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Universal Measuring Device

UMG510
Operating instructions

UMG 510

1 2 3 4 5 6

Universal Measuring Device

Janitza electronics GmbH


Vor dem Polstück 1
D-35633 Lahnau
Dok Nr. 1.029.023.1

Support Tel. (0 64 41) 9642-22


Fax (0 64 41) 9642-30
e-mail: info@janitza.de
Internet: http://www.janitza.de
Table of contents
Initial operation 20
Precautions 6 Power supply 20
Safety precautions 6 Voltage measurement 20
Package Contents 6 Current measurement 20
Functional description 7 Setup 21
Functional description 7 Display contrast 21
Intendend usage 8
Language selection 21
Intended usage 8
Mounting 8
Connection diagrams 22
Measurement 8 Main input 22
TN and TT networks 8 Connection 22
IT networks 8 Voltage mode 22
Medium and high voltage 8 Potential transformer 23
Neutral line measurement 8 Rated voltage 23
Intendend usage 9 Current transformer 23
Rated current 23
Auxiliary measurement 9 Events 24
Relevant voltage 9 Transients 24
Auxiliary measurement 25
Installation 10 Connection 25
Installation location 10 Measurement mode 25
Installation position 10 Check the measured values 26
Protective ground 10 Voltage 26
Power supply 10 Three phase sequence 26
Measurement 11 Current 26
Medium and high voltage 11 Power 26
Measurement circuits 11 Overview display 26
Neutral line current measurement 11 Recordings 27
Three phase auxiliary measurement 11 Stop recordings 27
Single phase auxiliary measurement 11 Start recordings 27
Three phase main meas. with neutral cond.12 Active recordings 27
Three phase meas. without neutral cond. 12 Data memory 27
Three phase meas. without neutral cond. 13
Communication settings 28
Single- and two-phase main meas. 13
Ethernet (TCP/IP) 28
Voltage measurement 14
Fieldbus 28
Current measurement 15
Summing current measurement 15 System 29
Serial Ports 16 Password 29
Fieldbus (RS485) 16 Display 30
Termination resistors 16 Auto display 30
Digital I/O 17 Slow display 30
Digital outputs 17 Display configuration 30
Digital inputs 17 Chart speed 31
S0 Pulse input 18 Date and Time 31
Digital inputs 1+2 18 Troubleshooting 32
Digital input 3 18 Service 33
Digital input 4 18
Maintenance 34
Operating instructions 19 Repair and calibration
Cleaning
34
34
Display contrast 19 Battery 34
Display selection 19 Disposal 34
Enter Setup Menu 19 Measured value display 35
Select Menu 19 Used terms 35
Change setting 19
Exit Menu 19

2
Specifications 36
Measurement uncertainty 37
Declaration of conformity 38
Safety regulations 38
High voltage testing 38
Electromagnetic compliance 38
Dimension sketch 40
Back view 40
Side view 41
Top view 41
Connection example 42
Appendix: Overview displays

3
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be
reproduced or duplicated without the written permis-
sion of the author. Any contraventions are punish-
able and will be prosecuted with all legal means.
No liability can be taken for the faultless condition of
the manual or damage caused by the use of it. As
failures cannot be avoided completely, we shall be
very grateful for any advice. We are anxious to re-
move all failures as soon as possible. The mentioned
software and hardware descriptions are registered
trademarks in the most cases and are subject to the
regulations by law. All registered trademarks are Issue Note
property of the corresponding companies and are 19.02.2004 First Edition.
fully recognized by us. 03.06.2004 Cable type, page 14.

4
Bedeutung der Symbole
The symbols, which are used in this manual, have
the following meaning:

Ꮨ Beware of dangerous electrical voltage.


 danger,
This symbol shall warn you about possible
which can occur during installation,
putting into service and usage.

Protective ground terminal.

5
Precautions
Appropriate transportation, storage and installation
is required to ensure personal safety and proper
operation of this unit. Before operating the unit
please carefully read this instruction manual. Dis-
connect and secure all power connections immedi-
ately if safe operation is not possible.
Do not mistreat the unit by using excessive force or
inappropriate tools, when packing or unpackingas
this may cause damage to the unit. Check for me-
chanical damage by visible inspection of the unit.

Safe operation of the unit is not possible e.g. if the


unit
- shows mechanical damage,
- shows no operation or malfunction,
- has been stored or operated at environmental con-
ditions exceeding the specifications,
- has been damaged without visible traces, e.g. by
dropping or transport damage.

Safety precautions
Mounting and installation of this unit is to be done
by qualified service personnel according to applica-
ble safety regulations.
Check the applicable safety and legal regulations
before using the unit.

Failure to comply with the instructions and safety


regulations will void the safety of the unit.

Package Contents
The following items are included in the package.
Contact your dealer if anything is missing or dam-
aged.

- UMG 510
- Mounting Brackets, 2 pieces
- Flexible ethernet cable, CAT 5, length 3m
- Installation and operating instructions
- CD-ROM with PAS 510 software and programmers
manual.

Available accessories:
- Mounting gasket (order number 2901903)

 optional items.
Check the delivery note for unit version and

 tors plugged in.


The unit is delivered with all included connec-

 There may be options mentioned that are not


included in the delivery.

