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Original Title: Worksheet 3 (Sol)

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1. Find the points where the following functions have horizontal tangent.

3

a) f (x) = x

p +1 b) f (x) = 1=x2 c) f (x) = x + sinx

d) f (x) = x 1 e) f (x) = ex x f) f (x) = sinx + cos x

a) x=0; b) never; c) x = + 2k ; d) never; e) x = 0; f ) x = 4 +k :

2. (*)Prove that the tangent lines to the graphs of y = x and y = 1=x in their points of intersection are

perpendicular to each other.

3. In what point is the tangent to the curve y 2 = 3x pararell to the line y = 2x?

3 3

The point of the curve is ( 16 ; 4 ):

4. (*)Calculate the intersection point with the x axis of the tangent line to the graph of f (x) = x2 in the point

(1; 1).

The intersection point is x = 1=2:

5. Calculate a so that the tangent to the graph of f (x) = a=x + 1 in the point (1; f (1)) intersects the horizontal

axis in x = 3.

Therefore, the intersection point will be x=3 when a=1.

sinx

6. (*)Find the tangent and normal lines to f (x) = arctan 1+cos x in x = 0.

Ecuation of the tangent line: y 0 = 12 (x 0); ecuation of the normal line: y 0= 2(x 0):

p

x x2 1

a) f (x) = (sinx + tan 3x)sin2x b) f (x) =

2x + 6

c) f (x) = 4x3=2 cos 2x d) f (x) = 5x ln(8x + sin2x) + etan 5x

8. (*)Let f (x) = 2[ln(1 + g 2 (x))]2 . Using that g(1) = g 0 (1) = 1, calculate f 0 (1).

f 0 (1) = 4 ln(2):

.

p

9. (*)Using that ab = eb ln a , dierentiate f (x) = xsinx and g(x) = ( x)x .

f 0 (x) = xsinx (cos x: ln x + sinx=x):

p

g 0 (x) = ( x)x (ln x + 1)=2:

10. (*)Let f (x) = ln(1 + x2 ) and g(x) = e2x + e3x . Calculate h(x) = f (g(x)), v(x) = g(f (x)), h0 (0) and v 0 (0).

h(x) = ln(1 + e4x + e6x + 2e5x ); h0 (0) = 4

v(x) = (1 + x2 )2 +(1 + x2 )3 ; v 0 (0) = 0:

0

a) Suppose that f (0) = 0 and f 0 (0) = ; 6= 0: Find f 1 (0):

0

b) Now suppose that f (0) = 1 and f 0 (0) = ; 6= 0: Find f 1 (1):

0

c) Now suppose that f (1) = 0 and f 0 (1) = ; 6= 0: Find f 1 (0):

0

a) f 1 (0) = 1 :

0

b) f 1 (1) = 1 :

0

c) f 1 (0) = 1 :

12. (*)Supposing that the following equations dene y as a dierentiable function of x, calculate y 0 in the given

points:

a) x3 + y 3 = 2xy in (1; 1).

b) sinx = x(1 + tan y) in ( ; 3 =4).

c) x2 + y 2 = 25 in (3; 4), (0; 5) and (5; 0).

1

a) y 0 = 1:b) y 0 = 2 :c) the derivative in that point does not exist.

13. Calculate the derivative of the following functions showing where they are not dierentiable.

8

< 1=jxj if x 2

x2 1 if x 0

a)(*) f (x) = b) (*)g(x) = (x + 2)2 if 2<x 0

0 if x > 0 :

8 3 + sin(x + 2 ) if x > 0

< arctan2 x if x 0

c) h(x) = sin3 x if 0 < x 2

:

sinx if 2 < x

2x if x < 0

a) f 0 (x) = Obviously, f is not dierentiable in 0.

0 if x > 0

8

< 1=x2 if x < 2

0

b) g (x) = 2(x + 2) if 2 < x < 0 Obviously, f is not dierentiable in 2 nor in 0:

:

cos(x + 2 ) if x > 0

8 2 arctan x

< 1+x2 if x 0

0 2

c) h (x) = 3sin x: cos x if 0 x < 2 Obviously, f is not dierentiable in 2 :

:

cos x if 2 < x

3x + 2 if x 1

14. (*)Find a and b so that the function f (x) = is dierentiable.

ax2 + bx 1 if x < 1

f dierentiable in 1 when a = 3; b = 9:

15. Apply the mean value theorem to f in the given interval and nd the c values of the thesis of the theorem.

a) f (x) = x2 in [ 2; 1] b) f (x) = 2sinx in [ ; ]

c) f (x) = x2=3 in [0; 1] d) f (x) = 2sinx + sin2x in [0; ]

16. Let f : [a; b] ! [a; b] be a continuous function in [a; b] and dierentiable in (a; b). Prove that,

if f 0 (x) 6= 1 in (a; b); then f has a unique xed point in [a; b].

17. Prove that the function f has a unique xed point.

a) f (x) = 2x + 21 sinx b) f (x) = 2x + 1

2 cos x

18. (*)Let f (x) = x3 3x + 3; f : [ 3; 2] ! R. Determine the global extrema.

The minimum is reached in 3 and the maximum is reached in 1 and in 2:

19. Let f : [ 5; 5] ! R such that f reaches the maximum in x = 2 and the minumum in x = 3: Let g(x) =

f ( x). What can be said about the maximum and the minimum of g?

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