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Structural Analysis & Design Report

A
STRUCTURAL DESIGN
REPORT
OF
THE PROPOSED BUILDING OF RESIDENTIAL

OWNER:
Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai

SUBMITTED TO:
Dharan Sub-Metropolitan city, Sunsari
Structural Analysis & Design Report

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN

This report comprises the summary of the residential building Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai. Dharan-
15 Sunsari Nepal. The reports consist of the design procedures adopted, the assumptions made,
the inputs made in the design and the design output. During the design, it is assumed that the
client will completely follow the architectural as well as the structural design. It is also
assumed that the construction will be supervised by professional engineer.

The designer will not be responsible if any alterations to the structural system is made by the
client or the contractor without the prior written permission from the designer, or the
alterations to non-structural system is made such that the weight of each individual floor or the
weight of the whole building is altered by more than 10% of design weight of each floor and
the total weight.

The design calculations and derivations are limited to only a minimum to let the concerned
people know the methodology adopted. However, the calculations may be provided to the
client or concerned authorities when needed, upon request. Hence the building is safe.

Designer

Er. Rabin Bhattarai


Earthquake Engineer (M.E)
Council No: 4944. “Civil” A

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Structural Analysis & Design Report
TABLE OF CONTENTS

S.N. Title Page No.

1 Introduction 1

2 Salient features 1

3 Design Approach and Methodology 3

4 Preliminary Design 6

5 Final Analysis 7

6 Design Methodology 8

7 Analysis Output 10

8 Design of Members 16
Structural Analysis & Design Report

1.0 Background
This report summarizes structural analysis and design of the Residential building for
Dharan Sub-Metropolitan City. The analysis and design has been based on the prevailing
codes that are in practice in Nepal, the National Building Code of Nepal and the IS codes at
places.
2.0 Salient Features
2.1 Project Information:
Owner : Mrs. Ratna Maya Rai
Building Type : Residential Building
Location : Dharan-15
Plot no. : 8453
Land Area : 0-0-10.25
Plinth Area : 789.59 sq.ft

2.2 Building Features:


Type of Structure: RCC Framed Structure
Storey: 2 storey
Storey Height: 3.175m
Total Height: 6.35 m

2.3 Site Condition:


Soil Type: II (for seismic consideration as per NBC 105)
Seismic Zone Factor: 1.0
Safe Bearing Capacity: 150 KN/m2 (assumed)

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2.4 Material Specification:


Considering Architectural, Economic and strength demands reinforced cement concrete (RCC) is
used as the major structural material. The selected material also confirms the availability and
ease in construction. The concrete grade used is M20 as per Indian Standard Specification. This
material provides minimum grade of structural concrete and favorable for easy production and
quality control as well.
Fe 500 is provided as longitudinal and shear reinforcing in Beams, Columns, foundations, and
slabs wherever RCC is used.

Considerations of material for loading and strength parameter are as detailed below:

Structural Components:
Concrete:
Grade: M20
Characteristic Compressive Strength: 20 N/mm2
Unit Weight: 25.0 KN/m3
Young’s Modulus of Elasticity (E): = 5000  fck N/mm2
≈ 22360680 KN/m2 (for M20)
Steel Reinforcement:
Grade: Fe 500 (for both longitudinal and shear reinforcement)

Non-Structural Components:
Brick wall:
Unit Weight: 18.85 KN/m3
Strength: Not Available

Finishing:
Plaster:
Unit Weight: 20.4 KN/m3
Flooring: Screed + Punning
Unit Weight per meter: 1.2 KN/m2

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

2.5 Loading Details


Number of Storey 2 Storey
Loading in General Structural Self Weight
(Gravity loads) Live Load for residential services
Dead load of finishing materials for floor
Panel walls 250mm & 125mm thick brick walls without openings
125mm thick brick walls with 30% openings
Partition walls 125mm thick (half brick) walls with 30 & 20% openings
Parapet walls 125 mm thick (half brick) wall height 0.8m
Live Load As per IS 875 Part II
Lateral Loading As per NBC 105:1994

