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Introduction
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2
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File --> Ope n Ctrl+O

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I$ >MG(.Eý6,Q >MþN6ðê; , F .N0êý
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5
€±¢µÄ˜¿ž ¤Ç¢¸š¾ª Ã
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6+BM

»¤¶¬€ƒ² ©°Ã†»š³“
0=!> >M4"?Mð a êý$AM* ,B$ê,9ý; 2 0=!> >M36ð a I$ >ME* "BFile -- 0=!> >M3; * a HóNí>+Q.:ý Ctrl+N
E$.M; ':#* A* > Ne w --> E.@6êë"; ý'@N" >M
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» ¶Ã¬»¢±”Ĭ†€±¢‡¯ »¤¶Ã¬˜ ·   ¬†¬†Ÿ± (Pan)


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6
» ¶Ã¬»¢±”Ĭ†€±¢ Z oom »Ä±¼ ¤¯ ¬¬€ (Z oom in & Z oom out)
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* >0=!>ôB*); 'ý:ð">N

0=!> >M4"?Mð - Eí,@M6ð4* ; + + E'@M6ôB*EëN; ,Eí,@M6ð4* ; + a E'@M6ôB*66ê


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3; !=þê; ,E.@6ê,B$ ,ð3>ME4.>M+*

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I0N (1) F .N0.; êþ; * F "0F +ð (2) ý:ð,B$

7
ê,ü >E$L",B$ ,ð6@M" >MI* MHóM3>ME4.>M+* êLHóN0=!>3,N; ðEý>+0ê:" 3M0"ê; ,$,:#íM; H4N,B$ ,ð >M3,N; ð* >,; +.9E6>+ý
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8
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9
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Eó@M6* G+ð ñ9$,; êøñAýþ,ðê.; ð0:þÿA H4N"< E* ; 3QI$í.=êíN; ð#"ñAý3>M
E4.>M+* >M$,; êøë?N"

- 4.:ðñ; êí.=êíN; ð H4N.; êI$+:ðñAýê?Mðê.; ðë6ð0:þÿA >MþN6ðê; ,3,N; ð


E3N"Eó@M6* G+ðê:#0:þÿAE,=M* þN"

- ñ9IýNE3N"Eó@M6* G+ð,940M; ð36ð0:þÿA

- E* @M6E,; +N; +þ< F 4"Mð0:þÿA E3N"ñ9+N; +þ; * I$ýN0+ ý:ð,B$

10
€±¢ Undo ¼ ¤¯ Redo
E* @M6 < ð; "%=ý'.; ý þN6ðê; ,+êE.=ê3=Mð >M < I$F .N0 H4NHóNí< 3:Mð Undo ô?Mð3; * ; ,ÿE,>+êí< 3:Mð">NðM; + K IýN 3
0=!>
0=!> >M4 "?Mð - êý$AM* '.Bê1,' Undo 0=!> >M36ð - êýí>+Q.:ý Ctrl+Z 0=!> >M3; * - HóNE* "B%M; "í< 3:Mð
H" Com m ands Bar Edit -> Undo

H" ; ðê.:#ê:" ÿN; þN6ðê; ,+êE.=êê; , Undo MI> ýN < I$F .N0 (Undo I$ F .N0E$.>M+"Hññ9ê.:#* ; < E4* @6"
Eý=* ) ô?MðE,>+ê0M; Re do êL3; * ; ,ÿ < IýNðM; + K 3 0=!>EóM"ê:"
0=!> >M4 "?Mð - êý$AM* .Bê1, Re do 0=!> >M36ð - êýí>+Q.:ý Sh ift + 0=!> >M3; * - HóNE* "B %M; "í< 3:Mð
H" Com m ands Bar Ctrl+ Z Edit -> Re do

€±¢¾©Ã©´¼ ¤¯ »©Ä˜¬™°Ä˜¶Ä˜±˜
,B$ ,ðþM; ðK H" Ink s cape ñ9$,9ê6#I$ýN0+ FillF .9 Strok e ô?Mð Fill":N"ñ94* ; +ÿ?ð #,=E0ü >ME$L"3M0"
ë6ð,B$ ,ð 4,@63>ë6ð,B$ ,ð":N" K 3M0" Strok e ":N"í@6 3M0"ë6ðë6#ë6ð,B$ ,ð 4,@6E3N"ë6# ô?Mð :Nð Fill
F .9 Strok e ":N"E,; 3; * ; ,ÿE$.>M+"íM; ë6ð3>F .9í0; * G$,MðH3IýNGý+ê; ,E.@6ê0:ýÿA >MþN6ðê; ,H3M3>4 ,@6E3N"
ë6# F .N0þ; * ýN0+ê; ,êýí>+Q.:ý Sh ift+ Ctrl+F E'@M6 < ê; ,E,>+ê4"N; þM; ð$,:#F þMðíM; FillF .9 Strok e ë?N"
* ; ); +H"4"N; þM; ð">N íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ$,:#íM; þM; ðK ë6ð FillF .9 Strok e IýN :Nð4* ý

4; êI* MþN6ðê; ,êýí>+Q.:ý 4.:ðñ; êE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIëíM; 3>


F .N0 êL3; * ; ,ÿE,>+êí< 3:MðIýN%M; "ê,; (=ê6="Eþ6,QE(ôGý+ê; ,êý
$AM* ý:ð,B$ëN; ðôN; +

E* @M6êýF .N0ñ9* >4 "N; þ; í.N; +ý:ð,B$H"4"N; ÿ:ýI$ Gý+ñ9F #MðE$L"3; * 4:0ëN6 í@6
Filla 3< 4,:#ê; ,ê< 4"ý3>ë6ð,B$ ,ð
Strok e paint a 3< 4,:#ê; ,ê< 4"ý3>ë6ðE3N"ë6#
Strok e s tyle a 3< 4,:#ê; ,ê< 4"ý,B$F ##ë6ðE3N"ë6# EóM"E3N"$,9 E$L"þN"
11
ª˜Ä±”±¬†ª˜Ä±”ñ†» ¶Ã¬»¢±€“š·Ã 
Filland Strok e dialog ŠµÃ†š¢̄ €¬™
¿š“Ħ¡ 3 Tab ª¤°€ ŠµÃ†»€´Ã¡ ¦Ä¬†€°™
©´Ÿ ±¡¾˜¢̧š–¢† ©´¬†»©Ä˜¬™ ¼ ¤¯
¤°€¨’ ¯ ¬†»©Ä˜¬™ ŠµÃ†¼ ”ä¯ Tab
€Â‡¯  ´¢±¡¤¯ »¬´¡ “¾ªÄš¢°™¡Ã¬¡¬´€

$AM* >Mí0#íA* 3> I* M0M; ñ9E$L" Fill4,@6 Strok e ñ9* >.:ê2ü 9E4* @6"ê:"
6 ó"=ý ý:ð,B$ ; ðë0; * @6
H"# ">Nñ9ë6ê.M; 0Eò'; 9'@N"ù; "H"ê; ,H3M3>F ##ðM; + K ë6ð FillF .9 Strok e (Gý+ñ96!=#; +Eò'; 9ê; ,
H3M3>Eý>+0 F .9ê< 4"ýH4NI* M* >3>H4Nê:# FillF .9 Strok e ) 3M0" Strok e s tyle F .9,; +.9E6>+ý6@M" K ë6ð Fill
F .9 Strok e ñ9ë6+êI$6!=#; +H"# >MF +êE"@N64; 66êI$Gý+Eò'; 9

Fill

H" FillTab ý:ð,B$ 4; êêý$AM* F ,ê >ME$L"ê; ê#; x (No paint)


4* ; +ÿ?ð I* MH3M3> ,B$ ,ð":"N K ñ9I* M* >3> (H3 * 6ð 9.AIýN)

ÿN; êý$AM* >M36ð 4* ; +ÿ?ð E,; ñ9ê< 4"ý3>Eý>+0 (Flat color) H4Nê:#
,B$ ,ð":N"

0=!>ê< 4"ý3> Ink s cape IýN66êF ##H4N%BNHóNð; "E.@6ê,9##3>H4NE4* ; 9ê:#ó"=ýë6ðð; "F .9í0; * ÿ":ýë6ð
þ"E6ð ô?Mð$,9ê6#I$ýN0+ RGB, H SL, CMYK 4,@6E.@6êñ; ê0ð.N63> (W h e e l) ý:ðñ96!=#; +H"4:0ëN6ÿ:ý
I$

Strok e paint

Strok e paint í@63M0" >Mê< 4"ý3>ë6ðE3N"ë6# ô?Mð,; +.9E6>+ý ,0* :Nð,9##3>ñ9E$L"EóM"Eý>+0ê:# FillI* M0M;
ñ9E$L"F ## No paint 4,@6 Flat color (3M0"6@M" K ñ96!=#; +H"# þM6 K I$)
12
¢¸Ä‡°€ ¢¯ ™™©´” ñ† Á
þM6E"@M6ðñ; ê4:0ëN6 >MF .N0 ô?MðE,; IýNê.M; 0ÿ?ð0M; FillF .9 Strok e paint 3; * ; ,ÿê< 4"ýH4NI* M* >3> (H4N,B$ ,ð
G$,MðH3 * 6ð 9.AIýN) 4,@6* >3>þM; ð K þ; * >ME,; ê< 4"ýIýNþ; * þN6ðê; , ô?Mðê; , >ME,; ñ9H3M3>H4N,B$ ,ðþM; ð K
":N" E,; í0,ñ9þN6ð,BNñ:êF .9EëN; Hñ,9##3>F .9,B$F ##ë6ðê; ,HóN3>þM; ð K >MHóNH"ð; "í6* '=0Eþ6,Qê,; (=ê
:M0I$H4Ný>E3>+êM6"

,9##3>F .9,B$F ##ë6ðê; ,E.@6ê3> >M"=+* HóNH"ð; "í6* '=0Eþ6,Qê,; (=ê$,9ê6#I$ýN0+,9## RGB, H SL,
CMYK F .9,B$F ##0ð.N63> (W h e e lý:ðñ96!=#; +þM6I$">N)

¢̄ ™™©´ RGB
,9##3> RGB E$L",9##3> >MEê=ýñ; êê; ,%3* ë6ðF * M3>F 3ð 4,@6'Bý
ðM; + K êLí@6E$L",9##3> >Mí6* '=0Eþ6,QHóNF 3ýð%.%M; " Monitor
":M"E6ð ê; ,$,:#íM; 3>3; * ; ,ÿ$,:#IýNðM; +* ; ê Gý+ê; ,E.@6êí0; *
EëN* ëN"ë6ðF * M3>F 3ðF þM.93>* ; ê"N6+þM; ðê:" ô?Mð < IýNGý+0=!>.; ê
Slide r #"F ÿ#3>F þM.9F ÿ# (R-Re d, G-Gre e n, B-Blue ) 4,@6H3MíM;
þ:0E.ë

3M0"F ÿ# A í@6F ÿ# Alph a ô?Mð* >I0N3< 4,:#ê< 4"ýí0; * ?#-H3ë6ð


3> ÿN; E.@M6"F ÿ#* ; ; ðôN; +3Aý (íM; 0) 3>":N" K êLñ9G$,MðF 3ð 4,@6H3
":M"E6ð F .94; êE.@M6"* ; ; ðë0; 3Aý (255) 3>":N" K êLñ9 ?# 4,@6
* 6ðE4L"IýNGý+I* M 9.AE.+ 3M0"ê,ü > >M6+BM,940M; ðê.; ð êLñ9ê.; +
E$L"3>ê?MðG$,MðH3ê?Mð ?#F 3ð

¢̄ ™™©´ H SL
Tab >M36ðí@6,9##3>F ## H SL (#N; ðêLE,>+ê0M; H SB) ô?MðíM6"ëN; ð
ñ:#þN6ðIýN* ; êê0M; G* Eý.3>F ## RGB E"@M6ðñ; ê,9##F ,êþN6ð"?êH4N
IýNêM6"0M; 3> >MþN6ðê; ,Eê=ýñ; ê3>69I, 6+M; ð.9* ; ê"N6+E'>+ðHýE3>+
êM6" ñ?ðñ9%3* 3>IýNþ; * þN6ðê; , ô?MðíM6"ëN; ð+; êE',; 9E$L"0=!>í=ý
F ##í6* '=0Eþ6,Q I* MHóM* "A2+Q G* Eý.3>F ## H SL ñ?ðÿBê3,N; ðë?N"* ;
E'@M6F êN$:ö 4; ">N

G* Eý.">N ñ9óM0+H4Ní" < ð; "E,@M6ð3>ê:#í6* '=0Eþ6,QðM; +ë?N" ë:N"þ6"


F ,ê E'>+ðF þME.@6êE"@N63> >MHê.NEí>+ðê:# >ME,; þN6ðê; ,ñ; êF ÿ# H
(H ue ) ñ; ê":N"êL$,:#í0; * 3ý 4,@6í0; * 6=M* þ:0ë6ð3> >MF ÿ# S
(Saturation) 4; êþN6ðê; ,3ý* ; ê êLE.@M6"F ÿ#I$ ; ðë0; 4,@6H3M
þ:0E.ë3Bð K 4; êþN6ðê; ,3>ô>ýêLH4NE.@M6"I$ ; ðôN; +4,@6H3Mþ:0E.ë
13
þM< K F ÿ# L (Ligh tne s s #N; ðêLE,>+ê B-Brigh tne s s ) * >I0N3< 4,:#
$,:#í0; * 30M; ðë6ð3> ÿN; F ÿ#E.@M6"I$ ; ðë0; ñ930M; ð* ; ê 4; ê6+BM
; ðôN; +êLñ9* @ýë?N" 3M0"F ÿ# A êL* >4 "N; >MEý>+0ê:#,9## RGB í@6
ê< 4"ýí0; * ?#-H3ë6ð3>

ñ9E4L"0M; ,9##3>">N íM6"ëN; ðñ9E$L"0=!>í=ý!,,* ó; þ=ê0M; ,9## RGB


*; ê

¢̄ ™™ CMYK
,9## CMYK í@6,9##3> >MHóN3< 4,:#ð; "3=Mð'=* 'Q ô?Mð$,9ê6#I$
ýN0+F * M3> 4 3>%3* ê:" í@6 Cyan, Mage nta, Ye llow F .9 Black 0=!>
%3* 3>êLHóN0=!>EóM"Eý>+0ê:#,9##3>6@M" K E'>+ðF þME$.>M+"F * M3>E M; ":N"

W h eel
W h e e l E$L"G* Eý.ê; ,E.@6ê3> >MðM; + F .9E$L"!,,* ó; þ=6>êó"=ý4"?Mð
(íM6"ëN; ðí.N; +ê:# H SL F þMñ:ýE,>+ðê:"H",B$F ## >MýBðM; +ê0M; ) í.=ê
E.@6ê3>ñ; ê0ð.N63>ýN; ""6ê F .N0í.=êE.@6êEòý3> >MþN6ðê; ,ñ; ê3; *
E4.>M+* ýN; "H" 3M0"F ÿ# A êL+:ðíðE4* @6"ê:#,9##6@M"

3M0" >ME'=M* * ; ñ9E$L"óM6ð RGBA M*> A* ôN; +.M; ð ô?Mð6"Aö ; þH4NF 3ýð
F .9F êNIë,9##3>E$L"E.ëù; " 16 :Nð3>MF ÿ# (F ÿ#.9 2 4.:ê ,0* 8
þ:0)

€±¢ Transform ¦°” •·


ê; , Trans form 0:þÿA í,6#í.A* ÿ?ðê; ,Eí.@M6"+N; + 4* A" F .9+M6/ë+; +0:þÿA

,B$ ,ð >MíAü IýN3,N; ðë?N"H" Ink s cape ":N"íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ$,:#F êNIýNþ; * þN6ðê; , EóM"+N; +þ< F 4"Mð, 4* A" 4,@6
+M6/ë+; +êLIýN Gý+0=!>F êNIë,B$ ,ð":N"
íAü ñ9þN6ð < ê; ,E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MíAü þN6ðê; ,êM6"
ñ; ê":N"êý F1 4,@6 >M$AM*
í.=ê >M0:þÿA >MþN6ðê; , < ð; "ýN0+ F .9F êNIëýN0+í< 3:Mð >M Ink s cape IýNEþ,>+* I0NH4Ný:ð">N (I* Mñ< E$L"
þN6ðHóN Aê0=!> H4NE.@6ê0=!> >ME,; ÿ":ý3:ê36ð3; * í< 3:MðêL'6)

14
1. í.=êíN; ð >M,B$ ,ðF .N0.; ê E'@M6+N; +I$H"þ< F 4"Mð >MþN6ðê; ,
2. Ctrl+í.=êíN; ð >M,B$ ,ðF .N0.; ê E'@M6+N; +þ< F 4"MðH4Në"; "H"F "0þ:Nð4,@6F "0"6"
3. í.=êíN; ð >M.Bê1,H"3M0"* A* ë6ð,B$ ,ð E'@M6+M6/ë+; +,B$ ,ð
4. Ctrl+í.=êíN; ð >M.Bê1,H"3M0"* A* ë6ð,B$ ,ðF .N0.; ê E'@M6+M6/ë+; +F ##E M; ê:"H" AêýN; "
5. í.=êôN< >M,B$ ,ð >ME.@6ê6>êí,:Nð .Bê1,ñ9GíNðE'@M6H4NE,; 4* A",B$ ,ðIýN
6. Ctrl+4* A",B$ ,ð ñ9 < H4N4 * A"IýNí,:Nð.9 156ð1;
7. êý >M.Bê1, E'@M6+N; +þ< F 4"Mðþ; * =1 ; ðë6ð.Bê1,
8. Alt+ .Bê1, E'@M6+N; +í,:Nð.9 1'=êEô.
9 . <, > +M6/ë+; +,B$ ,ð
10. Ctrl+<, > +M6/ë+; + í,:Nð1E M; þ:0
11. Alt+ <, > +M6/ë+; + í,:Nð.9 1'=êEô.
12. [, ] 4* A",B$ ,ð í,:Nð.9 156ð1;
13. Ctrl+[, ] 4* A",B$ ,ð í,:Nð.M9 9 06ð1;
14. Alt+ [, ] 4* A",B$ ,ðí,:Nð 1'=êEô.

”°¦¬¡Ã±†€±¢ Transform
ê; ,Eí.@M6 "+N; +F .9ê; ,E$.>M+"
F $.ðë"; ýë6ð,B$ ,ð

ƒ¤³€¦°”•· ¼ ¤Ä¦»¤¶Ã¬˜»ƒ¬¢Ç»Š¬¢Ç¿¦Ä »¬±» ±©Ç¿š¦±†–´Ã¢̧š¤¸€§¢¢¬™¢̧š–¢†


¾˜™¢³»¦’ ¢̧š–¢† ‡¯ »€³“¤¸€§¢©´Ã ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€ ‡¯ »šÂ˜€±¢»š¤´Ã¡ ˜
–³§ ŠµÃ†»”¢́¡ ¢Ä¬ ©² ª¢°™€±¢ ˜±“
»ƒ¤¶Ã¬˜¡Ä±¡
ª±€€“ Ctrl ƒÄ±†¿¦Ä‡¯ ¢°€¨±©°“©Ã¦˜
» ¶Ã¬”Ĭ†€±¢»ƒ¤¶Ã¬˜¡Ä±¡¾ªÄƒ¤³€ƒÄ±† »“³ ¿¦Ä
¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€

ê; ,4* A",B$ ,ð F .9ê; ,#=ý-


E#@6 ",B$ ,ð

ƒ¤³€–´Ã¢̧š–¢†¬´€ƒ¢°Ä† ¤¸€§¢‡¯ »¬±»ƒ¬¢Ç»Š¬¢Ç¿š¦±†™¢³»¦’  · 


»š¤´Ã¡ ˜¢̧š

15
ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±† ¼ ¤Ä¦ª ·˜ ‡¯ »šÂ˜€±¢ª ·˜ €¢’ ´– ´Ã»¬±»ƒ¬¢Ç»Š¬¢Ç¿š¦±†™¢³»¦’ ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†¼ ¤¯ »¤¶Ã¬˜¤¸€§¢”¢†€µÃ†€¤±†
¢̧š–¢†˜°Ä˜ Á €µÃ†€¤±† “°†¢̧š ‡¯ »šÂ˜€±¢™³“»™¶¬˜/»ˆ¶¬˜ (Sh e ar)
¢̧š–¢†˜°Ä˜ Á

€±¢¢¦ ¦°” •·»šÂ˜€¤·Ã »“´¡ ¦€°˜¼ ¤¯ €±¢¡€»¤³€ (Group ¼ ¤¯


Ungroup)
íAü 3; * ; ,ÿñ:#E6; ,B$ ,ð4.; +K ,B$ ,ð (þ:NðF þM1ó=N"ë?N"I$) * ; ,0* ê:"E$L"ê.AM* 4,@6 group Eý>+0ê:"IýN
ô?Mð$,9G+ó"Që6ð group ":N"í@6 íAü 3; * ; ,ÿE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M6+BMH" group Eý>+0ê:"IýNýN0+ê; ,í.=ê
E'>+ðí,:NðEý>+0 F .93; * ; ,ÿ+N; + +M6/ë+; + 4,@64* A" IýN',N6* K ê:"

¦³—´¾‰Äƒ² ©°Ã† group


íAü ñ9þN6ðE.@6ê,B$ ,ð4.; + K ó=N" >Mñ9"< * ; EëN; ê.AM* E$L" group 4,@6ê.AM* Eý>+0ê:"êM6"
(ê; ,E.@6ê4.; +ó=N" >Mñ9ñ:#ê.AM* EëN; ýN0+ê:" 3; * ; ,ÿêý Sh ift íN; ðF .N0í.=êE.@6êIýN
4,@6ýB,; +.9E6>+ýñ; ê4:0ëN6 >M 5)
E* @M6E.@6êIýNF .N0H4Nêý Ctrl+G ,B$ ,ðñ9ÿBê group EëN; I0NýN0+ê:" 3M0"ê; ,ñ9+êE.=ê group
":N"H4NE.@6ê group >MþN6ðê; , ñ; ê":N"êý Sh ift+ Ctrl+G ,B$ ,ð >M,0* ê:"6+BME$L" group ñ9ÿBêF +ê66ê

©¢Ä±†¦°”•·ª¤±¡ Á ‰³Ä˜µÄ˜ ±€Ã¬˜ »¢³Ã »¤¶¬€¦°”•· €“ Sh ift »¶Ã¬»¤¶¬€¦°”•·»³Ã  (ª¢¶¬


