Sie sind auf Seite 1von 6

Designation: E 1335 04e1

Standard Test Methods for


Determination of Gold in Bullion by Cupellation1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation E 1335; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

e1 NOTEEditorial changes were made throughout the text in February 2006.

1. Scope Methods for Chemical Analysis of Metals3


1.1 These test methods cover cupellation analysis of bullion E 882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the
having chemical compositions within the following limits: Chemical Analysis Laboratory
Element Concentration Range, %
E 1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to
Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
Gold 0.5 to 4.0 and 20.0 to 99.0 E 1763 Guide for Interpretation and Use of Results from
Silver 1.0 to 99.5
Total gold plus silver 75.0 to 100.0
Interlaboratory Testing of Chemical Analysis Methods
1.2 These test methods appear in the following order: 3. Terminology
Sections 3.1 Definitions:
20.099.0 % gold 10-16
3.1.1 annealinga thermal treatment to change the proper-
0.54.0 % gold 17-21 ties or grain structure of the product.
98.999.8 % gold 22-28 3.1.2 cupela small, shallow, porous cup, usually made of
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the bone ash or magnesite.
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the 3.1.3 cupellationan oxidizing fusion of lead, sample base
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- metals and gold, and silver in a cupel. The lead is oxidized to
priate safety and health practices and determine the applica- litharge (PbO); other base metals which may be present, such
bility of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific safety as copper and tin, are oxidized as well. The oxidized metals are
hazards, see Section 8. absorbed into the cupel, leaving a gold and silver dor bead on
the cupel surface.
2. Referenced Documents 3.1.4 dor beada gold and silver alloy bead which results
2.1 ASTM Standards: 2 from cupellation.
B 562 Specification for Refined Gold 3.1.5 inquartationthe addition of silver to an assay
E 29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to sample to facilitate parting.
Determine Conformance with Specifications 3.1.6 partingseparating silver from gold by selectively
E 50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Consid- dissolving the silver in acid, usually nitric acid.
erations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and 3.1.7 proofa synthetic standard having a composition
Related Materials similar to the test sample.
E 135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for 3.1.8 proof correctionanalyzing the proof concurrently
Metals, Ores, and Related Materials with the test sample and using the results to correct the final
E 173 Practice for Conducting Interlaboratory Studies of assay.
3.1.9 For definitions of other terms, refer to Terminology
E 135.
1
These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E01 on
Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials and are the direct 4. Significance and Use
responsibility of Subcommittee E01.03 on Precious Metals. 4.1 These test methods are intended for the determination of
Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2004. Published November 2004. Originally
approved in 1990. Last previous edition approved in 2003 as E 1335 03. the gold content of gold and silver bullion. It is assumed that all
2
For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or who use these test methods are trained assayers capable of
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standards Document Summary page on
the ASTM website. 3
Withdrawn.

Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

1
E 1335 04e1
performing common fire assay procedures skillfully and safely. 9.2 Prepare shot samples from molten metal poured into
It is expected that work will be performed in a properly water. Use only whole single pieces between 1 and 3 mm in
equipped laboratory. diameter.
9.3 Pin tube samples are prepared from molten metal drawn
5. Interferences
into vacuum-evacuated glass tubes. Break the glass and inspect
5.1 If the bullion contains any of the following elements in the samples to ensure that they are not hollow and that they are
excess of the concentrations shown, the accuracy and precision free from slag and inclusions.
requirements of these test methods may not be achieved. 9.3.1 Roll the samples lengthwise on a clean rolling mill to
Element Maximum Level, % 0.127 mm (0.005 in.), then clean them with alcohol.
Arsenic 2.0
9.3.2 Cut the strip into horizontal slices to obtain the desired
Antimony 2.0 sample weight.
Bismuth 2.0 9.4 Drillings are not usually representative of a melt. If bar
Iron 2.0
Nickel 2.0
drillings are to be analyzed, obtain them as directed in
Platinum group, total (Ir, Os, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ru) 0.01 Specification B 562.
Selenium 2.0
Tellurium 2.0 TEST METHOD A
Thallium 2.0
Tungsten 0.5
Zinc 5.0 10. Scope
6. Apparatus 10.1 This test method covers cupellation analysis of gold in
bullion containing 20.0 to 99.0 % gold and 1.0 to 80.0 % silver.
6.1 Assay FurnaceCapable of temperatures up to 1100C,
accurate to 610C, with draft controls. 11. Summary of Test Method
6.2 CupelsMagnesite (MgCO3) or bone ash.
6.3 Hammer. 11.1 A preliminary assay is performed to estimate the
6.4 Hammering Block. approximate gold content and approximate gold plus silver
6.5 Rolling Mill. content. Other methods such as XRF, ICP, DCP or AAS can
6.6 Analytical BalanceCapable of weighing to 0.01 mg. also be used for a preliminary assay if they have been shown
6.7 Parting BasketPlatinum basket of porcelain gooch to have an accuracy of better than 6 1 % for Au and 6 2 % for
crucibles in stainless steel basket/vessel. Ag. The sample is weighed and silver or copper, or both, added
6.7.1 Gooch Porcelain Crucible13 mL capacity, bottom if necessary. The sample is wrapped in lead foil and cupelled to
ID 18 mn, top ID 29 mn. remove base metals, then parted in nitric acid. The insoluble
6.7.2 Stainless Steel Basket316 stainless steel portion is weighed to determine the gold content. Proof
6.7.2.1 parting basket (99 X 69 X 1.259) standards are used for correction of systematic gravimetric
6.7.2.2 parting vessel (109 X 6.759 X 49) errors.
6.7.2.3 parting vessel lid 12. Approximate Assay
7. Reagents 12.1 Perform a preliminary assay first on the test sample to
7.1 Copper Metal, 99.9 % purity, minimum. establish a suitable composition for the proof correction
7.2 Gold Metal, 99.99 % purity, minimum. standard and inquarting silver.
7.2.1 Gold metal, 99.999 % purity, minimum for Method C 12.2 Approximate Gold Plus Silver ContentWeigh one
only. 500 6 2-mg sample to the nearest 0.1 mg. Weigh a portion of
7.3 Lead Foil, 99.99 % purity, min (0.001 % silver, maxi- lead foil in accordance with the following:
mum). Estimated Total Gold Plus Silver, % Weight of Lead Foil, g
7.4 Silver Metal, 99.9 % purity, min (0.001 % gold, maxi-
95.0100.0 5.0
mum). 75.095.0 10.0

8. Hazards 12.2.1 Wrap the sample in the lead foil.


8.1 For precautions to be observed in the use of certain 12.2.2 CupellationThe cupels are placed in rows in the
reagents and equipment these test methods refer to Practices section of the furnace having the most uniform temperature
E 50. gradient. After the lead foil packets are prepared, place them in
8.2 Use care when handling hot crucibles and operating the assay furnace on cupels which have been preheated to
furnaces to avoid personal injury by either burn or electrical 900C for 10 min with the draft slightly open. The furnace
shock. temperature is correct if the dark crust which forms over the
8.3 Lead and litharge (PbO) are toxic materials and are melted lead packet disappears within a few minutes. A typical
volatile at low temperatures. Avoid inhalation, ingestion, or temperature to produce such reasonably rapid opening up of
skin contact. the samples is 900C.
12.2.3 After the lead packets have opened up adjust the
9. Sampling airflow through the furnace. The temperature must be main-
9.1 Use shot or pin tube samples. Brush the samples to tained high enough to prevent the button from freezing (the
remove any adhering glass or flux. solidification of molten litharge on the button surface).