 The loads distributed over the area are imposed on area element and that distributed over
length are imposed on line element whenever possible.
 Where such facility is not feasible, equivalent conversion to different loading distribution is
carried to load the Model near the real case as far as possible.
 For lateral load, necessary calculations were performed and checked using NBC 105: 1994
for response spectrum method.
 Different load combinations based on Nepal National Codes are developed and used for
design purposes.
Load Combinations:
The load combinations are based on NBC 105: 1994
Static Load Combination:
1.5 DL + 1.5 LL
Seismic Load Combinations:
1.0 DL + 1.3 LL 1.25 EQ
0.9 DL  1.25 EQ
For seismic loading, mass equivalent to the load that composed of 100% of Dead load and 25%
of Live load is taken into consideration.
The Earthquake lateral loads were used in the combination from the Self-Generated Load on the
Seismic coefficient Method.
Modal analysis is carried out using FEM Based three dimensional analyses.

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

3.0 Design Approach and Methodology:


3.1 Introduction
The structure is analyzed for full Finite Element. Beams and columns modeled as frame (line)
elements with five and three internal stations. All floor slabs are modeled as Shell (Area)
elements with sufficient and appropriate meshing. Modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio for
used material i.e. M20 grade concrete (as per Indian Specification) are taken accordingly and
section properties used are based on Preliminary section sizing with consideration for deflection,
minimum size specified and serviceability. Computation for stiffness as a whole is carried out
using FEM based latest software.
Full Modal Analysis is carried out up to twelve modes confirming more than 95 % seismic mass
participation and it is applied for lateral seismic force distribution that generated with NBC 105
based Spectral Function for Soil Type-II.
For Section Design and Check, suitable Load combinations as suggested in NBC105:1994 and if
not covered in that, IS 1893- 2002 is referred with consideration of Envelopes of internal Forces
developed.
Foundation design is carried out to satisfy strength and stability requirements.
3.2 Software used: (Introduction to Analysis software)

The analysis for the structural system was carried out using ETABS 2016 ver 16.0.0 is a product
of computers and structures Inc, Berkeley. It is a FEM based software having facility of RC
Design based on IS-456:2000

3.3 Structural Performance:

Structural response under limit state of serviceability is thoroughly checked. The force and
stiffness relationship resulting the deflection under various load cases and combined action of
forces are duly evaluated. Basically short-term elastic deflection due to vertical loads and lateral
deflection due to seismic forces are of major importance along with the long-term deflection of
beam elements under sustained loading condition due to shrinkage and creep are also taken into
account.

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3.4 Deformation under Vertical Loads:

Maximum vertical deflection in all components that resulted under vertical load of combined
effect of self, imposed dead and live load are checked for every element and maintained to be
within permissible limit. Short-term elastic deflection and long-term deflection due to shrinkage
and creep due to sustained loads also are maintained within permissible limits for all the
elements.

3.5 Deformation under Lateral Loads:

Effect of lateral load due to seismic force is analyzed using self-generated seismic load
compatible with Codal provision. The distribution of lateral force at different parts of the
structure is done based on the response under unit force. Using Complete Quadratic Combination
(CQC) method of modal combination combines the deformations, and related forces reported.

3.6 Recommendations:
The following recommendations are made:
 Materials used shall confirm minimum standard specified before use. Primarily the cement,
aggregate, sand and steel shall be used that confirms to NS or IS standard.
 Batching, mixing, placing and curing of concrete and steel fabrication and placing shall be
done as per standard practice.
 Construction safety shall be well planned and implemented.

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

4.0 Preliminary Design


The Preliminary Design was done using the prevailing thumb rules and span consideration.
Slab: The slab is designed based on IS456:2000. The slab is designed to meet the deflection
criteria for the slab.
Beam: The beam is designed based on IS456:2000. The slab is preliminarily designed to meet
the deflection criteria as well as the moment requirements for the span.
Column: The column is preliminarily designed to meet the stiffness criteria for the building.
Staircase: The staircase is designed to satisfy the moment requirement as well as the deflection
criteria.

