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A

STRUCTURAL DESIGN

REPORT

OF

THE PROPOSED BUILDING OF RESIDENTIAL

OWNER:

Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai

SUBMITTED TO:

Dharan Sub-Metropolitan city, Sunsari

Structural Analysis & Design Report

This report comprises the summary of the residential building Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai. Dharan-

15 Sunsari Nepal. The reports consist of the design procedures adopted, the assumptions made,

the inputs made in the design and the design output. During the design, it is assumed that the

client will completely follow the architectural as well as the structural design. It is also

assumed that the construction will be supervised by professional engineer.

The designer will not be responsible if any alterations to the structural system is made by the

client or the contractor without the prior written permission from the designer, or the

alterations to non-structural system is made such that the weight of each individual floor or the

weight of the whole building is altered by more than 10% of design weight of each floor and

the total weight.

The design calculations and derivations are limited to only a minimum to let the concerned

people know the methodology adopted. However, the calculations may be provided to the

client or concerned authorities when needed, upon request. Hence the building is safe.

Designer

Earthquake Engineer (M.E)

Council No: 4944. “Civil” A

1

Structural Analysis & Design Report

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction 1

2 Salient features 1

4 Preliminary Design 6

5 Final Analysis 7

6 Design Methodology 8

7 Analysis Output 10

8 Design of Members 16

Structural Analysis & Design Report

1.0 Background

This report summarizes structural analysis and design of the Residential building for

Dharan Sub-Metropolitan City. The analysis and design has been based on the prevailing

codes that are in practice in Nepal, the National Building Code of Nepal and the IS codes at

places.

2.0 Salient Features

2.1 Project Information:

Owner : Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai

Building Type : Residential Building

Location : Dharan-15

Plot no. : 8453

Land Area : 0-0-10.25

Plinth Area : 789.59 sq.ft

Type of Structure: RCC Framed Structure

Storey: 2 storey

Storey Height: 3.175m

Total Height: 6.35 m

Soil Type: II (for seismic consideration as per NBC 105)

Seismic Zone Factor: 1.0

Safe Bearing Capacity: 150 KN/m2 (assumed)

1

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Considering Architectural, Economic and strength demands reinforced cement concrete (RCC) is

used as the major structural material. The selected material also confirms the availability and

ease in construction. The concrete grade used is M20 as per Indian Standard Specification. This

material provides minimum grade of structural concrete and favorable for easy production and

quality control as well.

Fe 500 is provided as longitudinal and shear reinforcing in Beams, Columns, foundations, and

slabs wherever RCC is used.

Considerations of material for loading and strength parameter are as detailed below:

Structural Components:

Concrete:

Grade: M20

Characteristic Compressive Strength: 20 N/mm2

Unit Weight: 25.0 KN/m3

Young’s Modulus of Elasticity (E): = 5000 fck N/mm2

≈ 22360680 KN/m2 (for M20)

Steel Reinforcement:

Grade: Fe 500 (for both longitudinal and shear reinforcement)

Non-Structural Components:

Brick wall:

Unit Weight: 18.85 KN/m3

Strength: Not Available

Finishing:

Plaster:

Unit Weight: 20.4 KN/m3

Flooring: Screed + Punning

Unit Weight per meter: 1.2 KN/m2

2

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Number of Storey 2 Storey

Loading in General Structural Self Weight

(Gravity loads) Live Load for residential services

Dead load of finishing materials for floor

Panel walls 250mm & 125mm thick brick walls without openings

125mm thick brick walls with 30% openings

Partition walls 125mm thick (half brick) walls with 30 & 20% openings

Parapet walls 125 mm thick (half brick) wall height 0.8m

Live Load As per IS 875 Part II

Lateral Loading As per NBC 105:1994

The loads distributed over the area are imposed on area element and that distributed over

length are imposed on line element whenever possible.

Where such facility is not feasible, equivalent conversion to different loading distribution is

carried to load the Model near the real case as far as possible.

For lateral load, necessary calculations were performed and checked using NBC 105: 1994

for response spectrum method.

