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Index

*-ilities 165 AS 21
.NET 33 Asimovs Third Law 175
1X-EVDO 18, 20 ASN.1 57
1X-EVDV 18 ASP 115, 117, 118
1X-RTT 18 Asynchronous communication 64, 65
2G 18 ATM 19, 45, 47
2.5G 17 Attribute 92
2.75G 17 Authentication 51, 190, 63, 67, 70, 71
29.198 series 89, 139 Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting
2nd Generation Wireless 17 (AAA) 9
3G 21 Authentication information 73, 75
3GPP 8, 17, 20 Authentication Keys 75
3GPP2 8, 20, 54 Authorization 51
3PCC 226
80/20 rule 172
9s availability 180
Backwards compatibility 89, 193
AAA 13, 14, 51
Bake-offs 185
AAA-RADIUS 19
Barrier-to-entry 189
Abstract model 171
Base release 193
Access network 3
Basic Call State Model 6
Access session 6769, 71, 7375, 77, 78, 8082
BCSM (see Basic Call State Model) 6
Access technologies 4
Bearer 7
Account management 110, 268
BHCA 167
Accounting 51
Big Bang 3
ACG 177
Bill on behalf of (BOBO) 114
Activity Test Request 82
Billing Contact 82
Address range overlap 97
Black box 50
AFLT 26
Blue Tooth 34
AIN 213
BNF 119
All-IP 21
BREW 39
Always on 10, 17
BREW Distribution System 39
AMPU 31, 39
Broadband internet access 11
Anchor release 193
Browser 10
Announcement 7275
BSC 16
ANSI MAP 19
BST 16
Antenna 16
Business case 30
API 43
Business model 31
Application 7, 51, 40
Busy 108
Application designer 169
Busy/idle 120
Application federation 254
Application ID 75, 82
Application owner 74, 75, 77
Application provider 32, 35 C++ 32
Application proxy 249 Cable 11, 13
Application replica 183 Call Control 5, 8, 53, 63, 83, 92
Architecture pattern 152, 163 Call Control Function 5
Area code 10 Call Control SCS 61, 65, 72, 134
ARPU 31, 39 Call flow 8

Parlay/OSA: From Standards to Reality Musa Unmehopa, Kumar Vemuri, Andy Bennett
Copyright 2006 Lucent Technologies Inc. ISBN: 0-470-02595-6
290 Index

Call forwarding 16 Crossing the chasm 184


Call forwarding on not reachable 16 CS2 97
Call model 5 CSCF 21
Call processing 5, 220 CTD (see Click to Dial) 9, 12
Call related user interaction 100 Cumulative waveform 173
Call session 110 Customer care 31
Callback 114 Cx interface 23
Callee 5
Caller 5
CAMEL 16, 17, 57, 97, 106
Data Link 7
CAP 17, 106
Data Network 8
Carrier-grade 31, 180
Data session control 92
CCC(S) 93, 94, 99, 155
Data sharing 252
CCF (see Call Control Function) 5
Data Structures 5
CC/PP 108, 109
DCOM 57, 187
CDMA 8, 17, 18, 26, 219
Defensive application design 225
CDR 205
Deregistration 74
Cell handoff 165
Detection Point 6, 98
Cell ID 26, 46
DFP (see Distributed Functional Plane) 5
Cell sector 26
DHCP 13
Cellular 13, 15
Dial tone 165
CGI 106
Dialup 13
CGI (Cell Global Identification) 104
DIAMETER 13, 21
CGI-script 100
Differentiation 30, 50
CHAM 156
Digest 190
Change requests 185
Direct cut over 213
CHAP 190
Discovery 68, 70, 74, 84
Click to Dial 9
Disjunctive normal form 119
Client Application 6185
Distributed Functional Plane 5
Clone 153
Distributed SCS 159
Cloned SCS 152
DMZ 191
Close coupling 150
Domain 32
Closure 233
Doppler radar 25
Cluster-partitioning problem 223
DoRA 18
CO 14
DP (see Detection Point) 6
Codec 12
Dpx 167
COM 187
DSA 190
Comer 10
DSC 109
Communication Subnet 7
DSL 10, 11
Competitive differentiation 34
DSP 18
Compression 7
DTD 260
Concept to completion 32, 34
DTMF 100
Concurrent failure 182
Dual SCF 156
Conference 93
Dynamic address 13
Conference call control 56
Dynamic Event Types 73
Confidentiality 191
Dynamic feedback 32
Connection supervision 110
Dynamic leaves 246
Connectivity manager 53, 123
Consumer 52
Content based charging 112
Content-based billing 109 e2e 167
Context aware services 208 E-911 25, 106
Context-sensitive 24 E&M 9
Contracts 84 e-commerce 115
Converged network 9, 11 Ecological unit 4
Conversation 5 Economies of scale 245
Convex hull 171 Ecosystem 4
CORBA 51, 91, 187, 228, 260 EDGE 17
Core 3 EDR 205
Core network 4 EFLT 26
Cost per application 210 Ellipsoid 104
CPU 167 Embedded approach 150
Cross-boundary service registration 254 Emergency number 66
Index 291