6
Functional description
Functional description

• automatic adaption to power line frequencies from 15Hz ... 75Hz


• Measurement window 200ms, 10/12 cycles at 50/60 Hz, respectively
• gapless sampling and calculation of:
- rms voltage line-to-neutral
- neutral point and unbalance L1 ... L3
- rms voltage line-to-line
- frequency (same for all inputs)
- rms current each input, sum L1 ... L3, sum L1 .. L3 + N
- power (active, reactive, apparent, power factor, distortion power)
- sum power L1 ... L3 of the above values
- active energy (consumed/delivered), main and auxiliary input
- reactive energy (inductive/capacitive), main and auxiliary
- voltage and current harmonics (up to 50th order)
- interharmonics, current and voltage (up to 50th order)
- voltage and current THD (total harmonic distortion)
- flickermeter (short term Pst, long term Plt)
- ripple control signal level

• Acquisition and recording of minimum, maximum and mean value of


any measurement value, programmable time base
• Acquisition and statistical recording (histogram)
• Detection of voltage sags and swells according to power quality standards
• Detection of voltage interruptions
• Detection of inrush currents of at least half cycle duration
• Detection of transient events from 140us
• Energy metering (active and reactive, consumed and delivered), 4 tariffs
• Data storage in internal 16MB flash memory
• 8 digital inputs for tariff selection, external enabling and synchronisation
of recordings, pulse counter for external meters
• 5 digital outputs, usable for signalling or metering pulse output
• 8 programmable comparators to monitor measured values
• Fieldbus interface (Profibus/Modbus)
• Ethernet port (10/100BaseT)

For three phase measurements the relevant voltage can be set to


line-to-neutral or line-to-line voltage. The relevant voltage is used
to evaluate harmonics, flickermeter, transients and events.

The PAS510 software is used to read recorded data and measured


values from the unit. All communication is done via Ethernet and
TCP/IP. The PAS510 software also provides support for unit setup
and parameter setting.

The fieldbus protocols (Modbus/RTU, Modbus/TCP, Profibus) can be


used to read out measured values.

7
Intendend usage
Intended usage TN and TT networks
The measurement is intended to be used in three
Mounting phase systems with neutral conductor.
The UMG 510 is intended to be mounted on fixed
and weatherproof panels.
Electrically conducting panels must be properly IT networks
grounded. To ensure adequate ventilation the UMG Usage of the UMG 510 with insulated power distri-
510 must be vertical mounted. Do not cover the ven- bution systems is restricted.
tilation slots. Sufficient space (at least 5cm) must be As the case of the unit must be earthed, the input
provided above and under the unit. Keep 5cm space impedance of the unit causes leakage currents to
sideways to install the ethernet cable. ground potential. This may cause insulation monitors
to trip. In case of ground faults the maximum input
The UMG510 is capable of continuous and non- voltage of the UMG 510 may be exceeded, this may
monitored operation. Power supply and measured be dangerous for the operator or may cause dam-
voltages must comply to the rated values. age to the unit.
Use current transformers with 1A or 5A secondary
windings for current measurement. Usage of potential transformers is recommended for
insulated power distribution systems.
Usage of a circuit breaker is required for the meas-
ured voltage and the power supply of the UMG 510. Medium and high voltage
Appropriate fusing (2..10A) must be used on the Potential and current transformers are always re-
power supply and measured voltage. The circuit quired for measurements in medium and high volt-
breaker must be placed near to the UMG 510 and age distribution systems. Special safety regulations
has to be easily accessible. are to be observed using these transformers.

Measurement Choose the appropriate circuit diagram from fig. 4.6


The UMG 510 is intended to measure electrical val- and fig. 4.1b.
ues such as voltage, current, power etc. in substa- A common used circuit is fig. 4.6, mainly seen in
tions or similar installations. Measured values will be metering circuit of medium voltage distribution. Set
recorded and stored in the internal data memory. the UMG 510 to "3ph, 3w, 2m" when using this cir-
The PAS 510 software is used to read out and ana- cuit. Protection circuits often use fig. 4.1b. This is
lyse the data according to EN 50160 and EN 61000- also expected in high voltage distribution. Set the
2-4. The PAS 510 software is included in the unit. UMG 510 to "3ph, 3w, 3m" or "3ph, 4w, 3m" regard-
ing the objective of the measurement.

EN 50160 The "3ph, 4w, 3m" mode measures the line voltages
Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by pub- regarding to ground (earth) potential. The "3ph, 3w,
lic distribution systems. Survey of the supply voltage 3m" setting uses an artificial neutral point (not nec-
concerning essarily identical to ground potential) as reference
frequency for the measured voltages.
voltage level
waveform distortions Neutral line measurement
symmetry of three phase networks Use the circuit according to fig. 4.13 to measure the
flicker neutral line current. The UMG 510 unit evaluates the
sum of the L1 to L3 and N currents. This equals the
EN 61000-2-4 ground leakage current. The auxiliary voltage meas-
Compliance levels for low-frequency conducted dis- urement input could be used to monitor the voltage
turbances in industrial power supply systems. difference between neutral and ground potential.
Compliance levels for
deviation of the voltage level
voltage unsymmetry
frequency fluctuations
harmonics
THD
interharmonics
The DC component of the voltage is not evaluated
and monitored.

8
Intendend usage
Auxiliary measurement
The auxiliary input can be used to monitor a single
phase or symmetrical three phase system. The aux-
iliary input can also be used to monitor the neutral
current of the connected to the main input three
phase system.
In any case the line frequency of the auxiliary sys-
tem must be identical to the line frequency of the
main input, otherwise the measurement error may
be very large.

The auxiliary measurement can be used separately.


The main measurement does not need to be con-
nected in this case. All measured values of the main
input (voltage, current, power, harmonics, transients,
events and flicker) are available for the auxiliary in-
put.