The sizes of the structural components are as given below:


Sizes of Structural Components:
Slab: 5.0” thick RCC (M20) Slab

Beam: Rectangular Beams size- 10” X 15”, 10”X12”(BXD)

Column: Square size- 10”X10”, 12”X 12” (HXB)


Circular Size- 10”
Staircase: 5.0” thick waist slab

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5.0 Final Analysis


5.1 Load Calculations:
Refer Table: Load Intensity of Building Components
Live Load: 2.0 KN/m2 (for all rooms)
Live Load: 3 KN/m2 (for staircases and lobbies)
Roof Live Load: 1.5 KN/m2 (for roof accessible), 0.75 KN/m2 (for roof inaccessible)

5.2 Seismic Lump Load:


Seismic weight: Comprises Dead Load+ 25% of Live Load (as per IS Code for live load intensity
 3 KN/m2)
Seismic wt. at ith floor level (WI) = (Total dead load of all components i.e. Beam, Slab, Columns
And Walls for ½ height above and ½ height below the floor level + 25% of live load)
n
Total Weight of the frame, W=  Wi Where, n = total number of storey
I=1

Seismic Wt. of Building W = 2201.90 KN

Base Shear Calculation:


As Per NBC 105:
Total Horizontal Base Shear V= Cd  W
Where, Cd = CZIK
Where,
Basic Shear Factor (C) = According to time period of vibration and Soil type
Seismic Zoning Factor (Z) = For Dharan
Importance Factor (I) = According to the type of building
Performance Factor (K) = for the moment resisting frame

Distribution of design seismic force:


Fi = Design Seismic Force at floor Level I
Wi = seismic wt. at ith floor level
hi = height of floor i measured from base
According to NBC 105:1994
Height of building (h) = 6.35 m
Soil type = II

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Time period (T) = 0.06  H0.75


= 0.240012 Sec
C = 0.08 (from Fig 8.1 of NBC105:1994)
Z = 1.00 (for Dharan, Fig 8.2 of NBC105:1994)
I = 1.0 (for Residential Bldg., Table 8.1 of NBC105:1994)
K = 1.00 (for Ductile Moment resisting Frame, Table 8.2 of
NBC105:1994)
Cd = CZIK
= 0.08
Total Horizontal Base shear Vx = Vy = 0.08*2201.90
Total Horizontal Base shear Vx = Vy =176.20 KN

5.3 Load Cases:


Dead : Self Weight of the building structural components (Beams, columns and slabs)
Finish : Weight of the finishing of the slabs as well as staircases (including steps).
Wall : Wall loads (inclusive of plaster)
Live : Live load in the building area elements.
Rlive : Live load in the terraces both accessible and inaccessible (not including in seismic
behaviour)
EQX : Spectral Seismic Load in X – Direction
EQY : Spectral Seismic Load in Y – Direction

5.4 Load Combination:


DL = 1.5Dead + 1.5Finish + 1.5 Wall + 1.5 Rlive + 1.5Live
DQX = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 EQX
DQY = 0.9 Dead + 0.9 Wall + 0.9 Finish ± 1.25 EQY
DLEQX = 1.0 Dead + 1.0Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ± 1.25 EQX
DLEQY= 1.0 Dead + 1.0 Wall + 1.0 Finish + 1.3 Live ± 1.25 EQY

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6.0 Design of Structural Members


6.1 Design Assumptions:
Foundation
The Safe Bearing Capacity (SBC) of the soil is taken to be 150 KN/m2. The depth of the
foundation is taken as 1.67 m. It is assumed that the soil below is converted to a firm base by
sufficient compaction through any convenient means or as directed by the site engineer.

Beam:
The beams are assumed to be rectangular. The preliminary design of the beam is carried out
considering the deflection criteria as well as the loading condition.

Slab:
The longest span slab is designed and for uniformity in construction, all the slabs are detailed
according to the designed slab. The slab is designed based on IS 456:2000, for adjacent edge
discontinuous. However during detailing, the torsion in the free edges is considered.

6.2 Design Methodology:


The design of beams and columns that are the structural components in the building are carried
out using the results and analysis for critical responses and also checking with manual
calculations is carried out. The design of the foundation is carried out based on the base reactions
as obtained from the software with necessary adjustments. The design of slabs and staircases are
carried out based on the prevailing design practices, following the codal provisions.

