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ATLAS GEOGRAPHüs:
Janzéſ. O R, A ::::::::}} 4

Syſtem of Geograp
A N c 1 E N T and Mo D E R N.
C o NT A I N I N G
What is of moſt Ufe in Bleau, Varenius, Cellarius,
Cluverius, Baudrand, Brietius, Sanfon, &c.
w IT H T H E
Diſcoverics and Improvements of the beſt Modern
Au rhoR s to this Time. Illuſtrated with
about 1oo Ncw M. A P S, done from the
lateſt Obſervations, by Herman Moll, Geogra
pher ; and many other C UT S, by the beft
Artifis.

E U R O P E is Two Volumes, with Sixty eight


M A P s, Sanfon’s T A B L e s, &c.
-"
C° { y : : ” {\
V O L. II. 39$3 . U i -
}
T

In the s A yor:
Printed by fohn. Nutt; and Sold by Benjamin Barker and Charleſ King
in Weſtminſter-Hall.; Benjamin Tooke at the Middle-Temple Gate ; Milliam
Taylor at the Ship in Pater-Noſter-Kow : Henry Clements, át the Half Moºn
in St. Paul's Church-yard ; Richard Parker and Ralph Smith under the
Piazza of the Royal-Exchange; and John Morphem near Stationers
Hall. MDCCXI.
| ;

A D V E R T HS E M E N T
E: O P E being finiſh'd, except Great Britain and Ireland, which is :
’, now preparing for the Prefs; and as Informations and Accounts of
Places come in, they are inferted in their County, &c. It is entituled, .
Britannia & Hiberniae Antiqua ở Nova; in which will be a new and accurate
Map of each County, with the Wapentacks, Laths, Hundreds, &c. and :
all the Roads exaćtly mark'd. In the Whole will be about 1oo Maps, and ·
many Cuts, We have received Accounts from above Ioo Perfons, each :
giving an Account of fome or more confiderable Places, and many more
are doing; as, a Gentleman will give a particular Account of Eaton College,
họw endow'd, what Livings in their Gift, &c. another that of Winchester,
with William of Wickham's Life, his Foundations, Charities, &c., and fo of:
moſt other Places in Great Britain and Ireland. In lefs than Six Months we i
fhall begin to print, and ſhall do the Counties in Alphabetical Order, as i.
Bedfordſhire, Berkſhire, Buckinghamſhire, Cambridgeſhire, Cheſhire, Cornwal, &c.,
Gentlemen are defired to fend in what Accounts : think proper for this :
Deſign to John Nutt, Priuter, in the Savoy, paying Poftage.
F R A N. C : E. 972
- *
*..*
º.

C H A P. XXX.

F R A N C E,
AS the Britiſh Channel and the the W. as the Britiſh Sea does on the N.
Netherlands on the N. the Me The Netherlands break in alfo upon it on
diterranean and the Pyrenean the N. as does Germany and Italy upon the là
Hills on the S. the Rhine, Swift La Forreſt, including the New Conquests,
ferland, Savoy, and Piedmont, on makes it 25 o French Leagues from E. to W.
the E. and the Ocean on the W. But we which is 75 o Engliſh Miles, and 2oo Leagues
muft obferve, That when the French Geo from S. to N. which is 6oo Miles. Baud
graphers make the Rhine, Swiſſerland, and rand makes it 78o in Length, and 69o in
Fiedmont, their Boundaries on the E. they Breadth. , Brietius makes it 74o Miles long,
include their prefent King's Uſurpations of and 54o broad. So much do their own
Alſace, Burgundy, and Savoy. La Forreſt pla Geographers differ among themfelves.
ces it in the middle of the Northern Tem Moll makes it from the Frontiers of Rouf.
perate Zone, betwixt 42 and 5 1 Deg of fillon to Calais about 5o2 Miles from S. te
Lat. and betwixt 15 and 3o Deg. of Long. N. From Bayonne to Antibes on the S. Side,
The proper Boundaries of France are, ac he makes 37o from E. to W. From Rochel
cording to Baudrand, the Britiſh Sea from to Geneva about the Middle 277. And from
* about Calais to the furtheft Part of Britany Breft to the Frontiers of Lorrain on the N.
on the N. the Pyrenean Mountains, by about 375. The Curious, by cafting their
which’tis divided from Spain for 8o Leagues, Eye on the Engliſh Map of France, lately
and the Mediterranean Sea, on the S. that done and corrected according to the Obfer
which he calls the Aquitain Ocean, and the vations of the Royal Academy of Sciences
, great French Bay, the fame which Sanſºn at Paris, may fee how much too far Sanfon
čalis the great Sea, the Sea of Gafony or the has extended their Coaſts in the Mediter
Bay of Bistay, on the W. and Germany, Swif ranean, the Bay of Biſcay, and the Britif,
ferland, and Italy, on the E. from which'tis Channel, which takes confiderably off from
divíded by the Alps; fo that it contains the its Dimenſions : Befides, that reckons the
greatest Part of Ancient Gaul, viz. all g: *ğeateſt Length to be
*: za 7 8o Miles, and the
Žía Aquitanica, and all Galia Celtica, ::::::: Breadth 486.
swig-Fland i all Gallia Narbonenſis, excèpe Sæ. -

voy; and the greateſt Part of Gallie Belgica:


šố that making the above-mention'd Abåte: : A N c I E N T G A U L.
ments, it lies, according to Sanſon, betwixe
15 and 29 Deg of Long and from 42. I 2. Ti; E Length, according to strabo, from
to 5 1 of Lat. which makes it from S. toN. the Temple of Venus in the furthermoft
about 53o Miles, and from E. to W. 84o. of the Pyrenees, to the Mouth of the River
which muft not be underſtood as if it were Varo or Var, which falls into the Sea near
of equal Breadth and Length in all Parts, Niece, is 277 Miles; but he fays nothing
becauſe the Mediterranean forms great Bays certain as to its Breadth. Ptolny reckons
on the S. the great Ocean does the like on the Length, from the Promontory Gobtuza,
Ii i iii IìO"W.
98a F R A W C * E.
now Cape St. Mahe near Conquet in Brittany, were 3oo diftinct People in Gaul, and above
to Mount Adala, now Mont St. Goddard in 8oo Towns.
the Alps, betwixt Milan and Swiſſerland, to Their Vices were reckon’d Cruelty and
be 62 o; and the Breadth, from the Tem Imprudence, or Levity. Strabo and Livy
ple of Venus above-mentioned to the moſt prove their Cruelty by their Cuſtom of
Eafterly Mouth of the Rhine, to be 37o. drinking out of the Skulls of their Enemies,
The Climate was reckon'd moift, which tip'd with Gold ; by their facrificing Men,
Seneca afcrib’d to the Temper of the Sky, when they thruft thein through with Darts,
and Strabo to its Rivers. The Emperor Ja faften'd them to Croffes, or burnt them on
lianus faid, the Cold was not exceffive ; fo Piles of Wood with other Animals : That
that what ancient Authors fay on the con they made their Divinations from the Palpi
trary, Brietiue thinks muft be afcribed to tation and Blood of dying Men ; and that,
Gallia Belgica. Senesa fays, 'twas windy ; according to Ceſar, they put to Death him.
and becauſe that called Circius, which Brie that came laft to their Councils of War
siue reckons the N. W. by W. tho' others with all manner of Torments. Their Im
reckon it a S. Wind, was the moft violent, prudence or Levity is prov’d by 4 Inſtan
Augustus dedicated a Temple to it : And be ces: 1. Becaufe they ſhow'd more Courage
cauſe they had few or no poifonous Ani than Judgment in Battle, fays Polybiu; and
mals, the Inhabitantsus’d the Juice of Yew were rafh, fays Strabo, :::: made them an
Tree for Poifon. Strabo, Mela, and Salinae, eafy Conqueft to the Romans. 2. Becauſe
fay, 'twas fruitful in Corn and Pasturage, they examin’d Strangers and Merchants,
and abounded with Cattle of all kinds. and according to their Reports did frequent
Pliny and Strabo, and moſt of the Ancients, ły determine their greateſt Affairs. 3. Be
fay, it had no Wine, which muft have pro caufe, according to Platarch and Polientu, they
ceeded from the Ignorance of the Inhabi admitted Women to Council, and many
tants to cultivate their Vines; for the Vines times made War by their Advice. 4. Be
of Berry, and the Vines of Auvergne, were caufe, fays Cæſar, when their Neighbours
very early taken Notice of , strabo, fays, were injur'd, they would straightway take
That it produc’d all the Fruits that Italy to Arms, as if they had been injur'd them
did, except Figs and Olives; but this he felves. -

underſtood of Galia Celtica. Strabo fays, Their Virtues taken Notice of by the
it abounded with Gold, and that there were Ancients are, 1. Fortitude or Courage, fo
Mines in the Montas Cemenii, now the Ce that they contemn’d Death, and would not
vennet; and Auſonius calls the River Tarn, leave their Houfes when falling or burning,
which rifes in that Country, and falls into fays Ælianu; and reckon'd it the greateft
the Garonn, a Golden River. The People of Difgrace to lofe Ground in Battle, fays Leº
Gallia Celtica us’d to hide their Treaſure in Imperator; and hence it came, that they
Marſhes ; on which Account, when the are apt to quarrel with one another, and to
Romans fubdued the Country, they let out fight to Death for Trifles. Cefar and Athe
the Marfhes, where great Quantities of Sil netu fay, fome of ’em us'd to vow they
ver were frequently found. , strabo fays, would never return from Battle, except
their Riches were alfo advanc’d by the Ri they came off Conquerors; and hence 'twas
vers, which made the Exportation of their they ftruck fuch a Terror into the Romans,
Commodities eafy. He adds, they were that they difpens’d with their Law, which
very populous, fo that their Woods and exempted Prieſts and old Men from Arms
Marſhes were inhabited, which he afcribes in ::of thei: w: with the G:i:Aná
to the Fruitfulnefs of their Women. The tho' at firſt they forc'd them to labour the
Truth of this, fays Brietius, appears from Ground, in order to allay their Courage,
the vaſt Colonies which the Celte fent into yet afterwards moft of their Cavalry was
Spain, Germany, Ilyricum, Italy, Grecia, and compos’d of Gauls. Brietiga owns however,
Afia; and that the Arverni frequently op that theirTemper was much like their Snow ;
pos’d the Romans with 2ooooo. Men ; and that they were eaſily melted by Heat and
Strabo fays, they fought Julius Cafar with Fatigue; that at firſt Onfet they were more
3ooooo; and according to Appianus, there than Men, and at the 2d lefs than Women,
~ 23
F R A N C E. 981
as Livy, Ffaru, and other Ramans, write of and adorn'd them with Horns and Images
'em. 2. That they were ſimple, plain of Birds and Beaſts, fays Diodoru. Their
kearted, Strangers to Trick, and eaſily per Swords were long and heavy, of foft Iron,
fwaded to any thing, fays Strabº ; and Hir ill ſhapºd, and without a Point, fay Livy
tiu informs us, That every Man had Liber and Plutarch. They us'd to adorn them
ty to object againſt what was propoſed in with Coral, and hang them in an Iron Chain
Council; but if any of them proved obſti at their Right Side, fay : ånd Plizy.
nate în Speech, the Listor would threaten They made ufe of a Chariot with ſharp
him with his Sword; and if he perfifted, Beaks, the fame with that called Covinum
would cut off fo much of his upper and Effedum. In Peace, the Men made ufe
Garment as made the reſt ufeleſs. 3. Sta of a light Chariot called Rheda, and the
kau fays, they were fo hoſpitable, that they Women of one called P.torium, a fort of a
put to Death fuch as kill'd Strangers; Waggon with 4 Wheels. They had alſo
whereas they only baniſh’d fuch as kill'd Darts of feveral forts ; and according to
their own Countrymen: And for this Rea Strabo and Diodoru, made ufe of Dogs in
fon the Inhabitants guarded the Heracles Battle.
Pia, or Road from Italy to the Celtiberi, left Their Houfes were for moſt part in
Paffengers ihould receive any Damage; for Woods, and fometimes by Rivers in hot
if they did, thofe in whoſe Diſtrict the In Weather. Ceſar fays, they cover’d them
jury was done, were obliged to make it with Straw ; and Straho, that they were
good. 4. Strabo fays, they were very fo round, with heavy Roofs. Stobæus fays,
ber, and avoided growing fat; fo that if they never ſhut their Doors, nor walled
any young Man exceeded the Compafs of their Towns, till they learn’d it from the
the Girdle affign'd him, he was fure to be Greek Colony at Marſeilles. Cæſar and Poly
baniſh'd. 5. They were fo chaft, that Ja bius fay, they flept on the Ground upon
liantu fays, they married only for Procrea Straw, or Skins of Beafts. •

tion ; and if any married too young, they Their Way of Eating was upon the
baniſh’d him with Ignominy to Marſeilles, Ground, cover'd with Skins of Wolves or
fays St. Clement, which was polluted with Dogs, or fometimes upon Beds, and the
the Lewdnefs of the Greeks; and hence 'twas moſt honourable Place was in the middle.
that Gaul became fo populous. 6. They The younger People ferv'd them at Meals.
were Lovers of Learning. Mela fays, they Their Diſhes were Canifters made with
had Druids who inſtru&ed them in Wiſdom Withs, and their Cups of Earth or Silver,
and Eloquence ; and that they hir’d Phy made like Pots. They leaven’d their Bread,
ficians and Sophifts. Strabo and Diodorus to make it light, delighted in freſh and falt
fay, they were no Strangers to Learning; Pork, and in Wild Beafts kill'd with poi
tho' Serviu, Firmicus, and Julianus, fay, they fon’d Darts, which they thought made them
were dull, fooliſh, and ſtupid. eat more tender; but they immediately cut
As to their Stature, Cæſar and Hirtius fay, out the wounded Part, to prevent its infećł
they were tall, and therefore deſpis'd the ing the reft, as we are informed by Strabo,
Romans. Strabo, Livius, Diodorus, and Vir Pliny, and Diodorus. They boil'd or roafted
gil, fay, they wore Gold Chains about their their Meat, held whole Joints in both their
Necks, nouriſh’d their Hair, and made it fo Hands, which they tore with their Teeth ;
ſtrong, that 'twould ftand upright; that and if they could not mafter it fo, made
.’twas generally of a Gold or Yellow Co uſe of a Knife, fays Atheneus. The better
lour, and wore long Beards; but their No Sort drunk Italian Wine, mix’d with a lit
bles us'd to ſhave their Cheeks, and wore tle Water; and they alſo made feveral Sorrs
their Beards fo long, that they mix’d with of Malt Liquor, fipping and ſpitting as
their Meat and Drink. Their Arms were they drank, fays Amianum.
a long and a fhort Buckler; the fhorter a- . ' Their Funerals were very magnificent,
dorn’d with the Shapes of Animals and Co and they us'd to burn with the Deceas'd his
ral, fay Livy, Polybius, and Pliny. Their Servants, Vastals, Horfes, and foamething
Helmets, according to Diadorus, were of of whatever was grateful or uſeful to him,
Brafs; the better Sort they çall'd Mirmillonium, put Lefters into their Funeral Pile,fome
and
I i i i i i 2
982 F R A N C E.
fometimes threw themfelves into it ; and perhaps the fame with Pluto, onuana, and
they refer’d the demanding of what was Diana Arduina, the unclean Dæmons of Dae
borrow’d from, or lent to the Deceas’d, to Jiu mentioned by St. Auguſtin.
the Infernal Gods. They likewife 'us'd to Their Prieſts were the Drayde, whoſe
ſpend whole Nights in she Sepulchres of Name Brietius takes to be derived from
valianº Men, where they confulted their Afòs, an Oak. The Greeks call them Sem
Oraeleſ, as we are informed by Ceſar, Mela, nothei ; i. e. Worſhipers of the Gods, Eu
Diodorus, Valeriaw, Maximus, and Tertullian. fathius calls them Samothei from zaſaſt, be
Their Commodities were, Linen, Cloth caufe of their excellent Learning; but ce
for making Sails, Gammons of Bacon, their nalis thinks they were fo called from samor
Hogs being of a large Size, Chines of Pork, Diº, which is favour'd by what Cefir fays,
Sauſages, great Quantities of Braſs, Horfes, viz. That the Gauls boafted that Dis was
Dogs, Wool, Spikenard for making Trea their Father. Thefe Prieſts were alſo called
cle, coarfe Wool, and Purple Berries for Sarunides, from Saro, faid to be the 3d King
Dying ; as we find in Cafar, Ovid, Oppian, of the Gauls. Their Bufinefs was to teacň
Strabo, Galen, and Pliny. Youth. They concealed their Myſteries,
Their Language is controverted among got many Verfes by Heart, difputed Points
the Learned : Ceſar fays, the Celta, Belge, of Philoſophy, believ'd the Immortality of
and Aquitani, differ’d in Language and Man the Soul, gather'd Miffeltoe at a certain
ners ; but Sidonius thinks they differ’d only Time of the Year, and fat in Judgment,
in Diale&t, and that the Celtic was their efpecially upon Slaughter. There was one
general Language. Glareanus thinks 'twas of ’em over all the reft, and fometimes
the German on this Side the Rhine ; but Ta they contended for this Poſt by Arms. Some
eittu refutes this Miftake, when he fays, the think the Town of Dreux in the Iſle of France
Gothini in Germany were not originally of had its Name from them, and was their
that Country, becaufe they fpoke the Galic chief Seat.
Tongue. Others think they fpoke Greek, Their Vater, according to Strabo; or Eu.
becaufe Cefar found Books in the Camp of bages, according to Amianus, facrific’d and
the Helvetii, with the Soldiers Names writ enquir’d into the Secrets of Nature, Their
ten in Greek, and becaufe in Strabo's Time Bards, which in the old Gauliſh Tongue fig
their publick Writings were in that Lan nifies a Singer, were their Poets and :#
guage ; but this is alfo a Miftake, other cians, who fung the great A&tions of their
wife Q. Cicero, when beſieg'd by the Gault, Captains, and had fo much Authority, fays
would not have wrote to Ceſar in Greek, left Diodorus, that by their Songs they could
his Letters ſhould be intercepted : So that hinder a Battle. -

Brietin, is of the fame Opinion with Tacitus, We have formerly mentioned their facri
that the Gauls fpoke the fame Language ficing of Men, and making Divinations
with the Britains, and gives feveral Welch from their Manner of falling, and from
Words to prove it. -
their Blood ; to which Ceſar adds, That
Authors differ likewife about their Reli fometimes, to avoid infe&tious Difeafes, or
gion. Tully fays, they had none; but Livy imminent publick Dangers, they devoted
contradi&ts him; and Cefar fays, they had themfelves to Death, and offer’d Sacrifice,
many Gods, the chief of whom was Mercu with the Affifiance of the Druids ; and
ry, by them called Teutates or Teutanes. They when they worſhip’d, they difforted their
worſhip’d Jupiter by the Name of Taramis, Bodies fometimes to the Right, and fome
which in their Language fignified Thunder, times to the Left, according to Pliny and
and thought him to be reprefented by the Athenæus. -

talleft Oaks. They frequently devoted all Their Government feems not always to
they took in War to Hefa or Estu, who was have been of one Form. Livy fays, That
their Mars, and by them reckon'd the Heir . in the Time of Tarquinius Prifas, the Bi
of all the Gods, fay Cefar and Ulpian. They turgie, or thofe of Berry, gave a King to,
worſhip’d Belenus or Belis as Apollo, who Brie all Celtica: But in Procefs of Time they
zins thinks was Tertullian's Tibelemus, and Sca alter'd the Form, fome being for Mo
iger's Abellie. They alſo worſhip'd Serapis, narchy, and others for Ariſtocracy. . În
|- Gafar's
F ,R A W C E. |- 933.
ceſar's Time, the Averni, the People of tice of the famous Controverfy betwixt Ho
Auvergne, and the Hedui, or the People of tomanu and Matharella, about the ancient
Autun, created their own Magiſtrates ; Government of Gaul and France. The for
and the Senones, Sequani, and Bellovaci ; mer, in his Book called Franco-Galia, affer
i. e. the People of Sens, Franche County, ted, and brought many Authorities to prove,
and thofe of Beauvais, or the Beauvoiſin, That their ancient Government was Ariſto
chofe themfelves Kings from among the cratical; moſt oftheir Communities, which
moſt valiant, fays Cefar; but at laft they were called Free, being govern’d by the
were all conquer’d by him, and the Coun Council of the Optimates, or chief Men,
try fuffer'd much under the Roman Empe and the reſt had Kings; but they all agreed
rors till Maximinus, who with Decius repul in this, That at a certain Time of the Year,
fed the Germans. In Gallienas's Reigń, they they met in a publick Council of the whole
were alfo much harrafs’d by the Germans, Nation, and determin’d their chief Affairs.
who at that Time, fays Brietius, were firſt This he fupports by the Authority of Cæſar,
called Francs by Aurelius Vistor. Then they Tacitus, and Strabo. Such among 'em as
were govern’d by 9 of the 3 o Tyrants, the were Kings, he fays, had but very fmall
chief of which were, Poſthumus, Lollianus, Dominions, and were afterwards fucceeded
Marius, Vistorinu, Vistoria his Wife, and Te by thofe called by latter Ages, Dukes,
tricus, who was conquer’d by Aurelianus. Counts, and Marquiffes ; and tho' Heredi
They were afterwards more cruelly harraf tary at laft, yet were chofen at first, and
fed by the Germans under Probus, Diocleſian, fubjećt to the General Council, who had a
and Confantin, when they had alfo Dome Power to depoſe them upon Male-Admini
fick Broils ; Magnentius being chofen their ftration ; and Hotomanus pleads, that this
Generał at Augaftodunum, now Autun; and continued to be their Conſtitution till the
Sylvanus the like afterwards, who was kill'd Time of Lewis XI. So that their ancient
at Cologne. Julian the Apoſtate repulſed the Reguli, or little Hereditary Kings, mentio
invading Germans, who renewed their Incur ned by the Romans, feem to have been the
fions under Jovian and Valentinian, by whom Proprietors of the fmall Dominions they
were called in the Burgundians, the Enemies govern'd ; but their great Kings, who gq
of the Germans. Their Condition was as vern’d feveral Communities, were not He
bad under Valens and Gratian, eſpecially reditary, but chofen by the People for their
when the latter was killed by the Tyrant Juſtice and Valour, as appears by the Speech
Maximus; and at the fame time that Part of Ambiorex in Cefar's Commentaries, De
called Armorica, now Brittany, was feiz’d by Bell. Gad. Lib. 5. Se Sf. 27. where he fàys,
the Britains. But Matters were fettled by That the Nature of his Government was
Theodofus, and Valentinian II. was reſtored to fuch, that the People had as much Power
the Western Empire. Under Honorius, the over him, as he had over them. Hotomanus
barbarous Nations invaded Gaul. When wrote this Book at the Ele&or Palatiné’s
the Francs were drove out, the Goths feiz’d Court; and confidering the Learning of the
the Provinces of Aquitain and Narbon, as the Man, who was fam’d for his Knowledge of
Burgundians did the Franche County, and the the Law, and that he was alſo a Native of
neighbouring Regions. . In the Time of France, the French Court was fo much alarm’d
Kalentinian III. Aetius might have reſtor’d the at it, that they employ’d Matharellus, who
Roman Empire here, he having drove, Fara was alfo a Lawyer, and had a great Poſt un
mond, and his Son Clodita Comatiu, bềyond der the Queen Mother, to anfwer him in a
the Rhine ; but he was hinder’d by the Em Book, Entitl'd, Ad Franc. Hotomani Francº
peror's Envoy. Meroveus was then called Galliam Reſponſo, &c. Upon which, if any
into Gaul againſt Attila, who being con Man caſt his Eye, he may foon perceive,
quer’d, and Dietu at the fame time taken that Matharellu, makes more ufe of Railing
off, the Francs fettled in Gallia Belgica, where than Argument, comes much fhort of Hito
the Country was firft called France, and manus in his Authorities, and gives up that
: up by degrees to the prefent Monar abolute Power which has fince been claim’d:
y. by the French Kings; tho’ he strains their
Gn this Occaſion, 'tis proper to fake No Prerogative very high. - .
|- |
*

984 . F R A N° C E.
For the better underſtanding the Roman vence. 16. Anatili, the People of Craw and
Hiſtorians, and the ancient Geography of Carmague, their Capital Maritima, -

Fraues, we have thought fit to give the Ac 17. Commoni, the Diocefes of Marfeille, Thus
count of the Divifions of it by Augustus lon, Freias, their Capital Mafilis, Marſeille.
and the Notitia Imperii, with their Modern 18. Salaf, Lepontis, Veregri, Sedumi, Vedian
Names. tii, Libici, Taurini, which properly belong
When Augustis had overcome Antony, ob to Italy, as will appear afterwards.
tain’d the Empire, and fettled Italy, he went
into Gaul, where he ftay’d fome Time, and
divided that rich Country into Provinces ; 2. A Q U I TA N I A,
which being often chang'd, were at laft
made 17, as will appear by the Notitia Hm Which contains, 1. Tarbelli, the People
perir. In the firſt place, he divided Gaul of Bearn and Baſques, their Capital Aques.
into 4 large Tracts, and retained all the old Tarbelice, Baionne, or Acqs. 2. Convena, the
Names, but that of Celtica, in whoſe place People of Bigarre, Cominge, and Conferans,
he fubſtituted Lugdunenfis; and becaufe thofe their Capital Lugdunum, St. Bertrand. v 3. Da
Diviſions were unequal, he took fome from tii, the Diocefe of Dax, their Capital Taßa,
one, and added to another. The firft Di Dax. 4. Aufsii, the Diocefes of Auſch,
wifion was Leffoure, Ayre, their Capital Auguſta, Aufth.
5. Bituriges Vibifci, the People of Bºurdelois,
their Capital Burdigala, Bºrdeaux. 6. Vaſa
N A R B O N E N S 1 S, tes, the People of Bazados, their Capital
Cofio, Bafas. 7. Nitiobriger, the People of
VV: contair’d, 1. The Folee Testo Agenois, their Capital Aginnum, Aagen. 8. Ca
fages, inhabiting the Juriſdictions of durci, the People of Quercy, their Capital
Narbon and Tholoufe, being the W. Part of Deseona, Cahors. 9. Heleuteri, the People of
Languedoc. 2. The Folce Arecomici, inhabi Albigeois, their Capital Albiga, Alby. Io. Ru
ting the E. Part of Languedoc, whoſe Capi theni, the People of Rouergue, their Capital
tal was Nijmes. 3. The Helvii, the People Segodunum, Rodez, 11; Gabali, the People
of the Vivaretz, their Capital Albagusta, Vi of Gévaudan, their Capital Anderidam, Mande.
viers. 4. The Allobrºges, the People of Sa 12. Velauni, the People of Velay, their Ca
voy, Dauphine, &c. their Capital Vienne. pital Reuefo le Puy. 13. Arverni, the People
5. The segalauni, the People of Valentinois, of Auvergne and Bourbonnois, their Capiral
their Capital Valentia, Valenee. 6. The Cen Gergobia, Clermont. 14. Bitariges Cabi, the
trones, the People of Val de Morienne, their People of Berry, their Capital Avaricum,Bour
Capital Forwm Claudii, Moufier in Tarentatt. ges. 15. Lemovices, the People of Limofin,
7. The caturiges, the People of the Diocefe their Capital Ratiastrum, Limoge. 16. Petro
of Gap, their Capital Vapincum, Gap. 8. Se corii, the People of Perigord, their Capital
gufini, the People of the Marquifate of Sa Vefuma, Perigueux. . 17. Santoner, the People
Ja and the Brianromois, their Capital Segnfiam, of Xaintonge, their Capital Mediolamium, Xain
Sufa. 9. Ebroduntii, the People of the Dio tes. . 18. Pistoner, the People of Poitou, their
cefe of Embrun, their Capital Ebrodunum, Em Capital Limonum, Poistiers.
brun. 1 o. Datiani, the People of the Dio
cefes of Glandeve, Vence, Grace, their Capi
tal Antipolis, Antibe. I 1. Vocontii, the Inha 3. L U G D U N E N S IS,
bitants of the Diois, Baronies, &c. their Ca
pital Vafio, Vaifon. 12. Triraffini, the Peo Which contain'd, 1. Segufeni, the People
ple of the Dioceſe of st. Pol, their Capital of Lionnois, &c. their Capital Lugdunum,
Auguffa, St. Pol de Tricaffin. , 13. Cavarer, Lions. 2. Helvetii, the Swifrs, and parti
the County of Avignon, their Capital Avi cularly the Rauraci, the People of the Dio
nio, Avignon. 14. Mimeni, the Diocefes of cefe of Bafºe. 3. Sequaxi, People of Franche
Sisteron, Digne, &c. their : Durio, Siste County, their Capital Wifontio, Beſançon. 4. Lin
ron. I 5. Salii, the Diocefes of Aix and genes, People of the Diocefe of Longres,
Arles, their Capital Aquæ Sextie, Aix in Pro their Capital Andomatunum, Langres. 5. Va
|- - dicaſes,
F R A W C E. 985
diraſs, the People of Nivernoir, their Ca their Capital Ceſaromague, Beastair: 2. Am
pital Nºviodunum, Nevert. 6. . AEdui, the biani, the People of the Diocefe of Amiens,
Dutchy of Burgundy, their Capital Auguſto their Capital Samarabrina, Amiens. 3. Pero
dunum, Autum. 7. Senones, the People of the mandui, the People of Vermandais, their
Dioceſes of Sens and Auxerre, their Capital Capital Augusta Feromanduorum, Vermand Ab
Augendicum, Sens. 8. Trecaſſet, the People bey. 4. Morini, the People of the Diocefe
of the Diocefe of Troyer, their Capital Au of Tervuane, their Capital Teruanna, Teroueme.
gufonens, Troyes. 9. Melda, the People of 5. Nervii, the People of Hainault, &c. their
the Diocefe of Meaux, their Capital Jati Capital Bagacam, Bavay. 6. Menapii, a Peo
snm, Meaux, 1o. The Parifi, People of ple of Flanderr and Brabant, their Capital
the Diocefe of Paris, their Capital Lucotefia, Castellum Menapiorum, Keffel, or Mount Caffèä.
Paris. 11. Carnutes, the People of the Dio 7. Toxandri, the People of Zealand, their
cefes of Chartres and Orleans, their Capital Capital Helium Castellum, the Briel. 8. Bata
Autricam, Chartres. 12. Velocafés, the Peo vi, the People of Holland and Guelderland,
ple of the Diocefe of Rouen, their Capital their Capital Lugdunum, Leyden 9. Tungri,,
Ratomagas, Rowen. 13. Caletes, the Inhabi or Germani, the People of Liege, &c. their
tants of the Country of Caux, their Capi Capital Vatuta, Tangeren. 1o. Treviri, the
tal Juliobona, l'Istebønne, 14. Lexovii, the Peo People of Trever, their Capital Augusta Tre
ple of the Diocefe of Lifeux, their Capital virorum, Treves, 11. Vangioner, the People
Noviomagus, Lifeux. I 5. Aulerci, contain of Ments, their Capital Bermetomagne, Wormes.
ing, 1. Eburovices, the People of the Dio 12. Nemeter, the People of the Diocefe of
cefe of Eureux, their Capital Mediolanam, Spire, their Capital Neomagus, Spire. 13. Tri
Eureux. 2. Cenomani, the People of Maine, bećci, the People of the Diocefe of Strasburg;
their Capital Vindunum, le Manr. 3. Diablin: their Capital Argenreratum, strasburg. 14. Me
tes, the People of Perche, or of the Diocefe diomatrices, the Inhabitants of the Country
of Dol, their Capital Novidunum, Nogent le of Mefn, &c. their Capital Diuodurum, Metz.
Retrou, or Pol. 16. sefui, the People of the 15. Leuci, the Inhabitants of the Diocefes
Diocefe of seez, their Capital Vagoritum, Seez. of Thul and Verdun, their Capital Tuffum, ,
17. Bidueafs, the People of the Diocefe of Toul. 16. Rhemi, the People of the Dio
Baieux, their Capital Juliobona, Baieux. 18. U. cefe of Rheims, &c. their Capital Durocºrra
nelli, the People of the Diocefe of Coutance, rum, Rheims, 17. Suestones, the People of:
their Capital Cofdie, Cºutance. 19. Abrin the Diocefe of Soifons, their Capitał Augusta
tatui, the People of the Diocefe of Au Suefnum, Soifons.
ranche, their Cap. Ingena, Auranche. 2o. Rhe
dnes, the People of the Diocefes of Remes,
St Malo, &c. their Capital Cendate, Rennet. The Divifon of Gaul, according
2 r. offiżii, the People of the Diocefes of to the Notitia Imperii.
se. Peł and Triguier, their Capital Forganium,
St. Pol de Leon. 22. Curioſolite, the People
of Cºrnoaille, their Capital Curiofilitæ, Kim 3 I S not certain when this Notitia was:
fer Carentin. 23. Veneti, the People of the writ ; but 'tis reafonably conjećtur'd,
Diocefe of Vannes, their Capital Dariorigum, that 'twas between the Reign of Confiantinº
Faxnes. 24. Namnete, the People of the and that of Arcadius and Honoriut. The fillt:
County of Nantes, their Capital Candivincum, Diviſion was * *

Nantes. 25. Andecavi, the People of An


jes, their Capital Juliomaga, Angers. 26. Tu L U G. D. U N E N S IS,
rºmes, the People of Touraine, their Gapital
Ceſarodunum, Tours.
Containing, 1. The Civitates Lugdunen
fu»; i, e the Diocefe of Lions. 2. Ædus--
4. B E L G I ĆA, ram, alias Augustodunum, Autun. " 3. Lingº
mum, Langres, 4. Castrum Matijemen'e, Maf
which contain'd, 1. servati, the People een. 5. Cafirum Caballionenfe, Chalons on rhe
of the Dioceſes of Beauvait and Smlir, Sass, This was the first Divifion of::
(**
986 F R A N C E.
Province, fometimes join'd with the 4th, bianenſium, Amiens. 15. Bonnienfum, Beals
and called Confularis. nois on the Sea.
The 2d Divifion, which was fometimes
join'd with the 3d, and called Prefidalis,
contain’d the Civitates or Diocefes, f. Reto 3. G E R M A N I A.
magenfium, Rouen. 2. Baiocaſium, Baieux. 3. A
brincatuorum, Auranches, 4. Ebroicorum, Eu The firſt Divifion, or higher, called cºn
reux. 5. Sagiorum or Saioram, Sees, 6. Lexo fularis, contain'd the Dioceſes, 1. Magentia
viorum, Lifieux. 7. Conſtantienſium, Coutance. cenſium, Mentz. 2. Argentoratenſium, or Stra
The 3d Divifion fometimes join d with tiburgo, Strasburg. 3. Nemetum, or Spira,
the 2d, and called Præfidalis, contain’d the Spire. 4. Vangionum, or Vormacia, Wormes.
Civitates or Diocefes, 1. Turonum, Touraine. 5. Agrippinenfum, or Colonia, Cologne.
2. Cenomanorum, Mans. 3. Redonum, Renner, The 2d or Lower Germany, called Confula
St. Brieu, and St. Malo, and perhaps Dol. ris, contain'd thefe Diocefes; 1. Agrippi
4. Nannetum, Nantes. 5. Andegavorum, An menſium, or Colonia, Cologne. 2. Tungrorum,
gerr, or Anjou. 6. Ciantium, Wanner. 7. Cu the People of the Diocefe of Liege.
roſopitorum, Cºrnoaide. 8. Ofiſmiorum, St. Pol
de Leon, and Triguier. 9. Diablintum, other
wife Carifer. Some think it Nogent le Rº 4. V 1 E N N E N s 1 s.
trou in Perche, and others Dol.
The 4th Divifion fometimes join'd with The firft Divifion, which was fometimes
the firft, called alfo Senontia Prºfidalis, con join'd with the 3d, called Viennenfis Conſula
rain'd the Civitates or Diocefes, 1. Senonum, ris, contain’d the Diocefes, 1. Viennenſium,
Sens. 2. Carnutum, Chartres. 3. Antifado Vienne. 2. Genevenfium, Geneve. 3. Gratia
rum, Auxerre. 4. Trecaſſium, Troyes in Cham nopolitanorum, Grenoble. 4. Albenfum, now
pagne. 5. Aurelianorum, Orleans, 6. Pari Vivario, Viviers. 5. Deenſium, or Dienſium,
forum, Paris. 7. Meldarum, Meaux. and Dicienfum, Die. 6. Valentinorum, Va
, The 5th Divifion, otherwife called Maxi lence. 7. Zritafinorum, St. Pol de Tricaffin, or
ma Sequanorum Præfdalis, contain'd the Ci Trois Chaffeaux. 8. Vafonenſium, Vaifon. 9. A
vitates or Diocefes, 1. Criſpolinorum, or Ve rauficorum, Orange. 1o. Carpentorastenſium,
fºntio, Beſançon. 2. Equestrium or Neuidunum, now Vindaufika, or rather Vindafta, Carpen
Nion. 3. Elvirºrum or Aventicum, Avenches, trær. I 1. Caballicorum, Cavaillon. 12. Aven
or Wistiſþurg. 4. Bafilienfum, Baſe, former micorum, Avignon. 13. Arelatenfum, Arles.
ly called Arialbinum. 5. Vindonicenſe or Wiri The 2d or 1 ft Divifion of Narbon, called
donenſe, Vindiſch, 6. Ebrodunenfe, Yverdun in Prefdalis, contain’d thefe Diocefes; 1. Nar
Swiſſerland. 7. Argentarienfe, Colmar in Al bonenſium, Narbonne. 2. Tolofatium, Toloſe.
face. 8. Rauricenſe, Augusta Rauracorum, 3. Agathenfium, Agde. 4. Aletenfum, Alet.
Afugf. 9. Portus Abucina, Abacini, or Buxini, 5. Beterrenſium, Beziers. 6. Magalonenſium,
the Port of Louue. Montpellier. 7. Nemaufenfum, Nifmes. 8. Ca
frum Luteva, Lodeve. 9. Caſtrum Ucetienſe,
Uſeff. -
2. B E L G I C A. "::: 3d, which was fometimes join’d
with the 1 ft or 2d Divifion of Narbonne,
The firſt Divifion, called Belgica Con called Prefidalis, contain’d thefe Diocefes ;
fularis, contain'd the Diocefes, 1. Trevi 1. Aquenfum, Aix in Provence. 2. Reienſium,
rorum, Treves. 2. Mediomatricum, or Metis, Riez in Provence, Reius. 3. Aptenſium, Apt.
Metz. 3. Leucorum, Tullum, or Tullo, Toul. 4. řbrojulienfum, Frejus. 3. Vapincenſium, Gap.
4. Virodunenſium, or Verdonenſium, Verdun. 6. Segeſtoriorum, Sisteron. 7. Antipolitana, An
5. Remorum, Rheims. 6, Suefonum, Soifons. tibe, now Grace.
7. Catalaunorum, Chalons on the River Marne. The 4th Divifion, or Alpes Maritime, cal
8. Veromanduorum, Noion. 9. Atrebatum, Ar led Prefidalis, contain d thefe Diocefes;
ras or Artois. 1o. Cameracenſium, Cambray. 1. Ebrodunenſium, Ambrun. 2. Dinienſium,
* 1. Ternacenſium, Tournay. I 2. Sylvanestum, Digne. 3. Rigomagenſium, Trin, or Chier. '
Genlis. 13. Bekvatoram, Beauvais. 14. An 4. Solinienſium, Saluſes. 5. Sanicienfum, or
Sanici,
-

F R A N ° C , E. 987
saniri, senez, 6. Glannateva, Glandeve. 7. Ce Note : in the following Alphabet, P. fgnifes
melenenfam, the County of Nice in Prºvence, People; Pr. Principality; Pro. Province;
now Mount Camelione. D. Diocefe ; Mar. Marquifate ; C. Cºunty or
The 5th Divifion, or Alpes Graiæ & Pe Country; T. Town; R. River; Du. Dutchy;
nine, cailed Prafdalis, contain'd thefe Dio Can. Canton; Cap. Capital.
cefes; 1. Centronum, or Tarentafa, Moaftiers,
2. Vagenfam, or estadurum, St. Maurice in Brincatui. The People of Auranches in
Valais. Normandy.
Abucina or Abucini Portus. La Louve in
the Franche Cºunty.
5. A Q U I T A N I A. Acufiorum Colonia. Grenoble in Dauphiné. .
Adualdubis. See Dubus. . -
The 1ſt or 6th Diviſion, called Viennen Aduatici or Atuatici. The P. of the C. of
f: Prefdalis, contain'd thefe Diocefes; Namur, and neighbouring Part of Brabant
1. Biturigum, Bourges in Berry. 2. Arverno Aduatuca ºr Aduaca. Tongeren in the D. of
ravº, Clermont in Auvergne. 3. Rutenorum, Liege. - -
Rhodez. 4. Albigenstum, Alby. 5. Cadurco Ædui. The P. of the D. of Autun, Chalons,
rum, Cahors in stuercy. 6. Lemovicum, Limo Nevers, and Part of Mafton in Burgundy.
get, or Limºnſin. 7. Gabalorum, Givaudan. Æduorum Civitas. The D. of Autan, &c.
8. Vekaanorum, Velay. : Agatha or Agathopolis ad Aurarim. Agde
The 2d or 7th Divifion, called Viennemf: on the Errault in Languedoc. – –"

Prefdalis, contain'd thefe Diocefes ; 1. Bur Agatha Infula. Magalon on the Coaſt of
dagslenſium, Bordeaux. 2, Aginnenſium, Agen. Languedoc.
3. Entoliſmenſium, Engoulefine. 4. Santonum, Agathenſium Civitas. The D. of Agde.
Xaintes, Xaiutonge. 5. Piữavorum, Poitiou. Agendicum Senonum. Sens in Champagne.
6. Petrocoriorum, Perigueux, or Perigord. Agefinatum. The Angoumois.
The 3d or 8th Divifion, called Viennenfº, Aginum. Aagen in the Agenois.
and Novem Populania Praefidalis, contain’d Aginnenfium Civitas. The D. of Aagen,
thefe Diocefes; 1. Auftiorum, Auſche. 2. A Agrippina Colonia. Cologne.
quenſium, Dax, or Aeq;. 3. Laßfuratium, Agrippinenſium Civitas. The D. of Cologne.
Laistoure. 4. Convenarum, Caminger. 5. Con Albaugusta Helveorum. Aps in the Vivareze.
farannorum, or Conforanorum, Conferans: 6. Bd. Albentium Civitas. The D. of Viviers.
stum, or Boius, Buchs. 7. Benearnenfium, Or Albici. The P. of the D. of Rież in Pro
Benearnus, l'Estar. 8. Aturenſium, Aire. 9. Va "Uf7ffé, -

fatica, Bazas, Bazadoit. 1o. Tarba, or Ca Albiga Heleaturiorum. The T. of Alby in


fram Begorra, Bigorre. I 1. Eloronenſium, or Guienne.
Elinia, Oleron in Bearn. 12. Einfatium, Eufe Albigenfium Civitas. The D. of the Albi
in Gaſcony. geºis in Gnienne.
Aletenfium Civitas. The D. of Aleth in
For the berter finding the Places and Di Languedoc.
vifions in Gaul above-mention’d, and fuch Aletum or Alethum. The T. of Aleth.
others as occur in Cæſar, Tacitus, and other Alexia Mandubiorum. Alife in Auxois in
Roman Hiſtorians, and in Strabo, Pliny, Me Burgundy.
la, and other ancient Geographers, we have Allobroges. The P. of Part of Dauphiné and
thought fit to add them in order of Alpha Savoy. -

bet, with their modern Names, as they are Allobrogum Colonia. Geneva.
given us by Cellariu, Brietiu, Baudrand, Sca Alpes. The Alps, Mountains that divide
Liger, Palefus's Notitia Galliarum, and La Fºrrest, Itały from France and Germany.
that Youth and others, who read Cefar and Alpes Graiæ & Peninnæ Præfidalis. The
other Roman Authors, may find the Coun D. of Mouſtiers and St. Maurice in Valais.
tries, People and Places, they mention, at Alpes Maritimæ. The D. of Embrun, Digne,
one View ; which will make the Hiſtory Saluffs, Senez, Glandeve, the C. of Nice,
more intelligible and Pleaſant. and St. Pol de Vencer.
K kkkk k Alveus
- *
*
988 F R A N C E.
Alveus Civilis. The River Lech in Holland. A:tum & Decumanorum Colonia. Når.
Ambarri. The P. of Charolois, and Part of 014Mé.

