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Magazine of the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters & Producers

Published by the Vietnam Association of

Seafood Exporters and Producers


Dr. Nguyen Huu Dzung

Deputy Editor-in-Chief
Dr. Thai Thanh Duong

Thai Thanh Phuong

Nguyen Diem Huong
E-mail: 11 - VASEP protests DOCs preliminary determination
Tel: (+84-4) 2174588
12 - Viet Nam seafood on display at Conxemar 2010
Editor Assistant and Seafood Expo Dubai 2010
Ngoc Diep
24 - The first bricks for ASF future
Art Direction 26 - Giao Thuy Association of Mollusc Farmers
Nguyen Minh Tuan
Dang Thien Huong 28 - The first in Viet Nam fisheries private research
Collaborators institute set sail
Le Bao Ngoc 32 - CL-Fish in the Top100 Vietnamese brand names
Head Office
10 Nguyen Cong Hoan,
Ba Dinh, Hanoi, Vietnam Markets
Tel: (+84-4) 37716175/22174188
Fax: (+84-4) 37715084
& Exports:
Email: 43 - Shrimp market: situation and Viet Nams exports
Cover photo:
48 - Thuan Phuoc Corp: Seafood export left higher
"Skillful workers of Bianfishco" and drier than last year

Publication licence No 76/GP-BVHTT granted Company Profiles:

20/03/2001 and amended by the licence No
2263/VHTT-BC granted 24/05/2002 by the Ministry 50 - Quang Ninh Seaprodex Co:
of Culture and Information of the Socialist Republic of
Vietnam. No part of this magazine may be reproduced
When seafood processing is more diversified
without the written permission of Vietnam Association 52 - Seaprodex Da Nang focuses on diversification
of Seafood Exporters and Producers.
All rights reserved copyright 2005 VASEP 54 - Anvifish & breaded Pangasius fillet
ISSN: 1859 - 1183



Business Feature:
60 - Vietnamese seafood enterprise eyes Halal market
63 - Pangasius swimming out of trouble water
66 - Robust action to defend Pangasius exports

68 - SPF black tiger shrimp domesticated in Viet Nam
70 - Pangasius seed quality in Viet Nam
77 - Successful field trial of the first Pangasius vaccine

Province Profiles:
78 - Environmentally friendly shrimp farming in Binh Dinh

Sustainable Development:
83 - Pangasius aquaculture standards

86 - CFA launches new attack on Pangasius
89 - Ten days in the sea of Hoang Sa

A day in the life:

92 - Fish behaviour fascinates locals


Assoc. Prof.
Dr. Nguyen Huu Dung Scientific driving force for
fisheries development

n July 30, 2010, Binh An Fisheries Research competitiveness. This period requires high professional
Institute, the first private scientific institute in and quality. That goal cannot be achieved without
Viet Nam, was inaugurated and officially put investment for development research in order to take
into operation. advantage of and apply the scientific and technological
It is an event of enormous importance in the achievement.
development process of the seafood community in Viet For Pangasius alone, Viet Nam has gained significant
Nam. The fact that Bianfishco invested in a scientific success in boosting the output of this species. With a
institute to serve its development demand and also for highly intensive farming model that yields an output of
the whole community has demonstrated the deep hundreds of MT of Pangasius per ha, the Mekong
awareness of its leader about the necessity of investment Deltas 6,000ha Pangasius farming area has brought an
in science and technology for further development. The annual production of 1.5 million MT, worth
establishment of Binh An Fisheries Research Institute is approximately US$1.5 billion of its export. However,
a benchmark for a new period in quality development of the work of labouring farmers, workers and traders in
Viet Nams seafood companies - when science and the Pangasius value chain has not yield high profit, even
technology is the major fulcrum and driving force to becomes less and less. That does not yet mention the
boost seafood production and trading development. adverse impacts in the environment and society.
In the last 30 years, Viet Nams seafood industry has The establishment of Binh An Fisheries Research
been developing remarkably, especially in aquaculture, Institute and similar institutions in the future will be the
processing and exporting. From a country with a answer for the problem of sustainability. Pangasius and
subsistent seafood industry, Viet Nam rapidly emerged other aquatic species in the Mekong Delta and Viet
into a major seafood exporter in the region and in the Nam will keep on developing in a sustainable manner,
world, with aquaculture output ranked third (exceeding thanks to not only their natural advantages but also the
2 million MT) and seafood export turnover ranked sixth modern science and technology. It is believed that in
(more than US$4.5 billion annually) worldwide. addition to the manual work of ten thousands of
However, it is just the development in horizontal Pangasius farmers and processing workers, the scientists
dimension, with the target to increase the export will contribute a significant part in the development of
volume year-by-year instead of concentrating on this sector.
quality. The most importance is Binh An Fisheries Research
The fierce competitiveness in the global seafood Institute must speed up training human resource and
market and the economic recession in 2008 - 2009 operate in a modern manner, so that it can draw the
resulted in a decrease in seafood export in 2009. It is the participation of top scientists from academic and research
first time Viet Nams seafood export decreased after institutions in Viet Nam and abroad. The Institute has
thirty years of continuously increase. It is the warning signed a cooperation agreement with Can Tho
alarm about the instability in the countrys seafood University and in preparation for cooperation with other
horizontal development. What we need today is a universities and institutes. Attracting talented scientists is
breakthrough and enduring development in vertical the key to widen the institutes future.
dimension in order to enhance the countrys



VASEP protests DOCs

preliminary determination

ietnam Association of supported by the record evidence

by the Catfish Farmers of America
Seafood Exporters and submitted in this review. (CFA). The political nature of this
Producers (VASEP) and its Of particular concern is the punitive results is in clear violation
member companies express DOC's unjustified change in the of the letter and spirit of the free
indignation and concern over the surrogate country used to value trade agreements between the US
U.S. Department of Commerce's raw material inputs, sudden and Viet Nam.
(DOC) preliminary antidumping switching from Bangladesh to The VASEP, together with
duty rates in the 6th Philippines after consistently individual fish
administrative review applied for rejecting The Philippines in all processors/exporters request the
certain Pangasius frozen fillets of prior administrative reviews due Vietnamese Government to
Viet Nam exported to the USA. to the poor quality of pricing data, undertake a comprehensive
The duty rates are in excess of the lack of publicly available data, review of wrong attitude and the
100%, far exceeding any prior the extremely small size of The harmful impacts of this DOC's
results in this unfair dumping case Philippines catfish industry, and determination and to timely urge
lasting from over 8 years and the evident fact that The the US DOC and Obama
clearly amounting to a punitive Philippines has not exported to Administration to carefully
tariff on Vietnamese fish fillet any countries products of this fish reassess this decision, do not allow
exports. This DOC's preliminary species (Pangasius it to have bad influences on the
determination violates well- hypophthalmus) as Viet Nam. well-developing bi-lateral relation
established US Department of VASEP and its members between two countries and
Commerce's principles of law and believe the results are politically nations./.
policy. Further, the calculated motivated, coming after
dumping rates cannot be significant recent lobbying efforts



Viet Nam seafood on display

at Conxemar 2010 and Seafood
Expo Dubai 2010
After a few months of relative calm, the exhibition season is getting underway again with Nor-
Fishing, Asian Seafood Exposition, Anuga, and Sial, etc. jostling in the year-end calendar. Despites
being busy prepare their stock for Christmas, Viet Nam seafood manufacturers keep swarming
these exhibitions, particularly Conxemar 2010 and Seafood Expo Dubai - the two keys seafood
salons in October - as they used to do from many years.


VASEPs stand at Seafood Expo Dubai


The twelfth edition of the Spanish frozen seafood LONG SEAFOOD are newcomers.
salon will take place in Vigo (Spain) from October HUNGCA has taken part in Conxemar and
5th to 7th. It will boast more than 500 exhibitors Dubai Seafood Expo for several years. Besides seeking
from 33 countries this year. Viet Nam alone has 8 new clients, we also take this opportunity to meet our
exhibitors participating in this even (see the list traditional partners. We have shipped a lot Pangasius
below). Excluding the host Spain, it is the fifth biggest fillet to these markets and therefore had many familiar
exhibiting country in Conxemar 2010, after France, clients here, said Nguyen Van Truyen, Assistant to
Portugal, Germany, and Netherlands. HUNG CA Board of General Directors.
The countrys 70 sq.m pavilion will continue to be Like HUNGCA, BIANFISHCO comes to
located in the Hall, E (dedicated for associations and Conxemar to consolidate its relation with the existing
institute). It is divided into eight stands, one for each clients and expand the EU market. But this year, it
exhibitor. HungCa Company, like last year, has its also wants to test consumers preferences for its
own stand in the same Hall, but separating from Viet breaded Pangasius fillet a new range of value-added
Nams pavilion. products that BIANFISHCO is offering besides its
BIANFISHCO, CADOVIMEX, HUNG CA well-known frozen fillet, said Mr. Vi Tran Tan Nang,
and NAM VIET have been regular exhibitors in the companys Vice General Director.
Conxemar. However, many manufacturers, e.g. For the newcomers, the intention is to get familiar


with this big market. We have already had clients in This year, Pangasius will continue to be the
EU and shipped our products there. By attending this dominant products that Viet Nams exhibitors bring
exhibition, we expect to futher widen our market to the exhibition. Only SEAPRIEXCO No4 and
there. But above all, we want to let people know that CADOVIMEX are expected to showcase marine
we are existing, said Mr. Chau Minh Dat, HOANG seafood.
LONG SEAFOOD General Director.

List of Vietnamese Exhibitors at Conxemar 2010

No. Name of exhibitors Contact information Products
1 Binh An Seafood Joint Stock Company Lot 2.17 Tra Noc Industrial Park II, Can Tho City, Viet Nam Pangasius
(BIANFISHCO) Tel: +84 710 6251403
Fax: +84 710 6251409

2 Cadovimex Seafood Im-Ex Cai Doi Vam Town, Phu Tan District, Ca Mau Province, Shrimp, marine
& Processing Joint Stock Company Viet Nam fish, cephalopods,
(CADOVIMEX) Tel: +84 780 3889051 - 4 bivalves,
Fax: +84 780 3889067 freshwater fish,
Email: crab, lobster

3 Cuu Long Fiish Import-Export Corporation Lot III- 9, Area C, Sa Dec Industrial Zone, Dong Thap Province, Pangasius
Tel: +84 67 3764959
Fax: +84 67 3763626

4 Dai Thanh Seafoods Co., LTD Dong Hoa Hamlet, Song Thuan Ward, Chau Thanh District, Pangasius
(DATHACO) Tien Giang Province
Tel: +84 73 3619100
Fax: +84 73 3611101

5 Hoang Long Seafood Company, LTD. Tan Cuong Hamlet, Phu Cuong Village, Tam Nong District, Dong Pangasius
(Hoang Long Seafood) Thap Province, Viet Nam
Tel: +84 67 3827178
Fax: +84 67 3827179

6 Nam Viet Corporation 19D Tran Hung Dao Street, My Quy Ward, Long Xuyen City, Pangasius
(NAVICO) An Giang Province, Viet Nam.
Tel: +84 763834060
Fax: +84 763834054

7 Branch of Seafood Joint Stock Binh Thanh Industrial Zone, Thanh Binh District, Pangasius
Company No. 4 Dong Thap Province, Viet Nam
(SEAPRIEXCO No4) Tel: +84 67 3541903
Fax:+84 67 3541904

8 Thien Ma Seafood Co., LTD 75/35 Tran Phu Street, Cai Khe Ward, Ninh Kieu District, Pangasius
(THIMACO) Can Tho City
Tel: +84 710 3766065
Fax: +84 710 3765915

1 HungCa Company Limited 20 Block A Truong Son, Ward 15, District 10, Pangasius
(HUNGCA Co., Ltd) Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: +84 8 62646888/67 3541359
Fax: +84 862646999/67 3541345


Dubai International Seafood Expo (DISF 2010) the only seafood show in the Gulf - the gateway to
The fourth Seafood Expo in Dubai (UAE) will be developing Arabic markets; it is therefore continues to
staged on October 25-27, 2010 in Al Bustan Rotana attract a large number of exhibitors from Viet Nam
Convention Center. Despite being much smaller than (see the list below).
Conxemar with only 150 exhibitors (2009), DISF is

List of Vietnamese Exhibitors at DISF 2010

No. Name of exhibitors Contact information Products
VIETNAMS PAVILLION (Individual booths)
1 Binh An Seafood Joint Stock Company Lot 2.17 Tra Noc Industrial Park II, Can Tho City, Viet Nam Pangasius
(BIANFISHCO) Tel: +84 710 6251403
+84 710 6251404
Fax: +84 710 6251409
+84 710 6251402

2 Cuu Long Fish Import-Export Corporation Lot III- 9, Area C, Sa Dec Industrial Zone, Pangasius
(CL PANGAFISH CORP) Dong Thap Province, Viet Nam
Tel: + 84 673 764959
Fax: +84 673 763626

3 Godaco Seafood Joint Stock Company Lot 45, My Tho Industrial Zone, Tien Giang Province, Viet Nam Pangasius,
(GODACO SEAFOOD) Tel: +84 73 3953227 clam, seafood mix
Fax: +84 73 3953226

4 Dai Thanh Seafoods Co., LTD Dong Hoa Hamlet, Song Thuan Ward, Chau Thanh District, Pangasius
(DATHACO) Tien Giang Province, Viet Nam
Tel: +84 73 3611115
Fax: +84 73 3611101

5 Hung Vuong Corporation Block 44, My Tho Industrial Zone, Tien Giang Province, Pangasius
Tel: +84 73 3854246
+84 73 3854247
Fax: +84 73 3854248

6 Phuoc Anh Services Trading Company 101 Pham Thai Buong Street, Ward 4, Vinh Long City Pangasius
(Phuoc Anh Co., Ltd) Tel: + 84 70 3852762
Fax: +84 70 3852147

7 To Chau Joint Stock Company 1553 Cluster 4, Ward 11, Pangasius

(TOCHAU JSC) Cao Lanh City, Dong Thap Province
Tel: +84 67 3894104
+84 67 3894108
Fax: +84 67 3894111

8 Vietnam Southern Food Corp 42, Chu Manh Trinh St., District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam Rice
(VINAFOOD2) Tel: +84 8 38230243
Fax: +84 8 38292344
+84 8 38298001
1 Branch of Seafood Joint Stock Binh Thanh Industrial Zone, Thanh Binh District, Dong Thap Pangasius
Company No. 4 Province, Viet Nam
(SEAPRIEXCO No4) Tel:+84 673 541903
Fax: +84 673 541904




2 Cuu Long Fish Joint Stock Company 90 Hung Vuong Street, My Quy, Industrial Zone, Long Xuyen Pangasius
(CL-FISH CORP) City, An Giang Province
Tel:+84 76 3931000
Fax: +84 76 3932446

3 Seaproducts Joint Stock Company No. 5 100/26 Binh Thoi Street, Ward 14, District 11, Ho Chi Minh City Marine fish,
(VIETROSCO) Tel: +84 8 39740141 cephalopod,
Fax: +84 8 38654187 bivalves

4 An Phuoc Fish Joint Stock Company Team 5, Thanh Thuy Hamlet, An Phuoc Commune, Pangasius
(APFISH) Mang Thit District, Vinh Long Province, Viet Nam
Tel: +84 703 934418
Fax:+84 703 934401
Website: www.anphuocfish

5 Cadovimex Seafood Im-Ex & Processing Lot III - 8 Area C, Sadec Industrial Zone, Pangasius, shrimp
Joint Stock Company II (CADOVIMEX II) Dong Thap Province, Viet Nam
Tel: +84 903 334572
Fax: +84 8 38629371

6 Vietnam Clean Seafood Corporation Lot F, An Nghiep Industrial, Soc Trang Province, Viet Nam Shrimp
(VINA CLEANFOOD) Tel: +84 79 3628608
Fax: +84 79 3628456
1 HungCa Company Limited 20 Block A Truong Son, Ward 15, District 10, Pangasius
(HUNGCA Co., Ltd) Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: +84 8 62646888/67 3541359
Fax: +84 862646999/67 3541345

This year, VASEPs pavilion will cover an area of participates in Dubai Seafood Expo; therefore, the
108 sq.m, which is larger than the two previous ones company has already got some prior appointments
in 2008 and 2009. The pavilion will be divided into with both traditional and new customers during the
eight separated booths, 9 sq.m each, for eight Expo. It can be considered our first success when
enterprises, including BIANFISHCO, attending this expo, he noted.
CLPANGAFISH, GODACO, HUNG VUONG, Following the last years trend in which Pangasius
TO CHAU, VINAFOOD2 and a 36 sq.m common products were most sought-after, more exhibitors
area for VASEP and six other enterprises. bring their Pangasius to the expo this year (12
Besides the 12 exhibitors under VASEPs companies out of fifteen), including some newcomers
umbrella, Hung Ca will also participate in the Expo such as APFISH, CLPANGAFISH, CL-FISH
but run its own booth out of the national pavilions. CORP, DATHACO, VINA CLEANFOOD etc.
Middle East, especially UAE, is a potential market Shrimp and marine fish will be also showcased during
for Viet Nam seafood products. At present, we have the Expo but not as dominant.
had some big customers with long-term contracts Remarkably, besides the traditional frozen fillets,
there and we consider Dubai Seafood Expo a big GODACO will introduce some new value-added
chance for us to have a direct meeting with our clients products such as breaded Pangasius, Pangasius steak,
and collect their comments to improve our product Pangasius sausage, seafood skewer, etc
quality and serve them better, said Mr. Nguyen BIANFISHCO is also expected to exhibit its breaded
Cong Binh, GODACOs Sales manager. Pangasius fillet, a new range of products that it is
Binh said that this is the third time GODACO developing.


Binh An Fisheries Research Institute

Binh An Seafood Joint Stock Company Investing capital: US$ 30 million (factory and
(BIANFISHCO) equipment)
Products: Pangasius fillet, whole, HGT, steak, 3. By-products Processing Factory:
breaded Pangasius, fish ball, and marinated Pangasius Area: 7,500 sq.m
1. Farming areas: 70 ha Capacity: 300 tons of by-products/day
Production: 30,000 tons of fish per year Investing capital: US$1.80 million
Investing capital: US$ 30 million EU Code: DL68;
2. Processing factory: Quality assurance: HACCP, SSOP, GMP, BRC,
Total area: 30,000 sq.m IFS, ISO 9001: 2000, ISO 22000, ISO 14000, GAP,
Processing area: 11,000 sq.m ISO 17025:2005, SA 8000, IPURA system
Cold store: 1,271 sq.m Export market: USA, Europe, UAE, Australia,
Waste water treatment area: 1,000 sq.m Mexico, Asia.