¢¦ °Ä˜”¬˜ b ¼ ¤¯ c ½“¡€±¢¤±€
ƒ¢¬™€Â¿“Ä)
16
€“ Ctrl+G ¦°”•·(¢̧š–¢†)–´Ã»¢±»¤¶¬€ » ¶Ã¬»ƒ¤¶Ã¬˜¡Ä±¡ »š¤´Ã¡ ˜˜±“ •Ä±”Ĭ†€±¢¼ ¡€€¤°™¿š»šÂ˜¢̧š–¢†¼ ”Ã
‡¯ »šÂ˜€¤·Ã »“´¡ ¦€°˜ ©± ±¢•»ƒ¤¶Ã¬˜ ª ·˜ ¡Ã¬/¡±¡ ‡¯ »ªÂ˜¦Ã±¦°”•· ¤¯ ‰³Ä˜»ª ¶¬˜»“³ ¾ªÄ€“ Sh ift+ Ctrl+G
¡Ä±¡ ª ·˜ ¡Ã¬/¡±¡ ¢Ä¬  Á €°˜¿“Ä (¢̧š–¢†) ¾˜€¤·Ã »š¤´Ã¡ ˜¢Ä¬ €°˜
ª “

4; êI* MHóNí>+Q.:ý íAü 3; * ; ,ÿHóN


í< 3:Mð%M; "E* "B Obje ct ->
Group E'@M6,0* ,B$ ,ð >ME.@6ê
E$L"ê.AM* Eý>+0ê:" F .9+êE.=ê
ê; ,,0* ê:"ë6ðê.AM* ,B$ ,ðGý+I
$ >ME* "BObje ct -- > Ungroup

€±¢¤² “°™‰°Ä˜¦°” •· (Z - order)


,B$ ,ðþM; ðK H" Ink s cape ñ9ÿBêE,>+ð.< ý:#ó:N"E6; I0N ô?Mðþ; * $êþ=F .N0 ñ9ÿBêE,>+ð.< ý:#þ; * E0.; ë6ðê; ,
3,N; ð Gý+,B$ ,ð >M3,N; ðë?N"* ; êM6"ñ96+BMýN; ".M; ð ,B$ ,ð >M3,N; ð >4 .:ðñ96+BMýN; "#" ("?êðM; + K 0M; E$L"
ê,9ý; 2þ:ýF $9 ó=N" >MF $9 >4 .:ðñ96+BMëN; ð#" :#ó=N" >MF $96+BMêM6")

ô?Mð.< ý:#ë6ð,B$ ,ðE4.M; ">NE,; 3; * ; ,ÿñ:ýE,>+ðH4* MIýN Gý+E.@6ê >M,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,E$.>M+".< ý:#ó:N"ë6ð
0:þÿA F .N0E.@6êí< 3:MðþM6I$">N
17
$AM* H om e E'@M6+N; +* ; ýN; "#"3Aý
$AM* End E'@M6+N; +I$ýN; ".M; ð3Aý
$AM* Page UP E'@M6+N; +I$ýN; "#" 1,9ý:#
$AM* Page Dow n E'@M6+N; +.ð.M; ð 1,9ý:#

íAü 3; * ; ,ÿE.@6ê0:þÿAGý+I.MI$þ; * ,9ý:#IýNGý+êý Tab E'@M6E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M6+BMH",9ý:#3Bðë?N"I$ F .9


Sh ift+ Tab E'@M6E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M6+BMH",9ý:#þM< .ð* ;

"6êñ; ê">N+:ð3; * ; ,ÿHóNí< 3:Mð%M; " ; ð Tool Controls ë6ðEí,@M6ð-


* @6 êLIýN

E.@M6"ó=N" >MÿBêE.@6êI$6+BM.< ý:#.M; ð3Aý

E.@M6"ó=N" >MÿBêE.@6ê.ðI$4"?Mð.< ý:#ó:N"

E.@M6"ó=N" >MÿBêE.@6êë?N"* ; 4"?Mð.< ý:#ó:N"

E.@M6"ó=N" >MÿBêE.@6êë?N"* ; ó:N"#"3Aý

0=!> >MHóN3< 4,:#E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MÿBêôN6"6+BMýN; ".M; ðô?MðÿBê,B$ ,ðó:N"#"#:ð (Se lecting Unde r) ÿN; íAü í.=ê
E'@M6E.@6êF ##$êþ= ñ9 < H4NíAü E.@6êGý",B$ ,ð >M6+BMýN; "#" 3< 4,:#0=!> >MHóNH"ê; ,E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M6+BMýN; "
.M; ð >MÿBê#:ð":N" H4NíAü êý Alt+ í.=ê ñ9E$L"ê; ,E.@6êI$ >M,B$ ,ð >MÿBê#:ð6+BMýN; ".M; ð.ðI$ >.9ó:N" ê,ü > >M,B$-
,ðôN6" :#ê:"6+BM*; êê0M; 1 ó:N"H4NíAü í.=êôN< I$6>ê (Gý+ >M+:ðêý Alt íN; ð) ñ9E$L"ê; ,E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M6+BM
H",9ý:# >MþM< ê0M; .ðI$E,@M6+K

€±¢ Cut,Copy,Paste,Duplicate ¼ ¤¯ Clone


E* @M6E,; þN6ðê; , < ôN< 0:þÿA4 ,@6,B$ ,ðHý K H4NE.@6êGý+HóNEí,@M6ð* @6 (F1) í.=ê >M,B$ ,ð":N" K F .N0I$ >M
E* "BEdit --> Copy (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+C) ,B$ ,ð":N"ñ9ÿBêEêL#EëN; 4"M0+í0; * ñ< E* @M6E,; þN6ðê; , < ôN<
,B$ ,ð( >ME,; E,>+êEêL#I0NH"4"M0+í0; * ñ< ýN0+í< 3:Mð Copy) H4NH"í< 3:Mð Pas te Gý+E,>+êñ; êE* "BEdit -->
Pas te (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+V) 3; * ; ,ÿHóNôN< IýNþ; * ñ< "0" >MþN6ðê; , < ôN< (ÿN; E,>+êí< 3:Mð">N 5 í,:Nð êLñ9IýN
,B$ ,ðE4* @6"þN"ò#:# >M Copy I0N6>ê 5 ó=N" ,0* 6 ó=N") 3M0"í< 3:Mð Edit --> Pas te in place (í>+Q.:ý
Ctrl+Alt+ V) ñ9H4N%.EóM"Eý>+0ê:#í< 3:Mð Pas te F þMþ< F 4"Mð >M0; ð,B$ ,ð >MEêL#I0Nñ; ê4"M0+í0; * ñ< ýN0+
í< 3:Mð Copy ñ9E$L"þ< F 4"MðEý=*

18
í< 3:Mð Cut í.N; +ê:#í< 3:Mð Copy þM; ðê:"E'>+ðF þMþ:0þN"ò#:# >MEêL#I0N4 "M0+í0; * ñ< ñ94; +I$ (F þMê; ,HóN
í< 3:Mð Copy þN"ò#:#ñ9+:ð6+BM>MEý=* ) E,>+êñ; êE* "BEdit --> Cut (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+X)

+:ð* >í< 3:Mð6@M" >MHóNH"ê; , < ôN< ,B$ ,ð6>ê 2 í< 3:Mð í@6í< 3:Mð Duplicate F .9 Clone
í< 3:Mð Duplicate E,>+ê%M; "E* "BEdit --> Duplicate (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+D) ñ9IýN,B$ ,ð >ME4* @6"ê:#
þN"ò#:#E'=M* ë?N"* ; (í.N; +ê:#ê; ,HóNí< 3:Mð Copy + Pas te in place )
í< 3:Mð Clone E,>+ê%M; "E* "BEdit --> Clone (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Alt+ D) ñ9IýN%..:'!QEóM"Eý>+0ê:#í< 3:Mð
Duplicate F þMF þêþM; ðê:"þ,ð >Mí< 3:Mð Clone ">N E* @M6F êNIë0:þÿAþN"ò#:# ,B$ ,ð >M Clone * ; ñ; êþN"ò#:#ñ9
E$.>M+"F $.ðþ; * I$ýN0+ 4; êþN6ðê; ,H4N0:þÿA >MÿBê Clone 66ê* ; I* Më?N"þM6ê; ,E$.>M+"F $.ðë6ð,B$ ,ð
þN"ò#:# H4NHóNí< 3:Mð Edit --> Unlink Clone (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Sh ift+ Alt+ D)

í< 3:ðM Clone F .9 Duplicate +:ð3; *; ,ÿE,>+êñ; ê$A*M H" Com m ands
š· Ã Duplicate , Clone ¼¤̄ Unlink Clone Bar IýN þ; * ,B$ ; ðôN; +* @6

€±¢»€Â™¿ž ¤Ç¾˜¢¸š¼ ™™”ñ† Á


êý$AM* Save docum e nt þ; * ,B$ (4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+S)

ñ; ê":N" < þ; * .< ý:#ý:ðþM6I$">N

1.E.@6êG(.Eý6,Q >MþN6ðê; ,EêL#


ð; "
2.E.@6êô:#G(.Eý6,Q >Mñ9EêL#ð; "
ñ"ê0M; ñ9Eñ6G(.Eý6,Q >MþN6ðê; ,
3.'=* 'Qó@M6I(.Q
4.E.@6ê"; * 3êA. >Mñ9EêL#ð; "

"; * 3êA.* ; þ,ù; "ë6ð Ink s cape í@6 SVG ô?MðE$L",B$F ##* ; þ,ù; "ë6ð W 3C 3< 4,:#ð; "ê,; (=ê >ME$L"
Ve ctor 6+M; ðI,êLþ; * Ink s cape +:ð,6ð,:#ê; ,EêL#I(.Q( 6,QF * Lþ6@M" >M3< í:ö 6+M; ðEóM" e ps 4,@6 ps
(Pos ts cript)
19
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
H4N ý.6ð3,N; ð); '0; ý6+M; ððM; + K ýN0+,B$ ,ð'@"N ù; " F .9$,:#E$.>+M "ý:ýF $.ð,B$ ,ð Trans form þ.6ý
ñ"$,:# Z -orde r 6+M; ðE4*; 93*þ; * IM> ýN1ê? 2; *; H"# ">N

20
™––´Ã 2
©¢Ä±†¢¸š–¢†”± ¾‡˜µ€

# >MF .N0IýNê.M; 0ÿ?ðê; ,0; ý,B$ ,ð'@N"ù; " F .9ê; ,HóNí< 3:Mð >Mñ< E$L"H"ê; ,3,N; ð); ' H"# ">NE,; ñ9ê.M; 0
ÿ?ðê; ,0; ý,B$ ,ð6=3,9 ô?Mð4; êHóNð; "IýN6+M; ðí.M6ðF í.M0F .N0 ñ93; * ; ,ÿ"< I$$,9+AêþQ0; ý,B$69I,êLIýN

€±¢¦±“»©Ä˜/¢¸š–¢†¬³©¢¯
* >Eí,@M6ð* @66+BM2 ó"=ý >M3< 4,:#0; ý,B$ ,ð6=3,9

Fre e h and Tool(F6)


E$L"Eí,@M6ð* @60; ý,B$ >MHóNðM; + F .9þ,ðI$þ,ð* ; E'>+ðêý$AM* >MEí,@M6ð* @6 4,@6$AM* F6
F .N00; ý#"'@N" >M < ð; " F þMí0#íA* H4NE$L",9E#>+#íM6"ëN; ð+; ê
4; êþN6ðê; ,H4Ní0#íA* E3N"4,@6,B$ ,ðH4N6+BMH",9E#>+#* ; êë?N" H4NHóN Be z ie r (pe n) tool
(ô?Mð6+BMH"4:0ëN6+M6+ÿ:ýI$)
0=!>ê; ,3,N; ðE3N"6=3,9
$.; +E$=ý

ƒ¤³€–´Ã»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Fre e h and Tool ƒ¤³€–´‡Ã “· »¢³ Ã ”ĘƒÄ±†¿¦Ä (1) ¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€


ª¢¶¬€“ƒ´¡ Ǥ°“ F6 »©Ä˜¿š”± –³§–±†–´”à ¬Ä †€±¢ ¼¤Ä¦š¤Ã¬¡
» ±©Ç (2)
21
0=!>ê; ,3,N; ð,B$ ,ð6=3,9
$.; +$=ý

ƒ¤³€–´Ã»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Fre e h and Tool ¤±€‡˜»©Ä˜ ±‡¢“‡·“»¢³Ã ”Ę


ª¢¶¬€“ƒ´¡ Ǥ°“ F6 ¼ ¤Ä¦»¢³Ã ƒ¤³€ ¼ ¤Ä¦š¤Ã¬¡» ±©Ç €Â‡¯ ¿“Ä¢̧š–¢†¬³©¢̄
» ±©ÇƒÄ±†¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€¾˜ ¶Ä˜–´Ã– ² †±˜ š¤±¡š³“

Be z ie r Tool(Sh ift+ F6)


E$L"Eí,@M6ð* @60; ý,B$ >ME$L",9E#>+# F .9í0#íA* IýNðM; +ê0M; Fre e h and Tool* >4 .:êê; ,3,N; ðE3N"ðM; + K ý:ð
þM6I$">N

1.E,=M* 3,N; ðE3N"ýN0+ê; ,í.=ê


2.3,N; ðñAýþM6 K I$ 4; êí.=êF .N0$.M6+E.+ ñAý":N"ñ9E$L"* A* F 4.* F þM4 ; êí.=êíN; ðI0N F .N0.; ê ñ9IýN
E3N"GíNð
3.4; êþN6ðê; , < E$L",B$$=ýH4Ní.=ê >MñAýE,=M* þN" E3N"ñ9Eó@M6* ê:"Gý+6:þG"* :þ= F þMÿN; þN6ðê; ,E'>+ðE3N"(,B$
E$=ý) H4Nêý Ente r E* @M63,N; ðE3N"E3,LñF .N0
4.êý CtrlíN; ðI0N ñ9E$L"ê; , Snap >.9 15 6ð1;
5.ÿN; 4; êþN6ðê; ,F êNIë3M0"GíNð/F 4.* H4N$,:#ýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6 Edit Path (ý:ðñ9ê.M; 0H"4:0ëN6ÿ:ýI$)

0=!>ê; ,3,N; ðE3N"* A* 4:ê

»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬¦±“»©Ä˜ Be zie r ª¢¶¬ ƒ¤³€™¢³»¦’ ¶Ä˜–´Ã– ² †±˜ €¢’ ´”Ĭ†-


€“š· Ã Sh ift+ F6 €±¢»©Ä˜ · ª°€ ¾ªÄƒ¤³€™¢³»¦’ –´Ã”Ĭ†-
€±¢©¢Ä±† ·  ¼ ¤Ä¦š¤Ã¬¡–°˜–´ –² ‡˜
¿“ć² ˜¦˜ · –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢

22
•Ä±”Ĭ†€±¢©¢Ä±†»´¡ †»©Ä˜ ª¢¶¬¢̧š- » ¶Ã¬ƒ¤³€–´Ã‡·“»¢³Ã ”Ę ‡¯ ¿“Ä¢̧š–¢†š³“
–¢†»š³“¾ªÄ€“š·Ã  Ente r ¼ ”Õı “°†¢̧š ŠµÃ†©± ±¢•¾©Ã©´ š¢°™¼ ”Æ»©Ä˜
ª±€”Ĭ†€±¢©¢Ä±†¢̧š–¢†š³“ ¾ªÄ ¿“ľ˜Ÿ±¡ª¤°†
»¤¶Ã¬˜ Curs or ¿š¡°†™¢³»¦’ ‡·“»¢³Ã -
”Ę “°†¢̧š

0>!>ê; ,3,N; ðF .9$,:#F þMðE3N"


GíNð

»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬¦±“»©Ä˜ Be zie r ª¢¶¬ ƒ¤³€–´Ã™¢³»¦’ –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢»¢³Ã ”Ę (1)


€“š· Ã Sh ift+ F6 ¼ ¤¯ ”± “Ħ¡‡·“”ì¿š (2) ŠµÃ†©¢Ä±†
½“¡€±¢ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€ (½“¡–´Ã¡ °†
¿ Ã”Ĭ†š¤Ã¬¡š·Ã » ±©Ç) ‡¯ »€³“ƒ¦± 
½ƒÄ†µÄ˜–´Ã»©Ä˜ ¤±€¿š ±‡˜¿“㦱 
½ƒÄ†–´Ã¾€¤Ä»ƒ´¡ †€°™ƒ¦± ”Ĭ†€±¢

•Ä±”Ĭ†€±¢©¢Ä±†»©Ä˜½ƒÄ†”ì ‡·“”ì¿š » ¶¬Ã ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†¿¦Ä¼ ¤Ä¦€Â¤±€» ±©Ç »¤¶¬Ã ˜


€Â– ² »‰Ã˜»“´¡ ¦€°˜€°™‡·“–´©Ã ¬† ƒ¤³€ ”² ¼ ª˜Ã†» ±©Ç»¶¬Ã š¢°™‡˜€¦Ã±‡¯ ¿“Ä
¾˜™¢³»¦’ –´”à ¬Ä †€±¢©¢Ä±†‡·“¾ª Ãƒ±Ä † ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†–´¾Ã €¤Ä»ƒ´¡ †€°™ƒ¦± ”Ĭ†€±¢
¿¦Ä ¼ ¤Ä¦š¤Ã¬¡» ±©Ç

23
•Ä±”Ĭ†€±¢©¢Ä±†»©Ä˜½ƒÄ†ª¢¶¬¢̧š- ‡¯ ¿“Ä¢̧š–¢†š³““°†¢̧š ŠµÃ†©± ±¢•¾©Ã
–¢†»š³“ ¾ªÄ€“š·Ã  Ente r ¼ ”ê±€ ©´ š¢°™¼ ”Æ»©Ä˜¬†¿“ľ˜Ÿ±¡ª¤°†
”Ĭ†€±¢©¢Ä±†¢̧š–¢†š³“ ¾ªÄ˜²
Curs or ¿š¿¦Ä™¢³»¦’ ‡·“»¢³Ã ”Ę
¼ ¤Ä¦ƒ¤³€

€±¢¼ €Ä¿»©Ä˜/¢¸š–¢†¬³©¢¯
E3N" >M3,N; ðë?N"H"ë:N"þ6"F ,ê* :êñ9* >,B$,M; ðI* Mþ,ðê:# >ME,; þN6ðê; ,E.+E3>+ >Eý>+0 F .9#M6+í,:Nð ,B$,M; ð >M
E,; 3,N; ðþ6"F ,ê ñ9E$L"E'>+ðê; ,3,N; ðE3N"Gí,ð,M; ðí,M; 0 K E'@M6 >Mñ9* ; F êNIë,; +.9E6>+ýH"); +4.:ð ô?ðM
ñ9 < H4Nê; , < ð; ",0ýE,L0ê0M;

ý:ð":N"ñ?ð4.>êE.>M+ðë:N"þ6"F êNIëE3N"/,B$ ,ðI* MIýN ë:N"þ6"">Nÿ@60M; E$L"ë:N"þ6"3< í:ö * ; ê E',; 9ñ9 < H4N
E,; F êNIë 3,N; ð,B$ ,ðHý K êLIýN

Eí,@M6ð* @6 >ME,; HóN3< 4,:#F êNIëE3N"4,@6,B$ ,ðHý K êLí@6 (Eí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s 4,@6 control
h andles )

0=!$> ,:#þ< F 4"Mðë6ðñAý#"E3N"


(path node s )

»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Editpath node s ƒ¤³€»¤¶¬€»©Ä˜ Path –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢¼ €Ä¿

24
ƒ¤³€–´Ã‡·“ (Node ) ™˜»©Ä˜ (Path ) ª¤°†‡±€ƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†¿¦Ä¼ ¤Ä¦ ¾ªÄ¤±€¿š
¡°†”² ¼ ª˜Ã†¾ª Ã– ´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢

0=!>$,:#3M0"GíNðë6ðE3N"/
,B$ ,ð (Controlh andles )

»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Editpath node s ƒ¤³€»©Ä˜ Path –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢¼ €Ä¿ 2


ƒ¢°Ä† (¬¡Ã±ƒ¤³€”³“€°˜‡¯ »šÂ˜“°™»™³Ä¤
ƒ¤³€ ŠµÃ†‡¯ »€³“ Node »³Ã ½“¡¿ Ã
”°Ä†¾‡) ‡¯ »€³“¼ ˜ (H andles ) š¢±-
€µÄ˜ ± ª¢¶¬¬±‡¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬˜´Ä
ƒ¤³€–´Ã»©Ä˜€Ã¬˜ ¼ ¤Ä¦ƒÃ¬¡ƒ¤³€–´Ã‡·“
(Node ) €Â¿“Ä›¤¤°—Ǭ¡Ã±†»“´¡ ¦€°˜

4; ê3:ðEêþñ9'#0M; E*@6M ý?ðF ë"ëN; ð4"?ðM ë?"N F ë"6>êëN; ð#"ñAýEý>+0ê:"


ñ9.ð F .9ÿN; ý?ð.ð F ë"6>êëN; ð4"?ðM ñ9ë?"N (Eí.@6M "I$H" 1= ; ðþ,ðê:"
ëN; *) Gý+ < ,:ê2; ê; , < *A* ,940M; ðê:"ë6ð ðN:36ðF ë"

ñ9E4L"0M; ê; ,Eí.@6M "I40F ##">N *>ë6N ñ< ê:ýH"ê; ,$,:#3M0"ë6ðE3N"GíNð


E',; 9I*M3; *; ,ÿ$,:#3M0"GíNð6+M; ð6=3,9E'>+ðëN; ðEý>+0IýN EM> $L"EóM"">êN L
E',; 90M; íM; De fault ë6ð Node EM> $L"3M0"ë6ðí0; *GíNðH" Ink s cape
»¬±» ±©Çƒ¤³€ƒÄ±†–´¼Ã ˜¬†‡·“–´»Ã ¤¶¬€ E$L"F ## Sm ooth
(Ä±†¾“Ä±†ª˜µ†Ã ) ¼¤Ä¦¤±€ »¶¬Ã š¢°™
ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†¬†»©Ä˜ » ¶¬Ã ¿“㦱 ½ƒÄ†”± 
”Ĭ†€±¢ ¼¤Ä¦š¤Ã¬¡

25
Toolcontrols ¬†»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Edit path
node s ª¢¶¬ controlh andles 3 š· Ã –´Ã
¬¡¸¾Ã ˜€¢¬™©´»Ã ª¤́¡Ã  š¢̄ ƒ¶¬ »ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬
–´‰Ã ¦Ã ¡¾˜€±¢š¢°™š¢̄ »Ÿ–¬† H andles

,B$F ##ë6ðF ë"í0; * GíNð (H andles ) ë6ð Ink s cape 3; * ; ,ÿF #MðIýNE$L" 3 $,9E) ý:ðþM6I$">N
Corne r - < H4NE3N",6#ñAý (Node ) >ME,; E.@6ê E$L"* A* 4:ê 4; ê* >F ë"í0; * GíNð (H andles )
F þM.9ëN; ðñ9E$L"6=3,9þM6ê:"
Sm ooth - < H4NE3N",6#ñAý (Node ) >ME,; E.@6êE$L"* A* GíNð E$L"íM; De fault ë6ðñAý >ME$L"
3M0"ë6ðí0; * GíNð E* @M6E,; $,:#F ë"í0; * GíNðëN; ðHýëN; ð4"?Mð 6>êëN; ðñ9ÿBê$,:#þ; * Gý+,:ê2; * A* ,940M; ð
F ë" :Nð36ðE6; I0N Gý+ >Mí0; * +; 0F ë"I* Mñ< E$L"þN6ðE M; ê:"
Sym m e tric - < H4NE3N",6#ñAý (Node ) >ME,; E.@6ê E$L"F ## Sym m e tric ô?Mðí.N; +ê:#F ##
Sm ooth F þMí0; * +; 0ë6ðF ë"í0; * GíNðñ9E M; ê:"E3* 6

