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Glossika Mass Sentence Method

Cantonese (Hong Kong)


Fluency 1
This GMS Fluency Series accompanies the GMS recordings
and is a supplementary course assisting you on your path to
fluency. This course fills in the fluency training that is lacking
from other courses. Instead of advancing in the language via
grammar, GMS builds up sentences and lets students advance
via the full range of expression required to function in the
target language.

GMS recordings (sold separately) prepare the student through


translation and interpretation to become proficient in speaking
and listening.

Glossika Spaced Repetition (GSR) recordings are strongly


recommended for those who have trouble remembering the
content. Through the hundred days of GSR training, all the text
in each of our GMS publications can be mastered with ease.
Glossika Series
The following languages are available in the GMS or GSR Series
(not all are published in English):
Afroasiatic FA Persian, PRS Persian-Dari, TGK Tajik,
AR Arabic-Standard, ARE Arabic Egyptian, UR Urdu, HI Hindi, PAN Panjabi, GUJ
ARD Arabic (Mor.) Darija, ARQ Arabic Gujarati, MAR Marathi, NEP Nepali, ORI
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TU Turkish, AZ Azeri, Uzbek, Kyrgyz, IE: Slavic
Kazakh, Uyghur, MN Mongolian, JA RU Russian, UKR Ukrainian, BEL
Japanese, KR Korean Belarusian, PL Polish, CS Czech, SK
Austronesian Slovak, SL Slovene, HR Croatian, BOS
XSY Saisiyat, TYS Atayal-Squliq, SDQ Bosnian, SRP Serbian, MK Macedonian,
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IE: Celtic WUS Shanghai, WUW Wenzhou, MNN
CYM Welsh Taiwanese, HAK Hakka (Sixian, Hailu), YUE
IE: Germanic Cantonese, BOD Tibetan-Lhasa, DZO
DE German, NL Dutch, EN English Dzongkha, BRX Bodo, MY Burmese
American, DA Danish, SV Swedish, NO Tai-Kadai
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Glossika Mass Sentences

Cantonese (Hong Kong)


Fluency 1
Complete Fluency Course

Michael Campbell
Percy Wong
Glossika Mass Sentences
Cantonese (Hong Kong) Fluency 1

First published 2015


via license by Nolsen Bdon, Ltd.
Taipei, Taiwan

Authors: Michael Campbell, Percy Wong


Chief Editor: Michael Campbell
Translator: Percy Wong
Recordings: Michael Campbell, Percy Wong
Editing Team: Chia-Yi Lin, Claudia Chen
Consultant: Percy Wong
Programming: Edward Greve
Design: Yichieh He, Kara Li

2015 Michael Campbell

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or


utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known
or hereafter invented, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without
permission in writing from the publisher.

Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered


trademarks, and are used only as samples of language use without intent to
infringe.

Paperback ISBN: 978-986-438-013-8


Ebook ISBN: 978-986-5621-98-8
GMS MP3 ISRC: TWY811334131-TWY811334190
GSR MP3 ISRC: TWY811334191-TWY811334294

www.glossika.com
Contents
What is Glossika? 7
Glossika Levels 9
Glossika Publications 10
4 Secrets of the Mass Sentences Method 12
How to Use GMS and GSR 14
Supplementary 16
Sentence Mining 16
Transformation Drills 18
Substitution Drills 20
Memory, The Brain, and Language Acquisition 21
Introduction to Cantonese 27
Glossika Mass Sentences 45
Sentence 100 70
Sentence 200 95
Sentence 300 120
Sentence 400 146
Sentence 500 171
Sentence 600 199
Sentence 700 225
Sentence 800 253
Sentence 900 281
Sentence 1000 309
Cantonese Index 310
Character Index 328
46 ENYUE

1
EN The weather's nice today.

GUP gmyt tnhei hu hu.
JYUT gmjat tnhei hu hu.
YALE gmyaht tnhei hu hu.
IPA [ kmjt tnhe h h || ]

2
EN I'm not rich.

GUP ngo m hi hu yocn.
JYUT ng m hai hu jaucn.
YALE ngh m hhaih hu yuhchn.
IPA [ m h jn || ]

3
EN This bag's heavy.

GUP ngo di hu coung.
JYUT ngo di hu cng.
YALE ngo di hu chhng.
IPA [ nk t h || ]

4
EN These bags are heavy.

GUP nd di hu coung.
JYUT nd di hu cng.
YALE nd di hu chhng.
IPA [ nt t h || ]
ENYUE 47

5
EN Look, there's my friend.

GUP ti h, ngo pngyo hi gdou.
JYUT ti ha, ng pngjau hi gdou.
YALE ti h, ngh phngyuh hi gdouh.
IPA [ t h | pj h kto || ]

6
EN My brother and I are good tennis players.

GUP ngo toung ngo gog d mongko hu lk ga.
JYUT ng tng ng gg da mngku hu lk gaa.
YALE ngh thng ngh ghg d mhngkuh hu lk ga.
IPA [ t kk t mk h lk ka || ]

7
EN His mother's at home. He's at school.

GUP k mam hi ukki, k hi hokhao.
JYUT kei mama hi kki, kei hi hokhaau.
YALE kuih mhm hi kki, kuih hi hohkhaauh.
IPA [ k mam h kk | k h hkha || ]

8
EN Her children are at school.

GUP k d si louzi hi hokhao.
JYUT kei d sailouzi hi hokhaau.
YALE kuih d sailouhji hi hohkhaauh.
IPA [ k t s lo h hkha || ]
48 ENYUE

9
EN I'm a taxi driver.

GUP ge.
ngo hi z dks
JYUT ng hai za dks ge.
YALE ngh haih j dks ge.
IPA [ h t ks k || ]

10
EN My sister's a nurse.

GUP ngo muimi hi go wusi .
JYUT ng mimi hai go wusi .
YALE ngh mihmi haih go wuhsih.
IPA [ mum h k wusi || ]

11
EN He's sick. He's in bed.

GUP k beng z. k fn hi cong dou.
JYUT kei beng z. kei fan hi cng dou.
YALE kuih behng j. kuih fan hi chhng douh.
IPA [ k p || k fn h to || ]

12
EN I'm not hungry, but I'm thirsty.

GUP ngo m tou'ngo, danhi ngo hu hoho t.
JYUT ng m tu'ngo, daanhai ng hu huhot.
YALE ngh m h tuhngoh, daahnhaih ngh hu huhot.
IPA [ m to | tan h hh t || ]
ENYUE 49

13
EN He's a very old man. He's ninety-eight (98) years old.

GUP pbat s la.
k hu lou la. k gos
JYUT kei hu lu laa. kei gusapbaat seoi laa.
YALE kuih hu luh la. kuih gusahpbaat seui la.
IPA [ k h lo la || k ksppa t s la || ]

14
EN These chairs aren't beautiful, but they're comfortable.

GUP nd dn g syi n m len g, danhi zo hu sfouk.
JYUT nd dang seijn m leng, daanhai zau hu syfuk.
YALE nd dang suiyhn m h leng, daahnhaih jauh hu syfuhk.
IPA [ nt t sji n m l | tan h sfk || ]

15
EN The weather's warm and sunny today.

GUP gmyt tnhei yo yi t yo sai .
JYUT gmjat tnhei jau ji t jau saai.
YALE gmyaht tnhei yauh yiht yauh saai.
IPA [ kmjt tnhe j ji t j sa || ]

16
EN You're late. No, I'm not! I'm early.

GUP nei ci dou la. ngo mou a! ngo zoung zu dou tm.
JYUT nei cdou laa. ng mu aa! ng zung zu dou tm.
YALE nih chhdou la. ngh muh a! ngh juhng ju dou tm.
IPA [ ne i to la || mo a || to tm || ]
50 ENYUE

17
EN She isn't home. She's at work.

GUP k m hi ukki. k fn z gung.
JYUT kei m hi kki. kei fan z gng.
YALE kuih m h hi kki. kuih fan j gng.
IPA [ k m h kk || k fn k || ]

18
EN Here's your coat.

GUP na, nei gi n lo.
JYUT na, nei gi n lu.
YALE nh, nih gihn lu.
IPA [ na | ne ki n l || ]

19
EN What's your name?

GUP nei giu m mng a?
JYUT nei giu m mng aa?
YALE nih giu m mng a?
IPA [ ne ki
m m a || ]

20
EN My name's Alan.
Alan
GUP ngo giu Alan.
JYUT ng giu Alan.
YALE ngh giu Alan.
IPA [ ki
() || ]
ENYUE 51

21
EN Where are you from?

GUP nei hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT nei hi bndou li gaa?
YALE nih hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ ne h pnto le ka || ]

22
EN I'm from New York.

GUP ek lei ge.
ngo hi noyo
JYUT ng hai nujoek li ge.
YALE ngh haih nuyeuk lih ge.
IPA [ h njk le k || ]

23
EN How old are you?

GUP nei gid s a?
JYUT nei gid seoi aa?
YALE nih gid seui a?
IPA [ ne kt s a || ]

24
EN I'm twenty (20) years old.

GUP ngo yi sp s.
JYUT ng ji sap seoi.
YALE ngh yihsahp seui.
IPA [ ji sp s || ]
52 ENYUE

25
EN What's your job?

GUP nei hi zou mye gung ga?
JYUT nei hai zou mje gng gaa?
YALE nih haih jouh myh gng ga?
IPA [ ne h o mj k ka || ]

26
EN I'm a teacher.

GUP ngo hi gao s ge.
JYUT ng hai gaausy ge.
YALE ngh haih gaausy ge.
IPA [ h ka s k || ]

27
EN What's your favorite color?

GUP nei z zungyi m ngansk ga?
JYUT nei zeoi zngji m ngansk gaa?
YALE nih jeui jngyi m ngahnsk ga?
IPA [ ne ji m ans k ka || ]

28
EN My favorite color is blue.

GUP ngo z zungyi ge ngansk hi lamsk.
JYUT ng zeoi zngji ge ngansk hai lamsk.
YALE ngh jeui jngyi ge ngahnsk haih lahmsk.
IPA [ ji k ans k h lams k || ]
ENYUE 53

29
EN What are you interested in?

GUP nei d d mye yo hngc ga?
JYUT nei deoi d mje jau hingceoi gaa?
YALE nih deui d myh yuh hingcheui ga?
IPA [ ne t t mj j h
ka || ]

30
EN I'm interested in music.

GUP ngo d ymngok yo hngc .
JYUT ng deoi jmngok jau hingceoi.
YALE ngh deui ymngohk yuh hingcheui.
IPA [ t jmk j h
|| ]

31
EN It's hot today.

GUP gmyt hu yi t.
JYUT gmjat hu ji t.
YALE gmyaht hu yiht.
IPA [ kmjt h ji t || ]

32
EN It isn't hot today.

GUP gmyt m yi t.
JYUT gmjat m ji t.
YALE gmyaht m h yiht.
IPA [ kmjt m ji t || ]
54 ENYUE

33
EN It's windy today.

GUP gmyt fung hu dai.
JYUT gmjat fng hu daai.
YALE gmyaht fng hu daaih.
IPA [ kmjt f h ta || ]

34
EN It isn't windy today.

GUP gmyt fung m dai.
JYUT gmjat fng m daai.
YALE gmyaht fng m h daaih.
IPA [ kmjt f m ta || ]

35
EN My hands are cold.

GUP ngo d so hu doung.
JYUT ng deoi su hu dung.
YALE ngh deui su hu dung.
IPA [ t s h t || ]

36
EN Brazil is a very big country.

GUP bsi hi yt go hu dai ge gwokg.
JYUT basi hai jt go hu daai ge gwokga.
YALE bsi haih yt go hu daaih ge gwokg.
IPA [ ps h jt k h ta k k kk || ]
ENYUE 55

37
EN Diamonds are not cheap.

GUP znsek m peng.
JYUT zyunsek m png.
YALE jyunsehk m h phng.
IPA [ yns
k m p || ]

38
EN Toronto isn't in the United States.

GUP dlnd m hi hi meigwok.
JYUT dlend m hai hi meigwok.
YALE dluhnd m hhaih hi mihgwok.
IPA [ tlnt m h mek k || ]

39
EN I'm tired.

GUP ngo hu gui.
JYUT ng hu gui.
YALE ngh hu guih.
IPA [ h ku || ]

40
EN I'm not tired.

GUP ngo m gui.
JYUT ng m gui.
YALE ngh m h guih.
IPA [ m ku || ]
56 ENYUE

41
EN I'm hungry.

GUP ngo hu tou'ngo.
JYUT ng hu tu'ngo.
YALE ngh hu tuhngoh.
IPA [ h to || ]

42
EN I'm not hungry.

GUP ngo m tou'ngo.
JYUT ng m tu'ngo.
YALE ngh m h tuhngoh.
IPA [ m to || ]

43
EN He's a good swimmer.

GUP k yos yo dk hu lk.
JYUT kei jusei ju dk hu lk.
YALE kuih yuhsui yuh dk hu lk.
IPA [ k js j tk h lk || ]

44
EN I'm not interested in politics.

GUP ngo d zngzi
mou hngc
.
JYUT ng deoi zingzi mu hingceoi.
YALE ngh deui jingjih muh hingcheui.
IPA [ t i
mo h
|| ]
ENYUE 57

45
EN What's your name?

GUP nei giu mye mng?
JYUT nei giu mje mng?
YALE nih giu myh mng?
IPA [ ne ki
mj m || ]

46
EN My name's Amanda.
Amanda
GUP ngo giu Amanda.
JYUT ng giu Amanda.
YALE ngh giu Amanda.
IPA [ ki
() || ]

47
EN Are you married?

GUP nei git z fn mei a?
JYUT nei git z fn mei aa?
YALE nih git j fn meih a?
IPA [ ne kit
fn me a || ]

48
EN No, I'm single.

GUP mei, ngo zoung hi dnsn.
JYUT mei, ng zung hai dansn.
YALE meih, ngh juhng haih dansn.
IPA [ me | h tnsn || ]
58 ENYUE

49
EN How old are you?

GUP nei gid s a?
JYUT nei gid seoi aa?
YALE nih gid seui a?
IPA [ ne kt s a || ]

50
EN I'm twenty-five (25).

GUP ngo yang s.
JYUT ng jaang seoi.
YALE ngh yahgh seui.
IPA [ ja s || ]

51
EN Are you a student?

GUP nei himi yt go hoksng a?
JYUT nei haimai jt go hoksang aa?
YALE nih haihmaih yt go hohksang a?
IPA [ ne hm jt k hks a || ]

52
EN Yes, I am.

GUP ngo hi.
JYUT ng hai.
YALE ngh haih.
IPA [ h || ]
ENYUE 59

53
EN Am I late?

GUP ngo himi ci dou a?
JYUT ng haimai cdou aa?
YALE ngh haihmaih chhdou a?
IPA [ hm i to a || ]

54
EN No, you're on time.

GUP m hi, nei hu znsi .
JYUT m hai, nei hu zens.
YALE m hhaih, nih hu junsh.
IPA [ m | ne h nsi || ]

55
EN Is your mother at home?

GUP nei mam himi hi ukki a?
JYUT nei mama haimai hi kki aa?
YALE nih mhm haihmaih hi kki a?
IPA [ ne mam hm h kk a || ]

56
EN No, she's out.

GUP m hi, k ct z h.
JYUT m hai, kei cet z heoi.
YALE m hhaih, kuih chut j heui.
IPA [ m | k t h || ]
60 ENYUE

57
EN Are your parents at home?

GUP nei fumou himi hi ukki a?
JYUT nei fumu haimai hi kki aa?
YALE nih fuhmuh haihmaih hi kki a?
IPA [ ne fumo hm h kk a || ]

58
EN No, they're out.

GUP m hi, kdei ct z h.
JYUT m hai, keidei cet z heoi.
YALE m hhaih, kuihdeih chut j heui.
IPA [ m | kte t h || ]

59
EN Is it cold in your room?

GUP nei gn fng doung m doung a?
JYUT nei gan fng dung m dung aa?
YALE nih gan fng dung m h dung a?
IPA [ ne kn f t m t a || ]

60
EN Yes, a little.

GUP yod doung.
JYUT jaud dung.
YALE yuhd dung.
IPA [ jt t || ]
ENYUE 61

61
EN Your shoes are nice. Are they new?

GUP nei d hai hu len g wo. himi sn ga?
JYUT nei deoi hai hu leng wo. haimai sn gaa?
YALE nih deui haih hu leng wo. haihmaih sn ga?
IPA [ ne t ha h l w || hm sn ka || ]

62
EN Yes, they are.

GUP hi, hi sn ge.
JYUT hai, hai sn ge.
YALE haih, haih sn ge.
IPA [ h | h sn k || ]

63
EN Where's your mother? Is she at home?

GUP nei mam hi bndou a? k himi hi ukki a?
JYUT nei mama hi bndou aa? kei haimai hi kki aa?
YALE nih mhm hi bndouh a? kuih haihmaih hi kki a?
IPA [ ne mam h pnto a || k hm h kk a || ]

64
EN Where are you from?

GUP nei hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT nei hi bndou li gaa?
YALE nih hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ ne h pnto le ka || ]
62 ENYUE

65
EN I'm from Canada.

GUP ngo hi gnadai lei ge.
JYUT ng hai ganadaai li ge.
YALE ngh haih gnhdaaih lih ge.
IPA [ h knata le k || ]

66
EN What color is your car?

GUP nei ga c hi mye ngansk ga?
JYUT nei gaa c hai mje ngansk gaa?
YALE nih ga ch haih myh ngahnsk ga?
IPA [ ne ka h mj ans k ka || ]

67
EN It's red.

GUP hi houngsk ge.
JYUT hai hngsk ge.
YALE haih hhngsk ge.
IPA [ h hs k k || ]

68
EN How old is Hassan?
Hassan
GUP Hassan gid s a?
JYUT Hassan gid seoi aa?
YALE Hassan gid seui a?
IPA [ () kt s a || ]
ENYUE 63

69
EN He's twenty-four (24).

GUP k yasei s.
JYUT kei jaasei seoi.
YALE kuih yahsei seui.
IPA [ k jase s || ]

70
EN How are your parents?

GUP nei fumou hu ma?
JYUT nei fumu hu maa?
YALE nih fuhmuh hu ma?
IPA [ ne fumo h ma || ]

71
EN They're doing fine.

GUP kdei hu hu.
JYUT keidei hu hu.
YALE kuihdeih hu hu.
IPA [ kte h h || ]

72
EN These postcards are nice. How much are they?

GUP nd m ngsnpn hu len g. gid cn a?
JYUT nd mngseonpn hu leng. gid cn aa?
YALE nd mhngseunpn hu leng. gid chn a?
IPA [ nt m snpn h l || kt n a || ]
64 ENYUE

73
EN They're a dollar. They're a buck. They're a pound. They're a euro.

GUP bat mn.
JYUT baat mn.
YALE baat mn.
IPA [ pa t mn || ]

74
EN This hotel isn't very good. Why is it so expensive?

GUP m
n gn zodi m hi wa hu hu. dmgi wui gm gwi g?
JYUT n gan zudim m hai waa hu hu. dmgai wi gam gwai g?
YALE n gan judim m hhaih wah hu hu. dmgai wih gam gwai g?
IPA [ n kn tim
m wa h h || tmk wu km
k k
|| ]

75
EN What's your phone number?

GUP nei di nw gid hou?
JYUT nei di nwa gid hou?
YALE nih dihnw gid houh?
IPA [ ne ti nw kt ho || ]

76
EN Who's that man?

GUP ggo namyn hi bngo a?
JYUT ggo namjn hai bngo aa?
YALE ggo nahmyn haih bngo a?
IPA [ kk namjn h pnk a || ]
ENYUE 65

77
EN He's the boss.

GUP k hi loubn.
JYUT kei hai luban.
YALE kuih haih luhban.
IPA [ k h lopn || ]

78
EN Where's your friend?

GUP nei go pngyo hi bndou a?
JYUT nei go pngjau hi bndou aa?
YALE nih go phngyuh hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne k pj h pnto a || ]

79
EN She's in the bathroom.

GUP k hi sis
ogn.

JYUT kei hi sisugan.
YALE kuih hi sisugan.
IPA [ k h sskn || ]

80
EN How's your father?

GUP nei bab hu ma?
JYUT nei baba hu maa?
YALE nih bhb hu ma?
IPA [ ne pap h ma || ]
66 ENYUE

81
EN He's doing great.

GUP k hu hu.
JYUT kei hu hu.
YALE kuih hu hu.
IPA [ k h h || ]

82
EN Are you tired?

GUP nei gui m gui a?
JYUT nei gui m gui aa?
YALE nih guih m h guih a?
IPA [ ne ku m ku a || ]

83
EN Yes, I am.

GUP ngo hu gui.
JYUT ng hu gui.
YALE ngh hu guih.
IPA [ h ku || ]

84
EN Are you hungry?

GUP nei tou m tou'ngo a?
JYUT nei tu m tu'ngo aa?
YALE nih tuh m h tuhngoh a?
IPA [ ne to m to a || ]
ENYUE 67

85
EN No, but I'm thirsty.

GUP ngo m tou'ngo, danhi ngo hu hoho t.
JYUT ng m tu'ngo, daanhai ng hu huhot.
YALE ngh m h tuhngoh, daahnhaih ngh hu huhot.
IPA [ m to | tan h hh t || ]

86
EN Is your friend Chinese?

GUP nei pngyo himi zunggwokyn leiga?
JYUT nei pngjau haimai znggwokjn ligaa?
YALE nih phngyuh haihmaih jnggwokyhn lihga?
IPA [ ne pj hm k kjn leka || ]

87
EN Yes, he is.

GUP k hi.
JYUT kei hai.
YALE kuih haih.
IPA [ k h || ]

88
EN Are these your keys?

GUP nd himi neige ssi a?
JYUT nd haimai neige ss aa?
YALE nd haihmaih nihge ssh a?
IPA [ nt hm nek ssi a || ]
68 ENYUE

89
EN Yes, they are.

GUP hi a.
JYUT hai aa.
YALE haih a.
IPA [ h a || ]

90
EN That's my seat.

GUP g zeng dn g hi ngoge.
JYUT g zeng dang hai ngge.
YALE g jung dang haih nghge.
IPA [ k t h k || ]

91
EN No, it isn't.

GUP m hi ga.
JYUT m hai gaa.
YALE m hhaih ga.
IPA [ m ka || ]

92
EN Where's the camera?

GUP go yngsenggi hi bndou a?
JYUT go jngsenggi hi bndou aa?
YALE go yngsunggi hi bndouh a?
IPA [ k j s k h pnto a || ]
ENYUE 69

93
EN It's in your bag.

GUP hi nei go di dou.
JYUT hi nei go di dou.
YALE hi nih go di douh.
IPA [ h ne k t to || ]

94
EN Is your car blue?

GUP nei ga c himi lamsk ga?
JYUT nei gaa c haimai lamsk gaa?
YALE nih ga ch haihmaih lahmsk ga?
IPA [ ne ka hm lams k ka || ]

95
EN No, it's black.

GUP m hi, hi hksk ge.
JYUT m hai, hai haksk ge.
YALE m hhaih, haih haksk ge.
IPA [ m | h hks k k || ]

96
EN Is Lisa from Toronto?
Lisa
GUP Lisa himi dlnd lei ga?
JYUT Lisa haimai dlend li gaa?
YALE Lisa haihmaih dluhnd lih ga?
IPA [ () hm tlnt le ka || ]
70 ENYUE

97
EN No, she's American.

GUP m hi, k hi meigwokyn.
JYUT m hai, kei hai meigwokjn.
YALE m hhaih, kuih haih mihgwokyhn.
IPA [ m | k h mek kjn || ]

98
EN Am I late?

GUP ngo himi ci dou a?
JYUT ng haimai cdou aa?
YALE ngh haihmaih chhdou a?
IPA [ hm i to a || ]

99
EN Yes, you are.

GUP hi a, nei ci dou.
JYUT hai aa, nei cdou.
YALE haih a, nih chhdou.
IPA [ h a | ne i to || ]

100
EN Where's Layla from?
Layla
GUP Layla hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT Layla hi bndou li gaa?
YALE Layla hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ () h pnto le ka || ]
ENYUE 71

101
EN She's from London.

GUP k hi lndn lei ge.
JYUT kei hai lenden li ge.
YALE kuih haih luhndun lih ge.
IPA [ k h lntn le k || ]

102
EN What color is your bag?

GUP nei go di hi mye ngansk ga?
JYUT nei go di hai mje ngansk gaa?
YALE nih go di haih myh ngahnsk ga?
IPA [ ne k t h mj ans k ka || ]

103
EN It's black.

GUP hi hksk ge.
JYUT hai haksk ge.
YALE haih haksk ge.
IPA [ h hks k k || ]

104
EN Are you hungry?

GUP nei tou m tou'ngo a?
JYUT nei tu m tu'ngo aa?
YALE nih tuh m h tuhngoh a?
IPA [ ne to m to a || ]
72 ENYUE

105
EN No, I'm not.

GUP ngo m tou'ngo.
JYUT ng m tu'ngo.
YALE ngh m h tuhngoh.
IPA [ m to || ]

106
EN How's John?
John
GUP a John hu ma?
JYUT aa John hu maa?
YALE a John hu ma?
IPA [ a () h ma || ]

107
EN He's fine.

GUP k hu hu.
JYUT kei hu hu.
YALE kuih hu hu.
IPA [ k h h || ]

108
EN Who's that woman?

GUP ggo nyn hi bngo leiga?
JYUT ggo neijn hai bngo ligaa?
YALE ggo nuihyn haih bngo lihga?
IPA [ kk njn h pnk leka || ]
ENYUE 73

109
EN She's my sister.

GUP k hi ngo gz.
JYUT kei hai ng gaz.
YALE kuih haih ngh gj.
IPA [ k h k || ]

110
EN Is your mother at home?

GUP nei mam himi hi ukki a?
JYUT nei mama haimai hi kki aa?
YALE nih mhm haihmaih hi kki a?
IPA [ ne mam hm h kk a || ]

111
EN How are your parents?

GUP nei fumou hu ma?
JYUT nei fumu hu maa?
YALE nih fuhmuh hu ma?
IPA [ ne fumo h ma || ]

112
EN Is your job interesting?

GUP nei fn gung hu m hu wn a?
JYUT nei fan gng hu m hu wan aa?
YALE nih fahn gng hu m h hu wan a?
IPA [ ne fn k h m h wn a || ]
74 ENYUE

113
EN Are the stores open today?

GUP gmyt d pouto yomou himun a?
JYUT gmjat d poutu jaumu himn aa?
YALE gmyaht d poutu yuhmuh himhn a?
IPA [ kmjt t pot jmo hmun a || ]

114
EN Where are you from?

GUP nei hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT nei hi bndou li gaa?
YALE nih hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ ne h pnto le ka || ]

115
EN Are you interested in sports?

GUP nei zung m zungyi wndoung a?
JYUT nei zng m zngji wandung aa?
YALE nih jng m h jngyi wahnduhng a?
IPA [ ne m ji wnt a || ]

116
EN Is the post office near here?

GUP ndou fugn yomou yoguk a?
JYUT ndou fugan jaumu jugk aa?
YALE ndouh fuhgahn yuhmuh yuhgk a?
IPA [ nto fukn jmo jkk a || ]
ENYUE 75

117
EN Are your children at school?

GUP nei d si louzi himi hi hokhao a?
JYUT nei d sailouzi haimai hi hokhaau aa?
YALE nih d sailouhji haihmaih hi hohkhaauh a?
IPA [ ne t s lo hm h hkha a || ]

118
EN Why are you late?

GUP nei dmgi ci dou a?
JYUT nei dmgai cdou aa?
YALE nih dmgai chhdou a?
IPA [ ne tmk i to a || ]

119
EN How are your children?

GUP nei d si louzi hu ma?
JYUT nei d sailouzi hu maa?
YALE nih d sailouhji hu ma?
IPA [ ne t s lo h ma || ]

120
EN They're fine.

GUP kdei hu hu.
JYUT keidei hu hu.
YALE kuihdeih hu hu.
IPA [ kte h h || ]
76 ENYUE

121
EN Where's the bus stop?

GUP go bszam hi bndou a?
JYUT go baszaam hi bndou aa?
YALE go bsjaahm hi bndouh a?
IPA [ k psam h pnto a || ]

122
EN At the stoplight.

GUP hi houngloukdng gdou.
JYUT hi hnglukdng gdou.
YALE hi hhngluhkdng gdouh.
IPA [ h hlkt kto || ]

123
EN How old are your children?

GUP nei d si louzi gid s a?
JYUT nei d sailouzi gid seoi aa?
YALE nih d sailouhji gid seui a?
IPA [ ne t s lo kt s a || ]

124
EN Five (5), seven (7), and ten (10).

GUP ng s, ct s, toungmai sp s.
JYUT ng seoi, ct seoi, tngmai sap seoi.
YALE gh seui, cht seui, thngmaih sahp seui.
IPA [ s | t s | tma sp s || ]
ENYUE 77

125
EN How much are these oranges?

GUP nd cng gid cn a?
JYUT nd cang gid cn aa?
YALE nd chang gid chn a?
IPA [ nt kt n a || ]

126
EN A dollar fifty a pound ($1.50/lb). They're 2.3 Euros a kilo.

GUP yasm mn yt gunggn.
JYUT jaasam mn jt gnggn.
YALE yahsam mn yt gnggn.
IPA [ jasm mn jt kkn || ]

127
EN What's your favorite sport?

GUP nei z zungyi mye wndoung a?
JYUT nei zeoi zngji mje wandung aa?
YALE nih jeui jngyi myh wahnduhng a?
IPA [ ne ji mj wnt a || ]

128
EN My favorite sport is skiing.

GUP ngo z zungyi ge wndoung hi watst.
JYUT ng zeoi zngji ge wandung hai waatsyut.
YALE ngh jeui jngyi ge wahnduhng haih waahtsyut.
IPA [ ji k wnt h watsyt
|| ]
78 ENYUE

129
EN Who's the man in this photo?

GUP zeng seng lmi n go namyn hi bngo a?
JYUT zeng seng leimi n go namjn hai bngo aa?
YALE jung sung luihmihn go nahmyn haih bngo a?
IPA [ s lmi n k namjn h pnk a || ]

130
EN That's my father.

GUP o, hi ngo bab.
JYUT , hai ng baba.
YALE h, haih ngh bhb.
IPA [ | h pap || ]

131
EN What color are your new shoes?

GUP nei d sn hai hi mye ngansk a?
JYUT nei deoi sn hai hai mje ngansk aa?
YALE nih deui sn haih haih myh ngahnsk a?
IPA [ ne t sn ha h mj ans k a || ]

132
EN They're black.

GUP hi hksk ge.
JYUT hai haksk ge.
YALE haih haksk ge.
IPA [ h hks k k || ]
ENYUE 79

133
EN What's your name?

GUP nei giu mye mng?
JYUT nei giu mje mng?
YALE nih giu myh mng?
IPA [ ne ki
mj m || ]

134
EN I'm Brian.
Brian
GUP ngo giu Brian.
JYUT ng giu Brian.
YALE ngh giu Brian.
IPA [ ki
() || ]

135
EN Are you Australian?

GUP nei himi ouzoyn a?
JYUT nei haimai ouzujn aa?
YALE nih haihmaih oujuyhn a?
IPA [ ne hm ojn a || ]

136
EN No, I'm Canadian.

GUP m hi, ngo hi gnadaiyn.
JYUT m hai, ng hai ganadaaijn.
YALE m hhaih, ngh haih gnhdaaihyhn.
IPA [ m | h knatajn || ]
80 ENYUE

137
EN How old are you?

GUP nei gid s a?
JYUT nei gid seoi aa?
YALE nih gid seui a?
IPA [ ne kt s a || ]

138
EN I'm thirty-three.

GUP ngo smspsm s.
JYUT ng samsapsam seoi.
YALE ngh samsahpsam seui.
IPA [ smspsm s || ]

139
EN Are you a teacher?

GUP nei himi gao s a?
JYUT nei haimai gaaus aa?
YALE nih haihmaih gaaus a?
IPA [ ne hm ka s a || ]

140
EN No, I'm a doctor.

GUP m hi, ngo hi ysng leige.
JYUT m hai, ng hai jsng lige.
YALE m hhaih, ngh haih ysng lihge.
IPA [ m | h js lek || ]
ENYUE 81

141
EN Are you married?

GUP nei git z fn mei a?
JYUT nei git z fn mei aa?
YALE nih git j fn meih a?
IPA [ ne kit
fn me a || ]

142
EN Yes, I am.

GUP ngo git z fn.
JYUT ng git z fn.
YALE ngh git j fn.
IPA [ kit
fn || ]

143
EN Is your wife a doctor?

GUP nei tai ti himi ysng a?
JYUT nei taaitai haimai jsng aa?
YALE nih taaitai haihmaih ysng a?
IPA [ ne ta t hm js a || ]

144
EN No, she's a teacher.

GUP m hi, k hi gao s leiga.
JYUT m hai, kei hai gaaus ligaa.
YALE m hhaih, kuih haih gaaus lihga.
IPA [ m | k h ka s leka || ]
82 ENYUE

145
EN Where is she from?

GUP k hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT kei hi bndou li gaa?
YALE kuih hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ k h pnto le ka || ]

146
EN She's from Mexico.

GUP k hi mksig lei ge.
JYUT kei hi maksig li ge.
YALE kuih hi mahksig lih ge.
IPA [ k h mksk le k || ]

147
EN What's her name?

GUP k giu mye mng?
JYUT kei giu mje mng?
YALE kuih giu myh mng?
IPA [ k ki
mj m || ]

148
EN Her name is Barbara.
Barbara
GUP k giu Barbara.
JYUT kei giu Barbara.
YALE kuih giu Barbara.
IPA [ k ki
() || ]
ENYUE 83

149
EN How old is she?

GUP k gid s a?
JYUT kei gid seoi aa?
YALE kuih gid seui a?
IPA [ k kt s a || ]

150
EN She's twenty-six (26).

GUP k yalouk s.
JYUT kei jaaluk seoi.
YALE kuih yahluhk seui.
IPA [ k jalk s || ]

151
EN Are you married? No, I'm not.

GUP nei himi git z fn la? m hi, ngo mei gitfn.

