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Project Name

Pile Cap (PC2- 200SQ Pile)


Pile
Number of Pile 2
Pile size : 200 mm
Pile Capacity 20 tons
2
Load Density 4905 kN/m
Maximum Axial Load 392.4 kN
Pile penetration 100 mm

Pile Cap
Width, w 1100 mm
Breadth, b 500 mm
Thickness 600 mm
Effective depth for
reinforcement in X 462.5 mm
direction
Effective depth for
reinforcement in Y 487.5 mm
direction

Column
Width, B 300 mm
Breadth, L 300 mm

Material Properties
Characteristic strength of
30 N/mm2
Concrete, fcu
Yield Strength of Steel, fy 460 N/mm2

Detailed Calculations for Footing Thickness and Reinforcement Bars

The moment is taken at 1 times of the column face to the column center. (Consider the piles which lies on left and bottom)
Lever arm Moment Lever arm Moment
Load density Area mx Area my
Pile No. Moment X about X Moment Y about Y
(ld, kN/m2) (Ax, m) (Ay, m)
(laX, mm) (kNm) (laY, mm) (kNm)
1 4905 0 0.04 0 -150 0.04 -29.43
2 4905 0 0.04 0.00 0 0.04 0
0.00 -29.43

The calculation of ultimate moment (the magnitude)


The absolute ultimate
= 1.5 x 0.00 = 0.00 kNm
moment X
The absolute ultimate
= 1.5 x -29.43 = 44.15 kNm
moment Y
Steel Area in X direction
2
K = Mult/(bd )fcu = 0.006
K' = 0.156 Assuming redistribution less than 10%
K < K' O.K

la = 0.95 (where z= la*d)


Lever arm, z = 439.375 mm
Required Steel Area
= M/0.95fy(z)
(Main), As
= 229.91 mm2

Minimum Steel Area, As


= 0.13bh/100
Min
= 390 mm2
Maximum Steel Area, As
= 12000 mm2
Max (4%)
Number of bars = 4 Nos
Diameter of bar = 20 mm
Provided Steel Area = 1256.6 mm2
> 390.0 mm2 O.K
< 12000.0 mm2 O.K
Steel Area in Y direction
K = Mult/(bd2)fcu = 0.000
K' = 0.156
K < K' O.K

la = 0.95 (where z= la*d)


Lever arm, z = 463.125 mm
Required Steel Area
= M/0.95fy(z)
(Main), As
= 0.00 mm2

Minimum Steel Area, As


= 0.13bh/100
Min
= 858 mm2
Maximum Steel Area, As
= 26400 mm2
Max (4%)
Number of bars = 4 Nos
Diameter of bar = 20 mm
Provided Steel Area = 1256.6 mm2
> 858.0 mm2 O.K
< 26400.0 mm2 O.K
Punching Shear Check for Column
Cross-section area X = 508750 mm2
Cross-section area Y = 243750 mm2
Average steel % = 0.33 %
Average thickness = 475 mm
(400/d)^1/4 = 0.96

Shearing capacity = 0.79(100As/(bd)^1/3)(fcu/25)^1/3(400/d)^4)/(m)


= 0.4464 N/mm2

Check for the case if the critical section occurs at k = 1.5 d from column face
Enhanced shear factor = 1
Enhanced shear capacity,
= 0.45 N/mm2
vc'
The dimension of effective critical sections
B' = B + 2 x k x d = 1687.5 mm
L' = L + 2 x k x d = 1762.5 mm
Number of piles bounded
= 2 Nos
in the section
Punching shear force in
= 0 kN
the effective section
Punching shear stress = 0.000 N/mm2
> 0.45 N/mm2 O.K
Ultimate Shear
Shear stress = Ultimate Axial Load/ Column Perimeter*d
= 1.033 N/mm2
< 4.382 N/mm2 (0.8(fcu)^0.5 or 5) O.K
Flexural Shear Check for Piles
Un-enhanced shear capacity in X direction
Average steel % = 0.33 %
Thickness = 462.5 mm
(400/d)^1/4 = 0.96
Shearing capacity in X
= 0.79(100As/(bd)^1/3)(fcu/25)^1/3(400/d)^4)/(m)
direction
= 0.45 N/mm2

Flexural shear check in X direction


Cl
The flexural shear is checked at section, av = 0.5 d from the left portion of the pile cap
3.7.7.4
Note: av is the distance from the edge of the loaded area to the perimeter considered
Region covered from left = 168.75 mm
Enhanced shear factor = 3
Enhanced shear capacity,
= 1.35 N/mm2
vc'
Number of piles bounded
= 0 Nos
in the section

Flexural shear stress, V/bd = 0 N/mm2


< 1.35 N/mm2 O.K