Mafonois in Burgundy. * Atorenſium Civitas. The D. of Aire.


Ambialites or Ambiliates. The P. of the Atrebates and Atrebatii. The P. of Artoir,
D. of St. Brieux in Brittany. Atuatuca. Tongeren in the D. of Liege. -
Ambiani. The P. of the } of Amiens.
Aturrus. Aire, the Cap. of Gaſcogne.
Ambibari or Ambruareti. The P. of Auran Avaricum Biturigum. Bourges in Berry.
chet in Normandy. Avatici. The fame with Anatili.
Amnitæ. - The P. of Nantes, Avenio. Avignon.
Anatili. The P. of La Crau and Camargue Avennicorum Civitas. The C. of Avignon.
in Provence.
Aventicum Civitas. Aventhes or Wifisturg
Andecavi or Andegavi. The P. of Anjou. in the Canton of Bern.
Anderidum Gabalorum. Mande in the Ge Augusta Aufciorum. Aufch in Gefogne.
vaudan in Guienne. Augusta Rauracorum. Augst in the Can;
Andes. The P. and T. of Anjou. of Bafle.
Andomatunum Lingonum. Langretin Cham Auguſta Prætoria Salaffiorum. Afte in Italy.
Pagne. Auguſta Sueffionum. Soiſſons.
Antipolis and Antipolitana Civitas. The Auguſta. Trevirorum. Treves.
T. and D, of Antibes in Provence. Auguſta Tricaftinorum. St. Pol de Tricastin,
Antifiodorus, or Antiffiodorum Senonum. or de Trois Chaffeaux.
Auxerre in Burgundy. Auguſta Vermanduorum. Vermand Abbe
Antros Infula. La Tour du Cordan in the or St. Ruintin in Picardy. -

D. of Bourdeaux. Auguſtodunum Æduorum. Autun in Bar


Antuates. The P. of Chablais in Savoy. gund »

Apta or Avia Julia, Ulgienſium ở Aptenſium a:mana Trecastium. Trois in cham


Civitas. The T.and D. of Apt in Provence. pagne.
Aquæ Sextiæ Salyorum, Aſia in Provence. Augusta Nemetum. Clermont in Auvergne.
Aquæ Tarbellicæ. Bayonne, or rather Acqs Auguſtoritum Lemovicorum. Angoulefmein
in Guienne. Guienne.
Aquenfium Civitas. The D. of Akqs or Dax. Aulerci. The P. of the D. of Evreux, Mans;
Aquitania, Guienne, and Gaſcogne. See and le Perche.
above in the Divifion of Gaul. Aufcii. The P. of the D. of Auſch, Letoure,
Arar or Araris. The R. Saonin Franche County. and Aire, in Guienne. -

Ara Ubiorum. Bonne in Germany. Autricum Carnutum. Chartres, the Cap. of


Arauficorum Civitas. The Pr. of Orange. that Dutchy.
Araufio Colonia. The T of Orange. Axona. The R. Aifne, which rifes in Bar,
Arduenna Sylva. The Ardennes. and runs through Champagne, &c.
Arècomici. The P. of the E. of Languedoc.
Arelate or Arelas Sextanorum. Arles, B: Bavay in Hainault, or as fome
Arelatenfium Civitas. The D. of Arles in think Tournay. -

Prøvence: Baiocaffium Civitas. The D. of Baieux in


Arenacum. Arnheim in Guelderland. Normandy.
Argentarienfe Caſtrum. Colmar in Alſace. Bafilienfum Civitas. - The D. of Bafle in
Argențeum Fluv. The R. Argens in Provence. Swiſſerland.
Argentoratum Triboccorum. Strasburg. Batavi. The P. of Betuwe in Guelderland.
Argentoratenſium Civitas. The D. of Stras Bebufiani. See Seguſiani. |

burg. Begorra. Bigorre.


a:ni: Triboccorum. Colmar or Hor elgica Gallia. See the Divifion of Gauk
burg in Aface. above.
Arica. The Iſle of Sark betwixt Frante and Belgium. The C. of Beauvoiſis, the D. of --

Britain. Amiens and Senlis, the Artoisand Vermandoir.


Armoricæ Civitates. The Coaſt of Brittany. Bellocalles. See Velocafer. -
Arverni. The P. of Auvergne and Bourbonnois. Bellovaci. The D. of Beauvais and Sexlir.
Arvernorum Civitas. Clermont in Auvergne, Beneharnus. Lestar in Guienne.
Beter
|

F R A W C E. 989
Befefrenfium Civitas. The D. of Befers in Cærefi ad Arcem. Cerey on the Meuſe.
Dauphine. - Cameracum. Cambray in the Netherlands. -
-

Betiræ er Biltera. ... The T. of Befers. Campus Lapideus. La Crau in Provence.


Bibrax Rhemorum. Braine or Bavray in the Canentelus. The R. Charente in Guienne.
D. of Rheims. - -

Carcaſſo, Carcaffum, and Carcaffio. Carcaf.


Biducaffes. The P. of the D. of Baieux in fon in Narbonne, or Lower Languedoc.
Normandy. Carnutes. The P. of Chartres and Orleans.
Bigerriones. The P. of Bigºrre. Carpentoraćte. Carpentras in Provence.
Bingium or Vincum. . Bing at the Conflu Catalauni and Catalaunium. - The P. and
of the Nahe and Rhine in Germany. Town of Chalons.
Bituriges Cubi. , The P. of Berry in Guienne. Catuaci. See Aduatici. -

Bituriges Vibifci. The P. of Bourdelais in Caturiges. The P. of the D. of Embrun and


Guienne. -
Gap. *

Biturigum Civitas. The D. of Bourges in Cavares or Cavari. The P. of Avignon, O


Berry. range, and Apt.
B:: The Iſle of Breſcan on the Coaft Cebenna Mons. . The Mountains of Aa
of Guienne. vergne and the Cevenner. " - "

Bliterræ Septimanorum. Beferr. Cemelenum Monte. Camelionº in the C. of


Boatum Civitas. The Captolat of Buchs in Nice.
Dasphiwe. Cemelenenfium Civitas. The C. of Nice.
Boii. The P. of Bourbonnois. Cenomani. The D. of Main or Mans.
Bononienfium Civitas. Boulogue on the Coaſt Centrones or Centones. The P. of the Ta
... of Picardy. rantaife, and Val de Morienne in Languedoc.
Borbetomagus, or Borgetomagus Vangio Centrones in Belgis. See Eburones.
num. - Worms in Germany. Ciantium Civitas. The D. of Annes.
Brannovices Blanonii, or Branoni. The P. Cithariſtes Promontorium. The Cape of
of Breffe. la Croifette, or Cap de l’Aigle, on the Coaft
Bratus-Pantium. Beauvais. of Provence.
Breucomagus or Brocomagus, Brumpt or Bru Claudii Forum. Moufier in the Tarentaiſe.
znat in the D. of Strasburg. Cocoſfates. The P. of Bafadois in Gafºogme.
Briba&e. Autun or Mont Beuvry, near it. Commoni. The D. of Marſeilles, Toulon, and
Britannia Briane, or Bimani. The Jurif Frejus.
di&ion of Vimen in Amiens. Condate. Rennes in Brittany, and Condé in
Briva Ifaræ, or Brivifura. Pentoife in the the Netherlands.
Iſle of France. Condivincum. Nantes.
Brivates or Geforibatæ. Breft or Blavet in Condrufi. Condrotz in Lower Germany.
Brittany. |
Confluentes Moſellæ & Rheni. Coblentz
Burdegala and Burdegalenfium Civitas, Bour in Germany.
deaax and its D. } 4 Confaronorum Civitas. The D. of Cºnf,
· · ·:
|-
. : rans in Gaſcogne.
Aballio er Caballicorum Civitas. Ca Conftantienfium Civitas. The D. of Cou
vaillon in Provence. tance in Normandy.
Cabellio or Cabellonium. Colonia, Durance in Convenæ and Convenarum Civitas. The
Prgºvence. P. of Bigorre in Gttienne.
Cabillonum er Caballinum. Chalons on the Coffediæ. . Coutance in Normandy.
Sean in Burgundy. V- Cofio. Bafas in Grienne.
Calagorgis Conferanorum. Conferans, or Criſpolinorum Civitas. The D. of Befangon
St. Leger or Lecer, in Guienne. in Burgundy, ..
Cadetes or Caletes. The C. of Caux in Nor Crociatorum , Umellorum or Venellorum.
mandy. * Quarantan in lower Normandy.
Cadurci... The P. of Quercy in Guiemne. Curiofolitæ, and Curofopirorum Civitas
Cæfarodunum. „Tours, : , ! The T. and D. of Cornouaille or Ruimper
Cæfaromagus é R. "sis.n ... . . in Lower Brittany.
Cæfarea Infula. e in Burgundy. "i Cutaro, Grenoble in Dauphine. -*
Kkkkkk 2 Dario
99o F R A IN C E.
D^: Wannes hn Guienne. Garites. The C. of Gaure in Langwedse ".
Datiani or Datiati. The P. of the D. Garofelli. Val de Morienne in Dauphiné.
of Glandeve, Grace, and Vence, in Provence. Garumna. The R. Garonne in Guienne.
Datii. The P. of the D of Dax in Guienne. Garumni ad Fontem Garumnæ. The P. of
Dea Bocantiorum. Die in Avignon. Cominges towards the Head of that R.
Decetia. Defize in Nivernois. Gebennæ Montes. The Mountains of Au
Deenfium Civitas. The D. of Die. vergne and the Cevennes.
Deveona, or Devona Fons. Cahors in Quercy. Gelduba. Geldub on the Bank of the Rhine
Diablíntes la Perche. The D. of Dol in in the D. of Cologne.
Brittany. Gemeniacum. Gemblours in the Netherlands.
Dianæ Fanum. Notre-Dame, on an Iſland Genava, Geneva, Jenoba, Janoba, and Ge
in the Rhoſne. ñevenfium Civitas. The T. and D. of
Geme-Ug.
Dinia Sontiorum. Digne in Provence.
Đinienfium Civitas. The D. of Digwe. Gennabum Carnutum. Orleans or Gien.
Divodurum. Metz in Lorrain. * , , Gergobia or Gergovia. Clermont in Auvergne,
Dubis. The R. Doux in Burgundy. or Gergºis on a neighbouring Moun
Ta1I1.
Dunitari. Castle Naudari or Mirepoix in Lan
guedoc. * Gergobina ºr Gergoba. Moulins in the Bour
Durio. Siferon in Provence. boxnois.
Duranium. The R. Dordogne în Guienne. Gernum or Ugernum. Beaucaire in Langus
Durocortorum. Rkeins in Champagne. dsc.
Gefforiacum Morinorum, Gifforigia and Gef.
Brodnnenfe Caſtrum. Tverdun in Swif foriacus Pagus. Boulogne in Picardy, and
ferland. its Jurifdistion. |

Ebrodunum and Ebroduntii. The T. and Glanatea Capillatorum or Glanatica, º Glan


* and P. of the D. of Embrun. * deve near the Frontiers of Savoy.
Eburones. P. of the D. of Liege. Gobeum Promontorium. Le Conquet or Cape
Eburovices. P. of the D. of Evreux in Nor St. Mahe in Brittany.
mandy. | Gorduni. P. that liv'd about Ghent in Flan
Elaver. The R. Allier în Languedoc. ders. -

Eliboci. P. of Viviers in the Cevennes. Gratianopolitanorum Civitas. The D. of


Elvicorum Civitas. Avenches or Wifeßurg Grenoble in Dauphine.
in Swifferland. - | Grudii. A P. about Bruges, or (as fome
Eufa and Elufates. The T. and P. of Eaufe fay ) Louvain in the N.therlands. -

in Guienne. Gugerni. A P. in the Dutchy ofCleve.


Equestrium Civitas. Non in the Can. of
Berne, or (as fome fay) Coulonges in Brefi. EÎellus or Heluellus. The R, Ill or Elſ
Effui. The P. of the D. of Seez. D in Alſace. , -
Helena. Old Hefain in Flanders. * * *
}: See Elufater. 1. **.** Heleutheri or Heluteri. The Territory of
Foro Julienſium Civitas. The D. of Orillae in the Pr. of Albigois. |

Frejts in Provence. Helium Castellum. The šriu in Holand.


Forum Claudii. Moufier in Tarantais. Helvetii. Fhe Swiffers. --
Forum Julii. Frejus. Helvii. The P. of the Vivaretz.
Forum Neronis. Folcarquier in Provence. Hypæa ºr Hyppata. The Iſle of Titan, one
Forum Seguſianorum. Feurs, or St. Eftienne of the Hieres. .*

de Feuran, in the Pr. of Lions. en:. .e'º r. «


Foffa Corbulonis. The Fliet or Vliet in Hol Anoba or Genoba, Geneve
land, alias the R. Lech. Jatinum. - Meaux in Champagne.
Foſfa Mariana. Le Galeisn in the Pr. of Icius, Iccius, or Itius Portus. Boulogne in
Narbonne. Picardy, or (as fome think) Calais, or a
--

Abali and Gabalorum Civitas. P. of Genear it.called


Place --:-White
2 :*: Sand,
: Viſſen orat“Efen,
f : *

vaudan in Løngaedec. Illieris, F. Lestar in Ghi ... - * *


Illuro.
"F YR A W · C · É. 391
Illuro. Mataro in Catalonia, or Chrom in the Maritima Colonia Narbonenſium. Mar
Pr. of Bearn. tegaer in Provence.
Ingena. Avrenches in Normandy. Mafilia. , Marſeilles in Prºvence.
Infula contra Maffilium. Chaſłeau D'If. Maffilienfe Orientale. Gras de Pafn, one of
Juliobona Biducafium. Baieux in Nor the Mouths of the Rheste.
mandy. Mattiacum Toxandrorum. Middleburg in
Juliobona Caletum, l'Iſle Bonne. Honfeur Zealand.
or Diepe in Normandy. Matifcona, Matiffana , Caſtrum Matifco
Juliomagus. Angers, the Cap. of Anjou. ; nenfe. Mafon in Burgundy. -

Juro Mons. Mount Jura, or Mount St. Claud, Matrona. The R. Marne in Champagne
a Range of Mountains betwixt the Fron Mediołanium Biturigum. Meun in Berry.
tiers of Burgundy, Savoy, and Swiſſerland. Mediolanium Eburovicum. Evreu: in Nor
mandy.
Acus Lemanus. The Lake of Geneve. Mediolanium Infubrum. Milan in Lom
|- Laĉtorium, Le&torium, Laćtoracium. 'bardy. -

Leãoare in Gaſcogne. Mediolanum Santonum. Saintes in Xaintong.


Latobrici. The P. of the Country of Vaux Mediomatrices. The P. of the C. of Meffin,
and Laufanne in Swiſſerland. - moft of Lorrain, and Part of Luxemburg.
Laudunum Clavatum. Laon in the D. of Meldæ. The P. of Meaux.
Rheimr. - - - Melodunum. Melun in Brie. -

Lemovices or Lemovici. The P. of Limo


Menapii. P. of the Netherlands about Mena
ges, the Limouſin, or Angºuleſme. piorum Cafellum, Mount Caffèl ; alfo in.
Leocata ºr Locate. Lucat on the Coaſt of Brabant, Guelderland, Juliers, Cleves and Cº
Guienne. logne.
Lepontii, Part of the Grifons and Swiffers. Metapontinum Medium. Gras-d'Orgon, one
Lepontiæ Alpes. Mont St. Bernard. of the Mouths of the Rhoſne. - -

Lero or Lerina. St. Margaret in Provence. Metiofedum. See Melodunum.


Levaci. A P. of Hainault. Mimeni. The P. of Sifieron, Digne, &c.
Leuci or Luci. P. about Toul, Metz, and Ver Mons Setius. The Cape of Agde in Lan
dun. |
-
guedoc.
Leufetia* Paris. Morini. The P. about Terouan in Artois,,
Lexovii. The P. of Lifeux in Nºrmandy. the Boulonnois, French and Imperial Flandert.
Libici. A P. of Narbonne. Mofa. The R. Meufe. - -

Ligeris. The R. Loire. - Moſella. The R. Mostle.


Limonum Civitas. Poistiert, the Cap, o
Poistou. Amnetæ and Namnetes. The P. of the
Lingones and Lingonum Civitas. The P. and Diocefe of Nanter.
D. of Langres in Champagne. Namnetum Infulæ. Bovin, Nair-Mºustier, and
Lugdunenfis Provincia. See the Divifion l’iffe Dieu. ** -

of Gaul by Cefar, and the Notitia Impurii Nannetum Civitas. The fame with Nantes.
above. |- -
Nantuates. Part of the Griſons, -
Lugdunum Segufianorum: Lions. Narbo. The T. of Narbonne.
Lutetia. Paris. Narbonenfis Província. See above in tfie
Luteva ºr Lutava Caſtrum. Lºdewe in Lºn Diviſion of Gaul. , - |

guedoc. *
Nava. The R. Nähe in Germany. :
Nemaufus Aremicorum, and Nemaucenfit: a.
MA:" Civitas. The D. of Civitas. Nifines in Languedoc. . - -

Montpellier. *
Nemetes. The P. of the D. of Spire.
Magalone. Maguelon in Languedoc, on an Nemetocenna, Nemetocerna, Nemetacum, .
Hiland, from whence the Biſhoprick was and Nimetacum Atrebatiorum. Arras or
Lentf. *
tranſported to Montpellier, -
-

Magetrobia. Megfiat in Lºrrain: Neomagus Nemetum. Spire in Germany.


Magonum. The R. Main in Germany. Nervii. The P. of Hainsult, and D, of Cax :
Mandubii, Lauxtis in Burgundy. kray:
Nice 1
992 F R A N C E.
Nicea Vedianciorum. Nice în Provence. RA: Limage.
Nitiobriges. The P. of the Agenois. Ratomagus, Ritomagus, Retomagus.
Novelium, Novefiæ, Nivenfio, and Nivefium Roan in Normandy.
Ubiorum. Nuys in Lower Germany. Rauraci. The P. of the D. of Baſs.
Novem Populonia. Gaſcogne. Rauracenfe Castrum. The Valley of Augſt
Novidunum Diablintum. Nogent le Retrou in Swiſſerland.
or Dol in la Perche. Redones or Rhedones, and Rhedonum Cívi
Noviodunum Biturigum. Neuvy in Berry. tas. The P. of Renner, St. Brieux, St. Ma
Noviodunum Sueffionum. Noiom in Soifons. lo, and Dol, in Brittany.
Noviodunum Vadicaffium. Nevers. Reii Albicorum,and Reienfium Civitas. The
Noviodunum Veromanduorum. Noion in T. and D. of Ries in Provence.
the Iſle of France. Revefio. Le Psy in Vellay.
Noviomagus Batavorum. Nimeguen in Gael Rhenai. The P. of the D. of Rheims,
derland. Rhodanus. The R. Rhoſne, which rifes in
Noviomagus Biturigum. Bourg in Guienne. Swiſſerland, runs through feveral Pr. and
Noviomagus Lexoviorum. Lifeux in Nºr falls into the Mediterranean by feveral
mandy. Mouths.
Noviomagus Nemetum. Spire. Rhode, and Rhodecorum Civitas. Pecais in
Noviomagus Sueffionum. Noion in Soifons. Lower Languedoc.
Noviomagus Trevirorum. Numagen on the Riduna. The Iſle of Aldernay, betwixt
Moſelle. France and Britain.
Rodumna Segufianorum. Roan. -,

ATA Bris or Obium. The R. Orb in the Pro. Rotomagenfium Civitas. The D. of Roan.
of Narbonne. Rufiana or Rufiniana. Raffach in Alſace,
Ocellum. Eflles or Exiles near Sufs on the Ruffino Sardoum. La Tour de Rouflon.
Frontiers of Dauphine. - Ruteni and Rutheni. The P. of Rovergue.
O&tavonorum, or O&tavionorum ‘Celonia. Rutinorum Civitas. The D. of Rhoder in
Frejus in Provence. Lower Languedoc.
G&todorus. Martinach in the Valais.
Olbia. The T. of Hieres off of Toulon. Abis Fluv. The R. Sambre in the Nether
. Origiacum Atrebatiorum. Orchies in the lands. *
Artois. Sagiorum or Saiorum Civitas. The D. of
Oromanfaci. The P. of Boulonnois, French Seez in Normandy.
and Imperial Flanders. Salæ. The R. Iſſel in the United Netherlandr.
Ofifmii and Ofifmiorum Civitas. The P. of Salaffi. The P. of the Valley of Aost in
the D. of St. Pol and Triguier. Piedmont.
Oxibius Portus. Toulon. Salinæ, Saluffes, Salinienſium Civitas. The
D. of Aoſt. -

Æmani. The P. about Famine in Ardenne. Salfulæ. The T. of Salfes in the C. of Rouf.
Pariffi. The P. about Paris. fillon.
Perviciacum. Pervis in Brabant. : Salyi, Salyes, Salvyii, Salyces. The P. of
Petrocorii. The P. of Perigerd. the D. of Aix and Arles in the Pro. of
Pi&avorum Civitas. The D. of Poistou.' Narbonne. -

Pistories. The P. of Poistou. Samara or Sambrica. The R. Somme, which


Pleumofii. P. of Flanders about Thurnay and runs through Picardy. -

Life. Samarobrina, Samarobriga, Samarobriva.


Pons Scaldis. Eonde. Amiens in Picardy.
Portus Abucina. The T. of la Louve. Samnitæ. The P. of Nantes.
Preciani. The P. of the Mountains of Co Sanicium, Saniciti Vefdanciorum, or Ven
minge. dianfiorum, and Sanicienfium Civitas.
Prote. The Iſle of Parquerolles off of Tou The T. and D. of Sanez in Dauphine.
lon. Santones. The P. of Xaintonge...
Pyreneus Mons. The Pyrenees. Santonum Portus. Rºchel.
- Santo
F "R "A N C - E. 993
Santonum Prombntorium. The Point of Tauroentum or Taurois. La Cictat near
Tremblade. Marſeilles.
Sarnia. The Iſle of Guernſey. Tećłotages Volcæ. The P. of the W. Part
Sauconna. The R. Saom, the fame with Arar. of Languedoe.
Scaldis Fluvius. The R. Scheld in the Ne Telis. The R. Egli in the C. of Roufflon.
therlands. Telo Martius, Saliorum or Comoniorum.
Sebufiani. See Sgufani. Toulom. -

Secodunum, or Segodunum... Rhodes in Ro Teruana. Terouane in Artois.


vergue. Thermæ Onefiæ. Bagnieri in Bigorre.
Sedinum and Sedini. The T. of Sion, and Thicis. The R. Teſche in the C. of Roufflon.
the P. of the Upper Valais. Tigurinus Pagus. The Can. of Zurich.
Segalauni or Segovellani. The P. of the Tolofa or Tholofa, and Tolofatium Civitas.
Du. of Valentinois. The T. and D. of Toloufº.
Segeftiorum Civitas. The D. of Siſteron in Tornacum. Tºurnay in Flanders.
Prgvence. Tetonis Villa. Thionville in Luxemburg.
Segni. The P. of the D. of Limburg. Toxandri. The P. of Zealand.
Segufiani. The P. of the Marq. of Sufa,the Trecaffes, and Trecaffium Civitas. The .
· · Brianconnois, and Lionnois. T. and P. of Trois in Champagne,
Seguſium. The T. of Sufa. Treviri, and Trevirorum Civitas. The
Sena. The Iſle of Sein on the Coaft of Brit T. and D. of Treves in Germany, and Part .
14//y. of Luxemburg,
s:::: The P. of the D. of Sens andTribocci.: The P. about Strasburg.» |

Auxerre. Tricaſtini. The P. of St. Pol de Trois Chafeaus.


Sequana. The R. Sein, which runs through Trophæum Segalaunorum. Curſol in the
Paris. Vivareze, where R. Fab. Max. Æmil. kill'd :
Sequani. The P. of Franche County. -
2ooooo Gauls.
Seffui or Seffuvii. P. of the D. of Seez. Tublingi. . The P. of Mont-Baliard, Bedfire .
Sicambri. A P. of Cleve. , · and Ferrette. *--

Sico-Portus. Les Sables d'Olon or Pornick. Tülingi. The People of Lorrain.


Sotiates, Sontiates, and Sotiatum Oppidum. Tullum. Toul in Lorrain.
The T. and D. of Aire, or (as fome Tungri. The P; about Liege, Cologne, Julierº,
think ) Sotz in Armanac. -
Limburg, and Pärt of Luxemburg.
Staliocanus Portus. St Pol de Lem in Little Tungrorum Civitas. The D. of Liege
Brittany. - Turba or Turfambrica. Tarbe in Bigorre...“
Stoecades. Iflands off of Thulen. Turones. The P. of Thurain or Tsurt.
Stratiburgo. Strasburg. -

Sueconi. A P. in Flanders near Tournay. . Adicaffes. The P. of Nivernoir.


Sueſſiones. P. of the D of Soiſſons. Vagienni, . The P. of|Saluffs in Pied
?3907/f,
Sunici. A P. about Limburg, and Part of
Juliers. Vahalis. A Branch of the Rhiwe in the Ne
Sylvanestæ, Sylvanestes, Sylvane&ti, and therlands.
Subanesti. The P. of the D, of Senlis. Valencia Segalaunorum. Valence in Dauphine
Valentinorum Civitas. The D. of Valence.
TA: Ostium. The Mouth of the Valentium Civitas. St. Maurice in Falais.
R. Scheld. -
Vangiones, and Vangionum Civitas. The..
Tarafco. Tarafºm in Provence, and another P. of Mentz, Wormes, &e. -

T. of that Name in Languedoc. -


Vapingum Caturigum, and Vapingenſium,
Tarba Civitas. The D of Bigorre, or Vapincenſium Civitas. The T. and
Tarbelli. The P. of Bearn. -
D. of Gap in Dauphine.
Tarufates. The Territory of Tartas in Gaf: Varus. The R. War, that divides Frante and a
sºgne. -
Italy.
Tafta Datiorum. Dax or Asqt. - v: and Vafatica Civitas. . The T. and .
Taurini. The P, about Turin: D. of Vaſar in Guienna.
Wafio,
|
994 F R A N ° C E.
Vafio, and Vaſionenfinm Civitas. The 1. Galia Cifalpina, i. e. Gaul on the S. Side of
T. and P. of Venaifn or Vaifon in Provence. the Alps. 2. Galia Tranfalpina, i. e. Gaul on
Vatuca. Tongeren in the D. of Liege. -the N. Side of the Alps, which we have de
Ubii. The P. of the D. of Cologne. fcrib’d already. Galia Cifalpina, was again
Ucecia. Uſatz in Upper Languedoc. divided into Ciſpadana and Tranſpadana, i. e.
Vedantii, P. of Nice. on the S. and N. Side the Po. 3. Gallia
Vellauni. The P. of villay. Cifalpina is fometimes called Citerior, or
Vellocaffes. A P. in the D. of Rean. Hither Gaul, and Galia Tramfalpina, Ulterior,
Vencienfium Civitas. The D. of St. Pol de or Further Gaul. 4 Gallia Togata, which
Vences. was Part ofGallia Ciſalpina, where they wore
-

Veneti and Venetia. The T. and P. of the the Roman Habit. 5. Galia Subalpina, now
D. of Vannes. Piedmont, and the neighbouring Countries.
Veragri. The P. of Lower Palais. 6. Gallia Braccata, fo call’d, becauſe the Peo
Verbigenus Pagus. Wiflifþurg in Swiſſerland. ple wore Breeches, the fame with Galia
Virdonenſium, or Veridunenſium Civitas. Narbonenfr. 7. Gallia Comata, fo call’d, be
The D. of Verdun. caufe the People wore leng Hair, which
Veromandui. The P. of Vermandois in Pi contain’d G4lia Aquitanica, Belgica, and Cel.
cardy. tica, or Lugdunenfis, 8. Galia Gothica, now
Vefdantiorum, or Vendiontiorum Sanicium, Languedoc. Valestus, in his Notitia Galia
Sanes dr Senes in Provence. rum, alledges, That Spain and Great Bri
Vefontio. Beſançon in Burgundy. tain were alſo comprehended under the
Vefuna Petrocoriorum. Perigueux. Name of Galia, and brings fome Autho
Ugernum. Bocaire in Languedoc. rities to prove it, though they feem- to
Vienna Allobrogum. Vienne in Dauphiné. fall ſhort of full Evidence : The chief Ar
Viennenfis Gallia. See the Diviſion of gument is, That they were fubject to the
Gaul above. Prefestus Pretorio Galliarum ; and becaufe
Vindocinenfe Caſtrum, cr Viridonenfe. Vin Aurelianus Viffor fays, Cunsta que trans Alpes
diſch in Swiſſerland. Gallia funt, Confiantio Cefari ab Imperatore
Vintium Nerufionum, ar Ventia. Vence in
Provence.
::::
Diocleſiano ef;, & Magnentium Fratri
-
Decentio Cæfari Gadias commiffe. But the firſt
Vifontio, or Vifontium Sequanorum. Be argues no more than, That Spain and Part of
fançon in Burgundy. Britain were fubje&t to the Roman Empire,
Uliarius Infula. Öleron. and by confequence to what Governors
Ugeentium or Ulceenfium, Apta or Avia they pleas’d; and the 2d argues only, That
Julia. Apt in Provence. * the Perfons nam’d had the Government of
Undalum Cavarum. Le Pont de Sorgue in all Gaul beyond the Alps, to diftinguiſh it
Prorvence, -
from Gallia Cifalpina. The Defcription of
Unelli or Venelli. The P. of Contance in which we refer to Italy. -

Normandy. As to the Name Galli and Gallia, Authors


Vogatesºr Boates. The P. of Buſch in Guienne. differ much ; fome derive it from the Ar
Vocontii. The P. of Diois and Baronies in menian Word Gallim, which fignifies an In
Provence. -
undation ; and fay, that Noah was call’d Gal
Vogefus Mons. The Mountains of Vauge, lus, becaufe preferved from the Deluge; and
which feparate Lorrain, Alſace and Bur Xenophºn in Æquivocis fays, Ninuſ’s Great
guridy. - | Grandfather was called Gallus. Some derive
v:'reaange: and Arecomici. P. of it from the Greek Word Tetxa, Lac, becaufe
Languedoc. . -
they were generally of a fairer Complexion
Vorganium. St. Pol de Leon in Brittany. than the Italians. Others derive it from
Uxantos Infula. Uſhant, . - |
Galatha, Daughter to Hercules, or from ano
Uxellodunum Cadurcorum. Le Buech d'Uxe ther of that Name, Mother to Celtu, their
lon or d'Iſoudun in Egercy. King, who was fo much beloved by his
Subjects, that they called themſelves celte
There are other Diviſions of Gaul men from him. But fome of the old Gramma
tion'd by Roman Authors, as follow, viz. rians derive their Name Celta from the
Greek
F R A', N C, E, º 995,
Greek Word Kaxinu, Horfemen, becaufe try now called the Circle of Westphalia, as
they made great ufe of Cavalry, in their appears by the Monuments of Paderborx,
Wars. Cluverius derives it from the Celtick collected from the Roman, French, and Sąxox
Word Gallen, the fame with the German. Hiſtory, by Prince Ferdinand of Furstenberg,
Word wallon, which fignifies to march; and Biſhop of Paderborn and Munster ; and that
this:Name was giveu : from their wan France was formerly divided into 4 Parts :
dering Life, and going in Colonies into The 1ſt called Francia Tranſrhenana, which
other Countries; fome of 'em to Italy, fome was the oldeft, and lay betwixt the Rhine,
of 'em to Germany, others to Illyricum, and the Wefer, and the Elb. The 2d called Fran
from thence into Greece and Lºfa; and that cia Galica Minor, which comprehended mof
this Name was given them by Foreigners, of Germania Secunda, and of both Parts of
appears from Cafar, who fays, That the In Galia. Belgies, where the first Kings of the
habitants of Gallia Cornata were by them Francs fettled after paffing the Rhine, and
felves called Celte, and by the Romans, Galli. removed their Seat from Duysburg in the
Claverius adds, That the Latins, and after Dutchy of Cleve to cambray. The 3d called ,
wards the Greeks, call'd thofe People both in Francia Galica Major, after K. Clºvừ ſubdued tº
Europe and Asts by the common Name of the innermoft Parts of France, and fixed his
Gali, Tanáraz or Tax:7wy; and that they Seat at Paris. After which, the French King
were firſt called Galli by the Romans when dom began to be divided into Neustria and
they paſſed the Alps, and fettled in Italy, Auftrefa, viz. into E. and W. The 4th
which fignifies Strangers or Travellers. was 'Frameia Nova, or the Eaftern Part of |

For the Origine of the Name of Franci Germany, which after the Conquest of the :
and Francia, and the Country from whence Alemanni was added to the Kingdom of Aa
the France came, we refer to what we faid strafa, in which lies Franconia, that had its
from cluverius before, Page 417. with which Name from the Frants, and did not give
Brietiu feems to agree, and fays, the Name Name to them; as fome have imagin’d.
was that of a Military Society, who en Kaleste, in his Notitia Galliarum, fays, Gal
terd into a Confederacy for Defence of lia was distinguiſhed from Francia firſt by
their Liberty, not of any particular People ; Audoenus in Capitulo 21. of his Book De Vita
and that the Anfvarii and Salii, People of B. Eligii Noviomºgenfi Epistopi i where, by
Germany, were the firſt who called them-C the Name of France, is underſtood Neustria
felves by that Name. Baudrand alledges and Austria ; and by thë Náme of Galia, is
from Claveriut, Amiantes, Eutropus, Procopins, understood Aquitania, Burgundia, Provincia,
Vºpistu, and others, That the People after and Septimania. The Curious, who defire .
wards called Francs poffeffed a great Part of to know more of this, may confult thoſe
Germany beyond. the Rhine and the Danube ; Authors themfelves. -

and that they chiefly came from that Coun


"z" |- :

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- : * |- |

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----

--
-

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|

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:
* - s- , -, , , -- *

- - |-
| - - |-

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-
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-

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. . . ***t" la
L11111.: Tables
996. ° -
F R A N C E. *
-

Tables of the Diviſions of the Governments of the King


dom of FRANCE, according to the States-General.
By M. Sanfon, Geographer in Ordinary to the Fr. King.
F R A N C E has feveral Provinces, redu- The General Government of the Iſle of
ced under Twelve Governments, accor- || France continued.
ding to thofe called the States-General, Towns.
viz, -

Iſle ofFrante f::


Champagne Laon
Six are for moft part in the Jorleanois Soifont
Territories of the Burgundy Senlis
Lyonnois | S. Denis
Daufiné On the North of the Seyne, 3. Pont offe
Picardy - Magny
|- Nºrmandy { Clermont
Four lie on the Ocean, - <Britanny -
Compiegne
Guienne, and Ghau
Gefcogne - Crefy en Wa=
Two on the Mediterranean, Languedoc L lous
$. Provence | Nemourf
- ſ Flanders, in Moref

: |- Courtenay
[ In the Nether- f:", în li ::::
#:: the F Part : On the South of the synt, { paraan
TOVITICES O Namur, in Chafref

-
| |: 2 TC B
uxembourg
Montfort
l'An

::":
;: Cambrefs |- g:">
itions, í In Germany, Franche- - Brie-Com'g
4. the Provin- =) Comté On the East of the syne, and Q“:
ces of Lorrain in Brie, Roſºy
4- Alfisce
| In Italy,
U |-
Pigneral, and | The General Government of CHAM
: PA G N E contains as follows.
În Spain, Roufillon f Ckaalons

The General Government of the Iſle of #::


FRANCE contains as follows. "[ GOn the River; aument
- Marne joinville
Towns. 2 S. Dezier
ſ Paris JA;
Melun
-

U #-v
Corbedł Champagne, ( Rheims
|- Montereas Ffmes
On the River Seyne, 3 S. Germain Rhetel
- | grº Leye On the North Rocroy
, : ] Mante * * * : * : efthe Mºrne, i charlevittº
- - *Meulan "I' :* Mstigrer
The
F. R : A AV |- - C', E. . |- 997
The General Government of Champagne ! :The General Government of orleant
continued. - continued.
Towns. Towns.
Champagne
ftill.
On the North | Sedan
of the Marne | Mouzon
Anjou ftill. ---- |::
Chat. Gontier
- i ſtill. St. Menshoule Pont de Ceſ
· · ·. --• • • • | Beaumºnt en |- Le Mans
[. Argonne Mayenne
|- |- Troyes Le Maine, where are, - < Laval
Pontforseyne Domfront
On the Noyent fur Chat. duLoir
El Seyne,
��
Seynefur
Brey Perche, whe Nogent
Rotrou
le
Seyne , where are — 5:,
§-

etWCEft
Bør ſtrº
Aube
- Bellefine
Chartres
#{ the Marne Kvartu Bessee, where are, -- }: Dun
's & Seyne, /Fere Cham- Vendefinois, where is, –– Vendofine
t/h penoife v. Montargis
Q Sens |- Estamper *
-E Villeneuve Gestinºis, where are, - – <Gien
|| E.On the S. Į l'Archeveſq; Lorris
“ LGl of the { #:#| **, ** Briare
=Seyne, - :: Roy - á Neverf
Joigny * La Charite
:::::" Nivermis, where are, –– ::::
º: River - Meaux:
Chateau Thi- . ... .
* - S. Pierre le
Montier

La Brie in |- erry ... *a [ Bourger


Pºrt, where KBetween the KPrºvine : |ſoudun
are, Rivers Seyne sezºne . Char. Roux
and Mars.")Cºlummiert Berry, where are, - < sancerre
* CMontmirail Argenton
* Boisbelle
The Generalcontains
Government of ORLEANS
as follows. -
.
.. . . .
• •
.

. .
|-
LLe Blanc
Angouleſine
- Orleans
Joinville , ||!
Angºumeừ, where are, – }:
Orkanois, where are, -- *****9 Aunis, where are. –– 5 Jarnac
La Rºche: o

- -
::::--
Blois
?
*-
? Marans
Poistiers
Blaistis, where are, |- Remorontin } . - Chaffeleraw?
TTours . * ** , , , Loudun
|- * ... »... Amboife *** The Upper. Mirebeau
Loches *** Richelieu
Turai ! Chinon | Poistes, where.) , V. Tovarr
", where are, -- ; L'in, sa. are, [ Maillezai}
chart Lufon
Chat. Reg- Niort
u nault The Lower. ; Fontenny le
rAngers |
*

*
Anjou, where
,

-
|-

ar: -- «| Saumur
La Fleche
| Le Lude
| |
- -

* · ·
** i * .

L ! ! !! !
, '
· ·

2
| Comte
Beauruoir
Lolone
Thre
--*
998 FARTY A VAAV M. C5' E.
|
The Generalcontains
Government ofBURGUNDY | continued.
* The Genend:Government of ,Briani,
as follows. :fr: - :::
|- Towns. - |- Towns.
-- - - * * * f Dyon " -- --------
* * * Auxerre Y - ("mirifia
Chaffillon * „.. * - c. .l., ft į S. Eftiene de
* * * Barfurssyne | Le Brest, where are, - Fureng
Semur s:::--: ... ." |- Furf

-
*
.
---- :: | Auxonne : .
Bêátt???
3° * · · -
- - -
- :::
. Kambfff
f Towards the } nay, Le Beaujaloừ, wh - ' ( Ville Franche
. . , į North, , S. Jean de uson, w ere are - Beaujeu
*
- *
* ,
|-
, | - - --- **** | Lºfne ... - a
" | Belegarde
·
--. .
: . ;
)
- |-

i :
Beäville
Moulins

}- - -
Arnay le Duc
-
- - - - .: : * ** * * · * * * * * 3. | ::::::
C

| |-
|----|#::
| – – , , - || Montreal || Le.....-...:...
Bourbomois,* where ar j.:
Coulange
reare, :::::: |- z-,
B:rganiz,– LA fey le Duc . -- | - coins
*"gana/, «; |- f Autun -- : ; ; Germigny
|- *-
· | |- Challon
Mafton \, · ·
.: -,
· · ·:
, !
.2 : ** { }=- |::::::
Vichy
* | Seméti?" em : :- ', et: : * ( S. flour
|- - | Briemsis * ** # [ Upper. Orilhag

* · * * ourbon lancy |- | ::::


| Towards thaj Charºllet |- - f::
- -

v South, ; :::: L'Auvergne, { Ri m

- , ** *
* .
*
:i ; - Dum
AncyleleRoy
Duc where are, 5| * # ****
: ;" | Mºntferrand
oure ****

...
*
** · * * |-
Toulon
• St.G |- * * · ** *
... / l- | -
r., -: #;" '*: |:::
Mic le Cºmte
* -- - - -- - U :Úf{Xf LLower. •- 3. Thiers
- . Bourg en - · · · ·· Auliergues
, * Breffe ,, » » : * ** * * *: S. Pourcain.
f On the Weft
of the River: Pont de Vaux
| Caligny · · · ·: º |-
.2 : : :: »
Montpenſer
Maringwe
Dain, o "Maňºvével:
Chaftill
N | * -a. O
: , .--.
:tilfref
La Breſſe, - <{ U : La Marche du Limeſh, where.) Belas
- | Bellay are, • Dorat
|º: the Eaſt N.Geæ S. Juniem
of the River < Seiffel
-

-
- Dain, - :::--
Chastillon |- :
-

The General Government of DAU "FINE


contains as follows.
---- -----

Trevofux: *:: - ; f Vienne


T:s" of Dnia |-

Chalamont ." " : = .. i Valence


2 f{ s. Trivier * *- Montelimart
The General Government of LYONNOIS , On the River Rhufhe, – ; Donzeres

contains as follows. | : } Mondragon


* ſ Lyen - - -- Thain
* ); chamment ! -- : --- » S. Valier
Le Lyonnois, where are, – 5 Cºndrie" |-
|- |-

|-
» . Cremieu
***
-:
}:
* Tarare "
*
| The
w r a W
wºc
5 C iz
E. - * 999.
- - -

The General Governm


continued. """ | The General Government of PřGARDY
r" Towns. | ... rei Contains as follows, |

On the River Ifera, |-


-
- Grenoble
S. Marcellin .
•.•
* -
-*- *1 : : :
- - -- -- - - -
-T
| owns. F
*- - - , , ) Romans * ,! ::: : ! | r 4miens ...:
-, - ". " - - į Contelin- v** ·lat i Corbie
Qnche
* - 2
River-Duranæs, -º,4)-! Embrun
Brianfon Y * ** --
: On the Riv
Some, ::" A3727

exºro---º-:-5px; *: : | | :"senti»
-. Vitrollef
, , ; , ţ Chapeau Cor- • ,· ! 1 :sv.
·
·· · ·
*
··· · · 3 : |- |-
·
* On the N’of taray
-

Dourlens
• , - ; | Bourgoin the River - Encre
|-
, . '|- ß
i | Eyrieu The Upper, 4 *** L e Caffelser
>| s, saphoriwr
| La Coste St.
“” i on the s. of fºrmand
*" ' ' | che Rive Of r. Mondidier
Between the Rhoſne -
..., .i., I Roºfillon
André - | :::* <}:
Chaune. }

Ifern, s i fie and the Chateauneuf ; [ La fºre


, ! * de Galaure
Brecieu |-
* , i
"::: [Towards Guiſe
Ribemont
„' . Virieu : : : Champagne * La Capelle
:* La Grande i ***: : * | Aubenton
Chartreuß - · ; Veruinr
* - |- Pont Beau- - i.; z L Moncornet
· · ·- "-
· -· - ·- voifn
hiri ;
|-
;:
oulogne.
|-

- * ::::- „. (On the Coast, å:


* * ** |- Die The L ---- : - - , ! Monſtrevitº
, , S. Pol de - ºwer, In the I |U.S. Vallery.
- * · Trieaffin * * * ; C e Inland ; Arares
.* Cref? ; ountry, Rue

Mirande
Nyomt - The General
, MA N D YGov
coCrnment, of N O R..
- -

Le Buys , , ; | * ntains as follows.

