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# MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

MATHEMATICS

## Time Allowed: 3 hours

(An extra 10 minutes is allowed for reading this paper.)

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Write your Index Number on the front page and inside the back flap of the Answer Booklet.

## 2. Write all your answers in the Answer Booklet provided.

3. If you use extra sheets of paper, be sure to show clearly the question number(s) being answered
and to tie each sheet in your Answer Booklet at the appropriate places. Ensure that your Index
Number is written on the extra sheets.

4. Answer all the questions with a blue or black ballpoint pen or ink pen. Do not use red ink. You
may use a pencil only for drawing.

## 5. You may use a calculator, provided it is silent, battery-operated and non-programmable.

6. There are three sections in this paper. All the sections are compulsory. Note the choice
between Question 2 and Question 3 in Section C.

Note: The required tables and formulae which may be useful during the examination are
given on Pages 11 to 14.

SUMMARY OF QUESTIONS

## SECTION GUIDELINES MARK SUGGESTED

TIME
A There are ten questions. 25 45 minutes
All the questions are compulsory.

## B There are five questions. 60 108 minutes

All the questions are compulsory.

## C There are three questions. 15 27 minutes

Answer Question 1 and either Question 2
or Question 3.

2.

## SECTION A [25 marks]

The ten questions in this section are all compulsory. Each question is worth 2 marks.
Show all your working clearly and logically. Marks will be awarded for appropriate
methods and partially correct working.

QUESTION 1

## Evaluate the following limits:

x3 6
(a) lim (1 mark)
x 3 7x

7x 3
(b) lim (1 marks)
x x 9

QUESTION 2
2
z

The formula n 2 is used to find sample sizes required to estimate .
e

(a) What does e represent in the formula? ( mark)

## (b) What does z represent in the formula? (1 mark)

2
(c) When finding the sample size, n, all fractional values are rounded up to the
next whole number.

What is the significance of rounding up the answer to the next whole number? (1 mark)

QUESTION 3

Use mathematical induction to prove that the following formula is valid for all (2 marks)
positive integers, n.

n 1 n
8 72 ....................................... 8 9 9 1

QUESTION 4

## Find the values of the constants A and B in the expression (2 marks)

5x A 2x B

( x 2)( x 2 1) x2 x2 1

3.

QUESTION 5

## The functions f and g are defined as

2
f ( x) x and g ( x) x 5

## (b) State the domain of g (x) . (1 mark)

QUESTION 6

sin 7
Prove that tan 2 tan 5 (2 marks)
cos 2 cos 5

QUESTION 7

5
Express the complex number in the form a bi (2 marks)
2i

QUESTION 8

12
1
Find the constant term in the expansion of 3x 2 by the Binomial Theorem. (2 marks)
x

QUESTION 9

dy
Use implicit differentiation to find if 3x 2 5 y 4 x 3 (2 marks)
dx

QUESTION 10

Turn Over

4.

## SECTION B [60 marks]

The five questions in this section are all compulsory. Each question is worth 12 marks.
Show all your working clearly. Marks will be awarded for appropriate methods and
partially correct working.

## QUESTION 1 FUNCTIONS, LIMITS, CONTINUITY (12 marks)

AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

(a) Sketch the graph of y ( x 2) 3 (1 x) 2 . Clearly show all the intercepts, (3 marks)
turning points and the point of inflection.

f (x)

x
-2 0 2 4 6 8 10

## (iii) is equal to 6. ( mark)

( x 3)( x 1)
(c) A rational function is given by f ( x )
( x 1)( x 2)

5.

## QUESTION 2 SEQUENCE AND TRIGONOMETRY (12 marks)

n4
(a) A sequence an is defined by an
2n

(i) Write down the first two terms of the sequence. (1 mark)

(ii) Prove that the sequence is decreasing by showing that an1 an 0 (3 marks)

## (i) Express y 2sin 2cos in the form r cos( ) where (3 marks)

is an acute angle in degrees.

(ii) Hence, give the coordinates of the minimum value of the function (1 mark)
y 2sin 2cos for 0 360

## QUESTION 3 COMPLEX NUMBERS (12 marks)

b b 2 4ac
(a) Use the quadratic formula x to solve x 2 2 x 5 (2 marks)
2a
where x Z .

## (iii) Convert w into polar form. (1 mark)

.
(iv) Hence, evaluate w3 using De Moivres Theorem. (2 marks)

2
(c) Solve the equation z 64(cos 90 i sin 90) obtaining two distinct (4 marks)
complex roots. Express your answers in rectangular form.

Turn Over

## MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, FY13CE 2016: MATHEMATICS.

6.

SECTION B (continued)

## QUESTION 4 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (12 marks)

(a) An experiment consists of rolling 2 fair dice and observing the numbers on the
uppermost faces.
Die 2
1 2 3 4 5 6

## 6 (6, 1) (6, 2) (6, 3) (6, 4) (6, 5) (6, 6)

A is the event that the number on the first die is a factor of 8 and
B is the event that the product of the numbers is 30.

## (i) Explain why events A and B are mutually exclusive. (1 mark)

(ii) What is the probability that event A or B occurs? (1 mark)

(b) If 20% of the light bulbs produced by a machine are defective, determine the (2 marks)
probability that out of a sample of 4 randomly chosen light bulbs none will be
defective.

