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Coarse Thread Series - UNC Fine Thread Series - UNF 8-Thread Series - 8UN

Nominal Basic Section Tensile Basic Section Tensile Basic


Size and Pitch at Minor Stress Nominal Size Pitch at Minor Stress Nominal Size Pitch
Threads Dia. Dia. Area and Threads Dia. Dia. Area and Threads Dia.
Per In. Per In.
Per In. In. Sq in. Sq in. In. Sq in. Sq in. In.
9.53 3/ 8 16 0.3344 0.0678 0.0775 3/ 8 24 0.3479 0.0809 0.0878 ---- --
11.11 7/16 14 0.3911 0.0933 0.1063 7/16 20 0.405 0.109 0.1187 ---- --
12.70 1/ 2 13 0.45 0.1257 0.1419 1/ 2 20 0.4675 0.1486 0.1599 ---- --
14.29 9/16 12 0.5084 0.162 0.182 9/16 18 0.5264 0.189 0.203 ---- --
15.88 5/ 8 11 0.566 0.202 0.226 5/ 8 18 0.5889 0.24 0.256 ---- --
19.05 3/ 4 10 0.685 0.302 0.334 3/ 4 16 0.7094 0.351 0.373 ---- --
22.23 7/ 8 9 0.8028 0.419 0.462 7/ 8 14 0.8286 0.48 0.509 ---- --
25.40 1 8 0.9188 0.551 0.606 1 12 0.9459 0.625 0.663 1 8 0.9188
28.58 1 1/ 8 7 1.0322 0.693 0.763 1 1/ 8 12 1.0709 0.812 0.856 1 1/ 8 8 1.0438
31.75 1 1/ 4 7 1.1572 0.89 0.969 1 1/ 4 12 1.1959 1.024 1.073 1 1/ 4 8 1.1688
34.93 1 3/ 8 6 1.2667 1.054 1.155 1 3/ 8 12 1.3209 1.26 1.315 1 3/ 8 8 1.2938
38.10 1 1/ 2 6 1.3917 1.294 1.405 1 1/ 2 12 1.4459 1.521 1.581 1 1/ 2 8 1.4188
- - - -- -- -- ---- -- -- -- - 8 1.5438
44.45 1 3/ 4 5 1.6201 1.74 1.9 ---- -- -- -- 1 3/ 4 8 1.6688
- - - -- -- -- ---- -- -- -- - 8 1.7938
50.80 2 4.5 1.8557 2.3 2.5 ---- -- -- -- 2 8 1.9188
57.15 2 1/ 4 4.5 2.1057 3.02 3.25 ---- -- -- -- 2 1/ 4 8 2.1688
63.50 2 1/ 2 4 2.3376 3.72 4 ---- -- -- -- 2 1/ 2 8 2.4188
69.85 2 3/ 4 4 2.5876 4.62 4.93 ---- -- -- -- 2 3/ 4 8 2.6688
76.20 3 4 2.8376 5.62 5.97 ---- -- -- -- 3 8 2.9188
82.55 3 1/ 4 4 3.0876 6.72 7.1 ---- -- -- -- 3 1/ 4 8 3.1688
88.90 3 1/ 2 4 3.3376 7.92 8.33 ---- -- -- -- 3 1/ 2 8 3.4188
95.25 3 3/ 4 4 3.5876 9.21 9.66 ---- -- -- -- 3 3/ 4 8 3.6688
101.60 4 4 3.8376 10.61 11.08 ---- -- -- -- 4 8 3.9188
8-Thread Series - 8UN
Section Tensile
at Minor Stress
Dia. Area
Sq in. Sq in.
-- --
-- --
-- --
-- --
-- --
-- --
-- --
0.551 0.606
0.728 0.79
0.929 1
1.155 1.233
1.405 1.492
1.68 1.78
1.98 2.08
2.3 2.41
2.65 2.77
3.42 3.56
4.29 4.44
5.26 5.43
6.32 6.51
7.49 7.69
8.75 8.96
10.11 10.34
11.57 11.81
Diseo Pernos de Anclaje - ACI318-14

