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Quartz Glasses

Types of Glass

Application

Physical
and Chemical
Properties

Forms of Product

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Quartz Glasses
NOTE:

All data in this product information brochure are general product


specifications and not binding definition of values. We reserve the right
to change the data anytime. Therefore we recommend contacting us
before processing the product.

We cannot guarantee that the usage or processing of this product does


not infringe on third parties intellectual property rights.

OSRAM GmbH
Plant Berlin

Nonnendammallee 44
D-13629 Berlin

Phone +49 30 / 3386-0


Fax +49 30 / 3386-2455

OSRAM Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung München

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Quartz Glasses
INHALTSVERZEICHNIS:

Introduction and Definitions S. 5

Types of Glass and their application S. 7

Properties and chemical composition S. 9

Production range S. 11

Forms of product S. 12

Glass 401, 402 S. 13

Glass 405, 406, 407 S. 15

Glass 421, 422, 424 S. 17

Glass 451, 452, 454 S. 19

Glass 455, 456 S. 22

Glass 461, 462, 464 S. 24

Glass 471, 472, 474 S. 26

Glass 481, 482 S. 28

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Quartz Glasses
For many years OSRAM has manufactured different types of glass and has acquired great knowledge
and experience in their manufacture and processing.

Our quartz glass OVISIL® is manufactured as tubing and rods and which are used as envelopes and
seals for filament and discharge lamps, lamp mounts or the like.

Mass production, especially of lamps, requires rational manufacturing processes and glass products
of the highest precision. Constant quality testing guarantees these characteristics.

Our quartz glass is melted in small electric furnaces. The flexibility of the manufacturing methods
and their economical optimization are of great advantage to the user of these products.

The many types of lamps manufactured by OSRAM require quartz glass with various geometrical
shapes and physical properties. These types of glass must meet the requirements of the many diffe-
rent types of lamps manufactured by us and in addition must be suitable for many other purposes.

OVISIL® is available as the following:


Machine-drawn tubings and rods
Pre-cut tubings and rods

A description of OVISIL® silicate glasses by OSRAM is available as brochure „Silicate Glasses“.

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Quartz Glasses

Physical and chemical properties of glass


All data in this catalogue are typical values and not guaranteed boundary values.
Depending on the glass type the following properties are specified:

 Coefficient of Expansion α [10-6/K-1]

The values measured as per ISO 7991 between 20°C and 1000°C show the suitability of the glass
(with its behavior in the transformation range) for its durable sealing to metals, ceramics and other
glasses.

 Poisson’s Ratio µ at 20°C

This factor shows the relative diameter decrease in relation to the relative linear expansion
measured by the axial tensile load of an elastic rod. It is an important factor for the calculation
of elastic behavior of glasses and of the thermal stress factor.

 Young’s Modulus E [GPa] at 20°C

This factor is necessary for the conversion of strain to stress, which occurs in glass-to-metal
seals as well as for the calculation of the thermal stress factor.

 Density  [g/cm3] at 20°C

Measured at 20°C with tension-free samples having no blisters or flaws.

 Thermal Stress Resistance ∆ Tσ 8 [K]

Shows the difference between the inside temperature and the outer surface temperature of a
glass rod after the technically permissible tensile load of σ = 8 N/mm2. Glass with a higher the
thermal shock resistance shows a higher the permissible temperature difference.

 Transformation Temperature tg [°C]

Collected by the dilatometric method according to ISO 7884-8.

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Quartz Glasses

Physical and chemical properties of glass


 Viscosity η [dPa•s]

The dynamic viscosity of glass is shown with four characteristic values, defined in ISO 7884:-1:
a) at 1014,7 (1014,5) dPa•s (strain point)
b) at 1013,2 (1013,0) dPa•s (annealing point)
c) at 107,6 dPa•s (softening point)

They correspond with the viscosities during which:


a) stress in the glass is relieved within a few hours,
b) stress in the glass is relieved within a few minutes,
c) deformations become evident within a few minutes.

The values are measured in balanced state. Viscosity values in time-temperature balance are
shown in the diagrams.

