - .
A simiar set-up has a U-t11be that is sealed at its end an! originally having a
vacuum space before T1 is opened as shov.n 1n Fig. 11.3 belo
sealed vao.Jum
Fig 11.1 Fig 11.2 tankol oil
(a) And the wessure exerted by the oil on the base of the tank.
Fig 11.3
pressure= .: ............. : .. --' (2] (e) Describe and e)(IJlain what happens when T1 is opened .
(bl Tep T 1 is now opened. Draw an d label clearly on Fig.
new oil levels in the tank and the LI-tube.
t 1.2 to show the
..... ... ......... .. ................................. ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .'h
. . . . . . . . . . . 1. . . . . . . . - . ... .... .
. ...................... .. .. ................................
<cl Tap T2 is then opened and oil flows out at the rate of 1.50 x 10"' 01 3 /s.
........ ......................... ...................
(i) What is the rate of change in pressure exerted on the base af the tank?
.................................................... ........................................ (2)
rate; ............... ... ... [2}
tl~GkS 2010 $4 Expteo 5056"1
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17 18
12 EITHER lb) '(ii) Fig. 12.2 shows lhat a typical ultrasound pulse consists of several vibration
cycles. Find the pulse duration. t. (1 I
Fig. 12. I shows a thin disc known as tr sd
vessel of 1.Scrn thickness' throughout a~h u~r. mounted at the bottom of a metallic
5.0 MHz. This transmits an ultrasound e ansducer oscillates at a frequency or displacement
liquid lerel surface. where it is reflected bapucklset thhrough the metallic vessel toward the
o t e transducer.
Fig. 12.2
t= ~-:-................. ..~... [11
(c) 'The speed of ultrasound decreases from 5000 mis in metal to 1800 mis in the
Fig. 12.1 liquid. An emitted ultrasound takes 450 s to return to the transducer.
Determine the deoth of the liquid, 0 .
. .. .................. ... ..... ...... .. [t]
. 0 = ... ::. ~- .... " (2)
(b) (i) stale what is meant bv a frequency of 5 _0 MHz.

State a possible error in using the technique described above to fin<l the depth
of the liquid in the vessel .
.... (1]
........ {t)
"""' ... -' ... ........ ........... -- ....
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{tl Describe an expe riment 1o find th
In your account, e speed of ultrasound in the laboratory
Fig. 12.3 5hows the set-up for Faraday' s iron ring experimenl
draw~ d1ag-am of the apparatus and setup
d escnbe the procedure
explain how the speed ~f sound can be determined.
Flg. 12.3
(a) Describe and eXl!lain the obs ervation when switch S is closed.
.................... ................................... ....................................................(21
Electric.el energy distribution takes place around the countly through a network of
transmission cables. as shown in fig. 12.4. The power station generates 100MW of power
: ........ ... ........................ ....- al a voltage of 25kV.
............................. .
Tral'lsfonner A. which lil'lks the power station to the transmission cables, has 4000 turns in
... ..... - ........ - ...... ............. ........................................... the prima!Y coil and 44000 turns in the secondary coil
.......................................................... ... ............................. transformer
...... ......... ....................................... ........ ................
......... ..... ......... . ........... ............. ... .. power station
Fig. 12.4
............... ...................................... ....... ..................... ........
Find the current !n the secondary coil of Transform~r A .
~) (i)
.............. ............................. .............. ...... .- ........................... .......[3)
current "'...... .......... . .... [ti
State ano explain if electrical transmission in the cables is al a high or low
8POtiS 2010 $-( &ptcH 5051111
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{:) Alter transmission through the cables. only 80% of lhe original power
generated at the power station reaches Transfonner B. Find the total examn.r;
resistance of the transmission cables. .,.. onlf
resistance =........................ (2)
(il>) The soft iron core of the transtonner Is laminated. What material is used to
laminate the soil Iron core and what is the purpose of the lamination?
............................. ...... ......~ ............................ (11
(e.J Describe an experiment to demonstrate the two laws of electromagnetism (Faraday's
'Ind Lenz's). In your account,
draw a diagram of the apparatus and setup,
describe the procedure,
explain how the Laws are demonstrated.
.................... '-
....... ............................(3)
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Physic; Pfdim~ry Enmina.don Pa.per l
201 0 BPGHS PHYSICS PRB.IMINARY ExAMINATlON - SOLUTION . . rtical distance of 1.5 cm below P. ,
The C .G. is ongmally ~ 0, a~ equilibrium with the CG at 0 a
Aller oscillating, l3mina rebelow P '"~le: PR " ~l' + 4> " S cm.
Both diplaoement and cfistance share a common unit, metre (m}

vertical distance of 25cm

Hence PO' = 2.5 cm
2 B Readings can be taken from Ille ruler matkings
3 0 T 2x0.25 = 0.50 s f = lfT = 1/0.50 = 2 Hz f 1/T
4 B i:3<tTI
Resultant of F, and F2 F, Resultant of the 3 forces - 2 F, s
addition ------ ~ -----
5 B The velocily of the partide cannot have two values at the same lime. .. _ ___ .............. __ .......... .J
6 A
The reaciion rorce due to balance on the object of mass mis given in Mass and
weight R'
7 0 F m11. For constan! F, COM1ant acoelefation implies increase In Force and
velocity, v. This results in an increase in the kinetic energy, since KE " energy cm ,. 1 o cm s 0.01 m,
Y..m..? Since CG Is lowered by h," 2 S 1 5
Fe ma. Decrease in GPE = mgh = 10 x 0.01=0.1 J
KE= V. mv' POM
wei ht which produces a CW
8 A m pJ=p<' 13 B Answer is not 'A' because the plank has rled9whcn x ~ L Is non-:tero
moment about P. :. minimum force exe
W:mg=f('g 'I. P=!_ since an ACW moment b needed.
P=- - m pV weight of the plank below and w. be tha weight of the
A A Lei W , be the
" pxg bOy.
A Tal<ing moments about P.
x RL=W,(~)+W.(L-x)
pgx where p and x are constant
. w. w.x
ThusP .. x
9 c Oensd y of water at 4"C = 20g/20 cm' =1 9 cm~ Density or
R=- ~ x+(~ +w.)
OR Maximum density of water is 1.0 gJcm"
(or O 9997 gtcm"") at 4C W. . ruotJve
where gradient.m =--L isne,....
(OR. volurr.e of 15 9 of water at 4C = 1 x 15 = 15 cm' And the v&ttical intercept IS~=that when x = L, R is noo-:tero
15 g of ice melts lo form 15 g or water at 4c. One can observe from the equ. tiv& gradient and a non:tero
density of final water = (20 + 15)/(20 + 15) 1 g cm") = This results in a linear graph with a noga
10 B By Newton's Firs1 Law of Motion, an object in a linear motion continues
lo travel in a straight line if there are no external forces actina on
- N1L
vertical intercept.
normal reaction fo<ce I friction Forces
14 0 Friction is always perpendic<Jlar lo the
11 A I decreases the CW moment due lo weight of flask of water can be useful (e.g. walking)
P~nciple of
II causes an ACW momenV line of action of weight to lie within the Moments Free Body
bHe (s1and) . he suriace while friction opposes
(POM) 15 C Reaction force is pe1pend1cular t(o t d hence the upward direction) Diagram
the slipping motion Of the slope an
>-- Lighl,
12 A The lamina will always come to rest with ~ CG diredly below pivot P . .. I brightness lncteases due to total roflection
il.GPE "mgt.h 16 C When; excee~s crit1ca1 ang e, ---.----1---i-i;;';;';~~-
I alter several oscillations. The mechanical energy lost by the lamina is
In terms of GPE, where the mass lies at the CG (at 0).
l ( BPGliS Phy<lo tln1t - Prclini fxarnln< Report 2010 l

17 Ic intemal reflection
Produce the 4 rays ba~lcward v~ll
I Oistanoe bet...een the imaQes d stance
re t the Images of tne two obiects.
between the obied - 1.4 em

Lighl <ays \
P r ' I' rn E x I n1 ' n ~ c s ~ ~ fl o ' t
llB!>.:.iHS Phvslcs Utl t l -
18 A-
Di"'!rging :eos
diverges the ray (path 1) Diverging
' The direction of tho electri<: field clue to a po$~Ne cl\alge always . Electric field
Options 8, C aod D are ...-oog as refract' th . . c
outward with the e><Ceplion ol lhe ray throo: lh~~hnt~:~;~~n~s.lens l.ens
is Special Rays
originates 1rom the charge.
through thin - Resistance
19 D Q=m/1 I,"' Qlm = 400 X10 x 60:4 = 60 000 J kg'
I lens
27 B Use R a pl/A, wtiich results in R, : R 1 : R,
=~: ~ : ~
6 2 3
,___ Meltina
20 e- Given that both blocks ,.., bj
total energy absorbed by"p a~~ Qe~~~lo Iha same power rating, th e Heatiog
28 A Sinoe current flowing through lhe resistors are the same.
P= l'R
same over Iha same period I. Sinoe P = l' R. we have P, : P1 : P 1 "R, : R2 : R,
M,c:(GO - 20)" M,c(60 - 50) E=PI, 0=11
M.:M,c1:4 29 B E =Pl= M" It (V) = OV = 2X 3 = 6J
'-- - T iv to !1l(Tlflmber: (Of a fuse<j plug, Left p;n stands !or Uve. Recal
Wave -
21 A f= vlJ.." 330/0.3- 1100 Hz 30 B
Parallel and
>.' vii'* 110/1100" 0. 1m =10 an equation 8 Among tho possible combinations, the resistance is minimum when Ille
When 1 speed cleqeases. the wawleogth decreases V=fJ..
oo11s er. in paraOel. The eotnbined resistance in this case is (1/50 +
series circuits
proport1onalely. Frequency remains unchanged. =
1/50)"' 2S 0 and the current is V/R 230125 = 9.2 A. thus 10 A fuse
Coostant is U$ed.
.!'.'...'. ~
Since r is constant. usir>g ll'le wave equation, v f ..t frequency
When terminal J is moved towards a.
the resistance ol the circuit potentiometer
32 D
v ..t i ncreases. This causes the overall current to drop. Hence the cuuenl
and tho potential difference ac(OSS the bulb drops (resistance of bulb is
..t' 110
330 This yields ;., = 10 cm ci>nsla111). The brightness. i.e. power dissipalod across the bulb.
> docreasos as weu.
RH grip rllle
22 A Each cycle corresponds lo 3.5s Identifying one 33 A
By right han<I grip rule, CU(rent is to the right. Magnelk: field i s hence
<:vcle in a loop around the wire
23 D Statement I is required in explaining the formation of X -ray
mn. mase m Magnetic field
EM waves I- -
34 B When current nows. North pole acquired on lop aolenokl nearest lo
due to current
Stateme!'I Ill is required lo sllow the diffem , ol x....ay eledrOns, w!llle South pola acquired on tl'8 bottom solenoid nearest to
penetralion due lo different densities to fonn a
electrons Fleming's
Statement II is eotrect but not required as the .io1112mg LHR
is harmful IQ humans. nature of X-ray By Fleming' s let\ hand rule, the direction of the magnelic fo<ce acting
on the beam of eiedrons is out of the page (cutrent lo the left,
rnaoneti<: tleld actina dawnwardl Magnetic field
24 B At a pos41ion nearer to 0. the greater dep1h causes a longer time taken Reflection ol Magnetic force acts from e region of stronger magnetic field lo a region
35 c
of weaker magnetic fteld
25 A By olectrostalic induction.
posl11ve charge.
s will be i nduced with (-) ch arge and . R a
DC Motor -
Electrosl atic By Fleming's Left Hand Rule (LHR). a South (S) pole is a1 t he top of
36 B
(+)charged R will now induce() charge on Q and(+) ch 1P
~e~r:i'."1hed, 1he charge will be removod by groundi~~~e:ving~
Induction magnetize<! coil since the current is flowing clockwise i n the coil. As S
Is attracted to N of magnot, ~ must rotate antlclocl<'Mse (and rotation i s
~ in the preS<1nce of commuta!O<S) LHR
::::~g:~; :.~~"; will
When both eanh and charged rod are re d . When viewed from the back, the coil rolation is clockwise
flow into P from Q, meaning both P. Q are
~removal of cha19ed rod causes both eharges in S a!i Rlo Altematlvely
a~ze each other.
leaving both neutral force ac\lng on lell
Ffelrin9's Left hand rule shows downward
JJ (Q?- -;u JJ? arm/upward force on righl ann of the coil, cau$lng the coil to rotate in
an anlidockwlse manner when lliewed from the front. Observer 0 , at
the back, hence sees the coij rotatir>g in a clockwise manne<.
1J6r Altm~tively
Using Fleming's LHR. rt win show th81 the motion is downward for the
coil nearest to the N-pole of magnet
(and upward for the other coil next to $-pole). This produce an
anticlockwise rotation
3 IBP<iH ~ Phv sl cs Unit - i'relif":l Exa m l "e ' ' Nt roJ\ 2010
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37 0 A.C. genera1 (i.e. current musi aHemate between poslli'le and A.C.
Question 2
negall\'e values within a cycle) Other accepted answe~:
(a) Reaction (or Upthrust. Lift (not uplift))
38 0 F thermistor, ils resistance decreases wilh tempera1ure. Resistance
For LOR. when brightness increases. resistance drops. E.g. variation with Reacllon force
Darkness: maximum resistance, aboul IMO . brightness
Very bri9htllght mnimum resistance. about 10on .
39 B N,IN. = IJI, = 2.00.10 = 20 Transformers
Assuming ttia secondacy power output= pcimatY power in!KJI, Reaction f ceWeighl of plane
Weigh! of plane
V,N,=1.11, Weig hi of plane
Hence V, = 240/20'" 12 V
correctlv labelled force. in the correct direction
40 c L, is In series ~ S and hence win not light up if S is open Diodes and
Nate that a di e IMll allow current 10 pass through if tt Is forwatd s'Nit~e5in
bias..S. elecirical F. 6000-340B 7660 N
circuff Using a flm.
a 7660 I 2S:S0
8 = 2.99 mis
Piper 2 S!S;tlon A
Since the objecl remains !ti contact with lhe ground. lh\resultant focce must act in the dredion d (b)(ii) . 'stance This reduces the resuttanl
rnotion. In the solution below, resultant force is in the ootlzontal direction. Increasing speed cause lncreasl~g rur ; " n by the rallo of force to mass, where
"'-ce aoceteralion is ..e . s
l!!!'!ll force. F ""' e<luoed lhe aoceterahon decrease
Scale: 1 cmto2 N ' mass is constant and lhe nel 1orce 1s t '
Triangle Law OR Parallelogram uw b)(iii) u = o (al rest) a = 2.2 mis' ' v = 55 mis
( u -nco t = (v- u)/ a = (55-0) / 2 .2
,-... ' = 25S
3 j:>\(i) Oeplh of pond =3.0 m
8 p nc1p1e o! Conse!'Vation o( Energy,
at"top =e.
(before hilling waler)
F mgh Y, mV2
v =
= "2gh ,i ( 2 x 10 x 2) = 6.3 mis
Mark Scheme 11.elh<>d 1
Coned scale faaor (show at leasl 1 fort:e represeriled correctly) ~285
Corred 20 N force and direction 6 .3' O + 2(2)(a)
Correct triangle/ parallelogram (concept) 8 =9.9mis'0<10 mis1
Tenslon in rope B" (27 :t 2)N rewltarrt force= (40 :t 2)N
Forces detennlned using the correct method
Penaltt marls (Sub!ract Y, mart. each)
Nol wrong direction sho111n ( no arrow indicated) for Iha rorces
Nol wron.g labeling lhe forces
Unil I accuracy errors
Pn\im Exmnr< R tpo rt 2010
SIB PCHS Physic~ Ut"Ht - P1elim lx~min t-r s P.t:port 20 1 0 6\BPGH S Ph ~<i<I Uni! -
Area under v4 graph = distance travelled " Angle of refraction " 14
Hence,% x 6.3 x t" 2. Thi$ yields t" 0.635 s As the angle of incidence (9'!) is< than Le.
a=( v- u)/t" (6.3-1.1) I 0.635 = 9.9 mis' lhe fight .,..;11 refract al surface XY (bend awe from the normal).
MethO<! 3
(0+6.3)12 = 3.1S mis
Question 6 . . ificati of y,
t = s I <V> "2 / 3.15 = 0.635 s (a) L 1 is a~ (or concave) lens wilh a linear magn .' ~n ....!.
a " ( v - u) It= (6.3 - O) I 0.635 = 9.9 mis' l2 is a converging (or convex) lens with a linear magnificabon or l.
(a) (iiij The value is the a<:celeration due to gravity or acceleration when objeci Is under Orawtwo rays from Oto obtain image I {'Is mark per ray)
free4all, or gravilafonal a<:eeleration Position L and F shown (arid labeled) correctly
(ocallenglh f " 10 x 6 "(60.0 :t 0.5 )cm
(b) KE is converted to~ and internal enernv (in water)
I used lo overcome watet resistance I wave energy
(c) The bob reaches a constant terminal speed, v. when ils KE is 10 J
As KE is Hi J similar to part {b), it can infer that the terminal speed is
also 6.3 mis.
(or using calculation) E" Y. m'>l
10 =Y. (O.S) '>l
"" .J40: 6.3m/s
Question 4
_...... - -~ -
4 (a) The line ol action or weight of the mk passes through the~ (pencil)
Q! the CG is directly above the pencil. which acts as the pivot
Henco, the perpendicular distance if> zero.
No moment due to weight of pencil about the pivot since the moment due to a force
is given by the product of the force and the perpendicu4ar distance from the pivot lo
the line of action of lhe force.
(b) The walking sticlr. will turnlrotate anUclockwlso. Question 7
{or melal head >MO move down while the rubberfQPt will move up). 7 (a) The magnet will move away. . . .
The current thal flows into the coil wiU turn lhe iron cor~ Into an
The posjlion Ct the centre of mass/grayity {and hence the weight) is shifted to eledromagnet / the solenoid becomes electro-magnetized.
the left side of pivot (ie pencil). Using Righi Hand Grip Rule {or Clock Rulo), the right end of core
There is n<7W an unbalanced anlicloel\wise moment will be ~ As the near ends have the same S poles ,
and bke pgles repel, the magnet will move away. ~x 3
(c) Weight (of 500 g mass)= 500 /1000 x 10" 5 N
Let weigh! of stick be W The attemating current will produce allemalioO mag~lic poles on BY.
At balanee about pencil: the right side of iron CQre BY.
Total clockwise moment by weight = Total antlcloci<wise moment by mass which wi11 anract or repel the S-pol~ of magnet.
w x (0.5 - 0.45) =5 x (0.45- 0.15)
W= 30N As the magnet moves in and out, . d y,
QUO$tiOn 5 the cone which Is attached to the magnet will also vibrate, procluCIOQ the soun 6
(a) n sin i I sin r = sin 17' I sin 11 The layers of air are being alternatively comptessed and expanded
n= 1.S3 (or compression and rarefac1ion waves are produced) which propagated the . BY,
(ii) T olal intemal reflection sound wave
(iii) sin c" 11n=11 1.53" ~o.a (c) >-" "1r=32Q1 iooo" 0.32. m.
Hence. the smallest angle for TIR lo oa:ur is 40.8'
('1) L><: 90- ( 180 - ( 90 + 11 + 35)} = 46
La= 90-{ 180-(44 + 55))= 9
7 I BPGHS Physics Un i t - Prellrn !xan1ln~<s Report 2010 IBPGHS Physics Unit - Prelim Exarl\lner! Report 2010
Question 8
Induced votbge
(a) 12.0 V
(b) R, = 6 + 4 + 5 = 1sn
I c VI R m 12115" 0.80 A
Ammeler reads 0.80 A
p.d acrou reslster>ee wl1e (= 4 !l) = IR = o.a x 4 " J.2 v 0.4 time
Voltmeter 3.2 V
(c) Combined resistance~
(main) current I W111 Wicrease as Io 1/ Rat constant V. (or use v"' IR)
Hence. ammeter 1eadir1g Increases. tOa) As the refrigerant changes h slllle from ~quid to vapour. .
i\s molecules absorb btat energy from the. ait molecules 10 the relngerator.
As I lricreases, tf.a p.d across the 40 em wire will also increases Hence towering lhe kinetic enemy al the air molecules
as Va I al constant R. (or use V IR) and hence, temperature Inside the relrigermor and the Items.
Henc, voltmeter reading inaeases.
bi) Boiling since latent he'g Is ftl>sorbed.
(d) Either
Using potential divider. RI ( R + 4 + S) = 9 / 12 ii) Condensation since lalont heal ls released.
Solving, R" 30 n
Or p.dacross4n and60=12-9.,3'1/ c) The pu~ wmpressu the yapour of the relriger:mt
Current through both reslsiors c VI R 3 / 10 0.3 A and mates a conc!eose Into ~qyid.
Hence, resistance of unknr;,,,n resistor" V /I = & / 0.3 " 30 !l Circulates the relri9emnt around the pipe.
cl) Putting the rel~rant under h!Qh pressure.
(a) The osoUatory mollon ol the magnet in the ooi1 produces an 8ftemaling et') Cooling fins provide larger Sll!1ace 8fea
and cliano1nq magnetic f>eld in the coils. for heat to be radia!ed/!r1nsferred out laster
From Farada)"s law, an induced (and alternating) emf Is produced in the c::ools. or
or paint the pjee oulide lhe refr\ge!!lor blac:I<.
As the magnet approaclies/moves down the col~ as blaek 'obiecl ls a aooc! radiator of heal.
the magnetic Reid fines in the cois increases, inducing an emf In the coils
{using Farada)"a Law) The melill pipes is cofted
As the magnet moves up I away from ooils, the lll!IQDe!ic lleld In the coils to incroase surfaco area for laster heat release.
decreases. This Induce another emf in the coR but in the opposite cli1edlon.
Pl= mc8+m~
(b) Y-Gain 12V/3cm=4V/cm 120t "0.2Jt420Dx(20-0) + 0.2x3.34x10
Time bas4J : lel the ijme base setting be x t = 697 s or 11.6 min
ax " 0.4 s = 400 ms (1/2m deducted far absenu of unil or WJong s.f)
x400/B =SO ms/cm
f\) T1 is the same temeer@!yr! .
(c) (i) Poirit B. E: that liquid X and Y "'" a1 gyrjna the start of the fuD!ng
When moving past its rest position, the magnet must be at ns
areales\ speed and thus producing the maidmum cutting ol llekl iries ii amount
Substance Y. Under the same ()()O('V1g condillon. a s;re;rter of thermal energy needs
and io9ucing the highest voltage. to be lost t>Y
subilanco Y lor the same amount of fall in temeerature
I') Points A. ii) z.
Substance Wllh the same mass, substance Z takes a longer time to underoo a change In
Al lhe extreme swing, the magnet slaps momentarily. state. indieaiing that higher amount of l atent heal needs to be lost by Z compared to Y to
There Is no clianginq magnetic field in the coil at lhis inSlant and change lrom liquid to solid state
hence iero induced voltage .
Question 11
{d) Showe an alt erfl!!!ing von~e ( a sine wave) & 11a) P" hp9
the peak vohege for lhe 2 part of graph is greater 'IYilh a ~lime interval "0.88 x604 x10 (1]
~1015 Pa
9ISPGHS Phn1 es Unit - Pr~lim Exmlnen Repnrt 2010 lOl8PGHS Phys io U nit - Pretorn Em i oe,. R.oport 1010
= 7100 Pa (2 sJ) 111
b) Liquid levels In both tank alld U-tube are the same: (112] d) Most at the pulses pass the water-air boundiuy. Very weak reflected !"Ase will be detected
New liquid level is lower than jevel A (original poshion). [112}
(diagram 11.1 behind) reflecting surface .
o) Rate of chang& ol pressure = d>ange in PI time
W mg
~=A .A.. ,.!!!Rwte.~=pgx~
I f I At At A t
= BO~;lO x1.SOx10"4 {1)
D sensor
= 2.~Pa l s[1)
ii) As the level of oil in the tank falls. lhe oressure exerted bv the remaining liquid at the base
dllCl"eases.(1] This decreases the rate of flow~. alfectlng the rate orchange or
preH\ite (1} com uter
(aoct:pl mictophone connected to CRO) diagram
--- new 1. Set up the apparatus as shown in the above diagram. The sound sensor whloh is
connected to data Jogger is d m (aboot 1 m) from the reflecting surface <e.g. wall).
2. Turn on the ukraoound source to produc:e an ultrasound pulse.
3. The computer v.;u reco<d the pulse and ~s echo.
taMaf oll 4. The time taken, t s. between the IWO poises can be meas1Jred rrom the data logger
The speed ot ultrasound In the leboralory(air) am be calcuJared from v" 2d/I
Question 12 OR
Fig. 14.1 Reier to diagfam. (1 J When the a'Nilch Sis closed. anrenl nows in coil A. producing a megnelk: field in the coil A.
(both points must be Accadlng to the Right-hand grid rule, the N pole ol lhe magnetic fiekl ts at the top of coil A.
correct) The son iron ring i s magnetized. This magnetic field.Increases fTom zero to maximum. .
e) (1) The sudden inaease of the magnetic lleld ln the soft Iron dng lnducei an e.m.f. In colt B. Toh1s
Preuure exelled by the almosph!fe on the oil if ye!Y tvgb and (1/2) e.m.f. 1n ~um drive4 an Induced current to now in ooi1 B . .
cannat be balanced by the column ol Oil In Ille U-tube. (112] The polarities ol lhe illduced magnetic field can be obtained L1$ing Lenii:s law. The direclK>n
(since aim. pressure - 1.0 )C 105 Pa. a oc4umn of oi >12.5 m is req\Dred to balance the af the Induced cunenl in a dosed circuit Is always such that ~s magnetic effect opposes the
pressure. Bonus 1m if able to state this) change producing tt. "Fhus the top of coM B is N pole and the induced current flows from P lo
Question 1.:Z EllllER ~ using right hand grip rule the dlredion af the magnetic field around lhe wire PQ Is in
docklOise direction. The compass needle was eiteady in the ~redion of the magnetic fiekl.
a) A higb frequency SQ!lnd wave of more than 20 kHz beyond the audible (hearing) range of hence the compass will not show arry deflection.
human. (1)
bij V/N," V./N.
b)(i) It means sx10 complete oscillations per seoond. 25000/4000; V,/44000
V, m 275 OOOV
(ii) Period T 1JI = p cp,
" 11(5.0 x 10') 1oox1il" ' x 21sooo
=2.0x10"s l,=364 A
There were 3 pulses observed. Time taken f or 3 pulse" 3(2.0 x 10')= 6.0x101 s
II) High \IOllage. A high vollage, low current transmission wnl resutt in lower power loss during
c) time taken to travel through the metallic base" (1.51100)+5000 = 3.0x10-c s. the transmlssioo
time taken lo tr.wet in !he liquid= 4SOx10 - 2{3.0X10..) "444x10..s
V" 2d/I
d ~ 111/2 c)(i) Input power at Transformer 0 "(801100) x 100 x 10
~1I800x444x10..)/2 " 0.400 m =
80 tM>I
PDY!-er loss= 100 MW- 80 MW= 20 'I.KW
lllBPGHS Phy"" Unit - P1el i m x mlnus Report 2010
12 l 8PGHS Physi<S Unit - Prellm Emintrs Reoort 2010
P~-~ t2R
R=20x 1o'/ 3642 151 Q
I) LacquerNamlsh
To reduce power loss in the iron core due !o Eddy current
rrent in magnetic field
( G
Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram above.
Move t~ wire clown t hrough the magnetic leld, the gatvan6meter shows a dellection.
Move the v.lre dOW11 faster through the magnetic field. the galvanometer shows a bigger
~to the same side.
This demo<'lstraled the Faraday's law that the Induced e.mJ. (currem) ia dlreclly proportional to
the rate ot cuttt1111 the magnetic field rones. {1]
The currenl ln the .,,.;re in magne!lc fteld will produced an upward force on the wire
(obtained by using Flemlng's Left hand rule) which opposes the direction of motion or Iha wlre.
This demonstra1ed Lenz's law. [1)
(Pushing a pie<00 or magnet into a sotenDld la accepted.)
Biggei induced is produced witn nigher speed of puslVng Iha magnet into the solenoid
demonstrated the Faraday's law.
Direction of induced current and hence the polariti es of the magnelk: field iocb:ed in the
solenoid demons1tated the Lenz's Law.
lllE ENO
131 SPGHS P h yJtcs Unit - Prtlom Emrnrs Rtport 2010
Preliminary ExaminatiOn 2
Section A (40 m arb)
Secondary Four
Thele r$ forty qve.stlor\s in thr!i ecibn. Maw-er an quostkms. For oachqueaUon. thete are
4 posclble NWllR, A, B, C and 0. Choose tne On& you conoide( correa and record Y'JU'
cholce in oott pencil on the Optical Mark Reader (OMR) Fom1.
PHYSICS 5056/01
Paper1 21 August 2010 A pair ol vernier celipe.s is ued to meaoU(e the outer cfllltn8ter or a melll! ring. Wilh
the juws cloed and no rnetel ring, the reading is shown in dlagnim 1. Wl!h the jaws
1 hour cloed around tll8 melal ~og, Iha reading le &!\Own In diagram 2.
1) Do nol open thia bookieI untl you te lold to do so.
2) Chect. tM number of ptinted pageo on both 11d11S al the pepe r.
3j Answer all quelllions.
4} E.cll ccrrect *>IWOl W~I scon1 ono mark. A merit will nol be deduc1e<I for a v.rong
'5) Han<! in OMR Form separately.
What io 11\e ou\et diameter of the rinQ7
Mdluon11M!l!lr! t.
A l .ODcm B 108cm C 110cm o 1.18cm
O MR Fonn
1nfo!!!!ftK>n to Cndkfataa l The graph ohows \he peed-time graph ol a peMdukJm.
Tak thewolgnt of 1 kg lo be 10 N.
Tako apee<i of liglll to be J x 1o" m/a.
Whal is Ille period of Illa 03Cilllioo?
A UJOs B 200 c 3.00 s 0 0.00 s
An object I moving to tne righl in a straight '""' wnlt a c:onsianl peed
Which of lhe following statement is 1rue1
A There are no lorces acting on il10 object.
8 Triere I a larf18< number of foroea acting on the objed to the right than lo tho len..
i; There Is only one roroe acting on tne object and ~ is aciing lo tt>e right
0 The reoUltanl '""' acting on Ille obj't ia ~.
This document consists of 1e ptWed paues.
rrurn over
For 4 a.tJd ' celer to tbe following. Three bou P, Q and R, e-e 1>e1ar>ee<S on uoifonn bem with lh<t pivot I !he
A tone Is lhrD'JM ertica~ upwards at &peed of 60 rrJs ne11 the eoge ot a cun end h falls
to the boltom ol 111&elil! aller ;ro seconda.
~~.,:'; or Ille fo!lo....lng grapll& r"P'e&enls the va~alloo al 1he veloclty of Ille alone
6 P.R,Q
'I; Q, R,P
0 R,Q,P
A b8Hery OIN>nt\ed motDr llh a block ot wood ot conOloril speed.
c 0
w ... ii U.e height or the cliff? What io lh4 OYef81 energy chqe lIW>I> place?
A 1$0m B 800m c 980m o 11eom ot- chemital enargy -+ G'*"iLWUDral petenl al -lllY
8 gravflatloMI '"'rtial - -+ elec1ricol energy
c; gm'lllational polet>llol en6f9Y -+ kinollc MtOY
6 ROMmary rasla her to, monkey on the ed!I o1 a table Ill point P . . shown. By tepmg D lunoti<: ~-+ g1l0Vilall<)nal pclenliel 8MfV}'
!Ump DI plullcine at U.e end of lhe tai. she;. bl to balance tM IOy.
A hamm.vl\U a Mil with a a~cd of Greh and drt.ea ~ 10 cm inlo a blooil cl wood
At what rai. doe& U.e speed of the hanvner dac,.IH7
A 1.8 ml8' a 60m'' C 120mla'
The effc-et oflhe pla.a1iclne \s to
A it>cre80e 1he weight or tho toy.
B move the c.antre Of man to be k>C2ted m:actJy 8' P.
(; mcvfll tho cantra of mass dire.ctty &bove P.
C move thocer>tre of mass 10 bo di<ectly below P _
ffum over
tG The diagram 1howa the wheel Q( e car Iha! Is acce1ete!1n9 along a road In 1he dire< Two ro.-ces F, and F, act on pattick. Th length or each loree iS ~opor1i0Mi lo 1he
a!IOwn. magntude or the force. .
Which 1tatement llbollt the lon:e of hlc''1 exerted by lhe road on the l).'l"e is corre

