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Comparing the Information Gain of Eggertopia Scores and Your Model

Both the Eggertopia Scores and your binary classification model can be thought of
as tools to reduce uncertainty about future default outcomes of credit card
applicants.

Your own model, developed in Part 1, identifies dependencies between, on the one
hand, the six types on input data collected by the bank, and on the other hand, the
binary outcome default/no default.

If we assume that the dependencies identified by Eggertopia Scores and by your


model on the Test Set are stable and representative of all future data (a big
assumption) we can draw some further conclusions about how much information gain,
or reduction in uncertainty, is provided by each.

Definitions are given in the Information Gain Calculator Spreadsheet, provided


below.

Information Gain Calculator.xlsx


Question: On your models Test Set results, what is the conditional entropy of
default, given your test classifications?

Hint: you need your models true positive rate from Part 1, Question 12, and test
incidence [proportion of events your model classifies as default] from Part 1,
question 13. Use the condition incidence of 25% and your models True Positive rate
to calculate the portion of TPs. Then you have the inputs needed to use the
Information Gain Calculator Spreadsheet.

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Recall that the entropy of the original base rate, minus the conditional entropy of
default given your test classification, equals the Mutual Information between
default and the test.

I(X;Y) = H(X) H(X|Y).

The population of potential credit card customers consists of 25% future


defaulters. The base rate incidence of default (.25, .75) has an uncertainty, or
entropy, of H(.25, .75) = .25*log4 + .75*log1.333 = .8113 bits.

Question: On your test set results, what is the Mutual Information, or information
Gain, in average bits per event?

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Recall that Percentage Information Gain (P.I.G.) is the ratio of I(X;Y)/H(X).

Question: on your Test Set results, what is the Percentage Information Gain
(P.I.G.) of your model?

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Since you have, for you model on the Test Set, a savings-per-event, and a bits-per-
event (Mutual Information) you can calculate a savings-per-bit. This is a powerful
concept, because it places a financial value directly on the information content of
a model (or additional data source, like the Eggertopia scores).

Question: How many dollars does the bank save, for every bit of information gain
achieved by your model?

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Information Gain of Eggertopia Scores over the Base Rate

For questions in this section, assume your model and the data it uses are not
available the banks choice is between Eggertopia scores and the base rate.

Question: What is the Mutual Information of the Eggertopia Scores?

In other words, on the Test Set, What is the information gain, in average bits per
event, over the base rate of (.25, .75) offered by the Eggertopia Scores?

.1305 bits per event x

On the test set, what is the Eggertopia scores Percentage Information Gain (PIG)?

15.25% x

If Eggertopia data were free, and your model was unavailable, what would the dollar
savings per bit of information extracted be?

Dollar savings are $412 rounded to the nearest dollar- from quiz 2, question 6

Value would be $427 per bit. x

Incremental Information Gain of Eggertopia Scores Compared to Your Model and


Available Data (any answer scores)

(For this section, assume your Model and the Data it uses are available).

Question: What is the incremental information gain of the Eggertopia scores, over
your model from Part 1, in average bits per event, if any?
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What is the maximum (break-even) price the bank should pay for Eggertopia scores,
per score, if your model from Part 1 and data are already available?

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At the above maximum (break-even) price per score, what would be the value per bit
of incremental information gained from the Eggertopia scores? Give your answer in
$/bit.

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