2
E 1335 04e1
12.2.4 Keep the cupels in the furnace until all traces of lead G a = approximate gold, %,
have disappeared. This time depends on the amount of lead C = weight of gold, g, and
used, the furnace temperature, and the airflow (Note 1). W = weight of sample, g.
Remove the cupels and slowly cool them to room temperature 12.4 Approximate Silver ContentCalculate the approxi-
either by placing cupels at the entrance of the furnace with the mate silver content as follows:
door open or by placing a warmed metal spatula on top of the Sa 5 T a 2 G a (3)
cupels.
where:
NOTE 1Occasionally at the end of the cupellation process, the beads
will visibly brighten or flash. This is a result of the sudden release of the
S a = approximate silver, %,
latent heat of fusion as the lead-free bead solidifies. Ta = approximate total gold plus silver, % (12.2.6), and
Ga = approximate gold, % (12.3).
12.2.5 Remove the test sample dor beads from the cupels 12.5 Approximate Base Metal Content Calculate the ap-
and clean any adhering cupel material from them with a stiff proximate base metal content, as follows:
brush. (see 14.4.) Ma 5 100 2 Ta (4)
12.2.6 Weigh the dor bead to the nearest 0.1 mg and
calculate the approximate gold plus silver content as follows: where:
Ta 5 ~D/V! 3 100 (1) M a = approximate base metal content, %, and
Ta = approximate gold plus silver, % (12.2.6).
where:
T a = approximate total gold plus silver, %, 13. Proof Standard Preparation
D = weight of the dor bead, g, and 13.1 Prepare two proof standards, each containing gold,
V = weight of the sample, g.
silver, and copper in the amounts listed as follows. Wrap each
12.3 Approximate Gold ContentWeigh one 500 6 2-mg
proof in lead foil in accordance with 12.2 and proceed to
test sample to the nearest 0.1 mg. Add 1.25 6 0.05 g of
12.2.2.
inquarting silver and 0.05 6 0.010 g copper. Wrap the sample
13.1.1 GoldThe weight of gold must be within 65 mg of
with additions in lead foil as directed in 12.2.
the approximate gold content (12.3). Weigh the gold to the
12.3.1 Cupel as directed in 12.2.2-12.2.4.
nearest 0.01 mg and use this weight for calculating the proof
12.3.2 Remove the test samples and any proof beads from
correction (15.3).
the cupels, place them on edge and tap them lightly with a
13.1.2 SilverThe weight of inquarting silver is 2.5 times
hammer to loosen any adhering cupel material. Remove the
the approximate gold content (12.3). Weigh the silver to the
remaining traces of cupel material with a stiff brush.
nearest 10 mg.
12.3.3 Form CoronetFlatten the beads for the gold deter-
13.1.3 CopperIf the approximate base metal content
mination on an anvil with a hammer and taper the edges to
(12.5) of the sample is less than 1 %, add 0.056 0.01 g of
facilitate rolling.
copper metal to each proof. If the approximate base metal
12.3.4 Anneal the flattened beads to a temperature of 650 to
content is greater than 1 %, the amount of copper is equal to the
700C. Pass the beads through a rolling mill to form an
approximate base metal content. Weigh the copper to the
elongated strip about 10 cm long and 0.005 to 0.01 cm in
nearest 10 mg.
thickness, maintaining a uniform thickness throughout the
batch of samples. Reanneal the strips and then roll each into a
14. Procedure
loose spiral (or coronet) with the bottom side facing outward.
12.3.5 Parting: 14.1 Proof Corrected AssayThis is the final assay for the
12.3.5.1 Place each coronet in a suitable parting container gold, incorporating corrections for any material losses.
(50-mL porcelain crucible, 50-mL Florence flask, or 50-mL 14.2 Test Sample PreparationWeigh three 500 6 2-mg
Erlenmeyer flask). Add 25 mL of HNO3 (1 + 2) and heat at just test samples to the nearest 0.01 mg. Add weighed portions of
below the boiling point for 45 min, or until the evolution of inquarting silver as follows:
NOx fumes has ceased. The coronet must remain completely Sw 5 [~2.5 3 G a! 2 Sa# 3 X/100 (5)
immersed throughout the parting process. Decant and discard
the solution. where:
12.3.5.2 Add 25 mL of HNO3 (2 + 1) and heat at just below S w = weight of silver to be added, g 6 0.05 g,
Ga = approximate gold, % (12.3),
the boiling point for 45 min. The coronet must remain
Sa = approximate silver, % (12.4), and
completely immersed throughout the parting process. Decant X = sample weight, g (14.2).
and wash the gold three times with 25 mL of water. If less than 1 % of base metals are present in the unknown,
12.3.5.3 Dry the gold on a hotplate, then anneal it to add 0.05 6 0.010 g of copper metal to each sample. Weigh
between 650 and 700C. Cool the gold and weigh to the nearest three portions of lead foil in accordance with 12.2 and wrap
0.1 mg. each sample in a portion of the foil.
12.3.5.4 Calculate the approximate gold content as follows: 14.3 Cupel as directed in 12.2.2. Alternate the three test
Ga 5 ~C/W! 3 100 (2) samples with the two proof standards in each row.
14.4 Remove the test samples and any proof beads from the
where:
cupels, place them on edge and tap them lightly with a hammer