The dtt9Cllon of Vie fofoe of ltiction 11 opposite IO lhe <ireetion ot llavel.

Tl\efot'CC ol lriclon Utables 1hc certo ~
The smootlief t\41 road surface Iha 9rM!er is Iha fQf'Ce of frlceioo.

Wblcll one Q( 1he following diagrams .i......s II\ megmooe and d~lOl'I of the ron:e
f, lhal would keep lhe partide $brtlona<y7
o Smaller wea ol c:onl8cl between llle road .,,d 1he tyre reduce$ lho force or fT1<
1~ A column of gas I slow1y compressed by a piston.
i IE
>[ 1~ The diagram shoWs tl\e levels In a tlquld.manomeier when the lap b opened.
Which one ol 11le followtn11111'1phs showw 1he relalion$hip batweon l:he pre$$ure of
gas, P and lhe lengt'l of lhe eas column. h?
p Whal is the pressure ~ lhe gas in lhe cyinc!et?
A 6 cm below a1mospllerk pressure
a 6 cm at>ove almosphel1C p<Ml'fC
C 12 cm belc:m atmosphetic J)fe5SUfC
D 12 cm aoove e!mOlpheric pressure
c 0
(Turn [Tum over
14 In thermocoupte, tho lwmperal\n difference between tile !WO junctions Rand S,
cauau en e m.l. lo be developed, resulting in a dellac:don on the meta<.
;, A bcaket conlaiM cenaln amount of llquld Tiie g, tllOOMl Ill dilferenl 1peods at
whiOh Ill molewles In a liquid are moving.
. At which poinl (A, e, c or OJ are the moleculet o1tel)l to escape f<o;n Ille Jlquod?
meter 120
I I I./ number ol molecu!H


: ../
_,,, I


l B
If R 11 pieced In 1uwtance ol 30'C ands I& plac<ld In another subelllnce of a higher
tempe1eturc. denection Is obsorved to be :!5 mv.
19 The diagram e/iowe l!le crcss-sectlon of a aolar P~el f(l( o water heeling syatem.
Whal is lhe lemperalure of S?
A 30 "C e 1oc C) 130-C
16 A cnrte of mesa 1 kg movu ale conIJ\nl 11)e6d of 400 dn/s v..f>en a is pushed by a
force or 20 N.
How much power II required to m.ove the crate?
Which row bc<t deocribes the waler p4po& and the met<>rlQI holdirig the pipea?
A 5W B 2DW ~W D 800W
16 A liquid I& t11ted to decide If it I& eunel>le for u1e ln a r;quld41>-9lau thermometer. II le
f~ lllal tho quid does not expend uniformly whh temperetute. ,A

Water olnee
made of
- M11A1rf1I holding plptl
Tn'1 liquid win
/\ cau19 the martc.lngs lo be unevenly 1paced.


olainlcst sleet
- lnaui..tor
8 decrease Ille aen11tlvlly or Ille lhlll'IT'lometer.
C increase the n>ng or lhe ll11tmetne'ler. W A &\udent &lu<!ies some equations:
o met.e lh thetmometer mole ,..pon1"'11.
f~e ~ mes x ~lion
power o energy I limo
17 A piece ol lr011 It healed redhot. When l is Crans(elnld into bolling wa19C', lhe velocily dkplecementltime
lempenuure Ille boflin11 water Wiii
How many ollfereot vec1ot quenl~oe.s are contained In tho equations?
A d.CrMSe.
II~. A 1 9 2 c 3 0
C reme!n the same..
0 reach \he temperaWr& or ll!e Iron.
(Tum over (Tum over
' 10
21 A laser in a c0mpecl disc (CO) player genorale lignt lhal has a wavelengttl or 780 nm A son er 1ignel 1ent V<!rllcally d<WmWn:la from I I hip is re!\ected from Ille ocean l'ooof
l'\elr. 111d detected by a mic:rophono oti I/le 1hip 0 8 s eller cranamisslOn.
Tho lollowing lnformetion ii glvon refracilva index of tile plastic of a CO 1.55 11 t11_11 apeed or 1011nd In w11tlf ls 1000 m.'I, Who! ls the d9Plh o!ltle a<:oan?
wavelenglh ofred light" 7 .o x ur' m
wavclenglll of violet light ~.Ox 101 m, B IOOm c 1200 m O 2~00 m
A 300m
Whl:ll o l Ille loilowlno tt.atemonta lslete conecl?
25 A plane waler wve 1ravel1 In a npplft lank u at>own
I The lasef light in' ii' ls visible.
M Tiie wavele~lh of Ille laser Mght In pllslk: i$ S03 nm.
Ill The frequancy of \he laser llgM in Iha plaalic is 3.85, 10,. ~.
A I only.
11 1- ll only.
C II end UI only.
0 I, II el1d HI.
22 Tht<mal onergy Is eupplied to nxed '"""'or gM 1t constont ~ Whl<;h of the lollowtng dlagremo 1howa tlle cro..soctlon of the tank?
Which o1 the following 1tatementa le l"'rrect?
er The
The average speed of the gas moleculoe Increases.
evenige dlJtaneo botwcon ttio g111 molocules irn:reases.
C The QB3 molecules make more froquenl ootrisions with I.tie conlBlner wall.
0 Th" temperature or Iha gas lnortatol.
A B c 0
al In 1111 experiment. a ttiln bum of fight from a rrt box ;, inc:iclent on a mirror The mlrTo<
t$ 1.00 m away ar>d petallel to ac:ale ST. By rotatltlg Ille mirror lhrough en angle 8. All object le placed hallway boiween a diYergln9 tons *1d its i.icat poinl
shown in tho diagram. the Hghl U11 bl - n to move ocroH I/lo ceale from s toward
T Whic:I> row besl dlliCltbts lhe image ltlflt it fotmeel?
~~ 9t======a=e======::JT
Sile of lm g Nature ot Image
en4isrged real
t ~a enlarged v111ua1
J, 04.
st ,c
Howler ffom S w ould lhe llghl move If 8 - 1O' ?
B C 3S.4 cm o 88.-' cm
(Tum over (Turr1 over
11 12
A unlro!m metnl Nie has 1 piece of eoft llOn ltxe<t at one end. n Is pivoted at poin1 P x nd y are two tphefec posill\oely eharged end have N Hmc amount al electric
end la kepi hortzontal by paulng a amen! thtcug/l a col as shOwn. charge. A poaitive test charge paced
equld11Lant al point P upe<lences !Ila at!ect of
en electtic field,
a P What Is the diredon of this field?
When flw pivot point it hilted lo Q, his obsccved that the rod slar1; to tih. To maintain
equilibrium of Ch& rod, the lolloWlng steps ean be taken t11:ept
.&. Adjult Ill witch to eonMCt to polnl 2 ol lhe col. 32 Two ldantlcal ffght bulbs, each v.i\h a volt&ge raUng o( 120 V, Gro wrongly wired In
B Increase th& resls1ance In lh6 ~I circuit sel1e$ and connected to a 120 V power supply.
C Move Ille coil downwe<da.
D Move the sot\ Iron rod In th& coB downward&. Wtth this oonneciion, the power dls~ted by each bYlb will be reduced by
~8 '
lhe table ahow. Iha usage ol eleclJlcity or an HOB apaf1ment per day. A 25% S llOV @)7&% 0 80%
Time used A copper wire is !aped on two wooden stands on a senettllle balance. When n current
I! 1 hou" is passed through tho wire from o de power aupply and a megnet la held In the Po61110n
2 shown, the balance reeding Increases.
II one unit ol electricily costa 20 cents, what is the total electrical bUI for each dtl'f?
A ' $2.52 e ss.1e c $28.80 0 $964.80
n Thnte ldendcal realatcn are conoecied in parsliel The equivalent resistance increaoes
by 700 o when one ltlllslo< is removed 1111d connected;,, series with the rematnln9
\'wo, wtikh are alllt In parallel.
The realatance or each resistor in ;..
A 3000 e 3820 c aooo 0 7000
view !rgm the 1!d1
ylew lrom Ille IOI!
lO When cw~t ol 30 mA ~ lhtough a parli<:ular resis1ot wMn a polenlial dillervnee
ol12V Whet are the polarities of the tennlnals P and Q and \he magne(ic poles labelled X and
How much energy ls eonver1od lo heal in 1 minute?
Potmv of the U"""' tennlnal Mo anode ""'e I
A 2.5 J e 21.aJ c 1soJ 0 360J .' p Q x y
I neoaUve oosllNo no<lll so\1!!!....._
MQst!ve ~lllve south nonh
~itive rtMWlive north south
soulh nor1h
rv oosltlve ntGatlve
A l only B II only C II and Ill only D I nnd IV only
(rum over (Turn ovor
3S The dlagnim shOwl lh<ee ldenficel lamps connec:lcd to fold 2 v eels.
2V 2V
loop ot wire pulled 11 ~
conelllnl speed
Which ooe of the following grap~ shows how tho lnduood voltilgo In tho bop or wire
vari Wllh Ima?
~F-- ~h When the witches are OJ)Oll. tho 1mme1or reada 10 mA
Whal w1ll bo the reedJn~ at Ille anvnele< 11<1d voltmeter Mien lhe wile""- 8(0 elosed?
A 8 Ammet.r reading Vollmot.r reading
6 40mA 4V
indOCl<I vottnge lnd<Jald vollagoo D l!OmA 4V
I: olOmA 2V
'Po-~ fh-.
0 80mA 2V
,. The d109ram ahowa 1 trensfotmu whiel1 conai<ta of coll ol 1200 1utns and anolll<>r
coll wtth a total ol 120 tum tt Is connec\ed in lhe clrc:ua ea 3hown.
c 0
~r shOuld polnl T be connecte(I d tte wavelonms of lh lnpll\ vol1agc Olld tho
olltpul voltage are 8S shown
(fwrn o ver
ff um over
15 16
37 tn ll\e diagram below, uniform magnellc field Is applied throu11hout lheshaded area. '9 The clrc"I shows the <;0mponan1S X and Y oon11ecledoo1 poraNei obrMches
A beam of'J)Ositivety charged pettlcie& paues lhraugh a pelt of cl\eJged ,1a1es PQ 81'1d
when tt enlets lnlo region:fl, ~moves to lhe rlgtll in clrclJlar pelll.
Wlla1 will heppeft to the ~logs of the ..,.,.,,olera ..tien the intensify o/ lhe tighl Md
the temperaltJfe of tho 1um>11ndJng ineteate7
Ammet<or A 1 Ammeter At Ammtl<lr A,
Which one of theofcllowlnt Is ooneet? A dec("a&e decrease decrease
8 decreaH !ncreese Increase
p It positive. Q Is negative, th maonedo fteld Ines j)Cint nonnally lnlo 1/18 page c increaao decree&e lnctuse
8 P It pc9ilt. Cl I negative. the 11'\aQMllc field 6nu point llOl!nally cut Cf Ille ....Qe 0 ncttase rnciease Increase
C !-
P negative, 0 Is posj!i8. Ille mawneUc field 1i11as point normelly Into the page.
0 Pi$ negab\oo, Q Is posilNc, Ille tnll(,lnollc fletd Nnos point 1101meUy out of the page.
.ia The diagram shcms a loudspeaker.
38 AIn waveform has a peak Vl!W~ o! 4 vons and a frequoriey ol 500 Hz la fed into a
cathode-ray 0&eilloscope. TheKfiplay on the s~n is as shown.
1Um1 or
ll1e col
I . ---..--
I cmt i _,_ ~
~. '\ ' I
! I I 11 I I I I megne1
I I1 I I I I I
Whon en altea11rtir'11eumintof10 tez i& paased 11\rolJllh the ooil. lhe coll v1b111les Iott
~ _LL! J and riglt~ eauslng lh PlllM'r cone le vibrate es wen
Which ct lhe1lol1owing 5lalemen1 i.s co1Tect?
~hat are the time-base &ellln~ ~nd lbe venieal 111in se11in9?
A A low frequency aound con be heard.
T1me-baeo aetting Vert1celove1n l1fn9 8 A V&f'i ~ft sound cnn llo hoord.
A 1 rna/cm 1 V/crn C Longlludlnal wnv09 oro produced In the elr.
B 1 mslcm 2Vlcm- D Tain1Ytne wevea are produced in lhe 11r
c 2ma/cm 1 Vlcrn
D 2 ms/cm
2Vf'Cm -
End of Pape< 1
Preliminary Examination Two S.etlon A (SO mark )
Secondary Four Answer all the queslions in 1hls sect>on.
A bail is released from rest from a !>eight of 12.0m. Take the weight or a 1 kg man to
. Register Number: 3__
be 9.8 N.
('ili What i.s the ~peed at which the ball h1ts'1he ground?
PHYSICS 50 58/0
Paper 2 19 August 20 Ans: ,-~ - r=: [2}
1 flo~r 4 5 mlnul (t>l What is the time to hit IMO ground?
Addltionol Materlal>: Writing papers
Do not o~n ttii booklet entu you 1cre told to do so. (2)
Wrb your name. c:las.. and index number in the $pace$ ptovided unle$$1his has already been done
for you.
(q What ls the speed or lhe ball ~m II is haKWOY down?
Sectlon A
Answe1 111 questions. Wt'ile your aJ\$wers In the spaces provided on Che que.stion paper.
Section B
Answer II quetlion& from !his section on the wrtiig paper provide<!.
Ouut.oone 9, 10 and 1 l(a) are compulsory.
ChooseeMer 11(b)0< 11(c:).
8egineoc:h!4'uostlon on pge. Ans ; ------'--'-~ {21
At tbe end of the enminallOn, submit Section A a,,d B separately. (~ on ~ng the ground the baP rebound but 20"1. of the energy is lost during the
!I boooc:e. On the axes beloW, s~eteh the spoodtime graph or the baP rr0<0 the
time~ is released to the bme<I rebounds to itl greatest hetght
t .
The Intended number Of manes is given in brackets ( ) at the " "d of
each question or prt question.
This document consists of 12 printed pages.
[Tum over (Tum Ovor
l 4
A~ simple pendulum bob is pulled sid ..ways by 11 horizofltal force F such that tho 3 Flg 3. 1 $hows tho direction at which a sound wave lrom an unde<Water explosion is
string of the simple p<tndulum makes 1111 ao;ile of 20 ""1h the vertical. Take the weight Incident at the water-air boUndaty. The ang.le ol lnddence is 211 . The speed of aound
or a 1 kg mast to be 10N. . it\ wsler it 1SOO mis and the speed in air Is 340 mis. The ftequency ot the sound wave
Is 12 tlrM the lowe1t eudible frequency.
In the space below, draw a vee1or diagram to scale lo determine tho magn~Udes of the
tension In~ atrifg and Ille horlconlaJ foroe f. f4J
Scale 1cm represonts _ _ _ I
Fig 3.1 ( not to acal )
fal What is the wavelength of the sountl wave In water an~ 1n air? (2)
Tension 1n string : _ Wavelength 111 water : - - -- -- -
Horizontal foroe applied : - -- - -- Wevelengl~ In air : _ _ _ ___.__
(b! On Ftg 3.1, draw the d1roctlon of the sound waves as !hey emerge into air 121
I (~i On Fig 3. 1. draw three w3vefronts in water an<f three wavefronts 1n air (21
(Tum Ovc