# Serre,
Ahrer , a ; . . . --***
I ** ;? f. Rouen * 2. ***
Between
rance, and
the Provence,
Rhoſne, the Du- 4 Montauban
Monbrun - - · | #
}! È:: ft x:

Montmaur *= * ifors
- Suze - • ; Caudebec:

-
- Dies le fix
#:;" , ,
-
- | || Mºntivitºr
· · · · · · Lillebonne.
Luc * * * *, ,, - |- ... } - Neufehasteſ
|- Vaudrome -- ** ** - Aumale
La Mure *, , ** * * f. In the Inland : Gournay
|-
Lefdiguiere *
S, Bonnet
** * * * *
|-
| Country,x :
': * : « u
Andelis, ...
Verzorg * -

|- tofan: | * Pont de .
l'Arche
:h Dau - The Upper, 4 , , , , , ; ::::::
Between,
Piemºnt,
the Durante and Presela:
Fenestrelles
«... i :|
*. . . .
, : Puteau
Merº :
de: - * ---- - -

Oulx
Exile *
-
* ---

-
; : ":::The
ueſque
IOGO : F LR , A ' N ° C E.
The General Government of Normandy
continued. * *
The General Govern pent of Brittany in
continued. |

Towns. Towns,
: Upper I. the Inland | Orbæ The Upper |';Country the Inland ! Dinant
l |- OUT1 3 ſtill, Antraing


'. , | :::" |:
* · * * | Laigle
,
ítill, | Ancenis
Machecos
*
- Vernevil S. Malo

. . . |
|-

| Le Haure
Diefpe
On the
U. Coasts,
}; Brieuf
Croi
|- E# M sif

U. CGd
Fefcamp |- taasiahnuš:
Harfleur |- Country, Kerhati
a.- Honfleur
v., - f?ressier
, , , ', , i Asiuebeuf . a. S. Pol de Le
|- ’s- Caen Tlie Lower, 9%

, ' ' |- Bayeux | i Morlaine


- «Cogtances Bref
- Auranches 1 On the stgimperes
Seez į. Coasts, rentin
|
Alençon stuimperley
- - -- :
· Falaife Blavet
- · |- Argentan Henneben
|- Hiefines Vennes
". . Montgomme
ry
Condé
The General Government of GUIENNE
-

and GASCO G N E contains as fol


TIn the Inland; Mortain
lows. Boardeaux
Country, Vire
|-

* - St. Lº
Thorigny
f Guienne, }:Libourne
Carentan
Valogues | Saintonge, }:
• S. Sauveur Perigueux

The Lower, *
le Vicomte
Montebourg
In Gaisme, -
|-
CT1gROTT
Perigort, }:Sarlat

Trevieref the Provin- Limoges


Gaurey ces of | Limofin, Tulle
S. James Brive
Briouze QUlefCy, Cahors
Rodez
L Argences
Cherbourg Rohergue, Vabref
On the Barfleur
|-

· * v. Coafts, Granville
- LAgenois, #::
|- |- - St. Michel [Gafcogne, S. Sever
| Dax:

The General Government of B R I TTA Les Landes, 5 Albert


N Y contains as follows. In Gaſtogne, ] Labourr, Bayonne
the Provin-4 S. Palais
r Rennes ces of i BasteNavarre,3s. Jean Pied
[ In the Inland ! Dol
Nantef
| de Portº

The Upper,
- CountrY,-
| Fºugeret
Vitray } | Soule,
*-
Mauleon
Gafregne
F. R “ A * N : C : E. . I do ř
Gestºgne ftill, | : : : : r_m Towns. | ... : C -- - - - - ..". -

- Bear
|-

} Pau
Leffar
Oleron
The General Government of P R O
V EN C E contains as follows.
|

Bigorre, Tarbe *
Towns.
- S. Bertrand
| Comminges, ##,#### On the N. of the River Du-{ Fºrcalquier
Apr
Conferans, S. Liter
rence,
- Au Sifferen
Armagnac, í Letoure T Aix
Gavre, Verdun Rie
Senex.
Eftarrac, Mirande
Condommois - Cºndom Digwe
Bazas On the
U. Bazadois,
|-

Nerac rance, s of the River D-4:“


The General Government of LANGUE : Grace
Draguignan.
! Brignoller
DOC contains as follows.
U Tarafon
[ Toulouſe Marſeile
Montauban Taulon
Alby
Lavaur On the Coaſts, ––– S. Tropez
T Upper **** Cofres Frejulz
| dae, ::::::: Antibe
Langue Mirepoise
The adjacent Lands, ––33:
"::: -4 :::: The Comtat Venaifín, – Afvignon.
» |- Caffelnas
dari
|
The Principality of Orange, orange.
J
Rhiw
U Foix, Pamiez The IS E ES of Frante,
f Narbone
Bezierf

f Towards the Agde f^::- *

í Sea, Montpellier : {}:&.


ana sr:#a- (ººrsty
} 4) gues-mer
fej
L Leufsfe |
zy,
| On the Coaſts (Caeſane
*:: -- *
Nifines
Beautaire În the Ocean,< of Brittany, ķ::
Uzez On the Coafts Nermanfier
Pon? St, E of Poistou, Bouin
fpris On the Coaft
| InCount
the Inland I Lodewe
Pezena".
| of the Pays ”Rä
U. ry, S. Pons de
d:c st
In The GOå
Tbmmieres of ::::::}o
Cereaffine On the Coasts
Aleth of Provence f Per

The Sevenner,
#::
#:: č:he Gevau
Limºuxº
Viviers
Le Puy
In the Medi
turranean,
the Iſles of X Fareret
the Levant, V. Du Lºvane
Vjás,

- *
* :::" $* The
1992 F3, RSA ' N 1, C G. E. Y
The A C QUIs IT I o N s. The Acou IsrT1oNs Min -
„ “, “ , 1:º - . .. . Towar.* |
· · · ·· - ' * r Line " | | -

|- Towns.

* - |- | Flanders in |-
| Tourney
Douay f The Franche-D Befºnfºn
Dole f
„Part, where; 1þrer
|-
--r- . ! are, Dunkirk - |i cºmte; Gray
Salins
- -- - - -- Graveline In Germany, j Metz,
- U Menin the Provin- * Lºrraiº Thul
-- « *
” " | Atsis, where Arrar ces of l Verdun
- - - , S. Omer Nancy
--- arc,
*
Ayre | Briſae
In the Nether-" : * . : : -
' [ Bavay,
Valenciennes
& $
i Alſac
face, Enfiſheim
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a į are,
where: Maubeuge
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Philippeville
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Perpignan
. . . . where is, In Spain, – Rouflon, Villefranche
r \ , V Luxembourg |- : : / Elwe
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12. *** |- Montmedy , ' '. '
r : [ Cambreſir, -
cambray :1! |
- -- -- -

ft must be obferved, That Sanfon having publiſhed his Maps and Diviſions by his
:Maſter’s Authority, was obliged to comply with the Ambitious Temper of that Court,
and to mention as Parts of his Mafter's Dominions, fome Places that never belonged tó
him, as our Iſlands of Jerſey and Guernſey, and the Principality of Orange, to which he
never had any Title. There has alſo happened a confiderable Change in his Acquiſitions
fince Sanfon wrote, for the French King has loft Cafal and Pigneral in Italy; the Dutchies
of Lorrain and Bar, are reſtored to their own Duke; Brifat and Fribourg were reſtored to
the Empire by the Treaty of Refwick; and Life and Tourney in Flanders have been fince
recovered by the Confederate Arms. :
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***
F R A N e E. 1 oo3

C H A P xxxi.
Modern F R A N C E.
Rietitu fays, That the Country in Field, befides a Fleet of 66; Men of War
general is temperate, but fome and Tenders, and 4o Gallies, 6ọoco Ma-'
what too moiſt and windy. The riners, 1 o 1 Companies of Marines, and
Soil produces whatever is necef 1948 Naval Officers; and that the Revenues
fary for Man, without ſtanding of France in 1695, according to the Ac
in need of Foreign Commodities: That it . counts of Receipt, ancounted to 187 o3 7669
abounds with Corn, and moſt of the Pro of their Money. But the Particulars of
vinces have Vines : That the Wool of Ber thefe Things we refer to their proper Pla
•y is extraordinary good : There's no berter CCS.
Öil than that of Provence : That they have
Herds and Flocks of black and fmall Cattle
every where ; and that feveral of the Pro
The Manners of the prin French.
vinces produce Horſes fit for War.
Their Riches, he fays, conſiſts in Corn, S to the Manners of the Modern
Tlax, Wool, Iron, and Commodities alınoft Frerek, Brietius owns their Levity,
of all forts. Their Salt brings them in vaft which he fysis diſcover'd by their Words,
Sums from Spain, Great Britain, and the Ne Gestures, and Apparel : The latter they
therlands. Their nobleft Salt-Pits are in the change fo often, that a Fenetian being of
Country of Dunois, and in the Jurifdistion der’d to paint a Frencknam, he drew him na
of Nantes and Saintonge. Their Iron Mines ked, with a Bundle of Cloth and a Pair of
are ſpread through the whole Kingdom; but Shears lying by him, with this Sentence,
the beſt are thoſe of Nivers or the Nivernois. Ut coles ; i. e. Make me what Fafhion you
He brings it as an Argument of the Riches pleaſe; and yet he juftly wonders, that
of France, That in 1636, it appeared by the moſt other Nations of Europe are fo ready
King’s Accounts, . That 156oosɔɔɔ of to follow their Faſhions. Thuanus ånd he.
Freneb Money had been expended in one both own the Chara&ter given their An
Year upon War. He adds, they were fo ceſtors, That at first Onft they are more than
populous, that no Part of the Country was Men, and at the laſt leſ than Women, to be in a
uninhabited; that the Villages in moft Places great meaſure applicable to them ftili. But
join'd one another; and that in the Time they are not fo ready to abandon their Con
of Charles IX. it appeared upon Computa quests as their Anceſtors were ; and Europe
tion, that there were 2ooooooo of People has felt by dear Experience, that they a.e
in the Kingdom; and that Paris alone could apt enough to rally, and as able to make
upon Occaſion raife 2ooooo Fighting Men. good Retrears when worsted in Battle, as
Cardinal Richelieu reckon'd there were in other Nations. Brietitis adds, That no Peo
France 6ɔoooo Foot, and I yoooo Horfemen, ple in the World are more generous than
who in 15 Days time might be taught the the Nobility and Gentry of France, more
Uſe of their Arens. The Atlas Historique prodigal of their Lives, or inclina ble to
fays, That in the last War, which begun Duelling. He adds, That they value
about the Time of the Revolution, they Learned Men ºf all faculties, loye to make
kad i Sceos Horſe ind-3 ooooº Foct in the á flendid and gesat Appenance, are very
M m m m u na oſpi
„1,004 F R A N C E.
'hoſpitable, and more loving and civil to adds, that if Strangers avoid Pride and Bar
Strangers than to their own Countrymen. barity, the French do not take it ill if they
Julius Scaliger fays, they are very quick to obferve the Manners and Cuſtoms of their
Jay hold of all Events, eaſily learn all Arts own Countries. The meaner People, he
and Sciences, and have a greater Vigour fays, have naturally a great Refpećt for
and Readinefs of Mind than any other Na thofe of Quality, and their Grandees are
tion; that they make a fpeedy Progrefs in refpe&ted in the fame manner by thofe of
whatever they apply themfelves to, and are inferior Degrees : But the Temper of the
very induſtrious in Merchandize, Mechani Nation cannot bear Contempt or Difdain; .
cal Arts, Arms, and Learning. He adds, i fo that their Great Men acquire more Au
they are a fubtle People, and careful òf the thority by their Civility to their Inferiors,
Publick Faith : But the reft of Europe will than by their Power. The Nobility, he
fcarce own the Truth of the latter, efpe fays, will facrifice all to their Honour,
cially fince their Kings became abſolute...! which is frequently prejudicial to them
Thuanus fays, when they once take Arms, felves and their Country, and makes them
they are very unwilling to lay them down; defpife Merchandize and Trade, or to match .
and when they have no Foreign Enemy, are with thoſe that follow them, which many
apt to fall into Civil Wars and Broils, and times engages them in wicked and unlaw
to betake themfelves to the Highway, or go ful Courſes, or to live miferably to fupport
abroad to Foreign Wars. Barclay, in his their Titles. This makes them fond to ob
Icone Animorum, Cap. 3. fays, they love their tain Offices and Pofts of Honour, which
Princes, think it fcarce lawful to controul are many times procured by Bribery, and
them, and bear their Yoke patiently; which encourages their receiving of Bribes from
agrees with the Charafter given of them by thofe under them, to enable them to keep a .
the D. de Montmorenty to the Qu. Dowager, Rank anfwerable to their Titles. It like
as Thuanus informs us ; viz. That they were wife occaſions the Advancement of abun
never weary of the Government of their dance of Men of mean Extra&t, who have
own Kings and Princes, but cannot endure Money to purchafe Poſts and Titles from
that of others : Yet it appears by their Hi Favourites. He taxes their Youth with too
ftory, that they have been as apt to rebel as great Levity, with being too free in their
any People. Barclay adds, They are a War Reproaches, and inclinable to Amours, Li- -
Mike Nation, and fight beſt on Horfeback ; centioufnefs, -and Tumults. : He charges
but have not been very happy in retaining the People in general with being more ci
their Foreign Conqueſts, becaufe of their vil to Strangers at home, than to one ano
too great Ardor, which foon flags : That ther abroad, where they frequently quarrel
they are too ready both to contemn and cre for Trifles ; and by their Law-Suits at Fo
dit their Enemies when fubdued, to ufe reign Tribunals, bring an Odium upon
their Advantage with too much Infolence, their Country, as if they were naturally
and to live more licentiouſly than other of a turbulent and unquiet Temper. He
People, which has frequently made them a charges them alfo with being too apt to
Prey to thofe. they have conquer’d. No quarrel, and take Sides at home, to the
Nation, he fays, is more adapted by Nature great Effuſion of Blood, for almoft nothing,
to a Mafculine Politeneſs, has more Manly. that they may obtain the Reputation of
Countenances, or is more decent in their brave Men, who deſpife Death ; which
Motions and Geſtures, which fets off the makes them frequently engage rafhly in one
Virtues of their Great Men, and ferves for another's Quarrels, without enquiring into
a Cover to thofe of the meaneft Qualifica the Caufe of 'em, or having any Regard to
tions : But he juftly obſerves, that thofe of Kindred, Acquaintance, ở c. This we may
other Nations make themfelves ridiculous reafonably fuppofe to have been one of the
by imitating their Motions, Faſhions, and main Things which occaſioned their prefent
Geſtures, except they have a natural Genius, King's fevere Edi&ts againſt Duels, and his
for it. He applauds them highly for being puniſhing them accordingly.: Barclay fays
civil to Strangers, without Regård to their however, That thoſe, Faults, which are too
|Quality, if they be Men of Merit; and common in their Youth, are more
-
:
Ila (IC
-

F R A N c E. - 1 oo5
made up by the Wifdom, Civility, and fent of the Church go along with it; and
other good Qualities, of thofe of riper they exprefly condemn his Powěr over
Years, who are eafy of Acceſs to Strangers, Princes in Temporal Matters, to depofe
if they be not openly. vicious or imperti them direstly or indirectly, or to abſolve
nent, and courteous to all Men, which has Subjećts from their Allegiance. -

made France fo long to be accounted the On the other hand, it muft be own'd,
Theatre of good Breeding. So much for that the Nation iń grofs has always adhéri
the Character of the Country and People to the Church of Rºme; and that of all the
in general. We ſhall take Notice of what's Countries in Christendom, none has been fo
peculiar to the feveral Provinces as we come much the Stage of A&tion upon the fingle
to them." Score of Religion as France, which“will ap
For their Lầnguage, Bristius fays, 'tis a pear by what follows. *

Dialećł of the Latin, corrupted by the In


vafion of barbarous Nations, as is that of
Spain and Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . *
Of the Reformation of Religion
-** * * - there. o.
- -, -, * * * * * *
Their Modern R E L I G I o N. . Ince Popery came to its Height, there
have always been fome in France who ei
A S to their Religion, Brietin fays, That ther oppos'd it by Martyrdom or Military
when Chriſtianity was almoft fwal Defence againſt the barbarous Maffacres
low’d up by Herefies in the 5th Century, contriv'd : the Prieſts, and executed b
* **
the French being then Pagans, were con their fuperftitious Abertors. - f.
verted in the Reign of Clovit, that they About 1 16o, when Tranſubstantiation
might be afterwards the Guardians of the came to be publickly taught, a young Mer
Popet, the Defence of the Church, and the Head chant of Lions call'd Waldo, who had for
ºf Christendom, as Pope Boniface IX. exprefs'd merly led a very diffolute Life, being terri
it. Hence the French Kings came to be cal fy'd by the füdden Death of one of his
led Moft Chriſtian ; which Title was firſt Companions in a Debauch, refolv'd to re- .
given them in the Will of St. Remigitu, and form his Converfation : In order to which,
afterwards confirmed by feveral Popes. He he applied himſelf feriouſly to Prayer, and
fays, they begun their Year from Easter, reading of the Scriptures, by which he dif
until the Time of Charles IX. -
cover’d the Falfeneſs of that, and of many
But whatever Encomiums Brietiue, La other Dostrines of the Church of Rome,
Forreſt, and other French Popiſh Authors, which he oppos'd publickly. His Follow
may give this Nation for their Adherence ers, from him called Waldenfºs, became fo
to the Papal See, and their Defence of Po numerous, that Pope Alexander III. anathe
pery, the Spaniards, Italiant, and other Po matiz'd them. Upon which, being chas'd
piſh Nations, charge them with being 'de from Lions, they fpread in Dauphiné and
festive in Point, of Devotion, and to be: Provence, and afterwards through the other
guilty of the fame Levity in Point of Reli Provinces into Flanders and Germany; fo that
gion as in other Things; and 'tis plain to put a Stop to their Growth, K. Philip .
from Hiſtory, that feveral of their Kings Augustus of Frante is faid to have raz'd 3oo
have quarrel’d with the Popes for affuming Gentlemen’s Seats, deſtroy’d feveral Wall'd
too much Power; and that Lewis XIV, has Cities, and burnt a great many others in
done it as much as any when he thought its France and Germany. They were likewife fo
for his Intereft. . 'Tis likewife very well cruelly perfecuted by the Biſhops of Mentz
known, that the French would never receive and Strasburg, that they were burnt by 8o
the Council of Trent; and that the Gallican at a time in one Fire, as Æneas Sylviu, Sley
Clergy, by their Declaration in 1682, af. dan, and other Hiſtorians, inform us: But :
ferted the Liberty of their Church, the instead of decreafing their Numbers, this
Authority of General Councils; and that Perfecution made them overfpread a great
the. Pope's Judgment is not irreverſible, Part of Europe, and they multiply’d fo much,
their Wordis Irreforhabile, except the Con that in lefs than 1oo Years after Waldo, Periw
- -
- - |-
· M mm m m m 2 Lyonois
I co6 F. R. A. N. c. E.
Lyonois fel; us, there were in the ſmall Bi till about 1556, their Faith being the fante
fhoprick of Paſau alone above Booco of’em, with that of the Peafants of the Country,
who being perfecuted with Reproaches, as who had not known any thing of the Cere
well as by Fire and , word, publiſh'd the monies of Rome, fays Perin Lyonois, tho"
Articles of their Faith, which they dedica they were Neighbours to it. We refer the
ved to the French King ; and : them it ap furrher Account of them tø our Defcription
pears, that they agreed in moſt Points with of Piedmont; but it muft be obſerv'd, that
the prefent Proteſtants. Many of thefe their Doĉtrine fpread again into France, and
Things came ro light by the Quarrels of the Profeſſors of it were cruelly perfecuted,
Papists among themfelves, and partly by particularly in Provence, where many of 'em
the taking of Montbrun in I ș85 by the Ma were mafiacred in 1545, in the Reign of
refchal de Lºfdegnieret, then a Proteſtant, Francis I. to whom the famous Calvin had
who fav'd the Records of thofe Perfecutions
dedicated his Institutions 9 Years before.
found in that Place, when the Monks de The Learning, Induſtry, and Eloquence, of
fign'd to have burnt them, becaufe they that great Man, promoted the Reformation
tontain’d an Account of the Cruelties com fo much in France and other Parts of Europe,
mitted upon the Walderfes ; and prov'd, that Barclay, a Roman Catholick, in his Eu
that their Do&trine was the fame with ours, phormion, made this Diſtich upon him :
befides the Teſtimonies that appeared in
thofe Records of their pious and harmlefs Et qui tergeminam rides Calvine Coronam,
Lives. Et Latium Latio destruis Eloquio.
In 12oo, thofe People in the Province of
Albigeois in Languedoc, from whence they Which may be Engliſh’d thus:
were called Albigenſes, ſtood upon their De And Calvin whº derides the Triple Crown,
fence againſt their Perfecutors, wherein By Roman Tongwe, the Roman Church
they were affifted by the Cities of Talouſe, pulls down. -

Montauban, and many others, befides the pub


Iick Afiftance they had from the Kingdom The Perfecution was more or lefs in Frante
of Arragon, and from many great People in according to the Temper of the reigning
England. Upon which, Philip Angustus ma Princes; and 'tis obferv'd, that Henry II. in.
king War againſt them, they were drove I 549, defiring to hear one of thoſe con
into Bohemia and Savoy, and feveral of 'em demn’d Proteſtants difcourfe, the Courtiers.
ffed in to England. pick’d out one who was eſteem'd a very.
In the 14th Century, the Dostrine of weak Man ; but having baffled the Biſhops
Wałdo was much illuſtrated by our John of Castilon in Debate, the King would fee.
PWickliff, when-the D. of Lancaster, and ma him die ; and obſerving him to turn his,
ny other Great Men, favour'd him and his Face towards the Window where he ſtood:
Followers. -
to fee the Execution, he was fo much:
In 1448, the French King’s Lieutenant, frighted at it, that he fwore he would come.
the Count of Arax, went with an Army no more to fee fuch Sights. The ordinary,"
into the Country of Vallsit, whither many Courts of Juſtice being glutted with thofe.
of the Albigenſes had retir’d, and ftifled a Executions, and feveral of the Jadges con
bove 3 ooo of 'em, by fetting Fire to the verted by the Arguments of the Martyrs, .
Mouths of the Caves where they were fhel the King, in 153o, order’d they ſhould be
ter'd ; among whom were 4oo Infants, brought before the Court called the Mercu«.
found finother’d in their Cradles, or in the rial, conſtituted by Lewis XII. which con
Arms of their dead Mothers ; and this Per-- fifted of the King, the Princes of the .
fēcution was promoted againſt them thro’ Blood, and other Grandees, in order to ·
all Eurºpe by the Pope, which brought on. fend the Proteſtants to the Shambles as faft
the War of Bohemia by Ziska, formerly men as they were fummoned; which, instead :
thoned. The Remainder of the Albigenfºr. of stifling the Religion, increas'd it by the
fled into the D. of Savoy's Country, where. Converfion of feveral Princes and great
shey liv'd in two finall Cities and fome Men, fome of whom were imprifon’d, and .
Wallies of Pisarnºst, without Perfecution, others fled. , Soon after this, viz. in 1 ; 59,
- o. Henry
|
F R A N c E. 1oo 7:
Henry II. died of a Wound in his Eye, tors : but the Court finding they could not
which he received at a Tournament by the do it legally, they contriv'd that the K. of:
Splinter of a Lance, as he tilted with the Navarre fhould beefent for to the French K,
Count de Montgomery, Captain of the Scots who was to make feveral Damands of him, .
Guards. Upon which, turning his Face to that they.knew he could not comply with ; .
wards the Baffile, where many of the Pro and upon his Refutal, the K. was to give as
teſtants were in Prifon, he own'd it to be Signal to murther him, on Pretence of his,
the just Judgment of God upon him for undutiful Behaviour, when the D. of Guife:
his Cruelty to thofe honeſt People. To was to give the firſt Błow : But Francis II. -
which the Cardinal of Lorrain, a cruel Per being mov'd with Pity to a King and Prince -
fecutor, reply'd, That 'twas falfe, and the of his own Blood, forbore giving the Sig--
Đevil distated the Words. Francis II. fuc nal; fo that the K. of Navarrº eſcap'd, for.
ceeded at 16 Years of Age, when the D. of which the D. of Guif called the French King:
Guif, and his Brother the Cardinal of Lor a Poltroon to his Race. The D. afterwards,
rain, taking the Advantage of his Minority, got the Pr. of Cºndé illegally condemn’d, .
deſign'd to ufurp the Crown; and as the deſign’d the like againſt the K. of Navarre, ,
readiest Way to attain it, pretended a great and to have brought them both to ther
Zeal for Popery, and Hatred to the Refox Block; but 'twas hāppily prevented by the -
mation. This occaſioned Scholars of both Death of Francis II who being fucceeded :
Parties to write pro and con, fome for Reli by his Brother Gharles IX. a Minor, fome:
gion, others for the State ; and one writ a of the Grandees and the Council prevail’da
Řook, fhewing the Lawfulnefs of defen with the Queen Mother, who was then Re
ding themfelves, againſt. Tyrants. Upon gent, to forbear proceeding againſt the King:
which the Proteſtants refolved to ftand on of Navarre and the Prince, left the Houfe:
'their Defence, and chofe Anthony, K. of Na of Guife ſhould become her Mafters, ufurpe
verre for their Head, he being then.a Pro the Government from her felf, and thę
teſtant, and the firſt Prince of the Blood ; Crown from her Sen. Upon which they
but they afterwards chofe his Brother Lewis were both fet at Liberty, and the K, of Na--
Prince of Condé as a fitter Perfon to be their varre was made Lieutenant-General of the:
General; but this being diſcover'd the Day Kingdom. The Houſe of Guif? ſpread Libels
before they were to rife in Arms, many of through the Nation, charging the Queen«
them were put to Death for it, and fuffer'd and the Proteſtants to have poifon’d King
with fo much Patience and Magnanimity, Francis, thô his Phyſicians attefted that there
that it very mueh increas'd their Party, was no Sign of Pòifon about him.. This .
This occaſioned the calling of an Affembly Change of Government occaſioned the cal-**
of the Nobles at Fºuntainbless, where the ling of an Affembly at Piffe, where Beza;.
Great Admiral Cºligny prefented a Petition Peter Martyr, and other Proteſtant Divines, -
in Behalf of the Proteſtants," which he told appear’d in Defence of their Religion. Thee
them he could have fign’d by 5oooo Men, former argued fo learnedly againſt Tranfub--
who aim’d at nothing but Liberty of Con stantiatíon, that he convinc'd the Cardinal, -
fcience, and the fecuring the Crown to the and prov'd that 'twas not the Protestants, ,
Princes of the Blood. Thé Constable, the but the Corruption and Perfecutions of the : ·
Chancellor, and other great Officers, made, Church of Rome, which occaſioned i thofe -
Speeches full of Moderation ; but the Troubles in the Kingdom. The Cardi--
Houfe of Guif appear'd with Rancor againf** nal's yielding in the Point of Tranfubitan--
the Protestants, becauſe they ſtood in their
tiation, was very pleaſing to the Queen a
Way of ufurping the Crown. The K. of and Princes, thô difagreeable to the Cler--
Navarre, and his Brother the Pr. of Condé, gy, who bandy’d against his Explanation off
abſențed, becaufe they could not truft the the Manner of our Saviour’s Prefence ; but -
Court, till rheir Brother the Cardinal de the Conference had this Eff;&ł, that the .
Bºurbon obtain’d an Oath from the King and Protestants were confirmed in their Belief, .
Queen for their Safety and Liberty : Not and the Papifts flagger’d in theirs; fö that e
withstanding which, they were clapp'd up . in many Places they allow'd the Protestants :
ia Prifon, to be proceeded against as Trai the Ufe of their Churches by Turns. "::: ?
Rlà#R'»
|
Too8 F R A W C E.
this the D. of Guif retired from Court, and veral Provinces, where they ftabb'd, fton'd,
accuſed the King and Queen to che Pope strangled, burnt, famifh'd, drown'd, stified,
of Apoſtacy, which he confirmed by their or put to other cruel Deaths, all the Re
having a little before prevented the Execu form’d that came in their way. Thefe in
tion of a barbarous Maffaçre of the Prote human Cruelties having excited the Com
stants that he had contriv'd. The Queen paffion of feveral great Men, they met at
finding her felf in Danger, defir’d to know the Admiral’s, in order to confult of Me
the Strength of the Reform'd, in cafe ſhe thods for their own Prefervation, and that
fhould be attack’d on their Account ; and . of their Brethren; but the Admiral being
received an Affurance from 2 1 şo of their a cautious, experienc’d, and prudent Man,
Churches, that they would ſpend their rais’d fuch Objećtions againſt their Propo
Lives and Fortunes in Defence of her and fals, as put them to Silence ; nor could he
the King her Son. The Papifts being ftir'd be induc'd to join with them, till ( fays
up in many Places by the Clergy, and an M. d'Aubigny) he was prevail'd on by the
Enthufiaſtical Cordelier, they enter’d into Tears and Prayers of his Lady, who was a
a League, and took Arms againſt the Queen Perfon of extraordinary Piety and Parts ;
and the King; the Cordelier having affur'd and reprefented to him, That he muft be
them, that they ſhould be inviſible while anfwerable to God for all the innocent
he carried his Wooden Crofs before them. Blood that was ſhed, -fince 'twas in his
They defeated fome of the King’s Troops Power, by his Intereft, Courage and Con
at firft, and took fome Towns; but at laft du&t, to prevent it. After feveral Confe- .
the Cordelier was befieged at Bariols with rences of this fort, he told her the Danger
part of his Followers, where 4oo of 'em, of the Attempt, of the League made be
were kilkud, and he himſelf flain with his twixt the Courts of France and Spain for the
Crofs in his Hand. Two Companies of Extirpation of Proteſtants, and of the Apo-"
Proteſtants were the firſt who ſtorm’d the ftacy of the K. of Navarre and the Conſta
Town; and when they faw it taken, re ble, which added fo much Strength to their
tir’d to the Fields to give God Thanks for Enemies ; and at laft defir’d ſhe would take
the Vistory, but would have none of the 3 Weeks to confider whether ſhe could bear
Plunder, tho' the King's General fent to to have him executed as a Traitor, her.
them to come and take their Share; an Children reduced to Beggary, if not mur
fwering, That they would keep their Hands ther’d, and her felf and all her Friends ex
- clean, and content themfelves with doing pos'd to the like Calamities, and the Re
God and their King the beſt Service they Proaches of the People, who always judge
tould. of Things by the Succeſs ; and if fhe
The Queen, to prevent fuch Infurre8tions thought : had Conftancy enough to bear
for the future, affembled at St. Germains the up under all thofe Circumftances, he would
Princes and Grandees, where an Edićt was take her Advice : To which ſhe fuddenly
made for allowing the Protestants the free reply'd, Thát the 3 Weeks were already at
Exercife of their Religion ; to which allt an end ; That ſhe was fully refolv'd to bear
the Minifters of State, and Deputies of the all that could happen; adding, That the ·
Affembly, agreed in January 1561. In Au Murthers committed in that Time by the
guſt after, the Queen wrote a long Letter Papists, would lie upon his Head: There
to the Pope, repreſenting the dangerous fore fhe charged him in the Name of God
Condition of the Kingdom, by reafon of to delay no longer, otherwife ſhe muft be.
the Corruptions in Religion, wherein, as a Witnefs against him at the Great Day.
Monfieur d'Aubigny in his Hiſtory of the Upon this he applied himfelf to form
Civil Wars of France informs us, ſhe char his Party, who chuling the Pr. of Condé for
ged the Church of Rome with moſt of her their Head, they became fo powerful in a.
material Errors, which ſhe defired might be little time, by Qu. Elizabeth's Afiftance, to
reformed : But the Houfe of Guife still pur whom they gave Havre-de-Grace for a Cau
fuing their Defign on the Crown, violent tionary Town, that they gained a Vistory
Jy oppos'd it, broke the Edi&t, committed over their Enemjes in September, 1562,
barbarous Maffacres on the Proteſtants in fe brought the K, to a Peace, and the gan: O
F R A N c F. roo9
of another Edist for eſtabliſhing Liberty of He always call'd the Admiral Father, gran
Confcience, which the Court broke foon ted him fuch Requeſts as he had refuſed tą.
after, return’d to their former Violences the Queen and his Brothers; and d'Aubig
againſt the Proteſtants, and laugh’d at 'em ny thinks, the Admiral would certainly
for thinking they would obferve Edićts. have obtained the fole Dominion of him,
This occaſion'd a 2d War, wherein the Pro had it not been for the Queen and the
teſtants alſo prevailed, and Procured a 3d Guifes, who put him upon the moſt horrid
Edi&t; for the Performance of which, the A&ts of Diffimulation and Cruelty that ever
Proteítants had Rochel, Montaban, Coniac, and were heard óf Thus to gull the Prote
La Charite, put into their Hands as Cautio ftants, he forc'd his Sifter againſt her Will
nary Towns; but King Charles foon after to marry the Prince of Navarre, as the fu
broke this Agreement, and the Papifts re reft Pledge of his Favour to them, and pre
turn’d to their former Cruelties and Maf tended to join with them againſt the Crown
facres. This obliged the Pr. of Conde and of Spain in Favour of the Netherland Prote
the Admiral to take Arms again ; and the ftants; fo that under Pretext of this Mar
Queen of Navarre going to Rochel, was de riage, he brought the Chief of the Prote
clar'd Head of the Proteſtants; but having ftants together, that he might have an Op
devoted her Son, afterwards Henry IV. whom portunity to butcher them all at once. Too.
ſhe bred up in that Religion, to their Ser many of 'em believ'd, while others miſ
vice, ſhe reſign’d her Charge to him, and trufted him ; and the excellent Queen of
made his Uncle the Pr. of Conde, and the Navarre, whom even Popifh Authors con-
Admiral, his Lieutenant-Generals. They fefs to have been the Glory of her Sex,
brought the King to feveral other Agree coming to fee the Marriage of her Son,
ments; but he having broke 'em all, they was before the Day poifon’d by a Pair of
were forc'd to continue the War, wherein Gloves, as d'Avila confeſſes; which the
there fell on the King's Side Anthony K. of Court excuſed the beft they could, and
Navarre, and the Conſtable Montmorancy, difown'd their Hand in it, left it ſhould
who had apoſtatis'd, befides the D. : prevent the Match, and the Maſſacre that
and many other great Men; and on the was carried on under Pretext of it in 6.
Side of the Proteſtants, the Pr. of Condé Days after, on the 24th of August, 1 572,
was bafely affaffinated, but left a Son that when the famous Admiral, no other great
inherited his Virtues, as the D. of Guife did Men, 12 oo Gentlemen, and above I oooooº
one who was Heir to his Vices. After Proteſtants of all forts, were murther'd in
this, the War was managed by the Admi Paris, and other Parts of the Kingdom, as
ral, in the Name of the two young Princes the Biſhop of Rodez himſelf confeffes, with- -
of Navarre as Head, and of the Prince of out Refpest to Age, Sex, or Relation. The
Conde as Succeffor to his Father’s Command. King boaſted of this inhuman Cruelty,
He govern’d Affairs fo wifely, keeping the ask'd the Queen, If ſhe had not diffembled
two young Princes always with him, that well ? And went to the Parliament of Paris
the Biſhop of Rodez, tho a violent Papift, on purpoſe to own it, where the Chief Pre
confeffes, the King not daring to fight him, fident M. de Thou, thồ he abhorr'd it in his
and having loft alſ Hopes of ſubduing the Heart, and wept for it at home, made a long,
Protestants by Force, : refolved to ruin Harangue to his Majeſty in Commendation
them on Pretence of a Peace, and by fuch of it, and of that Principle too common,
other Methods as the Biſhop himſelf calls among Princes, that he who knºws no: how tĝ .
wicked, which he effe&ted thus: The King diff mble, knows not how º reign, . This hor
knowing, fays M. d'Aubigny, the Proteſtants rid Plot was carried on with fo much Se
to be põífeffed of 2oo Cities, the worſt of crecy, that none but the King, the Queen,
which was capable to hold out a Month’s the Dukes of Anjou and Guife, and the Car-;
Siege againſt the Royal Army, he granted dinal of Lorrain, knew of it, till ’t was put
them another Edist, which was dūly ob in Execution, After which, the Court of
ferv'd for-two Years, and pretended fo Rome, who fufpe&ted the King before, åpn:
much Kindneſs to the : and the Pro proved this Maſſacre, with hi, Condust in:
testants, that he became fufpeded at sºn: it, and ºgpointed a Jubile i
---- - - - - - - |- - * *
Hºnºurs:ut
----
3.
:I.CFITO F R A N c F. . . .
.but the Divine Juſtice foon overtook the after fome bitter Investives against their
*principal Contrivers, for the King dyd wal Religion. Upon this the Pr. retired to
Îowing in his Blood, which iffued from all Germany, where he raifed Forces in Defence
the Paffages and Pores of his Body: The of the Proteſtants, and the K. of Navarre
Duke of Guife, and his Brother the Cardi- · efcap’d to Rochelle, by which Means they
nal, were aíſ,ffinated by Command of Hen brought Henry III. to a large Edist for Free
ºry III. the Queen Mother died of Grief a dom of Refigion to the Proteſtants ; at
few Days after them, hated by all, and la which the Papifts being offended, they
mented by none, fays the Biſhop of Rodez; fram'd that call'd the Cathelick League, un
and the D. of Anjou, who fucceeded by the der the Condu&t of the Houſe of Gmif, who
Name of Henry III. was stabb'd to Death by ftill aſpir’d to the Crown. The Queen and
a facobin Friať. the Guifer, in order to make a Breach bc
But to return to the Courfe of the Hi twixt the King and the Protestants, put him
:story ; The Court thinking they had urter upon demanding their Cautionary Towns,
ly ruin'd the Protestants by this inhuman and them upon refuting 'em. This brought
Butchery, found themſelves much difap on a new War, wherein the Proteſtants ha
pointed, and the Protestants infpir'd with a ving the Advantage, they obtained another
greater, Refolution to fand on their De Edist in 15 So. · But the Power of the ·
fence than ever. Having affembled all the
League increaſing by the Affiftance of Spain,
Proteſtants at Lions, to murther them in the
the Houfe of Guife made the King a meer
fame manner as they had done thoſe of Pa Cypher ; and in an Afſembly held at Bisà
ris, the common Hangman and the Garri in 1585, forc'd him to repeal a!! the Fd:ćts
fon refus'd to do it, and left it to the in favour of the Proteſtante, to make ano
Courtiers themfelves. The Duke of Anjes ther for baniſhing them on Pain of Death,
marched with am Army to beſiege Rochel ; to difinherit the K. of Navarre and the Pr.
and for the greater Terror of the Prote of Conde, and to fettle the Succefion upori,
ftants, forc'd the young King of Navarre their Uncle the Cardinal of Bourbon, who
to attend him in that Expedition; but the was an old Man, and uncapable of Iffue ;
Town, by Qu Elizabeth's Affiſtance, made which was in Effect to fettle it upon them
fo brave a Defence, that he was forc'd to felves. The King perceiving this, that they
raife the Siege, with the Lofs of 4.oooo took the whole Ådminiſtration upon theni,
Men, granted the Town honourable Con and frequently left out his Name, he or
ditions ; and the King was fo much hum der’d the D. öf Guife, and his Brother the
bled with this Lofs, that he publiſh’d ano Cardinal, both to be killed in 1588. After
* ther Edićł far Liberty of Confcience to the which, their other Brother the D. of May
Proteſtants. When he fell fick of the Di enne became Head of the League. That
ítemper above mentioned, he had fuch a fame Year the Pr. of conde was poifon’d by
perfest Hatred for his Mother, and his Bro his Enemies, to the great Lofs of the Pro
ther the D. of Anjou, who had been Com teſtants. The King, to strengthen himſelf
panions with him in his Cruelty, that he againſt the League, join'd with the K. of
fent for the K. of Navarre, then a Prifoner, Navarre and the Proteſtants, laid Siege to
confeſs'd him to be a Perfon of Honour, Paris, which held out for fe League, and
and recommended to him the Care of his was likely to have ruin'd the Guifer and their
Queen and Daughter, as not thinking any Faćtion, when he was murther’d, as hinted
body elfe worthy of that Truft. above, by a jacobin Friar, thé 1 ft of An- ,
The Duke of Anjou, his 2d Brother and guf, 1; 89. The King liv'd fome Hours
Succeffor, being then K. of Poland, his 3d after receiving the Wound, fent for the
Brother the D. of Alençon, and other ::::K. of Navarre, declar’d him his Succeſſor,
dees, attempted to deprive the Queen Mo all his own Brothers being dead, adviſed
ther of the Regency ; but ſhe was too him to turn Papift, and exhorted the Royal
quick for them, affum’d the Government Party to be faithful to him. The King of
in the Name of the D. of Anjou ; and to Navarre was reduc'd to a great Straight,
strengthen her felf, releas'd the K. of Na being loth to offend his Proteſtant Friends
vars and the Pr. of Cºnde out of Priſon, by turning Papift, or to loſe the Crown :
tinc
----=====.===...== -- Izz"----- - - -