JYUT nei haimai git z fn laa? m hai, ng mei gitfn.
YALE nih haihmaih git j fn la? m hhaih, ngh meih gitfn.
IPA [ ne hm kit
fn la || m | me kitf
n || ]

152
EN Are you thirsty? Yes, I am.

GUP nei ho m hoho
t a? ngo hu hoho t.
JYUT nei hu m huhot aa? ng hu huhot.
YALE nih hu m h huhot a? ngh hu huhot.
IPA [ ne h m hh t a || h hh t || ]
84 ENYUE

153
EN Is it cold today? No, it isn't.

GUP gmyt doung m doung a? m doung.
JYUT gmjat dung m dung aa? m dung.
YALE gmyaht dung m h dung a? m h dung.
IPA [ kmjt t m t a || m t || ]

154
EN Are your hands cold? No, they aren't.

GUP nei d so doung m doung a? m doung.
JYUT nei deoi su dung m dung aa? m dung.
YALE nih deui su dung m h dung a? m h dung.
IPA [ ne t s t m t a || m t || ]

155
EN Is it dark now? Yes, it is.

GUP yi g himi tnhk la? hi a.
JYUT jga haimai tnhak laa? hai aa.
YALE yhg haihmaih tnhak la? haih a.
IPA [ ji k hm tnhk la || h a || ]

156
EN Are you a teacher? Yes, I am.

GUP nei himi yt wi lous leiga? hi a.
JYUT nei haimai jt wi lus ligaa? hai aa.
YALE nih haihmaih yt wi luhs lihga? haih a.
IPA [ ne hm jt w los leka || h a || ]
ENYUE 85

157
EN I'm working. I'm not watching TV.

GUP u zou gn ye. ngo m hi ti gn di nsi .
ngo hido
JYUT ng hidou zou gn je. ng m hai ti gn di nsi .
YALE ngh hidouh jouh gn yh. ngh m hhaih ti gn dihnsih.
IPA [ hto o kn j || m t kn ti nsi || ]

158
EN Barbara is reading a newspaper.
Barbara
GUP u ti gn bouz.
Barbara hido
JYUT Barbara hidou ti gn bouz.
YALE Barbara hidouh ti gn bouj.
IPA [ () hto t kn po || ]

159
EN She isn't eating.

GUP k m hi s k gn ye.
JYUT kei m hai si k gn je.
YALE kuih m hhaih sihk gn yh.
IPA [ k m s k kn j || ]

160
EN The phone is ringing.

GUP u heng.
go di nw hido
JYUT go di nwa hidou heng.
YALE go dihnw hidouh hung.
IPA [ k ti nw hto h || ]
86 ENYUE

161
EN We're having dinner.

GUP ngodei s k gn manfan.
JYUT ngdei si k gn maanfaan.
YALE nghdeih sihk gn mahnfaahn.
IPA [ te s k kn manfan || ]

162
EN You're not listening to me.

GUP u tng gn ngo gng ye.
nei m hi hido
JYUT nei m hai hidou tng gn ng gng je.
YALE nih m hhaih hidouh tng gn ngh gng yh.
IPA [ ne m hto t kn k j || ]

163
EN The children are doing their homework.

GUP d si louzi hido
u zou gn gungfo.
JYUT d sailouzi hidou zou gn gngfo.
YALE d sailouhji hidouh jouh gn gngfo.
IPA [ t s lo hto o kn kf || ]

164
EN Please be quiet. I'm working.

GUP m gi nei si sng d. ngo hido u zou gn ye.
JYUT m gi nei saisng d. ng hidou zou gn je.
YALE m hgi nih saisng d. ngh hidouh jouh gn yh.
IPA [ m k ne s s t || hto o kn j || ]
ENYUE 87

165
EN The weather's nice. It's not raining.

GUP go tnhei hu hu, mou loky.
JYUT go tnhei hu hu, mu lokjy.
YALE go tnhei hu hu, muh lohk'yh.
IPA [ k tnhe h h | mo lkjy || ]

166
EN Where are the children? They're playing in the park.

GUP d si louzi hi bndou a? kdei hi gungyn dou wn gn.
JYUT d sailouzi hi bndou aa? keidei hi gngjyn dou wan gn.
YALE d sailouhji hi bndouh a? kuihdeih hi gngyn douh wan gn.
IPA [ t s lo h pnto a || kte h kjn to wn kn
|| ]

167
EN We're having dinner now. Can I call you later?

GUP ngodei yi g s k gn fan. ngo ci d d fn bi nei hu m hu?
JYUT ngdei jga si k gn faan. ng cd da fan bi nei hu m hu?
YALE nghdeih yhg sihk gn faahn. ngh chhd d fan bi nih hu m h
hu?
IPA [ te ji k s k kn fan || i t t fn p ne h m h ||
]

168
EN I'm not watching TV.

GUP ngo m hi ti gn di nsi .
JYUT ng m hai ti gn di nsi .
YALE ngh m hhaih ti gn dihnsih.
IPA [ m t kn ti nsi || ]
88 ENYUE

169
EN She's eating an apple.

GUP k s k gn go p nggw.
JYUT kei si k gn go pnggw.
YALE kuih sihk gn go phnggw.
IPA [ k s k kn k p k || ]

170
EN He's waiting for a bus.

GUP u dng
k hido gn bs.
JYUT kei hidou dng gn bas.
YALE kuih hidouh dng gn bs.
IPA [ k hto t kn ps || ]

171
EN They're playing football.

GUP u tek gn b.
kdei hido
JYUT keidei hidou tek gn b.
YALE kuihdeih hidouh tek gn b.
IPA [ kte hto t k kn p || ]

172
EN He's lying on the floor.

GUP k fn hi deih dou.
JYUT kei fan hi deiha dou.
YALE kuih fan hi deihh douh.
IPA [ k fn h teh to || ]
ENYUE 89

173
EN We're eating breakfast.

GUP ngodei s k gn zucn.
JYUT ngdei si k gn zucan.
YALE nghdeih sihk gn juchan.
IPA [ te s k kn n || ]

174
EN She's sitting on the table.

GUP k co hi zeng ti dou.
JYUT kei c hi zeng ti dou.
YALE kuih chh hi jung ti douh.
IPA [ k h t to || ]

175
EN He's in the kitchen. He's cooking.

GUP k hi cfng dou. k z gn d ye.
JYUT kei hi cyfng dou. kei zy gn d je.
YALE kuih hi chyhfng douh. kuih jy gn d yh.
IPA [ k h yf to || k kn t j || ]

176
EN You stepped on my foot. I'm sorry.

GUP nei ci du ngo zek goek. hu dm z.
JYUT nei cai du ng zek goek. hu deoim zyu.
YALE nih chai du ngh jek geuk. hu deuim hjyuh.
IPA [ ne t k kk || h tm y || ]
90 ENYUE

177
EN Somebody is swimming in the river.

GUP yo yn hi tiu ho dou yo gn s.
JYUT jau jn hi ti h dou ju gn sei.
YALE yuh yhn hi tih hh douh yuh gn sui.
IPA [ j jn h ti h to j kn s || ]

178
EN We're here on vacation. We're staying at a hotel on the beach.

GUP ngodei hi ndou douga. ngodei z hi stn soengmi n yt gn zodi m
dou.
JYUT ngdei hi ndou dougaa. ngdei zyu hi satan soengmi n jt gan
zudim dou.
YALE nghdeih hi ndouh douhga. nghdeih jyuh hi stan seuhngmihn yt
gan judim douh.
IPA [ te h nto toka || te y h stn s mi n jt kn
tim to || ]

179
EN Where's Tara? She's taking a shower.
Tara
GUP Tara hi bndou a? k cung gn loeng.
JYUT Tara hi bndou aa? kei cng gn leng.
YALE Tara hi bndouh a? kuih chng gn luhng.
IPA [ () h pnto a || k kn l || ]

180
EN They're building a new hotel downtown.

GUP kdei hi si zungsm dou hi gn gn sn ge zodi m.
JYUT keidei hi si zngsm dou hi gn gan sn ge zudim.
YALE kuihdeih hi shjngsm douh hi gn gan sn ge judim.
IPA [ kte h si sm to h kn kn sn k tim
|| ]
ENYUE 91

181
EN I'm leaving now, goodbye.

GUP ngo yi g zo la, zoigin.
JYUT ng jga zu laa, zoigin.
YALE ngh yhg ju la, joigin.
IPA [ ji k la | kin
|| ]

182
EN She isn't having dinner.

GUP k m s k manfan la.
JYUT kei m si k maanfaan laa.
YALE kuih m h sihk mahnfaahn la.
IPA [ k m s k manfan la || ]

183
EN She's watching TV.

GUP k ti gn di nsi .
JYUT kei ti gn di nsi .
YALE kuih ti gn dihnsih.
IPA [ k t kn ti nsi || ]

184
EN She's sitting on the floor.

GUP k co hi deih dou.
JYUT kei c hi deiha dou.
YALE kuih chh hi deihh douh.
IPA [ k h teh to || ]
92 ENYUE

185
EN She's reading a book.

GUP k ti gn s.
JYUT kei ti gn sy.
YALE kuih ti gn sy.
IPA [ k t kn s || ]

186
EN He's not playing the piano.

GUP k m hi tan gn gongkm.
JYUT kei m hai tan gn gongkm.
YALE kuih m hhaih tahn gn gongkhm.
IPA [ k m tan kn k km || ]

187
EN He's laughing.

GUP u siu.
k hido
JYUT kei hidou siu.
YALE kuih hidouh siu.
IPA [ k hto si
|| ]

188
EN He's wearing a hat.

GUP k dai z dng mu.
JYUT kei daai z dng mu.
YALE kuih daai j dng mu.
IPA [ k ta t m || ]
ENYUE 93

189
EN He's not writing a letter.

GUP k m hi s gn sn.
JYUT kei m hai s gn seon.
YALE kuih m hhaih s gn seun.
IPA [ k m s kn sn || ]

190
EN I'm not washing my hair.

GUP ngo m hi si gn to.
JYUT ng m hai si gn tu.
YALE ngh m hhaih si gn tuh.
IPA [ m s kn t || ]

191
EN It isn't snowing.

GUP yi g mou lokst .
JYUT jga mu loksyut.
YALE yhg muh lohksyut.
IPA [ ji k mo lksyt
|| ]

192
EN I'm sitting on a chair.

GUP ngo co hi zeng dn g dou.
JYUT ng c hi zeng dang dou.
YALE ngh chh hi jung dang douh.
IPA [ h t to || ]
94 ENYUE

193
EN I'm not eating.

GUP ngo m hi s k gn ye.
JYUT ng m hai si k gn je.
YALE ngh m hhaih sihk gn yh.
IPA [ m s k kn j || ]

194
EN It's raining.

GUP yi g lok gn y.
JYUT jga lok gn jy.
YALE yhg lohk gn yh.
IPA [ ji k lk kn jy || ]

195
EN I'm not studying english.

GUP ngo m hi douk gn yngm

n.
JYUT ng m hai duk gn jngmn.
YALE ngh m hhaih duhk gn yngmn.
IPA [ m tk kn j mn || ]

196
EN I'm listening to music.

GUP ngo tng gn ymngok.
JYUT ng tng gn jmngok.
YALE ngh tng gn ymngohk.
IPA [ t kn jmk || ]
ENYUE 95

197
EN The sun isn't shining.

GUP go tai yoeng m sai .
JYUT go taaijeng m saai.
YALE go taaiyuhng m h saai.
IPA [ k ta j m sa || ]

198
EN I'm wearing my shoes.

GUP ngo zoek z ngo d hai.
JYUT ng zoek zyu ng deoi hai.
YALE ngh jeuk jyuh ngh deui haih.
IPA [ k y t ha || ]

199
EN I'm not reading the newspaper.

GUP ngo m hi ti gn bouz.
JYUT ng m hai ti gn bouz.
YALE ngh m hhaih ti gn bouj.
IPA [ m t kn po || ]

200
EN Are you feeling okay?

GUP nei gokdk moumtye ma?
JYUT nei gokdk mumtje amaa?
YALE nih gokdk muhmtyh ma?
IPA [ ne k ktk momtj ma || ]
96 ENYUE

201
EN Yes, I'm fine.

GUP ngo mousi .
JYUT ng musi .
YALE ngh muhsih.
IPA [ mosi || ]

202
EN Is it raining?

GUP himi lok gn y a?
JYUT haimai lok gn jy aa?
YALE haihmaih lohk gn yh a?
IPA [ hm lk kn jy a || ]

203
EN Yes, take an umbrella.

GUP hi a, nei l b z l.
JYUT hai aa, nei l ba z la.
YALE haih a, nih l b j l.
IPA [ h a | ne l p l || ]

204
EN Why are you wearing a coat?

GUP dmgi nei zoek z gi n dailo g?
JYUT dmgai nei zoek zyu gi n daailu g?
YALE dmgai nih jeuk jyuh gihn daaihlu g?
IPA [ tmk ne k y ki n tal k || ]
ENYUE 97

205
EN It's not cold.

GUP m hi hu doung z.
JYUT m hai hu dung z.
YALE m hhaih hu dung j.
IPA [ m h t || ]

206
EN What's he doing?

GUP k zou gn mtye a?
JYUT kei zou gn mtje aa?
YALE kuih jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ k o kn mtj a || ]

207
EN He's reading the newspaper.

GUP k ti gn bouz.
JYUT kei ti gn bouz.
YALE kuih ti gn bouj.
IPA [ k t kn po || ]

208
EN What are the children doing?

GUP d si louzi hido
u zou gn mtye a?
JYUT d sailouzi hidou zou gn mtje aa?
YALE d sailouhji hidouh jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ t s lo hto o kn mtj a || ]
98 ENYUE

209
EN They're watching TV.

GUP u ti di nsi .
kdei hido
JYUT keidei hidou ti di nsi .
YALE kuihdeih hidouh ti dihnsih.
IPA [ kte hto t ti nsi || ]

210
EN Where's she going?

GUP k h bndou a?
JYUT kei heoi bndou aa?
YALE kuih heui bndouh a?
IPA [ k h pnto a || ]

211
EN Who are you waiting for?

GUP gn bngo a?
nei dng
JYUT nei dng gn bngo aa?
YALE nih dng gn bngo a?
IPA [ ne t kn pnk a || ]

212
EN Are you waiting for John?
John ?
GUP nei himi dng gn John a?
JYUT nei haimai dng gn John aa?
YALE nih haihmaih dng gn John a?
IPA [ ne hm t kn () a || ]
ENYUE 99

213
EN Are you leaving now?

GUP nei himi yi g zo la?
JYUT nei haimai jga zu laa?
YALE nih haihmaih yhg ju la?
IPA [ ne hm ji k la || ]

214
EN Yes, I am.

GUP hi, ngo yi g zo la.
JYUT hai, ng jga zu laa.
YALE haih, ngh yhg ju la.
IPA [ h | ji k la || ]

215
EN Is Chris working today?
Chris
GUP Chris gmyt yiu m yiu fngung a?
JYUT Chris gmjat jiu m jiu fangng aa?
YALE Chris gmyaht yiu m h yiu fangng a?
IPA [ () kmjt ji
m ji
fnk a || ]

216
EN No, he isn't.

GUP k gmyt m si.
JYUT kei gmjat m si.
YALE kuih gmyaht m hsi.
IPA [ k kmjt m s || ]
100 ENYUE

217
EN Is the sun shining?

GUP go tai yoeng sai m sai a?
JYUT go taaijeng saai m saai aa?
YALE go taaiyuhng saai m h saai a?
IPA [ k ta j sa m sa a || ]

218
EN Yes, it is.

GUP hu sai a.
JYUT hu saai aa.
YALE hu saai a.
IPA [ h sa a || ]

219
EN Are your friends staying at a hotel?

GUP nei d pngyo himi z hi zodi m dou a?
JYUT nei d pngjau haimai zyu hi zudim dou aa?
YALE nih d phngyuh haihmaih jyuh hi judim douh a?
IPA [ ne t pj hm y h tim
to a || ]

220
EN No, they're staying with me.

GUP m hi, kdei z hi ngo gdou.
JYUT m hai, keidei zyu hi ng gdou.
YALE m hhaih, kuihdeih jyuh hi ngh gdouh.
IPA [ m | kte y h kto || ]
ENYUE 101

221
EN Are you watching TV?

GUP nei himi ti gn di nsi a?
JYUT nei haimai ti gn di nsi aa?
YALE nih haihmaih ti gn dihnsih a?
IPA [ ne hm t kn ti nsi a || ]

222
EN No, you can turn it off.

GUP m hi, nei hyi sk z k.
JYUT m hai, nei hji sk z kei.
YALE m hhaih, nih hyh sk j kuih.
IPA [ m | ne hji s k k || ]

223
EN Are you leaving now?

GUP nei himi yi g zo a?
JYUT nei haimai jga zu aa?
YALE nih haihmaih yhg ju a?
IPA [ ne hm ji k a || ]

224
EN Yes, see you tomorrow.

GUP
hi a, tngy t gin.
JYUT hai aa, tngjat gin.
YALE haih a, tngyaht gin.
IPA [ h a | t jt kin
|| ]
102 ENYUE

225
EN Is it raining?

GUP himi lok gn y a?
JYUT haimai lok gn jy aa?
YALE haihmaih lohk gn yh a?
IPA [ hm lk kn jy a || ]

226
EN No, not right now.

GUP m hi, yi g mou.
JYUT m hai, jga mu.
YALE m hhaih, yhg muh.
IPA [ m | ji k mo || ]

227
EN Are you enjoying the movie?

GUP nei himi hu zungyi tou hei a?
JYUT nei haimai hu zngji tou hei aa?
YALE nih haihmaih hu jngyi tou hei a?
IPA [ ne hm h ji to he a || ]

228
EN Yes, it's very funny.

GUP hi a, tou hei znhi hu hu siu.
JYUT hai aa, tou hei znhai hu hu siu.
YALE haih a, tou hei jnhaih hu hu siu.
IPA [ h a | to he n h h si
|| ]
ENYUE 103

229
EN Does the clock work?

GUP go zung hang m hang ga?
JYUT go zng hang m hang gaa?
YALE go jng hahng m h hahng ga?
IPA [ k ha m ha ka || ]

230
EN No, it's broken.

GUP go zung wai z.
JYUT go zng waai z.
YALE go jng waaih j.
IPA [ k wa || ]

231
EN Are you waiting for a bus?

GUP nei himi dng gn bs a?
JYUT nei haimai dng gn bas aa?
YALE nih haihmaih dng gn bs a?
IPA [ ne hm t kn ps a || ]

232
EN No, I'm waiting for a taxi.

GUP u dng
m hi, ngo hido gn dks.

JYUT m hai, ng hidou dng gn dks.
YALE m hhaih, ngh hidouh dng gn dks.
IPA [ m | hto t kn t ks || ]
104 ENYUE

233
EN What are you reading?

GUP nei ti gn mtye s a?
JYUT nei ti gn mtje sy aa?
YALE nih ti gn mtyh sy a?
IPA [ ne t kn mtj s a || ]

234
EN Where is she going?

GUP k h bndou a?
JYUT kei heoi bndou aa?
YALE kuih heui bndouh a?
IPA [ k h pnto a || ]

235
EN What are you eating?

GUP nei s k gn mtye a?
JYUT nei si k gn mtje aa?
YALE nih sihk gn mtyh a?
IPA [ ne s k kn mtj a || ]

236
EN Why are you crying?

GUP u ham
nei dmgi hido a?
JYUT nei dmgai hidou haam aa?
YALE nih dmgai hidouh haam a?
IPA [ ne tmk hto ha m a || ]
ENYUE 105

237
EN What are they looking at?

GUP u ti gn mtye a?
kdei hido
JYUT keidei hidou ti gn mtje aa?
YALE kuihdeih hidouh ti gn mtyh a?
IPA [ kte hto t kn mtj a || ]

238
EN Why is he laughing?

GUP u siu a?
k dmgi hido
JYUT kei dmgai hidou siu aa?
YALE kuih dmgai hidouh siu a?
IPA [ k tmk hto si
a || ]

239
EN Are you listening to me?

GUP nei himi tng gn ngo gng ye ga?
JYUT nei haimai tng gn ng gng je gaa?
YALE nih haihmaih tng gn ngh gng yh ga?
IPA [ ne hm t kn k j ka || ]

240
EN Where are your friends going?

GUP nei d pngyo h bndou a?
JYUT nei d pngjau heoi bndou aa?
YALE nih d phngyuh heui bndouh a?
IPA [ ne t pj h pnto a || ]
106 ENYUE

241
EN Are your parents watching TV?

GUP nei fumou himi ti gn di nsi a?
JYUT nei fumu haimai ti gn di nsi aa?
YALE nih fuhmuh haihmaih ti gn dihnsih a?
IPA [ ne fumo hm t kn ti nsi a || ]

242
EN What's Claire cooking?
Claire
GUP u z gn mtye a?
Claire hido
JYUT Claire hidou zy gn mtje aa?
YALE Claire hidouh jy gn mtyh a?
IPA [ () hto kn mtj a || ]

243
EN Why are you looking at me?

GUP nei dmgi mong z ngo a?
JYUT nei dmgai mong zyu ng aa?
YALE nih dmgai mohng jyuh ngh a?
IPA [ ne tmk m y a || ]

244
EN Is the bus coming?

GUP ga bs himi lei gn a?
JYUT gaa bas haimai li gn aa?
YALE ga bs haihmaih lih gn a?
IPA [ ka ps hm le kn a || ]
ENYUE 107

245
EN Are you watching TV?

GUP nei himi ti gn di nsi a?
JYUT nei haimai ti gn di nsi aa?
YALE nih haihmaih ti gn dihnsih a?
IPA [ ne hm t kn ti nsi a || ]

246
EN No, I'm not.

GUP ngo m hi.
JYUT ng m hai.
YALE ngh m hhaih.
IPA [ m || ]

247
EN Are you wearing a watch?

GUP nei yomou dai bi a?
JYUT nei jaumu daai bi aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh daai bi a?
IPA [ ne jmo ta p a || ]

248
EN No, I'm not.

GUP ngo mou.
JYUT ng mu.
YALE ngh muh.
IPA [ mo || ]
108 ENYUE

249
EN Is he eating something?

GUP k himi s k gn d ye a?
JYUT kei haimai si k gn d je aa?
YALE kuih haihmaih sihk gn d yh a?
IPA [ k hm s k kn t j a || ]

250
EN No, he isn't.

GUP k m hi.
JYUT kei m hai.
YALE kuih m hhaih.
IPA [ k m || ]

251
EN Is it raining?

GUP himi lok gn y a?
JYUT haimai lok gn jy aa?
YALE haihmaih lohk gn yh a?
IPA [ hm lk kn jy a || ]

252
EN No, it isn't.

GUP m hi.
JYUT m hai.
YALE m hhaih.
IPA [ m || ]
ENYUE 109

253
EN Are you sitting on the floor?

GUP nei himi co hi deih dou a?
JYUT nei haimai c hi deiha dou aa?
YALE nih haihmaih chh hi deihh douh a?
IPA [ ne hm h teh to a || ]

254
EN Yes, I am.

GUP hi a.
JYUT hai aa.
YALE haih a.
IPA [ h a || ]

255
EN Are you feeling all right?

GUP nei gokdk moumtye ma?
JYUT nei gokdk mumtje amaa?
YALE nih gokdk muhmtyh ma?
IPA [ ne k ktk momtj ma || ]

256
EN No, I'm not.

GUP mou, moumtye.
JYUT mu, mumtje.
YALE muh, muhmtyh.
IPA [ mo | momtj || ]
110 ENYUE

257
EN They're looking at their books.

GUP kdei ti gn kdei d s.
JYUT keidei ti gn keidei d sy.
YALE kuihdeih ti gn kuihdeih d sy.
IPA [ kte t kn kte t s || ]

258
EN They read a lot.

GUP kdei ti hu d s.
JYUT keidei ti hu d sy.
YALE kuihdeih ti hu d sy.
IPA [ kte t h t s || ]

259
EN He's eating ice cream.

GUP k s k gn st gu.
JYUT kei si k gn syutgu.
YALE kuih sihk gn syutgu.
IPA [ k s k kn sytk
|| ]

260
EN He likes ice cream.

GUP k zungyi stgu.
JYUT kei zngji syutgu.
YALE kuih jngyi syutgu.
IPA [ k ji sytk
|| ]
ENYUE 111

261
EN I work in an office.

GUP ngo hi szi lo dou fngung.
JYUT ng hi szi lu dou fangng.
YALE ngh hi sjihluh douh fangng.
IPA [ h si l to fnk || ]

262
EN My brother works in a bank.

GUP ngo didi hi ngnhong dou fngung.
JYUT ng didi hi ngnhng dou fangng.
YALE ngh dihdi hi nghnhhng douh fangng.
IPA [ tt h nh to fnk || ]

263
EN She lives in New York.

GUP k z hi noyo
ek.
JYUT kei zyu hi nujoek.
YALE kuih jyuh hi nuyeuk.
IPA [ k y h njk || ]

264
EN Her parents live in Chicago.

GUP k fumou z hi zgg.
JYUT kei fumu zyu hi zgag.
YALE kuih fuhmuh jyuh hi jgg.
IPA [ k fumo y h kk || ]
112 ENYUE

265
EN It rains a lot in the winter.

GUP dungtn ge si ho lok hu d y.
JYUT dngtn ge shau lok hu d jy.
YALE dngtn ge shhauh lohk hu d yh.
IPA [ ttn k si lk h t jy || ]

266
EN Mike has lunch at home every day.
Mike
GUP Mike muiyt du hi ukki dou s k an .
JYUT Mike mijat du hi kki dou si k aan.
YALE Mike mihyaht du hi kki douh sihk aan.
IPA [ () mujt t h kk to s k a n || ]

267
EN I like big cities.

GUP ngo zungyi dai s ngsi .
JYUT ng zngji daai sngsi .
YALE ngh jngyi daaih shngsh.
IPA [ ji ta s si || ]

268
EN Your English is good.

GUP
nei d yngm n hu hu.
JYUT nei d jngmn hu hu.
YALE nih d yngmhn hu hu.
IPA [ ne t j mn h h || ]
ENYUE 113

269
EN You speak English very well.

GUP
nei gng yngm n gng dk hu hu.
JYUT nei gng jngmn gng dk hu hu.
YALE nih gng yngmn gng dk hu hu.
IPA [ ne k j mn k tk h h || ]

270
EN Minoru works very hard.

GUP a nm zou ye hu knl k.
JYUT aa nam zou je hu knli k.
YALE a nhm jouh yh hu khnlihk.
IPA [ a nm o j h knl k || ]

271
EN He starts at seven thirty (7:30).

GUP k ctdmbun zo higung.
JYUT kei ctdmbun zau higng.
YALE kuih chtdmbun jauh higng.
IPA [ k ttmpun hk || ]

272
EN And he finishes at eight [o'clock] (8:00) at night.

GUP gnz k yemanhk bat dm snzi yn.
JYUT gnzyu kei jemaanhak baatdm snzi jyn.
YALE gnjyuh kuih yehmahnhak baatdm snji yhn.
IPA [ kny k jmanhk pa ttm sni jy n || ]
114 ENYUE

273
EN The earth goes around the sun.

GUP go deiko wi z go tai yoeng zn.
JYUT go deiku wi zyu go taaijeng zyun.
YALE go deihkuh wih jyuh go taaiyuhng jyun.
IPA [ k tek w y k ta j yn
|| ]

274
EN We do a lot of different things in our free time.

GUP ngodei dkhan ge si ho zou hu d m toung ge ye.
JYUT ngdei dkhan ge shau zou hu d m tng ge je.
YALE nghdeih dkhahn ge shhauh jouh hu d m hthng ge yh.
IPA [ te tan k si o h t m t k j || ]

275
EN It costs a lot of money.

GUP yiu hu d cn ga.
JYUT jiu hu d cn gaa.
YALE yiu hu d chn ga.
IPA [ ji
h t n ka || ]

276
EN She always goes to work early.

GUP k s ngyt hu zu fngung.
JYUT kei sngjat hu zu fangng.
YALE kuih shngyaht hu ju fangng.
IPA [ k s jt h fnk || ]
ENYUE 115

277
EN She always gets to work early.

GUP k s ngyt fngung zu dou.
JYUT kei sngjat fangng zu dou.
YALE kuih shngyaht fangng ju dou.
IPA [ k s jt fnk to || ]

278
EN We often sleep late on weekends.

GUP ngodei zomut dsou hu ye snzi fn .
JYUT ngdei zumut dsou hu je snzi fan.
YALE nghdeih jumuht dsou hu yeh snji fan.
IPA [ te mut tso h j sni fn || ]

279
EN Megumi usually plays tennis on Sundays.

GUP wimei libai yt tungsoeng du d mongko.
JYUT waimei laibaaijat tngseng du da mngku.
YALE waihmih lihbaaiyaht tngsuhng du d mhngkuh.
IPA [ wme lpa jt ts t t mk || ]

280
EN I sometimes walk to work, but not often.

GUP ngo yosi hanglou fngung, btgwo m hi si si .
JYUT ng jaus hanglou fangng, btgwo m hai ss.
YALE ngh yuhsh hahnglouh fangng, btgwo m hhaih shsh.
IPA [ jsi halo fnk | ptk m si si || ]
116 ENYUE

281
EN She reads.

GUP k ti s.
JYUT kei ti sy.
YALE kuih ti sy.
IPA [ k t s || ]

282
EN He thinks.

GUP k nm ye.
JYUT kei nm je.
YALE kuih nm yh.
IPA [ k nm j || ]

283
EN It flies.

GUP k wui fi.
JYUT kei wi fi.
YALE kuih wih fi.
IPA [ k wu f || ]

284
EN He dances.

GUP k tiu mou.
JYUT kei tiu mu.
YALE kuih tiu muh.
IPA [ k ti
mo || ]
ENYUE 117

285
EN She has.

GUP k yo.
JYUT kei jau.
YALE kuih yuh.
IPA [ k j || ]

286
EN It finishes.

GUP k yn z.
JYUT kei jyn z.
YALE kuih yhn j.
IPA [ k jy n || ]

287
EN He plays the piano.

GUP k tan gongkm.
JYUT kei tan gongkm.
YALE kuih tahn gongkhm.
IPA [ k tan k km || ]

288
EN They live in a very big house.

GUP kdei z hi gn hu dai ge uk dou.
JYUT keidei zyu hi gan hu daai ge k dou.
YALE kuihdeih jyuh hi gan hu daaih ge k douh.
IPA [ kte y h kn h ta k k to || ]
118 ENYUE

289
EN She eats a lot of fruit.

GUP k s k hu d snggw.
JYUT kei si k hu d sanggw.
YALE kuih sihk hu d sanggw.
IPA [ k s k h t sk || ]

290
EN He plays tennis.

GUP k d mongko.
JYUT kei da mngku.
YALE kuih d mhngkuh.
IPA [ k t mk || ]

291
EN We go to the movies a lot.

GUP ngodei s ngyt du h ti hei .
JYUT ngdei sngjat du heoi ti hei.
YALE nghdeih shngyaht du heui ti hei.
IPA [ te s jt t h t he || ]

292
EN He sleeps seven (7) hours a night.

GUP k yt man fn ct go zungto.
JYUT kei jt maan fan ct go zngtu.
YALE kuih yt mahn fan cht go jngtuh.
IPA [ k jt man fn t k t || ]
ENYUE 119

293
EN She speaks four (4) languages.

GUP k sk gng sei zung yyi n.
JYUT kei sk gng sei zng jyjn.
YALE kuih sk gng sei jng yhyhn.
IPA [ k s k k se jy ji n || ]

294
EN Banks usually open at nine (9:00) in the morning.

GUP
d ngnhong p ngsi zitozu godm zo himun.
JYUT d ngnhng pngs zituzu gudm zau himn.
YALE d nghnhhng phngsh jituhju gudm jauh himhn.
IPA [ t nh p si ktm hmun || ]

295
EN The museum closes at five (5) in the afternoon.

GUP go bokmtgn an zo ngdm zo snmun.
JYUT go bokmatgn aanzau ngdm zau sanmn.
YALE go bokmahtgn aanjau ghdm jauh sanmhn.
IPA [ k p kmtkn a n
t m snmun || ]

296
EN She's a teacher. She teaches math to children.

GUP k hi yt wi lous. k gao d si louzi souhok.
JYUT kei hai jt wi lus. kei gaau d sailouzi souhok.
YALE kuih haih yt wi luhs. kuih gaau d sailouhji souhohk.
IPA [ k h jt w los || k ka t s lo sohk || ]
120 ENYUE

297
EN My job is very interesting. I meet a lot of people.

GUP ngo fn gung hu yoc. ngo zipzuk
du hu d yn.
JYUT ng fan gng hu jauceoi. ng zipzk du hu d jn.
YALE ngh fahn gng hu yuhcheui. ngh jipjk du hu d yhn.
IPA [ fn k h j || ip
k t h t jn || ]

298
EN His car is always dirty. He never cleans it.

GUP k ga c s ngyt du hu wzu. k coungloi du m si c ga.
JYUT kei gaa c sngjat du hu wzu. kei cngli du m si c gaa.
YALE kuih ga ch shngyaht du hu wju. kuih chhnglih du m h si
ch ga.
IPA [ k ka s jt t h w || k l t m s
ka || ]

299
EN Food is expensive. It costs a lot of money.

GUP d s kmt hu gwi . yiu hu d cn ga.
JYUT d si kmat hu gwai. jiu hu d cn gaa.
YALE d sihkmaht hu gwai. yiu hu d chn ga.
IPA [ t s kmt h k || ji
h t n ka || ]

300
EN Shoes are expensive. They cost a lot of money.

GUP d hai hi hu gwi . yiu hu d cn ga.
JYUT d hai hai hu gwai. jiu hu d cn gaa.
YALE d haih haih hu gwai. yiu hu d chn ga.
IPA [ t ha h h k || ji
h t n ka || ]
ENYUE 121

301
EN Water boils at one hundred degrees (100) Celsius.

GUP ytbak dou s zo wui gwn.
sipsi
JYUT sipsi jtbaak dou sei zau wi gwn.
YALE sipsih ytbaak douh sui jauh wih gwn.
IPA [ sipsi
jtpa k to s wu kn || ]

302
EN We're good friends. I like her and she likes me.

GUP ngodei hi hu hu ge pngyo. ngo zungyi k, k yo zungyi
ngo.
JYUT ngdei hai hu hu ge pngjau. ng zngji kei, kei jau zngji ng.
YALE nghdeih haih hu hu ge phngyuh. ngh jngyi kuih, kuih yauh
jngyi ngh.
IPA [ te h h h k pj || ji k | k j ji
|| ]

303
EN She always arrives early.

GUP k s ngyt du zu dou.
JYUT kei sngjat du zu dou.
YALE kuih shngyaht du ju dou.
IPA [ k s jt t to || ]

304
EN I never go to the movies alone.

GUP ngo coungloi du m wui zi gi ytgoyn h ti hei .
JYUT ng cngli du m wi zi gi jtgojn heoi ti hei.
YALE ngh chhnglih du m h wih jihgi ytgoyn heui ti hei.
IPA [ l t m wu i k jtk jn h t he || ]
122 ENYUE

305
EN She always works hard.

GUP k zou ye s ngyt hu knl k ga.
JYUT kei zou je sngjat hu knli k gaa.
YALE kuih jouh yh shngyaht hu khnlihk ga.
IPA [ k o j s jt h knl k ka || ]

306
EN Children usually like chocolate.

GUP d si louzi tungsoeng du zungyi zglk ge.
JYUT d sailouzi tngseng du zngji zyglk ge.
YALE d sailouhji tngsuhng du jngyi jyglk ge.
IPA [ t s lo ts t ji kl k k || ]

307
EN She always enjoys parties.
Party
GUP k s ngyt du hu zungyi pti ga.
JYUT kei sngjat du hu zngji pat gaa.
YALE kuih shngyaht du hu jngyi pth ga.
IPA [ k s jt t h ji pti ka || ]

308
EN I often forget people's names.

GUP ngo s ngyt du m gei dk d yn ge mng.
JYUT ng sngjat du m geidk d jn ge mng.
YALE ngh shngyaht du m hgeidk d yhn ge mng.
IPA [ s jt t m ke tk t jn k m || ]
ENYUE 123

309
EN He never watches TV.

GUP k coungloi du m ti di nsi .
JYUT kei cngli du m ti di nsi .
YALE kuih chhnglih du m h ti dihnsih.
IPA [ k l t m t ti nsi || ]

310
EN We usually have dinner at six thirty (6:30).

GUP ngodei tungsoeng loukdmbun zo s k manfan.
JYUT ngdei tngseng lukdmbun zau si k maanfaan.
YALE nghdeih tngsuhng luhkdmbun jauh sihk mahnfaahn.
IPA [ te ts lktmpu n s k manfan || ]

311
EN She always wears nice clothes.

GUP k s ngyt du zoek d hu len g ge sm.
JYUT kei sngjat du zoek d hu leng ge sam.
YALE kuih shngyaht du jeuk d hu leng ge sam.
IPA [ k s jt t k t h l k sm || ]

312
EN I usually watch TV in the evening.

GUP ngo tungsoeng hi yeman snzi ti di nsi .
JYUT ng tngseng hai jemaan snzi ti di nsi .
YALE ngh tngsuhng haih yehmahn snji ti dihnsih.
IPA [ ts h jman sni t ti nsi || ]
124 ENYUE

313
EN I never read in bed.

GUP ngo coungloi du m wui hi zeng cong dou ti s.
JYUT ng cngli du m wi hi zeng cng dou ti sy.
YALE ngh chhnglih du m h wih hi jung chhng douh ti sy.
IPA [ l t m wu h to t s || ]

314
EN I often get up before seven (7:00).

GUP ngo tungsoeng ctdm zung zci n zo hisn.
JYUT ng tngseng ctdm zng zcn zau hisn.
YALE ngh tngsuhng chtdm jng jchhn jauh hisn.
IPA [ ts ttm i n hsn || ]

315
EN I always go to work by bus.

GUP ngo s ngyt co bs fngung.
JYUT ng sngjat c bas fangng.
YALE ngh shngyaht chh bs fangng.
IPA [ s jt ps fnk || ]

316
EN I usually go to school by bus.

GUP ngo ythoeng du hi co bs fnhok ge.
JYUT ng jthoeng du hai c bas fanhok ge.
YALE ngh ytheung du haih chh bs fanhohk ge.
IPA [ jth t h ps fnhk k || ]
ENYUE 125

317
EN I always drink coffee in the morning.

GUP ngo zitozu s ngyt du hi ym gaf ge.
JYUT ng zituzu sngjat du hai jm gaaf ge.
YALE ngh jituhju shngyaht du haih ym gaf ge.
IPA [ s jt t h jm ka f k || ]

318
EN She doesn't drink coffee.

GUP k m ym gaf ga.
JYUT kei m jm gaaf gaa.
YALE kuih m h ym gaf ga.
IPA [ k m jm ka f ka || ]

319
EN He doesn't like his job.

GUP k m zungyi k fn gung.
JYUT kei m zngji kei fan gng.
YALE kuih m h jngyi kuih fahn gng.
IPA [ k m ji k fn k || ]

320
EN I drink coffee, but I don't drink tea.

GUP ngo ym gaf , danhi ngo m ym ca.
JYUT ng jm gaaf, daanhai ng m jm ca.
YALE ngh ym gaf, daahnhaih ngh m h ym chh.
IPA [ jm ka f | tan m jm a || ]
126 ENYUE

321
EN She drinks tea, but she doesn't drink coffee.

GUP k ym ca, danhi k m ym gaf .
JYUT kei jm ca, daanhai kei m jm gaaf.
YALE kuih ym chh, daahnhaih kuih m h ym gaf.
IPA [ k jm a | tan k m jm ka f || ]

322
EN You don't work very hard.

GUP nei zou ye m hi hu lokl k wo.
JYUT nei zou je m hai hu lokli k wo.
YALE nih jouh yh m hhaih hu lohklihk wo.
IPA [ ne o j m h lkl k w || ]

323
EN We don't watch TV very often.

GUP ngodei m hi s ngyt ti di nsi .
JYUT ngdei m hai sngjat ti di nsi .
YALE nghdeih m hhaih shngyaht ti dihnsih.
IPA [ te m s jt t ti nsi || ]