 Resistivity 
D in solid state

The values are given in °C at 104; 108; 1012 Ω•cm and in Ω•cm at 250 and 350°C. A diagram
shows the dependence of the electric resistance on the temperature throughout the range of
application of glass.

 Dielectric Constant ε and Dielectric Loss Factor tan δ

Both values are shown for 20°C and 1 MHz.

 Birefrigence Factor C [10-6 mm2/N]

This gives the relative wavelength retardation in nm/cm with a sample load of 0,1 N/mm2, at room
temperature and wavelength 540 nm.

 Optical Refraction Coefficient nd at room temperature

The refraction coefficient shown is for the yellow Helium line, measured at room temperature.

 Chemical resistance [class]

These values are determined according to:


DIN ISO 719 for hydrolytic resistance (classes 1- 5)
DIN 12116 for acid resistance (classes 1- 4)
DIN ISO 695 for alkali resistance (classes 1- 3)

Larger class numbers signify increased solubility.

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Quartz Glasses

Summary of types OVISIL®


OVISIL® 401, 402
UV absorbing, Cerium doped quartz glass with reduced UV transmission:

Typ 401 unbaked approx. 125 ppm OH


Typ 402 vacuum baked, ≤ 10 ppm

Application:
Lamp bulbs for filament lamps, e.g. projection lamps automobile headlamps and photographic
lamps, jackets for discharge lamps.

OVISIL® 405, 406, 407


UV absorbing, Cerium doped quartz glass with reduced viscosity:

Typ 405 unbaked approx. 70 ppm OH


Typ 406 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 407 after treated, ≤ 20 ppm

Application:
Lamp bulbs for filament lamps, e.g. projection lamps automobile headlamps and photographic
lamps, jackets for discharge lamps.

OVISIL® 421, 422, 424


UV absorbing, TiO2 doped quartz glass:
In comparison to OVISIL® 461, 462 and 464 with improved transmission in long-wave UV and
visuable area.

Typ 421 unbaked approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 422 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 424 vacuum baked, ≤ 1 ppm OH

Application:
Used for arc tubes and sleeve material in high-pressure discharge lamps. The quartz glass reduces
the short-wave UV radiation and prevents ozone formation.

OVISIL® 451, 452, 454


Un-doped quartz glass:

Type 451 not vacuum baked, 150 ppm OH (approx.)


Type 452 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH
Type 454 vacuum baked, < 1 ppm OH

Application:
Used for burners and exhaust tubes in high-pressure discharge lamps for street and indoor
applications, floodlighting and cosmetic applications.
Used for arc- and exhaust tubes in UV-lamps, e.g. germicidal lamps, for halogen incandescent
lamps bulbs, e.g. projection lamps, automobile headlamps and photographic lamps.

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Quartz Glasses

Summary of types OVISIL®


OVISIL® 455, 456
With colourless metal oxides and reduced viscosity:

Typ 455 unbaked approx. 75 ppm OH


Typ 456 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH

Application:
Rods in automobile headlamps.

OVISIL® 461, 462, 464


UV absorbing, TiO2 doped quartz glass:

Typ 461 unbaked approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 462 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 464 vacuum baked, ≤ 1 ppm OH

Application:
Used for arc tubes and sleeve material in high-pressure discharge lamps. The quartz glass reduces
the short-wave UV radiation and prevents ozone formation.

OVISIL® 471, 472, 474


UV absorbing, TiO2 high doped quartz glass:

Typ 471 unbaked approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 472 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 474 vacuum baked, ≤ 1 ppm OH

Application:
Burners for therapeutic and reprography high pressure and low pressure discharge lamps.

OVISIL® 481, 482


Cerium and Titanium doped with reduced UV transmission.

Typ 481 unbaked approx. 100 ppm OH


Typ 482 vacuum baked, ≤ 4 ppm OH

Application:
UV absorbing quartz glass used for arc tubes in halogen lamps and sleeve material for discharge
lamps. UV radiation drastically reduced at approx. 350 nm.