4 lat When 0.201\1 of mercury at ho c wa' added to o.ooso kg of waier at 20 c
in a
container ol negligible lhennal capacity, the temperature of water~ to 30 c. !S In Fig 4.1, a boy Billy stands al point B in lront of a piano mirror. A girl Ginny stands el
What is the specific heat c~pacity of mercury? (The specific heat capacity of another point G In front of the plane mirror. W Is a wall between Billy and Ginny.
water = 4200 J/(kg K)
An~: .....--~-~
(b} A lead bullet ol mass 64 g moving at 400 mis 3n<l at a temperature of 27 c htts
target and three.quarters ol the bullet meh.
Given : Mellill!l point of lead 327 c
Speccfic heat capacity of lead" 130 J/{kg K)
Specific latent heal olf\Jslon ollead = 2.48X 10' .Jilc.g

:ll Whal 1s the energy required lo raise the temperature o1 the lead bullet to the
melting poil'll ,.. -..i?
Ag 4.1
Ans. _ _ _ .....__ _ (a) GIMy is 110t able to see Billy In the mirror. Is Biiiy abte lo see Ginny in the mhrOf? (2)
(w) \IVhat is the energy requiredto me!! tJ11ee-quart= of the bullet?
q )
Ans:_.__ _ __
(b) Gi"irly walks directly to the mirror aJocig the dotted tine.
On Fig 4.1, mark with a cross (X) the fltSI position on the dotted line at which
Whal percentage of lhe original energy o( the bullet is converted to lhennal Ginny Is able to see B~ly in tho mirror. sirw dearly on the diagram how you 121
energy? amve at your answer
Ans : _ _ _ _ __
rrurn 0
'urn Ovar
I In a c:;ithode ray tube, 10" electrons are emitled from a ho1 C81hcde each second.
These electr00$ then =sh into a metal blod< after being accelerated through a Secdon 8 (30 marks)
potenUal dltteren<:e of 1000 V. The charge on each electron ;, 1.6 X 10 " C.
Answer alt questions from this aectlon on the writing paper provided.
'I What Is the current carried by the electron beam? (2) Nole that for Que5tion 11. 11(a) I compulsory and c hoose it11ar11(b) o r f1(c).
9 An inve$ligallon is done involving two transparent medium P and Q . A n1y of ~ght is
directed from p into and the Incident angle I ( In P ) and the refracted angle r ( in Q) are
measured. TM re$ult is shown In !he graph below In Fig. 9.1.
tb) How mucn energy is delivered to ti'>e bl.:>cl< each second? (2)
if' .
Ans : ~~~~~~~
(~)'What Is the rate et which the blodc lemperature rises If !he block's heait capacUy is Ag9.1
u~ m (21
! I An optical fibre ts 10 be manufac:IUred using the medium P and Q . The optical fibre
has a central core surrounded by a daddlng. Which medium should be used for the
core and which medium should be 1Jaed for 1he cladding? El(lllain.
(b l Wl!hlh& aid of a diagram. eK!>fain how a light ray can be transmitted thtough the (2)
optical fibre rrom one end to Ille othor end.
(cl Whal is the refractive Index al the P-Q boundary? 121
Sugges1 a suitable Incident angle in the c;c;ro If a light ray~ to be transmitted as (21
described in (b). Show YOU/ WOlking
State two advantages or optiul fibres rathet lhan copper ""res '"' (2]
End of Section A
[Tun (Turn OV
1G lnc!ucld em.fa c.n be generated in two ways: Fl 11 2 showS a uniform oopper rod XY with a mass of 800 g hanging at rut in a
11 {bt
(I) by l'Dlaliv movement u~i~ magnetic field pcjnting loto the paptr. The two contaondcts X ~ Y ::~~~~of
(ii) by I changing magnetic field. the copper rod cen move smoothly along two ftxed vertleal c uc1 .,, ra
RS connecled toe d.c power eupptv.
Describe briefly an experiment to illustrate how indooed can be generated In Take th<= weight ol a 1 kg mass to be 10 N. a( th41se 1wo wa~. (One experiment for each way.) 141
!bl Oescrtie IH1efty also how you can illustrate that lhe lllduced e.m.f Is proportional to
tho rate of change of ftux linkage or,..,. of flux cutting. (2)
( \ A phone oh.,ger requires 6.0 V of dlree1 cumml Draw a di~rarri to show how this
can be obtained from the 240 V a.c mains. Your diagram should Include any 141 insulal1"g thread
electrlc91 components necesaary. There should also be a brief statement on the x R
p )(
purpose or functloll ol each of the tlectTical components. )(
'- . )(
11 (a) The World Cup was Mid in Cape Town, South Africa and the television signal of the y
game was carried by eleclromagnetic wave$ which traveled from South Africa lo x )( )( X K )( )( X X
Singapore via a salel!He positioned 35 000 l<m ebo\/e the surface ot the Earth.
The spood of nghl In vacuum Is 3 x 1o mf. )( x x x )( x )( x x s
(IJ Name the radiation Involved In the signal transmission to Singapore. copper rod
(II) The troquency of Iha slgna! used 11112 GH~. Calculate the wavelonglh of the (11
waves used ln tho transmiulon. (11 Fig. 1i.2
(Ml) Flnd the time taken for a sent tlgnal to be reftected back down and received by !! the reading on the spring balance ls 6 N, etata th dlrec"on of \ho current
dish an\eMa. (2) RowinXY. . flit chesa {3)
'lo\ T'le TV signal was received in Sir\gapore using a dish antenna shown In
(Ill Sugge~ thre.o methods to decrease the spril'IO balance value un roa
F1g 11,1. Explaln how the curved dish and \he position of the dot.ctor ensure '121 value of z.ero.
that a strong signal is picked up.
; (c) During 8 Physla lesson, 5tudonts asked to esllmato tho man of a retort 3tar.d.
Jasmine sell up the apparatus as shown In Fig. 11 3.
mply pan with a mass
or so o
CG of
15 cm 35 cm Fig. 11.3
When Jasmine added 400 g to the pan. she noticed that the retort stand was
usl about to overturn. Calculate the mass of tho retort stand (2]
fig . 11 .1 !Hi tist two method& to m3Xe the llllor\ stand remain slable wtien more than
.otOO g is adclod .
l TurnS>ve1 End of Soclion 8
c 21 c ---
B 22 B Section A
0 23 c 1 a 15.3 m/s
4 c
24 B b 1.56 s
5 25 c c 10.8 mis
6 0 26 0 d
7 A 27 A Speed/ml '
8 A 28 B
9 0 29 c 15.3
10 B 30 B
11 c 3l A 13.7
12 D 32 c
13 D 33 c
14 0 34 B
15 c 35 A llmel
16 A 36 B
17 c 37 B
_1_9_ 0 38 B
A 2 Tension in strin 0.68N horizontal force is 0.23 N
3!? D
3 a Wavelenglh in water= 6.25 m
20 D 40 c Wavelen h In air" 1.42 m
b i 2496 J or 2500 J 3s
l! 1190 J
Iii Total energy to raise the temper11ure to 327 c +melt Y. of bullet
=3686.4 J
Initial energy::: KE upon impac1 = 5210 J
Percentage converted =70.8 %
--~~--- ---" 1
J- i- ~'1 Incident ray from Ginny wi~ !lO blooked !1Y th~!!)_- ------1 ~
e Optical fibres ca11y much more lnf0fl11ati0n than.copper wires Ii
..:' ...
Image of B Less signal Joss in optical fibres
Carry information faster than oopper wires
Li<:hter and cl\&a""r to manufacture !state anv two\
. : ' ' ... 1G a I
I Diagram should involve :on and a permanent magoet
Coil is coMected to a datalogger or galvanometer to '.le!ecl any Induced
" When 1na9net is moved Into \he co", datatogger or galvanometer will
f w

register an induced emf.

When magnet is placed in the con and remains stationary. dat.alogger or
galvanometer WIO not register an induced eml.
II Olagram 91\0uld lnl'Olvo !WO cois that are placed near eac:h other
One coil connected to ac supply and the 01her coil ci>nnecled to CRO
_ S~O will r~ister an altematlng emf :icross th~. coil ..
6 a I - - b use diagram
- . A magnet is dropped Into a vertical coil at different helgh\s
'-:: , ,
' ---
: Coll is connected \o a datatogger lo measure the emf induced
' '
- '
.....\ Al a greater height, the magnet will enter the coll with a higher speed.more
. emf wm be induced
When the magnet Is placed Inside con and remains 5\atlonary. no emf is
c A step down trsnsfomil!r with a tum ratio 40:115Usedi0stcp down the
. voltage from 240 I/ to 60 V
The altemaUng supply is connected to the primary coil of the vansfom1er is
. to set up a changing magnetic field.
The secondary coll Is cut the lines of the changing magnetic field from the
primary coil so that there is a con\inuous change in magnetic nux linkage to
Focal lenmh =: 3.4 cm
II Virtual uonollt and ma~ifi,!d
Real inverted and maonifled
. induced an emf all the Ume
Secondary coll ls connected to a lu~ wave rectifier (four diodes) to C?nvert
6.0 v a.c to 6.0 v d.c.
7 a 8.0A
i--+'b'-+-"947368 or 947000 J(3sl) a i microwaves
c More expensive. ------------------=] 11
i1 0.025m
U s .,, power consumed= v'/R
Re~lance for 200 tums coll is g1eater than 190 turns coil iii 0.23 s
IY The olSh antema allows the elecii'omagnelic waves to be reftected and the
8 a ll'IR,- Is oreater than V'/R- hence higher
1.6 mA - power
is consumed for 190 tums
I sha""' the dish l:l!'tenna wiR direct ttie renec1ed waves towards the detector.
b 1.6J --- b I From Xto Y
Increase the current through the copper rod
c 0.32 Cls -------------~ ii
Increase the strength of the magnetic field into the paper
Section B - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - --
19J';t'f"M;;;fr.;mi)i;7.;;;;<4~-.::-:o:-::--:;;----~ ---------~ -- Use a liohter coee!' rod
""'""'' "' """ """'""" . """=='"""'~l
9 a Medium P ls used for \he cladding c i 10500
Medium Q Is used tor the core ii
M!!dlum Q Is opllcally dell$er th n d'
allows light rays to be transmltt!i :~u~:t Pta~~d when used ~ optical fibre 1t
tha cg Is more than 15 cm
0 Use a heavier base for the retort stand as such the antjclockwlse moment
Olag111m must show Ii hi ra 1 - ... internal reflection.
b the optical fibre 9 Y s transmitted tllrough total ir1temal r::e;;fle':".c~i"'o-
t n"'"in--< caused bv the weiaht of Iha retort stand Increases.
:: ft__ ... 1.Ir.. x tt ?it Which of the following is not a SI unit?
A Leader in Every Student A metre
ll. ,._"
B second
C kilogram
., degree CAlsius
Prelminary Examination for the
General Ce~icate of Educa1t0n Ordinary level
2 A cylindrical can is rolled along the ruler as shown in the diagram below. It
PHYSICS rolls over twice before reaching the final position.
PAPER 1 Multlple Choice
What is lhe radius of the can?
2nd SEPTEMBER 2010
Class: Sec 4
TIME 1 hour
Write your name, class and shade your class regis1er number on the answer sheet 6.0cm
provided. c 12.oem
D 24.0cm
There are forty questions in this paper. Answer all questions. For each question, there
are lour possible answers, A,B,C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and
record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet John uses a simple pendulum to record the time taken tor his classmate
James to complete running a 1DO m track. The time taken for .the pendulum
to move from one of i1s maximum displacement to the, other r~ 0.50 s ..The
INFORMA,.ION FORCANDIDATES time taken for James to complete running the 100 m distance is 20 penods
of the pendulum.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will nol be deducted for a wrong
answer. Any rough working should be done lri this question paper. What is the averago speed of the student running the t 00 m track?
A 5.0 mis
Take the acceleration due to gravity to be 1Oms' or 1ONil<g
B 6.7 mis
c 8.0m/s
0 10m/s
4 Mary studies the following equations.
Power work/time
Fo~e = mass x acceleration
Work s F<irce x distance moved in the direction ot lorce
How many vector quanlities are contained in the three equations?
This question paper consists of 15 printed pages including this cover page. A 1
B 2
c 3
D 4
[Tum over
1 2
S !=rom the diagrams below, find tho density of Llie s.:nd {densily of waler is
1.0 g cl"'.)
7 The graph below shows the velocity that varies with hme of a stone thrown
vertically upwards from the lop ol a building. The stone reaches the ground
IOOg 2509 after 3 s. What is the height .:>f the building?
A-------------- v/ms
o---------- 20
Empty contc.:mer Con tamer with sond 10
2009 300g
0 2
-r-------- --- t/s
Ccntoiner lilied with waier Contoine; v..ith sond and water -20 ------ -- ... \L.
A 1.5gcm4
e 2.0g cnf3
c 2.5gcrn.:i A Sm
0 3.0gcm-3 B 10m
c 15m
D 20 rn
6 The speedtime graphs ol car A and car B are shown below. When will the
cars meet? 8 Two blocks M and m aro connectod by a light string passlng over a smooth
pulley as shown below.
Car B o :s:: 1 rns2
15 - -----------
0 2 3 4
When mis released, tho blocks move with acceleration as shown. Mer a wh~e.
A 1.8 s
the string is cul in between. Which of the following correctly describes the
e 2.6 s
motion of lhe blocks immediately after the string is cut?
c 3.4 s
0 4.0 s -
A Stoos movino
-- m
Moves with constant soeed
e decelerates accelerates
c decelerates Moves with consrant sneed
D Moves with conslant sn<>ed accelerates
9 Two objects X and Y are identical in size and shape but X has 3 times the 12 A wooden block of mass 4 0 kg moves across a table top with uniform speed
mass of Y. When they are both released at the same time from the same when pulled by a force of 20 N as shown in Fig 1.
height in an evacuated container, tl)ey reach the floor of the container at the
same time. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct?
Uniform speed - a = 2.0 ms 1
A On reaching the floor, the kinetic energy of Xis greater than that of Y.
On reaching the floor, the speed of Xis the same as the speed ol Y.
The rate of change of velocity is the same tor X and Y. r-{__ 20 N ~~ic 11---- 20 N.
D The size of the Jorce acting on X is the same as the size of the force
acting on Y.
11hnr ~m-
\\ Fig .I Fig:2 .
If the wooden block is pulled by the same forco on top of the table now
1O The figure below shows the foot of an athlete as he is about to start running. covered with plastic beads as shown in Fig 2, it moves with a constant
In which direction does the hictional force act on the solo of his shoe? acceleration 2.0 ms7 . What is the friction acting on the block in each case?
Friction on block in Fi . t ~ction on block in Fi 2
f)irtclion of running
~ 20 N 20 N
s ::?Cf~ 12 N
~- SON 20 N
LQ..-1. SON
- 12 N I
13 A car of mass m has an engine which can deliver power p. Whal is the
minimum time in which the car can be accelerated from res\ lo a speed v?
a L
11 The d iagram shows a box of mass 6.0 kg is pulled by a SO N force from an ffiY
in11Jal speed ol 4.0 ms at the loot of ramp to a final speed o! 6.0 ms al the
top o l the ramp: What is the magnitude ol opposing force along the ramp? mv
14 The diagram below shows a vase placed on a slope sor1ace. The vase does
not tilt over. Where is the most probable centre of gravity of lhe vase?
A 10 N
B 24N
C 32 N
D 38 N
15 A metal ball of mass 2 .0 kg is re.leased from the top ol a track of length 30 m
as shown. It finally stops al point Y because ol fnclion between tho metal t 18 The diagram below shows a simple hydraulic jack.
and the track.
/Hy\bUIC &.Jid
::'.'< :.~: !i~,:~~;~.:~?
Which ol the following alteration will enable heavier loads to be lifted?
Diameter of W Diameter of Z
A Doubled Same
B Doub!ed Halved
Find thG magnitude of the average frictional force .
c Samo Halved
D Halved Doubled
A 20 N
~ 30N
t 40N
19 Which of the following describe the characteristics of gas molecules?
1 All molecules move with the same velocity.
2 The average.velocity of lhe molecule remains constant if temperature of
16 A uniform rec1angu!ar board (6 m x 2 m) is acled on by three torces at the
the gas is constant. -
~M< ~:~. ~O"d ~ r~
3 The kinetic energy each molecule possesses is not constant. _
4 When a gas is cooled. molecules lose energy arid clusler together to
: ' ' : oootro o N. become molecules in liquid phase. -
A (2) and (3) only
B (1). (2) and (3) only
c (2), (3) and (4) only -
O (1), (2). (3) and (4) -
Whal should be the value ol F so Iha! the board remains on oquil1b11um? 20 In a Brownian motion expenment involving smoke panicles in air, heavy
particles settls quickly but very small particles remain suspended for long
A 40N periods of llme.
B 45 N Wtuch statement e>eplains why the sman smoke panicles do not settle?
l- 85 N
D 90N A Air pressure has a greater effect on smaller tanicles.
B Random molecular bombardment ~Y air molecules keeps the particles
A beaker filled with some water is placed in an inverted bell-jar which is C The Eanh's gravitational field does not act on very small panicles.
connected to a vacuum pump. Before the vacuum pump is set in operation, D The small smoke particles have the same density as the air.
lhe thermometer in water reads room temperature. As air is gradually
pumped out of the belljar, what would you observe?
21 Heat energy is supplied al \he same rate to 100 g of paraffin and to 100 g of
A The water stans to boil while the thermometer registers room waler in similar containers. Why does the temperature of the paraflfn rise
temperature . more quickly?
B The water stans lo boil while the thermometer registers a value higher
than room temperature. A The parallin has a larger specific heal capacity than water.
c The water starts lo boil while the thermometer registers a vatue lower B The paraffin has a smaller specific heat capacity than water.
than room temperature . C The paraffin is tess dense than water.
D The water stans lo freeze and the thermometer registers O c. D The paraffin is more dense than water.
7 8
22 Ice cubes al a temperature of ct>C are pul into a drink of lemonade of mass 26 The figure below shows how a ray of light lr?IT' an obie:t 0 enters the eye .,
200 g at a temperature of 2fi>C. After a short time during coofing, some of after being rellected twice. Using the data 9111en ~ the hgure, find the '
the ice cubes have melted. What is the mass of ice melted? d istance ol lhe final virtual image of 0 from the mirror X.
[Specific latent heat of fusion of ice is 330 kJkg, specific heal capacity of
lemonade is 4000 Jkg"1 K" 1 )
Mirror X ~eve
A 22g
40g i
68 g
1 Mirror Y

23 A thermocouple thennometer is calibrated such that it shows 2 mV at 0C
and 26 mV at 100C. What is the temperature of a substance when the
thermocouple shows a reading of 17 mV?
335.5 K f

c 336.9 K A 8.0cm
0 343.8 K B 12.0 cm
24 A beam vibrator oscillates In a ripple tank. There is a glass plate placed in
c 16.0cm
the middle of the tank. Whal win happen to the water wave moving pass the
o 20.0 cm
glass plate?
... 27 Which of the following statements about radio waves is/are correct?
Soeed Freauencv I wavelenalh
A increases increases I increases
i ncreases
-,.. decreases
- I