Different load combinations based on Nepal National Codes are developed and used for

design purposes.

Load Combinations:

The load combinations are based on NBC 105: 1994

Static Load Combination:

1.5 DL + 1.5 LL

Seismic Load Combinations:

1.0 DL + 1.3 LL 1.25 EQ

0.9 DL 1.25 EQ

For seismic loading, mass equivalent to the load that composed of 100% of Dead load and 25%

of Live load is taken into consideration.

The Earthquake lateral loads were used in the combination from the Self-Generated Load on the

Seismic coefficient Method.

Modal analysis is carried out using FEM Based three dimensional analyses.

3

Structural Analysis & Design Report

3.1 Introduction

The structure is analyzed for full Finite Element. Beams and columns modeled as frame (line)

elements with five and three internal stations. All floor slabs are modeled as Shell (Area)

elements with sufficient and appropriate meshing. Modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio for

used material i.e. M20 grade concrete (as per Indian Specification) are taken accordingly and

section properties used are based on Preliminary section sizing with consideration for deflection,

minimum size specified and serviceability. Computation for stiffness as a whole is carried out

using FEM based latest software.

Full Modal Analysis is carried out up to twelve modes confirming more than 95 % seismic mass

participation and it is applied for lateral seismic force distribution that generated with NBC 105

based Spectral Function for Soil Type-II.

For Section Design and Check, suitable Load combinations as suggested in NBC105:1994 and if

not covered in that, IS 1893- 2002 is referred with consideration of Envelopes of internal Forces

developed.

Foundation design is carried out to satisfy strength and stability requirements.

3.2 Software used: (Introduction to Analysis software)

The analysis for the structural system was carried out using ETABS 2016 ver 16.0.0 is a product

of computers and structures Inc, Berkeley. It is a FEM based software having facility of RC

Design based on IS-456:2000

Structural response under limit state of serviceability is thoroughly checked. The force and

stiffness relationship resulting the deflection under various load cases and combined action of

forces are duly evaluated. Basically short-term elastic deflection due to vertical loads and lateral

deflection due to seismic forces are of major importance along with the long-term deflection of

beam elements under sustained loading condition due to shrinkage and creep are also taken into

account.

4

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Maximum vertical deflection in all components that resulted under vertical load of combined

effect of self, imposed dead and live load are checked for every element and maintained to be

within permissible limit. Short-term elastic deflection and long-term deflection due to shrinkage

and creep due to sustained loads also are maintained within permissible limits for all the

elements.

Effect of lateral load due to seismic force is analyzed using self-generated seismic load

compatible with Codal provision. The distribution of lateral force at different parts of the

structure is done based on the response under unit force. Using Complete Quadratic Combination

(CQC) method of modal combination combines the deformations, and related forces reported.

3.6 Recommendations:

The following recommendations are made:

Materials used shall confirm minimum standard specified before use. Primarily the cement,

aggregate, sand and steel shall be used that confirms to NS or IS standard.

Batching, mixing, placing and curing of concrete and steel fabrication and placing shall be

done as per standard practice.

Construction safety shall be well planned and implemented.

5

Structural Analysis & Design Report

The Preliminary Design was done using the prevailing thumb rules and span consideration.

Slab: The slab is designed based on IS456:2000. The slab is designed to meet the deflection

criteria for the slab.

Beam: The beam is designed based on IS456:2000. The slab is preliminarily designed to meet

the deflection criteria as well as the moment requirements for the span.

Column: The column is preliminarily designed to meet the stiffness criteria for the building.

Staircase: The staircase is designed to satisfy the moment requirement as well as the deflection

criteria.