EMS 27 GMLC 26, 46, 104, 142, 168


Enabler 30 GPRS 17, 18, 24, 109, 109
Encryption 7 gprsSSF 17
End-user 35, 37 GPS 26
End-user equipment 7 Green field 203, 213
End-user experience 3 Growth spiral 33
End user service 61, 85 GSM 8, 15, 16, 18, 24, 219
Enhanced call control 93 GTP 17
Enterprise Operator 62, 68, 82, 84 GTT (see Global Title Translation) 219
Error 103
ESME 27
ESP 191 H.248.1 9
ETSI 53, 56
H.261 108
Evaluate overload globally 177
H.323 8, 10
Event Notification 67 HA 183, 228
Evolution 43 Handset software 39
Evolution independence 41, 44
Handshake 71, 73, 75, 76
Exceptions 188
Harmonization 53
Harmonized Reference Architecture 8
Heartbeat management 67, 81, 182
Failure handling 184 High-speed Internet 10
Fault Management 77, 80, 82 HLR (see Home Location Register) 16, 17, 19, 21,
Faynberg 3, 6 27
FCAPS 143 Home Location Register 16
FCC 106 HSS 21, 22
FDMA 18 HTML 9, 25
Feasibility analysis 30 HTTP 10, 109
Feature creep 232 Hybrid 150
Feature interaction 204, 215
Feature interference 215
Feature parity 3
ICAP 109
Federation 251
I-CSCF 22
Filter criteria 23 ICW 9, 12
Firewall 14 Idempotence 114
Fixed-to-mobile 16
Identity management 67, 69, 71, 77, 253
Flat-rate billing 109
IDL 51, 57, 91, 260
Floor control 93 IEEE 802.11b 13
Flow composition 169 IETF 8, 12, 13
FMO 209
iFC 23
Frame relay 19
IMAPv4 204
Framework 51, 92, 117, 66, 69 I-mode 33
Framework federation 254 IMS 22, 24, 141, 220
Framework interfaces 67
IMS (see IP Multimedia Subsystem) 8, 18, 20
Framework operator 74
IMSinOMA 20
Framework proxy 247 IM-SSF 141
FSM 157, 188, 189 IN 11, 12, 40, 57
FTP 10
IN (see Intelligent Networking) 5
Functional separation 5
IN events 96
IN model 32
INAP 6, 8, 9
G-711 99 Information Technology 43
Gateway 4, 11, 42 Infrastructure 29
Gateway approach 150 Integrity management 160
Gateway service 216 Intelligence 3
GCC(S) 93, 94, 97, 98 Intelligent Networking 5
Generation 13 Inter-clone communication 222
Generic call control 93 Interconnectedness 3
Generic messaging service 123 Internet 8, 10
Generic user interaction 53 Internet Service Provider 13
GERAN 21, 42 Internet Toolkit 32, 41
GGSN 17, 22 Interoperability testing 55
Global Title Translation 219 Interrupt mode 91, 96, 222
292 Index

