The power of Network Installation Manager

Easily install, upgrade, and maintain AIX systems

Uma Chandolu October 30, 2007
Puneet Mahajan

Get step-by-step instructions for configuring a Network Installation Manager server and clients
using the smitty tool. If you have an environment with many AIX® systems, then you know that
installing, upgrading, and maintaining the software can take a considerable amount of time. The
AIX Network Installation Manager can help you with installation and software maintenance in a
client and server environment.

Introduction
In an environment with many AIX® systems, installing, upgrading, and maintaining software
can become cumbersome and time consuming. Network Installation Manager provides an
easy, efficient way to install, upgrade, and even maintain your AIX systems over the network,
while reducing down time. You can use Network Installation Manager to remotely manage AIX
installations and upgrades on several systems without using AIX CDs.

You can also use Network Installation Manager to install several AIX machines simultaneously.
Network Installation Manager filesets are included in the base AIX CDs. The Network Installation
Manager client fileset gets installed with the standard AIX installation, but the server filesets need
to be installed separately from the CD.

Configuring a Network Installation Manager server
To configure a Network Installation Manager server:

1. Log in as root.
2. Run the following command to ensure that these filesets are installed:
# lslpp -l | grep nim

bos.sysmgt.nim.client 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager -
bos.sysmgt.nim.master 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager -
bos.sysmgt.nim.spot 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager – SPOT

If the above filesets are not installed, install them from Volume 1 of the AIX base CDs before
proceeding.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 Trademarks
The power of Network Installation Manager Page 1 of 7

Select Configure the Network Installation Manager Environment.developerWorks® ibm. as follows: 1. Creating a Network Installation Manager Master 2.com/developerWorks/ 3. Configuration of Network Installation Manager 3. Figure 2. Enter: # smitty nim Figure 1. Select Configure a Basic Network Installation Manager Environment (Easy Startup) to get the following menu. and you should see the panel shown below. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 2 of 7 . Create a Network Installation Manager Master.

Figure 4. it's en0. Select the network interface that you are using to put your system on the network. To select Primary Network Interface for the Network Installation Manager Master. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 3 of 7 . Configure a Basic Network Installation Manager Environment 4. use the F4 function key. as highlighted below.com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® Figure 3. as shown below. It lists the network interfaces. Volume 1 of the base AIX CDs is in the CD-ROM drive of the system.ibm. Primary Network Interface for the Network Installation Manager Master 5. In this example.

or even use a directory under an existing file system. Log in as root. but you can change it to something more meaningful so that you can easily identify it. you can use the name LPP53- TL06 instead of the default name. the lpp_source name has the name lpp_source1. In this example. By default.3-TL06 CDs to create lpp_source. You can create your own file system. For example. then the Network Installation Manager Master server has to be at. LPP_SOURCE Directory The directory where the lppsource resides on your Network Installation Manager server. Configuring a Network Installation Manager client 1. If it fails.3-TL06. Every resource has a unique identifiable name. Network Installation Manager creates this file system. it will be in /export/lpp_source. By default.3-TL06 lpp_source. or above. you can change it to wherever you choose. 2. as the lppsource AIX image it is serving. If the above runs successfully. Leave everything else as the default and press Enter. It contains AIX licensed program products in backup file format. (If it doesn’t exist. it should create a Network Installation Manager server environment on this system.com/developerWorks/ Figure 5. if you are creating an AIX 5. then the /smit.) However. Enter: # smitty nim The power of Network Installation Manager Page 4 of 7 . The Network Installation Manager Master server AIX level should always be higher or at the same level. AIX 5.log should have a message about why it failed. if you used AIX 5. Volume 1 of the base AIX CDs Also on this panel are: LPP_SOURCE Name An lpp_source is a directory similar to AIX installation CDs.developerWorks® ibm.

enter the hostname of the client. This example uses en0. Select Configure Network Installation Manager Client Fileset. For Primary Network Install Interface. press F4 to get the network interface that you want to use for the Network Installation Manager Master client. 3. Figure 7. as shown below. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 5 of 7 .com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® The following menu appears (see Figure 6).ibm. 4. and you should see the following panel. Figure 6. The Network Installation Manager Master client menu is different from the Network Installation Manager Master server menu. 5. For Machine Name.

Leave all the other defaults and press Enter. give the host name (fully qualified) of the Network Installation Manager Master server.developerWorks® ibm. For Host Name Network Install Master.com/developerWorks/ Figure 8. At this point. your Network Installation Manager Master client configuration should be complete. 6. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 6 of 7 .

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 (www.com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® Related topics • Installing with Network Installation Management: Get more NIM information here.shtml) Trademarks (www. • AIX and UNIX®: The AIX and UNIX developerWorks zone provides a wealth of information relating to all aspects of AIX systems administration and expanding your UNIX skills.ibm. • Search the AIX and UNIX library by topic: • System administration • Application development • Performance • Porting • Security • Tips • Tools and utilities • Java™ technology • Linux® • Open source • IBM® trial software: Build your next development project with software for download directly from developerWorks. • AIX Wiki: Discover a collaborative environment for technical information related to AIX.ibm.ibm.com/developerworks/ibm/trademarks/) The power of Network Installation Manager Page 7 of 7 .com/legal/copytrade.