6.2 Calculation of Wall Loads.


The calculations of the loads are given in the following tables:

Load Intensity of Wall


10”Thickness of wall
Full wall intensity
=15.0 KN/M
20% opening Wall intensity
=12.0KN/M
30% opening Wall intensity
=10.5KN/M

5”Thickness of wall
Full wall intensity
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Structural Analysis & Design Report

=7.50 KN/M
20% opening Wall intensity
=6.0 KN/M
30% opening Wall intensity
=5.2 KN/M

Parapet 5”wall
Parapet wall
3.0 KN/M

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7.0 ANALYSIS OUTPUT


Result from Structural models and analysis

3D Model of the Building

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JOINT REACTIONS

TABLE: Joint Reactions


Story Joint Label Load Case/Combo FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Base 1 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 2.0672 6.4063 241.7675 31.5915 -10.4292 -0.0456
Base 5 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 4.7673 -1.3636 579.8616 -0.1267 -15.3419 -0.0455
Base 6 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 3.3771 -4.4661 421.8333 -23.3495 -6.0564 -0.0455
Base 7 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 2.3887 5.21 282.8318 6.2579 1.4885 -0.0456
Base 8 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0.4589 -1.485 655.2053 -4.6008 17.7954 -0.0455
Base 9 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0.7422 -4.5164 463.8616 5.2622 7.5825 -0.0455
Base 10 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -4.944 6.0497 253.8893 22.8262 -1.6601 -0.0455
Base 11 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -5.3465 -1.2456 430.5688 0.496 -2.1977 -0.0455
Base 12 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -3.8894 -4.5396 306.1776 -14.1421 -0.5534 -0.0455
Base 13 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 1.686 0.6902 409.719 -3.7669 -2.6049 -0.0455
Base 15 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -4.6493 0.6549 282.0892 -6.6677 17.0126 -0.0455
Base 17 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 3.3418 -1.3934 170.5274 -4.5545 -13.1272 -0.0455
Base 20 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) -0.019 0 78.758 0.3922 0.1051 -0.0368
Base 21 1.5(DL+LL+RL+FL+WL) 0 0 79.1436 0.5479 0.8496 -0.0432

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Design Plan (Ground Floor)

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Design Plan (First Floor)

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Shear Force Diagram (Sample only)

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Axial Force Diagram (Sample only)

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Bending Moment Diagram (Sample only)

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8.0 Design of Members


Design of Beams and Columns

The design of beams and columns are done from the software itself. However, it is to be notified
that the limitations of the design by the software have been evaluated and the adjustments have
been made accordingly. The samples (summary) of the design through the software based on
IS456: 2000 has been presented hereunder.

Output for the Reinforcement Area (Beams and Columns)

Grid -1

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Grid –2

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Grid –3

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Grid –4

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Grid –5

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Grid –6

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Grid –A

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Grid –B

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Grid –C

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Storey-1st

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Storey-2nd

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Storey-3rd

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Column Reinforcement
Column Type Ground floor Top floor STIRRUPS
Stair cover
C-1 (10") 6-12Ø X X
4-L8MM DIA @ 4" C/C -
C-2(10"X10") 6-12Ø X X near joint & 6" C/C at
C-3 (12"X12") 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø X mid
C-4 (12"X12") 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 4-16Ø+ 4-12Ø 8-12Ø

Beam Reinforcement Detail


Size of
S.No Description Name Position At Joint At Mid Stirrups
Beam

1 Top 2-16ØTh. 2-16ØTh.


Ground Floor Beam 10"X15" B-1
Bottom 2-12ØTh. 2-16ØTh.
2 Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.
Top Floor Beam 10"X15" B-2 2L-8mm dia bar @ 4" c/c at
Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.
2d distance from beam joint
Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.
3 Staircase floor Beam 10"X15" B-2 & 6" remaining distance
Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.
Top 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.
4 Secondory Beam 10"X12" SB
Bottom 3-12ØTh. 3-12ØTh.