3
E 1335 04e1
to loosen any adhering cupel material. Remove the remaining The best estimate of the reproducibility derived from all six test
traces of cupel material with a stiff brush. materials is R2 = 0.13 % gold.
14.5 Form the coronets as directed in 12.3.3. 16.2 BiasProof correction is used to compensate for
14.6 Part the test samples and proofs as directed in 12.3.5. systematic gravimetric bias in this test method. No information
For accurate results, the parting conditions for the proofs and on the absolute bias of this test method is available. Users may
samples must be as close as possible. To this end, use of a verify the accuracy of this procedure by the use of reference
parting basket or use of individual Bunsen Burners to control materials, if available.
the time and temperature of the parting is recommended.
TEST METHOD B
NOTE 2Parting solutions may be retained to check the gold content by
instrumental methods. 17. Scope
15. Calculation (Proof-Corrected Assay) 17.1 This test method covers the determination of gold in
15.1 Calculate the average percent gold. For each gold bullion estimated to contain from 0.5 to 4.0 % gold and 75.0 to
determination sample calculate as follows: 99.5 % silver.
Gu 5 ~O/Z! 3 100 (6) 18. Summary of Test Method
where: 18.1 The sample is weighed and cupelled to remove base
G u = gold, uncorrected, %, metals and is then parted in nitric acid. The insoluble part is
O = weight of gold found, g, and weighed to determine the gold content. Synthetic test standards
Z = weight of sample, g. prepared from pure metals are tested concurrently to monitor
15.2 Average the three replicates Gu. systematic gravimetric errors.
15.3 Calculate the proof correction, P, for each gold deter-
mination proof standard as follows: 19. Procedure
P 5 Q/O (7) 19.1 Sample Weighing:
19.1.1 Weigh three replicates of each test sample to the
where: nearest 0.01 mg and in accordance with the following:
P = proof correction, Estimated Gold, % Sample Weight, g
Q = weight of gold added, g, and 0.52.0 2.983.02
O = weight of gold found, g. 2.04.0 1.982.02

A successful analysis should have proof corrections falling 19.1.2 Wrap each replicate in 10 g of lead foil and seal it
between 0.99XX and 1.00XX. (See supporting data RR:E01- securely.
1010 and ASTM proficiency test program for Au in bullion.) 19.2 Test Standard WeighingFor each batch of test
15.4 Average the two proof standard corrections, P. samples assayed, prepare a minimum of two test standards with
15.5 Calculate the proof-corrected gold percent as follows: pure gold and silver, at concentration ratios within the range of
Gc 5 Gu 3 P (8) the test samples. Weigh these test standards as directed in
19.1.1 to the nearest 0.01 mg and treat them the same as test
where Gc = gold, corrected, %. samples throughout the analysis.
19.3 Cupellation:
16. Precision and Bias 19.3.1 Place the lead packets containing the test samples
16.1 PrecisionTen laboratories cooperated in testing and test standards in an assay furnace, onto cupels that have
Samples 1 through 4 and seven laboratories in Samples 5 and been preheated for at least 20 min at 900C. Do not use the row
6.4 Their data is summarized in Table 1. Testing and statistical of cupels in the front of the furnace. The furnace temperature
analysis were performed in accordance with Practice E 173. is correct if the dark crust which forms over the melted lead
16.1.1 ReproducibilityThe interlaboratory test data show packet disappears within a few minutes. A temperature of
the error of this test method to be constant throughout its range. 900C is typical to produce a reasonably rapid opening up of
the lead packets.
19.3.2 After the lead packets have opened (the dark crust
has disappeared), adjust the airflow through the furnace. The
4
Supporting data are available from ASTM International Headquarters. Request temperature must be maintained high enough to prevent the
RR:E01-1010. button from freezing (the solidifying of molten litharge on
the button surface).
TABLE 1 Statistical InformationGold (Test Method A)A 19.3.3 Keep the cupels in the furnace until all traces of lead
Test Material Gold Found, % Repeatability, R1 Reproducibility, R2 have disappeared. A typical cupellation time is 15 to 20 min.
1 (21.5 % Ag) 78.392 0.056 0.193 Occasionally at the end of cupellation, the beads will visibly
2 (25.8 % Ag) 73.831 0.073 0.083 brighten or flash. This results from the sudden release of the
3 (23.0 % Ag) 76.484 0.077 0.152
4 (34.0 % Ag) 65.744 0.066 0.123
latent heat of fusion as the lead-free bead solidifies. Remove
5 (0.7 % Ag) 99.060 0.053 0.103 the cupels from the furnace and cover the samples while
6 (67.0 % Ag) 26.350 0.025 0.089 cooling. Tapping the table onto which the cupels have been
A
In accordance with Practice E 173. placed until they cool may prevent sprouting (the formation