AV C E. IoI f
the Sake of his Religion, The Leaguer Life, and, aiming at his Heart, woanded
refuſed to own him, declar'd the É: him in the Mouth, The D, of Sally, a Pro
of Bourbon King, who dying foon after, they testant, his Chief Miniſter and Favouste,
a8ted in their own Names, ::::: the difſwaded him from it-; but perceiving the
Pope to excommunicate the K. of Navarre, King's Fear of that S ciety to be unfựr.
now Henry IV. and by the Affiſtance of mountable, he was forc'd to be filent ;:.fo
Spain, drove him to Diep, where he was rea that the Pillarerećted in Paris, to the perper
dy to embark for England, when he receiv'd tual Reproach of the Society for that bar
a timely Reinforcement from Qú. Elizabeth, baroụs Attempt, was pull'd down, and the
which énabled him to bear up againſt them. King contented himſelf wi h ordering the
The spaniards, who join'd with the Leagueri, French Jefuirs for Time- to come to cut off
folicited them to chufe a King, by which one Corner of their Caps, and to make 'em
they hop’d to make a Match betwixt their triangular : But after he had fettled the
own Family and that of France, which di Kingdom in Peace, and had levy’d an Ars
vided the League, fet the D. of Mayenne a my on fome great Deſign, which was ge- .
gainſt them, who afpir'd to the Crown him: nerally thought to be againſt the Houfe of
felf, and being married, and having no Son, Auftria, he was ſtabb'd to the:::: R4
could not anfwer their Deſign of a Match, villøe, a Friar, in his Coach, the 14th of
which turn'd to the Advantage of Henry IV. May, 16 1o - The Affaffin was taken with
who, after carrying on the War with va his Knife in his Hand; and the D. of Eper
rious Succeſs, was, in order to fecure his non refle&ting upon the ill Condućt of thoſe
Poſleffion of the Crown, prevailed on by who immediately kill'd the Friar that mur
the Importunity, of the Papifts who ad ther'd Henry III., prevented Ravillac's being
her'd to him, and his Miſtruft of Provi killed in the like manner, by forbidding any
dence, to embrace; Popery, by which he one to attempt it on Pain of Death ; fo that
made K. Henry III.’s Party firm to him; and he was fecur'd, but in fo negligent a manli
his Proteſtant Friends not forfaking him, ner, fays M. le Waffor, as appear’d fufpicious
thô highly griev'd at his Revolt, he car and affested; for inſtead of being clofely
ried alſ before him, and quite broke the confin'd, every one had Liberty to fpeak to
League. er this, he paffed an A&t of him the two firſt Days; and the Biſhop of
Oblivio:"Miſcover’d an unparallel'd Cle Rodez, in his Hiſtory of Henry IV. fays, That
mency to his greateſt Enemies, particular when the Villain was put on the Rack tar
ly to the Parliament of Toloufe, who had diſcover his Accomplices, his Confeſſion
condemn’d and executed him in Effigie as a was kept fecret ; and that when thofe who
Traitor, fettled the Proteſtant Religion by examin’d him were ask’d concerning it, they
the Edist of Nantes with greater Liberty durft make no Anfwer, but ſhrugged up
than ever, made Proteſtants equally capa their Shoulders; by which twould feeme
ble of all Preferments with Papifts, and there were fome concern'd that were tog
ğreat to be nam’d, which is not improba
their Caufes tryable only in Judicatures,
compos’d of an equal Number of Papifts ble, confidering what M. Vafför fays, That
and Protestants; and by Confent of the Galigai, and Conchini her Husband, whe
States, made this Edićt irrevocable and per were the Queen’s Favourites, and Penfio
petual in 1598. The Curious, who defire ners of Spain, had threaten'd the King;
to know more of thefe Things, may con and that the Queen foon wip'd off her
fult d'Aubigny's Hiſtory above-mentioned, Tears, when the Chancellor, and Villery
who being in Favour, with Henry IV. was made Îer fenfible, that every Moment was
furniſh’d with Materials by his Order, and : and that ſhe muft forthwith
writes with a great deal of more Candor, make her Advantage of the Abſence of two
and from better Vouchers, than d’Avila of the Princes of the Blood, and of the
and others, who wrote the Hiſtory of Weaknefs of the other, to get her felf de
France. The greateſt Weaknefs of this clar’d Regent during the Minority of her
Prince was his Fear of the Jefuits, whom Son Lewis XIII. which the Parliament was
he restor’d after they had been baniſh'd forc'd to agree to, being threaten’d by the
Frante, becauſe one of 'emi artempted his Duke d'Epernon, Captain of the Guards, and
- --- - - - - N n n nn a fur
1o12 AF R A N C E.
furrounded by a Military Force. Ki fecure themfelves from Maſſacres and other
Henry IV. being thus murther’d, Qu. Eliza Violences; for the French King had likewife
beth dead fome Years before, and her Suc poffeffed himſelf of orange. Accordingly
ceſſor K. James not having purſued her they begun their firſt Infułts upon the #:
Meaſures in fupporting the Proteſtants of form’d at Pamier, where the Biſhop com
France, their Intereft declin'd every Day : mitted all forts of Violence upon them,
Many of the great Men apoſtatis’d after contrary to the Edist of Nantes, He turn'd
Henry IV.’s Example; more did the like af. them out of the Town, pulſ'd down their
terwards, to procure the Favour of the Church, and fet up a Gallows in the Place
Queen Regent ; and others kept their Pro where it food, with a Crofs adjoining to
festion on purpoſe to ferve her Ends. The it, and this barbarous Infcription, Either the
firft Attempt made upon the Proteſtants, Croß, or the Gastows. But fome Changes at
was the taking the Church-Lands in the Court prevented the taking of the like
Province of Bearn in the Kingdom of Na Meafures againſt 'em throughout the King
varre from them for the Ufe of the Popiſh don; for the Protestants being then necef
Clergy, the altering of that Government, fary to the Court, who were fenfible of the
and ärinexing ít to France. This made the Service they had done them in preventing
Protestants take Arms in Defence of their the Uſurpation of the Houſe of Guife, they
Rights and Privileges under the D. of Roan, put a Stop to thofe Proceedings. After the .
whom they chofe for their General, as ap Death of Lewis XIII. they contributed fo
pears by his Memoirs. He was join’d by much to the keeping of the Crown upon
the Dukes of soubize and Sully, and other the Head of the prefent King, and to the
great Proteſtants, and might eafily have re preferving of Mazarine, that the Cardinal:
Establiſh'd, the Protestant Religion there, prevented their utter Extirpation ; and a
without Hazard of being fhaken, had they Declaration was publiſh’d by the King in.
been đuly fụpported by England. For the 16; 2, owning thöfe Services, and confirm
Reaſons that hinder'd it in the Reigns of ing the Edićt of Nantes. Yet the other Po
K. James and K. Charles I. we refer to their piſh Biſhops prevailed to have that Edićt
Hiſtory; and ſhall only take Notice, That infringed in 1656, by anothe claration,
when the Long Parliament was in Treaty of the King, contrary to f 1652..
with Depuțies from Bourdeaux, in order to Upon this, the Reform’d prefeīfed a Me--
have stipportęd the Proteſtants of France, morial to the King, fetting forth their Ser
their : was overturn’d by Cromwel's vices, in prefeiving the Crown to his Grand:
rping the Government ; which coft father, his Father, and himſelf; and defir’da
forhê engaged in the Defign their Lives, that the Edist of Nantes, which by the Au--
after Cromwell and Mazarine had come to an thority of feveral Kings and of the States.
Agreement, as, Sheriff Bethel, in his Ac had been made irrevocable, ſhould be ob--
count of the Original Growth and Decay ferv'd. To this the King anfwer’d in 1658,
of the Reform’d in France, informs us. That he would appoint Commiſſioners of
» The Reader may fee at large from Wafar both Religions to enquire into the Breach,
and others, how, during the Regency of of it ; but the Popiſh Biſhops prevented its
Qu. Mary de Medicis in the Minority of her having any Effest. The Cardinal de Maza
Son Lewis XIII. that cunning and treache rine dying in 1661, the Popiſh Biſhops took:
rous Princefs ruin’d the Protestants, by the Opportunity to puſh on their Defigns.
dividing them among themfelves, by against the Protestants, and fir’d up the
bringing over the Princes of the Blood froń Pr. of conde, and his Brother the Pr. of
their Party, and other Hntrigues; and when Conti, against the Proteffants, becauſe they,
Lewis XIII. came of Age, being fèt on by : taken Part with the King againſt them.
the Popiſh Clergy, he took from them ail Upon which they were proſecuted in the
their Cautionary Towns; and after having Governments of Burgundy, and Languedoc, .
reduc'd Rºcheste în 1628, and made a Peâcé which were fubjest to thofe Princes, andi
with the Protestants the Year fölfowing, in like manner at Rochelle and Ssdan: Büc:
the Popiſh Biſhops refolv'd on their Ruirị. : Differences that happend betwixt the:
They fiad now no Place*
cf Retreat
* · · · -- 1.
left to̟ King and the Pope prevented a general Per--
** *
fecution
F R A N C E. 19:13:
fecution for fome time; and the Queen' 2: Clodion, his Sơn, fucceeded; and be-1
Mother, who was fenſible of their Services caute he wore long Hair, was called Crini-,
to her felf and her Son, did likewife inter tus. In the latter end of his Father's Reign,
poſe for them; fo that in 1666, they were or ths beginning of his own, the Gauls
upon the growing Hand as to Number : were drove beyond the Rhine by the Romans,
But that Princefs dying then, every one. and he kept his Court at Duysburg in the
knows how barbarouſly the Proteſtants there. Dutchy of Cleve; but he afterwards inva
have been treated ſince, and how ungrate ded the Country-called Galia Belgica, and
fully and perfidiouſly the French King re fubdued it as far as Cambray, where he was,
pealed the Edict of Nantes,, what Multitudes buried after 2 o Years Reign.
of Proteſtants he baniſh'd, what Numbers 3. Merovetu, his Kinfman, was chofen in
he has dragoon'd into a Compliance with his Place, exclufive of his Sons, about 428,
the Church of Rome, and by what violent at Amiens ; and from him came the Merovin
Meaſures he fupprefſed the publick Exercife. gian Race. He affifted Aetius the Roman Ge
of their Religion throughout all his Domi neral in the Defeat of Artila with 2ooooo
nions and New Conqueſts; befides the Per Hani in Campis Catalaunicu, , which foner
fecution he rais’d by his Influence againft will have to be Chalons in Champagné, ande
the Proteſtants in the Dominions of Savoy others to be Soulogne near Orleans. · ·
and in the Empire, by the 4th Article of 4. Childeric I. his Son, fucceeded ini 458; .
the Treaty of Ryſwick. We ſhall only add. but was depos’d for his lewd Life, and Ægi
concerning the French Proteſtants, That by, dias the Roman General chofen in his ſtead.
their Confestion, their Dø8trine appears to Upon this, he retir’d to K. Bafin of Thurin
be the fame with other Proteſtants ; and gia, leaving ohe Guyemans behind him, who
that their Government was Presbytery. promis'd to work his Reforation.r. Ha order
to this, he got into the Favour of Ægidius,
The H i s T o R y of France. " perſwaded him to over-charge the People
M*: rejećts: the fabulous Kings of with Taxes; and when they complain’d of
France, mentioned by "Hunnikaad the it, he advis'd him to cut off the Chief of
Monk; thô he owns they had feveral Kings, thoſe who had depos’d Childerie, oii Pre».
as appears by Hiſtory before Pharamond. tence they would.alfo depofe hím." The
We have obſerv'd before, that their Kings People being thus incens’d, Guyemáns per4,
mentioned by the Romans wêre but petty. fwaded them to recal Childeric, as the only
Princes of finall Diſtri&ts : and for fuch as Way to deliver themfelves from the Op
feem'd to have been General Kings, they preſſion of the Romans; which they did,
were chofen to command in Time of War, and Childeric died in the 24th Year of his
but not Hereditary. . . . . i Reign. º ac *<
, '... **

1. Therefore Pharamowd is juftly reckon'd - 5. His Son Clovis, call'd The Great, fuccée
to be their fikft King of that Sort, who laiđ ded in 484. He was the first French K, who
the Foundation of their prefent Monarchy, embrac'd Chriſtianity, which not only con
about 418, or (as fontefay). 424, which is firm’d him in his Throne, moſt of the
the common Opinion. Mezeray thinks his Gauls being then Chriſtians, but increas'd
Name to be an Appellative, and to fignify the Number of his Subjects, becauſe many
the Father of the Nation, the Word in the Chriſtians came to him from otirèr Coun
old German Tongue importing, The Mouth of tries for Prote&tion against the Arians. Tire
Générations. He adds,That they were elested, fabulous Monks fay, That the Bottle of Gil;
ºr at leaſt approved, by the Lords and which they still keep, and call the se:Ard
Chiefs, who fet them upon a great Shield, finale, or Holy Oil, with whichthey arioint
and they were confirm’d by the Acclama. their Kings, was at his Baptifm convey’d to
tions of the People, who were drawn up in him by a Heavenly Dove; and that the
Arms for that purpofe in a large Field. Royal Standard, embroider'd with Flower
The Atlas Historique fays, he came into Gaul de-Luces, which they callº the Standard
at the Head of the Francs, who had chofen Rºyal de l’oristavme, was lodg'ddbyfan Ana
him for King, conquer'd fome Pàrt of thi gel in the Hand of an Herrniceys who liv'd
Country, establiſh’d the salir Law, and, af near St. Germains en Laye ; and that he had
ter 1o Years Reign, died in 428. the Gift of healing the King’s-Evil confer'd
N n n n n n 2 upos
To 14' F R A W 'C. E.
up6n him: They fay, his Converſion was his Mother, defeated thofe of chuire
occaſioned thus : Being engag’d in a Battle King of Austrafia.- When he came of Age,
againſt the Germans at Tolbiac, where his he united all France to his Crown, and put
Men begun to fly, he call'd upon the God, Brunehaud, Daughter to the K. of the Wifi
of his Wife, who was a Chriſtian, and gºthſ, and Grandmother to the Kings of
vow'd to embrace her Faith, if he gave: Austrafia, to a cruel Death... She was tyd
him the Vistory; which having obtain'd, naked to the Tail of a Wild Horfe, being
he was accordingly baptiz’d. He was, aº condemnd by a General Council or Meet
very great Prince, fubdued moſt of Gaul ing of the French States, for having occa
by Miracle, if we believe the Monks, and fioned the Death of to Kings, having been
refcued the French from the Roman Empire, alſo a Woman of infatiable Luft, and pro
defeated Alaric K. of the Goths, whom he ftituted her felf to many great Men, in or
killed near Poistiers with his own Hand, and: der to carry on her Intrigues ; ſo that ſhe,
died about 5 1 1. |- with his own Mother Fredegend, were recko
» . . . .".
e 6. He was fucceeded by his 4 Sons, viz.: med the Monſters of their Age and Sex for
Thiery K. of Metz or Austrafa, Cisdºmir K. of Gruelty and Lewdnefs, Clotharius died in
Orleans, Childebert K. of Paris, and Clothaar 629. ~ ! " , .
ritus K. of Soifons, who were independant 1 r. Dagobert I. by fome call'd The Great,
one of another. Childebert is reckon'd the fucceeded his Father clotharita, did many
French King, becaufe he was the Chief of great Aćtions, and was the firſt fole K. of
them. He was a very charitable Prince, France, fays Mezeray; but loft his Reputa
melted down his Silver and Gold Plate to tion by his Lewdnefs, Cruelty, Avarice
relieve the Neceffities of the Poor, and died, and Murthers. He made his Son Sigebert
in the 47th Year of his Reign, after having K. of Auſtrafia, with the Confent of his
fubdued the Kingdom of Burgundy. great Lords, &c. during his own Life, was
7. Clotharius, his Brother, fucceeded in fucceſsful againſt the Sclavonians, and af.
şş8, and having furviv'd all the reft, en
fifted Sifenand to mount the Throne of the
joy’d the whole Kingdom, as his Father left Viſigoths in Spain. *

it." His Son Chramne revolted againſt him 12. He was fucceeded by his Son clo
with the Affiftance of the Britains, but was vis II. in 638, who, with the Io Kings that
defeated, taken Prifoner, and his cruel Fa followed him, are - called Faineans or Idle
ther order’d him with his Wife and Chil Drones, becaufe, inſtead of minding the Go
dren to be burnt, which he endeavour'd to vernment themfelves, they left all to thofs
expiate by large Gifts to the Clergy and the Officers called the Maires of their Palace, to
Church ; and dying in 561, the Kingdom whom every body made their Court, while
was divided betwixt his 4 Sons, Charebert the Princes fpent their Time in Pleafures,
K.º.of. Paris, Gontran K. of Orleans and Bar and were in a manner kept Prifoners in their
gundy, Sigsbert K. of Aafirafa, and Chilperic Palaces, with fuch Servants as the Maire
K. of Soiſſons. . . . . . . . . . . c. dr., pleafed, who were rather Spies upon them
8. Cherebert, who is reckon'd the French than Attendants. Clovis married a Slave.
belonging
King, was a very lewd Man, and died after Palace, to Erchinoald, the Maire of his
and died in 655. r., :
3) Years Reign. - -

9. Chilperie, his Brother, fucceeded in 13. Clotharius III. one of his Sons by that
s7o, was guilty of great Cruelties, and Slave, fucceeded, was govern’d by Ebroin;
partícularly of murthering his Wife, by the Maire of his Palace, who put his Queen
the Advice of Fredegond, his own and his into a Monaftery, becaufe fhe gave the King
Brother’s Concubine, who afterwards caus’d gcod Advice. Clotharius died in 669. His
kim to be murther’d, becaufe he had difco Reign being odious for the Cruelty and
ver’d her Lewdnefs with another Man. Avarice of his Governor Ebroin. - -

1o. His Son Clotharius, by the infamous 14. Childeric II. Brother to Clotharius, fac
Fredegend, fucceeded in his Cradle about ceeded, ſhut up Ebroin and his own Brother
584; and being carried in it at the Head Thierry, who difputed the Crown with him;
«f his Army, his Troops, encouraged by in two Monaſteries; but falling into all
: ,* *, *) b: - . * *** D * * :: , - - . . . - 1Illa III1CT
r- - - ,*

|
* ** * *
F . R A N C E. Io15
manner of Cruelties and Debaucheries, the degraded, ſhaved, aud fhut up in a Mona
Grandees cut him off, with his Wife and ftery ; and Pepin was declared King by a
his Son, in 674. |- - General Affembly of the States. Thus en
15. Thierry his Brother came out of his ded the Kings of the Merovingian Race.
Confinement, and fucceeded, fpent his Life 23. Pepin, call'd the firſt of the Carlovingian
in Senfuality, and died in 691. Race, becaufe Son to Charles Martel, begun
16. Clovi; III. his Son, fucceeded, by the his Reign in 752, was crown'd and anointed
Intereft of Pepin Pr. of Auſtrafa, and Maire . by Boniface Archbiſhop of Mentz, and was
of the Palace in Neuſtria, who kept all the the firſt French K. at whoſe Inauguration thoſe
Power in his own Haņds; and according Ceremonies were ufed. He fubdued the
to the Prastice of his Predeceſſors in Office, Saxons, reduc’d the Lombards, re-conquer’d.
never fuffered the King to be feen out of Aquitain from the Saracens, fuppreſſed the
his Palace but once a Year in the Meeting Office of Maire of the Palace, and died in
of the States, which affembled Annually on, 77o. -

the firſt of March. Clovis died in 695. 24. Charles and Carloman his Sons fuc
17. Childebert II. his Brother, fucceeded, ceeded. Carloman was a weak and fantafti
was more a Slave to Pepin than Clovis, and cal Prince, and very troublefome to his
died in 7 I 1. - elder Brother. He died in the 3d Year of
-

18. Dagobert II. his Son, fucceeded. In his Reign, and left the whole Monarchy to
his Reign died Pepin, who had govern’d Charles, who defeated the Saxons, fubdued
France with great Succeſs, fays the Atlas Hi Lombardy at the Requeſt of the Pope, ſhut
furique, for 27 Years. He was Father to their King Didier up in a Monaſtéry, and
çharles Martel, by one of his Miſtreffes. Af took the Crown to himſelf. He made fe
ter Pepin's Death, the Neustrians ſhook off veral Conqueſts in Spain, and reduc’d Brit--
the Yoke of the Austrafians, and of his Wi tany. He made a League with Achaiu King
dow and Son Charles ; and under the Con of Scots in 79o, as 'tis fuppos’d, (fays Me
du& of Dagobert II. routed the Auſtrafians. zeray) who fent him Claudius Clemens, and,
Dagobert died in 716. Alcuinus, or (as fome call him) Albinta, two
-

19. His Son Thierry being an Infant, Clo very Learned Men for that Time, who laid
tharius IV. a . Prince of the Blood Royal, the Foundation of the Univerſity of Paris.
was fet on the Throne by the Intereft of The Antiquity of this League is contro
Charles, firnam’d Martel, becaufe of his War verted, as is alfo Alcuinus's being a Scots
like Temper. Clotharius died in 719. man ; but Buchanan afferts them both. He.
ao. Chilperic fucceeded, by the Intereft fays, the League was occaſioned, becauſe of
of Charles Martel, who brought him out of the Affifiance which Achaius gave to Charler.
a Monaſtery, and govern’d all the 3 King the Great againſt the Saxons, who from Eng
doms as Maire of the Palace. Chilperic died land and Germany invaded the Coaſts of
1Il 72 I. France with their Shipping, while Charle
: Thierry, Son to Dagobert H. fucceeded magne made War upon the German Saxons.
likewife by the Intereft of Charles Martel, He adds, That Alcuinus, whom fome will
with the Confent of the States. Charles de have to be an Engliſh Saxon, was a Scots-man,
feated the Saracens, who invaded France from Præceptor to Charles the Great ; and that
Spain, and managed the Government. Thi he himſelf had feen a Treatife of Rheto
erry died in 738, and Charles govern'd, by rick, writ by that Learned Man, with his
himſelf, without fetting up any r King, Name Joannes Albinus, which is the fame
till 741, that he died. Before his Death, with Scotus, prefix’d to it : But of this we
he divided the Kingdom betwixt his three leave the Reader to make his own Judg
Sons, Carloman, Pepin, and Grifon: The lat ment, and ſhall only take Notice, That the
ter was difpoffefs'd of his Share, and impri Chriſtian Name of Albinus or Alcuinne, the
fon’d by his two Brothers, who, after the Engliſh Saxon, who is alſo faid to have been
Throne had been vacant 5 Years, fet up for Præceptor to Charlemagne, is by Bale, in his
Succeffor. - - -- Centuries of Britiſh Writers, faid to be
22. Childeric III. fuppos'd to be the Son Flaccus : Therefore 'tis probable, that the
ºf Thierry II, who being a weak Prince, was Joannes, who with Claudius Clemens, another
Sc9ff»
I o 16. F R A N C. E.
seots-man, firſt taught Learning publickly in 877 ; but being hateful to his Subjects,
at Paris, is the Scots Albintu mentioned by they confpired againſt_him, , and he was
Buchanan, and perhaps the fame whom Bale poifon’d by his own Phyſician that fame
calls Joannes Mailrofus or of Melroß, a Scot Year.
by Name and Nation, Collegue to Alcuinus, 27. His Son Louis II. firnam’d the Stam
that went over to France with Claudius Cle merer, fucceeded to his Father’s Throne,
rent his Countryman, who was the Firſt and to the Hatred of his Subje&ts, who gave
Preſident of the Univerfity of Paris. To him but very indifferent Obedience. He
what we have faid of Charlemagne in the was crown'd Emperor in a Council at
Hiſtory of the Emperors of Germany, we Troyes, where Pope . John VIII. who was
fhall only add, That the Pope, in Acknow chas'd out of Italy by the Count of spoletº
ledgment of the Favours he had received and the Marq. of Tuſcany, Pretenders to the
from that Prince, his Father, and Grand Empire, prefided. Louis died in 877, and
father, and for the Protestion he gave to the was fuppos'd to have been poifon’d.
See of Rome againſt the Greek Emperors, . 28. His Sons Louis and Carloman fuc
prevailed on the Romans to chufe him Em ceeded, and divided the Dominions betwixt
peror, and crown'd him at Rome in the them. Louis had Nafiria, and died in the
Year Soo. His brave A&tions procur'd him 3d Year of his Reign; Carloman had Aqui
the Sirname of Magnus. He was a great tain and Burgundy, and died in the 5th of
Patron of Learning, but is charged with his. They liv'd in a good Correſpondence,
being too much given to Women. He which made them very much regreted after
died in 814. their Death.
25. Louis his Son fucceeded, and was fir 29. Charles the Fat, who was Emperor,
nam’d The Pious, becaufe of his great Devo fucceeded in 884, thô the Crown belong'd
tion, and attempting to reform the Cor to Charles the Simple, Son to Lewis the Stam
ruptions of his Court. He took his eldeft merer, who was then but 7 Years of Age.
Son Lothariu to be Affociate in the Empire, Charles the Fat did afterwards lofe his Senfes,
gave Aquitain to Pepin, and Bavaria to Loais, was abandon’d by every body, and muft
with the Title of Kings; and at the In have died for Want, had not Luitperd Bi
stance of his Wife, gave Rhetia to his fhop of Mentz entertain'd him out of Piry.
youngeft Son Charles, an Infant of 6 Years He died in 888, and (as fome fay) was
old. This provok'd his elder Brothers; fo ſtrangled.
that Lotharius made War on his Father, and 3o. There being no Princes left of the
fhut him up in a Monaftery, from whence Carlovingian Race, but Arnold a Baftard, and
he was afterwards fet at Liberty, and par the Infant Charles, the French chofe Eudes
don'd his Sons, who never were very obe Count of Paris, and Duke of France Some
dient to him. He died in 84o. fay, he was only made Guardian to Charles
26. Lotharitu, his eldeſt Son, fucceeded, the Simple. Part of the Neufirians would
and claiming the Sovereignty over his Bro not own him, but fent for Charles from .
thers, they refifted him, which occaſioned England, whither his Mother had convey'd
a Battle at Fontenay in 841 betwixt the 4 him ; but Eudes kept Poffestion till his
Brothers, when above Iooooo French-men, Death in 893, was a very brave Prínce, and
fays the Atlas Historique, fell on the Field. defeated the Normans, who attempted the
Charles and Louis, the two youngeft, obtain’d Conquest of Burgundy. -

the Vistory againſt Lotharita and Pepin. 3 I. les the Simple fucceeded at 13
Lºtharius was Emperor and King of Italy, Years of Age, made War afterwards againft
Lºuis was K. of Germany, Charles was K. of the Emperor Henry the Fowler; but the Fremeh
Burgundy and Neustria, is called the 2d of Lords being offended with his Weaknefs,
that Name of the French Kings ; and Pepin they depos’d him in 923, and he died in
laid Claim to the Kingdom of Aquitania. 929. , His Queen Ogina, an Engliſh Woman,
During theſe Civil Wars, the Norman: en retir'd with his Son Louis to her own*
ter’d Neustria, from whence they could not Country,
be expelled. Charles was chofen Emperor
32. Raoul,
F R A N C E. ro 17
32. Raoul D. of Burgundy was chofen in to be condemned, but order'd the Commu-. . .
his ſtead by the Noblity in 923. He had nion to be given them, and then let them.
War with the Germans and Normans, and died go, faying, 'Twas not lawful to put thoſe.
without Children in 936. to Death whom our Saviour had admitted.
33. Louis, called the Ultrawarin, becaufe to his Table. He had the Character of be--
educated in England, fucceeded by the In ing Mafter of his Morals as well as of his
rereft of Hugh le Blane D. of France, who Subjećts, and was very learned in the Ma--
prevailed with the Nobility to call him thematicks. He died in 1 o; 1.
over. He had War with the Germans and 38. His Son Henry I. fucceeded, and had
Normani, was taken by the latter, but aftergreat Conteſts with his Mother, who would
wards fet at Liberty, and died in 954. have fet up her belov’d Son Robert; but he
34. Lotharius his Son fucceeded. He ex quickly brought her to Reafon. He was a
pelled the Germans out of France, made War warlike and liberal Prince, but not very
upon Lºrrain and the Normans ; and before ſucceſsful againſt the Normans. Finding his
his Death, took his Son Louis to be Sharer Health decay, he got his Son Philip tố be
of the Government; and from his Time, crown’d before he died, in an Afſembly of
the Guſtom of dividing the Kingdom among the States, . in. Confideration of the great
the Sons of the Kings was laid afide, the el Services which he himſelf had donë the.
deft being made King, and the younger had Kingdom.
Lands allow'd them for Appennage. Lotha 39. His Son Philip I. fucceeded in ro6a,.
rius, was poifon’d by his own Wife, and was an Oppreſſor of his Subjećts, put away
died in 986. -
his Wife, on Pretence that ſhe was too near
35. He was fucceeded by his Son Louis, a-kin, and married another; for which he
sall'd the Drone, or Do nothing. Hugh Capet; was excommunicated, but obtained Abfolu
his Coufin-German, manag’d the Govern tion from the Pope, and a Confirmation of
ment, and Louis being poifon’d by his own his laſt Marriage. In his Reign began the
Wife, who lov'd Gallants better than him, Groifadoes, and the Orders of the Knights
died after 16 Months Reign, and was the Templars, the Teutonick Knights, and tħofa
laff of the Carlovingian Race. of St. John of Jeruſalem. He wasted him
36. Hugh Capet, the Founder of the pre felf by his Debauches, and died in riog:.
fent Line, from him called the Capetian 49. His Son Louis VI: called the Big; fuc--
Race. He was Son to Hugh, called the Great, ceeded, and finding that the Grandees, toº
Count of Paris, who, thô he had not the whom Hugh Capet had given the feveral Go--
Sceptre, govern’d the Kingdom for ao vernments of the Kingdom to hold in So--
Years, was Son to a King, Uncle of a King; . Vereignty, grew fo many petty Tyrants, he -
and Brother-in Law to 3. Kings. His Son d:Prived them of their Authority. He :
High being a Man of great Authority, and eſtabliſhed Order, Justice, Peace aná Secu.
much belov’d by the People, was proclaim’d rity, in the Kingdóm, got his Son Louis VH:.
King in a General Affembly of the Nobility. crown'd, in his own Life-time, and reduc’di
He afterwards obtained of them to lėt him the Number of Peers who affified at thoſe :
aſſociare his Son Robert in the Government Ceremonies to 12; 6 of 'em being Clergy, .
with himſelf, and imprifon’d Charles D. of and 6 Laymen. He died in 1 136. -

Iºrrain and his Wife, who were the next" 41. His Son Louis VII: ſucceeded, He
Heirs to the Crown. He died in 996. quarrel’d with the Pope, for which his King.
37. His Son Robért fucceeded," was a dom was excommunicated. He undertook:
Prince of excellent Endowments of Body a Voyage to the Holy Land, had the Character.
and Mind. He had a peaceable Reign ; but of a pious, charitable, just, liberal, and va.
the Country was allisted with a Plague, liant Prince ; but was not very fucceſsful; .
and 3 fuch terrible Farnines în his Time, in his great Undertakings. He died in :
that the People eat the Corps of the De 1 1 8o; |- -

ceafed, and ftole Children and one another 42. Philip II. his Son, called Augufizº;.
to fatisfy their Hunger. A Confpiracy be fucceeded... He diffolved a Confederacý.
ing form’d againſt him, and the Plotters of his Nöbles againſt him, and brought -
brought to Trial, he would not fuffer them. them to Reaſon, expelled, the #ewry, burner
~ $ $3$4*t:
1 o 18 F R A N - C - E.
thofe called Albigenft, for oppofing the Er the Government în France: Sheºređuced
rors of the Church of Rome, and made War all the Faćtions, and took great Care of her
upon them in feveral Provinces. He ba Son's Education. He proved a brave and
niſh'd Stage-Players as Corrupters of the excellent Prince, made two Voyages into
People’s Morals, fent Affifiance to the Holy the Holy Land, in the firſt of which he was
Land, and went thither himſelf. After his defeated and taken. He return’d after 6
Return, he was feiz’d with a Diftemper, Years, eſtabliſh’d good Laws, and under
which made the Nails fall off from his Fin took another Croifado to the Holy Land, from
gers. He united Normandy to his Crown, whence he return'd, and gain'd two Battles
drove the Engliſh out of Poitou, defeated the against the Infidels near Tanis, where he
Emperor otho at the Battle of Bovines, and died of the Plague that had infected his
was the firſt French King who kept a ſtanding Camp in 127o.
Army confiantly on foot. He was an Ene 45. His Son Philip III. fucceeded, was a
my to Richard K. of England, obſtructed his yaliant, good, liberal, pious, and juſt Prince,
Progrefs in the Holy Land, and influenc'd the but too credulous; fo that he was ready ró
Emperor to keep him Prifoner in his Return have condemned his Wife on a falſe Aécu
from thence, for which Richard did after fation of having poifon’d his Son ; but ſhe
wards make War upon him. Philip oppref> juſtified her felf fully from the Charge. He
fed his People with Taxes, fet out an Army died in 1285, after his Return from making
of 15 ooo Men againſt the Albigenſes, with a War on Peter the Cruel of Arragon for the si
Croſs upon their Breaft, to diftinguiſh them cilian Vefpers.
from thoſe who went into the Holy Land, and
46. His Son Philip IV. firmam'd the Fair,
wore it on their Shoulder. At that Time fucceeded. He fix’d the Parliament at Pa
the Cordeliers and the Jacobins were fet up to ris, which before us'd to follow the Court.
preach againſt the Albigenſes. The Croitadº He re-conquer'd Guienne from Edward I. of
?ais'd againſt them, fays Mezeray, confifted England, who refuſed to appear at Parlia
of 5oodoo Men, (among whom there were ment when fummoned as his Vaffal. He
6 Biſhops) who took Beziers in Languedoe gained feveral Battles againſt the Flemmings
by Affầult, where they killed 6oooo of in League with the Engliſh ; but was de
of thoſe poor People, which obliged feve feated by them at the Battle of courtray,
ral other Towns poffeffed by them to fur where moſt of his Nobles were flain. He
render. The Croifado invaded feveral great defeated them afterwards at Mons en Puelle,
Lords befides the Albigenſes, and likewife the and then came to a Peace. He was excom.
Dominions of the K. of Arragon, on Pre municated by Pope Boniface, becaufe he
tence of favouring them. Philip died in would not go to : Holy Land; which the
I 223. -
King did not value, alledging, the Pope
43. He was fucceeded by his Son Louis VIII. might advife and exhort, but had no Power
cali’d the Lion, who was chofen K. of Eng to command in fuch Cafës ; and the Affem
land in his Father's Life-time; but being bly of the States declared, That they own’d
afterwards expelled from thence, he return’d no other Superior in Temporals but the
to France, and not having been crown'd in King. The Croifadoes againſt the Albigenſes
his Father’s Life-time as uſual, he was con continued in his Reign, and feveral Coun
fecrated at Rheims after his Father’s Death. cils were held againſt them. This Prince,
He took from the Engliſh the Limofin, Peri on his Death Bed, repented of over-charging
gord, the Country of Aunix, and Rechelle, his People with Taxes, which he order'd
made a terrible War upon the Albigenſes ; his Succeffor to avoid, and died in 13 14.
and in his Return from that War, was poi 47. His Son Louis X. called Hutin, fuc
. fon’d by one of his Grandees in 1226. ceeded; but dar’d not go to Rheims to be
44. His Son Lºuis IX. called St. Louis, fuc confecrated, becaufe of the Diviſions in his
ceeded. He had Quarrels with his Nobles, Court, and the Oppoſition he fear’d to his
who pretended to the Regency during_his Coronation. He was a facetious, weak, and
Minority ; but his Mother Blanche, a Wo debauch d. Prince. He profecuted thofe
man of great Parts, carried it from them, who had the Charge of his Treaſury, in or
and was the first of her Sex who adminiftred der to fqueeze Money from them ; and his
Chief
|
F R A IN C E. I o 19
Chief Minifter Enguerand de Marigne was the Counties of Rouſſillon and Cerdaigne, with
condemn’d by the States and hang'd for Ex the Barony of Mºntpellier, which that King.
tortion, and for his Wife's endeavouring to held in Fee of the Crown of France. He
bewitch the King, and, in concert with died in 135 o.
fome Sorcerers, to make him languiſh to 5 r. His Son John fucceeded, who was a Pr.
Death by fome Waxen Images. Poifoning of Valpurand Experience, but very unfortu
became very frequent in this King's Reign. nate. The Engliſh made a great Progrefs in
He died in 13 17: Nºrmandy, while the Pr. of Wales did the
48. His Brother Philip V. fucceeded as like in Poitou. The King advanced againſt
Regent, becaufe his Brother's Wife was the latter as the weaker, who demanded
with Child. She was brought to Bed of a Peace, and offer’d very advantagious Condi-
Prince, who died foon after : Upon which tions, which the K. rejećted, and gave Bat
he fucceeded to the Throne. He had Quar tle to the Engliſh, who defeated him, took
rels with his Clergy about the Tythes, and himſelf and his youngeft Son, and carried
became odious to his People for over-char them to England. During his Impriſonment,
ging them with Taxes. He baniſh’d the his eldeft Son Charles was made Regent;
Lepers and Jews, becauſe they had agreed but his Adminiſtration was difturb’d by ma
together to poifon the Wells with the Nafti ny Seditions. K._John was fet at Liberty
nefs of their Diftempers. He died in 1322, after 4 Years, on Promife of paying a great
without Male-Iſſue. Ranfom; but the D. of Anjou, his ad Son,
49. His Brother Charles IV. firnam'd the - who was one of his Hoftages, having made
Fair, fucceeded. He made a ſtrićt Enquiry his Efcape, he was obliged to return to
into the Behaviour of thoſe concern'd in England, where he died in 1364.
his Treaſury, the Farms of his Revenue, 52. His Son Charler V. firnam'd the Wife,
Taxes, &c. and made them refund their un fucceeded. He was fucceſsful againſt the
juft Gains. He opprefſed his People with Engliſh, whom he defeated in feveral Battles,
: fupported Charles Count of Flanders and recover'd many Places from them. He
againſt his rebellious Subjećts; and by procur'd an Order, That fucceeding Kings
Means of the Count de Valois, fupprefſed ſhould be reckon'd of Age when they were
the Seditions that were raiſed againſt him 13 Years and 1 Day old. He made War upon
at home. He died in the 7th Year of his the Engliſh with 5 Armies, and re-conquer'd
. Reign, and his Wife being with Child, the all they had taken, fays the Atlas Historique.
Regency was confer’d on Philip de Valois, his He died of Poifon, given him by Charles the
Coufin-German. The Queen being brought Wicked of Navarre, in 138o.
to Bed of a Daughter, Edward III. of Eng 53. Charles VI. his Son, fucceeded, who
land claim’d the Crown, becaufe he had had a long and unfortunate Reign, for
married Ifabel, Sifter to Charles the Fair ; the wicked Difpofition of his Mother, the
but the Grandees alledg’d his Claim was Badnefs of his Wife, the Ambition, Ava
againſt the Salic Law, which excluded Fe rice, and Cruelty of his Uncles, and the
males from the Succeſſion. -
Sedition of his Subjećts, embroil’d him
șo. Philip de Valois, the firſt of that_Fa centinually. He afterwards loft his Senſes, .
mily, was called to the Crown as next Heir and fancied he faw ſtrange Viſions, which
Male in 1328, and kept: Poffeſion, not made him fo mad, that they were forc'd to
withſtanding Edward’s Claim, and his de bind him. His Generals loft the famous
feating him at the Battle of l'Ecluſe or Sluys, Battle of Agincourt, where they were de
and that of Creci, where about 32ooo Men feated by the Engliſh, who afterwards re
were killed. Philip defeated the Flemmings, conquer'd Normandy. In his Reign, the
who had revolted againſt their Sovereign at D. of Burgundy got the D. of Orleans affaf.
Mºnt-Caffel, reunited Champagne and -La Brie finated, which was the Occaſion of many
to the Crown, and receiv'd Dauphiné from Murthers. He died in 1422, and was the
Humbert, their laft Prince, on Condition firſt who reduc'd the Arms of France to 3
that the eldeſt Son of France ſhould always : Flower-de-Luces; whereas his Predeceffoes
bear the Title and Arms of the Dauphin. bore them without Number. He added
He alfo purchas’d from the K. of Arragon two Flying Harts for Supporters, becaufes
O oaooo 4S
/

1 O2O F R A AV C E.
as fome fay, he took a Hart when a Hunt Author, That the Juſtice of God would
ing, that ħad a Collar about its Neck, with drive them out of France, and purfue them
this Infcription, Cæfar hath given it you; or, home. The French King folicited the Pope
according to others, becaufe he dream’d to have the Sentence againſt her revis’d,
that he was carried through the Air by a which was accordingly done and revers’d.
Hart with Wings. -
Charles had procur'd John D. of Burgundy to
ş4. His Son Čharles VII. called the Vião be murther’d while he was Dauphin, which
riois, fucceeded, tho’ Henry VI. K. of Eng ņmade Philip the Good of Burgundy his Enemy ;
land, being but two Years of Age, was but he found Means to be reconcil'd with
proclaim’d King of France, and crown'd at him, as we mentioned in the Hiſtory of
Notre-Dame : His Father Henry V. who was Flanders; and joining him against the Eng
declared Regent of France, having died lijh, he took from them all they had in
fome time before Charles VI. Charles VII. France but Calais. Charles was a Prince of
transferred the Parliament to Poitiers, and * very good Qualities, but was too much go
was crown'd there, but with fmall Proba vern’d by his Favourites and Miftreffes.
bility of enjoying any thing more than the His Son the Dauphin, afterwards Louis XI.
Title. He was upon the very Brink of was very undutiful to him ; fo that when
Ruin, having been defeated by thé D. of he had fubdued all his Foreign Enemies,
Bedford, and juſt about retiring into Dau he was afraid of thoſe of his own Hou
phine, when the Lord de Baudricourt, Goyer fhold; and out of an Apprehenfion that
nor of Vaucouleurs in Champagne, fent a Mai . they would poifon him at the Inſtance of
den to the King about i 8 or 2o Years of his Son, he abſtained fo long from Vi&uals,
Age, who affirm'd, That ſhe had an exprefs that he loft his Stomach, and died of Hun
Commiſſion from God to relieve Orleans, ger in 1461.
then befieged by the Engliſh, and was fre ș 5. Louis XI. his Son, fucceeded, who
quently folicited by Angels and Saints to was one of the cunningeft Princes of his
caufe the K. to be crown'd at Rheims. Her Time, and embroil’d himſelf with all his
Name was Joan, born at Damremy, a Vil Neighbours. He was a Diffembler, fufpi
lage on the Meuſe, of mean Parentage, and cious, vindi&tive, and cruel to the higheft
was bred to keep Sheep. Mezra; fays, ihe degree. He underſtood the Art of Bribery
gave feveral miraculous Proofs of her being to Perfestion, by which he carried on his
diginely infpir'd; and that the Dostors of Deſigns at Foreign Courts, and diffolved
Dvinity and the Parliament, who examin'd the League which the D. of Burgundy and
her, gave their Opinion, That there was other Princes of the Blood had form’d a
fomething fupernatural in her Behaviour. gainſt him, on Pretence of the Publick
Some Forces, at her Dire&tion, were ap Good, by agreeing to their Demands; but
pointed to march to the Relief of Orleans, afterwards broke his Contrast. He govern’d
where fhe fought bravely, and obliged the without a Council, broke the Power of the
Engliſh to raife the Siege. She carried the States of the Kingdom, and was the firſt
King to Rheims, and took feveral Towns in who is faid to have put the French Kings
her Way, for which the King enobled here Hors de Page; i. e. Out of a Neceffity of
her Father, and 3 Brothers, and chang'd depending on the Parliament or General
their Name of Arc into that of De Luce or Meeting of the States. He cut off above
Lily; and for their Coat of Arms, gave 4coo People by way of Juſtice in his Reign,
them a Field-Azure, with a Sword plac'd in was a great Bigot, and at laft became fo
Pal, the Crofs and Pommel Or, accoſted jealous of every body, that he ſhut himſelf
with two Flowers-de-Luce, and fuftaining up in a fort of Prifon, where his Jealouſy
a Crown of the fame upon its Point. The put him upon abundance of Cruelties and
Curious may fee more in Mezeray of her Extravagancies, of which the Curious may
Succeſs, and of her being taken at laft and fee more in Mezeray and Commines. He in
condemn’d by the Engliſh as a Witch, a He ftituted the Order of St. Michael, and died
retick, and a Whore, for which ſhe was in 1483.
burnt at Roan; and when ſhe was on the 56. His Son Charles VIII. called the Cour
Pile, ſhe foretøłở the Engliſh, fays the faine teost, fucceeded at 14 Years of Age. The
Princes
F R A W C E. 1o2 :
Princes of the Blood contended for the Re
that Emperor. He chaſed the Imperialists
gency, alledging, That he could not be out of Provence, and laid Siege to Pavia,
reckon'd any thing but Minor, confidering where he was defeated and taken, and after
the Weakneſs of his Conftitution, and his wards carried to Madrid. He was fet at Li
Want of Education, his Father having berty after 13 Months Impriſonment, upon
kept him always like a Prifoner, ſhut up a Treaty fo difadvantagious to France, that
in a Caſtle with inferior Servants, becauſe the States declar’d it void. He united Brit
of his Jealoufy. The Controverfy was re tany to his Crown; and in his Reign, the
fer’d to the General Meeting of the States, French Tongue began firſt to be ufed in all
who declar'd the K. Major ; That his Sifter Publick A&ts. He was call'd the Father
the Lady Beaujeu ſhould be hịs Governefs, of the Learned, exceeded all his Predecef
and be affifted by a Council of 12. When fors in Bounty, Magnificence, and Clemen
Charles came of Age, he reduc'd Guienne, cy, and had fcarcely an Equal for Valour,
that had revolted, and made War upon Brit Eloquence, and Learning; but he had the
taxy, of which he afterwards married the Weaknefs to be too much govern’d by his
Heirefs, tho’fhe was affianc’d to the Arch Minifters and Mistreffes : Yet in the latter
duke Maximilian, and fent back Margaret of end of his Reign, he reform’d many of
Austria, who was affianc’d to himſelf. The thofe Diforders, was very faving, and left
Emperor and he came afterwards to an great Sums to his Succeffor. He died in
Agreement. Charles undertook the War of I 547. - -