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Doping OH-content Temperature at viscosity Typical spectral transmission at 1 mm wall thickness
at wave length
Nr.
14,7 13,2 7,6
OVISIL£ 10 dPas 10 dPas 10 dPas 220 nm 254 nm 315 nm 350 nm
-6 [%]
[10 ] [ C] [ C] [ C]

401 + ca. 125 1128 1200 1686 2 4 2 11


402 + ” 10 1128 1200 1686 2 4 2 11

405 + ca. 70 1045 1115 1585 24 10 1 12


406 + ”4 1045 1115 1585 21 8 1 19
407 + ” 20 1045 1115 1585 0,7 0,3 0,2 11

421 + ca. 150 1167 1255 1760 13 88 92 92


422 + ”4 1167 1255 1760 k.A. k.A. 91 92
424 + ”1 1167 1255 1760 k.A. k.A. 91 91

451 - ca. 150 1167 1255 1760 86 88 92 92


452 - ”4 1167 1255 1760 86 88 92 92
454 - <1 1167 1255 1760 86 88 91 91

455 + ca. 75 992 1062 1545 83 88 91 91


456 + ”4 992 1062 1545 83 88 91 91
Quartz Glasses

461 + ca. 150 1167 1255 1760 5 85 92 92


462 + ”4 1167 1255 1760 5 85 90 91
464 + <1 1167 1255 1760 5 85 90 90

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471 + ca. 150 1167 1255 1760 3 75 89 91
Properties of OVISIL® glasses – overview of typical values

472 + ”4 1167 1255 1760 3 75 89 91


474 + <1 1167 1255 1760 3 75 89 91

481 + ca. 100 1108 1190 1715 1 23 2 29


482 + ”4 1108 1190 1715 1 18 3 40

9
Quartz Glasses

Chemical Composition of Quartz Glass


OVISIL® quartz glass are manufactured of natural raw material – a high pure SiO2 sand, a certain
fluctuation margin of natural impurities therefore is inevitable.

OVISIL® 451, 452 and 454 can also be manufactured in superior grade additionally marked „H“.

In addition to SiO2 and potential dopants these impurities can be found (values in ppm):

Standard Quality:

Typical values:

Aluminium 16 Iron 1 Magnesium 1


Barium <1 Potassium 1 Sodium 1,5
Calcium 1 Lithium 1 Titanium 1

H-grade:

Typical values:

Aluminium 8 Iron 0,5 Magnesium 1


Barium <1 Potassium 0,5 Sodium 0,5
Calcium 1 Lithium 1 Titanium 1,5

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Quartz Glasses

Technical Capability
Tubing:

• Tubing length:
any length between 10 and 1300 mm

• Outer diameter and wall thickness:


guidline values for the wall thickness of the tubing as a function of the outer diameter
as per this graph:
Wall thickness [mm]

Production range

Outer diameter [mm]

Tubing at outer diameter range from 2,9 up to approx. 60 mm can be manufactured as per
outer diameter/ inner diameter, inner diameter/wall thickness or outer diameter/wall thickness
measured.

Tolerances per criteria will be agreed upon an individual basis.

The max. siding typically measures 8 % of the wall thickness.

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Quartz Glasses

Forms of Product
OSRAM OVISIL® tubing and rods are being mechanically manufactured from a melt of high pure,
fine quartz sand subjected to own developed processes and stand out due to high homogeneity.

All undoped as well as TiO2 doped quartz glass types can be delivered in acid processed quality
(index „S“, e.g. OVISIL® 454 S). Acid wash may improve the optical transparency on some tubing
types.

All OVISIL® glasses can be sealed with tungsten wires and rods using the sealing glasses 439 , 440
and 441 (see brochure: OSRAM „Silicate glasses“).

The cut surfaces of the OVISIL®-tubing may partially show various shades, which come into
existence through a vacuum heating process. The impact to transmission features nevertheless
is very limited.

The cross sections of OVISIL® 405, 406, 407, 481 and 482 have a bluish, whereas OVISIL® 421, 422,
424, 461, 462, 464, 471, 472 and 474 have a violet appearance.

Tubing:

Quality of edges:

rough cut for tubing from 1050 -1300 mm, length tolerance ± 10 mm (furnace cut).

Depending on the quality requirements three different cutting methods are available for cut parts
(fine cut):

1) dry cut for outer diameter range from 2,8 -10,0 mm and length > 50 mm.