Intra-service routing 216 M4U 115


Invariants 226 Maintenance window 196
INVITE 23 Manager pattern 156
IOR 196 Man-in-the-middle 239
IP 8, 10, 11, 12, 17 MAP 16, 17, 106
IP core 18 Market penetration 31
IP Multimedia Subsystem 8 Markov chain 182
IPCP 13 Media Gateway 12, 9
IPSec 191 Media Gateway Controller 9
Iptel 9 Media stream 93
IRTF 8 Megaco 9, 12
ISC 21, 22, 23, 141 Metcalfes law 10, 251
ISDN 9, 16 Method invocations 63, 64
ISOC 8 Middleware 44, 56
ISP (see Internet Service Provider) 13, 14 MIDL 57, 187
ISUP 6, 8, 19 Miller 3
IT (see Information Technology) 43 MIN 168
ITU 12, 10 Mixed mode applications 136
ITU (International Telecommunications Union) 8 Mixed version mode 198
ITU-T 54 MLP 104
IWF 25 MMCC(S) 93, 94
MMD 20, 145
MMM 123, 124
J2EE 57, 91 MMS 27
J2ME 261 MMUSIC 9
J2SE 57, 91, 261 Mobile IP 20
JAIN 54 Mobile Switching Center 6
Java 32 Mobile-to-fixed 16
Java realization API 92 Mobility 53
Java Vending Machine 39 Mobility management 103
JSR 22 Modem pool 13, 14
JWG 49, 143 Modular architecture 89
Moment of change 213
Monitor mode 91, 96
MO-SM 27
Kbps 13 MPC 26, 46, 168
Key management 190 MPCC(S) 93, 94, 98, 155
Killer application 33 MPEG 99, 108
MS (Mobile Station) 25
MSC 15, 16, 19, 42
MSC (see Mobile Switching Center) 6
LAI 104, 106
MSISDN 168
LAN 25, 172
MTBF 181, 186
Latency 167, 172
MT-SM 27
Lat/long 104
MTTF 181
Layering 186
MTTR 181, 186
LCS 142
Multimedia message 269
Leaf SCS 163
Multi-party call control 59, 73
Legacy system 41, 44
Multi-vendor environment 49, 184
Legal intercept 34
Murphys Law 181
Liberty Alliance 253
Mutual authentication 67, 70, 190
LIF 26
MVE (see Multi-vendor environment)
LIF MLP 136
49
Load Level 79
MVNO 30, 245, 256, 257
Load Level Reports 82
Load Management 69, 78, 80
Load Statistics 80
Load Value 80 NAR 213
Location 24 NAS 13
Location SCS 68, 131 Native protocol 150
Location-specific content 100 Navigation 139
Logic flow 5 NEBS 181
Loose coupling 152 Nested SCF 156
Index 293