Italy, which coft France a great deal of Blood 59. His Son Henry II. fucceeded, was a
and Treaſure to little Purpofe. He con very prodigal Prince, and thô he laid exor
quer'd the Kingdom of Naples in 4 Months; bitant Taxes upon the People, he run out
but foon after loft it by his Negligence. 15 or 16oooooo. He recalled the Confta
He died in 1498, being poifon’d, as was ble Montmorancy, whom his Father had ba
fuppos’d, by an Orange. niſh'd, and order’d him never to employ.
;7. He was fucceeded by Louis XII. D. of He broke the Peace with the Emperor,
Orleans, as neareft a-kin, who, at his coming feiz'd Lorrain, with the Biſhopricks of Metz,
to the Crown, declar’d he would pardon all Toul, and Verdun, ravag'd Flanders, cruelly
thofe who had offended him ; and that the perfecuted the Reform'd, and was wholly
K. of Frante would not revenge the D. of govern’d by his Favourites and Miſtreffes,
Orlean’s Quarrels. He was much belov'd and particularly by Diana of Poitiers, tho’
by his People, eas'd them of their Taxes, fhe was 4o Years of Age, and he but young,
and encourag’d Learning; fo that he was which was fatal to him. He married Kis
called the Father of his Subje&ts. He made tharine de Medicis, who occafioned fo much
void his Marriage with Jane, Daughter to Mifchief to France during the Reign of her
Louis XI. whom he married contrary to 3 Sons, and was killed by the Splinter of a
his Inclination, and efpoufed the Widow Lance as he tilted with the Count de Mont
of his Predeceffor, who was his firft Mi gomery in a Tournament in 1559. He dif
strefs. He conquer’d the Milanefe, and di foiv'd the Match that was agreed on betwixt
vided Naplet with the K. of Arragen; but Edward VI. of England, and Mary Queen of
his Negligence, and the Lofs of two Bat Scott, whom he procured for his own Son.
eles by his Generals in Italy, ruin'd all his 6o. Francis II. his Son, fucceeded; in
Affairs in that Country. He died in 15 15. whofe Reign, the Faćtions that had been
ç8. He was fucceeded by his Kinfiman form’d during that of his Father began to
Francis I. who was taught the Art of War break out; which having mentioned already
by the famous Captain the Chevalier de Bay in the «Account of the Reformation, wę
srd. He conquer’d the Milanefe, and ftood fhall not repeat. He died in 156o.
fair to be chofen Emperor ; but the K. of 61. His Brother Charles IX. fucceeded,
England and the Ele&tors, fays the Atlas Hi was wholly govern’d by the Houfe of Guife,
fºrique, did not fupport him according to a horrid Diffembler, ill educated, of a vio
Promife; fo that Charles V. obtain'd the Im lent Temper, and fwore at every Word.
periał Crown, which laid the Foundation We have already given an Account of the
of incurable Jealoufies betwixt him and barbarous Maſſacre which he made of his
Oooo o o 2 Pro
I © 22 . F R A N C E.
. Protestant Sobjects, contrary to the publick moſt of their Privileges. . He broke the
Faith and folemn Treaties, which makes Power of the Nobility, and brought many
his Memory infamous. , The Curious may of ’em to the Block, and particularly the
find an Account of that, and his other D. of Montmorancy, the laſt of that great
wicked Prastices, at large in Mezeray. He and ancient Family, who was beheaded at
died in 1574. Toloufe, the Cardinal having made the King
62. His Brother Henry III. fucceeded, inexorable, notwithſtanding the great Inter
whoſe Reign was a Mixture of Bigotry and ceflion made for him. That Prelate did
Debauchery, and managed by Favourites likewife ill treat the Queen Mother, tho'
and Miſtreffes. He frequently affifted at fhe had been the Caufe of his Advancement.
Procefions in the Habit of a Penitent, and He became redoubtable to the King him»
at other Times diverted himfelf by cutting felf, fo that "he was glad when he died.
off the Heads of Images, which he would .Louis took Perpignan and the County of
glue again in his Clofet. He fpent 2ooooo Reuſſillon from the Spaniards, and was a
Crowns Annually on little Dogs, Monkeys, Prince fitter to be govern'd himſelf, than
and Parrots, and had a great : of Trou to govern others. The Curious may find a
ble with the Catholick League. The Pope full Account of his Government in the
publiſhed a Monitory againſt him for cut History of his Reign, writ by M. Le Vafor.
ting off the D. of Guif and the Cardinal He died in 1643.
of Lorrain, which drew the Hatred of the . 65. His Son Louis XIV. fucceeded. He
Monks upon him ; and at laft he was mur was born in 1638, in the 23d Year after his
ther’d by one of them in 1589, as we have Father was married. , During his Minority, :
mentioned before. He inſtituted the Or the Kingdom was infeſted with Civil Wars
der of the Holy Ghost, and was the laſt of the and he was like to have loft the Crown, ha
Houfe of Valois. not the Proteſtants kept it on his Head.
63. Henry IV. the firſt of the Houſe of The Cardinal de Mazarine was his Chief Mi
Bourbon, fucceeded, tho' no nearer related nifter, who follow'd the Plan and Maxims
to him than the 11th Degree. We have laid down by Cardinal Richelieu, and taught
already mentioned the : made to Louis XIV. to do the fame, who after the
him by the League, and his turning Papilt Cardinal's Death took the Government into
to fècure the Poffeffion of the Crown : Af his own Hands. Having already mention’d.
ter which, he ruin'd the Catholick League. the principal Events :# his Reign in the
He had i o Years War with Spain, which Hiſtory of the United Provinces, we ſhall
was concluded by the Treaty of Vervins. Ilot ::::: them, but only take Notice,
His noble Atchievements, and excellent That tho’ he ow'd his Crown to his Prote
Qualities, procur'd him juſtly the Sirname stant Subjects, as he acknowledg’d feveral
of Great, and the Title of Arbiter of Chri times, he has perfecuted them more barba
fendom ; but he had very great Faults, fays rouſly, general Maffacres excepted, than any
the Atlas Historique, was coverous, ungrate of his Predeceſſors; and after the Treaty
ful to his Friends, and exceſſively given to of Nimeguen, he purfued his Defign of de
Gaming and Women, by whom he had a ftroying 'em, repeal'd the irrevocable Edi&t
great Number of Baftards, and legitimated of Nantes, and feveral of his own that were,
I 1 of 'em. We have formerly given an. made in their Favour, baniſh’d Multitudes
Account of his being murther’d in 161 o. of 'em out of the Kingdom, dragoon’d
64. His Son Louis XIII. fucceeded, and the reft into a Compliançe with the Čhurch
his Mother Mary de Medicis was Régent du of Rome, fent thofe who refus’d to be
ring his Minority. His Chief Minifter Slaves, and enchain’d in his Gallies, took
was the Cardinal de Richelieu; one of the their Children from them to be perverted
greateſt Politicians of his Age, who brought in Monafteries, where he ſhut up great
the Kingdom to a flouriſhing State; but Numbers of others come to Age on the
contributed much to make the King Abfö fame Defign, and has totally aboliſh’d their -
lute, and the Subje&ts Slaves. He perfwa Worfhip in his Dominions; for which the
ded the King to deprive the Proteſtants of Popiſh Clergy have given him blaíphemous
their Cautionary Towns, and to take away Titles. In other Reſpects, he has been one
ef
- " F R A W C. E. I o 23
of the greateſt Princes that ever fat upon guſt 4. 17o3. The other Princes of the .
the French Throne, brought the French Mo Blood who are Legitimate, but have no Ti
narchy to the higheft Pitch of Grandeur, tle to the Crown, are thofe of the Branch
has advanc d Arts, Commerce and Sciences, of Condé ; and next to them take Place
and been a great. Rewarder of thoſe who the Legitimated Baftards of Henry IV. and
ferv'd him faithfully : But his cruel and Louis XIV. who, by being legitimated, are
ungrateful Perfecution above-mention'd, made capable of any other Inheritance but
his bringing down the Power of his Nobi that of the Crown. |- -

lity, depriving his Parliaments of their Au The Atlas Hiſtorique gives us the follow
thority, his exhaufting the Blood and Trea ing Lift of the other Princes, Domeſtick
fure of his Subjećts to fupport his unjuft and Foreign, iffued from the Houfe of
Conqueſts, and his Uſurpation of the Crown France, according to their Rank and Dig
of Spain, his notorious Breach of all the nity ; viz. the Pr. of Conti, the D. du Main,
* Treaties that ever he made, the blaſphemous the C. de Toloufe, and the D. of Vendofme.
Titles and Praifes he has affum’d to himſelf,
, and his lewd Life, are like to leave an inde of the Family of Lorrain,
lible Stain upon his Reputation: And as he
has ruin'd all the Foreign Princes that ever 1. The D. of Lorrain. 2. The Branch of“
adher’d to him, his Obſtinacy in retaining Harcourt. 3. The Branch of Armagnac.
his Ufurpations, and the many Battles he
has loft, with the miferable Condition to of the Houſe if Savoy,
which he has reduc'd his Subje&ts, is like 1. The D. of Savoy. 2. The C. de Saif:
to fink the Monarchy of France, and to fins.
bring it much lower than when he came to
the Crown. of the Houſe of La Tour d’Auvergne,
The Reafon why we differ in the Num 1. The D. of Bouillon. 2. The C. d’Au- «
ber of the French Kings from Mezeray fince. vergne. 3. The H. of Monaco. 4. The -
Dagobert-II. is, That he does not reckon H. of Rohan. 5. The H. of La Trimouille.
Chtharius IV. in the Catalogue; tho', he
owns, that he was King, but did not reign The Rank of the Chief Nobility, and the state :
a full Year. of the King’s Houſhold;
The Genealogy of the French Kings be-- 1. The ancient Peers of France. 2. The : *

ing plain from the Hiſtory given of them, Dukes and Peers. 3. The Orders of the -
we ſhall only add, That the Atlas Hiſtorique :5
or the Knights: 1. Of St. Michael,
derives the Pedigree of the Princes of Condé 2. Of the Holy Ghoff. 3. Of St. Louu. The
and Conti from Louis IX., who died in 127o ; Knights of St. Michael were instituted by
and from that Line came Henry IV: from Louis XI. in 1479, and are now of no great :
whence the prefent French King is defcen Repute, the Order being only look'd upon
ded. His only lawful Iffue is Louis the as a Step to that of the Holy Ghof, inftitu--
Dauphin, by Mary Therefa of Auſtria, the ted by Henry III. in 157o, and given as a
Infanta of Spain, born in 1661. The Dau Token of fpecial Favour to fuch as are
phin, by Mary Rene Christina, a Daughter Knights of St. Michael, and confiderable for
of Bavaria, has, 1. Louis. D. of Burgundy, their Birth or Merit. The Great Mafter of
born in 1682, who married Mary Ethelred, the King’s Houfhold was the Pr. of conde,
eldest Daughter to the D. of Savoy. . 2. Phi lately deceas’d ; the Great Maffer of the
lip D. of Anjou, now K. of Spain, born in Horſe, the C. of Armagnac ; the Great Al
1683, who married in 17o1 Marsa Louifs, moner, the Cardinal de Bouidon; the Great
the D. of Savoy's youngeft Daughter, by Chamberlain, the D de Bouillon. The 4 first
whom he has a Son, called Prince of Afu Gentlemen of the Chamber are, the D. ds.
riar. 3. Gafon D. of Berry, born in 1684, Gevres, the D. de la Trimouille, the D de ls:
The only Collateral Prince of the Blood Beauvillier, and the D. d'Aumone. The Great
now remaining, who has any Title to the Butler, the C. de Coff; the Great Huntſ
Crown, is the D of Chartres, Grandfon to man, the D. de la Roche Fºutauit; the Four"
she late D, of Orleans, who was born Awst Captains of the Guards du Corps, the D: de .
- Nºsiljø? - :
Io24 F R A N C E. -

Noailles, the D. de Duras, the D. de villeroy, Belonging tº the King's Pleaſures, 1 Master
the D. de Lorge : The Chief Porter, the of the Ners or Toils, 1 Great Falconer,
Marquis de la chaize; and a Keeper of the and 1 Great Wolf-Hunter. -

Houfe. The Great Mafter of the Houfe In every one of the Royal Palaces, there’s a
has under him, 1 Mafter of the Houfhold Governor, Captain, Intendant, and feveral
in Ordinary, 12 Mafters of the Houfhold Subaltern Officers.
who ferve Quarterly, 1 Great Butler, 1 Great There are alſo under the Great Mafer of the
Cup-bearer, 1 Great Carver, 36 Gentlemen Horſe, 2 Mafters of Ceremonies, and 2 In
Waiters. troducers of Ambaſſadors.
In the King's ofte or cºurt ºf Juriſdistin,Under the Great Chamberlain, are the 4 firſt
z Mafter of the Chamber, 2 Comptrollers Gentlemen, and 24 Pages of the Chamber :
General, 16 Comptrollers Clerks. And in the Antichamber, 2 Ufhers in Ordi
Belonging to the King’s Pantry, 12 Chief nary, 4 Chief Valets de Chambre, and 132
Butlers, 12 Chief Carvers. other Officers.
Relonging to the King's Kitchin, 12 Ordinary Under the Great_Maffer of the Wardrobe,
Querries, 8 Quarterly Querries, 3 Scul there are the 4 Chief Valets, 16 others,
lions, 4 Porters, and 79 other Officers. 4 Pages, 3 Mafter Taylors, 1 Starcher, 26
In the Common Kitchin, there are 12 Mafter other Pages, 2- Intendants of the Plate,
Cooks, and 31 other Officers. 2 Door-Keepers of the Clofet, 4 Secretaries
In the Fruitery, there's i Mafter Fruiterer, of the Clofet, 1 Clofet-Keeper, 2 Readers,
and 12 others that ferve Quarterly. feveral Interpreters and Hiſtoriographers,
In the Wood-rard for the Houſhold, there are 1 in Arabic and Syriac, 1 in Greek, 1 in
2o who ferve Quarterly, with feveral other Latin, and feveral other Officers.
Officers. \ . Belonging to the Mufck of the chamber, there
The Perfons who enter the King’s Chamber are 2 Superintendants of Muſick, 4 finall
while he is in Bed, are, the D. of Orleans, Violins, 24 Violins of the Chamber, 12
the D. of Chartres, M. le Prince, M. le Duc, Trumpets belonging to the great Stable,
the D. of Main, the C. de Toloufe, the Great 4. Trumpets of Pleaſure, 4 Trumpets of
Chamberlain, the 4 Gentlemen of the Cham the Chamber, 4 Drums, and 4 Fifes.
ber, the Great Mafter, the Mistrefs of the There are 24 Gentlemen in Ordinary
Wardrobe, the 4 firſt Valets de Chambre. of the King's Houſhold, i Chief Phyſician,
Thoſe who enter at the Petty Levy, are, the 1 in Ordinary, and 8 Quarterly Phyſicians;
Dukes of Mazarine, Villerºy, and Charof, the 1 Firſt Stargeon, 1 in Ordinary, and 8 Quar
C. de Grandmont, the Marq. d’Ango, M. de terly Surgeons; 4 Apothecaries, and 4 o
Beringhen, the 4 Secretaries of the Clofet, thers who astift them. -

the 4 Gentlemen of the Wardrobe, the The Grand Almoner has under him, the
2 Readers, the 2 Intendants: And the fame Mafter of the Chapel, 1 Almoner in Ordi
Perſons have the Privilege of entring ihe nary, 1 Mafter of the Qratoire, the King's
Chamber when the King goes to Bed, Confeffor, 8 Quarterly Almoners, 1 Chap *

Under the Great Mafter of the Horf, there’s lain in "Ordinary, 3 Quarterly Chaplains,
the firſt Querry, 2o others call'd the King’s 4 Officers of the Houfhold, 9 Clerks of the
-Querries, 3 Querries in Ordinary, 3 Gen Chapel, 4 Mafters of Mufick, 4 Organiſts,
tlemen Querries, 55 Pages, 1 Governor of 6 Pages for Mufick, and I oo others called
the Pages, 2 Sub-Governors, 1 Præceptor the King's Muficians.
of the Pages, 1 Almoner, 1 Steward or For the Royal Buildings, there’s 1 Intendant,
Purfe-Mafter, 1 Mafter of Mathematicks, 1 Infpeệtor-General, 3 other Intendants,
1 Mafter Drawer, 1 Mafter for Blazoning, 3 Comptrollers-General, 1 Chief Architect,
1 for Arms, I Dancing-Mafter, I Writing and 2 Treafufers. -

Mafter, i for Teaching the Ufe of the Under the Quartermafer ºf the Hººfbold,
Pike and Musket, 15 Footmen, 4 Smiths, there are 12 others, and 48 Harbingers.
12 Mafter Grooms, 4 Coachmen of the Bo The Guard within the Louvre, confifts of
dy, 12 Mafter Coachmen, 1 Company of Scots Guards, which La Crofe,
In the Little Querry or stable, the Chief in his Defcription of France, fays, is the an
Querry, 24 others, and 3o Pages. cientest, and enjoys the greateſt Privileges.
Theirº
- F R A, N C E. 1o25
Their Captain is always the firſt Man at 1 Governor of the Pages, 4 Valets de Cham
Arms of Frante, and takes Place of the other bre, 14 Footmen, 8 Barbers, I Company
3 Captains. They always begin to ferve of Gens d’Arms, 1 of Light Horfe, 6 Lieu
the first Quarter of the Year; and whęn tenants for Hunting, and feveral other Of
the Guards de Corps are quarter'd, they ficers: But his Houſhold having never been
chuſe the firit Lodgings, and are neareft the form'd, he is famoſt part ferv'd by his Fa
King's Perfon. This Privilege was granted tlier’s Officers - His Sons have each their
the Scots in Confideration of their ancient Officers; the D.
of Burgundy 25, the D. of
Alliance with that Crown, and the great Berry a 1, and the Dutchefs of Burgundy has
Services they did it: But fince K. James VI. near 3oo. -

of Scotland fucceeded to the Crown of Eng The other great Officers of the Crown
land, there have been few Scots-men in that and Kingdom are, the Chancellor, who pre
Company ; thô 'tis still call'd by their fides in all Courts in the King's Abfence ;
Name. "Twas at firſt compos’d of roo a Keeper of the Seals, 4 Secretaries ofState,
Scºts Gentlemen, who had diftinguiſh’d the Colonel of the Horfe, the Marefchals of
themfelves in War. They were allow'd to France, the Great Mafter of the Artillery,
carry the Seats Standard, and had good Sala the Admiral of France, 2 Vice-Admirals,
ries. There are 24 of ’em ftill, belides the the General of the Gallies, the 4 Great Of
Captain, who have a confiderable Allow ficers of the Order of the Holy Ghoff, vìz.
ance, and are call'd the Archers of the the Chancellor, the Mafter of the Ceremo--
Guard de Corps. They wear, Hoquetons nies, the Great Treaſurer, and the Secreta
or white Caffocks, cover'd with gilc Silver ry; the Chief Preſidents of the 12 Parlia
Shells, whence they are called Hoquetons. ments, the Governors and Lieutenant-Ge--
Befides thefe, there's in the Louvre I Com nerals of the Provinces.
pany called Guard Pºrt, who keep Guard at Befides the French King's Dominions in:
the Gate, and 1 Company belonging to the Europe, which may be feen in Sanſºn’s Ta
Provoſt or Judge of the Houfhold. ble, he has in Africa, above the Iſle of M3
Without the Louvre, there’s I Compa dagaſcar, the Fort Dauphiné, and the adjacent
ny of Gens d’Arms, I Company of Light Iſland of Bourbon. In America, New France,
Horfe, 1 Regiment of French Guards, con Canada, Louifiana. Among the Caribbeer
fifting of 32 Companies, 1 Regiment of Hlands, Guadeloupe, Anguila,Martinico, S. Croix,
Swif; Guards, a Companies of Musketiers, Bartholºmie, St. Alouzie, Part of St. Chriſta
1oo Halberdiers or Gentlemen Penfioners, phers, Part of Newofundland, the Iſles of An
4 Companies of Guards de Corps that ferve tiesti, and St. John; as The Prefent State of
Quarterly, 12 Lieutenants, 12 Enfigns, 3 · Europe, publiſh’d in Germany in 17o4. in
ancient Lieutenants, 2 Aid-Majors, 48 Ex forms us.
empts, who command the Guards in Ab
fence of their Officers, and carry a Stick as
a Mark of their Power and Employment ; The Eccleſiastical Government of
48 Brigadiers, 4 Clerks of the Watch, 48 France.
Trumpets, 5 Kettle-Drummers, . 4. Almo
ners, 4 Surgeons, 25 Guards de la Manches, TH: Atlas Historique fays, That the Cler
fo call'd becaufe they wear hanging Sleeves ;gy is the moſt confiderable of the
1. Company of Ico Swiffers, I Captain, 3 Orders into which France is divided, tho”
2 Lieutenants, 8 Exempts, 4 Harbingers, they have fuffer’d a confiderable Diminu
i Captain of the Guards of the Gate, 4 tion of late. He reckons in France 18 Arch--
Lieutenants, 12 Exempts, and I op Guards. biſhopricks, 199 Biſhopricks, 16 Heads of:
The Provoſt of the Houfhold has under Religious Orders, 257 Commanderies of:
him 4 Lieutenants, 12 Exempts, and ioº Maltha, ; ; 6 Abbies of Nuns, 1356 Abbies
Guards. of Monks, 7oo Convents of Cordeliers,
The Dauphin has 12 Gentlemen of Ho 124o Priories, 152oo Chapels that have
nour, an Almoner, and other Officers be Chaplains, about 3644 i Paristhes, and 14277
longing to his Chapel, a Mafter of the Convents of all Orders.
Hoŭlhõld, 2 Gentlemen Servants, 1 Querry, - -

The
1o26 F R A N - C E. |

. The Number of Monks or Religious 272 Par, of Blois, who has 3 Archd. and
Men he computes thus; Canons or Pre 5o4 Par.
bendaries, 16ooo ; Abbots, 5.ooo ; Chan 4. The Diocefe of Rheins is divided in
ters, 13 ooo ; Singing Boys, 6ooo ; Monks to 2 Archd. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans
endow'd with Revenues, 356oo ; Mendi are, the Biſhop of Soifºns, who has 5 Ru
cants, 135 oo; Carmelites, ftines, and ral Deanries, and 38o Par. of Laon, who
Jacobines Reform'd, 95oo puchins, Re has 2 Archd. and 3oo Par. of Chalons, who
colets, and Picpuces of St. Francis, 21 ooo ; has 9 Rural Deanries, and 3oo Par. of Noy
Minims, 25oo ; Hermites, soo. Total of ons, who has 12 : Rural Deanries, and 4o4
Males, 1226oo. The Nuns of St. Au Par. Beauvais, who has 3 Archd. and 92
gustin, 15.ooo ; of St. Bennet, 18ooo ; of Par. Amiens, 776 Par. Semlis, 72 Par. Be
St. Bernard, Ioooo ; of Fontevraux, 15oo; logne, 42o.
of S. Dominic, 4ooo ; of Santa Clara, 125oo ; 5. The Dioceſe of Ronen is divided into
Carmelites, 3ooo ; Urfislines, 9ooo ; of S. Ma 6 Archd. and 1388 Par. The Archbiſhop's
ry, 7oo.o. , Thofe that live on Alms, 2ooo. Suffragans are, the Biſhop of Baieux, who
The Total of Nuns, 82ooo. The Total of has 4 Archd. and 61 i Par. Evereux, 3 Archd.
both, 2o46oo. 48o Par. Auranche, who has 2. Archd. and
The Places poſſefs'd by the Clergy of i8o Par. Seez, who has 5 Archd. and șoa
France, he reckons thus ; 9oo Places wherein Par. Lifeux, who has 4 Archd. and 58o
they have Jurifdiction without an Appeal; Par. Cºutance, who has 4 Archd. and 55a
17ooo Arpents of Vineyards in full Pro Par.
perty ; 1oooo from which they have # 6. The Diocefe of Tours has 3 Archd.
and #, each Arpent containing 1oo Perches, and 4oo Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffra
each!Perch 22 Foot, and each Foot 12 Inches gans are, the Biſhop of Mans, who has 6
of Paris Meaſure. He adds, That the Ec Archd. and 619 Par. Rennes, who has 2
clefiaſtical Revenues amount in the whole Archd, and 263 Par. Angers, who has 3
to 312oooooo of Livres, which is about Archd. and 668 Par. Nantes, who has 2
26oooooo Sterling. Archd, and 212 Par. Cornouaille, who has
2 Archd. and 2oo Par. Vanne, who has 4
He gives us the following Account of Archp. and 16o Par. st. Malo, who has 2
: Archbiſhopricks, Biſhopricks, and Pa
IlillCS.
Archd. and 2oo Par. St. Brieu, who has 2
Archd. and 12o Par. Tréguier, who has 2
Archd., and 7o Par. St. Pol de Leon, 12o
v r. The Diocefe of Lions is divided into Par. Dol, 8o Par.
1ố Archdeaconries, and 765 Pariſhes. The 7. The Diocefe of Bourges has 9 Archd.
and 8oo Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans
Archbiſhop of Lions has for Suffragans, the
Biſhop of Autun, whoſe Diocefe has 24 are, the Biſhops of Clermont, who has 14
Archprieſthoods, and 611 Pariſhes; of Lan Archp. and 83o Par. Limogen, who has 16
gre, who has 6 Archdeaconries, and 6oo Archp, and 9oo Par. Tulles, who has 7o Par.
Pariſhes ; of Macon, who has 4 Archprieft Le Puy, who has 3 Archp. and 138 Par.
:hoods, and 268 Pariſhes ; and of Chalons, St. Flour, who has 5 Archp, and 27o Par.
who has 5 Archprieſthoods, and 2o4 Pa g. The Diocefe of Albi has 2.o Diftrists,
riſhes. and 327 Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans
2. The Diocefe of Sens has 5 Archd. and are, the Biſhop of Cahors, who has 2 Archd.
674 Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, and 422 Par. Cafres, who has 2 Archd. and
the Biſhop of Troye, who has 5 Archd. and 1oo Par. Mande, who hảs 4 Archp. and 2oo
519 Par. of Auxerre, who has 4 Archd. and Par. Rodez, 4 Archd, and 5oo Par. Vabre,
238 Par. and of Nevers, who has 2 Archd. who has 15 o Par.
and 27 i Par. | 9. The Diocefe of Bordeaux has 3 Archd.
3. The Diocefe of Paris is divided into and 4oo Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans
3 Archd. The Archb. Suffragans are, the are, the Biſhop of Poiciers, who has 3
Biſhop of Chartres, who has 3 Archd. and Archd. and 722 Par. Sainte, who has 17
5oo Par. of Meaux, who has 2 Archd. and Archd. and 291 Par. Angoulefme, who has
41 o Par, of Orleans, who has 6 Archd, and 13 Archp. and 29e Par. Perigeux, who has -
44o
F R A AV C E. 1o27
44o Par. Agen, who has 6 Archp. and 4oo Tºul, 17oo ; Verdun, 3;o. Thefe 3 laft de
#:::::: Condom, who has 4 Archp. and pend on the Archbiſhop of Trever.
13o Par. Sarlat, who has 7 Archp. and 25o 18. The Diocefe of cambray has 4 Archd.
Par. Rachelle, who has 4 Archp. and 32o and 598 Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans
Par. Lacun, who has 3 Archd. and 23o are, the Bifhop of Arras, who has 2 Archd.
Par. and 49o Par. of Tournay, who has 6 Rural
1o. The Diocefe of Auche has 8 Archd. Deanries, and 2oo Par. st. Omer, who has
and 372 Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans i Archp. and 1 Io Par. of "pres, 7 Rural
are, the Biſhop of Dax, who has 17 Archp. Deanries, and 15 o Par. Namur, the Par. not
and 194 Par. Aire, who has 6 Archp. and fet down.
2 Io Par. Bazae, who has 25 o Par. Beyºnne, The Atlas Hiſtorique adds, That the Gene
who has 6o Par. Cominge, who has 22 Con ral Affemblies of the Clergy meer at Paris
gregations of Prieſts, and 2oo Par. Cºnfº- . on Occaſion, or when the King calls them
rans, who has 82 Par. Leitoure, who has to give him Money; but he does not tell
3 Archp. and 73 Par. Lafar, who has 4o *us how that Affembly is conſtituted.
Par. Oleron, who has 2oo Par. Tarbe, who
has 24o Par. The Civil Government of France.
. I 1. The Diocefe of Narbºn has 24o Par. *
The Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, the Bi
fhop of Carcaſſone, who has 96 Par. Alet, H E Atlas Hiſtorique fays, this muft be
who has 88o Par. Beziers, who has Io6 confider'd in its Sovereign and Subal
Par. Agde, who has 16 Par. Lºdeve, who has tern Juriſdictions. The latter are called by
48 Par. Mostpellier, who has 1 2o Par. Nifmes, feveral Names, according to the Customs of
who has 215 Par. Ufez, who has 18 i Par. the Provinces, viz. Bailiwicks, Senechauffes,
S. Pons, 4o; Alais, the Pariſhes not fet down. Provoftſhips,Vigueries, Ele&tions, &c. From
12. The Diocefe of Tbloufe has 25ó Par. thofe there lies an Appeal to the Præfidiaſ
The Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, the Bi Courts, the Chief Judges of which are cal
fhop of Pamiers, roo Par. Mirepois, 62 ; led Preſidents; and from them there lies an
Montaban, 9o ; Lavaur, 68, S. Papoul, 65. Appeal to the Parliaments or Sovereign
Lombes, 81 ; Rieux, 9o. Courts, which decide Caufes finally : But
13. The Diocefe of Arles has 5 1 Par. becaufe the States of the Kingdom repreſent
The Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, the Biſhop the whole Body of the Monarchy, he be-.
of Marſeille, 32 Par. Orange, 18; St. Paul Trois » gins with them, and tells us they are com
Chaffeaux, 33; Toulon, 2o. pos'd of the 3 Orders of the Kingdom;
14. The Diocefe of Aix has 84 Par. The viz. the :: the Clergy, and that cal
Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, the Biſhop of led the 3d Eſtate. When the King has a
Apt. 32 ; Riez, 54; Freju, not fet down ; Mind to aſſemble them, he fends an Edićt
Gap, 22 I ; Siſteron, 59. | to the Parliaments of the Kingdom, and
". The Diocefe of Vienne has 7 Archd. the Parliaments fend it to the inferior
and 335 Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans Gourts. Each City, with the Nobility and
are, the Biſhop of Aneci, St. John de Mo Clergy, draw what they would have
rienne, Par. not fet down; Grenoble, 4 Archd. prọpofed ; and this they call their cahier or
3ο9 Par. Valence, 4 Archd. Iɔ4 Par. Die, 4 Cayer. Thefe 3 Papers are fent to the Bai
Archd. 17o Par. Viviers, 2oo Par. liffs or other Magiſtrates of the Diſtrists,
16. The Diocefe of Embrun has 2 1 Par. who fend them to the Parliament, where
The Archbiſhop's Suffragans are, the Bi the General Cahier of the Provinces is made
ſhop of Digne, 32 Par. Vance, 23; Glandeve, up; and when the States are affembled,
56; Senez, 42; Graffe, 22. thefe Cabiers are reduc’d into 3, viz. one
17. The Diocefe of Befangon has s Archd. for each Eſtate. We formerly took No
and 78o Par. The Archbiſhop's Suffragans tice, That thefe Affemblies were Annual,
are, the Biſhop of Porentruy, the Par, not or call'd oftner as Occafion requir’d ; but
fet down; of Bellai, Par not fet down; of there has been none fince 1614, the French
strasburg, Suff of Mentz, 45 o Par. In Lor Kings having ſince that Time made them
rain, the Biſhop of Metz, șco Par the B. of felves abfolute. T;
}ìt
P p pppp
1 o 28 F R A N C E.
- The Government is now managed by the dire& them in everything that concerns the
following Councils : King's Intereft. This Council is compos’d:
-

- r, That call'd the Grand Council, whofe of the King, the Dauphin, the Chancellor,
Juriſdiction exteņds over the whole Mo 4 Secretaries of State, and the Comptroller.
narchy. ’Twas formerly called the King's General.
Council, and compos'd of the Princes of 6. The Cºuncil of Diſpatches, determines
the Blood, and great Officers of State ; but the Affairs relating to the Provinces in ge
much alter d at preſent, and confifts of one neral, as Petitions, Commiſſions to Gover
called the Chief Preſident, and 8 other Pre nors, Commandants, and other Qfficers of
fidents, who ferve by Turns, 4 each half the Provinces and Towns. It confiſts of
Year; 2 Advocates General, 1 Procurator the King, the Dauphin, the Chancellor,
General, 12 Subſtitutes, I Chief Clerk, 5 and the 4 Secretaries of State.
Secretaries, 2 Honorary Preſidents, 1 1 Ho . 7. The Coarts of Aids, take Cognizance of
norary Counfellors, 1 Firſt Uſher or Door the Taxes, Aids, Gabelles, Imposts, and ,
Keeper, ao other. Uſhers, and 23 Procu-º other Farms and Revenues of the King
rators. From this Court there lies no Ap dom. ’Tis a Sovereign Court, and deter---
peal : ’Tis generally held in Paris; but at mines Appeals from the Inferior Judges".
Court, when the King has a Mind to it, fubject to their Juriſdiction ; as are thofe
they determine all Appeals, contrary Judg called Ele&tions, the Granaries of Salt, ởe:
ments in other Courts, &c. There lies no Appeal from them but to the
2. The Council of War, where the King Council. The Court of Aids at Paris is.
preſides. To this are generally called the compos'd of 6 Preſidents, 4o Counfellors,.
Princes of the Blood, the Marefchals of divided into 2 Chambers; 1 Procurator
France, and the Lieutenant-Generals. General, 1 Advocate-General, 2 Subſtitutes, -

3. The Council of State, where all Foreign 2 Chief Clerks, 4 Secretaries, 1 Chief
Alliances, Matters of Peace and War, and and 7 other Uſhers, and 3 Honorary Cơun--
every Thing that relates to Church or State, fellors. The other Towns where thoſe
are determin’d. To this are call'd the Mi Courts of Aids are eſtabliſhed, are, Mont
nifters of State on Occafion ; but it is ufu pellier, Clermont, Bºardeaux, Aix, Rouen, Gre
ally compos’d of no more but the King, noble, Montauban, M.tz, Renne, Pan, Dole, Diº.
the Dauphin, 1 Counfellor of State, and 0%.
the 4 Secretaries of State. 8. The chambers of Accounts, are Sovereigns
4. The Privy-Cºuncil, or that for particu Courts, which fettle the Accounts of alP
Îar Caufes. They determine Controverfies thofe concern'd in the King’s Affairs. They»
about making void the Decrees of the par receive Homage and Fealty from all the
ticular Parliaments, Caufes of Appeal, and Vaffals of the Crown, keep the Acknow--
the Exceptions of Judges in Cauſes betwixt ledgments and Number of all the Fiefs, and»
City and City, and one private Man and their Dependancies. They register all Pa
another. ’Tis compos’d of a Chancellor, tents for ere&ting Dutchies and Marqui
2 1 Counfellors of State, I Comptroller-Ge fates; and thofe Chambers in all other Parts:
neral of the Finances, I Iąfendant of the of the Kingdom are obliged to fend Ahnu--
Finances, 12 Counfellors of State, who ally to that of Paris a Copy of the Ac-.
ferve every half Year by Turns, and 84 counts of all their Provinces, that they:
Mafters of Requeſts. may know the State of all the Pinances.
5- The Council of the Finances or Exchequer, The Chamber of Accounts at Paris ſtates :
determines in Chief all Affairs belonging . the Account of the Royal Treafury, and i
to the Revenue ; for there are different Af of the Royal Palaces, anđ confifts of i Chief.
femblies for all the Receipts and Intendan Preſident, 1o others, 3o Corre&tors, 74 Au--
cies of the Kingdom, both as to what con ditors, 1 Advocate-General, 1- Procurator
cerns the Eccleſiaſtical Revenue and the No General, 4 Honorary Secretaries, 2 Chief:
bles, and feveral Offices for the Domains, Clerks, 2 Book-Keepers, i Chief Uſher, 3o.
Gabelles or Taxes, the 5 great Farms, and others, 29 Procurators, 1 Deputy for the -
feveral other Receipts ; and every Office Receipt of Fees, 1 Receiver for the Necef-.
has their Counfellors of State to affift and faries of the Court. The other Towns”.
where
.: F R A N :C E. I o 29
where fuch Courts fit are, Rouen, Dijon, Nantes, and Pleas, which gave Rife to the erečting,
Montpellier, Grenoble, Aix, Pau, Liste, when in of fuch Parlisments in other Places of the
the Hands of the French, and Dole. Kingdom. But that their Power was greater
9. The Cºurts of the Generalities or Inten than now, is own’d by Matharella, in his
dancies, are eftabliſhed in certain great Anfwer to Hitoman, where he fays, That.
Towns, where the Treaſurers-General have this Parliament was inſtituted as a Third
Offices to facilitate the Receipt of the Mo betwixt the King and the People, who
ney arifing from Taxes and Subſidies. They might fue the Kings and Princes in this
are divided into Elections, which are Su Court ; and that the Kings themfelves fub
baltern Courts, depending on the Courts of mitted to their Decifions, which he fays
Aids of the Province. Every Elestion has. made them more glorious, than their con
a Receiver, who pays the Money to the quering of the whole World could have
Receiver-General of the Generality. The done.
Towns where thoſe Generalities or Inten * ,
dancies are eftabliſh’d are, Paris, which has The Atlas Historique gives us the follow-1
ao Ele&ions, and 19o 4 Parifhes ; Orleant, ing Account of the Parliament of Paris,
1: E. and 1 148 P. Chalent, 1 1 E. and i 19 P. by which we may judge of the rest.
Amiens, 6 E. 126o P. Rouen, 12 E. 1623 P.
Caen, 9 E. I oo8 P. Bourges, 4 E. 566 P. The great Chamber of the Parliam-nr is.
Tears, 16 E. 1539 P. Poitiers, 9 E. I 164 P. compos'd of 1 Preſident, 7 other Prefidents,
Rion, 8 E. 827 P. Bourdeaux, 9 E. 199; P. a Mortier, fo called from a fort of Cap they
Tholoufe, 11 E. 1o 13 P. Montpellier, 1 1 E. wear i ro Eccleſiaſtie Counfellors, and 19*
1466 P. Lion, 5 E. 86; P. Aix, 17 Vigue Lay Counfellors.
ries, 644 P. Grenoble, 6 E. 6oo P. Dijon, The 5 Chambers of Enquiry confift of ----
176r P. Nantes, the Pariſhes not fet down ; 2 Preſidents, and 28 Counfellors each.
Limºge, 7 E. 1268 P. Moulins, 9 E. I 17 o P. The Criminal Court conſists of 4 Prefi
Seffºns, 7 E. 1988 P. Montauban, r r E. 95 i P. dents, a Mortier, and 18 Counfellors; and
Alançon, 9 E. 1276 P. Metz, Liffe, and Ro
chelle, the Pariſhes not fet down.
: Civil, of 4 Prefidents, and 26 Counfel
OTS. -

1o. The Parliaments, which are Sovereign The Parliament of Paris has under its
Courts, compos’d of Preſidents, Counfel Juriſdiction, the Iſle of France, Picardy,
lors, Advocates, and Procurators-General. Champagne, the Orleanncès, Anjou, Maixe,
They were establiſh’d for doing Justice to Perché, Touraine, Poitou, Aunix, Angoumois,
the Subjests, and at firſt confifted of the Berry, Marche, Auvergne, Nivernois, Bourbon
Princes of the Blood, the Officers of the noir, Lionnois, and Part of Burgundy.
Crown, Prelates, and the great Lords of the The Parliament of Tholouſe was inſtituted
Kingdom, who met two or three times in by Philip the Fair in 13o2, and has under it
the Year where the King appointed; but : Languedoc, Part of Guinne, and the County
in 13o 2, Philip the Fair fix’d this Affembly of Foix.
at Paris. They had much greater Power The Parliament of Rouen was establiſhed
formerly than now, fince Lewis XIV. has at the fame Time, and has under it Upper
made them meer Tools to his arbitrary and Lower Normandy. " -

Power. Hotoman, in his Franco Galia, in The P. of Grenoble was eſtabliſh’d in 1343,
veighs againſt the Conſtitution of thefe and has under it Dauphine.
Courts by Lewis, called Hurtin. or the Tur The P. of Bourde iux in 1462, and has un
bulent, as fome fay, or by Philip the Fair ac der it Part of Guienne, Saintonge, and the Li
cording to others in 13 14, on purpoſe to moafin. | -

deprive the States General of their Power The P of Dijon in 1476, and has under
by degrees, becaufe the Kings knew they it Part of Burgundy and i.« Breſſe.
could make up this conſtant Senate of their The P. of Aix in 15o1, and has under it
own Creatures, and by that Means make a]] Provence.
their Power Arbitrary. He adds, That this The P. of Renne in 1 56o, and has under
gave Occaſion to Multitudes of Law-Suits it all Brittany. ".

