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# Natural Sciences Division

Fullerton College
Physics 223 Fall 2017
Instructor: Brian Shotwell

## Exam 4, TEST FORM A

Exam worth 64 points: 12(2) + 2(20) = 64
November 9, 2017

1. How far from grains of red sand must you be to position yourself just at the limit of resolving the grains
if your pupil diameter is 1.5 mm, the grains are spherical with radius 50 m, and the light from the grains
has wavelength 650 nm?
A) 6.0 m
B) 60 cm
C) 1.9 m
D) 19 cm
E) None of the above.

2. A rich 75-year-old wears converging lenses of focal length 75 cm. He decides to make a copy of his glasses
using DIAMOND (n=2.4) rather than the usual glass (n=1.5). He looks through the glasses, notices they
dont work right, and throws them away. Which one of his relatives should rummage through the trash for
a functional pair of diamond specs?
A) His 60-year-old nephew, who needs glasses with focal length f = +1.20 m.
B) His 70-year-old younger sister, who needs glasses with focal length f = +0.96 m.
C) His 100-year old father, who needs glasses with focal length f = +0.22 m.
D) His 90-year-old aunt, who needs glasses with focal length f = +0.27 m.
E) His 80-year-old older brother, who needs glasses with focal length f = +0.47 m.

3. Your nearsighted friend has -2.00 diopter lenses. Which of the following best describes the lenses that
this person wears?
A) The converging lenses take an object at infinity and place it at 50 cm (the farthest the person can see
clearly).
B) The converging lenses take an object at 50 cm (the farthest the person can see clearly) and place it at
infinity.
C) The diverging lenses take an object at infinity and place it at 50 cm (the farthest the person can see
clearly).
D) The diverging lenses take an object at 50 cm (the farthest the person can see clearly) and place it at
infinity.
E) None of the above.

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4. Which of the following is TRUE concerning light passing from one medium into another?
A) The speed of light increases proportional to n, the index of refraction of a material.
B) When white light passes through a prism, colors are separated (dispersion) because red light has an
index of refraction higher than that of violet light.
C) Light going from one material into another of higher index of refraction will be bent towards the normal.
D) Total internal reflection can occur when light passes from water to diamond (n for diamond is 2.4).
E) The wavelength remains unchanged, but the frequency is dependent on the index of refraction.

5. Two very narrow slits are spaced 1.80 m apart and are placed 35.0 cm from a screen. What is the
distance between the first and second dark lines of the interference pattern when the slits are illuminated
with coherent light with = 550 nm? (Hint: The angle is NOT small.)
A) 12.6 cm.
B) 28.3 cm.
C) 12.6 mm.
D) 28.3 mm.
E) None of the above.

6. Light of original intensity I0 passes through two ideal polarizing filters having their polarizing axes ori-
ented as shown below. You want to adjust the angle so that the intensity at point P is equal to I0 /3. If
the original light is unpolarized, what should be?

A) 45
B) 25
C) 35
D) 55
E) 65

7. A skateboarder is approaching a diverging lens at speed 6.0 m/s when s = |3f |. What is the speed /
direction of the image?
A) The image is approaching the lens at speed 9.0 m/s.
B) The image is approaching the lens at speed 4.0 m/s.
C) The image is moving away from the lens at speed 4.0 m/s.
D) The image is approaching the lens at speed 1.5 m/s.
E) The image is moving away from the lens at speed 1.5 m/s.

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8. The figure below shows two light rays that are initially exactly in phase and that reflect from several glass
surfaces. Neglect the slight slant in the path of the light in the second arrangement. (i) What is the path
length dierence of the rays? (ii) In wavelengths , what is the smallest value of d that will give destructive
interference between the outgoing rays?