Nesting 153 Payment 268


Network 3 Pay-per-Use 207
Network assisted GPS 26 PCF 24
Network Event 62, 6466 P-CSCF 22
Network environment 8 PDA 34
Network footprint 204 PDE 26
Network level security 191 PDP 20
Network operation 62, 6466 PDP Context 17
Network operator 29, 34, 37, 70, 71 PDSN 24
Network protocols 63 PDU (see Protocol Data Unit) 7
Network status 108 Peer-to-Peer 33
Network to Network Interface 7, 7 PEP 189
New work before old 176 Performance 166
N+K sparing 182, 228 Periodic request 103
NNI (see Network to Network Interface) 7, 8 PGA 110
Non-call related user interaction 100 Phone company 29
NTP 222 Physical 7
N-type trigger 220 PIC (see Point-In-Call) 6
N-way simplification 205 PIN 100
PINT 9, 12
Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) 4
OA&M 99 PLMN 141
OAM&P 167, 206 PLMN (see Public Land Mobile Network)
O-BCSM 94 10, 12
Off-hook event 110 Plug-tests 185
Offline agreement 82 PMO 209
OMA 20, 24 Point-In-Call 6
OMG 51, 91, 260 Policies 66
Operation Set 73 Policy 189
OPES 109 Policy engine 115
OPEX 41, 44, 229 Policy information model 115
OPIUM 56 Policy management 115
Optimization 150 Policy Management SCS 66
ORB-gateway 191 Policy rule 115, 118
OSA 10, 21 POP 13
OSA Gateway 22 POSIX 230
OSA/Parlay 26, 54 POTS (see Plain Old Telephone Service) 4
OSI 8, 10, 191 PPP 13
OSI model 7 Presence 24
OSS 41 Presence and availability management
Overlapping trigger criteria 97, 222 108, 120
Overload 162 Presentation 7
Overload handling 174 Primary SCS 163
Product differentiation 223
Programmable network 40
Proof 207
PAM 131 Proposition 207
Parallel redundancy model 182 Proprietary SCS 124
Parlay 5, 10 Protocol 7
Parlay API 21 Protocol bindings 234
Parlay ecosystem 71, 127 Protocol Data Unit 7
Parlay events 96 Protocol mapping 59
Parlay Gateway 82 Proxy 219
Parlay Group 139 Proxy architecture for upgrades 198
Parlay pedigree 89 Proxy-level federation 255
Parlay Proxy Manager 163, 239 Pseudo-code 229
Parlay triangle 61, 62, 77, 94 PSTN 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 24
Parlay value chain 129 PSTN call 63
Parlay WSDL 259 Public Land Mobile Network 10
Parlay-WSDL 40
Parlay X 259
Parlay-X 40
Payload 7 QoS 92, 115
294 Index

Race condition 222 Service Description 83


Radio Access Network 15 Service Discovery 67, 74
Radio frequency 15 Service End Date 82
RADIUS 13 Service Factory 74
RAN 42 Service granule 216
RAN (see Radio Access Network) 15 Service ID 73, 154
Reference Architecture 7, 29 Service Instance 72
REGISTER 23 Service Instance Lifecycle Manager 74
Registration 68, 72 Service Instance Lifecycle Manager (SILM) 117
Registration interfaces 68 Service Interaction Manager 215, 217
Releases 90 Service layer 38
Reliability 114 Service level feature interaction 220
Request 103 Service Manager 76
Response 103 Service Mediation 149
Retailer 52 Service Mediation Gateway 22, 24, 45, 100, 117,
Retry semantics 114 167, 168
Revenue-generating 32 Service Name 73
Revenue settlement 257 Service Node 134
Roaming 165 Service Profile 83
RSA 190 Service provider 34, 37, 52
RTP 11 Service Selection 76
RTT 172, 229 Service Session 67, 69
R-type trigger 220 Service supplier 52, 62, 68, 73
Russell 9 Service Supplier ID 73
Service Switching Function 6
Service Switching Point 6
SAG 83 Service Token 76
SAP (see Service Access Point) 7, 186 Service Version 73
SCF (see Service Capability Feature) 92, 103, 108, Services 30
124 Services layer 3, 4
SCF (see Service Control Function) 6 Session 7
SCF super-type 154 Session control 40
SCIM 23, 24, 220 sFC 23
SCM (see Service Combination Manager) 217 SGSN 17
SCP (see Service Control Point) 5, 8, 9, 12, 17, 19, Shared hosting 44
21, 22, 42 Shed load at the periphery 176
SCS proxy 250 SIBB 32
S-CSCF 22 Signaling 7
SCTP 9 Signaling protocols 7, 15
SDF (see Service Data Function) 6 Sigtran 9
SDK 135, 205 SILM 154, 158, 191, 257
SDP (see Service Data Point) 6 SIM 108, 219
SDR 205 Single plug 37
Secondary service 216 Single point of control 98
Security 189 Single point of failure 242
Self-test 81 Single Sign On (SSO) 253
Semantic 56 SIP 9, 11, 21
Service 40, 51 SIP AS 22, 23
Service Access Point 7 SIP CGI 22
Service Agreement Management 67, 69 SIP CPL 22, 264
Service brokering 23 SIP events 96
Service capability 41, 61 SIP Servlets 22
Service Capability Function 61 SIPPING 9
Service Capability Server 61 Skype 10
Service clone 221 SLA 117, 118, 215, 242
Service Combination Manager 217 SMDPP 27
Service Contract 82 SMG (see Service Mediation Gateway) 22, 42, 43,
Service control 8 46, 97, 172, 180, 183, 190, 190, 191, 192, 209,
Service Control Function 6 213, 217, 230
Service Control Point 5 Smoke-stack 38, 40
Service Data Function 6 Smoke Stack 127
Service Data Point 6 SMPP 19, 27, 100, 131
Service degradation 173 SMS 26, 100, 109, 269
Index 295