P ppppp 2 . The
1o3o F R A N C E.
|
...The P. of Pas in 16o2, and has under it
Bearn, and the Country of Sºule.
The P. of Metz in 1633, and has under The Military Government of France.
it the Biſhopricks of Metz, Toul, and Ver
dun. -
T HE_Atlas Historique obſerves very juft
The P. of Befançm in 1674, and has un ly, That France is the moſt formidable
der it the French County. Kingdom in Europe; and that the Policy of
The P. of Tºurnay in 1668; and while in its Miniſters has brought thither all the Ma
the Hands of France, had under it all the nufistures of Christendom, as the best way
French Netherlands. to fupport its Power; and that under the
Thé P. of Perpignan, not faid when efta prefent K, it arrived to a higher Pitch of
:'', has under it the County of Roufft Glory than ever, but by fuch Methods, as
are not for the Good of the People, nor
f3.
The P. of Brifac in 1675, now removed for the true Intereft of the Kingdom ; thô
to Colmar, has under it Aface. at the fame Time, abating for the Tyranny,
The P. of Arras, not faid when eſta there is nothing more regular and orderly
bliſh’d, has under it the Artois. than their Administration. He begins
There is alſo a Court of Money of 9 with their Revenues as the Sinews of
Preſidents, and 29 Counfellors, to infpe&t War, and gives us two Accounts of it, one
the Weight and Goodnefs of the Coin. as it was in 1695, and the other as it is ae
For the Divifion of France into General prefent.
Governments, we refer to Sanſow’s Table.

*The State of the Revenues of France, as it appeard by the Accounts of


eceipt in 1695.
}
H.E. Produ&ł of the Revenues of the Generalities of :::: :
28.38 545
Kingdom -

Of the Taxes and Pofts - 24.392.9oş


Of the Domain and cutting of Woods and Forrests –– oo 849.661
The Farm of the Asts of Notary, Weights, Meaſures, and } co.369,25a
Rights of Entry
The Cafual, Ordinary and Extraordinary, of the Taxes,
Coffee, Tea, Powder, Salt-Petre, and of the 1oth of Be
nefices, Cafual, Extraordinary, and the Clergy of the fe
veral Provinces –––––––––––
{ 25.771.2 Io

From the New Capitation or Poll-Tax --- –– 1oş.793.335


From the Capitation of the Courts of Monies, the Great
Council, the Secretaries of the K. and the Office of
IlanCCS – - - - - - -----
: oo.5o8.763 .
*---- »

186 o73.669
Which, divided by 12, makes 15.506 139 l. Sterl. '
*-- - - -
|

The Atlas Historique cafts it up to 187o3669 and accordingly we inferted it u


Truft from him, Page 1 oo3, which the Reader is defired to cs: a pon

T.
F R A N c e 1631
. . . - - .. . . -
st. . s', ' -. * -

The Annual Charge of the French K, he reckon'd then as follows ;


l. -

For the King’s Table, Stables, Privy Purfe, and too swifèrs– 3.616.o84
The Guard du Corps, the Penſions of the Swiß, and Falconry– 1.479.8o3. . -

The Houſhold of the Duke and Dutchefs of Orleant–– 1.343.ooo ·


The extraordinary Charges of War.–––––– 94.973.628
The Artillery - *- 1.397.5 1o |- *

The Marine ––––––––––– 13.738.226 - * * *

The Gallies 4633929


Fortifications ––- --———– 1.845.7o3 .
The Repairs of the Royal Palaces, and the Ways––– 1.921.o2o . . - i
For 8 Archbiſhopricks and Biſhopricks vacant, and Plaifter |
for the City and Suburbs of París.–––––
* , -:
} 3.242.693 · · · · |
128.182.6o 1 }
which, divided at 12 Livres per i steri is– 1o.681.863 l. 8s. 4d. Sr.
So that he faved for other Expences ––– 4.824.275 l. 1 1 s. 8d. St.
-
|

-
. - - -

The fame Author adds, That his Revenues fell by the laft Peace 6o or 7o Millions of
French Money; but : the extraordinary Taxes upon his People, they are at preſent al
moſt as high, which he computes thus;
The Taxes–––- 4o.ɔoo.ooo
The Free Gift – - 7.ooo..ooo
The Tenths and Extraordinary from the Clergy ––– 1o.ooo..ooo .
The Cafual Right call'd Paulette, paid by the Öfficers of Ju
dicature, and of the Exchequer –––––5 3.ooo..ooo : · · · ·

The 5 great Farms 63.15 o.ooo


|- The Farm of the Poſts |- 3.ooo..ooo
The Capitation or Poll-Tax *a 6o.ooo..ooo

* ". Which is ıssıascot Sterl., 186.1 șo.ooo |

* - - - - -*******
|
|

the Troops of the Houfhold, piz. the Regi


The State ºf the French Artillery. ments of the Guards du Corps, of the Gens .
d’Arms, of the Light Horfe, the Muske- ,
ON; Great Mafter of the Artillery, . tiers, the Scots Gens d’Arms, and the Gre
1 Lieut. Gen. 3o other Lieutenants, 82 nadiers. 2. The Light Horfe, viz. the Re--
Commiffaries, 182 Ordinary Commiffaries, giments,Colonel, Royal, of the King, Royal
126 Extraordinary Commiffaries, 1 Regi Forrain, King's Cuiraffiers, Royal Čravaier,
ment of Artillery, and I of Bombardiers. and Royal Roufflon. 3. The Dragoons, viz.
The Artillery is divided into that of Ger the Regiments, Colonel, King's, Queen's,
znany, Flanders, Roufillºn, Dauphine, the Híle of and Dauphin’s. The Total of Horfe he
France, the Lionnois, and Guienne. fays in the laſt War amounted to 1ocooo,
The fix’d Infantry is divided, 1. Into
The State of the fixa Cavalry. French, v.z. the Regiments of Guards, Swif;
Guards, Picardy, Champagne, Navarre, Pie
*Tis divided into 3 Bodies ; 1. The mont, Normandy, 2. Into Foreign, viz. the
Gens d'Armerie, which in part makes up Regiments of Swiffert, Piemontois, Germani,
Wolconis,

- .
1932 . F R A W C E.
Walloons, and Iriſh. The Foot he fays in the 3 Infpe&tors, 3 Majors, 6 Captains of Gal
laſt War amounted to 3 ooooo...Total of .. liots, 42 Captains of Frigats, 9 Liéute
Foot and Horfe, 4.ooooo. - - nants of the Ports, 261 Lieutenants of Men
of War, 9 Aid-Majors, 9 Lieutenants of
Galliots, 34 Captains of Fire-Ships, 8 En
The Generals of the Armies, figns of the Ports, 4ο9 Enfigns of Men of
Are ufually the Marefchals of France, who War, 9 Sub-Lieutenants of Galliots, 47
Lieutenants of Frigats, 8 Captains of Flutes,
carry as a Mark of their Dignity Two Ba 9 Aids of Artillery : In all, 147 Officers,
toons Azure, ftrow'd with Flower-de-Luces 6oooo Mariners, and 1o1 Companies of
Or, lying Saltyrwife behind their Eſcutcheon.. Marines. Befides which, he entertains
Their Office depends abſolutely on the Hooo young Gentlemen called Guards Ma
Crown, and is given them for Life, as a - rine, which are inſtrusted in his Arfenals,
Reward of fome Military Archievement ; where there are Intendants for Juffice, Go
but the Crown is not always obliged to em vernment, and all that's neceſſary for keep
ploy them. They determine Differences ing the Men of War in Order : To which
in Point of Honour that happen among End he has alfo 3 Treaſurers-General, 1 In
Gentlemen, and are not obliged to take fpe&tor of the.Men of War, and 1 Secre
any Oath before the Parliament. They de tary-General.
termine all Military Caufes, and fit at the
Marble Table in the Court of Parliament.
Their Power is greater fince the Suppref. The State of the Men of War is ar
fion of the Office of High Conſtable, upon , . . . . . . :::: follows: .. ' •
whom they formerly depended. Theír .
prefent Number is about 25. 26 Firſt Rates, zo Second, 46 Third,
The Lieutenant-Generals command the 12 Fourth, and 24 Fifth ; 27 light Frigats,
Army in Abfence of the Marefchals, and 5 Bomb-Galliots, 22 Fire-Ships, 26 Flutes,
are about 8o in Number ; and the Ma 29 Corvets or Long Barks, and 379 Ships
refchals de Camp, who are about 138, take out of Service : In all, 626. .. ' :
Care of their Encampments : The Briga **a -

diers are fuch as command Bodies of The State of the Gallies.


Troops. - - - - -

The Prefent State of Eurofe, printed in Ger 1 Royal Galley, I called the Patron Gal-.
many in 17o4, make the Fr. K.'s Regiments of ley, 32 other Gallies, befides 2” at Bour
Foot about 2 17; his Regiments of Horfe deaux, 2 at Dạnkirk, and 2 at St. Melo : In
1c4, of which the Royal Carabiniers was , all, 4o.: The Royal Galley is that which
one, and confifted of ioo Companies, the the General goes on board, and carries the
King himſelf being Colonel. He makes his Royal Standard; and the Patron Galley is
Regiments of Dragoons 43. And, be that which carries the Vice-Admiral. Thofe
fides the great Officers already mentioned, Gallies make ufe both of Sails and Oars,
fåys, there is a Colonel-General of the are ufually from 2 o to 22 Fathom long,
Horfe, a Colonel-General of the Swiffers, and, 3 broad, and. I deep.
a. Colonel-General of the Dragoons; but The Officers belonging to them are ; the
the Colonel-General of the Foot was fup General at preſent, the Duke de Vendoſne,
prefied in 1661. .** • • 1 Lieut. Gen. 5 Commanders of Squadrons,
1 Captain of the Ports, 4o Captains of Gal
The State of the French King's lies, 1 Intendant, 1 Major, 7 Captain-Lieu
tenants, 2 Lieutenants of the Ports, 41
Naval Force. Lieutenants of Gallies, 3 Aid Majors, 2 Sub
Lieutenants of the Royal Galley, 4o other
*T H E Count de Tolouſe Admiral, 2 Vice Lieutenants, 2 Enfigns of the Royal Galley,
. Admirals, 4 Lieutenant-Generals, 2 Enfigns of the Ports, 4o Enfigns of the
Commanders of Squadrons, 6 Captains o Gallies, and I 1oco Galley. Slaves. |

the Perts, 16o Captains of Men of War, * - *

The
F R A N c E. |
Io33
The Arferials for the Men of War are at
Thalon, Bayonne, Rochefort, Port Louis, Le Havre,
Bref, and Dunkirk ; and the Arſenal for the
The State of Learning in France.
Gallies is at Marſeiller. - |

- TN:
Bo
Univerfities are at Paris, Tolsufe;
urdeaux, Poitiers, Orleans, Bourges, Ani
The Orders of Knighthood. gert, Caen, Montpellier, Cahors, Nantes, Rheint,
Kalence, Aix, Perpignan, Doway, and Beſançon.
1. "T"Hofe of Malta, who are divided into In all, 17. In thefe they teach Law, Phy
3 Nations, have 6 Grand Priories, fick, the Liberal Arts, and give Degrees.
and very ample Poffeffions. The Grand They have likewife feveral Academies
Priors are, 1. Of Provence. 2. Of Auvergne. for improving Polite Learning at Paris,
3. Of France. 4. Of Aquitain. 5. Of To Arles, soiffans, Willefranche, Nifines, and Angers.
loufe. The chief of thofe are, -

2. The Order of St. Michael, ere&ed in 1. The French Academy founded by


1469.; another of St. Michael the Patron of Lewis XIII. to refine and improve the Frenchº
France: Their Number is not to exceed I oo. Tongue. They have noble Privileges, are
This Order is much decay’d of late, and 4o in Numbër, meet in the Louvre ; and
given moſtly to Foreigners. every two Years, on St. Lewis's Day, have:
3. The Order of the Holy Ghof, erested Gold Medals prefented to thoſe who carry
by Henry III. to draw the Nobility from the Prize for Poetry and Eloquence.
the Guifian Fa&tion. The K. is the Chief of 2. The Academy of Sciences for innº
this Order, and under him are many Com roving Mathematicks and Natural Philo--
mendeurs, who have Benefices annex’d to ophy, for which End the King has built
their Places, and a great Number of Knights. them, a noble Obſervatory. They were:
Their Officers are, the Great Chancellor of founded in 1666, under the Direction of
the Order, the Provoſt or Mafter of the M. Golbert. They have 2 Preſidents, and
2o Fellows. The latter divided into 6 Claf--
Ceremonies, the Great Treaſurer, and his
Secretary. -
fes, and meet twice per Week in an Apart--
4. The Knights of our Bleſſed Lady of ment of the King's Library. They haves
3. Fellows for Aftronomy, 3 for Mathema--
Mount Carmel, united with thofe of St. La. ticks, 3 for Geometry, 3 for Anatomy, 3;
zarus by Henry IV. The K. is their Chief; º for Chymiſtry, and 3 for Botanny, whỏ.
next to him is the Great Mafter of the Or
have each i goo Livres per Annum. They?
der. Their other Officers are, the Vicar have alfo 2: Candidates, out of which the:
General, and Chancellor. They have ; vacant Fellowſhips are fupplied by the:
Grand Priors, and 14o Beneficiary Compa King’s Order; 2 o Elevez or Proficients fu--
nions. . |

bordinate to the Candidates, and I o Hono--


5. The Order of St. Louis, erested : rary Academicks. - -

the prefènt King in 1691, to reward thofe 3. The Academy of Devices or Infcri.--
who diftinguiſh’d themfelves by Land or ptions of Medals, who meet every Tueſday»
Sea. The King is Chief; next to him the and Sunday Evening in the fame Chambers
Dauphin, then the Princes of the Blood, of the Louvre. ’Twas founded in 1667 by:
the Marefchals, the Admiral of France, and, M. Colbert. Their Bufinefs is to invent andi
the General of the Gallies. They have 8 explain Emblems, and Emphatical Infcri.--
Principal Dignitaries, called Grand Croix, ptions, to adorn: the King’s Buildings and
who have each an Annual Penfion of 6ooo . Medals, to tranſmit his A&tions to Posteri--
Livres ; 8o Beneficiary Companions, of ty. They are divided into 8 Honorary:
which the 8 principal have 4oco Livres per Fellows, 2 of which are the Preſident andł
Antnum each. Their Number is what the Vice Preſident, 1 o Penfionaries,among whom
King pleafes. The Officers are, the Trea are the Secretary, Director and Treaſurer,
furer and Secretary, io-Candidates, and 9 Proficients...
*
. .. . . . .. . . - - -- - 4; Thæ
fo34 F R A N C E.
4. The Academy of Architecture, foun to Priamu K. of Try; fome from another
ded in 1671, by the_Direction of M. Gal Paris; fome from the Parrhafi in Aſia,
bert. They confift of an Inſpector, and 8 brought to France by Hercules, as is mentio.
Members, 2 of which are, the Comptroller med in the Life of St. Dennis, the firſt Bi
of the King's Buildings, and the Secre ſhop of Paris, writ by Baptifa Mantuanu.
tary. . Qthers again derive it from their living in
? The Academy of Sculpture and Paint the Neighbourhood of the Temple of ist,
îng, which meets in the King's Cloſet of formerly at St. Germains in Pré.
Pistures, and in the Gallery of Apollo in the - The Iſle of France, properly fo call'd, is
Louvre. 'Twas begun by Martin Champit, of a lester Extent, being little abové 9
Baron of Laure, and was much improved French Leagues from S. toN. and about r;
by M, Colbert, and have every Day a naked from E. to W. and this is what was an
Man to draw by. It confifts of a Chancel ciently called France, and has fince given its
lor, Dire&tor, Re&tors, and a great many Name to the whole Monarchy. "Twas cal
Members. led a County when Counts were firft erest
In Times of Peace, there are :::: ed, and the laft Count was Hugh capet, af.
: or 45 Foreign Miniſters at the French terwards made King, who, infhead of a
OUlIC. - Vifcount, who was :: to the Count,
he appointed that Officer called Prepostu
Parifenſis ; i. e. the Provoſt of Paris.
The Geography of France.
W E ſhall begin, according to the Me Their chief Towns are,
- thod of the French Geographers,
with the Government of the Iſle of Frante, rit, called by Julius Cefar, Lutetia :
I.

fo called, becaufe almoſt encompaffed with by Strabo, Lucotolia; by Ptolomy, Leu


-

¿Rivers: For the Contents of which, we re coteria; and by the Emperer Lucian, Leuf
fer to sanſon’s.Table. Its Extent from N. tia ; which fome derive from the Latin
to S. fays La Forref, is 35 French Leagues, Word Lutum, becaufe of the marſhy Ground
and much the fame from E. to W. Blesu in the Neighbourhood; and others from
makes it but 26+, and Molſ much the fame ; the Greek Word Leucothecia ; i. e., a white
has Picardy on the N. Le Gatinois and La Work, becauſe the Houfes were whiten’d
Beauffe on the S. Champaign and Brie on* with that Plaifter*which abounds in the
the E. and Normandy on the W. ’Tis the neighbouring Country. Cambden fays, That
leaft of all the Governments in France, but in the Britiſh, which was then the Language
has the Advantage of being the Seat of their of Gaul, it fignifies a fair Tower. ’Twas
Kings. The Air is mild and temperate, formerly a fmall Town upon the Iſland in
and the Soil is very fertile in Corn, Wine, the River Seine, which now runs thrô the
and Fruits. ’Tis adorn’d with feveral Royal middle of the City. Its pleafant and con
Palaces, and an infinite Number of others ; venient Situation foon made it increafe, and
fo that for I o Leagues round Paris, there's at laft brought it to be the Seát of the Go
abundance of Houfes of Pleafure, whofe vernment. The Mountain on the S. abounds
charming Situation is much improv’d by with wholefome Springs, and the adjacent
Art. - Country is full of Stone Quarries. On the
This Government is divided into 12 Di N. are Pits, from whence they dig their
striats, viz. Parifs, or the Iſle of France, Plaiſter; and on the Banks of the seine and
properly fo call’d, La Brie Françoiſe, Le Hure the Marn, there are very pleafant Woods.
pois, Part of Gatenois, the Mantois, Le Vexin The Plain on the N. abounds with Corn ;
Françoife, Le Beavoiſis, Le Valois, the Coun and the Hills from Mont le Hery as far as Poiſſy
ty of senlis, Le soifonnois, Le Laonnois, and produce ftore of excellent W: as do fe
the Quarter of Noions. veral of the neighbouring Territories. 'Tis
This is the Country inhabited by thofe water'd with innumerable Streams, which
whom the Greeks and Latins call Parifii. fall into the Seine and the Marn, and make
Some derive their Name from Paris, Son the Tranſportation of Commodities to the
City
F R A N C E. 1o35
City from the neighbouring Countries very called the Thuileries, built alſo by him; and
ealý. When Juliantu Ceſar was fent into that called the Palace Royal, built by Car
Gaul, he fix’d his Seat here, and built a Pa dinal Richelieu. Dr. Northleigh fays, were
Jace and Baths. Gratian, the Son of Valenthe Louvre finiſh'd according to the firſt De
tinian, made it alſo the Place of his Abode ;
fign, it would certainly exceed all the
and clovit, their firſt Chriſtian K. brought
Structures in the World; whereas there are
the Seat of the Government hither from only two Sides compleated ; and the Ho
Tours : Since which, tho' the Monarchy has tels or Palaces of Crequy, Longueville, and
been feveral times divided, 'twas :::::Montaufer, being fince built within the
reckon'd the Metropolis; fo that by the Compafs of that Strusture, 'tis fuppos’d
Prefence of the King, who endow'd it with 'twill never be finiſh'd, which he afcribes
large Privileges, and made it the Place of to the King's Prejudice, becaufe the City
Councils, Synods, Meeting of the States, took Part with the League againſt him du
and of the Sovereign Courts, Univerſity, ring his Minority. He adds, That ; Part
Academies, &c. formerly mentioned, it of the Charge émploy’d in Building Per
grew to be what it is. 'Twas ere&ed into faillet, would have made this, as compleat
a Biſhop's See, as they pretend, very early and magnificent a Stru&ture as ever, the
after the Converſion; of France, and made World beheld. Some fay, Philip Augustia
an Archbiſhoprick by Pope Gregory XV. in laid the Foundation of it ; but a great Part
1622. 'Twas firſt walled round by Philip of the Fabrick, as it now ſtands, ow'd its
Augustus, but is much enlarged finçe. Bau Rife to Francis I. Mary de Medicis turn'd the
drand fays, 'tis divided into the Town, U. Hall call'd that of the Swiffers, where Am
niverſity, and City. The Town contains baffadors, formerly had i Audience, into a
the 4 Šuburbs of St. Anthony, the Temple, Playhoufe. On the Porches, there are feve
St. Martin, and St. Dennis, encompaffed with ral lofty Infcriptions in Commenídation of
the seine on one Side, and Walls on the the Struĉture, ånd flattering the preſent K.
other. The City is that which lies betwixt of:ich the 3 following are moſt remark»
the two upon the and in the Seine, and able. « ·
|- -

joined to the other Parts by Bridges. The |


Univerſity lies on the S. Side the River, on 1. Rex, Regnum, atque Bomus, tria funt Mira»
a rifing Ground, contains the Colleges for cula Mundi. , ' i . **
promoting of Learning, and the Suburbs Rex animo, Regnum viribus, Arte Domus. et .
of St. Germains, St. Michael, St. James, S. Mar 2. Non Orbis Gentem, non Urbem Gens habet
cel, and St. Vistoire. The Suburb of St. Ger ullam, . Je :
mains has the beft Palaces and Colleges. Urbs ve Domum, Dominum, nec Domas alla Pa
Baudrand fays, the whole City is divided in 7"/7/7,

to 16 Quarters or Wards: The 1ſt is that 3. Louvre Domus, Dominus Ludovicw, Regie
of the Louvre, St. Honore, and St. Roche. Rege
2. St. Germains de l'Auxerroys. 3. Mont Mar Digna fuo, Cælo eſt hec Minor, ille Deº.
tyr, or St. Eufiache. 4. That of the Halle.
5. Sr. Dennis. 6. St. Martin. , 7. St. Avoye. Our Language being not fo proper for
8. St. Anthony. , 9 That of the Tifferanderie fuch a fhort Way of Writing as the Latin,
or Weavers, and the Verrerie or Glafs-makers. we don't pretend to come near the Original
1o. That of the Mortellerie. I 1. That of the in the fame Number of Lines; but they
Greve. 12. Of St. James of the Shambles. may be paraphras'd thus :
13. Of the City and Iſle of Nostre-Dame or
our Lady. - 14. Of St. Severin, of St. An 1. King, Nation, Houſe, the World's Three Won
drew, of the Arches, and the Suburbs of ders are ; * * ; . . ::
!

St. Germain. 15. Of the Square of Maubert. He’s brave, they’r ffrong, its Architestures rare.
16. Of St. Oportune. In that Part call'd the 2. Earth no fuch Race, no People fuch a Town,
Town, is the King's Palace of the Lou No Town fuch Houfe, no Houſe fuch Lord doet.
073771.
vre, which, according to Baudrand, is the
fratelieft in Europe, and was for moſt 3. Louvre’s a Palace for Great Lewis fit,
part built by the preſent K. Another Palace God ºnly him exceeds, at Heav'n does it.
Q q q qiq q Tț: e
1 o 26 F R A ÄN Ĉ E.
The Antiquities and Roman Statues, with tick Turrets, built at firſt for Defence of?
the befi Paintings, formerly kept here, are the City, but now made ufe of as a Maga
carried to Verſailles ; yet fome fine Pieces are zine, and a Prifon for Criminals of State.
left, particularly Paul of Verona’s Marriage There are two finaller Caftles that were
of Cana, which the Servi of Venice, to whoſe built for the fame End, where the Provoft
Church it belongd, had fold to the French and others now keep their Courts. Near
King; but the Senate hearing of it, pre the Bastile ſtands the Arfenal, a ſpacious
fented it to him, as a juſt Reproof to thofe Pile, confifting of 3 great Courts, with a
mercenary Monks. The Fronts of the Garden; and the Portal, infead of Pillars,
Louvre are finely adorn'd with Pillars and is fupported by Cannon, with this Infcrip
carv'd Work. In the Inner Front, there’s t1OIl :
an Order of Corinthian Architećture, with
a noble Corniſh, and fine Carvings. The Ætna hee Henrico Vulcania Tela ministrat,
Gallery, built by Henry IV. along the River Tela Giganteos debellatura furores.
to the Thuilleries, is very long, and recko
ned the fineft in Europe. Under it is the Alluding to the great Defign that Henry IV: .
King's Printing-Houfe, and the Apartments who built it, had in View when he was
of his Painters, Carvers, Gravers, &c. The murther’d. In this Placé" there are many
W. Part has a large Pavillion, in Form of a Workmen employ’d by the K. in casting og
Dome, over the Gate, fupported by two Statues, and other Things of Metal.
Ranks of large Pillars of the Ionick Order; There’s abundance of Noblemen’s Hou
and the Architrave of the Front to the fes, which they call Hotels; the chief of
Court has fine Sculptures. The E. Front, which are, 1. That of Colbert, a noble Fa
ere&ted by Lewis XIV. contains the chief brick, with an exquiſite Library. 2. That
Gate, and a Terras, fupported by 4o Co of Mazarine, a ſplendid Struture without,
lumns of the Corinthian Orđer detachée, up and curiouſly furniſh’d with ancient and
on which there was to be a ftately Baluftre. modern Statues and Paintings by the best
The Thuillery is a Part of the Louvre. "Hands; Cabinets, Tapeſtries, and rich Vef.
That Side which fronts the Garden is a fels of Stone and Silver, the beſt of which
long and beautiful Fabrick, begun by Hen the King has taken to himſelf. 3. That of
ry IV. and compleated by Louis XIV. It Seguier, which is excellently furniſh’d
has a Pavillion at each End, and a Dome in with Curiofities of all Sorts, particularly
the Middle. The Theatre in it is exceed with precious China-work. 4: The Grand
ing noble. This Palace has 3 Courts be Prior’s Palace, an ancient and large Stru- .
fore it, and the Gardens behind fcarce &ture, which formerly belong’d to the
inferior to thofe of Verfailles ; but the beſt Knights Templers. 5. That of Richelieu,
Painting and Moveables are carried thi fam’d for an excellent Collestion of Paint.
ther. ings. 6. The Pałace of Luxemburg or Or.
That called the Royal Palsce confifts of leans, built by Mary de Medicis, which is one
two fair Courts, with a delicious Garden of the moſt regular and magnificent Stru:
behind it. Cardinal Richelieu built a Thea &tures in Paris. It has a famous Gallery,
tre here for Tragedies; but it has fince with Paintings by Paul Reubin, repreſenting
been made ufe of for Comedies and Opera’s. the Life of Mary de Medicis, from her Birth
v The Town-Houfe, founded by Francis I. to the End of her Government ; other cu
and finiſhed by Henry IV. ftands in the Place rious Paintings, and ſtately Gardens, with
called the Greve ; but neither the Place nor publick Walks. 7. That call'd the King's
the Strućture, fays the Doſtor, are anfwera Cabinet, which formerly contain’d great
ble to the Greatnefs of the City. It has a ftore of fine Pi&tures, Medals, Agats, eớc.
noble Way leading to it, a handfome Front with the Anticalia found in Childeric I.’s
of Stone, but Gothick; a Spire over the Tomb at Tournay, his Library, and a confi--
Gate, two Pavillions at the Ends, a ſpacious derable Colle&tion of Manufcripts, which ,
Hall, and other Apartments within. The are now for moſt part carried to verſailles.
Baſtile is not unlike the Tower of London, The other remarkable Places are, 1. The
furrounded with a plain Wall, and 8 an Abbey of St. Vistoire, one of the oldest
Roun
F R A N C E. I o37
Foundations in Paris, with a good Library, dertaken by the French are painted on the
and fome Manufcripts, that Students are Walls. The Apothecary’s Shop belonging
admitted to make ufe of three times a Week. to it is extremely well furniſh'd, and well
2. The Royal Phyfick Garden, maintain’d contriv'd. The Soldiers are attended by
at the King's Charge, where there are the Sifters cf St. Lazaru. Dr. Northleigh
Le&tures of Botany during the Seafon for fays, That confidering the Freedom allow'd
Plants. ’Tis fomething longer, but not Strangers to be preſent at Operations in all
broader, than that of Oxford. It has a good their Hoſpitals, the Advantage of their
Anatomy School, well furniſh’d with Ske Chymical Leĉtures, Phyſick Garden, and
letons of Animals; and among the reft, frequent Practice in Anatomy, Paris feems
one of a very large Elephant. Every body to be the moſt accompliſh’d School of any
is admitted to fee the Operations in the for young Phyſicians. 8. The Gobelins in
King’s Laboratory, and the Medicines made the Suburbs of St. Marcell, formerly noted
here are given to the Poor. 3. The Hof for making and dying the beſt Scarlet Cloth.
pital-General, which lies near it, is a vaft Abundance of curious Workmen are now
Pile finiſhed by Cardinal Mazarine in 1657, employ’d there by the K. to make the fineſi
contains near 6ooo Poor employ’d in feve Tapeſtry, Plate, Moſaic, Iron, Copper, and
ral forts of Work ; and when fick, well Braſs Works, Statues, Sculptures, Èmbroi
look'd after, 4. Another Hofpital called deries, &c. of which his Majeſty reaps the
Hotel Dieu, or the Houfe of God, a very Profit. . 9. The Univerſity, which makes
large Building, but neither handfome nor up # of the City; and being founded by
convenient, the Houfes being too clofe Charles the Great, they celebrate an Anni
about it for the numerous Patients with verfary to his Memory. It had formerly
which 'tis fometimes over-crowded, the or more Colleges and Students than at prefent.
dinary Number being 4ooo. ’Tis the chief Baudrand fays, it has 24 Colleges ; but
Hofpital for the Sick in Paris ; and the Dr. Northleigh informs us, there are not a
Nuns of St. Auguſtin are obliged to look af. bove 8 or 9 at prefent where publick Exer
ter them, which frequently occaſions their cifes are perform’d ; the chief of which
deferting the Nunnery, and going off with are, the Sorbon, the Colleges of du Pleſs,
their Male Patients. The Trouble and Dan Navarre, and Harcourt. The Univerfity was
ger that attends looking after the Sick here, formerly exempted from the Civil and Cri
makes it be thought very, meritorious a minalJuriſdićtion of Paris ; but that Privi
mong the Papifts; fo that Ladies of the lege is little regarded now. The chief
Firſt Quality do many times employ them. Studies here are, Divinity, Phyſick, Law,
felves in thofe charitable A&ts; and not and the Liberal Arts, for each of which
many Years ago the Dutchefs of Nemours, they chufe a Profeſſor 4 times a Year. The
Mother to the Dutchefs of Orleans, catch’d Sorbon and that of Navarre are most conſide
the Small-pox here, which occaſioned her rable for Divinity. The former had its
Death. 5. The Hofpital of Charity, where Name from its Founder, in the Reign of
the Friars of St. John attend on the Patients. St. Louis. 'Twas then a plain Strućture, but
Each Room has 3 Rows of Beds. 6. That fince made very magnificent by Cardinal
called the Incurable, becaufe none are ad Richelieu. The Profeſſors and Students are
mitted there till they are thought paft Cure.lodg'din Apartments about the great Square.
7. The Hºtel Royal des Invalides ; i. e. The They have a handfome Library, which was
Royal Hoſpital for maim’d, aged, and difa much enlarged by the faid Cardinal, eſpe
bled Soldiers, founded by the prefent King cially with Mantfcripts diftinguiſhed by
in 167o, and finiſhed in 1678. ’Tis com his Arms. , Among other Curioſities, they
pos’d of 5 Squares, 1 large one in the Mid have two large MSS. Volumes of a French
dle, and flank'd with 2 other Squares on Tranſlation of Livy, in the Reign of King
each Side, with Piazza’s and Corridores or Charles V. embelliſh’d with Paintings in
Galleries round them all. The whole Fa Miniature oń Vellum ; an Art that has been
brick being of hewn Stone, makes a very loft above noo Years ago. They have great
good Appearance. In the Refestories where ftore of Divinity Books; and all the Tran
the Soldiers eat, moſt of the late Sieges un flations of the Bible, the Fathers, and Schooí
Q q q q q !! 2 Diviues,
1o38 F R A W C , E.
Divines, are regularly plac'd according to high, flat at Top, with Balufters round,
their Seniority, and their Annotators in which makes the Front look fpacious and
Rows underneath. When the Students noble. On the 3 W. Gates, there's a Row
have frequented the publick Lećtures three of Niches, with the Statues of 28 Kings
Years, they take the Degree of Batchelors, of France. The Church is 66 Fathom long,
and wear Lamb-skins and Tippets, like the 24 broad, and 17 high. The Roof is fup
Batchelors of Art at Oxford. In two Years ported by 12 o great Pillars. 2. The Jefu
more, they are made Licentiates ; and thefe its Church, on the Front of whofe Col
generally are Opponents to fuch as take lege there are thefe Words in Capitals;
the Degree of Doćłor, who muſt anfwer Collegium Ludovici Magni ; i. e. The College
all Opponents from Sun-rife to Sun-fet, of Lewis the Great. Their Library is well
which makes that Title of great Repute. ftor'd with Books and MSS. They have
The College of Navarre is next in Rank, another College in the Street of St. Anthony,
was founded by K. Philip the Fair for No with a magnificent Church of modern Stru
blemen’s Sons ; but now all forts are ad ĉture, founded by Cardinaľ Richelieu, and a
mitted. - They have 4 Divinity Profeſſors, 3d in the Suburb of St. Germain, with a
and the Archbiſhop of Paris is Preſident. fmall Church of excellent Archite&ture.
The College of Harcourt is a large Strusture3. The Church of St. Genevive, which,
for Students of Philoſophy. The College with its Regular Canons, is faid to have
du Plef is a Nurfery for the Sorbon. The been founded by K. Clovis, who has an old
College of the 4 Nations was founded by Tomb here, but newly imbellifh'd. The
Cardinal Mazarine in 1661. It has a double great Philofopher Des Cartes has likewife
Court, and a good Library given ’em by the a Tomb here, with Infcriptions upon it in
fầid Cardinal, which is free for every body Latin and French. There's a good Apothe
at certain Hours of the Day. Here they cary’s Shop and a Library, with a curious
study the Canon and Civil Law, and School Colle&tion of Coins, Medals, Antiquities,
Divinity. The College Royal was founded and other Rarities, belonging to this Con
by Francis I for Law, Phyfick, Mathema vent. 4. The ancient Abbey of St. Germain,
ticks, and the Oriental Languages, and fur where the French Kings us'd to be interr’d,
ther advanc’d by fucceeding Princes. . The till the Inroads of the Northern Nations
Profeſſors have their Salaries from the K. made them chufe St. Dennis for their Se
without any Dependance on the Univerfity. pulchre. , Many of their Tombs are ſtill to
The Faculty of Arts for the fame 4 Na be feen here, and among the reft, that of
tions is a different Foundation from that of K. Chilperick, with a Latin Infcription upon
the College. Thofe of the Faculty have it, praying, That his Bones may never be
eculiar Houfes allotted them, and each of removed from thence. There are alfo fome
em chufes a Prefident Annually of their Tombs belonging to the Family of Douglafs
own Nation. The Schools for the Civil in seotland. The Library of this Monaſtery
Law are in the Street de Beauvais, and were was formerly reckon'd the beft in Paris,
Jately new modell'd by the K. , The Phy and ſtill exceeds them all for MSS. except
ficians have a fair Theatre of Anatomy in the King's Library. They pretend to a
the Street de Boucherie. | Miffal 9co Years old, writ with a Srile on
The moſt remarkable Churches, Abbies, little Tables of Cedar; and fhow a great
and Monafteries, are, 1. The Cathedral of Volumn brought by a French Ambaſſador
Notre-Dame, an ancient Gothick Stru&ture, from Cºnstantinople, with the Atteſtation of
compleated at feveral times, but more ſtrong most of the Biſhops of the Greek Church
than noble. In the Quire, there’s abun concerning their Belief of Tranfubſtantia
dance of fine Paintings, rich Tapeſtry, and tion ; as to which Dr. Northleigh obferves,
ftore of Silver and Gold Plate for their Al That 'tis very probable thofe Greek Biſhops
tars. It has about 5o Canons belonging to might do much out of Complaifance to the
it: ’Tis faid to have been founded in 522 French K. and his Ambaſſador; it being ve
by K. Childerick, and finiſh’d by his Succef. ry ufual for the Greeks to accommodate
fors. 'Tis built in Form of a Crofs, has a themfelves both in Dostrine and Diſcipline
finall Spire in the Middle; and at the Weft to thofe among whom they live, as is plain
End, two large fquare Towers, 389 Steps from their Praćtice at Rome and Venice.
They
*F R A N C E. I o 39
They fay, this Church is built in the very Sky, in order to obſerve the Motions of
Place where the Temple of Iffs formerly the Stars by Day : But this Contrivance
ſtood; and that a Statue of that Idol being falling ſhort of Expectation, they..imputed
left on a Part of the Wall, a fimple old if to the not paffing of any Stars through
Woman woríhip'd it for a Saint; upon the Zenith of Paris. Dr. Northleigh fays,
which the Monks broke it to Pieces. 5. The 'tis better contriv'd than ours at Greenwich.
Church of Val de-grace, and the Nunnery, Near, the Obſervatory, ſtands a Timber
which were founded by Queen Anne, upon Tower of Carpenters-work, for fixing their
the miraculous Birth, as they call it, of the Tubes and Teleſcopes. 3. The Pon:Royal,
preſent French K. after ſhe had been married a ſtrong plain Stone Bridge, lately built
22 Years. er Heart, and that of our Hen crofs the Seine to the Thuilleries. In 1685,.
rietta Maria Dutchefs of Orleans, lie en a Bag of Medals was lodg’d in fome of the
tomb'd here. The Altar and Cupulo are Mafonry of it, to perpetuate the Memory.
exceeding fine; and on the Portal are thefe of their fo much celebrated Louis the Great.
Words, which the Occaſion make very re 'Twas inclos'd in a Cedar Box with a blue
markable, if not blaſphemous, viz, jefu Satrin, and the Arins of France upon ir.
naftenti Virginique Matri ; i. e. Tº the Infant One of thefe Medals was very large, of
Jefa, and to the Virgin his Mother. The Nuns Copper-gilt, befides 12 others of Gold and
are all of noble Extra&tion, and chufe a La Silver. One of ’em had for Motto, Germa
dy Abbefs once in 3 Years. Madam la Val nia Servata; i. e. He fav'd Germany. Another
liere, one of the French King’s Miſtreffes, this, Juſſit quieſcere ; i. e. He commanded
retir’d to this Monaſtery after ſhe left the Peace. On a 3d, Jupiter is repreſented, with
Court. -
this Motto, Vibrata in Superbos Fulmina; and
Their other remarkable Structures are, underneath, Genoa ewendata: Alluding to
1. That called the Palais, formerly the Re his Bombardment of Genoa, and his forcing
fidence of their Kings, but appropriated by their Doge to come to Paris, and make a
Philip the Fair for the Parliament of Paris. Submiſſion to him. 4. Pont Notre Dame; i. e.
The great Hall in which their Kings us’d Our Lady's Bridge; upon which there are
anciently to perform their chief Solemni Houfes like that of Lºndon, but 'tis nothing
ties, is arch’d with Stone, fupported by Pil fo large. 5., Pont Neuf, or the New Bridge,
lars, and very fpacious ; and in the Cham a curious Fabrick, begun by Henry III. and
bers about it are kept their Courts ofJuſtice. finiſhed by Henry IV. whoſe Statue on Horſe...
That which was their Chamber of private back ftands upon it, much exceeding the
Audience, is now the Place where the Re natural Size, but of excellent Workman
mainders of their ancient Parliaments af. ſhip, with Infcriptions about it relating to
femble when the K. has aņy thing of Mo his memorable A&tions; and feverak of his
ment to propofe. It opens always on Battles are repreſented in Baff-Relievo upon
St. Martin's Day, when the Membersattend the Pedeftal ; on each Angle of which lie
in the great Hall in their Scarlet Robes. 4 Slaves of maffy Brafs. There are feveral
They pretend to have in the Chapel of other Bridges both of Wood and Stone ;
St. Lesis, which belongs to the Lawyers, but thefe are the moft remarkable. 6. A.
the very Spunge dip’d in Vinegar and Gall noble Monument ere&ted in the Place of -
which was given to our Saviour, the Head Vistory, to the Memory of their preſent
of the Spear with which they pierc'd his King, by the D. de Feuillade, is certainly the .
Side, and the Purple Robe entire with which beſt Piece of Statuary in Europe; and if we
he was cloath'd; thô at Rome they fhéw a believe the French, exceeds any, that evér
Piece of it with a great deal of Affuranće. were erested for the Greek or Roman Empe
2. The Obfervatory built for Aftronomical rors. The King’s Statue is of maffy Braſs, .
Obſervations : ’Tis a vaulted Fabrick, with 13 Foot high, in his Robes, with a Viếtor
out either Wood or Iron-work, 3 Stories behind him of the fame Bulk and ::::::
high ; and underneath there's a Cave, to: utting a Crown on his Head, pois'd with
which one defcends by zoo Steps into lit į: Foot en a Glob; ; and under his Feet
zfe Allies, from whence there's a Profpe&t there's a Three-headed Curbertă, to repréfent
through the very Top of the Houſe to the - Lewis IV: triumphing over the Triple
League,
I o4o F R A N C E.”
League, and this Infcription under it, Viro
“ nel of Horfe, Viceroy of savoy, and
Immertali ; i. e. To the Immortal. Man ; “ Captain of the Royal Guards, to perpe
which being a fulfome Piece of Flattery, “ tuate his Memory to Poſterity, has erested,
they pretend 'tis only meant of his Fame. “ dedicated, and confecrated, this Statue. .
The whole Mould was caft all at once, and
weighs above 3 oooo Pounds. The Pedeftal There are alfo feveral Verfes upon the Pe
is 22 Foot high, which, with the mafy deftal relating to the King's great A&tions,
Piece of Mould the Statue ſtands upon, but very fulfome; alledging, That he gives
makes the whole near 4o Foot high. Up Laws to the World and himfelf. One of
on the Pedestal, there are 4 Slaves of Brafs, 'em is fo haughty and infolent againſt the
with Bafo-Relievo's of his Battles and Con Genoefe, that it merits a Place here, and is
queſts. It ſtands in a very fpacious Place; thus :
and to make it more uniform, they pull’d
down a great many Houfes, and the D. de Vane Ligur, fruſtraque animis elate fuperbis,
moliſhed Part of his own Palace. Under Justitiam monitus difee & non temnere Divor.
the Pedeftal, there's a Pavement of Marble,
enclos'd by ſtately Iron Grates, and a Centi Which may be paraphras'd thus:
nei always ſtands by it. The great Infcri
ption on the Pedeſtal runs thus: Proad Genoefe, you rais'd your Crefs in vain,
Learn Juſtice, and the Gods no more difdain.
Ludovico Magno,
Patri Exercituum, Dr. Northleigh fays, when he was there,
Et Dustori, they were preparing a Triumphal Arch,
(- -. Semper Felici, which, according to the Model, they de
Domitis Hostibu, prºtestu Sociis ; ſign'd ſhould exceed any thing of that
Adjestis Imperio fortifimis Populis; fort, ancient or -modern. It was to , have
Extrustis ad Tutelam finium firmifimis Arci two Faces of an extraordinary Height, with
bus ; Oceano ó Mediterraneo inter fe juntiis; three Portals, after the Manner of the an
Predari vetitis toto Mari Piratis ; Emendatis cient and modern Romans. The Orders of
Legibus; Deleta Calviniana Impistate; Com the Columns were finely defign’d, the Cap
fulfs ad Reverentiam Nominis Gentibus remºtifs tives and Trophies excellently done by the
fmis: Cun#ifque fumma Providentia, & Wir famous Perault, and the King’s Statue on
tute Domi foriſque compoſitis, Franciſcus Vice-Co. Horfeback was to be plac'd on that Arch.
mes d'Aubuffon, Dux de la Fuillade, ex Francie 7. The Place-Royal is a magnificent Square,
Paribtu, ở Tribunis Equitum unus in Allobrogi as large almoft as Great Lincoln's-Inn-Fields,
bus Prorex, & Pretorianorum Peditum præfeffus. enclos'd with Piazza Walks, and the Plat
form with Iron Rails. Lewis XIII.’s Statue
Ad Memoriam Pofferitatis fempiternam. on Horfeback, fet up by Cardinal Richelieu,
P. D. C. flands in the Middle of it, with feveral In
fcriptions in French and Latin. The Cardi
444
i. e. “ To Lewis the Great, the Father, and nal’s Houfe ſtands in the fame Place, and is
always fucceſsful Leader of his Armies, noted for an excellent Colle&tion of Paint
“ for having fubdued his Enemies, prote&ted ings. 8. There's another Place-Royal, a vaft
“ his Allies, added mighty People to his Square, which opens towards the Street of
“ Empire ; built impregnable Citadels to St. Honore. The D. of Vendofme's Palace, and
t
“ defend his Frontiers ; join’d the Ocean the Convent of Capuchins, were pull'd down
“ and Mediterranean together; clear’d the to make Way for the prefent King's Sta
“ whole Sea of Pirates; reform’d the Laws; tue, which was fet up there upon a lofty
“ aboliſh’d Calvinifical Impiety; forc'd the Pedeftal on Horfeback in 1699, and enclos’d
“ moſt remote Nations to revere his Name: with curious Iron Rails. The Ceremonies
“ And having fettled all Things at home perform’d at the opening of it, did per
“ and abroad by his great Forefight, and
4
fećtly refemble the Worſhip demanded by
Valour, Francis Vifcount of Aubuffon, fome of the Heathen Emperors to their Sta
“ D. of La Fuilade, Peer of France, Colç tues ; for the Duke de Gevre, with the Ma
giftrates
F R A N C E. I o4 t;
gistrates of Paris on Horſeback in all their dium of thefe two Accounts fome make .
Formalities, and the chief Citizens, atten 488o55 ; but if we fubſtraĉt the Number
ded by the Duke's Guards, and thofe of the of Burials he mentions, it will leave but
City, &c. made a Proceſſion round it with 47 5o49 ; whereas Sir William reckons the
their Heads uncover’d, and bow'd as they Houſes in London 1 o 5 3 15, and the People to
pafs’d by the Front. · be 695618. From whence he concludes,
Parif : 2o Gates; the moſt remarkable That London contains above i ooooo Inhabi
of which are thofe of St. Anthony, St. Ber tants, more than Rouen and Paris together :
xard, St. Dennis, and St. Martin, all ftately But the Cafe is much alter'd fince Sir Wl-,
Pieces of Archite&ture, of a great Height, liam writ, which was about 28 Years ago,
and refembling Triumphal Arches, with London being much increas’d fince that Time;
Baff-Relievo's, Trophies, and Infcriptions but we cannot fuppofe Paris has increas’d
relating to the A&tions of their prefent K. in Proportion, confidering the great Num
Baudrand fays, in the City and Suburbs there, ber of People it has loft by the Perfecution,
are 4 Abbies of Men, many of Nuns, 1o and what it muſt alſo have fuffer’d by the
Collegiate, and 43 Parochial Churches, with, arbitrary Government of their K. and the.
many Monaſteries of both Sexes.,. Some exhauſting of fo many Men by Famine,
reckon 3o Hoſpitals. Dr. Northleigh makes continual War, &c. Monſieur de Souligne,
them 4o Pariſh Churches, 42 Abbies and a Perfon of Quality, a Native of France,
Convents, 4o Nunneries, 24 Hoſpitals, 48 and a Man of Learning, who knows Pa
Colleges, and 17 Chapels. The French boaft, ris very well, and is particularly vers’d,
that Cefar mentions this City, and laid Siege, in political Arithmetick, fays, Sir Wil
to it; but the latter is without any good liam Pettyt has our of his Modeſty compu
Authority; for it appears by Cefar's Com ted the Number of Inhabitants in Paris to
mentaries, that 'twas befieged, taken and be more, and thofe of London to be lefs,
burnt, by Labienas, while Ceſar was elfe than they are. He adds, That Sir William.
where. Dr. Northleigh fays, the City is morehas form’d his Computation upon that of
gay and fplendid in outward Appearance, M. Azout, one of the French King's Mathe
than wealthy within. The Houfes look ve maticians; and that there is į lefs People in
ry handfome without, are built wich white Paris than when M. Azout writ, which is
Free-Stone, and have Saſh-Windows. The above 3o Years ago. He is of Opinion, ,
Circumference of it is eaſily feen from the That London, Westminster, Southwark, &c.
Towers of the Church of Noftre-Dame, and takes up twice as much Ground as Paris ;
appears to be much lefs than London, but and that there are 6 times more Shop
more circular. The Houfes are generally keepers in the former than in the latter.
6 or 7 Stories high, about 3o or 4.oooo in Dr. Northleigh fays, the Water of the seine
Number, and cpnţain by common Compu is very fweet, but has no Tide at Paris;
tation about 7ooooo Souls. He concludes that the Citizens have no Pumps, but pre--
from the People met with in the Streets, ferve their Water in Cifterns.
that’tis nothing fo populous as London; and Befides what this City fuffered in the
whereas fome argue otherwife from the great Time of the Romaws, 'twas once burnt
Number of Coaches feen there, he thinks fince, was almoſt ruin’d by an Inundation
Londen alfo exceeds it in that Refpe&t. Some: of the Seine, and has been feveral times be- -
make it 3 Engliſh Miles long, and 2 } broad. fieged. K. Henry V. of England took it, and
Sir William Pettyt computes the Number of kept his Court here in great State in 1422.
Houfes to be but 232 23, with 32 Palaces, 'Twas befieged by K. Henry III of France in.
and 38 Colleges, in which he reckons 8128o. 1 589, when it held out for the Leaguers,
Families; which, allowing 6 Perfons to a The next Year 'twas block’d up by Henry IV.
Family, makes up 48768o People. To but the Leaguers held it out until reliev’d
prove this Account, he argues from their. by the Dukes of Parma and Mayenne; tho’
Number of Burials, which one Year with. the People were reduc'd to fuch Straits,
another he computes at 16381 ; and allow that they made Bread of dead Men’s Bones.
ing 1 of 3 o to die Annually, the Number The City is govern’d by a Magiſtrate cal.
of Souls will come to 491439, and the Me Îed the Provoſt of the, Merchants, fome
w&aN :
»

