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# GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

## REVISION DATE REASON(S) FOR REVISION

0 4/1/2017 Initial release
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13th EDITION
NOMENCLATURE

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

FIG. 23-1
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-1

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-1 Using Fig. 24-22, the P-H diagram for propane, calculate the density and Z-factor of propane vapor at
Example 23-1 Using Fig. 24-22, the P-H diagram for propane, calculate the density and Z-factor of propane vapor at 200 deg F and 100 psia.
200 deg F and 100 psia.
Temperature = 200 deg F Temperature = 400 deg F
Pressure = 100 psia Pressure = 100 psia
Specific volume (v) = 1.5 ft3/lbm (from P-H diagram, Fig. 24-22) Specific volume (v) = 1.5 ft3/lbm (from P-H diagram, Fig. 24-22)
Density (ρ) = 1/1.5=0.667 lbm/ft3 Density (ρ) = 0.667 lbm/ft3
Z = 44.10*100/10.73/(460+200)/0.667=0.936 Z = 0.718

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13th EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-2

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-2 - Calculate the density of the following gas mixture at: Example 23-2 - Calculate the density of the following gas mixture at:
Temperature = 100 deg F Temperature = 100 deg F
Pressure = 1000 psia Pressure = 1000 psia

Component yi [%] Tci [R] Tpc [R] Pci [psia] Pci [psia] MW Component yi [%] Tci [R] Tpc [R] Pci [psia] Pci [psia] MW
CH4 83.19% 343.0 285.3 666.4 554.4 16.043 CH4 83.19% 343.0 285.3 666.4 554.4 16.043
C2H6 8.48% 549.6 46.6 706.5 59.9 30.070 C2H6 8.48% 549.6 46.6 706.5 59.9 30.070
C3H8 4.37% 665.7 29.1 616.0 26.9 44.097 C3H8 4.37% 665.7 29.1 616.0 26.9 44.097
i-C4H10 0.76% 734.1 5.6 527.9 4.0 58.123 i-C4H10 0.76% 734.1 5.6 527.9 4.0 58.123
n-C4H10 1.68% 765.3 12.9 550.6 9.3 58.123 n-C4H 10 1.68% 765.3 12.9 550.6 9.3 58.123
i-C5H12 0.57% 828.8 4.7 490.4 2.8 72.150 i-C5H12 0.57% 828.8 4.7 490.4 2.8 72.150
n-C5H12 0.32% 845.5 2.7 488.6 1.6 72.150 n-C5H 12 0.32% 845.5 2.7 488.6 1.6 72.150
C6H14 0.63% 913.3 5.8 436.9 2.8 86.177 C6H14 0.63% 913.3 5.8 436.9 2.8 86.177
100.00% 392.7 661.6 20.426 100.00% 392.7 661.6 20.426

## Tr = (100+459.67)/392.7=1.425 Tr = 1.425 (pseudo-reduced temperature)

Pr = 1000/661.6=1.512 Pr = 1.512 (pseudo-reduced pressure)
Z-factor = 0.86 (from Fig.23-4 with Pr and Tr) Z-factor = 0.86 (from Fig.23-4 with Pr and Tr)
Density = 20.426*1000/10.732/0.86/559.67=3.95 lbm/ft3 Density = 3.95 lbm/ft3

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13th EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-2

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-3 - A sour natural gas contains 10 mol% CO 2 and 20 mol% H 2S. The unadjusted values of Tc' and Pc' can be taken as Example 23-3 - A sour natural gas contains 10 mol% CO2 and 20 mol% H2S. The unadjusted values of Tc' and Pc' can be taken as
433.9 deg R and 826.9 psia, respectively. Determine the Z-factor for the gas at 100 deg F and 1000 psia. 433.9 deg R and 826.9 psia, respectively. Determine the Z-factor for the gas at 100 deg F and 1000 psia.
Given: Given:
Pressure = 1000 psia Pressure = 1000 psia
Temperature = 100 deg F Temperature = 100 deg F
Mole fraction H2S = 0.20 Mole fraction H2S = 0.20