.6ð* ; ýBþ:06+M; ð F .9 < þ; * E'@M6H4NEëN; Hñ* ; ê+=Mðë?N"

Corne r

ê; ,3,N; ð* A* ë6ðñAýF ## Corne r


">N ñ9óM0+3,N; ð6=3,9H"ê; ,3,N; ð
,B$ ,ðHý K êLþ; * IýNðM; +F þM'?ð
,90:ðH"ê; ,HóN E',; 9* >%.ëN; ð
Eí>+ð >M6; ñ3,N; ðí0; * I* M.@M"I4.
H"3M0"ë6ðE3N"GíNðIýN »¤¶¬€‡·“ (Node ) –´”à ¬Ä †€±¢¼€Ä¿ ƒ¤³€–´šÃ  Ã· Mak e s e lecte d node s
“Ħ¡»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Editpath node s corne r

‡·“–´»Ã ¤¶¬€‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜¢̧š©´»Ã ª¤́á  ”¯ ƒ¤³€–´¼Ã ˜ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†¼”ǟ Ä±† ¼¤Ä¦


¼ƒ† ¡°™ ‡¯ »ªÂ˜¦Ã±¼˜¼”ǟ Ä±†»šÂ˜¬³©¢̄
”쀰˜
26
Sm ooth

E$L"íM; De fault ë6ð,B$F ##F ë"


ë6ð Node *M> í> 0; *GíNð ô?ðM ñ9
óM0+3,N; ðí0; *.@"M I4.ë6ð3M0"GíNð
IýNý> F ë"í0; *GíNðF þM.9ëN; ðI*M
ñ< E$L"þN6ðE ;M ê:" ô?ðM *>63= ,9H"
,9ý:#4"?ðM F þMI*ME ;M ê:#F ##
Corne r E',; 9F ë" ðN:36ðñ9 »¤¶¬€‡·“ (Node ) –´”à ¬Ä †€±¢¼€Ä¿ ƒ¤³€–´šÃ  Ã· Mak e s e lecte d node s
,:ê2; ê; , < *A* ,940M; ðê:" “Ħ¡»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Editpath node s s m ooth

‡·“–´»Ã ¤¶¬€‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜¢̧š‡·“©´»Ã ª¤́á   ƒ¤³€–´¼Ã ˜ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†¼”ǟ Ä±† ¼¤Ä¦


‡”·¢©° ¼ ˜¦¢±™ ¡°™ ‡¯ »ªÂ˜¦Ã±¼˜¼”ǟ Ä±†¿š“Ħ¡
€°˜ » ¶¬Ã ¼˜Ä±†ª˜µ†Ã ¡€ ¬´€Ä±†ª˜µ†Ã €Â
‡¯ ”ò ¤† ¼¤̄ ¾˜–±†€¤°™€°˜ ½“¡–´Ã
ƒ¦± ¡±¦¼˜¿ Ã‡² »šÂ˜”Ĭ†»–ñ€°˜

Sym m etric

E$L"6>ê,B$F ##ë6ðF ë"í0; *GíNð


*>í0; *í.N; +í.?ðê:#F ## Sm ooth
*; ê E*@6M $,:#F ë"ëN; ðHýëN; ð4"?ðM
6>êëN; ð4"?ðM êLñ9*>%.ê,9 #I$ýN0+
EóM"ê:" F þM* í> 0; *F þêþM; ðê:#
F ## Sm ooth þ,ð FM> ë"í0; * »¤¶¬€‡·“ (Node ) –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢¼ €Ä¿ ƒ¤³€–´Ãš·Ã  Mak e s e lecte d node s
GíNðñ9ÿBê#:ðí:#H4N* í> 0; *+; 0E ;M “Ħ¡»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Editpath node s s ym m e tric
ê:"E3*6

27
‡·“–´Ã»¤¶¬€‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜¢̧š©´Ã»ª¤´Ã¡   ƒ¤³€–´Ã¼ ˜ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†¼ ”ä¯ Ä±† ¼ ¤Ä¦
˜±˜€°™‡”·¢°©»‰Ã˜»“´¡ ¦€°™¼ ™™ ¡°™ ‡¯ »ªÂ˜¦Ã±¼ ˜¼ ”ä¯ Ä±†¿š“Ħ¡
Sm ooth ¼ ”ü ˜¬†ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†‡¯ €°˜ » ¶Ã¬¼ ˜Ä±†ª˜µÃ†¡€ ¬´€Ä±†ª˜µÃ†
•¸€š¢°™¾ªÄ»–ñ€°˜“Ħ¡ €Â‡¯ ”ò ¤† ¼ ¤¯ ƒ¦± ¡±¦¬†¼ ˜
ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†‡¯ »–ñ€°˜“Ħ¡

Tips
ê; ,Eí.@M6"+N; + Node (ñAý3< í:ö H"ê; ,E$.>M+"GíNðë6ðE3N" Path ) < IýNGý+í.=ê >MñAý
F .N0.; êE* ; 3QIýNGý+þ,ð 4; êþN6ðê; ,Eí.@M6"+N; +4.; +ñAý H4Nêý Sh ift E.@6ê Node >MþN6ðê; ,H4Ní,#
F .N0Eí.@M6"+N; +); +H"í,; 0Eý>+0ê:" "6êñ; ê">NF .N0+:ðHóN.Bê1,Eí.@M6"+N; + Node >.9"=ýêLIýN
E* @M6I* MþN6ðê; , Node Hý êLH4NE.@6êýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6">N F .N0êý de l
þN6ðê; ,F þê Node H4NE$L"36ð Node 4,@6ë; ýñ; êê:" H4NE.@6ê >M Node F .N0êý Sh ift+ B
H" ; ðê.:#ê:" ÿN; þN6ðê; ,þN6ðê; ,Eó@M6* 2 Node 4,@6 Node >Më; ýñ; êê:"EëN; ýN0+ê:" H4NE.@6ê Node
:Nð36ðF .N0êý Sh ift+ J
ÿN; þN6ðê; ,E$.>M+" Corne r Node E$L" Sm ooth Node H4Nêý Ctrl F .N0í.=ê >M Node ":N"
F .9E* @M6êý CtrlF .N0í.=ê >M Sm ooth Node 6>êí,:Nð ñ9ê.; +E$L" Sym m e tric Node 4; êêý Ctrl+í.=ê >M
Sym m e tric Node 6>êí,:Nðñ90"ê.:#* ; E$L" Corne r Node

€±¢»³Ã ‡·“¼ ¤¯ ¤“‡·“™˜»©Ä˜ Path


4.:êê; ,3,N; ðE3N" Path >Mý>í@6 þN6ð'+; +; * H4N* >ñAý#"E3N" Path "N6+ >M3AýE M; >Mñ9"N6+IýN Gý+ >M+:ð
3; * ; ,ÿí0#íA* ,B$,M; ðë6ðE3N" Path IýNþ; * þN6ðê; ,

H"ê,ü > >ME3N" Path * >ñAý* ; êEê="I$ < H4Ní0#íA* IýN+; ê F .9ê=" ,:'+; ê,ë6ðEí,@M6ð

E,; 3; * ; ,ÿ.#IýNðM; + K E'>+ðHóNEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s í.=ê >M Path >MþN6ðê; , F .N0êý$AM* De lete
4,@6êý$AM* #" Toolcontrols ë6ðEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s
28
»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Editpath node s »¤¶¬€‡·“™˜ Path €“š·Ã  De lete ™˜ Ke yboard ‡·“–´Ã
»¤¶¬€‡¯ ª±¡¿š

4; ê* >ñAýI* ME'>+ð'6 >Mñ93,N; ðí0; * .9E6>+ýë6ðE3N" E'@M63,N; ð,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,IýN H4Ný:#E#=N.í.=ê#"
Path Gý+þ,ð#,=E0ü >ME,; þN6ðê; ,E'=M* ñAý 4,@6êý$AM* #" Toolcontrols ë6ðEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path
node s

»¤¶¬€»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Editpath node s ˜² Curs or ¿š¦±†™¢³»¦’ –´Ã”Ĭ†- “°™»™³Ä¤ƒ¤³€™˜ Path ™¢³»¦’ –´Ã”Ĭ†-
€±¢»³Ã ‡·“™˜ Path €±¢‡¯ »€³“‡·“ (Node ) ¾ª ÃµÄ˜ ±¾˜
”² ¼ ª˜Ã†–´Ãƒ¤³€

E* @M6þN6ðê; ,F þê Node H4NE$L"


36ð Node 4,@6ë; ýñ; êê:" H4N
E.@6ê >M Node >MþN6ðê; ,ñ9F #Mð
E$L"36ð Node F .N0êý Sh ift+ B
4,@6êý$AM*

»¤¶¬€‡·“–´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢‡¯ ¼ ”€»šÂ˜©¬† €“ Sh ift+ B ª¢¶¬š·Ã  »¶Ã¬¼ ”€‡·“


‡·“ (ª±€»šÂ˜‡·“™˜¢̧š–¢† ¢̧š–¢† »šÂ˜©¬†‡·“ ¼ ¤Ä¦¤¬†¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬
˜°Ä˜‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜»©Ä˜»š³“ª¤°†‡±€–´Ã Edit path node s ¤±€‡·“¾“‡·“ª˜µÃ†
»¢±¼ ”€‡·“) ¬¬€ ± »¶Ã¬¼ ©“†¾ªÄ»ªÂ˜¢¬¡±“
¬†»©Ä˜
29
H" ; ðê.:#ê:" ÿN; þN6ðê; ,þN6ð-
ê; ,Eó@M6* 2 Node 4,@6 Node
>Më; ýñ; êê:"EëN; ýN0+ê:" H4N
E.@6ê Node :Nð36ðF .N0êý
Sh ift+ J 4,@6êý$AM*

»¤¶¬€‡·“ 2 ‡·“™˜ Path “Ħ¡ €“ Sh ift+ J ª¢¶¬š·Ã  ‡·“–´Ã»¤¶¬€€Â‡¯


»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Edit path node s ¬±‡¾‰Ä »‰¶Ã¬ »šÂ˜‡·“»“´¡ ¦€°˜
¦³—´€±¢ƒ¤³€–´Ã‡·“¼ ¢€ ¼ ¤¯ »¤¶¬€
»³Ã ½“¡€±¢ Sh ift+ ƒ¤³€ ª¢¶¬ƒ¤³€
ƒÄ±†¤±€»šÂ˜€¢¬™ƒ¢¬™ƒ¤· ‡·“–´Ã
”Ĭ†€±¢»¤¶¬€

,B$ ,ð#; ð6+M; ð E,; I* Mñ< E$L"


þN6ð0; ýë?N"H4* M :Nð4* ý E,; 3; -
* ; ,ÿý:ýF $.ðñ; ê,B$ ,ð3< E,Lñ
,B$ >M Ink s cape * >6+BMF.N0IýN (3>M-
E4.>M+* 0ðê.* ý; 0 F .9êN"-
46+)
©¢Ä±†¢̧š–¢†©² »¢Â‡¢̧š ª¢¶¬ Obje ct €“š·Ã  Sh ift+ Ctrl+C ª¢¶¬»¤¶¬€
¬¯ ¿¢€Â¿“āµÄ˜ ± »ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Edit path node s ¼ ¤Ä¦
ê; ,F $.ð,B$ ,ð3< E,Lñ,B$4,@6
€“š·Ã ¾˜ Tool controls ¢̧š–¢†
Obje ct H4Nê.; +E$L" Path >M ©² »¢Â‡¢̧š‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜ Path –´Ã©±-
3; * ; ,ÿF êNIëIýNGý+Eí,@M6ð* @6  ±¢•¼ €Ä¿¿“Ľ“¡»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Edit
Edit path node s ":N" < IýN path node s ŠµÃ†˜² ¿š“°“¼ š¤†»šÂ˜
Gý+êý$AM* Sh ift+ Ctrl+C 4,@6 ¢̧š–¢†–´ÃŠ°™ŠÄ¬˜¾˜Ÿ±¡ª¤°†¿“Ä
$AM* H" Tool controls ë6ð
Eí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s

"6êñ; ê">N Ink s cape +:ð3; * ; ,ÿF $.ðE3N"H4NE$L",B$ ,ð >M$,9ê6#ýN0+ñAýF .9F êNIëIýNýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6
Edit Path node s IýNEóM"Eý>+0ê:"

30
E'>+ðêý$AM* Ctrl+Alt+ C 4,@6
êý$AM* H" Tool controls
ë6ðEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s
E3N" (Strok e ) êLñ9ê.; +E$L"
,B$ ,ð :" > þ:06+M; ðEóM" * >E3N"-
þ,ðE3N"4"?Mð (I* MHóM,B$ ,ð) F þM
E* @M6HóNí< 3:Mð">N E3N"þ,ðE3N"">Nñ9
ê.; +E$L",B$ ,ð3>ME4.>M+* F "
(ë"; ýI* ME$.>M+") .6ðýB) ; '
$,9ê6#E'@M6H4NE4L"%.ë6ðí< 3:M𠇱€”°¦¬¡Ã±† ¿“Ä©¢Ä±†»©Ä˜µÄ˜ ± ‡±€˜°Ä˜»š¤´Ã¡ ˜»©Ä˜˜´Ä¾ªÄ»šÂ˜¢̧š–¢†
ó:ýEñ"+=Mðë?N" ª˜µÃ†»©Ä˜ ½“¡€±¢€“š·Ã  Ctrl+Alt+ C ª¢¶¬€“
š·Ã  »©Ä˜€Â‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜¢̧š–¢†
½“¡©´¬†»©Ä˜‡¯ €¤±¡»šÂ˜©´¾˜¢̧š–¢†
½“¡ ´¬™¿ Ã ´©´

©¢·š
%BNHóN3; * ; ,ÿE.@6êí< 3:Mð+M6+ë6ðEí,@M6ð* @6">Nñ; ê Tool controls ô?Mð* >,; +.9E6>+ýGý+3,A$ý:ðëN; ð.M; ð">N
( :Nð">N $AM* >M* >Eí,@M6ð4* ; + (*) í@6$AM* >MIýN6!=#; +Gý+.9E6>+ýý:ðëN; ðþN"I$F .N0)

- E'=M* ñAý.ðþ,ðê.; ð Gý+H4NíAü E.@6êñAýë6ð3M0"GíNð2ñAýñ; ê":N"êýí6"">N ñ9* >ñAýE'=M* ë?N"* ; þ,ð


ê.; ð6>ê 1ñAý*
- .#ñAýë6ð3M0"GíNð H4NE.@6êñAý >MþN6ðê; ,ñ9.# ñ; ê":N"êýI6í6"">N*
- ,0* ñAý E.@6êñAý2ñAý >MI* MIýNþM6ê:" êýI6í6"">NñAý2ñAýñ9ê.; +E$L"ñAýEý>+0F .9E3N"ñ9Eó@M6* ê:"*
- Eó@M6* E3N" E.@6ê3M0"$.; +ë6ðñAýô?MðE3N"I* MIýNþM6ê:" êýI6í6"">N E3N"ñ9Eó@M6* þM6ê:"
- F +êE3N"66ê E.@6êñAý2ñAý êýI6í6"">NE3N",940M; ð :Nð2ñAýñ94; +I$
- F +êñAý E.@6êñAýë6ð3M0"GíNð1ñAý êýI6í6"">N ñ9Eê=ýE$L"ñAý2ñAý >ME3N"I* MIýNþM6ê:"*
- < H4NF ë" :Nð2ëN; ðE$L"6=3,9þM6ê:"*
- < H4NF ë" :Nð2ëN; ðE$L",9"; #Eý>+0ê:"F þMI* Mñ< E$L"þN6ðE M; ê:"*
- < H4NF ë" :Nð2ëN; ðE$L",9"; #Eý>+0ê:"F .9* >í0; * +; 0 >ME M; ê:"*
- E.@6êñAý2ñAý >ME$L"E3N"GíNð êýI6í6"">NF ë"ñ94; +I$F .9ê.; +E$L"E3N"þ,ð
- E.@6êñAý2ñAý >ME$L"E3N"þ,ð êýI6í6"">Nñ9* >F ë"ë6ð3M0"GíNðë?N"* ; F .9ý:ýH4Nê.; +E$L"E3N"GíNðIýN
- 3< 4,:#F $.ð0:þÿAF ## Obje ct EóM",B$ ,ð3< E,Lñ,B$ (3>ME4.>M+* 0ðê.* E$L"þN") F .9þ:06:ê2, H4N
E$L",B$ ,ðF ## s h ape >M3; * ; ,ÿF êNIëIýNGý+þ,ðñ; êEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit path node s *
- 3< 4,:#F $.ðE3N"H4Nê.; +E$L",B$ ,ð*
31
™––´Ã 3
¼ ™Ã†Ÿ±»šÂ˜‰°˜Ä Á “Ħ¡ Layer

H"# >M4 "?Mð E,; IýNE,>+",BN0=!>ê; ,ñ:ý.< ý:#ó:N"ë6ð0:þÿAýN0+í< 3:Mð Z -orde r I$F .N0 ê; ,.< ý:#ó:N" Z -orde r
ñ9óM0+ñ:ýê; ,0:þÿA0M; 0:þÿAHýE,; þN6ðê; ,H4N6+BMëN; ð#" ëN; ð.M; ð 4,@6,940M; ð":N" E"@M6ðñ; ê0:þÿA >M6+BMëN; ð#"
ñ9#:ð0:þÿA >M6+BMëN; ð.M; ð EóM"E* @M6E,; 0; ý,B$H#4"N; Gí,ðH#4"N; ñ96+BMó:N"ëN; ð.M; ð3Aý þ; ë; 0ñ96+BM#"Gí,ð
ë6ðH#4"N; F .9þ; ý< ñ96+BM#"þ; ë; 06>ê > 4; êE,; E6; þ; ý< I$6+BM.< ý:#ó:N"ëN; ð.M; ð 0:þÿA6@M"êLñ9#:ðþ; ý<
4* ý < H4NE$L"); ' >M* 6ðI* ME4L"þ; ý<

E* @M6E,; 0; ý,B$ >Mô:#ôN6"ë?N" * >,B$ ,ð/0:þÿAH"); 'ñ< "0"* ; ê ê; ,ñ:ý.< ý:# Z -orde r E'>+ð6+M; ðEý>+06; ñ
I* ME'>+ð'6 E',; 9+; êþM6ê; ,ñ:ýê; ,þM6ñ< "0"ó:N"* ; ê* ; + ý:ð":N"ê; ,HóN Laye r ñ?ð* ># #; H"ê; ,óM0+
H4Nê; , < ð; "ðM; +ë?N"E$L"6+M; ð* ; ê

Laye r ñ9óM0+ñ:ý Z -orde r E$L"ê.AM* K F .9H4NF þM.9ê.AM* F "ó:N"ë6ð); '6>ê >4 "?Mð Laye r >M6+BMëN; ð#"ñ9
:# Laye r >M6+BMó:N".M; ð

4.:êê; ,ë6ð Laye r ñ9í.N; +ê:# Z -orde r í@6ñ:ý,B$ ,ð/0:þÿAE$L".< ý:#ó:N" E'@M6ñ:ý,9E#>+#0M; ,B$ ,ð/
0:þÿAHý6+BMëN; ð#"4,@6 :#0:þÿA >M6+BMëN; ð.M; ð F þM Laye r E$L".< ý:#ó:N"ë6ð); 'Gý+,0* >M3; * ; ,ÿ* >ê; ,E,>+ð
.< ý:#); ',9ý:#+M6+ (Z -orde r) IýN6>ê >4 "?Mð 6; ñ'Bý6>ê6+M; ð0M; Laye r E$L"ê; ,E,>+ð.< ý:#ó:N"ë6ð); '
í.N; +ê:#0; ð,B$#"F %M"H3 :#E$L"ó:N" K :Nð">N F þM.9 Laye r * > Z -orde r E$L"ë6ðþ:0E6ð ô?MðêLí@6ê; ,E,>+ð
.< ý:#ó:N"ë6ð); 'H",9ý:#+M6+ê0M; ,9ý:# Laye rý:ð,B$

33
¢̧š¦±“†Ã±¡ Á ŠµÃ† ´ 3 Laye r »¶Ã¬
©¯ “¦€¾˜€±¢¼ €Ä¿Ÿ±¡ª¤°†

 ·  ¬† 3  ³”³ » ¶Ã¬¼ ¡€¢̧š–¢†/¦°”•·


¾ªÄ»ªÂ˜¼ ”ä¯ Laye r ¼ ¤¯ Z -orde r
¡Ã¬¡ Á –´Ã¬¡¸Ã¾˜ Laye r

”°¦¬¡Ã±†€±¢©¢Ä±† Layer
E'@M6E'=M* í0; * EëN; HñEê>M+0ê:# Laye r ñ9H4N ý.6ð3,N; ðþ:06+M; ððM; + K Gý+HóN Laye r $,9ê6#ê; ,0; ý,B$
ý:ðë:N"þ6"þM6I$">N
1.3,N; ð,B$69I,êLIýNë?N"* ; íM; De faultë6ð Ink s cape ñ9ê< 4"ýH4N0:þÿA6+BMH" Laye r 1

¼•™ Laye r ‡¯ ¬¡¸“à ±Ä ˜¤Ã±†”¢† Status


bar ‡±€”°¦¬¡Ã±† ¾˜ Laye r 1  ´¢̧š–¢†
©´»Ã ª¤́á   ˜€°™¢̧š“±¦¬¡¸Ã ½“¡©´»Ã ª¤́á  
 ´ Z -orde r ¬¡¸“à ±Ä ˜¤Ã±† “±¦
34
2.E,>+êí< 3:MðE'=M* Laye r ñ; êE* "BLaye r --> Add Laye r

3.ñ9* > Dialog 3< 4,:#E'=M* Laye r ë?N"* ; þ:Nðó@M6ë?N"* ; H4* MH"óM6ð0M; ð
(H" ; ð$ø=#:þ= F "9"< 6+M; ð+=Mð0M; í0,þ:Nðó@M6H4NE4* ; 93* ê:#,B$ ,ð/
0:þÿA >ME,; ñ90; ýë?N"H" Laye r ":N" EóM" Laye r H4* M >M3,N; ðë?N"* ; * >I0N
”°Ä†‰¶Ã¬ Laye r ¼ ¤Ä¦€“š·Ã  Add 3< 4,:#0; ý,B$þ; êLþ:Nðó@M60M; Eye s E$L"þN") 4.:ðñ; ê":N"êý$AM* Add
>MF ÿ# Laye r ýN; ".M; ðêLñ9$,; êøó@M6 Laye r H4* M >ME,; 3,N; ðë?N"* ;