324
EN The weather is usually nice.

GUP d tnhei p ngsi du gi hu.
JYUT d tnhei pngs du gi hu.
YALE d tnhei phngsh du gi hu.
IPA [ t tnhe p si t k h || ]
ENYUE 127

325
EN It doesn't rain very often.

GUP m hi s ngyt du loky ge.
JYUT m hai sngjat du lokjy ge.
YALE m hhaih shngyaht du lohk'yh ge.
IPA [ m s jt t lkjy k || ]

326
EN They don't know many people.

GUP
kdei m hi skdk hu d yn.
JYUT keidei m hai skdk hu d jn.
YALE kuihdeih m hhaih skdk hu d yhn.
IPA [ kte m s ktk h t jn || ]

327
EN They don't have many friends.

GUP kdei m hi yo hu d pngyo.
JYUT keidei m hai jau hu d pngjau.
YALE kuihdeih m hhaih yuh hu d phngyuh.
IPA [ kte m j h t pj || ]

328
EN I don't like football.

GUP ngo m zungyi zukko.
JYUT ng m zngji zkku.
YALE ngh m h jngyi jkkuh.
IPA [ m ji kk || ]
128 ENYUE

329
EN He doesn't like football.

GUP k m zungyi zukko.
JYUT kei m zngji zkku.
YALE kuih m h jngyi jkkuh.
IPA [ k m ji kk || ]

330
EN I don't like him, and he doesn't like me.

GUP ngo m zungyi k, k yo m zungyi ngo.
JYUT ng m zngji kei, kei jau m zngji ng.
YALE ngh m h jngyi kuih, kuih yauh m h jngyi ngh.
IPA [ m ji k | k j m ji || ]

331
EN My car doesn't use much gas.

GUP ngo ga c m hi young hu d yo ge.
JYUT ng gaa c m hai jung hu d ju ge.
YALE ngh ga ch m hhaih yuhng hu d yu ge.
IPA [ ka m j h t j k || ]

332
EN Sometimes he's late, but not often.

GUP k yosi wui ci dou, danhi m hi si si .
JYUT kei jaus wi cdou, daanhai m hai ss.
YALE kuih yuhsh wih chhdou, daahnhaih m hhaih shsh.
IPA [ k jsi wu i to | tan m si si || ]
ENYUE 129

333
EN I don't like to wash the car.

GUP ngo m zungyi si ga c.
JYUT ng m zngji si gaa c.
YALE ngh m h jngyi si ga ch.
IPA [ m ji s ka || ]

334
EN I don't do it very often.

GUP ngo m hi si si du zou ge.
JYUT ng m hai ss du zou ge.
YALE ngh m hhaih shsh du jouh ge.
IPA [ m si si t o k || ]

335
EN She speaks Spanish, but she doesn't speak Italian.

GUP k sk gng sibnngaw, danhi zo m sk gng yida ileiw.
JYUT kei sk gng sibanngawa, daanhai zau m sk gng jidaaileiwa.
YALE kuih sk gng sibannghw, daahnhaih jauh m h sk gng
yidaaihleihw.
IPA [ k s k k spnaw | tan m s k k jita
lew ||
]

336
EN He doesn't do his job very well.

GUP k zou ye m hi zou dk hu todong.
JYUT kei zou je m hai zou dk hu tdong.
YALE kuih jouh yh m hhaih jouh dk hu thdong.
IPA [ k o j m o tk h tt || ]
130 ENYUE

337
EN She doesn't usually have breakfast.

GUP k p ngsi m s k zucn.
JYUT kei pngs m si k zucan.
YALE kuih phngsh m h sihk juchan.
IPA [ k p si m s k n || ]

338
EN I don't play the piano very well.

GUP ngo tan gongkm m hi tan dk hu lk.
JYUT ng tan gongkm m hai tan dk hu lk.
YALE ngh tahn gongkhm m hhaih tahn dk hu lk.
IPA [ tan k km m tan tk h lk || ]

339
EN She doesn't play the piano very well.

GUP k tan gongkm m hi tan dk hu hu.
JYUT kei tan gongkm m hai tan dk hu hu.
YALE kuih tahn gongkhm m hhaih tahn dk hu hu.
IPA [ k tan k km m tan tk h h || ]

340
EN They don't know my phone number.

GUP kdei m zdou ngo go di nw houma.
JYUT keidei m zdou ng go di nwa houmaa.
YALE kuihdeih m h jdou ngh go dihnw houhmh.
IPA [ kte m to k ti nw homa || ]
ENYUE 131

341
EN We don't work very hard.

GUP ngodei zou ye m hi hu knl k.
JYUT ngdei zou je m hai hu knli k.
YALE nghdeih jouh yh m hhaih hu khnlihk.
IPA [ te o j m h knl k || ]

342
EN David doesn't have a car.
David
GUP David mou c.
JYUT David mu c.
YALE David muh ch.
IPA [ () mo || ]

343
EN You don't do the same thing every day.

GUP nei m hi muiyt du zou toungyt yoeng ye ge.
JYUT nei m hai mijat du zou tngjt joeng je ge.
YALE nih m hhaih mihyaht du jouh thngyt yeuhng yh ge.
IPA [ ne m mujt t o tjt j j k || ]

344
EN They like classical music.

GUP kdei zungyi gdn ymngok.
JYUT keidei zngji gdn jmngok.
YALE kuihdeih jngyi gdn ymngohk.
IPA [ kte ji ktn jmk || ]
132 ENYUE

345
EN She doesn't like jazz music.

GUP k m zungyi zoeksi ymngok.
JYUT kei m zngji zoeksi jmngok.
YALE kuih m h jngyi jeuksih ymngohk.
IPA [ k m ji ksi jmk || ]

346
EN I like rock and roll music.

GUP ngo zungyi yiugwn ymngok.
JYUT ng zngji jigwn jmngok.
YALE ngh jngyi yihgwn ymngohk.
IPA [ ji ji kn jmk || ]

347
EN They don't like boxing.
>
GUP kdei m zungyi dkn. > kdei m zungyi d buksng.
JYUT keidei m zngji dakyn. > keidei m zngji da bksng.
YALE kuihdeih m h jngyi dkyhn. > kuihdeih m h jngyi d bksng.
IPA [ kte m ji tkyn || > kte m ji t pks || ]

348
EN She doesn't like baseball.

GUP k m zungyi pangko.
JYUT kei m zngji paangku.
YALE kuih m h jngyi pahngkuh.
IPA [ k m ji pak || ]
ENYUE 133

349
EN I like tennis.

GUP ngo zungyi mongko.
JYUT ng zngji mngku.
YALE ngh jngyi mhngkuh.
IPA [ ji mk || ]

350
EN They like horror movies.

GUP kdei zungyi hungbou pn.
JYUT keidei zngji hngbou pn.
YALE kuihdeih jngyi hngbou pn.
IPA [ kte ji hpo pn || ]

351
EN She doesn't like action movies.

GUP k m zungyi doungzok pn.
JYUT kei m zngji dungzok pn.
YALE kuih m h jngyi duhngjok pn.
IPA [ k m ji t k pn || ]

352
EN I like romantic movies.

GUP ngo zungyi hu longman ge hei .
JYUT ng zngji hu longmaan ge hei.
YALE ngh jngyi hu lohngmaahn ge hei.
IPA [ ji h lman k he || ]
134 ENYUE

353
EN I never watch TV.

GUP ngo coungloi du m ti di nsi .
JYUT ng cngli du m ti di nsi .
YALE ngh chhnglih du m h ti dihnsih.
IPA [ l t m t ti nsi || ]

354
EN I don't watch TV very often.

GUP ngo m hi s ngyt ti di nsi .
JYUT ng m hai sngjat ti di nsi .
YALE ngh m hhaih shngyaht ti dihnsih.
IPA [ m s jt t ti nsi || ]

355
EN I don't like to go to bars very often.

GUP ngo m hi hu zungyi si si h zob gdou.
JYUT ng m hai hu zngji ss heoi zuba gdou.
YALE ngh m hhaih hu jngyi shsh heui jub gdouh.
IPA [ m h ji si si h p kto || ]

356
EN She likes to ride her bicycle every day.

GUP k zungyi muiyt ci dnc.
JYUT kei zngji mijat cai danc.
YALE kuih jngyi mihyaht chai danch.
IPA [ k ji mujt tn || ]
ENYUE 135

357
EN They always like to eat in restaurants.

GUP kdei s ngyt zungyi h cngn dou s kfan.
JYUT keidei sngjat zngji heoi cangn dou si kfaan.
YALE kuihdeih shngyaht jngyi heui changn douh sihkfaahn.
IPA [ kte s jt ji h nkn to s kfan || ]

358
EN I never like to travel by train.

GUP ngo coungloi du m zungyi co fc.
JYUT ng cngli du m zngji c fc.
YALE ngh chhnglih du m h jngyi chh fch.
IPA [ l t m ji f || ]

359
EN I get the news every day, but sometimes I don't read it.

GUP ngo muiyt du yo l bouz, danhi yosi ngo mou ti.
JYUT ng mijat du jau l bouz, daanhai jaus ng mu ti.
YALE ngh mihyaht du yuh l bouj, daahnhaih yuhsh ngh muh ti.
IPA [ mujt t j l po | tan jsi mo t || ]

360
EN He has a car, but he doesn't use it very often.

GUP k yo ga c, danhi k m hi s ngyt young.
JYUT kei jau gaa c, daanhai kei m hai sngjat jung.
YALE kuih yuh ga ch, daahnhaih kuih m hhaih shngyaht yuhng.
IPA [ k j ka | tan k m s jt j || ]
136 ENYUE

361
EN His friends like the movies, but they usually watch movies at
home.

GUP k d pngyo zungyi ti hei , btgwo kdei dsou du hi ukki

dou ti.
JYUT kei d pngjau zngji ti hei, btgwo keidei dsou du hi kki dou
ti.
YALE kuih d phngyuh jngyi ti hei, btgwo kuihdeih dsou du hi
kki douh ti.
IPA [ k t pj ji t he | ptk kte tso t h
kk to t || ]

362
EN She's married, but she doesn't wear a ring.

GUP k git z fn, danhi k m dai gai z.
JYUT kei git z fn, daanhai kei m daai gaaiz.
YALE kuih git j fn, daahnhaih kuih m h daai gaaij.
IPA [ k kit
fn | tan k m ta ka || ]

363
EN I don't know much about politics. I'm not interested in it.

GUP ngo d zngzi m hi hu y ngsk. ngo d n fngmi n moumtye
hngc
.
JYUT ng deoi zingzi m hai hu ji ngsk. ng deoi n fngmi n mumtje
hingceoi.
YALE ngh deui jingjih m hhaih hu yihngsk. ngh deui n fngmihn
muhmtyh hingcheui.
IPA [ t i
m h j s k || t n fmi n momtj
h
|| ]
ENYUE 137

364
EN This hotel isn't expensive. It doesn't cost much to stay there.

GUP m
n gn zodi m gwi . z hi ndou m si si hu d cn.
JYUT n gan zudim m gwai. zyu hi ndou m si si hu d cn.
YALE n gan judim m h gwai. jyuh hi ndouh m hsi si hu d chn.
IPA [ n kn tim
m k || y h nto m s s h t n ||
]

365
EN He lives near us, but we don't see him very often.

GUP k z dk hu kn ngodei, danhi ngodei m hi s ngyt gin du k.
JYUT kei zyu dk hu kan ngdei, daanhai ngdei m hai sngjat gin du kei.
YALE kuih jyuh dk hu khn nghdeih, daahnhaih nghdeih m hhaih
shngyaht gin du kuih.
IPA [ k y tk h kn te | tan te m s jt kin
t
k || ]

366
EN She speaks four (4) languages.

GUP k sk gng sei zung yyi n.
JYUT kei sk gng sei zng jyjn.
YALE kuih sk gng sei jng yhyhn.
IPA [ k s k k se jyji n || ]

367
EN I don't like my job. It's very boring.

GUP ngo m zungyi ngo fn gung. hu gwisi mun ga.
JYUT ng m zngji ng fan gng. hu gwisi mun gaa.
YALE ngh m h jngyi ngh fahn gng. hu gwisi muhn ga.
IPA [ m ji fn k || h ks mun ka || ]
138 ENYUE

368
EN Where is he? I'm sorry, I don't know.

GUP k hi bndou a? dm z, ngo m zdou.
JYUT kei hi bndou aa? deoim zyu, ng m zdou.
YALE kuih hi bndouh a? deuim hjyuh, ngh m h jdou.
IPA [ k h pnto a || tm y | m to || ]

369
EN She's a very quiet person. She doesn't talk very much.

GUP k hi yt go hu z ng ge yn. k m d gng ye ga.
JYUT kei hai jt go hu zi ng ge jn. kei m d gng je gaa.
YALE kuih haih yt go hu jihng ge yhn. kuih m h d gng yh ga.
IPA [ k h jt k h k jn || k m t k j ka || ]

370
EN He drinks a lot of coffee. It's his favorite drink.

GUP k ym hu d gaf . k z zungyi ym gal ak .
JYUT kei jm hu d gaaf. kei zeoi zngji jm gaalaak.
YALE kuih ym hu d gaf. kuih jeui jngyi ym galaak.
IPA [ k jm h t ka f || k ji jm ka la k || ]

371
EN It's not true. I don't believe it.

GUP m hi gwa. ngo m sn.
JYUT m hai gwaa. ng m seon.
YALE m hhaih gwa. ngh m h seun.
IPA [ m ka || m sn || ]
ENYUE 139

372
EN That's a very beautiful picture. I like it a lot.

GUP g fuk w hu len g. ngo hu zungyi.
JYUT g fk wa hu leng. ng hu zngji.
YALE g fk w hu leng. ngh hu jngyi.
IPA [ k fk w h l || h ji || ]

373
EN He's a vegetarian. He doesn't eat meat.

GUP k s k zi ge. k m s k youk ga.
JYUT kei si k zai ge. kei m si k juk gaa.
YALE kuih sihk jai ge. kuih m h sihk yuhk ga.
IPA [ k s k k || k m s k jk ka || ]

374
EN Do you work on Sunday?

GUP nei libai yt yiu m yiu fngung ga?
JYUT nei laibaaijat jiu m jiu fangng gaa?
YALE nih lihbaaiyaht yiu m h yiu fangng ga?
IPA [ ne lpa jt ji
m ji
fnk ka || ]

375
EN Do your friends live near here?

GUP nei d pngyo z dk kn m kn ndou ga?
JYUT nei d pngjau zyu dk kan m kan ndou gaa?
YALE nih d phngyuh jyuh dk khn m h khn ndouh ga?
IPA [ ne t pj y tk kn m kn nto ka || ]
140 ENYUE

376
EN Does Emily play tennis?
Emily
GUP Emily d m d mongko ga?
JYUT Emily da m da mngku gaa?
YALE Emily d m h d mhngkuh ga?
IPA [ () t m t mk ka || ]

377
EN Where do your parents live?

GUP nei fumou z hi bndou a?
JYUT nei fumu zyu hi bndou aa?
YALE nih fuhmuh jyuh hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne fumo y h pnto a || ]

378
EN How often do you wash your hair?

GUP nei ginoi sn si yt ci to a?
JYUT nei ginoi sn si jt ci tu aa?
YALE nih ginoih sn si yt chi tuh a?
IPA [ ne kn sn s jt i t a || ]

379
EN What does this word mean?

GUP ngo zi hi mye yis a?
JYUT ngo zi hai mje jis aa?
YALE ngo jih haih myh yis a?
IPA [ nk i h mj jis
a || ]
ENYUE 141

380
EN How much does it cost to fly to New York?

GUP ek yiu gid cn ga?
fi h noyo
JYUT fi heoi nujoek jiu gid cn gaa?
YALE fi heui nuyeuk yiu gid chn ga?
IPA [ f h njk ji
kt n ka || ]

381
EN Do you always have breakfast?

GUP nei himi btlo du s k zucn ga?
JYUT nei haimai btlu du si k zucan gaa?
YALE nih haihmaih btlu du sihk juchan ga?
IPA [ ne hm ptl t s k n ka || ]

382
EN Does Wenjie ever call you?

GUP mngi t p ngsi wui m wui d bi nei ga?
JYUT mngi t pngs wi m wi da bi nei gaa?
YALE mhngiht phngsh wih m h wih d bi nih ga?
IPA [ mnki t p si wu m wu t p ne ka || ]

383
EN What do you usually do on weekends?

GUP nei p ngsi zomut zou d mye ga?
JYUT nei pngs zumut zou d mje gaa?
YALE nih phngsh jumuht jouh d myh ga?
IPA [ ne p si mut o t mj ka || ]
142 ENYUE

384
EN Do they like music?

GUP kdei zung m zungyi ymngok ga?
JYUT keidei zng m zngji jmngok gaa?
YALE kuihdeih jng m h jngyi ymngohk ga?
IPA [ kte m ji jmk ka || ]

385
EN Does he like music?

GUP k zung m zungyi ymngok ga?
JYUT kei zng m zngji jmngok gaa?
YALE kuih jng m h jngyi ymngohk ga?
IPA [ k m ji jmk ka || ]

386
EN Do your parents speak English?

GUP nei fumou sk m sk gng yngm n ga?
JYUT nei fumu sk m sk gng jngmn gaa?
YALE nih fuhmuh sk m h sk gng yngmn ga?
IPA [ ne fumo s k m s k k j mn ka || ]

387
EN Does your father work hard?

GUP nei bab kn m knl k ga?
JYUT nei baba kn m knli k gaa?
YALE nih bhb khn m h khnlihk ga?
IPA [ ne pap kn m knl k ka || ]
ENYUE 143

388
EN Does your sister live in Canada?

GUP nei muimi himi z hi gnadai a?
JYUT nei mimi haimai zyu hi ganadaai aa?
YALE nih mihmi haihmaih jyuh hi gnhdaaih a?
IPA [ ne mum hm y h knata a || ]

389
EN I like chocolate. How about you? Do you like chocolate?

GUP ngo zungyi zglk. nei n? nei zung m zungyi zglk a?
JYUT ng zngji zyglk. nei n? nei zng m zngji zyglk aa?
YALE ngh jngyi jyglk. nih n? nih jng m h jngyi jyglk a?
IPA [ ji kl k || ne n || ne m ji kl k a ||
]

390
EN I play tennis. How about you? Do you play tennis?

GUP ngo d mongko. nei n? nei yomou d mongko ga?
JYUT ng da mngku. nei n? nei jaumu da mngku gaa?
YALE ngh d mhngkuh. nih n? nih yuhmuh d mhngkuh ga?
IPA [ t mk || ne n || ne jmo t mk ka || ]

391
EN You live near here. How about Fred? Does he live near here?
Fred

GUP nei z dk hu kn ndou. Fred n? k z dk kn m kn ndou a?
JYUT nei zyu dk hu kan ndou. Fred n? kei zyu dk kan m kan ndou aa?
YALE nih jyuh dk hu khn ndouh. Fred n? kuih jyuh dk khn m h khn
ndouh a?
IPA [ ne y tk h kn nto || () n || k y tk kn m
kn nto a || ]
144 ENYUE

392
EN Jisang plays tennis. How about his friends? Do they play tennis?


GUP zico
eng zungyi d mongko. k d pngyo n? kdei d m d
mongko ga?
JYUT ziceng zngji da mngku. kei d pngjau n? keidei da m da
mngku gaa?
YALE jichuhng jngyi d mhngkuh. kuih d phngyuh n? kuihdeih d
m h d mhngkuh ga?
IPA [ i
ji t mk || k t pj n || kte t m
t mk ka || ]

393
EN You speak English. How about your brother? Does he speak
English?

GUP nei sk gng yngm nei gog n? k sk m sk gng yngm
n. n ga?
JYUT nei sk gng jngmn. nei gg n? kei sk m sk gng jngmn gaa?
YALE nih sk gng yngmn. nih ghg n? kuih sk m h sk gng yngmn
ga?
IPA [ ne s k k j mn || ne kk n || k s k m s k k j mn
ka || ]

394
EN I do yoga every morning. How about you? Do you do yoga
every morning?

GUP ngo mui zizu du zou yg. nei n? nei yomou muizi zou yg a?
JYUT ng mi zizu du zou jyga. nei n? nei jaumu mizi zou jyga
aa?
YALE ngh mih jiju du jouh yhg. nih n? nih yuhmuh mihji
jouh yhg a?
IPA [ mu t o jyk || ne n || ne jmo mu
o jyk a || ]
ENYUE 145

395
EN Yaqin often travels on business. How about Gary? Does he often
travel on business?
Gary
GUP ngakm hu d si ho yiu ctci. Gary n? k d m d ctci a?
JYUT ngaakm hu d shau jiu cetcai. Gary n? kei d m d cetcai aa?
YALE nghkhm hu d shhauh yiu chutchai. Gary n? kuih d m h d
chutchai a?
IPA [ akm h t si ji
t || () n || k t m t
t a || ]

396
EN I want to be famous. How about you? Do you want to be
famous?

GUP ngo seng s ngm ng. nei n? nei seng m seng s ngm ng a?
JYUT ng seng sngmng. nei n? nei seng m seng sngmng aa?
YALE ngh sung shngmhng. nih n? nih sung m h sung shngmhng a?
IPA [ s s m || ne n || ne s m s s m a || ]

397
EN You work hard. How about Heuiyeon? Does she work hard?

GUP nei hu knl k. giwun n? k kn m knl k ga?
JYUT nei hu knli k. giwn n? kei kn m knli k gaa?
YALE nih hu khnlihk. giwhn n? kuih khn m h khnlihk ga?
IPA [ ne h knl k || kwun n || k kn m knl k ka || ]

398
EN Where do your parents live?

GUP nei fumou z hi bndou a?
JYUT nei fumu zyu hi bndou aa?
YALE nih fuhmuh jyuh hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne fumo y h pnto a || ]
146 ENYUE

399
EN Do you always get up early?

GUP nei himi s ngyt hu zu hisn ga?
JYUT nei haimai sngjat hu zu hisn gaa?
YALE nih haihmaih shngyaht hu ju hisn ga?
IPA [ ne hm s jt h hsn ka || ]

400
EN How often do you watch TV?

GUP nei ginoi ti yt ci di nsi a?
JYUT nei ginoi ti jt ci di nsi aa?
YALE nih ginoih ti yt chi dihnsih a?
IPA [ ne kn t jt i ti nsi a || ]

401
EN What do you want for dinner?

GUP nei manfan seng s k mtye a?
JYUT nei maanfaan seng si k mtje aa?
YALE nih mahnfaahn sung sihk mtyh a?
IPA [ ne manfan s s k mtj a || ]

402
EN Do you like football?

GUP nei zung m zungyi zukko a?
JYUT nei zng m zngji zkku aa?
YALE nih jng m h jngyi jkkuh a?
IPA [ ne m ji kk a || ]
ENYUE 147

403
EN Does your brother like football?

GUP nei didi zung m zungyi zukko a?
JYUT nei didi zng m zngji zkku aa?
YALE nih dihdi jng m h jngyi jkkuh a?
IPA [ ne tt m ji kk a || ]

404
EN What do you do in your free time?

GUP nei dkhan ge si ho zungyi zou d mye a?
JYUT nei dkhan ge shau zngji zou d mje aa?
YALE nih dkhahn ge shhauh jngyi jouh d myh a?
IPA [ ne tan k si ji o t mj a || ]

405
EN Where does your sister work?

GUP nei gz hi bndou fngung a?
JYUT nei gaz hi bndou fangng aa?
YALE nih gj hi bndouh fangng a?
IPA [ ne k h pnto fnk a || ]

406
EN Do you ever go to the movies?

GUP nei yomou h gwo hei yn a?
JYUT nei jaumu heoi gwo heijyn aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh heui gwo heiyn a?
IPA [ ne jmo h k he jn a || ]
148 ENYUE

407
EN What does this word mean?

GUP ngo zi hi mye yis a?
JYUT ngo zi hai mje jis aa?
YALE ngo jih haih myh yis a?
IPA [ nk i h mj jis
a || ]

408
EN How often does it snow here?

GUP ndou ginoi lok yt ci st a?
JYUT ndou ginoi lok jt ci syut aa?
YALE ndouh ginoih lohk yt chi syut a?
IPA [ nto kn lk jt i syt
a || ]

409
EN What time do you usually go to bed?

GUP nei p ngsi gidm soengcong a?
JYUT nei pngs gidm sengcng aa?
YALE nih phngsh gidm suhngchhng a?
IPA [ ne p si ktm s a || ]

410
EN How much does it cost to call Mexico?

GUP d h mksig gdou yiu gid cn a?
JYUT da heoi maksig gdou jiu gid cn aa?
YALE d heui mahksig gdouh yiu gid chn a?
IPA [ t h mksk kto ji
kt n a || ]
ENYUE 149

411
EN What do you usually have for breakfast?

GUP nei tungsoeng zucn s k d mye ga?
JYUT nei tngseng zucan si k d mje gaa?
YALE nih tngsuhng juchan sihk d myh ga?
IPA [ ne ts n s k t mj ka || ]

412
EN Do you watch TV a lot? No, I don't.

GUP nei himi ti hu d di nsi ga? m hi, ngo m hi ti hu d.
JYUT nei haimai ti hu d di nsi gaa? m hai, ng m hai ti hu d.
YALE nih haihmaih ti hu d dihnsih ga? m hhaih, ngh m hhaih ti hu
d.
IPA [ ne hm t h t ti nsi ka || m | m t h t ||
]

413
EN Do you live in a big city? No, I don't.

GUP nei himi z hi yt go dai s ngsi dou a? ngo m hi.
JYUT nei haimai zyu hi jt go daai sngsi dou aa? ng m hai.
YALE nih haihmaih jyuh hi yt go daaih shngsh douh a? ngh m hhaih.
IPA [ ne hm y h jt k ta s si to a || m || ]

414
EN Do you ever ride a bicycle? Not usually.

GUP nei ci m ci dnc ga? ngo dsou du m ci.
JYUT nei cai m cai danc gaa? ng dsou du m cai.
YALE nih chai m h chai danch ga? ngh dsou du m h chai.
IPA [ ne m tn ka || tso t m || ]
150 ENYUE

415
EN Does it rain a lot where you live? Not much.

GUP nei z gdou yomou lok hu d y ga? m hi hu d.
JYUT nei zyu gdou jaumu lok hu d jy gaa? m hai hu d.
YALE nih jyuh gdouh yuhmuh lohk hu d yh ga? m hhaih hu d.
IPA [ ne y kto jmo lk h t jy ka || m h t || ]

416
EN Do you play the piano? No, I don't.

GUP nei yomou tan gongkm ga? ngo mou.
JYUT nei jaumu tan gongkm gaa? ng mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh tahn gongkhm ga? ngh muh.
IPA [ ne jmo tan k km ka || mo || ]

417
EN Zhirong's watching television.

GUP ziw u ti gn di nsi .
ng hido
JYUT ziwng hidou ti gn di nsi .
YALE jiwhng hidouh ti gn dihnsih.
IPA [ iw
hto t kn ti nsi || ]

418
EN He's not playing the guitar.

GUP k m hi tan gn gitt.

JYUT kei m hai tan gn gitta.
YALE kuih m hhaih tahn gn gitt.
IPA [ k m tan kn kitt
|| ]
ENYUE 151

419
EN But Zhirong has a guitar.

GUP btgwo ziw
ng yo go gitt.

JYUT btgwo ziwng jau go gitta.
YALE btgwo jiwhng yuh go gitt.
IPA [ ptk iw
j k kitt
|| ]

420
EN He plays guitar a lot, and he plays very well.

GUP k s ngyt tan gitt,
k tan dk hu lk.
JYUT kei sngjat tan gitta, kei tan dk hu lk.
YALE kuih shngyaht tahn gitt, kuih tahn dk hu lk.
IPA [ k s jt tan kitt
| k tan tk h lk || ]

421
EN Zhirong plays the guitar.

GUP ng sk tan gitt.
ziw
JYUT ziwng sk tan gitta.
YALE jiwhng sk tahn gitt.
IPA [ iw
s k tan kitt
|| ]

422
EN But he's not playing the guitar now.

GUP btgwo k yi g m hi tan gn gitt.
JYUT btgwo kei jga m hai tan gn gitta.
YALE btgwo kuih yhg m hhaih tahn gn gitt.
IPA [ ptk k ji k m tan kn kitt
|| ]
152 ENYUE

423
EN Is Zhirong playing the guitar? No, he isn't.

GUP ng himi tan gn gitt
ziw a? k m hi.
JYUT ziwng haimai tan gn gitta aa? kei m hai.
YALE jiwhng haihmaih tahn gn gitt a? kuih m hhaih.
IPA [ iw
hm tan kn kitt
a || k m || ]

424
EN Does he play the guitar? Yes, he does.

GUP k sk m sk tan gitt a? k sk.
JYUT kei sk m sk tan gitta aa? kei sk.
YALE kuih sk m h sk tahn gitt a? kuih sk.
IPA [ k s k m s k tan kitt
a || k s k || ]

425
EN Please be quiet. I'm working.

GUP m gi nei si sng d. ngo hido u zou gn ye.
JYUT m gi nei saisng d. ng hidou zou gn je.
YALE m hgi nih saisng d. ngh hidouh jouh gn yh.
IPA [ m k ne s s t || hto o kn j || ]

426
EN Yiting's taking a shower at the moment.

GUP yt ng yi g cung gn loeng.
JYUT jtng jga cng gn leng.
YALE ythng yhg chng gn luhng.
IPA [ jt ji k kn l || ]
ENYUE 153

427
EN Take an umbrella with you. It's raining.

GUP nei l b z l. lok gn y a.
JYUT nei l ba z la. lok gn jy aa.
YALE nih l b j l. lohk gn yh a.
IPA [ ne l p l || lk kn jy a || ]

428
EN You can turn off the TV. I'm not watching it.

GUP nei hyi sk z go di nsi . ngo m hi ti gn.
JYUT nei hji sk z go di nsi . ng m hai ti gn.
YALE nih hyh sk j go dihnsih. ngh m hhaih ti gn.
IPA [ ne hji s k k ti nsi || m t kn || ]

429
EN Why are you under the table? What are you doing?

GUP dmgi nei hi zeng ti hami n a? nei zou gn mtye a?
JYUT dmgai nei hi zeng ti haami n aa? nei zou gn mtje aa?
YALE dmgai nih hi jung ti hahmihn a? nih jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ tmk ne h t hami n a || ne o kn mtj a || ]

430
EN I work every day from nine (9:00) to five-thirty (5:30).

GUP ngo muiyt fngung yo godm zou dou ngdmbun.
JYUT ng mijat fangng ju gudm zou dou ngdmbun.
YALE ngh mihyaht fangng yuh gudm jouh dou ghdmbun.
IPA [ mujt fnk j ktm o to t mpu n || ]
154 ENYUE

431
EN Howard takes a shower every morning.
Howard
GUP Howard mui zizu du cung go loeng.
JYUT Howard mi zizu du cng go leng.
YALE Howard mih jiju du chng go luhng.
IPA [ () mu t k l || ]

432
EN It rains a lot in the winter.

GUP dungtn ge si ho lok hu d y.
JYUT dngtn ge shau lok hu d jy.
YALE dngtn ge shhauh lohk hu d yh.
IPA [ ttn k si lk h t jy || ]

433
EN I don't watch TV very often.

GUP ngo m hi si si ti di nsi .
JYUT ng m hai ss ti di nsi .
YALE ngh m hhaih shsh ti dihnsih.
IPA [ m si si t ti nsi || ]

434
EN What do you usually do on weekends?

GUP nei tungsoeng zomut zou d mye ga?
JYUT nei tngseng zumut zou d mje gaa?
YALE nih tngsuhng jumuht jouh d myh ga?
IPA [ ne ts mut o t mj ka || ]
ENYUE 155

435
EN Do you like her?

GUP nei zung m zungyi k a?
JYUT nei zng m zngji kei aa?
YALE nih jng m h jngyi kuih a?
IPA [ ne m ji k a || ]

436
EN Do you love her?

GUP nei oi m oi k a?
JYUT nei oi m oi kei aa?
YALE nih oi m h oi kuih a?
IPA [ ne m k a || ]

437
EN Do you want to know the answer?

GUP nei seng m seng zdou go dap 'on a?
JYUT nei seng m seng zdou go daap'on aa?
YALE nih sung m h sung jdou go daap'on a?
IPA [ ne s m s to k ta p n a || ]

438
EN Do you understand me?

GUP nei m ng m m ngbak ngo a?
JYUT nei mng m mngbaak ng aa?
YALE nih mhng m h mhngbaahk ngh a?
IPA [ ne m m m pak a || ]
156 ENYUE

439
EN Do you remember that day?

GUP nei gei m gei dk g yt a?
JYUT nei gei m geidk g jat aa?
YALE nih gei m h geidk g yaht a?
IPA [ ne ke m ke tk k jt a || ]

440
EN It depends on you.

GUP zo cn kao nei gal a.
JYUT zau cyn kaau nei gaalaa.
YALE jauh chyhn kaau nih gala.
IPA [ y n ka ne ka la || ]

441
EN What do you prefer?

GUP nei zungyi bnyoeng d d?
JYUT nei zngji bnjoeng d d?
YALE nih jngyi bnyeuhng d d?
IPA [ ne ji pnj t t || ]

442
EN Do you hate me?

GUP nei himi hu zng ngo a?
JYUT nei haimai hu zng ng aa?
YALE nih haihmaih hu jng ngh a?
IPA [ ne hm h a || ]
ENYUE 157

443
EN What do you need?

GUP nei syiu d mye a?
JYUT nei seijiu d mje aa?
YALE nih suiyiu d myh a?
IPA [ ne sji
t mj a || ]

444
EN What do you mean?

GUP nei hi mye yis a?
JYUT nei hai mje jis aa?
YALE nih haih myh yis a?
IPA [ ne h mj jis
a || ]

445
EN Do you believe me?

GUP nei sn m sn ngo a?
JYUT nei seon m seon ng aa?
YALE nih seun m h seun ngh a?
IPA [ ne sn m sn a || ]

446
EN I don't believe you.

GUP ngo m sn nei.
JYUT ng m seon nei.
YALE ngh m h seun nih.
IPA [ m sn ne || ]
158 ENYUE

447
EN Do you forget the answer?

GUP nei himi m gei dk go dap 'on a?
JYUT nei haimai m geidk go daap'on aa?
YALE nih haihmaih m hgeidk go daap'on a?
IPA [ ne hm m ke tk k ta p n a || ]

448
EN Does he take photographs?

GUP k yng m yng seng ga?
JYUT kei jng m jng seng gaa?
YALE kuih yng m h yng sung ga?
IPA [ k j m j s ka || ]

449
EN Is he taking a photograph?

GUP k himi yng gn seng a?
JYUT kei haimai jng gn seng aa?
YALE kuih haihmaih yng gn sung a?
IPA [ k hm j kn s a || ]

450
EN What's he doing now?

GUP k yi g zou gn mtye a?
JYUT kei jga zou gn mtje aa?
YALE kuih yhg jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ k ji k o kn mtj a || ]
ENYUE 159

451
EN Is she driving a bus?

GUP k himi z gn ga bs a?
JYUT kei haimai za gn gaa bas aa?
YALE kuih haihmaih j gn ga bs a?
IPA [ k hm kn ka ps a || ]

452
EN Does she drive a bus?

GUP k himi z bs ga?
JYUT kei haimai za bas gaa?
YALE kuih haihmaih j bs ga?
IPA [ k hm ps ka || ]

453
EN What's she doing now?

GUP k yi g zou gn mtye a?
JYUT kei jga zou gn mtje aa?
YALE kuih yhg jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ k ji k o kn mtj a || ]

454
EN Does he wash windows?

GUP k si m si ceng ga?
JYUT kei si m si ceng gaa?
YALE kuih si m h si chung ga?
IPA [ k s m s ka || ]
160 ENYUE

455
EN Is he washing a window?

GUP k himi si gn cengmn a?
JYUT kei haimai si gn cengmn aa?
YALE kuih haihmaih si gn chungmn a?
IPA [ k hm s kn mn a || ]

456
EN What's he doing now?

GUP k yi g zou gn mtye a?
JYUT kei jga zou gn mtje aa?
YALE kuih yhg jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ k ji k o kn mtj a || ]

457
EN Are they teaching?

GUP kdei himi gao gn s a?
JYUT keidei haimai gaau gn sy aa?
YALE kuihdeih haihmaih gaau gn sy a?
IPA [ kte hm ka kn s a || ]

458
EN Do they teach?

GUP kdei himi gao s ga?
JYUT keidei haimai gaausy gaa?
YALE kuihdeih haihmaih gaausy ga?
IPA [ kte hm ka s ka || ]
ENYUE 161

459
EN What do they do?

GUP kdei zou mye ga?
JYUT keidei zou mje gaa?
YALE kuihdeih jouh myh ga?
IPA [ kte o mj ka || ]

460
EN Excuse me, do you speak English?

GUP cngmn nei sk m sk gng yngm
m huyis, n ga?
JYUT m hujis, cngman nei sk m sk gng jngmn gaa?
YALE m hhuyis, chngmahn nih sk m h sk gng yngmn ga?
IPA [ m hjis
| mn ne s k m s k k j mn ka || ]