A) (i) 2d ; (ii) d=
B) (i) 3d ; (ii) d=
C) (i) 3d ; (ii) d = /3
D) (i) 2d ; (ii) d = /2
E) (i) 2d ; (ii) d = /4

9. After a long day of driving you take a late-night swim in a motel swimming pool. When you go to your
room, you realize that you have lost your room key in the pool. You borrow a powerful flashlight and walk
around the pool, shining the light into it. The light shines on the key, which is lying on the bottom of the
pool, when the flashlight is held 1.2 m above the water surface and is directed at the surface a horizontal
distance of 1.5 m from the edge. If the water here is 4.0 m deep, how far is the key from the edge of the pool?

A) 4.4 m
B) 3.9 m
C) 3.5 m
D) 4.9 m
E) 3.1 m

10. In a diraction experiment with waves of wavelength , there will be no intensity minima (that is, no
dark fringes) if the slit width is small enough. What is the maximum slit width for which this occurs?
A) /(2)
B)
C) /2
D) 2
E) 2

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11. Youre designing your very own bathroom mirror. Youd like the mirror to have magnification 5 when
your face is 20 cm away from the mirror. What should be the radius of curvature of the mirror? Should the
mirror be concave or convex?
A) Convex mirror, radius of curvature 50 cm.
B) Convex mirror, radius of curvature 12.5 cm.
C) Concave mirror, radius of curvature 12.5 cm.
D) Concave mirror, radius of curvature 50 cm.
E) None of the above.

12. Waves that are emitted in phase from two sources will undergo constructive interference when the paths
from the sources dier by...
A) an odd, quarter-integer number of wavelengths.
B) an odd, half-integer number of wavelengths.
C) any quarter-integer number of wavelengths.
D) a whole integer number of wavelengths.
E) None of the above.

## End of Multiple Choice Section

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Choose two out of the following three problems (20 points each):

13. When light passes through a prism, the angle that the refracted ray makes relative to the incident ray
is called the deviation angle (the angle between the dotted line and the outgoing ray in the figure below).
In the picture, the light ray inside the prism is horizontal; you may assume this is true for part (a) but not
for part (b).

a) Show that the index of refraction of the prism is related to the angles and by

sin 12 ( + )
n= (10 points)
sin( /2)

b) If the apex angle of the prism is = 72 , what is the minimum incident angle for a ray if it is to emerge
from the opposite side (i.e., not be totally internally reflected) given n = 1.58? Note that we want the
angle with respect to the normal of the incident ray (and the refracted ray after passing into the prism
is not necessarily horizontal). (10 points)

14. A diverging lens is made with glass of index of refraction n = 1.58. The radii of curvature are given as
follows:

## a) What is the focal length of this lens? (5 points)

b) Suppose an object is placed 40cm in front of this lens. Where is the location of the image? Is it upright
or inverted? Real or virtual? What is the magnification? Use ray tracing as well to show the path of
light rays after going through the lens. (10 points)

c) Will this lens help a nearsighted or a farsighted person? Where will the lens place an object at infinity?
(5 points)

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15. The following figure shows two sources S1 and S2 that emit radio waves of wavelength in all directions.
The sources are exactly in phase and are separated by a distance equal to 1.5 . The vertical broken line is
the perpendicular bisector of the distance between the sources. Also, the distance from S2 to the start of
paths 2 and 3 is 1.5 .

For the following questions dealing with interference of the sources, assume that the intensity of the sources
does not fall o with distance.

a) If we start at the indicated start point and travel along path 1, does the interference produce a maximum
all along the path, a minimum all along the path, or alternating maxima and minima? (5 points)

b) If we start at the other point o to the right and travel along path 2 (along an axis through the
sources), how far do we have to walk before we hit the first point of constructive interference? How
about destructive interference? If we start at a point of constructive/destructive interference, you may
put walk a distance 0. (5 points)

c) Repeat part (b), but along path 3 (perpendicular to the axis through the sources). If it seems like the
algebra might take too long, just set up an equation and say what variable youd solve for. (5 points)

d) Suppose we label another path: path 4. Path 4 has the same starting location as path 1, but deviates
from path 1 by an angle . What must be so that there exist points on this path that have constructive
interference? (5 points)