Relevant voltage
All circuits provide the choice of using the line-to-
neutral or line-to-line voltage as the relevant voltage.
Use this setting according to your application needs.
In most cases the relevant voltage for power quality
analysis is L-N in low-voltage distribution and L-L in
medium voltage distribution. The selected relevant
voltage is used for harmonic analysis, transients,
events and flickermeter evalulation. Power measure-
ment always uses L-N voltages and the correspond-
ing currents.

9
Installation

Installation Power supply


The required power supply is marked on the type
Installation location plate of the UMG 510.
The UMG 510 is suited for fixed panel-mounting in Connect the power supply to terminals 17 and 18.
substations or control rooms. The absolute maximum voltage from terminals 17
and 18 to case ground is 300V AC. Voltages exceed-
Installation position ing this limit can cause damage to the unit and dan-
To achieve sufficient ventilation mount the UMG 510 ger to the operator. A grounded power supply should
in vertical position. always be used to minimize the risk of overvoltages.
Do not cover the ventilation slots and leave at least
5cm space above and below the unit. 5cm space will Caution
be required at both sides for connecting the ethernet - The wiring material used for the power supply must
cable. be specified for voltages of 300VAC.
- The power supply must be fused external at nomi-
nal fuse value of 4..10A.
- A circuit breaker for the power supply must be pro-
vided.
- The circuit breaker must be placed near to the
UMG510 and easily accessible.
- The circuit breaker must be clearly marked.
- Check the supply voltage with the type plate mark-
ing before connecting.
- The unit casing must be properly grounded.
- Stranded wire may not be soldered when using
screw terminals. Use proper ferrules.
- Pluggable terminals may only be plugged in idle
state.
- Plug only exactly matching screw terminals into the
unit. Pay attention for same type (with/without lock-
ing screws) and number of pins.
- Do not use potential transformer secondaries as a
source of power supply for the UMG 510. Switching
operation in medium and high voltage distribution
Abb. Mounting position UMG510 systems will cause transient overvoltages which
may destroy the UMG 510.


Failure to comply with the specified minimum
free spaces around the UMG 510 will lead to
damage of the unit at elevated ambient tem-
perature.

Protective ground
Connect the protective ground to the provided screw
terminal at the backside of the unit according to ap-
plicable safety regulations before making any other
connections to the unit.

10
Installation

Measurement Three phase auxiliary measurement

Medium and high voltage


Potential and current transformers are always re-
quired for measurements in medium and high volt-
age distribution systems. Special safety regulations
have to be observed when using these transformers.

Measurement circuits
The UMG 510 provides two measurement inputs:
one three-phase main measurement and one auxil-
iary measurement. In total 4 voltages and 4 currents
can be measured. Fig. 5.1: Three phase measurement with neutral
The three-phase main measurement has 10 differ- conductor (3ph, 4w, 1m).
ent measurement configurations. The auxiliary input
provides 3 measurement circuits.
Use the auxiliary input to measure single-phase or
symmetrical three-phase systems.

Neutral line current measurement


Example:
Both inputs may be used in a three-phase system to
calculate the difference between the theoretical and
real neutral current (caused by earth leakage).

Fig. 5.2: Three phase measurement without neutral


conductor (3ph, 3w, 1m).

Single phase auxiliary measurement

Fig 4.13: Three phase measurement with neutral


conductor (3ph, 4w, 3m) and measurement with
auxiliary input (1ph, 2w, 1m).

Fig. 5.3: Single phase measurement (1ph, 2w, 1m).

Hilfsmessung

Netz Messung Anschlußvariante Abb.

L1, L2, L3, N, PE Dreiphasige Messung mit Nullleiter. 3ph, 4w, 1m5.1
L1, L2, L3, PE Dreiphasige Messung ohne Nullleiter. 3ph, 3w, 1m5.2
L1, N, PE Einphasige Messung. 1ph, 2w, 1m5.3 /4.14

11
Installation
Three phase main measurement with neutral conductor

Fig. 4.1: Three phase measurement with neutral Fig. 4.1a: Three phase measurement with neutral
conductor (3ph, 4w, 3m). conductor using potential transformers (3ph, 4w,
3m).

Fig. 4.2: Three phase measurement with neutral Fig. 4.3: Three phase measurement with neutral
conductor, using only 2 current and 2 voltage inputs conductor, using 3 current and only 2 voltage inputs
(3ph, 4w, 2m). (3ph, 4w, 2u).
Three phase measurement without neu-
tral conductor

Fig. 4.4: Three phase measurement with neutral Fig. 4.5: Three phase measurement without neutral
conductor, using only 2 current, but 3 voltage inputs conductor in 3 meter configuration (3ph, 3w, 3m).
(3ph, 4w, 2i).

12
Installation
Three phase measurement without neutral conductor

Fig. 4.6: Three phase measurement without neutral Fig. 4.6a: Three phase measurement without neutral
conductor in 2 meter configuration (3ph, 3w, 2m). conductor using potential transformers, 2 meter con-
figuration (3ph, 3w, 2m).

Fig. 4.7: Three phase measurement without neutral Fig. 4.8: Three phase measurement without neutral
conductor using 3 current and 2 voltage inputs (3ph, conductor using 2 current and 3 voltage inputs (3ph,
3w, 2u). 3w, 2i).

Single- and two-phase main measurement

Fig. 4.9: Two phase measurement, used for 180 de- Fig. 4.10: Single phase measurement (1ph, 2w, 1m).
grees phase angle between L1 and L2 (2ph, 3w,
2m).

13
Installation
Voltage measurement
The UMG 510 is designed to measure AC voltages
up to 500VAC line-to-ground potential or 870VAC
line-to-line. The wiring material must be suited for
use with these voltages.

Ꮨ The UMG 510 cannot be used to measure DC


voltages.