Sizes of Structural Components:

Slab: 5.0” thick RCC (M20) Slab

Circular Size- 10”

Staircase: 5.0” thick waist slab

6

Structural Analysis & Design Report

5.1 Load Calculations:

Refer Table: Load Intensity of Building Components

Live Load: 2.0 KN/m2 (for all rooms)

Live Load: 3 KN/m2 (for staircases and lobbies)

Roof Live Load: 1.5 KN/m2 (for roof accessible), 0.75 KN/m2 (for roof inaccessible)

Seismic weight: Comprises Dead Load+ 25% of Live Load (as per IS Code for live load intensity

3 KN/m2)

Seismic wt. at ith floor level (WI) = (Total dead load of all components i.e. Beam, Slab, Columns

And Walls for ½ height above and ½ height below the floor level + 25% of live load)

n

Total Weight of the frame, W= Wi Where, n = total number of storey

I=1

As Per NBC 105:

Total Horizontal Base Shear V= Cd W

Where, Cd = CZIK

Where,

Basic Shear Factor (C) = According to time period of vibration and Soil type

Seismic Zoning Factor (Z) = For Dharan

Importance Factor (I) = According to the type of building

Performance Factor (K) = for the moment resisting frame

Fi = Design Seismic Force at floor Level I

Wi = seismic wt. at ith floor level

hi = height of floor i measured from base

According to NBC 105:1994

Height of building (h) = 6.35 m

Soil type = II

7

Structural Analysis & Design Report

= 0.240012 Sec

C = 0.08 (from Fig 8.1 of NBC105:1994)

Z = 1.00 (for Dharan, Fig 8.2 of NBC105:1994)

I = 1.0 (for Residential Bldg., Table 8.1 of NBC105:1994)

K = 1.00 (for Ductile Moment resisting Frame, Table 8.2 of

NBC105:1994)

Cd = CZIK

= 0.08

Total Horizontal Base shear Vx = Vy = 0.08*2201.90

Total Horizontal Base shear Vx = Vy =176.20 KN

Dead : Self Weight of the building structural components (Beams, columns and slabs)

Finish : Weight of the finishing of the slabs as well as staircases (including steps).

Wall : Wall loads (inclusive of plaster)

Live : Live load in the building area elements.

Rlive : Live load in the terraces both accessible and inaccessible (not including in seismic

behaviour)

EQX : Spectral Seismic Load in X – Direction

EQY : Spectral Seismic Load in Y – Direction

DL = 1.5Dead + 1.5Finish + 1.5 Wall + 1.5 Rlive + 1.5Live

DQX = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 EQX

DQY = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 EQY

DLEQX = 1.0 Dead + 1.0Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ± 1.25 EQX

DLEQY= 1.0 Dead + 1.0 Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ± 1.25 EQY

8

Structural Analysis & Design Report

6.1 Design Assumptions:

Foundation

The Safe Bearing Capacity (SBC) of the soil is taken to be 150 KN/m2. The depth of the

foundation is taken as 1.67 m. It is assumed that the soil below is converted to a firm base by

sufficient compaction through any convenient means or as directed by the site engineer.

Beam:

The beams are assumed to be rectangular. The preliminary design of the beam is carried out

considering the deflection criteria as well as the loading condition.

Slab:

The longest span slab is designed and for uniformity in construction, all the slabs are detailed

according to the designed slab. The slab is designed based on IS 456:2000, for adjacent edge

discontinuous. However during detailing, the torsion in the free edges is considered.

The design of beams and columns that are the structural components in the building are carried

out using the results and analysis for critical responses and also checking with manual

calculations is carried out. The design of the foundation is carried out based on the base reactions

as obtained from the software with necessary adjustments. The design of slabs and staircases are

carried out based on the prevailing design practices, following the codal provisions.

The calculations of the loads are given in the following tables:

10”Thickness of wall

Full wall intensity

=15.0 KN/M

20% opening Wall intensity

=12.0KN/M

30% opening Wall intensity

=10.5KN/M

5”Thickness of wall

Full wall intensity

9

Structural Analysis & Design Report

=7.50 KN/M

20% opening Wall intensity

=6.0 KN/M

30% opening Wall intensity

=5.2 KN/M

Parapet 5”wall

Parapet wall

3.0 KN/M

10

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Result from Structural models and analysis