Datos

fya = 2531 kg/cm


f'c = 280 kg/cm
22 mm
hef = 200 mm

General: Se debe disear los anclajes para resistir:

Steel Strength in Tension - 17.4

La resistencia nominal de un anclaje en tension:

(17.4.1.2)

Varilla Roscada (S/N) = S nt = 8.00 [TPI]

f.uta = 4809 kg/cm


Ase,N = 2.81 cm
= 0.65 Puede ser 0.65 o 0.75 - Ver codigo

Nsa = 8.77 t Por perno

Para anclajes adhesivos, adicionalmente se debe verificar que:

(17.3.1.2)
Concrete breakout strength of anchor in tension

(17.4.2.1c)

ANco = 3600 [cm]

Para un Perno:

(17.4.2.1a)

Para un grupo de Pernos:

(17.4.2.1b)

ANc is the projected concrete failure area of a single anchor or group of anchors that shall be
approximated as the base of the rectilinear geometrical figure that results from projecting the failure
surface outward 1.5hef from the centerlines of the anchor, or in the case of a group of anchors, from a line
through a row of adjacent anchors. ANc shall not exceed nANco, where n is the number of anchors in the
group that resist tension. ANco is the projected concrete failure area of a single anchor with an edge
distance equal to or greater than 1.5hef

hef in narrow members

Where anchors are located less than 1.5hef from three or more edges, the value of hef used for the
calculation of ANc in accordance with 17.4.2.1, as well as for the equations in 17.4.2.1 through
17.4.2.5, shall be the larger of (ca,max)/1.5 and s/3, where s is the maximum spacing between anchors
within the group.

Para un grupo de Pernos:

1.5 hef = 300 [mm]


Anchors are located less than 1.5hef from three or more edges (S/N) = N

ca,max = 150 [mm]


s,max = 100 [mm]

hef' = 200 [mm]

Para un Perno:

1.5 hef = 200 [mm]

X1 = 150 [mm]
X2 = 200 [mm]
Y1 = 200 [mm]
Y2 = 200 [mm]

ANc = 1400 [cm]


ANc/ANco = 0.39

Para un grupo de Pernos:

# PERNOS = 10

1.5 hef = 300 [mm]

X1 = 150 [mm]
S1 = 300 [mm]
X2 = 150 [mm]
Y1 = 450 [mm]
S1 = 600 [mm]
Y2 = 450 [mm]

ANc = 9000 [cm]


ANc/ANco = 2.50

Basic concrete breakout strength of a single anchor in tension in cracked concrete, Nb

(17.4.2.2a)

kc = 17 17 for post intalled anchors / 24 for cast anchors [f'c psi]


a = 1 Factor para concreto liviano

(17.4.2.2b)

Nb = 10.75 t

Cast in Headed Studs and Headed Bolts (S/N) = N S aumenta un poco Nb en ciertas condiciones

Nb = 10.75 t
Nb = 10.75 t - cal
(17.4.2.4)

ec,N shall not be taken greater than 1.0. If the loading on an anchor group is such that only some anchors
are in tension, only those anchors that are in tension shall be considered when determining the
eccentricity eN for use in Eq. (17.4.2.4) and for the calculation of Ncbg according to Eq. (17.4.2.1b). In the
case where eccentric loading exists about two axes, the modification factor ec,N shall be calculated for
each axis individually and the product of these factors used as ec,N in Eq. (17.4.2.1b).

e'n = 100 [mm]

ec,N = 0.75

(17.4.2.5a)

(17.4.2.5b)

ca,min = 150 [mm]

ed,N = 0.85

c,N = 1.00 1.25 for cast in anchors - no cracking of concrete at service levels
1.40 for post-installed anchors - no cracking of concrete at service levels when kc=17

(17.4.2.7a)