HungCa Company Limited (Hungca Co., Ltd) Capacity: 120MT/day

Being founded in 2006 but farming Pangasius since 1980 Capital: US$6 millions
EU Code: DL126 2. Van Y Food Factory
Farming area: 80 ponds in 250 ha Function: manuafacturing and processing seafood
Processing capacity: 15,000 tons of end-product per year products
Export value: US$ 31 million in 2009 Capacity: 250MT/day
Export market: Europe, Russia, North America, Capital: US$13 millions
South America, Middle East, Asia, Africa, Oceania 3. Hung Ca Feed Meal Factory
Main products: Function: Manuafacturing feed meal
1.Frozen: Pangasius fillet (well-trimmed, Capital: US$4 millions
untrimmed, semi-trimmed), loin, roll, portion, whole, 4. Hoan Chau Investment
and chunk, etc. Fuction: Investing on Seafood Business and Finance,
2. Value added: Pangasius breaded, paste stuffed with Releasing Office
mushroom, skewed, paste rolled with leaves, pasted Capital: US$3 millions
stuffed with bitter gourd Number of workers: 2000
Branches and Factories: Quality assuarance: ISO 9001:2000, HACCP, BRC,
1. Hung Ca Seafood Processing Factory Halal, Global GAP, ISF
Function: farming, processing and exporting seafood


An Phuoc Fish Joint Stock Company (APFISH) Processing, cold storage and supplemental areas:
An associated company of SEAPRIMEXCO a 19,000 sq. meters
well-esblished seafood company with 4 processing Cold storage capacity: 3,000MT
factories (EU Codes: DL 118, DL 196, DL 231 & DL Processing capacity: 2,800MT of end-product
375) monthly
Main products: Pangasius fillet (well-trimmed, Motto: Active Normative Professional Honest
untrimmed), headless and gutted, chunks United Open-minded Co-operative
Land area: 40,000 sq. meters

Tochau Joint Stock Company ( Tochau JSC) Processing capacity: 120 tons of raw materials per day
Main products: Pangasius fillet (pink, yellow, white), Fish factory: 30,000 tons per year
portion, rolled, folded, skewed, chunk Quality assuarance: Halal and HACCP. BRC, IFS,
Farming area: 60ha ISO 9001





Founded in the end of 2007. EU code approved DL 471

Plant areas : over 25,000 square meters.
2 processing plants : frozen plant and fish meal plant.
Farming : 50 ha
Processing capacity: 120 x 40 fcl per month.
Workers: 1,500 skilled employees.
Quality: HACCP, GMP, SSOP, ISO 9001:2000, BRC, IFS ..
ed in the end of 2007. EU code approved DL 471
areas : over 25,000 square meters.
essing plants : frozen plant and fish meal plant.
ng : 50 ha
ssing capacity: 120 x 40 fcl per month.
rs: 1,500 skilled employees.
y: HACCP, GMP, SSOP, ISO 9001:2000, BRC, IFS .. Main products: Pangasius fillet Well trimmed, Semi-trimmed,
Half-trimmed, Untrimmed, Whole cleaned, steak, rolled

Main export market: EU, South America, Asia, Middle East,




Godaco Seafood Joint Stock Company 3) AN PHAT SEAFOOD
(GODACO SEAFOOD) Lot 25, My Tho Industrial Park, Tien Giang
Main products: Frozen Pangasius fillet, frozen whole province, Viet Nam
white clam shell on (Meretrix Lyrata), frozen cooked Factory code: DL476
white (Meretrix Lyrata)/yellow clam (Paphia 4) FISH FEED PROCESSING FACTORY -
Undulata)/arkshell (Anadara antiquata) meat, seafood GODACO SEAFOOD VINH LONG, formerly
mix, other value-added products... known as HIEP THANH V JSC which Godaco has
Factories: purchased 100% equitities. Capacity is 10 tons / hour
1) GODACO SEAFOOD Processing capacity: 25,000 MT of raw material per year
Lot 45, My Tho Industrial Park, Tien Giang Quality assuarance : ISO 9001:2008, HACCP,
province, Viet Nam BRC, IFS, HALAL, Certificate of Chain of Custody for
Factory code: DL354 MSC Products, GLOBALG.A.P
2) VIETDUC SEAFOOD Pangasius farm system: 100 hectare which can supply
Lot 45B, My Tho Industrial Park, Tien Giang 70% raw material for Godacos factories.
province, Viet Nam
Factory code: DL380



Cuu Long Fish Import-Export Corporation Workers: 2500

(CL PANGA FISH CORP) Aquatic Feed Factory: 120,000 tons of end-product
Main products: Pangasius fillets (well trimmed, per year
untrimmed, semi-trimmed), steak, skewed, rolled, loin, Storage capacity: 3,000 tons of finished products
finger, whole. Quality assuarance: HACCP, ISO 23000, GMP,
Farming area: 100ha BRC, IFS, FDA and HALAL.
Farming production: 32,000 tons per year EU Code: DL714
Processing capacity: 100 tons of raw materials per day


Hoang Long Seafood Company materials/year or 50,000 tons of end-product per year
(Hoang Long Seafood) Workers: 3,500
Founded early 2010 Quality assurance: HACCP, ISO, BRC, IFS, Halal,
Main products: Pangasius fillet (untrimmed and GAP
well-trimmed), rolled, whole, loin, skewed, chunk Export markets: EU, UAE, ASEAN, Mexico,
Total area: 114 ha (farming area: 100 ha) Ukraine, Egypt
Processing capacity: 120,000 tons of raw



The first bricks for ASF future

he meeting was held in published the ASF Weekly News
Five ASEAN Seafood Viet Nam - the next via e-mail.
chairmanship country after The Brunei Darussalam
Federation (ASF) members, Thailand (Thai Frozen Foods Aquaculture Producers Alliance
i.e. Indonesia, Brunei, Association - TFFA) which Cooperative Limited (BAPA) was
accomplishes its two-year term by adopted as a new member and the
Myanmar, Thailand and Viet
the end of this year. first mission to this new member as
Nam (Philippines and ASF has had its application for well as Viet Nam and Myanmar
Malaysia were absent) met affiliation of Civil Society was held late last year.
Organization submitted to However, the Federation has
again late on Tuesday after 15 ASEAN Secretariat and would failed to get enthusiastic response
months of its establishment to have a representative in ASEAN from one or two of its founding
review the organizations headquarter in Jakarta by early members during the first year,
September, reported the noted Mr. Poj Aramwattanont,
performance and lay out tasks Federations Secretariat, ASF Chairman. Even the current
for the 2011-2010 period. It set up a common website at active members need to be more and open-hearted to share information


and join the others seafood
exhibitions as an ASF group.
The question whether to
continue ASF or not was also
raised. We need to decide now
whether we continue our
Federation or not. If we are to
move forward, we have to come
up with the ASF budget, member
fees, the person in charge, etc., and
we need to have a logo to be put
on our stand during the exhibition
in Indonesia in October, said Dr.
Nguyen Huu Dung, Vice
Chairman of Viet Nam
Association of Seafood Exporters
and Producers (VASEP).
There seems to be a lot of
things need to be done. To be a
real organization, not only in an
individual country but for the
region, we should have a proper and conflict less, added Mr. achievements that it will make will
chapter. It is clear that ASF is Panisuan Jamnarwej, TFFA be the inspiration for more
mostly for supporting each President. participation of the present non-
member countries. However, we The idea of working together member countries. One and every
should have some functions to to have common standards, and member would do their best to
support this idea. We are the first common approach for seafood make ASF work and pull in more
business forum in ASEAN and we products, starting with shrimp first members, presumably Singapore,
should take the role to lead this was also raised during the meeting. Laos, and Cambodia.
business society as a whole region. It was all agreed that ASF The ASEAN Seafood
If ASF works, we can be stronger should move on and the Federation (ASF) was established
on May 13, 2009 with the vision is
to promote cooperation among its
member country in seafood
production, food safety, and
Its six founding members
include the Indonesian Frozen
Seafood Association, Malaysian
Frozen Food Processors
Association, Myanmar Fishery
Products Processors and Exporters
Association, the Fresh and Frozen
Seafood Association of the
Philippines, Thai Frozen Foods
Association and Vietnam
Association of Seafood Exporters
and Producers.

Vietfish International



Giao Thuy Association

of Mollusc Farmers

The newly-established
Association has 116 members
in all, who are the key
stakeholders in coastal
farming and environment
protection in Giao Thuy
District, Nam Dinh Province.

he Association was (MCD), Viet Nam Associations of milestone in the progress towards
ceremoniously introduced Seafood Exporters and Producers community-based management of
to the applause of local (VASEP), Viet Nam Fisheries the natural resources.
authorities and non-governmental Association (VINAFIS), etc. on Clam (Meretrix lyrata) has been
organizations such as the Centre August 17, 2010 in Giao Thuy reared in Giao Thuy District since
for Marinelife Conservation and District, Nam Dinh Province. Its 1992. However, the farming area
Community Development establishment is said to be a and harvest has increase most
vigorously from 2004 and hit
1,498 ha and 12,000 tons
respectively in 2009.
The district's clam was subject
to NAFIQAD's Sanitation
Monitoring Program for Bivalve
Mollusc Production Areas since
2004. The annual results of the
Program all showed that Giao
Thuy clam meet the requirements
of all export market, including EU
in term of alga toxins, marine
biotoxins, salmonella, and
chemical levels.
Giao Thuy clam is very popular
in the domestic markets and
supermarkets. It is also exported in
large volume to China. Some
Packing clam for local maket


Clam farming area

processors in the South of Viet

Nam even collect them to further
process and export to some EU
Cuu Dung, a big private
company involved in clam
production and trading in Giao

Thuy had its "Giao Thuy clam" UNESCO as the core area of the
trademark registered at the World's Biosphere Reserve.
National Office of Intellectual In order to move towards
Property of Viet Nam - Ministry sustainable economic
of Science and Technology in development, mollusc, meretrix
November 2008. clam in particular, are considered
Being a coastal district in Nam to be the target farming species as
Dinh, Giao Thuy has an alluvial they meet all the socio-economic
area suitable for the farming of and environmental criteria.
high value mollusc species such as
clam, oyster and snout otter clam. Vietfish International
Its wetlands were recognized by



Bianfishin inauguration ribbon cutting ceremony

The first in Viet Nam fisheries

private research institute set sail

eafood industry plays an important
role in Viet Nams economy, earning
the export value of US$ 4.5 billion
annually. However, it depends much on the
natural resources and manual labour to
grow. Such way of moving forward has
started to get too bumpy to ride on.
When it becomes apparent that the
diligent exploitation of natural resources is
not enough to get the win, the question is
how to push ahead using our intelligence
and creativity.
The idea of establishing a private
research institute has never before come up
even in the wildest of thoughts. Science and
technology research was always believed to
be the sole responsibility of the government.
Minister Hoang Van Phong granting Certificate of Registered Operations The establishment of Binh An Fisheries
in Science and Technology and Certificate of Merit to Bianfishco CEO-
General Director Pham Thi Dieu Hien Research Institute (Bianfishin) is like a fresh


Binh An Fisheries Research Institute

breath of air to the stuffy tech

sector. It changes the way people
think about science and
technology development, i.e.
private businesses can take their
own initiatives and go for it.
Being invested from the budget
of a single private enterprise, the
institute, however, has every
facility it needs to carry out
researches and technology
application in breeding,
aquaculture, and processing. It is
ideally located in an area of 3000
square metre in the centre of Tra
Noc 2 Industrial Park of Can Tho Deputy Minister Luong Le Phuong awarding Labour Medal to Bianfishco
city, the most swarming Pangasius
production area.
After a year of construction, the Bianfishco and Bianfishin will A private research institute
much awaited institute was finally help to boost product quality and would have a great advantage.
launched on July 30, 2010 amidst value, thereby promoting the Most noticeably, the financial
the immense cheering from the socio-economic development of mechanism would be much more
mass multitude. The event was the Mekong delta as well as the flexible and efficient than that of
even more special as the institute science-technology advancement the Government as it is run by the
founder, Binh An Seafood Co. of the country, said H.E. Hoang companys General Director
(Bianfishco), celebrated its fifth Van Phong, Minister of Science herself, noted H.E. Luong Le
anniversary (2005-2010) and Technology. Phuong, Deputy Minister of



Bianfishco President-General Director Pham Thi Dieu Hien presenting stocks of VND 100-800 million in nominal value to 5 outstanding
farmers of the company
Agriculture and Rural Institute is to protect and develop
Development (MARD). Pangasius - the specialty of
At the launching ceremony, Mekong River, said Mrs. Pham
Dr. Nguyen Viet Thang, former Thi Dieu Hien, CEO and General
Deputy Minister and former Director of Bianfishco.
MARD Director of Research We will do our best to make
Institute for Aquaculture No. 2, the institute operate effectively and
was appointed to be the Director contribute to the seafood industry
of Binh An Fisheries Research development, she stressed.
Institute. The institute was certified by
On the same occasion, the Ministry of Science and
Bianfishco was awarded Labour Technology in January. It also
Medal the third class for its received the Ministrys supports in Bianfishco CEO-General Director
Pham Thi Dieu Hien delivering
contribution to the country. Many setting up the management system Decision of Appointment to Dr.
remarkable divisions, staff and and building the staff. Nguyen Viet Thang-former MARD
suppliers of the company also Deputy. Minister
received certificates of merits for First meeting
their achievements. of Bianfishin Scientific members, including many
Bianfishco also took the Council distinguished scientists and
opportunities to give out free On September 11, 2010, the managers, top experts in
accommodations to its staff and first meeting of Bianfishin (Binh aquaculture, seafood processing
make donations to support poor An Fisheries Research Institute) and trading, environment and
children and lonely elders in the city. Scientific Council was held in Can other related scientific areas.
The first priority of the Tho. The Council consists of 22 Mrs. Pham Thi Dieu Hien -


CEO and General Director of
Bianfishco was chairwoman of the
Council, and three Vice
Chairmen were Dr. Ta Quang
Ngoc - former Minister of
Fisheries, Dr. Nguyen Viet
Thang - former Deputy Minister
of Agriculture and Rural
Development (MARD), Dr.
Tran Quoc Thang - former
Deputy Minister of Science and
Technology (MOST).
The Council focused on
discussing of Bianfishin
Development Project till 2015
and a vision to 2020. The
scientists appreciated Bianfishcos
determination to establish the first
private fisheries research institute Chairmanship of the Bianfishin Scientific Councils meeting (from left: Dr. Nguyen Viet
Thang, former Deputy Minister of MARD and Bianfishin Director; Dr. Ta Quang Ngoc,
in Viet Nam, which allows former Minister of Fisheries and Scientific Council Vice Chairman; Mrs. Pham Thi Dieu
turning science and technology Hien, CEO and General Director of Bianfishco; and Dr. Tran Quoc Thang, former Deputy
Minister of MOST and Scientifc Council.
into direct driving force to
sustainably develop Viet Nam
fisheries and aquaculture.
This Institute enjoyed more
advantages in comparison with
the public institutes, because it
closely linked with production.
Bianfishin should speed up
research and services for
Bianfishco itself and other
companies as a way to develop
itself in a sustainable manner.
Especially, the institute should
carry out researches of extraction
and refinery technologies for
high-value substances from Prof .Dr. Nguyen Trong Can Prof. Dr. Chu Pham Ngoc Son
Pangasius by-products, said Prof.
Dr. Chu Pham Ngoc Son, a towards self-finance and be an coordinate with Can Tho
leading expert in chemical organic part of business, Can University to establish a Fisheries
analysis. said. Concerning biotechnology, Academy, which provides
Mr Nguyen Trong Can - the it must try to follow two basic training for both lecturers and
top scientist of seafood directions. In aquaculture, it technicians in applied research.
processing, head of Processing should focus in applied research The first step is to sign cooperate
Faculty, Fisheries University of genes and enzyme technology. contract with the Fisheries
(Nha Trang University) In processing, it should raise the Faculty of Can Tho University.
expressed his strong interest being unsaturated fatty acids in fish oil The first meeting of the
a part of a private research and Pangasius products as well Council laid the first bricks for
institute construction. The the ratio and the pureness of the bumpy but promising future
Institute was a quite good extracted products. of Binh An Fisheries Research
project. It should exceed the Many Council members Institute - a new development
other traditional model and move eagerly suggest that the Institute model of Vietnam fisheries.



Mrs. Tran Thi Van Loan, CL-Fish Corp Chairwoman and General Meeting with customers at Gulfood 2010
Director received the Award.

CL-Fish in the Top100

Vietnamese brand names By HOANG THANH

Cuu Long Fish Joint Stock Company (CL-Fish Corp) has recently been granted Viet Nam Golden
Star Award 2010 and listed in the TOP 100 Vietnamese Brand Names.


s. Tran Thi Van Loan, Association of Vietnam Young Starting as a family-based
CL-Fish Corp Entrepreneurs. A 67-member Pangasius farming company, CL-
Chairwoman and Appraisal Board, which including Fish Corp is now a well-known
General Director received the leaders of the business associations, public corporation in the seafood
Award on behalf of the company the Viet Nam Customs, and the industry of Viet Nam. Its high
in a ceremony held on September State Securities Commission, the quality products have been shipped
2, 2010 in Ho Chi Minh City. Auditor General of Viet Nam and to over 40 countries in the world
CL-Fish Corp was among the representative of KPMG took in just 5 years since its first
two hundred top companies charge of the evaluation process. operation. The export value
recognized in the eighth edition of The finalists were chosen based rocketed from US$1.8 million in
this prestigious annual award. The on such criteria as revenue growth 2005 to US$36.5 million in 2009
company and its Pangasius fillet and profitability, transparency, and expectedly US$50 million in
product also ranked the 10th in the number of employees, risk 2010.
Top100 Vietnamese Brand management capacity, The Viet Nam Golden Star
Names. contribution to the State budget Award further demonstrates CL-
This year, 343 applications and society, etc. Fish Corp efforts to overcome the
selected and recommended by 56 Though this is the first time impact of the global economic
provincial/city governments were CL-Fish Corp signed up for the downturn and to make Viet Nams
sent to the Award Organizer, i.e. award, it was highly appraised by Pangasius products more available
the Central Association of Viet the Board of Examiners and the to the world market.
Nam Youth and Central Board of Final Review.


Administration News

V ietn ames e Pangasius p r o d u c e r s t u r n t o g l o b a l c e r t i f i c a t e s

Vietnamese seafood producers are increasingly producers will have to develop "systematic sales
applying global certificates to reach major export strategy about brand-building, marketing and
markets. distribution, to build brand names for seafood
Now a growing number of Vietnamese producers products," he added.
and exporters in Mekong Delta are applying Viet Nam's government recently identified
certificates such as GlobalGAP and ACC to reach Pangasius as a key export and approved a project to
markets such as the United States, the European Union develop the production and sales of the fish in Mekong
and Japan. Delta till 2020.
These include Docifish, Hung Vuong, Vinh Hoan
Corp, Anvifish, Ntaco and Minh Phu Corp., etc.
Vinh Hoan said it now expects to build up its
export capacity and raise the average value of its
Pangasius by 10 percent to 20 percent. After its
certification, the group signed a contract to provide
120 metric tons of Pangasius to a European customer.
Producers are also increasingly starting to farm their
own fish to better control the quality, says Duong
Ngoc Minh who chairs the Fresh Water Fish
Committee under the Vietnam Association of Seafood
Exporters and Producers (VASEP).
And this is just the beginning. Over time the

M A R D t o r e g u l a t e t h e w a t e r c o n t e n t i n e x p o r t e d f r o z e n P an g a si u s fil l et
On August 25, 2010, the Ministry of Agriculture shipment.
and Rural Development (MARD) issued the Decision Any companies having shipment with water
No.2287/QD-BNN-QLCL regulating inspection and content exceeding 86 percent shall be withdrawn the
supervision of water content in exported Pangasius food safety assurance certification.
fillet. The regulation on maximum water content and
The regulation stipulates the inspection frequency treatment solution will be amended basing on the
and the number of samples, which are respectively inspection results until December 31, 2010.
1/10 shipments; and one sample per shipment (if the This decision substitutes the regulations on water
shipment includes only one production batch) or one content in frozen Pangasius fillet, promulgated in
sample per batch (if more than one batch in a Annex 3, attached with Decision No.3535/QD-
shipment) but not exceeding 05 samples/01 inspection BNN-QLCL dated December 10, 2009.
Food Safety Law
On June 17, 2010, the National Assembly of Viet plans to enhance food safety and quality management
Nam, XII term, 7th session, approved Food Safety and empowered the relevant authorities to cooperate
Law, No.55/2010/QH12. and strengthen food safety management of agro,
The law, which will be effective as from July 01, forestry and seafood products.
2011, regulates the rights and responsibilities of
organizations, individuals in assuring food safety; food
safety conditions for products, production and trading,
import-export; food advertisement and labeling; food
testing; hazard analysis; prevention and overcome food
safety incidents; communications about food safety;
state management of food safety.
It also clarifies the punishment of violations relating
to food safety, which is either administrative or
criminal depending on the critical level. They will have
to compensate for any damage, and deal with the
aftermath in line with the law.
In preparation for the Law implementation, the
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
(MARD) on August 16, 2010 promulgated Decision
The Decision sets targets for the implementation of
the Food Safety Law upon its activation. It also makes

Viet Namss seafood sector eyes UAE market

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is considered a context of the sector facing difficulties in its major
favourable market for Vietnamese seafood exporters, importing markets, according to some Vietnamese
who have seen their shipments to the market seafood exporters.
rocketing from around 600 tons in 2003 and 2004 to About 68 Vietnamese businesses nationwide have
10,800 tons in 2008. to date been engaged in exporting seafood to the
After a standstill of 6,400 tons of seafood shipped in UAE. VF/VNplus
2009, the country's
export to the UAE
rebound to over
9,100 tons, valued at
21.5 million USD in
the first seven months
of this year, up by
41.6 percent in
volume and 36.3
percent in value year
on year. Pangasius
was the main product
exported, accounting
for about 8,600 tons.
The growth in
export of seafood to
the UAE is a positive
signal due to the
market's ease on
technical standards
and import tax
exemption in the


Administration News

Use of betel leaf for aquaculture diseases

Dr Nguyen Quang Linh and his colleagues at the
Department of Fisheries - Hue University of
Agriculture and Forestry have recently come up with a
new bioproduct for the prevention and treatment of
lobsters milky disease and shrimps white faeces disease.
The biological preparation, known as Bokashi -
(Trau), is a combination of betel leave extract and EM
(Effective microorganisms). It is able to inhibit and kill
Vibrio Parahaemoliticus and Aeromonas hydrophyla,
the two common bacteria in freshwater fisheries and
brackish water.
Many shrimp households in Thua Thien Hue used
Bokashi - (Trau) to prevent and cure for infected
shrimp and eel. Over 50 ha of white faeces shrimp area
in Tan Duyet commune (Ca Mau) has been saved
from disease outbreak. The same success was also
observed in the lobster farming area of Thong Phong
Gulf (Khanh Hoa province).
Bokashi - Trau only costs 100,000 dong per litre,
less than half the price of the products of the same
effect while its quality is not inferior. Unlike the
existing antibiotics, such environment-friendly product
keeps the water clean after used and does not affect the
product quality.
Dr. Nguyen Quang Linh said he is ready to transfer
the technology and commercialize the product.