2) laser cut for outer diameter range from 6,8 - 35,0 mm and length 41- 200 mm;
glazing of edges.

3) wet cut for outer diameter range from 2,8 - 44,0 mm and length 10 -1240 mm.

Length tolerances available upon request.

Glazing of edges:

Glazing of edges on cutparts is available upon request.

Rod:

We are manufacturing rods from OVISIL® 451, 452, 454, 455 and 456 with these dimensions:

Diameter tolerance Length Remarks


range
mm mm
1,5-30,0 ± 0,30 1000-1240 ± 10 furnace cut
2,3-30,0 ± 0,30 9,8-36,5 ± 1,0 cut parts

Other sizes and tolerances can be manufactured upon request.

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 401, 402


The glasses OVISIL® 401 and 402 are quartz glasses doped with cerium and other colorless metal
oxides free of alkali. They show a greatly reduced UV-transmission and have approx. 50 K lower
processing- and working-temperatures as compared to pure quartz glasses. All other mechanical
and electrical properties are similar to the un-doped glasses. In particular, they can be sealed almost
tension free with them.
Thanks to the alkaline free doping the glasses show a high stability. They are suited for endurances
up to approx. 950°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations, especially alkaline containing
impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise devitrification with consequent opaqueness and lower mecha-
nical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459


Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1165
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1128
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1200
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1686
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 950
continuously with periodical cooling

These glasses contain dopants of approx. 0,9 % CeO2, Eu2O3, TiO2 and Al2O3.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 401 (unbaked) approx. 125 ppm OH


Typ 402 (vacuum baked) ≤ 10 ppm OH

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 401, 402


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Transmittance 100
of OVISIL® 402
(wall thickness: 1 mm) 90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 220 315 436


Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 401 < 2,8 <3 > 89
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 402 < 2,8 <3 > 89

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 405, 406, 407


The glasses OVISIL® 405, 406, 407 are quartz glasses doped with cerium and other colorless metal
oxides free of alkali. They show a greatly reduced UV-transmission and have approx. 100 K lower
processing- and working-temperatures as compared to pure quartz glasses. All other mechanical
and electrical properties are similar to the un-doped glasses. In particular, they can be sealed almost
tension free with them.
Thanks to the alkaline free doping the glasses show a high stability. They are suited for endurances
up to approx. 900°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations, especially alkaline containing
impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise devitrification with consequent opaqueness and lower mecha-
nical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Density [g/cm3 ] 2,22 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459


Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1100
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1045
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1115
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1585
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 900
continuously with periodical cooling

These glasses contain dopants of approx. 1,8 % Ce2O3, AI2O3, BaO and B2O3.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 405 (unbaked) approx. 70 ppm OH


Typ 406 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 407 (after treated) ≤ 20 ppm OH

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 405, 406, 407


Viscosity 15

13

11

5
1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Transmittance 100
of OVISIL® 406
90
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 220 245 350 436


Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 405 < 17 < 15 > 90
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 406 < 17 < 22 > 89
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 407 < 1,8 < 0,25 > 89

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 421, 422, 424


These OVISIL® quartz glasses consist up to 99,9 % of silicon dioxide. They are particular high
viscous and high melting. Because of their high transition- and softening-temperatures as well as
their thermal stress resistance they are suitable for the manufacture of highly loaded light sources.
OVISIL® 421, 422 and 424 contain TiO2 for the control of the transmittance in UV-C.
They are suited for endurances up to approx. 1000°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations,
especially alkaline containing impurities like hand perspiration. Otherwise devitrification with conse-
quent opaqueness and lower mechnical strength can be expected.
In comparison to OVISIL® 461, 462 and 464 these quartz glasses have an improved transmission
above 310 nm.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Birefrigence factor


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66 at 540 nm [10-6 mm2/N] 3,54
Poisson’s ratio 0,17 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21
Thermal stress resistance
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1200
14,7
Temperature [°C] 10 dPa•s (strain point) 1167
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1255
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1760
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 1000
continuously with periodical cooling

Chemical Composition:

OVISIL® quartz glasses 421, 422, 424 contains doping of 0,013 % TiO2.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 421 (unbaked) approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 422 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 424 (vacuum baked) ≤ 1 ppm OH

No change of these data by acid processing (index „S“).