Voltages exceeding 500VAC must be con-


nected using potential transformers.

The voltage measurement lines must be pro-


tected by appropriate overcurrent protection.

Hauptmessung

Netz Messung Anschlussvariante Abb.

L1, L2, L3, N, PE Messung von drei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 4w, 3m4.1
L1, L2, L3, N, PE Messung von drei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 4w, 3m4.1a
(Mit Spannungswandlern)
L1, L2, L3, N, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und zwei Spannungen.3ph, 4w, 2m4.2
L1, L2, L3, N, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und zweiSpannungen. 3ph, 4w, 2u 4.3
L1, L2, L3, N, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 4w, 2i 4.4
L1, L2, L3, PE Messung von drei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 3w, 3m4.5
L1, L2, L3, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 3w, 2m4.6
L1, L2, L3, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 3w, 2m4.6a
(Aronschaltung)
L1, L2, L3, PE Messung von drei Strömen und drei Spannungen. 3ph, 3w, 2u 4.7
L1, L2, L3, PE Messung von zwei Strömen und zwei Spannungen.3ph, 3w, 2i 4.8
L1, L2, N, PE 180° Phasenverschiebung zwischen den Außenleitern. 2ph, 3w, 2m4.9
L1, N, PE Messung von einem Strom und einer Spannung. 1ph, 2w, 1m4.10

14
Installation
Current measurement Summing current measurement
The UMG 510 is designed to be used with current When using two or more current transformers for
transformers. The nominal secondary current of the current measurement, the total transformer ratio
CTs shall be 1A or 5A. must be set at the UMG 510.
Each current measurement input stands 6A continu-
ously or 60A for 1 second. Example: Summing current transformer
If the system voltage is less than 150VAC to ground, Two current transformers are used for current meas-
the current inputs can be used for direct measure- urement. The ratios are 1000/5A and 200/5A respec-
ment of currents up to 5A. tively. The outputs of these transformers are
summed by a summing current transformer with the
Additional current instruments must be connected in ratio 5+5/5A.
series with the UMG 510 inputs.
Use the setting for the UMG 510 as follows:
Primary current: 1000A+200A = 1200A
Secondary current: 5A

Fig. Example: Current measurement with external


amperemeter.

Fig. Example: current measurement using summing


current transformer.

 The secondary windings of the current trans-


formers must be short circuited at their termi-
nals before breaking the current measure-
ment circuit.

15
Installation
Serial Ports
Fieldbus (RS485)
Termination resistors
All units have to be connected in a single line bus
structure. One segment holds up to 32 units. Use
termination resistors on both ends of each segment.
Repeaters must be used to connect the segments if
more than 32 units or longer lines are needed.

Fig. Bus structure with termination on each end. Ter-


mination resistor unit with RS485 port
Termination resistor
Unit with RS485 port

Shield
Use shielded twisted pair cable for the RS485 bus.
To ensure sufficient shielding the cable shield con-
nection must be short and plane-style. Do not use
pigtail shield connection.
Cable type
Unitronic Li2YCY(TP)2x2x0,22 (Lapp Kabel)

Cable length
1200m at 38400 baud.

16
Installation
Digital I/O Digital inputs
The UMG 510 has 8 digital inputs arranged in two
Digital outputs groups of 4 inputs each.
The UMG 510 has 5 digital outputs. The outputs are Each group of inputs has its own common ground
insulated from the internal electronics. The output terminal and is insulated to the internal circuits as
transistors are arranged as high side switches with well as to the other group of inputs. Active inputs re-
common plus terminal (terminal no. 11). Each tran- quire an input voltage of 10..28V at max. current of
sistor can drive 30mA and withstands max. 28V 6mA.
open circuit voltage.
Externe
Hilfsspannung
UMG510
230V AC
Digital inputs1-4
UMG510
3,9V
Digital outputs 24V DC
10
+24V= + - 4k
Digital
11 Input 1
Digital K2
Output 5
12 3,9V
9
4k
Digital
Digital
Output 4 Input 2
K1

13
S1 3,9V
Digital 8
Output 3 4k
Digital
14 Input 3

Digital S2 3,9V
Output 2
15 + 7
4k
24V Digital
DC Input 4
Digital - 6
Output 1
16
Fig. Connection diagram of 2 external contacts to
Fig. Connection diagram of 2 external relays to the digital inputs 3 and 4.
digital outputs.

17
Installation

S0 Pulse input Digital inputs 1+2


Each input can be configured as a S0 pulse input The digital inputs 1 and 2 can be configured as tariff
according to EN62053-31. selection inputs for up to 4 different tariffs, see table.
External power supply and resistor (1.5 kOhm) are
required, see circuit diagram.
Anzahl der Arbeitszähler Digital Input
Arbeitszähler Nummer 1 2
UMG510 1 1 - -
Digital inputs 5-8 2 1 0 -
2 2 1 -
3,9V
5
4 1 0 0
Digital 4k 4 2 1 0
Input 5 4 3 0 1
4 4 1 1
3,9V Abb. Arbeitszählerumschaltung
4
4k
Digital
Input 6 Digital input 3
External recording synchronisation. Data are re-
3,9V
corded on the rising edge if the recording is
3 configured to use the external synchronisation.
4k
Digital
Input 7
S0 Digital input 4
Impuls- Recordings configured to use external enabling will
geber 3,9V
2
record data only if this input is active.
+ Digital 4k
24V 1,5k
DC Input 8
- 1

Fig. Connection diagram S0 pulse to digital input 8.

18
Operating instructions

Operating instructions
Display contrast
UMG 510
Hold key 1 and press key 4:
increase contrast.