Seafood exports in the first eight months 2010

Seafood from capture, aquaculture and export contributing about 24% to the total export value.
processing kept growing steadily over the previous Though its exports continued to rise, the growth rate
months. Fisheries production hit 454,400 tons in seemed to slow down compared to the same period last
August, up 4.3% compared to the same month last year, which means the industry still has many obstacles
year. Both fish and shrimp production increased to overcome.
respectively 3.6% and 7% to 327,000 tons and 74,700
Overall production through the year to August rose
4.6% year on year to 3.35 million tons, including 2.56
million tons of fish (+4.4%) and 348.7 thousand tons of
shrimp (+5.7%).
Seafood was still the fourth biggest export item in
Viet Nam, earning the country US$494 million in
August 2010 alone and almost US$3 billion in the first
eight months, up 15% year on year. Despite being far
left behind by garment and textile - the largest foreign
currency earner in value (US$6.895 billion), it
however followed hard on the others' heels, i.e. crude
oil (US$ 3.313 billion) and footwear (US$3.212
Within the agriculture and forestry segment,
seafood remained the number one on the export list,


M A R D am e n ds C i r c ul ar 2 5/ 2 01 0 a nd 06 / 20 10
MARD Minister Cao Duc Phat in late September and meat in 500 containers were stuck at Cat Lai port
8 signed Circular No. 51-2010-04/BNN&PTNT as the owners could not present the documents
amending some articles of Circulars 25 and 06. required in Circulars 25 and 06.
The new Circular stated that the aqua - products of However, many businesses say Circular 51 does
animal origin, which are imported for re-export not adequately settle the arisen problems and that
processing, are not required to be accompanied by a MARD should invalidate Circular 25/2010 and
health certificate issued by the authority in the export 06/2010 instead.
As for the seafood
imported a raw
materials for export
processing, the owners
have to register with
animal health authority
in the region (instead of
the Department of
Animal Health as
before). Within 3
working days since
receiving the valid
application, the
regional authority has
to provide feedback to
the owners.
The amendments
were announced in a
three-party (VASEP,
Custom Department of
Ho Chi Minh, and
MARD) meeting on
September 9, after
12,500MT of seafood
Markets & Exports
Viet Nams seafood exports in August, 2010 amounted to
US$493.8 million, up 18.4% compared to the same month
of last year. In the first eight months of 2010, seafood
export reached over US$3 billion, up 15% over the same

JAN AUG, 2010

Source: Vasep (Based on Statistics of Vietnam Customs)
period of 2009. Markets and categories structures are as

Compared with the same Compared with the same

August 2010 month of 2009 (%) Jan Aug 2010 period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
(MT) (US$ million) (%) (%) (MT) (US$ million) (%) (%)

EU 31,762 108.730 -2.0 +1.6 228,392 720.313 +2.7 +6.5

Germany 4,638 18.790 -11.9 -6.0 34,850 121.788 -12.9 -10.4
Spain 5,513 13.100 +21.1 +21.1 45,048 107.215 +1.8 -1.7
The Netherlands 3,795 11.804 +9.0 +8.7 27,418 84.920 +5.2 +13.6
Italy 3,177 12.712 -8.9 -0.3 24,877 81.918 +8.7 +7.7
France 2,516 10.945 +77.2 +63.6 17,430 76.023 +63.8 +78.4
Japan 12,977 89.975 +10.0 +20.6 88,870 553.376 +28.4 +21.0
The U.S. 16,608 114.655 +42.2 +70.4 92,017 549.661 +22.2 +31.7
South Korea 10,510 35.086 +16.2 +25.7 66,137 214.983 +7.5 +17.7
China 5,511 20.460 +32.2 +43.5 37,082 141.138 +12.5 +23.4
Hong Kong 1,964 6.193 +1.7 +3.0 16,303 51.040 +0.2 -1.6
ASEAN 9,364 19.148 +9.4 +8.1 62,355 135.067 +14.0 +13.7
Australia 2,727 14.488 -2.7 -2.4 17,280 85.410 +11.5 +12.0
Canada 2,944 17.095 +15.5 +27.8 14,483 68.009 +15.3 +6.4
Russia 3,254 7.416 -69.65 -59.8 28,498 58.603 -7.8 +11.3
Mexico 2,997 6.542 -9.74 -15.4 23,676 52.645 +24.7 +15.7
Others 24,617 60.256 +24.5 +12.0 184,364 428.019 +16.1 +4.3
Total 123,272 493.850 +5.5 +18.4 843,155 3007.224 +12.0 +15.0

Compared with the same Compared with the same

August 2010 month of 2009 (%) Jan Aug 2010 period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
(MT) (US$ Mil.) (%) (%) (MT) (US$ Mil.) (%) (%)

Shrimp (HS 03 and 16) 28,006 246.871 +13.1 +29.2 139,901 1177.865 +13.9 +19.9
Pangasius (HS 03 and 16) 54,456 117.650 -4.2 -4.2 416,453 894.489 +7.5 +2.7
Tuna (HS 03 and 16) 6,532 19.135 +42.6 +47.3 55,368 199.747 +59.8 +75.7
Other fish (HS 0301 to 0305, 19,849 48.190 +24.9 +43.4 132,894 327.136 +37.6 +46.0
except tuna and Pangasius)
Mollusk (HS 0307 and 16) 7,906 31.260 -7.4 +3.1 63,659 244.751 -0.4 +6.9
Processed seafood (HS 1604 and 1605, 5,847 26.709 +49.7 +90.8 31,014 140.975 +13.9 +48.7
except shrimp, tuna, Pangasius)
Crustacean 676 4.035 -8.5 +17.5 3,866 22.262 -48.2 -27.9
Total 123,272 493.850 +5.5 +18.4 843,155 3007.224 +12.0 +15.0

Top 10 Vietnam Seafood Exporters

JAN - AUG 2010
Volume Value (US$
(MT) million)

MINH PHU SEAFOOD CORP 14,951 135.209

VINH HOAN CORP 27,265 78.950
HUNG VUONG CORP 31,323 62.253
QUOC VIET CO., LTD 5,755 56.555
CAMIMEX 4,628 50.279
UTXI CO 4,595 47.661
STAPIMEX 4,714 43.703
CADOVIMEX 9,007 41.709
ANVIFISH CO 16,741 40.991
NAVICO 22,666 38.690
Total 141,646 596.000


Shrimp exports in August 2010 hit over 28,000 tons, valued
at 246.8 million USD, up 13.1% and 29.2% respectively
against the same period of 2009. Most of the key shrimp
markets saw an increase in shrimp import from Viet Nam,

JAN AUG 2010

Source: VASEP (Based on statistics of Viet Nam Customs)
some as high as 72% (the US), 75.2% (China), and 75.3%
(Switzerland). Meanwhile, German, Australia and ASEAN
countries experienced a slight year-on-year decline of

Compared with the same Compared with the same

August 2010 month of 2009 (%) Jan Aug 2010 period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
(MT) (US$ million) (%) (%) (MT) (US$ million) share (%) share (%) (%) (%)
Japan 6,477 61.551 +7.9 +18.9 39,419 350.603 28.2 29.8 +14.6 +18.1
The U.S. 7,672 80.939 +39.6 +72.0 28,849 293.307 20.6 24.9 +6.8 +18.9
EU 5,381 39.141 -4.2 +3.3 26,021 188.484 18.6 16.0 +13.2 +20.8
Germany 1,142 9.081 -6.6 -1.7 5,726 44.174 4.1 3.8 +5.1 +7.1
France 711 5.157 +36.9 +27.4 3,859 31.127 2.8 2.6 +66.2 +69.6
The UK 985 6.787 +0.9 +2.3 4,052 28.478 2.9 2.4 +7.5 +12.9
China & Hong Kong 1,511 11.731 +75.0 +75.2 10,942 79.500 7.8 6.7 +64.0 +58.8
Hong Kong 312 2.646 +18.5 +29.0 2,627 20.011 1.9 1.7 +35.5 +32.6
South Korea 2,256 13.012 +34.2 +22.7 10,108 64.901 7.2 5.5 +13.7 +10.1
Australia 818 8.108 -28.8 -16.3 4,590 42.991 3.3 3.6 -5.2 +3.8
Taiwan 1,307 8.950 -18.4 +5.4 5,331 38.352 3.8 3.3 -8.6 +12.3
Canada 1,115 11.968 -2.0 +23.1 3,934 36.913 2.8 3.1 -9.4 -9.4
Switzerland 303 2.952 +60.8 +75.3 2,146 23.680 1.5 2.0 +21.8 +35.0
ASEAN 274 1.963 +0.9 -15.5 2,418 16.386 1.7 1.4 +20.9 +35.6
Singapore 179 1.463 -6.7 -5.9 1,474 11.810 1.1 1.0 +28.1 +43.9
The Philippines 35 0.298 +69.4 +71.0 202 1.507 0.1 0.1 -28.6 -17.7
Others 892 6.555 +19.7 +26.7 6,144 42.749 4.4 3.6 +51.4 +52.5
Total 28,006 246.871 +13.1 +29.2 139,901 1.177.865 100 100 +13.9 +19.87

Shrimps (live/ fresh/frozen/ dried (HS 03) Processed shrimp (HS 1605)
Volume Value Volume Value
No Markets Share % No Markets Share %
(MT) (US$ million) (MT) (US$ million)
1 JJapan 28,093 270.044 29.6 1 Japan 11,326 80.558 30.3
2 The U.S 20,390 219.167 24.0 2 The U.S 8,459 74.140 27.9
3 China & Hong Kong 10,739 78.006 8.5 3 Australia 3,165 28.940 10.9
4 South Korea 7,315 47.039 5.2 4 South Korea 2,793 17.861 6.7
5 Taiwan 5,139 37.323 4.1 5 Germany 1,477 10.654 4.0
Subtotal 71,675 651.580 71.4 Subtotal 27,219 212.154 79.9
Others 33,247 260.833 28.6 Others 7,759 53.299 20.1
Total 104.922 912,412 100.0 Total 34.978 265,452 100.0


STT Exporters
Doanh nghip Volume (MT) Value No Exporters Volume (MT) Value
(US$ million) (US$ million)
1 MINH PHU SEAFOOD CORP 14,951 135.209 8 VIETNAM FISH-ONE CO., LTD 3,323 30.653
2 QUOC VIET CO., LTD 5,755 56.555 9 CUULONG SEAPRO 2,606 26.844
3 CAMIMEX 4,365 49.093 10 THUAN PHUOC CORP 3,902 26.645
4 UTXI CO 4,595 47.661
5 STAPIMEX 4,714 43.703 SUBTOTAL 50,738 485.224
6 PHUONG NAM CO., LTD 3,495 35.798 OTHERS 89,163 692.641
7 FIMEX VN 3,031 33.062 TOTAL 139,901 1.177.865


Markets & Exports

EXPORTS, In the first eight months of 2010, Viet Nams exporters shipped
416,500 tons of Pangasius worth US$894.5, up respectively 7.5%
and 2.7% year on year. The figures in August alone were 54,000 and

JAN AUG 2010

Source: VASEP (Based on statistics of Viet Nam Customs)
US$ 117.6 million, both with a decline of 4.2% against the same
month last year.

Compared with the same Compared with the same

August, 2010 month of 2009 (%) Jan Aug, 2010 period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
(MT) (US$ million) (%) (%) (MT) (US$ million) share (%) share (%) (%) (%)
EU 18,380 42.061 -7.1 -9.7 143,611 332.817 34.5 37.2 -1.8 -7.8
Spain 4,341 9.291 +18.9 +11.8 36,099 80.616 8.7 9.0 -2.7 -10.9
Germany 3,022 7.895 -8.3 -4.5 24,012 61.205 5.8 6.8 -14.4 -16.7
Netherlands 1,893 4.745 -11.8 -14.8 18,742 48.768 4.5 5.5 +10.2 +6.8
Poland 2,358 4.265 -29.4 -32.9 13,959 25.407 3.4 2.8 +4.6 -1.2
The U.S. 5,312 16.292 +38.8 +30.7 31,259 97.135 7.5 10.9 +20.0 +16.7
ASEAN 3,930 7.157 -0.6 -8.0 27,490 51.060 6.6 5.7 -3.3 -14.0
Singapore 1,292 2.532 +2.3 +8.4 8,730 17.542 2.1 2.0 +4.2 -0.5
Malaysia 1,119 1.404 +5.5 -15.9 7,791 10.471 1.9 1.2 +15.0 +6.2
The Philippine 480 0.923 +61.5 +46.3 4,637 9.164 1.1 1.0 +37.4 +27.1
Mexico 2,968 6.315 -10.6 -18.3 23,269 50.689 5.6 5.7 +23.6 +14.0
Saudi Arabia 1,373 2.397 +87.8 +63.9 14,966 27.635 3.6 3.1 +39.2 +30.9
Russia 2,725 4.494 -71.9 -71.4 22,198 37.260 5.3 4.2 -19.1 -16.2
Australia 1,544 4.211 +27.8 +25.7 9,715 27.536 2.3 3.1 +30.9 +28.7
China & Hong Kong 1,694 2.946 +13.3 +4.0 14,268 25.520 3.4 2.9 +15.4 +12.7
Hong Kong 1,417 2.516 +4.9 -2.3 11,292 20.233 2.7 2.3 +1.4 -2.7
Others 16,530 31.777 +28.6 +27.2 129,676 244.836 31.1 27.4 +18.0 +14.8
Total 54,456 117.650 -4.2 -4.2 416,453 894.489 100 100 +7.5 +2.7

Pangasius (live/ fresh/frozen/ dried (HS 03) Processed Pangasius (HS 1604)
Volume Value Volume Value
No Markets Share % No Markets Share %
(MT) (US$ million) (MT) (US$ million)
1 The U.S 31,259 97.135 10.9 1 Netherlands 452 2.128 31.6
2 Spain 36,079 80.554 9.1 2 Germany 273 1.304 19.4
3 Germany 23,738 59.901 6.7 3 Australia 193 0.936 13.9
4 Mexico 23,211 50.589 5.7 4 Switzerland 86 0.387 5.7
5 Netherlands 18,290 46.641 5.3 5 Singapore 107 0.333 4.9
Subtotal 132,578 334.821 37.7 Subtotal 1,111 5.087 75.6
Others 282,313 552.936 62.3 Others 450 1.645 24.4
Total 414,891 887.756 100.0 Total 1,561 6,732 100.0


No Doanh nghip Value AVG Prices No Value AVG Prices
Exporters Volume (MT) Exporters Volume (MT)
(US$ million) (US$/kg) (US$ million) (US$/kg)
1 VINH HOAN CORP 27,196 78.587 2.89 8 HUNG VUONG CORP 31,033 61.718 1.99
2 ANVIFISH CO 16,608 40.354 2.43 9 CL-FISH CORP 16,255 32.106 1.98
3 BIANFISHCO 11,811 28.559 2.42 10 NAVICO 22,666 38.690 1.71
4 Cty CP TS NTSF 9,739 23.227 2.38
5 SOUTH VINA 9,862 22.023 2.23 SUBTOTAL 172,956 384.964 2.23
6 AGIFISH 16,972 37.790 2.23 OTHERS 243,497 509.525 2.09
7 HTFOOD 10,813 21.908 2.03 TOTAL 416,453 894.489 2.15


TUNA EXPORTS, In the first eight months of 2010, Viet Nam shipped 55,368MT
of tuna, valued at US$199.747 million, up 59.8 percent in

JAN AUG, 2010

Source: VASEP (Based on statistics of Vietnam Customs)
volume and 75.7 percent in value over the same period of

Compared with the same Compared with the same

August, 2010 Jan Aug, 2010
month of 2009 (%) period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
(MT) (US$ million) (%) (%) (MT) (US$ million) share (%) share (%) (%) (%)
The U.S. 1,572 5.869 +49.1 +91.9 19,879 93.377 35.9 46.7 +72.6 +127.7
EU 1,255 4.524 -4.0 -7.6 10,849 38.478 19.6 19.3 -7.7 -1.2
Italy 224 0.913 +451.8 +445.6 2,209 7.830 4.0 3.9 -12.5 +2.1
Germany 173 0.448 -59.0 -60.0 2,706 6.956 4.9 3.5 -28.8 -31.3
Belgium 120 0.601 -6.0 -14.9 1,052 6.345 1.9 3.2 +5.3 +27.5
Japan 287 1.024 -23.1 -20.5 3,363 17.666 6.1 8.8 +22.6 +59.8
Iran 1,178 1.751 3,212 4.590 5.8 2.3
Canada 175 0.467 +76.6 +85.0 1,053 4.554 1.9 2.3 +98.6 +165.0
Israel 100 0.434 -42.5 -21.0 1,211 4.282 2.2 2.1 +28.3 +36.6
Taiwan 95 0.272 +56.2 +122.7 1,473 3.284 2.7 1.6 +189.3 +214.6
Lebanon 70 0.201 +22.9 +46.1 1,328 2.910 2.4 1.5 +171.2 +102.1
Croatia 58 0.128 1,031 2.244 1.9 1.1 +267.2 +155.9
Others 1,743 4.465 +19.7 +65.9 11,969 28.361 21.6 14.2 +103.6 +95.8
Total 6,532 19.135 +42.6 +47.3 55,368 199.747 100 100 +59.8 +75.7

Tunas (live/ fresh/frozen/ dried (HS 03) Processed Tuna (HS 1604)
No Markets Volume Value Share % No Markets Volume Value Share %
(MT) (US$ million) (MT) (US$ million)
1 The U.S 6,135 58.727 46.8 1 The U.S 13,744 34.650 46.7
2 Japan 2,202 13.718 10.9 2 Thailand 2,071 6.760 9.1
3 Italia 2,209 7.830 6.2 3 Germany 2,112 4.314 5.8
4 Belgium 967 6.150 4.9 4 Japan 1,160 3.948 5.3
5 Iran 3,212 4.590 3.7 5 Lebanon 1,325 2.880 3.9
Subtotal 14,726 91.014 72.5 Subtotal 20,412 52.552 70.9
Others 10,680 34.583 27.5 Others 9,551 21.598 29.1
Total 25.405 125,597 100.0 Total 29.962 74,149 100.0


No Doanh
STT Exporters
nghip Volume (MT) Value No Exporters Volume (MT) Value
(US$ million) (US$ million)
1 YUEH CHYANG CO 8,143 21.784 8 HIGHLAND DRAGON 4,982 10.649
2 Cty TNHH FOODTECH 7,793 17.706 9 Thanh Son PTE 1,070 10.160
3 Tin Thinh Co., Ltd 5,361 15.178 10 Thinh Hung Co., Ltd 1,200 7.897
4 Toan Thang Co., Ltd 5,483 14.192
5 Hong Ngoc PTE 1,003 12.898 SUBTOTAL 40,379 132.867
6 HAVUCO 2,646 11.751 OTHERS 14,989 66.880
7 Dragon Waves Co., Ltd 2,697 10.651 TOTAL 55,368 199.747


Markets & Exports

JAN AUG, 2010
Source: VASEP (Based on statistics of Vietnam Customs)

Mollusk export volume in August was only 1,906 tons,

down 7.4% year on year.
However, the value incresed 3.1% to US$31.260
For eight month to August, Viet Nam expored 63,659
tons mollusk worth US$244.751 million, down slightly
in volume (-0.4%) but up in value 6.9%.
Exports to EU, the biggest market of Viet Nam's
mollusk in the first eight months, grew significantly, i.e.
almost 35% year on year to US$ 73.141 million.
However, the fastest growing market in this period
was Israel (156.3%).