Io42. F R A. ÄV 6. E.
what like our Lord Mayor, but ſuppófed Mettre an chef furile Tapis; i. e. To propoſe a
to be a Shadow of that Office called Præpo Thing, or lay it upon the Carpet. 2. S. Den
fttu Parifenſis, formerly mention’d; 4 Efche nis, near the Seine, about 4 Miles N. from
vins or Aldermen, 26 Counfellors, 1 o Ser Paris, in a fine Plain. It has its Name from
jeants and Under-Officers ; and for admi S. Dennis the Areopagite, who they alledge
niftring Justice, there's a Provoſt, 3 Lieu was buried here; tho' the Monks of S. Eme
tenants, with a Judge and Confuł of Mer ran near Ratisbon in Germany pretend to have
chants.“ La Crof fays, the Court always his Body, and that the French have only one
takes Care of the Choice of the Provoſt, of his Fingers. The Parifians fay, he was
becaufe his Authority over the People is fo their Apoftle'; but Dr. Cave, in his Lives
grear, and the Revenues of the Town of the Fathers, with Lanoy, Sirmond, and Du
Houfe, of which he has the Charge, fo con Pin, their own Authors, prove that he ne
fiderable, both he and the Sheriffs are ver was in France. The Abbey was foun
reckon'd among the Number of the No ded by Dagobert I. in 636, and repaired by
bles ; and to prevent Tumults, they have one of their Abbots in 1444. ’Tis now.
under thefn"?6 Quarterniers, with their chiefly remarkable for the Sepulchres of the
Commiſſaries and other Under-Officers ; French Kings, Princes and Princeffes of the
1 2 o Archers or Watchmen, 6o Arbaleſtiers Blood. The moſt remarkable of the Royal
or Croſsbow-men, and I oo Arquebufiers or Tombs, are thofe of Francis I. and Lewis XI.
Mufquetiers, with a Watch of Foot and The famous Marefchal Turenne has a noble
Horfe that go the Rounds every Night, Tomb here erested by the King’s Order, in
commanded by a Captain, who is cálled Confideration of his Merit. It ſtands in a
Le Chevalier du ::::::::::: of the Watch. Marble Chapel built on purpofe, where his
Moll places this City in Lat. 48. 48. Long. Effigy lies at full Length, furrounded with
ao. 2o. reckoning from Fero ï: Others Laurels and Trophies in Relievo, and a Ro
make it Lat. 48. So. and Long. 2o. 15. man Eagle retreating backwards, with dif
reckoning from Tenerif; and Sanfon makes play’d Wings, at the Sight of fo formida
the Long. 2o. 3o. Bleau makes the Lat. ble an Enemy. On the Altar in this Ab
48. 4a. and the Long. 2o. Moll makes it bey, there’s a Croſs of maffy Gold, 7 Foot
about 128 Miles S, E. from Calais, above 65 high, fet with Diamonds and rich Pearls,
S E. from Rouen, 27o E. from Bref, about and by it a Table of Gold ; the Altar it
217 N. W. from Lions, and about 1 to S.W. felf being plaited over with Silver. This
from Mons. , - -
Town is alfo noted for its Fairs, and for a
The moſt remarkable Places in the Neigh Battle in 1567, where the Proteſtants were
bourhood and Vifcounty of Paris are, defeated. La Crofe mentions great Privile
1. The Forreſt of Vincennes, on the E. Side ges given to the Abbot of this Place by
of the City, where the Citizens divert Charlemagne, which look Romantick; as,
themfelves by walking, and Exercifes, that no King ſhould be crown'd, or Biſhop
There's a ſtrởng Caſtle in it, furrounded confecrated, without his Leave, &c. But
with a good Ditch, a Wall, and 8 great whatever his Privileges were, they are now
fquare Towers. It has been the Work of much leffen’d. He is ftill a Counfellor of
feveral Princes, and much imbelliſh’d by the Parliament of Paris, is fubjećł to no
the prefent K. has a fpacious Court, with a Biſhop, may confer Orders, and his Monks
ftately Chapel, and pieafant Walks. Seve may build Monafteries in any Part of the
rał Kings have chofen it as a Place of Re Kingdom, and chufe their Abbots. The
treat to end their Days in. The Chains of Abbey-Church, he fays, is 3oo Foot long,
the Streets of Paris, which were brought 2oo wide, and 8c high, is fupported by 6o
from thence by Charles VI. to puniſh the Pillars, and has Copper Gates, formerly gilt.
City for their Rebellion, are kept here; and The Tombs and the Treaſure belonging to
there's a pleafànt Convent of Minims in the them are ineffimably rich. They boaſt of
Neighbourhood. There's an Oak here, un a prodigious Number of Relicks, and of
der which Louis IX. us’d to adminifter Ju great Quantities of ancient Medals and
ftice to his Subjects at a Table cover’d with Jewels; fome of them valued at 5oooo
a Carpet; whence came the Freuch Phrafe, Crowns apiece. The Abbot keeps the Re
galia,
F R A N C E. 1943
galia, and fends them to the Place where erain,
their Kings are confecrated. 3. Mont-Mo The Distrist of H U R E P O I S
reney, now called Anguien, on a Hill, 12 1. Melun, Lat. Melodunum, Meledunum, and
Miles N. W. of Paris. It gives Name to a Mecledunum, a T. on the Seine, about 25 Miles
very fruitful and pleafant Valley, which a S. E. from Paris. It fuffered much by
bounds with Gentlemen’s Seats, and Title the Normans in the 9th Century, was ta
to an Illuftrious Family, that was the old ken by the Engliſh in 142o, after 4 Months
eft in the Kingdom. 'Twas the firft Ba Sieges, and feveral times plunder’d during
rony in the Realm, had formerly 6oo Man the Wars betwixt the Proteſtants and Pa
nors depending on it, and was conferred pists in the 16th Century. 'Tis fuppoſed
only upon Princes. 'Twas erested into a to be the Melodunum of Cefar, is fortified
Barony by Clovis I. for one of that Family, with a Caſtle, encompaffed with large Su
who, at the Battle of Tolbiac in 496, took burbs, and has the Title of a Viſcounty.
feveral Standards bearing the Roman Eagle, It has many beautiful Churches, beſides the
which was given that Family for their Abbey of St. Peter, and feveral other Mo
Arms. This Town was burnt by the Eng nafteries. 2. Dourden, a finall Town on the
liſh in 1358, but rebuilt next Year. 'Twas River Orge, about 8 Leagues S. W. from
erested into a Dutchy and Peerage by Hen Paris, which formerly belong'd to Hugh cs
ry II. in 1551, in Honour of Anne de Mont Þet. "Twas ruin'd by the Proteſtants in
morency, Conſtable of France, who being exe 1562, and 1367, during the Civil Wars,
cuted by Louis XIII. he gave the Honour to and is noted for its Corn-Markets, and Ma
Henry de Bourbon Prince of Condé in 1635. nufacture of Silk Stockings. 3. Montlhery, a
4. Ďammartin, a Town honour'd with the Town on a Hill, with the Ruins of a great
Title of a County, 2o Miles N. E. from Castle, formerly reckon'd impregnable. It
Paris, with a demoliſh'd Caſtle, formerly lies above 4 Leagues S. W. from Paris, was
the Refidence of its famous Counts. 5. Cha under Counts of its own, and is noted for
renten, on the Conflux of the Seine and a Battle in 1465, where the Count de cha
Marne, famous for a Church built there in rolois, afterwards D. of Bargundy, and the
the 16th Century, to which the Proteſtants Princes of the Blood, had the Advantage
of Paris us'd to refort for Worſhip; but over Lºuis XI. againſt whom they took Arms
demoliſhed by the preſent French K. after he for the publick Good, becauſe of his Ty
had revok'd the Edićt of Nantes. ranny and Male-Adminiſtration. 'Twas uni
ted to the Dutchy of Chartres by Lewis XIII.
In the Difriä tard BRIE FRANCOISE, 4. Chartres or Chatres, a Town on the ri
There are, 1. Lagny, its Capital, 3 ; ver Orge, about 1 # League S. W. from
Leagues E. from Paris, a fmall Town on Montlhery, noted alío for the above-mention'd
the Marne. ’Twas ruin’d by the Normans in Bartle, which fometimes bears its Name,
the 9th Century, and repair'd afterwards. becaufe fought betwixt that Town and
'Twas taken by Henry IV. foon after his Montlhery. 5. Cºrbeil, Lat. Corbelium or Cor
coming to the Crown, retaken by the D. of volium, formerly a Roman Colony, and faid
Parma in 159o, but recover'd in a little to have taken its Name from Corbulo, a Go
time. It has the Title of a County, and a vernor of the Gauls. 'Tis a very pleafant
Monaſtery of Benedistinet, founded by S. Furf
Town, on the Conflux of the seine and
or Pourf, a seves Gentleman, in the 8th Cen 3gne, about 15 Miles S. from Paris, had
tury. It has a fair Stone Bridge over the formerly Counts of its own, was united to
Marne, and is noted for a Council held here the Crown in 1 112, and has still the Title
in 1142 by the Pope's Legate... 2. Brie of a County and Chatellany. The Church
count Řebert, a fmall Town near the River of S. Spire here has a College of 11 Ca.
gere, in a fruitful Country, with a Court of il0Î1S, -

Juſtice, depending on the Chatelet of Paris,


from which it lies 15 Miles S. E. and is na The Distrist ºf G A T I N O I s bas,
red for the Birth of Pope Martin IV. Ville I. Nemºuri, Lat Nemofum,and Nemeraeum, in
Neuve, St. George, and Roſey, lie alfo in this a Plain on the R. Loing, about 35 M.S.E.from
Diſtri&; with feveral other Places that do Paris, "Twaserested into a Dutchy in 1404
mot merit a Defcription. and gave Title to the Iduſtrious #:::::
R r r r r r. Ne
I O44 F R A W C E.
Nemours. It has been feveral times ünited, this Palace ftands, contains 26ooo Acres of
and alienated from the Crown, to which Ground, abounding with Deer, and all
’tis returned fince the Death of the Jaft forts of Game, which makes the neigh
Dutchefs, who was Princefs of Neufchattel. bouring Town and Palace one of the moſt
The moſt confiderable Publick Buildings are, beautiful Places in Europe. La Crofe fays,
the Priory of St. John, and a Nunnery of this Palace contains 9oo Halls,, Galleries,
Cifertians. 2. Courtenay, a fmall City be Chambers, and Clofets, with noble Furni-
twixt Sens and Montargis, about 55 Miles ture, fine Paintings, and ingenious Devices:
S. E. from Paris, which gave Name to Princes The Guard-Hall is hung with Tapestry, re
famous in the French Hiſtory; feveral of Prefenting Charles VII.’s Victories over the
whom were Emperors of Constantinople. Engliſh; and there are many fine Canals,
They defcended from a Son of Lewis the Fountains and Statues, about it. 4. Moret,
Burly. The Lords of Chevillon are their Lat. Muritum, and Muritta, a fmall Town on
Defcendants, and in Henry IV.’s Time plea the Loing. Ckarles VI. took it from the
ded to be own'd as Princes of the Blood; Engliſh in the 15th Century. Henry IV.
but being low in the World, could not ob made it a County for his natural Son An
ain it. 3. Fountainbleau, about 25 Miles thony de Bourbon.
S.E. from Paris: "Tis an irregular Structure ;
but lying conveniently for Hunting, is The Juriſdistion of M AN TO I S contains,
frequented by the Court in the Summer. 1. Mante, Lat. Medunta, a pretty Town,
It has good Fountains and Canals, a noble pleafantly fituated on the Seine, about 3o.
and fpácious Hall ; but the reſt of the A Miles N. W. from Paris. Henry IV. demo
partments are not fit for a Royal Palace. It liſhed the Citadel. It has a Stone Bridge.
| has very good Paintings, and among others over the Seine, and a Convent ºf Celestini,
the Conqueſts of Henry IV. excellently done, who within the Inclofure of their Mona
with all the Royal Palaces of France, and ftery have a Hill noted for producing the
their adjacent Landskips, befides thofe in beft Wine in France. It has alſo a Colle
the King and Queen’s Cabiners. The Cha giate Church, had formerly great Privile
pel is a good Fabrick, and well adorn'd. ges: It has ftill a Bailiwick Prefidial,Provoft
There’s a Marble Chimney-Piece in the ſhip, Salt-Granary, an Ele&tion, and a good.
Playhoufe, which repreſents the Battle of Town-Hall. 2. Montfort Lamaury, a finall
fvry by Henry IV. The Gardens are beau Town with an Election. It gave Name ro.
tify'd with Statues: This Place is famous an, ancient Family, which has produc’d
for a Conference before King Henry lV. in : great Men, and among others si
16bo, betwixt the famous Cardinal Perron mon III. Count of Montfort, the Perfecutor
and the Prefident de Thou on the one Side, of the Albigenſes in the 13th Century. It
and the great M. du Pleſis and Iſaac Cauſabon has a Caſtle, fuppofed to have been built.
on the other, about M. du Pleſir's Book a by K. Robert. The Dukes of Brittany de
gainſt the Mafs, wherein Perron undertook fcended from this Family of Montfort.
ro fhew 5oo falfe Quotations of the Fa 3: St. Germains en Laye, about I o Miles W.
thers, &c, out of 9ooo which M. du Pleſis from Paris : It lies on a Hill near the Seine.
had quoted, 9 of which were only exa 'Tis remarkable for a Royal Palace built by.
min’d; wherein both Sides pretending to Charles V. enlarg'd by the Engliſh, beautify'd.
the Vi&tory, the Conference was broke, up. by Francis I. finiſh’d by Henry IV. and strice.
The Cardinal was not able to make good his enlarg’d by Lewis XIV. who was born in
Point, fays the History of the Edist of it, as were alfo Henry II. and Charles IX.
Nantes, which we have Reafon to believe, The Furniture is very magnificent, and the
confidering the great Learning and Integri Apartments numerous. Lewis XIV. added
ry of M. du Pleſs, who afterwards publiſh’d the Terrafs, of 335 o Paces long, the Val
an Account of the Conference, to which ley-Houfe, the Flower-Garden, črc. It has
the Cardinal reply'd. The Place is alfo no a curious Mall, with fquare Pavilions built
*ted for a Treaty of Peace betwixt the Swedes all along, for the Conveniency of the Play
and the Danes in 1679, by which the for ers and Spe&tators; near which are Grottós
, mer recover’d what the latter had taken from for Outlandiſh Beaſts. In the Gallery built
them.. The Forreſt of Bievre, in which by Henry IV. there's abundance of fine Pain
tings,
F R A AV C E. I o45.
tings, repreſenting fome of the chief Cities encompaffed with Hills. On the Side tc
in Europe. There are abundance of dry wards Paris, there are 3 fine Walks form'd
Grotto’s, which afford pleafant Retreats in by Rows of Elms, the Middle-Walk being
the Summer; and many wet ones, with cu 2o Fathom wide, and the Side-Walks 15,
rious Water-works, and artificial Birds, that Fathom each : They end at the great Royal
make a charming Noife. In one of 'em, Palace, which is encompaffed with regular
there's the Repreſentation of a young Maid Pavilions, that the Princes and Lords have
playing upon Organs, and turning her Eyes built ; which, with the other Houfes, form
fo ártfully, that one would think her to be the New Town. This Royal Palace has a
alive. In a 3d, there's a Neptune with a Fountain in the Middle, with Walks like
Crown'd Globe carried upon the Water, thoſe which lead to it. From this we afcend .
whoſe Drops refemble Pearls and Diamonds; to the great Court of the Caſtle, which is
and Neptune is repreſented in a Triumphal 8o Fathoms long, with 4 great Pavilions at .
Chariot drawn by two white Horfes, which the Corners for Officers Lodgings. The
come out of a Cavern, and after, ftanding
great Court is ſhut in with Iron Ballifters,
a while, turn back again with Sound of and two great Apartments, that form the
Trumpets. In a 4th, there's a Repreſenta Wings on each Side, having Balconies fup
tion of Orpheus playing on his Lute, and ported with Pillars, and adorn’d with Sta
keeping Time with his Body and Hands, to tues. Thefe Wings, with the Pavilions,
the great Admiration of the Beholders, who ferve for Offices to the Palace, and have
fee Beaſts and Birds following his fweet Courts with other Buildings behind them.
Melody, with Rocks, Trees and Plants, There are other double Apartments which
paying their Refpests to him. In fhort, join thoſe Wings, make a Communication
Heaven, Hell, the Sea, Men of War, the between the New and Old Caſtle, and con
4 Elements, the Caſtle ef St. Germains, with trasting the upper Part of the great Court, .
the King, Princes, and Court, are fo well end gracefully at the little, which is the .
repreſented on the Waves, as is credible to higher of the two. Upon the Portiques of
none but thofe who have feen it. All which the Wings are reprefented the 4 Elements,
together made this one of the fineſt Palaces and each Element has 3 Figures upon thể
in Europe, till 'twas exceeded by Verſailles. Balconies that repreſent them, and each of
This Place is noted for a Treaty of Peace thefe Balconies is 5 o Foot long, which is :
betwixt Lewis XIV.. the K. of Sweden, and the Breadth of each Pavilion. Out of this'
the Ele&or of Brandenburg, in 1679; and al Court there's an Afcent of 3 Marble Steps
fo for being the Place of our late K. James’s into a large Refting-Place, and from thence
Retreat after the Abdication, and the Seat by 5 more into the little Court pav'd with
of his Queen and the Pretender. About a white and black Marble, having white and
League from this Place, nearer Paris, on · red Veins; and there’s a Marble Fountain
both Sides the Road, there's a Wood called and Bafon in the Middle, with gilt Copper
the Wood # Treaſºn, becaufe one Ganelon Statues. The Front and Wings are of Brick
form’d his Plot here, by which he betray’d and Free-Stone, with Marble Bufts, and
the Houfe of Ardennes, many of Charle Brackets of the fame. Before this Front
magn’s Peers and Generals, and occaſioned there’s a Balcony, fupported by 8 Marble
the Lofs of the Battle of Roncevaux near the Pillars of the Dorick : with red and
Pyreneer in 78o. 4 V E RSA I L L E S, a white Spots like Jafper, and their Chapters
finall, but neat Town, on a rifing Ground, and Bafes of white Marble. In the two
in a Champagne Country, abounding with Angles of the Wings of the Front are
Game, and fit for Hunting. It lies about hanging Bottoms or Tromps, that b ar
I o Miles W. from Paris. Lewis XIII. built two Clofets, encompaffed with gil: Iron
a fmall Caſtle here for a Hunting-Seat; but Cages ; and underneath, two Bafons of
Lewis XIV. being much taken with the white Marble, in Form of great Shell
Place, he began to enlarge it in 1661, and Works, where young Tritons pout Water.
has now made it one of the moſt magnifi The Middle-Building has 3 gilt Iron Doors
cent Palaces in the World. It ftands upon into the Porch, with Apartments on the
a little Height, in the middle of a Valley Right an i Lºf The two wings of the
R r ry r r = -- - -- 3:r: le
1. c46 F R A N C E.
Mittle Court have each a Stair of white and
Printings. The Guard-Hall is done with ·
red fpotted Marble, which lead to the up Marble of black, red, and yellow Veins :
per Åpartments belonging to the King and and in the other Apartments, there's a Mar
Queen, feparated from one another by a ble with green Veins, which they call the
great Hall, that takes up the Body of the Green of Egypt ; and fome of ’em are lin’d
Middle-Building, and has 3. Doors to a with a fine Marble, call'd Agat, brought
Platform that faces the Garden. This is. from the Apr. On the Side towards the
pav'd with white, black, and red Marble, Orangerie, there are other Lodgings in the
with a Bafon of white Marble in the Mid fame Order, with an Apartment for the
dle for a great Water-work. The New Ca-- Dauphin underneath the Queen’s; the Sie
ftle, added by the prefent K. is feparated: lingscuriouſly adorn’d. The Queen’s Lodg
from the other by Gardens and Courts, of ings are of the fame Dimenſions with t
which they have a Profpe&t, and commu-- King’s, but of different Workmanſhip; and
nicate with the upper Apartments, by great the Paintings on the Sieling repreſent the
Stair-Cafes. Coming out of the great Court, A&tions of the ancient Heroes, with rela
and paffing thro' an open Porch, we afcend tion to the 7 Planets. Over againſt tha
by a great Stair-Cafe i 3.# Fathom long, and Front of the Palace, there's a great Plot in
5 broad ; but there are two other Ways the Garden 1oo Yards long, and 12 broad.
that lead into the great lower Apartment. The chief Front looks towards the Water
From this Porch there’s an Entrance into Plot, and has 3 Balconies that fhoot out,
two painted Halls, of fuch Architecture, . fupported with 4 Pillars each, and a Figure
that they look as if they were encompaffed. upon every Pillar, reprefenting the Months
with feveral Pillars differently adorn’d. : the Year; and in the imbofs’d Works
The Sieling is fupported by 8 Mårble Pil that adorn the Front, are Statues of little
lärs of the Dorick Order, with red and white Children employ’d in the proper Exercifes.
Veins; the Chapters and Bafes of a green of the Seafon. The Balcony that looks to
iſh Colour. Thefe Pillars being 4 on a wards the Flower-Pots, has the Figures of
Side, divide the Porch into 3. Parts; and Flora and others, whom the Poets fancied to
on the Sides over againſt each Pillar, are preſide over Flowers ; and on the Balcony
Pilafters of the fame Marble, that fupport a on the other Side, there are the Figures of
Corniſh under the Platform; and over a Pomona and others, that they fancied to pre
gainſt the Windows, are Niches for Statues. fide over Fruits. On the Balcony in the
Next to this there's another Hall, whofe Middle, which relates to Comedy, there are
Gorniſh is fupported by 12 Marble Pillars the Figures of Thalia, Monum, Terpfcore, and.
of the Ionick Order, with Marble Pilafters Paw; and in the imbofs’d Works over them,
behind them, that have red, black, violet, are Children a dancing. On the other Bal
and yellow Veins, and the Chapters and Ba conies, there are the Figures of the Gods
ſes of fine white Marble. From this we of Rivers, Nymphs of Fountains ; and in
enter another Hall of the fame Dimenſions, the imbofs’d Works, Sea-Triumphs of all
whofe Sieling is Ostogon, with 12 double forts, with the Repreſentation of cerer,
Pedeſtals by the Windows, and Doors of Bacchus, Comus, &c. In the Gardens, there
fine Marble, with Figures of young Men are 24 Bafons with feveral curious Water
in gilt Copper, adorn’d with Wings, and works, and a Labyrinth compos’d of many
repreſenting the 12 Months. The Pieces fmall Allies, fo interwoven, that 'tis hard
over the Doors and Windows are of white to find one’s Way out; with great Num- :
or Flame-colour'd Marble. On one Side bers of Fountains and Water-works, rela-.
of this Hall is the Chamber and Clofet, of ting to Subje&ts taken out of 38 ancienc
the Baths. All the Parts which are not Fables. From the Labyrinth we go into ,
hung, are lin’d with Marble ; and the near the Orangerie, and from thence by the
er we come to the King's Apartments, the Flower-Garden to the Water-Plot before ·
more fumptuous is the Marble, Sculpture, the Caſtle, which confifts of 7 Pieces, that
and Paintings, The like Order is obſerv'd all together form, extraordinary Figures.
in the upper Apartments, which are 8 on a Thefe are all in the little Park, which is
kloor, with different forts of Marble and encornpaffed by one far greater, divided by.
Walks.
F R A W C E. Fo 47°
Walks of different Trees. The moſt re fels of Porcelain, diſpos’d by degrees to the
markable Thing here is the great Canal, Top of the Houfe, with Birds repreſented
which is 8oo Fathom long, and 32 wide ; to the Life ; and near it there's a Plot of
and at the Head of it, there's an Oćłogon fine. Water-works, and a Garden always.
Plot of Water that joins to the Canal, which well ſtock'd with Flowers. The Corniſhes
at the other End has a Water-Plot of 2oo and Sielings of the Hall belonging to it are
Fathoms long, and 1 co wide, croffed in the adorn'd after the Chineſe Way, and the
Middle by one that is 2oo Foot wide, and Floors, Wainfcoting, &c. are alí of china.
on one Side leads to Trianon, and on the Mary, 1 i Miles W. from Paris, a Royal
other to the Menagerie, where Foreign Beafs Palace, betwixt Verfailles and st. Germain , ,
and Birds are kept. In the large Canal, the built by the preſent King for a Place of D
Court fometimes divert themfelves in Verſion.
Yachts and Gallies. The Front of the Pa Meuden, a large open Town, with a Royal
lace towards the Garden has a Piazza 1oo Palace, upon a Height, where the Dauphin
Yards long. Dr. Northleigh fays, the Pa-- frequently reſides, lies in the Middle of a
lace furpafles all that can be imagin’d, fum Pleaſant korreſt, with a Grotto, pav'd with »
ptuous and excellent: The Roof glittering ſpotted Porphyry, and fine Water-works. .
with Gold, affords a glorious Profpe&t at a The Palace is adorn’d with Marble Statues,
Diftance; and the Garden for Statues,Canals, and fine_Paintings of Roman Emperors, and .
Groves, Grotto’s,Fountains, and everythin
? z ancient Philoſophers.
that's delightful, far furpaíſes any thing in. St. Cloud, a fmall Town near the seine,
Italy. The Royal Cabinet for Medals, Coins, two Leagues W. from Paris, with a Royai
Paintings, &c. has the Choice of what Italy Palace, where the late D. oforleans uſually.
could afford. The K.’s Lodgings are enrich'da reſided. K. Henry III. died here after he was.
with Utenfils of maffy Plate, even to the ſtabb’d by a Friar. -

Bedsteads, Balliſters, and Rails; fo that the . Madrid,, a Palace near Paris, begun by
Riches and Beauty within fully anfwers the :ne: I; but neither finiſhed nór furniſhed...
Tis fid, that Prince began it, and gave it
Outfide. The King's Stables, for Propor
tion and Convenience, are thought the this Name, becauſe being obliged Ëy his .
fineſt in Eurºpe. The little Palace has its Treaty with Charles V. when Érifoner ac :
particular Court, at the End of a great Madrid, to conue and pay his Ranfon there, .
Walk fet with Trees. The chief Apart-- hº carried the Money to this Palace, alledg:
ment is Ostogon, confifting of a Hall, with ing he had fulfilled his Treaty by this
two little Pavilions before ir. In the Mid Equivocation.
die of it, there are Stairs which lead into · 4net, a great open Town on the River ·
the Porch, and thence into the Hall, which stare, with the Title of a Principality, be
is encompaffed with an Octogon Court, longing to the D. of Vendofme, who has a
feparated by Iron Rails from 7 other Courts, magnificent Caſtle there, that was built by.
into which there's a Profpećt from Balco Henry II. for his Miſtrefs Diana of Poitierr:
nies, where one may fee an incredible Num-- Peiff, a fmall Town on the seine, about
ber of Foreign Beasts and Birds. 13 Miles N. W. from Paris, noted for the :
On the other Side the Canal, there's ano Birth of St. Louis K. of France, and for a .
ther ſtately Houfe called Trianow, which Conference in 1561 betwixt the Proteſtants,
ferves the King for a cool Retreat after his and Papifts before K. Charles IX. and his
Walks. The outer Front is 64 Fathom, in Mother, where Beza confounded the Papists .
Form of a Half-Oval ; in the Middle of on the Head of Tranfubſtantiarion. It has
which is the principal Gate of Iron, with feveral Monaſteries, and one Dominican Nun
Ballifters on each Side, that join to the Pa nery.
vilions, with fquare Buildings to the Right Dreux; Lat. Dracum or Droca, on the Ri--
and Left, which have their feparate Courts, yer Blaiſe, which fome think was built 1902 -
and other Pavilions that form the Corners Years before Chriſt, by Drytus the 4th King
of the Front. The main Court is above ºf the Gaul, and is fu poſed to have giye: .
1oo Foot long, and 75 wide; and the Ca Name to the Druids. It had formerly,
stle is adorn’d with a fine Balliſter, and Vef Counts of its own, bears ſtill the Titie of:
Q:
I o48 F R A N c F.
a County, has an Ele&tion, but now united France, and Vidame of Gerberty. He had a
to the Crown. 'Tis noted for a Vi&tory by very great Power before the fettling of a
the Papifts over the Protestants in 1562, Preſidial, a Bailiwick, and Ele&tion there,
and for a Siege it held out againſt Henry IV. and is ſtill Spiritual and Temporal Lord of
who took it in 1593. It lies about 39 Miles the County and City. , Du Chefne fays, 'twas
VV. from Paris. built by Belgiu, the 14th, K. of the Gauli, be
fore Troy ; and Serviu calls it Belge. How
V E X I N F R A N c o I S E, ever that is, 'twas very confiderable in Ce
far's Time. The Inhabitants of this City and
Had Counts of its own, whoſe Iffue fail its Diftri&t, which was much larger than
ing, 'twas united to the Crown in the 12th now, were the moſt powerful of the Belge,
Century. It contains, I. Pontoife, Lat. Pon and withſtood Cefar longeft. Opfel, Sanfon,
tefara, Pontefium, Æfie Pons, and Pons ad AE and Adrian de Valois, pretend that it was the
fiam. It lies on a Hill npon the River Oife, ancient Bratuſpantium. It continued under
about 2 o Miles N. W. from Paris, is a Place the Romans till the Time of Clovis I. who
of Importance, and has a fair Stone Bridge took it from them, and was never taken by
over the Oife, from whence it has its Name. an Enemy fince, for which 'twas called the
Charles VII. took it from the Engliſh after Virgin City. The Engliſh attempted it in
6 Weeks Siege in 1441. Henry III. took it vain in 1433, as Charlet D. of Burgundy did
from the Leaguers in 1589, who retook it in 1472; tho’ he rely'd fo much upon his
next Year. . It has a ſtrong Caftle, with fe good Cannon, that he boafted he carried
veral Churches and Monaſteries, a Bailiwick, along with him all the Keys of the Towns
Provoftſhip, and Chatellany. of France, which, upon raifing the Siege,
2. Cheaumont, a fmall Town on a Hill occafioned his Jefter to look into all his
near Giſors, about 19 Miles N. W. from Pan Cannon; and when that Prince ask'd him,
toife, has the Title of a County, Ele&tion, Why ? He anfwer’d, 'Twas to look for the
and Provoftſhip. •
Keys of Beauvais,but he could not find 'em.
3. L'Iſle-Adam, an important Pafs upon This noble Defence occaſioned the Town to
the Oiſe, above 2 Leagues N. E. from Pou have large Privileges; and the Women, who
toiſe. It gave Name to a Noble Family, fhew'd rather more Courage than the Men,
two of which were Great Mafters of the are allow'd to go before them at the An
Order of St. John : The laſt was Philip, who nual Feaft of St. Agadreſme. The Town
in 1522 held out the Iſle of Rhodes 6 Months was alfo exempted from the Ban and Ar
againſt Soliman II. with 4oo Sail, and 3ooooo rierban, and held feveral Mannors, with
Turks, and would probably have defended out paying any thing to the Crown. 'Tis
it longer, but that he was betray’d by a a very fine City, well built, and fortified
Jewiſh Phyſician, and the Chancellor of the with Bulwarks, deep and broad Ditches,
Order, who was a Spaniard. and Sluces to let the Water out and in.
Other Places of Note here are, 1. Magny, The Cathedral Church of St. Peter is a no
7 Miles S. of Cheaumont, with an Ele&tion ble Strusture, has 8 Dignitaries, and 4o
and Provoftſhip. 2. The Castle of Roche Canons. There are 6 Collegiate Churches
guyon on the Seine, 3 Leagues S. W. from and 3 Abbies here. The Market-place is
Magny, with the Title of a Dutchy and the fineft in the Kingdom, fays La Fºrrest,
Peerage. - and they have a great Trade in Cloth, Stuffs,
and fine Potters Ware. St. Lucian is faid to
the cºunty ºf B E A U vo Is Is, have been its firſt Bifhop, but without good
Ground. Odet de Coligni, Cardinal of cha
Had formerly Counts of its own, but fillon, Biſhop of this Place, being convincºd
was united to the Church of Beauvais in of the Errors of Popery, refus'd to fày
1 o 16. It contains, 1. B auvais, on the Ri Mafs in the Cathedral on Easter. Day, I ș6i,
ver Therin, Lat Belovacum, and Ceſaromagas, and celebrated the Lord’s Supper privately
about 4o Miles N. W. from Paris : ’Tis the in his own Chapel, according to the Prote
Seat of a Biſhop, Suffragan of Rheims, who flant Way, which occaſioned this Town tø
as the firft Count and Eççlefiaftical Peer óf fuffer much in the War betwixt the Pro
te stants
F R A N C E. Io49.
teffants and Papifts. The Diſtrist of this built it about 1 1 13, in the Reign of Louis.
City abounds with good Wine, Corn, Fruits the Grºß: 'Twas afterwards poffeffed by the
of áll Sorts, Hay and Grafs, and produces Sons of the Royal Family, is a good Town,
the beft Mutton in France. There are a with a ſtrong Caftle and large Suburbs, but
great many Villages and Noble Families in fuffered much by the Civil Wars in the
the Neighbourhood, and among others, 16th Century. It has a Provoftſhip and a
that of Bethencourt ; one of which Family, Chatellany, which depend on the Prefidial
called John, is faid to have been the firft K. of Senlis.
and Difcoverer of the Camaries in 14o2. 3. Villers Cotrets, or Cotederets, fo called
2. Clermont, Lat. Cleromontium, on the Ri becauſe fituate in the Forreſt of Rets, 4.
ver Breches, about 35 Miles N. from Paris. Miles N. W. from La Ferte Milon, had for
It gave Title of Count to the Family of merly a Royal Palace in the Neighbour
Bourbon, the firſt of whom was Robert IV. hood, where the Kings us'd to divert them
Son of St. Louis ; but 'twas reunited to the felves by Hunting.
Crown by Francis I. when the Conftable de 4. Senlis, Lat. Auguſtomagus Sylvanestum, or
Burbon went over to the Emperor Charles V. Sylviacum, fo called becaufe it lies in the
3. Gerberoy, Lat. Gerboredum, about 4 Miles Forreſt of Rett. The Notitia Imperii places
N. W. from Beauvais, a large open Town it in Galia Belgica. ‘ It lies about 25 Miles,
on the Frontiers of Picardy, noted for a N. from Paris, on a Hill betwixt two ſmall
Vi&tory by the French over the Engliſh in Rivers. 'Tis the Chief of the Durchy, has
1435, during the Reign of Henry VI. where a Biſhop, Suffragan of Rheims, with a Pre
the Earl of Arundel was killed. fidial and a Bailiwick. It had formerly
Bulles, a pretty little Town, about 6 Counts of its own, but is now united to
Miles É. from Beauvais, noted for its Plenty the Crown, has 7 Parochial and 2 Col
of fine Flax, of which the beft Holland legiate Churches, and is noted for the Trial:
and Cambrick is made : "Twas formerly a of Carloman by his Father Charles the Bald,
County, and now a Chatellany. in 873 by 3 Biſhops, becaufe he was a Dea-.
con, and had revolted againſt his Father.
The Dutchy of V A LO IS, They condemn'd him to have his Eyes pul
led out, and imprifon'd him at Corby, from .
Formerly called the County of Crepy, had whence he made his Efcape to his Uncle
Lords of its own till the End of the 12th Louis the Germanick, who gåve him the Ab
Century, when 'twas united to the Crown bey of Epternach, where he died. The
by Philip I. Philip the Bold gave it to his Leaguers beſieged this Town in 1589, but
youngeft Son Charles in 1284, from whom were forced to raife it by Henry IV.’s Gene
:ed.13 Kings of the Houfe of Valois deften rals with great Lofs. - -

It has fince ufually been an Appan- 5. Creil, Lat. Creiolium, upon the opf, a
nage to the younger Sons of France, was bout 2 Leagues N. from Semirs; has a fine ·
måde a Dutchy and Peerage in tạoz, and Bridge over the River, and a Provostíhp.
Part of the Portion of the late D. of or ' Charles V, built a ströng Castle there, which .
leant. It lies on the E. of Beauvostos, and was 'taken by the Engliſh under Charles VI,
contains, 1. Crefy or Crepy, its Capital, and retaken by Charles VII. in P422, .. -

Lat. Crepianum, about 3 o Miles N E. from 6. Pont St. Maxence, a finall City on the .
- Parit, noted for the Treaty betwixt Fran Orfe, about 3 Leagues N. E. of seniir.
cis I. and the Emperor Charles V. in 1 s 44 ; 7, Compiegne, Lat. Cempendium, was the .
ágainst which, fays La Rrref, the Dauphin Reſidence of K. Lethariu I. and of the Em--
and the Parliament of Tulouſe proteſted, be peror Charles the Bald, who call'd it carlops--
eaufe the K. quitted the Kingdom of Na ; lis. "Tis faid to have been built by the Re-.
ples and the Dutchy of Mitas for the Nether i mans. It lies about 43 Miles N E. froần .
lands, which the Emperor promiſed to the Paris, is remarkable for the Sepulchre offe- .
D. of Orleans. - - . .
i veral Kings, and for a Siege in 143 r, when
. . .