4
E 1335 04e1
of a surface growth on the bead due to the expulsion of in accordance with Practice E 173.
dissolved oxygen). If a sample sprouts while cooling, repeat 21.2 BiasNo information on the bias of this test method is
the analysis starting at 19.1. available. Test standards are used to monitor for systematic
19.4 Parting: gravimetric bias. Users may verify the accuracy of this
19.4.1 Remove the cooled beads from the cupels, and clean procedure by the use of reference materials if available.
them with a stiff brush to remove any adhering material.
19.4.2 Place each bead into a suitable parting container 22. Keywords
(such as a 50-mL porcelain crucible, Florence, or Erlenmeyer 22.1 gold and silver bullion; gold content
flask). Add 20 mL of HNO3 (1 + 3), and heat slowly to begin
dissolving the silver. Control the acid temperature to allow for TEST METHOD C
a slow reaction, which prevents the gold particles from
becoming too small. Keep the bead in this solution until all of 23. Scope
the silver has dissolved (1 to 1.5 h). Carefully decant the 23.1 This test method covers the cupellation analysis of
supernatant solution, ensuring that all the gold particles remain gold in grade 99.5 refined gold.
in the container.
19.4.3 Add 25 mL of HNO3 (2 + 1), and heat to approxi- 24. Summary of Test Method
mately 90C for 1 h. Decant the acid and wash the gold three
24.1 The sample is weighed and silver and copper is added.
times with 25 mL of 90C deionized water.
The sample is wrapped in lead foil and cupelled to remove base
19.4.4 Transfer the gold under water to an annealing cup
metals, then parted in nitric acid. The insoluble portion is
and carefully decant the excess water. Dry the cup and gold at
weighed to determine the gold content. Proof standards are
100C to remove all residual moisture, then heat the cup and
used for correction of systematic gravimetric errors.
the gold to 650 to 700C to anneal the gold. Cool the cup with
the gold and weigh the gold to the nearest 0.01 mg. 25. Proof of Standard Preparation
20. Calculation 25.1 Prepare two proof standards, each containing gold,
20.1 Calculate the percent gold as follows: silver and copper in the amounts listed as follows:
25.1.1 GoldWeigh 497.5 + 0.5 mg of gold and use this
Gold, % 5 100~A/B! (9) weight for calculating the proof correction (Section 26).
where: 25.1.2 SilverWeigh 1250 + 10 mg of silver.
A = weight of gold found, g, and 25.1.3 CopperWeigh 20 + 2 mg of copper.
B = weight of sample, g. 25.1.4 Cupel the proof standards together with the test
Average the three replicates. samples (26.2) as directed in 12.2.2.
20.2 Calculate the standard ratios for each of the test 25.1.5 Wrap each proof in lead foil in accordance with 12.2
standards as follows: and proceed to 26.3.
Standard ratio 5 C/D (10)
26. Procedure
where: 26.1 Proof Corrected AssayThis is the final assay for the
C = weight of gold found, g, and gold, incorporating corrections for any material losses or gains.
D = weight of gold at start, g. 26.2 Test Sample Preparation:
A successful analysis should have standard ratios falling 26.2.1 Weigh three 500 + 2-mg test samples to nearest 0.002
between 0.997 and 1.003. If they are outside this range, repeat mg. Add 1250 mg of inquarting silver. Add 20 mg of copper
the analysis starting at 19.1. Do not apply the standard ratios as metal to each sample. Wrap each sample plus the inquarting
proof corrections. silver and copper in a 2.5 gram piece of the foil.
26.3 Cupellation:
21. Precision and Bias 26.3.1 Cupel as directed in 12.2.2 through 12.2.4. Alternate
21.1 PrecisionSeven laboratories cooperated in testing the test samples with the proof standards as directed in 12.2.2.
samples identified as SMAAG 1 to 3.5 Their data are summa- 26.3.2 Remove test sample and proof beads from the cupels,
rized in Table 2. Testing and statistical analysis were performed place them on edge and tap them lightly with a hammer to
loosen any adhering cupel material. Remove the remaining
traces of cupel material with a stiff brush.
5
Supporting data are available from ASTM International Headquarters. Request
26.4 Form Coronets:
RR:E01-1011. 26.4.1 Flatten the cleaned beads on an anvil with a hammer,
tapering the edges to facilitate rolling.
TABLE 2 Statistical InformationGold (Test Method B)A 26.4.2 Anneal to a temperature of 650 to 700C and pass the
Test Material Gold Found, % Repeatability, R1 Reproducibility, R2 beads through a rolling mill to form an elongated strip about
SMAAG 1 0.511 0.0043 0.0054
0.1 cm in thickness. Maintain a uniform thickness throughout
SMAAG 2 1.104 0.0057 0.0102 the batch of samples and proofs. Reanneal the strips and pass
SMAAG 3 3.074 0.0103 0.0248 the beads through a rolling mill to form an elongated strip
A
In accordance with Practice E 173. about 0.005 to 0.01 cm in thickness, maintaining a uniform

