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Platform Express

It’s about time


Applications Revolutionary wireline technologies upgrade and expand
■ Reservoir delineation logging technology traditional resistivity and porosity
Platform Express* technology is a measurements to include high-resolu-
■ Hydrocarbon saturation
revolutionary reengineering of wireline tion microresistivity and imaging
determination and imaging
logging. Compared with the triple- measurements, plus tool movement
■ Movable hydrocarbon measurements for speed correction
combo, Platform Express logging is
determination and depth matching.
about twice as fast, gives you better
■ Location of porous and answers and it is more cost effective In field tests conducted over a wide
permeable zones to run because it requires significantly range of environmental conditions in
■ Gas detection less rig time. Higher logging speeds, Argentina, Canada, Indonesia, Saudi
reduced set-up and calibration time, Arabia and the United States, rugged
■ Porosity analysis
and faster turnaround on wellsite Platform Express equipment achieved
■ Lithology determination the most trouble-free wireline per-
processing all contribute to increased
■ Well-to-well correlation efficiency. formance ever. The major reason for
■ Thin-bed analysis The Platform Express system is less this outstanding reliability is that all
than half as long as a triple-combo and Platform Express components must
weighs about half as much, yet it gives pass the same rigorous shock and
Benefits
you better, quicker and more accurate cyclical temperature tests used for
■ Less rathole needed for the logging-while-drilling (LWD) tools.
answers—in real time. The use of inte-
shorter length, lowering The resulting reliability is 3 times
grated sensors, flex joints that improve
drilling time and cost greater than that of conventional
pad contact and other innovative
■ More reliable performance triple-combo tools.
for reduced downtime, which
saves rig time The Platform Express system is less than half as long as a triple-combo, and the logging speed is twice as fast.
Set-up time is greatly reduced, and operating efficiency is improved.
■ Real-time, depth-matched
logs for improved inter-
pretation and accurate
reserves interpretation
■ Better-quality logs, more data
Triple-combo
and higher resolution, reveal-
ing hard-to-find pay zones
■ Fifty percent reduction in
time spent on location,
significantly lowering
operating costs
■ Short-radius wells readily
logged

Features
■ Overall length greatly reduced
through the use of integrated
sensors and reengineering
■ Extremely robust electronic 90 ft
packaging and mechanical
design
■ All components built to rigor-
Platform Express
ous LWD shock standards
■ Real-time speed correction
■ Thirty percent shorter skid
with improved pad application
■ Integrated Rxo measurement 38 ft
■ Density, Rxo and Rt measure-
ments, and deep and shallow
azimuthal images
■ Real-time depth matching and
borehole correction Houston, Texas
32E-001234

US DOT 253896
Platform Express measurements Two Platform Express logging configurations are available for resistivity measurement. The vertical
Platform Express sensors set new resolution for each measurement is shown in the blocks on the right. These, in combination with the
new sensor design, provide better, more accurate measurements, leading to improved interpretation
standards in formation evaluation and reserves calculations.
accuracy. Resistivity measurements
are made with either the AIT* Array
Induction Imager Tool or the High-
Resolution Azimuthal Laterolog Sonde
(HALS), both with a 12-in. maximum
vertical resolution.
Sensors for the Three-Detector
Lithology Density (TLD) and Micro-
Cylindrically Focused Log (MCFL)
measurements are integrated in the HGNS
Highly Integrated GR
single pad of the High-Resolution Gamma Ray 24 in.
Mechanical Sonde (HRMS), which Neutron Sonde
presses against the formation. The
TLD log is a backscatter-type density φN
measurement with 16-, 8- or 2-in. ver- 24 in.
tical resolution. The MCFL microresis-
tivity measurement, which investigates
the same volume of the formation as
the density measurement, has 2-in.
vertical resolution. Flex joints greatly
improve pad application in rough holes. Electronics
The Highly Integrated Gamma Ray cartridge
Neutron Sonde (HGNS) provides gamma
ray and neutron porosity measure-
ments with a standard vertical reso-
lution of 24 in. Alpha processing is
available to achieve 12-in. vertical ρb, Pe
16, 8
resolution of the neutron log.
or 2 in.
Real-time speed correction and
automatic depth matching of all meas- HRMS
urements are provided by an acceler- High-Resolution
ometer for much faster turnaround on Mechanical
Sonde Rxo, hmc
wellsite processing. 2 in.