‰¶¬Ã ¬† Laye r –´»Ã ¢±”°†Ä ‡¯ š¢±€Ž–´¼Ã •™


Laye r ª±€€“¤̧€§¢‰´¤Ä † ‡¯ ¼©“†›¤
Laye r –°†Ä ª “–´ Ã ´ Šµ†Ã ©± ±¢•»¤¶¬€¿“Ä
¦Ã±‡¯ –² †±˜€°™ Laye r ¾“

4.H4NF "MHñ0M; F ÿ# Laye r F 3ýðó@M6 Laye r >ME,; 3,N; ðë?N"* ; H4* M


(ô?Mð6+BMëN; ð#" Laye r F ,ê >M* >6+BMF.N0) F .N00; ý,B$ ,B$ M0> ; ýë?N"* ;
H4* Mñ96+BM#" Laye r H4* MGý+6:þG"* :þ=

¢̧š¦†€¤ –´¦Ã ±“‡¯ •¸€»€Â™¾˜ Laye r –´Ã


¼©“†‰¶¬Ã –´¼Ã •™ Laye r “ı˜¤Ã±†¬°”½˜ °”³
¾˜–´˜Ã Ä´ ¢̧š©Ã¦˜¬†¦†€¤ ©¬†¦†‡¯ •¸€
»€Â™¿¦Ä¾˜ Laye r ¾ª Ã–©Ã´ ¢Ä±†µ˜Ä  ±
(Laye r 2) ½“¡–´ Ã ´ Z -orde r ¬†”°¦»¬†
¼¤̄ ¿ Ã˜Äµ €°™ Laye r 1
35
5.3; *; ,ÿ3,N; ð Laye r E'=*M IýNþ; *þN6ðê; , Gý+ < í< 3:ðM ôN< þ:ðN F þMë6N 2-5

6."6êñ; ê">NE,; +:ð3; * ; ,ÿôM6" 4,@6$=ýê; ,F 3ýð%.ë6ð Laye r ó:M0-


í,; 0IýNþ; * þN6ðê; , Gý+ê; ,E.@6ê Laye r >MþN6ðê; ,$=ý F .N0êý
,B$þ; 4; êþN6ðê; ,H4Nê.:#* ; F 3ýð%. H4Nêý >M,B$þ; 6>êí,:Nð ,B$H"
Laye r ":N"êLñ9ê.:#* ; F 3ýð%.ý:ðEý=* $,9G+ó"Që6ð(>Eñ6,Q">N í@6
#; ðí,:NðE,; I* MþN6ðê; ,F 3ýð%.ë6ð#; ð3M0"ë6ð); 'H"#; ðE0.;
E"@M6ðñ; êEê9ê9 6; ññ9I$í.=êGý+Gý+I* Mþ:NðHñ 4,@6#:ð3M0" >ME,; ñ9
< ð; "H" Laye r ýN; ".M; ð 4,@6F * Nê,9 :Mðê; ,F 3ýð%. :Nð4* ý <
H4NEí,@M6ðóN; E,; êLôM6"I0NIýN ‡±€”°¦¬¡Ã±† ¿“Ä€“–´¢̧à š”± (‡¯ €¤±¡
»šÂ˜¢̧šš³“”±) Ÿ±–´¬Ã ¡¸™Ã ˜ Laye r 2
€Â‡¯ •¸€ŠÃ¬˜ ª±€€“¬´€ƒ¢°†Ä Ÿ±™˜
Laye r ˜´€Ä ‡Â ¯ €¤°™ ±¼©“†›¤

7.6>ê(>Eñ6,Q4 "?Mð >M* >$,9G+ó"Qí.N; + K ê:"í@6 Lock /Unlock curre nt


laye r ô?Mð* >4 "N; >M.L6í Laye r >ME,; E.@6ê6+BMH"$:ññA#:"I* MH4N < ð; "
(>Eñ6,Q">N* >$,9G+ó"QE* @M6E,; þN6ðê; , < ð; "ê:# Laye r 6@M" K F þMI* M
þN6ðê; ,H4NE.@6êGý"#; ð Laye r ô?MðH"ê,ü >">N I* MþN6ðê; ,ôM6"0:þÿA
H" Laye r ":N" K 4,@6ê.M; 0H"6>ê6+M; ð0M; þN6ðê; ,F 3ýð%. Laye r
>MI* MþN6ðê; , < ð; "ýN0+":M"E6ð E',; 96; ññ9þN6ð6N; ð6=ðþ< F 4"Mð
ë"; ýê:# Laye r >MI* MþN6ðê; , < ð; "ýN0+ ñ?ðI* ME4* ; 9 >Mñ9HóN
Toggle curre nt laye r vis ibility H"ëN6 >MF .N0 »¤¶¬€ Laye r –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢ (¾˜–´Ã˜´Ä»šÂ˜
Laye r 2) €“¢̧š¼  Ã€·Œ ¼ ‡ ‡¯ »šÂ˜¢̧š
0=!>HóNêLE'>+ðE.@6ê Laye r >MþN6ðê; , Lock F .N0êý,B$F * MêAö F ñ €·Œ ¼ ‡¤Â¬€ Laye r ˜°Ä˜‡¯ ¿ Ã©± ±¢•
ëN; ð4"N; ,B$F * MêAö F ññ9ê.; +E$L",B$êAö F ñ.L6ê 4; êþN6ðê; , –² †±˜¿“Ä (–“¤¬†½“¡€±¢»¤¶¬€¦°”•·
+êE.=êí< 3:Mð êLêýôN< 6>êí,:Nð ,B$F * MêAö F ñêLñ9E$=ý < H4N3; * ; ,ÿ –´Ã Laye r ˜°Ä˜) » ¶Ã¬”Ĭ†€±¢š¤“¤Â¬€
¾ªÄ»¤¶¬€–´Ã Laye r –´Ã¤Â¬€¿¦Ä ¼ ¤¯ €“¢̧š
< ð; "ê:# Laye r ":N"IýN6>êí,:Nð
€·Œ ¼ ‡¬´€ƒ¢°Ä†

36
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
0; ý); ',B$ ,ð6=3,9 Gý+HóNE í"=íH"# ">N$,9ê6# F .9F #Mð); 'H4NE$L"ó:N" K ýN0+ Laye r þ; * í0; *
E4* ; 93*

37
™––´Ã 4
¦±“¢¸š€±¢Ç”˜¸ “Ħ¡ Ink scape

Ink s cape 3; *; ,ÿ0; ý,B$E'@6M "< I$HóNð; "IýN4 .; ê4.; + EóM"); '$,9ê6#E6ê3; , F%M"':# Pre s e ntation 4,@6
ê; ,Qþ"B

H"# ">N E,; ñ9E,>+",BêN ; ,3,N; ð); 'ê; ,Qþ"Bñ; ê Ink s cape Gý+HóNí0; *,BþN ðN :FþM# M > 1 ÿ?ð# M > 3 $,9+AêþQEëN; ýN0+ê:"
,0* ðN:E,>+",BEN í"=íF.9í< 3:ðM E'=*M Eþ=* H"ê; ,HóNð; "ñ,=ðI$ýN0+',N6* K ê:" 6; ñ3,A$ë:"N þ6"H"ê; , < ð; "Gý++M6IýN
ý:ð">N

ë:"N M> 1 a ,M; ð); 'í,M; 0K 4,@64; ); 'þN"F ##


ë:"N F,êE,; þN6ð,B0N ; M E,; ê< .:ðñ9 < 69I, 0; ý,B$69I, *>,; +.9E6>+ý6+M; ðI, 6+M; ð"N6+êLH4N,íN B,M; 0 K 6; ñHóN0!= 0> ; ý,B$
Gí,ð,M; ððM; + K 4,@6ÿN; *>) ; 'þN"F## óM > ý:Eñ"IýN+ðM= ý>

ë:"N M> 2 a 0; ðF %"í,M; 0K 0M; ñ93,N; ðþ; *.< ý:# F .9ñ:ýó:"N ); '6+M; ðI,
Gý+$êþ=E,; ñ93,N; ð); 'þ; *.< ý:#êM6"4.:ðGý+E,=*M 3,N; ðñ; êó:"N .M; ðêM6" F.N0I.Më"N? I$ëN; ð#" E',; 90:þÿA/,B$ ,ð M >
3,N; ðë?"N êM6"ñ9ÿBêê< 4"ýH4N6+BëM ; N ð.M; ðGý+6:þG"*:þ= F.90:þÿA 3M> ,N; ðë?"N *; 4M > .:ðêLñ96+BóM "N :#" #: ñ; ê0:þÿA 3M> ,N; ðêM6"
4"N; ">þN ; *.< ý:# "6êñ; ê">FN .N0 E,; í0,í=ý6+M; ðí,M; 0 K 0M; ,B$ ,ðó="N I4" í0,ñ9ñ:ý4*0ý4*B6M +BHM " Laye r Hý

ë:"N M> 3 a .ð*@60; ý,B


$þ; * 0M > ; ðF %"*;

þM6I$ñ9E$L"ë:N"þ6"ñ,=ðH"ê; , < ð; " H"þ:06+M; ð">NIýN"< ); 'í; ,QF ,LíEþ6,Qñ; êê; ,QþB"E,@M6ð De xtor * ;
E$L"ê,ü >1?ê2;

39
1.E,>+ê); ',M; ðEëN; * ; H"G$,F ê,* þ; * ë:N"þ6"þM6I$">N

»¢́¡€ƒ² ©°Ã† File --> Im portª¢¶¬¾‰Ä ƒ´¡ Ǥ°“ Ctrl+I

»¤¶¬€Ÿ±–´Ã»¤¶¬€‡±€ Dire ctory –´Ã


»€Â™Ÿ±¿¦Ä ¼ ¤Ä¦€“š·Ã  Ope n

»¤¶Ã¬˜Ÿ±¾ªÄ¬¡¸Ã”² ¼ ª˜Ã†–´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢ ª¢¶¬‡¯ ¡±¡˜±“½“¡¢°€¨±©°“©Ã¦˜¬†


Ÿ±“Ħ¡€Â¿“Ä ½“¡€±¢¾ªÄ Curs or ¬¡¸Ã– ä´ ¸€§¢”¢† · ©´Ã»ª¤´Ã¡   ¼ ¤Ä¦ƒ¤³€» ±©Ç
ƒÄ±†¢Ä¬ €°™€“š·Ã  Ctrl¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€

40
Ÿ±–´Ã¿“ć¯ ¬¡¸Ã™˜ Laye r 1 ½“¡¬°”½˜ °”³ »¢±‡¯ ¤Â¬€ Laye r ˜´Ä¿¦Ä©² ª¢°™»šÂ˜
½ƒ¢†Ÿ±¢Ã±† ¼ ¤¯ » ¶Ã¬»¢±©¢Ä±†¢̧š–¢†–´Ã Laye r ¬´Ã˜ ‡¯ ¿“Ä¿ Ãƒ¤³€½“˜ Laye r
¬†Ÿ±¢Ã±†˜´Ä“Ħ¡

¦³—´¤Â¬€ Laye r €Â»´¡ †¼ ”À“š·Ã ¢̧š€·Œ ¼ ‡ ª˜Ä± Laye r –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢¤Â¬€ (Laye r


1) ”¢†¼ •™ Status bar “ı˜¤Ã±†

2.3,N; ð,B$ ,ðþ; * ); ',M; ð >M"< EëN; * ; Gý+ñ:ý,9E#>+#H4NE$L" Laye r þ; * í0; * E4* ; 93*
3,N; ðH#4"N;

©¢Ä±† Laye r ¾ª Ã ¢Ä¬ ”°Ä†‰¶Ã¬–´Ã


»ª ±¯ ©  €¢’ ´˜´Ä »¢±‡¯ ¾‰Ä Laye r
–´Ã©¢Ä±†µÄ˜ ±¾ª Ã˜´Ä¦±“ ¢̧š½ƒ¢†ª˜Ä±
ŠµÃ†»šÂ˜©Ã¦˜–´Ã¬¡¸Ã ¤Ã±†©·“¬†¢̧š€Ã¬˜

¾‰Äƒ² ©°Ã† Laye r --> Add laye r ª¤°†


‡±€˜°Ä˜”°Ä†‰¶Ã¬ Laye r ¦Ã± Face (”°Ä†‰¶Ã¬
¬¯ ¿¢€Â¿“ľªÄ©¶Ã¬ƒ¦± ª ±¡¬†¢̧š–´Ã
‡¯ ¦±“¤†™˜ Laye r ˜°Ä˜ »¶Ã¬©¯ “¦€
”쀱¢¬Ä±†¬³† ¼ ¤¯ ¼ €Ä¿¾˜Ÿ±¡ª¤°†)
¼ ¤Ä¦€“š·Ã  Add ‡¯ »ªÂ˜ Laye r ¾ª Ã
–´Ã‰¶Ã¬¦Ã± Face š¢±€ŽµÄ˜  ±–´Ã
Status bar

3,N; ð,B$H#4"N; ñ; êEí,@M6ð* @6 Draw Be z ie r curve s 0; ý,B$H#4"N; 4.:êê; ,0; ý,B$ýN0+E3N" Be z ie r


í@6 HóNñAýH4N"N6+ >M3Aý F þMí0#íA* H4NE3N"E$L"I$6+M; ð >ME,; þN6ðê; ,H4N* ; ê >M3Aý 4; êE,; HóNñAý* ; êEê="I$
#"3M0"ë6ðE3N" ñ9 < H4NMí0#íA* E3N"+; ê < H4NEê=ýí0; * ë,Aë,9I* M3* M< E3* 6#"E3N" 4; ê+:ðI* Mó< "; ö
H4N0; ðF %"í,M; 0 K H"ê; ,0; ðñAýêM6"êLñ9ý> 4; ê < ñ"Eê=ýí0; * ó< "; ö êLñ93; * ; ,ÿE,=M* þN"3,N; ðE3N"IýN
Gý+I* MþN6ðí=ý

0=!>ê; ,0; ýE3N" Be z ie r H4N+N6"ê.:#I$ýB>M# M> 2 ôN6* ñ"Eê=ýí0; * * :M"Hñ F .N0.ð* @6 < IýNE.+ +N< 0M; þ6"
E,=M* þN"I* MþN6ðE3>+E0.; H"ê; , < H4NE3N"E$L"6+M; ð ME> ,; þN6ðê; , 100 E$6,QEôL"þQ H4NñAý.ð#"þ< F 4"Mð >M
41
E4* ; 93* 3M0"í0; * GíNðH4N* ; $,:#H"); +4.:ðñ9ðM; +ê0M; Gý+HóNEí,@M6ð* @6 * ; í0#íA* ñAý F .9F ë"
í0; * GíNð (H andles )

ñ; êþ:06+M; ð E$L"ê; ,3; !=þê; ,3,N; ðñAý >Mñ< E$L"#"E3N" ô?MðHóNñAýEò'; 9þ< F 4"Mð >M3< í:ö ñ9 < H4Ní0#íA*
H4NE$L",B$,M; ðþ; * >ME,; þN6ðê; ,IýNðM; +

Tips × ‡±€Ÿ±–±†¦± ¶¬ ¾‰Ä»–ƒ˜³ƒ€±¢š¢°™ƒÃ±©´ Fill»šÂ˜¿ Ã ´©´€Ã¬˜ ¼ ¤¯


Strok e ª¢¶¬»©Ä˜¬™¾ªÄ»šÂ˜©´– ´Ã¿ Ã€¤¶˜€°™Ÿ±”Ę¼ ™™ »¶Ã¬–´Ã‡¯ ¿“Ä»ªÂ˜‰°“»‡˜
¦Ã±»©Ä˜–´Ã©¢Ä±†µÄ˜ ´¢̧š¢Ã±†•¸€”Ĭ†ª¢¶¬¿ Ã ¼ ¤Ä¦ƒÃ¬¡š¢°™ƒ¶˜»šÂ˜©´– ´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢Ÿ±¡
ª¤°†

©Ã¦˜Ÿ±¦± ¶¬˜°Ä˜ »šÂ˜Ÿ±–´Ã¿“Ċì˜ Laye r Ÿ±¢Ã±†»¬±¿¦Ä¼ ¤Ä¦ (»¤¶¬€


Laye r 1 ‡±€¤¸€§¢‰´Ä¤†”¢†¼ •™ Laye r –´Ã¼ •™ Status bar ¼ ¤Ä¦ƒ¤³€¢̧š”±
¾ªÄš³“‰°Ã¦ƒ¢±¦) »¶Ã¬¾ªÄ»ªÂ˜»©Ä˜¼ ¤¯ ‡·“–´Ã©¢Ä±†µÄ˜¿“ĉ°“»‡˜

©² ª¢°™€±¢¦±“¢̧š˜´Ä »¢±‡¯ ¾‰Ä»–ƒ˜³ƒ


“¸“©´¬†¾™ª˜Ä±‡±€¢̧š”Ęˆ™°™ ŠµÃ†
–² ¾ªÄ»¢±¿ Ã”Ĭ†”°Ä†ƒÃ±©´ Fill»¬† ½“¡
¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬

€Ã¬˜¬¶Ã˜”Ĭ†š¤“¤Â¬€ Laye r –´Ã»¢±¾©Ã


Ÿ±¢Ã±†¿¦Ä€Ã¬˜ (Laye r 1) ½“¡€±¢
€“¢̧š¤¸€€·Œ ¼ ‡¾ªÄ»š³“¬¬€ ¼ ¤Ä¦ƒ¤³€
–´Ã¢̧š–¢†–´Ã»¢±©¢Ä±†»šÂ˜¢̧š¾™ª˜Ä±¾ªÄ
active (Laye r ‡¯ »š¤´Ã¡ ˜»šÂ˜ Laye r
Face ½“¡¬°”½˜ °”³) ª¤°†‡±€˜°Ä˜¾‰Ä
»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ ƒ¤³€–´Ã©´™¢³»¦’ ¾™ª˜Ä±
¬†Ÿ±¢Ã±† ¢̧š–¢†–´Ã»¢±¢Ã±†€Â‡¯
»šÂ˜©´¬†”Ęˆ™°™¬°”½˜ °”³

42
š¢°™©´¼ ¤¯ ƒ¦± ª˜±¬†»©Ä˜”± ”Ĭ†
€±¢ ‡±€ Fill and Strok e dialog
ª¢¶¬¾‰Äƒ´¡ Ǥ°“ Sh ift+ Ctrl+F ¼ ¤Ä¦¿š–´Ã
¼ •™ Strok e paint »¶Ã¬š¢°™©´ ¼ ¤¯
Strok e s tyle »¶Ã¬š¢°™ƒ¦± ª˜±¬†
»©Ä˜

‡¯ ¿“Ä›¤¤°—Ç“°†Ÿ±ŠÄ±¡ ¶¬©·“

»”¢́¡ –² ©Ã¦˜¬¶Ã˜ Á “Ħ¡°Ä˜”¬˜¾˜


Ä¬˜´ÄŠÄ² –´¤¯ ©Ã¦˜ ¼ ”À옖´Ã‡¯ –² ‰³Ä˜
©Ã¦˜”ì¿š ¾ªÄŠÃ¬˜‰³Ä˜˜´Ä¿¦Ä»¶Ã¬–´Ã‡¯
–² †±˜©Ã¦˜¬¶Ã˜¿“Ä©¯ “¦€µÄ˜ ½“¡€±¢
ƒ¤³€¢̧š”±¬† Laye r –´Ã¦±“¢̧š½ƒ¢†
ª˜Ä± (Face ) ¾ªÄš³“»©´¡ €Ã¬˜ (¢̧š
€¤±†)

3,N; ðE3N"%*
3M0"þM6I$í@6%* E',; 90=Eí,; 94Qñ; ê.< ý:#ó:"N F .N0 3M0"ë6ð%*ñ96+BEM 4"@6ÿ:ýë?"N *; ñ; êH#4"N; HóNEí,@6M ð*@6
Draw Be zie r curve s 0; ý Gý+HóN4 .:ê3< í:ö í@6H4NñýA "N6+ 3M> ýA F þMí0#íA* IýN* ; ê 3M> ýA EóM"Eí+
»¶¬Ã €±¢–² †±˜–´©Ã ¯ “¦€ ¾ªÄš“³ ”± ŠÃ¬˜
Laye r ×Face ¼¤Ä¦ ¾ªÄ©¢Ä±† Laye r ¾ª Ã
½“¡¾‰Äƒ² ©°†Ã Laye r --> Add laye r ”°†Ä
‰¶¬Ã –´»Ã ª ±¯ ©  (”°¦¬¡Ã±†˜´¾Ä ‰Ä‰¬Ã¶ H air)
¼¤Ä¦€“ Add €Â‡¯ ¿“Ä Laye r ¾ª Ã

43
¦±“¢̧š› ¤†¾˜ Laye r –´©Ã ¢Ä±†µ˜Ä  ±¾ª Ã (¾˜”°¦¬¡Ã±†ƒ¶¬ Laye r –´‰Ã ¬Ã¶ ¦Ã± H air) “Ħ¡
»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Be zie r path curve s ¤¬†§µ€¨±€±¢¦±†‡·“™˜ path ‡±€”°¦¬¡Ã±†

Ÿ±“ı˜¦±¾‰Ä»–ƒ˜³ƒ»“³ ƒ¶¬ ¾ªÄ¢̧š–¢†š³“–´¦Ã ±“µ˜Ä ¿ Ã ©´ ´ (Fill) ¼¤̄ ©´¬†»©Ä˜


¬™¿ Ã€¤¶˜¿š€°™Ÿ±¢Ã±† »¶¬Ã ¾ªÄ»ªÂ˜‰°“»‡˜ ª¤°†‡±€˜°˜Ä ¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Edit path
node s (F2) ¼€Ä¿¤°€¨’ ¯ ¬†¢̧š–¢†‡˜¿“Ä”± ”Ĭ†€±¢

“¸“©´¬†› ‡±€¢̧š”Ęˆ™°™ ŠµÃ†–² ¾ªÄ


»¢±¿ Ã”Ĭ†”°Ä†ƒÃ±©´ Fill »¬† ½“¡¾‰Ä
»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬

¾˜€¢’ ˜´ ‡Ä ´ ¯  ´¬Ä ¼”€”ñ†‡±€¾™ª˜Ä±»¤Â€


˜Ä¬¡ »˜¶¬Ã †‡±€¢̧š–¢†–´»Ã ¢±¦±“»©Ä˜› 
 ´™¢³»¦’ “›  2 “ –´»Ã €¡–°™€°˜»Ä±
¿š¾˜©Ã¦˜¬†¢̧š–¢† »¶¬Ã ¾ªÄ»ªÂ˜‰°“ »¢±
‡¯ ŠÃ¬˜ Laye r 1 ‰°¦Ã ƒ¢±¦ ½“¡€±¢»¤¶¬€
Laye r1 ¼¤Ä¦€“š· Ã ¢̧š”±