Compared Compared
August, 2010 to the same Jan Aug, 2010 to the same
period of 2009 (%) period of 2009 (%)
Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value
Volume Value
(MT) (US$ million) share (%) share (%) (MT) (US$ million) share (%) share (%)
EU 2,597 9.078 -5.4 +6.4 22,226 73.141 34.9 29.9 +23.1 +34.9
Italy 1,665 5.812 -5.8 +3.8 11,312 39.235 17.8 16.0 +4.2 +23.7
Spain 290 0.903 -24.4 -9.0 3,879 9.418 6.1 3.8 +66.7 +63.0
France 124 0.429 +14.0 -3.1 1,253 6.133 2.0 2.5 +42.3 +88.9
South Korea 2,327 8.461 -12.8 -3.0 19,590 72.281 30.8 29.5 -5.0 +3.7
Japan 1,030 6.215 +4.5 +8.2 7,989 48.552 12.5 19.8 -8.1 -1.6
ASEAN 697 2.721 -16.8 -9.0 4,841 18.730 7.6 7.7 -9.8 -5.8
Thailand 418 1.800 -18.8 -12.5 3,234 12.194 5.1 5.0 -6.6 -9.0
China & Hong Kong 247 1.488 -16.9 +1.1 1,787 10.188 2.8 4.2 -31.8 -21.6
Hong Kong 52 0.228 -50.6 -51.0 633 3.282 1.0 1.3 -42.7 -43.2
The U.S 301 1.145 -4.8 +15.2 2,257 7.665 3.5 3.1 -15.2 -7.5
Taiwan 406 1.038 +31.9 +54.0 2,612 5.929 4.1 2.4 -21.6 -10.3
Australia 59 0.190 -50.6 -48.3 681 2.183 1.1 0.9 -43.7 -41.5
Israel 114 0.511 +100.5 +133.8 468 2.196 0.7 0.9 +97.6 +156.3
Others 129 0.412 -36.8 -31.1 1,208 3.886 1.9 1.6 +7.6 +13.0
Total 7,906 31.260 -7.4 +3.1 63,659 244.751 100 100 -0.4 +6.9

Mollusk (live/ fresh/frozen/ dried (HS 0307) Processed Mollusk (HS 1605)
No Markets Volume Value Share % No Markets Volume Value Share %
(MT) (US$ million) (MT) (US$ million)
1 South Korea 18,494 54.612 27.4 1 South Korea 1,096 17.670 38.9
2 Japan 7,759 46.405 23.3 2 Thailand 3,204 12.066 26.6
3 Italy 11,281 39.020 19.6 3 China & Hongkong 832 5.997 13.2
4 Spain 3,870 9.376 4.7 4 Malaysia 606 3.768 8.3
5 The U.S 2,210 7.225 3.6 5 Japan 230 2.147 4.7
Subtotal 43,614 156.639 78.6 Subtotal 5,969 41.647 91.8
Others 13,070 42.746 21.4 Others 1,006 3.719 8.2
Total 56.684 199,385 100.0 Total 6.975 45,367 100.0


No Doanh
STT Exporters
nghip Volume (MT) Value No Exporters Volume (MT) Value
(US$ million) (US$ million)
1 HAI NAM CO., LTD 1,989 10.596 8 Hoa Nam Co., Ltd 1,141 4.219
2 KISIMEX 2,786 9.977 9 Fishline Seafood Co., Ltd 1,192 4.074
3 Nguyen Chi Fishery Trading Co., Ltd. 1,827 5.718 10 VIFOODS 1,247 4.005
4 Phu Quy Co., Ltd (Ba Ria Vungtau) 1,910 5.475
5 Minh Dang Co., Ltd 1,388 5.337 SUBTOTAL 15,342 59.018
6 Huy Nam Co., Ltd 1,248 5.157 OTHERS 48,317 185.733
7 Hue Fishery Development Jsc. 614 4.460 TOTAL 63,659 244.751


Shrimp market: situation and
Viet Nams exports By NGUYEN THAI PHUONG

n contrast of the vigorous 1.5%, 18.6%, 26.1%, 29.2% and it was the difficult time for
shrimp transactions in Japan almost 10% in Japan, Spain, European shrimp buyers given the
and the U.S., sales of shrimp in Russia, Belgium and Italy. US aggressive shrimp purchase to
Europe encountered numerous offset the supply shortage after the
difficulties. Challenges in EU oil spill in Mexico Gulf; increasing
Shrimp consumption In early 2010, the global shrimp demand in Japan and
worldwide has changed economy recovered, demand China; the sharp decline of worlds
dramatically. The gap between rebound and shrimp sales in most shrimp supply. These factors
major consumption markets has markets started to increase. Shrimp altogether pushed shrimp selling
been much larger. imports in three major markets of price up 30 percent in most
In 2009, because of economic the U.S., Japan and China were markets, while the EUR and GBP
recession, imports of high-grade thriving. However, the EU shrimp continually devaluated against the
seafood products, especially market itself encountered USD.
shrimp, decreased significantly. In numerous challenges related to In addition, the shortage of
comparison with 2008, shrimp consumption power and selling material also resulted in a rise in
imports to the U.S. in 2009 price. shrimp price, especially for large
experienced a decrease of 11.8%, According to Intrafish analysis, sized shrimp, in the production


Markets & Exports

countries themselves. Selling price transacted in USD. Imported Globefish reported a rise in price of
of medium and small sized shrimp goods into EU became more shrimp of all sizes in Europe,
increased moderately but still expensive even when the especially counted 31/40 and
contributing to the increasing importing price in USD stayed the above.
export price. same. This was the big challenge
Another problem is the for shrimp exporters worldwide Victory in other major markets
consumers vulnerability toward who wanted to sell products to In contrast with the idle
price in many individual markets EU, especially when they were situation in EU, the three other
in EU, especially Germany, the always asked to lower the price. key markets of Japan, the U.S. and
UK and Italy. The buyers in Given the decreased supply for China were purchasing more and
Europe faced difficulty when the EU as the U.S. and Japan boosted more shrimp.
USD rose against EUR and GBP, their purchase, the shrimp price In Japan, overall seafood
especially when the exporters has been more of the problem. consumption dropped, but shrimp
consumption rose remarkably.
Japans shrimp imports in Jan May 2010 (1,000 pounds) More and more Japanese came to
Suppliers Jan May 2010 Jan May 2009 Comparison (%) restaurants, where most of shrimp
World 157,649 153,048 3 were consumed (according to a
China 10,807 10,295 5 survey carried out by a Japan
Viet Nam 29,469 24,266 21.4 Finance Company). Japans shrimp
Thailand 32,262 23,472 37.4 import in the first five months of
Malaysia 5,406 4,257 27
2010 increased by 3 percent in
The Philippines 2,471 3,080 -19.8
Indonesia 29,498 31,854 -7.4
comparison with the same period
Myanmar 3,732 5,732 -34.9 of 2009. Thailand, Viet Nam and
India 16,909 17,330 -2.4 Malaysia were three largest
Sri Lanka 644 756 -14.9 suppliers, growing respectively by
Bangladesh 2,560 2,740 -6.6
37.4 percent, 21 percent and 27


percent. The picture was even The US shrimp import in Jan-May 2010 (1,000 pounds)
more bright thanks to the rise in Suppliers Jan May 2010 Jan May 2009 Comparison (%) 2009
value of JPY against USD. World 399,886 421,429 -5.1 1,209,311
Since early 2010, selling price Thailand 142,100 125,087 13.6 419,919
of shrimp in Japan has increased by Indonesia 52,988 75,951 -30.2 152,755

18 percent and shrimp Ecuador 60,472 61,530 -1.7 135,506

China 33,750 31,310 7.8 96,440
consumption increased by 7 Viet Nam 24,383 23,715 2.8 91,700
percent in volume despite the fall Mexico 22,500 22,948 -2 90,653
in overall food consumption. India 12,463 16,252 -23.3 43,565
In the US, shrimp Malaysia 15,697 12,679 23.8 40,613

consumption in the first few Bangladesh 4,189 8,865 -52.7 21,770

months of 2010 increased

significantly when processors the oil spill in Mexico Gulf plus products. Nowadays, live seafood,
purchased more shrimp for April- the lower supply from Indonesia such as carp, shrimp, abalone and
May selling season. By April, led to a fear about supply shortage lobster, are available in all the large
shrimp imports slightly decreased, and rising price among local supermarkets. They are very
and then dropped by 10 percent in distributors, who are striving to diversified with many high-grade
May, led to a decrease of 5.1 buy shrimp for inventory. seafood products. Chinas frozen
percent in the first five months of Shrimp price in June and July seafood import in 2009 rose by
2010 over the same period of used to be always low thanks to 15.8 percent in comparison with
2009. Imports from Indonesia abundant supply during peak the previous year. Its purchasing
the second largest supplier - harvesting season, but this year it power is evaluated as non-limited.
decreased most drastically (more rose to the peak of 2009 and hit It is no longer a seafood exporting
than 30.2 percent). Imports from the record high over the last country as before.
Thailand, China and Viet Nam decade. Presently, whiteleg shrimp
increased by 13.6 percent, 7.8 import of the U.S. increased by 17 Supply from Asia
percent and 2.8 percent percent. Shrimp production in Asia
respectively. According to Seafood, China is encountered many difficulties due
The 50 percent decline in US transforming into a consuming to unpredictable hot weather and
brown shrimp production since market, especially for seafood widespread epidemics, therefore,
supply could not meet the demand
from both key and emerging
Farmed shrimp output in Asian
countries decreased significantly,
i.e. 80 percent in Indonesia due to
IMNV virus outbreak in April,
and 20% in Thailand and Malaysia.
India and Bangladesh also suffered
a loss in shrimp production
Besides, farming area in some
regions of Asia has been declined
as a result of the over-supply last
cycle. The farmers made loss since
price dropped so low at that time
and had no money for further
According to the forecast of a
Thai official, the average price of
Thailands whiteleg shrimp will
increase from 13 to 15 percent


Markets & Exports

over 2009. The average price of Nam. In Jan-Aug 2010, shrimp preparation for the festival season
raw shrimp material in 2010 will export reached US$1,178 million, in the end of 2010 and early 2011.
be around US$3.85 (EUR3.06), an increase of nearly 20 percent in From June through August
higher than US$3.40 (EUR 2.71) comparison with the same period 2010, the U.S. imported more
of last year. of last year. It accounts for 39.2 than 28,849 of shrimp, valued at
Shrimp price from now to the percent of total seafood export US$293.307 million, up 6.8
end of the year will be unlikely value of the country. percent in volume and 18.9
reversed. In the near term, shrimp Japan, US and the EU were percent in value against the same
price will keep on increasing even three largest buyers, representing period of last year.
with the increased shrimp output of 70.6 percent of Viet Nams total Although the U.S. has
Thailand and other Asian countries shrimp export value. Export to imported more shrimp recently,
as well as Central and South Japan has maintained a rather high only few Vietnamese shrimp
America by the end of the year. growth rate since 2008 to now. In exporters with high stock of large-
Currently, many processors in the first eight months of 2010, sized shrimp could grasp this
shrimp producing countries do not export to this market amounted to opportunity. The others, who had
want to sign contracts in advance, more than 39,419MT, valued at only small and medium-sized
due to a fear of material shortage US$350.603 million, up more shrimp could not take advantage of
and rising price although many than 14 percent in volume and the trend. The recent shortage of
foreign importers make orders. 18.1 in value. It is forecasted there material in some provinces and
Therefore the inventory in some will be no sudden changes in competition of EU, Japan, some
importing markets is low. shrimp consumption of Japan and Asian markets, eastern Europe and
shrimp import will remain stable as Australia, etc. for shrimp also made
Viet Namss shrimp export in in the two previous years. In the the picture not as bright for Viet
Jan-Aug 2010 short term, by the end of Q3 and Nams shrimp export to the US as
Shrimp remained the most early Q4, importers from Japan it should be.
important seafood product of Viet will focus on buying in Noticeably, shrimp imports of


some countries in August slightly
decreased, i.e. 16.3 percent in
Australia and 15.5 percent in
ASEAN. However, Viet Nams
shrimp export this month was still
higher than in previous months.
Despite an overall stagnant
shrimp consumption in Europe,
shrimp export from Viet Nam to
this market still increased
significantly in the first eight
months, i.e. 13.2 percent in
volume and 20.8 percent in value
over the same period last year to
26,021MT and US$188.484
million. It is the fastest growth rate
in comparison with other exported
items of Viet Nam, except tuna.
The growth rate in August
alone was not as fast however, i.e.
only 3.3 percent in value. The
volume growth rate was even
dropped 4.2 percent in against the
same period last year.
For the individual markets,
South Korea was the third biggest
importer of Vietnamese shrimp,
after Japan and the U.S. in the first
eight months of the year. Shrimp
export to this market always grows
at over 10 percent in both volume
and value and hit more than
10,108MT and US$64.901 million
in this period. Shrimp export to
South Korea is predicted to keep
on increasing in the late months of
Year to date, shrimp export to material for Vietnamese shrimp worldwide will focus on
China and Hong Kong has processors in the last two years. purchasing shrimp in preparation
maintained a high growth rate, i.e. It is fair to say that China has for Noel and the New Year Eve
64 percent in volume (nearly become an important outlet for 2011. It will be a golden
10,942MT) and 58.8 percent in Vietnamese shrimp, especially opportunity for many exporters,
value (nearly US$64.901 million). when the global economy has not especially when significantly high
In the past, shrimp export to Hong been stabilized. shrimp output has been reported
Kong used to account for a larger Besides the above-mentioned in some farming areas in the
percentage than to China, major consuming markets, Viet Mekong Delta and the forecasted
however, the trend has been Nams shrimp exports to some high yield in some others, where
reversed in recent years. The fact other markets such as Australia, 3-month old shrimp are
that middlemen raked clean the Taiwan, Switzerland and Canada developing well.
pre-processed shrimp to sell cross- are increasing at remarkable rate.
border has become a pressing It is expected that many
problem, which led a shortage of importers and distributors


Markets & Exports

Thuan Phuoc Corp:

Seafood export left higher and
drier than last year By NGUYEN KHAI

Mr. Tran Van Linh, VASEP new Vice Chairman, Chairman and
CEO of Thuan Phuoc Seafoods and Trading Corporation
(Thuan Phuoc Corp) talked about the outlook of Viet Nams
seafood export in 2010 with VF reporter.

Mr. Tran Van Linh

Chairman and CEO of Thuan Phuoc Seafoods
and Trading Corporation

Mr. Tran Van Linh: Looking The rising US dollar and falling VF: But the oil price in Viet
from outside, our performance is euro, i.e. 30% in just 3 months Nam is dropping?
still better this year. So far, we have have stagnated EU market - the GD Tran Van Linh: Not so
reached US$12 million in revenue, biggest importer of Viet Nam steadily.
up 35% compared to the same seafood. Consumers have spent VF: For all that, you assume
period last year. most of their savings during the last that seafood export this year will
However, such growth does years economic downturn; and in continue to get high and dry?
not make us feel good. After all, this early stage of recovery, they GD Tran Van Linh: I believe
the goal of doing business is to do not have enough motivation to that the seafood industry will suffer
make profit, not as simple as accept any increase in the products more than last year. Export
increasing product quantity. It may despite the soaring cost of raw turnover may increase but it does
not be the ultimate aim but it is the material. not necessary mean the business
fruit of the culminated efforts of all VF: This is not to mention that performance will pick up
the workers and staff in the farming and fishing seasons this accordingly.
company and the motivation for year come later... VF: You said that those who
development. GD Tran Van Linh: Right. got out would seize many
Last year, the situation was Normally, many large contracts opportunities. How did Thuan
really bad but those who got out were signed during Vietfish Phuoc Corp get out?
could seize many opportunities in exhibition. However, this year, GD Tran Van Linh: Last year,
low shipping cost and cheap raw people are just brave enough to after having the Governments
materials. Now, everything is take up contracts of several stimulus package [which is used to
going up, from oil price to containers since they do not know subsidize the interest rate
packaging cost. Even shipping whether the oil and other input enterprises pay for their loans and
costs twice since last year. prices will increase or not. provide small businesses with


A value - added processing line at Thuan Phuoc Corp

credit], we started to negotiate with our clients and towards sustainable development; therefore, IUU
encouraged them to buy all the products in stock at fishing is now unacceptable. However, any regulations
discount. We therefore fetched enough money to settle need to have a right plan for implementation. We
our former debts, both the principal and its 20% interest should be prepared for these regulations three years ago,
rate. Then we got new loans with interest rate subsidy when FAO raised its voice on IUU fishing. However,
and thereby reduced the capital cost. we let the grass grow under our feet and now it is
We also sought cheaper raw materials and impossible for local fishers, enterprises and managers to
equipments. In addition, we took in the workers laid off immediately keep up with our EU counterparts.
by other companies who we did not have to offer However, we collected the raw materials from
higher salary. fishing boats of less than 90HP so it is not very difficult
Last year, we grew 20% in revenue and 150% in to keep the reports. Besides, the authorities in Da Nang
profit. The revenue may be higher this year but it will work quite effectively so we do not have much trouble
be hard to keep up the system. in getting the certification.
VF: How did the regulations on illegal, unreported
and unregulated (IUU) fishing affect Thuan Phuoc Corp? Compiled by Thanh Phuong
GD Tran Van Linh: The whole world is driving



Quang Ninh Seaprodex Co:

When seafood processing is
more diversified By NGUYEN KHAI

In situation of the raw material shortages, Quang

Ninh Seaproducts Import-Export Joint Stock
Company (Quang Ninh Seaprodex Co) has stepped
up delicate product processing and business

Mr. Do Quang Sang

Chairman and Director of Quang Ninh Seaprodex Co.