HALS AIT
High-Resolution Array Induction Rt
Azimuthal Imager Tool 12 in.
Laterolog
Sonde
Articulated tool design for enhanced The HRMS skid is innovatively linked with flex joints for improved pad application.
pad-to-borehole wall contact and
tool descent
Flex joints enable the Platform Express
sonde to hinge or rotate slightly as the
tool body travels into and out of rough Flex
hole sections. A second pair of arms Flex joint
applies force directly to the back of joint
the skid, below its center, to keep the
skid face pressed against the wall when
the caliper arm hits a ledge. Together
with the shorter pad, the additional
backup arm and flex joints deliver
significantly improved measurements
in rough and deviated holes.
The short length and articulated
design of the sonde enable it to suc-
cessfully traverse wells with a short
radius of curvature and wells contain-
ing severe doglegs.
Flex
joint
Flex
joint

The short length and articulated design make descent in short-radius and crooked wells easy.

Borehole Specifications Field experience without


diameter HALS and AIT tools
8 in. 6 in.
Maximum 44°/100 ft 76°/100 ft
buildup
angle

Casing shoe
W
ell
de
via
tio

Dogleg severity: 72°/100 ft


n
Efficiency comparison Platform Express system saves a substantial amount of rig time over the triple-combo.
Two 7000-ft wells, each with a 2500-ft
openhole section, show the large reduc-
tion in rig time made possible by the
higher logging speeds and streamlined
operations of the Platform Express Saudi Arabia Argentina
7000-ft well 7000-ft well
system. In the Saudi Arabia well on 2500-ft openhole 2500-ft openhole
the left, Platform Express equipment
was run in combination with the DSI*
Run 1: AIT-LDT-CNL-MSFL-GR
Dipole Shear Sonic Imager tool to save Run 2: DSI
more than 3 hr of rig time compared AIT-LDT-CNL-MSFL-GR
with two runs of the triple-combo, Platform Express
MicroSFL* and DSI tools. Two hours and DSI
of drilling were saved in the Argentina combination
well at right because less rathole had Platform Express
to be drilled to accommodate the
shorter length of the Platform Express
tool string.

Reliability 7 hr 40 min 4 hr 20 min 7 hr 3 hr 20 min

Extensive field testing was conducted


around the world in a wide variety of Time
geologic settings and well conditions. Drilling rathole Calibrations Logging
Reliability was more than 3 times Rig up, rig down Run in, pull out
higher than that of conventional triple-
combo tools.
Unequaled reliability results from
Platform Express reliability is threefold that of the triple-combo.
the system’s unique design and new,
tough temperature and shock qualifi-
cation standards. Platform Express
standards include a 40-day heat test
and more than two thousand 250-g
shocks, making it the first wireline
tool in the industry that meets LWD
tool standards.

Triple-combo Platform Express


Platform Express quicklook for display with the other curves. quicklook interpretations produced
The Platform Express quicklook inter- A zone-of-interest flag appears on the at the wellsite from triple-combo data.
pretation, available in real time during left side of track 6 wherever the effec- The Platform Express quicklook pre-
logging, displays resistivity, porosity tive porosity is greater than 3% and sentation is also available as a postjob
and correlation curves with a lithology water saturation is less than 40%. playback. This log was recorded with
column and water saturation image. Real-time depth matching and speed the AIT resistivity configuration in the
True resistivity, invaded zone resistivity correction of the data make this Amoco test well in Catoosa, Oklahoma.
and crossplot porosity are computed presentation much more accurate than

Platform Express quicklook incorporates environmental correction in real time.


