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Question Marks
1A Describe the classification of composites
Classification of composites I
(based on matrix material)
Metal Matrix Composites (MMC)
Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC)
Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC)
Classification of composite materials II
(based on reinforcing material structure)
Particulate Composites
Particulate Composites consist of a matrix reinforced by a
dispersed phase in form of particles.
1. Composites with random orientation of particles.
2. Composites with preferred orientation of particles. Fibrous
I. Short-fiber reinforced composites.
II. Composites with random orientation of fibers.
III. Composites with preferred orientation of fibers.
IV. Long-fiber reinforced composites.
V. Unidirectional orientation of fibers.
VI. Bidirectional orientation of fibers (woven).
Laminate Composites
1B Explain the properties of i) Glass Fiber and ii) Carbon Fibers
Glass Fiber Carbon Fiber
1. Incombustibility 1.High Strength to weight ratio
2. Corrosion resistance 2.Rigidity
3. High strength at low 3.Corrosion resistance
densities 4.Electrical Conductivity 06
4. Good thermal. 5.Fatigue Resistance
5. Sound insulation 6.Good tensile strength but
6. Special electrical Brittle
2A Discuss the characteristics of FRPs that are of significance to
FRP systems are an increasingly acceptable alternative to steel
reinforcement for reinforced concrete structures including cast-in-
place and pre- and post-tensioned bridges, precast concrete pipes,
columns, beams and other components.
2B Explain about interlaminar stresses in a laminated composite
Referring to the picture below, interlaminar stresses are the out-of-
plane stresses z, xz, and yz, defined at the interfaces between
layers in a laminated composite material. From the figure, it is clear
that a tensile z along an interface would tend to separate the layers
along the interface, and the interlaminar shear stresses would tend
to shear apart the interface in the corresponding directions.


3 Derive the stress strain relations for classical laminate and

represent the stress variation in a laminate
Thus, stresses in kth layer of the laminate may be calculated using
following relations.


Variation of stresses between two layers need not be linear, or even

continuous. Thus stresses are discontinuous between two adjacent
layers, even though strain varies linearly across entire laminate
4 Derive the stiffness matrix and compliance matrix for a lamina
from generalized hooks law
Stiffness Matrix [C]


Compliance Matrix [S]

Formula For The Load Shared By Fibers


5B Explain any one failure mechanism of a unidirectional lamina

Transverse Tensile Failure
transverse tensile failure is another important failure mode for
unidirectional lamina subjected to compressive stress in fiber
unidirectional compressive force causes tensile strains in
transverse direction due to Poisson ratio effect.
transverse tensile strain exceeds the ultimate transverse strain
capability of lamina, cracks develop at fibermatrix interface, which
propagate in fiber direction to cause composite failure. 06


Cij= Stiffness Matrix

Sij= Compliance Matrix
7A Explain with a neat sketch about filament welding process
Explanation with neat sketch 06
7B Explain with aneat sketch about autoclave moulding process
Explanation with neat sketch

8A Explain the influence of shape size and distribution of particle

on mechanical properties of metal matrix composites
The damage models based on the stress triaxial indicator and
maximum principal stress criterion are developed to simulate the
ductile failure of metal matrix and brittle cracking of particles,
respectively. Simulation results show that the interface debonding 06
dominates the failure process under the loading, while the damage
in particle grows at slowest rate compared with those in matrix and
8B Discuss the mechanical properties of AL-SiC composite
The mechanical properties, tensile and compression strength,
hardness and drop-weight impact strength were studied in order to 06
determine the optimum carbide % in the metal matrix composites