Isolated Footing Reinforcement Details


Footing Reinforcement in x -direction & y- Concrete Footing Footing depth
Size edge depth
Type direction depth from Ground level
F-1 2'-0"x2'-0" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 14" 8" 5'-6"
F-2 4'-6"x4'-6" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 16" 8" 5'-6"
F-3 5'-6"'x5'-6" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 16" 8" 5'-6"

Combine Footing Reinforcement with central beam


Footing
Reinforcement bottom (in X- Concrete
Footing Type depth from
direction & y-diretion) Footing depth
Size Ground
CF-1 3'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 6" spacing on both side 12" 5'-6"
CF-2 4'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 5" spacing on both side 16" 5'-6"
CF-3 6'-0"x11'-0" 12mm Ø @ 5" spacing on both side 16" 5'-6"

Foundation Beam Reinforcement Details


Type Size Top reinforcement Bottom reinforcement Stirrups
FB-1 12"X 16" (2-16Ø )Th. (2-16 ) Th. 2-L -8mm Ø @ 4" C/C th.
FB-2 14"X 20" (6-16Ø )Th. (3-16Ø ) Th. 3-L -10mm Ø @ 4" C/C th.

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ETABS 2016 Concrete Frame Design


IS 456:2000 Column Section Design

Column Element Details Type: Ductile Frame (Summary)


Level Element Unique Name Section ID Combo ID Station Loc Length (mm) LLRF
Story1 C5 27 C-12"X12" 0.9(DL+WL+FL)-1.25EQY 2794 3175 0.741

Section Properties
b (mm) h (mm) dc (mm) Cover (Torsion) (mm)
304.8 304.8 56 30

Material Properties
Ec (MPa) fck (MPa) Lt.Wt Factor (Unitless) fy (MPa) fys (MPa)
22360.68 20 1 500 500

Design Code Parameters


ɣC ɣS
1.5 1.15

Axial Force and Biaxial Moment Design For Pu , Mu2 , Mu3


Design Pu Design Mu2 Design Mu3 Minimum M2 Minimum M3 Rebar Area Rebar %
kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m mm² %
247.7443 19.3704 4.9549 4.9549 4.9549 743 0.8

Axial Force and Biaxial Moment Factors


K Factor Length Initial Moment Additional Moment Minimum Moment
Unitless mm kN-m kN-m kN-m
Major Bend(M3) 0.665085 2794 0.111 0 4.9549
Minor Bend(M2) 0.649306 2794 -12.1495 0 4.9549

Shear Design for Vu2 , Vu3


Shear Vu Shear Vc Shear Vs Shear Vp Rebar Asv /s
kN kN kN kN mm²/m
Major, Vu2 30.7717 50.4524 30.3333 30.7717 337.85
Minor, Vu3 28.1856 50.4524 30.3333 28.1856 337.85

Joint Shear Check/Design


Joint Shear Shear Shear Shear Joint Shear
Force VTop Vu,Tot Vc Area Ratio
kN kN kN kN cm² Unitless
Major Shear, Vu2 0 15.3389 241.4978 623.2125 929 0.388

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Joint Shear Shear Shear Shear Joint Shear


Force VTop Vu,Tot Vc Area Ratio
kN kN kN kN cm² Unitless
Minor Shear, Vu3 0 15.3389 218.8087 623.2125 929 0.351

(1.1) Beam/Column Capacity Ratio


Major Ratio Minor Ratio
1.365 1.251

Additional Moment Reduction Factor k (IS 39.7.1.1)


Ag Asc Puz Pb Pu k
cm² cm² kN kN kN Unitless
929 7.4 1114.8365 307.556 247.7443 1

Additional Moment (IS 39.7.1)


Consider Length Section KL/Depth KL/Depth KL/Depth Ma
Ma Factor Depth (mm) Ratio Limit Exceeded Moment (kN-m)
Major Bending (M3 ) Yes 0.88 304.8 6.097 12 No 0
Minor Bending (M2 ) Yes 0.88 304.8 5.952 12 No 0

ETABS 2016 Concrete Frame Design


IS 456:2000 Beam Section Design

Beam Element Details Type: Ductile Frame (Summary)