Platform Express answers data are used to compute the dips
A very powerful answer results when presented in track 5 and the polar plots
Platform Express equipment is ori- in track 6. Because the tool orientation
ented in the hole with an inclinometer is known, the pad direction curve
tool that provides tool face orientation appearing in the image in track 3 shows
and the hole deviation and azimuth. the tool turning as it is pulled uphole.
The high-resolution azimuthal laterolog This log was recorded in Texas.

Oriented HALS images provide valuable measurements in wells where no dipmeter data have been recorded.
Permeable zones real-time environmental corrections. HMIN and HMNO are the two micro-
This Texas example shows the 2-ft ver- The MCFL log is plotted to confirm log curves computed from the MCFL
tical resolution curves with five depths the AIT readings, and the resistivity data. The red shading indicates thick
of investigation across several perme- standoff—another exclusive mea- mudcake over these highly permeable
able zones. The Platform Express mud surement of the Platform Express zones.
resistivity measurement is used for system—is computed from the MCFL.

Platform Express system accurately and quickly measures resistivity and shows permeable zones.
HALS resistivity well in France in combination with an
The ability to plot both shallow and inclinometer tool, the pad orientation
deep high-resolution azimuthal images curves appear in the image tracks.
is another unique Platform Express Dip estimates can be made where the
feature. In this log, recorded in a test tool face orientation and hole deviation
and azimuth are known.

HALS images bring greater precision to bedding analysis.

X705

X710

X715

X720

X725

X730

X735

X740
Shallow Deep 1:150 High-Resolution Laterolog Deep (HRLD)
Image Image (m)
0.02 (ohm-m) 2000
High-Resolution Laterolog Shallow (HRLS)
0.02 (ohm-m) 2000
MCFL with FMI image and X655 m in this Argentina well Core photograph comparison
Overlay of the MCFL curve with the is visible on both the MCFL data and The high-resolution data obtained by
borehole image derived from the FMI* the FMI image. the Platform Express tool can be used
Fullbore Formation MicroImager con- to identify impermeable laminations
firms the high vertical resolution of in the formation that can act as flow
Platform Express data. Conductivity barriers to production. In this well,
variation in the zone between X652 there was concern about the continuity

MCFL measurements correlate well with FMI images for the identification and characterization of thin beds.
of limestone streaks in the formation, or the nature of the coring operation of the reservoir with no additional
which would help contain water below (the coring process created rounded water cut.
the reservoir section and enhance the fragments of a thin layer). However, The high-resolution (2-in.) density
steamflood of the reservoir. The core the consistent response of the TLD and photoelectric factor measurements
data are not definitive: only limestone and MCFL to these thin layers revealed clearly resolve the carbonate layers
cobbles were recovered, and they could the continuity of the laminations, and and, with the addition of the 2-in.
represent either the nature of the the operator was able to complete the resolution Rxo from the MCFL, also
deposition (nonbarrier cobble layer) zone closer to the known water contact identify thin oil-bearing layers.

Detailed comparison to core photographs confirms the resolution of the Platform Express system.

Gamma Ray (HGR) Caliper (HCAL)


6 16
0 (gAPI) 150
1-ft Resistivity
Neutron Porosity
(HNPO) 1 (ohm-m) 100
60 (p.u.) 0 1-ft Resistivity
Photoelectric Factor 1 (ohm-m) 100
(PEFI )

Core Photograph
18-in. Resistivity
Ultraviolet-Light
Standard Core

2 (2-in.) 7
Photograph

1 (ohm-m) 100
TDL 2-in. Density
(RHOI) 2-in. Resistivity
Depth
(1:20 ft) 1.65 (g/cm3) 2.65 1 (ohm-m) 100
XX32