1. They travel slower than miciowaves in vacuum.

2. They travel taster than ultrasound.
3. They have higher frequencies than microwaves.
0 decreases same I decreases ~ 4. They have lower frequencies than gamma rays. /
A (1 ). (2) and (4) only
B (2). (3) and (4) only ~
25 The figure below shows a ray ot light moving lrom diamond to air. c (1) and (3) only~
0 (2) and (4} only
incident light
28 A sound wave travelling at 340 ms' produces the waveform shown below.
I Il
,..~111 111 I
Determine the critical angle of diamond.
A. 21 Whal is the frequency of the sound wave?
B 27
c 63 A 130 Hz
D 65 B 260 Hz
C 340Hz
D 880Hz
29 A radio pulse is transmitted verticaliy upwards 10 measure the height ol the
ionosphere. The outgoing pulse T , and its reflection R lrom the ionosphere, 31 Three identical resistors are wired L'P 10 the mains electncal supply in tnree
are recorded on the screen of an oscilloscope wi1h time-base set at 50 s ways shown below.
por division.
I x
i ~
I I -- ---
I I !
! . I
What is the decreasing order of current drawn lrom the mains supply oi
these arrangements?
T R hest current to lowest current drawnlrom mainssu --,
x 1o ms, what is the approximate height
! ~ =1-.. ~ --=-----------~~
It speed of radio pulse in air is 3
ol the ionosphere?
A u.Skm ,.,,..-+=---:t----~----~---f--::---------.::.~=-1
B 13km
c 15km
0 75km 32 Which of the foiiowing isJare the advantage(s) of connect:ng household
power outlets in a cing-maln circuit?
1 The connected appliances can work inde;:>en<.lonlly.
30 Kelly used a CJ.o to study the waveforms produced by tuning loO<s. She 2 Thinner and cheaper cables can be used.
used one tuning fork to play a note of 256 Hz and used another tuning fork 3 The chance of overloading the circuit is reduced.
which pro<tuced a l<Xder 5 12 Hz. The diagrams show the osclhoscope
!races produced by diHeren1 tuning forks. Which diagrams correspond 10 the A (1) and (2) only
notes produced? 1:1 (1) and (3) only
c (2) and (3) only
D (1 ), (2) and (3j
33 The 'di agram represents the circuit for lhe side lamps of a car.
Lamp L2 suddenly goes out, but lamp L1 remains lit.
Which of the following would be the most llkety cause of ihe fault?
(1) (2) (3) (4)
A (1} and (2) only
B (2) and (4) only
<.: (1) and (3) only
D (1) and {4) only
A The battery is badly connected.
tf The lamp Lz has blown.
c The fuse has blown.
D The switch has jumped open_
34 Which of the following describesthe electromo tive force of a cell?
A The ditterence in energy between that needed to drive unit charge
lhrough the load resistl)rs and through the cell. 37
The diagram shows a magnet being used to pick up steel needle. The nonh
B The energy used to drive current through all load resistors in the circuit. pole ol the magnet is close to t he centre Y of the needle.
C The energy used to drive unit charge th rough the resistance of the
0 The total energy used to d rive unit charge round 1he complete circuit.
35 The diagram below shows a potential d ivider circuit.
x y z - needle
What are the poles in duced in the needle at X, Y and Z?
Dole induced at X Dole Induced at Y n<>le induced at Z
- N
Whal happens lo the brightness of lanw L 1 and lamp l2 as the jockey X is
moved away from end P of the potentiaf divider? -{ s N s
D s s s
Lamp L1 Lamp L2
A brighter brighter
~ brighter stays the same
C' brighter dimmer 38 A bar magnet is fixed in a container ol mercury as shown. A copper wire PO
t> d immer brighter is connected to a cell and freely suspended at P.
What will happen to the end Q, as seen by the observer. when the switch ls
An uncharged metal rod M is placed on top of
a glass beaker. A neutral metal closed and remains cfosed?
coa.t ed ball hanging trom a thread just touches one end of the metal rod.
Another charged metal rod N is brought into contact with the other end ol the
metal rod M and then quickly removed .
+ _.
Me1olbol1 M
~ ~ .: ':~-.:;:.i~~: - . -:- -~
. - . t'
.. ; .,;.:.
:_;:._:. ; merc:ury ..
":- .. - - ;r
Which of the following will take place?
+ !
A The ball remains still throughout.
B The ball moves away only when the two rods are touching. . A Kick into the page
c The ball moves an d stays away even after the charged rod has been a Kick out of the page
removed. C Rotate clockwise
D The ball swings back and lorth white the rods are touching. o Rotate anticlockwise
39 X and Y are two metal rings of equal weighl but a sll: is C'J! in \', They are
dropped betweGn two magnets as shown. Which of 1he foUowlJ'\g stater:'16tn.s
is correct?
A Both fall with the same acceleration.
B X falls w11h unlform velocity while Y fails w:th acceleration.
C Both fall w ith accele ration but X has a larger acr-.,eleration.
O Both fall with acceleration but Y has a larger acceleration.
40 A transformer consists ol a coil of 4800 turns and another coil with a total o f
280 rums. l rom which oulput coukl be lapped al various termi11als. Between
w hich terminals would ycu tapped for a ~. 12 W lamp?

F:::J Z40 V
.. :,, -. -. - 15
k ft_-{}-~,,_*""'
A Leader in Every Stude nt

ti. Section A [50 Marks)

Answer all the questions In this section.
Name I
Register No IClass 1. A motorist approaches a traffic light at 15 mis. The traffic r.ght ch311ges lo red when
he Is 33 m rrom the junction. The graph below shows how l~e velocity of the car
cl"\anges with time from the moment the driVor sees the red lighl
Braking Time
SecondaJy 4 Preliminary Examination nme
PHYSICS 5058 Thursday 2"" September 201 o
Paper2 1 hour 45 minutes
Ai;lditkmal ~terlaJs : Geometrical instruments
Elecltonic CabAator
Write your name end Index number on all tho wor1< YoU hand in. 0 o:s
Write in dark blue or black pen in tho spaces p rovided on the Question Paper.
You may uso a pend for any diagrams or graphs.
(a) What is the dislance \ravened by the car before the driver reacts by applying the car
Section A (50 marks) brakes? 121
Section B (30 marl<s)
Answet all quesliol\$. Question 1 \ has a choice of parts to 8!\$Wer.
Write yoJr answers on the spaces provided. Calculate the deceleration of the car. (21
Information tor studellts:
Students are reminded that all quant-ative answers should include approp(late units and
should be given to a sensible number of signilicant llgUtes. Errors in units and numbets of
significant figures wil be penalised.
II world"' is need9d lor any queslJOn, It must be shown In the space provided. Can the driver slop '" time? Explaln your answer. (21
Omissiotl of essenhaf wor1<1ng win result in toss of mar1<s.
Take the value o( acceleration due lo ~ravity on Earth, g =10 m~.-or 10 N/kg.
For Examiner's Use
Seclio.n A
Section B {d) Draw on the same graph above, how the speed-time o1 the car wm change
the driver has been drinking alcohol and the road is s ippery. 121
(e) Stale one factor other than the conditions of the road, that will aflect !he braking
distance of a car (1)
This document cons'sts of 17 printed pages induding this OCN~ page. [Turnover]
2010 SNGS Phys/a P2 21'10 SNGS Physics P2 2
2. The diagram shows 3 ropes a11ac:hed to a ring R. Three cylindors x. y and? are
supported by these ropes from two pulleys. Tho ring R is in equlilbrium. Using a 3. A uniform sheet of cardboard ABCD is in the shape of a rectangle. The catdboa1d is
scaled vector diagram, determ;ne the tension X. suspended by a lflread frorn one end as shown in the diagram below. Tho diagram is
(4) not drawn to scale.
The cardboard is heki horiz.ontaUy and then released. The catdboard eventually
comes to rest.
(a) Draw oo the space below. the linal posit.on ol the cardboard and mal1C its centre ot
gravity, G. [2j
(b) A piece ol plaslicine is then ar.ached to comer 8.
(i) State the difection of tho turniog motion ol lhe cardboard. _ _ _ _ [1)
(Ii) Estimate the new position ol the centre or gravity and mark It with a loller Non
your diagram. I 1I
2010 SNGS Physics P2 3
2010 SNGS Ptry$k:s P2 4
4. The dagram below shows a device for comptessing materials The chart below shows how !he rate ol heat loss from a 1ogoer running at a sieady
pace changes wilh air temperature.
Air temperature at 29'C
-seomm-- I-
Air temperature at 20'C
:r> 800
................................... H
...e 700
i ..,.
:D 500 2.
"'0 n lo
--- +----plunge( 2.
400 He at by
e n pore Oon of
e 500
e s-we al
~ 4 00

~ 200
Heal loss by ~ 300
:;- conduc'*'- ~ 200

. conwc:tlon aJMt
....... 1 00
(a) Use Iha data from the Table to calculate the amount ot heal eno;rgy In Joules, Uie
(a) A vertical lo<e11 F of 20N is appfoed at one end of a leY i;ystttm. Tha lever is pM>ted Jogge< will lose by evaporation of sweat in one hour when the air temperature IS
on a hinge H. The plunger compresses the material In the cyfonde<. 2o'C. 121
(i) On the d iagram. draw and label two other foroes acllng on the lever arm. [2]
(ii) By laking moments about H. calculate the force acilng on the plunger. The weight
of the lever arm may be neclected. {2]
(b) The data shows that the jogger loses more heal by evaporation of sweat al 29'C
thana120c. Explainwhy. {11
(b) (i) The eross..gectional area of the plunger 1s 4.0 x 104 m>. Calculate the pressure in
pascal. exened by the plunger on the material in !he cylinder. [21
(cl The data shows that the ,ogger loses less heat by conduc1;on, conve<:tion and
radiallon et 29C than at 20 c. Explan wt-rf. [2)
(ii) Suggest two lrtelhods of increasing the pressure exerted by the plunger. (2)
2010 SNGS Physa P2 5 6
2010 SNGS PhyslCS P2
6{a) Tl>e diagram shows a ray of monoch<omatic iight incident ~mally on a lroar.gular
glass prism ot crihc.:.t angle 39.5. (i) Calcu'ate lhe refraC1ive lndax o! 'Niolter . (2)
State the changd i111ha waveler;glh of the light as it !eaves the water. (1)
(iij) If the studont decides to use dirferent thickness of g la:;s block Instead o f water.
(I) E~plain why the ray will not emerge Into air from th-::> face XY. [2]
state aod explain how its graph of real depth against apparent depth would
d iffer from that' of water. (21
Complete lhe path of the tight ray until it emerges inio the air acein Show the
workJngs clearly in the space given belcw and all relevant angles on lhe
diagram. (31 7 AA elee1ric circu;t consists of a fu6e. a battery of 6 V, a main sv.i<ch an<! tlVee lamps X.
y and z : The three lamps are opcr111ed al their rated vo:tagc and powe<. The f:.ise
protee1s all the three lamps
Lamp X is rated 6V. 24 W
Lamp Y is rated 3V. tZW
Lamp Z rs rated 3V, l'ZW
!a) (2)
(b) The cb9ratn below shoWs a student watching a swimming pool being frlled w~h wa:er
He looks vertically down at an object placed al the bottom ol lhe pool He notices thal
Che ob,ect appears lo be neaier to IWn than ii really is. He estimates the real and
apparent depth of lhe water and plots a g;apn.
(b) Wlucn one ol the following tuses;, rated lA, 3A, 9A and 13A, could be used as lhe
fuse for !ho above circuit? Show worktrlg 11 any. (2)
0.0 0-2 b.< 0.$ O.a' . 1.0
Appwttnt d@tlYrn
2010 SNGS Phys1CS PZ 7
2010 SNGS Phys.cs PZ 8
a. The cfagram shows a~ ck. motor. AB and CD are solenoids wound around lron
cores. The solel'IOids and cool are oonl'lected in parallel to a baltery. Section B
x Answ~ all the questions. an has a choice of section 10 answer.
The mictowave oven Is now commonly used in lulchens lo quickly heat up pre
prepated and fresh food. It produces microwave radiation of frequency 2500
MH~ that Is absotbed by walet molecules. The microwaves cause the water
molecules In food to vibrate. Al this agitation al molecular level creates friction
which heats up the food.
The micfowaves can only penetrate a short distance Inside the food_ The typical
power In the microwave beam is 750 W. Over each dstance of 3 mm. the
power available from the microwave decreases by sew..
Thicker food can.
however, be cooked In the microwave oven using processes other than the
absorption of microwave energy.
(a) Calculate tt>e wav9iength of the microwaves used in the microwave oven. Take the
speed ol lighl as 3 .0 x 1(f mis. {1 I
(a) When a current P8"8S tlvough the circuit. the solenoids beoor:ia electromagnets.
State the polarity of the solenoids at Band C respectiver)-.
B:_____ C: [1]
(b) Give another use of miCfowaves ti.sides the heating enect. j1J
{b) Whal is the cfirectJon ol rolabOn of the coil as seen from Y? - - - - -- - - 111
(c) Stale the luncbon ol E. (2)
(C} Use Information i:\ the passage 10 skel<:h a graph showmg how the power available
lrom lhe mictowave vanes with deplh. Plol points at depths of 0, 3, and 6 mm. l3}
(d) 11 the banery Is _replaced by a 50 Hz a.c. supply, the coil will only oscillate 10 and fro.
Do You agree With this statement? Explain your answer. (2)
power available
in micfowave
0 3 6 9 depth withln food I mm
2010 SNGS Pt>ysics P2
;zo 10 SNGS Physics P2 10
(d} Since microwaves can OlllY penetrate a shon distance mside food, staie 1h 1oug~ wh at Explain the operation o: this dovice. l31
olher process ol heal transfer by 1,111ich food thicker than 9 mm can bs cooked
thoroughly in the microwave oven. E>plain this process. 121
(e} Estimate the minimum time it will take a 750W microwavo oven to thaw 0.25 kg of
frozen soup. Tl1e soup ls initiay ai 16'C and Is lo be j~sl turned into liquld at O'G.
The soup can be assumed lo be made entirety of waler. Take the specific heat
capacity of ice as 21 00 .JI kg and ihe specific latent hea: of fusion of water as
34-0000 J.11<g. {3)
(b) In a iree tall experimeo:, an object attached lo Ille end ol a tape passing through a
tici<e1 timer is allowed lo lall lreely. Tapes ol a Hick length are cul_ lo lorm a !ape
chart as shown in the di agram beiow. The irequency ct the licker timer is 50 Hz.
Lenglhicm zo 2-- .
14. l ~-
1O.(a) The diagram below shows lhe slru<:Me of a ticker timer. Tho e!eciromagnct
consisting of an ir>sulated coppor wire ooiled around a LI-shaped ~o n core, ls
connected to a 50 Hz a.c. supply and a diooe. It has a springy iron strip with a pin
allached end. A paper tape passes under the pin.
Find the average vetoci:ies of the first and fourth strips. {2]
(ii) Hence, calculate the acceleration of U1e tailing object, g . 121
{i) Sketch a graph of current against time to show the variation ot the curren1
passing through the eleclromagnel [2)
(iii) Why is the experimental value ol g different lrom the expecte<:I value of
10 mis'? (11
2010 SNGS PhysiC$ P2 II 201() SNGS Physics P2 12
11. EITHER (d) Desctlbe an experiment IO determine the ~peed of sound in air using a cathode ray
(a) The dlagram below represents lhe screen of a calhode ray oscilloscope (c.r.o.). In your account,
draw a labelled diagram of the setup,
desctibe the procedure,
explain how the speed Is calcUle\ed !tom the readings taken. (4)
The tim&-base setting is 0.5 ms cm ancl the Vi)ain seUlng is 2.0 mV cm. A
microphone connected to !he y-platM of the c.r.o. dete<:ts a sound wave note of
frequency 500 Hz.
(i) Calculate the period of the note. 111
(u) The M!ptilucle of the signal from the mlcraphone is 6.0 mV. Draw the trace seen
on the screen of the c.r.o. when tho microphone detects the sound wave. Draw
the maximum number of waves seen. i3)
(b) What happens lo an air particle when a sound wave passes through air? (I)
(c) Whal happens lo the air particle when lhe sound is louder? II I
2010 SNGS Physics P2 13 2010 SNGS Physics P2 14
11. OR EJ<plaJn why there is a deltecllon in the galVanometrH. (21
(a) f' stJt wue XY is connected to a galvanome1e1 by :lexible v.ires so !ha! 11 can swing
lreely between rwo magnets as shown in Figure 1 below. Ooe mayr~t 1s placed
above and it'e oth111 IS plac<Jd below the w;re XY.
Why does the galvanometer reading decrease with lime? {2)
The wire XY ls set sw;nging as shown ln Figure 2 by di$pladng it lo one side at (Ii} In wtlich direction Wll tile current flow In wire XY when lhe wire swings frOnl R
positlOn R and then releasing it from R. toS? \II
Whicl\ of the stages I to 5 corresponds lo the reading shown :!ls "A' on the
graph? Explain your ch<.>JC8. (I )
Fogu1e 3 shows how the reading t'rl the galvanometet varies with tJtne alter the wire
has been set swirog1ng. (v) Which of the 5tages 1 to 5 corresponds to the leading shown as a on the
graph? Oescnbe the molJon of the wire at this slage. (1)
2010 SNGS Phyaiu P2 15 16
2010 SNGS Physics P2
(b) How would you mod~y :tie set14> shown in (a) to obtain a relalively C<)fl$1anl a.c.
1n your account,
draw e. labelled diagram of Iha setup,
describe the procedure. (3]
End of Paper
2010 SNGS Physica P2 17
Answers for ~0 1 0 S N GS Physics Prellm Papers
Paoer1 B
10 2A 3A 4C 50 6C 7C 89 90 10 A
11 0 12 B 13C 14C isc 16 B 17 A 18 D 19C 20 B
21 B 22C 23 B 24 D 256 260 27 D 28 B 29 D 300
31 B 320 33 B 340 35C 36C 37 B 38c 390 40C
Decote<alion "' 15 / (4.0 0.8) (b) (ii)
~ 4.6875 ~ 4.7 m/s2 10 2 s.f.
(c) Staking distance , 'h x 15 x 3 .2 24 m =
Total travelling distance 12 + 24 = 36 m
Driver will not stop In lime.
(b){i) Anti-clockwise .
Braking Time (i) Reaclion Reaction
force force
I l

Taking moments about H,
F x 120 a 20 x 50(l

___J I
(e) Speed ol car I mass or weight of car/ tyre pressure I efficiency of brakes/ F 83 N
smoothness of e I I~ a ied to b<akes. (b)(i) Pa FIA 8314.0 x 10
s 2.1 x 1o Pa or 21 kPa
(ii) Increase length of lever arm.
Increase force Fon end of lever arm.
Decrease cross-sectional area of plunger.
Decrease distance between H and the plunger.
360N S(a) E "' Pt (500) (60 x 60)
s1.8x10 J
53 (b) The body will sweat moce to cool down the body to prevent overheating as
evaporation produces cooling.
The rate of evaporation inaeases with higher temperature of surroundings.
2010 SNGS Physics Prelim 2010 SNGS Physics Prelim 2
f iemoeia!Ure-----.
Rate -of heat t ransfer depends on temperature difference. A s
. difference between surroundings and jogger is
1 t1ansfe1 1s reduced.
less at 29C than at 20 oc. heat
No. When a_c. reverses directionrnthe coi(-OOfarities of theSoienOlds are-also
I~a-)- ~~ternal th~a The forces acting on the sides of the coil continue to a~l upward on the right
- Total reiiecii"On occurs because the ir.cldent angle of 60 Is more side of the coil and downward on lhe left side so the coil continues to rotate
(i) the cflhcal~ anti-clockwise.
750 -
300 .--: l

The slope of Jhe graph is steeper. Because the refractive index of glass is
higher than that of water (or glass is optically denser than water).
(cl) Conduction. Hea! is tr;p1s1erred by the vibration of food molecules to the ~
neighbouring molecules.
7(a)- ------------ -

Current through lamp Xe 24/6 = 4A.

( e"'"
r = 130s

1501 a (0.25)(2100)(18). (0.25)(3400001
= 9450 + 65000
(to 2 s.fJ__ -- 1

Total current ~ 8 A
Current through lamp Y and = 1213 ~ 4A.
Fuse rating is SA because fuse rating must be $lightly higher than the
operating current of the circvit.