## Solution Steps Solution Steps

ε = 29.8 deg F (from Fig. 23-8) ε = 29.8 deg F (from Fig. 23-8)
Calculate adjusted pseudo-critical Temp., Tc' = 433.9-29.8=404.1 degR Calculate adjusted pseudo-critical Temp., Tc' = 404.1 degR
Calculate adjusted pseudo-critical pressure, P c' = 826.9*404.1/(433.9+0.2*(1-0.2)*29.8)=761.7 psia Calculate adjusted pseudo-critical pressure, P c' = 761.7 psia
Calculate pseudo-reduced temperature, Tr' = (100+460)/404.1=1.385 dimensionless Calculate pseudo-reduced temperature, Tr' = 1.385 dimensionless
Calculate pseudo-reduced pressure, Pr' = 1000/761.7=1.313 dimensionless Calculate pseudo-reduced pressure, Pr' = 1.313 dimensionless
From Fig. 23-4, locate Z using Tr' and Pr' = 0.831 dimensionless From Fig. 23-4, locate Z using Tr' and Pr' = 0.831 dimensionless

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13th EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-3

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-3 Calculate the liquid density of a mixture at : Example 23-3 Calculate the liquid density of a mixture at :
Temperature = 120 deg F Temperature = 120 deg F
Pressure = 1760 psia Pressure = 1760 psia
Mixture properties are given below (Fig 23-16) Mixture properties are given below (Fig 23-16)
Component Mole fraction Mol wt Weight, lb Density (60F), lb/cf Volume, cu ft Component Mole fraction Mol wt Weight, lb Density (60F), lb/cf Volume, cu ft
Methane 0.20896 16.043 3.352 - - Methane 0.20896 16.043 3.352 - -
Carbon dioxide 0.39730 44.010 17.485 51.016 0.3427 Carbon dioxide 0.39730 44.010 17.485 51.016 0.3427
Ethane 0.01886 30.070 0.567 - - Ethane 0.01886 30.070 0.567 - -
Propane 0.02387 44.097 1.053 31.619 0.0333 Propane 0.02387 44.097 1.053 31.619 0.0333
n-Butane 0.03586 58.123 2.084 36.423 0.0572 n-Butane 0.03586 58.123 2.084 36.423 0.0572
n-Pentane 0.02447 72.150 1.766 39.36 0.0449 n-Pentane 0.02447 72.150 1.766 39.36 0.0449
n-Hexane 0.01844 86.177 1.589 41.4 0.0384 n-Hexane 0.01844 86.177 1.589 41.4 0.0384
n-Heptane 0.02983 100.204 2.989 42.92 0.0696 n-Heptane 0.02983 100.204 2.989 42.92 0.0696
n-Octane 0.02995 114.231 3.421 44.09 0.0776 n-Octane 0.02995 114.231 3.421 44.09 0.0776
n-Decane 0.18208 142.285 25.907 45.79 0.5658 n-Decane 0.18208 142.285 25.907 45.79 0.5658
n-Tetradecane 0.03038 198.394 6.027 47.85 0.1260 n-Tetradecane 0.03038 198.394 6.027 47.85 0.1260
Total 1.00000 66.241 Total 1.00000 66.241

Calculate density of C3+ = 44.836/1.0128=44.275 lbm/ft3 Calculate density of C3+ = 44.272 lbm/ft3
Weight % C2 in C2+ = 100*0.567/(0.567+44.836)=1.25% Wt % Weight % C2 in C2+ = 1.25 Wt %
Density of CO2+ = (45.403+17.485)/(45.403/44+0.3427)=45.75 lbm/ft3 Density of CO2+ = 45.757 lbm/ft3
Wt % CH4 in Total = 100*3.352/66.241=5.1% Wt % Wt % CH4 in Total = 5.1 Wt %
Pseudo-density of mixture = 42.9 lbm/ft3 (at 60F and 14.7 psia, Fig 23-14) Pseudo-density of mixture = 42.9 lbm/ft3 (at 60F and 14.7 psia, Fig 23-14)
Pressure correction = 0.7 lbm/ft3 (from Fig 23-15) Pressure correction = 0.7 lbm/ft3 (from Fig 23-15)
Density at 60F and 1,760 psia = 42.9+0.7=43.6 lbm/ft3 Density at 60F and 1,760 psia = 43.6 lbm/ft3
Temp correction to 120F from Fig. 23-17 = -1.8 lbm/ft3 Temp correction to 120F from Fig. 23-17 = -1.8 lbm/ft3
Density at 60F and 1,760 psia = 43.6-1.8=41.8 lbm/ft3 Density at 60F and 1,760 psia = 41.8 lbm/ft3

