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Title: Rhetorical Analysis Essay

Name: Gibel Amador

Class: Rhetoric Composition


Thesis statement

The Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery: A Review and Reconceptualization article,

analysis rhetorical devices to give an insight to the psychological effects on cosmetic surgery.

The four authors David Sarwer, Thomas Wadden, Michael Pertschuk and Linton Whitaker all

provides information that show statistics as well as research on cosmetic surgery, but also argues

the pros and cons when receiving such treatment on ones body.


The Article provides information on Cosmetic surgery that is used worldwide by men and

women and nowadays even adolescents. This surgery is a medical procedure that can be needed

to improve ones health or an insecurity present in a person that can be solved by improving

ones physical appearance .Cosmetic surgery is a topic of question for it has been researched

throughout the medical community. Through analyzation it provides the reader with informative

answers to medical and psychological on this procedure.

The article provides linguistic terms that are related to medical and mental disorders in

psychology. For example, according to the article it states that through the use of body image

construct, we will begin to better understand the psychology of this unique population. (The

Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery, January 1998).This implies that the audience are those

learning and getting an understanding on cosmetic surgery and its effects afterwards, but most

importantly the behavior of people wanting to choose this procedure. Psychologist and students

need this information on the results of receiving cosmetic surgery to understand why people are

unhappy with their body image. For example, the American Society of Plastic and

Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS) reported last year its doctors performing 390,000 cosmetic

procedures (The Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery, January 1998).


The authors appeal to ethos is very strong because of the gathering of information from

not just one community, but of many. With investigations done all over the country .The four

authors David Sarwer, Thomas Wadden, Michael Pertschuk and Linton Whitaker provide

credibility within the article by stating references on investigations. The authors provide

numerous studies, charts and surveys on their research on how psychological aspects affect

people of undergo a cosmetic surgery. (The Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery, January 1998).

The authors applied pathos to a very minimum, due to it being an article more focused

on being informative with logistics and creditability. The way the authors were able to

incorporate emotion were through their research on cosmetic surgery and its after effects which

are hard to ignore and not empathize with. For example, when one of the earliest investigation

had, 70% of a series of 98 patients were diagnosed with a psychiatric disturbance. (The

Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery, January 1998). This investigation also concluded its patient

suffering from neurotic depression and passive-dependent personality this information provides

sadness and pity to those wanting to alter their body and not being aware of the consequences

ahead of them.

The authors of the article The Psychology of Cosmetic Surgery: A Review and

Reconceptualization, used data and statistics as well as opinions from expert throughout the

reading to provide the rhetorical appeal of logos. The data provided in this article were cited and

certified by 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd who published this article after being reviewed by

experts on cosmetic surgery and psychologist (page 1 abstract). The statistics were all

determined through there extend research provided by the (ASPRS) and its surgeons and

psychologists through their opinions on the topic. For example, an investigation done by the

researcher showed individuals that suffer from some degree of body image dissatisfaction,

including the clinically significant Body Dysmorphic Disorder turn to cosmetic surgery.

The authors all argue when persuading the effects of cosmetic surgery on the mind that

an individual going through this procedures and showing no logical fallacies. This is because all

the information and data is being backed up by experts and association gaining credibility. The

reason all these are valid is because of them providing references with a primary as well as a

secondary source. These sources back up the knowledge and can be used in discourse


The tone of the article throughout the writing is expressed in a formal tone to get the

reader to understand it in a professional level. The tone does change because it starts out

informative and then hints emotion with statistics on investigations on its after effects on the

body. For example, when introducing some of the data on how affected people are it appeal to

pathos, the tone tends to change to create a sad tendency. This captures the audience into reading

more of what the authors have to say on cosmetic surgery.

The rhetorical appeal of logos is the strongest in this article. The article contains a big

proportion of facts and information that is provided thus being focused on logistics appeals. The

audience is offered a primary source that can be used in their research. The stats and numbers

provided by the article make it more credible therefore making it more impactful to the reader.

The weakest aspect that is contained in this article is pathos due to the authors not being

able to casually write their ideas but write them in an informative way backing them up. Pathos

is the weakest out of the three rhetorical appeals in this article due to it being an article based on

numbers and data and not really an emotional appeal. Informing the reader about this subject in a

very cold and detached manner. Pathos also is slightly mention only because its negative

outcomes in cosmetic surgery.

A counter argument is presented due to it stating its negative outcomes but a positive

outcome as well. A positive outcome is when an individual is receiving cosmetic surgery

because of an injury that happened on the persons body. Cosmetic surgery has been able to help

a lot of people after they have been burned, injured, or had a malformation on their body to

improve their way of living and creating a positive daily lifestyle. Cosmetic surgery has its pros

and cons and can be used for good and have a positive psychological outcome.


In conclusion, cosmetic surgery has its pros and cons when identifying its after effects.

Through all its research the article provides a negative view when choosing this treatment. This

information is determined through the authors three rhetorical appeals that provides credibility,

logic and emotion to pursue the author on gaining a larger understanding when choosing

cosmetic surgery. This article provides a huge amount of information to give knowledge to the

audience for further study.



Sarwer, D. B., Wadden, T. A., Pertschuk, M. J., & Whitaker, L. A. (1998). The psychology of

cosmetic surgery: A review and reconceptualization. Clinical Psychology Review, 18(1), 1-22.