No more raw products IIf just resting on seafood business, a typical company in the
Most of the seafood companies North already has one food in the grave. They may survive but
in the North and Central of Viet never thrive,, said Mr. Do Quang Sang, Chairman and Director
Nam use fresh fish and shrimp for of Quang Ninh Seaprodex Co.
their processing lines. However
the supply of such raw materials
there is intermittent and unreliable
due to the weather changes. Wild
catch has declined constantly in
recent years while the growing
farmed shrimp production (mainly
vannamei) is still trivial. As a result,
processors are always on the
gridiron when harvest approaches.
Cold storage can be an option but
it much depends on the users
budget as well as the willingness of
supplier and capacity available.
In such pretext, Quang Ninh jobs. The consequent energy cost
Seaprodex Co has decided to and loan interest also need to be
change its strategy by shifting from considered, said Do Quang Sang,
fresh to frozen materials. In peak Chairman and CEO of Quang
season, it speeds up production of Ninh Seaprodex Co.
value-added products such as The company also has recently
breaded shrimp, shrimp nobashi; made some attempts to import raw
squid sushi, sugarta, rings, fillet, materials but at small quantities.
and dried squid. Besides it amasses To raise the import volume, the authority has not been able to
raw shrimp and squid and various company has to send staff to the come up with compensation and
inexpensive fishes, e.g. sardine, and country of origin and select good rehabilitation scheme. As a result,
put them in storage and save for a suppliers since the post-harvest the company is between a rock
rainy day. By doing so, it can handling skills there are generally and a hard place. It cannot
secure regular employment for inadequate. upgrade or the existing
about 300 workers and keep the production facilities in such
seafood export value at more or Going out for services situation. It is also impossible to
less US$6 million a year, mainly to business draw in cheap labour from the
Japan and China. The companys seafood countryside given such expensive
There is not much squid to business is not only vulnerable to living conditions in the city.
put away. Shrimp volume is not raw material shortage but also to If just resting on seafood
that bad but requires huge the impending relocation. Being business, a typical company in the
investment, i.e. tens of billion situated in the centre of Ha Long North already has one food in the
VND for several hundred tons in city, the company is supposed to grave. They may survive but never
order to be enough to maintain move out. However, the local thrive. As a result, they have to go
out for other opportunities. Quang
(QUANG NINH SEAPRODEX CO) exception. It also turns on other
35 Ben Tau Str., Ha Long City, Quang Ninh Province import-export activities,
Tel: 84 33 3825196/3825190 Fax: 84 33 3826683 restaurants, tourism and
Website: entertainment services, real estate
Seafood processing capacity: 3,000MT per year business, and asset leasing to
Quality assurance: HACCP develop, said Sang.
EU code: DL41
Main products: shrimp, cephalopods, marine fish, frozen, dried
Main markets: Japan, China, EU, Hongkong, US Compiled by T.P


Company Profiles

Seaprodex Da Nang focuses

on diversification

Seaprodex Da Nang is one of

seafood companies involved in
diversified business activities
from seafood processing and
exporting, aqua-feed
production to trading on
imported goods and
coldstorage services.

he company reported equipment for aquaculture. producers of marine, poultry,
annual import-export With more than 20 years of agricultural and other products.
value of US$70 million experience in trading imported The companys business
and revenue of more than materials, Seaprodex Da Nang has diversification aims at mutual
VND1,400 billion. Real activities proved to be a prestigious and supporting and taking advantage of
have shown that Seaprodex Da reliable supplier, retailer for both strength of each field to improve
Nang has succeeded in developing domestic and foreign partners and potentials, in which seafood
strengths of its traditional brand of customers. The companys main processing and exporting play an
Seaprodex. imported goods include paper, important role with increased
paper pulp, resin, steel, equipment investments.
Diversified production and and machines, and consumer
business goods, etc. Improved processing capacity
The company has installed Seaprodex Da Nang is running Seafood processing is the
most advanced equipment and two units namely Saigon longest-established field of the
technology line under strict Coldstorage Enterprise installed company and also the most
control system to produce aqua- with powerful coldstorage system dominating one.
feed with the capacity of in Ho Chi Minh City with the Seaprodex Da Nangs Tho
22,000MT per year, of which capacity of 2,500MT and Da Quang Factory has been known as
10,000MT of shrimp feed and Nang Trading Service of a reliable supplier of shrimp,
15,000MT of fish feed. Coldstorage with the capacity of cephalopods and fish in the central
Besides, Seaprodex Da Nang 1,500MT. The company is Viet Nam. The 5,000 sq.m factory
also provides services on therefore capable of providing has 2 processing workshops and 3
technologies, materials and freezing and preserving services to processing lines: one for shrimp,


one for value-added items and one Whiteleg and black tiger
for others. The plant equipped shrimp are mainly used to produce
with IQF conveyor, freezers and nobashi, sushi, whole, HOSO,
coldstorage has the capacity of PDTO, and breaded, etc.
2,500MT per year. Besides shrimp, Seaprodex Da
In 2008 Seaprodex Da Nang Nang also processes other products
invested in a new workshop for like cuttlefish, squid, octopus,
processing value-added products marine fish as well as ready-to-
and in a 800MT coldstorage. cook and ready-to-eat products.
At present value-added
Move attention to food safety products represent about 60-70
Along with investing in percent of seafood export volume,
facilities and processing quite high compared with that of
equipment, the company has other seafood companies in the
quality assurance systems like central and north of Viet Nam. to Europe increased to nearly 40
GMP, SSOP, HACCP and BRC percent. Within EU, Belgium and
in place. Potential risks are under Diversified markets the UK are the two largest
strict control in every stage from Seaprodex Da Nang seafood markets.
primary production to processing products are sold to most large Seaprodex Da Nang believed
and exporting to meet growing markets in Asia, Europe, America Viet Nam Japan Economic
requirements set by importing and Oceania. Partnership Agreement (VJEPA)
markets. Japan remains the largest which came into force since
Although many seafood destination of shrimp, cephalopods October 1, 2009 would open
importing countries, especially and marine fish, however, export more opportunities for the
Japan, have increasingly stringent value share to this market reduced companys shrimp exports to this
hygiene food safety tests on from 70 percent to 40 percent in market.
seafood imported, so far no 2008 and 2009, while export share In 2009 the company exported
shipments of Seaprodex Da Nang 2,902MT of finished products,
have been rejected and returned, valued at US$16.36 million, an
said Ms. Tran Nhu Thien My, increase of 23.3 percent compared
Deputy Director. with 2008. This was a very
promising result given ongoing
Diversified product range global economic recession.
Shrimp has been the traditional Despite difficulties and
key product of the company for challenges ahead concerning
years. Raw shrimp is sourced from market fluctuations and raw
central and central-southern material shortage, Seaprodex Da
provinces such as Quang Ngai and Nang is determined to pursue its
Quang Nam. In recent years set development and expansion
whiteleg shrimp has been targets. Under its direction, by
successfully farmed in sandy land in 2015 Seaprodex Da Nang will be a
these provinces, creating constant leading seafood group with vertical
supplies of high-quality raw integration of aquaculture,
shrimp for the company. processing and trading, in addition
to trading on coldstorage services.
(SEAPRODEX DA NANG) turning point to Seaprodex Da
261-263 Phan Chu Trinh Str., Da nang City, Viet Nam Nang, which creating driving
Tel: (84.511) 826870; Fax: (84.511) 823769
Email: forces for the company to develop
Website: labour force as well as further
Seafood processing capacity: 2,500MT per year improve quality, business efficiency,
Labour force: 750 workers and competitiveness.
Quality assurance: ISO9001:2000, HACCP, GMP, BRC,
EU code: DL10, DL190
Main products: Whiteleg and black tiger shrimp, cephalopods, value-added,... Compiled by Huu Thanh
Main markets: Japan, the U.S., Australia, Asian countries, ...


Company Profiles

Anvifish & breaded

Pangasius fillet


The various breaded Pangasius fillet products that Anvifish
Joint Stock Company (Anvifish) showcased during Vietfish
2010 had caught eye of many clients. VF reporter interviewed
Mr. Luu Quach Hoang Vuong (Vincent Vuong Luu VVL),
Anvifish General Director Assistant on the product

A Pangasius on display at Anvifish stand Anvifish Luu Bach Thao (center) and Vincent Vuong Luu (second from left)
in Vietfish 2010

VF: What do you think will be Such efforts have enabled VVL: Pangasius fillet has been a
the prospect for value-added Anvifish to sustain the 50% annual phenomenal appearance in the
products such as breaded export growth rate for several world market. Its white meat is
Pangasius? consecutive years. Last year, the tasty, nutritious, safe and
VVL: We have recognized company exported 22,000MT affordable. Being further processed
since our early days that Pangasius worth of US$62 million. This and with value addition, e.g.
is the best gift that the Mekong year, we expect this figure will rise breaded, the succulence of
River has bestowed on us and we to US$80 million. Pangasius fillet would increase by
made it our mission to unleash its In addition to traditional manifold and suit the taste of
full potential through adopting products, we have come up with a consumers in every market,
highest farming and processing number of value-added products including the domestic one.
standards. such as Pangasius skewers; salmon Breaded Pangasius can be
Keeping such thought in mind, and capsicum; Pangasius rolls; and affordable for both the rich and the
we have run our 40ha farming area breaded Pangasius to make best poor depending on how it is
in Vinh Binh and Kien An in use of the raw materials. We prepared. Such convenient and
compliance with Global G.A.P believe that value-added products handy products are driving the
standards. Before that, our farm in have a very bright outlook and development of the food industry.
Vinh Binh had been Blue Planet unlimited potential. By producing VF: How much did Avifish
certified. such products, we have brought a invest in the Pangasius breading
All our factories also operate to new value to Pangasius, something line and what is the marketing
the highest standards on food safety that is far better than an ordinary outlet?
and quality management such as fillet. VVL: Anvifish spent over
ISO, HACCP, HALAL, SQF, VF: Which markets and clients US$1 million to acquire this state-
BRC, and IFS, etc. do these products target? of-art breading line, which can fry


Company Profiles
the products roughly or deeply
depending on the clients
requirements. Being completely
automatic, the line greatly reduces
the errors caused by manual work
while boosting the food safety. In
fact, mechanization is also an
urgent need now given the
inextricable shortage of labour in
processing factories all over the
Though the line has been put
into operation not so long ago, we
have received lots of orders. So far,
there is no problem concerning
the product outlet.
VF: What do you comment on
the raw material utilization of these
products compared to the fillet?
VVL: The processing line is
operating at its full capacity and the
material utilization is very good.
However, we need more time to
evaluate exactly.
Breaded Pangasius and other
value-added products are fillets in
origin. So we pay much attention
to quality of raw materials and the
production process. We also work
closely with additives suppliers to
ensure the safety of such input and
food traceability.
VF: Do you have anything to
share in the production and
marketing of value-added
VVL: Diversification of
Pangasius products help to
promote the raw material profitability. On the other hand, it existing products of the same
utilization, thereby raising the enables us to expand the markets, category. With so many benefits, I
collecting price for farmers while eliminate trade barriers and relieve think we chose right strategy for
maintaining the companys competition pressure on the product development.
The Government should also
encourages processing companies
to diversify their products by
National Road 91, Thanh An Village, My Thoi Ward, Long Xuyen City, An
Giang Province facilitating access to credit,
Tel: (84 - 76) 932545 Fax: (84 - 76) 932554 simplifying import - export
Website: procedures, reducing import duty
Seafood processing capacity: 200MT of end-product per day on raw materials and additives
Quality assurance: ISO 22000:2005; ISO 17025:2005; HALAL; SBRC; IFS;; upon the trial production.
EU Code: DL 359; DL 75 VF: Thank you.
Main Products: Basa, Pangasius: Fillet, Fillet Portion, Whole Gutted
Main markets: EU, South Korea, China, The U.S, Canada, Russia, Switzerland
Compiled by Thanh Phuong


Industry News
GODACO: Acquires an
aquafeed processing plant
Godaco reported that it has
purchased 100 percents of equities
of Hiep Thanh V JSC, an aquafeed
processing plant with charter capital
of VND40 billion (app. US$ 20
mil). Currently, the transfer of the
plant's ownership is underway. It is
scheduled to start operation in
September 2010.
The aqua feed plant will have an
initial investment of VND39 billion
and a total asset of VND44 billion.

Earns US$35.5 mln in revenue in Jan - Aug
In August, Fimex bought the largest volume of
material and processed 1,308MT of end-products
thanks to a bumper shrimp harvest in Soc Trang
province. At the same time, the company sold
774MT of shrimp and 85MT of agro products.
Its sales in August amounted to US$9.9 million,
bringing the total amount in the period of Jan-Aug
2010 to US$35.5 million, up 114.6 percent over the
same period last year. Currently, Fimex VN has in
hands sale contracts to the end of the year. It is
striving to amass raw materials when the shrimp
supply is still high.

6h farming area meets Global GAP standard
On July 30, 2010, Docifishs 6ha-farming area
named Docifarm was certified as meeting Global GAP
"Docifish received Global GAP certificate after
almost two years of farming Pangasius in accordance to
this stringent standard, with the consultation and
assistance from reliant customers," Mr.Tran Huy Hien,
Docifish Deputy Director, said.
A client of Docifish already offered to purchase the
annual 2,000MT of fish harvested from this farm, added
Hien. It will be a good start for Docifish to enlarge the
clean farming area even to the contracted farming
households. The company also aims for ASC standard, a
more stringent one.
It is expected that in 2011, at least two farming areas
of Docifish and one of the contracted farming
household, equal to 50 percent of the company's
farming areas will be Global GAP and ASC certified.


Industry News

NGOPREXCO: First phase of the

processing plant construction completed
In late 2009, the processing plant of Ngoprexco has been
constructed in Tac Cau Fishing Port, Kien Giang province. Its
designed capacity is 4,000MT of finished product per year with
the investment of VND60 billion.
Its first phase has been completed recently and the plant is
scheduled to start operation by the end of 2010.
Currently, the company concentrates on exporting squid,
swimming crab, marine fish, freshwater fish to EU and Japan.
The product diversifying adequate material supply has enableed
Ngoprexco to expand its plant to meet customers' demand.

CARGILL: Donating VND1 Bln to build a kindergarten in Dai Tam commune

On August 17, 2010, Cargill Viet Nam in colaboration with the Department of Education and Training in
My Xuyen District, Soc Trang Province, held the opening ceremony of the 2/9 Kindergarten in Dai Tam
The Kindergarten built from Cargill Cares Fund donated by Cargill Viet Nam has four national standard
classrooms for 120 children, teacher offices, fence, and toilets.
"The Kindergarten built by Cargill will be a great news for local people as all the preschoolers now have a
nursery school to go to", said Ly So Rieng, Chairman of Dai Tam People's Committee.
Cargill operates in 70 countries worldwide with commitment to improve living standard of the communities
it has business in, said Mr. Chanh Truong, Cargill chief of representative in Viet Nam.


Record shrimp export in July 2010 Two farming areas to be certified by GlobalG.A.P
Shrimp export by Minh Phu Seafood Hung Vuong Corp
Corp reached the record high volume since its has invested to develop
establishment, said the Corp. Deputy Director a Pangasius farming area
General. of 250ha in Ben Tre,
In the first six months of 2010, Minh Phu Tien Giang, An Giang,
exported more than 7,600MT of shrimp, Dong Thap, Can Tho
valued at US$79 million, up 38.36 percent in and Vinh Long
volume and 35.41 percent in value over the Provinces
same period of 2009. The U.S. was the largest This investment is
importer, accounting for 48.4 percent of the made to secure
total export value, followed by Japan, South sufficient raw material
Korea, and EU. supply for export
In order to stabilize raw material supply, processing, said
the Corp. has established the Minh Phu Chairman and General
Organic Shrimp Farming Co., Ltd with a Director Duong Ngoc Minh.
charter capital of VND20 billion. In the Recently, its 10ha-farming area in Tien Giang Province is
beginning, the new company will farm ready to be granted GlobalG.A.P certificate. In October, the
environment friendly and sustainable shrimp second and third farming areas - 60ha in total - will also be
on 318ha. certified.
Recently, in the final result of the 4th In the first eight month of 2010, Hung Vuong Corp was
administrative review by US DOC over anti- the second largest Pangasius exporters of Viet Nam. Its export
dumping of imported Vietnamese frozen volume reached 31,033 tons 28,025MT valued at
shrimp in the period from February 01, 2008 approximately VND62 million.
to January 31, 2009, Minh Phu is imposed an With stable raw material supply and GlobalGAP
import rate of 2.96 percent, lower than 3.27 certification, Hung Vuong has advantages to boost exports to
percent as in the preliminary review. EU, the U.S. and Eastern Europe.


Utxi Aquatic Products Processing Corporation


Provincial Road No. 8, Tai Van Village, My Xuyen District, Soc Trang Province
Tel: (+84 79) 3852 953; Fax: (+84 79) 3852 952
E-mail:; website:

Vietnamese seafood
enterprise eyes Halal market By THANH PHUONG

For the first time, Cau Tre Export Products Processing Joint Stock Company (CTE JSCO)
brought its unique value-added agro-fisheries products to the 11th Malaysia International Food
and Beverage Trade Fair (MIFB 2010) on July 22-24, 2010 in a hope to take one step closer to
this great untapped Muslim market.

A value-added processing line at CTE

IFB is one of the most share in this Muslim community. spreading over Japan, EU, US,
important events of the After several market South America, Australia, Canada,
Halal food and exploration trips, CTE JSCO UAE etc. However, there are still
beverage industry in the world in decided to showcase its unique huge opportunities in ASEAN
general, and in Malaysia in Vietnamese products during MIFB markets. They are geographically
particular. Many food and and joined the Cooking Show a closer to us and quite similar in
beverage companies all over the striking event running along the culture and tastes. So we decide to
world gathered here to find new exhibition. delve into these markets, said
partners and enlarge their market We have shipped our products Tran Cung Bich Ngan, CTE,


CTEs chefs demonstrating the cooking of vegetable net rolls at MIFB

Visitors swarmed in CTEs booth

Deputy Chief of the Planning and country as a springboard to the We received a lot of potential
Investment Division. region, she added. clients, who approached us and
The growing Muslim In all, CTEs 20 products and asked about our products.
community in these markets will more were both available for view However, this time we just want
be our starting point. We had and taste during the three-day- to make the locals get familiar with
done market research in Brunei, exhibition. Such way of product our products. Therefore, signing
Philippines, and Singapore and presenting has fascinated a great contracts was not the priority, said
finally chose Malaysia, the number of visitors, who swarmed a companys staff.
populous Muslim majority at the standard booth of CTE. During the Cooking Show,


Business Feature

Some products at display during MIFB

Ms. Duong Thi Khoa, the Some Malaysian and Chinese strong market for these products
companys Chief of R&D Division clients have contacted us after both at home and abroad. The
and an award-winning chef took MIFB and we are preparing to sign company has received a number of
the stage with the local ones to contract Ngan said, noting the national awards for its products
demonstrate the cooking of various company is changing products quality and famous brand
traditional dishes such as vegetable recipes a little bit to make them name.
net rolls, stuffed crab, shrimp more appealing to Muslim Some other Vietnamese
glutinous rice, fish cake, rice consumers. companies also participated in
pancake, curry spring roll, sweet CTE JSCO is one of the few MIFB 2010 but CTE was the
soup, etc. Visitors were invited to companies in Viet Nam that only Vietnamese agro-fisheries
take part in the preparation of the combine both agriculture and company to display its product
dishes and having a bite after the seafood raw materials in value- there.
food was finished. added production chain and have a


Pangasius swimming out of
troubled water By H.T


Business Feature
Growing export Pangasius exports started to pick up in most of the foreign
In the first eight months of markets, said a leader of the Directorate of Fisheries (DOF),
2010, the Pangasius industry citing the year-on-year growth of 8.23% in value in the first half
moved progressively towards
quality. Most of farmers and of 2010 to over US$650 million. However, the industry still
processors considered product struggles with the soaring cost of input raw materials, unstable
quality their the first priority. As a
result, many processors invested in
markets and low price of end-products.
their own farming area to secure
high-quality raw material supply in
addition to the existing linkages
with farmers.
Provincial authorities reported
3.600ha in total Pangasius stocking
area up to June 2010 (60% of the
planned), including 1,300ha in
Dong Thap Province and 1,000h
ha in An Giang Province. Given
the harvested volume and the
current stocking area, it is expected
that the Pangasius production in
2010 will hit 1.3 million tons.
Pangasius exports have
experienced a sharp increase in
some non-tradition markets such
since early this year. Saudi Arabia is
the fastest growing market, up
30.9% year on year to US$28
million, followed by Australia
(+28.7% to US$27.5 million); the
Phillippines (+27.1% to US$9.164
million) and the US (+16.7% to
US$97.135). However, most of
the key European countries saw a
decline of 7.8%-16.7%.
Such performance was
attributed to the timely supports
that governmental authorities
provided to VASEP and seafood
enterprises in organizing trade
promotion activities during the
international exhibitions in Dubai
(Arab), Boston (US), Brussels (EU)
and Mexico, said Prof. Dr.
Nguyen Huu Dung, VASEP
Standing Vice Chairman.
However, the poor links along
the value chain as well as those
between farmers and processors
themselves remain the biggest
unsolved issue in Pangasius
production and marketing.