‡¯ »ªÂ˜¦Ã±©Ã¦˜¬†“»©Ä˜› –´–à ™° €°˜ ‡¯ »šÂ˜‰Ã¬†½ª¦Ã¬¡¸Ã

»¢±‡¯ ¼€ÄšŒ° ª±˜´½Ä “¡€±¢€“š· Ã Filland


Strok e dialog ª¢¶¬ Sh ift+ Ctrl+F

44
ƒ¤³€–´¢̧à š»©Ä˜› –´¦Ã ±“µ˜Ä Laye r –´–à ² -
†±˜“Ħ¡‡¯ »š¤́á ˜¿š»šÂ˜ H air Laye r
½“¡¬°”½˜ °”³ ª¤°†‡±€˜°˜Ä ¾ªÄ“–¸ ô Tab
¬† Fill¾˜ Filland Strok e dialog

–±†¦± ¶¬¬† Dialog ‡¯ »ªÂ˜š· Ã


»¤Â€ Á ©¬†š· Ã š· Ã ¼ ¢€‡¯  ´¢̧”¢†€¤±†
¬´€š· Ã »šÂ˜¢̧š–¢†–µ™ €¢’ ´ ¬†›  »¢±
”Ĭ†€±¢¾ªÄ“»€¤´¡ ¦–´–à ™° €°˜ ´©´“Ħ¡
“°†˜°˜Ä »¢±‡¯ »š¤´¡Ã ˜ƒ·’ © ™°”€³ ±¢¾©Ã©´
½“¡€±¢€“š· Ã –´©Ã ¬†–´»Ã šÂ˜¢̧š–¢†–µ™
€Â‡¯ ¿“Ä› ¬¡Ã±†–´»Ã ¢±”Ĭ†€±¢

¿š–´Ã Strok e paint tab »¶¬Ã š¢°™»©Ä˜


¬™¾ªÄ»šÂ˜©´“² ¼ ¤¯ š¢°™ƒ¦± ª˜±
¬†»©Ä˜–´Ã Strok e s tyle tab (¢±¡
¤¯ »¬´¡ “»ª ¶¬˜©Ã¦˜¾™ª˜Ä±)

45
¦±“š¬¡› “Ħ¡¦³—»´ “´¡ ¦€°˜ ¼”䀰¨’ ¯
»©Ä˜‡¯ †Ã±¡€¦Ã± ±€ (ƒ¤Ä±¡©± »ª¤́¡Ã  
½ƒÄ†) ¾˜Ÿ±˜´”Ä ¬Ä †¦±“©± »ª¤´Ã¡  š³“
2 ¢̧š¼–˜š¬¡›  2 »©Ä˜

ª¤°†‡±€˜°Ä˜ š³“”±»¶¬Ã ŠÃ¬˜ Laye r ¬†


¢̧š–¢†› ˜´‰Ä ¦Ã°ƒ¢±¦ »¶¬Ã –´‡Ã ¯ ©¢Ä±†¢̧š-
–¢†–´»Ã ª¤¶¬

3,N; ðþ; F .9ñ* êB


E,; ñ93,N; ðþ; F .9ñ*BêI0NH" Laye r Eý>+0ê:" E"@6M ðñ; ê*>30M " ô
M> 6N " #: ê:"6+BMF .9,B$ ,ðêLI*Mô#: ôN6"*; ê ñ?ð
'6 ñM> 9ñ:ýI0NH" Laye r Eý>+0ê:"Gý+I*M3#: 3"H"ê; , < ð; " (ô?ðM 3:êí,BEM ,; ñ9'#6>êE4þA%.0M; < I*ñ?ðE6; *; I0N
Laye r Eý>+0ê:")

3**þ=0;M ëü 9">6N +BMM> Laye r H air ( $M> ý= ôM6"I0NH"ë:"N þ6" FM> .N0) 3,N; ð Laye r ë?"N *; H4*ME4*@6"ë:"N þ6" M>
%M; "*; H" "M> ëN> 6þ:ðN ó@6M 0M; Eye s & Nos e ô?ðM ñ9ê.; +E$L" Laye r #"3Aý

Tips × €±¢‡¯ ©¢Ä±†¤² “°™ Laye r –´•Ã €¸ ”Ĭ†˜°˜Ä Laye r –´©Ã ¢Ä±†µ˜Ä ¾ª Ã‡¯ ¬¡¸•Ã “° ‡±€ Laye r –´Ã€² ¤°†•¸€»¤¶¬€¬¡¸Ã
“°†˜°Ä˜©³Ã†–´Ã‡¯ –² ƒ¶¬»¤¶¬€ Laye r –´Ã”Ĭ†€±¢¾ªÄ•€¸ –°™ (Laye r –´”à ¬Ä †€±¢¾ªÄ¬¡¸Ã ±Ä †¤Ã±† Laye r –´‡Ã ¯ ©¢Ä±†µ˜Ä ¾ª Ã 1
¤² “°™) €Ã¬˜ ¼ ¤Ä¦‡µ†¾‰Äƒ² ©°†Ã Laye r --> Add Laye r

4; êþN6ðê; , ñM> 9.# Laye r H4NE.@6ê Laye r þM> 6N ðê; ,ñ9.# F .N0E.@6êí< 3:ðM Laye r --> De lete Curre ntLaye r

E$=ý Laye r ); ',M; ðë?"N *; H4*M Gý+ê; ,êý$A*M .Bê1,ë6ðF ÿ# Laye r þ,ð Status bar F .N0E.@6ê Laye r 1
4.:ðñ; ê":"N í.=ê,B$þ; E'@6M E$=ýH4NF 3ýð6>êí,:ðN F .N0ê.:#I$E.@6ê Laye r EM> '=ðM þ:ðN ó@6M 0M; Eye s & Nos e
E'@6M Eþ,>+* < ð; "þM6

»¢³ Ã ‡±€€±¢©¢Ä±†‡ ¸€ »¢±¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † Draw Be zie r curve s ¦±“»©Ä˜ ‡¯ ¿“ć“· –´Ã


»ª ±¯ © “°†˜´Ä ª¤°†‡±€˜°˜Ä ¾‰Ä»ƒ¢¶¬Ã † ¶¬ Edit path node s ¼ €Ä¿‡·“¼ ¤¯ ¼ ˜
.ƒ¦™ƒ· ƒ¦± ½ƒÄ†¾ªÄ»©Ä˜”¢†€°™¢̧š¢Ã±†–´”à ¬Ä †€±¢

46
“¸“©´‡±€Ÿ±”Ęˆ™°™ ¼ ¤Ä¦š¢°™©´¬†»©Ä˜¬™ ”¤¬“‡˜ƒ¦± ª˜± ›Ã±˜ Filland
Strok e dialog »ª ¶¬˜–´Ã¿“Ĭ—³™±¡¾˜°˜Ä ”¬˜–´›Ã ±Ã ˜ ± ‡¯ ¿“Ä›¤¤°—Ç“†°¢̧š

¦±“¢̧š¼ ¦Ã˜”± Šµ†Ã ¢̧š–¢†˜´†Ä ±Ã ¡ ±€ »˜¶¬Ã †‡±€»¢±¾‰Ä¢̧š–¢†¦†€¤ ©² »¢Â‡¢̧š–´Ã Ink -


s cape  ´¾ªÄ ¼ ¤Ä¦š¢°™˜±“¾ªÄ¬»ª ±¯ €°™˜±“¼ ¦Ã˜”±

–² »‰Ã˜€°˜¾˜©Ã¦˜¬†”±“²

ª¤°†‡±€˜°˜Ä š¢°™©´¬†¼ ¦Ã˜”± ¼ ¤¯ ”±“² ½“¡¾‰Ä¦—³ »´ “³  ƒ¶¬¾‰Äª¤¬““¸“©´ €°™ Fill


and Strok e dialog (ƒ¤³€–´¦Ã ”° •·¼ ¤¯ š¢°™–´¤¯ ‰³˜Ä )

47
©Ã¦˜¼ ¦Ã˜”± ¼ ¤¯ ”±“² ¬´€Ä±† »¢±©± ±¢•–² ŠÄ² ‡±€Ä±†–´»Ã ¢±¿“Ä– ² ¿¦Ä¼ ¤Ä¦½“¡
¿ Ã”¬Ä †–² ¾ª Ã ½“¡¾‰Äƒ² ©°†Ã ‡±€» ˜¸ Edit --> Duplicate ª¢¶¬¾‰Äƒ¡´ ¤Ç “° Ctrl+D
ª¢¶¬¾‰Äš Ã· ™˜ ToolControls €Â¿“Ä

»¤¶¬€¦°”•·– ”ô ¬Ä †€±¢–² ŠÄ² (¼ ¦Ã˜ ª¢¶¬ ”±“² ) ¼ ¤Ä¦¾‰Äƒ² ©°†Ã “°†€¤Ã±¦“Ħ¡¦³—¾´ “¦³—´
ª˜µ†Ã ¼ ¤Ä¦¤±€¿š¡°†”² ¼ ª˜Ã†–´”à ¬Ä †€±¢

¬±‡‡¯ ™š°Œ ª±»¤Â€˜Ä¬¡ ª±€–² ŠÄ² ”±“² €Ã¬˜ ¼ ¤Ä¦»¤¶¬Ã ˜ ± ¼ ¤¯ –² ŠÄ² ¼ ¦Ã˜
©´ž±Ä ¼ ¤Ä¦»¤¶¬Ã ˜ ±Ÿ±¡ª¤°† »˜¶Ã¬†‡±€¼ ¦Ã˜©´žÄ±‡¯ –°™”±“² »¢±¯ €±¢©¢Ä±†–´ª¤°†
‡¯  ´›¤¾ªÄ¼ ¦Ã˜©´žÄ± ´ Z -orde r ¬¡¸»Ã ª˜¶¬”±“² »¢±¼ €Ä¿“Ľ“¡€±¢ƒ¤³€–´¼Ã ¦Ã˜”±
¼ ¤Ä¦¾‰Äƒ² ©°†Ã ‡±€» ˜¸ Obje ct --> Low e r ‡¯ –² ¾ªÄ¤² “°™¬†¼ ¦Ã˜”±¤† ±Ä±†¤Ã±†
1 ¤² “°™ (¼ ”á †°ƒ†¬¡¸¾Ã ˜ Laye r »“´¡ ¦€°˜ ½š¢“¼ ¡€¤² “°™¬† Z -orde r €°™
¤² “°™¬† Laye r ¦Ã±¿ Ã»€´¡Ã ¦Ä¬†€°˜ Z -orde r ‡¯  ´›¤»ˆ±¯ ¾˜ Laye r »“´¡ ¦
€°˜»–ñ˜°˜Ä )

¢̧š¡°†¿ Ã© ™¸¢’ Ç »˜¶¬Ã †‡±€¼ ¦Ã˜”±¡°†ƒ†–°™‡ ¸€¬¡¸Ã “°†˜°˜Ä »¢±”Ĭ†»¤¶¬Ã ˜ Z -orde r


¬†¼ ¦Ã˜”±¾ªÄ¤† ±Ä±†¤Ã±†¬´€ ¼ ”ǯ »¤¶¬Ã ˜–´¤¯ ‰°˜Ä ƒ†»©´¡ »¦¤± ¾˜–´˜Ã »Ä´ ¢±‡¯ ¾‰Ä
ƒ² ©°†Ã Obje ct --> Low e r to Bottom Šµ†Ã –² ¾ªÄ¦”° •·– »Ã´ ¤¶¬€¿š¬¡¸–à ô Z -orde r
¤Ã±†©·“–°˜–´½“¡¿ Ã”¬Ä †»¤¶¬Ã ˜–´¤¯ ‰°˜Ä

‡¯ ¿“Ä”±¼ ¤¯ ‡ ¸€–´©Ã  ™¸¢’ Ǿ˜–´Ã©·“ •Ä±©°†»€” ‡¯ ™©±»ª”·– »Ã´ ¢±¿ Ã©± ±¢•¼ ¡€


Laye r ¢̄ ª¦Ã±†”±€°™‡ ¸€¿“Ä »¢±¯ ‡ ¸€¬¡¸¾Ã ”ļ ¦Ã˜”±Ä±†ª˜µ†Ã ¼ ¤¯ ¬¡¸»Ã ª˜¶¬
¼ ¦Ã˜”±¬´€Ä±†ª˜µ†Ã ª±€¼ ¡€ Laye r ¾ªÄ ¼´ ¦Ã˜”±»šÂ˜ Laye r ª˜µ†Ã ¼ ¤¯ ‡ ¸€»šÂ˜¬´€
Laye r ª˜µ†Ã »¢±¿ Ã©± ±¢•‡¯ –² »‰Ã˜˜´¿Ä “Ä

»š³“”±–·€ Laye r ¼ ¤¯ š³“”±–´Ã Laye r ¬†Ÿ±¢Ã±† ‡¯ ¿“ÄŸ ±©² »¢Â‡

»˜¶Ã¬†‡±€Ÿ±–´Ã¿“Ä»šÂ˜Ÿ±¼ ™™ Ve ctor »¢±©± ±¢•‡¯ ¡±¡¾ªÄ¾ªŒ û–ñ¿¢€Â


¿“Ä ½“¡¿ Ã– ² ¾ªÄŸ ±¼ ”€ª¢¶¬»©´¡ ƒ¦± ¤¯ »¬´¡ “

48
í; ý0M; H"# ">N íðñ9E4L"); 'H"ê; ,"< Ink s cape I$HóNð; "ñ,=ð I* M0M; ñ9E$L"E,@M6ðEí,@M6ð* @6 E í"=í
þ.6ýñ"ê,9#0"ê; , < ð; " :NðH"); ',0* F .9,; +.9E6>+ý'63* í0, ô?Mð3; * ; ,ÿ"< I$$,:#HóNH4N
E4* ; 93* IýNê:#ð; "4.; ê4.; +,B$F ## H"# þM6I$ E,; ñ9* ; Eñ; 9.?ê.ðE,@M6ð3> >M* ; êê0M; ê; ,$,:#3>E$L"3>
Eý>+0!,,* ý;

¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
4; ,B$ê; ,QþB"þN"F ##E$L"); ',M; ð F .N0.6ð0; ýþ; * EóM"Eý>+0ê:#ê; ,3; !=þH"# ">N (4,@6HóN) ; 'þN"F ##
Eý>+0ê:#þ:06+M; ðêLIýN)

49
™––´Ã 5
€±¢¾©Ã©¼´ ™™”ñ† Á

E,; IýNE,>+",BN0=!>ê; ,H3M3>F .9E3N"ë6#F ##3>Eý>+0 F .9I* M* >3>I$F .N0H"


# F ,ê ô?MðE'>+ð'6þM6ê; , < ð; " :M0I$4.; + K ð; " F þM3< 4,:#
#; ðð; " >MþN6ðê; ,3>3:" .BêE.M" 4,@6* >í0; * ô:#ôN6" E,; 6; ñþN6ðê; ,
3> >M* ; êê0M; 3>!,,* ý; 3>Eý>+0

# ">Nñ96!=#; +0=!>ê; ,HóN3>"6êE4"@6ñ; ê >M6!=#; +H"# F ,ê I* M0M;


ñ9E$L"ê; ,I.M3>F ##þM; ð K ê; ,H3M.0ý.; +ôN< K E$L"þN"

None - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6ê":N"I* M* >3> H"3M0" >ME,; ,9#A (I* M* >3>ëN; ðH",B$ ,ð 4,@6
I* M* >3> >ME3N"ë6#)
Flat color - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6ê* >3>Eò'; 9Eñ; 9ñðE'>+ð3>Eý>+0 H"3M0" >ME,; ,9#A (3>
H",B$ ,ð 4,@63>ë6ðE3N"ë6#)
Line ar gradie nt - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6ê* >ê; ,I.M3>%3* %3; "ê:"E$L"F "0E3N"þ,ð
H"3M0" >ME,; ,9#A (I.M3>E$L"E3N"þ,ðH",B$ ,ð 4,@6I.M3>E$L"E3N"þ,ðë6ðE3N"ë6#)
Radialgradie nt - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6ê* >ê; ,I.M3>%3* %3; "ê:"F ##0ðê.* í@6I.M
3>ñ; êñAý1B"+Qê.; ðë6ð0ðê.* I$+:ðë6#ë6ð0ðê.* H"3M0" >ME,; ,9#A (I.M3>E$L"0ðH",B$ ,ð 4,@6I.M
3>E$L"0ðë6ðE3N"ë6#)
Patte rn - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6ê* >.0ý.; +ôN< K ê:" H"3M0" >ME,; ,9#A (.0ý.; +H"
,B$ ,ð 4,@6.0ý.; +ë6ðE3N"ë6#)
Uns e t paint - E$L"ê; ,ê< 4"ýH4N0:þÿA >MEê=ýñ; êê; , Clone (Alt+ D) * >íAü 3* #:þ= >MF þêþM; ðñ; êþ:0
þN"F ##
51
.6ð* ; ýBê:"ó:ý K 0M; E* @M6ê< 4"ýíAü 3* #:þ= :Nð 6 F ##H4Nê:# FillF .9 Strok e F .N0%..:'!Qñ9E$L"6+M; ðI,
Fill

Strok e

4.:ðñ; ê >ME,; IýNE,>+",BNê; ,H3M3>ë6ð Fill F .9 Strok e F ## None F .9 Flat color I$F .N0H"# F ,ê
þM6I$E,; ñ9E,=M* þN"ê; ,H3M3> >Mô:#ôN6"ë?N" Gý+E,=M* þN"ñ; êê; ,H3M3>F ## Line ar gradie nt

Linear gradient ¼ ¤¯ Radialgradient


E$L"ê; ,I.M3>ñ; ê3>4 "?MðI$E$L"3>6@M" K þ:NðF þM36ð3>ë?N"I$ Gý+ Line ar
gradie nt ñ9E$L"ê; ,I.M3>F ##E3N"þ,ð 3M0" Radial gradie nt E$L"
ê; ,I.M3>F ##E$L"0ð Gý+ >Mê; ,I.M3>">Nñ9E$L"3M0"ë6ð Fill 4,@6
Strok e êLIýN

ê; ,I.M3> :Nð36ðF ##* >4 .:êê; ,Eý>+0ê:" 0=!>í0#íA* 3>E4* @6"ê:" ý:ð-
":N"ñ9ë66!=#; +ê; ,I.M3> :Nð36ðF ##I0NH"4:0ëN6Eý>+0ê:"

êM6"6@M"þN6ðE,>+ê Fill and Strok e dialog ë?N"* ; êM6" Gý+ê; ,


êý$AM* 4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ý Sh ift+ Ctrl+F 4"N; þM; ð3< 4,:#$,:#íM; Fill
and Strok e êLñ9$,; êøë?N"* ; E.@6ê >MF ÿ# Fill4,@6 Strok e êLIýN
ë?N"6+BM0M; E,; þN6ðê; ,H4Nê; ,I.M3>Eê=ýë?N" >M3M0"Hýë6ð,B$ ,ð 3< 4,:#
þ:06+M; ðë6HóNê; ,I.M3>ê:# FillE"@M6ðñ; êE4L"); 'IýNó:ýEñ"ê0M;

52
4.:ðñ; ê":N" êý$AM* E,>+êí< 3:Mð Gradie nt H" Dialog H" >M">Nñ9ë6
+êþ:06+M; ðñ; êê,ü >ë6ð Line ar gradie nt êM6" ñ9$,; êø,; +.9-
E6>+ýH"ê; ,þ:NðíM; ý:ð,B$ôN; +* @6

ê; ,3,N; ð3> Gradie nt >ME$L"íM; De fault ñ9$,; êøH",; +.9E6>+ý


ý:ð,B$ýN; "ôN; + (F þM.9Eí,@M6ð6; ñ* >3> >MF þêþM; ðê:"I$þ; * F þM%BNHóN)
ô?Mð$,9ê6#I$ýN0+ 'Stop' ñ< "0" 2 6:"

6; ñê.M; 0ðM; + K 0M; Stop í@64* Aý$:êH"F ÿ#3> 4"?Mð4* Aý 4,@6 4"?Mð
Stop ñ9#,,ñA3>4 "?Mð3> íM; '@N"ù; "ñ9* >36ð Stop í@6* >3>36ð3> Gý+I.M
ñ; ê3>4 "?MðI$3BM6>ê3>4 "@Mð

E,; 3; * ; ,ÿñ9ê< 4"ýH4NEê=ýê; ,I.M3>* ; êê0M; 36ð3>IýN Gý+ê; ,E'=M*


ñ< "0" Stop EëN; I$H"F ÿ# EóM"ÿN; þN6ðê; ,I.M3>3; * 3> êLH3M Stop
E'=M* 6>ê4"?Mðþ< F 4"Mð ÿN; þN6ðê; ,I.M3>4 N; 3> êLH3M Stop E'=M* 6>ê3; *
þ< F 4"Mð ô?Mð0=!>E'=M* Stop ñ9ê.M; 0H"4:0ëN6ÿ:ýI$

Gý+ M0:I$ E* @M6+:ðI* M$,:#íM; íM; De fault ë6ð Ink s cape ñ9E$L"ê; ,
I.M3> ?#(3>HýK ) I$3BMí0; * G$,MðH3

53
4; êíAü IýN3,N; ðóAý Gradie nt I0NêM6"4"N; ">NF .N0 íAü 3; * ; ,ÿêý$AM*
.Bê1,íBM(ó>Në?N"F .9.ð)ñ9* >óAý Gradie nt F 3ýðë?N"* ; H4NE.@6êHóN

ê,ü > >ME,; þN6ðê; ,3,N; ðóAý Gradie nt ë?N"* ; HóNE6ðH4* M ë:N"F ,êH4Nêý
Duplicate E'@M6 < ôN< óAý Gradie nt >M* >6+BMêM6"ë?N"* ; E'@M6 >Mê; ,
E$.>M+"F $.ð >ME,; F êNIëñ9I* Mê,9 #ê:#óAýê; ,I.M3> >M* >6+BMêM6"F .N0
Ink s cape ñ9 < ôN< óAýê; ,I.M3>ë?N"* ; H4* M ',N6* ê< 4"ýó@M6 (þ:0E.ë
óAýê; ,I.M3>) H4* MH4N6:þG"* :þ=

4.:ðñ; ê":N"H4Nêý$AM* Edit >M6+BM


ëN; ð K ê:"E'@M6F êNIëH4Nê; ,I.M3>
E$L"I$6+M; ð >ME,; þN6ðê; , 4"N; -
þM; ð3< 4,:#F êNIë3> 4,@6
Gradie nt e ditor êLñ9F 3ýð66ê
*;

