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CONTROL OF FLOWNEX

NETWORK USING SIMULINK


This case study demonstrates how Flownex and Simulink are
integrated to perform different parts of a simulation.
Integration of Flownex with Simulink is a powerful tool that is
regularly used for the design of advanced control systems. It is also
frequently used to simulate electrical systems that interact with
thermal flow systems.

GENERAL INDUSTRY
GENERAL INDUSTRY

CHALLENGE:

The objective of the simulation is to show the use of two PID controllers in
Simulink in the start-up and operation of a two shaft Brayton cycle. One of the
PID controllers is used to control the generator power during the start-up. The
second PID controller is used to control the reactor outlet temperature by
adjusting the control rod depths when the start-up is complete.

BENEFITS:
This case study demonstrates how Flownex and Simulink are integrated to
perform different parts of a simulation.

Integration of Flownex with Simulink is a powerful tool that is regularly used for
the design of advanced control systems. It is also frequently used to simulate
electrical systems that interact with thermal flow systems.

SOLUTION:
Flownex provides easy integration with Simulink. The combination provides an
easy to use and powerful tool for advanced applications of Flownex in control
system design and simulation of integrated systems.
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Flownex provides easy integration with Simulink. The combination


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provides an easy to use and powerful tool for advanced applications


of Flownex in control system design and simulation of integrated
systems.
www.flownex.com sales@flownex.com
CONTROL OF FLOWNEX NETWORK USING
SIMULINK

INTRODUCTION
This case study demonstrates how Flownex and Simulink are
integrated to perform different parts of a simulation.
The objective of the
Integration of Flownex with Simulink is a powerful tool that is
regularly used for the design of advanced control systems. It is also
simulation is to show
frequently used to simulate electrical systems that interact with the use of two PID
thermal flow systems. controllers in Simulink
in the start-up and
operation of a two
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
shaft Brayton cycle.
The system that is used for this demonstration is the same system
One of the PID
that is described in the case study Start-up of Two-shaft High-
Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Nuclear Power Plant. For a controllers is used to
detailed system description, please refer to that case study. control the generator
power during the start-
up. The second PID
OBJECTIVE OF SIMULATION
controller is used to
The objective of the simulation is to show the use of two PID
control the reactor
controllers in Simulink in the start-up and operation of a two shaft
Brayton cycle. One of the PID controllers is used to control the outlet temperature by
generator power during the start-up. The second PID controller is adjusting the control
used to control the reactor outlet temperature by adjusting the rod depths when the
control rod depths when the start-up is complete.
start-up is complete.

FLOWNEX MODEL SETUP


The data that will be exchanged with Simulink is defined in the
External Control Set Editor.
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Figure 1: External control set editor.

The Flownex model of the system is shown in Figure 2.

Diffuser
Shaft
HPT

Pipe
Diffuser

Pebble bed
reactor
Intercooler

Leak flow orifices

Shaft
LPT
Pre-cooler

Recuperator

Figure 2: Flownex network of the direct two-shaft closed inter-cooled


recuperated Brayton cycle PBMR power plant.
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SIMULINK MODEL SETUP
The next two figures show how the inputs and outputs are defined
and the model is set up in Simulink.
The speed of
compressor 1 (low
pressure compressor)
is sensed and the
generating power of
turbine 13 (power
turbine) is controlled
by one PID controller
in Simulink.

Figure 3: Input and output definition.

Figure 4: Simulink model.


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DESCRIPTION OF SIMULATION
The speed of compressor 1 (low pressure compressor) is sensed
and the generating power of turbine 13 (power turbine) is
controlled by one PID controller in Simulink. At first when the
The first results graph
compressor shaft speed is low the generator power is set to -2 MW show how the power is
and the generator acts as a motor. The PID controller is switched kept at -2 MW during
on and the generator then switches over to generating mode when
the first phase of start-
the compressor shaft speed approaches its design point. The PID
controller in Simulink that controls the reactor outlet temperature is up for the generator to
only activated after the start-up is complete. This controller controls act as a motor.
the reactor control rod depth to maintain a constant reactor outlet
temperature of 900C. The temperature of Node 10 at the reactor
outlet is sensed and the control rod depth of the reactor, element 9
is controlled.

RESULTS
The first results graph show how the power is kept at -2 MW during
the first phase of start-up for the generator to act as a motor.
When the turbo machine speed is close enough to the design
point, the PID controller takes over and starts to increase the
generator power until it is at full load.
160

140

120

100
Power [MW]

80

60

40

20

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600

-20

Time [s]
Generating Power of Turbine (13) E

Figure 5: Generating power.


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The next figure shows how the low pressure compressor speed is
controlled to be at the design point of 3600 rpm.

4500

4000

3500
Rotational Speed [rpm]

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600

Time [s]
Rotation Speed of Compressor (1) E

Figure 6: Low pressure compressor rotating speed.

After 200 seconds in the simulation the PID controller that controls
the control rod depth is turned on. The next figure shows the
controller action.

0.510

0.505
Normalised insertion depth []

0.500

0.495

0.490
0 100 200 300 400 500 600

Time [s]
Control Fraction of Pebble Bed Reactor (9) E
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Figure 7: Control rod depth.


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The last figure shows the reactor outlet temperature being
controlled to 900C.

950

900

850
Temperature [C]

800

750

700

650
0 100 200 300 400 500 600

Time [s]
Temperature of Darcy Weisbach pipe (10) UN

Figure 8: Reactor outlet temperature.

CONCLUSION
Flownex provides easy integration with Simulink. The combination
provides an easy to use and powerful tool for advanced
applications of Flownex in control system design and simulation of
integrated systems.
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