(17.4.2.7b)

cp,N determined from Eq. (17.4.2.7b) shall not be taken less than 1.5hef /cac, where the critical distance
cac is defined in 17.7.6.
For all other cases, including cast-in anchors, cp,N shall be taken as 1.0.
When a tension load is applied, the resulting tensile stresses at the embedded end of the anchor are
added to the tensile stresses induced due to anchor installation, and splitting failure may occur before
reaching the concrete breakout strength defined in 17.4.2.1. To account for this potential splitting mode of
failure, the basic concrete breakout strength is reduced by a factor cp,N if ca,min is less than the critical
edge distance cac. If supplementary reinforcement to control splitting is present or if the anchors are
located in a region where analysis indicates cracking of the concrete at service loads, then the reduction
factor cp,N is taken as 1.0. The presence of supplementary reinforcement to control splitting does not
affect the selection of Condition A or B in 17.3.3.
ca,min = 150 [mm]

cac = 400 [mm]

cp,N = 0.38
cp,N = 0.38

Ncb = ANc/ANco x 0.32 x Nb


Ncbg = ANc/ANco x 0.24 x Nb

Ncb = ANc/ANco x 3.43


Ncbg = ANc/ANco x 2.57

ANc/ANco = 0.39 Ncb = 1.33 t


ANc/ANco = 2.50 Ncbg = 6.43 t

= 0.55

Ncb = 0.73 t
Ncbg = 3.53 t

Where an additional plate or washer is added at the head of the anchor, it shall be permitted to calculate
the projected area of the failure surface by projecting the failure surface outward 1.5hef from the effective
perimeter of the plate or washer. The effective perimeter shall not exceed the value at a section projected
outward more than the thickness of the washer or plate from the outer edge of the head of the anchor.

Where anchor reinforcement is developed in accordance with Chapter 25 on both sides of the breakout
surface, the design strength of the anchor reinforcement shall be permitted to be used instead of the
concrete breakout strength in determining Nn. A strength reduction factor of 0.75 shall be used in the
design of the anchor reinforcement.

For conditions where the factored tensile force exceeds the concrete breakout strength of the anchor(s) or
where the breakout strength is not evaluated, the nominal strength can be that of anchor reinforcement
properly anchored, as illustrated in Fig. R17.4.2.9. Care needs to be taken in the selection and positioning
of the anchor reinforcement. The anchor reinforcement should consist of stirrups, ties, or hairpins placed
as close as practicable to the anchor. Only reinforcement spaced less than 0.5hef from the anchor
centerline should be included as anchor reinforcement. The research (Eligehausen et al. 2006b) on which
these provisions is based was limited to anchor reinforcement with maximum diameter similar to a No. 5
bar. It is beneficial for the anchor reinforcement to enclose the surface reinforcement. In sizing the anchor
reinforcement, use of a 0.75 strength reduction factor is recommended as is used for strut-and-tie
models. As a practical matter, use of anchor reinforcement is generally limited to cast-in anchors.
Pullout strength of cast-in, post-installed expansion and undercut anchors in tension - 17.4.3

(17.4.3.1)

For post-installed expansion and undercut anchors, the values of Np shall be based on the 5 percent
fractile of results of tests performed and evaluated according to ACI 355.2. It is not permissible to calculate
the pullout strength in tension for such anchors.

The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or headed bolt, Np, for use in Eq. (17.4.3.1), shall
not exceed:

(17.4.3.4)

The pullout strength in tension of a single hooked bolt, Np, for use in Eq. (17.4.3.1) shall not exceed:
where 3da eh 4.5da

(17.4.3.5)

Single headed stud or headed bolt / Single hooked bolt / Adhesive (H/J/A) = H

c,N = 1.00 1.40 No cracking Solo H Abrg = 0.890 [in]


1.00 Cracking Solo J eh = 7.874 [in]
Solo J da = 0.866 [in]
Np = 12.86 t

= 0.75

Npn = 9.65 t

Concrete side-face blowout strength of a headed anchor in tension - 17.4.4


Fluencia Tension
Breakout Tension