(c) In hypothesis testing, what is meant by the phrase level of significance? (1 mark)

(d) A researcher claims that Fijian families use an average of 20 coconuts per
month with standard deviation of 6.

## Test the null hypothesis H 0 : 20 against the alternative hypothesis (4 marks)

H a : 20 if a random sample of 64 Fijian families is found to consume an
average of 19 coconuts per month. Use a 0.05 level of significance and state

## (e) X has a normal distribution with mean = 70.

Given P( X 80) 0.11 , find the standard deviation. (3 marks)

7.

## QUESTION 5 CALCULUS I (12 marks)

(a) The area of the region bounded by the curve g ( x) x3 , the x-axis and the line
x = 3 is shown below.
y
g ( x) x 3

3 0
x

## Given y 2 x ln x 1 7e3 , find

dy
(b) (3 marks)
dx

x
(c) Find dx (3 marks)
3e x

(d) A 5 m long plank is leaning against a vertical wall at an angle with the
horizontal surface, as shown below. The bottom of the plank is 1 m from
the wall.

(Not to Scale)

plank wall
5m

1m

If the bottom of the plank is pulled horizontally away from the wall at a
constant rate of 0.5 m/s, at what rate will decrease after 4 s ? (3 marks)

Turn Over
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, FY13CE 2016: MATHEMATICS.
8.

## SECTION C [15 marks]

There are three questions in this section. Answer Question 1 and either Question 2 or
Question 3. Each question is worth 7 marks. Show all your working clearly and logically.
Marks will be awarded for appropriate methods and partially correct working.

## QUESTION 1 (COMPULSORY) CALCULUS II (7 marks)

1
a) Find dx by using the trigonometric substitution x 2 cos . (2 marks)
x2
1
4

(b) The region bounded by the line y x and the x - axis between x 2 and
x 4 is shown in the graph below.
y
yx

x
2 4

b
2
Using the formula V = y dx , find the volume of the solid generated (2 marks)
a
when the shaded region is rotated through one complete revolution about
the x-axis.

(c) The growth rate of a certain population is proportional to the number (N) alive
dN
at any time (t), that is N.
dt

Show that the number present at any time is given by N N 0 e k t , where (3 marks)
N 0 is the initial number present and k is a constant.

9.

EITHER

## (a) Two vectors ~a and ~

b are defined as:

~a = 6i 2 j 4k and ~
b = 9i 3 j 6k

(i) Find ~
a (1 mark)

~

b (1 mark)

b (1 marks)

## (b) The parametric form of the equation of a line is given as

x 1 4

y 2 t 5
z 3 6

(i) Give the coordinates of a point that lies on this line. ( mark)

## (ii) Give a direction vector of this line. ( mark)

(c) If A is the point (12, 3, 4) and B is the point ( 6, 12, 5), find the (2 marks)
AP 2
coordinates of point P on the line AB given that
AB 9

Turn Over

## MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, FY13CE 2016: MATHEMATICS.

10.

SECTION C (continued)

OR

## (a) Express the following formula in BASIC:

D b 2 4ac (2 marks)

(b) Study the BASIC program given below and answer the questions that follow:

## 10 INPUT Enter the mark scored out of 100; mark

20 IF mark < 50 THEN GOTO 40
30 IF mark > = 50 THEN GOTO 60
40 PRINT You have failed this subject
50 GOTO 70
60 PRINT You have passed this subject
70 END

## (ii) What is the purpose of this program? ( mark)

(iii) In this program the command GOTO is used. What is the significance (1 mark)
of this command?

THE END

________________________
COPYRIGHT: MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, FIJI, 2016
11.

Formulae

1. Trigonometry

## tan A tan B 2 tan A

tan (A B) tan (2A)
1 tan A tan B 1 tan 2 A

sin(A B) sin A cos B cos A sin B cos(A B) cos A cos B sin A sin B

2 2
cos sin 1 tan 2 1 sec 2

sin
tan sin 2 2 sin cos
cos

2. Vectors

~ ~
a1 b1 mB nA
P
a a2 , b b2
~ ~ mn
a b
3 3
then

## ~ b a1b1 a2b2 a3b3

a .~

b~
a .~
~ a~
b cos

Equation of a line

## Equation of a line through A

(position vector ~a ) and
parallel to b is
~

~r ~
a t ~
b

3. Series

r r
r 1 2 r 1 6
12.

z (cos i sin )
n x n x
P (X x) p q
z x2 y 2 x

y n n!
tan
x r r !n r !

6. Calculus

## f.g ' f '.g f.g ' f

'
g.f ' f.g '

g g2
Integration by parts

u dv uv v du

## Derivatives of Functions Indefinite Integrals

dy
y = f (x) dx
or f ' (x) f (x) f (x) dx
xn 1
xn nx n 1
xn n 1
1
ln x 1 ln x
x
x
x
e ax ae ax 1 sin 1
2 2 a
a x
sin x cos x 1 x
1 tan 1
2 2
a a
x a
cos x sin x

tan x 2
sec x
13.
14.