461
EN Where's Kelly? I don't know.
Kelly
GUP Kelly hi bndou a? ngo m z wo.
JYUT Kelly hi bndou aa? ng m z wo.
YALE Kelly hi bndouh a? ngh m h j wo.
IPA [ () h pnto a || m w || ]

462
EN What's so funny? Why are you laughing?

GUP yo mtye gm u siu mtye a?
husiu a? nei hido
JYUT jau mtje gam husiu aa? nei hidou siu mtje aa?
YALE yuh mtyh gam husiu a? nih hidouh siu mtyh a?
IPA [ j mtj km
hsi a || ne hto si
mtj a || ]
162 ENYUE

463
EN What does your sister do? She's a dentist.

GUP nei gz zou mtye ga? k hi ngay leiga.
JYUT nei gaz zou mtje gaa? kei hai ngaj ligaa.
YALE nih gj jouh mtyh ga? kuih haih nghy lihga.
IPA [ ne k o mtj ka || k h aj leka || ]

464
EN It's raining. I don't want to go out in the rain.

GUP ctbi n lok gn y. ngo m seng loky ctgi.
JYUT cetbi n lok gn jy. ng m seng lokjy cetgai.
YALE chutbihn lohk gn yh. ngh m h sung lohk'yh chutgai.
IPA [ tpi n lk kn jy || m s lkjy tk || ]

465
EN Where do you come from?

GUP cngmn nei hi bndou lei ga?
JYUT cngman nei hi bndou li gaa?
YALE chngmahn nih hi bndouh lih ga?
IPA [ mn ne h pnto le ka || ]

466
EN How much does it cost to send a package to Canada?

GUP gei go yobo h gnadai yiu gid cn a?
JYUT gei go jubau heoi ganadaai jiu gid cn aa?
YALE gei go yuhbau heui gnhdaaih yiu gid chn a?
IPA [ ke k jp h knata ji
kt n a || ]
ENYUE 163

467
EN He's a good tennis player, but he doesn't play very often.


GUP k hi yt go hu hu ge mongko guso, danhi k m hi s ngyt
du d ge.
JYUT kei hai jt go hu hu ge mngku gusu, daanhai kei m hai sngjat
du da ge.
YALE kuih haih yt go hu hu ge mhngkuh gusu, daahnhaih kuih
m hhaih shngyaht du d ge.
IPA [ k h jt k h h k mk ks | tan k m
s jt t t k || ]

468
EN Where's Jirou? He's taking a shower.

GUP yi long hi bndou a? k hido u cung gn loeng.
JYUT ji lng hi bndou aa? kei hidou cng gn leng.
YALE yihlhng hi bndouh a? kuih hidouh chng gn luhng.
IPA [ ji l h pnto a || k hto kn l || ]

469
EN I don't watch TV very often.

GUP ngo m hi s ngyt ti di nsi .
JYUT ng m hai sngjat ti di nsi .
YALE ngh m hhaih shngyaht ti dihnsih.
IPA [ m s jt t ti nsi || ]

470
EN Somebody's singing.

GUP yo yn coeng gn g.
JYUT jau jn coeng gn g.
YALE yuh yhn cheung gn g.
IPA [ j jn kn k || ]
164 ENYUE

471
EN Junko's tired. She wants to go home now.

GUP snz hu gui. k seng yi g fn ukki.
JYUT senz hu gui. kei seng jga fan kki.
YALE suhnj hu guih. kuih sung yhg fan kki.
IPA [ sn h ku || k s ji k fn kk || ]

472
EN How often do you read the news?

GUP nei ginoi snzi ti snmn a?
JYUT nei ginoi snzi ti snmn aa?
YALE nih ginoih snji ti snmn a?
IPA [ ne kn sni t snmn a || ]

473
EN Excuse me, but you're sitting in my seat. I'm sorry.

GUP nei co z hi ngo zeng dn g dou. hu dm z.
m huyis,
JYUT m hujis, nei c z hi ng zeng dang dou. hu deoim zyu.
YALE m hhuyis, nih chh j hi ngh jung dang douh. hu deuim hjyuh.
IPA [ m hjis
| ne h t to || h tm y ||
]

474
EN I'm sorry, I don't understand. Can you speak more slowly?

GUP dm z, ngo m hi hu m ngbak. nei h m hyi gng man d a?
JYUT deoim zyu, ng m hai hu mngbaak. nei h m hji gng maan d aa?
YALE deuim hjyuh, ngh m hhaih hu mhngbaahk. nih h m h hyh gng
maahn d a?
IPA [ tm y | m h m pak || ne h m hji k man t a
|| ]
ENYUE 165

475
EN It's late. I'm going home now. Are you coming with me?

GUP hu ye la. ngo yiu fn ukki la. nei himi toung ngo ytci zo a?
JYUT hu je laa. ng jiu fan kki laa. nei haimai tng ng jtci zu aa?
YALE hu yeh la. ngh yiu fan kki la. nih haihmaih thng ngh ytchih
ju a?
IPA [ h j la || ji
fn kk la || ne hm t jt
a || ]

476
EN What time does your father finish work every day?

GUP nei bab muiyt gidm fonggung a?
JYUT nei baba mijat gidm fonggng aa?
YALE nih bhb mihyaht gidm fonggng a?
IPA [ ne pap mujt ktm f k a || ]

477
EN You can turn the music off. I'm not listening to it.

GUP nei hyi sk z d ymngok. ngo m hi hido u tng gn.
JYUT nei hji sk z d jmngok. ng m hai hidou tng gn.
YALE nih hyh sk j d ymngohk. ngh m hhaih hidouh tng gn.
IPA [ ne hji s k t jmk || m hto t kn || ]

478
EN He's in the kitchen cooking something.

GUP k hi go cfng gdou z gn ye.
JYUT kei hi go cyfng gdou zy gn je.
YALE kuih hi go chyhfng gdouh jy gn yh.
IPA [ k h k y f kto kn j || ]
166 ENYUE

479
EN Jack doesn't usually drive to work. He usually walks.
Jack
GUP Jack p ngsi m z c fngung. k ythoeng du hi hanglou ge.
JYUT Jack pngs m za c fangng. kei jthoeng du hai hanglou ge.
YALE Jack phngsh m h j ch fangng. kuih ytheung du haih hahnglouh
ge.
IPA [ () p si m fnk || k jth t h halo k
|| ]

480
EN Lucy doesn't like coffee. She prefers tea.
Lucy
GUP Lucy m zungyi gaf . k bigao zungyi ca.
JYUT Lucy m zngji gaaf. kei bigaau zngji ca.
YALE Lucy m h jngyi gaf. kuih bigaau jngyi chh.
IPA [ () m ji ka f || k pka ji a || ]

481
EN I have blue eyes. > I've got blue eyes.

GUP ngo d ngan hi lamsk ge.
JYUT ng deoi ngaan hai lamsk ge.
YALE ngh deui ngahn haih lahmsk ge.
IPA [ t an h lams k k || ]

482
EN Ganesh has two (2) sisters. > Ganesh's got two (2) sisters.
Ganesh
GUP Ganesh yo loeng go zmui.
JYUT Ganesh jau leng go zmui.
YALE Ganesh yuh luhng go jmuih.
IPA [ () j l k mu || ]
ENYUE 167

483
EN Our car has four (4) doors. > Our car's got four (4) doors.

GUP ngodei ga c yo sei go mun.
JYUT ngdei gaa c jau sei go mn.
YALE nghdeih ga ch yuh sei go mhn.
IPA [ te ka j se k mun || ]

484
EN She isn't feeling well. She has a headache. > She's got a
headache.

GUP k gokdk m hi gi sfouk. k yod totoung.
JYUT kei gokdk m hai gi syfuk. kei jaud tutung.
YALE kuih gokdk m hhaih gi syfuhk. kuih yuhd tuhtung.
IPA [ k k ktk m k sfk || k jt tt || ]

485
EN They like animals. They have a horse, three (3) dogs, and six (6)
cats. They've got a lot of animals.


GUP kdei zungyi doungmt. kdei yo yt zek ma, sm zek go,
toungmai louk zek mo. kdei yo hu d doungmt.
JYUT keidei zngji dungmat. keidei jau jt zek maa, sam zek gu,
tngmai luk zek mau. keidei jau hu d dungmat.
YALE kuihdeih jngyi duhngmaht. kuihdeih yuh yt jek mh, sam jek
gu, thngmaih luhk jek mau. kuihdeih yuh hu d duhngmaht.
IPA [ kte ji tmt || kte j jt k ma | sm k
k | tma lk k m || kte j h t tmt || ]
168 ENYUE

486
EN I have a bike, but I don't have a car. > I've got a bike, but I
haven't got a car.

GUP ngo yo dnc, danhi zo mou c.
JYUT ng jau danc, daanhai zau mu c.
YALE ngh yuh danch, daahnhaih jauh muh ch.
IPA [ j tn | tan mo || ]

487
EN They don't have any children. > They haven't got any children.

GUP kdei mou si louzi.
JYUT keidei mu sailouzi.
YALE kuihdeih muh sailouhji.
IPA [ kte mo s lo || ]

488
EN It's a nice house, but it doesn't have a garage. > It hasn't got a
garage.

GUP gn uk hu len g, danhi zo mou go cfong.
JYUT gan k hu leng, daanhai zau mu go cfng.
YALE gan k hu leng, daahnhaih jauh muh go chfhng.
IPA [ kn k h l | tan mo k f || ]

489
EN Lila doesn't have a job. > Lila hasn't got a job.
Lila
GUP Lila mou gung zou.
JYUT Lila mu gng zou.
YALE Lila muh gng jouh.
IPA [ () mo k o || ]
ENYUE 169

490
EN Does your phone have a camera?

GUP idi nw yomou yngsenggi ga?
nei go sot
JYUT nei go sutidi nwa jaumu jngsenggi gaa?
YALE nih go sutihdihnw yuhmuh yngsunggi ga?
IPA [ ne k stti nw jmo j s k ka || ]

491
EN Does Nicole have a car? > Has Nicole got a car?
Nicole
GUP Nicole yomou c ga?
JYUT Nicole jaumu c gaa?
YALE Nicole yuhmuh ch ga?
IPA [ () jmo ka || ]

492
EN What kind of car does she have? > What kind of car has she
got?
>
GUP k ga c hi mye c leiga? > k yo ga mtye c a?
JYUT kei gaa c hai mje c ligaa? > kei jau gaa mtje c aa?
YALE kuih ga ch haih myh ch lihga? > kuih yuh ga mtyh ch a?
IPA [ k ka h mj leka || > k j ka mtj a ||
]

493
EN What do you have in your bag? > What have you got in your
bag?

GUP nei go di lbi n yod mye a?
JYUT nei go di leibi n jaud mje aa?
YALE nih go di luihbihn yuhd myh a?
IPA [ ne k t lpi n jt mj a || ]
170 ENYUE

494
EN Do you have a camera? No, I don't.

GUP nei yomou senggi a? ngo mou.
JYUT nei jaumu senggi aa? ng mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh sunggi a? ngh muh.
IPA [ ne jmo s k a || mo || ]

495
EN Have you got a camera? No, I don't.

GUP nei yomou senggi a? ngo mou.
JYUT nei jaumu senggi aa? ng mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh sunggi a? ngh muh.
IPA [ ne jmo s k a || mo || ]

496
EN Does she have a car? No, she doesn't.

GUP k yomou c a? k mou.
JYUT kei jaumu c aa? kei mu.
YALE kuih yuhmuh ch a? kuih muh.
IPA [ k jmo a || k mo || ]

497
EN Ask if he has a computer. Yes, he's got a computer.

GUP mn h k yomou di nnou. yo, k yo di nnou.
JYUT man ha kei jaumu di nnu. jau, kei jau di nnu.
YALE mahn h kuih yuhmuh dihnnuh. yuh, kuih yuh dihnnuh.
IPA [ mn h k jmo ti nno || j | k j ti nno || ]
ENYUE 171

498
EN Ask if he has a dog. No, he hasn't got a dog.

GUP mn h k yomou yoeng go. mou, k mou yoeng go.
JYUT man ha kei jaumu jeng gu. mu, kei mu jeng gu.
YALE mahn h kuih yuhmuh yuhng gu. muh, kuih muh yuhng
gu.
IPA [ mn h k jmo j k || mo | k mo j k || ]

499
EN Ask if he has a smart phone. No, he hasn't got a smart phone.

GUP mn h k yomou zin
ngsogi. mou, k mou zin
ngsogi.
JYUT man ha kei jaumu zinngsugi. mu, kei mu zinngsugi.
YALE mahn h kuih yuhmuh jinhngsugi. muh, kuih muh
jinhngsugi.
IPA [ mn h k jmo in
sk || mo | k mo
in
s
k || ]

500
EN Ask if he has a watch. Yes, he's got a watch.

GUP mn h k yomou bi. yo, k yo bi.
JYUT man ha kei jaumu bi. jau, kei jau bi.
YALE mahn h kuih yuhmuh bi. yuh, kuih yuh bi.
IPA [ mn h k jmo p || j | k j p || ]
172 ENYUE

501
EN Ask if he has any brothers or sisters. Yes, he's got a brother
and two (2) sisters.


GUP mn h k yomou hngd izmui. yo, k yo yt go gog
toungmai loeng go muimi.
JYUT man ha kei jaumu hngdaizmui. jau, kei jau jt go gg
tngmai leng go mimi.
YALE mahn h kuih yuhmuh hngdaihjmuih. yuh, kuih yuh yt go
ghg thngmaih luhng go mihmi.
IPA [ mn h k jmo h tmu || j | k j jt k
kk tma l k mum || ]

502
EN I don't have a computer.

GUP ngo mou di nnou.
JYUT ng mu di nnu.
YALE ngh muh dihnnuh.
IPA [ mo ti nno || ]

503
EN You don't have a dog.

GUP nei mou yoeng go.
JYUT nei mu jeng gu.
YALE nih muh yuhng gu.
IPA [ ne mo j k || ]

504
EN She doesn't have a bike.

GUP k mou dnc.
JYUT kei mu danc.
YALE kuih muh danch.
IPA [ k mo tn || ]
ENYUE 173

505
EN He has several brothers and sisters.

GUP
k yo gi go hngd izmui.
JYUT kei jau gi go hngdaizmui.
YALE kuih yuh gi go hngdaihjmuih.
IPA [ k j k k h tmu || ]

506
EN They have two (2) children.

GUP kdei yo loeng go si louzi.
JYUT keidei jau leng go sailouzi.
YALE kuihdeih yuh luhng go sailouhji.
IPA [ kte j l k s lo || ]

507
EN She doesn't have a key.

GUP k mou ssi .
JYUT kei mu ss.
YALE kuih muh ssh.
IPA [ k mo ssi || ]

508
EN He has a new job.

GUP k yo fn sn ge gung.
JYUT kei jau fan sn ge gng.
YALE kuih yuh fahn sn ge gng.
IPA [ k j fn sn k k || ]
174 ENYUE

509
EN They don't have much money.

GUP kdei m hi yo hu d cn.
JYUT keidei m hai jau hu d cn.
YALE kuihdeih m hhaih yuh hu d chn.
IPA [ kte m j h t n || ]

510
EN Do you have an umbrella?

GUP nei yomou b z a?
JYUT nei jaumu ba z aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh b j a?
IPA [ ne jmo p a || ]

511
EN We have a lot of work to do.

GUP ngodei yo hu d ye yiu zou.
JYUT ngdei jau hu d je jiu zou.
YALE nghdeih yuh hu d yh yiu jouh.
IPA [ te j h t j ji
o || ]

512
EN I don't have your phone number.

GUP ngo mou nei go di nw houma.
JYUT ng mu nei go di nwa houmaa.
YALE ngh muh nih go dihnw houhmh.
IPA [ mo ne k ti nw homa || ]
ENYUE 175

513
EN Does your father have a car?

GUP nei bab yomou c a?
JYUT nei baba jaumu c aa?
YALE nih bhb yuhmuh ch a?
IPA [ ne pap jmo a || ]

514
EN How much money do you have with you?

GUP nei sn soengmi n yo gid cn a?
JYUT nei sn soengmi n jau gid cn aa?
YALE nih sn seuhngmihn yuh gid chn a?
IPA [ ne sn s mi n j kt n a || ]

515
EN She doesn't have a car. She goes everywhere by bicycle.

GUP k mou c. k ci ga dnc zowi h.
JYUT kei mu c. kei cai gaa danc zuwi heoi.
YALE kuih muh ch. kuih chai ga danch juwih heui.
IPA [ k mo || k ka tn w h || ]

516
EN They like animals. They have three (3) dogs and two (2) cats.

GUP kdei hu zungyi doungmt. kdei yo sm zek go toungmai loeng
zek mo.
JYUT keidei hu zngji dungmat. keidei jau sam zek gu tngmai leng
zek mau.
YALE kuihdeih hu jngyi duhngmaht. kuihdeih yuh sam jek gu
thngmaih luhng jek mau.
IPA [ kte h ji tmt || kte j sm k k tma
l k m || ]
176 ENYUE

517
EN Fahim isn't happy. He's got a lot of problems.
Fahim
GUP Fahim hu m hism. k yo hu d mnti.
JYUT Fahim hu m hism. kei jau hu d manti.
YALE Fahim hu m h hism. kuih yuh hu d mahntih.
IPA [ () h m hsm || k j h t mnt || ]

518
EN They don't read much. They don't have many books.

GUP kdei m d ti s. kdei m hi yo hu d s.
JYUT keidei m d ti sy. keidei m hai jau hu d sy.
YALE kuihdeih m h d ti sy. kuihdeih m hhaih yuh hu d sy.
IPA [ kte m t t s || kte m j h t s || ]

519
EN What's wrong? I've got something in my eye.

GUP yo mye si a? yod ye yp z ngo zek ngan.
JYUT jau mje si aa? jaud je jap z ng zek ngaan.
YALE yuh myh sih a? yuhd yh yahp j ngh jek ngahn.
IPA [ j mj si a || jt j jp k an || ]

520
EN Where's my phone? I don't know. I don't have it.

GUP ngo go di nw hi bndou a? ngo m z. ngo mou l neige wo.
JYUT ng go di nwa hi bndou aa? ng m z. ng mu l neige wo.
YALE ngh go dihnw hi bndouh a? ngh m h j. ngh muh l nihge
wo.
IPA [ k ti nw h pnto a || m || mo l nek
w || ]
ENYUE 177

521
EN She wants to go to the concert, but she doesn't have a ticket.

GUP k seng h go ymngokwi, danhi k mou fi.
JYUT kei seng heoi go jmngok'wi, daanhai kei mu fi.
YALE kuih sung heui go ymngohk'wi, daahnhaih kuih muh fi.
IPA [ k s h k jmkw | tan k mo f || ]

522
EN I'm not feeling well. I have a headache.

GUP ngo gokdk m hi gi sfouk. ngo yod totoung.
JYUT ng gokdk m hai gi syfuk. ng jaud tutung.
YALE ngh gokdk m hhaih gi syfuhk. ngh yuhd tuhtung.
IPA [ k ktk m k sfk || jt tt || ]

523
EN It's a nice house but it doesn't have a big yard.

GUP gn uk hu hu, danhi go hofyn m hi hu dai.
JYUT gan k hu hu, daanhai go haufajyn m hai hu daai.
YALE gan k hu hu, daahnhaih go hauhfyn m hhaih hu daaih.
IPA [ kn k h h | tan k hfjn m h ta || ]

524
EN Most cars have four (4) wheels.

GUP daidsou ge c yo sei go luk.
JYUT daaidsou ge c jau sei go lk.
YALE daaihdsou ge ch yuh sei go lk.
IPA [ tatso k j se k lk || ]
178 ENYUE

525
EN Everybody likes him. He's got a lot of friends.

GUP gogoyn du zungyi k. k yo hu d pngyo.
JYUT gogojn du zngji kei. kei jau hu d pngjau.
YALE gogoyhn du jngyi kuih. kuih yuh hu d phngyuh.
IPA [ k k jn t ji k || k j h t pj || ]

526
EN I can't open the door. I don't have the key.

GUP ngo hi m du mun. ngo mou ssi .
JYUT ng hi m du mn. ng mu ss.
YALE ngh hi m h du mhn. ngh muh ssh.
IPA [ h m t mun || mo ssi || ]

527
EN An insect has six (6) legs.

GUP kwncoung yo louk zek goek.
JYUT kwncng jau luk zek goek.
YALE kwnchhng yuh luhk jek geuk.
IPA [ kn j lk k kk || ]

528
EN Hurry, we don't have much time.

GUP fai d, ngodei moumt si gan la.
JYUT faai d, ngdei mumt sgaan laa.
YALE faai d, nghdeih muhmt shgaan la.
IPA [ fa t | te momt si ka n la || ]
ENYUE 179

529
EN Now he's at work.

GUP u fngung.
yi g k hido
JYUT jga kei hidou fangng.
YALE yhg kuih hidouh fangng.
IPA [ ji k k hto fnk || ]

530
EN Last night he wasn't at work.

GUP cmman k mou fngung.
JYUT cmmaan kei mu fangng.
YALE chhmmahn kuih muh fangng.
IPA [ mman k mo fnk || ]

531
EN He was in bed.

GUP k hi cong dou.
JYUT kei hi cng dou.
YALE kuih hi chhng douh.
IPA [ k h to || ]

532
EN He was asleep.

GUP k fn zoek gao .
JYUT kei fanzoek gaau.
YALE kuih fanjeuhk gaau.
IPA [ k fn k ka || ]
180 ENYUE

533
EN He was in bed, asleep.

GUP k hi cong dou fn zoek gao .
JYUT kei hi cng dou fanzoek gaau.
YALE kuih hi chhng douh fanjeuhk gaau.
IPA [ k h to fn k ka || ]

534
EN I was tired last night.

GUP ngo cmman hu gui.
JYUT ng cmmaan hu gui.
YALE ngh chhmmahn hu guih.
IPA [ mman h ku || ]

535
EN Where was Fatima yesterday?
Fatima
GUP cmyt Fatima hi bndou a?
JYUT cmjat Fatima hi bndou aa?
YALE chhmyaht Fatima hi bndouh a?
IPA [ mjt () h pnto a || ]

536
EN The weather was nice last week.

GUP soenggo libai ge tnhei hu hu.
JYUT soenggo laibaai ge tnhei hu hu.
YALE seuhnggo lihbaai ge tnhei hu hu.
IPA [ s k lpa k tnhe h h || ]
ENYUE 181

537
EN You were late yesterday.

GUP nei cmyt ci dou.
JYUT nei cmjat cdou.
YALE nih chhmyaht chhdou.
IPA [ ne mjt i to || ]

538
EN They weren't here last Sunday.

GUP kdei soenggo libai yt m hi ndou.
JYUT keidei soenggo laibaaijat m hi ndou.
YALE kuihdeih seuhnggo lihbaaiyaht m h hi ndouh.
IPA [ kte s k lpa jt m h nto || ]

539
EN Last year Rebecca was twenty-two (22), so she is twenty-three
(23) now.
Rebecca
GUP gonn Rebecca yayi s, syi k yi g yasm s.
JYUT gaunn Rebecca jaaji seoi, sji kei jga jaasam seoi.
YALE gauhnn Rebecca yahyih seui, syh kuih yhg yahsam seui.
IPA [ knn () jaji s | sji k ji k jasm s || ]

540
EN When I was a child, I was afraid of dogs.

GUP ngo si go ge si ho hu gng go.
JYUT ng saigo ge shau hu gng gu.
YALE ngh saigo ge shhauh hu gng gu.
IPA [ s k k si h k k || ]
182 ENYUE

541
EN We were hungry after the trip, but we weren't tired.

GUP hngc ng yn z zho ngodei hu tou'ngo, danhi ngodei zo m gui.
JYUT hngcng jyn z zhau ngdei hu tu'ngo, daanhai ngdei zau m gui.
YALE hhngchhng yhn j jhauh nghdeih hu tuhngoh, daahnhaih
nghdeih jauh m h guih.
IPA [ h jy n h te h to | tan te m
ku || ]

542
EN The hotel was comfortable, but it wasn't expensive.

GUP m
gn zodi hu sfouk, danhi m gwi wo.
JYUT gan zudim hu syfuk, daanhai m gwai wo.
YALE gan judim hu syfuhk, daahnhaih m h gwai wo.
IPA [ kn tim
h sfk | tan m k w || ]

543
EN Was the weather nice when you were on vacation?

GUP nei douga ge si ho tnhei hu ma?
JYUT nei dougaa ge shau tnhei hu maa?
YALE nih douhga ge shhauh tnhei hu ma?
IPA [ ne toka k si tnhe h ma || ]

544
EN Your shoes are nice. Were they expensive?

GUP nei d hai hu len g. himi hu gwi ga?
JYUT nei deoi hai hu leng. haimai hu gwai gaa?
YALE nih deui haih hu leng. haihmaih hu gwai ga?
IPA [ ne t ha h l || hm h k ka || ]
ENYUE 183

545
EN Why were you late this morning?

GUP nei gmzi dmgi ci dou g?
JYUT nei gmzi dmgai cdou g?
YALE nih gmji dmgai chhdou g?
IPA [ ne km tmk i to k || ]

546
EN Were you late? No, I wasn't.

GUP nei yomou ci dou a? mou, ngo mou ci dou.
JYUT nei jaumu cdou aa? mu, ng mu cdou.
YALE nih yuhmuh chhdou a? muh, ngh muh chhdou.
IPA [ ne jmo i to a || mo | mo i to || ]

547
EN Was Paul at work yesterday? Yes, he was.
Paul
GUP cmyt Paul yomou fngung a? k yo.
JYUT cmjat Paul jaumu fangng aa? kei jau.
YALE chhmyaht Paul yuhmuh fangng a? kuih yuh.
IPA [ mjt () jmo fnk a || k j || ]

548
EN Were they at the party? No, they weren't.
Party
GUP kdei yomou hi go pti dou a? kdei mou.
JYUT keidei jaumu hi go pat dou aa? keidei mu.
YALE kuihdeih yuhmuh hi go pth douh a? kuihdeih muh.
IPA [ kte jmo h k pti to a || kte mo || ]
184 ENYUE

549
EN Today the weather's nice, but yesterday it was very cold.

GUP gmyt tnhei hu hu, danhi cmyt zo hu doung.
JYUT gmjat tnhei hu hu, daanhai cmjat zau hu dung.
YALE gmyaht tnhei hu hu, daahnhaih chhmyaht jauh hu dung.
IPA [ kmjt tnhe h h | tan mjt h t || ]

550
EN I'm hungry. Can I have something to eat?

GUP ngo hu tou'ngo. ngo h m hyi s k d ye a?
JYUT ng hu tu'ngo. ng h m hji si k d je aa?
YALE ngh hu tuhngoh. ngh h m h hyh sihk d yh a?
IPA [ h to || h m hji s k t j a || ]

551
EN I feel fine this morning, but I was very tired last night.

GUP ngo gmzi gokdk hu hu, danhi ngo cmman zo gokdk hu gui.
JYUT ng gmzi gokdk hu hu, daanhai ng cmmaan zau gokdk hu
gui.
YALE ngh gmji gokdk hu hu, daahnhaih ngh chhmmahn jauh
gokdk hu guih.
IPA [ km k ktk h h | tan mman
k ktk h ku || ]

552
EN Where were you at eleven a.m. (11:00) last Friday morning?

GUP
nei soenggo sngke ing zizu spytdm hi bndou a?
JYUT nei soenggo sngking zizu sapjtdm hi bndou aa?
YALE nih seuhnggo sngkihgh jiju sahpytdm hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne s k s ke spjttm h pnto a || ]
ENYUE 185

553
EN Don't buy those shoes. They're very expensive.

GUP m hu mai gd hai. tai gwi la.
JYUT m hu maai gd hai. taai gwai laa.
YALE m hhu maih gd haih. taai gwai la.
IPA [ m h ma kt ha || ta k la || ]

554
EN I like your new jacket. Was it expensive?

GUP ngo zungyi nei gi n sn ge lo. himi hu gwi ga?
JYUT ng zngji nei gi n sn ge lu. haimai hu gwai gaa?
YALE ngh jngyi nih gihn sn ge lu. haihmaih hu gwai ga?
IPA [ ji ne ki n sn k l || hm h k ka || ]

555
EN This time last year I was in Paris.

GUP gonn ngo si ho ngo hi bli.
JYUT gaunn ngo shau ng hi bali.
YALE gauhnn ngo shhauh ngh hi blih.
IPA [ knn nk si h pl || ]

556
EN Where are the children? I don't know, they were here a few
minutes ago.


GUP d si louzi hi bndou a? m z wo, kdei gi fnzung ci n zoung
u ga.
hido
JYUT d sailouzi hi bndou aa? m z wo, keidei gi fnzng cn zung
hidou gaa.
YALE d sailouhji hi bndouh a? m h j wo, kuihdeih gi fnjng chhn
juhng hidouh ga.
IPA [ t s lo h pnto a || m w | kte k fn
i n hto ka || ]
186 ENYUE

557
EN We weren't happy with the hotel. Our room was very small, and
it wasn't clean.

GUP ngodei hu m munyi gn zodi m.
ngodei gn fng yo si , yo m
gnzeng.
JYUT ngdei hu m mnji gan zudim. ngdei gan fng jau sai, jau m
gnzeng.
YALE nghdeih hu m h mhnyi gan judim. nghdeih gan fng yauh sai,
yauh m h gnjehng.
IPA [ te h m munji kn tim
|| te kn f j s | j m
kn || ]

558
EN Antonio wasn't at work last week because he was sick. He's
better now.
Antonio

GUP Antonio soenggo libai mou fngung, ynwi k beng z. k yi g
hu d la.
JYUT Antonio soenggo laibaai mu fangng, jnwai kei beng z. kei jga
hu d laa.
YALE Antonio seuhnggo lihbaai muh fangng, ynwaih kuih behng j.
kuih yhg hu d la.
IPA [ () s k lpa mo fnk | jnw k p || k
ji k h t la || ]
ENYUE 187

559
EN Yesterday was a holiday, so the banks were closed. They're open
today.

GUP cmyt hi gak ei, syi d ngnhong sn z mun. kdei gmyt yo
hi.
JYUT cmjat hai gaaki, sji d ngnhng san z mn. keidei gmjat jau
hi.
YALE chhmyaht haih gakih, syh d nghnhhng san j mhn. kuihdeih
gmyaht yuh hi.
IPA [ mjt h ka ke | sji t nh sn mun || kte
kmjt j h || ]

560
EN Were Anabel and Richard at the party? Anabel was there, but
Richard wasn't.
Anabel Richard Party Anabel
Richard
GUP Anabel toung Richard yomou hi go pti dou a? Anabel yo
u, danhi Richard zo mou hido
hido u.
JYUT Anabel tng Richard jaumu hi go pat dou aa? Anabel jau
hidou, daanhai Richard zau mu hidou.
YALE Anabel thng Richard yuhmuh hi go pth douh a? Anabel yuh
hidouh, daahnhaih Richard jauh muh hidouh.
IPA [ () t () jmo h k pti to a || () j hto |
tan () mo hto || ]
188 ENYUE

561
EN Where are my keys? I don't know. They were on the table,
but they're not there now.


GUP ngo d ssi hi bndou a? ngo m z. tosn zoung hi zeng ti dou,
danhi yi g zo mou z.
JYUT ng d ss hi bndou aa? ng m z. tusn zung hi zeng ti dou,
daanhai jga zau mu z.
YALE ngh d ssh hi bndouh a? ngh m h j. tuhsn juhng hi jung ti
douh, daahnhaih yhg jauh muh j.
IPA [ t ssi h pnto a || m || tsn h
t to | tan ji k mo || ]

562
EN You weren't at home last night. Where were you?

GUP nei cmman m hi ukki. nei hi bndou a?
JYUT nei cmmaan m hi kki. nei hi bndou aa?
YALE nih chhmmahn m h hi kki. nih hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne mman m h kk || ne h pnto a || ]

563
EN Why were you late this morning? The traffic was bad.

GUP nei gmzi dmgi ci dou a? d gotung hu c ma.
JYUT nei gmzi dmgai cdou aa? d gautng hu ca amaa.
YALE nih gmji dmgai chhdou a? d gautng hu ch ma.
IPA [ ne km tmk i to a || t kt h ma ||
]
ENYUE 189

564
EN Was your exam difficult? No, it was easy.

GUP nei go hosi nan m nan a? m nan, zoung hu youngyi tm.
JYUT nei go hausi nan m nan aa? m nan, zung hu jngji tm.
YALE nih go hausi nahn m h nahn a? m h nahn, juhng hu yhngyih
tm.
IPA [ ne k hsi nan m nan a || m nan | h jji tm || ]

565
EN Where were they last week? They were on vacation.

GUP kdei soenggo libai hi bndou a? kdei h z douga.
JYUT keidei soenggo laibaai hi bndou aa? keidei heoi z dougaa.
YALE kuihdeih seuhnggo lihbaai hi bndouh a? kuihdeih heui j
douhga.
IPA [ kte s k lpa h pnto a || kte h toka
|| ]

566
EN How much was your new camera? It was three hundred
dollars ($300). > It was two hundred euros (200).

GUP nei bou sn ge senggi gid cn a? yi cn sei bak mn.
JYUT nei bou sn ge senggi gid cn aa? ji cn seibaak mn.
YALE nih bouh sn ge sunggi gid chn a? yihchn seibaak mn.
IPA [ ne po sn k s k kt n a || ji n se pa k mn ||
]

567
EN Why were you angry yesterday? Because you were late.

GUP nei cmyt dmgi gm no a? ynwi nei ci dou ma!
JYUT nei cmjat dmgai gam nu aa? jnwai nei cdou amaa!
YALE nih chhmyaht dmgai gam nu a? ynwaih nih chhdou ma!
IPA [ ne mjt tmk km
n a || jnw ne i to ma || ]
190 ENYUE

568
EN Was the weather nice last week? Yes, it was beautiful.

GUP soenggo libai ge tnhei hu m hu a? hu, tnhei hu hu.
JYUT soenggo laibaai ge tnhei hu m hu aa? hu, tnhei hu hu.
YALE seuhnggo lihbaai ge tnhei hu m h hu a? hu, tnhei hu hu.
IPA [ s k lpa k tnhe h m h a || h | tnhe h h
|| ]

569
EN I brush my teeth every morning. This morning I brushed my
teeth.

GUP ngo mui zizu du cat nga. ngo gmzi cat z nga.
JYUT ng mi zizu du caatnga. ng gmzi caat z nga.
YALE ngh mih jiju du chaatngh. ngh gmji chaat j ngh.
IPA [ mu t a ta || km a t a || ]

570
EN Terry worked in a bank from nineteen ninety-five (1995) to two
thousand one (2001).
Terry
GUP on
Terry yo ytgog g ni n zi yi l ngl ngyt ni n du hi ngnhong dou
zou.
JYUT Terry ju jtgugung nn zi ji lnglngjt nn du hi ngnhng dou
zou.
YALE Terry yuh ytgugu'gh nhn ji yihlhnglhngyt nhn du hi
nghnhhng douh jouh.
IPA [ () j jtkk ni n i ji l l jt ni n t h nh to
o || ]
ENYUE 191

571
EN Yesterday it rained all morning. It stopped at lunchtime.

GUP u loky. dou s k an ge si ho snzi t ng.
cmyt s ngzi hido
JYUT cmjat sngzi hidou lokjy. dou si k aan ge shau snzi tng.
YALE chhmyaht shngji hidouh lohk'yh. dou sihk aan ge shhauh snji
thng.
IPA [ mjt s hto lkjy || to s k a n k si sni t
|| ]

572
EN We enjoyed the party last night.
Party
GUP cmman go pti hu hu wn.
JYUT cmmaan go pat hu hu wan.
YALE chhmmahn go pth hu hu wan.
IPA [ mman k pti h h wn || ]

573
EN We danced a lot and talked to a lot of people.

GUP ngodei tiu hu d mou, yo toung hu d yn kngg
i.
JYUT ngdei tiu hu d mu, jau tng hu d jn knggi.
YALE nghdeih tiu hu d muh, yauh thng hu d yhn knggi.
IPA [ te ti
h t mo | j t h t jn k k || ]

574
EN The party ended at midnight.
Party
GUP go pti dou bunye snzi gitcuk.

JYUT go pat dou bunje snzi gitck.
YALE go pth dou bunyeh snji gitchk.
IPA [ k pti to pu nj sni kit
k || ]
192 ENYUE

575
EN I usually get up early, but this morning I got up at nine thirty
(9:30).

GUP
ngo p ngsi hu zu hisn, danhi gmzi ngo godmbu n snzi hisn.
JYUT ng pngs hu zu hisn, daanhai gmzi ng gudmbun snzi
hisn.
YALE ngh phngsh hu ju hisn, daahnhaih gmji ngh gudmbun snji
hisn.
IPA [ p si h hsn | tan km ktmpu n
sni hsn || ]

576
EN We did a lot of work yesterday.

GUP ngodei cmyt zou z hu d ye.
JYUT ngdei cmjat zou z hu d je.
YALE nghdeih chhmyaht jouh j hu d yh.
IPA [ te mjt o h t j || ]

577
EN Sonia went to the movies three (3) times last week.
Sonia
GUP Sonia soenggo libai ti z sm tou hei .
JYUT Sonia soenggo laibaai ti z sam tou hei.
YALE Sonia seuhnggo lihbaai ti j sam tou hei.
IPA [ () s k lpa t sm to he || ]

