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Technical Data:
The Generators use HSD as the prime fuel. It is known that
since the particulate matters + the quantitative SOx emissions in the flue gases across
the DG is more, the installation of scrubber is warranted mainly to neutralize the acidic
emission and also the particulates. Though a complete combustion is ensured by the
destruction of hydro-carbons the Sulphur presence accounts of Sulphur Oxides resulting
on account of oxidation due to combustion. SOx being an acidic emission tend to cause
air pollution around the immediate vicinity.Though there are a few options available for
the neutralization of SOx emissions, considering the operational constraints a wet gas
cleaning [Scrubbing] arrangement is proposed to be inducted in the present set up,
most importantly without causing any operational lacunae to the existing set up.
The proposed set up shall house a gas scrubber [Wet
Scrubber] with two stage distribution of spray arrangement on strategic locations,
operating on counter flow arrangement with demisters / entrainment separators. This
scrubber shall dose / spray alkaline medium [NaOH] at requisite concentration to
neutralize the eventual acidic emissions [SOx based] generated. The resultant clean air /
gas coming out of the scrubber shall be exhausted through a vent. The cleaned gases
shall be routed through a chimney of adequate height as decided by the site conditions.

Operating Principle:
The basic operating principle along with the design
considerations is explained in detail in the following lines.

Scrubber uses the natural process of re-circulating water decontaminating air -

essentially the same process that occurs during a rainstorm, but made more efficient by
technology and engineering.

1. Flue gas is passed through the scrubber using either negative or positive
pressure, created from a fan on either upstream or downstream from the
scrubber unit.
2. The gas stream enters the scrubber unit near the bottom and travels up [Counter
Current] through the spray distribution section (where the contaminants are
actually separated from the gas).
3. The gas stream is vigorously exposed to the scrubber solution, through a
demister assembly [Entrainment Separator] (to remove the liquid droplets from
the exiting gas).
4. The clean gas stream is then discharged either to the atmosphere or routed back
through the original process.
During operation the gas / fumes flows upward through the packed bed while scrubbing
liquid flows down over the packing material.

Wet scrubber:
Flue gas from the DG exhaust shall be passed through Wet
Scrubber to Control Particulate and gaseous emissions.
Wet scrubber is a cylindrical vessel with an array of liquid
(alkaline medium) spraying nozzles through a distributor
at the top of the scrubber with spraying arrangements at
different elevations for effective contact of both the
mediums. There shall be packing grids positioned to
ensure thorough contact of the gas and water and to
have reduced pressure drop. Gas and water are
maintained in a counter flow path to increase the
efficiency of scrubbing. The complete inner surface of
the scrubber shall be lined with acid proof tiles for
protection against corrosion. The very idea of selecting
this scrubber with partial spray and packed column out
of different options available is owing to the following
• Low pressure drop
• Operational / maintenance ease.
• Back washing not required owing to the
trappment of particulates collected in the
bottom of the scrubber itself.
• Very high absorption efficiency
• No scaling or build up of solids Simulated Version
• No nozzle plugging
• Can accommodate high gas temperatures
• Tolerates high dust loadings
• High Mist elimination
• Wide variety of reagent options - sodium, magnesium, lime, high-mag
lime, dual alkali etc