54
+N; +* ; < ð; "H" Gradie nt e ditor êý$AM* .Bê1,H" Gradie nt e ditor
E'@M6 >Mñ9F êNIë3> >MñAý Stop ô?MðíM; De fault ñ9* >36ð3> í@63> >M6+BMë0;
3Aýê:#ôN; +3Aý E* @M6êý$AM* .Bê1, 3>ñ9F 3ýð66ê* ; E$L"F ÿ0þ; * ñ< -
"0"3> >MI.M ñ; êþ:06+M; ð 3> >M6+BMë0; 3Aýñ9E$L"3>F ýð (Stop 3110*)
F .9ôN; +3Aýñ9E$L"3>F ýð >MG$,MðH3 (Stop3112*)

ª ±¡»ª”·* - ”°¦»¤–´Ã¿“ć¯ ¿ Ã¼ ˜Ã˜¬˜ µÄ˜¬¡¸Ã€°™€±¢ Random ¬†


½š¢¼ €¢ 

E,; 3; * ; ,ÿ3,N; ð.BêE.M"ê; ,I.M3>IýN4 .; +F ## EóM"ê; ,E'=M* 3> 4,@6


E$.>M+"í0; * G$,Mð/ ?#ë6ð3>êLIýN þ:06+M; ðþM6I$E,; ñ9* ; $,:#H4N3> >M
G$,MðH3ê.; +E$L"3> ?#

H4NE.@6ê Stop >M36ð >M6+BMýN; ".M; ð (ñ; êþ:06+M; ð í@6 Stop 3112)

íM; 3>H",B$ ; ðôN; +ñ9E$.>M+"I$þ; * 3> >MH3MI0NH" Stop >M36ð ô?MðE,;


3; * ; ,ÿ$,:#íM; H4NE$L"I$6+M; ð >ME,; þN6ðê; ,IýN E,; ñ9* ; .6ðE$.>M+"
ñ; ê3> >MG$,MðH3ë6ð Stop ">NH4NE$L"3> ?#F 3ð

I$ >MF ÿ# A (Alph a = í0; * G$,MðF 3ð) E'@M6$,:#í0; * G$,Mð/ ?#ë6ð


3> 4; êþ:0 Slide r 6+BMó=ý ; ðôN; +* @6 3>":N" K êLñ9G$,MðH3 H" ; ð
ê.:#ê:" ÿN; Slide r 6+BMó=ý ; ðë0; 3>":N"êLñ9 ?# 4,@66; ññ9HóNê; ,
$,:#íM; ýN0+þ:0E.ëêLIýN Gý+E,=M* ñ; ê 0 (G$,Mð) ÿ?ð 255 ( ?#) 4; ê
íM; 6+BM,940M; ð":N"êLñ9E$L"3> >Mê?MðG$,MðH3ê?Mð ?#F 3ð

55
ñ; êþ:06+M; ðëN; ðþN" IýN$,:#í0; * G$,MðH3 (Alph a) H4N ?# í@66+BM; ð
ë0; 3Aý (íM; =255)

4.:ðñ; ê":N"E$.>M+"3>þ; * þN6ðê; , Gý+HóN0=!>E$.>M+"3> >MIýNE,>+"* ;


F .N0H"# >M 1 H4NE4* ; 93* ê:#ð; "4,@6í0; * ÿ":ý (RGB, H SL,
CMYK F .9 W h e e l)

3>ë6ð,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6êêLñ9E$.>M+"I$ý:ð,B$

E,; 3; * ; ,ÿ+N6"ê.:#I$F êNIë3>Hý K êLIýNþ; * þN6ðê; , Gý+ê; ,êý


$AM* Drop dow n lis t F .N0E.@6ê Stop >Mþ6N ðê; ,E$.>M+"3> F .N0F êNIë3>
þ; * þN6ðê; ,

ÿN; 4; êþN6ðê; ,ñ9E'=M* ê; ,I.M3> H4Nêý$AM* Add s top E'@M6E'=M* ñ< "0"
ñAý Stop >Mñ9H3M3>

56
ñAý Stop êLñ9E'=M* ë?N"* ; H4NýBíM;
Offs e t ëN; ð.M; ð Gý+ :M0I$E* @M6
E'=M* ñAý Stop í,:NðF ,ê 3>M >MEê=ý
ë?N"H4* Mñ96+BMþ< F 4"Mðê?Mðê.; ð
4,@6íM; Offs e t >M 0.50 ":M"E6ð
4; êI* MþN6ðê; ,H4NEê=ý3> >MEê=ýë?N"
H4* M6+BMê?Mðê.; ð êLH4N$,:#íM;
Offs e t I$6+BMþ< F 4"Mð >MþN6ð-
ê; ,Gý+ê; ,H3Mþ:0E.ë (0 í@6
ó=ýôN; +3Aý 1.00 í@6ó=ýë0; 3Aý)
4,@6E.@M6" Slide r êLIýN

E* @M6IýNþ< F 4"Mð >ME4* ; 93* êL


H4N$,:#3>þ; * þN6ðê; ,

ÿN; þN6ðê; ,I.M3>Gý+* >ñ< "0"3>* ; êë?N" êL < ôN< ë:N"þ6" >M%M; "* ; í@6
êý$AM* Add s top
$,:#þ< F 4"Mð Offs e t H4N3> >M3,N; ðë?N"H4* M* >þ< F 4"Mð >MþN6ðê; ,
E.@6ê3>
57
< ôN< ñ"ê0M; ñ9IýNñ< "0"3> >MþN6ðê; ,
4; ê < %=ý 4,@6I* MþN6ðê; ,3>":N" K F .N0 H4NE.@6ê Stop >M#,,ñA3>":N" F .N0êý$AM* De lete s top
>M6+BMëN; ð K $AM* Add s top

H"4"N; þM; ð Filland Strok e êL


ñ9$,; êøF ÿ#3>6:"H4* M >ME,; IýN
3,N; ðñ; ê Gradie nt e ditor ýN0+
ÿN; $=ý Gradie nt e ditor I$F .N0
F .9þN6ðê; ,F êNIë êLE'>+ðêý
$AM* Edit 4"N; þM; ð Gradie nt
e ditor êLñ9E$=ýë?N"* ; H4NF êNIë3>
6>êí,:Nð

ê.:#* ; >M4 "N; þM; ð Fill and


Strok e E,; 3; * ; ,ÿE$.>M+"ñ; ê
Line ar gradie nt E$L" Radial
gradie ntE'>+ðE$.>M+"ñ; ê$AM*
E$L"$AM* (4,@6ÿN; ,BN0M; E,; þN6ð-
ê; ,ê; ,I.M3>F ## Radial
gradie nt þ:NðF þMF ,êêL3; * ; ,ÿ
E.@6êêý$AM* ">NH"þ6"E,=M* þN"IýN
E.+) êLñ9IýNê; ,I.M3> >ME$L"0ð

4; êE,; $=ý4"N; þM; ð Aê4"N; þM; ðI$F .N0 F þMþN6ðê; ,ê.:#* ; F êNIëê; ,I.M3>H4* M 6+M; ðEóM"E$.>M+"3> 4,@6
E$.>M+"ñ; ê Line ar gradie nt E$L" Radialgradie nt H4Ní.=ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIëíM; 3> F .N0êý$AM* (Fill
and Strok e dialog) E.@6ê Gradie nt F ## >MþN6ðê; , êý$AM* Edit 4; êþN6ðê; ,E$.>M+"F $.ðíM; 3>F .9
þ< F 4"Mð

58
M%> M; "* ; E$L"ê; ,þ:NðíM; 3> í,; 0">NE,; .6ð* ; $,:#þ< F 4"Mðë6ðê; ,I.M
3>#",B$ ,ðê:"#N; ð ê; ,$,:#þ< F 4"Mð < IýNGý+êý$AM* 4,@6HóN
í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+F1 #" Toolbox ý:ð,B$

ý.6ð$,:#þ< F 4"Mðê; ,I.M3>ë6#,B$ ,ðF þM.9$,9E) þ; * ë:N"þ6"þM6I$">N


Linear gradient
í.=êE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIëþ< F 4"Mðê; ,I.M3>
í.=ê$AM* Eí,@M6ð* @6 Cre ate and e dit gradie nts 4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+F1
ñ9$,; êøE3N"þ,ð >M* >ñAý3>ME4.>M+* 6+BMþ,ð$.; + :Nð36ðýN; " ý:ð,B$

í.=ê >MñAý3>ME4.>M+* ë6ðF þM.9ýN; "E'@M6$,:#* A* F .9þ< F 4"Mðë6ðê; ,I.M3>þ; * í0; * þN6ðê; ,
',N6* 3:ðEêþ%..:'!Q ý:ðþ:06+M; ð

Radialgradient
í.=êE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIëþ< F 4"Mðê; ,I.M3>
í.=ê$AM* Eí,@M6ð* @6 Cre ate and e dit gradie nts 4,@6í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+F1
59
ñ9$,; êøñAý3>ME4.>M+* þ9F íðþ,ðê.; ð >M* >F ë"36ðëN; ð66ê* ; ñ; êñAýF .9 < * A* þ:Nðò; êê:" ý:ð,B$

ñAýþ,ðê.; ð ñ9 < 4"N; >ME$L"ñAý1B"+Qê.; ð0ðê.* ô?Mð3; * ; ,ÿí.=êF .N0E.@M6"IýNþ; * þN6ðê; ,

3M0"F ë"36ðëN; ð < 4"N; >M$,:# =1 ; ðF .9ë"; ýë6ðê; ,I.M3>E$L"0ðH"F þM.9F "0
H4N ý.6ðGý+ê; ,í.=ê >MñýA 0ðê.* þ,ð$.; +F ë"F þM.9ëN; ð .; êI$* ; F .N03:ðEêþ%. >MIýN

H"ê,ü > Mþ> N6ðê; ,H4N* >ê; ,I.M3>F ##ôN< K êL3; * ; ,ÿ < IýNEóM"ê:" ô?Mðê; ,I.M3>ôN< K * >6+BM2 ó"=ý
Re flecte d a þ:06+M; ðEóM" ê; ,I.M3>Eê=ýñ; ê.< ý:#3> (N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0 E* @M6E,; 3:MðH4NI.M3>ôN< êLñ9
ê.; +E$L" (N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0-3N* -F ýð-(N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0-3N* -F ýð-(N; ... I$E,@M6+ K Gý+.< ý:#ê.:#ê:"E* @M6
í,#,6#
Dire ct - þ:06+M; ðEóM" ê; ,I.M3>Eê=ýñ; ê.< ý:#3> (N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0 E* @M6E,; 3:MðH4NI.M3>ôN< êLñ9ê.; +
E$L" (N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0-(N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0-(N; -F ýð-3N* -Eë>+0... I$E,@M6+ K Gý+.< ý:#3>+:ðíðE4* @6"Eý=*

0=!>3:MðH4NEê=ýê; ,I.M3>ôN< * >ëN6F * Ní@6 óM0ðë6ðê; ,I.M3>ñ9þN6ðE.Lêê0M;


,B$ ,ðý:ð,B$ E'@M6 >Mñ9H4NE4L"ê; ,ôN< ë6ð3>

60
E,; 3; * ; ,ÿ3:MðH4NEê=ýê; ,I.M3>ôN< þ; * ë:N"þ6"ý:ð">N
í.=êE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,H4NEê=ýê; ,I.M3>ôN<
êý$AM* (Filland Strok e dialog) E'@M6F êNIëíM; 3>
í.=ê >M.Bê1,H"4:0ëN6 Re pe at E'@M6E.@6ê,B$F ##ê; ,ôN< ñ; ê Drop dow n lis t F .N0E.@6êF ##ê; ,ôN<
þ; * þN6ðê; , þ:06+M; ðê; ,ôN< ñ9E$L"ý:ð,B$

€±¢¾©Ã¤¦“¤±¡¾ªÄ¢¸š–¢† (Pattern)
E,; 3; * ; ,ÿê< 4"ýH4N Fill4,@6 Strok e E$L".0ý.; +ôN< K IýN E'>+ðë:N"þ6"ðM; + K 3 ë:N"þ6"

1. 3,N; ð Patte rn
ê; ,3,N; ð Patte rn ":N"ðM; +* ; ê H4N3,N; ð.0ý.; +ýN0+ê; ,0; ý,B$4,@6
,B$ ,ð69I,êLIýN

4.:ðñ; ê":N"E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >ME,; þN6ðê; ,"< * ; E$L".0ý.; + :Nð4* ý


F .N0E,>+êí< 3:Mð Edit --> Obje cts to Patte rn (í>+Q.:ý Alt+ I) ,B$ ,ð
:Nð4* ýñ9 >ME.@6êñ9ÿBêEêL#E$L" Patte rn óAýEý>+0ê:" :" > (H"þ6"
">NE,; 3; * ; ,ÿ.#þN"ò#:#IýN Gý+I* M* >%.69I, E',; 9 Ink s cape EêL#
ëN6* B.ë6ðëN6* B. Patte rn E,>+#,N6+F .N0) ÿN; E,; .; ê0:þÿA >ME$L"
Patte rn I$I4" ñ9I$ýN0+ê:" :NðêN6"
61
4; êþN6ðê; ,F êNIë Patte rn 3; * ; ,ÿ < IýNGý+E,>+êí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "BEdit --> Patte rn to Obje cts (4,@6í>+Q
.:ý Sh ift+ Alt+ I) Patte rn ñ9$,; êøë?N"* ; H4NE,; F êNIëF +êE$L"ó=N" K E4* @6"Eý=*

2. HóN Patte rn
4.:ðñ; ê":N"E.@6ê4,@63,N; ð,B$ ,ð >Mñ9H3M.0ý.; +F .N0í.=ê$AM* 4,@6
Sh ift+ Ctrl+F E'@M6E.@6ê0=!>H3M3>

I$ >M Fill 4,@6 Strok e (ë?N"6+BMê:#0M; E,; þN6ðê; ,H3M Patte rn


H4Nê:#3M0"Hý) F .N0êý$AM* E'@M6H3M Patte rn H4Nê:#3M0" >MíAü E.@6ê
Patte rn >MíAü þ:NðI0Në:N"þ6"F ,êñ9$,; êøë?N"* ;

4; êíAü < Patte rn I0N4 .; +F ## íAü 3; * ; ,ÿE.@6êHóNIýNñ; ê


Drop dow n lis t +M6+ë6ð Patte rn

3. €±¢š¢°™ Pattern
ÿN; IýN%.þ; * þN6ðê; ,6; ññ9I* MþN6ð < ë:N"þ6"">NêLIýN F þMGý+* ; ê* :êñ9þN6ð* >ê; ,$,:#ë"; ýë6ð Patte rn
* A* 6ð1; 4,@6$,:#þ< F 4"Mðë6ð Patte rn H4NE4* ; 93*

H4NE.@6êEí,@M6ð* @6 F .N0í.=ê >M,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIë Patte rn ô?Mðñ9$,; êøñAý3< í:ö 3 ñAý3< 4,:#ê; ,
F êNIë Patte rn ý:ð,B$
62
ñAýþM; ð K * >í0; * 3< í:ö ý:ð">N
ê; ê#; a í.=êíN; ð >Mê; ê#; F .N0.; ê ñ9E$L"ê; ,E.@M6" 4,@6$,:#
þ< F 4"Mð Patte rn H4N6+BMH"þ< F 4"Mð >MþN6ðê; , (Trans lation)
ñAý0ðê.* a í.=êíN; ðF .N0.; ê4* A" ñ9E$L"ê; ,4* A"H4N Patte rn
E6>+ð < * A* þ; * >ME,; þN6ðê; ,
ñAý3>ME4.>M+* a í.=êíN; ðF .N0.; ê ñ9E$L"ê; ,+M6/ë+; + Patte rn H4N
H4ö M4 ,@6E.Lêþ; * þN6ðê; ,

.6ðí.=êñAýþM; ð K ý.6ð.; êýBF .N03:ðEêþ%. >MIýN

Unset
Uns e t E$L"íAü 3* #:þ='=E12ë6ð3> >ME,; I* MIýNHóN#M6+":ê E,; ñ9HóNíAü 3* #:þ=">N,M0* ê:#ê; , Clone ë6ð,B$ ,ð
ñ; ê,B$ýN; "ôN; +* @6 0ðê.* þ,ðê.; ðE$L"þN"ò#:# 3M0"0ðê.* :Nð
3>M0ð >M6+BM.N6* ,6#E$L"0ðê.* >MEê=ýñ; êê; , Clone (Alt+ D) ñ; êþN"-
ò#:# >M6+BMþ,ðê.; ð ê; , Clone þM; ðñ; êê; , Duplicate (Ctrl+D)
þ,ð >Mê; , Clone E* @M6E$.>M+"F $.ðþN"ò#:# ,B$ ,ð >MEê=ýñ; êê; ,
Clone êLñ9E$.>M+"F $.ðþ; * F þM Duplicate ñ9I* ME$.>M+"F $.ðþ; *
þN"ò#:#

ý:ð":N",B$ ,ð >MÿBê Clone * ; ñ; êþN"ò#:#ñ?ðI* M3; * ; ,ÿ,9#AíAü 3* #:þ=EóM" 3> 4,@6 E3N"ë6#H4Nþ; +þ:0IýN
E"@M6ðñ; êþN6ðE$.>M+"F $.ðþ; * þN"ò#:#E3* 6 ý:ð":N" íM; FillF .9 Strok e ñ?ðþN6ðI* M* >ê; ,þ:NðíM; I0N ñ?ðê.; +
E$L"ê; ,þ:Nð3>F ## Uns e t

63
ñ; ê,B$ ; ðë0; * @6 E* @M6E$.>M+"
3>ë6ðþN"ò#:# (,B$0ðê.* þ,ð
ê.; ð) H4NE$L"3>F ýð ,B$ ,ð
Clone 6@M"K >M.N6* ,6# êL* >ê; ,
E$.>M+"3>þ; * F þME* @M6í.=êE.@6ê
>M,B$ ,ð Clone F .N0E,>+ê Fill
and Strok e dialog (Sh ift+
Ctrl+F) ë?N"* ; ñ93:ðEêþ0M; Fill
F .9 Strok e I* MIýN,9#AíM; 3> F þM
ÿBê,9#AE$L"F ## Uns e t F "

H"# ">NIýN6!=#; +0=!>ê; ,H3M3> >M"6êE4"@6ñ; êë:N"'@N"ù; "H" Ink s cape 6+M; ð.9E6>+ý ô?Mð3; * ; ,ÿ"< I$HóN
$,9+AêþQIýN* ; ê* ; + 3; * ; ,ÿ"< I$HóNIýNê:#,B$); 'F ##þM; ð K I* M0M; ñ9E$L",B$E,>+#ðM; +F ##ê; ,QþB"I$ñ"
ÿ?ð,B$ ,ðô:#ôN6"F ##E4* @6"ñ,=ð ,B$ëN; ð.M; ð">NêLE$L"ê; ,%3* %3; "H"ê; ,3,N; ð,B$ ,ðF .9ê; ,HóN3>F ##
Gradie nt >Mô:#ôN6"%3* %3; "ê:"H" Ink s cape

ýN0+E"@N64; þ:NðF þM# F ,êñ"ÿ?ð


# ">N ÿN; íAü &?ê&"ñ"ó< "; ö
ñ93; * ; ,ÿ3,N; ð,B$69I,êLIýN H"
# þM6 K I$ñ9E$L"E"@N64; E'=M*
Eþ=* E'@M6H4NíAü < ð; "ðM; +ë?N"H"
#; ð3ÿ; "ê; ,ü Q'=E12

64
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
4; ); 'þN"F ## íM> ý= 0M; E4*; 93*ê:#ê; ,0; ý,B$ýN0+ê; ,HóNEí,@6M ð*@6 Gradie nt H"# ">N F .N00; ýýN0+
Ink s cape E'@6M ':û"; ê: 29ê; ,0; ý,B$ýN0+í6*'=0Eþ6,Q

65
™––´Ã 6
»–ƒ˜³ƒ€±¢›© ›©±˜
¼ ¤¯ »š¤´Ã¡ ˜¢¸š–¢†”ñ†Á

ê; ,3,N; ð,B$ ,ð >MI* MHóME,ë; íü =þI* Mñ< E$L"þN6ðE,=M* ñ; êê; ,3,N; ðE3N" Be z ie r E3* 6I$ E,; 6; ñ"< ,B$ ,ð
Hý K * ; ,0* ê:"4,@6$ø=3:* ':"!Qê:"E$L",B$ ,ðH4* MIýN ô?MðH"# ">Nñ9ê.M; 0ÿ?ð,; +.9E6>+ý0=!>3,N; ðý:ðê.M; 0

€±¢¢¦  Path ¼ ¤¯ ¼ ¡€ Path (Com bine)


ê; ,3,N; ð,B$ ,ðH4* M íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ,0* Path 4,@6 Obje ct4.; + K ,B$ ,ðEëN; ýN0+ê:"IýNðM; + K E'>+ðE.@6ê
í< 3:Mðñ; êE* "BPath --> Com bine 4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ýGý+êý Ctrl+K

E.@6ê0:þÿA >MþN6ðê; ,,0* Nð:4* ý',N6* ê:" (Sh ift+ í.=ê0:þÿA >MþN6ð-
ê; ,E.@6êE'=M* þ; * þN6ðê; , 4,@6í.=êíN; ðF .N0.; êí,6#)

E,>+êí< 3:Mð Path --> Com bine


4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ý Ctrl+K

67
,B$ ,ð >ME,; E.@6êñ9,0* ê:"E$L"ó=N"Eý>+0ê:"

,B$ ,ð >ME$L"ó=N"Eý>+0ê:"":N" ñ9HóN FillF .9 Strok e >Mê< 4"ýI0NH" Z -orde r .M; ð3AýE$L"4.:ê I* M0M; ,B$ ,ð
>M,0* ê:"":N"ñ9Eê=ýñ; ê0:þÿAê>Mó=N"êLþ; *

H" ; ðê.:#ê:" ÿN; þN6ðê; ,F +ê,B$ ,ð >M,0* ê:"I0NH4NE$L"ó=N" K E4* @6"Eý=* H4NE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >M,0* ê:"H"
ë:N"F ,ê F .N0E,>+êí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "BPath --> Bre ak Apart 4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ý Sh ift+ Ctrl+K

E.@6ê0:þÿA >MþN6ðê; ,F +ê66êñ; êê:"

E,>+êí< 3:ðM Path -->Bre ak Apart


4,@6HóNí+> .Q ý: Sh ift+ Ctrl+K

68
0:þÿAñ9F +ê66êñ; êê:"E4* @6"êM6" >Mñ9,0* ê:" F þM* >ëN6ñ< ê:ý0M;
FillF .9 Strok e ñ9I* ME$.>M+"ê.:#I$E4* @6"Eí+

ê,ü > >M,B$ ,ð3,N; ðñ; êE3N" Be z ie r ôN6" :#ê:" ñ9þM; ðñ; êê,ü >
,B$ ,ð3< E,Lñ,B$ þ,ð >M0M; 3M0" ME> ê+ :#ê:" ñ9ê.; +E$L"óM6ðG40M
ý:ð,B$

€±¢ Booleans
E$L"í< 3:Mð >M"< ,B$ ,ð Path 4,@6 Obje ct þ:NðF þM36ðó=N"ë?N"I$* ; í< "0ü %M; "ê,9#0"ê; , Boolean