Also, most enterprises Le Phuong, Deputy Minister of the proposals on regulating the
concentrated on building their Agriculture and Rural feed market and creating a price
own brands and markets while Development (MARD). stabilization fund for this product
forgetting about a broader and MARD should immediately for the righteous benefits of the
more country-scale brand for promulgate a regulation on the farmers.
Pangasius. Some scrambled for Pangasius farming conditions and It is needed to replace the
export markets by reducing the its relevant technical criteria and current stocks in local hatcheries
price and increasing the glazing. standards. It should also provide with the high quality ones.
Such moves have significantly guidance on numbering the Particularly, for the period
damaged the product quality and farming areas. between 2011 and 2015, the
the consumers confidence. In August, DOF established farmers will be subsidized 20% of
working groups in the farming the juveniles stocked once
In need of comprehensive provinces to supervise the rearing annually. The quality of the
solutions conditions and food safety juveniles must be properly
The Pangasius farming assurance. These groups also help certified.
development plans should be to promote the application of The Government is proposed
reviewed and spelled out in more international standards such as by VASEP to creat a price
details at provincial, district and GAP, CoC, and SQF, etc. and stabilization fund for Pangasius
communal levels. They are then step up the numbering of raw materials based on the
the basis for selecting priority Pangasius farms for traceability export levy.
infrastructure development purpose.
projects in 2011, said Mr. Luong DOF also submitted to the PM Compiled by T.P


Business Feature

Robust action V
iet Nam is about to take official action against
foreign misinformation about one of its billion-
dollar export items.

to defend
The local seafood sector is regularly called on to
defend its products "We have submitted a proposal to
the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development

(MARD), which will then combine with relevant
ministries and agencies to send official proposals to
Brazil's Ministry of Agriculture and relevant agencies
asking them to correct misinformation about

Vietnamese Pangasius fish," said a representative from
MARD's Department of Processing and Trade for
Agro-forestry - Fisheries Products and Salt Production.
"The Brazilian side has made incorrect information
about Viet Nam's Pangasius fish," said Departments
Director Le Xuan.


tra fish from being imported into point standards and other
Brazil to protect its fishery screening processes by local quality
industry. assurance agencies, VASEP said.
Brazil is not a big Pangasius It is not the first time
importer of Viet Nam, but it is a misinformation about Viet Nam's
gateway for the fish to go to many Pangasius fish has been
other South American markets. In disseminated. Since 2007, many of
this year's first half, Brazil imported Vietnam's foreign seafood
over 5,800 tonnes of Pangasius fish importing markets made
from Viet Nam, worth $11.9 inaccurate claims about the fish to
million. protect their domestic fisheries
"There are some problems production.
with Viet Nam's tra fish exports to For example, between 2007
Brazil. We are studying the and now, in Egypt, Italy, France,
situation [of the Brazilian move] Belgium, the United States,
and then will issue feasible Germany, Spain, Ukraine and
measures," said Dr.Nguyen Nhu Russia spread misinformation
Tiep, head of MARD's National about the quality of Viet Nam's
Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Quality Pangasius fish, which occupy 32
In mid-August, Brazil's Assurance Department per cent of the fisheries industry's
Ministry of Fisheries asked the (NAFIQAD). total export turnover. However,
country's Agriculture Ministry to According to Viet Nam these markets resumed imports
put made-in-Viet Nam Pangasius Association of Seafood Exporters after good farming methods and
fish into Brazil's Importation and Producers (VASEP), Pangasius quality assurance was proved by
Threat Analysis programme, in is raised in farms that meet the Vietnamese side.
which the fish would be international standards like In 2010's first seven months,
temporarily banned. This was SQF1000 and Good Aquaculture Viet Nam exported 362,000
because the fish was said to be Practice (GAP). Viet Nam now tonnes of Pangasius fish with a
farmed in unsafe environment and exports its Pangasius fish to over turnover of $776.8 million. In
not met strict food hygiene and 130 countries and territories. 2009, the country's export
safety standards. Moreover, all the country's turnover of the fish was $1.34
Prior to that, Brazil's National Pangasius fish shipments had for billion.
Council for Fisheries and years been put under supervision
Aquaculture asked the country's in line with the international VN Investment
government to curb Vietnamese hazard analysis and critical control



SPF black tiger shrimp

domesticated in Viet Nam By NGUYEN KHAI

The success of the Research Institute for

Aquaculture No. 2 (RIA 2) in P.monodon
stock domestication has been a milestone
in the development of Viet Nam
aquaculture industry. It would greatly
reduce the reliance on wild shrimp stocks
in the coming time. VF reporter
interviewed MSc. Trinh Trung Phi,
Director of National Breeding Center for
Southern Marine Aquaculture
(NABRECSOMA) on this great
achievement. MSc. Trinh Trung Phi

MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: We have attempted MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: Possibly because we take better care.
to artificially close black tiger shrimp life cycle We even work during the weekend when people are supposed
without success since 1998. However, after to take a break.
adopting the sand-based recirculation system VF: Can you briefly describe this recirculation system?
designed by CSIRO and paying more MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: This system is based on the model of
attention to the nutrition, particularly the semi- Australian colleagues. We learn from them when participating in
moist diets, it took us just one year from 2007 the SIPPO program. It consists of a coral stone substrate and a
to make it. layer of alternate slotted and unslotted pipes on the bottom of the
Still, domesticated shrimp mature at 110- tank. Near the surface are a pusher standpipe and a puller
120g. in weigh while the wild stock has to be standpipe. Together, these installations circulate aerated water in
at least 180-200g. That means the maturation the tank and create a wild-like ecosystem. Not only shrimp, but
and productive performance of domesticated even fish can give amazing results when being tamed in such
shrimp is lower. Moreover, since the stock environment, I should say.
number was small in a study scale, there were VF: What do you say about the stock commercialization
some indications of inbreeding within the F2 prospect?
[second domesticated generation] and F3. MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: We have placed 22 families [3,000-
We therefore decided to do it all over again. 3,500 individuals] in the NABRECSOMAs section A in Vung
We have submitted our proposals on Tau City, where we will rear them to create different lines.
improving the reproductive performance of Annually, we will select and cross breed the well-performed lines
domesticated black tiger stocks to the to avoid in-breeding. At the same time, we will put in more
Government. families.
Anyway, we must say that out study still has VF: From wild sources?
a better result than those reported in Australia - MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: Right. We put in stocks from two
the leading researcher in this field. lines, one in the Central and one in the South of Viet Nam.
VF: Why so? Usually, if we take just a few families to domesticate and then


continue to pick from them, in- months of rearing, the size that for our stocks in the future.
breeding will soon happen in the takes us more than 4 months to VF: In your opinion, why the
F2 or F3. As a result, it is necessary achieve. Undoubtedly, shrimp PL of Thai domesticated stocks
to keep cross breeding between domestication needs to be grow faster than ours?
different lines of black tiger accelerated if we want the shrimp MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: That is
shrimp. We already have a industry to further develop and what we hear. We have not seen
breeding map to bring the depend less on wild breeders. how they rear them. If the density
breeding under control. Besides, VF: This approach is is low, our PL can attain the same
we are trying to adopt the genetic completely based on market size in three months.
engineering to eliminate the demand, right? To be fair, however, Thai CP
possibility that people produce MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: As you has gone ahead of us in this
stocks from our commercial can see, when both Viet Nam and research and they are serious in
postlarvae, which may Thailand stepped up black tiger what they do when strictly
immediately lead to in-breeding. production, there was harsh following the stock selection
VF: But with only 22 families, competition for stock supply. Price procedure of the Oceanic Institute
it is just study scale, isnt it? of a stock soared to VND10 of Hawaii (US). This is a matter of
MSc. Trinh Trung Phi: Right. million in the peak time. But it profitability so they are willing to
But as soon as we complete the presently stays at just VND3-4 pay for research and keep the
project on improving the million as Thailand has moved to results only for themselves.
reproductive performance of vannamei. Their recent comeback VF: What do RIA 2
domesticated stocks, we will be is partly attributed to the fact that researchers need to step up the
able to develop a procedure for they are able to artificially produce project progress, e.g. money, time,
mass production. The PL demand P.monodon breeders. human resources or facilities?
in Viet Nam stands at about 30 VF: What is the quality of M S c . T r in h T r u n g P h i :
billion annually, I might say. RIA 2 domesticated shrimp Honestly, the Governments
Supposing that each domesticated compared to that of MOANA [a budget for scientific research is not
couple produces 400,000-600,000 US-based supplier of black tiger small. What discourages the
PL per year, 60,000 couples would stocks]? scientists the way the budget is
be enough for the whole country. M S c. T r in h T r u n g P h i: managed.
The volume is within our reach if MOANA has eyed on black tiger The insufficient and inadequate
there is a proper roadmap for research before RIA 2. Some human resource is another
research and application. It is also a farmers said their PL grew very problem that cannot be fixed
solution to relieving fishing fast. But they also commended the immediately. Though we are
pressure on wild shrimp stocks as progeny of our domesticated encouraged to step up the project
well as the amount of imported stocks. To have a concrete answer, but you know that scientific
ones, whose quality we are not we need to wait for a while. research will not possible without
likely to be able to keep under However, we do look forward qualified and committed scientists.
control. to seeing many companies like that The infrastructure in our
On the other hand, we are in Viet Nam so that farmers have country is also not good enough
squandering lots of PL due to their more chances to get high-quality for SPF shrimp domestication. In
bad quality inherited from the stocks at competitive price and other countries, they have separate
non-SPF stocks. If we can produce good services. RIA 2 alone can area for each project. In Viet Nam,
SPF shrimp, the demand will be not meet all the demand, anyway. we do both shrimp and fish
certainly not that much. At least, for the time being, projects in the same place. In such
We will soon take a step RIA 2 will try to realize this case, it is extremely difficult to
forward and select stocks by project and commercialize the create disease free stock. We once
growth trait. Thailand is ahead of domesticated stocks in the shortest had to cast a batch of infected
Viet Nam in this aspect. They of time. It has been granted shrimp after making lots of efforts
have done so since 2004 and by VND107 billion to build section B to create them.
2008, they came up with the on an area of 30 ha in Phuoc Hai VF: Thank you.
stocks whose progeny reach 23 (Vung Tau city). This site may
individuals per kilogram after just 3 become the domestication centre Compiled by Thanh Phuong



seed quality in Viet Nam By BEN BELTON, DAVID C LITTLE

Part 1: User and producer perception on broodstock and hatchery production

Variability in seed quality was funded research project production in Viet Nam. The
linked as much to user implemented in 2008-2010 by projects goals were to investigate
perception as to technical or Can Tho University (Viet Nam) the status of catfish seed quality in
environmental conditions. and the University of Stirling, UK, the Mekong Delta and to identify
This article details some of the titled Promoting sustainable high any emerging problems with seed
findings of a British Council quality river catfish seed quality which might impact the
industrys development in future.
To this end a survey of
hatcheries, nurseries and grow-out
farms in the three main catfish
production provinces was
conducted in order to determine
user perceptions of seed quality
and to identify practices which
might effect them (Table 1).
The first part of the article deals
with practices in the hatchery
sector, whilst the second part in
the next issue will address
perceptions in nurseries and grow-
out farms.

The hatchery sector

The Vietnamese Pangasius
hatchery sector became established
at the end of the 1990s as a result
of successful research effort.
Following that, farmers were no
Stripping eggs longer so dependent on the limited
stocks of wild juveniles from the
Table 1: Fieldwork locations with types of operation Mekong River. Prior to this,
several communes on the upper
Hau and Tien branches of the
Mekong, close to the Cambodian
border, have a long history of
nursing wild seed. These
experienced nursery operators
became the first hatchery owners


and most Pangasius hatcheries are
still to be found in these same few
communes today.

Sourcing broodstock
Hatchery operators practice a
very diverse set of strategies for
sourcing broodstock, based on a
variety of belief, opportunities, and
constraints. These include:
- Perception of the relative
productivity of wild and artificially
propagated broodstock.
- Attempts to maintain genetic
diversity by sourcing broodstock
from a number of locations.
- Local availability of
broodstock which varies from
place to place.
Figure 1 shows all the sources
of broodstock reported by
interviewees. Around half of those
interviewed obtained broodstock
from more than one source.
However, the relative amounts of
broodstock from each source used
varied from hatchery to hatchery.
The most common source of
broodstock was extensive grow-
out ponds culturing marketable
fish for local markets and for
subsistence purposes. Interviewees
claimed that in most cases these
systems are stocked with wild
caught seed and some hatchery
owners choosing broodstock from
this source saw this as an important
fish grow very rapidly, become portion of broodstock continues to
Equally or more important
ready for spawning in just a few come direct from wild capture
however, fish stocked in these
months and are therefore a very fisheries. Many hatcheries seed to
systems receive minimal
cost effective option. obtain wild broodstock in order to
supplemented feed, leading to
Broodstock from intensive, diversify the genetic makeup of
slow growth. All of those
export-led grow-out ponds are their stocks. Finally, fry produced
interviewed who used broodstock
much more readily available. The in hatcheries can be kept and
from extensive ponds purchased
market size is around 1kg and grown for use as broodstock. This
sexually mature fish of three years
rarely more than 12 months old. approach has the advantage of
old or more and weighing only
This means that they require time allowing hatchery operators to
to mature and feed costs to select for favourable characteristics
During conditions when they
condition fish prior to spawning is such as rapid growth from a very
were fed a high protein diet, these
high. In general, a significant large pool of individuals by


keeping only those which perform
best, but requires long term
planning and considerable

If sources of broodstock are
broken down by location, some
interesting patterns in broodstock
use preferences emerged (Figure
2). Only two hatcheries were
visited in Can Tho (reflecting the
small number of hatcheries located
in the province) and both of these
were part of large integrated
commercial growout farms. These
hatcheries therefore, had a large
pool of fish close at hand to use as
broodstock. None of the
hatcheries visited in Tan Chau
district of An Giang used
broodstock from export oriented
grow-out ponds. Every Hatchery owners also said that locations and sources.
interviewee there claimed to use at broodstock of farm origin produce In Tan Chau district in An
least some broodstock of wild up to 30% more eggs than wild Giang province there are far less
origin. Most of these hatchery broodstock, the eggs have higher hatcheries than in Hong Ngu
operators obtained from local hatching rates and the seed district and the traditional practice
extensive grow-out ponds, said to produced grow faster. of harvesting and stocking wild
be stocked with fry harvested from A number of historical factors seed in extensive grow-out ponds
the Tien branch of the Mekong may help to explain these has continued despite the
River. differences. The hatcheries visited government ban in 2000 on using
Hatchery operators in Tan in Can Tho were recently wild seed. Interviewees were quite
Chau district displayed a strong established with the purpose of open about this and the practice is
preference for broodstock of wild providing fry for the large grow- still common, although on a small
origin because they felt that they out farms to which they are linked. scale.
had a better shape and produced These farms provide an immediate Interestingly, the state-run An
more eggs during spawning and source of broodstock. In Hong Giang Afiex Co (AFIEX) hatchery
that the survival of the seed was Ngu district, there are a very large in Long Xuyen uses both fish of
better. In sharp contrast, on the number of hatcheries located very wild origin and their offspring as
island district of Hong Ngu in close together. This competition broodstock and reports that there
Dong Thap province, which has means that it is necessary to select is no difference in their
the largest concentration of broodstock from a large variety of performance because the
hatcheries in the Delta, there was locations and sources, and also environment conditions in which
far greater variety in sources of explains the large diversity in the they are raised and the nutrition
broodstock used and hatcheries sources of broodstock used. they receive is exactly the same.
strongly favoured broodstock fish Hatchery operators are also aware Many interviewees also recognized
of artificially propagated origin on of the potential for inbreeding the importance of feed in
the basis that they found artificially when using artificially propagated determining broodstock and egg
propagated broodstock easier to seed so most actively look for quality and felt that the feed quality
spawn than those of wild origin. broodstock from a variety of and broodstock management had


particularly fecund they will be in
retained for much longer, whilst
poorer fish will be discarded more
quickly. Many hatcheries give
broodstock individual
identification marks and maintain
detailed records to facilitate
management decisions. Several
hatcheries reported that they
spawn fish up to six or more times
in a year if demand for larvae is
Some hatcheries reported that
hatching rates vary by around 20%
seasonally, with lowest rates during
the late rainy season and cold
season. Others reported no
variation in hatching rates
throughout the year. Similarly,
some hatchery operators reported
getting big improvements in
Hatching fertilised eggs hatching rates since starting their
improved over the years since they relate as much to localized cultural operations because their
started their operations. preferences as to any substantive techniques had improved, whilst
This seems to suggest that there differences in performance others reported no change at all.
may actually be little substantive between wild and artificially Egg productivity is lowest during
difference in the performance of propagated broodstock. the months from October to
wild and artificially propagated December, falling to 5% of body
broodstock, provided good Broodstock management weight or less. This causes many
broodstock management practices Other hatchery management smaller hatcheries to cease
are put in place. Improvements in practices vary considerably too. production at this time and causes
egg productivity such as those One hatchery (owned by AFIEX) a large jump in the price of larvae.
reported in Hong Ngu district may maintained male and female brood The market value of table sized
therefore reflect general at a ratio of 1:1, while some private catfish is the most important
improvements in management hatcheries condition only one overall factor affecting hatchery
rather than the results of moving male fish for every nine females. output. A good farm gate price
from use of wild broodstock to use Most hatcheries fall somewhere in allows grow-out farmers to sell
of artificially propagated the middle. These choices reflect a quickly and farmers then quickly
broodstock. However, while the tradeoff between trying to restock with nursery seed. It
inhabitants of Hong Ngu district maximize genetic variation and follows that nurseries also require
strongly identify with artificial minimize feed costs. The number new larvae for restocking.
propagation because of its of times each fish is spawned in a Hatcheries adjust their production
importance to the community, in year and the total period of time accordingly in line with this
Tan Chau district, where there are over which each fish is used for demand.
(Aqua Culture Asia Pacific Magazine,
far fewer hatcheries, the traditional spawning is also variable.
March/April 2010)
capture of small quantities of wild Most hatcheries say they
fish for stocking and on-growing usually use broodstock weighing
continues. The perceptions between 3 and 7kg, and spawn
expressed by hatchery owners in each female 2-3 times a year over
these two locations may therefore a 3-year period. If certain fish are