I l
8(a) S : North C: South -- 0 .02 0.04
8(b) Anti-clockwise .
1O{ii) When a current flows in the circuit, the electromagnet attracts lhe iron strip
pulling the needle down lo m ake a dot on the tape.
(C) E ~split-ring commutator) reverses direction of current in the coil whenevei~ Whan there is no current flow, the electromagnet loses its magnetism. The
cod passes through its vertical position, to allow the coil to continue rotating in strip is no longer attracted and it springs back.
the same dir~tion. The strip moves up and down continuously to make dots on the tape at regular
time interval.
2010 SNGS Physics Prelim 3
10 (b)(i) rime I<>' each strip 4 x 1/50 ~.Oas
1 strip: Average velocity= 8.0 I {4 x: 1/50) = 100 cm/s
na>ro 1Ra!e-01 chariQeoi-magne11G r1ux ~!'lkaiJes ioo_-ces an e.m.i. in lhe wire. -1
motion ol )('(slow:; ~tm. The rate or ch~ of maonetic llux &iJ<aoes
Ihm---J-The j
4" strl : Avera e veloci!x= 26.3 / (4 x 1/50) 329 cmls
,. , ~ <h!cr.,ases so lhe induced e.rr..f. also decreases.
I (iii) : Current 11ows lrom Y IO X. - 1
~CiVf__ JStago 3 because XV ir; moving. at !he 1.1realesi speed. ______ !
~----e~~~ ~--Wire
x: is movi.ig from S 10 R. - - - - - - - - -- ___ !
~ II
i N I oo 1 S m"'"' I
I _j~L o - 1
y~ ~P;~ngs
'1 .
a good I
, k,Q-0
a 5~rp;and
lllleose pulse
as inc:>de"t s~
Procedure: "
1. Selup the apparatus as shown above.
2. The eo<I is made lo rotate al a COl\S!ant speed in a magnetic :;ekt
...11ecied sound
The rate c;f Change of magnetic r~... x linkages induce an e .m.f. in lhe
1 i - - - long distance -
3. The slip-nngs 1ranster an allernatir.g e.m.f. to the eX1emal circuit.

is connected to the y-input of the CRO and placed at a

distance d from the wan.
2. Switch on the CRO. Adjust the time-base and y-gain to suitable values.
3. Clap once f Fire a gunshot at the same distanced from the wall.
4. The microphone wiD detect the sound produced and the echo reflocted
from the wall. Two plAses wm be seen on the CRO screen. .
5. Read the distance x between the 2 pulses and calcufale the time taken
t =xx time-base.
6. Use the formula v =2dfl to calculate speed of sound in air.
OR 11 W ire XV cuts the ma netic !luxes
2010 SNGS Physics Prelim s 2010 SNGS PhySIC$ Prelim 6
When the 1aws of a pair of vernier caflpers are closed, the rea ding 1s s~n in Fig. 1.1
CHIJ St. Theresa's Convent When 1t is used to measure the diameter of a circular disc, the reading 1s shown in Fig. 1 2.
Preliminary Examination 2010
Secondary Four (Express) 0 1 4 5
PAPER 1 Multiple Choice

5058/01 l0

1111\ IJl! 1il I
I om
...LI.I I IL,Y,
1 1
ll II\++ii
1 1......,.;
I\ I-cm
Fig. 1.1 Fig. 1.2
4 August 2010
What 1s the actual diameter of the disc?
1 hour
A 4.43cm
B 4.46 cm
Write in soft pencil. D 4.52 cm
Do not use staples, paper-clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid .
Write your name, class and index number on the OTAS Sheet in the spaces provided
unless this has been done for you. 2 Which of the following describes work done, force and distance as scalar or vector
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there
are four possible answers A, B, C and D. force distance
work done
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the
separate OTAS Sheet A scalar vector scalar
Read the instNctions <:'n the Answer Sheet very carefully. B scalar scalar vector
c vector vector scalar
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet. scalar vector
D vector
~ A stone is being thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 15 mis. What is the acceleration
of the stone at one second after its release?
A O ms- 2
B 15 ms-2 downwards
C 10 ms., downwards
o 10 ms- upwards
This question paper consists of 15 printed pages
[Turn Over
Sc.t1t..r: Mr N~ Knk Hua1
The figure shows the variation of velocity v with time t of a bicycle.
vims The figure shows a pendulum bob hung in equilibrium In a string by a pulling force F. The
weight of the bob Is Wand the tension in the siring Is T.
v F
I/ Us
Which is the correct free-body diagram showing the forces acting on the pendulum bob?
0 2 3 4 5 6 8
Whal are the displacemenl and ai celeralion of the b'cycle alt= 5 s ?
displacement/m acceleration/ ms-2



0 12 0 ;,
c 0
5 A force of 15 N acting on an object of mass 500 g causes it to move with a constant
acceleration of 10 ms"' Whal is the frictional force acting against the object?
B 5N
C 10 N w
D 15N
7 A cube of volume O 06 m' is made of material with density 200 kgm-> What is the wcoght of
Ille cube?
A 0.004 N B 16 K C 160N 0 2500 N
s Which of the following methods cannot be used to Increase the slabohty of a baby hogh
A increasing the base area of the chair
B adding wheels to the legs of the chair
C attaching weights to the base of the chair
D lowering the seat of the chair
.. 5-068/01/Prelim/2010
4 6
A rectangular lank as shown below weighs 500 N when empty and 4500 N when it is 11 A student applied a force of 20 N to push an object with a constant velocity of 0.40 ms'
completely filled w~h oil. across the floor. What is the work done by the s tudent in 5.0 s?
A 1.6J 6 8 .0 J c 10 .0 J D 40.0 J
t 0.S m
A body falls freely under the action of gravity. Which of the following statements concerning
its energy is incorrect?
A Its gravitational potential energy at the ~nd of its flight is all converted to kinetic
6 Its gravitational potential energy remains constant throughout its flight.
C Its total energy remains constant throughoul its flight.
What is the pressure exerted by the oil at the base of the lank?
D It gains kinetic energy while falling.
A 222 Pa
Over a particular temperature range, a volume of liquid expands more than the same
B 250 Pa
volume of solid because liquid molecules. compared to solid molecules.
C 1330 Pa
A are less dense.
D 2670 Pa
B are larger in size.
C move faster.
A column of liquid X, floats on water in a U-tube of un~orm cross-section area.
I) exert smaller forces on surrounding molecules.
The diagram shows a tube containing gas and mercury in a beaker of waler at room
10cm~ 14
temperat ure.
If the density of water is 1000 kglm', what is the density of liquid X?

500 kgm'
800 kgm"' )

wa ter
C 1000 kgm" room temperature
What will happen lo the volume and pressure of the gas as lhe beaker of water is heated lo
D 1500 kgm' a higher steady temperature?
volume pressure
A decreases decreases
fl increases increases
c increases no change
D n o change mcreases
5058101/Preiim/20 10
1!:'. When one end of a rod is healed, heal energy is transferred down the rod by
1!1 A small heater, rated at 24 w. ls embedded in a large block of ice at 0 'C.
A hot n1olecules moving along 1he rod.
After the beater has been switched on for 672s, rt 1s found that 48 9 of ice had been melted
B hot molecules ohanging places with cool ones. into water at 0 c.
C the air around the rod, which moves after being heated. What is the specific latent heat or ice?
D transfer of energy from one molecule to the next. A 2!j0 Jig
B 336 Jig
16 Which types of surface are the best emitters and the best absorbers of infrared radiation?
c 1344 J/g
best emitter best absorber
D 2260 Jig
black and dull
black and po~shed
. black and dull
white and dull 20 The diagram show6 a water wave travelling in the direction of the arrow, at a particular
c white and dull black and POiished instant.
0 while and polished white and polished
t7 Which of the foUowing is not an advantage of a thermocouple thermometer?
A It has a high temperatvre nrnge.
B 1t does not require any electrical devices to calibrate.
C It can measure tempera)ure at a poinl What wiU bappen to points X aod Y as the water wave travels forward?
D It C8fl measure rapidly changing temperatures.
A Xwillgoup, Ywillgodown.
B Xwillgod<Mn, Ywillgoup.
18 A lhennometer with no scale is taped to a ruler. When it is placed in steam. the mercwy
level roses to 26 cm. When it is placed in pure melting ice, the mercury level drops to 2 cm
C Xwill go up, Ywill go up.
n X win go down. Y will go down.
The diagram shows four rays of light from a lamp below the surface of some water.
t6 What is the critical angle for light in water'?
tO ,......1!){>(c:ury
Whal is the temperature shown by the mercury level in the diagram?
A 25 C B 29 'C C 33'C D 40'C lamp
5056101/PrehmllO10 '
22 The diagram shows a ray of light passing along a simple optical fibre. " 10
ZS Which of the following oscillosoope traces ol different sounds correspond to the softest
sound of the lowest pitch?
A B c D
What Is the refractive index of glass?
A 0.684
Whicl\ of the following statements Is true about electrostatic charging by rubbing between a
e 1.46 glass rod and a silk clolh?
c 1.73 A It involves a transfer of neutrons.
D 2.53 B It involves a transfer of protons.
c It involves a transfer of free electrons.
2J Which of lhe following types of electromagnetic waves are usually employed In industrial
heating end drying? o It involves a transfer of electrons.
A infra- red rays
Which of the following correctly depicts the electric fiel~ lines produced by two isolated
negative point charges?
B microwaves
C VIStble light
D X-rays
Which of the followiog shows visible light, ultraviolet rays and infra-red rays corree1ly
arrang~ in the order of illCfeasing frequency?
Lowest frequency----> highest frequency
A v1s1ble hg hl ultraviolet rays Infra-red rays
B ultraviolet rays visible light Infra-red rays
Infra-red rays visible light ultraviolet rays
D Infra-red rays ultraviolet rays visible light
2~ Two 6 V batteries are connected as shown in the diagram.
~y 6V
Whal is the voltage between X and Y?
A OV B3V C 6V D 12V
Four pieces of wire made of the same rraterial are connected in turn between t~.e terminals
P and Q, in the circuit shown below. ~ A lamp is connected in series with a light-Oependent resistor (_DR) and a battery. The
barrier shields the LDR from the lamp.
p Q
Whic~ wire will give the smallest reading on the ammeter?
0.Sm '
. diameter
When the LDR is wrapped with a black cloth, the lamp glows very dimly.
When the black cloth is removed and the light Intensity on the LOR increases, what
B 0.5m ..... 1.0mm happens to tJ-e lamp?
c 1.0m /
A rt gets brighter.
ll 1.0 m ,. 0.5mm ,1
B It gets dimmer but does not go out.
C It goes oul
Which graph shows the current-voltage (/V) relationship for a filam@nt lamp?
D II stays the same.
With the 1 :l Q resistor (X) in the circuit show~. the ammeter reading is 1.0 A A 20 0
resistor (Y) is also available.
20 0
c D Which change to the circuit will give a reading of more than 1 A?
.A . reverse the connections to x
B place Y on the other side of the ammeter
C replace X with Y
D connect Yin parallel with X
An electric heater is rated al 2 kW. Electrical energy costs 8 cents per kWh. What is the
cost of using the heater for 3 hours?
A 6 cents B 16 cents c 24 cents b 4'B cent~
.. 5058101/Prelim/2010
"' 14
The diagram shows the three wires of an electrical mains supply connected ta a waler
healer. 37 A d.c. motor consists of a coil al many turns rotating in a fixed magnetic field. The coil is
live connected ta a d.c. supply through a split-ring commutator.
mains .___~n=e=-ut"'ra"'l_ __J heater axlo
What are the currents in the live, neutral and earth wires when the heater draws a current
of 5 A from the mains supply?
live neutral earth
coll of many turns
A 5A 5A SA
SA P, Q: halves of split-ring
0 SA 5A OA Same changes are made. one al a time.
The d.c. supply is reversed.
The coil is turned before switching on. so that P starts an the right and Q on the left.
The pales of the magnet are reversed.
What material could be used to make the needle of a plotting compass? The turns on the coil are increased in number.
A aluminium How many of these changes make the coil rotate in the apposite direction?
B brass A 1 B2 c 3 D 4
C Iran
38 The diagram shows lwo identical bulbs lighleo with normal brighlrtess using 240 V s.upply
0 steel through an ideal transformer.
36 In me cl1agram PQ is a fixed wire while RS is a movable wire. Bath wires are connected ta
a cell and dipped into a mercury reservoir. 24W, 12V
24W, 12V

I_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ JI
II the primary coil has 1200 turns, how many turns are there in the secondary coil.
A60 B 120 c 240 D 6000
When the switch K is closed.
:19 Electricity is transmitted at high voltage rather at low voltage because
A S will move away from PQ.
A ii wastes less energy.
B Swill move towards PQ.
B it is easier to generate_
C Swill out of the paper.
C ii requires less insulalion.
D Swill move into the paper.
D ii allows lransfarmers to be used.
A simple a.c. generalor pr~uces a voltage that varies with time as s hown.
* l@ ~.,.
Class Index Number
~-~/V=IP l
CHIJ St. _Theresa's Convent
Preliminary Examination 2010
Secondary Four (Express)
Whh ic~ ~raph shows how the voltage varies with time when the generator rotates at twice
t e oog1naJ speed?
PHYSICS 5058/02
,_.JV; kf I ?f'J .
PAPER 2 Theory
o I 2 I 4 Ume/s
Candidates answer on the Question Paper.
11 August 2010
=~ J
No Additional Materials are required. 1 hour 45 minutes
Write your name, class and index number in the spaces at the top of this page.
Write in dark blue or blacl< pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper cli~s. highlighters, glue or correction fluH:I.
Section A
Answer all questions.
c Section B
Answer all questions. Question 11 has a choice of parts to answer.
Candidates are reminded that all quantitative answers should include appropnate units
Candidates are advised to show all Uieir working in a clear and orderly manner, as more marks are
awarded for sound use of phystCS than for correct answers.
Al the end of the examination, fasten all you work securely together.
The number of marks IS given in brackets [ I at the end of each question or pan question.
For Examiner's Use
Section A / 50
Section B
-/ 30
time/s -
Total / 80
-----+-- -
~----~--- -
- End of Paper -
This question paper consists o f 18 printed pages
[Turn Over
Sch:r Mr Ng Kok Iluo.1
" 5058102/Prelim/20 10
Section A 3
Answer all the questions in this section. 2 Fig. 1.2 shows the essential features of a trolley used for lifting and transporting heavy
buckets in a factory. The force to lift a bucket is derived from the downward force, F,
the opera1or exerts at the handle Hat lhe end of the lifting bar. The centre of gravity or
A vessel of mass 5000 kg moves horizontally at a constant acceleration ol 1.2 ms"' the lifting bar ls at P. The mass of the bucket Is 60 kg.
when it is being towed by two tug boats with tension~ Twhich are inclined at
30 and 60 respectively with the horizontal, as shown in Fig. 1.1.
vessel moving horizontally
al oonstant acceleration of 1.2 ms
5000 kg
(chagram not drawn to scale)
Fig. 1.1 Bucket. 60 kg
{a) Calculate the resultanl force acting on the vessel. [2)
Flg. 2.1
\a) Calculate the force F necessary to hold the bucket steady, in the posit.on shown.
lb ) By drawing a scaled diagram, determine the tensions T, and Te.
(b) The bucket is lifted to a height of 0.12 m in 4.0 s .
(I) Calculate the power fe<1uired to lilt the bucket
power= [2]
tii) Suggest a reason why the power actua~y developed by the operat' during
the 4.0 s must be greater than your calculated value in (1).
. . ' . [1]
Explain why the device Is designed so that the bar PH Is 1.5 m long rather than
"" -
SOSll/02/Preln\1201 O
A train lravel!ing at a constant speed of 22 m _,I .
s s approaclung a terminal station 5
When lhe driver applies lhe brakes lh .
d istance of 150 m before It comes to e train s1otWs down at a uniform rate to travel a 4 Fig. 4.1 shows a hydraulic press with a force of 85 N being exerted on piston K with a
a comp1e e stop. . cross-sectional area of 8 cm'.
(a) Sketch a speed-Um~_ graph of the train.
As piston K is depressed, Piston L moves up and compresses an air-filled nexible
plastic container attached to it. A glycerine manometer Is connected to the plastic
container to measure the pressure difference between the air inside and the
atmosphere outside.
nexibla plastic glycerine
piston Kol container
area 8 cm2
(b) manometer
Calculate the time taken for the train
begins. to come to a complete stop after braking
hydraulic press
Fig. 4.1
{a) Explain how pressure is transmitted in the hydraulic press.
lime taken=
;-------- (2)
(b) Calculate the pressure exerted on the nexible plashc container.
(c) What is the uniform retarda!IOIJ of the train?
pressure= (2)
(c) Given that Ill e atmospheric pressure Is 1x10' Pa. calculate the density of
unirorm retardation =
5058102/Prelim/201 ~ densily of glycerine = (31
5058/02/Prelom/20 I 0
5 Some delails about benzene are iven below.
benzene 6 A tuning fork vibraling al 550 Hz produces a so_und wave of wavelength 600 mm. wilh
6C moving compressions and rarefaclJons In the air.
uid benzene 1.s JI c (a) Explain what is meant by compressions and rarefactions.
---- ~"'"..'- ---4"'. . . .
(al_, In the following graph, sketch the cooling curve or benzene from Oc to 80 "C,
lndicabng clearly its states, boifing anomelting point.
- ~ -
--'"''''''-~# ------- --------...,,
~--- (b) Deduce the distance from the centre of a compression to the centre of the
nearesl rarefaction In the sound wave.
distance= [1J
(c ) Calculate the speed or sound.
speed of sound = . ..o.o-.~----'--u
i Fig. 7.1 shows a circuit connected to a battery of 6 V.
(b} During boiling, thermal energy is required without a change in temperature. 6V
(i) What is the thermal energy required during boding known as?
........... -~,,--------------------- --------
(ii) Using ideas about molecules, explain why thermal energy is sttll required
during boiling, even !hough there is no change in temperature.
..... - ..................., .. t .- - ............................ ----v--.-.......... .
--- ..- R
(c) Calculale the lotal energy required to heat up 7.0 g of liquid benzene from 10 C Fig. 7.1
lo ils boiling point at 80 c.
(a) Determine lhe currenl reading In the ammeler.
total energy = I~! current reading = . [2]
5058/02/Prehm/201 O
(b) Calcula te the potential differences between
(I) Pend Q,
Name component X and state its function.
...----- , ...-....~---
---~-.:: ----- [2]
potential difference between p and Q =
[2] (,) At time, t = 0 s, the coil is rotated from its horizontal position at a constant rate of
(ii) Pand R . 5 revolutions per second. The maximum output voltage obtained from the
generator Is 12 V.
On the CRO, the time-base Is set to 50 ms per cm a,d the Y-galn is set lo
6 V per cm.
On Fig. 8.2 below, sketch the graph of lhe output voltage against time as
poten~al difference between P and R = displayed on the CRO, starting your graph from time f =Os. Indicate your voltage
----------- [2} and time scales clearly. (Each smaU square on the grid Is 1cm1 cm)
(c) T_h o points Q and Rare now joined b 8 I .
direction In which Y wre. Indicate, wtth a reason the
you would expect currenl lo flow in wire QR. '
- .... ----- ------ - ---------
..............M.................. ...
---------- ------ - --------
Fig. 8. 1 shows the structuro of a simpl
external circuit with its output t . I e a.c generalor wilh its coil connected to an
ermina s attached to a cathode ray oscilloscope (CR.OJ.
cuil rotabon
,_~ ____.__..___.._~___..__.___.__..__.__.,__.___.__..__, 11 ...........
/ magnet 1 cm
Fig . 8.2
/ s (31
'j.i---oo=tpu-c-t- j D
Fig. 8.1
Ii') Explain Why an alternating emf d
is rotated. . IS Pro uced at the output terminals when the coll
...... ,,. -----..,1.
- - -" ll!"'.'r.. . . , \ ,