E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >Mñ9 Boolean EëN; ýN0+ê:"

E.@6êí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "B Path --> (í< 3:Mð Boolean >MþN6ðê; , þ:NðF þM
Union ñ"ÿ?ð Cut path ) H" >M">Nñ9F 3ýðþ:06+M; ðë6ðí< 3:Mð Union
(í>+Q.:ý Ctrl++ )

,B$ ,ð :Nð36ðñ94.6* ,0* ê:"E$L",B$ ,ðEý>+0ê:" Gý++?ý FillF .9


Strok e ë6ð,B$ ,ð >M* > Z -orde r ó:N".M; ð3AýE$L"4.:ê

69
3M0"í< 3:Mð6@M"K êLE,>+êHóNñ; ê
0=!>Eý>+0ê:" Gý+%..:'!Qñ9E4L"
IýNñ; ê,B$ ; ðë0; * @6

6; ñ3,A$ê,9#0"ê; ,ê; , Boolean H"F ##þM; ð K IýNý:ð">N


Union a ,0* 0:þÿAE$L"ó=N"Eý>+0ê:"
Diffe re nce a E6; 0:þÿA >M6+BMó:N"#"þ:ý0:þÿA >M6+BMó:N".M; ð66ê
Inte rs e ction a E4.@6Eò'; 93M0"ë6ð0:þÿA >M :#ê:"
Exclus ion a .#66êEò'; 93M0"ë6ð0:þÿA >M :#ê:"
Divis ion a F #Mð0:þÿA >M6+BMó:N".M; ð ýN0+,B$,M; ðë6ð0:þÿAó:N"#"#,=E0ü >M0; ð :#ó:N".M; ð H4NE$L"í".9
ó=N"
Cut Path a þ:ý0:þÿA >M6+BMó:N".M; ð ýN0+,B$,M; ðë6ð0:þÿAó:N"#" í.N; +ê:# Divis ion F þMñ9E4.@6E'>+ð
E3N"ë6#E M; ":N"

€±¢©¢Ä±†»©Ä˜¬™¾˜¼ ¤¯ ˜¬€ (Inset& Outset)


í< 3:Mð">NE$L"í< 3:Mð3< 4,:#3,N; ðE3N"ë6#ÿ:ýEëN; * ; ñ; êE3N"ë6#Eý=* ýN; "H" (Ins e t) 4,@6ýN; ""6ê (Outs e t)
3; * ; ,ÿ ý.6ðí< 3:MðIýNþ; * ë:N"þ6"þM6I$">N

70
1. 3,N; ð4,@6í.=ê,B$ ,ð >M* >6+BM>M
þN6ðê; ,3,N; ð Ins e t 4,@6 Outs e t

2. HóNí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "B Path -->


Ins e t í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+( 4,@6 Path
--> Outs e t í>+Q.:ý Ctrl+) E3N"
ë6#ñ9ë+:# >.9"=ý (6+M; .@* êý
Sh ift ýN0+ E',; 9$AM* 0ðE.L#E$L"
$AM* +êF í,ME4"@6E.ë 9 ê:# 0)

3. ÿN; 4; êíAü þN6ðê; ,3,N; ðë6#


"6ê 4,@6ë6#H" >M* >,9+94M; ð
* ; êë?N"ñ; êE3N"Eý=* H4NêýôN<
4.; + K í,:Nð ý:ðþ:06+M; ðýN; "
ë0; * @6

6>ê0=!>4 "?Mðô?MðE,; E,>+ê0M; Dynam ic Offs e t ô?MðH4N%..:'!Q >M+@ý4+AM"


ê0M; * ; ê .6ðE.@6êEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit Node (F2) í.=ê >ME3N"4,@6
,B$,M; ð >MíAü 3,N; ðI0NF .N0 E,>+êí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "B Path --> Dynam ic
Offs e t 4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ý Ctrl+J E3N" >M$,9ê6#ýN0+ Node ñ94; +I$
ñ9$,; êøE'>+ðñAý3< 4,:#$,:# Dynam ic Offs e t E'>+ðñAýEý>+0
ô?MðíAü 3; * ; ,ÿí.=êíN; ðF .N0.; êEëN; -66êIýNE'@M63,N; ð Ins e t 4,@6
Outs e t IýN6+M; ð6=3,9 Gý+ Ink s cape ñ9ñýñ< .:ê2ü 9Gí,ð3,N; ð
ë6ðE3N"Eý=* I0NýN0+ ô?Mð4* ; +í0; * 0M; íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ.; êEëN; -66êIýN
Gý+I* ME3>+.:ê2ü 9ë6ðGí,ð3,N; ðEý=*

71
H"#; ðê,ü >íAü 6; ñ < Offs e t
ñ"E3N" Path +AMðE4+=ð4,@6E3N"
ë; ýñ; êê:" F þMG$,F ê,* ñ9ñ<
,B$,M; ðë6ðE3N"þN"ò#:#I0N íAü
3; * ; ,ÿ.; êEëN; 66ê ê.:#I$* ;
IýNþ.6ýE0.; ý:ðþ:06+M; ð ; ð
ë0; * @6

€±¢¤“ƒ¦± ¤¯ »¬´¡ “¬†‡·“™˜»©Ä˜ Path (Sim plification)


ê; ,3,N; ðð; "F ## Ve ctor #M6+í,:Nðñ9'#$:ö 4; 0M; ñAý 4,@6 Node #"E3N" Path * >ñ< "0"* ; êEê="I$
< H4Nê=" ,:'+; ê,,9##* ; ê F .9$,:#F þMðIýN+; ê #; ðê,ü >6; ñEñþ"; þN6ðê; ,IýN,B$ >MI* M* >,; +.9E6>+ý
* ; êEê="I$ E'@M6H4Në6#GíNð* " ô?Mð3; * ; ,ÿ3,N; ðð; "IýN6>ê3Iþ.Q ý:ð":N" Ink s cape ñ?ðEþ,>+* Eí,@M6ð* @6
3< 4,:#.ýñAý#"E3N" Path >ME,; E,>+ê0M; Sim plification

1.E.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; , <


Sim plification

2.E,>+êí< 3:MðSim plificationñ; ê


Path --> Sim plify 4,@6HóNí>+Q-
.:ý Ctrl+L

3.í< 3:Mð">Nñ9óM0+.ý Node H"


Path Gý+'+; +; * ñ9,:ê2;
,B$,M; ðEý=* I0NH4NIýN* ; ê >M3Aý
íAü 3; * ; ,ÿHóNí< 3:Mð">NôN< K ê:"
4.; +í,:NðIýN4 ; êþN6ðê; ,.ý
Node E$L"ñ< "0"* ; ê F "M"6"
0M; ,B$,M; ðêL+M6* E$.>M+"F $.ð
* ; êþ; * ñ< "0" Node >M.ý.ð

72
# E,>+"">NIýN,0#,0* í< 3:MðE'=M* Eþ=* Eê>M+0ê:#E í"=íê; ,ñ:ýê; ,E3N" Path >M6; ññ9óM0+H4Nê; , < ð; "#; ð
6+M; ð,0ýE,L0ë?N" E* @M6E >+#ê:#ê; ,Eë>+",B$ë?N"E6ð :Nð4* ý ô?MðF "9"< 0M; í0,&?ê4:ýH4Nó< "; ö ñ9E$L"%.H4N
óM0+.ýE0.; ê; , < ð; "IýNE$L"6+M; ðý>

H"# ">Nñ9I* M* >F ##&?ê4:ý N; +# 6+M; ðEóM"# M%> M; " K * ; F þMë6F "9"< H4N.6ð"< í< 3:MðI$$,9+AêþQHóNê:#
ð; " >Mê< .:ðñ93,N; ð 4,@6$,:#$,Aðð; "EêM; K ME> í+ < I0N ñ9óM0+H4N* >í0; * ó< "; ö F .9íAN"Eí+H"ê; ,HóN
Eí,@M6ð* @6 ,0* :Nð* > ; ðE.@6ê >M4 .; ê4.; +H"ê; ,3,N; ðð; "* ; êë?N"6+M; ð+=Mð

73
™––´Ã 7
€±¢©¢Ä±†”°¦¬°€¨¢

F * N0M; Ink s cape 6; ññ9I* M3; * ; ,ÿñ:ýê; ,þ:06:ê2, >M+; 0F .9ô:#ôN6"IýNý>":ê 6+M; ðI,êLþ; * Ink s cape
3; * ; ,ÿ'=* 'Qþ:06:ê2,$,9ê6#); '0; ýIýNðM; + F .9ñ:ýëN6í0; * 3:N" K IýNý>Gý+* >.:ê2ü 9í.N; +ê:#G$,-
F ê,* $,9E) W ord proce s s or

€±¢³ Ç” °¦¬°€ ¨¢ ¼ ¤¯ ‡°“¢¸š¼ ™™”°¦¬°€ ¨¢–°Ã¦¿š


íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ3,N; ðþ:06:ê2,IýNGý+êý$AM* í< 3:Mð H" Toolbox (í>+Q.:ý
F8) 4.:ðñ; ê":N"í.=êH"'@N" >M < ð; "þ,ðþ< F 4"Mð >MíAü þN6ðê; ,
'=* 'Qþ:06:ê2,F .N0E,=M* '=* 'QëN6í0; * >MþN6ðê; ,IýN :" >

'=* 'QëN6í0; * >MþN6ðê; ,

75
4; êíAü þN6ðê; ,E$.>M+" Font ,B$F ## 4,@6ë"; ý íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ
E$.>M+"IýNýN0+$AM* Te xt and Font dialog (Sh ift+ Ctrl+T) H"
Com m ands Bar

Dialog ñ9ë?N"* ; H4NE,; $,:#F þMð


íM; ê; ,F 3ýð%.þ:06:ê2, ô?Mð* >
.:ê2ü 9í.N; +ê:# Dialog H"
G$,F ê,* w ord proce s s ing
:M0I$ H"F ÿ# Font ñ9* >
í6.:* "QH4NE.@6ê Font fam ily
; ðôN; +* @6 í6.:* "Qê.; ðE$L"
ê; ,E.@6ê Style EóM" þ:04";
þ:0E6>+ð F .9ë"; ýë6ðþ:0
6:ê2, 3M0"í6.:* "Q3Aý N; + ; ð
ôN; +* @6 * >I0N3< 4,:#$,:#.:ê-
2ü 9Gý+,0* ë6ðê.AM* þ:06:ê2,
EóM"ê; ,+M64"N; F "0ê; ,E,>+ð
.< ý:#6:ê2, ,9+94M; ð,940M; ð
#,, :ý E* @M6$,:#íM; >MþN6ðê; ,
F .N0 H4Nêý$AM* Apply ýN; "ôN; +
.M; ð

3M0"F ÿ# Te xt * >E'@M6$,:#þ:0
6:ê2,H4NE$L"í< 4,@6$,9G+í >M
þN6ðê; , ÿN; F êNIëE3,LñêLH4Nêý
$AM* Apply EóM"ê:"

76
Tips
êý Alt+ < E'@M6H4NóM6ð0M; ð,940M; ðþ:06:ê2,.ý.ð H" ; ðê.:#ê:" 4; êíAü êý Alt+ > ñ9E$L"ê; ,
E'=M* ,9+94M; ð,940M; ðþ:06:ê2,Gý+,0*
6+M; ðI,êLþ; * íAü 3; * ; ,ÿF êNIë,9+94M; ðEò'; 9ñAýIýN Gý+ê; ,êý$AM* Alt+ .Bê1, >Mó>NI$þ; * =1
þM; ð K (ôN; + 4,@6 ë0; ) 0=!>HóNí@6 HóN Te xt toolí.=êI$ >M4 "N; þ:06:ê2, >MþN6ðê; ,F êNIë,9+94M; ð F .N0êý
í>+Q.:ý">NôN< þ; * þN6ðê; ,ñ"ê0M; ñ9IýN,9+94M; ð >MíAü '6Hñ
6>ê0=!>4 "?Mð >Mñ93"Aêê:#ê; ,3,N; ðþ:06:ê2, 4,@6Eë>+"3* ê; , ; ðíü =þ1; 3þ,Q >MþN6ð* >þ:0F $,4N6+
N; + 4,@6+êê< .:ð êLHóN4 .:êê; ,Eý>+0ê:"í@6 þ:06:ê2,HýþN6ðê; ,H4N.6+ë?N" HóN Te xt toolí.=ê.; ê :#þ:0
6:ê2,":N" ( < I7I. Q) F .N0êý$AM* Alt+ .Bê1,ó>Në?N" F .9þ:06:ê2, >MþN6ðê; ,H4N4 N6+ N; + HóN Alt+ .Bê1,ó>N.ð
ê; ,$,:# Le ading 4,@6,9+94M; ð,940M; ð#,, :ý "6êñ; êHóN$AM* H"F ÿ# Font >Mê.M; 0* ; ëN; ðþN"
+:ð3; * ; ,ÿHóN$AM* Ctrl+Alt+ < F .9 Ctrl+Alt+ > E'@M6.ýF .9E'=M* ,9+94M; ð,940M; ð#,, :ýþ; * .< ý:#IýN6>êýN0+

€±¢¼ š¤†”°¦¬°€ ¨¢»šÂ˜€¢±ž ³€


#; ðí,:Nð íAü 6; ññ< E$L"þN6ðE$=ýð; "H"Eí,@M6ð >MI* M* > Font >MíAü HóN F þMþN6ðê; ,F 3ýð%.H4NE$L" Font >M* >
6+BMH"Eí,@M6ðíAü ê; ,F "#I(.Q( 6"þQF .N0I$þ=ýþ:NðH"Eí,@M6ðë6ðí"6@M"6; ñE$L"E,@M6ð+AMð+; êF .9I* ME4* ; 93*
; ð66êí@6 H4NF $.ðþ:06:ê2,E$L"ê,; (=êF ## Ve ctor G$,F ê,* ñ9* 6ð0M; E$L"E'>+ðE3N"E M; ":N" (E4* @6"
,B$ ,ð >M3,N; ðýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6 Draw Be z ie r curve s ) ý:ð":N" E* @M6íAü "< I(.QI$E$=ýH"Eí,@M6ðHý K êLñ9IýN
%..:'!QF ##Eý>+0ê:"

ê; ,F $.ð0=!>">Ní@60=!> >MIýNE,>+",BNI$H"# >M 2 í@6ê; ,F $.ð0:þÿAHý K H4NE$L",B$ ,ð >M$,9ê6#ýN0+ñAýF .9


F êNIëIýNýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6 Edit Path node s IýN

E.@6êëN6í0; * >MþN6ðê; ,F $.ð êý$AM* Sh ift+ Ctrl+C 4,@6êý$AM* H" Tool controls ë6ðEí,@M6ð* @6 Edit
path node s 4,@6E,>+êí< 3:Mð%M; "E* "BPath --> Obje ct to Path þ:06:ê2,êLñ9ê.; +E$L",B$ ,ð :" > ô?Mð
3; * ; ,ÿF êNIëF ##,B$ ,ð F .9E$=ýH"Eí,@M6ð6@M" K Gý+F 3ýð%.E4* @6"ê:"F .9I* Më?N"6+BMê:# Font Fam ily
>M* >H"Eí,@M6ð

€±¢¦±†”°¦¬°€ ¨¢”± ¼ ˜¦»©Ä˜ Path


Ink s cape * >í0; * 3; * ; ,ÿH"ê; ,3,N; ðþ:06:ê2,H4N* > =1 ; ðI$þ; * E3N" >ME,; 3,N; ðI0NIýN ô?Mð0=!>ê; ,* >ý:ð">N

77
3,N; ðE3N" Path F .9 '=* 'Qþ:06:ê2,ë?N"* ;

E.@6ê :NðE3N" F .9þ:06:ê2, 4.:ðñ; ê":N"HóNí< 3:Mðñ; êE* "B Te xt -->


Put on Path

ñ9IýNþ:06:ê2,6+BM#"E3N" Path ý:ð,B$

4; êþN6ðê; ,+êE.=êí< 3:Mð H4NE.@6ê >Mþ:06:ê2, >M6+BM#"E3N" Path F .N0


E.@6êí< 3:Mð Te xt --> Re m ove from Path

þ:06:ê2,ñ94.Aý66êñ; ê Path

78
€±¢ƒ°“”°¦¬°€ ¨¢“Ħ¡»ƒ¢¶Ã¬† ¶¬ Calligraph y
Eí,@M6ð* @6 Calligraph y (Ctrl+F6) E$L"ê; ,ñ< .6ðê; ,HóN$; êê; $; êE$Lý 4,@64:0ë6ð$; êê; 4* ?êô?* E* @M6
Eë>+"þ:06:ê2,4,@60; ý,B$ ñ9* >#; ð3M0"#; ð* A* ñ9* >ë"; ýE3N"ê0N; ð F .9#; ð3M0"#; ð* A* ñ9* >ë"; ýE3N"E.Lê

0=!>HóNêLE4* @6"ê:#ê; ,0; ýþ; * $êþ= F þMñ9* >.BêE.M"þ,ð >ME,; 3; * ; ,ÿí0#íA* í0; * 4"; #; ðë6ðE3N"IýN I* M
0M; ñ; êE* "B4,@6$AM* #"í>+Q#6,Qý

F þM.9óM6ð * >,; +.9E6>+ýý:ð">N


W idth a í0#íA* í0; *4"; ë6ð
E3N"H",9ý:#$êþ= íAü 3; * ; ,ÿ
E'=M* 4,@6.ýë"; ýë6ðE3N" ëü 9
0; ýIýNGý+ê; ,êý$AM* .Bê1,ôN; +
(+:ðI* M$.M6+E* ; 3Q) E'@M6 < H4N
E3N"#; ð.ð 4,@6êý$AM* .Bê1,
ë0; E'@M6E'=M* ë"; ýë6ðE3N" H4N
4"; ë?N"

Th inning a íM; Th inning E$L"


íM; >Mê< 4"ýí0; * 3* M< E3* 6ë6ð
E3N"ëü 9.; ê ÿN; E M; ê:# 0 E3N"
ñ9E M; ê:"þ.6ý :NðE3N" F þMÿN;
E$L"#0ê E3N"ñ9* >ê; ,í6ýê=M0
þ,ðê.; ð F .9ÿN; íM; E$L".#
E3N"ñ9* >í0; * 4"; * ; êë?N"þ,ð
ê.; ðE3N"

79
Angle a í@6íM; êM> < 4"ý*A* E6>+ð
ë6ð$; êê; EM> ,; ñ9Eë>+"ð; " ÿN;
$; êê; Eò>+ð #; ð*A* êLñ9H4NE3N"
H4öM #; ð*A* êLñ9E$L"E3N"E.Lê

"6êñ; êê; ,$,:#*A* ë6ð$; êê; H"óM6ð Angle F .N0 íAü +:ð3; *; ,ÿ$,:#*A* ë6ð$; êê; F ## Inte ractive Gý+
ê; ,$,:#Gý+HóN$*MA .Bê1,ë?"N F .9.Bê1,.ðIýN6ê> ýN0+

E'@6M H4NE4L"); 'ó:ýEñ"*; ê+=ðM ë?"N


ñ9ë6+êþ:06+M; ð%..:'!Që6ð
$; êê; >M < * A* þM; ð K

Fixation a E$L"íM; >Mê< 4"ý


í0; *3*M< E3*6ë6ð*A* $; êê; H"
ê; ,0; ýE3N" ÿN; íAü ê< 4"ýíM; ">N
E$L" 1 * A* ë6ð$; êê; êLñ9 <
*A* þ; * íM> üA ê< 4"ýI0NH" Angle
E3* 6 F þMÿN; íAü ê< 4"ýíM; "N6+
.ð 4,@6EëN; Hê.N 0 * ; êë?N" * A*
H"ê; ,0; ýE3N"êLñ9*>ê; ,%=ýE'>+N "
ñ; ê >Mê< 4"ýI0NH" Angle * ; ê
ë?N" ý:ðþ:06+M; ð

80
Mas s a E$L"í0; * 4"@ý 4,@66; ñê.M; 0IýN6>ê ; ð0M; í0; * I0þM6ê; ,
þ6#3"6ðë6ðE* ; 3Q >ME,; .; êI$ ÿN; +=Mð"N6+ E3N" >M.; êIýNñ9þ; *
Mas s ˜Ä¬¡ » ±©Ç¤±€»©Ä˜¿“Ä¿¦
Eí6,QEô6,Që6ðE* ; 3QI0 H" ; ðê.:#ê:" ÿN; íM; ">N* ; ê E3N" >M.; êñ9
þ6#3"6ðþ; * Eí6,QEô6,QóN; (* >í0; * 4"@ý* ; ê)

Mas s  ±€ »©Ä˜–´Ã¤±€‡¯ ª˜¶“ ”¬™


©˜¬†”± » ±©Ç‰Ä±

Drag a í@6íM; >M$,:#í0; * 3* M< E3* 6ë6ð =1 ; ðH"ê; ,.; êE3N" íM;
+=MðEëN; Hê.N 1 * ; ê ñ9* > =1 ; ð >Míð >Mþ; * =1ê; ,.; êE3N"3Bð F þMÿN;
íM; EëN; Hê.N 0 ñ9* > =1 ; ð >M4 .Aý66êñ; ê =1 ; ð >ME,; IýN.; êE3N"IýN
* ; êë?N" (Slip)

; ðôN; +* @6 í@6þ:06+M; ðð; " >M


3,N; ðñ; êê; ,HóNEí,@M6ð* @6
Calligraph y

"6êñ; ê">N+:ð3; * ; ,ÿý:ýF $.ðEí,@M6ð* @6 Calligraph y I0N3< 4,:#0; ý,B$4,@6$,9ê6#ð; "6@M" K Gý+I* M
ñ< E$L"þN6ð+?ýþ=ýê:#ê; ,3,N; ðþ:06:ê2, êLñ9IýN%.ë6ðí0; * í=ý3,N; ð3,,íQ >M4 .; ê4.; +,B$F ##66êI$

81
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
1. H4N3,N; ðF %M"':#(G#,ó::0,Q) 4,@6G$3Eþ6,Që"; ýHý K êLIýN Gý+"< ); ' >M3,N; ðñ; êF ##&?ê4:ýH"# >M
%M; "* ; $,9ê6# ',N6* 3,N; ðþ:06:ê2,ý:ð >MH"E,>+"H"# ">EN '@M6H4N6ðíQ$,9ê6#ë6ðð; "3* #B,ü Q

