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Nefertiti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


This article is about the Ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti. For other uses, see Nefertiti
(disambiguation).
For other individuals named Neferneferuaten, see Neferneferuaten (disambiguation).

Nefertiti

The bust of Nefertiti from the gyptisches Museum Berlin collection,

presently in the Neues Museum.

Queen consort of Egypt

Tenure 13531336 BC[1] or

13511334 BC[2]

Born c. 1370 BC

Died c. 1330 BC
Spouse Akhenaten

Issue Meritaten

Meketaten

Ankhesenamun

Neferneferuaten Tasherit

Neferneferure

Setepenre

Full name

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti

Dynasty 18th of Egypt

Father Ay (possibly)

Religion Ancient Egyptian religion

Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti in hieroglyphs

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti
Nfr nfrw itn Nfr.t jy.tj
Beautiful are the Beauties of Aten, the Beautiful
one has come

Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (/nfrtiti/[3]) (c. 1370 c. 1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and
the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh. Nefertiti and her
husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten, or
the sun disc. With her husband, she reigned at what was arguably the wealthiest period of
Ancient Egyptian history.[4]Some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled briefly
as Neferneferuaten after her husband's death and before the accession of Tutankhamun,
although this identification is a matter of ongoing debate.[5][6] If Nefertiti did rule as Pharaoh, her
reign was marked by the fall of Amarna and relocation of the capital back to the traditional city
of Thebes.[7]
Nefertiti had many titles including Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t); Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt);
Lady of Grace (nbt-im3t), Sweet of Love (bnrt-mrwt); Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy); Main
King's Wife, his beloved (hmt-niswt-3t meryt.f); Great King's Wife, his beloved (hmt-niswt-wrt
meryt.f), Lady of all Women (hnwt-hmwt-nbwt); and Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-
Shmw-mhw).[8]
She was made famous by her bust, now in Berlin's Neues Museum, shown to the right. The
bust is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. It was attributed to the
sculptor Thutmose, and it was found in his workshop. The bust is notable for exemplifying the
understanding Ancient Egyptians had regarding realistic facial proportions.[citation needed]

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