LIMITS LIMITS
Generally applicable to liquids containing components heavier than pentanes (gas saturated or subcooled) at pressures up to 10,000 psia and temperatures from Generally applicable to liquids containing components heavier than pentanes (gas saturated or subcooled) at pressures up to 10,000 psia and
-100F to 600F. Procedure can handle up to 20% N2, 80% CO2, and 30% H2S. Not valid in the critical region. temperatures from -100F to 600F. Procedure can handle up to 20% N2, 80% CO2, and 30% H2S. Not valid in the critical region.
Mixtures at temperatures greater than 150F that contain more than 60 mol% methane or more than 80 mol% CO2 are problem areas. Mixtures at temperatures greater than 150F that contain more than 60 mol% methane or more than 80 mol% CO2 are problem areas.

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13 th EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-4

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-5 Determine the mean average boiling point (MeABP) for a 56.8 deg API petroleum fraction with the Example 23-5 Determine the mean average boiling point (MeABP) for a 56.8 deg API petroleum fraction
following ASTM distillation data. with the following ASTM distillation data.
Distillation data Distillation data
% Over Temp, deg F % Over Temp, deg F
IBP 100 IBP 100
5 130 5 130
10 153 10 153
20 191 20 191
30 217 30 217
40 244 40 244
50 280 50 280
60 319 60 319
70 384 70 384
80 464 80 464
90 592 90 592
EP 640 EP 640

## Slope = (592-153)/80=5.49 Slope = 5.49

VABP = (153+217+280+384+592)/5=325 deg F VABP = 325 deg F
VABP correction = -54.00 deg F (from Fig. 23-18) VABP correction = -54.00 deg F (from Fig. 23-18)
MeABP = 325-54=271 deg F MeABP = 271 deg F

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13th EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-5

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-6 Calculation of molecular weight, using mixture from Example 23-5. Example 23-6 Calculation of molecular weight, using mixture from Example 23-5
Given: Given:
API Gravity = 56.8 deg API API Gravity = 56.8 deg API
MeABP = 271 deg F MeABP = 271 deg F
Convert API Gravity to Sp. Gr. = 141.5/(131.5+56.8)=0.7515 Convert API Gravity to Sp. Gr. = 0.7515
Convert MeABP from deg F to deg R = 271+460=731 deg R Convert MeABP from deg F to deg R = 731 deg R
Calculate MW using Eq. 23-14 = 127 lb/lb-mol Calculate MW using Eq. 23-14 = 127 lb/lb-mol

Valid in the molecular weight range of 70 to 720; MeABP range of 97 to 1,040 deg F; and the API range of 14 to 93. Valid in the molecular weight range of 70 to 720; MeABP range of 97 to 1,040 deg F; and the API range of 14 to 93.

