The power of Network Installation Manager

Easily install, upgrade, and maintain AIX systems

Uma Chandolu October 30, 2007
Puneet Mahajan

Get step-by-step instructions for configuring a Network Installation Manager server and clients
using the smitty tool. If you have an environment with many AIX® systems, then you know that
installing, upgrading, and maintaining the software can take a considerable amount of time. The
AIX Network Installation Manager can help you with installation and software maintenance in a
client and server environment.

Introduction
In an environment with many AIX® systems, installing, upgrading, and maintaining software
can become cumbersome and time consuming. Network Installation Manager provides an
easy, efficient way to install, upgrade, and even maintain your AIX systems over the network,
while reducing down time. You can use Network Installation Manager to remotely manage AIX
installations and upgrades on several systems without using AIX CDs.

You can also use Network Installation Manager to install several AIX machines simultaneously.
Network Installation Manager filesets are included in the base AIX CDs. The Network Installation
Manager client fileset gets installed with the standard AIX installation, but the server filesets need
to be installed separately from the CD.

Configuring a Network Installation Manager server
To configure a Network Installation Manager server:

1. Log in as root.
2. Run the following command to ensure that these filesets are installed:
# lslpp -l | grep nim

bos.sysmgt.nim.client 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager -
bos.sysmgt.nim.master 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager -
bos.sysmgt.nim.spot 5.3.0.50 COMMITTED Network Install Manager – SPOT

If the above filesets are not installed, install them from Volume 1 of the AIX base CDs before
proceeding.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 Trademarks
The power of Network Installation Manager Page 1 of 7

The power of Network Installation Manager Page 2 of 7 . Configuration of Network Installation Manager 3. as follows: 1. and you should see the panel shown below.developerWorks® ibm. Create a Network Installation Manager Master.com/developerWorks/ 3. Select Configure a Basic Network Installation Manager Environment (Easy Startup) to get the following menu. Creating a Network Installation Manager Master 2. Figure 2. Select Configure the Network Installation Manager Environment. Enter: # smitty nim Figure 1.

it's en0. It lists the network interfaces. as shown below.com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® Figure 3. use the F4 function key.ibm. Configure a Basic Network Installation Manager Environment 4. as highlighted below. Primary Network Interface for the Network Installation Manager Master 5. Select the network interface that you are using to put your system on the network. In this example. Volume 1 of the base AIX CDs is in the CD-ROM drive of the system. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 3 of 7 . To select Primary Network Interface for the Network Installation Manager Master. Figure 4.

then the /smit. you can use the name LPP53- TL06 instead of the default name.3-TL06. you can change it to wherever you choose.developerWorks® ibm. or even use a directory under an existing file system. if you used AIX 5. In this example. If the above runs successfully.com/developerWorks/ Figure 5. it should create a Network Installation Manager server environment on this system. For example. but you can change it to something more meaningful so that you can easily identify it. then the Network Installation Manager Master server has to be at. the lpp_source name has the name lpp_source1.3-TL06 CDs to create lpp_source.3-TL06 lpp_source.log should have a message about why it failed. AIX 5. By default. Log in as root. Volume 1 of the base AIX CDs Also on this panel are: LPP_SOURCE Name An lpp_source is a directory similar to AIX installation CDs. The Network Installation Manager Master server AIX level should always be higher or at the same level. LPP_SOURCE Directory The directory where the lppsource resides on your Network Installation Manager server. or above. It contains AIX licensed program products in backup file format. Network Installation Manager creates this file system. You can create your own file system. it will be in /export/lpp_source. Leave everything else as the default and press Enter. Enter: # smitty nim The power of Network Installation Manager Page 4 of 7 . 2. if you are creating an AIX 5. By default. If it fails. (If it doesn’t exist. Every resource has a unique identifiable name. Configuring a Network Installation Manager client 1.) However. as the lppsource AIX image it is serving.

This example uses en0. as shown below. Figure 6. For Machine Name. The power of Network Installation Manager Page 5 of 7 . 5. The Network Installation Manager Master client menu is different from the Network Installation Manager Master server menu.com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® The following menu appears (see Figure 6). press F4 to get the network interface that you want to use for the Network Installation Manager Master client. For Primary Network Install Interface. enter the hostname of the client.ibm. and you should see the following panel. Figure 7. 4. 3. Select Configure Network Installation Manager Client Fileset.

The power of Network Installation Manager Page 6 of 7 .com/developerWorks/ Figure 8. 6. At this point.developerWorks® ibm. For Host Name Network Install Master. give the host name (fully qualified) of the Network Installation Manager Master server. Leave all the other defaults and press Enter. your Network Installation Manager Master client configuration should be complete.

com/legal/copytrade.com/developerWorks/ developerWorks® Related topics • Installing with Network Installation Management: Get more NIM information here.shtml) Trademarks (www. • AIX Wiki: Discover a collaborative environment for technical information related to AIX. • Search the AIX and UNIX library by topic: • System administration • Application development • Performance • Porting • Security • Tips • Tools and utilities • Java™ technology • Linux® • Open source • IBM® trial software: Build your next development project with software for download directly from developerWorks. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 (www.ibm.ibm. • AIX and UNIX®: The AIX and UNIX developerWorks zone provides a wealth of information relating to all aspects of AIX systems administration and expanding your UNIX skills.ibm.com/developerworks/ibm/trademarks/) The power of Network Installation Manager Page 7 of 7 .