SMS gateway 27 TPS 167, 181


SMSC 27 Transaction 32, 168
SMTP 10, 19, 204 Transaction mix 170
SOAP 260 Transcoding 12
Software development lifecycle 30 Transmission 7
SPAM 9 Transport 7
SPAN 53 Trapdoor function 190
SPIRITS 9, 12 Trigger 100, 98
Spread spectrum 18 Trigger Address List 15, 42
Square peg and round hole 37 Trigger contention 204, 213, 215
SRF 101 Triggered report 103, 162
SS7 9, 10, 16, 219 Triggered UL 155
SSF (see Service Switching Function) 6 Trunks 5
SSL 191 TSAS 51
SSL-pack 191 TTL 158
SSP (see Service Switching Point) 6, 8 Tunnel 191
Stage 1 139, 2 139, 3 139 TUP 9
Standards 49, 8 Two cans and string model 4
Standards bodies 8
State checkpointing 183
State machine 5
STP 15, 42 UDDI 260, 262
Subscriber base 30, 213 UDP 10
Subscription 34 ULP (see Upper Layer Protocols) 7
Subscription Assignment Groups 82 UML 51, 56, 57, 91, 260
Subscription data 84 UMTS 8
Subscription Model 82 Underlying network 63, 64
Switch 4 UNI (see User to Network Interface) 7, 8
Switching 3 Upgrade 193
Switching element 6 Upgrade type 193
Switching fabric 5 Upper Layer Protocols 7
Switch-side feature 5 Urban canyon 15
Synchronization 7, 16, 157 URL 109
Syntactic 56 User location 103
User location CAMEL 104
User location emergency 106
User status 106, 266
TACACS 13 User to Network Interface 7
TAT 172 USSD 100, 109
TCAP/IP 17 UTRAN 21, 42
TCP 10
TDM 6
TDMA 18
Technological chasm 184 Value-added extension 124
Technologies 3 Value-chain 38, 39
Technology co-existence 213 Veritical integration 31
Telecom 31 Versioning schemes 57
Telecommunications 3 Versions 90
Telecommunications networks 3 VHE 53, 141
Telephony 4 Video conferencing 123
Terminal capabilities 108 Virtual Network Operator 30
Terminal Location 266 Visited Location Register 16
Terminal Server 14 VLR 104
THIG 22 VLR (see Visited Location Register)
Third Party Call 267 16, 17
Thread pool 230 VNO (see Virtual Network Operator) 30
Threading model 230 Voice over Internet Protocol 10
Throw-away work 232 Voice-VPN 32
Tiered communication architecture 50 VoiceXML 100, 264
Tiering 162 VoIP (see Voice over Internet Protocol)
Time to market 30 10, 12, 18
TINA 50, 51 Vonage 10
TINA-C 50 VPN 123, 191
TLS 191 VPN (see Virtual Private Network) 32
296 Index

W3C 91 WML 19, 25


WAN 25, 172 Working Groups 8
WAP 3, 24, 131 WRU 106
WAP-binary 24 WSDL 57, 260
WAP Push Proxy 100 WSP 24
W-CDMA 54 WTLS 24
Web Service 260
WGS84 104
White box 50 X.25 17
WiFi 13 XMI 260
Wireless 3 XML 26, 57, 260
Wireless Network 6, 13 XML-RPC 261
Wireless Service Provider Xpd 167
38, 208 XSD 260