Level Element Unique Name Section ID Combo ID Station Loc Length (mm) LLRF
Story1 B12 12 B-10"X15" DL+FL+LL+WL+1.3LL-1.25EQX 152.4 3683 1

Section Properties
b (mm) h (mm) bf (mm) ds (mm) dct (mm) dcb (mm)
254 381 254 0 25.4 25.4

Material Properties
Ec (MPa) fck (MPa) Lt.Wt Factor (Unitless) fy (MPa) fys (MPa)

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Ec (MPa) fck (MPa) Lt.Wt Factor (Unitless) fy (MPa) fys (MPa)


22360.68 20 1 500 500

Design Code Parameters


ɣC ɣS
1.5 1.15

Factored Forces and Moments


Factored Factored Factored Factored
Mu3 Tu Vu2 Pu
kN-m kN-m kN kN
-35.1453 1.9061 43.0441 0

Design Moments, Mu3 & Mt


Factored Factored Positive Negative
Moment Mt Moment Moment
kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m
-35.1453 2.8031 0 -37.9484

Design Moment and Flexural Reinforcement for Moment, Mu3 & Tu


Design Design -Moment +Moment Minimum Required
-Moment +Moment Rebar Rebar Rebar Rebar
kN-m kN-m mm² mm² mm² mm²
Top (+2 Axis) -37.9484 258 0 258 208
Bottom (-2 Axis) 0 129 0 0 129

Shear Force and Reinforcement for Shear, Vu2 & Tu


Shear Ve Shear Vc Shear Vs Shear Vp Rebar Asv /s
kN kN kN kN mm²/m
54.3628 34.0565 36.129 28.5194 281.54

Torsion Force and Torsion Reinforcement for Torsion, T u & VU2


Tu Vu Core b1 Core d1 Rebar Asvt /s
kN-m kN mm mm mm²/m
1.9061 43.0441 223.2 350.2 244.82

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Slab Design

Input Parameters
Length of shorter span (lx) = 3.69 m
Length of longer span (ly) = 4.22 m

Support condition 4
Slab type
 = 23
 = 1
 (assumed) = 1.25
ly/lx = 1.14
Design two way slab

Assume grade of concrete (fck) = M 20


Assume steel (fy) = Fe 500
Thickness of marble finishing = 25.00 mm
Thickness of screed = 25.00 mm
Thickness of plaster = 20.00 mm
3
Unit weight of marble = 26.70 KN/m
3
Unit weight of screed = 20.40 KN/m
3
Unit weight of plaster = 20.40 KN/m
3
Unit weight of concrete = 25.00 KN/m
2
Live load = 2 KN/m
Assume bar diameter = 8.00 mm
10
Effective depth of slab (d)  128.35 mm
Assume, d = 107.00 mm
Total depth of slab, D = 126.00 mm

Dead load calculation of slab


2
Dead load of slab due to concrete = 3.15 KN/m
2
Dead load due to floor finish (marble) = 0.67 KN/m
2
Dead load due to screed = 0.51 KN/m
2
Dead load due to plaster = 0.41 KN/m
2
Partition load = 1.00 KN/m
2
Total dead load = 5.74 KN/m
2
Dead load + Live load = 7.74 KN/m
2
Design load = 11.60 KN/m

Bending moment Coefficients Max. bending moment


x = 0.0422 Mx = 6.66 KNm
x = 0.0561 -Mx = 8.86 KNm
y = 0.0350 My = 7.23 KNm
y = 0.0470 -My = 9.71 KNm
Mmax = 9.71 KNm

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Check depth for moment


Required depth for moment = 59.32 mm
Provided depth, d = 107.00 mm
Required depth is < Provided depth
O.K. safe

Area of steel
Solving quadratic equation
2
0.025 Ast + -107.00 Ast + 16625.83 = 0
2
0.025 Ast + -107.00 Ast + 22326.11 = 0
Bottom bars Top bars
2 2
Ast = 4118.53 mm Ast = 4060.04 mm
2 2
Ast = 161.47 mm Ast = 219.96 mm
Spacing required
8  rods @ 311.1 mm c/c Bottom bars
8  rods @ 228.4 mm c/c Top bars
Spacing provided
8  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Bottom bars
8  rods @ 150.0 mm c/c Top bars

