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Lewis Structures, Molecular Geometries

Experiment #14
and VSEPR Theory
LAB OBJECTIVES

Practice writing Lewis (or Electron) Dot Structures for a variety of compounds
Determine the electron domain and molecular geometries of various compounds
Determine overall molecular polarity and orbital hybridization for a given molecule

INTRODUCTION/PROCEDURE
In this experiment, you will be utilizing what you’ve learned in lecture regarding Lewis Dot structures,
electron domain and molecular geometries, bond polarity, molecular polarity and orbital hybridization.
The following tables will help in completing the worksheet below.

Electronegativity Values of the Main Group


Electronegativity and Bonding
Elements
Electronegativity Bond
H Electron Sharing
Difference Type
(2.1)
Li Be B C N O F Non-polar Electrons are equally
Less than 0.5
(1.0) (1.5) (2.0) (2.5) (3.0) (3.5) (4.0) Covalent shared
Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Electrons are pulled toward
(0.9) (1.2) (1.5) (1.8) (2.1) (2.5) (3.0) Polar
0.5 to 1.9 element with higher
K Ca Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Covalent
electronegativity value
(0.8) (1.0) (1.6) (1.8) (2.0) (2.4) (2.8) (3.0) Electrons are removed
Rb Sr In Sn Sb Te I Xe from least electronegative
(0.8) (1.0) (1.7) (1.8) (1.9) (2.1) (2.5) (2.6) Higher than 1.9 Ionic
element and given to more
Cs Ba Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn electronegative element
(0.7) (0.9) (1.8) (1.8) (1.9) (2.0) (2.2) (2.4)
Fr Ra
(0.7) (0.9)

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Table of Molecular Geometries

Two Electron Domains Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains
Electron Domain Geometry
2 0 Linear
Linear

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

3 0 Trigonal
Three Electron Domains Planar
Electron Domain Geometry
Trigonal Planar
Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry
Domains Domains

2 1 Bent

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

4 0 Tetrahedral
Four Electron Domains
Electron Domain Geometry
Tetrahedral
Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry
Domains Domains
Trigonal
3 1 Pyramidal

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

2 2 Bent

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Table of Molecular Geometries (cont.)

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

5 0 Trigonal
Bipyramidal

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

4 1 See-Saw
Five Electron Domains
Electron Domain Geometry
Trigonal Bipyramidal Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry
Domains Domains

3 2 T-Shaped

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

2 3 Linear

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

6 0 Octahedral

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Six Electron Domains Domains Domains
Electron Domain Geometry
5 1 Square
Octahedral Pyramidal

Bonding Lone-pair Molecular Geometry


Domains Domains

4 2 Square Planar

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Experiment #14 Worksheet Name: _________________________

Part I - Write Lewis Dot Structures for the following compounds making sure to show all bonds
and lone pairs.
Cl2 N2

HCl H2 S

NH3 NH4+

CH4 SiH2Cl2

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H2 O H3 O+

H2CO H2C2

SO2 NO2-

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Part II – Complete the Lewis Dot Structures for the following compounds and state the number
of electron domains (bonding domains & lone-pair domains), the electron domain geometry,
molecular geometry, orbital hybridization of the central atom and bond angles present. Also,
circle whether the substance is polar or non-polar overall.

BeH2
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

BBr3
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

CI4
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

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BrF5
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

NH3
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

PCl5
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

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SF4
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

BrF3
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

XeO4
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

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PH3
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

KrF2
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

POCl3
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

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XeF4
# of Electron Domains

Electron Domain
Geometry

# of Bonding Domains

# of Lone-pair Domains

Molecular Geometry

Bond Angles Present

Orbital Hybridization of
This substance polar or non-polar. (circle one) Central Atom

Part III – For the selected atoms in the molecules below, list their molecular geometry and orbital
hybridization.

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