. ... . . . . . . ,Y.M-.....,
,....... .
- ..........._______
---"'"" ..;-t---
.., ........................
5058/021Pr&im/201 o
5058/02/Prelimf201 O
Section B
Answer all lho questions in this section Some information provided by a manufacturer of wind turbines is given in Fig. 9.3.
Ans1.,er only one of the two alternative questions in Question 11.
height of tower from ground to hub 56m
9 rotor dianeter 44m
Win~ power can be used for the generation of eleclrrc power. Fig. 9.1 illustrates one number of blades 3
particular lype of wind turbine.
voltage 690V
frequency 50 HL
rotor blade output powerlkW
generator housin
wind speed/ ms1
0 10 15 20 25 JO
Fig. S.3
(a) (ii Use t'1e graph of tne manufacturer's data to give values of
Fig. 9.1 1. the maximum oulput power,
The ".'.""d causes t.he :otor bl~des lo lurn and these drive an electric generator The
~~~~'.~.generator is situated in the housing al the lop o' the tower, as illustiated in maximum power :: (1]
2. the wjnd speed for this maximum power.
WlllO speed; (1)
(i:i Air of density p and speed vis incidenl normally on a rolor of radius r. r1e
incident "'ind power Pwof the air incident on the rotor" given by
Pw "!..trr'v 3 p
The aor has density 1.25 kgm'.
Calculate the incident "Ind power on the rotor, when the wind turbine is
c;pe:ahng a! maximum output power.
generator fixing fer
housing blale
Fig. 9.2
ltlcident wind power ; ' 31
5058102/l'relim12U 10
12 13
(Ill) At high wind speeds, the turbine Is 'cul out', that is the generator Is no Describe how the resistance of an unknown metallic conductor can be measured
longer turned by the blades_ 10 (a)
using a voltmeter and an ammeter. In your account,
1. Use FJQ. 9.3 to determine this 'cut-out' speed. draw a labelled diagram of the apparatus, Including any other equipment
'cut-out' speed = [1) thal you may use.
slate the readings to be taken. .
2. Suggest one reason why it Is necessary to have a 'cut-out' speed. explain how the resistance is calculated from the readings.
-. ~-a...-..1.. ir......:r...._____ ----------l"'
--------------- ------------------ [1)
(ll) Slate whether the generator produces direct current or alternating curren~
explaining how you came to your conclusion
---..~ ---'-----.. . ---r------.:.-----------..t.------ ......... - -------------------..------
(e) The wind turbine must be protected from lightning stn'lte.
(I) Suggest, with a reason, which part of lhe wind turbine Is most likely to be
struck by lightning.
----------------.0.:............ ---------
(Ii) Suggest how the risk of damage by lightning may be minimised. (4)
.., ...7_...1.. ,. ......... -- ---- -- - ----
. 1. I d 12 V 24 Wand Is connected directly across a 12 v
(bl A small heat1nl) co1 1s ra e
[1) I' 300 s
(I) Calculate the amount of charge passing through the heating COt an
amount of chorge =
(ii) Calculate the resistanco of lhe heating coil.
reslstance :::
5058/02/Prelim/201o 5058/02/Prelim/2010
- 1
(c) In Fig. 10.1, a heating coll and a componenlX are connected in series across a 12 V
accumulalor. 11 ElTHER
In Fig. 10.2, the component X has been replaced by a different component Y. (a) Fig. 11.1 shows lhe positions of the eye of a car driver, lhe wing mirror of the car
-and the front of a lorry.
12 v 12V
~-_..j l J1--~ _ __,lj1-~
win_y mirror
With component X in the circuit, the coil does not heat up, but on reversing the
connections to X , the coil heats up.
With component Yin the circuit, the heat produced per second by tile coil can be
varied, and reversing the connections to component Y makes no difference lo the heat

car drive(s eye

R---;-c:fro--,nt-,of"'lo=rry-,----I 3\
produced per second. Fig. 11.1
ldenbfy components X and Yand explain the effect in eaeh case.
On Fig. 11.1, draw two light rays to indicate clearly the section of the front of
- - - - - -.......- ---.,. -"' OOOH00AooooooO OOOOUOOOOOOOOOO O --OO OOOOOHO OHO ~OO_ _..., _ _ the lorry which can be seen in the wing mirror by the car driver. (2]
(fj) The wing mirror of a car is often curved "with a surface of the shape shown
in Fig. 11.2.
....................... ............................................ (2]
irror ,
' '
'' ''
./ \,
~ ''
!' '\
Fig.1 1.2
Using the laws of reflection, explain how the curved mirror would enaiJle
more of lhe front of the lorry to be .ten.
5058102/Prelim /201 U
(b ) An object 15 mm high is placed 70 .
length 50 mm. mm on front of a converging lens o' focal 17
{i) Using a scale diagram, draw a ray dia . OR
the distance o.Ltlle imaoe fr!llll.lbe len~'.31'1 lo detonmne omagtlllightand
Fig 11.3 shows a circuit with a steel bar that is being magnetized in a solenoid.
~eel bar
image height ;
- .......-..........._______ _
distance of the Image from the lens ; (al On Fig. 11.3, draw the magnetic field pattern created by the solenOtd. (2)
(II) Describe the nature of the image formed. {bj Fig. 11.4 shows a piece of r.ermanent magnet being placed near one end of the steel
------------------- solenoid
._,,,_~OOOooO- OO-oOO. . .Oooooo-
-o o > o o u o . ,, . ...... . . . O o o H - O Hoooo
------..----........................ - ...................................... - ...... (1)
If the object ts moved to a distance f 60
image distance be affected?

o mm from the lens. how will the

. . .................. -..!'. --

9 permanent magnet
----- --- -- [1]
Fig. 11.4
Stale and eplain what will happen to the permanent magnet.
5058/02/Prelim/20 tO
CHI~ St Theresa's Convent
(~) Describe a method In which the circuit can be modified to de-magnetise the steel bar. Secondary 4 Express Physics Preli ms
Answer Scheme for SA1 2010
------- --------- ..}..------------------ 4
------------------------------------------------------.......................______________________ [2)
t"l Describe an experiment to show how a beam of electrons travelling into a magnetic
field can be deflected. In your account.
draw a labelled diagram showing the beam or moving electrons and the magnetic
indicate clearly the direction of the electron beam before entering. within and
beyond the magnetic fteld.
Explain what causes the deflection of the electron beam.
----------- -. ---- - ------------- ---......... ---- .... .. ----------------------.... ------ ---- ... - ----- [4)
- End of P~per -
CHfJ St Ther esa's Convent
Sec 4 Express Physlc.s CHIJ St Theresa's Convent
A nswer Scheme for 20 10 Prellms Sec 4 Express Physics
1a.F,. 5000 x 1 .2 [C1] Answer Scheme for 2010 Prelims
= 6000 N [Al )
lb. correct scale and diagram [B1)
r.=3000N (A1]
To = 5200N [A 1]
(Allow ECF and error allowance to 10%).
2a. F x 1.5
F = 120 N
600 x 0.3
(C1 )
2bi. Power= (60x10x0.12)/4 [C1)
= 18W [A1]
5bi. Latent heat/specific latent heat of vapourisationnatent heal of vapourisation (81]
2bii. Energy or power is required to overcome the frictional fcirces. [81 ]
... 5bii. Dur1ng boiling from a liquid to gaseous state, thermal energy is required to overcome
2c. Less force is required to achieve the same turning moment with a longer bar. (81)
the attractive forces o f the liquid molecules to allow the molecules to separate and
(moment = Force x perpendicular distance.)
disperse into the gaseous stale.
Sc. o, = 7 x 1.8 x (80-10} [C1]
&.peedJ'm5I = 882 J
0 2 = 7 x250 [C1]
= 1750 J
Total energy= 882 + 1750 [C1)
= 2632 J [A1)
6a. Compression Is the moving of air molecules together as tuning fork vibrates forward [81]
Graph is able to display:
Rarefactions is lhe de-compression of air molecules as tuning fork mov es backward [811
Uniform speed of 22 m/s (61)
Constant retardation (6 1]
6b. 300 mm [A ll
3b. 0.5 x 22 x t" 150 [C1]
6c. speed = 550 x 0.6 [C1J
I= 13.6 s [A1]
= 330 mis [A 1)
3c. Retardation = 22/13.6 (C1 J
= 1.61ms' 2 \A 1) I I [C1 ]
7a. current= 6x( + 4 "2+1)
4a. The hydraulic press makes use of the property that liquids are nol compressible [6 1] =3A [A1]
and thus pressure can be transmitted equally, through the trapped liquid, [B 1]
to the big piston upon pressing the small piston. 2
7bi. pd b/w PQ = - - x6 [C1J
4b. p = 85/(0.0008)
= 106250 Pa or 1.0625 x 105 Pa
[C 1] = 2V [A1]
[A 1]
4c. pressure difference= 0.0625 x 105 Pa [81] 2
(0.8 - 0.3)x px10 = 0 .0625 x 105 [C1 ) 7bii. pd b/w PR= - - x 6 [C1 )
p= 1250 kgm-> (A1] [A1]
le. R to Q because R is at a higher potential than Q_ [81]
CHIJ St Theresa'~ Convent
Sec 4 E><press Physics CHl l St Ther esa's Convent
Answer Schem e for 2010 Prelims Sec 4 Express Physics
Answer Scheme for 2010 Prelim5
Sa. During lhe first hall of the rolaUon th 1 10c. X: diode -') ii rectifies the circuit and allOw current to flow in one direction only when
magnets at a changing rate this i~d e co1 cuts the .magnetic nux created by the 2
~~:~i-'$%~i'~:"nde run=.
~~In one particular
ii is forward biased. [81)
direction that can be detern:ined by [611 Y: Rheostat-') It allows resistance to be varied and hence current or heat proouced
per second can be varied. {B1~
Ounng the second half of the rotation .
n1verses jts djrection. ' current continues to be induced in the coil but
(61) 11 Either
This alternate reversal of curr 1
terminals as the coil is rotateden creates an alternating emf across the output 11ai.
Sb. X is the slip ring.
i t Is used lo conduct current from ends of coil to the output te . I . [61]
rushes. rm1na s via the carbon
b [61]
Perio.d = 0.2 s , with correct scale (61]
Amplitude = 12 V, with correct scale (61] (62]
Max. voltage at t =O , with sinusoid [Btj 2 correct rays on extreme ends of mirror/co1Tect section indicated
-1 m !or any Incorrect rays.
9ai1. 600kW (01]
9ai2. 15 mis [B1J 11aii. On the left-end of the curve mirror
angle of incidence (b/W Incident ray 1 and normal of curve surface) is reduced.
9aii. r = 4412 = 22 m [81) This means thal the reflected rey wiU have smaller angle of reflection implying
Wind power= 0.5 x 3.142 x 222 x15'x1 .25 (C1) that more of the leflslde of the lorry is reflected to the car drive(s eye. (61)
= 3.20 x 106 W or 3207 kW (A1J ...
On the righl-<!nd of the curve mirror,
9aiiJ1. 25 mis angle of incidence (b/w incident ray 2 and n01TT1al of curve surface) is increased.
9ai2 too high a wind speed . des troy uie turbine/generator/prevents
. may . damage 1IJ
(A 1
(A This means that the renected ray will have a larger angle of reflection implying
that more of the nght side of the lorry is rellecled lo the car driver's eye. [61)
9b. a c as the vollage has alternates al a frequency of 50 Hz given by the data. [611 This effectively increases the range of mirror that can be seen.
9ci The rotor blade as II is highest and closest to the clouds when ch arges are built
. up.(61) 11 bi. - correct scale f [01)
- correct ray diagram (dolled lines and arrows lo be shown) [01)
Using a hghlning a1Testor, or earthing the rotor blades. [61) image distance= 175 mm (10% tolerance allowed) (61]
- imago height= 37.5 mm ( 10'!. tolerance allowed)
10a. - correct labelled diagram [B1J
- co1Tect readings to be taken (61]
- repeal experiment to calculate the average of the re di [B1]
fr~mn~~ readings
co1Tect description of how resistance is calculated (81]
10b1. Q = (24 x 300)112 (C1]
= 600 c [A1]
[6 1)
10b11. R c12'124 [C 1] 11bii. reallinverled/magnitied (any 2) [61]
=60 [A1] 11biii. image dista11ce is Increased
CHIJ St Theresa's Convent
Sec 4 Express Phy$lcs
Answer Scheme for 2010 Prelims
11 a. correct field line direction from north to south (61)
correct field pattern (61)
11 b. It will be repelled away from the solenoid as north pole is induced on the solenoid at
the end closer to magnet and like poles repel. ' [B 1)
11c. Pass a.c Instead of d.c to the circuit. [81)
Pull out Ifie magnetized steel bar In e east-west direction slowly as a.c Is passed
through the solenoid. (81)
11d. labelled diagram showing correct direction of electrons and magnetic field. (81]
Electrons bending in correct direction within the magnetic field, and no bending
beyond magneUc field. [82)
State Fleming's lefl hand rule with conventional current direction is used to determine
force. Be~nd [8 1)
Holy Innocents High School
Secondary 4 Express Physics
Paper 1
Object X is placed against a ruler.
~ .
A sack of weight W hangs from the end of a rope. The sack is pulled sideways by a horizontal
force F and Is held stationary. The tension In the rope Is T.
10 11 12 13 cm
.. rope lenslon
This ruier is placed against another ruler to measure the end correction.
Which force diagr~m gives the correct value and direction for the tension T?
What is the length of the object X?
V '\l ~
A 0.9 cm
B 1.1 cm
C 1.3 cm
D 1.5cm
The speed-time graph below shows how the speed of a bus varies with time. f' F
A net force Is applied on a body with its variation as shown in the figure below.
time interval X time lotorvaJ V
. 31 time
Whal Is the average speed of the bus?
Q + y
What is its velocity-time graph?

'~[=?=: ~Fl:_
C (P-Q) + (X+Y)
D (P+Q} .- (X+Y)
3. I
A table-tennis ball is dropped from the same height In a vacuum and then in air. 21 31 bme
l 2t 31 time
What effect will air resistance have on its time of fall and its average acceleration?
. A
time of fall acceleration \'eloci~
A increase decrease
B increase same
c same decrease
D same increase it 3t ~me
c 2
The apparatus below is set up on Earth. It shows a piece of soft iron X of mass 0.60 kg fixed on 9.
one end of a uniform beam AB which is pivoted at its midpoint. X is prevented from being pulled Elaine launches a remote control helicopter up to the sky at a constant acceleration. What are the
down by a fixed magnet by a load of 1.00 kg hung at A. changes in the gravitational potential energy and the kinetic energy?
Gravitational Potential energy Kinetic energy
A decrease decrease
tJ1oad soft iron X 2=i B
1.00 kg
magnet D D

increase increase
Whic h of these statements about pressure is not true?
The experlmenl is now conducted on the Moon where the acceleratlon due to gravity Is one-sixth A The S.I. unit of pressure Is the pascal which Is equal to 1 N m
that of the Earth. The mass of the load at A f equired to maintain the equilibrium of the beam Is B The greater the area a force acts upon the greater the pressure.
c Pressure in a liquld Increases with depth.
A 1.00 kg D Force Is equal to pressure times area.
B 3.00 kg
c 3.60 kg 11.
0 6.00 kg The U-tube shown in the diagram contains water and a liquid which are separated by mercury.
John applied a horizontal force F on an empty light plastic container as shown below and caused it
to fall easily.
p Q
Which of the following statements aboUt this arrangement is correct?
A The pressure al P is less than at Q because there is a smaller volume of liquid above it.
Which of the following aclion(s) will need a force greater than F to cause the container to fall? B The density of the liquid is less than the density of the water.
C The pressure at P and Q Is equal.
1. half fill the container with water D The pressure of the water column Is greater than the pressure of the liquid column.
2. 1111 up the container fully with water
3. apply the force al 1 cm lower than the original position 12.
The diagram shows five mercury barometers. For which of these is the external pressure greatest?
A 1 and 2 only
B 1 and3 only
C 2 and 3 only
D 1, 2 and 3
An engine pushes a car forward through a distance of 10 m with an average force of 500 N. There
ls a frictional force of 300 N. What is the total work done by the engine?
A 2000 J
B 3000 J
c 5000 J
D 8000 J
A B c 0
In a hydraulic car jack, the diameter of one piston is frve limes that of the other pis:on. 16.
Some steamboat restaurants use paper pots for their customers lo boil the food themselves.
What is the reason for tho paper not to catch fire when in contact with the flame?
The force on the larger piston compared to the force on the smaller piston i s -- -- - - - -
A 5 times smaller
B the same
C 5 times larger
D 25 times larger
1. The paper is thin and thererore heal Is conducted quickly to the water in lhe paper pot.
14. 2. Water has a boiling point lower than the burning temperature of the paper.
When Gail blows into the manometer with a pressure P above a tmospheric pressure, the level in 3. The paper is thick Elnough to withstand the high temperature of the flame.
the left-hand limb rises to point X. W ha t would be the level in the right-hand limb if Gail increases
the pressure of her blowing to 2P above atmospheric pressure? A 1 and 2 only
B 1 and 3 only
c 2 and 3 only
D 1,2and3
A tungsten wire has a resistance of 30 O al o c and 50 at 10oc.
Whal is the working temperature of the wire if its resistance is 45 O?
A 25c
x B 45c
c c 1sc
[) ooc '
Two copper blocks X and Y have masses M, and M,.. In an experiment the blocks are heated.
The results of the experiment are shown in the table.
15. thermal energy lnlUal 1e1npetalure final lemperalure
A student is Investigating the evaporation of waler. supplied/ J JoC Joe
The student can change:
x 2000 -10 +30
the depth of the water;
the surface area of the water; t _-_ ------- - -_-j y 2000 -10 +10
the temperature of the water.
How many of these changes, if any, would alter the rate at which evaporation occurs?
What is th" value of M, I My?
A 0
A 1 A 113
c 2 B 112
D 3 c 2
D 3
In an experiment, 2040 J of thermal energy (heat) Is used to heat 10.0 g of Ice at oc. A ripple tank is used to demonstrate refraction of plane water waves
Assume that water from the melted Ice remains at oc.
~ vr---
deep water
How much ice remains after healing? (specific latent heat of fusion of ice= 340J/g)
,_ /IJ
A O.Og
a 4.0g
c 6.0g
D 8.0 g
Ice is taken from a freezer and left in a room. The Ice melts and eventually the water reaches room
temperature. Which energy transfers take place? boundary o.acm
energy transfer during melling energy transfer after melting Based on the given figure above, what Is the speed of the waves In the shallow water?
A from ice to room from water to room A 6.4cm/s
a from Ice to room from room to water 8 8.0cmis
c from room to ice from room to water c 9.6cm/s
D from room to ice from water to room 0 14.4cm/s
21. ' 24.
Some air Is trapped Inside a small balloon. The average kinetic energy of the air molecules in the Which of the following uses gamma rays?
balloon is increased. What remains the same?
1. sterilising
A the density of the air in the balloon 2. killing cancerous cells
B the mass of the air In the balloon 3 detecting flaws In metals
C the temperature of the air in the balloon
D the volume of the air In the balloon A 1 and 2 only
8 1and36nty
22. c 2 and 3 only
The diagrams show different views of a water wave in a-ripple tank. D 1, 2 and 3
What Is a property of all electromagnetic waves?
A They are deflected by magnets.
s B They are positively charged. .
R c When they pass from air to water, their frequencies, wavelengths and speeds all increase.
p 0 They travel through vacuum.
An observer O cannot see the image of target
Scale of 1d~ision 1 m
T through the mirror.
. cross-section of wave crests seen from above What Is the minimum distance he should
move to see the image of target T through the 0
Which letters represent a wavelength and a wavefront? mirror?
. ,~. _......., ..... . . .. "" .
' .
wavelength wavefront A 1m ' \ ' 'mirror
A p R B 2m
B p s ,c 3m
c a R D 4m
D a s
The diagram below shows three rays of light passing through a converging lens. 31. ..
The diagram shows part of an electric circuit.
Which point will the ray XY pass
through after refraction by the lens? What is the currant in the 20 resistor?
A 1 A 0.6A
B 2 B 1.2A
c 3 C 3.0A
D 4 D 6.0A
28. 32.
A hammer strikes one end of a very long metal pipe. A detector at the other end detects two The diagram shows a thermistor connected in a potential divider circuit.
sounds at an interval of 2 s. Given the speed of sound In air and the speed of sound in metal Is
320 ms and 5000 ms' respectively, what is the length of the metal pipe?
A 2.1 m
B 684m
C 4680 m
D 9 600 m
Four processes are used to charge an isolated metal sphere.
p The sphere is earthed by touching it.
Q The earth connection Is removed from the sphere.
R A charged rod is brought close to tho sphere.
s The charged rod Is removed.
The resistance of the thermistor decreases when Its temperature rises. The thermistor is heated.
In which order should these processes be carried out to charge the sphere? What happens to the potential difference across the thermistor as it is heated?
first last A It decreases but not to zero.
A p Q R s B It decreases to zero.
B p R s Q c It increases. "
c R p Q s D It stays the same.
D R p s Q
All lamps In this circuit are rated at 12 V, 36 W. A, B, C and Dare 5 A fuse. Which fuse will melt
30. when the switch 1s closed?
The diagram shows an electric circuit.
Which pair of readings is obtained when a suitable power supply is connected between X and Y?
vottmeter ammeter
A 2V 0.5A
B 6V 0.5A
c 12V 0.5A
D 24 v 6.0A
An engineer uses an allemating current supply and a diode to recharge a car battery. This is done
by passing a current through the battery in the opposite direction to that when it is discharging. -
The . WIthtlme.
graph shows how the output voltage from a simple a.c. generator vanes
Which circuit Is correct?

I t -,-
When this output is passed through a component In the circuit it changes to this.
c D
~~r (\ (\ ( ~
[fi LD
a.c. 8.C. What Is the component?
supply ~
supply -'"--:
A a diode
a a fuse
C a lamp
D a resistor
Each of the diagrams below is a cross-section through two parallel current-carrying conductors. 1
Which diagram correctly shows the magnetic field pattern formed by the currents in the two
! ~oilp Is connected to a centre-zero galvanometer. A second coll Q is placed next to P and Is
connected to a battery, rheostat R and switch S as shown in the diagram below. Which of the
graphs below best represents the denection of the galvanometer when the switch Is closed for a
few seconds and then opened ?
current Into plane of dl&gram
0 CUenl oul of plane of diBg<sm
~ s
@!f@D ~h~~ ~h~ ~Rwoo ~~necuon
Ume .
hme lime
0 A B C 0
Which transformer anangement produces an output voltage that is larger than the nput voltage. SECTION A (40 marks)
A B 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
2 3 4 5 6
c D D A
,,~:~, .. ~~'
36 37 38 39 40
24 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 c
input~ input~ D
c 0
"~'' ..~~~
input~oupu input~
Figure1 below shows the magnetic field near a bar magnet and an object XY. In 'lgure 2, XY has
been turned around.
What ls XY?

m ro Figure 1 Figure 2
A a magnet wilh the north pole at X
B a magnet with the north pole at Y
C a copper rod
0 a rod of soft iron
Identical metal bars X and Y are positioned in the two diagrams shown below. If there is a sl!ong
attraction shown in figure 1 and a very weak attraction shown in figure 2, what are the possible
material for X and Y?
BarX BarY
A steel bar iron bar
B steel bar bar magnet
c bar magnet steel bar
0 bar magnet bar magnet >.. ngure 1 Figure 2
Section A: Short-Answer Questions (45 marks)
Answer all the questions. Write,your answers in the spaces provided. (d) Draw simple diagrams to show the arrangements of particles of B at the temperatures
l~oJ Q
1. Below is a table of information on two mixtures, A and B:
Mixture State of mixture at Technique used to separate
r.t.p '
A Solid Add a solvent, then filter 4oc 4ooc
B Liquid Fractional distillation
3. Elements A, B. c and o are in the same period of the Periodic Table. The following
(a) For each of the mixtures above, state the respective physical property that enables the Information is given:
components to be separated from each other. [2] An oxide A 20 exists and Is strongly basic.
Mixture A: Different solubil itiestf the components in the same solvent [1 ] The oxide of B is B,03.
Mixture B: Different boiling points [1] C produces an ion c.
o forms a covalentcompound DC!,, a liquid at room temperature.
(b) State how you would attempt to prove that a given liquid is a mixture and not a pure
liquid. [1] (a) Based on the above information, put A, B, C and 0 in their respective groups .in the
Heat the liquid. If it boils over a range of temperatures [1], it is a mixture and not [2]
Periodic Table.
a pure liquid.
Element A B c D
Group Ill VII v
2. Some properties of four elements are shown in the table below. Each element is represented
by an alphabet. The alphabet is not the symbol of the element.
(b) What type of bonding is present in 13,03?
Element Melting Boiling Electrical conductivity at Action with cold Ionic bonding
pointfC pointt'C room temperature water
A -219 -183 Nil Dissolves slightly (c) Write the for~ula for the compound formed between Band D. [1 ]
B -39 357 Good Unaffected BD
c 98 3go Good Liberates
D 1063 2970 Good Unaffected
(a) Which elements are probably metals? (1]
B, C and D (Any two)
(b) Which element is a solid at 20C and melts when dropped into boiling water? [1)
(c) Which element reacts most vigorously with dilute hy~rochloric acid? (1]
, 1 of1 0 Page 2 of 10
4. A lump of 49.6 tonnes of copper{ll) carbonate was added to excess dilute sulfuric acid as
It loses 2 electrons to form Zn' [1}
shown in the chemical equation below. The gas evolved was collected in a gas sylnge.
(b) The graph below shows the volume oP hydrogen gas produced when excess zinc granules
CuC03 (s) + H2SO, (aq) ~ CuSO, (aq) + H20 (I)+ co, (g) 3
are reacted with 10 cm3 of 1.0 mol/dm hydrochloric acid.
Vol of pas
(a) Calculate the mass of dMl.lle sulfuric acid needed to react with copper(ll) carbonate. [2] (cm')
No. of moles of copper(ll) carbonate =49.6X10'/(64+12+48) 300
=400000 mol (1/2] 240
cuco, : H,so. 180
1: 1 120
No. o f moles of sulfuric acid = 400000 mol [1/2} 60
Mass of sulfuric acid = 400000 X (2+32+64)
r . .e(s)
= 39200000 g 5 10 15 20 25
= 39.2 tonnes (1] (i) How many moles_.?' hydrogen gas were produced? {1]
No. of moles of hydrogen gas = (10/1000)X1
(b) Calculate the volume of the gas evolved at room temperature and pressure. [21 =0.01 mol
No. o f moles of carbon dioxide gas =400 000 mol (1)
Vo lume of carbon dioxide gas =400 000 X 24 (ii) On the same graph, sketch another curve you would expect if the same amount of
=9600 000 dm [1}3
powdered zinc was used instead. Label this graph A. [1 I
5. From the list of substances below, choose the most suitable answer for the following (iii) On the same graph, sketch the curve you would expect if the same amount of zinc
questions: [4) granules was reacted with 20 cm3 of 0.5 mol/dm3 of hydrochloric acid. Label this graph
silicon(IV) oxide carbon monoxide sulfur d ioxide B. ~)
magnesium oxide carbon dioxide zinc oxide
(iv) Explain your answer for graph A. [3]
(a) A substance which is a greenhouse gas. Carbon dioxide Powdered zi nc has smaller particle size, therefore larger surface area than zinc
(b) A gas which is neutral to damp litmus. Carbon monoxide granules. [1] Particles collide more frequently, and there are more effoctive
collisions, (1/2) resulting in a faster rate of 1 eaction (1 /2). The volume of gas
(c) A substance which reacts with both an acid and an alkali to form a salt.
Zinc oxide produced is t he same as the same amounts of reactants are used (1].
(d) A substance which reacts with rainwater to form acid rain. Sulfur dioxide
(ii) &(iii)
6(a) Zinc reacts with hydrochloric acid according to the following equation: v~:;,~.,
Zn (s) + 2HCI (aq) 7 ZnCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)
Name the substnnce which is oxidized, giving a reason for your answer. [2)
Zn is oxidized. (1) 120
Its oxidation state increases from 0 in Zn to +2 in ZnCl2 OR 7. The elemei!iO rubidium is in Group I of the
20 25
3of10 4 of 10
Periodic Table.
(a) Wri1e the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of rubidium with water. 9. Ethanol is made from sugars and can be used as an alternative fuel to petrol for car engines.
2Rb + 2H;O ~ 2RbOH + H2 (a} Complete the equation for the conversion of glucose into ethanol in the presence of
(b} Suggest an element in Group I that reacts with water more vigorously than rubidium. (1)
Cae!jium I Francium glucose
,.... ethanol [1/2) + carbon dioJCide [112) (1]
(c) (b) Name the above process for converting glucose into ethanol using yeast. [1]
What would you observe if copper(ll) sulfate solution Is added to the solution found In
{b)? Fermentation
A blue precipitate (copper(ll) hydroxide) will be formed.
(c} State a method used to obtain ethanol from the mixture. [1]
8. The diagram below shows some properties and reactions of substancesK, L, Mand N. Fractional distillation
10(a)State the two methods of extracting a metal from its ore. (1)
solution of green Electrolysis [1/2) and reduction of metal oxides by carbon [1/2)
solid K
Add dilute nitric acid and (b) Explain why carbon can be used to obtain zinc from zinc oxide but not to obtain calcium from
aqueous barium nitrate
calcium oxide. [2)
Carbon is above zinc, but bel ow calcium in the reactivity series. (1) Therefore, it is able
to displace zinc from zinc oxide (or reduce zinc ion to zinc metal), [1) but not calcium
from calcium oxide.
Calci um Is above zinc in the reactivity series I more reactive than zinc, [1) therefore
Green solution White solid L calcium oxide has strong bonds which cannot be broken down by reaction with carbon.
Add aqueous
sodium hydroxide
r---~--~ (c) Sugge_st one reason why it Is Important to recycle metals such as copper. [1)
precipitate M Metals such as copper are finite resources, so it is important to recycle them.
Brown solid N
11. A student wishes to prepare a dry sample or barium sulfate crystals. Describe, stating the
Identify suitable starting materials, the steps to prepare the crystals. [3)
(a) white solid L barium sulfate Add aqueous barium nitrate to aqueous sodium sulfate [1.5] OR add aqueous barium
(b) green precipitate M iron(ll) hydroxide nitrate to sulfuric add {1.5) (or any suitable solutions)
(c) brOVln solid N iron(lll) hydroxide **Mentioning of 'solutions' or 'aqueous' [1/2] as precipitation requires the reactions to
(d) green solid K lron(ll) sulfate be in aqueous form
Filter the mixture. The residue collected is barium sulfate crystals. [1/2]
Wash the bari um sulfate crystals with distilled water. [1/2]
Dry the barium sulfate crystals between filler papers. [1/2]
Page 5of10
Page 6of10
Section B : Free Response Questions (20 marks)
Answer any two ques!ions. Write your an!>wers on the answer paper provided. H H H
l (a) The table below gives the boil,ng points of some alkanes: H - C-C- C - Cl Or
I l l
Name Formul a Boiling pointlC
Ethane ~H6 -88 H H Cl
Propane C3Ha I I I
-50 H-C-C-C-H
Butane C,H,0 -11 l I I
H H H (1)
CsH12 28
H-CI [1)
(i) Plot a graph of boiling point against number of carbon atoms for the alkanes in the
table. 2(a) You are provided with the following substances:
Scale: 1cm 1oc aqueous chlorine
2cm 1 carbon aqueous iodine
Correct axis and scale - {1] aqueous potassium chloride
Correct points plotted - {1] aqueous potassiu m iodide
(ii) Use your graph to deduce the boiling point of hexane. C,,H,.. Use all the substances from the list to show that chlorine Is more reactive than iodine. Your
66c answer should include:
(i) details or all your observations;
(iii) A hydrocarbon has a fonnula C,H, 5 Explain why this is not an a lkane. (ii) explanations of the reaclion(s) (if any);
.Alkanes have the general formula CnHln2o and C, H,. does not fulfill this. (ii) the chemical equation(s) (with state symbols) for the reaction(s) (if any). !4]
(iv) State one other property besides boiling point that shows a gradation on moving up Cl2 (aq) + 2KI (aq) ..... 2'Kc1 (aq) + 1, (aqJ 11
through the members of the series. Observation: Yellow liquid changes to brown after some t i me. (1)
Density, viscosity, flammability
Anyone When iodine is added to potas sium chloride, the brown colour of iodine remains,
showing that no reaction has taken place. (1)
(b) (i) Construct the chemical equation for l he combustion of hexane. Chlorine Is more reactive than iodine because ii is able to displace iodine from an
2c.H,. + 190, 7 12co2 + 14H,o aqueous solution of potassium i odide, while iodine is unable to displace chlorine from
an aqueo\ls solution of potassium chloride. (1)
(ii) Besides combustion. state the olher reaction lhal alkanes undergo. W ith propane as an
example, construct the chemical equation for this reaction, then draw the full structural (b) Hearthside sails" is a nalurally occurring salt. It is soluble in water, and can be tound n1ixed
formulae of the products fonned. with sand. Describe how you would prepare pure, dry crystals of Hearthside salts from this
Substitution [1] mixture. (6]
C3H, + Cl2 --> C, H7CI + HCI [1] Add water to disso lve the Hearthside salt t o form a soluti on. (1)
Filter the mixture to obtain sand as the residue. (1)
Heat the filtrate, Hearthside solution, to evaporate the water until it is saturated. (1]
Cool the saturated solution and observe for crystal formation. (1]
Page 7 of 10
Page 8of10
Filter to separate crystals. [1]
Diagram of chloromethane:
Wash the c~tals with cold distilled water. [112)
Correct number of elements and atoms - [1]
Dry the cryst als between filter papers. (112)
Correct number of shared electrons -[1]
Correct number of electrons Jn chlorine - [1]
3(a) Explain, with the help of a suitable example and a 'dot and cross' diagram, the type of bond
formed between metals and non-metals. [4]
Ionic bond [1) is formed between metals and non-metals.
Using sodium and chlorine as examples:
Sodium atom will give away its 1 val ence electron to chlorine atom [1], forming sodium
ion and chloride ion.
Electron of chlorine
X Electron of sodium
Sodium chloride
Diagram of sodium chloride:
Correct number of electrons - [1]
Correct charges - [1]
(b) Explain the following statement
"Ionic compounds have high melting points, and conduct electricity when molten" [3]
tonic compounds have strong Ionic bonds I electrostatic attraction (1) between the
ions, therefore a large amount of heal Is needed to break these strong bonds. (1] Ionic
compounds conduct electricity when molten because the i ons are free to move. (1]
(c) Draw a 'dot and cross' diagram to show the arrangemenl of electrons in a molecule of
chloromethane. Only the valence electrons need to be shown. [3)
Electron of carbon
X Electron ot hydrogen
and chlorine
Page 9 of 10 Paoe 10 of 10
Hua Yi Secondary School
Secondary 4 Physics Paper 1 2
1 The thickness of a pencil is measured using a vernier caliper as shown in the 4 The acceleration due to gnwity on the Moon is about 1/6 that on the Earth. Which
diagram. of the following diagrams shows the correct speed-time graphs for a free falling
body when dropped respectively on the Earth's surface and the Moon's surface?
A ,L2_,
pencil D v
What Is the thickness of the pencil? /Moon
A 0.90cm B 0.95 cm C 1.45cm D 1.50cm
2 The diagrams show three steps in an experiment to measure the density of a
metal rod.
(i) l1 (lh) 5 A boy throws a stone vertically upwards with a speed of 1O m/s. What is the
100 100
magnitude of the velocity and acceleration of the stone when it reaches the
greatest height?
60 reading 60 velocitv Im s acceleration I m s'
Metal rod inan3 A 10 0
\ o B 10 10
Metal rod c 0 0 '
"' -'o 0 10 .
What is the density of the metal?
For questions 6 & 7
A 0.3 g/cm3 B 3.1 g/cm3 A water-rocket is launched vertically upwards into the air and its velocity-time graph is
c 5.6 g/cm3 D 7.0 g/cm3 shown below.
3 A car travels round a circular path of radius 50 m. It completes one circle in
1 minute. F ind the dist ance traveled by the car and its average velocity.
(Take"= 3 .14)
distance Im velocity Im s
A 50 0.00
R 314 - 0.00 0 I 2 3
c 314 /
D 7850 130.8
4E Physics P1 Prellm Exam 2010 Hua YI Secondaiy School 4E Physics P1 Prelim Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondaiy Sc11ool
9 What will be the motion of the spaceship if the drive motors are off?
6 What is the maximum displacement made by the water-rocket?
A stationary
A 10m B 20m
B decreasing in speed
c. 30m D 60m r. increasing in speed
0 maintaining its present speed
7 Whal is the corresponding acceleration - time graph of the object?
a a 10 To slow down the spaceship, he has lo fire the main rocket motor. As the officer
A B is looking ahead, towards the Andromeda Galaxy, the direction he must lire the
motor is
A forwards, towards Andromeda.
~ backwards, towards the Milky Way.
C to the right of his path.
O to the left of his path.
c a D a
11 The spaceship has a mass of 1o kg. If the rocket produces a thrust of 105 N,
what is the acceleration of the spaceship?
c 0
12 The graph below shows the varia lion or the net forcu acting on an object with
time. The object Is initially al rest.
8 An object is dropped from an airplane that is 5000 m above the ground. Which of force
the following best describes the motion of the object during the fall?
A It moves with constant speed. time
R It moves with constant acceleration.
C It moves with constant acceleration followed by constant speed.
D It moves with decreasing acceleration followed by constant speed. Which of the following velocity-time graphs correctly describes the motion of the
For questions 9 to 11 A vcloci1y B
The officer in-charge of a spaceship Is travelling from our Galaxy to the Andromeda
Galaxy. He is in deep space where the gravitational field due to surrounding galaxies is
time time
c vclocil)'
Ga laxy
l!'r- time time
Hua Yi SeeoncWy -
E Physics P1 Prelm Exam 2010 Hua YI Secondaty School
5 6
13 A uniform beam XY is balanced on a pivot w ith two weights, W 1 and W 2 hung at 16 The water at the foot of a waterfall has a higher temperature than the water at the
equal distances from the pivot. top even though the surrounding temperatures are equal. What is this
temperature difference for a waterfall 100 m in height, given that all the available
energy appears as heat in the water.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (Assume specific heat capacity of water= 4000 J/kg K, acceleration of free fall =
x L:=.~1~-1i---'----,~----'----1lc---..J__--l___J) y 10 mls2)
A 1/8 K B %K
w, c y, K D 2K
17 T he diagram shows a U-tube containing water and oil.
It is observed that the end Y moves downward w hen W 1 is removed.
W here should the pivot be in or.fer to balance the beam again?
0 2 3 4 5 6 7 B

9 10
XI 1. I Y
A B c fo 8.0
W2 -.
14 A constant force F in the d irection shown is applied to a block. The block moves
from A to B. AC and BC are construction lines.
Given that the density of water is 1.0 g cm3 , what is the density of the oil?
A 0.80 g cm3 13 0.90 g cm'
c 1.11gcm3 D 1.25 g cm'
18 T he diagram shows a column of dry air enclosed in a narrow capillary tube by a
lhread mercury 12 cm in length.
The work done by F is
A. FxAC B FxBC Trapped dry air
c F xAB D Fx (AC+ BC)
15 A body of mass m kg Is released from rest from a point h metres above the
ground. When it reaches a point x metres above the ground, what is its kine tic
energy in joules?
A mgx B mgh
c mg(h-x) D m{h2 -x2) Given that the atmospheric pressure is 76 cm Hg , what is the pressure on the
trapped air?
A 12 cm Hg B 64cm Hg C 76 cm Hg 0 88cm Hg
4E Physics P1 Prenm Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondary School 4E Physics P1 Prei m El<am 2010 Hua Yi Secondary $dlOOI
19 Liquid-in-glass themiometers which can measure a wide range of temperature
A "
Particle P is moving downwards.
B Particle Q is momentarily at rest.
c Particle R is moving to the right.
D Particle S is moving downwards.
A smaller bulbs. B thin-wallec;l bulbs.
c narrower capillaries. D shorter stems.
24 Circular water waves are produced by a dot vibrator. The wave pattern at a
certain instant is as shown in the diagram below.
20 What are the necessary-conditions for heat to flow from one body to another
when they are in contact?
1 They have different temperatures. ,
2 They have different specific heat capacities.
3 They have different internal energy.
A 1 only B 1 and 2 only If the speed of the water waves is 0.6 m s', what is the time taken for the wave
c 2 and 3 only D 1, 2and3 to travel from A to B?
A 0.050 s B 0.67 s
c 5.0 s D 6.7 s
21 Two metal blocks have their masses in the ratio 1 : 4. When an equal amount of
heat is supplied to each of them, the temperature rise of the two blocks is in the
ratio 4: 1. 25 A sound wave of wavelength of 0.5 m travels at a speed of 320 m s" in air. It
What is lhe ratio of their specific heat capacities? enters a liquid and its wavelength becomes 2.5 m. What is the frequency of the
sound in the liquid?
A 1: 1 ~ B 1:4
c 1: 16 D 16: 1 x A 128 Hz B 320 Hz
c 640 Hz 0 3200 Hz
22 A bullet of mass m hits a target at speed v. If 50% of its kinetic energy has been 26 A ship has a radar system to detect obstacles in air and a sonar system to detect
converted Into the internal energy, what is the rise in temperature of the bullet? obstacles under water-.. Whal waves are used in these two systems?
(Given that specific heat capacity of the bullet= h)
radar system sonar system
A v/2h B v2/2h microwaves
A radio waves
mv2/2h v2/4h
a microwaves ultrasonic
c ultrasonic llliCfowaves
D infra-red. rays ultra-violet rays
23 The diagram below shows the displacement-distance graph of a.transverse wave
traveling to the right at a certain instant.
displacement~ 27 A man whose eyes are 1.50 m from the ground looks at his reflection in a vertical
s~ plane mirror 2.00 m away. The top and bottom of the mirror are 2.00 m and
0 f-~---"<~_...,.__,,<--_,,'--""-" distance 1.00 m from the ground respectively. W hat distance, in m, below his eyes can the
man see of himMlf?
A 0.25 B 0.50
Which of the following statements ls correct? c 1.00 0 1.50
4E Physiti P1 Pre~m Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondary School
4E Physics P1 Prelim Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondary School
30 In the diagram shown, P and Qare two insulated uncharged metal spheres In
28 Two rays of light strike a diverging lens, as shown.
contact with each other. A positively charged object Xis brought near P. Q is
touched momentarily with a finger, and then Xis taken away. What are the
charges on spheres P and Q?
+ ++ f r. 1'
+ x + p Q
. lasulator
The distance from the centre of the lens, 0 to F, or to F2 is the focal lenglh of the
sphere P sphereQ
A zero negative .
Which statement about the rayf after they have passed through the lens is B positive negative r
c negative negative
A They appear to come from F,. D negative zero
B They appear to come from F2
c They appear to come from 0 .
D They meet at F,.
31 The diagram shows the /V characteristic of the resistors. R, and R2.
29 An eye views an object 0 by reflection in a plane mirror.
Which is the correct ray diagram?
The two resistors are connected in series with a power supply. The power
dissipation of R, is 4 W. What is the power dissipation of R2?
A 10W B 6W
c 4W 0 2W
32 In the circuit shown, the lamps are identical.
c D
4E Physics P1PrelmElOlm2010
Hua Yi Secondary School
1 X is a south pole.
Which of lhe following describes lhe brightness of the lamps when K is closed?
' 2
The magnetic field at Pis stronger than that ata.
When a compass is put at Q, it points towards the right.
1 brightness of L1 decreases
2 brightness of lz is the same as LJ A 1&2only B 1&3only
3 brightness of l1 is greater than l2 c 2&3only D 1, 2 & 3
A 1 only B 2only
c 1 and 2 only D 2 and 3 only
35 The diagram shows a current loop.
33 A light dependent resistor (LOR) and a 500 O resistor Is connected across a 30 V
source as shown in the diagram_ The resistance of the LOR is 1000 O in the dark
but drops to 100 O In bright lighl What is the voltmeter reading In the dark and in
bright light respectively?
Which of the following combinations correctly represents the directions of
magnetic field at points P and Q respectively?
p a
A into paper into paper
B into paper out of paper
c out of paper into paper
D out of paper out of pacer
in the dark in bright light
A 2V 5V 36 Which of the following statements about the d.c. motor shown below is I are
B 10V 25V correct? ~
c 15 v 15V
.______ 25 v 10V
34 The di agram shows lhe magnetic field around an U-shaped magnet. Which of the
followi ng statements must be correct?

1 The motor rotates in the clockwise direction. '
2 Increase the current through the coil can increase the turning speed of
the motor. ,
3 The motor converts mechanical energy to electrical energy.
Hu YI Secondary SctlOOI
4E Physics P1 Preliln Exam 2010 Hoa Yi Secondary School
13 14
39 The figure shows the screen display of a CRO.
A 1 only B 1 &2 only
c 2 &3 only 0 1, 2& 3
37 A light aluminium ring is placed on the top of a iron core solenoid as shown.
Which of the following can keep the light aluminium ring hanging over the
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
1 The horizontal voltage Is a d.c.
2 The vertical voltage has an amplitude of 72 mV.
3 The vertical voltage has a frequency of 50 Hz.
A 1 only B 3only
1 connect an a.c. through the solenoid c 1 and 2 only D 2 and 3 only
2 connect a d.c. through the solenoid
3 replace the iron core with a bar magnet
A 1 only B 3 only 40 Brian has made a circuit with three 6 V lamps and two diodes.
c 1&2only D 1,2and3
38 Three identical light bulbs of rating '10 V, 40 W' are connected to a transformer
as shown in the diagram.
1'"' 40 vv
If the bulbs are operating at their rated power and the efficiency of the

He connects a 6 V a.c. supply lo Sand T. Which lamp/swill be lit?

all three
Yand Zonly
X and Zonly
transformer is 80%, what will be the current in the primary coil?
A 0.6A B 0.75A
c 2.25A D 4A
End of Paper
4E Physics Pl Prelim EJcam 2010 4E Physics Pl Pldm ~ 2010
Hua Yi Secondary School
Secondary 4 Physics Paper 2
Section A [SO marks] ' (iii) Use your completed vector diagram to determine t he magnitude of the tension in the
Answer all the questions in this section.
(a) State the difference between a vector and a scalar. (c) The student decides that she would like as little sag as possible in the string when it Is
loaded with cards. To achieve this, she tightens the string. State, with a reason. whether
-------------------- the string, loaded with cards could ever be horizontal.
(b) In order lo display greeting cards, a student flXes a length of string between two nails 111
an~ then suspends the cards from the string. Fig. 1.1 shows the siring with one card of
weight 0.60 N suspended by a light chp at the centre of the string.
2 (a) Define the moment of a force.
------------ ----------------
- - - - - - - - - [1]
(b) An electricity cable is attached to a pole at a height of 6.0 m above the ground as shown
in Fig. 2.1.
Fi g. 1.1
{I) On Fig. 1.1, mark the forces on the clip due to the lension in the siring. [1]
(ii) The resultant of the forces due to the tension in the string is 0.60 N. In the space
below, draw a vector diagram for the forces in the string and their resultant. Use a
scale of 1.0 cm to represent 0.10 N.
Fig. 2.1