Check for shear


2
Provided Ast = 334.93 mm
p% = 0.31 k= 1.3
c' =
2
0.39 N/mm IS 456:2000 (Table 19)
c =
2
0.51 N/mm
Max.shear force (Vu) = 21.41 KN
v =
2
0.20 N/mm
c > v
O.K. safe

Check for minimum steel


Minimum steel (0.12%) Provided steel
2 2
128.40 mm < 334.93 mm
O.K.

Check for deflection


 = 23 fs = 139.811  = 1
 = 1  = 2.000  = 1

Allowable L/d = 46.00


Actual L/d = 34.49
Allowable L/d > Actual L/d
O.K.

35
Structural Analysis & Design Report

Design of Staircase

Concrete M20 20.00 N/mm2


Steel Fe500 500.00 N/mm2
Riser R 0.15 m
Thread T 0.25 m

SQRT(R2+T2)/T 1.17

Effective Span l 3074.00 mm

Assumed effctive Depth d 73.19

Provide
Cover 12.00 steel Diameter 12

Overall Depth D 91.19

Take Overall Depth D 127.00 mm


Effective Depth d 109.00 mm

Load Calculation for Waist Slab


Self wt. of waist Slab 3.70 kN/m2
Floor Finishes 1.50 kN/m2
Live Load 3.00 kN/m2

Total Load w 8.20 kN/m2


Factored
Load wu 9.84 kN/m2
Considering 1m wide strip of Slab
Length Left 1.1 Center 2 Right 1.13
Load/m2 4.921593 9.84 4.921593

Reaction at support 15.33076

Max. Bending Moment 31.32901


0.133fckbd2=Mu

Provided Effective Depth


Reqd
d 108.53 mm (d)=109> 108.53
Depth
Hence Safe ok

Calculation for Reinforcement


Mu/bd2 R 2.64 Mpa

36
Structural Analysis & Design Report

Steel
(Ast)reqd 812.01 mm2
Required
Provide 12 mm dia bar
Spacing s 139.16

Provide 12mm bar @125c/c( Main Bar)

Steel Provided Steel =1130mm2 >


(Ast)prvd 1130.00 mm2
provoded 812.01 mm2 , Hence Safe ok

Calculation for distribution bar


Steel
(Ast)reqd 152.40
Required mm2
Provide 120mm dia bar
Spacing s 334.65
Provide 10 mm bar @150c/c
Steel Provided Steel =255mm2 >
(Ast)prvd 255.00 mm2
provoded 162.0mm2 , Hence Safe ok
Provide 12mm bar @125 c/c (Main Bar)
Provide 10mm bar @150 c/c (Distribution Bar)

37
Structural Analysis & Design Report

Isolated Footing Design


Foundation Type : F-3
Required Data
size of colunm=
l= 0.3 m
b= 0.3 m
Bearing Capacity of Soil= 150 KN/m²
Strength of Steel (fy)= 500 N/mm²
Strength of Concrete (fck)= 20 N/mm² ( M 20 )
Factor Load= 431
Axial Load = 316.07 KN

Approximate area of footing= 2.11 m²


Weight of footing including earth= 70.38
Axial Load = 316.07 KN
Total weight on soil= 386.44 KN
Actual Area= 2.58 m²
Size of Square Footing = 1.605 5.266

Adopted size=
L= 162.000 m
B= 162.000 m
Actual area of footing = 26244 m²
Net Pressure acting upwads = 0.02 KN/m²
B. M. at the face of column about an axis = 8695.45 KN-m

The effective depth required is given by


BM= 0.133 fck*bd^2

d= 139.46 mm

Adopt d = 2 to 3 Times of calculated value of d for Shear considerations.