Successful field trial

of the first
Pangasius vaccine

Vo Thanh Tung
Pharmaq AS in Viet Nam

group of scientists from
Can Tho University,
Stirling University
(Scotland), Bayer Viet Nam and
Pharmaq (Norway) has recently
made a breakthrough in the
Pangasius farming industry as they
introduced an oil-based vaccine
against Bacillary Necrosis - the
most common disease in this

The number of technical
barriers against Viet Nams seafood
trade in general and Pangasius in
particular has been on a rise,
especially the increasingly stringent
requirements on
antibiotic/chemical residue. As a
Fig.1: Healthy juveniles ready for the vaccine trial
result, there is an urgent demand
for prophylactic measures against
diseases, which help to reduce In 2007, they identified the management technology was
antibiotic use while improving the antigenic properties of established in Hong My hatchery
working environment for primary Edwardsiella ictaluri, the (Hong Ngu District, Dong Thap
producers. Given such demand, a aetilogical agent of BNP based on Province). The lab is later used to
project to produce vaccine against hundreds of bacterial strains conduct various experiments,
Bacillary Necrosis in Pangasius isolated from infected Pangasius which create an important basis for
(BNP) has been underway since samples collected for 3 consecutive the Pangasius vaccine
2006. farming seasons in Vinh Long, development and trial.
From their 25-year experience Dong Thap, An Giang, and Can From 2007 to 2009, dozens of
on vaccine development for Tho provinces. experiments were carried out
salmon in Norway, the scientists At the same time, a strictly concurrently in the Department of
have quickly addressed many controlled lab with accumulative Fisheries (Can Tho University),
fundamental problems in the juvenile growth-out expertise of Stirling University, and
Pangasius vaccine production Viet Nams farmers and PHARMAQ AS Viet Nams
technology. Norwegian advanced fisheries lab in order to test and


develop safe adjuvant substances.
Such substances will promote the
quick abortion of E.ictaluri
antigens and maintain their
potency for an extended time to
provoke antibody production in
the fish. With good adjuvant
substances, the newly-developed
vaccine can protect the fish
throughout the farming period
after a single injection.
By the end of 2008, one of
dozens of different vaccine formula
was selected for a large-scale
production in a factory of
PHARMAQ AS in Overhala
(Norway). The newly produced
vaccine, ALPHA JECT Panga 1 Fig.2: In vitro vaccine injection
by name, then underwent a wide-
spread trial. Table 1: Preparations for efficacy experiments
Trial injection Injection method Number of Blood samples Number of individuals

Experiments on the safety

substances individuals during the and replicate tanks during
treatments the infection period
and efficacy of ALPHA JECT ALPHA JECT Panga 1 Injected into 440 10 50 individuals/tank x 2
Panga 1 abdominal cavity tanks
The experiment was at the dose of

conducted from January to July 0.05ml/individual

2009 in the Dong Thap-based lab NaCl 0.85% Injected into 440 10 50 individuals/tank x 2
of PHARMAQ with the support abdominal cavity tanks
of the Department of Fisheries at the dose of
(Can Tho University). 0.05ml/individual
Efficacy experiments
Over 880 healthy juveniles at control died using the following
average body weight of 141gr. formula:
were used to test the efficacy of RPS60 = (1 - % cumulated
ALPHA JECT Panga 1 under mortality of vaccine group/ 60) * 100
controlled lab conditions at stable Specific antibody titre
temperature of 272oC. (Robertson 1990) was
Evaluation criteria include (1) calculated on 10 fish samples per
Relative Percentage Survival group, which were randomly
(RPS), (2) specific antibody titre of selected right before the treatment.
the injected individuals against E. - Infection
ictaluri compared with the control Each fish were infected at 2, 10
after 2, 10 and 20 weeks of and 20 weeks after vaccination by
injection. (Table1). injecting 0.1ml of bacterial Fig. 3: Abdominal cavity injection
RPS suspension into abdominal cavity.
Two replicate tanks each held The injecting bacteria, i.e. recovered in TSA medium and
50 injected individuals and 50 E.ictaluri (E. 180407 PHQvn) enriched in TSA medium for 48
controls (marked on the pectoral were previously isolated from hours at 28 oC, centrifuged,
gill) were used for each infection diseased Pangasius in Dong Thap cleaned up and diluted in Sterile
period. and stored at minus 70oC BHIB NaCl 0.85% until reaching the
The RPS values were plus 10% Glycerol. required density.
calculated at the time 60% of the Before use, the bacteria were All dead fish was taken out and


dissected to observe and record the Table 2: Antibody, infection dosage and RPS at 2, 10 and 20 weeks post vaccination
typical symptoms as well as collect Infection date Antibodies in Antibodies in Infection RPS60
the bacterial samples to consolidate vaccine group control group dose(CFU/indvl.) (tank 1/ tank 2)

the dead cause every two hours for 2 weeks after 8 0 4200 77/87
3 consecutive days until no more 10 weeks after 11.8 0 20000 83/73
dead one detected. injection
- Vaccine efficacy results 20 weeks after 7 4.5 56000 73/63
The results show quick injection
immune response of Pangasius (not
more than 2 weeks after
vaccination). The fish was well
protected after being infected with
E.ictaluri and the immune period
lasted not less than 20 weeks.
RPS60 ranged from 63 to 87 and
always exceeded 60 in all replicate
tanks and all the infections while
the antibodies in vaccine group
were always higher than the
control and not less than 7 (Table
2; Fig. 4).
According to European
Medical Dictionary 1581
definition applied for lab
experiments, a vaccine is
considered safe when it does not
cause any unusual symptoms
and/or kill the farmed species at 21
days after injection. The
Fig.5: Fish dissecting to evaluate the safety level
experiment would be a failure if
6% and more of the fish died not
for the vaccine. The unusual Table 3: Preparations for safety experiments
symptoms include (1) abnormal Vaccine Injection dose (ml) Total fish 3 weeks (n) 7 weeks (n)
behaviour after injection, (2) local Control (injected with NaCl) 0.1 100 30 30
reactions at the injection site Vietnam032.08 FO -1 0.1 100 30 30
(swelling, congestion, bleeding, Vietnam032.08 FO -2 0.1 100 30 30

and necrosis) and systematic ALPHA JECT Panga 1 0.1 100 30 30


Table 4: Summary of the safety experiment results

Experimented batches Abnormal Dead fish Adhesions 0Melanin Avg.W.(g ) at 3 / Avg.L.TB( cm)
behaviour 0 0 7 weeks at 3 / 7 weeks
Control 0 0 0 0 12,1 / 18,7 10,3 / 12,2
Vietnam032.08 FO -1 0 0 0 0 11,7 / 18,1 10,2 / 12,0
Vietnam032.08 FO -2 0 0 0 12,5 / 16,6 10,4 / 12,1
ALPHA JECT Panga 1 0 0 11,4 / 19,9 10,3 / 12,4
*Note: Avg.W.: Average weight; Avg.L.: Average length

reaction in the body cavity At 3 weeks

(adhesions among internal organs
themselves and between internal
organs and abdominal wall, and
melanin deposits), and fish growth
In the safety experiments, 3
batches of vaccines were used to
compare with the control. A total
of 400 individuals at average body
weight of 101g per individual
(100 individuals per group) were
treated. At 3 and 7 weeks after
being given the double
recommended dose, 30 individuals
were taken out of each group, At 7 weeks
weighed, measured and dissected
to observe and evaluate adverse
reactions of the body (Midtlyng et
al 1996).
- Safety results
No abnormal behaviour,
adverse reactions or dead fish were
recorded through out the
experiments, except for the
development of particle-like
vaccine bags distributed evenly
all over the internal organs of the
vaccinated fish. There was no
significant difference in the fish
length and weight among the trial Fig. 6: Average length and weight of the experimented fish
groups at 3 and 7 weeks post
injection (Table 6, Fig.6) adverse reactions or dead fish were The experiments shows that
recorded through out the injecting Pangasius with ALPHA
Conclusions experiments, except for the JECT Panga 1 at the dose
The immune response of vaccinated development of particle-like 0.05ml/individual help to protect
Pangasius was rapid, i.e. not more than 2 vaccine bags distributed evenly the fish against BNP causative
weeks after ALPHA JECT Panga 1 all over the internal organs of the agents under the lab conditions.
injection. vaccinated fish. This vaccine can be therefore used
The vaccinated fish was well No significant difference in the for large scale trial in intensive
protected from E.ictaluri and the immune fish length and weight among the farming ponds.
period was not less than 20 weeks. trial groups was detected at 3 and VTT
No abnormal behaviour, 7 weeks post injection.



Environmentally friendly
shrimp farming in Binh Dinh By DUNG MINH

fter an extensive
experiment and
development of different
aquaculture models, in 2007, the
shrimp farming households in
Binh Dinh have make a great
stride in polyculture of this
crustacean and other species. They
were reported to comply with
shrimp farming techniques, from
pond preparation, water supply to
broodstock selection and rearing,
and keep proper stocking
schedule, etc. Currently, many
households have planted
mangrove surrounding farming
ponds as a way to strengthen the
banks, reduce the eutrophication,
and partly contribute to the
wetland forest restoration.
Mr. Ngo Van Giao, a shrimp
farmer in Huynh Gian Bac village,
was selected to implement the
polyculture model in an area of
8,000 sq.meter, including 3,000
sq.meter for sedimentation pond,
and 5,000 sq.meter for farming
pond. Under stringent supervision
of the local authority, in April
2010, he properly prepared the
ponds and concurrently stocked
50,000 quarantined black tiger
Given the disease outbreak in shrimp farming, Binh Dinh has juveniles, 1,000 crab, and 250
come up with an environment-friendly improved-extensive milkfish.
At first, I was not confident
integrated shrimp-crab-fish rearing model, which is proved to
because this farming area used to
be suitable with local land conditions as well as, farmers be hit by epidemics every year.
production capability. However, with the valuable


assistance of technical experts, the expense as this model required no stipulated by relevant authorities.
stocked shrimp, crab and fish aeration, he added happily, noting In the first six months of this
developed well after one month of that many people came to see his year, the shrimp farming area in
implementation. By then my model during the harvest and all of Binh Dinh Province totaled 2,260
confidence started to come back, them seem to be amazed at the ha, up 3.5 percent over the same
Giao said outcome. period of 2009. Vannamei farming
After three-month farming, The most significant thing area increased 29.7 percent against
Giao harvested 600kg of black happened in this years first shrimp last year to 489ha.
tiger shrimp (including 400kg of crop was that all farmers have Year to date, local shrimp
shrimp at 33 individuals per kilo, complied with the farming farmers have harvested shrimp in
100kg at 40 individuals per kilo, schedule we provided, said an area of 1,304 ha, mostly in the
and 100kg at 70 individuals per Mr.Nguyen Huu Hao, Deputy districts of Hoai Nhon, Phu Cat,
kilogram), 30kg of crab, and 70kg Director of Binh Dinhs Phu My and Tuy Phuoc. Total
of fish. Department of Agriculture and output hit 2,919MT, up 47.87
Deducting VND39 million Rural Development. percent over the same period of last
spent on juveniles and feed, I Additionally, the juvenile quality year. The export value also rose
earned a profit of VND28 million. this year were reported to be 36.1 percent against last year.
If I continue to harvest, I will have better than in previous years
VND20 million more. Especially, because suppliers had to applied Compiled by Ngoc Diep
I saved VND7 million of oil appropriate quarantine regulations


Province News
Soc Trang: Black tiger shrimp
output reaches 1.4MT per ha
By September 09, approximately 14,000 ha
of black tiger shrimp farming in Vinh Chau
district, Soc Trang province, has been harvested
with total production of 19,600 tons.
According to the statistics, 5,525 households
out of 8,500 farming households (68%) were
reported to earn profits, 18.2 percent recoup
their expenses, and 13.8 percent suffer losses.
Two communes of Hoa Dong anh Khanh Hoa
are said to record high production and high
Recently, the unpredictable weather has had
adverse impacts on black tiger shrimp output in
Vinh Chau district. Some farming areas have
been damaged and their owners were guided to
shift to other species.
The relevant authorities have warned farmers
not to start new crop immediately in order to
avoid losses.

Ninh Thuan: Biggest shrimp export processing plant to be built

Ninh Thuan Provincial People Committee and the
Management Board of Thanh Hai Industrial Zone on
September 11, 2010 granted Thong Thuan Seafood
Co., Ltd the investment license for its shrimp
processing plant project.
The plant has a designed capacity of 8,000MT of
end-products per year, valued at more than US$50
million. It is located in an area of 33,000 sq. meters in
Thanh Hai Industrial Zone.
The US$7 million plant is expected to create more
than 2,500 jobs for local people, and will be one of the
largest seafood export processing plants in Ninh Thuan

Ca Mau banks on seafood exports

Based on projected production of 450,000 tons of ponds. The province hopes to increase its intensive
fish and 170,000 tons of shrimp, the southernmost shrimp farming area to 10,000 hectares by 2015. The
province of Ca Mau hopes to export $1 billion worth average output from extensive ponds is only 350
of seafood by 2015. The province will focus on kilograms per hectare, while the average output from
industrial and organic shrimp farming and use advanced intensive ponds reaches 5,000 kilograms per hectare.
technology to ensure high output. The Peoples Committee has issued a draft plan for
Freshwater prawns will be developed in the the development of intensive shrimp farming zones in
northern part of the province using models developed the province. Under the plan, each zone would have
for farming shrimp and rice and for farming shrimp in an area of more than 50 hectares. In places where there
the mangroves. are geographical and area limitations, the zones would
The province has 265,153 hectares devoted to have an area of at least 30 hectares. Local officials have
shrimp farming, almost all of it extensive (263,713 pledged to aid the development of the intensive shrimp
hectares). Just 1,440 hectares are devoted to intensive farming zones. (VF/VNS)


Thai Binh: Farming clam in brackish water lagoons
Currently, Thai Thuy district of Thai Binh
province has allocated 1,592ha for brackish water
aquaculture, including 169ha for clam farming in the
coastal area of Thai Do commune. Most of the
remaining area is used for farming black tiger shrimp
and other species such as crab, fish, and algae.
However, shrimp farmers are now facing disease
outbreak, polluted water in farming ponds, low quality
of shrimp juveniles, which altogether results in low
shrimp output.
After a success in white clam farming in brackish
water lagoons in Thuy Xuan commune, Thai Binh has
decided to expand this model in the unproductive
black tiger shrimp farming areas.

Phu Tho: Stocking fish to rebuild fisheries resources

Phu Tho Department of Agriculture and Rural
Development has released 1.6 million juveniles of
dwarf catfish, Anh Vu, black carp, carp, square headed
pearch, bighead carp, grass carp, etc. in the provinces
lakes and irrigation canals such as Ao Chau lagoon (Ha
Hoa district), Thuong Long lake (Yen Lap), San Hoa
lake in Xuan Son commune (Tan Son), etc.
Such move, which cost the Department over
VND445 million, was made to rebuild the depleted
resources of those native fish. It was also a part of the
local strategic fisheries development programs in the
period 2010-2015. (MARD)
In addition to fish realease, the program also
educates and encourages local people not to use
destructive fishing methods, such as chemical or
electronic shocks, which have presumably driven many
endemic fish and shrimp species in the province to near

Can Tho: Priority given to the breeding centres in the Mekong Delta
In a recent meeting with Can Tho Department of in Thot Not District in order to improve the aquatic
Agriculture and Rural Development, Dr. Nguyen Thi stocks and supply to neighbouring provinces.
Xuan Thu, Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural
Development requested more efforts to be made in
human resource training, infrastructure development
and aquatic breeding centres in order to create an
adequate supply of high quality stocks in the region.
Agricultural and fisheries extension centres and
relevant authorities should bring science and
technology closer to production, she said.
Can Tho authority is building a first grade aquatic
stock centre in Vinh Thanh District. Another centre
(second grade) will also be inaugurated by the Ministry


Province News
Ha Tinh: Success in crab postlarvae rearing
Ha Tinh Agricultural and Fisheries Extension Centre and
participating farmers have been successful with the growing of
crab postlarvae to juveniles.
These postlarvae were imported from RIA 3 and stocked
at the density of 30 individual per square meter in an area of
0.1 ha in Thanh Ha commune, Ha Tinh City. Survival rate
was reported at 60%. Those survived all grew fast and reached
1.2-1.5cm after a while. No pathogen was observed in the
At current price of VND4,000 per juveniles, this 0.1 ha
hatchery would generate about VND72 million in revenue.
After deducting the cost of postlarvae, feed, and drug, etc., the
profit would be VND16 million, higher than other aquatic
It is expected this model will create an on-site supply of
crab juveniles to local farmers for the purpose of commercial

An Giang : Pangasius farming area plummet

The area of Pangasius ponds in the Province this
year fell by 40% over 2008 to 1,000ha while the
number of cages dropped from 1,200-1,500 to only
120, said Ms. Pham Thi Hoa, Vice Director of An
Giang Department of Agriculture and Rural
Development and President of An Giang Fisheries
Because of the slump in Pangasius price
(VND15,500 - 16,000 per kilogram), small scale
farmers were reporting the loss between VND800-
1,000 per kilogram.
Agricultural authorities are encouraging farmers to
cooperate with processors and comply with GlobalG.A.P
to raise income through higher export value.

Tien Giang: over 90% of shrimp farmers make profit

The average profit range from VND30,000 -
40,000 and VND10,000-15,000 per kilogram of
harvested black tiger and white shrimp respectively.
The figure last year was only 76%.
Since early 2010, the stocking area in Tien Giang
Province has increased 0.77% year on year to 3,839 ha,
including 2,686 ha of water surface. Shrimp harvest
rose by 3,469MT over the same period last year to
5,519MT. The black tiger and white shrimp
production were 2,814MT and 2,705MT respectively.
Presently, the shrimp farming area in the Province
is 3,802 ha, including 1,686ha of extensive farms and
2,116ha of semi-intensive and intensive farms,
according to Tien Giang Department of Agriculture
and Rural Development.



