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# Cambridge IGCSE Physics 0625 syllabus for 2019.

Subject content

1.8 Pressure
Core Supplement
t Recall and use the equation p = F / A
t Relate pressure to force and area, using
appropriate examples
t Describe the simple mercury barometer and
its use in measuring atmospheric pressure
t Relate (without calculation) the pressure t Recall and use the equation p = hg
beneath a liquid surface to depth and to
density, using appropriate examples
t Use and describe the use of a manometer

2 Thermal physics
2.1 Simple kinetic molecular model of matter
2.1.1 States of matter
Core
t State the distinguishing properties of solids,
liquids and gases

## 2.1.2 Molecular model

Core Supplement
t Describe qualitatively the molecular structure t Relate the properties of solids, liquids and
of solids, liquids and gases in terms of the gases to the forces and distances between
arrangement, separation and motion of the molecules and to the motion of the molecules
molecules
t Interpret the temperature of a gas in terms of
the motion of its molecules
t Describe qualitatively the pressure of a gas in t Explain pressure in terms of the change of
terms of the motion of its molecules momentum of the particles striking the walls
t Show an understanding of the random motion creating a force
of particles in a suspension as evidence for t Show an appreciation that massive particles
the kinetic molecular model of matter may be moved by light, fast-moving
t Describe this motion (sometimes known molecules
as Brownian motion) in terms of random
molecular bombardment

2.1.3 Evaporation
Core Supplement
t Describe evaporation in terms of the escape t Demonstrate an understanding of how
of more-energetic molecules from the temperature, surface area and draught over a
surface of a liquid surface influence evaporation
t Relate evaporation to the consequent cooling t Explain the cooling of a body in contact with
of the liquid an evaporating liquid

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Cambridge IGCSE Physics 0625 syllabus for 2019. Subject content

## 2.1.4 Pressure changes

Core Supplement
t Describe qualitatively, in terms of molecules, t Recall and use the equation
the effect on the pressure of a gas of: pV = constant for a fixed mass of gas
a change of temperature at constant at constant temperature
volume
a change of volume at constant
temperature

## 2.2 Thermal properties and temperature

2.2.1 Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and
gases
Core Supplement
t Describe qualitatively the thermal expansion t Explain, in terms of the motion and
of solids, liquids, and gases at constant arrangement of molecules, the relative order
pressure of the magnitude of the expansion of solids,
t Identify and explain some of the everyday liquids and gases
applications and consequences of thermal
expansion

## 2.2.2 Measurement of temperature

Core Supplement
t Appreciate how a physical property that t Demonstrate understanding of sensitivity,
varies with temperature may be used for range and linearity
the measurement of temperature, and state t Describe the structure of a thermocouple
examples of such properties and show understanding of its use
t Recognise the need for and identify fixed as a thermometer for measuring high
points temperatures and those that vary rapidly
t Describe and explain the structure and action t Describe and explain how the structure of
of liquid-in-glass thermometers a liquid-in-glass thermometer relates to its
sensitivity, range and linearity

## 2.2.3 Thermal capacity (heat capacity)

Core Supplement
t Relate a rise in the temperature of a body to t Give a simple molecular account of an
an increase in its internal energy increase in internal energy
t Show an understanding of what is meant by t Recall and use the equation
the thermal capacity of a body thermal capacity = mc
t Define specific heat capacity
t Describe an experiment to measure the
specific heat capacity of a substance
t Recall and use the equation
change in energy=mcT

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Cambridge IGCSE Physics 0625 syllabus for 2019. Subject content

## 2.2.4 Melting and boiling

Core Supplement
t Describe melting and boiling in terms of t Distinguish between boiling and evaporation
energy input without a change in temperature
t State the meaning of melting point and
boiling point
t Describe condensation and solidification in t Use the terms latent heat of vaporisation and
terms of molecules latent heat of fusion and give a molecular
interpretation of latent heat
t Define specific latent heat
t Describe an experiment to measure specific
latent heats for steam and for ice
t Recall and use the equation energy = ml

## 2.3 Thermal processes

2.3.1 Conduction
Core Supplement
t Describe experiments to demonstrate t Give a simple molecular account of
the properties of good and bad thermal conduction in solids including lattice vibration
conductors and transfer by electrons

2.3.2 Convection
Core
t Recognise convection as an important
method of thermal transfer in fluids
t Relate convection in fluids to density changes
and describe experiments to illustrate
convection

Core Supplement
t Identify infra-red radiation as part of the t Describe experiments to show the properties
t Recognise that thermal energy transfer by absorbers of infra-red radiation
radiation does not require a medium
t Describe the effect of surface colour (black t Show understanding that the amount of
or white) and texture (dull or shiny) on radiation emitted also depends on the surface
the emission, absorption and reflection of temperature and surface area of a body

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Cambridge IGCSE Physics 0625 syllabus for 2019. Subject content

## 2.3.4 Consequences of energy transfer

Core
t Identify and explain some of the everyday
applications and consequences of conduction,

## 3 Properties of waves, including light and sound

3.1 General wave properties
Core Supplement
t Demonstrate understanding that waves
transfer energy without transferring matter
t Describe what is meant by wave motion as
illustrated by vibration in ropes and springs
and by experiments using water waves
t Use the term wavefront
t Give the meaning of speed, frequency, t Recall and use the equation v = f
wavelength and amplitude
t Distinguish between transverse and
longitudinal waves and give suitable
examples
t Describe how waves can undergo: t Describe how wavelength and gap size
reflection at a plane surface affects diffraction through a gap
refraction due to a change of speed t Describe how wavelength affects diffraction
at an edge
diffraction through a narrow gap
t Describe the use of water waves to
demonstrate reflection, refraction and
diffraction

3.2 Light
3.2.1 Reflection of light
Core Supplement
t Describe the formation of an optical image by t Recall that the image in a plane mirror is
a plane mirror, and give its characteristics virtual
t Recall and use the law t Perform simple constructions, measurements
angle of incidence = angle of reflection and calculations for reflection by plane
mirrors