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 421, 422, 424


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Transmittance 100
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 220 230 240 254 310 350


> 10 > 50 > 76
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 421 > 87 > 91
< 21 < 65 < 84
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 422 < 65 > 90 > 90,8
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 424 < 65 > 90 > 90,8

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 451, 452, 454


These OVISIL® quartz glasses consist up to 99,99 % of silicon dioxide and are free of dopings.
They are particular high viscous and high melting. Because of their high transition- and softening-
temperatures as well as their thermal stress resistance they are suitable for the manufacture of highly
loaded light sources.
They are suited for endurances up to approx. 1000°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations,
especially alkaline containing impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise devitrification with consequent
opaqueness and lower mechanical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Temperature [°C] at 1012 Ω cm 240


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66 electrical resistivity 108 Ω cm (∆t K100 ) 510
Poisson’s ratio 0,17 104 Ω cm 1660
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21 Resistivity
Thermal stress resistance at 250°C [Ω cm] 6•1011
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370 at 350°C [Ω cm] 9•109
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1200 Dielectric constant
at 106 Hz and 20°C 3,7
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1167
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1255 Dielectric loss factor
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1760 at 106 Hz and 20°C [10-3] 0,1
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 1000 Birefrigence factor
continuously with periodical cooling at 540 nm [10-6 mm2/N] 3,54
Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459

Chemical Composition:

Please see page 10.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 451 (unbaked) ≥ 120 ppm OH


Typ 452 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 454 (vacuum baked) < 1 ppm OH

No change of these data by acid processing (index „S“).

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 451, 452, 454


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1100 1300 1500 1700 1900 2100

Transmittance 100
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 400 600 800 1000

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 254 360 436 579


Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 451 > 85 > 90 > 91 > 92
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 452 > 84 > 90
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 454 > 84 > 90

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 451, 452, 454


Spectral transmittance
100
IR-area of unbaked and
vacuum baked tubing
at 1 mm wall thickness 80

60

40
OVISIL 451
20 OVISIL 452

0
1000 1400 1800 2200 2600 3000 3400 3800 4200 4600 5000

OH-content:

OVISIL® 451 approx. 150 ppm


OVISIL® 452 ≤ 4 ppm
OVISIL® 454 < 1 ppm

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 455, 456


OVISIL® 455 and 456 are quartz glasses doped with colourless metal oxides, having a lower
processing temperature by 200 K and max working temperature by 150 K compared to undoped
tubing. Any other mechanical and electrical features are very similar to undoped quartz tubing.
In particular, they can be sealed almost tension free with them.
The processing of OVISIL® 455 and 456 and its usage in lamps might violate patents of third parties
in some countries. OSRAM cannot furnish a guarantee caused by processing and usage in lamps of
this type of quartz glass which might violate different trade mark rights. The buyer bears the full risk
of this possible intervention.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Birefrigence factor


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66 at 540 nm [10-6 mm2/N] 3,54
Poisson’s ratio 0,17 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21
Thermal stress resistance
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1050
14,7
Temperature [°C] 10 dPa•s (strain point) 992
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1062
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1545
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 850
continuously with periodical cooling

These glasses contain dopants of approx. 500 ppm, K2O, AI2O3 and earth alkaline oxides.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 455 (unbaked) approx. 75 ppm OH


Typ 456 (vacuum baked) < 4 ppm OH

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 455, 456


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Transmittance
(wall thickness: 1 mm) 100
90
Transmission [%]

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Wave Length [nm]

Spectral transmittance 100


IR-area of unbaked
and vacuum baked
tubing at 1 mm 80
wall thickness
60

40
OVISIL 455
OVISIL 456
20

0
1 2 3 4 5

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 461, 462, 464


These OVISIL® quartz glasses consist up to 99,9 % of silicon dioxide. They are particular high
viscous and high melting. Because of their high transition- and softening-temperatures as well as
their thermal stress resistance they are suitable for the manufacture of highly loaded light sources.
OVISIL® 461, 462 and 464 contain TiO2 for the control of the transmittance in UV-C.
They are suited for endurances up to approx. 1000°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations,
especially alkaline containing impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise devitrification with consequent
opaqueness and lower mechanical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Birefrigence factor


