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Core Questions.

1. Which refrigerant is an HCFC?

a. R-22
b. R-13a
c. R-11
d. R-113
2. An example of an HFC refrigerant is:
a. R-134a
b. R-115
c. R-22
d. R-11
3. Which of the following refrigerants has the lower depletion potential?
a. R-22
b. R-123
c. R-134a
d. R-502
4 . HCFC Refrigerants are:
a. More harmful to stratospheric ozone than CFCs.
b. As harmful to stratospheric ozone as CFCs.
c. Less harmful to stratospheric ozone than CFCs.
d. Not harmful to stratospheric ozone.
5. What is one of the most serious results of damage to the ozone layer?
a. Increased growth of marine plants.
b. Increased volcanic activity.
c. Increases in human skin cancer.
d. Higher natural background radioactivity.
6. The ozone layer protects the earth from:
a. Nuclear radiation.
b. Meteorites.
c. Ultraviolet radiation from sun.
d. Infrared radiation from the sun.
7. An example of a CFC refrigerant is:
a. R-134a.
b. R-123.
c. R-22
d. R-12
8. Some state and local governments may establish laws that:
a. Follow the Clean Air Act/EPA regulations.
b. Are not as strict as the Clean Air Act/EPA regulations.
c. Contain stricter regulations than the Clean Air Act/EPA regulations.
d. Both A and C.
9. Before you dispose of any appliance containing a CFC or HCFC refrigerant you must:
a. Recover the refrigerant.
b. Purge the appliance with Nitrogen.
c. Flush the appliance with R-11.
d. Seal the appliance so no refrigerant can escape.
10. Disposing of disposable cylinders is accomplished by:
a. Bleeding refrigerant to ambient air and throwing the cylinders into a trash dumpster.
b. Assuring that all refrigerant is recovered and that the cylinders are rendered useless then
recycling the metal.
c. Refilling the cylinders a second time at an approved facility.
d. Giving the cylinders away to your friends to be used as air tanks.
11. The Clean Air Act
a. Call for the phase out of CFC/HCFC production.
b. Prohibits venting of CFC and HCFC refrigerant and their substitutes.
c. Requires EPA to set standards for recovery of refrigerants prior to appliance disposal.
d. All of the above.

12. Which of the following is a low-pressure refrigerant under EPAs refrigerant recycling regulations?

a. R-134a.
b. R-123.
c. R-22
d. R-500

13. Which of the following CFC or HCFC refrigerant releases is considered a violation of the prohibition
on venting?

a. Release of the minimis quantities in the course of making good faith attempts to recapture and
recycle of safely dispose of refrigerant.
b. Release of mixtures of nitrogen and refrigerant that result from adding nitrogen to a fully
charged appliance to leak-check the appliance.
c. Refrigerant emitted when connecting or disconnecting hoses to charge or service an appliance.

14. Under EPAs regulations what standard must reclaimed refrigerant meet before it can be resold?

a. ARI-700
b. EPA-700
c. ASHRAE 700
d. UL 700
15. A refrigerant oil that is hygroscopic:

a. Is a good lubricant.
b. Is crude oil and unrefined.
c. Readily absorbs moisture.
d. Can be left open to the ambient air.

16. The term used to describe the fact that a refrigerant blend has a range of boiling or condensing
points at a constant pressure is:

a. Pressure slump.
b. Mixture glide.
c. Fractionation.
d. Temperature glide.

17. Which of the following is not an approved technique of system cleanup after a burnout?

a. Installing a permanent suction filter-drier.

b. Flushing with liquid refrigerant to clean field tubing.
c. Triple evacuation.
d. Deep vacuum evacuation prior to recharging.

18. Refrigerant entering the metering or expansion device of a refrigeration system is a:

a. Liquid
b. Saturated vapor.
c. Superheated vapor.
d. Mixture of vapor and liquid.

19. which word applies to the process that returns refrigerant to new-product specifications and that
requires chemical analysis?

a. Recovery.
b. Recycle.
c. Reclaim.
d. Reprocess.

20. If a system will not hold a vacuum after it has been evacuated then:

a. The system is ready to be charged.

b. The system has been adequately evacuated.
c. The system may be leaking.
d. An expansion valve is clogged.