11

Structural Analysis & Design Report

JOINT REACTIONS

Story Joint Label Load Case/Combo FX FY FZ MX MY MZ

kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m

Base 1 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 2.0672 6.4063 241.7675 31.5915 -10.4292 -0.0456

Base 5 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 4.7673 -1.3636 579.8616 -0.1267 -15.3419 -0.0455

Base 6 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 3.3771 -4.4661 421.8333 -23.3495 -6.0564 -0.0455

Base 7 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 2.3887 5.21 282.8318 6.2579 1.4885 -0.0456

Base 8 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0.4589 -1.485 655.2053 -4.6008 17.7954 -0.0455

Base 9 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0.7422 -4.5164 463.8616 5.2622 7.5825 -0.0455

Base 10 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -4.944 6.0497 253.8893 22.8262 -1.6601 -0.0455

Base 11 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -5.3465 -1.2456 430.5688 0.496 -2.1977 -0.0455

Base 12 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -3.8894 -4.5396 306.1776 -14.1421 -0.5534 -0.0455

Base 13 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 1.686 0.6902 409.719 -3.7669 -2.6049 -0.0455

Base 15 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -4.6493 0.6549 282.0892 -6.6677 17.0126 -0.0455

Base 17 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 3.3418 -1.3934 170.5274 -4.5545 -13.1272 -0.0455

Base 20 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -0.019 0 78.758 0.3922 0.1051 -0.0368

Base 21 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0 0 79.1436 0.5479 0.8496 -0.0432

12

Structural Analysis & Design Report

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

15

Structural Analysis & Design Report

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

17

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Design of Beams and Columns

The design of beams and columns are done from the software itself. However, it is to be notified

that the limitations of the design by the software have been evaluated and the adjustments have

been made accordingly. The samples (summary) of the design through the software based on

IS456: 2000 has been presented hereunder.

Grid -1

18

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –2

19

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –3

20

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –4

21

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –5

22

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –6

23

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –A

24

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –B

25

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Grid –C

26

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Storey-1st

27

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Storey-2nd

28

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Storey-3rd

29

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Column Reinforcement

Column Type Ground floor Top floor STIRRUPS

Stair cover

C-1 (10") 6-12Ø X X

4-L8MM DIA @ 4" C/C -

C-2(10"X10") 6-12Ø X X near joint & 6" C/C at

C-3 (12"X12") 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø X mid

C-4 (12"X12") 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 8-12Ø

Size of

S.No Description Name Position At Joint At Mid Stirrups

Beam

Ground Floor Beam 10"X15" B-1

Bottom 2-12ØTh. 2-16ØTh.

2 Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

Top Floor Beam 10"X15" B-2 2L-8mm dia bar @ 4" c/c at

Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

2d distance from beam joint

Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

3 Staircase floor Beam 10"X15" B-2 & 6" remaining distance

Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

4 Secondory Beam 10"X12" SB

Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

Footing Reinforcement in x -direction & y- Concrete Footing Footing depth

Size edge depth

Type direction depth from Ground level

F-1 2'-0"x2'-0" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 14" 8" 5'-6"

F-2 4'-6"x4'-6" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 16" 8" 5'-6"

F-3 5'-6"'x5'-6" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 16" 8" 5'-6"

Footing

Reinforcement bottom (in X- Concrete

Footing Type depth from

direction & y-diretion) Footing depth

Size Ground

CF-1 3'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 12" 5'-6"

CF-2 4'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 5" spacing on both side 16" 5'-6"

CF-3 6'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 5" spacing on both side 16" 5'-6"

Type Size Top reinforcement Bottom reinforcement Stirrups

FB-1 12"X 16" (2-16Ø )Th. (2-16 ) Th. 2-L -8mm Ø @ 4" C/C th.

FB-2 14"X 20" (6-16Ø )Th. (3-16Ø ) Th. 3-L -10mm Ø @ 4" C/C th.