Hold key 1 and press key 3:


decrease contrast.

Display selection
1 2 3 4 5 6

Select main displays


Universal Measuring Device

Select sub displays

Enter Setup Menu


Hold key 6 for 2..3 seconds.

Select Menu

select menu line

confirm

Change setting

move cursor forward

move cursor back

increment

decrement

confirm

Exit Menu
exit menu.

19
Initial operation

Initial operation Current measurement


To place the UMG 510 into operation follow these in- Connect the current measurement inputs one by
structions: one and check the current and power readings with
- connect power supply the expected values. Short the current transformer
- connect voltage to measure secondary to see the current reading get smaller.
- connect current to measure
- set up measurement parameters Each current measurement input withstands unlim-
ited overload up to 6A and 1 second overload of
60A. Higher overload may damage the unit and pos-
Ꮨ The protective ground must always be con-
nected for continued safety and function of sibly break the current path.
the UMG 510 .
The UMG 510 is designed to use current transform-
ers with nominal 1A or 5A secondaries.

Power supply
The nominal range of the supply voltage is stated on
the type plate of the unit. Failure to comply with the
specified supply voltage range will lead to malfunc-
tion or damage of the UMG 510. Connect the supply
voltage to terminals 17 and 18. The maximum volt-
age difference of each of these terminals to case
(protective) ground is 300VAC. If this limit is ex-
ceeded, the unit may fail. To prevent overvoltages at
the power supply input always use grounded power
supplies. The wiring material used for the power sup-
ply must be suitable for voltages up to 300VAC.

Voltage measurement
The UMG 510 is designed to measure voltages up
to 500VAC line-to-ground and 870 VAC line-to-line.
DC voltages cannot be measured by the UMG 510.
Use potential transformers to measure voltages of
more than 500VAC line-to-ground.

After connecting check the voltage reading with the


input voltages. If using potential transformers please
consider the winding ratio.

20
Initial operation

Setup Language selection


After having done all the connections, do the setup Choose from the available languages (English and
of the UMG 510. German):

Display contrast
If the display is weak or empty, try adjusting the dis-
play contrast.
Hold key 1 (Esc) and press (repeatedly) key 3 or 4.

To enter the main menu of the unit, press and hold


the Enter-Key (6) for about 2..3 seconds. The display
shows the main menu selection.
Use keys (4) and (3) to scroll the bar up and down.
The first line is the language selection. Press Enter
and select your favourite language using the (2) and
(5) keys. Confirm the selection by pressing Enter (6).

Display contrast

Hold key 1 and press key 4:


increase contrast.

Hold key 1 and press key 3:


decrease contrast.

21
Initial operation
Connection diagrams Voltage mode
Use this selection
The UMG 510 provides 4 inputs for current and volt-
to set the relevant
age measurement. 3 Channels form the main meas-
voltage. For power
urement input for three-phase measurements. The
quality analysis in
fourth channel is called auxiliary measurement and
low-voltage distri-
can be used for an additional single- or three-phase
bution grids the
measurement (same line frequency). The auxiliary
setting "L-N" (line-
input can be used as an alternative to measure the
to-neutral) should
neutral or protective ground current.
be appropriate.

Main input
Connection
For use in low-voltage distribution systems select
the connection diagram "3ph, 4w, 3m". See previous
pages 8..11 for other possible connections.

Fig. Example: Three phase measurement with neu-


tral conductor, main input.

22
Initial operation
Potential transformer Current transformer
Set the primary and secondary voltage of the poten- Set the primary and secondary current according to
tial (voltage) transformer according to the type plate the type plate values of your CT. Carefully to set cor-
values of the VT. If no VTs are used, set both primary rect values as this setting influences the measure-
and secondary to the nominal voltage to be meas- ment range selection of the UMG 510.
ured. Carefully to set correct values as this setting
influences the measurement range selection of the
UMG 510.

Einstellbereich: Primär 1.. 999999


Sekundär 1 .. 5
Einstellbereich: Primär 1 .. 999999
Sekundär 1 .. 866

Rated current
Set the rated current to the nominal current value of
Rated voltage the pre-fusing or the distribution transformer or what-
The nominal (rated) voltage setting is used as basis ever is appropriate for your installation. The rated
for trigger and event thresholds. Set the rated volt- current setting is
age to the nominal voltage of your installation. Also used as basis for
use the correct line-to-neutral or line-to-line voltage trigger and event
according to the voltage mode selection, e.g. 230V thresholds. Set the
L-N for low-voltage systems or 10000V L-L for a rated current to 0
medium voltage installation. (zero) to disable
current trigger and
Set the nominal event recordings
voltage to 0 (zero) on the main input.
if you want to dis-
able all voltage
trigger and event Einstellbereich: 0 .. 999999A
recordings on the
main input.

Einstellbereich: 0 .. 999999V

23
Initial operation
Events Transients
By setting the By setting the
nominal voltage nominal voltage
and current in the and current, the
previous menu, transient trigger
the event thresh- thresholds will be
olds will be set to set to default val-
default values. ues. The defaults
These default are are chosen to de-
suitable for later liver a reasonable
power quality analysis with the PAS 510 software. set of data for later power quality analysis.

Do not change the


Leave the defaults default values if
unchanged if you you are not aware
are not aware about the conse-
about the conse- quences.
quences.

If you want to turn off one or more of the thresholds,


If you want to turn off one or more of the thresholds,
move the cursor to the percent sign and press key
move the cursor to the percent sign and press key
(3) or (4).
(3) or (4).
Peak U = Rated voltage x 1,414
Trms U = Rated voltage x 1,414
Peak I = Rated current x 1,414

 Bytransient,
setting inappropriate thresholds, especially
the data memory will be overwritten
in short time. Essential data for power quality
analysis will also be affected. Hence you
might end up with a lot of useless transient
data but no power quality analysis possible.