21. how many different refrigerants may be recovered into the same cylinder?
a. Only one.
b. Only two.
c. Any number as long all are CFCs.
d. Depend on the reclaim company.

22. Measuring a final system vacuum is done with the:

a. Gas ballast open.

b. Vacuum pump operating.
c. System heated.
d. System isolated and the vacuum pump turned off.

23. reusable containers for refrigerants that are under high pressure (above 15 psig) at normal ambient
temperature must be hydrostatically tested and date stamped every:

a. 1 year.
b. 2 years.
c. 5 years.
d. 10 years.

24. In most refrigerant accidents where death occurs the major cause is:

a. Toxic poisoning.
b. Oxygen deprivation
c. Heart failure.

25. A refrigerant label is placed on a:

a. Refrigerant cylinder to be returned for reclaiming.

b. Truck to identify cylinder hauler.
c. Cylinders to identify gross weight.
d. Cylinder to identify pressure.
Type I questions.

26. For which of the followig refrigeration systems/appliances would it be permissilble to use a passive
recovery device for refrigerat recovery?

a. A centrifugal air conditioner.

b. A reciprocating liquid chiller.
c. A single compressor large commercial walk-in freezer.
d. A domestic refrigerator.

27. Any person who opens an appliance for maintenance service or repair must have at least one self-
contained recovery machine available at their place of business. The exceptions to this rule are person
working on:

a. Small appliances.
b. Low pressure appliances.
c. High pressure appliances.
d. Very high pressure appliances.

28. EPA regulations include which of the following in the definition of a small appliance?

a. Pruducts manufactured charged and hermetically sealed in a factory.

b. Products having 5 pounds or less of refrigerant.
c. Products with compressor under horsepower.
d. Both a and b.

29. All appliances must be equipped with a service aperture or other device which is used when adding
or removing refrigerant from the appliance. For small appliance this service port typically is:

a. A straight piece of tubing that is entered using a piercing access valve.

b. Located 15 inches below the compressor.
c. Installed at the factory has a inch diameter and machine threads.
d. Not present because small appliances are exempt from this requirement.

30. If EPA regulation change after a technician becames certified:

a. The technician certification is grandfathered for one year to allow time for recertification.
b. It will be the thechnicians responsibility to comply with any future changes in the law.
c. A new certification test must be taken to be recertified.
d. Both a and c.

31. Recovery equipment used during maintenance service or repair of small appliances must be certified
by an EPA-approved laboratory if manufacture after:

a. July 1, 1992.
b. July 1, 1993.
c. May 13, 1993.
d. November 15, 1993.

32. EPA rules require capture of 80% of the refrigerant from small appliance sealed system with a non-
operating compressor if technicians are using:

a. A system-dependent (passive) process.

b. A self contained (active) process.
c. Either recovery process.
d. Neither recovery process.

33. Technicians receiving a passing grade on this small appliance examination are certified to recover
refrigerant during the maintenance service or repair of:

a. A packaged terminal air conditioner (PTACs) with 5 pounds or less of refrigerant.

b. Small central air-conditioning system with 10 pounds or less of refrigerant.
c. Low pressure equipment.
d. Motor vehicle air-conditioning equipment.

34. refrigerant recovery devices must be equipped with low loss fittings which are fittings that:

a. Are used to connect the recovery device to an appliance and which can be manually closed or
which close automatically when disconnected to prevent loss of refrigeran from hoses.
b. Are used to connect the recovery device to an appliance and which leak only small amounts of
refrigerant during use.
c. Are used to connect the recovery device to an appliance and which must be discrded after each
d. Noen of the above.

35. when used solderless type piercing valves they should not remain installed on refrigeration systems
after completion of repair because:

a. They are too expensive to reamin on every product.

b. They tend to leak over time.
c. They become loose and vibrate.
d. Both a and c.