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK 13TH EDITION
EXAMPLE 23-6

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-7 Calculate pseudo-critical temperature and pressure using mixture from Example 23-5 Example 23-7 Calculate pseudo-critical temperature and pressure using mixture from Example 23-5
Given: Given:
MeABP = 271 deg F MeABP = 271 deg F
API = 56.8 deg API API = 56.8 deg API
Convert API gravity to sp. Gr. = 141.5/(131.5+56.8)=0.7515 dimensionless Convert API gravity to sp. Gr. = 0.7515 dimensionless
Pseudo-critical temp = 24.2787(271+460)0.58848 (0.7515)0.3596=1062 deg R (from Eq. 23-16) Pseudo-critical temp = 1,062 deg R (from Eq. 23-16)
Convert pseudo-critical temp to deg F = 1062-460=602 deg F Convert pseudo-critical temp to deg F = 602 deg F
Pseudo-critical pressure = 3.12281(109)(271+460)-2.3125(0.7515)2.3201=386 psia (from Eq. 23-15 & MeABP = 271 deg F) Pseudo-critical pressure = 386 psia (from Eq. 23-15 & MeABP = 271 deg F)

Valid over a range of 80 to 690 MW; 70 to 295 deg F normal boiling point; and 6.6 to 95 degAPI Valid over range of 80 to 690 MW; 70 to 295 deg F normal boiling point; and 6.6 to 95 degAPI

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-7

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-7 -- Calculate the acentric factor. Example 23-7 -- Calculate the acentric factor.
Given: Given:
VAPB = 418 deg F VAPB = 418 deg F
ASTM slope = 0.75 ASTM slope = 0.75
API gravity = 41.0 deg API API gravity = 41.0 deg API

To use Eq. 23-19 we need the average boiling point (MeABP): To use Eq. 23-19 we need the average boiling point (MeABP):

## Correction to VABP = -3 deg F (from Fig. 23-18) Correction to VABP = -3 deg F

MeABP = 418-3 = 415 deg F MeABP = 415 deg F
T, deg R = 415+460 = 875 deg R T, deg R = 875 deg F
S, sp.gr. = 141.5/(131.5+41) = 0.820 dimensionless S, sp.gr. = 0.820 dimensionless
Ppc = 3.12281(109)(875)-2.3125(0.820)2.3201=310 psia (from Eq. 23-15) Ppc = 310 psia (from Eq. 23-15)
Tpc = 24.2787(875)0.58848(0.820)0.3596=1218 deg R (from Eq. 23-16) Tpc = 1,218 psia (from Eq. 23-16)
ω, acentric factor = (3/7)(log 310-log 14.7)/(1218/875-1)-1=0.448 (from Eq.23-19; atmospheric pressure=14.7 psia) ω, acentric factor = 0.448 (from Eq.23-19; atmospheric pressure=14.7 psia)

Above calculation is limited to hydrocarbon mixtures with a boiling point range of 50 deg F or less. Above calculation is limited to hydrocarbon mixtures with a boiling point range of 50 deg F or less.

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-8

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-9 Calculation of gas mixture viscosity. Example 23-9 Calculation of gas mixture viscosity.
Given: Given:
Pressure = 1,000 psia Pressure = 1,000 psia
Temperature = 100 degF Temperature = 100 degF
MW = 22.0 lb/lb-mole MW = 22.0 lb/lb-mole
Tc = 409 deg R Tc = 409 deg R
Pc = 665 psia Pc = 665 psia
Gid = 22/28.9625=0.760 dimensionless Gid = 0.760 dimensionless
μA = 0.0105 cP (from Fig. 23-22 at 100 deg F) μA = 0.0105 cP (from Fig. 23-22 at 100 deg F)
Tr = (100+459.7)/409=1.37 dimensionless Tr = 1.37 dimensionless
Pr = 1000/665=1.50 dimensionless Pr = 1.50 dimensionless
μ/μA = 1.21 dimensionless (from Fig. 23-24) μ/μA = 1.21 dimensionless (from Fig. 23-24)
μ = 1.21*0.0105=0.0127 cP μ = 0.0127 cP

For calculating viscosities of gaseous mixtures with large concentrations of non-hydrocarbons, use Dean and Stiel method. For calculating viscosities of gaseous mixtures with large concentrations of non-hydrocarbons, use Dean and Stiel method.