5
E 1335 04e1
thickness throughout the batch of samples and proofs. Rean- 27. Calculation
neal the strips and then roll each into a loose spiral (coronet) 27.1 Calculate the average percent gold as directed in 15.1
with the bottom side facing outward. It is important that all to 15.5.
rolled strips are rolled to the same length, width and thickness.
26.5 Parting: 28. Precision and Bias
26.5.1 Add HNO3 (1+2) to a suitable container for the 28.1 PrecisionSeven laboratories cooperated in testing
parting basket and heat to boiling (110C). Add all the samples samples identified as AU1, AU2 and AU3. Their data are
and proofs to a suitable parting basket. Maintain the order of summarized in Table 3. Testing and statistical analysis were
coronets in compartments of the platinum basket or in the performed in accordance with Practice E 1601.
porcelain gooch crucibles in stainless steel basket. Slowly 28.2 BiasProof correction is used to compensate for
place parting basket into acid and heat for 45 minutes or until systematic gravimetric bias in this test method. No information
the evolution of NOx fumes has ceased. The coronets must on the absolute bias of this test method is available. Users may
remain completely immersed throughout the parting process. verify the accuracy of this procedure by use of reference
Remove the basket and rinse with hot deionized water. materials, if available.
26.5.2 Add HNO3 (2+1) to container for the parting basket
and heat to boiling (110C). Place parting basket into acid and 29. Keywords
heat for 45 minutes. The coronet must remain completely 29.1 fire assay; gold and silver bullion; gold content
immersed throughout the parting process. Remove the basket
and rinse four times with hot deionized water. TABLE 3 Statistical InformationGold (Test Method C)
26.5.3 Place the basket (still containing coronets) on paper Test Material Gold Found, % r R
towels to absorb excess water and then on the hot plate and dry.
Then anneal platinum basket or individual porcelain gooch AU1 98.9896 0.0125 0.0350
AU2 99.4847 0.0115 0.0321
crucibles to between 650 and 700C. Cool the gold and weigh AU3 99.7854 0.0193 0.0541
to the nearest 0.002 mg.

ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned
in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk
of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and
if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards
and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the
responsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should
make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.

This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,
United States. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above
address or at 610-832-9585 (phone), 610-832-9555 (fax), or service@astm.org (e-mail); or through the ASTM website
(www.astm.org).