24
Initial operation
Auxiliary measurement Measurement mode
If you decide to measure the neutral conductor cur- The auxiliary input
rent, as seen in the circuit diagram, you'll have to set can be set to use
up the auxiliary input. Chose "Auxiliary measure- the summed volt-
ment" from the main menu to get to the auxiliary in- age or current
put settings. It is similiar to the main input settings. from the main in-
put instead of the
Set the measuring mode (first menu line) to "meas" real input. If you
and the connection in the second line to "1ph, 2w, decide to use one
1m". The further settings should be set to the same of the summing
values as for the main input. Then set all thresholds modes, most prob-
for events and transients to "off" by moving the cur- ably the power
sor to the percent sign and pressing the key (3) or (and related) values of the auxiliary input will be void.
(4). If you do not use the auxiliary input, set rated
voltage and rated current to 0. Take your choice from the four available modes:
meas The auxiliary input processes the real in-
put values.

sum The auxiliary input processes the summed


voltage and current from the main input.

sum I The auxiliary input processes the summed


current from main and the real auxiliary
voltage input.

sum U The auxiliary input processes the summed


voltage from main and the real auxiliary
current input.

Fig. 4.13: Three phase measurement with auxiliary If you select one of the summing modes here, the
input used to measure the neutral current. connection diagram will be fixed. Set the remaining
settings as requested like the corresponding main
input settings.
Connection
Set the connection according to the used connection
diagram.

25
Initial operation
Check the measured values Current
Press the Esc key repeatedly until the display re- Set the display to rms current reading. Check the
turns to the measured value display. Select the displayed values
measured value displays by using the arrow keys. with the real val-
ues. If it does not
When you just return from the setup menus, the dis- match, check the
play will show one of the measured value screens, wiring and the CT
probably not the one you wanted to see. To get to a setting.
common point of departure, keep pressing key (2)
or (5) until one of the voltage displays shows up
(you'll see the title "Voltage").
Use the keys (3) and (4) to select one of the voltage
displays (line-to-neutral, line-to-line, unbalance and
symmetrical components).

Voltage Power
Set the voltage display to line-to-neutral or line-to- Select the three-phase active power display. Assum-
line. Check the voltage reading with the expected ing a standard power consuming installation (no
values for your installation. If one or more voltages generators or unusual loads) you should see three
are missing, check power values of
the wiring. If the similar magnitude.
values do not If the values are
match, check the negative or signifi-
VT settings. cantly different,
check the wiring.

Three phase sequence


Go to the symmetrical components display to check
Overview display
the sequence of the three phase system. You should Another way to check the measured values is to use
read the approximate nominal voltage at "Pos. Se- the overview display.
quence" if your installation uses the positive se- The measured values of voltage, current, power and
quence (right rotating field), the other fields should phase angle are shown here. Notice the unusual
approximate zero. numbering scheme, starting with index 0 the inputs
In the other case L1 to L3 of the main input, index 3 refers to the aux-
(negative se- iliary input.
quence or left ro-
tating field) the Also shown is the
voltage reading will status of the digital
be shown at "Neg. inputs and outputs
Sequence". and the line fre-
quency.

26
Initial operation
Recordings Data memory
After having set up the unit and checked the meas- The data memory is about 14.5MB in size. If the ca-
ured values, the data recordings can be started. pacity of the memory is fully occupied, the oldest re-
corded data will be erased to achive space for new
data.
Stop recordings
Memory usage (approx.):
To stop all current
Single measured value: 4 Byte
recordings set
Histogram data : 2..32 KB
"Stop all record-
Transient : 8 KB
ings" to "yes" and
Event : 36 Byte
confirm with Enter.
The recordings are
stopped and the
selection set back
to "no".

Start recordings
To start standard
recordings (suit-
able for later
power quality
analysis by the
PAS 510 software)
set "Standard re-
cordings" to "yes"
and confirm.
The standard re-
cordings will be
started and the se-
lection set back to
"no"

 running.
If the time is not set, the recordings won't start
Set the clock using a NTP server or
the PAS 510 software.

Active recordings
 cordings
Use the PAS 510 software to set up other re-
This line shows the number of active recordings.
than standard recordings, transients
You'll see 0 (zero) if none are running and non-zero
and events.
if one ore more recordings are running.
The number of ac-
tive recordings de-
pends on the used
grouping of meas-
ured values and Do not start recordings before having set up


there's no way to the main and auxiliary input according to the
tell how many data installation.
are recorded from
this information.

27
Initial operation
Communication settings Fieldbus
RS485
Ethernet (TCP/IP) Select one of the following fieldbus protocols:
Set the IP address, netmask and default gateway Modbus Slave
before connecting the UMG 510 to the network. Do Modbus Gateway
not connect the UMG 510 to the network if the IP ad- Profibus DP
dress for the UMG 510 is not known or not set. V0 (Slave)

Get the correct IP address settings for the UMG 510


from the network administrator.

Adress

Address
Set the device address from the following ranges:
Modbus: 001 ... 247
Profibus: 000 ... 126

Netmask

Speed
Gateway Select the speed for Modbus (available baud rates
are 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600 and 115200). If
Profibus is used, the speed is detected automati-
cally.

28
Initial operation
System Password
This menu shows information about the unit and al- Use the password to protect the setup menus. A
lows to set a password to protect the setup menus. valid password is any number from 1 to 65535. Use
0 to disable the password.