578
EN Enzo came into the room, took off his coat, and sat down.
Enzo
GUP Enzo yp z gn fng, c z gi n lo, gnz zo co di.
JYUT Enzo jap z gan fng, cei z gi n lu, gnzyu zau c di.
YALE Enzo yahp j gan fng, chuih j gihn lu, gnjyuh jauh chh di.
IPA [ () jp kn f | ki n l | kny t
|| ]
ENYUE 193

579
EN It was hot in the room, so I opened the window.

GUP gn fng hu yi t, syi ngo hi z go ceng.
JYUT gan fng hu ji t, sji ng hi z go ceng.
YALE gan fng hu yiht, syh ngh hi j go chung.
IPA [ kn f h ji t | sji h k || ]

580
EN The movie was very long. It started at seven-fifteen (7:15) and
finished at ten pm (10:00).

GUP ct hei hu coeng. ctdmsm hic zou, zou dou spdm sn yn.
JYUT cet hei hu ceng. ctdmsam hic zou, zou dou sapdm sn jyn.
YALE chut hei hu chuhng. chtdmsam hich jouh, jouh dou sahpdm sn
yhn.
IPA [ t he h || ttmsm h o | o to
sptm sn jyn || ]

581
EN When I was a child, I wanted to be a doctor.

GUP ngo si go ge si ho hu seng zou yt go ysng.
JYUT ng saigo ge shau hu seng zou jt go jsng.
YALE ngh saigo ge shhauh hu sung jouh yt go ysng.
IPA [ s k k si h s o jt k js || ]

582
EN The accident happened last Sunday afternoon.

GUP go cwo hi hi soenggo sngke
iyt fat sng ge.
JYUT go cwo hai hi soenggo sngkijat faatsng ge.
YALE go chwoh haih hi seuhnggo sngkihyaht faatsng ge.
IPA [ k w h h s k s kejt fa ts k || ]
194 ENYUE

583
EN It's a nice day today, but yesterday it rained all day.

GUP gmyt tnhei hu hu, danhi cmyt zo lok z yt yt y.
JYUT gmjat tnhei hu hu, daanhai cmjat zau lok z jt jat jy.
YALE gmyaht tnhei hu hu, daahnhaih chhmyaht jauh lohk j yt yaht
yh.
IPA [ kmjt tnhe h h | tan mjt lk jt jt jy
|| ]

584
EN We enjoyed our vacation last year. We stayed at a very nice
place.


GUP ngodei gonn ge gak ei wn dk hu hism. ngodei z hi yt go hu
len g ge deifng.
JYUT ngdei gaunn ge gaaki wan dk hu hism. ngdei zyu hi jt go
hu leng ge deifng.
YALE nghdeih gauhnn ge gakih wan dk hu hism. nghdeih jyuh hi
yt go hu leng ge deihfng.
IPA [ te knn k ka ke wn tk h hsm || te y h
jt k h l k tef || ]

585
EN Cecilia's grandfather died when he was ninety (90) years old.
Cecilia
GUP Cecilia go yey hi gos p s ge si ho gwosn ge.
JYUT Cecilia go jj hai gusap seoi ge shau gwosn ge.
YALE Cecilia go yhy haih gusahp seui ge shhauh gwosn ge.
IPA [ () k jj h ksp s k si k sn k || ]
ENYUE 195

586
EN I already paid the bill.

GUP zeng dn ngo yi gng bi z cn la.
JYUT zeng dan ng ji gng bi z cn laa.
YALE jung dan ngh yhgng bi j chn la.
IPA [ tn ji k p n la || ]

587
EN I visited her last week.

GUP ngo soenggo libai tam z k.
JYUT ng soenggo laibaai taam z kei.
YALE ngh seuhnggo lihbaai taam j kuih.
IPA [ s k lpa ta m k || ]

588
EN I bought my tickets online.

GUP ngo d fi hi hi mongsoeng mai ge.
JYUT ng d fi hai hi mngsoeng maai ge.
YALE ngh d fi haih hi mhngseuhng maih ge.
IPA [ t f h h ms ma k || ]

589
EN I copied the schedule.

GUP ngo yngyn z go si gan bi.
JYUT ng jngjan z go sgaanbi.
YALE ngh yngyan j go shgaanbi.
IPA [ j jn k si ka np || ]
196 ENYUE

590
EN I put my bag on the table. (PAST TENSE)

GUP ngo fong z ngo go di hi zeng ti dou.
JYUT ng fong z ng go di hi zeng ti dou.
YALE ngh fong j ngh go di hi jung ti douh.
IPA [ f k t h t to || ]

591
EN I spoke with him yesterday on the phone.

GUP ngo cmyt toung k tung z di nw.
JYUT ng cmjat tng kei tng z di nwa.
YALE ngh chhmyaht thng kuih tng j dihnw.
IPA [ mjt t k t ti nw || ]

592
EN Last Tuesday, Vanessa flew from Los Angeles to Mexico City.
Vanessa
GUP soenggo libai yi , Vanessa yo losng fi z h mksigs ng.
JYUT soenggo laibaaiji , Vanessa ju lsang fi z heoi maksigsng.
YALE seuhnggo lihbaaiyih, Vanessa yuh lhsang fi j heui
mahksigshng.
IPA [ s k lpa ji | () j ls f h mksks || ]

593
EN She got up at six (6) in the morning and had a cup of coffee.

GUP k zizu loukdm hisn, gnz ym z bi gaf .
JYUT kei zizu lukdm hisn, gnzyu jm z bi gaaf.
YALE kuih jiju luhkdm hisn, gnjyuh ym j bi gaf.
IPA [ k lktm hsn | kny jm p ka f || ]
ENYUE 197

594
EN At seven-fifteen she left home and drove to the airport.

GUP k ctdmspng fn leihi ukki z h gicoeng.
JYUT kei ctdmsapng fn lihi kki za heoi giceng.
YALE kuih chtdmsahpgh fn lihhi kki j heui gichuhng.
IPA [ k ttmsp fn leh kk h k || ]

595
EN When she got there, she parked the car, walked to the terminal,
and checked in.


GUP k dou z ge si ho zo pak hu ga c, gnz zo hang h zapho
gdou dnggei .
JYUT kei dou z ge shau zau paak hu gaa c, gnzyu zau hang heoi
zaaphu gdou dnggei.
YALE kuih dou j ge shhauh jauh paak hu ga ch, gnjyuh jauh hahng
heui jaahphu gdouh dnggei.
IPA [ k to k si pa k h ka | kny
ha h aph kto tke || ]

596
EN Then she had breakfast at an airport cafe and waited for her
flight.

GUP yi nho k hi gicoeng ge gaf dim dou s k zucn dng k bn gi.
JYUT jnhau kei hi giceng ge gaafdim dou si k zucan dng kei ban
gi.
YALE yhnhauh kuih hi gichuhng ge gafdim douh sihk juchan dng
kuih ban gi.
IPA [ ji nh k h k k ka ftim
to s k n t
k pn k || ]
198 ENYUE

597
EN The plane departed on time and arrived in Mexico City four (4)
hours later.

GUP bn gi znsi hifi, sei go zungto ho zo doudat mksigs ng.
JYUT ban gi zens hifi, seigo zngtu hau zau doudaat maksigsng.
YALE ban gi junsh hifi, seigo jngtuh hauh jauh doudaaht
mahksigshng.
IPA [ pn k nsi hf | se k t h totat
mksks || ]

598
EN Finally, she took a taxi from the airport to her hotel downtown.

GUP yo gicoeng h k si zungsm ge
z ho k giu z ga dks
m
zodi do u .
JYUT zeoi hau kei giu z gaa dks ju giceng heoi kei si zngsm ge
zudim dou.
YALE jeui hauh kuih giu j ga dks yuh gichuhng heui kuih shjngsm
ge judim douh.
IPA [ h k ki
ka t ks j k h k si sm
k tim
to || ]

599
EN Steve always goes to work by car. > Yesterday he went to work
by car.
Steve
GUP Steve s ngyt du hi z c fngung. cmyt k z z ga c
fngung.
JYUT Steve sngjat du hai za c fangng. cmjat kei za z gaa c
fangng.
YALE Steve shngyaht du haih j ch fangng. chhmyaht kuih j j ga
ch fangng.
IPA [ () s jt t h fnk || mjt k ka
fnk || ]
ENYUE 199

600
EN Hannah often loses her keys. > She lost her keys last week.
Hannah

GUP Hannah s ngyt du m gin k tiu ssi . k soenggo libai m gin z k
tiu ssi .
JYUT Hannah sngjat du m gin kei ti ss. kei soenggo laibaai m gin z
kei ti ss.
YALE Hannah shngyaht du m hgin kuih tih ssh. kuih seuhnggo lihbaai
m hgin j kuih tih ssh.
IPA [ () s jt t m kin k ti ssi || k s k lpa m kin

k ti ssi || ]

601
EN Zoe meets her friends every night. > She met them last night.
Zoe
GUP Zoe manman du gin k d pngyo. k cmman zo gin z kdei.
JYUT Zoe maanmaan du gin kei d pngjau. kei cmmaan zau gin z
keidei.
YALE Zoe mahnmahn du gin kuih d phngyuh. kuih chhmmahn jauh
gin j kuihdeih.
IPA [ () manman t kin
k t pj || k mman kin

kte || ]

602
EN I usually buy two (2) newspapers every day. > Yesterday I
bought two (2) newspapers.

GUP ngo ythoeng du mai loeng fn bouz. cmyt ngo zo mai z loeng
fn bouz.
JYUT ng jthoeng du maai leng fan bouz. cmjat ng zau maai z leng
fan bouz.
YALE ngh ytheung du maih luhng fahn bouj. chhmyaht ngh jauh
maih j luhng fahn bouj.
IPA [ jth t ma l fn po || mjt ma
l fn po || ]
200 ENYUE

603
EN We often go to the movies on weekends. > Last Sunday we
went to the movies.

GUP ngodei zomut s ngyt h ti hei . soenggo sngke iyt ngodei h z

ti hei .
JYUT ngdei zumut sngjat heoi ti hei. soenggo sngkijat ngdei heoi z
ti hei.
YALE nghdeih jumuht shngyaht heui ti hei. seuhnggo sngkihyaht
nghdeih heui j ti hei.
IPA [ te mut s jt h t he || s k s kejt te h
t he || ]

604
EN I eat an orange every day. > Yesterday I ate an orange.

GUP ngo muiyt du s k yt zek cng. ngo cmyt s k z yt zek cng.
JYUT ng mijat du si k jt zek cang. ng cmjat si k z jt zek cang.
YALE ngh mihyaht du sihk yt jek chang. ngh chhmyaht sihk j yt jek
chang.
IPA [ mujt t s k jt k || mjt s k jt
k || ]

605
EN Tom always takes a shower in the morning. > This morning he
took a shower.
Tom
GUP Tom s ngyt du hi zitozu cungloeng. k gmzi cung z
loeng.
JYUT Tom sngjat du hai zituzu cngleng. kei gmzi cng z leng.
YALE Tom shngyaht du haih jituhju chngluhng. kuih gmji chng
j luhng.
IPA [ () s jt t h l || k km
l || ]
ENYUE 201

606
EN Our friends often come to see us. > They came to see us last
Friday.


GUP ngodei d pngyo s ngyt lei tam ngodei. kdei soenggo sngke ing lei
z tam ngo d e
i .
JYUT ngdei d pngjau sngjat li taam ngdei. keidei soenggo sngking
li z taam ngdei.
YALE nghdeih d phngyuh shngyaht lih taam nghdeih. kuihdeih
seuhnggo sngkihgh lih j taam nghdeih.
IPA [ te t pj s jt le ta m te || kte s k s ke
le ta m te || ]

607
EN I don't watch TV very often.

GUP ngo m hi s ngyt ti di nsi .
JYUT ng m hai sngjat ti di nsi .
YALE ngh m hhaih shngyaht ti dihnsih.
IPA [ m s jt t ti nsi || ]

608
EN I didn't watch TV yesterday.

GUP ngo cmyt mou ti di nsi .
JYUT ng cmjat mu ti di nsi .
YALE ngh chhmyaht muh ti dihnsih.
IPA [ mjt mo t ti nsi || ]

609
EN Does she go out often?

GUP k himi s ngyt ctgi ga?
JYUT kei haimai sngjat cetgai gaa?
YALE kuih haihmaih shngyaht chutgai ga?
IPA [ k hm s jt tk ka || ]
202 ENYUE

610
EN Did she go out last night?

GUP k cmman yomou ctgi a?
JYUT kei cmmaan jaumu cetgai aa?
YALE kuih chhmmahn yuhmuh chutgai a?
IPA [ k mman jmo tk a || ]

611
EN I played tennis yesterday, but I didn't win.

GUP ngo cmyt yo d mongko, btgwo ngo mou yeng dou.
JYUT ng cmjat jau da mngku, btgwo ng mu jng dou.
YALE ngh chhmyaht yuh d mhngkuh, btgwo ngh muh yhng dou.
IPA [ mjt j t mk | ptk mo j to || ]

612
EN Did you do your homework? No, I didn't have time.

GUP nei yomou zou gungfo a? mou, ngo mou si gan zou.
JYUT nei jaumu zou gngfo aa? mu, ng mu sgaan zou.
YALE nih yuhmuh jouh gngfo a? muh, ngh muh shgaan jouh.
IPA [ ne jmo o kf a || mo | mo si ka n o || ]

613
EN We went to the movies, but we didn't enjoy the film.

GUP ngodei h z hei yn, btgwo ngodei m zungyi tou hei .
JYUT ngdei heoi z heijyn, btgwo ngdei m zngji tou hei.
YALE nghdeih heui j heiyn, btgwo nghdeih m h jngyi tou hei.
IPA [ te h he jn | ptk te m ji to he || ]
ENYUE 203

614
EN Did you see Fabian yesterday? No, I didn't.
Fabian
GUP nei cmyt yomou gin du Fabian a? mou wo.
JYUT nei cmjat jaumu gin du Fabian aa? mu wo.
YALE nih chhmyaht yuhmuh gin du Fabian a? muh wo.
IPA [ ne mjt jmo kin
t () a || mo w || ]

615
EN Did it rain on Sunday? Yes, it did.

GUP libai yt yomou loky a? yo, yo loky.
JYUT laibaaijat jaumu lokjy aa? jau, jau lokjy.
YALE lihbaaiyaht yuhmuh lohk'yh a? yuh, yuh lohk'yh.
IPA [ lpa jt jmo lkjy a || j | j lkjy || ]

616
EN Did Eveline come to the party? No, she didn't.
Eveline Party
GUP Eveline yomou lei go pti dou a? mou, k mou lei.
JYUT Eveline jaumu li go pat dou aa? mu, kei mu li.
YALE Eveline yuhmuh lih go pth douh a? muh, kuih muh lih.
IPA [ () jmo le k pti to a || mo | k mo le || ]

617
EN Did your parents have a good trip? Yes, they did.


GUP nei fumou h z lhng wn dk hi m hism a? kdei wn
dk hu hism.
JYUT nei fumu heoi z leihng wan dk hi m hism aa? keidei
wan dk hu hism.
YALE nih fuhmuh heui j luihhhng wan dk hi m h hism a?
kuihdeih wan dk hu hism.
IPA [ ne fumo h lh wn tk h m hsm a || kte
wn tk h hsm || ]
204 ENYUE

618
EN I saw Evita, but I didn't see Fausto.
Evita Fausto
GUP ngo gin du Evita, danhi zo gin m du Fausto.
JYUT ng gin du Evita, daanhai zau gin m du Fausto.
YALE ngh gin du Evita, daahnhaih jauh gin m h du Fausto.
IPA [ kin
t () | tan kin
m t () || ]

619
EN They worked on Monday, but they didn't on Tuesday.

GUP kdei libai yt yo fngung, danhi libai yi zo mou.
JYUT keidei laibaaijt jau fangng, daanhai laibaaiji zau mu.
YALE kuihdeih lihbaaiyt yuh fangng, daahnhaih lihbaaiyih jauh muh.
IPA [ kte lpa jt j fnk | tan lpa ji mo || ]

620
EN We went to the post office, but we didn't go to the bank.

GUP ngodei h z yozngguk,
danhi zo mou h ngnhong.
JYUT ngdei heoi z juzinggk, daanhai zau mu heoi ngnhng.
YALE nghdeih heui j yuhjinggk, daahnhaih jauh muh heui nghnhhng.
IPA [ te h jk
k | tan mo h nh || ]

621
EN She had a pen, but she didn't have any paper.

GUP k yo z bt, danhi zo yt zeng z du mou.
JYUT kei jau z bt, daanhai zau jt zeng z du mu.
YALE kuih yuh j bt, daahnhaih jauh yt jung j du muh.
IPA [ k j pt | tan jt t mo || ]
ENYUE 205

622
EN Gerhard did some work in the yard, but he didn't do any work in
the house.
Gerhard

GUP Gerhard hi hofyn dou zou z d ye, danhi hi ukki dou zo mou
zou ymho ye.
JYUT Gerhard hi haufajyn dou zou z d je, daanhai hi kki dou zau
mu zou jamh je.
YALE Gerhard hi hauhfyn douh jouh j d yh, daahnhaih hi kki douh
jauh muh jouh yahmhh yh.
IPA [ () h hfjn to o t j | tan h kk to
mo o jmh j || ]

623
EN I watched TV last night. How about you? Did you watch TV last
night?

GUP ngo cmman yo ti di nsi . nei n? nei cmman yomou ti di nsi a?
JYUT ng cmmaan jau ti di nsi . nei n? nei cmmaan jaumu ti di nsi aa?
YALE ngh chhmmahn yuh ti dihnsih. nih n? nih chhmmahn
yuhmuh ti dihnsih a?
IPA [ mman j t ti nsi || ne n || ne mman jmo t
ti nsi a || ]

624
EN I enjoyed the party. How about you? Did you enjoy the party?
Party Party

GUP ngo gokdk go pti hu hu wn. nei n? nei gokdk go pti hu m hu
wn a?
JYUT ng gokdk go pat hu hu wan. nei n? nei gokdk go pat hu m
hu wan aa?
YALE ngh gokdk go pth hu hu wan. nih n? nih gokdk go pth
hu m h hu wan a?
IPA [ k ktk k pti h h wn || ne n || ne k ktk k
pti h m h wn a || ]
206 ENYUE

625
EN I had a nice vacation. How about you? Did you have a nice
vacation?


GUP ngoge gak ei gwo dk hu hu. nei n? neige gak ei gwo dk hu hu
ma?
JYUT ngge gaaki gwo dk hu hu. nei n? neige gaaki gwo dk hu hu
maa?
YALE nghge gakih gwo dk hu hu. nih n? nihge gakih gwo dk hu
hu ma?
IPA [ k ka ke k tk h h || ne n || nek ka ke k
tk h h ma || ]

626
EN I finished work early. How about you? Did you finish work
early?

GUP ngo zu z sogung. nei n? nei yomou zu sogung a?
JYUT ng zu z sugng. nei n? nei jaumu zu sugng aa?
YALE ngh ju j sugng. nih n? nih yuhmuh ju sugng a?
IPA [ sk || ne n || ne jmo sk a || ]

627
EN I slept well last night. How about you? Did you sleep well last
night?

GUP ngo cmman fn dk hu hu. nei n? nei cmman fn dk hu m hu
a?
JYUT ng cmmaan fan dk hu hu. nei n? nei cmmaan fan dk hu m
hu aa?
YALE ngh chhmmahn fan dk hu hu. nih n? nih chhmmahn fan
dk hu m h hu a?
IPA [ mman fn tk h h || ne n || ne mman fn tk
h m h a || ]
ENYUE 207

628
EN I watched TV.

GUP ngo yo ti di nsi .
JYUT ng jau ti di nsi .
YALE ngh yuh ti dihnsih.
IPA [ j t ti nsi || ]

629
EN I got up before seven am (7:00).

GUP ngo zizu ctdm ci n zo hi z sn.
JYUT ng zizu ctdm cn zau hi z sn.
YALE ngh jiju chtdm chhn jauh hi j sn.
IPA [ ttm i n h sn || ]

630
EN I took a shower.

GUP ngo cung z go loeng.
JYUT ng cng z go leng.
YALE ngh chng j go luhng.
IPA [ k l || ]

631
EN I bought a magazine.

GUP ngo mai z bn zapzi.
JYUT ng maai z bn zaapzi.
YALE ngh maih j bn jaahpji.
IPA [ ma pn api || ]
208 ENYUE

632
EN I went to bed before ten-thirty.

GUP ngo spdmbun ci n zo h fn gao .
JYUT ng sapdmbun cn zau heoi fangaau.
YALE ngh sahpdmbun chhn jauh heui fangaau.
IPA [ sptmpun i n h fn ka || ]

633
EN We went to Hong Kong last month.

GUP ngodei soenggo yt h z henggng.
JYUT ngdei soenggo jyut heoi z henggng.
YALE nghdeih seuhnggo yuht heui j hunggng.
IPA [ te s k jy t h h k || ]

634
EN Where did you stay?

GUP neidei z hi bndou a?
JYUT neidei zyu hi bndou aa?
YALE nihdeih jyuh hi bndouh a?
IPA [ nete y h pnto a || ]

635
EN We stayed with some friends.

GUP ngodei z hi pngyo ukki dou.
JYUT ngdei zyu hi pngjau kki dou.
YALE nghdeih jyuh hi phngyuh kki douh.
IPA [ te y h pj kk to || ]
ENYUE 209

636
EN I was late for the meeting.

GUP ngo h hiwi ci dou z.
JYUT ng heoi hiwi cdou z.
YALE ngh heui hiwi chhdou j.
IPA [ h hw i to || ]

637
EN What time did you get there?

GUP nei giddm h dou?
JYUT nei giddm heoi dou?
YALE nih giddm heui dou?
IPA [ ne kttm h to || ]

638
EN I got there at nine-thirty.

GUP
ngo godmbu n sn h dou.
JYUT ng gudmbun sn heoi dou.
YALE ngh gudmbun sn heui dou.
IPA [ ktmpun sn h to || ]

639
EN I played tennis this afternoon.

GUP ngo gmyt an zo d z mongko.
JYUT ng gmjat aanzau da z mngku.
YALE ngh gmyaht aanjau d j mhngkuh.
IPA [ kmjt a n
t mk || ]
210 ENYUE

640
EN Did you win?

GUP nei yomou yeng dou a?
JYUT nei jaumu jng dou aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh yhng dou a?
IPA [ ne jmo j to a || ]

641
EN No, I lost.

GUP mou, ngo s z.
JYUT mu, ng sy z.
YALE muh, ngh sy j.
IPA [ mo | s || ]

642
EN I had a nice vacation.

GUP ngo gak ei gwo dk hu hu.
JYUT ng gaaki gwo dk hu hu.
YALE ngh gakih gwo dk hu hu.
IPA [ ka ke k tk h h || ]

643
EN Where did you go?

GUP nei h z bndou a?
JYUT nei heoi z bndou aa?
YALE nih heui j bndouh a?
IPA [ ne h pnto a || ]
ENYUE 211

644
EN I went to the mountains.

GUP ngo h z pasn.
JYUT ng heoi z pasan.
YALE ngh heui j phsan.
IPA [ h pasn || ]

645
EN We came home by taxi.

GUP ngodei co dks fn ukki.
JYUT ngdei c dks fan kki.
YALE nghdeih chh dks fan kki.
IPA [ te t ks fn kk || ]

646
EN How much did it cost?

GUP co z gid cn a?
JYUT c z gid cn aa?
YALE chh j gid chn a?
IPA [ kt n a || ]

647
EN It cost forty dollars ($40). > It cost thirty euros (30)

GUP co z smbak yi sp mn.
JYUT c z sambaak ji sap mn.
YALE chh j sambaak yihsahp mn.
IPA [ smpa k ji sp mn || ]
212 ENYUE

648
EN I'm tired this morning.

GUP ngo gmzi hu gui.
JYUT ng gmzi hu gui.
YALE ngh gmji hu guih.
IPA [ km h ku || ]

649
EN Did you sleep well last night?

GUP nei cmman fn dk hu m hu a?
JYUT nei cmmaan fan dk hu m hu aa?
YALE nih chhmmahn fan dk hu m h hu a?
IPA [ ne mman fn tk h m h a || ]

650
EN No, I didn't sleep very well.

GUP ngo fn dk m hi gi hu.
JYUT ng fan dk m hai gi hu.
YALE ngh fan dk m hhaih gi hu.
IPA [ fn tk m k h || ]

651
EN We went to the beach yesterday.

GUP ngodei cmyt h z hitn.
JYUT ngdei cmjat heoi z hitan.
YALE nghdeih chhmyaht heui j hitan.
IPA [ te mjt h htn || ]
ENYUE 213

652
EN Was the weather nice?

GUP tnhei hu m hu a?
JYUT tnhei hu m hu aa?
YALE tnhei hu m h hu a?
IPA [ tnhe h m h a || ]

653
EN Yes, the weather was great.

GUP hu, tnhei fisoengz hu.
JYUT hu, tnhei fisengz hu.
YALE hu, tnhei fisuhngj hu.
IPA [ h | tnhe fs h || ]

654
EN The window is broken.

GUP go ceng dlan z.
JYUT go ceng dalaan z.
YALE go chung dlaahn j.
IPA [ k tlan || ]

655
EN How did it break?

GUP hi dmyeng dlan ga?
JYUT hai dmjeng dalaan gaa?
YALE haih dmyung dlaahn ga?
IPA [ h tmj tlan ka || ]
214 ENYUE

656
EN I don't know how it broke.

GUP ngo m z hi dmyeng dlan gew o .
JYUT ng m z hai dmjeng dalaan gewo.
YALE ngh m h j haih dmyung dlaahn gewo.
IPA [ m h tmj tlan kw || ]

657
EN We went to the movies, but the film wasn't very good. We didn't
enjoy it.


GUP ngodei h z ti hei , danhi ct hei m hi hu hu ti. ngodei m
zungyi ct hei .
JYUT ngdei heoi z ti hei, daanhai cet hei m hai hu hu ti. ngdei m
zngji cet hei.
YALE nghdeih heui j ti hei, daahnhaih chut hei m hhaih hu hu ti.
nghdeih m h jngyi chut hei.
IPA [ te h t he | tan t he m h h t || te
m ji t he || ]

658
EN Giovanni bought some new clothes yesterday: two (2) shirts and
a pair of pants.
Giovanni
GUP Giovanni cmyt mai z d sn sm: loeng gi n stsm toungmai yt tiu
fu.
JYUT Giovanni cmjat maai z d sn sam: leng gi n setsam tngmai jt
ti fu.
YALE Giovanni chhmyaht maih j d sn sam: luhng gihn sutsam
thngmaih yt tih fu.
IPA [ () mjt ma t sn sm | l ki n stsm tma jt
ti fu || ]
ENYUE 215

659
EN Did it rain yesterday? No, it was a nice day.

GUP cmyt yomou loky a? mou, tnhei zoung hu hu tm.
JYUT cmjat jaumu lokjy aa? mu, tnhei zung hu hu tm.
YALE chhmyaht yuhmuh lohk'yh a? muh, tnhei juhng hu hu tm.
IPA [ mjt jmo lkjy a || mo | tnhe h h tm || ]

660
EN We were tired, so we didn't stay long at the party.

GUP ngodei hu gui, syi ngodei mou lo hi go manwi dou hu noi.
JYUT ngdei hu gui, sji ngdei mu lu hi go maanwi dou hu noi.
YALE nghdeih hu guih, syh nghdeih muh luh hi go mahnwi douh
hu noih.
IPA [ te h ku | sji te mo l h k manw to h n
|| ]

661
EN It was very warm in the room, so I opened a window.

GUP gn fng hu yi t, syi ngo hi z go ceng.
JYUT gan fng hu ji t, sji ng hi z go ceng.
YALE gan fng hu yiht, syh ngh hi j go chung.
IPA [ kn f h ji t | sji h k || ]

662
EN Did you call Ingrid this morning? No, I didn't have time.
Ingrid
GUP nei gmzi yomou d bi Ingrid a? mou, ngo mou si gan .
JYUT nei gmzi jaumu da bi Ingrid aa? mu, ng mu sgaan.
YALE nih gmji yuhmuh d bi Ingrid a? muh, ngh muh shgaan.
IPA [ ne km jmo t p () a || mo | mo si ka n || ]
216 ENYUE

663
EN I cut my hand this morning. How did you do that?

GUP nei hi dmyeng cit du ga?
ngo gmzi cit du zek so.
JYUT ng gmzi cit du zek su. nei hai dmjeng cit du gaa?
YALE ngh gmji chit du jek su. nih haih dmyung chit du ga?
IPA [ km it
t k s || ne h tmj it
t
ka || ]

664
EN Why weren't you at the meeting yesterday? I didn't know
about a meeting.

GUP dmgi nei cmyt mou h hiwi g? ngo m z yiu hiwi wo.
JYUT dmgai nei cmjat mu heoi hiwi g? ng m z jiu hiwi wo.
YALE dmgai nih chhmyaht muh heui hiwi g? ngh m h j yiu
hiwi wo.
IPA [ tmk ne mjt mo h hw k || m ji

hw w || ]

665
EN It's six o'clock (6:00) now. Luka's at home watching TV.
Luka
GUP yi g loukdm zung. Luka hi ukki dou ti gn di nsi .
JYUT jga lukdm zng. Luka hi kki dou ti gn di nsi .
YALE yhg luhkdm jng. Luka hi kki douh ti gn dihnsih.
IPA [ ji k lktm || () h kk to t kn ti nsi || ]

666
EN At four o'clock (4:00) he wasn't at home. He was at the gym.

GUP sei dm zung ge si ho k m hi ukki. k hi tiyo ukgn gdou.
JYUT seidm zng ge shau kei m hi kki. kei hi tijukgn gdou.
YALE seidm jng ge shhauh kuih m h hi kki. kuih hi tiyuhkgn
gdouh.
IPA [ se tm k si k m h kk || k h tjkkn
kto || ]
ENYUE 217

667
EN He was swimming in the pool, not watching TV.

GUP k hi yow ngci dou yo gn s, m hi hido u ti di nsi .
JYUT kei hi juwi ngc dou ju gn sei, m hai hidou ti di nsi .
YALE kuih hi yuhwihngchh douh yuh gn sui, m hhaih hidouh ti
dihnsih.
IPA [ k h jw i to j kn s | m hto t ti nsi || ]

668
EN What were you doing at eleven-thirty yesterday? Were you
working?


GUP nei cmyt spytdmbun ge si ho zou gn mtye a? nei himi fn gn
gung a?
JYUT nei cmjat sapjtdmbun ge shau zou gn mtje aa? nei haimai fan
gn gng aa?
YALE nih chhmyaht sahpytdmbun ge shhauh jouh gn mtyh a? nih
haihmaih fan gn gng a?
IPA [ ne mjt spjttmpun k si o kn mtj a || ne
hm fn kn k a || ]

669
EN What did he say? I don't know, I wasn't listening.

GUP k gng mtye a? ngo m z, ngo m hi hido u tng gn.
JYUT kei gng mtje aa? ng m z, ng m hai hidou tng gn.
YALE kuih gng mtyh a? ngh m h j, ngh m hhaih hidouh tng gn.
IPA [ k k mtj a || m | m hto t kn || ]
218 ENYUE

670
EN It was raining, so we didn't go out.

GUP ctbi n lok gn y, syi ngodei mou cth.
JYUT cetbi n lok gn jy, sji ngdei mu cetheoi.
YALE chutbihn lohk gn yh, syh nghdeih muh chutheui.
IPA [ tpi n lk kn jy | sji te mo th || ]

671
EN In two-thousand-one we were living in Japan.

GUP yi l ngl ngyt ni n ge si ho ngodei z hi ytbn.
JYUT ji lnglngjt nn ge shau ngdei zyu hi jatbn.
YALE yihlhnglhngyt nhn ge shhauh nghdeih jyuh hi yahtbn.
IPA [ ji l l jt ni n k si te y h jtpn || ]

672
EN Today she's wearing a skirt, but yesterday she was wearing
pants.

GUP gmyt k zoek z yt tiu kwn, danhi cmyt k zo zoek fu.
JYUT gmjat kei zoek zyu jt ti kwn, daanhai cmjat kei zau zoek fu.
YALE gmyaht kuih jeuk jyuh yt tih kwhn, daahnhaih chhmyaht kuih
jauh jeuk fu.
IPA [ kmjt k k y jt ti kn | tan mjt k
k fu || ]

673
EN I woke up early yesterday. It was a beautiful morning.

GUP cmyt ngo zu hisn. zusoeng hu len g.
JYUT cmjat ng zu hisn. zusoeng hu leng.
YALE chhmyaht ngh ju hisn. juseuhng hu leng.
IPA [ mjt hsn || s h l || ]
ENYUE 219

674
EN The sun was shining, and the birds were singing.

GUP yoenggwng cungzuk, zoekzi yo hido u coeng g.
JYUT jenggwng cngzk, zoekzi jau hidou coeng g.
YALE yuhnggwng chngjk, jeukji yauh hidouh cheung g.
IPA [ j k k | k j hto k || ]

675
EN I was working at ten-thirty last night.

GUP u fngung.
cmman spdmbun ge si ho ngo hido
JYUT cmmaan sapdmbun ge shau ng hidou fangng.
YALE chhmmahn sahpdmbun ge shhauh ngh hidouh fangng.
IPA [ mman sptmpu n k si hto fnk || ]

676
EN It wasn't raining when we went out.

GUP ngodei cth ge si ho m hi lok gn y.
JYUT ngdei cetheoi ge shau m hai lok gn jy.
YALE nghdeih chutheui ge shhauh m hhaih lohk gn yh.
IPA [ te th k si m lk kn jy || ]

677
EN What were you doing at three [o'clock] (3:00)?

GUP nei smdm zung ge si ho zou gn mtye?
JYUT nei samdm zng ge shau zou gn mtje?
YALE nih samdm jng ge shhauh jouh gn mtyh?
IPA [ ne smtm k si o kn mtj || ]
220 ENYUE

678
EN Dmitry and Irina were at the supermarket buying food.
Dmitry Irina
GUP Dmitry toung Irina hi go cikpsi coeng dou mai gn ye.
JYUT Dmitry tng Irina hi go cikpsi ceng dou maai gn je.
YALE Dmitry thng Irina hi go chikpshchuhng douh maih gn yh.
IPA [ () t () h k kpsi to ma kn j || ]

679
EN Santo was in his car driving.
Santo
GUP u z gn k ga c.
Santo hido
JYUT Santo hidou za gn kei gaa c.
YALE Santo hidouh j gn kuih ga ch.
IPA [ () hto kn k ka || ]

680
EN Dennis was at the station waiting for a train.
Dennis
GUP Dennis hi go czam dou dng gn fc.
JYUT Dennis hi go czaam dou dng gn fc.
YALE Dennis hi go chjaahm douh dng gn fch.
IPA [ () h k am to t kn f || ]

681
EN The old couple were in the park taking a walk.

GUP g d louyng hi go gungyn dou san gn bou.
JYUT g deoi lujnga hi go gngjyn dou saan gn bou.
YALE g deui luhyhng hi go gngyn douh saan gn bouh.
IPA [ k t lojnk h k kjn to sa n kn po || ]
ENYUE 221

682
EN At eight forty-five (8:45) she was washing her car.

GUP bat dm sei spng fn ge si ho k hido u si gn k ga c.
JYUT baatdm seisapng fn ge shau kei hidou si gn kei gaa c.
YALE baatdm seisahpgh fn ge shhauh kuih hidouh si gn kuih ga ch.
IPA [ pa ttm se sp fn k si k hto s kn k ka
|| ]

683
EN At ten forty-five (10:45) she was playing tennis.

GUP spdm go ge si ho k d gn mongko.
JYUT sapdm gu ge shau kei da gn mngku.
YALE sahpdm gu ge shhauh kuih d gn mhngkuh.
IPA [ sptm k k si k t kn mk || ]

684
EN At eight o'clock (8:00) she was reading the news.

GUP bat dm zung ge si ho k ti gn bouz.
JYUT baatdm zng ge shau kei ti gn bouz.
YALE baatdm jng ge shhauh kuih ti gn bouj.
IPA [ pa ttm k si k t kn po || ]

685
EN At twelve-ten she was cooking lunch.

GUP spyi dm sp fn ge si ho k hido u z gn an .
JYUT sapji dm sap fn ge shau kei hidou zy gn aan.
YALE sahpyihdm sahp fn ge shhauh kuih hidouh jy gn aan.
IPA [ spji tm sp fn k si k hto kn a n || ]
222 ENYUE

686
EN At seven-fifteen (7:15) she was having breakfast.

GUP ctdm spng fn ge si ho k s k gn zucn.
JYUT ctdm sapng fn ge shau kei si k gn zucan.
YALE chtdm sahpgh fn ge shhauh kuih sihk gn juchan.
IPA [ ttm sp fn k si k s k kn n || ]

687
EN At nine thirty (9:30) she was cleaning the kitchen.

GUP
godmbu u zp gn cfng.
n ge si ho k hido
JYUT gudmbun ge shau kei hidou zp gn cyfng.
YALE gudmbun ge shhauh kuih hidouh jp gn chyhfng.
IPA [ ktmpu n k si k hto p kn y f || ]