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-9

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-10 Viscosity estimation for a gas mixture. Example 23-10 Viscosity estimation for a gas mixture.
Given: Given:
Pressure = 300 psia Pressure = 300 psia
Temperature = 50 deg F Temperature = 50 deg F
Methane = 80 mol % Methane = 80 mol %
Nitrogen = 15 mol % Nitrogen = 15 mol %
Carbon dioxide = 5 mol % Carbon dioxide = 5 mol %

mol fract,
Component yi MW Pci , psia Tci, deg R Vci , ft3/lb Vci • MWi • yi Zci • yi Component MW Pci, psia Tci, deg R Vci, ft3/lb Vci • MWi • yi Zci • yi
yi
CH4 0.80 16.043 667.0 343.0 0.0988 1.27 0.2306 CH4 0.80 16.043 667.0 343.0 0.0988 1.27 0.2306
N2 0.15 28.013 492.5 227.2 0.0510 0.21 0.0434 N2 0.15 28.013 492.5 227.2 0.0510 0.21 0.0434
CO2 0.05 44.010 1,069.5 547.4 0.0342 0.08 0.0137 CO2 0.05 44.010 1,069.5 547.4 0.0342 0.08 0.0137
Mixture 1.00 19.237 335.9 1.558 0.2877 Mixture 1.00 19.237 - 335.9 1.558 0.2877

## Solution Steps Solution Steps

Tcm = 335.9 deg R (from Table above) Tcm = 335.9 deg R (from Table above)
Vcm = 1.558 ft3/lb (from Table above) Vcm = 1.558 ft3/lb (from Table above)
Pcm = 0.2877*10.73*335.9/1.558=665.6 psia Pcm = 665.6 psia
Zcm = 0.2877 dimensionless Zcm = 0.2877 dimensionless
ξ = 5.4402*(335.9)0.1666/(665.60.6666 )/(19.23)0.5=0.043 dimensionless (from Eq. 23-20) ξ = 0.043 dimensionless (from Eq. 23-20)
Tr = 1.518 dimensionless Tr = 1.518 dimensionless
ξμA = 0.000489 dimensionless (from Eq. 23-21) ξμA = 0.000489 dimensionless
μA = 0.000489/0.043=0.014 cP (from Eq. 23-22) μA = 0.01140 cP

Use this method for large amounts of non-hydrocarbons. Use this method for large amounts of non-hydrocarbons.

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-10

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-11 -- At 100 deg F and 210 deg F find the viscosities of a heavy condensate having a mid-boiling point of 325 deg F and a Example 23-11 -- At 100 deg F and 210 deg F find the viscosities of a heavy condensate having a mid-boiling point of 325 deg F and a
specific gravity of 0.7688. specific gravity of 0.7688.
Given: Given:
T1 = 100 deg F T1 = 100 deg F
T2 = 210 deg F T2 = 210 deg F
Mid-boiling point, Tb = 325 deg F Range is 0 to 1,100 deg F Mid-boiling point, Tb = 325 deg F Range is 0 to 1,100 deg F
Sp. Gr. = 0.7688 dimensionless Sp. Gr. = 0.7688 dimensionless
Solution Steps Solution Steps
Kw = (325+459.67)0.3333/0.7688=11.99 dimensionless Kw = 11.99 dimensionless
Ln(B) = 4.717+(0.00292*(325+459.67))=7.01 dimensionless Ln(B) = 7.01 dimensionless
B = 2.718287.01=1105.7 psia-1 B = 1,105.7 psia-1
A = ((101.78*(325+459.67)-0.175)-29.263)*11.99/1105.7=0.02646 dimensionless A = 0.02646 dimensionless
η @ 100 deg F = 0.02646*2.71828((1.8*1105.7/(100+459.67)))=0.927 cs η @ 100 deg F = 0.927 cs
η @ 210 deg F = 0.02646*2.71828((1.8*1105.7/(210+459.67)))=0.928 cs η @ 210 deg F = 0.517 cs