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66 at 540 nm [10-6 mm2/N] 3,54
Poisson’s ratio 0,17 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21
Thermal stress resistance
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1200
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1167
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1255
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1760
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 1000
continuously with periodical cooling

Chemical Composition:

OVISIL® quartz glasses 461, 462, 464 contains doping of 0,02 % TiO2.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 461 (unbaked) approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 462 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 464 (vacuum baked) ≤ 1 ppm OH

No change of these data by acid processing (index „S“).

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 461, 462, 464


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

Transmittance 100
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 220 230 240 254 436


> 3,5 > 35 > 72
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 461 > 85
< 11 < 50 < 79
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 462 < 52 > 89
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 464 < 52 > 88

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 471, 472, 474


These OVISIL® quartz glasses consist up to 99,8 % of silicon dioxide. They contain TiO2 for the
control of the transmittance in UV-C. They are particular high viscous and high melting. Because of
their high transition- and softening-temperatures as well as their thermal stress resistance they are
suitable for the manufacture of highly loaded light sources.
They are suited for endurances up to approx. 1000°C, if their surfaces are free of contaminations,
especially alkaline containing impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise devitrification with consequent
opaqueness and lower mechanical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Birefrigence factor


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66 at 540 nm [10-6 mm2/N] 3,54
Poisson’s ratio 0,17 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21
Thermal stress resistance
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1200
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1167
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1255
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1760
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 1000
continuously with periodical cooling

Chemical Composition:

OVISIL® quartz glasses 471, 472, 474 contains doping of 0,125 % TiO2.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 471 (unbaked) approx. 150 ppm OH


Typ 472 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH
Typ 474 (vacuum baked) ≤ 1 ppm OH

No change of these data by acid processing (index „S“).

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 471, 472, 474


Viscosity 15

13

11

5
1100 1300 1500 1700 1900 2100

Transmittance 100
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
90
Transmission [%]

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 220 230 240 254 436


Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 471 <4 <5 < 38 > 74
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 472 < 46 > 89
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 474 < 46 > 88

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 481, 482


The glasses OVISIL® 481 and 482 are quartz glasses doped with cerium oxide. They show a greatly
reduced UV-transmission and have approx. 50 K lower processing- and working-temperatures
as compared to pure quartz glasses. All other mechanical and electrical properties are similar to the
undoped glasses. In particular, they can be sealed almost tension free with them.
The glasses show a high stability, they are suited for endurances up to approx. 950°C, if their surfa-
ces are free of contaminations, especially alkaline containing impurities like finger sweat. Otherwise
devitrification with consequent opaqueness and lower mechanical strength can be expected.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Coefficient of expansion 0....1000°C [10-6/K] 0,54 Index of refraction at λ = 587,6 nm 1,459


Young’s modulus [GPa] 66
Poisson’s ratio 0,17
Density [g/cm3 ] 2,21
Thermal stress resistance
for 8 N/mm2 [K] 370
Transformation temperature [°C] ≈ 1170
Temperature [°C] 1014,7 dPa•s (strain point) 1130
at viscosity 1013,2 dPa•s (annealing point) 1210
107,6 dPa•s (softening point) 1715
Maximum operational temperature, [°C] 950
continuously with periodical cooling

OVISIL® quartz glasses 481, 482 contains doping of approx. 5600 ppm, Ce2O3, AI2O3 and TiO2.

Bakeable OH-content as per these guidance values:

Typ 481 (unbaked) approx. ≥ 100 ppm OH


Typ 482 (vacuum baked) ≤ 4 ppm OH

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Quartz Glasses

OVISIL® 481, 482


Viscosity
15

13

11

5
1100 1300 1500 1700 1900 2100

Transmittance 100
(wall thickness: 1 mm)
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
200 400 600 800 1000

Transmittance values to be observed: (wall thickness: 1 mm)

Wave length λ [nm] 245 350 436


Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 481 < 28 < 45 > 90
Transmittance T [%] OVISIL® 482 < 27 < 50 > 89

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