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# 1.

INTRODUCTION

## In chapter one to three, we get to study different topics, including average

speed, instantaneous speed, velocity and acceleration. In here, we understand
the different uses and properties, with knowing the object speed rate that can be
changed in time, magnitude or direction. From that, we get to study Free Fall,
which to analyse the study deeper, and free falling object is easily falling toward
the centre of Earth without air resistance by the influence of gravity (Freefall,
n.d.). In addition, its speed rate increases as they fall and can be effect by
different mass or different shape of specific object ("BBC - GCSE Bitesize:
Falling objects", n.d.).The free falling object on Earth has the acceleration rate
precisely 9.8 m/s/s, but can be round up approximately at 10 m/s/s. From that,
as the acceleration increase as they fall, the distance of falling objects is also
increases. Moreover, to calculate the free fall, there are two different equations,
which are:
Velocity = Acceleration . Time
Distance = . 2
That can describe and analysis the speed and the distance of specific object, that
move on Earth under the influence of gravity only.
In this experiment, we are going to demonstrate and observe the speed
and acceleration of the falling object toward the centre of the Earth, that
influenced by the gravity. In addition, by relating the velocity, time and
displacement by the time of heavy and light ball. And to see the percentage
different between the experiment height distance and the actual height distance
that we measure.

1. OBJECTIVES
- To prove the distance of the experiment of free fall
- To prove the percent difference of the measured distance or experimented
distance
- To understand how the distance or height can be determined from the free
fall.

2. MATERIALS
Futsal Ball Volleyball

3. SETUP
4. PROCEDURE

## a. Assign roles for each member:

- 3 times 4th floor (with extra task each)
Timer A: Drop balls
Timer B: Take notes
Timer C: Measure with a measuringring tape
- 1 ball collector ground floor
b. Timers go to 4th floor with:
- 6 balls (3 futsal + 3 volleyballs)
- Measuring tape
- 3 stopwatches (phones)
- Worksheet
- Pen/pencil
c. Timer C use measuring tape to measure the height from the balcony to
the ground with assistance from ball collector on the ground floor
d. Timer B note down the measure height
e. All timers get ready to record the data
f. Timer A drop the ball and at the same time, give a signal to start time
recording until the ball hit the ground. (All timers measure the time
separately)
g. Timer B write down all timers measurement in the worksheet
h. Repeat for trail #2 and #3. Then move on to next object (3 more trials)
i. Ball collector bring all the balls back to the lab

## A. Height of 4th floor Balcony using heavy object

Measured height = 14.7 meters
Trials Time, seconds Time Distance %
(Average) (Meters) Difference
1 2.04 2.54 2.15 2.24 25.09 52.1
2 1.96 1.84 1.68 1.83 16.74 12.8
3 2.01 2.24 1.85 2.03 20.06 33.3
Total Average 2.03 20.81 32.7

Calculation

Distance %difference
1. d=(10)(2.24)(2.24)=25.09 1. 2(14.72-25.09)/14.7+25.09=
2. d=(10)(1.83)(1.83)=16.74 -52.1
3. d=(10)(2.03)(2.03)=20.60 2. 2(14.72-16.74)/14.72+16.74=
-12.8
3. 2(14.72-20.60)/14.72+20.60=
33.3

## B. Height of 4th floor Balcony using light object

Measured height = 14.7 meters
Trials Time, seconds Time Distance %
(Average) (Meters) Difference

## 1 2.19 1.90 1.98 1.9 18.1 20.5

2 2.07 2.11 2.13 2.1 22.1 40.2
3 1.57 1.79 1.56 1.6 12.8 13.8
Total Average 1.87 17.67 24.8

Calculation

Distance % Difference
1. d=(10)(1.9)(1.9) = 18.1 1. 2(14.72-18.1)/14.72+18.1= -
2. d=(10)(2.1)(2.1) = 22.1 20.5
3. d=(10)(1.6)(1.6)=12.8 2. 2(14.72-22.1)/14.72+22.1= -
40.2
3. 2(14.72-12.8)/14.72+12.8=
13.8

## C. Instantaneous Velocity from both objects

Instantaneous Heavy object Light object

## When the 1.015 s 10.15 m/s 0.935 s 9.35 m/s

object in
midway
at the instant 2.03 s 20.3 m/s 1.87 s 18.7 m/s
the object hit
the ground

Calculation
Distance % Different
midway = 2.03/2 = 1.015 midway = 1.87/2 = 0.935
V1(m/s) = 1.015 x 10 = 10.15 m/s V1(m/s) = 0.935 x 10 = 9.35
V2(m/s) = 2.03 x 10 = 20.3 m/s V2(m/s) = 1.87 x 10 = 18.7

## 6. ANALYSIS AND RESULT

- For the heavy object, we had tried 3 times each for each ball, that it came
out with different results because of the time. So we then observed the
time of different ball, and found out that the short the time, the shorter the
distance of falling ball, even if we are standing at the same spot and
throw at the same height.
- For the light object, we also have the same result as we go through
because you can see the table above, where the longer the time, the longer
the height as we use the equation to find out the distance.
7. CONCLUSION
- Every material in the world cannot reach to the ground when it drop in
the same time or at the same place because of density, or weight and
shape of the material are not the same, such as A4 paper and crumpled
paper will not reach to the ground on the same time because of shape
even though it the same weight and drop on the same time with the same
spot. Moreover, the free fall was not accuracy than the simple process
which is measure by measuring tape because the free fall because maybe
we press the recorder and drop the material not the same time so it
precise, but not accurate.
8. REFERENCES
1. Free fall. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 7 September 2017, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_fall
2. BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Falling objects. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 7 September
2017, from