30

Structural Analysis & Design Report

IS 456:2000 Column Section Design

Level Element Unique Name Section ID Combo ID Station Loc Length (mm) LLRF

Story1 C5 27 C-12"X12" 0.9(DL+WL+FL)-1.25EQY 2794 3175 0.741

Section Properties

b (mm) h (mm) dc (mm) Cover (Torsion) (mm)

304.8 304.8 56 30

Material Properties

Ec (MPa) fck (MPa) Lt.Wt Factor (Unitless) fy (MPa) fys (MPa)

22360.68 20 1 500 500

ɣC ɣS

1.5 1.15

Design Pu Design Mu2 Design Mu3 Minimum M2 Minimum M3 Rebar Area Rebar %

kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m mm² %

247.7443 19.3704 4.9549 4.9549 4.9549 743 0.8

K Factor Length Initial Moment Additional Moment Minimum Moment

Unitless mm kN-m kN-m kN-m

Major Bend(M3) 0.665085 2794 0.111 0 4.9549

Minor Bend(M2) 0.649306 2794 -12.1495 0 4.9549

Shear Vu Shear Vc Shear Vs Shear Vp Rebar Asv /s

kN kN kN kN mm²/m

Major, Vu2 30.7717 50.4524 30.3333 30.7717 337.85

Minor, Vu3 28.1856 50.4524 30.3333 28.1856 337.85

Joint Shear Shear Shear Shear Joint Shear

Force VTop Vu,Tot Vc Area Ratio

kN kN kN kN cm² Unitless

Major Shear, Vu2 0 15.3389 241.4978 623.2125 929 0.388

31

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Force VTop Vu,Tot Vc Area Ratio

kN kN kN kN cm² Unitless

Minor Shear, Vu3 0 15.3389 218.8087 623.2125 929 0.351

Major Ratio Minor Ratio

1.365 1.251

Ag Asc Puz Pb Pu k

cm² cm² kN kN kN Unitless

929 7.4 1114.8365 307.556 247.7443 1

Consider Length Section KL/Depth KL/Depth KL/Depth Ma

Ma Factor Depth (mm) Ratio Limit Exceeded Moment (kN-m)

Major Bending (M3 ) Yes 0.88 304.8 6.097 12 No 0

Minor Bending (M2 ) Yes 0.88 304.8 5.952 12 No 0

IS 456:2000 Beam Section Design

Level Element Unique Name Section ID Combo ID Station Loc Length (mm) LLRF

Story1 B12 12 B-10"X15" DL+FL+LL+WL+1.3LL-1.25EQX 152.4 3683 1

Section Properties

b (mm) h (mm) bf (mm) ds (mm) dct (mm) dcb (mm)

254 381 254 0 25.4 25.4

Material Properties

Ec (MPa) fck (MPa) Lt.Wt Factor (Unitless) fy (MPa) fys (MPa)