Firmware version

Unit ID

Unit serial
number Set password
After having set
MAC address the password, the
password is re-
IP address quired to enter the
setup menus.
Gateway

Enter password
Enter the correct
password to ac-
cess the setup
menus.

29
Initial operation
Display Display configuration
Auto display Use this setting to select a default display which will
be shown after an
When turned on, the UMG 510 changes the display
idle time. Further-
successively through user selected displays. Use
more you can se-
the "display conf"
lect which displays
menu to select
will be shown au-
which displays
tomatically if "Auto
should be shown
display" is turned
automatically.
on.

Use the arrow


keys to select the
desired measured
value display.
Press Enter (6) to
enter the small
window menu.

Inside the small window menu select the current dis-


play to be included in the automatic display se-
Slow display quence, manual reachable and default display.
If turned on, the measured value display rate is If a default display is selected it will be shown after
slowed down. This setting does not affect the inter- an idle time.
nal data processing.

This screen is included in the automatic


display sequence.

This screen is manually reachable us-


ing the arrow keys.

This screen is used as default display.

30
Initial operation
Chart speed Date and Time
This is the speed setting for the chart recorder dis- The UMG 510 shows the local time. Internal
plays. Use small values for higher speeds (0 is fast- processing uses UTC time.
est) and larger values for slower speed. Use a NTP Server to continuously synchronize the
time. Use the PAS 510 software to set the local time
zone and to set the date and time if NTP is not avail-
able.

31
Initial operation

Troubleshooting
Problem Cause What to do

No display external fuse blown replace fuse


internal fuse blown internal fuse is not user serviceable
unit defective contact manufacturer for service

weak or dark display contrast bad set contrast

no current reading current transformer check wiring


not connected or
shorted

current reading CT ratio not set check CT ratio setting


not correct
wrong line used check wiring

Voltage reading VT ratio not set check VT ratio setting


not correct
wrong line used check wiring

Phase angle reading neutral not connected check wiring


not correct wrong line used
current/voltage line
mismatch

Date/time not set Date/time has been Set date/time (use


reset by firmware NTP server or PAS 510)
update
Internal battery weak contact factory for
battery replacement

Active power reading Bad VT/CT setting check VT/CT setting


not correct current/voltage line check wiring
mismatch

#### A reading Current range overload Check CT ratio


setting, use other CT

#### V reading Voltage range overload Check VT ratio setting,


use other VT

#### at flicker Wait Pst (10min), Plt


reading (2h) interval

No signal at digital No output source Check output setting


or pulse output selected

Everything checked, unit defective contact factory for service


still erroneous operation

32
Initial operation

Service
If you have problems or questions not covered by
this manual, contact our service department. Keep
the following information ready:

- Unit type
- Unit serial number
- Firmware version
- Supply voltage and measured voltage
- exact description of your problem

You’ll reach us:


Mo - thur 07:00h bis 15:00h
Fri 07:00h bis 12:00h

Janitza electronics GmbH


Vor dem Polstück 1
D-35633 Lahnau
Support: Tel. (0 64 41) 9642-22
Fax (0 64 41) 9642-30
e-mail: info@janitza.de

33
Initial operation

Maintenance
The unit contains no user serviceable parts. Do not
dismantle the cabinet.

Repair and calibration


For repair and calibration return the unit to the
manufacturer.

Cleaning
Use soft cloth with mild detergent to clean the front
panel.
Never use thinner, benzine, alcohol, abrasive clean-
ers or other strong solvents, as this may cause dam-
age to the front panel.

Battery
The life expectancy of the internal battery is at least
5 years at an ambient temperature of 45°C (113°F).
Typical life expectancy of the battery is 8 to 10 years.
The battery is not by the users replaceable.

Disposal
The unit is to be disposed according the applicable
rules for electronic equipment. The internal lithium
battery has to be removed before disposal.

34
Initial operation

Measured value display


Used terms

unbal Voltage unbalance EN 50160, EN 61000-2-4


aux auxiliary input
c capacitive
CF crest factor
cmp Comparator
DPF displacement power factor, cos(phi)
Disp PF displacement power factor, cos(phi)
deg degree (phase angle)
E+ consumed energy
E- delivered energy
Flicker EN 60868, IEC 868
neg. sequence Negative sequence EN 61000-2-4
i inductive
inp input (digital)
L-L line-to-line voltage
L-N line-to-neutral voltage
L1-L3 sum L1 to L3 (power)
PF power factor
TPF true power factor DIN 40110, part 1
main main input, main measurement
pos. sequence Positive sequence EN 61000-2-4
zero sequence Zero sequence EN 61000-2-4
out output (digital)
peak Peak value
Plt long term flicker (2h)
Pst short term flicker (10min)
Qc capacitive reactive power
Qi inductive reactive power
voltage mode relevant voltage in three-phase systems
rms root mean square
tar tariff
THD total harmonic distortion EN 50160, EN 61000-2-4

35
Technical data

Specifications
Environmental conditions
Overvoltage class CAT III
Pollution degree 2
Operating temperature -10 degC ... +50 degC
Storage temperature -20 degC ... +60 degC
Humidity 15% ... 95% R.H. non-condensing
Altitude 0...2000m

Protection class
Front panel IP 50, IEC529
Front panel with optional gasket IP65, IEC529
Rear Cabinet IP 20, IEC529
Terminals IP 20, IEC529

Power supply see type plate


Required pre-fuse 4...10A
Power consumption max. 10W, max. 25VA

Current measurement
Burden 0.2VA
Rated current 5A (1A)
Continous overload 6A
Overload 60A/1sec

