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Landslide maps generally fall into the following categories:

Landslide-inventory maps

A landslide inventory map records the location and, where known, the date of occurrence and
the types of mass movements that have left discernable traces in an area

A landslide inventory map records the location and, where known, the date of occurrence and the types
of mass movements that have left discernable traces in an area which can be identified in the field, or in
aerial photographs and satelliteLandslide

inventory maps are prepared for multiple purposes including:

(i) Documenting the extent of landslide phenomena in areas ranging from small to

large watersheds, and from regions to states or nations.

(ii) As a preliminary step toward landslide susceptibility, hazard, and risk assessment.

(iii) To investigate the distribution, types, and patterns of landslides in relation to

morphological and geological characteristics, and

(iv) To study the evolution of landscapes dominated by mass-wasting processes. imageries.

A Landslide Inventory Map (LIM) shows the location, spatial extent and type of landslides in a region.

they are essential for susceptibility models that predict landslide on the basis of past conditions. If
these are not sufficiently available more emphasis should be given on expert assessment and
evaluation. Therefore we need to know where landslides happened in the past. The conditions under
which landslides happened in the past are analyzed and the relevant combinations are used to predict
future ones. We need to understand the causal relations between landslides and the causal factors.
These conditions differ for different landslide types, and therefore landslides should be classified into
different types. Temporal information is essential to estimate the frequency of landslides. Therefore
we need to know when they happened. Landslide inventories are also used to validate landslide
susceptibility, hazard and risk maps.

The generation of landslide inventories and a landslide database that covers a certain period of time is
a tedious procedure. The methods that are considered useful for the generation of landslide inventory
maps can be classified into the following main groups

Image interpretation data collected from aerial photographs, high resolution satellite
images, or hillshading images derived from detailed Digital Elevation Models. Also image
interpretation using multi-temporal images from Google Earth has become a useful tool for
landslide inventory mapping.
(Semi) automatic classification of landslides from satellite images or Digital Elevation
Models.
o Based on spectral information by detecting fresh landslide areas from multi-spectral
satellite images;
o Based on altitude information by detecting landslides from multi-temporal high
resolution (LiDAR) DEMs, or through radar interferometry
Field investigation, by mapping landslide signs, scarp area, accumulation areas, and
verification of landslides mapped through image interpretation and/or classification;
Community reporting, by interviewing local people on locations, dates and impacts of past
landslide event;
Archive studies, by studying newspaper archives, old reports, road maintenance reports

Figure M.1 and M.2 Represent inventory maps

Active: An active landslide is currently moving. In the example shown erosion at the toe
causes a block to topple.

Inactive: An inactive landslide has not moved within the last 12 months and can be divided
into 4 states: Dormant, Abandoned, Stabilised and Relict.

Figure (M.1)
Figure (M.2)
Landslide-hazard maps

Landslide-susceptibility maps
Landslide-potential maps

Landslide-risk maps

Landslide-zone maps