32

Structural Analysis & Design Report

22360.68 20 1 500 500

ɣC ɣS

1.5 1.15

Factored Factored Factored Factored

Mu3 Tu Vu2 Pu

kN-m kN-m kN kN

-35.1453 1.9061 43.0441 0

Factored Factored Positive Negative

Moment Mt Moment Moment

kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m

-35.1453 2.8031 0 -37.9484

Design Design -Moment +Moment Minimum Required

-Moment +Moment Rebar Rebar Rebar Rebar

kN-m kN-m mm² mm² mm² mm²

Top (+2 Axis) -37.9484 258 0 258 208

Bottom (-2 Axis) 0 129 0 0 129

Shear Ve Shear Vc Shear Vs Shear Vp Rebar Asv /s

kN kN kN kN mm²/m

54.3628 34.0565 36.129 28.5194 281.54

Tu Vu Core b1 Core d1 Rebar Asvt /s

kN-m kN mm mm mm²/m

1.9061 43.0441 223.2 350.2 244.82

33

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Slab Design

Input Parameters

Length of shorter span (lx) = 3.69 m

Length of longer span (ly) = 4.22 m

Support condition 4

Slab type

= 23

= 1

(assumed) = 1.25

ly/lx = 1.14

Design two way slab

Assume steel (fy) = Fe 500

Thickness of marble finishing = 25.00 mm

Thickness of screed = 25.00 mm

Thickness of plaster = 20.00 mm

3

Unit weight of marble = 26.70 KN/m

3

Unit weight of screed = 20.40 KN/m

3

Unit weight of plaster = 20.40 KN/m

3

Unit weight of concrete = 25.00 KN/m

2

Live load = 2 KN/m

Assume bar diameter = 8.00 mm

10

Effective depth of slab (d) 128.35 mm

Assume, d = 107.00 mm

Total depth of slab, D = 126.00 mm

2

Dead load of slab due to concrete = 3.15 KN/m

2

Dead load due to floor finish (marble) = 0.67 KN/m

2

Dead load due to screed = 0.51 KN/m

2

Dead load due to plaster = 0.41 KN/m

2

Partition load = 1.00 KN/m

2

Total dead load = 5.74 KN/m

2

Dead load + Live load = 7.74 KN/m

2

Design load = 11.60 KN/m

x = 0.0422 Mx = 6.66 KNm

x = 0.0561 -Mx = 8.86 KNm

y = 0.0350 My = 7.23 KNm

y = 0.0470 -My = 9.71 KNm

Mmax = 9.71 KNm

34

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Required depth for moment = 59.32 mm

Provided depth, d = 107.00 mm

Required depth is < Provided depth

O.K. safe

Area of steel

Solving quadratic equation

2

0.025 Ast + -107.00 Ast + 16625.83 = 0

2

0.025 Ast + -107.00 Ast + 22326.11 = 0

Bottom bars Top bars

2 2

Ast = 4118.53 mm Ast = 4060.04 mm

2 2

Ast = 161.47 mm Ast = 219.96 mm

Spacing required

8 rods @ 311.1 mm c/c Bottom bars

8 rods @ 228.4 mm c/c Top bars

Spacing provided

8 rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Bottom bars

8 rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Top bars

2

Provided Ast = 334.93 mm

p% = 0.31 k= 1.3

c' =

2

0.39 N/mm IS 456:2000 (Table 19)

c =

2

0.51 N/mm

Max.shear force (Vu) = 21.41 KN

v =

2

0.20 N/mm

c > v

O.K. safe

Minimum steel (0.12%) Provided steel

2 2

128.40 mm < 334.93 mm

O.K.

= 23 fs = 139.811 = 1

= 1 = 2.000 = 1

Actual L/d = 34.49

Allowable L/d > Actual L/d

O.K.

35

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Design of Staircase

Steel Fe500 500.00 N/mm2

Riser R 0.15 m

Thread T 0.25 m

SQRT(R2+T2)/T 1.17

Provide

Cover 12.00 steel Diameter 12

Effective Depth d 109.00 mm

Self wt. of waist Slab 3.70 kN/m2

Floor Finishes 1.50 kN/m2

Live Load 3.00 kN/m2

Factored

Load wu 9.84 kN/m2

Considering 1m wide strip of Slab

Length Left 1.1 Center 2 Right 1.13

Load/m2 4.921593 9.84 4.921593

0.133fckbd2=Mu

Reqd

d 108.53 mm (d)=109> 108.53

Depth

Hence Safe ok

Mu/bd2 R 2.64 Mpa

36

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Steel

(Ast)reqd 812.01 mm2

Required

Provide 12 mm dia bar

Spacing s 139.16

(Ast)prvd 1130.00 mm2

provoded 812.01 mm2 , Hence Safe ok

Steel

(Ast)reqd 152.40

Required mm2

Provide 120mm dia bar

Spacing s 334.65

Provide 10 mm bar @150c/c

Steel Provided Steel =255mm2 >

(Ast)prvd 255.00 mm2

provoded 162.0mm2 , Hence Safe ok

Provide 12mm bar @125 c/c (Main Bar)

Provide 10mm bar @150 c/c (Distribution Bar)

37

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Foundation Type : F-3

Required Data

size of colunm=

l= 0.3 m

b= 0.3 m

Bearing Capacity of Soil= 150 KN/m²

Strength of Steel (fy)= 500 N/mm²

Strength of Concrete (fck)= 20 N/mm² ( M 20 )