688
EN Where were you living in nineteen ninety-nine (1999)?

GUP ytgog og
o ni n ge si ho nei z hi bndou a?
JYUT jtgugugu nn ge shau nei zyu hi bndou aa?
YALE ytgugugu nhn ge shhauh nih jyuh hi bndouh a?
IPA [ jtkkk ni n k si ne y h pnto a || ]

689
EN What were you doing at two [o'clock] (2:00)?

GUP nei loengdm ge si ho zou gn mtye a?
JYUT nei lengdm ge shau zou gn mtje aa?
YALE nih luhngdm ge shhauh jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ ne l tm k si o kn mtj a || ]
ENYUE 223

690
EN Was it raining when you got up?

GUP nei hisn ge si ho himi lok gn y a?
JYUT nei hisn ge shau haimai lok gn jy aa?
YALE nih hisn ge shhauh haihmaih lohk gn yh a?
IPA [ ne hsn k si hm lk kn jy a || ]

691
EN Why was she driving so fast?

GUP k dmgi z dk gm fai g?
JYUT kei dmgai za dk gam faai g?
YALE kuih dmgai j dk gam faai g?
IPA [ k tmk tk km
fa k || ]

692
EN Why was he wearing a suit yesterday?

GUP dmgi k cmyt zoek z tou sizng g?
JYUT dmgai kei cmjat zoek zyu tou sizng g?
YALE dmgai kuih chhmyaht jeuk jyuh tou sijng g?
IPA [ tmk k mjt k y to s k || ]

693
EN He wasn't wearing a jacket.

GUP k mou zoek lo.
JYUT kei mu zoek lu.
YALE kuih muh jeuk lu.
IPA [ k mo k l || ]
224 ENYUE

694
EN He was carrying a bag.

GUP z go di.
k lng
JYUT kei lng zyu go di.
YALE kuih lng jyuh go di.
IPA [ k l y k t || ]

695
EN He wasn't going to the dentist.

GUP k m hi h ngay gdou.
JYUT kei m hai heoi ngaj gdou.
YALE kuih m hhaih heui nghy gdouh.
IPA [ k m h aj kto || ]

696
EN He was eating ice cream.

GUP u s k st gu.
k hido
JYUT kei hidou si k syutgu.
YALE kuih hidouh sihk syutgu.
IPA [ k hto s k sytk
|| ]

697
EN He wasn't carrying an umbrella.

GUP k mou l z.
JYUT kei mu l z.
YALE kuih muh l j.
IPA [ k mo l || ]
ENYUE 225

698
EN He wasn't going home.

GUP k m hi yiu fn ukki.
JYUT kei m hai jiu fan kki.
YALE kuih m hhaih yiu fan kki.
IPA [ k m ji
fn kk || ]

699
EN He was wearing a hat.

GUP k dai z dng mu.
JYUT kei daai zyu dng mu.
YALE kuih daai jyuh dng mu.
IPA [ k ta y t m || ]

700
EN He wasn't riding a bicycle.

GUP k m hi ci gn ga dnc.
JYUT kei m hai cai gn gaa danc.
YALE kuih m hhaih chai gn ga danch.
IPA [ k m kn ka tn || ]

701
EN What was Jose doing when the phone rang?
Jose
GUP go di nw heng ge si ho Jose zou gn mtye a?
JYUT go di nwa heng ge shau Jose zou gn mtje aa?
YALE go dihnw hung ge shhauh Jose jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ k ti nw h k si () o kn mtj a || ]
226 ENYUE

702
EN He was reading a book.

GUP u ti s.
k hido
JYUT kei hidou ti sy.
YALE kuih hidouh ti sy.
IPA [ k hto t s || ]

703
EN What did he do when the phone rang?

GUP go di nw heng ge si ho k dm zou a?
JYUT go di nwa heng ge shau kei dm zou aa?
YALE go dihnw hung ge shhauh kuih dm jouh a?
IPA [ k ti nw h k si k tm o a || ]

704
EN He stopped reading and answered the phone.

GUP k fong di bn s, gnz zip di nw.
JYUT kei fong di bn sy, gnzyu zip di nwa.
YALE kuih fong di bn sy, gnjyuh jip dihnw.
IPA [ k f t pn s | kny ip
ti nw || ]

705
EN What did you do yesterday morning?

GUP nei cmyt zizu zou gn mtye a?
JYUT nei cmjat zizu zou gn mtje aa?
YALE nih chhmyaht jiju jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ ne mjt o kn mtj a || ]
ENYUE 227

706
EN What were you doing at ten thirty (10:30)?

GUP nei spdmbun ge si ho zou gn mtye a?
JYUT nei sapdmbun ge shau zou gn mtje aa?
YALE nih sahpdmbun ge shhauh jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ ne sptmpun k si o kn mtj a || ]

707
EN We played tennis from ten (10:00) to eleven thirty (11:30).

GUP ngodei yo spdm d mongko d dou spytdm bun.
JYUT ngdei ju sapdm da mngku da dou sapjtdm bun.
YALE nghdeih yuh sahpdm d mhngkuh d dou sahpytdm bun.
IPA [ te j sptm t mk t to spjttm pu n || ]

708
EN We were playing tennis.

GUP u d gn mongko.
ngodei hido
JYUT ngdei hidou da gn mngku.
YALE nghdeih hidouh d gn mhngkuh.
IPA [ te hto t kn mk || ]

709
EN Did you watch the basketball game on TV last night?

GUP nei cmman yomou hi di nsi dou ti go lamko bicoi a?
JYUT nei cmmaan jaumu hi di nsi dou ti go lamku bicoi aa?
YALE nih chhmmahn yuhmuh hi dihnsih douh ti go lahmkuh
bichoi a?
IPA [ ne mman jmo h ti nsi to t k lamk p a || ]
228 ENYUE

710
EN Were you watching TV when I called you?

GUP ngo d bi nei ge si ho nei himi ti gn di nsi a?
JYUT ng da bi nei ge shau nei haimai ti gn di nsi aa?
YALE ngh d bi nih ge shhauh nih haihmaih ti gn dihnsih a?
IPA [ t p ne k si ne hm t kn ti nsi a || ]

711
EN It didn't rain while we were on vacation.

GUP ngodei douga ge si ho mou loky.
JYUT ngdei dougaa ge shau mu lokjy.
YALE nghdeih douhga ge shhauh muh lohk'yh.
IPA [ te toka k si mo lkjy || ]

712
EN It wasn't raining when I got up.

GUP ngo hisn ge si ho m hi lok gn y.
JYUT ng hisn ge shau m hai lok gn jy.
YALE ngh hisn ge shhauh m hhaih lohk gn yh.
IPA [ hsn k si m lk kn jy || ]

713
EN I started work at nine (9:00) and finished at four thirty (4:30). So
at two thirty (2:30), I was in the middle of working.


GUP
ngo godm zung higung, zou dou sei dmbun sn yn. syi
loengdmbun ge si ho, ngo zoung zou gn ye.
JYUT ng gudm zng higng, zou dou seidmbun sn jyn. sji
lengdmbun ge shau, ng zung zou gn je.
YALE ngh gudm jng higng, jouh dou seidmbun sn yhn. syh
luhngdmbun ge shhauh, ngh juhng jouh gn yh.
IPA [ ktm hk | o to se tmpun sn jyn || sji
l tmpun k si | o kn j || ]
ENYUE 229

714
EN It was raining when we went out.

GUP ngodei cth ge si ho lok gn y.
JYUT ngdei cetheoi ge shau lok gn jy.
YALE nghdeih chutheui ge shhauh lohk gn yh.
IPA [ te th k si lk kn jy || ]

715
EN I saw them this morning. They were waiting at the bus stop.

GUP u dng
ngo gmzi gin du kdei. kdei hido gn bs.
JYUT ng gmzi gin du keidei. keidei hidou dng gn bas.
YALE ngh gmji gin du kuihdeih. kuihdeih hidouh dng gn bs.
IPA [ km kin
t kte || kte hto t kn ps || ]

716
EN She fell asleep while reading.

GUP k douk douk h s zo fn zoek gao .
JYUT kei duk duk ha sy zau fanzoek gaau.
YALE kuih duhk duhk h sy jauh fanjeuhk gaau.
IPA [ k tk tk h s fn k ka || ]

717
EN Khalid broke his arm last week.
Khalid
GUP Khalid soenggo libai zngtn z zek so.
JYUT Khalid soenggo laibaai zngtyn z zek su.
YALE Khalid seuhnggo lihbaai jngtyhn j jek su.
IPA [ () s k lpa ty n k s || ]
230 ENYUE

718
EN It happened when he was painting his room.

GUP hi k yo gn yo ge si ho fat sng ge.
JYUT hai kei ju gn ju ge shau faatsng ge.
YALE haih kuih yuh gn yu ge shhauh faatsng ge.
IPA [ h k j kn j k si fa ts k || ]

719
EN He fell off the ladder.

GUP k yo go ti dou dit z loklei.
JYUT kei ju go ti dou dit z lokli.
YALE kuih yuh go ti douh dit j lohklih.
IPA [ k j k t to tit
lkle || ]

720
EN The train arrived at the station, and she got off.

GUP ga fc dou z zam zho k zo lokc.
JYUT gaa fc dou z zaam zhau kei zau lokc.
YALE ga fch dou j jaahm jhauh kuih jauh lohkch.
IPA [ ka f to am h k lk || ]

721
EN Two friends of hers were waiting to meet her.

GUP k loeng go pngyo hido u dng gn yiu gin k.
JYUT kei leng go pngjau hidou dng gn jiu gin kei.
YALE kuih luhng go phngyuh hidouh dng gn yiu gin kuih.
IPA [ k l k pj hto t kn ji
kin
k || ]
ENYUE 231

722
EN Yesterday she was walking down the street when she met Albert.
Albert
GUP k cmyt hanggi ge si ho gin du Albert.
JYUT kei cmjat hanggai ge shau gin du Albert.
YALE kuih chhmyaht hahnggai ge shhauh gin du Albert.
IPA [ k mjt hak k si kin
t () || ]

723
EN He was going to the station to catch a train, and he was carrying
a bag.

GUP k h czam dou dng fc, k lng z yt go di.
JYUT kei heoi czaam dou dng fc, kei lng zyu jt go di.
YALE kuih heui chjaahm douh dng fch, kuih lng jyuh yt go di.
IPA [ k h am to t f | k l y jt k t || ]

724
EN They stopped to talk for a few minutes.

GUP kdei t ngdi loklei gng z gi fnzung ye.
JYUT keidei tngdi lokli gng z gi fnzng je.
YALE kuihdeih thngdi lohklih gng j gi fnjng yh.
IPA [ kte t t lkle k k fn j || ]

725
EN Was Lara busy when you went to see her?
Lara
GUP nei h wn Lara ge si ho k mong m mong a?
JYUT nei heoi wn Lara ge shau kei mng m mng aa?
YALE nih heui wn Lara ge shhauh kuih mhng m h mhng a?
IPA [ ne h wn () k si k m m m a || ]
232 ENYUE

726
EN Yes, she was studying.

GUP mong, k douk gn s.
JYUT mng, kei duk gn sy.
YALE mhng, kuih duhk gn sy.
IPA [ m | k tk kn s || ]

727
EN What time did the mail arrive this morning?

GUP d sn gmzi gidm dou ga?
JYUT d seon gmzi gidm dou gaa?
YALE d seun gmji gidm dou ga?
IPA [ t sn km ktm to ka || ]

728
EN It came while he was having breakfast.

GUP hi k s k gn zucn ge si ho dou ge.
JYUT hai kei si k gn zucan ge shau dou ge.
YALE haih kuih sihk gn juchan ge shhauh dou ge.
IPA [ h k s k kn n k si to k || ]

729
EN Was Marta at work today?
Marta
GUP Marta gmyt yomou fngung a?
JYUT Marta gmjat jaumu fangng aa?
YALE Marta gmyaht yuhmuh fangng a?
IPA [ () kmjt jmo fnk a || ]
ENYUE 233

730
EN No, she didn't go to work. She was sick.

GUP mou, k mou fngung. k beng z.
JYUT mu, kei mu fangng. kei beng z.
YALE muh, kuih muh fangng. kuih behng j.
IPA [ mo | k mo fnk || k p || ]

731
EN How fast were you driving when the police stopped you?

GUP gngcat zi tt ng nei ge si ho, nei z gn gi fai a?
JYUT gngcaat zi ttng nei ge shau, nei za gn gi faai aa?
YALE gngchaat jihtthng nih ge shhauh, nih j gn gi faai a?
IPA [ k a t i tt ne k si | ne kn k fa a || ]

732
EN I'm not sure, but I wasn't driving very fast.

GUP
ngo m hi hu cngc, danhi ngo m hi z dk hu fai z.
JYUT ng m hai hu cngc, daanhai ng m hai za dk hu faai z.
YALE ngh m hhaih hu chngch, daahnhaih ngh m hhaih j dk hu faai j.
IPA [ m h | tan m tk h fa || ]

733
EN Did your team win the baseball game yesterday?

GUP nei go kod cmyt yomou yeng go pangkocoi a?
JYUT nei go kudei cmjat jaumu jng go paangkucoi aa?
YALE nih go kuhdui chhmyaht yuhmuh yhng go pahngkuhchoi a?
IPA [ ne k kt mjt jmo j k pak a || ]
234 ENYUE

734
EN No, the weather was very bad, so we didn't play.

GUP mou, go tnhei hu c, syi ngodei mou d dou.
JYUT mu, go tnhei hu ca, sji ngdei mu da dou.
YALE muh, go tnhei hu ch, syh nghdeih muh d dou.
IPA [ mo | k tnhe h | sji te mo t to || ]

735
EN We were playing baseball when I hit the ball and broke a
window.

GUP hi ngodei d gn pangko ge si ho ngo go b dlan z go ceng.
JYUT hai ngdei da gn paangku ge shau ng go b dalaan z go ceng.
YALE haih nghdeih d gn pahngkuh ge shhauh ngh go b dlaahn j go
chung.
IPA [ h te t kn pak k si k p tlan k
|| ]

736
EN Did you see Clara last night?
Clara
GUP nei cmman yomou gin du Clara a?
JYUT nei cmmaan jaumu gin du Clara aa?
YALE nih chhmmahn yuhmuh gin du Clara a?
IPA [ ne mman jmo kin
t () a || ]

737
EN Yes, she was wearing a very nice jacket.

GUP yo, k zoek z gi n hu len g ge lo.
JYUT jau, kei zoek z gi n hu leng ge lu.
YALE yuh, kuih jeuk j gihn hu leng ge lu.
IPA [ j | k k ki n h l k l || ]
ENYUE 235

738
EN What were you doing at two [o'clock] (2:00) this morning?

GUP nei gmzi l ngsn loengdm ge si ho zou gn mtye a?
JYUT nei gmzi lngsn lengdm ge shau zou gn mtje aa?
YALE nih gmji lhngshn luhngdm ge shhauh jouh gn mtyh a?
IPA [ ne km l sn l tm k si o kn mtj a || ]

739
EN I was asleep.

GUP u fn gao .
ngo hido
JYUT ng hidou fangaau.
YALE ngh hidouh fangaau.
IPA [ hto fn ka || ]

740
EN I lost my key last night.

GUP cmman ngo m gin z ngo tiu ssi .
JYUT cmmaan ng m gin z ng ti ss.
YALE chhmmahn ngh m hgin j ngh tih ssh.
IPA [ mman m kin
ti ssi || ]

741
EN How did you get into your apartment?

GUP nei dmyeng yp du gn uk n?
JYUT nei dmjeng jap du gan k n?
YALE nih dmyung yahp du gan k n?
IPA [ ne tmj jp t kn k n || ]
236 ENYUE

742
EN I climbed in through a window.

GUP ngo yo cengmn dou pa yplei.
JYUT ng ju cengmn dou pa japli.
YALE ngh yuh chungmn douh ph yahplih.
IPA [ j mn to pa jple || ]

743
EN Bernard used to work in a factory.
Bernard
GUP Bernard cnggng hi gn gungcng dou zou gwo ye.
JYUT Bernard cnggng hi gan gngcng dou zou gwo je.
YALE Bernard chhnggng hi gan gngchng douh jouh gwo yh.
IPA [ () k h kn k to o k j || ]

744
EN Now he works in a supermarket.

GUP k yi g hi cikpsi coeng dou zou.
JYUT kei jga hi cikpsi ceng dou zou.
YALE kuih yhg hi chikpshchuhng douh jouh.
IPA [ k ji k h kpsi to o || ]

745
EN When I was a child, I used to like chocolate.

GUP ngo si go ge si ho hu zungyi zglk.
JYUT ng saigo ge shau hu zngji zyglk.
YALE ngh saigo ge shhauh hu jngyi jyglk.
IPA [ s k k si h ji kl k || ]
ENYUE 237

746
EN I used to read a lot of books, but I don't read much these days.

GUP ngo yi ci n ti hu d s, danhi ngo yi g moumt ti la.
JYUT ng ji cn ti hu d sy, daanhai ng jga mumt ti laa.
YALE ngh yhchhn ti hu d sy, daahnhaih ngh yhg muhmt ti la.
IPA [ ji i n t h t s | tan ji k momt t la || ]

747
EN Emilia has short hair now, but it used to be very long.
Emilia
GUP Emilia yi g d tofat hu dn, danhi yi ci n hi hu coeng ge.
JYUT Emilia jga d tufaat hu dyn, daanhai ji cn hai hu ceng ge.
YALE Emilia yhg d tuhfaat hu dyn, daahnhaih yhchhn haih hu
chuhng ge.
IPA [ () ji k t tfa t h tn | tan ji i n h h k ||
]

748
EN They used to live on the same street as us.

GUP kdei cnggng toung ngodei z gwo hi toungyt tiu gi dou.
JYUT keidei cnggng tng ngdei zyu gwo hi tngjt ti gai dou.
YALE kuihdeih chhnggng thng nghdeih jyuh gwo hi thngyt tih gai
douh.
IPA [ kte k t te y k h tjt ti k to || ]
238 ENYUE

749
EN We used to see them a lot, but we don't see them very often
these days.


GUP ngodei yi ci n s ngyt ginmi n, danhi yi g ngodei zo hu si gin du
kdei la.
JYUT ngdei ji cn sngjat ginmi n, daanhai jga ngdei zau hu si gin du
keidei laa.
YALE nghdeih yhchhn shngyaht ginmihn, daahnhaih yhg nghdeih jauh
hu si gin du kuihdeih la.
IPA [ te ji i n s jt kinmi
n | tan ji k te h s
kin
t kte la || ]

750
EN Nadya used to have a piano, but she sold it a few years ago.
Nadya
GUP Nadya yi ci n yo go gongkm, danhi k gi ni n ci n zo mai z la.
JYUT Nadya ji cn jau go gongkm, daanhai kei gi nn cn zau maai z laa.
YALE Nadya yhchhn yuh go gongkhm, daahnhaih kuih gi nhn chhn
jauh maaih j la.
IPA [ () ji i n j k k km | tan k k ni n i n ma
la || ]

751
EN When I was a child, I didn't use to like mushrooms.

GUP ngo si go ge si ho m hi hu zungyi s k dungg.
JYUT ng saigo ge shau m hai hu zngji si k dngg.
YALE ngh saigo ge shhauh m hhaih hu jngyi sihk dngg.
IPA [ s k k si m h ji s k tk || ]
ENYUE 239

752
EN Where did you use to live before you came here?

GUP nei mei lei ndou zci n nei z hi bndou ga?
JYUT nei mei li ndou zcn nei zyu hi bndou gaa?
YALE nih meih lih ndouh jchhn nih jyuh hi bndouh ga?
IPA [ ne me le nto i n ne y h pnto ka || ]

753
EN He used to play baseball.

GUP k yi ci n yo d lamko.
JYUT kei ji cn jau da lamku.
YALE kuih yhchhn yuh d lahmkuh.
IPA [ k ji i n j t lamk || ]

754
EN He used to be a taxi driver.

GUP k yi ci n hi yt go dks sgi.
JYUT kei ji cn hai jt go dks sgi.
YALE kuih yhchhn haih yt go dks sgi.
IPA [ k ji i n h jt k t ks sk || ]

755
EN They used to live in the country.

GUP kdei yi ci n z hi hengh dou.
JYUT keidei ji cn zyu hi hengha dou.
YALE kuihdeih yhchhn jyuh hi hungh douh.
IPA [ kte ji i n y h h h to || ]
240 ENYUE

756
EN I used to wear glasses.

GUP ngo yi ci n yiu dai ngangng ge.
JYUT ng ji cn jiu daai ngaangng ge.
YALE ngh yhchhn yiu daai ngahngng ge.
IPA [ ji i n ji
ta ank k || ]

757
EN This building used to be a hotel.

GUP n doung lo yi ci n hi yt gn zodi m leiga.
JYUT n dung lu ji cn hai jt gan zudim ligaa.
YALE n duhng lu yhchhn haih yt gan judim lihga.
IPA [ n t l ji i n h jt kn tim
leka || ]

758
EN Do you play sports? No, I used to swim every day though.


GUP nei yomou zou mye wndoung a? mou, btgwo ngo yi ci n yo
ytyt yos.
JYUT nei jaumu zou mje wandung aa? mu, btgwo ng ji cn jau jatjat
jusei.
YALE nih yuhmuh jouh myh wahnduhng a? muh, btgwo ngh
yhchhn yuh yahtyaht yuhsui.
IPA [ ne jmo o mj wnt a || mo | ptk ji i n
j jtjt js || ]
ENYUE 241

759
EN Do you go out much? No, I used to go out three (3) nights a
week though.


GUP nei d m d ctgi ga? m hi hu d, btgwo ngo yi ci n mui go
libai du cth sm man.
JYUT nei d m d cetgai gaa? m hai hu d, btgwo ng ji cn mi go
laibaai du cetheoi sam maan.
YALE nih d m h d chutgai ga? m h haih hu d, btgwo ngh yhchhn
mih go lihbaai du chutheui sam mahn.
IPA [ ne t m t tk ka || m h h t | ptk ji i n
mu k lpa t th sm man || ]

760
EN Do you play any instruments? No, I used to play guitar
though.


GUP nei yomou tan d mye ngokhei a? mou, btgwo ngo yi ci n yo tan
gwo gitt.

JYUT nei jaumu tan d mje ngokhei aa? mu, btgwo ng ji cn jau tan
gwo gitta.
YALE nih yuhmuh tahn d myh ngohkhei a? muh, btgwo ngh
yhchhn yuh tahn gwo gitt.
IPA [ ne jmo tan t mj khe a || mo | ptk ji i n
j tan k kitt
|| ]
242 ENYUE

761
EN Do you like to read? I don't have the time, but I used to read a
lot.


GUP nei zung m zungyi ti s a? ngo mou si gan ti, btgwo ngo yi ci n
zo ti hu d.
JYUT nei zng m zngji ti sy aa? ng mu sgaan ti, btgwo ng ji cn
zau ti hu d.
YALE nih jng m h jngyi ti sy a? ngh muh shgaan ti, btgwo ngh
yhchhn jauh ti hu d.
IPA [ ne m ji t s a || mo si ka n t | ptk
ji i n t h t || ]

762
EN Do you travel much? I'd like to. I used to travel several times
a year though.


GUP nei d m d h lhng ga? ngo keist hi hu seng ga. ngo yi ci n
muini n du h gi ci ga.
JYUT nei d m d heoi leihng gaa? ng kisat hai hu seng gaa. ng
ji cn minn du heoi gi ci gaa.
YALE nih d m h d heui luihhhng ga? ngh kihsaht haih hu sung
ga. ngh yhchhn mihnhn du heui gi chi ga.
IPA [ ne t m t h lh ka || kest h h s ka ||
ji i n muni n t h k i ka || ]

763
EN I used to play tennis, but I stopped playing a few years ago.

GUP ngo yi ci n yo d mongko, danhi ngo gi ni n ci n zo hic mou d la.
JYUT ng ji cn jau da mngku, daanhai ng gi nn cn zau hic mu da
laa.
YALE ngh yhchhn yuh d mhngkuh, daahnhaih ngh gi nhn chhn
jauh hich muh d la.
IPA [ ji i n j t mk | tan k ni n i n h
mo t la || ]
ENYUE 243

764
EN Do you play any sports? Yes, I play basketball.

GUP nei yomou zou ymho wndoung ga? yo, ngo d lamko.
JYUT nei jaumu zou jamh wandung gaa? jau, ng da lamku.
YALE nih yuhmuh jouh yahmhh wahnduhng ga? yuh, ngh d
lahmkuh.
IPA [ ne jmo o jmh wnt ka || j | t lamk || ]

765
EN Do you have a car? No, I used to have one (1), but I sold it.

GUP nei yomou c ga? mou, ngo yi ci n yo, danhi ngo mai z la.
JYUT nei jaumu c gaa? mu, ng ji cn jau, daanhai ng maai z laa.
YALE nih yuhmuh ch ga? muh, ngh yhchhn yuh, daahnhaih ngh
maaih j la.
IPA [ ne jmo ka || mo | ji i n j | tan ma
la || ]

766
EN Igor used to be a waiter. Now he's the manager of a hotel.
Igor
GUP Igor yi ci n hi go fgei . yi g k hi yt gn zodi m
ge gngle
i.
JYUT Igor ji cn hai go fgei. jga kei hai jt gan zudim ge gnglei.
YALE Igor yhchhn haih go fgei. yhg kuih haih yt gan judim ge
gnglih.
IPA [ () ji i n h k fke || ji k k h jt kn tim k
k le || ]
244 ENYUE

767
EN Do you go to work by car? Sometimes, but most days I go by
subway.


GUP nei himi z c fngung ga? yosi l, btgwo ngo daidsou duhi
co deitit ge.
JYUT nei haimai za c fangng gaa? jaus la, btgwo ng daaidsou
duhai c deitit ge.
YALE nih haihmaih j ch fangng ga? yuhsh l, btgwo ngh
daaihdsou duhaih chh deihtit ge.
IPA [ ne hm fnk ka || jsi l | ptk
tatso t tetit
k || ]

768
EN When I was a child, I never used to eat meat, but I eat it now.


GUP ngo si go ge si ho coungloi du m s k youk ge, btgwo ngo yi g zo
s k lak .
JYUT ng saigo ge shau cngli du m si k juk ge, btgwo ng jga zau si k
laak.
YALE ngh saigo ge shhauh chhnglih du m h sihk yuhk ge, btgwo ngh
yhg jauh sihk laak.
IPA [ s k k si l t m s k jk k | ptk
ji k s k la k || ]

769
EN Angela loves to watch TV. She watches it every night.
Angela
GUP Angela hu zungyi ti di nsi . k muiman du ti ga.
JYUT Angela hu zngji ti di nsi . kei mimaan du ti gaa.
YALE Angela hu jngyi ti dihnsih. kuih mihmahn du ti ga.
IPA [ () h ji t ti nsi || k muman t t ka || ]
ENYUE 245

770
EN We used to live near the airport, but we moved downtown a few
years ago.


GUP ngodei yi ci n z hi gicoeng fugn, danhi ngodei gi ni n ci n zo
bn z h si zungsm dou lak .
yi gng
JYUT ngdei ji cn zyu hi giceng fugan, daanhai ngdei gi nn cn zau
ji gng bn z heoi si zngsm dou laak.
YALE nghdeih yhchhn jyuh hi gichuhng fuhgahn, daahnhaih nghdeih
gi nhn chhn jauh yhgng bn j heui shjngsm douh laak.
IPA [ te ji i n y h k fukn | tan te k ni n i n
ji k pn h si sm to la k || ]

771
EN Normally I start work at seven am (7:00), so I get up very early.

GUP ngo p ngsi zizu ctdm zo fngung, syi ngo hu zu zo hisn.
JYUT ng pngs zizu ctdm zau fangng, sji ng hu zu zau hisn.
YALE ngh phngsh jiju chtdm jauh fangng, syh ngh hu ju jauh
hisn.
IPA [ p si ttm fnk | sji h
hsn || ]

772
EN What games did you use to play when you were a child?

GUP nei si go ge si ho wn d mye yohei ga?
JYUT nei saigo ge shau wan d mje juhei gaa?
YALE nih saigo ge shhauh wan d myh yuhhei ga?
IPA [ ne s k k si wn t mj jhe ka || ]
246 ENYUE

773
EN Have you been to France? No, I haven't.

GUP nei h gwo fat gwok mei a? mei, ngo mei h gwo.
JYUT nei heoi gwo faatgwok mei aa? mei, ng mei heoi gwo.
YALE nih heui gwo faatgwok meih a? meih, ngh meih heui gwo.
IPA [ ne h k fa tk k me a || me | me h k || ]

774
EN We've been to Canada, but we haven't been to Alaska.

GUP ngodei h gwo gnadai, danhi zo mei h gwo al isg.
JYUT ngdei heoi gwo ganadaai, daanhai zau mei heoi gwo aalaisga.
YALE nghdeih heui gwo gnhdaaih, daahnhaih jauh meih heui gwo
alaisg.
IPA [ te h k knata | tan me h k a lsk ||
]

775
EN Shakira's an interesting person. She's had many different jobs and
has lived in many places.
Shakira

GUP Shakira hi yt go hu yoc ge yn. k zou gwo hu d fn m toung
ge gung, yo z gwo hu d m toung ge deifng.
JYUT Shakira hai jt go hu jauceoi ge jn. kei zou gwo hu d fan m tng
ge gng, jau zyu gwo hu d m tng ge deifng.
YALE Shakira haih yt go hu yuhcheui ge yhn. kuih jouh gwo hu d
fahn m hthng ge gng, yauh jyuh gwo hu d m hthng ge deihfng.
IPA [ () h jt k h j k jn || k o k h t fn
m t k k | j y k h t m t k tef || ]
ENYUE 247

776
EN I've seen that man before, but I can't remember where.

GUP ngo gin gwo ggo yn, danhi ngo m gei dk hi bndou gin gwo k.
JYUT ng gin gwo ggo jn, daanhai ng m geidk hi bndou gin gwo kei.
YALE ngh gin gwo ggo yhn, daahnhaih ngh m hgeidk hi bndouh gin
gwo kuih.
IPA [ kin
k kk jn | tan m ke tk h pnto kin

k k || ]

777
EN How many times has Brazil won the World Cup?

GUP bsi yeng gwo gid ci si gai bi a?
JYUT basi jng gwo gid ci saigaaibi aa?
YALE bsi yhng gwo gid chi saigaaibi a?
IPA [ ps j k kt i s ka p a || ]

778
EN Have you read this book? Yes, I've read it twice.

GUP nei ti gwo n bn s mei a? ngo ti gwo loeng ci la.
JYUT nei ti gwo n bn sy mei aa? ng ti gwo leng ci laa.
YALE nih ti gwo n bn sy meih a? ngh ti gwo luhng chi la.
IPA [ ne t k n pn s me a || t k l i la || ]

779
EN Has she ever been to Australia? Yes, once.

GUP k yomou h gwo ouzo a? yo, k h gwo yt ci.
JYUT kei jaumu heoi gwo ouzu aa? jau, kei heoi gwo jt ci.
YALE kuih yuhmuh heui gwo ouju a? yuh, kuih heui gwo yt chi.
IPA [ k jmo h k o a || j | k h k jt i || ]
248 ENYUE

780
EN Have you ever played golf? Yes, I play a lot.

GUP nei yomou d gwo guyi fko a? yo, ngo si si du d.
JYUT nei jaumu da gwo guji fku aa? jau, ng ss du da.
YALE nih yuhmuh d gwo guyhfkuh a? yuh, ngh shsh du d.
IPA [ ne jmo t k kji fk a || j | si si t t || ]

781
EN My sister's never traveled by plane.

GUP ngo muimi coungloi du mei co gwo figi.
JYUT ng mimi cngli du mei c gwo figi.
YALE ngh mihmi chhnglih du meih chh gwo figi.
IPA [ mum l t me k fk || ]

782
EN I've never ridden a horse.

GUP ngo coungloi du mei ke gwo ma.
JYUT ng cngli du mei k gwo maa.
YALE ngh chhnglih du meih kh gwo mh.
IPA [ l t me k k ma || ]

783
EN Who is that man? I don't know, I've never seen him before.


GUP ggo yn hi bngo a? ngo m z wo, ngo coungloi du mei gin gwo
k.
JYUT ggo jn hai bngo aa? ng m z wo, ng cngli du mei gin gwo
kei.
YALE ggo yhn haih bngo a? ngh m h j wo, ngh chhnglih du meih
gin gwo kuih.
IPA [ kk jn h pnk a || m w | l t me
kin
k k || ]
ENYUE 249

784
EN Have you ever been to Montreal? No, never.

GUP nei yomou h gwo mundeih a? mou, ngo coungloi du mou h
gwo.
JYUT nei jaumu heoi gwo mndeih aa? mu, ng cngli du mu heoi
gwo.
YALE nih yuhmuh heui gwo mhndeihh a? muh, ngh chhnglih
du muh heui gwo.
IPA [ ne jmo h k munteh a || mo | l t mo
h k || ]

785
EN Have you ever played golf? No, never.

GUP nei yomou d gwo guyi fko a? mou, ngo coungloi du mou d
gwo.
JYUT nei jaumu da gwo guji fku aa? mu, ng cngli du mu da
gwo.
YALE nih yuhmuh d gwo guyhfkuh a? muh, ngh chhnglih
du muh d gwo.
IPA [ ne jmo t k kji fk a || mo | l t
mo t k || ]

786
EN Have you ever been to South Korea? Yes, once.

GUP nei h gwo namhon mei a? yo, h gwo yt ci.
JYUT nei heoi gwo namhn mei aa? jau, heoi gwo jt ci.
YALE nih heui gwo nahmhhn meih a? yuh, heui gwo yt chi.
IPA [ ne h k namhn me a || j | h k jt i || ]
250 ENYUE

787
EN Have you ever lost your passport? No, never.

GUP nei yomou m gin gwo nei bn wuziu a? mou, ngo coungloi du
mou.
JYUT nei jaumu m gin gwo nei bn wuziu aa? mu, ng cngli du mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh m hgin gwo nih bn wuhjiu a? muh, ngh
chhnglih du muh.
IPA [ ne jmo m kin
k ne pn wui
a || mo | l
t mo || ]

788
EN Have you ever flown in a helicopter? No, never.

GUP
nei yomou co gwo z ksnggi a? mou, ngo coungloi du mou.
JYUT nei jaumu c gwo zi ksnggi aa? mu, ng cngli du mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh chh gwo jihksnggi a? muh, ngh chhnglih
du muh.
IPA [ ne jmo k ks k a || mo | l t mo
|| ]

789
EN Have you ever won a race? Yes, a few times.

GUP nei yomou yeng gwo bicoi a? yo, gi ci la.
JYUT nei jaumu jng gwo bicoi aa? jau, gi ci laa.
YALE nih yuhmuh yhng gwo bichoi a? yuh, gi chi la.
IPA [ ne jmo j k p a || j | k i la || ]

790
EN Have you ever been to Peru? Yes, twice.

GUP nei h gwo bei lou mei a? yo, h gwo loeng ci.
JYUT nei heoi gwo beilu mei aa? jau, heoi gwo leng ci.
YALE nih heui gwo beiluh meih a? yuh, heui gwo luhng chi.
IPA [ ne h k pe lo me a || j | h k l i || ]
ENYUE 251

791
EN Have you ever driven a bus? No, never.

GUP nei yomou z gwo bs a? mou, coungloi du mou.
JYUT nei jaumu za gwo bas aa? mu, cngli du mu.
YALE nih yuhmuh j gwo bs a? muh, chhnglih du muh.
IPA [ ne jmo k ps a || mo | l t mo || ]

792
EN Have you ever broken your leg? Yes, once.

GUP nei zek goek yomou tn gwo a? yo, si gwo yt ci.
JYUT nei zek goek jaumu tyn gwo aa? jau, si gwo jt ci.
YALE nih jek geuk yuhmuh tyhn gwo a? yuh, si gwo yt chi.
IPA [ ne k kk jmo ty n k a || j | si k jt i || ]

793
EN She's been to Spain twice.

GUP k h gwo sibnnga loeng ci.
JYUT kei heoi gwo sibannga leng ci.
YALE kuih heui gwo sibanngh luhng chi.
IPA [ k h k spna l i || ]

794
EN She's been to Japan once.

GUP k h gwo ytbn yt ci.
JYUT kei heoi gwo jatbn jt ci.
YALE kuih heui gwo yahtbn yt chi.
IPA [ k h k jtpn jt i || ]
252 ENYUE

795
EN She's won a race several times.

GUP k yeng gwo hugi ci ge bicoi.
JYUT kei jng gwo hugi ci ge bicoi.
YALE kuih yhng gwo hugi chi ge bichoi.
IPA [ k j k hk i k p || ]

796
EN She's never flown in a helicopter.

GUP
k mei co gwo z ksnggi.
JYUT kei mei c gwo zi ksnggi.
YALE kuih meih chh gwo jihksnggi.
IPA [ k me k ks k || ]

797
EN I've been to New York once.

GUP ngo h gwo noyo ek yt ci.
JYUT ng heoi gwo nujoek jt ci.
YALE ngh heui gwo nuyeuk yt chi.
IPA [ h k njk jt i || ]

