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1.

Title: Reflex Arc Lab

2. Purpose : The purpose of this lab is to test the reflexes of the patellar, Achilles, babinski, and triceps to test their condition of the nervous system. With these reflex tests, we can test if the reflex are distorted, exaggerated, or absent. Those results could possibly be because of brain or spinal injuries.

3. Background : Reflexes are very rapid in the human body. The reason we have reflexes is because of reflex arcs. Reflex arcs are made up of five components: a receptor , sensory neuron, interneuron, motor neuron, and the e ectors (which can be muscle fibers). Reflexes can be automatic or somatic reflexes. Automatic reflexes are uncontrollable in which the brain doesn't control the reflex. Somatic reflexes require skeletal muscles for the reflex to be possible.

4. Hypothesis : I believe if someone who has never had a brain or spinal injury, then their reflex arc will work perfectly and there will be no delays of their reflexes compared to someone who has those injuries.

5. Materials: Reflex hammer, neurological pinwheel

6. Procedure:

A. Patellar reflex

a. Make person sit down on table with legs dangling othe table relaxed.

b. Use the patellar tendon just below the knee cap for both right and left knees

c. Record evidence to see if the knee jerks

B. Babinski

a. Make person lay supine on table with feet relaxed (make sure feet are othe table)

b. Use pinwheel to with slight pressure from heel to big toe

c. Record evidence to see if toes curl

C. Achilles

a. Make person lay prone on table with feet o the table and relaxed

b. Use the reflex hammer and hit the Achilles tendon

c. Record evidence to see if foot plantar flexes

D. Triceps

a. Make person to flex their triceps to find the tricep tendon

b. Lift the persons arm to their shoulder with all the muscles in their arm relaxed ( it should look like a 90 degree angle)

c. Use the reflex hammer and and hit the tendon

d. Calculate the information to see if the forearm slightly extends

7. Data :

Partner 1: Levi (no brain/spinal injuries)

 

Right

Left

Patellar

Yes (very strong)

Yes (very strong)

Achilles

Yes (very strong)

Yes (very strong)

Babinski

Yes (very strong)

Yes (very strong)

Triceps

Yes (very strong)

Yes (very strong)

Partner 2: Dean (has had brain/spinal injuries)   Right reflex Left reflex Patellar Yes (weak)

Partner 2: Dean (has had brain/spinal injuries)

 

Right reflex

Left reflex

Patellar

Yes (weak)

Yes (weak)

Achilles

Yes (strong)

Yes (strong)

Babinski

Yes (very strong)

Yes (very strong)

Triceps

None

Yes (moderate)

Yes (very strong) Triceps None Yes (moderate) 8. Analysis : After the lab my two partners

8. Analysis : After the lab my two partners results were very di erent. For partner 1, all of the right

side reflexes happened and were very quick and strong reflexes. For partner 2, it was di erent. Some of Partner 2's results were weak reflexes and the right tricep didn't show a reflex. For the left side reflexes, partner one showed all strong reflexes while for partner two, all his results varied.

9. Conclusion: After the experiment, it turns out that my hypothesis is correct. For partner 1, he

had no brain or spinal injuries in his life. With that his reflexes were not delayed or absent in the tests. For partner 2 he also proved my hypothesis because he did the exact opposite of partner 1. Partner 2 has had brain and spinal injuries throughout his life. With these injuries, a lot of his reflexes were delayed, weakened, or absent throughout the tests. The neurological damage could

e ect the nerves in which they wouldn't complete the reflex action properly.