Factor Load= 431

Axial Load = 316.07 KN

Weight of footing including earth= 70.38

Axial Load = 316.07 KN

Total weight on soil= 386.44 KN

Actual Area= 2.58 m²

Size of Square Footing = 1.605 5.266

Adopted size=

L= 162.000 m

B= 162.000 m

Actual area of footing = 26244 m²

Net Pressure acting upwads = 0.02 KN/m²

B. M. at the face of column about an axis = 8695.45 KN-m

BM= 0.133 fck*bd^2

d= 139.46 mm

Adop. d= 350 mm

D= 400 mm

Check for one-way Shear action

The critical section is taken at distance d away from the face of column

Nominal shear stress (Tv) = Vu/b*d = 0.00 N/mm²

Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete for pt% of Steel < = 0.15 & ( M 20 ) 0.28

For 0.073% Tc = 0.28 N/sq.mm (From IS 456: 2000, table 19)

Hence, OK

Tc should be equal to or greater than Tv

The critical section is taken at a distance of 0.5d away from the face of column ,

Shear force Vu= 430.99 KN

Nominal Shear Stress(Tv) = Vu/b'd (Where b' is the periphery of critical section )

and b' = 2600 mm

38

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Shear Strength of concrete is

Tc = 1.12 N/sq.mm

T'c = Ks*Tc Where Ks=(0.5+Bc)

Bc=length of shorter side of column/length of longer side of column

Bc= 1

Ks= 1.5 should not be greater than 1

Take(Ks)= 1

T'c= 1.12 N/mm²

Hence, OK T'c should be greater than Tv

Area of Steel is given by formula, BM = 0.87* fy* At*{d-fy*At/(fck*b)}

Then,

Ast = 58628.57 sq.mm > Ast min = 0.12% of b * d

Ast per m = 361.90 420 mm²

Req. Area of steel = 420.00 mm²

% of steel= 0.103

Steel requied as 12 mm bar @ 269.28 mm c/c distance.

Provided steel = 753.98 mm²

Hence

Ok.

39

Structural Analysis & Design Report

Steel 500 N/mm2 R 2.66

Design of Continuous Combine foundation(CF2)

CG/from Left of

Pleft 387.00 Area req 6.05 Force 1.6299

Pright 438.00 Width prov 1.82

Soil bearing 150 Total Length 3.32 Check Value 3.3242

Left

Cent Col Size 0.3 Projection -0.12

Right

Cornor Col Size 0.3 Projection 0.07

Dist betw. Col. 3.07

Slab Design

Width of beam 0.70 Req depth 124.48

Projection 0.56 d prov 350

Max B.M at face 32.07 At/m 259.11

Shear Force at distance d 42.95 Min Ast 420

Depth at critical SF 193.75 12@5" 566.00

Appl Shear stress 0.22 Act At/m 566.00

Value 5.96 Actual B 5.96 Bar dia. 12.00

Lim Sh Stress 0.37 Dev. Lt OK

The Section is Safe

Shear force

Bending

Per M pressure 372.2727273 Shear Force Moment

SF at Left column face -43.85 2.58

SF at Left inner face -512.67 -80.90

SF at inner face of Right Column 518.52 -72.79

SF at Outer face of right Column -26.80 0.96

Check for Right End 0.00 0.00

Zero Sh from Left

Slab end 1.559341 0.00 212.00 212.00

Required depth 337.39 mm

Provide depth 450 mm

Overall depth (D) 500 mm

Width of beam 350.00 mm

Ast required 1171.138 mm^2 S

max shear 518.52 0.70

top bar 6

Bottom bar

500 12@5"

400

0.15

1.82

40

Structural Analysis & Design Report

2. IS 456 – 2000 : Code for practice for plain & Reinforced concrete

earthquake load) for building & structures.

Structures.

Concrete structures subjected to seismic forces.

41

Structural Analysis & Design Report

42

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