Pangasius Aquaculture Standars

s these two groups of standards are finalised,
Vietnamese producers will soon have at least four
The World Wildlife Fund on August 30, sets of indicators (GlobalGAP, AquaGAP, BAP
2010 announced that the Aquaculture and Aquaculture Dialogue) to certify to wholesalers,
Dialogues standards for Pangasius and retailers and consumers that their catfish is environmentally
and socially acceptable.
bivalves have been completed. The
announcement comes about a week after GlobalGAP
The Germany-based Global Partnership for Good
the Global Aquaculture Alliance finalized
Agricultural Practice (GlobalGAP) traces its roots to the
its Best Aquaculture Practices Pangasius Euro-Retailer Produce Working Group (EUREP)
standards. founded by British retailers and continental European


Sustainable Development
supermarkets in 1997 amid
growing consumer concerns about
product safety, environmental and
labour standards.
The group developed
harmonised standards and
procedures for good agricultural
practices which came to be known
as Europ GAP. As it began to take
on a more global significance,
Europ PGAP was rebranded as
GlobalGAP in 2007.
While it has strong market
recognition for certifying fruit in
Europe, Bocquillet says
GlobalGAP has faced a hard
beginning in aquaculture. At
shrimp farms in Thailand, for
example, only 50 percent
complied with GlobalGAP shrimp
standards. Moreover, on-site
technical support was necessary
and premium prices for certified
shrimp were not guaranteed.
GlobalGAP released its draft
standards for tilapia and Pangasius
in Brussels in April last year. Trial
audits were conducted in five
countries including Viet Nam.
The Pangasius standards were
developed in Viet Nam with
assistance from German Technical
Cooperation (GTZ) and have
been subject to several revisions,
the most recent being in
November last year.
In Viet Nam, an increasing
number of seafood producers have
been GlobalGAP certified, with
Minh Phu being the first recipient,
followed by Ntaco, Anvifish, Vinh
Hoan, Hung Vuong, Docifish,
and many others. Developed in response to importer
demands rather than a multi-
AquaGAP stakeholder process, the standards
AquaGap was launched in early are available for multiple species in
2009 by the Institute for multiple areas and are owned by
Marketecology (IMO), a Swiss Two Vietnamese farming and Swiss Bio-Foundation, a non-
certification body specialising in processing companies already have profit group.
organic foods which was founded AquaGAP certification including BAP
in 1990 and now has offices in leading producer Vinh Hoan Corp Best Aquaculture Practices
more than 90 countries. in Dong Thap province. (BAP) is developed by Global


Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) and
licensed by the Miami-based
Aquaculture Certification Council
(ACC). ACC already certified
dozens of shrimp farms and
processing plants in Viet Nam.
It has standards for pond culture
of channel catfish (Ictalurus
punctatus), blue catfish (I. furcatus)
and hybrids thereof before
announcing the completion of
BAP certification scheme for
Pangasius on August 25, 2010.
Established in 2003, the ACC is
largely oriented towards American
wholesalers although its board
includes representatives of
producers, processors, buyers,
non-governmental organisations
and universities in the Americas,
Asia and Europe.

shrimp and trout are scheduled to accredited certification bodies that

Pangasius Aquaculture be finalised by the end of this year. will contract auditors to certify
Dialogue Like the tilapia standards, the farms Certification standards that
The Pangasius Aquaculture catfish standards will be overseen adopt the dialogue standards. The
Dialogue, which was launched in by a new Aquaculture Stewardship standards being developed for
Ho Chi Minh City in September, Council (ASC) which is expected catfish are applicable to all three
2007, has overlapped with seven to be set up by WWF and the production systems used in the
other WWF-coordinated Dutch Sustainable Trading Mekong Delta-ponds, pens and
aquaculture dialogues. Tilapia Initiative in 2011 to complement cages and may later be extended
standards were finalised in the existing Marine Stewardship to other species from the shark
December last year and standards Council which focuses on capture catfish family, known as
for the two catfish species and fisheries. Pangasiidae.
bivalves (clams, scallops, mussels According to Flavio Corsin,
and oysters) have been recently the WWFs senior aquaculture VF/Catch and Culture
completed. The standards for advisor in Ha Noi, the ASC will
abalone, salmon, seriola/cobia, work with independent and



CFA launches new bureaucracy and become

effective as soon as possible. The

attack on Pangasius
measure would transfer the
responsibility of inspecting catfish
and Pangasius imports from the
U.S. Food and Drug
By JAMES WRIGHT Administration (FDA) to the U.S.
SeaFood Business associate editor
Department of Agriculture
(USDA), which proponents say

he Catfish Farmers of Lincoln (D-Ark.) to bolster its has a tougher set of standards and
America (CFA) on stance that imported catfish puts inspection requirements than the
Thursday 22 July, 2010 Americans health at risk. FDA.
took to Capitol Hill in Stating that imported catfish is Because the USDA would
Washington, D.C., to further its farmed and processed in unsanitary require that any catfish or
claims that imported catfish from conditions and in environments pangasius exporting countries have
China and Pangasius - a catfish- that are much less controlled than a safety and inspection program in
like species farmed in Vietnam - those in the United States, Lincoln place that is considered equivalent
pose a risk to consumers health. added that the risk of to the United States system, critics
Claiming that the imported fish contamination in imported of the rule change say it would
are farmed in unsanitary conditions products is twice as high as amount to a trade ban on the
and with the aid of antibiotics and domestic product. species. Sources say it might take
other substances banned in the CFA and Lincoln are calling for several years for Vietnam to
United States, the catfish trade a measure in the 2008 Farm Bill to establish an equivalency agreement
group enlisted Sen. Blanche bypass numerous delays and and that the action would have a


A Pangasius processing factory in Viet Nam

serious impact on Vietnams eating imported catfish. U.S. industry, saying, Its not
economy and risk retaliatory Eating contaminated imported often that an industry comes to
measures. fish could have serious long-term Congress and asks to be regulated
The domestic catfish industry human health consequences, more.
says food safety is its chief concern. including longer-lasting illnesses CFA and other groups have
From our point of view, this is due to antibiotic build-ups that been openly critical of the FDA for
a health and safety issue, said CFA leave people less responsive to not inspecting enough seafood at
President Joey Lowery, himself a antibiotic medications and an U.S. ports of entry. The FDA,
catfish farmer of 25 years, based in increase in drug-resistant which is said to lack the funds and
Arkansas. Most U.S. catfish is pathogens that can be transmitted manpower to do a thorough job
farmed in Southern states like to humans via the food chain, the on imported seafood inspections,
Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi and report stated. reportedly inspects only about 2
Louisiana. Were not just Clearly we have science on percent of seafood shipments that
supporting this law because it our side, said Sen. Lincoln, who is enter the country. This is clearly
imposed tougher standards, and chair of the Senate Agriculture unacceptable, said Lincoln.
were not asking imported catfish Committee. Opponents to the measure said
to be treated any differently than Food & Water Watch lobbyist the U.S. catfish industrys tactics
U.S. farmed catfish. Tony Corbo added that the amount to protectionism. The
The group came together to USDA program is more National Fisheries Institute of
push a new report by Exponent preventive in nature than the McLean, Va., on Thursday
Inc.s Center for Chemical FDAs, and called on the federal vehemently criticized the new
Regulation and Food Safety, government to move the 2008 report as an absurd exaggeration
which raises alarms about the Farm Bill measure along. Corbo and called Thursdays press
potential long-term health risks of also backed the safety record of the conference an abuse of public


trust using faux food safety scare
to further the CFAs agenda to
create barriers to trade.
This campaign is more of the
same from a group that does not
mind abusing public trust in an
effort to wipe out its competition,
NFI said in a press release. To
suggest that this report shows
imported Pangasius (or catfish for
that matter) is a major contributor
to antibiotic resistance in the U.S.
is an absurd exaggeration.
Antibiotics are used in red meat
and poultry - products that,
combined per capita, Americans
eat nearly 200 pounds of annually.
Americans eat 0.259 pounds of
imported Pangasius annually.
Several prominent U.S.
politicians have written letters
urging Peter Orszag, the director
of the Office of Management and
Budget, that the proposed agency
shift would harm domestic
industries as well. Several U.S.
firms that import pangasius also
employ workers who process and
package value-added seafood
The growth in Pangasius
imports has helped provide an
affordable healthy protein for the Pangasius filleting
American people and critical jobs
for California longshoremen, U.S. catfish farmers also claims imports have taken up to
teamsters, cold-storage owners, successfully petitioned the U.S. one-third of its market, two years
processors and distributors, read a Department of Commerce to ago urged for a reclassification of
12 May letter signed by six impose tariffs between 36 and 64 the fish, so that all channel catfish
members of U.S. Congress, percent on all pangasius imports and pangasius be called catfish to
including Sen. Dianne Feinstein and have also released a series of place all of the similar products
(D-Calif.). attack ads and online video clips. under one safety-standard and be
The trade war between the Its most recent efforts can be seen inspected by one agency.
U.S. and overseas producers can be on the Web site, Lowery said that he expects
traced back several years. In 2002,, which says some movement on the rule
the U.S. catfish industry lobbied the waters of the Mekong River, sometime next month, but
the FDA to ensure that any catfish where the bulk of Vietnams couldnt offer a concrete timetable
sold in the United States as catfish pangasius are farmed, are filthy. for which the proposed regulations
must be in the taxonomic family of The Exponent report, Catfish would become effective.
Ictaluridae, the species (also known Risk Profile, can be downloaded Pangasius prices are typically up
as channel catfish) produced by there. to USD 1 per pound cheaper than
U.S. catfish farms and also farmed Whats more, in an about-face, U.S. catfish.
and imported from China. the U.S. catfish industry, which


Ten days in the sea of Hoang Sa

ietNamNet reporter Vu Trung spent ten days in the sea of Hoang
Sa on a fishing boat. Before the boat set out, he was advised to
The fishers who frequent the
throw his camera, laptop and documents into the sea if the boat
seas around the Hoang Sa was chased by Chinese ships and to take care of himself if the boat was
(Paracel) archipelago to earn captured by Chinese.
This is a somewhat abridged English language version of the
their living can be seen as VietNamNet special report by Vu Trung.
soldiers who guard Viet
Nams marine areas. They Going to the Hoang Sa sea
I asked a lot of boat owners before one agreed that I might accompany
are living landmarks proving the crew of an offshore fishing boat to Hoang Sa. Before the trip, the boat
Viet Nams centuries-old owner warned me against possible dangers if this boat is arrested by
Chinese. I didnt mind; this trip has been my dream for many years. I
sovereignty over the Hoang
wished to see Viet Nams Hoang Sa archipelago once in my life and to
Sa sea. discover how our fishers earn their living in this dangerous sea.
We left Sa Ky port (Quang Ngai province) in the morning of a day in
March. On this small boat, with its crew of 12, I was the 13th sailor.
Our boat may be small but our hearts are not small. I only hope that
you can endure hardships with us, said the owner and Captain TT.
I understood his meaning. The sea is boundless and nobody can foresee
all that may happen.


Many fishers told me that I was the first person
who is not a fishers to go to the dangerous Hoang
Sa sea. Some advised me not join this trip.
In the 50-hour trip to Hoang Sa, I saw the
fishers pray twice for safety to the spirit of the sea,
as they believe that supernatural powers can help
them return home safely.
Seventy nautical miles from the mainland, our
boat was alone in the vast sea; our actual world
reduced to six square meters of living space. The
rest of the cabin held our stores of diesel fuel, food
and water.
In this trip, I came to understand the hearts of
the fishers, who were ready to challenge dangers
to protect their teammates. Captain TT said: We
would be unable to overcome difficulties and
dangers in this ocean if we did not have love and Hoang Sa fishers.
On the second night, our boat passed Phu
Lam and Tri Ton islands, parts of the Hoang Sa
archipelago that have been controlled by Chinese
for 36 years.
Our boats have to pass these islands at night
to avoid Chinese patrol boats. Each time we pass
these islands, we feel hurt. It is our land but we
cant look at it, said NVA, our helmsman.

Passing through the ssea of death

Fishers call the waters from Phu Lam to Hai
Tru, Tri Ton and Bom Bay islands the sea of
death because for over ten years, hundreds of
fishing boats from Quang Nam and Quang Ngai
fishing villages have been stopped and robbed by
Chinese ships. Many people have died or been
Before our ship passed Phu Lam island,
Captain TT asked me to put my camera and
laptop into a plastic bag and hide it in the hold in
case Chinese boats should detect and chase our
If we are unlucky and are captured by
Chinese ships, youll have to throw your
equipment to the sea if you value your life, the
captain said.
During the ten dark hours we passed through
this area, all lamps on the boat were extinguished.
Captain TT was tensely alert. He explained that
with 22 years of experience fishing in this area, he
knows it intimately and he can recognize other
ships by their lamplight. If he detects Chinese
boats while they are still far away, his boat can


In the past ten years, hundreds
of Vietnamese fishing boats have
been arrested by Chinese patrol
boats and have had to pay ransom
to return home. Sometimes our
sailors have been beaten and
China doesnt want
Vietnamese fishers here regularly.
But this is the maritime territory of
Viet Nam so it is absurd for
Chinese to arrest Vietnamese ships
and demand ransom, said Captain
This is our sea, but it is held by
China, he added. Ten years ago,
this area was filled with fishing this area already. Tuan agreed to EEven death cantt tear us
boats from countries in the region let me transfer to his boat when away
but China has strengthened its the two ships met each other near Every fisher I met during my
patrols and control in recent years. Bom Bay. trip to Hoang Sa told me their love
Another captain named Tuans boat is much bigger for it. I cant live far from the sea.
Truong Minh Quang told me that than the one that carried me to Hoang Sa sea is my blood and
the current difficult situation has Hoang Sa. Tuan said he had just flesh, because it supports my
endured for five years. returned to Hoang Sa after family, said sailor Truong Van
At one am on the third day, rescuing 17 fishers from Ly Son Tin on Captain Tuans boat.
our boat had passed through the Island (Quang Ngai) whose boat Sometimes I have thought
sea of death. Captain TT was rammed and sunk by a strange that I should sell my boat and seek
pointed out Bom Bay island. boat on March 9. another job but that thought was
There are no Chinese soldiers Tuan said this was his second fleeting. Despite dangers, Im
stationed on this island but they trip to Hoang Sa since the New determined to live with Hoang
patrol very often and arrest Year holiday. His vessel had 12 Sa, said yet another captain, Tieu
Vietnamese fishing boats. sailors, all members of Tuans Viet Hong.
However, the fishing grounds extended family. All the fishing boat owners I
around Bom Bay island are quite Theres nothing special we can met confirmed that just as they and
safe for Vietnamese fishers at night. tell you about our job. Stay with their fathers have lived with
Captain TT decided to put out us for several days, and you will Hoang Sa sea, so their children will
nets around two nautical miles understand it, Tuan said. We live with the sea.
offshore from Bom Bay island. face dangers from Chinese ships all Captain Nguyen Thanh Tuan
Helmsman TVA prepared the time but we still consider said that he is the 7th generation in
equipment for the first night of Hoang Sa to be our home so we his family who has fished in Hoang
fishing in the Hoang Sa sea. The dont abandon it. Each Vietnamese Sa.
captain divided the crews into two fishing boat in Hoang Sa is like a We face terrible dangers, but
groups, each group would work living landmark, he added. even the death cant tear us away
for two hours. The boat would Tuan spends up to eight from Hoang Sa because this is our
have to leave this site before 5 am months each year in Hoang Sa sea. nations territory, this is where our
to avoid Chinese patrol ships. He has experienced many storms ancestors bled to explore it. We
One day before our boat and was arrested by the Chinese would betray our ancestors if we
arrived in the sea off Bom Bay but he returned home safely. were to leave it, explained a
Island, I made contact with We only work at night, and captain named Truong Minh
another captain, Nguyen Thanh run to international waters to Quang.
Tuan, via two-way radio. Captain escape Chinese patrol boats, he
Tuans boat was catching fish in said. (VietNamNet Bridge)



Fish behaviour fascinates locals


Villagers have built a small temple near the stream where they worship a snake deity they say has been taking care of the fish for ages

ave you ever seen There are different ways to get cars and they are then driven over
thousands of big fish to the stream. From Thanh Hoa a wooden suspension bridge to get
swimming in a small city, people can drive on Ho Chi to the opposite bank near the
stream? How would you feel if Minh National Highway to reach entrance of the cave.
you knew that these fish were Cam Thuy District and then drive The stream that is home to the
magic? In Thanh Hoa Province's on Highway 217 for 12km to sacred fish' is about 100m long and
Cam Luong Commune it is Ngoc Village, which is home to up to 4m wide. The water in the
believed that such a school of the fish. For more adventurous stream is clear, clean and stays cool
sacred fish' exists and they can be travellers, they can catch a boat at year-round.
visited by the public. the Ham Rong Bridge and sail Although I heard ample
It takes about three hours to along Ma River to get to the amounts of stories about the fish, I
drive from Ha Noi to the famous village. was shocked when I finally saw
commune, which receives Buses are unable to drop them with my own eyes.
thousands of visitors every week visitors off at the cave because it is Thousands of fish swam around
who are curious to see these on the other side of the Ma River. like it was recess. The smallest fish
supernatural species. All visitors must load up into small were probably 2kg and the larger


Visitors have to pass a wooden suspension bridge to get to the opposite bank near the entrance of the cave

ones were probably closer to 10kg.

A woman standing next to me
claimed that a few years ago,
residents often saw fish that were
"The fish here are very
friendly. In the past, when not so
many people visited, we often
played with them," said Ha Thi
Sau, a local resident.
"The stream is our main source
of water. We take water from here
for washing, cooking and bathing.
Magical fish attract thousands to Cam Luong commune's Ngoc village. The fish are
Despite our daily presence, the fish believed to bring luck and happiness.
are still not afraid of us. We often
touch and fondle them like our "They eat almost everything have been popular in the area for
pets, and I think that they also like that they find in the stream, years, but they first became
us," she said. including moss, leaves and popular with the wider public in
The fish are biologically related vegetables that we give them," said 1994.
to minnows and carp. The rare Sau. Although many things have
species are found in Laos, northern "Since the tourists know about changed in the last few years and
Viet Nam and southern China. the stream, the visitors rush to our thousands of tourists have come to
They are also listed in Viet Nam's village and bring popcorn, candy see them, the fish still keep their
Red Book because the species are and snacks. These items are also natural routine intact. The sacred
on the verge of becoming extinct. feed to the fish, but the tourists species swim out of the cave early
The fish have a dark back and red also throw trash into the water, in the morning to look for food
lips and fins. They also have red- which makes it polluted," the 86- and play with people before
spotted tails and silver scales that year-old women said. coming back to the cave at 5 or
glisten in the sunlight. The stream and sacred fish' 6pm.


A Day In The Life

Back to school: Fish start their day early and go back to the cave at
5-6pm every day.

"The fish never swim outside At the event, the local people offer and maintain a good environment
of the stream, which runs into the sacrifices to the gods of the for the sacred' animals," he said.
Ma River. Sometimes the fish are mountains, river and fish. "In the near future, our area
swept away, but they always try to "A board has been set up to will be built as an eco-tourism site
swim back to the cave." manage the venue and protect the that next to the stream will give
Because the local people dare fish, but we do not have to do visitors a chance to witness the
not to catch and eat these fish, the much because the local residents Muong ethnic people weaving
population is now thriving and are awarded the profits and receive brocade.
growing. luck from the fish bring to them," "We are also sending a request
"We believe that they bring us said Vu Duyen Hong, the director to the Ministry of Culture, Sports
luck and happiness so we have of the Cam Thuy District's and Tourism to improve our
never considered eating them," Culture and Sport Centre which venue and transform it into a
said Sau. runs the management board. national tourism site next year,"
On the 8th-15th during the "What we have to do is to Hong said.
first month of the lunar calendar, make sure our guests do not do
the village hosts a gigantic festival. anything that would harm the fish VNS




Tom chien canh bm
*Principle: Fry *Serve: Four people

Ingredients: - 2 tomatoes, salad

- 500g shrimp - Half a tablespoonful of tapioca starch
- 100g wheat - A tablespoonful of soya-bean sauce
- 200g bones of pork - Half a teaspoonful of chopped red chilli
- Cooking oil, salt - A teaspoonful of tomato juice
- Clean the shrimp and shell off except tail. Split each shrimp vertically to the part close to the tail.
- Mix well the wheat, water (150g) and salt. Boil the bones to get a bowl of soup.
- Mix tapioca starch, half a bowl of soup, yellow bean sauce, chopped red pepper and tomato juice. Boil
these ingredients until they get somewhat thick.
- Take the shrimp by its tail, dip it into the boiling oil. Let two parts of the shrimp body apart so that it
looks like a butterfly. Then dip it entirely into the boiling oil. When it becomes lightly brown, take it
out and drain it.
- Put the salad in the plate. Arrange slices of tomato around and fried shrimps in the way that their tails
stay in the centre.
- Before meal, sprinkle the sauce on the plate. Always serve hot with or without the sauce apart.


STAPIMEX, over 30 year - experience, in seafood processing has the pleasure of supplying you both Black Tiger and
White Vanamei having freshness, safety and stable quantity. Besides of Raw, Cooked, Ring and Skewer styles, you could
find at STAPIMEX as Sushi, Breaded and especially shrimp seasoning.
Quality management programs currently applied at our factories: ISO9001:2000; BRC, HACCP and BAP.

Any information, please contact:

220 National Road 1A, Soc Trang city, Vietnam
Tel: (84) 79-3822164 Fax: (84) 79-3821801
Email: or,
VIETFISH INTERNATIONAL / V O L 7 ISSUE 05 ( 3 7 ) S E P T E M B E R - O C T O B E R 2 0 1 0