XX33

XX34

XX35

XX36

XX37

XX38

XX39

XX40

XX41

XX42

XX43
Customized answers descending and red to orange where The well trajectory plot clearly
The integrated z-axis accelerometer in climbing in angle. Displaying the com- shows the well turning up before it
the Platform Express system enables puted lithology color plot on the well enters the anhydrite layer. A line drawn
speed correction of all data and deter- trajectory is ideal for showing not along the sand/anhydrite contact indi-
mination of the wellbore deviation, only the position of a horizontal well cates that the boundary has a uniform
which is used to compute true vertical but also its attitude in reference to structural dip along the section, which
depth (TVD) logs and plot the well- intersected lithologic features. effectively eliminates the possibility
bore position of highly deviated and In this example, the well penetrated of a second anhydrite bed and the
horizontal wells. This customized plot salt and anhydrite layers out of casing fault theory. The well simply reentered
combines the measured-depth data and entered the sand reservoir. After the caprock anhydrite and then went
with a horizontal depth coordinate 75 m in the sand, the well entered an back into the sand reservoir. Without
system originating at the bottom of anhydrite layer and then went back the Platform Express well deviation
the well. The color-coded bar next to into a sand. Were there two anhydrite data, this analysis would have been
the depth track indicates the direction layers or one displaced by a fault? delayed until other well deviation data
of the well relative to horizontal (90° Or did the well turn up and reenter could be correlated to the log data to
deviation)—green to black where the anhydrite layer above the reservoir? explain the lithology changes.

The real-time display of Platform Express data is easily customized.

Porosity

Resistivity

Depth
1:1000
(m)

Well Trajectory
Speed correction Oriented HALS images provide valuable measurements in wells where no dipmeter data have been recorded.
The importance of real-time speed
correction from the accelerometer
data is shown in this Texas example.
Despite the rough hole conditions and Rxo Density 1:50 ft Rxo Density
irregular tool movements, the curves 0.1 (ohm-m) 100 1.70 (g/cm3) 2.70 0.1 (ohm-m) 100 1.70 (g/cm3) 2.70
Caliper
after speed correction (on the right) AIT-H Curves Neutron AIT-H Curves Neutron
10 20
are consistent. The MCFL, AIT and (ohm-m) 60 (p.u.) 0 (in.) (ohm-m) 60 (p.u.) 0
porosity curves track, resulting in X090
more accurate water saturation calcu-
lations—especially in thin permeable
beds. Improved depth matching at
about X095 shows clearly on the
enlarged depth scale. The off-depth
data to the left are without speed
correction.
X100
Density in bad hole
This Texas well was drilled with
barite—a heavy mud that presents
problems for Litho-Density* tools.
Substantially improved density measurement in bad hole conditions is possible with the Platform Express TLD tool.
Comparison of the Platform Express
density values with Litho-Density data
in the washouts clearly demonstrates
how Platform Express technology
greatly improves log quality in rough
holes. The TLD results are in excellent
agreement with the DSI data (shown
in green on the right), which are rela-
tively unaffected by washouts. The
better quality density measurements
also facilitate petrophysical and seis-
mic analyses.
Platform Express revolutionary reengineering of wireline logging is only Specifications
38 ft long and weighs 600 lbm.
Length 38 ft
Weight 690 lbm
Max OD 33⁄ 8 in
Min OD 45⁄ 8 in
Temperature rating 260°F
Pressure rating 10,000 psi
Hole size 6 to 16 in.
Max logging speed 3600 ft/hr

HGNS
Highly Integrated
Gamma Ray
Neutron Sonde

Electronics
cartridge

HRMS
High-Resolution 38 ft
Mechanical
Sonde

HALS AIT
High-Resolution Array Induction
Azimuthal Imager Tool
Laterolog
Sonde
www.connect.slb.com
SMP-5177 ©Schlumberger
September 2001 *Mark of Schlumberger