Voltage measurement
Input impedance 2 MOhm (to case ground)
Burden 0.1VA
Range L-N 500VAC
Range L-N 870VAC
Line frequency 15...75Hz

Digital inputs
Maximum pulse frequency 20Hz
Input current max. 6mA
Input voltage 10..28V

Digital outputs (not short-circuit proof)


Maximum voltage 28V
Maximum current 30mA
Max. pulse frequency 10Hz

Interfaces
RS485 Modbus/RTU, Profibus DP
Ethernet RJ45, 10/100Base-TX

Weight 1kg
Mounting position upright, 5cm space required in all directions

36
Technical data

Measurement uncertainty
The measurement uncertainty specification applies for the specified ranges, assuming the reading inside
the given limits. Beyond the limits the uncertainty is not specified. If not otherwise specified, the frequency
of all inputs is identical and in the range between 15 to 75Hz. The ambient temperature must be in the range
between 18 to 28°C. An additional error is to be calculated for ambient temperatures beyond this range.

Measured value Range Crest factor at max. rms value

Voltage low 5...140Vrms 1.5


Voltage high 5...500Vrms 1.5
Current low 0.005...1.2Arms 2
Current high 0.02...6Arms 2

The power measurement range is calculated from the voltage and current range.

Measured value Frequency Measurement uncertainly

Voltage 15 .. 75Hz ±(0,2% rdg + 0,02% rng)


Current 45 .. 65Hz ±(0,2% rdg + 0,05% rng)
Current 15 .. 75Hz ±(0,6% rdg + 0,05% rng)
Phase 45 .. 65Hz ±0,5°
Phase 15 .. 75Hz ±2,0°
Real power 45 .. 65Hz ±(0,4% rdg + 0,0075% rng cosϕ = 1,0
Real power 45 .. 65Hz ±(0,75% rdg + 0,0075% rng cosϕ > 0,8
Real power 45 .. 65Hz ±(1,5% rdg + 0,0075% rng cosϕ > 0,5
Real power 15 .. 75Hz ±(6,0% rdg + 0,0075% rng cosϕ > 0,5
Additional error for ambient temperatures outside the specified range:
+/- 0.01% rdg per degC.

Genauigkeitsklasse nach EN61036:1996, VDE0418Teil 7:Mai 1997, IEC1036:1996


mit Stromwandler ../5A : Class 1
mit Stromwandler ../1A : Class 2

Messwert Messunsicherheiten

Ganggenauigkeit der internen Uhr ±2 Minuten/Monat

37
Technical data

Declaration of conformity
The UMG510 fulfils the requirements of:
Richtlinie 89/336/EWG in Verbindung mit DIN EN61326 (2002-03) sowie der
Richtlinien 73/23/EWG und 93/68/EWG in Verbindung mit EN 61010-1 (2002-08)

Safety regulations
Sicherheitsbestimmungen für elektrische Mess- Steuer-, Regel- und Laborgeräte
: EN61010-1 08:2002, IEC 61010-1:2001
Schutzklasse : I (Gerät mit Schutzleiter)

High voltage testing


Main input, voltage:
Bemessung : 500V CATIII
Prüfspannung : 4220V DC
Main input, current:
Bemessung : 300V CATII bzw. 150V CAT III
Prüfspannung : 2000V DC
Auxiliary input, voltage:
Bemessung : 300V CATIII
Prüfspannung : 3130V DC
Auxiliary input, current:
Bemessung : 300V CATII bzw. 150V CAT III
Prüfspannung : 2000V DC
Power supply:
Bemessung : 300V CATIII
Prüfspannung : 3130V DC
RS485, digitale input/output:
Bemessung : 32V CATI

Electromagnetic compliance
Störaussendung, residential areas : DIN EN61326:2002-03, Tabelle 4 Klasse B
Störfestigkeit, industrial areas : DIN EN61326:2002-03, Tabelle A.1
Casing : Elektrostatische Entladung, IEC61000-4-2(4kV/8kV)
: Elektromagn. Felder, IEC61000-4-3:2002 (10V/m)
: Elektromagn. Felder, IEC61000-4-8:2000 (100A/m)
Power supply : Spannungseinbrüche, IEC61000-4-11 (0,5Perioden)
: Schnelle Transienten, IEC61000-4-4 (2kV)
: Stoßspannungen, IEC61000-4-5 (1kV L gegen N)
: Leitungsgeführte HF-Signale, IEC61000-4-6 (3V)
Measurement : Stoßspannungen, IEC61000-4-5 (2kV)
: Leitungsgeführte HF-Signale, IEC61000-4-6 (3V)
: Schnelle Transienten, IEC61000-4-4 (2kV)
RS485, digitale input/output : Leitungsgeführte HF-Signale, IEC61000-4-6 (3V)
: Schnelle Transienten, IEC61000-4-4 (1kV)

38
Technical data

39
Technical data

Dimension sketch
Cut out: 138+0,8 x 138+0,8 mm

Back view Patchkabel

40
Technical data
Side view

Top view

Die grau gekennzeichneten Anschlüsse sind nicht in jeder Geräteausführung verfügbar.


Alle Maße sind in mm angegeben.

41
Technical data

Connection example

42
Overview displays
Hauptwerte (U, I, P..) wählen.

Nebenwerte (Peak, Aux..) wählen.

Display contrast.
Hold key1 and press key 4:
increases contrast.

Hold key1 and press key 4:


decreases contrast.
Overview displays

Enter setup menu


Hold key 6 for 2..3
seconds

Select menu
Select menu line.

Confirm.

Change settings.

Move cursor forward.

Move cursor back.

Increment.

Decrement.

Confirm.

Exit Menu.
Exit menu.