798
EN I've never played tennis.

GUP ngo coungloi du mou d gwo mongko.
JYUT ng cngli du mu da gwo mngku.
YALE ngh chhnglih du muh d gwo mhngkuh.
IPA [ l t mo t k mk || ]
ENYUE 253

799
EN I've never driven a truck.

GUP ngo coungloi du mou z gwo yt ga foc.
JYUT ng cngli du mu za gwo jt gaa foc.
YALE ngh chhnglih du muh j gwo yt ga foch.
IPA [ l t mo k jt ka f || ]

800
EN I've been late for school several times.

GUP ngo fnhok ci gwo gi ci dou.
JYUT ng fanhok c gwo gi ci dou.
YALE ngh fanhohk chh gwo gi chi dou.
IPA [ fnhk i k k i to || ]

801
EN She's had many different jobs.

GUP k zou gwo hu d fn m toung ge gung.
JYUT kei zou gwo hu d fan m tng ge gng.
YALE kuih jouh gwo hu d fahn m hthng ge gng.
IPA [ k o k h t fn m t k k || ]

802
EN She's written ten (10) books.

GUP k s gwo sp bn s.
JYUT kei s gwo sap bn sy.
YALE kuih s gwo sahp bn sy.
IPA [ k s k sp pn s || ]
254 ENYUE

803
EN She's written a lot of interesting things.

GUP k s gwo hu d hu yoc ge ye.
JYUT kei s gwo hu d hu jauceoi ge je.
YALE kuih s gwo hu d hu yuhcheui ge yh.
IPA [ k s k h t h j k j || ]

804
EN She's traveled all over the world.

GUP k si gai gokdei du h gwo.
JYUT kei saigaai gokdei du heoi gwo.
YALE kuih saigaai gokdeih du heui gwo.
IPA [ k s ka k kte t h k || ]

805
EN She's been married three (3) times.

GUP k git gwo sm ci fn.
JYUT kei git gwo sam ci fn.
YALE kuih git gwo sam chi fn.
IPA [ k kit
k sm i fn || ]

806
EN She's met a lot of interesting people.

GUP k gin gwo hu d hu yoc ge yn.
JYUT kei gin gwo hu d hu jauceoi ge jn.
YALE kuih gin gwo hu d hu yuhcheui ge yhn.
IPA [ k kin
k h t h j k jn || ]
ENYUE 255

807
EN I've seen that woman before, but I can't remember her name.

GUP ngo gin gwo ggo nyn, danhi ngo m gei dk k go mng.
JYUT ng gin gwo ggo neijn, daanhai ng m geidk kei go mng.
YALE ngh gin gwo ggo nuihyn, daahnhaih ngh m hgeidk kuih go
mng.
IPA [ kin
k kk njn | tan m ke tk k k m ||
]

808
EN Have you ever played basketball? Just once.

GUP nei yomou d gwo lamko a? z nghi d gwo yt ci.
JYUT nei jaumu da gwo lamku aa? zi nghai da gwo jt ci.
YALE nih yuhmuh d gwo lahmkuh a? jihnghaih d gwo yt chi.
IPA [ ne jmo t k lamk a || t k jt i || ]

809
EN Have you ever written a poem? Yes, in high school.

GUP nei yomou s gwo s a? yo, hi guzung ge si ho.
JYUT nei jaumu s gwo s aa? jau, hi guzng ge shau.
YALE nih yuhmuh s gwo s a? yuh, hi gujng ge shhauh.
IPA [ ne jmo s k s a || j | h k k si || ]
256 ENYUE

810
EN Does she know Claude? No, she's never met him.
Claude

GUP k sk m skdk

Claude a? m skdk, k coungloi du mei gin
gwo k.
JYUT kei sk m skdk Claude aa? m skdk, kei cngli du mei gin
gwo kei.
YALE kuih sk m h skdk Claude a? m h skdk, kuih chhnglih du
meih gin gwo kuih.
IPA [ k s k m s ktk () a || m s ktk | k l t me
kin
k k || ]

811
EN They have lots of books, and have read all of them.

GUP kdei yo hu d s, bn bn du douk gwo sai .
JYUT keidei jau hu d sy, bn bn du duk gwo saai.
YALE kuihdeih yuh hu d sy, bn bn du duhk gwo saai.
IPA [ kte j h t s | pn pn t tk k sa || ]

812
EN I've never been to New Zealand, but my brother's been there
twice.

GUP
ngo coungloi du mei h gwo nosila n, danhi ngo gog zo h
gwo loeng ci.
JYUT ng cngli du mei heoi gwo nusilan, daanhai ng gg zau heoi
gwo leng ci.
YALE ngh chhnglih du meih heui gwo nusilahn, daahnhaih ngh
ghg jauh heui gwo luhng chi.
IPA [ l t me h k nslan | tan kk
h k l i || ]
ENYUE 257

813
EN Gunter's favorite movie is Star Wars. He's seen it twenty (20)
times, but I've never seen it.
Gunter

GUP Gunter z zungyi sngk odaizin g ct hei . k ti gwo yi sp ci,
danhi ngo zo mei ti gwo.
JYUT Gunter zeoi zngji sngkudaaizin g cet hei. kei ti gwo ji sap ci,
daanhai ng zau mei ti gwo.
YALE Gunter jeui jngyi sngkuhdaaihjin g chut hei. kuih ti gwo yihsahp
chi, daahnhaih ngh jauh meih ti gwo.
IPA [ () ji s ktain k t he || k t k
ji sp i | tan me t k || ]

814
EN I've traveled by plane, bus, and train. Someday, I want to take a
trip by boat.


GUP ngo co gwo figi, bs, toungmai fc h lhng. ngo diyt seng
co sn h lyo.
JYUT ng c gwo figi, bas, tngmai fc heoi leihng. ng daijat seng
c syn heoi leiju.
YALE ngh chh gwo figi, bs, thngmaih fch heui luihhhng. ngh
daihyaht sung chh syhn heui luihyuh.
IPA [ k fk | ps | tma f h lh || tjt
s syn h lj || ]

815
EN Caroline's on vacation in Brazil. She's there now.
Caroline
GUP Caroline h z bsi dou douga. k yi g yi gng hi gdou lak .
JYUT Caroline heoi z basi dou dougaa. kei jga ji gng hi gdou laak.
YALE Caroline heui j bsi douh douhga. kuih yhg yhgng hi gdouh
laak.
IPA [ () h ps to toka || k ji k ji k h kto
la k || ]
258 ENYUE

816
EN She arrived in Brazil on Monday. Today's Thursday.

GUP
k sngke iyt dou z bsi. gmyt hi sngke isei .
JYUT kei sngkijt dou z basi. gmjat hai sngkisei.
YALE kuih sngkihyt dou j bsi. gmyaht haih sngkihsei.
IPA [ k s kejt to ps || kmjt h s kese || ]

817
EN How long has she been in Brazil?

GUP k hi bsi gdou yo ginoi la?
JYUT kei hi basi gdou jau ginoi laa?
YALE kuih hi bsi gdouh yuh ginoih la?
IPA [ k h ps kto j kn la || ]

818
EN She's been in Brazil since Monday.

GUP k yo libai yt zo hi bsi dou la.
JYUT kei ju laibaaijt zau hi basi dou laa.
YALE kuih yuh lihbaaiyt jauh hi bsi douh la.
IPA [ k j lpa jt h ps to la || ]

819
EN She's been in Brazil for three (3) days.

GUP k hi bsi dou yi gng sm yt la.
JYUT kei hi basi dou ji gng sam jat laa.
YALE kuih hi bsi douh yhgng sam yaht la.
IPA [ k h ps to ji k sm jt la || ]
ENYUE 259

820
EN Emil and Larisa are married. They've been married for five (5)
years.
Emil Larisa
GUP git z fn ng ni n la.
Emil toung Larisa git z fn. kdei yi gng
JYUT Emil tng Larisa git z fn. keidei ji gng git z fn ng nn laa.
YALE Emil thng Larisa git j fn. kuihdeih yhgng git j fn gh nhn la.
IPA [ () t () kit
fn || kte ji k kit
fn ni n la ||
]

821
EN Are you married? How long have you been married?

GUP nei git z fn mei a? nei git z fn ginoi a?
JYUT nei git z fn mei aa? nei git z fn ginoi aa?
YALE nih git j fn meih a? nih git j fn ginoih a?
IPA [ ne kit
fn me a || ne kit
fn kn a || ]

822
EN Do you know her? How long have you known her?

GUP nei sk m skdk
k a? nei sk z k ginoi a?
JYUT nei sk m skdk kei aa? nei sk z kei ginoi aa?
YALE nih sk m h skdk kuih a? nih sk j kuih ginoih a?
IPA [ ne s k m s ktk k a || ne s k k kn a || ]

823
EN I know Charlotte. I've known her for a long time.
Charlotte
GUP
ngo skdk Charlotte. ngo sk z k hu noi la.
JYUT ng skdk Charlotte. ng sk z kei hu noi laa.
YALE ngh skdk Charlotte. ngh sk j kuih hu noih la.
IPA [ s ktk () || s k k h n la || ]
260 ENYUE

824
EN Karla lives in Tokyo. How long has she lived in Tokyo?
Karla
GUP Karla z hi dunggng dou. k hi dunggng gdou z z ginoi
la?
JYUT Karla zyu hi dnggng dou. kei hi dnggng gdou zyu z ginoi
laa?
YALE Karla jyuh hi dnggng douh. kuih hi dnggng gdouh jyuh j
ginoih la?
IPA [ () y h tk to || k h tk kto y
kn la || ]

825
EN She's lived there all her life.

GUP k ytz k du hi hi gdou z.
JYUT kei jtzi k du hai hi gdou zyu.
YALE kuih ytjihk du haih hi gdouh jyuh.
IPA [ k jt k t h h kto y || ]

826
EN I have a car. How long have you had your car?

GUP ngo yo ga c. nei yo z ga c ginoi la?
JYUT ng jau gaa c. nei jau z gaa c ginoi laa?
YALE ngh yuh ga ch. nih yuh j ga ch ginoih la?
IPA [ j ka || ne j ka kn la || ]

827
EN I've had it since April.

GUP ngo zi coung sei yt zo yo la.
JYUT ng zi cng seijyut zau jau laa.
YALE ngh jihchhng seiyuht jauh yuh la.
IPA [ i se jy t j la || ]
ENYUE 261

828
EN I'm studying German. How long have you been studying
German?

GUP ngo douk gn dkmn. nei douk dkmn douk z ginoi la?
JYUT ng duk gn dkmn. nei duk dkmn duk z ginoi laa?
YALE ngh duhk gn dkmn. nih duhk dkmn duhk j ginoih la?
IPA [ tk kn tkmn || ne tk tkmn tk kn la ||
]

829
EN I've been studying German for two (2) years.

GUP ngo douk z dkmn loeng ni n la.
JYUT ng duk z dkmn leng nn laa.
YALE ngh duhk j dkmn luhng nhn la.
IPA [ tk tkmn l ni n la || ]

830
EN Gerard's watching TV. How long has he been watching TV?
Gerard
GUP u ti gn di nsi . k hido
Gerard hido u ti z ginoi di nsi a?
JYUT Gerard hidou ti gn di nsi . kei hidou ti z ginoi di nsi aa?
YALE Gerard hidouh ti gn dihnsih. kuih hidouh ti j ginoih dihnsih
a?
IPA [ () hto t kn ti nsi || k hto t kn ti nsi
a || ]

831
EN He's been watching TV since five [o'clock] (5:00).

GUP k yo ngdm zo ytz k hido u ti di nsi .
JYUT kei ju ngdm zau jtzi k hidou ti di nsi .
YALE kuih yuh ghdm jauh ytjihk hidouh ti dihnsih.
IPA [ k j t m jt k hto t ti nsi || ]
262 ENYUE

832
EN It's raining. It's been raining all day.

GUP ctbi n lok gn y. yi gng
lok z yt yt la.
JYUT cetbi n lok gn jy. ji gng lok z jt jat laa.
YALE chutbihn lohk gn yh. yhgng lohk j yt yaht la.
IPA [ tpi n lk kn jy || ji k lk jt jt la || ]

833
EN Svetlana and Maksim are married. They've been married since
nineteen ninety-nine (1999).
Svetlana Maksim

GUP Svetlana toung Maksim git z fn. kdei zi coung ytgog og
o ni n
zo git z fn.
JYUT Svetlana tng Maksim git z fn. keidei zi cng jtgugugu nn zau
git z fn.
YALE Svetlana thng Maksim git j fn. kuihdeih jihchhng ytgugugu
nhn jauh git j fn.
IPA [ () t () kit fn || kte i jtkkk ni n
kit
fn || ]

834
EN Severo's sick. He's been sick for the last few days.
Severo
GUP Severo beng z. k yi gng beng z gi yt la.
JYUT Severo beng z. kei ji gng beng z gi jat laa.
YALE Severo behng j. kuih yhgng behng j gi yaht la.
IPA [ () p || k ji k p k jt la || ]

835
EN We live on Main Street. We've lived there for a long time.
Main
GUP ngodei z hi Main gi. ngodei z z hi gdou hu noi la.
JYUT ngdei zyu hi Main gai. ngdei zyu z hi gdou hu noi laa.
YALE nghdeih jyuh hi Main gai. nghdeih jyuh j hi gdouh hu noih la.
IPA [ te y h () k || te y h kto h n la || ]
ENYUE 263

836
EN Florentine works in a bank. She's worked in a bank for five (5)
years.
Florentine
GUP Florentine hi ngnhong gdou zou. k hi ngnhong dou zou z ng
ni n la.
JYUT Florentine hi ngnhng gdou zou. kei hi ngnhng dou zou z ng
nn laa.
YALE Florentine hi nghnhhng gdouh jouh. kuih hi nghnhhng douh
jouh j gh nhn la.
IPA [ () h nh kto o || k h nh to o
ni n la || ]

837
EN Hubert has a headache. He's had a headache since he got up this
morning.
Hubert
GUP Hubert yod totoung. k yo gmzi hisn zo yi gng totoung la.
JYUT Hubert jaud tutung. kei ju gmzi hisn zau ji gng tutung laa.
YALE Hubert yuhd tuhtung. kuih yuh gmji hisn jauh yhgng
tuhtung la.
IPA [ () jt tt || k j km hsn ji k tt
la || ]

838
EN I'm studying English. I've studied English for six (6) months.

GUP ngo douk gn yngm
ngo douk z yngm
n. n louk go yt la.
JYUT ng duk gn jngmn. ng duk z jngmn luk go jyut laa.
YALE ngh duhk gn yngmn. ngh duhk j yngmn luhk go yuht la.
IPA [ tk kn j mn || tk j mn lk k jy t la || ]
264 ENYUE

839
EN How long have they been in Brazil?

GUP kdei hi bsi yo ginoi la?
JYUT keidei hi basi jau ginoi laa?
YALE kuihdeih hi bsi yuh ginoih la?
IPA [ kte h ps j kn la || ]

840
EN How long have you known Olivia?
Olivia
GUP nei sk z Olivia ginoi a?
JYUT nei sk z Olivia ginoi aa?
YALE nih sk j Olivia ginoih a?
IPA [ ne s k () kn a || ]

841
EN How long has she studied Italian?

GUP ileimn a?
k douk z ginoi yida
JYUT kei duk z ginoi jidaaileimn aa?
YALE kuih duhk j ginoih yidaaihleihmn a?
IPA [ k tk kn jita
lemn a || ]

842
EN How long has he lived in Seattle?

GUP k hi singatou z z ginoi a?
JYUT kei hi singaatu zyu z ginoi aa?
YALE kuih hi singhtuh jyuh j ginoih a?
IPA [ k h sinkato y kn a || ]
ENYUE 265

843
EN How long have you been a teacher?

GUP nei zou z lous ginoi a?
JYUT nei zou z lus ginoi aa?
YALE nih jouh j luhs ginoih a?
IPA [ ne o los kn a || ]

844
EN How long has it been raining?

GUP lok z ginoi y la?
JYUT lok z ginoi jy laa?
YALE lohk j ginoih yh la?
IPA [ lk kn jy la || ]

845
EN They've been married for ten (10) years.

GUP kdei yi gng git z fn sp ni n la.
JYUT keidei ji gng git z fn sap nn laa.
YALE kuihdeih yhgng git j fn sahp nhn la.
IPA [ kte ji k kit
fn sp ni n la || ]

846
EN Leonardo's lived in Canada since April.
Leonardo
GUP Leonardo zi coung sei yt zo z z hi gnadai.
JYUT Leonardo zi cng seijyut zau zyu z hi ganadaai.
YALE Leonardo jihchhng seiyuht jauh jyuh j hi gnhdaaih.
IPA [ () i se jy t y h knata || ]
266 ENYUE

847
EN Giselle and I are friends. I know her very well.
Giselle
GUP Giselle toung ngo hi hu hu ge pngyo. ngo toung k hu souk.
JYUT Giselle tng ng hai hu hu ge pngjau. ng tng kei hu suk.
YALE Giselle thng ngh haih hu hu ge phngyuh. ngh thng kuih hu
suhk.
IPA [ () t h h h k pj || t k h sk || ]

848
EN Luisa and I are friends. I've known her for a long time.
Luisa
GUP Luisa toung ngo hi hu hu ge pngyo. ngo sk z k hu noi la.
JYUT Luisa tng ng hai hu hu ge pngjau. ng sk z kei hu noi laa.
YALE Luisa thng ngh haih hu hu ge phngyuh. ngh sk j kuih hu
noih la.
IPA [ () t h h h k pj || s k k h n la
|| ]

849
EN Sorry I'm late. How long have you been waiting?

GUP dm z ngo ci dou. nei dng z ginoi a?
JYUT deoim zyu ng cdou. nei dng z ginoi aa?
YALE deuim hjyuh ngh chhdou. nih dng j ginoih a?
IPA [ tm y i to || ne t kn a || ]
ENYUE 267

850
EN Jean works in a hotel now. He likes his job a lot.
Jean
GUP Jean yi g hi gn zodi
m dou fngung. k hu zungyi k fn
gung.
JYUT Jean jga hi gan zudim dou fangng. kei hu zngji kei fan
gng.
YALE Jean yhg hi gan judim douh fangng. kuih hu jngyi kuih
fahn gng.
IPA [ () ji k h kn tim
to fnk || k h ji k
fn k || ]

851
EN Isabelle's reading the newspaper. She's been reading it for two
(2) hours.
Isabelle
GUP Isabelle ti gn bouz. k yi gng
ti z loeng go zungto la.
JYUT Isabelle ti gn bouz. kei ji gng ti z leng go zngtu laa.
YALE Isabelle ti gn bouj. kuih yhgng ti j luhng go jngtuh la.
IPA [ () t kn po || k ji k t l k t la || ]

852
EN How long have you lived in this house?

GUP nei hi n gn uk dou z z ginoi la?
JYUT nei hi n gan k dou zyu z ginoi laa?
YALE nih hi n gan k douh jyuh j ginoih la?
IPA [ ne h n kn k to y kn la || ]
268 ENYUE

853
EN Is that a new coat? No, I've had this coat for a long time.


GUP g gi n lo himi sn ga? m hi, ngo yi gng yo n gi n lo hu noi
la.
JYUT g gi n lu haimai sn gaa? m hai, ng ji gng jau n gi n lu hu noi
laa.
YALE g gihn lu haihmaih sn ga? m hhaih, ngh yhgng yuh n gihn lu
hu noih la.
IPA [ k ki n l hm sn ka || m | ji k j n ki n l
h n la || ]

854
EN Maalik's in Seattle right now. He's been there for the last three
(3) days.
Maalik
GUP Maalik yg hi singatou. k hi gdou yi gng sm yt la.
JYUT Maalik jga hi singaatu. kei hi gdou ji gng sam jat laa.
YALE Maalik yg hi singhtuh. kuih hi gdouh yhgng sam yaht la.
IPA [ () jk h sinkato || k h kto ji k sm jt la || ]

855
EN Yasmin's in Brazil. She's been there for three (3) days.
Yasmin
GUP Yasmin hi bsi. k hi gdou sm yt la.
JYUT Yasmin hi basi. kei hi gdou sam jat laa.
YALE Yasmin hi bsi. kuih hi gdouh sam yaht la.
IPA [ () h ps || k h kto sm jt la || ]
ENYUE 269

856
EN Today's Wednesday. She's been there since Monday.

GUP gmyt hi libai sm. k libai yt zo yi gng hi gdou la.
JYUT gmjat hai laibaaisam. kei laibaaijt zau ji gng hai gdou laa.
YALE gmyaht haih lihbaaisam. kuih lihbaaiyt jauh yhgng haih gdouh
la.
IPA [ kmjt h lpa sm || k lpa jt ji k h kto la
|| ]

857
EN Lucien has been in Canada for six (6) months.
Lucien
GUP Lucien hi gnadai yi gng louk go yt la.
JYUT Lucien hi ganadaai ji gng luk go jyut laa.
YALE Lucien hi gnhdaaih yhgng luhk go yuht la.
IPA [ () h knata ji k lk k jy t la || ]

858
EN Lucien has been in Canada since January.
Lucien
GUP Lucien zi coung ytyt zo yi gng hi gnadai la.
JYUT Lucien zi cng jtjyut zau ji gng hi ganadaai laa.
YALE Lucien jihchhng ytyuht jauh yhgng hi gnhdaaih la.
IPA [ () i jtjyt ji k h knata la || ]

859
EN We've been waiting for two (2) hours.

GUP ngodei yi gng dng z loeng go zungto la.
JYUT ngdei ji gng dng z leng go zngtu laa.
YALE nghdeih yhgng dng j luhng go jngtuh la.
IPA [ te ji k t l k t la || ]
270 ENYUE

860
EN We've been waiting since nine [o'clock] (9:00).

GUP
ngodei yo godm hido
zo yi gng u dng lak .
JYUT ngdei ju gudm zau ji gng hidou dng laak.
YALE nghdeih yuh gudm jauh yhgng hidouh dng laak.
IPA [ te j ktm ji k hto t la k || ]

861
EN I've lived in Chicago for a long time.

GUP ngo z z hi zgg hu noi la.
JYUT ng zyu z hi zgag hu noi laa.
YALE ngh jyuh j hi jgg hu noih la.
IPA [ y h kk h n la || ]

862
EN I've lived in Chicago since I was ten (10) years old.

GUP ngo yo sp s ge si ho zo z hi zgg dou lak .
JYUT ng ju sap seoi ge shau zau zyu hi zgag dou laak.
YALE ngh yuh sahp seui ge shhauh jauh jyuh hi jgg douh laak.
IPA [ j sp s k si y h kk to la k || ]

863
EN Jasmine started her new job three (3) weeks ago.
Jasmine
GUP Jasmine sm go libai ci n zo hic k fn sn ge gung.
JYUT Jasmine sam go laibaai cn zau hic kei fan sn ge gng.
YALE Jasmine sam go lihbaai chhn jauh hich kuih fahn sn ge gng.
IPA [ () sm k lpa i n h k fn sn k k || ]
ENYUE 271

864
EN When did Noboru leave? He left ten (10) minutes ago.

GUP gisi zo ga? k sp fnzung ci n zo ge.
a sng
JYUT aa sng gis zu gaa? kei sap fnzng cn zu ge.
YALE a sng gish ju ga? kuih sahp fnjng chhn ju ge.
IPA [ a s ksi ka || k sp fn i n k || ]

865
EN I had dinner an hour ago.

GUP ngo yt go zungto ci n s k z manfan.
JYUT ng jt go zngtu cn si k z maanfaan.
YALE ngh yt go jngtuh chhn sihk j mahnfaahn.
IPA [ jt k t i n s k manfan || ]

866
EN Life was very different a hundred (100) years ago.

GUP ytbak ni n ci n ge sngwut toung yi g hu m toung.
JYUT jtbaak nn cn ge sng'wut tng jga hu m tng.
YALE ytbaak nhn chhn ge sng'wuht thng yhg hu m hthng.
IPA [ jtpa k ni n i n k swut t ji k h m t || ]

867
EN When did Michiko arrive in Brazil?

GUP meiziz
gisi dou bsi ga?
JYUT meiziz gis dou basi gaa?
YALE mihjij gish dou bsi ga?
IPA [ mei
ksi to ps ka || ]
272 ENYUE

868
EN She arrived in Brazil three (3) days ago.

GUP k sm yt ci n dou z bsi.
JYUT kei sam jat cn dou z basi.
YALE kuih sam yaht chhn dou j bsi.
IPA [ k sm jt i n to ps || ]

869
EN How long has she been in Brazil?

GUP k hi bsi yo ginoi la?
JYUT kei hi basi jau ginoi laa?
YALE kuih hi bsi yuh ginoih la?
IPA [ k h ps j kn la || ]

870
EN She's been in Brazil for three (3) days.

GUP k hi bsi sm yt la.
JYUT kei hi basi sam jat laa.
YALE kuih hi bsi sam yaht la.
IPA [ k h ps sm jt la || ]

871
EN My aunt has lived in Australia for fifteen (15) years.

GUP ngo ay z z hi ouzo yi gng spng ni n la.
JYUT ng aaj zyu z hi ouzu ji gng sapng nn laa.
YALE ngh ay jyuh j hi ouju yhgng sahpgh nhn la.
IPA [ a j y h o ji k sp ni n la || ]
ENYUE 273

872
EN Lilianne's in her office. She's been there since seven [o'clock]
(7:00).
Lilianne
GUP Lilianne hi k szi lo dou. k ctdm zung zo yi gng hi gdou
la.
JYUT Lilianne hi kei szi lu dou. kei ctdm zng zau ji gng hi gdou
laa.
YALE Lilianne hi kuih sjihluh douh. kuih chtdm jng jauh yhgng hi
gdouh la.
IPA [ () h k si l to || k ttm ji k h
kto la || ]

873
EN Mexico has been an independent country since eighteen
twenty-one (1821).

GUP mksig zi coung ytbat yi l ng ni n zo yi gng hi yt go douklp ge
gwokg.
JYUT maksig zi cng jtbaatji lng nn zau ji gng hai jt go duklap ge
gwokga.
YALE mahksig jihchhng ytbaatyihlhng nhn jauh yhgng haih yt go
duhklahp ge gwokg.
IPA [ mksk i jtpa tji l ni n ji k h jt k
tklp k k kk || ]

874
EN The bus is late. We've been waiting for twenty (20) minutes.

GUP dng
ga bs ci dou z. ngodei yi gng z yi sp fnzung la.
JYUT gaa bas cdou z. ngdei ji gng dng z ji sap fnzng laa.
YALE ga bs chhdou j. nghdeih yhgng dng j yihsahp fnjng la.
IPA [ ka ps i to || te ji k t ji sp fn la ||
]
274 ENYUE

875
EN Nobody lives in those houses. They've been empty for many
years.

GUP mou yn z hi gd uk dou. gd uk yi gng hung z hu d ni n la.
JYUT mu jn zyu hi gd k dou. gd k ji gng hng z hu d nn laa.
YALE muh yhn jyuh hi gd k douh. gd k yhgng hng j hu d nhn
la.
IPA [ mo jn y h kt k to || kt k ji k h h t
ni n la || ]

876
EN Michel's been sick for a long time. He's been in the hospital
since October of last year.
Michel

GUP Michel yi gng beng z hu noi. k zi coung gonn spyt zo z z

hi yyn dou lak .
JYUT Michel ji gng beng z hu noi. kei zi cng gaunn sapjyut zau zyu z
hi jjyn dou laak.
YALE Michel yhgng behng j hu noih. kuih jihchhng gauhnn sahpyuht
jauh jyuh j hi yyn douh laak.
IPA [ () ji k p h n || k i knn spjy t
y h jjn to la k || ]

877
EN When was the last time you ate? Three hours ago.

GUP nei soengci s k ye hi gisi a? sm go zungto ci n.
JYUT nei soengci si k je hai gis aa? sam go zngtu cn.
YALE nih seuhngchi sihk yh haih gish a? sam go jngtuh chhn.
IPA [ ne s i s k j h ksi a || sm k t i n || ]
ENYUE 275

878
EN When was the last time you were sick? Five months ago.

GUP nei soengci beng hi gisi a? ng go yt ci n.
JYUT nei soengci beng hai gis aa? ng go jyut cn.
YALE nih seuhngchi behng haih gish a? gh go yuht chhn.
IPA [ ne s i p h ksi a || k jy t i n || ]

879
EN When was the last time you went to the movies? Just last
week.

GUP nei soengci h ti hei hi gisi a? zo soenggo libai .
JYUT nei soengci heoi ti hei hai gis aa? zau soenggo laibaai.
YALE nih seuhngchi heui ti hei haih gish a? jauh seuhnggo lihbaai.
IPA [ ne s i h t he h ksi a || s k lpa || ]

880
EN When was the last time you were in a car? Just this morning.

GUP nei soengci co c hi gisi a? ngmngm gmzizu.
JYUT nei soengci c c hai gis aa? ngamngam gmzizu.
YALE nih seuhngchi chh ch haih gish a? ngamngam gmjiju.
IPA [ ne s i h ksi a || mm km || ]

881
EN When was the last time you went on vacation? A year ago.

GUP nei soengci h douga hi gisi a? yt ni n ci n.
JYUT nei soengci heoi dougaa hai gis aa? jt nn cn.
YALE nih seuhngchi heui douhga haih gish a? yt nhn chhn.
IPA [ ne s i h toka h ksi a || jt ni n i n || ]
276 ENYUE

882
EN Mungeol and Weonhye have been married for twenty (20) years.

GUP mngi t toung wunwi git z fn yi sp ni n la.
JYUT mngi t tng wnwai git z fn ji sap nn laa.
YALE mhngiht thng whnwaih git j fn yihsahp nhn la.
IPA [ mnki t t wunw kit
fn ji sp ni n la || ]

883
EN Mungeol and Weonhye got married twenty (20) years ago.

GUP mngi t toung wunwi yi sp ni n ci n zo git z fn.
JYUT mngi t tng wnwai ji sap nn cn zau git z fn.
YALE mhngiht thng whnwaih yihsahp nhn chhn jauh git j fn.
IPA [ mnki t t wunw ji sp ni n i n kit
fn || ]

884
EN Nicholas arrived an hour ago.
Nicholas
GUP Nicholas yt go zungto ci n dou z.
JYUT Nicholas jt go zngtu cn dou z.
YALE Nicholas yt go jngtuh chhn dou j.
IPA [ () jt k t i n to || ]

885
EN I bought these shoes a few days ago.

GUP ngo gi yt ci n mai z nd hai.
JYUT ng gi jat cn maai z nd hai.
YALE ngh gi yaht chhn maih j nd haih.
IPA [ k jt i n ma nt ha || ]
ENYUE 277

886
EN Miriam's been studying English for six (6) months.
Miriam
GUP Miriam douk yngm n douk z louk go yt.
JYUT Miriam duk jngmn duk z luk go jyut.
YALE Miriam duhk yngmn duhk j luhk go yuht.
IPA [ () tk j mn tk lk k jy t || ]

887
EN Have you known Heuijeong for a long time?

GUP nei himi sk z hit ng hu noi la?
JYUT nei haimai sk z hitng hu noi laa?
YALE nih haihmaih sk j hithng hu noih la?
IPA [ ne hm s k ht h n la || ]

888
EN Natalie's been in Brazil for three (3) days.
Natalie
GUP Natalie hi bsi sm yt la.
JYUT Natalie hi basi sam jat laa.
YALE Natalie hi bsi sam yaht la.
IPA [ () h ps sm jt la || ]

889
EN Geonhong's been here since Tuesday.

GUP ginw

ng zi coung sngke u la.
iyi zo hido
JYUT ginwng zi cng sngkiji zau hidou laa.
YALE ginwhng jihchhng sngkihyih jauh hidouh la.
IPA [ kinw
i s keji hto la || ]
278 ENYUE

890
EN It's been raining for an hour.

GUP yi gng lok z yt go zungto y la.
JYUT ji gng lok z jt go zngtu jy laa.
YALE yhgng lohk j yt go jngtuh yh la.
IPA [ ji k lk jt k t jy la || ]

891
EN I've known Mengjuan since two thousand two (2002).

GUP ngo zi coung yi l ngl ngyi ni n zo skdk manggn lak .
JYUT ng zi cng ji lnglngji nn zau skdk maanggyn laak.
YALE ngh jihchhng yihlhnglhngyih nhn jauh skdk maahnggyn laak.
IPA [ i ji l l ji ni n s ktk makn la k || ]

892
EN Remy and Pauline have been married for six (6) months.
Remy Pauline
GUP Remy toung Pauline git z fn louk go yt la.
JYUT Remy tng Pauline git z fn luk go jyut laa.
YALE Remy thng Pauline git j fn luhk go yuht la.
IPA [ () t () kit
fn lk k jyt la || ]

893
EN Hitomi has studied medicine at the university for three (3) years.

GUP ynmei hi g gn daihok douk y douk z sm ni n la.
JYUT jnmei hi g gan daaihok duk j duk z sam nn laa.
YALE yhnmih hi g gan daaihhohk duhk y duhk j sam nhn la.
IPA [ jnme h k kn tahk tk j tk sm ni n la || ]
ENYUE 279

894
EN Ichirou's played the piano since he was seven (7) years old.

GUP ytlong zi coung ct s zo hic tan gongkm la.
JYUT jtlng zi cng ct seoi zau hic tan gongkm laa.
YALE ytlhng jihchhng cht seui jauh hich tahn gongkhm la.
IPA [ jtl i t s h tan k km la || ]

895
EN His car's dirty. He's washing his car. He's washed his car. It's
clean now.


GUP k ga c hu wzu. k si gn ga c. k si z ga c. yi g hu
gnzeng la.
JYUT kei gaa c hu wzu. kei si gn gaa c. kei si z gaa c. jga
hu gnzeng laa.
YALE kuih ga ch hu wju. kuih si gn ga ch. kuih si j ga ch.
yhg hu gnjehng la.
IPA [ k ka h w || k s kn ka || k s
ka || ji k h kn la || ]

896
EN They're at home. They're going out. They've gone out. They're
not at home now.


GUP kdei hi ukki. kdei yiu cth. kdei ct z h. kdei yi g m
hi ukki.
JYUT keidei hi kki. keidei jiu cetheoi. keidei cet z heoi. keidei
jga m hi kki.
YALE kuihdeih hi kki. kuihdeih yiu chutheui. kuihdeih chut j heui.
kuihdeih yhg m h hi kki.
IPA [ kte h kk || kte ji
th || kte t h ||
kte ji k m h kk || ]
280 ENYUE

897
EN I've lost my passport. I can't find my passport now.

GUP ngo m gin z ngo bn wuziu. ngo yi g wn m du ngo bn wuziu.
JYUT ng m gin z ng bn wuziu. ng jga wn m du ng bn wuziu.
YALE ngh m hgin j ngh bn wuhjiu. ngh yhg wn m h du ngh bn
wuhjiu.
IPA [ m kin
pn wui
|| ji k wn m t pn
wui || ]

898
EN Where's Renee? She's gone to bed. She's in bed now.
Renee >

GUP Renee hi bndou a? k h z fn gao . > k yi g yi gng hi cong
dou fn gn gao la.
JYUT Renee hi bndou aa? kei heoi z fangaau. > kei jga ji gng hi
cng dou fan gn gaau laa.
YALE Renee hi bndouh a? kuih heui j fangaau. > kuih yhg yhgng
hi chhng douh fan gn gaau la.
IPA [ () h pnto a || k h fn ka || > k ji k
ji k h to fn kn ka la || ]

899
EN We've bought a new car. We have a new car now.
>
GUP ngodei mai z ga sn c. > ngodei yg yo ga sn c lak .
JYUT ngdei maai z gaa sn c. > ngdei jga jau gaa sn c laak.
YALE nghdeih maih j ga sn ch. > nghdeih yg yuh ga sn ch laak.
IPA [ te ma ka sn || > te jk j ka sn la k
|| ]
ENYUE 281

900
EN It's Rashmi's birthday tomorrow, and I haven't bought her a
present. > I don't have a present for her yet.
Rashmi >

GUP
tngy t hi Rashmi ge sngyt, ngo zoungmei mai limt bi k. >
ngo zoungmei yo limt hyi soungbi k.
JYUT tngjat hai Rashmi ge sangjat, ng zungmei maai laimat bi kei. >
ng zungmei jau laimat hji sungbi kei.
YALE tngyaht haih Rashmi ge sangyaht, ngh juhngmeih maih lihmaht
bi kuih. > ngh juhngmeih yuh lihmaht hyh sungbi kuih.
IPA [ t jt h () k sjt | me ma lmt p k || >
me j lmt hji sp k || ]

901
EN Junhong is away on vacation. Where has he gone? Where is he
now?


GUP gwnwng h z douga. k h z bndou a? k yi g hi bndou
a?
JYUT gwnwng heoi z dougaa. kei heoi z bndou aa? kei jga hi
bndou aa?
YALE gwnwhng heui j douhga. kuih heui j bndouh a? kuih yhg
hi bndouh a?
IPA [ knw h toka || k h pnto a || k
ji k h pnto a || ]