36. when you check system pressures to determine the performance of a refrigeration system its
always a good idea to:

a. Realease a small amount of refrigerant to check for contamination.

b. Use equipment such as hand valves or self-scaling hoses to minimize any release.
c. Recover refrigerant and recharge to specifications even if no repairs are needed.
d. Use recovery equipment to gain acces to the system during testing.
37. a standard vacuum pump designed specifically for evacuation and dehydration can:

a. Be used alone as a self-contained (active) recovery device.

b. Never be used as a recovery device in combination with a pressurerized container.
c. Be used alone as a substitute for any recovery device.
d. Be used alone as a system-dependent (passive) recovery device.

38. when is it essential to take measures to help release trapped refrigerant from the compressor oil
during refrigeran recovery?

a. When using self-contained (active) recovery devices.

b. When using system-dependent (passive) recovery devices.
c. When using (passive) recovery devices on small appliances with non-operating compressors.
d. When the refrigerant system has a low side leak.

39. the system-dependent (passive) recovery process for small appliances:

a. Never needs the use of a pump or heat to recover refrigerant.

b. Must use a pressure relief device when recoverign refrigerant.
c. Captures refrigerant in a non-pressurized container.
d. Can only be performed on a system with an operating compressor.

40. which condition(s) can cause excessive pressure conditions on the high side of a self-contained
(active) recovery device?

a. When the recovery tank inlet valve has not been opened.
b. When there is excessive air in the recovery tank.
c. When the recovery tank outlet valve has not been opened.
d. Both a and b.
41. if a reclamation facility receives a tank of mixed refrigerant they may:

a. Refuse to process the refrigerant and return it at the owners expense.

b. Agree to destroy the refrigerant but typically a substantial fee is charge.
c. Resell the refrigerant for reuse on its current state.
d. Both a and b.

42. before shipping any used refrigerant in a cylinder it is necessary to:

a. Properly label the refrigerant container.

b. Properly complete shipping paperwork.
c. Check that the refrigerant container meets Department of Transportation standards.
d. All of the above.

43. a storage cylinder of recovered R-12 at a normal room temperature (about 75 degrees F) in the
absence of non-condensables will be pressurize to:

a. 30 psig.
b. 75 psig.
c. 150 psig.
d. 200 psig.

44. when filling a charging cylinder the refrigerant that is vented off the top of the cylinder:

a. Need not be recovered.

b. Need only be recovered if filling with a redulated refrigerant.
c. Must be recovered regarless of the refrigerant.
d. None of the above.
45. since small amount of CFC/HCFC refrigerants have no odor when a pungent odor is detected during a
sealed system recovery and/or repair:

a. The refrigerant should not be recovered.

b. A compressor burn-out has likely occurred.
c. It is the characteristic smell of the refrigerant.
d. None of the above.

46. when using nitrogen in repairing a sealed refrigeration system the nitrogen tank should always be
equipped with a:

a. Regulator.
b. Float sensor.
c. Red top.
d. Hand valve.

47. portable refillable tanks or containers used to ship CFC or HCFC refrigerants obtained with recovery
equipment must meet what standard(s)?

a. Deparment of Transportation.
b. Community Right-to-know act.
c. Underwriters laboratories.
d. All of the above.

48. when using recovery cylenders and equipment with schraeder valves it is critical to:

a. Inspect the schraeder valve core for bends and breakage.

b. Replace the damaged chraeder valve core to prevent leakage.
c. Cap the schraeder ports to prevent accidental depression of the valve core.
d. All of the above.
49. if a large leak of refrigerant occurs such as from a filled cylinder in an enclosed area what action
should be taken when no self-contained breathing apparatus is available?

a. Use butyl lined gloves and try to stop the leak.

b. Use a leak detector to locate the leak and try to stop the leak.
c. Vacate and ventilate the spill area.
d. All of the above.

50. At high temperatures (i.e. open flames glowing metal surface etc.) R-12 and R-22 can decompose to

a. Boric and chromic acids.

b. Sulfuric and phosphoric acids.
c. Hydrocloric and hydrofluoric acids.
d. None of the above.

Type II questions.

51. Many refrigeration units use an open compressor. Which part of the compressor is most likely to
leak if a unid is not used for several month?

a. The suction service valve.

b. The rotating shaft seal.
c. The oil drain plug.
d. The discharge service valve.