The cable exerts a force of 280 Non the pole at an angle of 90 to the pole. To ensure
that there is zero turning moment on the pole itself, a wire under tension is attached to
the pole at a height of 4.0 m and it makes an angle of 35 to the pole.
(i) the moment which the cable exerts about P, a point in the pole level with the
4E Phy>ics P2 Prelm Eqm 2010
4E Physics P2 Prrim Ellatn 2010
------- [2]
[2] (c) It Is found that the calculated value In (a) Is not equal to the observed reading In the
(ii) the tension necessary In the w ire. Gauge. Suggest a reason.
4 Fig. 4.1 shows the structure of a refrigerator. The coolant in a refrigerator transfers energy
[2] from the Inside to the outside. It evaporates as it passes through the pipes inside the freezer
On the outside of the refrigerator, the vapour is compressed back into a liquid which then
cools as ii passes through the pipes mounted at the back of the refrigerator.
Fig. 3.1 shows a syringe and a Bourdon Gauge used to investigate the relationship between
the. pres.sure an1 the. volume of a gas at constant temperature. The initial reading of the
syringe is 10 cm while that of the Bourdon Gauge Is 2 x 103 Pa. -
11-1---+- pipes
a1 back of
!!i 10 1S 20 25 refrigerator
Fig. 3.1
(a) If the syringe reading is reduced to 5 cm3 when a force is applied to the piston what is Fig. 4.1
the corresponding reading in the Bourdon Gauge? '
(a) Explain how the freezer compartment is cooled.
(b) The pipes at the back of the refrigerator are coloured black. Explain now this helps to
(b) Use the kinetic theory of matter to account for the result.obtained in (a). cool the warm liquid that passes through them.
---------- - ------------------
4E Physics P2 Pretim Exam 2010 Hua Yi Seooodary S<hool
IE Physics P2 Prelim Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondary School
Section A [50 marks] (iii) Use your completed vector diagram to determine the magnitude of the tension in the
Answer all the questions in this section.
(1 J
(a) State the difference between a vector and a scalar. (c) The student decides that she would like as little sag as possible in the string when it is
loaded with cards. To achieve this, she tightens the string. State, with a reason, whether
the string, loaded with cards could ever be horizontal.
(1 )
(b) In order to display greeting cards, a student fixes a length of string between two nails [1]
an~ then suspends the cards from the string. Fig. 1.1 shows the string with one card of
weight 0.60 N suspended by a light clip at the centre of the string.
2 (a) Define the moment of a force.
--------------- (1)
(b) An electricity cable is attached to a pole at a height of 6.0 m above the ground as shown
in Fig. 2.1.
Fig. 1.1
(I) On Fig. 1.1, mark the forces on the clip due to the tension in the string. [1]
(Ii) The resultant of the forces due lo the tension in the string is 0.60 N. In the space
below, draw a vector diagram for the forces in the string and their resultant. Use a
scale of 1.0 cm lo represent 0.10 N.
Fig. 2.1
The cable exerts a force of 280 Non the pole at an angle of 90 to the pole. To ensure
that there is zero turning moment on the pole itself, a wire under tension is attached to
the pole al a height of 4.0 m and it makes an angle of 35 lo the pole.
(i) the moment which the cable exerts about P, a point in the pole level with th'e
E Ph~ics P2 Protin Exan> 2010
4E Physics P2 Prelim Exan> 2010 Hua Yi S<!OllldafY School
[2) (c) It is found that the calculated value in (a) is not equal to the observed reading in the
(II) the tension necessary in the wire. Gauge. Suggest a reason.
4 Fig. 4.1 shows the structure of a refrigerator. The coolant in a refrigerator transfers energy
[2) from the inside to the outside. It evaporates as it passes through the pipes inside the freezer
On the outside of the refrigerator, the vapour is c6mpressed back into a liquid which then
cools as it passes through the pipes mounted at the back of the refrigerator.
Fig. 3.1 shows a syringe and a Bourdon Gauge used to investigate the relationship between
the pressure an1 the volume of a gas at c9nstant temperature. The initial reading of the
syringe ls 10 cm while that of the Bourdon Gauge is 2 x 103 Pa.
lriii~~!!!~~~J_ freezer
arback of
s 10 15 20 25 refriger.l!Or
Fig. 3.1
(a) If the syringe r~ading is_ reduced to 5 cm3 when a force is applied to the piston, what is Fig. 4.1
the corresponding reading in the Bourdon Gauge?
(a) Explain how the freezer compartment is cooled.
------------------ -------------------
(b) The pipes at the back of the refrigerator are coloured black. Explain how this helps lo
(b) Use the kinetic theory of matter to account for the result _obtained In (a). cool the warm liquid that passes through them.
----------------~~-- - - - - -- - - - - - [1)
4E Physics P2 Prelm Elalm 2010
5 6
(c} Explain how movement of air at the back of the refrigerator also cools the warm liquid. Air is optically less dense than Perspex, and Perspex is optically less dense than rocket fuel.
(a} What happens to the speed of the light as it passes through the Perspex bar
(i) into the air, and (ii} into the rocket fuel?
- [1]
{d} The manufacturers recommend thal a minimum 5 cm gap be left between the pipes at
the back of the refrigerator and the wall of the room. Explain why this Is necessary and (b) What Is meant by 'critical angle' of a medium?
suggest what is likely to happen if a smaller gap is used.
(c} Complete Fig. 5.1, showing the paths of the light rays when the tank is (1} Full;
5 Fig. 5.1 shows a design for an 'optical fuel gauge' suitable for use In a rocket fuel tank. When (2) Empty; label the rays as (1) and (2) respectively. (2)
the tank runs low, the light-activated switch Is triggered.
(d) Give an explanation to your answers in part (c).
Light source producing parallel
50urce of light
Light Wires to guidance
beam vstem
Ir"'<-- - - Light-activated
switch - - - ----------------
Perspex ______._
bar 6 (a) Fig. 6.1 shows an object 00' placed in front of a converging lens. The image is formed
on the line XY x
Fuel tank Fuel tank t
Fig. 6.1
Fig. 5.1
(i) Draw In Fig. 6.1, construction rays from 0 to locate its image, I . Show clearly tho
position of the image. [2]
E ~ P2 Prelm Exam 2010 Hua Yi Seaindary Sdlool 4E Pllysics P2 Prelm El<a<n 2010
Section B [30 marks]
9 A beam of positively charged protons is projected between the poles of an electromagnet and
a bright spot is produced on a screen. The apparatus is enclosed in a vacuum and arranged
Answer all the questions in this section. Question 12 has a choice of parts to answer.
as shown in Fig. 9.1.
10 Table 10.1 compares the performance of the microwave oven and convention oven when
'cooking a chicken. The convention oven is first warmed up before putting the chicken in.
Table 10 1
microwave conventional
time to warm up I hour 0 0.5
D.C. power input power whilst warming up I kWh 0 1-2
energy to warm up /kWh 0
Fig. 9.1
input power whilst cooking I kW 1.5 0.6 (average)
(a) When the current Is switched on, time to cook chicken I hours 0.4 2.0
(i) what magnetic pole is produced at the end marked X on the above diagram? energy used whilst cooking I kWh
-------------------------- (1) total energy used I kWh
(ii) In which direction will the spot on the screen be deflected?
(a) Complete Table 10.1 to find the total energy used by each oven to cook a chicken. [2]
------ (1)
(b) Given that the energy absorbed by each chicken during the cooking process is 0.2 kWh.
Find the efficiencies of tho ovens.
(b) State one way in which the spot on the screen can be made to
(i) deflect more,
--- [1]
(ii) deflect in the opposite direction.
(1) (3)
(c) Stale two changes to the observation made in (b) if a beam of electrons is used in the (c) Compare the different cooking methods by the two ovens and account for the lower
experiment Instead of a beam of protons. energy used by the microwave oven whilst cooking.
--- ..------------------------------------ -----------------
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - (2) ---------- -----------
------ (3)
4E Physics P2 Prelim E><am 2010 Hua Y1 Secondaiy School
4E Physa P2 PreUm Exam 2010 Hua Y1 Secondaty School
(c) The secondary coil Is removed and a small coil connected lo a low voltage lamp I~
(d) The shiny surface inside the microwave oven can help to reduce energy loss. Why? placed as shown in Fig. 11.2.
(e) How Is the energy loss from the conventional oven minimized?
Fig. 11 .1 represents a transformer with a primary coil of 400 turns and a secondary coll of 200
turns. Explain the following observations:
(i) the lamp lights,
(ii) if the coil is moved upwards, the lamp gets dimmer,
- - - - - -- - -- - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - ------ [2)
(a) Calculate the efficiency of the transformer if the primary current is 3 A and the (iii) if an iron rod is placed through the coil, the lamp brightens again,
secondary current is 5 A.
(b) Give two reasons why the efficiency of the transformer is always less than 100%.
E Physics P2 Prelm Exam 2010
4E Physlca P2 - Exam 2010
13 14
12 Either (iii) Explain one way, other than laking the average of a number of readings, by which
(a) Fig. 12.1 illustrates an experiment to measure g, the acceleration of free fall. A ball is the reliability of the experiment could be improved.
dropped which breaks a light beam falling on a photodiode. The clock is started when
lhe ball stops the light shining on the photodiode. Vertically bolow the first light beam a
second light beam shines on another photodiode. When the ball continuing in its fall [1)
breaks the beam, the clock is stopped.
: Photodlode (b) In an experiment to measure the acceleration of free fall, a mass of 1 kg was attached to
a piece of tape. The mass was allowed to fall freely and the tape passed through a
I ticker timer which made 50 dots on the tape ovory second. The tape {not drawn to
I scale) is shown in Fig. 12.2.
I Measurements taken from the tape showed that the velocity at X was 25 cm/s and the
I velocity al Y was 125 cm/s.
tJ Clock x y
I _
i . __
_! _ }
Lamp 6I
Fig. 12.2
(i) Calculate the acceleration of the 1 kg mass between X and Y.
Fig . 12.1
(I) Mark on the diagram the distance s covered by the ball. [1)
(ii) Show that I, (the time taken to travel a distance s) and s are related by the equation
s = ~ gt2
(ii) What would the result be if the experiment were repeated with a 2 kg mass on the
end of the tape. Give an explanation to your answer.
Ir s Is 5 cm and I is 0.1 s, calculate the value of g.
(Ii i) Stale one precaution you would take to ensure an accurate result.
- ----------------- - - - - - - - - ----------- - - - - - [1] .
4E Physics P2 Prellm E><am 2010 Hua Yi Secondary Scnool 4E Ptiyslcs P2 Prelim Exam 2010 Hua Yi Secondary School
{Ill) Another lamp L2 , also designed to run from a 9.0 V supply, has a resistance always
Or double that of lamp'L1 at all voltages.
(a) A filament lamp L, is designed to run from a 9.0 V supply. An experiment Is carried out On the same axes as in (i), draw a second graph for lamp L2. Label the new graph
to measure the current through the lamp as a variable potential difference is applied as L2 [1)
across it. The results are shown In the Table 12.1.
(Iv) State and explain whether lamp L 1 or lamp L2 is brighter at a potential difference of
Table 12.1 9 .0V.
.d. IV 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 8.0 10.0
Current/ A 0 1.0 1.4 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.B 3.2 ----------------------------------- --
------------ [2]
(i) Plot a graph of current against potential difference for lamp L 1
(b) Fig.1 2.3 shows part of the wiring for the rear lights of a car. Each rear light contains two
lamps. The side-lights are switched on when the front lights are switched on. The brake
lights are switched on when the car brakes.
Fig. 12.3
(i) Explain why the lamps are connected in parallel rather than in series.
[2] [1]
(ii) Given that a rear side-light lamp is rated 12 V, 6 W. A brake lamp is rated at 12 V.
(ii) Calcula\e the resistance of the filament of lamp L, when p.d. across it is 9.0 v. How much current is drawn from the battery when
(A) both.brakes lights only are on?
(B) both rear side-lights and both brake lights are on?
[3] '
End of Paper
4E Physlco P2 Prollm 2010 Hua Yi S..condary Soho~
IE Ph)'Slcs P2 Pr-elim Exam 2010 Hua YI S<!condary School
le) As the weight of the card i s acting downwardly, there must be a vertical 1
component of the tension to compensate for it. When the string is horizontal,
Physics it cannot have a vertical component.
ANSWER SCHEME [Total : 6 marksf
r:' ~ >$~,,....~~._:~~... ~ :'>s.~~'\~::,~::t> ;~ ~--vr;~~:;~~~~~~, _ .. \. - . ~-
Section A C40 Marks ) 2 (a) Moment of the force is defined as the product of a force and its perpen'dicular 1
distance from the pivot.
1 8 11 A 21 A 31 B
(b) (i) Moment exerted by the cable about P 1
2 D 12 D 22 D 32 D
= 280 N x6.0 m
3 8 13 c 23 D 33 B = 1680 Nm
{ii) sin 35 =NP/ 4.0 2
4 c 14 A 24 A 34 c NP =2.29 m
5 D 15 c 25 c 35 c
Clockwise moment about P = Anti-clockwise moment about P
6 c 16 B 26 B 36 B 1680 = T x 2.29 .
7 8 17 A 27 c 37 A =
T 734 N
!Total: 4 marksl
8 D 18 B 28 A 38 B
~{~...i~~~~~~~f,~-!-;!l~:,GfJ1t..~;i~~f\.~~~--~~~,i?:;~.~Jt~~~;r!r~.~_;;!~~~~~~~~~J,r.j~-:"'(l'~.;~.'j'~~r!r$~tt.. 7-t!!WN?-
9 D 19 A 29 c 39 A 3 (a} P,V,:: P.V2 2
2x10')( 10= P2x5
10 A 20 A 30 c 40 A
P2 '"4 x 10' Pa
{b ) When the volume of the gas in the s yringe decreases, number of gas particles 2
Section B ( 50 Marks) per unit volume increases. This increases the frequency of collision between
the air particles and the wait of the syringe. Therefore, there Is an increase in
auostion Marks I the pressure of the gas.
1 (a) Vector is a quantity with magnitude and direction, but scalar is a quantity with (c) Temperature of the gas in the syringe Is not constant.
ma nitude onl .
. [Total: 5 marksl
~=tt:~~1~~j~~:~0!_~;~:-~~~-"';;'~!~::.:f .<.t.:~IJf;,~::.{-fri~..... ;"t:::::-:it .'.'.f;;:!:r-~-;~-~~~~~t~~~~;~~_i~~-~r
4 (a) When the coolant in the pipe passes the freezer compartment, ii lakes in heat. 3
As the coolant has a low boiling l)Oint, it evaporates quickly and turns into
vapour state. This helps to remove heat from the freezer compartment thus
causes the temperature of the freezer to drop. f
(b) Black ,.urtace is a good emitter of infra-red radiation. This helps to cool the 1
warm liquid passes through it.
(b) (II) (c) As t he warmer air Is less dense than the cooler air, it rises. The cooler air 2
sinks to take its place. Convection current is set up to cool the warm liquid in
the oioe.
(d) The gap Is necessary to allow free movoment of air. A smaller gap would 2
reduce the airflow and less heat would be removed. This causes the coolant
not able to condense into liqui d state effectively and this will affect the
efficiency of the refrigerator.
rrotal: 8 marksl
4E Phyoics Malit ~ Mill-Year Exam 10 Hua Yi Secoodaiy School
. . ~ . -
(i) the light ray speeds up, (ii ) the light ray slows down.
" - - (b) The image becomes dimmer because less light passes through the lens.
[Total : 5 marks}_]
I 2
. , tiiii!'"~ , ~ ~ . ~~~~~ir.~~r;;~:,,.,,,~
Critical angle is the angle of incidence In the more dense medium where the "7 '(a) High frequency sound wave is used as it is able to penetrate a mediu m better 1
angle of refraction in the less dense medium is 90.
than a normal sound wave.
Light source i:iroducing pn-eUel
2 (b) Speed of sound in water = 2s It 2
SOUtoe of light 1500 = 2s/(1 /15)
s== 50m
b<am (c) .sound travels faster in water than in air because molecules in water are more 2
U-C-1--- Ugtltar:t.ivated
tightly packed, therefore the compressions and rarefacti ons of a sound wave
switch move about more quickly In water.
(d) to determine the depth of water Any
use to study: the layers of sediments below the seafloor one
2 to search for objects such as wrecks, submarines and .Icebergs etc
[Total: 5 marks]
~ Fuel1ank Fu~I tank. ----1 ;4i WJ~~- "l"'"f-;,,~~~~" - :. .. . 'ir..w,..s.,.... ". ~ ii<>' , '""lzi>q';'.&.;it1:f''
8 (a) When the switch is closed, magnetic field is set up in the coil with S pole at 2
the top. The Iron bar above becomes temporarily magnetized with an i nduced
north pole at the bottom. The two unlike poles attract and hence the direction
of motion of the signal.
(b) The iron bar is magnetized by the magnetic field of the coil in the opposite
direction from that In (a). Attraction between unlike poles still takes place.
When the fuel tank is full, the light ray is traveling from a less dense medium 2 [Total : 3 marks]
to a denser medium, therefore, refraction of light takes place, and the light- ..:~!fi~~4~i"J!f!lii*-~~-t~~tlfif~;~~~~r;.F.; ~1r~i~~
activated switch ls not triggered.
9 (a) (i) N pole
(ii) Downward direction
When the fuel tank is empty, the light ray is traveling from a more dense
(b) (i) Increase the number of turns of coil on the soft iron core, increase the
medium to a less dense medium, therefore, total Internal reflection of light
voltage of the d.c. supply
takes place, thus trigger the l ight-activated switch.
(ii) Reverse the terminals of the d.c supply
(c) (i) bigger deflection (ii) deflection direction Is oppos ite to that of proton beam 2
x [Total : 6 marks]
(ii) Magnification = image size I object size = 1.5 cm / 1.2 cm = 1.25
4E Physics M"'1< S<hemo Md-Ye E"""' 10 H~ Yi Secondary School
4E PhysK:s Mar1< Schem e Mid-Year E xam 10 Hua YI Secondary School
(c) (i) Some of the magnetic flux around the primary coil passes through the 2
secondary coil. The changing Magnetic flux linking the coil results in an e.m.f.
Section C I Total 30 Marks]
10 (a)
. induced in the secondary coil. This produces a current in the coil and lights up
the lamp.
(ii) When the coil Is moved further away from the primary coil, the flux passing 2
microwave conventional
through it decreases. The rate of change of flux is less and the magnitude of the
induced e.m.f. is reduced. Therefore the lamps gets dimmer.
time to warm up I hour 0 0.5
(iii) The iron rod can concentrate the magnetic flux around it, this increases the 2
input power whilst warming up I kWh 0 1.2 magnetic flux passing the secondary coil, therefore, the induced e.m.f. is
increased. And the lamp becomes brighter.
energy to warm up I kWh 0 0.6
ITotal: 10 marksl
input power whilst cooking I kW 1.5 0 .6 (average) ~ft.~ --(i) .,~&\~~'f>~.tjj/1{~~~;;~~1l-l'l""1.'!;!J!.iif~~ ",.,.,.;;: -~~~~~..~ >
time to cook chicken I hours 0.4 2.0
(a) Qsan 1
energy used whilst cooking I kWh 0.6 1.2 ~

total energy used I kWh 0.6 1.8 I
2 I
I Start
(b) Efficiency of microwave oven - 0.2 / 0.6 x 100% = 33.3% t
=:J Oock
Efficiency of conventional oven= 0.211.8 x 100% = 11.1% 3 I
(c) When mlrcowave oven is used, the microwave pass deep into the food, some of I
thei r energy Is absorbed by the water molecules and the temperature rises, ~ I 0
lamp I Photodiode
warming the rest of the food. This process is fast.
A conventional oven cooks food using the infra-red radiation. The food ls
cook ed from the outside and the heat is transmitted to the inner layers through (ii) distance travelled s = average speed x ti me 2
conduction. This process is slow. 3 = (v +'\i) 12 x t
= (u + gt) /2 x t ( As v "" u + gt }
(d) The shiny surface is a good reflector of infra-red radiation thus minimised the = y. gt2 (As u =O)
heat loss through radiation. 1
s = % gi'
51100 =y, g (0.1)2
(e) The wall of the conventional oven has a air gap In between. It helps to reduce
heat loss through conduction as air is a poor conductor of heat. 1 g = 2 x (51100) + (0.1)2
= 10 rnls2
rrotal: 10 marks (Iii) Increases. This will Increase the accuracy of the measurement of s and the 1
=,~~ ~1~~~. ~~ir~d~t;~'.;:~m:nclf.7tE~~---~1~,;~~~-~ ~ .-.... -t~~t~~'"t"f--l~i - ~t._..~ .~~~~ t.f::._~~~ time interval t.
11 (a) VsNp = Ns/Np = 200/400 :: % 2
Efficiency of the transformer= Vsls I Vplp x 100 %= (% x5/3)x100%= 83 % (b) (i) a= v- u It = (125- 25) I (0.02x5):1000 cm/s' = 10 mis' 2
Any (ii) The same because all masses fall with the same acceleration. 2
(b) (I) Heat Is produced in the wires
(ii) Eddy current flowing in the iron core produce heat two
(Iii) Magnetic leakage, not all the magnetic flux on the primary coil reaches (iii) Increases, this w ill increase the accuracy of the measurement of sand the 1
the secondary coil 2 time interval t.
(iv) The work done in continually magnetising and demagnetising the Iron
core ITotal: 10 marksl
Hua Yi Secondary School
4E Ph~cs Mall< Sclleme Mid Year E""m 10 Hua YI Secondary School
!al (i) I/A
Iii) Res istance of L 1 =Vil = =
9.0 I 3.0 3.0 n
llill As shown In the diagram
(iv) Since P V' I R ,
and resistance of L2 Is double that of L,,
Power of L 2 is lower than L1
Therefore L1 is briahte r than L,. 2
lbl Ii) So that when one lamo f u se the others still can work.
(ii) (A) When both brake ligh t are on
Current through each brake light :
I= f = 24 =2A (1)
v 12
Current drawn from the battery when 2 brake lights are on
= 2A x 2 = 4A (112)
(B) When both rear side lig hts and both brake lights are on
Current through each rear light:
I= f = =0.5A (1)
v 12
Cu rrent drawn frO!'fl the battery when 2 brake lights and 2 rear lights are on
=4+1 ~ = (1/2) 3
rrotal: 10 marksl
E Physics MOtl< Scheme Mld-Y. .r Exam 10 Hua YI Secondary School
41': Physics Mark Scheme Mid Year Exam 1<1 Hua YI Se<:<>ndaoy Sct>ool
Hwa Chong International School
Secondary 4 Physics, Paper 1
1. Fig.1 shows a micrometer reading when an object was gripped between
the anvil and the spindle. If the instrument has a zero error of -0.02 mm
4. A space ship Is fired vertically. The velocity-time graph of the motion of the
spacecraft is shown in the diagram. The maximum height reached by the
what is the actual diameter of the object in mm? '
spacecraft is
10 20 T
I<:....--'----;>,.---=,---~ Tlmel h
Fig. 1
A. 10.65 A. 25 000 km
8. 10.69 e . 50000 km
c. 11.1 5 c. 75 000 km
D. 11 .19 D. 100 000 km
2. Which of the following is correct? 5. Two forces, 1 N. and 11 N, act on an object. Which of the following is not the
Scalar quantities Vector quantities possible resultant force on the object?
A power, displacement, moment work, energy, current .R.
B work, time, gravity force, displacement, moment .S!. A. 9N
C mass, power, time acceleration, weight, pressure B, 10 N
D speed, pressure, density weight, velocity, electric fi~ld c, 11 N
D. 12 N
3. Which graph shows an object, initially at rest, accelerates, and then attains
6. A horseshoe-shape is cut from a uniformly thick piece of cardboard as shown.
uniform speed?
Which letter is at the centre of mass of the piece of cardboard?
Displacement/m Displacement/m
Time /s Time/s
Displacement/m Displacement/m
Time/s Time /s
7. A net force is applied on a body with its variation with time as shown in the
figure below. Which of the following velocity-time graphs correctly describes 9. A uniform plank of weight 60 N is 2000 mm long and rests on a support that is
the motion of the body? 600 mm from end E.
20oQ!jm . .. :: ~
- . . .- -.
At what distance from E must a 160 N weight be placed in order to balance the
A c A. 150mm
B. 225mm
V~elocily_. C.
375 mm
450 mm
O me 10.A crane lifts a load of 2000 N through a vertical distance of 30 m and moves
31 50 m across the warehouse in 50 s. What is the power developed by the
crane in lifting the load against the gravity?
B D A. t .2 kW