2. HóNEí,@M6ð* @6 Calligraph y í:ýþ:06:ê2, 4,@6ý:ýF $.ðI$HóNH"ð; "3,N; ð3,,íQ6@M" K

82
™––´Ã 8
€±¢š¢°™Ÿ± Bitm ap
¾ªÄ»šÂ˜Ÿ± Ve ctor

þ; * -2÷> E,; I* M3; * ; ,ÿF $.ð,B$ Bitm ap H4NE$L" Ve ctor IýN F þME,; 6; ñ3,N; ð,B$ Ve ctor E.>+"F ##H4N
Hê.NEí>+ð0=!>þN"ò#:# >ME$L" Bitm ap6+M; ðH" W ork s h op N; +# >M 3 4,@66>ê0=!>4 "?MðêLí@6 ê; , Trace Im age
ê; , Trace Im age 4; êê.M; 0
Gý+ðM; +í@6 ê; ,'+; +; * F $.ð
,B$ Bitm ap (Ras te r) * ; E$L"
Ve ctor Gý+6; 1:+óM0ðë6ð3>F .9
í0; * 30M; ðë6ð,B$ Bitm ap þ:ý
E$L",B$ ,ð Ve ctor 4.; + K
ó=N"":M"E6ð 6+M; ðI,êLþ; * ê; ,
Trace Im age ">N+:ð* >ëN6ñ< ê:ý
6+BM*; ê I* M0M; ñ9E$L"E,@M6ðí0; *
ô:#ôN6" F .93>ñ< "0"* ; êë6ð
); ' Bitm ap ê; ,F $.ð* ; E$L"
Ve ctor ñ?ðI* M3* #B,ü Q":ê

ñAý$,93ðíQë6ðê; , Trace I* M
HóME'@M6ê; ,F $.ð); '* ; E$L"
Ve ctor Gý+3* #B,ü QF ## 4,@6
%.=þð; " >MI* MþN6ð* >ê; ,$,:#
F þMð6>êF .N0 F þM* >I0NE'@M6E$L"
Gí,ð,M; ð 4,@6F "0 ; ðH"ê; ,
$,:#$,AðF .93,N; ð3,,íQ þ.6ý
ñ"$,9ê6#ê:#6ðíQ$,9ê6#6@M"
ñ"E$L"); ',0* >M30+ð; *
83
ë:N"þ6"ê; , Trace íAü þN6ð Im port ,B$EëN; * ; êM6" 4.:ðñ; ê":N" íAü 3; * ; ,ÿE,>+êí< 3:Mð">NIýNñ; êE* "BPath
--> Trace Bitm ap 4,@6HóNí>+Q.:ý Sh ift+ Alt+ B ñ9$,; êø Dialog ë?N"* ; ý:ð,B$H"4"N; >M%M; "* ;

ê; , Trace * >4 .; +,B$F ## E,; ñ9* ; ýBþ:06+M; ð >M3< í:ö ý:ðþM6I$">N

Brigh tne s s Th re s h old ñ9E$L"


ê; ,HóNí0; * 30M; ðE$L"þ:00:ý0M;
3M0"I4"ë6ð); 'í0,E$L"3>ý<
F .93M0"I4"ë6ð); 'í0,E$L"
3>ë; 0 ê< 4"ýIýNGý+HóNíM;
Th re s h old E$L"þ:0F #Mð0M; ); '
ñ9* >3>ý< * ; ê"N6+E'>+ðIýN íM; ">N
ñ96+BM,940M; ð 0 ÿ?ð 1

ê; , Trace ó"=ýþM6*; í@6 Optim al


Edge De te ction HóN0=!>ê< 4"ýíM;
Th re s h old ,940M; ð 0 ÿ?ð 1 EóM"
ê:"ê:#ó"=ý >MF .N0 F þMñ9E"N"H"
ê; ,3,N; ðE3N"ë6#ë6ð); '* ; ê
ê0M;

Trace 6>êó"=ýí@6 Color Quant-


ization ô?Mð0=!>">Nñ9í< "0ü 4;
ë6#,940M; ð3> >MþM; ðê:"ýN0+
F * N0M; ñAý":N"ñ9* >í0; * 30M; ðF .9
Contras t E M; K ê:" ñ< "0"
ë6ð3> >ME.@6êñ9* >%.ê:#%..:'!Q
>MIýNýN0+ ê; , >Mñ9EëN; HñE,@M6ð">N
í@6ê; ,.ð* @6 ý.6ðñ,=ð F .N0
3:ðEêþ%. >MIýN

84
"6êñ; ê">N+:ð* > Multiple Scaning
ô?MðE$L" ; ðE.@6êH"ê; ,$,:#íM;
4.; + K F ## H4N ý.6ð$,:#
íM; ýBñ; êþ:06+M; ð$,:#%.ý:ð,B$

%..:'!Q >M Trace Im age F .N0


( ; ðýN; "ôN; +) ñ; êþN"ò#:#
( ; ðýN; "ë0; ) ý:ð,B$

4.:ðñ; êIýN%..:'!QF .N0 ð; " >MIýN* :êñ9* > Node E$L"ñ< "0"* ; ê ý:ð":N" E,; * :êñ9HóNí< 3:Mð Sim plification
4.:ðñ; ê Trace Im age E3,LñF .N0

85
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
E.@6ê,B$ Bitm ap >Mó6# F .N0"< * ; .6ð Trace F ##þM; ð K F .N03:ðEêþ%. >MIýN

86
™––´Ã 9
©¢Ä±†€±¢»¢´¡†”°¦¼ ™™Š² Ä Á

Tiling í@6ê; ,$B'@N"%=0ýN0+,B$,M; ðôN< K ê:" þ:06+M; ðH"ó>0=þ$,9ñ< 0:"EóM" ê; ,$Bê,9E#@N6ðH"4N6ð"N< H"
Ink s cape í,6#í.A* ÿ?ðê; ,ôN< >M* >ê; ,E$.>M+"F $.ðH"E,@M6ðë6ðë"; ý ,9+94M; ð F .9 =1 ; ðê; ,4* A"ýN0+
ô?Mðê; , Tiling ">NE$L"ê; , 'Clone ' ,B$ ,ðþN"F ## F .N0"< * ; 0; ðE,>+ðê:"H4* M":M"E6ð

þ:06+M; ðôN; +* @6 E$L"ê; ,$,9-


+AêþQñ; êê; ,0; ýýN0+Eí,@M6ð* @6
Calligraph y %3* %3; "ê:#
E í"=í P6M s ym m e try group
ý:ðñ9ê.M; 0þM6I$

ñ; êþ:06+M; ð 40:ð0M; íð'6 >Mñ9"?ê); 'ê; , Tiling E$L",B$!,,* * ; ê


ë?N" þM6I$ñ9ê.M; 0,; +.9E6>+ýê; ,HóNE í"=í Tiling ">N Gý+E,=M* ñ; ê
'@N"ù; " ë:N"F ,êH4NE.@6ê,B$ ,ð >MþN6ðê; , Tiling F .N0þ; * ýN0+í< 3:Mð
ñ; êE* "BEdit --> Tile clone s
87
ñ9$,; êø Dialog ë?N"* ; ý:ð,B$

M3> M0".M; ðë6ð dialog ñ9* >3M0" >MH4NF êNIëíM; ë6ðë"; ýH"ê; , Tiling
I* M0M; ñ9E$L" F ÿ0F .9í6.:* "Q 4,@6 í0; * ê0N; ðF .9í0; * +; 0 êLIýN
,B$ëN; ð.M; ðE$L"ê; , Tiling ýN0+íM; De fault í@6 P1 s ym m e try 2
F ÿ0 2 í6.:* "Q ñ; êþ:06+M; ð E$L"ê; ,E.@6ê,B$0ðê.* F .N0þ; * ýN0+
Edit --> Tile F .N0êý$AM* Cre ate H"3M0".M; ðë6ð Dialog
< H4NIýN%.ý:ð,B$ëN; ð.M; ð

F ÿ#ë6ð Sym m e trie s E$L"4:0Hñ3< í:ö 3< 4,:#ê; , Tiling 4; êEëN; Hñí0; * F þêþM; ðë6ð Sym m e trie s
H"F þM.9F ##F .N0ñ9óM0+H4Nê; ,í0#íA* Tiling E$L"I$IýN6+M; ðHñ ô?Mðê; ,E.@6ê,B$F ## Sym m e trie s
3; * ; ,ÿ < IýNñ; êê; ,E.@6êñ; ê Pull-dow n m e nu H"F ÿ# Sym m e trie s EóM"H",B$4"N; ÿ:ýI$

88
* >,B$ ,ðE,ë; íü =þ6+BM3; * ó"=ý
>M < ôN< E,>+ðþM6ê:"4,@6 Tiling
F ## Sym m e trie s Gý+ê; ,E'=M*
ê; ,4* A"F .9ê.:#ýN; ",B$ ,ð
Gý+I* MEê=ýóM6ð0M; ð,940M; ðê:"
ô?MðêLí@6 3; * E4.>M+* 3>ME4.>M+*
F .94êE4.>M+* ô?Mð* >ê; , Tiling
F ## Sym m e trie s 6+BM17 ó"=ý
ý:ð,B$ýN; "ôN; +* @6

89
Tips
êM6" >Mñ9E,=M* þ:06+M; ðH4* M 4,@6þ:NðíM; Tiling H4* M í0,.N; ðíM; Tiling ë6ðEêM; êM6" * =EóM"":N"
íM; >Mþ:NðI0NêM6"4"N; ":N"ñ9ÿBêEêL#I0NF .N0"< * ; í< "0ü ýN0+ ê; ,.N; ðíM; Eý=* < IýNýN0+ê; ,êý$AM* Re s e t
>M* A* ôN; +.M; ðë6ð Dialog

90
F ÿ# Sh ift ñ9óM0+E'=M* 4,@6.ýóM6ð0M; ð,940M; ðê; , Tiling Gý+ê; ,
ê< 4"ýíM; E$L"E$6,QEôL"þQë6ðí0; * ê0N; ðF .93Bð (í0; * ê0N; ðF .93Bð
0:ýñ; êê,6# >M.N6* ,6#ë6ð,B$ ,ðE$L"Eêü úQ) 3M0"óM6ðë6ð Expone nt
ñ9E$L"ê; , Sh ift Gý+þ< F 4"Mð >ME.@M6"I$ (F ê" x 4,@6 y) ñ9E M; ê:#
(1+ ñ< "0"E$6,QEôL"þQ)2

4; êþ=Oê >MóM6ð Alte rnate êLñ9* >ê; ,HóNíM; ,940M; ð#0êF .9.# 3M0"
ê; ,E'=M* E$6,QEôL"þQë6ð Random iz e ñ9óM0+H4NEê=ýí0; * I* M3* M< -
E3* 6H"ê; , Sh ift

,B$ëN; ð#"E$L",; +.9E6>+ýë6ð4"N; þ; F ÿ# Sh iftô?ðM þ:06+M; ðH"ê; ,HóNF .9%..:'!QF 3ýðH4NE4L"ý:ð,B$þM6I$">N

¢̧š¼™™€±¢»¢́¡ †”°¦¼™™ P1 Sym m e try ¢̧š¼™™€±¢»¢́¡†”°¦¼™™ P1 Sym m e try ¢̧š¼™™€±¢»¢́¡ †”°¦¼™™ P1 Sym m e try
½“¡ Sh ift 10% –°Ä†¾˜¼ €˜ X ¼ ¤¯ ½“¡ Sh ift 10% ¾˜ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç¼ €˜ Y ½“¡ Sh ift ¼™™ Expone nt 1.1 (Sh ift
¼ €˜ Y ¼ ¤¯ ¼ •¦¬†¼ €˜ X 2% ¾˜¼ €˜ x ¼ ¤¯ y)

91
¢̧š¼™™€±¢»¢́¡ †”°¦¼™™ P1 Sym m e try
½“¡ Sh ift ¼ ™™ Random iz e 10%
¾˜¼ €˜ x ¼ ¤¯ y

F ÿ# Scale * >4 "N; >MóM0+E'=M* 4,@6.ýë"; ýë6ðê; , Clone 0:þÿAH"


F þM.9F ÿ04,@6í6.:* "QIýN Gý+ê< 4"ýíM; E$L"E$6,QEôL"þQ ( :Nð">Në"; ý
ë6ð,B$ ,ð0:ýñ; êë"; ýë6ðê,6#3>ME4.>M+* 3* * þ= >M.; êí,6#F þM.9
,B$ ,ð4,@6 >ME,>+ê0M; Bounding box)

4; êþ=OêóM6ð Alte rnate ñ9E$L"ê; ,+6* H4N Ink s cape * > :NðíM; Scale
#0êF .9.# F .9þ=OêóM6ð Random iz e ñ9E'=M* í0; * F $,$,0"ë6ð
ê; ,+M6ë+; +ë"; ýH4N* >í0; * %:"F $,I* MF "M"6"* ; êë?N"

€±¢»¢́¡†¼ ™™ P1 s ym m e try “Ħ¡ƒÃ±


Scale -15% ¾˜ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç¬†¼ €˜ X
¼ ¤¯ ¾˜¼ •¦¬†¼ €˜ Y –°Ä†˜´Ä˜±“‡¯
¡µ“”± €¢¬™©´Ã»ª¤´Ã¡  ©  ”³ –´Ã¤±€
ƒ¢¬™ƒ¤· ¢̧š–¢† ¼ ¤¯ ¢̄ ¡¯ ªÃ±†¡µ“
”± ‡·“§¸˜¡Ç€¤±†¬†¢̧š–¢†»šÂ˜ª¤°€

92
F ÿ# Rotation * >4 "N; >Mí0#íA*
ê; ,4* A"ë6ð,B$ ,ð Gý+6N; ð6=ð
ñ; êF ÿ0F .9í6.:* "QE$L"4.:ê
Gý+$,:#ê; ,4* A"E$L"6ð1; F .9
EóM"Eí+ 4; êþN6ðê; ,H4N3.:#* >
íM; E$L".#IýNH4Nþ=Oê4"N; óM6ð
Alte rnate F .9 E'=M* í0; * F $,-
$,0"ýN0+ê; ,þ=Oê4"N; óM6ð
Random iz e r

P1 s ym m e try 10 ¬†§±¾˜¼ ”ä¯ ¼ •¦ P1 s ym m e try 15 ¬†§±¾˜¼ ”ä¯


¼ ¤¯ ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç ¼ •¦¼ ¤¯ ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç ¢Ä¬ ƒÃ± Alternate
‡¯ »€³“€±¢ª ·˜¿š 15 ¬†§±©¤°™
€°™ -15 ¬†§± (€¤°™ ±»ª ¶¬˜
»“³ )

F ÿ# Opacity * >4 "N; >M3< 4,:#þ:NðíM; í0; * G$,MðH3ë6ð,B$ ,ðH"F þM


.9F ÿ0F .9í6.:* "Q Gý+þ:NðíM; E$L"E$6,QEôL"þQ 4; êþN6ðê; ,H4N3.:#* >
íM; E$L".#IýNH4Nþ=Oê4"N; óM6ð Alte rnate F .9E'=M* í0; * F $,$,0"ýN0+
ê; ,þ=Oê4"N; óM6ð Random iz e r

€±¢»¢́¡†”°¦¼ ™™ P1 s ym m e try ½“¡


»³Ã ƒ¦± ½š¢Ã†¾©¾˜¼ ”ä¯ ¼ •¦ ¼ ¤¯
ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç 10 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç »¶Ã¬†Ã±¡”ì
€±¢©°†»€” ¿“Ę² ¦†€¤ ©´¼ “†¿¦Ä¾”Ä
¢̧š–¢†–´Ã– ² Tiling

93
F ÿ# Color 3; * ; ,ÿE$.>M+"3>
,B$ ,ð >M Clone * ; ñ; êþN"-
F ##E'@M6 Tiling þ; * þ< F 4"Mð
H"F þM.9F ÿ0F .9í6.:* "Q ô?Mðñ9
E$L"ê; ,E$.>+M "íM; E$L"E$6,QEôL"þQ
ë6ð,9##3> H SL H"F þM.9þ:0
(ýB# >M 1) í@6E$6,QEôL"þQë6ð
H ue (E"@N63>) Saturation (í0; *
6=M* þ:04,@6ñ:ýñN; "ë6ð3>) F .9
Ligh tne s s (í0; * 30M; ðë6ð3>)
F .9EóM"Eý=* 4; êþN6ðê; ,H4N
3.:#* >íM; E$L".#IýN H4Nþ=Oê4"N;
óM6ð Alte rnate F .9E'=M* í0; * »ŠÂ”©´”Ęˆ™°™»šÂ˜¼ ™™ Uns e t¼ ¤Ä¦ €±¢»¢́¡†”°¦¼ ™™ P1 s ym m e try
F $,$,0" I* M3* M< E3* 6 ýN0+ ”°†Ä ƒÃ± Initailcolor »šÂ˜©´¼ “† Saturation ½“¡ »š¤́¡Ã ˜ƒÃ±¾˜¼•¦¬† H ue 16.7
ê; ,þ=Oê4"N; óM6ð Random iz e r 100 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç Ligh tne s s 50 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç ¼¤̄ ƒÃ±¾˜ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç¬†
»š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç €±¢»¢́¡†”°¦¼ ™™ P1 Saturation -16.7 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç (»ª ¶¬˜
ñAý3< í:ö êLí@6 3>ë6ðþN"ò#:#í@6 s ym m e try ½“¡»š¤´Ã¡ ˜ƒÃ±¾˜¼ •¦ ¢̧š“ı˜ŠÄ±¡) ½“¡š¢°™»³Ã ©Ã¦˜
¬† H ue 16.7 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç ¼ ¤¯ ƒÃ± ¼ •¦¬† Ligh tne s s »šÂ˜ 8.3
Fill F .9/4,@6 Strok e >M
¾˜ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç¬† Saturation -16.7 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç ¼ ¤¯ ƒ¬¤° ˜Ç -8.3
þN6ðê; ,H4N* >3>F ## Tiling ñ9 »š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç
»š¬¢Ç»ŠÂ˜”Ç
þN6ðê< 4"ýE$L" Uns e t

F ÿ# Trace *>4 "N; EM> ,>+ð,B$ ,ðE.Lê K Gý+í:ý.6êñ; êíAü 3*#:þë= 6ð,B$ ,ð4,@6,B$); ' Bitm ap "M> < EëN; *; E$L"
þN"F ## I*M0;M ñ9E$L"íAü 3*#:þ= ; ðýN; "3> 4,@6í0; *G$,MðH3ë6ð,B$ 6M> +BëM ;N ð.M; ð

F ÿ# Trace F #Mð66êE$L" 3 3M0" Gý+3M0"F ,êñ9


E$L"ê; ,,9#AíüA 3*#:þë= 6ð); ' "M> < *; E$L"Input 4,@6
þN"F ##); 'E'@6M < ê; , Tiling Gý+6; ñê< 4"ýýN0+3>
,9## RGB 4,@6 H SL 4,@66; ñ ñ9HóNí0; *
G$,MðH3ë6ð); 'þN"F ##êLIýN Gý+ E.@6ê4:0ëN6 Opacity

3M0" 3M> 6ð ñ9E$L"ê; ,$,:#F þMðíM; í0; *ÿBêþN6ðë6ð3>


ë6ð); 'þN"ò#:# "M> < *; E$L" Input 4,@6E,>+ê0M; íM;
Gam m a F .9E'=*M ê; ,3A*M M> 4:0ëN6 Random ize
E$L"E$6,QEôL"þQ
94
3M0"3Aý ;N + E$L"ê; ,$,:#íAü 3*#:þë= 6ð3M0" M> Clone 66ê*; ñ; êþN"ò#:# I*M0;M ñ9E$L" Pre s e nce (í0; *
"M; ñ9E$L" ñM> 93,N; ð); 'ê; ,E,>+ðþ:0IýN) 3> ë"; ý 4,@6í0; *G$,MðH3 (4; êH4N* %> .ê:#3> þN6ð$,:#íM; 3>H4NE$L" Uns e t
ýN0+)

ÿN; ñ9HóNê; , Tiling F ## Trace ">N ñ9þN6ðþ=Oê4"N; óM6ð 'Trace th e


draw ing unde r th e tiles ' E3>+êM6" ñ?ðñ93; * ; ,ÿ$,:#íM; 3; * 3M0" >M
0M; * ; IýN ,B$þ:06+M; ðëN; ð.M; ðEê=ýñ; êê; ,HóN Radialgradie nt I.ME$L"
3>,ANð Gý+ >Më6#ýN; ""6êF .9ýN; "H" >MI* M* >3>Eê=ýñ; êê; ,$,:#íM;
Alph a H4NE4.@6 0 4,@6G$,MðH3":M"E6ð F .9E,; ñ9"< ); '">N* ; E$L"
); 'þN"F ##3< 4,:#ê; , Tiling

3M0"ê; ,$,:#íM; Tiling F ## Trace ñ9E4L"IýNý:ðþ:06+M; ðþM6I$">N

Input: Color ¼ ¤¯ Output: Pre s e nce Input : Color ¼ ¤¯ Output : Color Input: Color ¼ ¤¯ Output: Size
¶˜Ä ª¤°†‡¯ •¸€»¬±©´¬¬€

Input: Color ¼ ¤¯ Output: Opacity Input: H ue ¼ ¤¯ Output: Size Input : H ue + Inve rte d (¾˜©Ã¦˜–´Ã
(ª ±¡»ª”· - ©´¼ “†‡¯ ¾ªÄƒ±Ã H ue ©¬†) ¼ ¤¯ Output: Color
»šÂ˜ 0 ¼ ¤¯ ©´ ¦Ã †‡¯ ¾ªÄƒ±Ã H ue
©¸†©·“ Šµ†Ã ¾˜€¢’ ˜´ ‡Ä´ ¯ –² ¾ªÄ˜±“
¾ªŒÃ– ©Ã´ “· ¾˜©Ã¦˜¬† Output)

95
Input : Color ©Ã¦˜ Gam m a ”°†Ä ƒÃ± Input : Color ”°Ä†ƒÃ± random ¾˜©Ã¦˜
Random 10% ¼¤̄ Output »šÂ˜ ¬† Gam m a ¾ªÄ»šÂ˜ 10% Output :
Color (Šµ†Ã ¾˜©Ã¦˜˜´‡Ä ¯ ‰Ã¦¡š¢°™ƒÃ±©´ Color ©Ã¦˜ ¼ •™¬¶Ã˜ Á Sh ift : -20%
¾ªÄ©¦Ã±†”ñ†€°˜»¤Â€˜Ä¬¡) ˜¬€‡±€ + random 10% , Rotation : random
˜´¡Ä †°š¢°™»³ Ã ¾˜¼ •™¬¶˜Ã Á ƒ¶¬ Sh ift 20% ½“¡–´ÃŸ ±”Ęˆ™°™•¸€¤™¬¬€
: random 10% , Rotation : random
20% Šµ†Ã Ÿ± Ä±†™˜¾‰Ä¢̧š–¢†©´Ã
»ª¤´¡Ã  –´”à †Ä°ƒÃ±©´»šÂ˜ Uns e t »šÂ˜”°¦
Tiling ¼ ¤¯ ¤™Ÿ±”Ęˆ™°™(©±¡¢·†Ä )
–³†Ä

96
¼ ™™œµ€ ª°“
ý.6ðHóNE í"=í Tiling $,9ê6#ê; ,3,N; ð3,,íQ) ; 'H4N30+ð; *

97