Adop. d= 350 mm
D= 400 mm
Check for one-way Shear action
The critical section is taken at distance d away from the face of column

Shear force Vu= 214.17 KN


Nominal shear stress (Tv) = Vu/b*d = 0.00 N/mm²

Allowable Shear Stress of Concrete for pt% of Steel < = 0.15 & ( M 20 ) 0.28
For 0.073% Tc = 0.28 N/sq.mm (From IS 456: 2000, table 19)
Hence, OK
Tc should be equal to or greater than Tv

Check for two-way Shear action


The critical section is taken at a distance of 0.5d away from the face of column ,
Shear force Vu= 430.99 KN
Nominal Shear Stress(Tv) = Vu/b'd (Where b' is the periphery of critical section )
and b' = 2600 mm

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

So, Nominal Shear Stress(Tv) = 0.47 N/mm²


Shear Strength of concrete is
Tc = 1.12 N/sq.mm
T'c = Ks*Tc Where Ks=(0.5+Bc)
Bc=length of shorter side of column/length of longer side of column
Bc= 1
Ks= 1.5 should not be greater than 1
Take(Ks)= 1
T'c= 1.12 N/mm²
Hence, OK T'c should be greater than Tv

Area of Steel Calculation,


Area of Steel is given by formula, BM = 0.87* fy* At*{d-fy*At/(fck*b)}
Then,
Ast = 58628.57 sq.mm > Ast min = 0.12% of b * d
Ast per m = 361.90 420 mm²
Req. Area of steel = 420.00 mm²
% of steel= 0.103
Steel requied as 12 mm bar @ 269.28 mm c/c distance.

Provide Steel as = 12 mm bar @ 150 mm c/c distance.


Provided steel = 753.98 mm²
Hence
Ok.

39
Structural Analysis & Design Report

Concrete Grade 20 N/mm2 Xumax/d 0.46


Steel 500 N/mm2 R 2.66
Design of Continuous Combine foundation(CF2)
CG/from Left of
Pleft 387.00 Area req 6.05 Force 1.6299
Pright 438.00 Width prov 1.82
Soil bearing 150 Total Length 3.32 Check Value 3.3242
Left
Cent Col Size 0.3 Projection -0.12
Right
Cornor Col Size 0.3 Projection 0.07
Dist betw. Col. 3.07
Slab Design
Width of beam 0.70 Req depth 124.48
Projection 0.56 d prov 350
Max B.M at face 32.07 At/m 259.11
Shear Force at distance d 42.95 Min Ast 420
Depth at critical SF 193.75 12@5" 566.00
Appl Shear stress 0.22 Act At/m 566.00
 Value 5.96 Actual B 5.96 Bar dia. 12.00
Lim Sh Stress 0.37 Dev. Lt OK
The Section is Safe
Shear force
Bending
Per M pressure 372.2727273 Shear Force Moment
SF at Left column face -43.85 2.58
SF at Left inner face -512.67 -80.90
SF at inner face of Right Column 518.52 -72.79
SF at Outer face of right Column -26.80 0.96
Check for Right End 0.00 0.00
Zero Sh from Left
Slab end 1.559341 0.00 212.00 212.00
Required depth 337.39 mm
Provide depth 450 mm
Overall depth (D) 500 mm
Width of beam 350.00 mm
Ast required 1171.138 mm^2 S
max shear 518.52 0.70

top bar 6
Bottom bar

500 12@5"

400
0.15
1.82

Provide 3L-10mm stirrups@4" c/c

40
Structural Analysis & Design Report

List of design code and Standards

1. NBC-000-114:1994 : All relevant design codes in Nepal

2. IS 456 – 2000 : Code for practice for plain & Reinforced concrete

3. IS 875 – 1987 : Code of practice for Design Loads (other than


earthquake load) for building & structures.

4. IS 1893(part-I)-2002 : Code of practice for earthquake resist design of


Structures.

5. IS 13920 – 1993 : Code of practice for Ductile detailing of Reinforced


Concrete structures subjected to seismic forces.

6. SP: 16 – 1980 : Design aids for Reinforced concrete to IS 456 -1978

7. ETABS 2016 V 16.0.0 : Proprietary program of Research Engineers.

8. SAFE V 2012 : Foundation Design

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Structural Analysis & Design Report

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