902
EN Have you met my brother, or should I introduce you?

GUP nei gin gwo ngo gog mei a, wakz ngo ynggi gai siu bi nei sk?
JYUT nei gin gwo ng gg mei aa, waakz ng jnggi gaaisiu bi nei sk?
YALE nih gin gwo ngh ghg meih a, waahkj ngh ynggi gaaisiuh bi
nih sk?
IPA [ ne kin k kk me a | wak j k ka si p
ne s k || ]
282 ENYUE

903
EN I was a very slow typist in college, but I've gotten faster.


GUP ngo hi daihok ge si ho dzi hu man, danhi ngo yi g d fai z hu
d lak .
JYUT ng hi daaihok ge shau dazi hu maan, daanhai ng jga da faai z
hu d laak.
YALE ngh hi daaihhohk ge shhauh djih hu maahn, daahnhaih ngh yhg
d faai j hu d laak.
IPA [ h tahk k si ti h man | tan ji k t
fa h t la k || ]

904
EN Where's your key? I've lost it. I lost it.

GUP nei tiu ssi hi bndou a? ngo m gin z wo.
JYUT nei ti ss hi bndou aa? ng m gin z wo.
YALE nih tih ssh hi bndouh a? ngh m hgin j wo.
IPA [ ne ti ssi h pnto a || m kin
w || ]

905
EN Is Oliver here? No, he's gone home. He went home.
Oliver
>
GUP u ma? k m hido
Oliver hido u, k yi gng fn z ukki la. >
k fn z ukki.
JYUT Oliver hidou maa? kei m hidou, kei ji gng fan z kki laa. >
kei fan z kki.
YALE Oliver hidouh ma? kuih m h hidouh, kuih yhgng fan j kki
la. > kuih fan j kki.
IPA [ () hto ma || k m hto | k ji k fn kk la
|| > k fn kk || ]
ENYUE 283

906
EN We've bought a new car. We bought a new car.
>
GUP ngodei yi gng mai z ga sn c. > ngodei mai z ga sn c.
JYUT ngdei ji gng maai z gaa sn c. > ngdei maai z gaa sn c.
YALE nghdeih yhgng maih j ga sn ch. > nghdeih maih j ga sn
ch.
IPA [ te ji k ma ka sn || > te ma ka sn
|| ]

907
EN I lost my keys yesterday.

GUP ngo cmyt m gin z ngo tiu ssi .
JYUT ng cmjat m gin z ng ti ss.
YALE ngh chhmyaht m hgin j ngh tih ssh.
IPA [ mjt m kin
ti ssi || ]

908
EN I lost my keys last week.

GUP ngo soenggo libai m gin z ngo tiu ssi .
JYUT ng soenggo laibaai m gin z ng ti ss.
YALE ngh seuhnggo lihbaai m hgin j ngh tih ssh.
IPA [ s k lpa m kin
ti ssi || ]

909
EN I've lost my keys five (5) times this month.

GUP ngo yt ngo m gin z ngo tiu ssi ng ci la.
JYUT ngo jyut ng m gin z ng ti ss ng ci laa.
YALE ngo yuht ngh m hgin j ngh tih ssh gh chi la.
IPA [ nk jy t m kin
ti ssi i la || ]
284 ENYUE

910
EN We bought a new car yesterday.

GUP ngodei cmyt mai z ga sn c.
JYUT ngdei cmjat maai z gaa sn c.
YALE nghdeih chhmyaht maih j ga sn ch.
IPA [ te mjt ma ka sn || ]

911
EN We bought a new car last week.

GUP ngodei soenggo libai mai z ga sn c.
JYUT ngdei soenggo laibaai maai z gaa sn c.
YALE nghdeih seuhnggo lihbaai maih j ga sn ch.
IPA [ te s k lpa ma ka sn || ]

912
EN We've bought two (2) new cars in the last three (3) years.

GUP ngodei hi gwoh sm ni n lmi n mai z loeng ga sn c.
JYUT ngdei hi gwoheoi sam nn leimi n maai z leng gaa sn c.
YALE nghdeih hi gwoheui sam nhn luihmihn maih j luhng ga sn
ch.
IPA [ te h k h sm ni n lmi n ma l ka sn || ]

913
EN Serge isn't here. He went home. > He's already gone home.
Serge >

GUP u. k fn z ukki la. > k yi gng
Serge m hido fn z ukki.
JYUT Serge m hidou. kei fan z kki laa. > kei ji gng fan z kki.
YALE Serge m h hidouh. kuih fan j kki la. > kuih yhgng fan j
kki.
IPA [ () m hto || k fn kk la || > k ji k fn
kk || ]
ENYUE 285

914
EN I don't need to call them. I wrote them an email. > I've already
written them an email.
>

GUP ngo m syiu d bi kdei. ngo s z go di nyo bi kdei la. > ngo
s z go di nyo bi kdei.
yi gng
JYUT ng m seijiu da bi keidei. ng s z go di nju bi keidei laa. >
ng ji gng s z go di nju bi keidei.
YALE ngh m h suiyiu d bi kuihdeih. ngh s j go dihnyuh bi
kuihdeih la. > ngh yhgng s j go dihnyuh bi kuihdeih.
IPA [ m sji
t p kte || s k ti nj p kte
la || > ji k s k ti nj p kte || ]

915
EN Sabine's not coming to the party. She broke her arm. > She's
broken her arm.
Sabine Party >

GUP Sabine m lei dk go pti la. k zek so tn z. > k zngtn z zek

so.
JYUT Sabine m li dk go pat laa. kei zek su tyn z. > kei zngtyn z
zek su.
YALE Sabine m h lih dk go pth la. kuih jek su tyhn j. > kuih
jngtyhn j jek su.
IPA [ () m le tk k pti la || k k s tyn || > k
tyn k s || ]
286 ENYUE

916
EN My brother and his wife don't live here any more. They moved
to Seattle. > They've moved to Seattle.

>
GUP ngo ag toung k tai ti yi gng mou hi ndou z la. kdei bn z h
singatou. > kdei yi gng bn z h singatou la.
JYUT ng aag tng kei taaitai ji gng mu hi ndou zyu laa. keidei bn
z heoi singaatu. > keidei ji gng bn z heoi singaatu laa.
YALE ngh ag thng kuih taaitai yhgng muh hi ndouh jyuh la.
kuihdeih bn j heui singhtuh. > kuihdeih yhgng bn j heui
singhtuh la.
IPA [ a k t k ta t ji k mo h nto y la || kte
pn h sinkato || > kte ji k pn h
sinkato la || ]

917
EN I made a mistake. > I've made a mistake.

GUP ngo zou co z la.
JYUT ng zou co z laa.
YALE ngh jouh cho j la.
IPA [ o la || ]

918
EN I lost my wallet. > I've lost my wallet.
>
GUP ngo go ngnbo m gin z. > ngo m gin z ngo go ngnbo.
JYUT ng go ngnbau m gin z. > ng m gin z ng go ngnbau.
YALE ngh go nghnbau m hgin j. > ngh m hgin j ngh go nghnbau.
IPA [ k np m kin
|| > m kin
k np || ]
ENYUE 287

919
EN Did you see it anywhere? > Have you seen it anywhere?
>
GUP nei himi hi bndou gin gwo n? > nei yomou hi bndou gin gwo
n?
JYUT nei haimai hi bndou gin gwo n? > nei jaumu hi bndou gin gwo
n?
YALE nih haihmaih hi bndouh gin gwo n? > nih yuhmuh hi bndouh
gin gwo n?
IPA [ ne hm h pnto kin
k n || > ne jmo h pnto
kin
k n || ]

920
EN Did you hear? > Have you heard?
>
GUP nei tng du ma? > nei yomou tng du?
JYUT nei tng du maa? > nei jaumu tng du?
YALE nih tng du ma? > nih yuhmuh tng du?
IPA [ ne t t ma || > ne jmo t t || ]

921
EN Theo got married. > Theo's gotten married.
Theo > Theo
GUP git z fn la.
Theo git z fn. > Theo yi gng
JYUT Theo git z fn. > Theo ji gng git z fn laa.
YALE Theo git j fn. > Theo yhgng git j fn la.
IPA [ () kit
fn || > () ji k kit
fn la || ]

922
EN I've done the shopping. > I did the shopping.
>
GUP ngo mai z ye. > ngo mai yn ye la.
JYUT ng maai z je. > ng maai jyn je laa.
YALE ngh maih j yh. > ngh maih yhn yh la.
IPA [ ma j || > ma jy n j la || ]
288 ENYUE

923
EN Gustavo has taken my bike again without asking. > Gustavo
took my bike without asking.
Gustavo > Gustavo

GUP Gustavo mou mn ngo zo l z ngo ga dnc. > Gustavo m mn ngo
zo l z ngo ga dnc h.
JYUT Gustavo mu man ng zau l z ng gaa danc. > Gustavo m man
ng zau l z ng gaa danc heoi.
YALE Gustavo muh mahn ngh jauh l j ngh ga danch. > Gustavo m h
mahn ngh jauh l j ngh ga danch heui.
IPA [ () mo mn l ka tn || > () m mn
l ka tn h || ]

924
EN Have you told your friends the good news? > Did you tell your
friends the good news?
>

GUP nei yomou zeng go hu sisk wa bi nei d pngyo tng a? > nei
wa z d hu sisk bi nei d pngyo tng mei a?
JYUT nei jaumu zeng go hu sisk waa bi nei d pngjau tng aa? > nei
waa z d hu sisk bi nei d pngjau tng mei aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh jung go hu sisk wah bi nih d phngyuh tng a?
> nih wah j d hu sisk bi nih d phngyuh tng meih a?
IPA [ ne jmo k h ss k wa p ne t pj t a ||
> ne wa t h ss k p ne t pj t me a || ]

925
EN We haven't paid the electric bill yet. > We didn't pay the electric
bill.
>
GUP ngodei zoungmei go di nfi . > ngodei mou go di nfi .
JYUT ngdei zungmei gau di nfai. > ngdei mu gau di nfai.
YALE nghdeih juhngmeih gau dihnfai. > nghdeih muh gau dihnfai.
IPA [ te me k ti nf || > te mo k ti nf || ]
ENYUE 289

926
EN Are Vincent and Valerie here? Yes, they just arrived.
Vincent Valerie
GUP Vincent toung Valerie dou z mei a? kdei ngmngm dou z lak .
JYUT Vincent tng Valerie dou z mei aa? keidei ngamngam dou z
laak.
YALE Vincent thng Valerie dou j meih a? kuihdeih ngamngam dou j
laak.
IPA [ () t () to me a || kte mm to la k ||
]

927
EN Are you hungry? No, I just had dinner.


GUP nei tou m tou'ngo a? ngo m tou'ngo, ngo ngmngm sn s k yn
manfan.
JYUT nei tu m tu'ngo aa? ng m tu'ngo, ng ngamngam sn si k jyn
maanfaan.
YALE nih tuh m h tuhngoh a? ngh m h tuhngoh, ngh ngamngam
sn sihk yhn mahnfaahn.
IPA [ ne to m to a || m to | mm sn s k jyn
manfan || ]

928
EN Is Niraj here? No, he just left.
Niraj
GUP u ma? mou, k ngmngm zo z lak .
Niraj hido
JYUT Niraj hidou maa? mu, kei ngamngam zu z laak.
YALE Niraj hidouh ma? muh, kuih ngamngam ju j laak.
IPA [ () hto ma || mo | k mm la k || ]
290 ENYUE

929
EN What time are Nikolai and Victoria coming? They've already
arrived.
Nikolai Victoria
GUP Nikolai toung Victoria wui gidm lei a? kdei yi gng dou z la.
JYUT Nikolai tng Victoria wi gidm li aa? keidei ji gng dou z laa.
YALE Nikolai thng Victoria wih gidm lih a? kuihdeih yhgng dou j
la.
IPA [ () t () wu ktm le a || kte ji k to la || ]

930
EN It's only nine o'clock (9:00) and Ines has already gone to bed.
Ines
GUP
yi g snzi godm soeng z cong.
zung, Ines zo yi gng
JYUT jga snzi gudm zng, Ines zau ji gng seng z cng.
YALE yhg snji gudm jng, Ines jauh yhgng suhng j chhng.
IPA [ ji k sni ktm | () ji k s || ]

931
EN This is Yvonne. Yes, we've already met.
Yvonne
GUP n wi hi Yvonne. hi, ngodei yi gng gin gwo mi n la.
JYUT n wi hai Yvonne. hai, ngdei ji gng gin gwo mi n laa.
YALE n wi haih Yvonne. haih, nghdeih yhgng gin gwo mihn la.
IPA [ n w h () || h | te ji k kin
k mi n la || ]

932
EN Are Isidor and Sandra here? No, they haven't arrived yet.
Isidor Sandra
GUP Isidor toung Sandra dou z mei a? mei, kdei zoungmei dou.
JYUT Isidor tng Sandra dou z mei aa? mei, keidei zungmei dou.
YALE Isidor thng Sandra dou j meih a? meih, kuihdeih juhngmeih dou.
IPA [ () t () to me a || me | kte me to || ]
ENYUE 291

933
EN Does Yannick know that you're going away? No, I haven't
told him yet.
Yannick

GUP Yannick z m z nei yiu zo la? m z, ngo zoungmei wa bi k z.
JYUT Yannick z m z nei jiu zu laa? m z, ng zungmei waa bi kei z.
YALE Yannick j m h j nih yiu ju la? m h j, ngh juhngmeih wah bi
kuih j.
IPA [ () m ne ji
la || m | me wa p
k || ]

934
EN Dora has bought a new dress, but she hasn't worn it yet.
Dora
GUP Dora mai z tiu sn ge kwn, danhi k zoungmei zoek gwo.
JYUT Dora maai z ti sn ge kwn, daanhai kei zungmei zoek gwo.
YALE Dora maih j tih sn ge kwhn, daahnhaih kuih juhngmeih jeuk
gwo.
IPA [ () ma ti sn k kn | tan k me k k
|| ]

935
EN Have Chandra and Indira arrived yet? No, not yet. We're still
waiting for them.
Chandra Indira

GUP Chandra toung Indira dou z mei a? zoungmei. ngodei zoung hido u

dng gn kdei.
JYUT Chandra tng Indira dou z mei aa? zungmei. ngdei zung hidou
dng gn keidei.
YALE Chandra thng Indira dou j meih a? juhngmeih. nghdeih juhng
hidouh dng gn kuihdeih.
IPA [ () t () to me a || me || te hto
t kn kte || ]
292 ENYUE

936
EN Has Zinaida started her new job yet? No, she's starting next
week.
Zinaida

GUP Zinaida hic z k fn sn gung mei a? mei, k hago sngke i sn
hic.
JYUT Zinaida hic z kei fan sn gng mei aa? mei, kei haago sngki
sn hic.
YALE Zinaida hich j kuih fahn sn gng meih a? meih, kuih hahgo
sngkih sn hich.
IPA [ () h k fn sn k me a || me | k hak
s ke sn h || ]

937
EN This is my new dress. It's nice, have you worn it yet?

GUP ngo n tiu kwn hi sn ge. hu len g wo, nei zoek gwo mei a?
JYUT ng n ti kwn hai sn ge. hu leng wo, nei zoek gwo mei aa?
YALE ngh n tih kwhn haih sn ge. hu leng wo, nih jeuk gwo meih
a?
IPA [ n ti kn h sn k || h l w | ne k k me
a || ]

938
EN What time is Stan arriving? He's already arrived.
Stan
GUP dou z la.
Stan wui gidm dou a? k yi gng
JYUT Stan wi gidm dou aa? kei ji gng dou z laa.
YALE Stan wih gidm dou a? kuih yhgng dou j la.
IPA [ () wu ktm to a || k ji k to la || ]
ENYUE 293

939
EN Do your friends want to see the movie? No, they've already
seen it.


GUP nei d pngyo seng m seng h ti g ct hei a? m si la, kdei
ti z la.
yi gng
JYUT nei d pngjau seng m seng heoi ti g cet hei aa? m si laa,
keidei ji gng ti z laa.
YALE nih d phngyuh sung m h sung heui ti g chut hei a? m hsi la,
kuihdeih yhgng ti j la.
IPA [ ne t pj s m s h t k t he a || m s la |
kte ji k t la || ]

940
EN Don't forget to call Vadim. I've already called him.
Vadim
GUP m hu m gei dk d bi Vadim wo. ngo yi gng d z bi k la.
JYUT m hu m geidk da bi Vadim wo. ng ji gng da z bi kei laa.
YALE m hhu m hgeidk d bi Vadim wo. ngh yhgng d j bi kuih la.
IPA [ m h m ke tk t p () w || ji k t p k
la || ]

941
EN When is Hideki going to work? He's already gone to work.

GUP so s gidm fngung a? k yi gng fn z gung la.
JYUT sausyu gidm fangng aa? kei ji gng fan z gng laa.
YALE sausyuh gidm fangng a? kuih yhgng fan j gng la.
IPA [ s sy ktm fnk a || k ji k fn k la || ]
294 ENYUE

942
EN When does Hanako start her new job? She's already started it.

GUP fz gisi hic k fn sn gung a? k yi gng hic z la.
JYUT faz gis hic kei fan sn gng aa? kei ji gng hic z laa.
YALE fj gish hich kuih fahn sn gng a? kuih yhgng hich j la.
IPA [ f ksi h k fn sn k a || k ji k h
la || ]

943
EN Has Tamara started her new job yet?
Tamara
GUP Tamara hic z k fn sn gung mei a?
JYUT Tamara hic z kei fan sn gng mei aa?
YALE Tamara hich j kuih fahn sn gng meih a?
IPA [ () h k fn sn k me a || ]

944
EN Have you told your father about the accident yet?

GUP nei wa z go cwo bi nei bab z mei a?
JYUT nei waa z go cwo bi nei baba z mei aa?
YALE nih wah j go chwoh bi nih bhb j meih a?
IPA [ ne wa k w p ne pap me a || ]

945
EN I've just eaten a big dinner, so I'm not hungry.

GUP ngo ngmngm manfan s k z hu d ye, syi ngo m tou'ngo.
JYUT ng ngamngam maanfaan si k z hu d je, sji ng m tu'ngo.
YALE ngh ngamngam mahnfaahn sihk j hu d yh, syh ngh m h
tuhngoh.
IPA [ mm manfan s k h t j | sji m to || ]
ENYUE 295

946
EN Mengxuan can watch TV because she's already done her
homework.

GUP mangsn hyi ti di nsi , ynwi k yi gng zou sai k d gungfo la.
JYUT maangsyn hji ti di nsi , jnwai kei ji gng zou saai kei d gngfo laa.
YALE maahngsyhn hyh ti dihnsih, ynwaih kuih yhgng jouh saai kuih
d gngfo la.
IPA [ masy n hji t ti nsi | jnw k ji k o sa k t
kf la || ]

947
EN You can't go to bed. You haven't brushed your teeth yet.

GUP nei m hyi fn z. nei zoungmei cat nga.
JYUT nei m hji fan zyu. nei zungmei caatnga.
YALE nih m h hyh fan jyuh. nih juhngmeih chaatngh.
IPA [ ne m hji fn y || ne me a ta || ]

948
EN You can't talk to Vladimir because he's just gone home.
Vladimir
GUP nei m wui gin du Vladimir ga, ynwi k fn z ukki la.
JYUT nei m wi gin du Vladimir gaa, jnwai kei fan z kki laa.
YALE nih m h wih gin du Vladimir ga, ynwaih kuih fan j kki la.
IPA [ ne m wu kin
t () ka | jnw k fn kk la || ]

949
EN Ramona's just gotten out of the hospital, so she can't go to work.
Ramona
GUP Ramona ngmngm ct z yn, syi k m hyi fngung z.
JYUT Ramona ngamngam cet z jyn, sji kei m hji fangng zyu.
YALE Ramona ngamngam chut j yn, syh kuih m h hyh fangng
jyuh.
IPA [ () mm t jn | sji k m hji fnk y || ]
296 ENYUE

950
EN Have you given the post office our new address yet?

GUP nei bi z yoguk ngodei sn ge deiz mei a?
JYUT nei bi z jugk ngdei sn ge deiz mei aa?
YALE nih bi j yuhgk nghdeih sn ge deihj meih a?
IPA [ ne p jkk te sn k te me a || ]

951
EN The postman hasn't come yet.

GUP go yoci zoungmei lei.
JYUT go jucai zungmei li.
YALE go yuhchai juhngmeih lih.
IPA [ k j me le || ]

952
EN I've just spoken to your sister.

GUP ngo ngmngm toung nei muimi gng yn ye.
JYUT ng ngamngam tng nei mimi gng jyn je.
YALE ngh ngamngam thng nih mihmi gng yhn yh.
IPA [ mm t ne mum k jyn j || ]

953
EN Has Jianwen bought a new computer yet?

GUP ginm
n mai z go sn di nnou mei a?
JYUT ginmn maai z go sn di nnu mei aa?
YALE ginmhn maih j go sn dihnnuh meih a?
IPA [ kinm
n ma k sn ti nno me a || ]
ENYUE 297

954
EN Geonho and Ayeong haven't told anyone they're getting married
yet.

GUP ginho
u toung ngayng zoungmei gng bi ymho yn z kdei yiu
gitfn.

JYUT ginhu tng ngaajng zungmei gng bi jamh jn z keidei jiu gitfn.
YALE ginhuh thng nghyng juhngmeih gng bi yahmhh yhn j
kuihdeih yiu gitfn.
IPA [ kinho
t aj me k p jmh jn kte ji

kitf
n || ]

955
EN We've already done our packing for our trip.

GUP ngodei yi gng zphu sai lhng ge ye.
JYUT ngdei ji gng zphu saai leihng ge je.
YALE nghdeih yhgng jphu saai luihhhng ge yh.
IPA [ te ji k ph sa lh k j || ]

956
EN I've just swum a mile and I feel great.

GUP ngo ngmngm yo yn yt lei, gokdk hu sfouk.
JYUT ng ngamngam ju jyn jt lei, gokdk hu syfuk.
YALE ngh ngamngam yuh yhn yt lih, gokdk hu syfuhk.
IPA [ mm j jy n jt le | k ktk h sfk || ]
298 ENYUE

957
EN Your friend has a new job. Ask her if she has started her new job
yet.


GUP nei go pngyo yo fn sn ge gung. nei mn h k hic z fn sn
gung mei.
JYUT nei go pngjau jau fan sn ge gng. nei man ha kei hic z fan sn
gng mei.
YALE nih go phngyuh yuh fahn sn ge gng. nih mahn h kuih hich
j fahn sn gng meih.
IPA [ ne k pj j fn sn k k || ne mn h k h
fn sn k me || ]

958
EN Your friend has some new neighbors. Ask him if he has met his
new neighbors.


GUP nei go pngyo yod sn ge lng. nei mn h k toung d sn
lng d z zif mei.
JYUT nei go pngjau jaud sn ge lengei. nei man ha kei tng d sn
lengei da z zif mei.
YALE nih go phngyuh yuhd sn ge luhngui. nih mahn h kuih thng
d sn luhngui d j jif meih.
IPA [ ne k pj jt sn k lnk || ne mn h k t t sn
lnk t f me || ]
ENYUE 299

959
EN Your friend has to pay her phone bill. Ask her if she has paid her
phone bill yet.

GUP nei go pngyo yiu go di nwfi . nei mn h k go z di nwfi mei.
JYUT nei go pngjau jiu gau di nwafai. nei man ha kei gau z di nwafai
mei.
YALE nih go phngyuh yiu gau dihnwfai. nih mahn h kuih gau j
dihnwfai meih.
IPA [ ne k pj ji
k ti nwf || ne mn h k k
ti nwf me || ]

960
EN Victor was trying to sell his car. Ask him if he has sold his car
yet.
Victor
GUP Victor seng mai k ga c. nei mn h k mai z mei.
JYUT Victor seng maai kei gaa c. nei man ha kei maai z mei.
YALE Victor sung maaih kuih ga ch. nih mahn h kuih maaih j meih.
IPA [ () s ma k ka || ne mn h k ma me || ]

961
EN I saw Malika yesterday.
Malika
GUP ngo cmyt gin du Malika.
JYUT ng cmjat gin du Malika.
YALE ngh chhmyaht gin du Malika.
IPA [ mjt kin
t () || ]

962
EN Where were you on Sunday afternoon?

GUP nei libai yt an zo hi bndou a?
JYUT nei laibaaijat aanzau hi bndou aa?
YALE nih lihbaaiyaht aanjau hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne lpa jt a n
h pnto a || ]
300 ENYUE

963
EN We didn't take a vacation last year.

GUP ngodei gonn mou h douga.
JYUT ngdei gaunn mu heoi dougaa.
YALE nghdeih gauhnn muh heui douhga.
IPA [ te knn mo h toka || ]

964
EN What did you do last night? I stayed at home.

GUP nei cmman zou z d mtye a? ngo lo hi ukki dou.
JYUT nei cmmaan zou z d mtje aa? ng lu hi kki dou.
YALE nih chhmmahn jouh j d mtyh a? ngh luh hi kki douh.
IPA [ ne mman o t mtj a || l h kk to || ]

965
EN Shakespeare was a writer and wrote many plays and poems.

GUP ssi bi'a hi yt wi zokg, k s z hu d hei kek toungmai sg.
JYUT sasi bi'aa hai jt wi zokga, kei s z hu d heikek tngmai sg.
YALE ssihbi'a haih yt wi jokg, kuih s j hu d heikehk thngmaih
sg.
IPA [ ssi pa h jt w kk | k s h t he kk
tma sk || ]

966
EN When did you buy your computer?

GUP nei hi bndou mai nei go di nnou a?
JYUT nei hi bndou maai nei go di nnu aa?
YALE nih hi bndouh maih nih go dihnnuh a?
IPA [ ne h pnto ma ne k ti nno a || ]
ENYUE 301

967
EN What time did Jamaal go out?
Jamaal
GUP Jamaal gidm cth ga?
JYUT Jamaal gidm cetheoi gaa?
YALE Jamaal gidm chutheui ga?
IPA [ () ktm th ka || ]

968
EN Kenji went home.

GUP gi nzi fn z ukki.
JYUT gi nzi fan z kki.
YALE gihnjih fan j kki.
IPA [ ki ni fn kk || ]

969
EN Did you have lunch today?

GUP nei gmyt s k z an mei a?
JYUT nei gmjat si k z aan mei aa?
YALE nih gmyaht sihk j aan meih a?
IPA [ ne kmjt s k a n me a || ]

970
EN The email didn't arrive at all.

GUP ngo mou so du go di nz yogn.
JYUT ng mu su du go di nz jugn.
YALE ngh muh su du go dihnj yuhgn.
IPA [ mo s t k ti n jkn || ]
302 ENYUE

971
EN Have you ever been to Spain? Did you go to Spain last year?
>
GUP nei yomou h gwo sibnnga a? > nei gonn yomou h
sibnnga a?
JYUT nei jaumu heoi gwo sibannga aa? > nei gaunn jaumu heoi
sibannga aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh heui gwo sibanngh a? > nih gauhnn yuhmuh
heui sibanngh a?
IPA [ ne jmo h k spna a || > ne knn jmo h
spna a || ]

972
EN My friend has written many books. Shakespeare wrote many
plays and poems.


GUP ngo pngyo s gwo hu d s. ssi bi'a s gwo hu d hei kek
toungmai sg.
JYUT ng pngjau s gwo hu d sy. sasi bi'aa s gwo hu d heikek
tngmai sg.
YALE ngh phngyuh s gwo hu d sy. ssihbi'a s gwo hu d heikehk
thngmaih sg.
IPA [ pj s k h t s || ssi pa s k h t
he kk tma sk || ]

973
EN The email hasn't arrived yet. > The email didn't arrive today.
>
GUP zoungmei so du go di nz yogn. > gmyt mou so du go di nz
yogn.
JYUT zungmei su du go di nz jugn. > gmjat mu su du go di nz
jugn.
YALE juhngmeih su du go dihnj yuhgn. > gmyaht muh su du go
dihnj yuhgn.
IPA [ me s t k ti n jkn || > kmjt mo s t
k ti n jkn || ]
ENYUE 303

974
EN We've lived in Paris for six (6) years. > We lived in Paris for
six (6) years, but now we live in Rome.
>

GUP ngodei hi bli dou z z louk ni n. > ngodei z hi bli louk ni n,
danhi yi g ngodei zo z hi loma.
JYUT ngdei hi bali dou zyu z luk nn. > ngdei zyu hi bali luk nn,
daanhai jga ngdei zau zyu hi lmaa.
YALE nghdeih hi blih douh jyuh j luhk nhn. > nghdeih jyuh hi
blih luhk nhn, daahnhaih yhg nghdeih jauh jyuh hi lhmh.
IPA [ te h pl to y lk ni n || > te y h pl
lk ni n | tan ji k te y h lma || ]

975
EN I had lunch an hour ago.

GUP ngo yt go zungto ci n s k z an .
JYUT ng jt go zngtu cn si k z aan.
YALE ngh yt go jngtuh chhn sihk j aan.
IPA [ jt k t i n s k a n || ]

976
EN I started my new job last week.

GUP ngo soenggo libai hic z ngo fn sn ge gung.
JYUT ng soenggo laibaai hic z ng fan sn ge gng.
YALE ngh seuhnggo lihbaai hich j ngh fahn sn ge gng.
IPA [ s k lpa h fn sn k k || ]

977
EN My friends arrived on Friday.

GUP
ngo d pngyo sngke ing dou z lak .
JYUT ng d pngjau sngking dou z laak.
YALE ngh d phngyuh sngkihgh dou j laak.
IPA [ t pj s ke to la k || ]
304 ENYUE

978
EN Keiko went out at five [o'clock] (5:00).

GUP wiz ngdm zung ct z h.
JYUT waiz ngdm zng cet z heoi.
YALE waihj ghdm jng chut j heui.
IPA [ w t m t h || ]

979
EN I wore my new suit yesterday.

GUP ngo cmyt zoek z tou sn ge sizng.
JYUT ng cmjat zoek z tou sn ge sizng.
YALE ngh chhmyaht jeuk j tou sn ge sijng.
IPA [ mjt k to sn k s || ]

980
EN Have you seen Veda? > Did you see Veda yesterday?
Veda > Veda
GUP nei yomou gin du Veda a? > nei cmyt yomou gin du Veda a?
JYUT nei jaumu gin du Veda aa? > nei cmjat jaumu gin du Veda aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh gin du Veda a? > nih chhmyaht yuhmuh gin du
Veda a?
IPA [ ne jmo kin
t () a || > ne mjt jmo kin
t ()
a || ]

981
EN I've finished my work. > I finished my work at two [o'clock]
(2:00).

GUP ngo zou yn ngo d ye la. ngo loengdm zo zou yn sai ngo d ye la.
JYUT ng zou jyn ng d je laa. ng lengdm zau zou jyn saai ng d je
laa.
YALE ngh jouh yhn ngh d yh la. ngh luhngdm jauh jouh yhn saai
ngh d yh la.
IPA [ o jy n t j la || l tm o jy n sa t j
la || ]
ENYUE 305

982
EN Have you finished? > What time did you finish your work?
>
GUP nei zou yn mei a? > nei hi gidm zou yn nei d ye ga?
JYUT nei zou jyn mei aa? > nei hai gidm zou jyn nei d je gaa?
YALE nih jouh yhn meih a? > nih haih gidm jouh yhn nih d yh ga?
IPA [ ne o jy n me a || > ne h ktm o jy n ne t j ka || ]

983
EN Liting isn't here; she's gone out.

GUP u, k ct z h.
lit ng m hido
JYUT laitng m hidou, kei cet z heoi.
YALE laihthng m h hidouh, kuih chut j heui.
IPA [ lt m hto | k t h || ]

984
EN Sanjit's grandmother has died. > Sanjit's grandmother died two
(2) years ago.
Sanjit > Sanjit

GUP Sanjit go zumou gwo z sn. > Sanjit go zumou loeng ni n ci n gwo
z sn.
JYUT Sanjit go zumu gwo z sn. > Sanjit go zumu leng nn cn gwo
z sn.
YALE Sanjit go jumuh gwo j sn. > Sanjit go jumuh luhng nhn chhn
gwo j sn.
IPA [ () k mo k sn || > () k mo l ni n
i n k sn || ]

985
EN Where have you been? > Where were you last night?
>
GUP nei h z bndou a? > nei cmman hi bndou a?
JYUT nei heoi z bndou aa? > nei cmmaan hi bndou aa?
YALE nih heui j bndouh a? > nih chhmmahn hi bndouh a?
IPA [ ne h pnto a || > ne mman h pnto a || ]
306 ENYUE

986
EN My friend is a writer, and has written many books.

GUP ngo go pngyo hi zokg. k s gwo hu d bn s.
JYUT ng go pngjau hai zokga. kei s gwo hu d bn sy.
YALE ngh go phngyuh haih jokg. kuih s gwo hu d bn sy.
IPA [ k pj h kk || k s k h t pn s || ]

987
EN I played tennis yesterday afternoon.

GUP ngo cmyt an zo d mongko.
JYUT ng cmjat aanzau da mngku.
YALE ngh chhmyaht aanjau d mhngkuh.
IPA [ mjt a n
t mk || ]

988
EN What time did you go to bed last night?

GUP nei cmman gidm fn gao a?
JYUT nei cmmaan gidm fangaau aa?
YALE nih chhmmahn gidm fangaau a?
IPA [ ne mman ktm fn ka a || ]

989
EN Have you ever met a famous person?

GUP y ngsk gwo yt go ctmng ge yn a?
nei yomou cnggng
JYUT nei jaumu cnggng ji ngsk gwo jt go cetmng ge jn aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh chhnggng yihngsk gwo yt go chutmng ge yhn a?
IPA [ ne jmo k j s k k jt k tm k jn a || ]
ENYUE 307

990
EN The weather wasn't very good yesterday.

GUP cmyt ge tnhei m hi gi hu.
JYUT cmjat ge tnhei m hai gi hu.
YALE chhmyaht ge tnhei m hhaih gi hu.
IPA [ mjt k tnhe m k h || ]

991
EN Mira travels a lot. She's visited many countries.
Mira
GUP Mira s ngyt h lhng. k h gwo hu d gwokg.
JYUT Mira sngjat heoi leihng. kei heoi gwo hu d gwokga.
YALE Mira shngyaht heui luihhhng. kuih heui gwo hu d gwokg.
IPA [ () s jt h lh || k h k h t k kk || ]

992
EN I turned off the light before leaving this morning.

GUP ngo gmzi zo ge si ho sk z go dng.
JYUT ng gmzi zu ge shau sk z go dng.
YALE ngh gmji ju ge shhauh sk j go dng.
IPA [ km k si s k k t || ]

993
EN I live in New York now, but I've lived in Mexico for many
years.


GUP ngo yg z hi noyo ek, danhi ngo hi mksig gdou z gwo hu
d ni n.
JYUT ng jga zyu hi nujoek, daanhai ng hi maksig gdou zyu gwo
hu d nn.
YALE ngh yg jyuh hi nuyeuk, daahnhaih ngh hi mahksig gdouh
jyuh gwo hu d nhn.
IPA [ jk y h njk | tan h mksk kto y
k h t ni n || ]
308 ENYUE

994
EN What's Taiwan like? Is it beautiful? I don't know. I've never
been there.


GUP toiwn hi dmyeng ga? himi hu len g ga? ngo m z wo. ngo mei
h gwo gdou.
JYUT tiwan hai dmjeng gaa? haimai hu leng gaa? ng m z wo. ng
mei heoi gwo gdou.
YALE tihwan haih dmyung ga? haihmaih hu leng ga? ngh m h j wo.
ngh meih heui gwo gdouh.
IPA [ twn h tmj ka || hm h l ka || m w ||
me h k kto || ]

995
EN Have you ever been to Florida?

GUP nei yomou h gwo ftloleidatzo a?
JYUT nei jaumu heoi gwo fatlleidaatzu aa?
YALE nih yuhmuh heui gwo fahtlhlihdaahtju a?
IPA [ ne jmo h k ftlletat a || ]

996
EN We went there on vacation two (2) years ago.

GUP ngodei loeng ni n ci n h gwo gdou douga.
JYUT ngdei leng nn cn heoi gwo gdou dougaa.
YALE nghdeih luhng nhn chhn heui gwo gdouh douhga.
IPA [ te l ni n i n h k kto toka || ]

997
EN Did you have a good time?

GUP nei wn dk hi m hism a?
JYUT nei wan dk hi m hism aa?
YALE nih wan dk hi m h hism a?
IPA [ ne wn tk h m hsm a || ]
ENYUE 309

998
EN We had a great time. It was wonderful.

GUP ngodei wn dk hu hism. stzoi tai hu la.
JYUT ngdei wan dk hu hism. satzoi taai hu laa.
YALE nghdeih wan dk hu hism. sahtjoih taai hu la.
IPA [ te wn tk h hsm || st ta h la || ]

999
EN What does your girlfriend do?

GUP nei go npngyo zou mtye ga?
JYUT nei go neipngjau zou mtje gaa?
YALE nih go nuihphngyuh jouh mtyh ga?
IPA [ ne k npj o mtj ka || ]

1000
EN She's a painter. She's won many prizes for her paintings.

GUP k hi go wg. k d yow yeng gwo hu d zeng.
JYUT kei hai go waga. kei d juwa jng gwo hu d zeng.
YALE kuih haih go wg. kuih d yuhw yhng gwo hu d jung.
IPA [ k h k wk || k t jw j k h t || ]

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