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-11

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-12 Find the thermal conductivity of a natural gas. Example 23-12 Find the thermal conductivity of a natural gas.
Given: Given:
Pressure = 700 psia Pressure = 700 psia
Temperature = 300 deg F Temperature = 300 deg F
Tc = 440 deg R Tc = 440 deg R
Pc = 660 psia Pc = 660 psia
Solution Steps Solution Steps
kA = 0.0248 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-deg F)/ft] (from Fig.23-35) kA = 0.0248 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-deg F)/ft] (from Fig.23-35)
Tr = (300+459.67)/440=1.73 dimensionless Tr = 1.73 dimensionless
Pr = 700/660=1.06 dimensionless Pr = 1.06 dimensionless
k/kA = 1.15 dimensionless (from Fig.23-36) k/kA = 1.15 dimensionless (from Fig.23-36)
k = 1.15*0.0248=0.0285 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-deg F)/ft] k = 0.0285 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-deg F)/ft]

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.
CALCULATION SPREADSHEET FOR GPSA ENGINEERING DATA BOOK, 13 th ED.
EXAMPLE 23-12

## GPSA Engineering Data Book 14th Edition

Example 23-13 -- Find the thermal conductivity of the gaseous mixture shown in Fig. 23-41 at 200°F and Example 23-13 -- Find the thermal conductivity of the gaseous mixture shown in Fig. 23-41 at 200°F and one
one atmosphere. atmosphere. For temperatures other than 200 deg F, use thermal conductivities given in Fig.23-35 through Fig.23-38.

Given: Given:
Mole Thermal conductivity, Btu/ (yi)MW-3 (yi )(ki)MW-3 Mole Thermal conductivity, Molecular (yi )MW-3 (yi)(ki )MW-3
Component MW MW-3 Component MW-3
Fraction (hr-ft-degF) Fraction Btu/(hr-ft-degF) wt, MW
CO2 0.10 0.0127 44.01 3.530 0.3530 0.00448 CO2 0.10 0.0127 44.01 3.530 0.3530 0.00448
H2S 0.20 0.0136 34.076 3.242 0.6483 0.00882 H2S 0.20 0.0136 34.076 3.242 0.6483 0.00882
N2 0.05 0.0175 28.013 3.037 0.1518 0.00266 N2 0.05 0.0175 28.013 3.037 0.1518 0.00266
CH4 0.60 0.0258 16.043 2.522 1.5131 0.03904 CH4 0.60 0.0258 16.043 2.522 1.5131 0.03904
C2H6 0.05 0.0176 30.07 3.109 0.1555 0.00274 C2H6 0.05 0.0176 30.07 3.109 0.1555 0.00274
Total 1.00 2.8218 0.05773 Total 1.00 2.8218 0.05773
Solution Solution
km = 0.05773/2.8218=0.0205 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-degF)/ft] (from Eq. 23-30) km = 0.0205 Btu/[(hr-sq.ft.-degF)/ft] (from Eq. 23-30)

The sample calculations, equations and spreadsheets presented herein were developed using examples published in the Engineering Data Book as published by the Gas Processor Suppliers Association as a service to the gas processing industry. All information and calculation formulae has been compiled and edited in cooperation with Gas Processors Association (GPA).
While every effort has been made to present accurate and reliable technical information and calculation spreadsheets based on the GPSA Engineering Data Book sample calculations, the use of such information is voluntary and the GPA and GPSA do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, efficacy, or timeliness of such information. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, calculation method, process, or service by trade-name, trademark, and service mark manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the GPA and/or GPSA.
The Calculation Spreadsheets are provided without warranty of any kind including warranties of accuracy or reasonableness of factual or scientific assumptions, studies or conclusions, or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property.
In no event will the GPA or GPSA and their members be liable for any damages whatsoever (including without limitation, those resulting from lost profits, lost data or business interruption) arising from the use, inability to, reference to or reliance on the information in this Publication, whether based on warranty, contract, tort or any other legal theory and whether or not advised of the possibility of such damages.
These calculation spreadsheets are provided to provide an “Operational level” of accuracy calculation based on rather broad assumptions (including but not limited to: temperatures, pressures, compositions, imperial curves, site conditions etc) and do not replace detailed and accurate Design Engineering taking into account actual process conditions, fluid properties, equipment condition or fowling and actual control set-point dead-band limitations.