2. La Ferte Milon; Lat. Firmitas Milonis, on 3san of Arc, the Maid of Orleans, was ra- .
the River oare, about 34 Miles, N. E. from * ken in a Sally by the Engliſh, who, together
Paris, had its Name fromgret!»
-1 : -- * -
Godrit Mile, who
- T : “... :
with the D. of Burgundy,
4. i ---- * ...", **
beliegd he fown..
: - , ’ ”T; 5 ,
rogo F R A N Č E.
'Tis noted for feveral Manufastures, and Perit. Other Towns in this Diocefe are,
for fending great Quantities of Fire-wood 1: Braine,. Lat. Brennacam or Brana, a fmalí
to Paris. Lewis XIV. form’d an Encamp Town, with an Abbey, about 1 o Miles E.
ment here after the Peace of Ryſwick, where from Sºifºnt. 2. Keili on the Afie, a finali
he taught his Grandfons the Way of at Town about 1o Miles above sofºns.
tacking Towns.
In this Dutchy lie alfo, 1. Bithiß, on the zhe L A O N N O I s,
River Otenet, near the Forreft of Cºmpiegne,
a good Borough, Head of a Provoftſhip and Lies N. from Soiſons. It contains, 1. Lan
Chatellany. 2. Chantily, 3 Miles S. from Łat. Laudanum, and Cardunum, about 66 Eg:
Creil, a Royal Palace, with fine Gardens liſh Miles N. E. from Paris, fo called, be
and Water-works, belonging to the Prince cauſe it ſtands on a Hill. "Twas enlarged
of Conde. and adorned by King Clovis. Its Biſhop is
-Suffragan of Řheims. 'Twas made a Ult

S O T S S o N S, chy and Peerage by Hugh capet. The Biſhop


:fries that called the St. Ampoule, or Holy
Capital of a Diocefe of the fame Name, Bottle, at the anointing of the French Kings
Lat. Saefines, Suefones, and Auguſta Sueſ and was formerly the ad of the 6 Ecclé:
navn, on the River Aifne, 5 o Miles N. E. astiçal Dukes and Peers. 'Twas twice Be
from Paris. ’Tis a very ancient City, and fieg'd by Louis IV. who at laft was raken
the Capital of the Sueſſiones; the fame as 'tis there. . It fuffered much during the Civil
ſuppoſed called Eluthenii in Cafar's Com Wars in the 16th Century.
mentaries. "Twas the Seat of Divitiacus, 2. Notre-Dame de Lieffe, Lat. Latitis, a
one of the Kings of the Gault, and was re bout 4 Miles N. E. from Laon, famous for
cover’d from the Romans by Clovis I. It had Pilgrimages to the Church of St. Mary there,
12 other Towns depending on it, and could :here they pretend Miracles are wrought.
raife 1 şooo Men. "Twas fometimes the The French Kings go thither in Pilgrimage
'Seat of the Roman Prætors in Gallia Belgica, aftertheir Coronation, otherwife they think
and likewife of the firft French Kings, and they have no Power to cure the King's
Capital of that called the Kingdom of Saif Evil, except they go thither, or to St. Mar
fans. Chilperie reunited it to the Crown, eoul in the Neighbourhood.
and afterwards it was govern’d by Counts
of its own, who had a Power of Coinage. zhe N O Y O N N o I s,
Charles IX. united it to the Crown again ;
but in 163o 'twas acquir’d by Louis of Bour Lies W. from the Laonnois, and contains,
ben, who being kill'd at the Battle of Sedan *: Ngºn, Lat. Noviodunum, or Noviomagus, on
in 1641, and leaving no Children, the Ti the River Vorfe, about șş Miles N. É from
tle was controverted by his two Siſters: Peris: Its Biſhop is Suffragan of Rheims,
The firſt of ’em married to Henry II. D. of and is one of the three Eccleſiastical Peers
Zongueville, and the 2d to Thºmas Francis of of France. The See was transferred hither
Savoy, Pr. of Carignan. Of this Family is in 524 from, $t, $uintin, that Town being
the famous Pr. Eugene, whofe Mother, late then destroy'd, by the vandals. This cit;
ly deceas'd, had the Title to her Death. was plunder’d by the Normans in 959, aná
*Tis a large Town, has a Prefidial, Baili burnt in 1131, 1 152, and 1228: “Twas
wick, Generality, and Academy, the firft taken from the Leaguers by King Henry IV.
that was affociated to the Univerfițy of Pa in 1591; retaken by them in 1592, and
ris. The Biſhop of this Place is the first recover’d by K. Henry in 1594. Íń 15 16,
Suffragan to the Archbiſhop of Rheims, and a Peace was treated here betwixt the Em
has the Right to anoint the Frenth Kings peror Charles V, and Francis I. ’Tis alſo no
during the Vacancy of the Archiepifcopal ted for the Birth of the great John Calvin,
See, or the Abfence of the Archbiſhop. on the roth of July, 15o9.
There are 6 Abbies in the Town, and i 8 . 2. Chang, Lat, Calniacum, on the orfe,
in the Neighbourhood. The Territory is about 19 M. N.E. from Nogom, a Royal City,
fruitful in Corn, and fends a great deal to with a Chatellany. The Imperialiſts took
It
F R A N C E. I o5 1
it în 1557, but afterwards reftor'd it. bitants, and partly to the Coldnefs of the
'Twas united to the Crown in 1378. Climate. 'Tis for moſt part plain, and a
. Premontre, Lat. Premonſtratum, a Vil bounds with pleafant Woods, that afford
lage 16 Miles E. from Noyon, noted for a excellent Hunting. ’Tis well fupplied with
famous Abbey of Canons Regular of S. Au Fiſh by the neighbouring Sea, and its Ri
fin, called Premonstratenſes, founded here a vers; the chief of which are, the oyſe, the
bout 11 16 by S. Norbert, fometime Arch Serre, the Somme, the Canche, and Authie.
biſhop of Magdeburg. 'Tis divided into Middle, Upper, and Lower,
Thus we have finiſhed that Government and thefe again into Sub-diviſions; of which
called the Iſle of France. Bleau gives this in their proper Places. The whole is po
Chara&ter of the Citizens of Paris, That pulous, abounds with Forts, :Caſtles, and
they are courteous, but very fickle, and fortified Towns, is accounted one of the
will undertake any thing for Gain. They richeft Provinces in France, and the Inhabi
were formerly reckon’d very dull, but now tants inferior to none for Courage. They
fo crafty, that they eaſily cheat others. have much of the Warlike Temper of the
The Women are generally fo coſtly in their ancient Belge, are free, civil, courteous, and
Apparel, that many of them ruin their good natur'd, but cholerick. They have
Husbands, and both Men and Women are a great many noble and ancient Families.
fond of Novelties. The People of the
neighbouring Country, he fays, are very M 1 D D L E P I c A R D 7,
fierce, and can bear no Injury. They rely
much on having Juſtice done them by the Called Amiennoir, contains, 1. Amient, on
Parliament of Paris, and are apt to demand the Somme, about 65 Miles N. from Paris,
extravagant Prices from Strangers and Tra and 66 S. from Calais, Lat. Ambianum, or
vellers for what they want. Samarobriva Ambianorum. 'Tis a Place of
great Antiquity. The Inhabitants of its
Diſtrist fought refolutely againſt Cefar, and
The Government of Picardy. againſt thofe of Rheims for fubmitting to
him. When Cefar took it, he ere&ted a Ma
L4 Forrest, whom we chiefly follow, be gazine here for his Army, and called a Ge
caufe he is the lateft of the French Geo neral Affembly of the Gauls at this Place.
graphers, and publiſhed his Book with Au The Emperor Antoninu Pius, and his Son
thority in 17o5, fays, this Province has the Marcus Aurelius, with the Emperors Confian
Ille : Prance on the S. Champagne on the E. tin, Confians, Julian, Valentinian, Valens, Gra
Normandy and the Sea on the W. the Streights tian, and Theodoſius, made it the Place of
of Calais, the Artois, Hainault, and Namur, their Refidence. In the 5th, 6th, and fol
on the N. ’Tis about 25 French Leagues lowing Ages, it fuffer'd much by the In
.from N. to S. and 4o from E. to W: "Twas curſions of the Alans, Vandals, and Normans,
formerly much larger, till feveral of the was burnt by the latter in 925, but foon
neighbouring Juriſdictions were added to after rebuilt. It had formerly Counts of
the Iſle of France. Authors differ about the its own, but was reunited to the Crown by
Name; fome afcribe it to the hafty Tem- . Lewis the Burly about 1 1c9. In 1329, Ed
per of the People ; and Valefius fays, they ward III. of England did Homage here to
were firft called fo by the Scholars of the K. Philip of Valois for the Dutchy of Guienne.
other Provinces at the Univerfity of Paris. and County of Ponthieu, in Prefence of fe
Others derive it from their great Ufe of veral other Kings, who were going on an
Pikes in War; and Bleau thinks it came Expedition to the Holy Land. Philip began
from the Form of the Country, which re to fortify it in 1347, and Louis XI. finiſh’d
fembles a Man’s Arm and Elbow, and by the Defign. In 1597, the Spaniards took it
Confequence is not of an equal Breadth. by a Stratagem, having fuborn’d a Coun
'Tis very fruitful in Corn and Pafturage, tryman to break a Cart full of Nuts in one
and therefore call'd the Granary of the Iſle of the Gates ; and while the Guard was
of France ; but it produces no Wine, which intent in gathering them up, the Spaniards
is partly owing to the Neglećt of the Inha fally'd from an Ambuſh, and enter’d the
- S fffff Town;
\ t
1 o 52 F R A N C E.
Town ; but Henry IV. foon after recover'd Charles VII, but feiz'd again by Lewis XI.
it with great Valour, and built a ſtrong Ci The Spaniards furpris'dit in 1636, but were
tadel there. They had formerly very great obliged to reftore it foon after. ’Tis a
Privileges, and an Exemption from Taxes, ſtrong Town, and has an Abbey, founded :
for their Loyalty, which Henry IV. reftor'd by Bethilda Queen of France in 662. The
to them; and becaufe of the Courage he famous Ratram, who oppos’d Tranfubſtan
fhew'd in taking it, the Inhabitants faid, tiation at its very Birth, was a Monk here.
The Spaniard took it like a Fox, and he re 4. Conty, Lat. Cºntiacum, about 15. Miles
cover'd it like a Lion. ’Tis a pleafant and S. W. from Amiens, dignified with the Ti
large City, well built and fortified, is the tle of a Principality, conferred on a Branch.
Seat of a Biſhop, Suffragan of Rheims, of a of the Houfe of Bourbon in 155 1, when
Prefidial, Bailiwick, Vidam, a Chamber of Lewis de Bourbºn, the firſt of that Name,
Accounts, and Generality. The Somme en Pr. of Condé, married the Heirefs of its an
ters the Town by 3 Channels, under 3 cient Lords.
Bridges, and unites again at the other End 5. Pecquigni, about 1o Miles N. W. from
of the Town near St. Michael's Bridge : Amiens. It lies on the Somme, and has the
The Houſes are beautiful, the Streets Name of a Barony. ’Tis remarkable for ·
large, and they have two Squares, where the Death of William, firnam'd Long sword,
7 fair Streets center. "Tis well fortified D. of Normandy, who was murther’d here
with Walls and Ramparts, upon which there the Procurement of Arnold Count of
are two Rows of Trees, that form beauti anders in 941 ; and likewife for the De
ful Walks. The Cathedral is one of the feat of the Engliſh, who were ſtop’d at the
largest and fineft in France, adorn'd with ex Pafs here, and pretending to be Franch, were
cellent Paintings, fine Pillars, Chapels and diſcover’d by pronouncing the Name of the
Tombs; and the principal Gate is flank'd Town Pecny instead of Pecquigni, and many
with two high Towers, upon which there of 'em drove into the River. It gives
are many Statues. They pretend alſo to Name to the Noble Family of Pecquigni,
have many Relicks. They have a confide : are Vidams of Amient under the Bi
rable Trade in Stuffs,&c. This Town and OD.
Diſtrist was granted for ever to the D. of 6. Poix, a little Town on the fame River,
Burgundy and : Heirs by Charles VII. but about 5 Miles N. W. from Conty, has the
feiz’d again by Louis XI, after the Death of Title of a Principality, and belongs to the
Charles the Bold D. of Burgundy. Queen Family of Crogny.
Elizabeth of Bavaria eſtabliſh’d a Parliament 7. Ligniers, about 2 Leagues from Poix,
here, which was aboliſh’d afterwards at the a Borough and Lordſhip, which gave Name
Inflance of the Parliament of Paris, be to the Family of the Affaffin Grandval, who,
caufe it leffen'd their Jurifdistion. Some was executed for undertaking to murther
derive the Name from a Macedonian Captain ; K. William, at the Inftigation of the French
but Bleau fays, 'twas called Ambianum, be Court.
cauſe every where encompaſſed with Wa-.
ter. Its Jurifdićtion extends about , 1o The Distrist ºf s A N T E R R E,
Leagues E. and W. and 2 o N. and S. but
was formerly much larger. Lies E. of the Amiennois, is about 22
2. Dourlans, Lat. Domincum, on the Authie, Leagues from S. E. to N.W. and about 7,
about 15 Miles N. from Amiens, a very an broad ; contains, 1. Mondidier, Lat. Mons De
cient Town. It formerly belong’d to the fiderii. It lies about 14 Miles W. from Ny
Counts of Ponthieu, and has feveral times on, and 22 S. from Amient. La Forref fays,
fince been alienated from, and reunited to ’tis the Capital of the Country, thô others
: Crown. 'Tis divided into Upper and make Peronne fo. This Town and Country,
ower, and well fortified. was granted to Philip the Good of Burgundy
3. corbie, about 6 Miles N. E. from A by Charles VII. but feiz’d again by Lewis XI.
miens, Lat. Corbeia, and Cumilica : It has the It had its Name from its Situation on a.
Title of a County, was quitted to the D. of Mountain, at the Foot of which runs a,
Bargundy, with Amient and Dourlons, by fmall River. ’Tis a ſtrong Town, and :ă
- Ec
F R A W Ć E. 1 o 53
teđ for having held out feveral Sieges a all the Inhabitants to the Sword, hang'd
gainst the Spaniards. them, or cut their Hands off, tho' they fed
2. Roye, about 16 Miles S. E. from A to the Altars for Refuge, becaufe they kil
mient. It gives Name to the great Family led one of his Heralds, whom he fent to
of Roye, the Heirefs of which married that fummon them, and cut off two of his Men
of Rochefocault about 1556. The Counts of during a Truce.
Roucy are alfo defcended from this Family. 6. Chaunes, Lat. Celviacum, mid-way be
3. Perºnne, about 25 Miles E. from A twixt Amiens and St. Ruintin, and about 7
miens, and 17 S. W. from Cambray. ’Tis a Miles S. W. from Peronne. ’Twas ere&ed
ſtrong Town on the Somme, and encom into a Dutchy and Peerage by Lewis XIII.
paffed with Marſhes, which make it one of in 162 1.
the ſtrongeft Places on the Frontiers of 7. Halluin, or Maignelay, another Dutchy
Prance. ”Twas firſt a Village, where Erchi and Peerage, about 6 Leagues S. W. of
nwald, Mayor of the Palace, built a Mona Roye.
ftery for a Scots Monk called Furjew, from 8. Morevil, on the Auregne, about 1 1 Miles
whom 'twas called the Scots Abbey. "Tis S. E. from Amiens, a ſtrong Town, which
noted for the Death of Charles the Simple în has frequently repulſed the Spaniards.
929, after 6 Years Impriſonment, being al 9. Crevecæur, a finall Town, with the
Îur’d thither by the fair Promifes of Hebert Title of a Marq. 8 Leagues W. from Mon
Count of Vermandois, who feiz'd him there didier.
in Favour of Rodolph D. of Burgundy, who
afterwards affum’d the Crown. Lewis XI. U P P E R P I c A R D m,
was alſo kept Prifoner there for fome Days
in 1468 by Charles the Terrible D. of Burgan Contains, 1. The Country of Vermandoử,
dy, and had like to have undergone the 4ger Veromanduenfis, which gave Title to the
#:: Fate, had it not been for the Intrigues ancient Dukes of that Name, whoſe Seat
of Philip de Comminer, who being gain’d by was at Vermand, formerly a confiderable
Lewis, perfwaded the Duke to fet him at Li Town, but now only a Village, with an
berty, on Condition of giving Champagne Abbey, that was founded in the 8th Cen
and Brie to Charles : King's Brother, the tury. This Country was reunited to the
Duke's Ally ; and that he ſhould accom Crown by Philip Augustu in 1194. The
Pany :# at the taking of Liege, which Towns here are, -

was accordingly done ; but Lewis feiz'd this 1. St. Raintin, Lat. Quintinopolis, or Fan
Town after Duke Charles's Death, thô he Agintini, Capital of the Country, fo called
had granted it for ever to him and his from St. Ruintin, a Martyr, faid to have
Heirs. It has fince held out feveral Sieges been beheaded here in the Reign of Diocle
againſt the Spaniards, and Count Henry of fian. Valefu thinks it to be the Augusta V2
Naſſau befieg'd it in vain in 1536. romanduorum of the Ancients ; but Cluverius
4. Ancre, about 11 Miles W., from Pe and Sanfon fay, that 'twas the Abbey of Ver
rome, has the Title of a Marquifate, and is mand on the Oumignon. This Town is no
now called Albert Antre. It gave Title of ted for the noble Defence of it by the Ad
Marquis to Conchino Conchini, an Italian, Fa miral de Coligny with a few Men against a
vourite to Mary of Medicis, who made him great Army of $paniards in 1557, tho' bu:
a Marefchal, Governor of Normandy and A ill fortified, and for the Defeat of the Con
miens, and Chief Minifter in the K: ſtable Montmorency, who attempted the Rer
of Lewis XIII. but he became fo infolent, lief of the Place ; but was taken, with the
that the Princes of the Blood and the great Dukes of Montpenfier and Longueville, the Mar.
Lords kill'd him in the Louvre, with the refchal de St. Andre, no Knights, 3oa Gen
King's Confent, in 1617. tlemen, and 5.ooo Soldiers; and about sooq.
5. Neffey, Lat. Nigella, about 12 M. S. W. Men were killed on the Spot. This Vistor
from Peronne, gives Title to an ancient Fa ry being obtain'd on the 1oth of Auguf,
mily, fome of whom have been Confiables which is St. Lawrence's Day, Philip II. of
of France. Charles the Terrible, D. of Bur Spain dedicated his Palace çajled the Eſcaria}
gandy; took it by Storm in 1472, and put near Madrid to that Saint. "Twas rękoređ
S f ffff a tº,
. I o 54 F R A IN C E.
to the French two Years after by the Treaty to a Dutchy and Peerage by Francà I. în
of Chateau Cambrefir, by which the French Favour of Claude, the D. of Lorrain's young
were obliged to yield up a great many Pla eft Son, in 1528. His Grandfon Henry D. of
ces in the Netherlands. Guife made himſelf Head of the Catholick
2. Ham, a ſmall Town on the Somme, a League, which deſign’d, on Pretence of Re
bout 5 Leagues S. W. from St. Quintin, a ligion, to have fet that Family on the
well fortified Town, having the River on Throne.
one Side, and a Marſh on the other, a Ci 4. Vervins, Io Miles S. E. from Guife, no
tadel with 4 Baſtions, and a fquare Tower. ted for the Treaty of Peace betwixt Hen
?Twas taken by the Spaniards after the Bat ry IV. of France, and Philip II. of Spain, in
tle of St. Quintin, but reſtor’d by the Treaty I 598.
of cambreſis. 'Twas held out by the Leaguers
in 1595, who received a Spaniſh Garrifon L o W E R P I c A R D 7;
into it ; but retaken by the Royaliſts, who
ftorm’d the Town, and put the Garrifon to Contains, 1. The County of Ponthieu, fo,
the Sword. called becaufe of the many Bridges over its
3. Le catelet, about 11 Miles N. E. from Rivers and Marſhes. Ir formerly had Lords.
Peronne, a ſtrong Town, taken by the Spa of its own ; and a Daughter of this Fa
niards in 1557, reſtor'd in 1559, taken and mily brought it by Marriage to Edward I.
retaken feveral times after, reſtor'd by the ef England. King John of France took it
Treaty of the Pyrenees, and diſmantled in. from Edward III. and gave it to one of the
1674. Family of Bourbon. , Charles V. united it to
fie Dutchy of S. Simon in this Country the Crown, and feveral of the Sons of
lies 3 Leagues S. of St. Rgintin. Prance were afterwards called Counts of
Pºnthieu. Charles VII. gave it to the D. of
The Distrist of T I E R A C H E, Burgundy; but Louis XI. reunited it to the
Crown. The Towns here are,.
Is the moff Eaſterly Part of Picardy, and 1. Abbeville, Łat. Abbatis Villa, or Abbé«.
full of Woods. Some derive the Name villa, its Capital, ao Miles N. W. from A.
from the Forreſt of Tierache, Sylva Teoracia, miens, on the River Sºmme; and, 15 Miles
which divides it from Hainault. It contains, from the Sea. Hugh Capet built a Caſtle here
1. La Fère, about 2o Miles S. E. from Pe in 936, and Sr. Riquier the Abbot built the
rønne. ’Tis Capital of the Country, ſtands Town, from whom it had its prefent Name.
on the River offe, in a marſhy Soil, is ve 'Tis very strong by Situation, and called
ry ſtrong, has good Brick Walls, Baffions, a Maiden Town, fays La Forrest, becaufe
a Caſtle, and deep Ditches. 'Twas a Colo never taken by an Enemy._'Tis a large
ny of the ancient Francs: The Leaguers City, and has a confiderable Trade, Veffels
held it out againſt Henry IV. but 'twas re coming up to it from the Sea. It enjoys.
ftored to him by Capitulation in 1597. many Privileges, has a Bailiwick and Prefi.
2. La capelle, a fmall Town on the Oyje, dial Court, confifts of 12 or 13 great Pa
about 32 Miles N. E. from La Fère. 'Twas riſhes, has feveral Monafteries, and a Col
built in the 16th Century, and made very lege of Canons. Their chief Trade is in
strong, to defend the Country againſt the Łinen-Cloth, Wool, and Corn. It has pro
Incurſions of the Flemmings, and feveral duced many great Men, and among others,
times taken and retaken betwixt the Spa the two Sanfons, Nicholas and William, Peter.
wiards and the French. du Val, and Philip Brietius, all Learned Geo
3. Guife, Lat. Gaifa, and Guifum Gastrum, graphers. At St. Riquier, 5 Miles E. from
en the orff, about 15 Miles N. E. from La this Place, Women. in. Men’s Apparei:
Rére, is well fortified with a Caſtle and fought a confiderable Body of Spaniards in
strong Ramparts, and held out a Siege a 1636, and brought off two of their Co
gainſt the Spaniards in 165o. It had for lours. -

merly the Title of an Earldom, and was 2. Crecy, a Village about ro Miles N.
poffelfed by feveral Families: At last it from Abbevide, famous for a great Vistory .
tame to that of Lorrain, and was erećted in obtained there by Edward III. of Englawa
BHA
F R A N C E. I o55
in 1346 over King Philip de Valoù, who had
3oooo Foot killed on the Spot, and 12oo The Difrist ºf B OU L o N N O IS,
Horfe, loft 8o Colours, and the Flower of
his Nobility, among whom were John of Lat. Comitatu Boulonienſis, lies between the
Luxemburg King of Bohemia, the Count of 4rtois, the County of Ponthieu, that call’d:
Alençon the King's Brother, Raoul D. of Lor the Reconquer'd Country, and the Streights of
rain, the Counts of Flanders, Harcourt, and Calais. 'Tis about 14 Leagues from N.
Sanferre, the Dauphin of Viennois, &c. The to S. and 7 from E. to W. It had former
Day after the Battle there happen’d a thick ly Lords of its own, called Counts of Box--
Fog, which prov'd fatal to the Remains of logne, defcended from Daughters of the 2d.
the French Army; for the Engliſh having Race of the French Kings. Of this Family.
planted the Colours they took from them on was the famous Godfrey of Boulogne K. of 7e--
a rifing Ground, the French thinking it had ruſalem, and others. It paffed from them
been a Body of their own Troops, march’d by Marriage to the Family of Auvergne, and
up to them without any Caution, and re was afterwards conquer'd by the Family of
ceived a greater Overthrow than the firſt Burgundy. Louis XI. feiz'd it after the Death
Day. La Forreſt fays, this was the firft time of Charles the Terrible, and gave the County
that Cannon were feen in France ; of which of Lauregais in Languedoc in Exchange for.
the Engliſh having 6 Pieces, it contributed it to the Family of Auvergne. He put the:
much to their Victory. , K. Edward orderd County of Boulogne under the Proteċtion of
the Dead to be buried at Monstreuil and other the Holy Virgin, of whom his Succeſſors,
Places, in which his Army fpent 3 Days. pretend to hold it; and when they come
În this Town there was formerly a Royal to the Crown, they prefent her with a Heart
Palace, where K. Thiery lodg'd when he and weighing 2ooo Crowns of Gold. It contains,
the Town were taken by Ebroin Mayor of 1. Boulogne, Lat. Bolonia Maritima, its Ca-
the Palace. pital, on the Sea-Coaft, at the Mouth of
3. Monfireuil, Lat. Monafteriolum or Monstro the River Liane, which forms its Harbour.
lium, fo called, becaufe St. Salvius Biſhop of It lies about 14 Miles S. W. from Caláir.
Amiens was buried there. It lies 15 Miles 'Tis a very ancient Town, and by fome
North from Crecy, and I o South-Eaft from fuppoſed to be the Iccius Portu, of ceſar :
the Sea, from whence Boats of gºod Bur But Kalifu, thinks it to be the Gefriacum of
then come up to the Town. "Tis divi Pliny. It grew confiderable by the Traffick
ded into Upper and Lower, is well forti of the Inhabitants, and was formerly the
fied, and defended by a Citadel. ’Tis the ordinary Port for Paffage betwixt France and
Seat of a Bailiwick, and has two ancient England ;, but the Harbour was ſpoird by a
Abbies of Bentdistins, one of Monks, and the Bank, which fome fay the Emperor atáxi.
er of Nuns, from whence fome do more milian: caus’d to be rais'd beföre it. 'Tis
probably think it took its Name. 'Twas. divided into the Upper and Lower Town ;
united to the Crown with the County of the former well fortified, with a strong Ci.
P:nthieu. tadel, adorn'd with feveral Squares and
4- Pºnt de Remy, a fmall Town on the Fountains, and a Palace where Justice is
Samme, about 6 Miles E. from Abbevide, has adminiſtred. The moſt confiderable Build
its Name from a Bridge over the River, and ing is the Cathedral, dedicated to the Vir.
is noted for the Remains of one of Caeſar's gin, where the French Kings preſent the
Camps ſtill to be feen there. Heart_above-mentioned. They have two
5. Rue, a fmall, but ſtrong Town, fur other Pariſh-Churches, and an Abbey, with,
rounded with Marſhes, I o Miles N. from fome other Monafteries. The Lower Town.
Abbeville. , Philip Augustus gave it in Portion is not inhabited by fo many Gentry, bur is
with his Sifter when fhe married William more confiderable for irs«Traffick, and lies
Count of Ponthieu in i 196. along the Harbour, where there was for.
St. Paul, which we have defcrib'd in the merly an Octogon Tower, fuppoſed to be
Arrois, is by. La Forrest plac'd in this Coun built by Julius Cafar, by the french called,
try. the Tºwer ºf Order, and by the Engliſh the
- . Ole!.
I o 56 F R A N C E.
Old Man. Charlemagne repair'd it for a feſſion of it 211 Years, till 'twas taken by
Beacon; but being ſince neglested, it fell the D. of Guife in 1558, during Qu. Mary's
about 3o Years ago. . The Biſhop of this Reign, which broke her Heart. The spa
Town is Suffragan of Rheims, the See be niards took it in 1596, but reſtor'd it by the
ing tranſlated hither from Theroan, when Treaty of Vervins. "Tis reckon'd one of
that Place was deſtroy'd by charles V. This the Keys of France, and is fortified with 9
Town was taken in i 544 by Henry VIII. of great Baſtions, befides thofe of the Citadeſ,
England, who fortified the Lower Town, and feveral Outworks fac'd with Stone. It
and built feveral Forts in the Country, to has a large deep double Ditch, into which
ferve for Outworks ; but finding that the they can let Water from the River Hamer
keeping of it would coft him more than that runs by the Town. The Approach to
'twas worth, he quitted it by Treaty in this Place by Land is very difficult, becaufe
# $46, by which the French King was to pay of the Marſhes that furround it on that
him 8oooo Crowns in 8 Years. Side, over which there's no Paffage but by
2. Ambleteufe, a Village with a good Port, 3. Caufway. , The Haven is defended by a
about 7 Miles N. from Boulogne, where the Fort call'd the Risban, divided into two, the
late K. James landed when he retir’d from fmaller call’d Cap de Grey, and the bigger ſhut
England in 1688. up between two Moles fac'd with Stone.
3. Monthulin, a Fortrefs on a Hill near the he prefent French King began to build a
River Liane, on the Borders of Artois, 9 M. Mole }: Years ago upon great Piles drove
E. from Boulogne. It has a good Citadel, into the Sand beneath Low-water Mark, to
and was built to fecure the Country from make the Harbour fit for 3d or 4th Rates,
the Ineurfions of the Flemmings. which at preſent is not capable of letting
4. Estaples, Lat. Stapule, on the Mouth of in a good Merchant-man; but he did not
the Canche, about 6 Leagues S. from Box go on with it. The Town lies in Form of
logne. ’Tis a large Town, fortified and de 3 Triangle, is fmall, but tolerably well
fended by an old Caftle. - Valefu fancies built, and populous. The moſt remarka
this to be the Iccius Portu of Cæfar. 'Tis ble Buildings in it are, 1. The great Church,
noted for the Birth of the Learned James which has a magnificent Dome, and a Mar
le Fèvre, a great Promoter of the Reforma ble Altar of curious Workmanſhip. 2. A
ATIOI1. lofty Tower, call'd the Watch-Tower. 3. The
Town-Houfe. 4. The Bailiffs Palace, and
The ReconsRU ER E D covNTRr, feveral Churches. In the adjoining Mar
ſhes, there are floating Iſlands and Slu
Is about 5 Leagues long from N. to S. ces, by which they can overflow the Coun
and 5 from E. to W. It contains, 1. Calais, try in a little time. It lies over against Do
its Capital, Lat. Caletum, about 14 Miles N. ver, from which 'tis about 7 Leagues di
from Boàlogne, and 15 S. W. from Graveling. ítant.
'Twas firſt walled in by Philip Count of Bo 2. Gaifnet, a fmall Town about 4 Miles
logne in 1228. The Harbour was begun by S. from Calait, fituated in a Morafs, about
Baldwin IV. of Flanders, and finiſh’d by the 2 Leagues from the Sea. ’Twas enlarged
above-mention’d Count of Boulogwe. 'Twas and fortified by Sifrida Norman in 9o 5, who
befieg’d by Edward III. of England in 1347, call'd himſelf Count of it, and did Ho
and held out 1 1 Months, when the Gover mage for it to the Count of Flanders. It
nor, being reduc'd to Extremity for want came afterwards to the Family of Bºurbourg
of Proviſions, offer'd to capitulate; which by Marriage, and was fold to Philip the
K. Edward refuſed to accept, fays La Crofe, Hardy of France in 1282. The Engliſh got it
except 6 of the chief Citizens would bring in the Reign of K. John of France, by bri
him the Keys bare-headed and bare-footed, bing the Governor, and had it confirm’d to
with Ropes about their Necks, and fubmit them by the Treaty of Bretigny in 136o.
their Lives to his Difcretion ; which was Charles VI. retook it in 1413. "Twas af.
performed, and the King fent them back terwards given tº the Duke of Barzand; by
without doing them any Hurt. He Peo Treaty, but feiz’d by Louis XI. | -

pled the Town with Engliſh, who kept Pof.


3, Ardrer,
F R A N C E. fO 57
3. Ardres, a finall Town, with the Title was fucceeded by his Son Robert III. in
of a Principality, fituate in a Morafs, a Io87. He by William II. of Englawd, whỏ
bout 4 Miles S. E. from Gaifnes. 'Twas was flain in i too. He by Henry I. of Eng.
famous for an Interview in 15 no, for Rati land in i 197. He by Stephen of England in
fying a Treaty betwixt Francis I. and Hen ro35. He by Maud of England in 1 167 She
ry VIII of Englandin a neighbouring Field, by Henry II. in 1 154. He by Richard I.
where their Courts appear'd fo magnificent, in 1189. He by K. John, who was difpof.
that 'tis still call'd the Field of cloth ºf Gold. fefs'd of Normandy by Philip II. of Frante in
The Spaniards took it in 1596, and restor'd 1202. After which 'twas united to the
it by the Treaty of Vervini in 1598. Crown of France, and the Title given to
John of Valois in 1332. He being :::::::
K. of France, gave it to Charles V. in 1355.
The Government of Normandy. In 142 o, 'twas reconquer’d by Henry V. of
England, after the French had held it 2 18
TH I S Province, according to Mou, is Years. Henry VI. loft it again after the Eng
liſh had held it 3 o Years. Then the Titie
about 13o Miles where longeft, and
85 where broadeſt. La Ferref ::::: it 55 was given to Charler, Son to Charles VII.
French Leagues from E. to W. and about 36 of France, in 1464. But he foon parted
from N. to S. Bleau makes it not quite 45 with it for Guienne ; fince which, it has been
where longeft, and about 27 # where broad conftantly annex'd to the Crown of France.
eft. It has the Britiſh Channel on the N. When the Normani firſt fettled here, they
and W. Anjou, Main, and Le Perche, on the S. made fuch terrible Devaſtations for 83
and Picardy and the Iſle of France on the E. Years, that the People Fue a Prayer into
The Romans made it Part of the Provincia their Litany to be deliver’d from their Cru
Lugdunenſis Secunda : But in the Reign of elty. Their Princes were fo powerful, that
Childerie and Clovis, 'twas Part of the King they frequently made War with the Kings
dom of Neustria. It had the Name of Nor of France, and threaten'd Paris it felf with.
mandy from the Danes, and other Northern a Siege.
People, who invaded it under a Prince cal The Country abounds with Corn, Paftu
led Rolls, who forced Charles the simple of rage, and Fruit-Trees, from whence they
France to allow him to fettle there. He gave have excellent Cyder. They have little
him his Neece Giſele in Marriage; upon Wine, except in the S. Parts. Proviſions
which Rollº turn’d Chriſtian, and made good are plentiful and cheap, eſpecially Fiſh,
Laws : Among others, That the Poor ſhould which abound in their Rivers. The moft
have Juffice for nothing; and that Mur remarkable of ’em are, the seine, Eure, Belf,
therers, Robbers, Incendiaries, or fuch as Tºque, Dive, Orne, Vire, Selune, See, Soule,
purfued others with drawn Swords, ſhould Quve, and Es; which make the Country
be ſtopp'd and brought before a Judge, fruitful, and one of the beft Provinces in
without any other Warrant but the Outcry France. Their Forreſts furniſh them with
of the injur’d Perfons. This is the OriginGame, Timber, and Firing, and confift
of what the Nirmans call the Cry of Haro; chiefly of Oaks, Elms, Cedar, and Pines,
which fome think to be an Abridgment of They have about 25 large Forrests, befides
the Words Ha Rollo, as if they called for feveral others, ’Tis reckon’d the coldest
that Prince’s Affiftance. He was named Province of France, but the Air wholefome,
Robert at Baptifm, and fucceeded by his Son and temper’d with the Vapours of the Seá
William, called Long Sword, about 92o. He and Rivers. They have many Quarries of
was fucceeded by his Son Richard I. called excellent Stone; and upon moſt of their
Dresd.nºught, about 943. He by his Son Ri Rivers, they have Iron Mills for working
shard II. called the Undaunted, about 996, the Iron found in their Mines. They have
He bv Richard III. about 1o26. He by Ro alfo fome Mines of Copper; and not far
bert II. about 1o28; and he about 1o35 by from Caen, there were formerly Veins of
Williana his Baftard, by one Harlotta, a Gen Silver and Gold, fays Bleas. They have al
tleman’s Daughter, who was called the Com. fo many Salt-Pits on the Coaft, wķich ảf.
furer, and afterwards King of England. He ford them a very fine white Salt, the
- - - - : * - |- -
:
9t.
1 o 58 F R A N C E.
of which belongs to the King. They have ſtroy'd by their 2d Archbiſhop. 'Tis the
alp Miheşal Waters in feveral Parts: Some Capital of Nºrmandy, the Seat of an Arch
of "em ſlaw only at certain Times of the biſhop, and of a Parliament. Their firſt
Year ; and by the flowing of feveral of Biſhop is faid to have been St. Nicafu, who
'em, the Country People prognoſticate a converted this Country about the Year 8o,
Dearth of Corn. and was martyrd. Their 2d Biſhop was
The Normans are cholerick, cunning, and St. Melo, fent thither by Pope stephen in
much given to Law-Suits. They are very 265 ; but they ſpoil the Story when they
stubborn, and tenacious of their own Cu make him an Engliſhman, becaufe that Name
ftoms; and the common People are not was not known till long after, as appears
reckon'd too careful in what they fwear. by our Hiſtory. This Town is one of the
They are quick witted, and very capable greateſt, richeſt, beft Peopled, and moſt an
of Learning and Arts. They are good Sol cient, in France. La Ferrefi fays, the Name
diers by Sea and Land, and their Gentry, of its Founder is not known ; nor is it cer
have ever been efteem’d brave, courteous, tain that Cæfar wall'd it. 'Twas however
and civil. Their Women are very intent the Capital of the Velocaſes in his Time.
upon their Affairs, and the better Sort apt 'Tis reckon'd about 7 Miles in Compafs.
to exceed in Apparel. The Country-Wo The E. Side is water’d by feveral Streams,
men are very laborious, and the People which cleanfe the Streets, ferve a great ma
in general civil enough, and ſpeak well ; ny Water-Mills, and afterwards fall into
but thbfe on the Coaſt are fomewhat rough the Seine, which runs by the S. Side of the
in their Language and Converfation. They Town. They had formerly a ſtately Stone
are for :# part fober in their Diet, but Bridge of 13 Arches over the River; which
rofufe enough in their Entertainments. being ruin’d, they have one of Boats 27o
hey are much given to Trade, which is Paces long, very artfully built, fo as it rifes
encourag’d by the Sea and their Rivers. with the Tide, and is pav'd like a Street.
Their principal Commodities are Cloth, The City is defended by an old Castle on
Sails for Ships, Iron, Wool, Timber, Corn, the River, that on the adjacent Hill of
Cyder, Cattle, Salt, Coals, Madder, Woad, St. Katharine being now demoliſhed. It has
and Mafts for Ships. The country abounds good Walls, large Ditches, Bulwarks, and
Ramparts, 16 Gates, 6 fair Suburbs, 13
with fortified Towns, is very populous, and
brings their King more Revenue than any Market-Places, 136 Fountains, and 35 Pa
other Province but Languedoc. It contains riſh Churches. The Cathedral, dedicated
1oo · Towns, 15 o large Boroughs, 12e to the Virgin, is a vaft Stru&ture : The
. Woods and Forreſts. They have many No Quire of it is lin'd with Copper: The
blemen and Gentlemen ; but the People are whole is of excellent Workmanſhip with
much opprefſed by Taxes on their Perfonal out and within. It has 3 lofty Towers,
Eſtates, it being_ufual for a Peafant to pay one of ’em call'd the Butter Tºwer, becauſe
the K. I o or 12 Crowns per Ann. for his own built with Money that the Archbiſhop
Head, and proportionably for thofe of his George d'Amboyfe levied from the People for
Family. They have 1 Archbiſhop, 6 Suf Leave to eat Butter in Lent. In this Tower
fragans, 1 Univerſity, and I Parliament, there's the greateſt Bell in France, called by
Normandy is uſually divided into Upper the Name of that Biſhop : ”Tis 13 Foot
and Lower, and thefe are again fubdivided high, 32 broad, i 1 in diameter, and weighs
into the 7 Diocefes of Roan, Evreux, Lifeux, 4.oooo Pound. The Tower call'd the Py
Seez, Bayeux, Coutances, and Avranches. In ramid is very artfully built of Wood, and
the 1ſt are the Countries of Roamois, the the Spire cover'd with gilt Lead, has 2oo
Norman Vexin, Bray and Caux. Steps, and in the whole there are above 6oo.
On the Top of the Church, there's a very
The R U M O I S contains, fine Statue of St. George ; and in the Cha
pel of Amboyf, there's a noble Monument
1. Roan, or Rouen, Lat. Rotomagus, or Ro for the Cardinal of that Name, befides fe
thamagus, fo called, as they fay, from Roth, veral others. Near the Quire there's the
an Idol formerly worſhip'd there, but de Pisture of a Dragon, which, from a neigh
bouring
F R A N C E. Io59
bouring Wood, destroy'd many of the Peo There are many other Palaces, befides state
ple; but was conquer’d, as they pretend, ly. Houfes belonging to private Citizens.
by one of their. Biihops, meerly by throw There's alſo a Bailiwick, a Generality, and
ing his Robe about its Neck, with which, a Court of Accounts here. Ships of 2oo
he led him to Town like a Dog, where he Tun come up to the great Key, which
was burnt, and his Aſhes thrown into the
makes this one of the greateſt Trading
River. The Biſhop was attended by two Towns in France. Bleau fays, there are și
Prifoners condemn'd to die, who were to Pariſhes belonging to this City ; and that
have their Lives for going with him ; but it would have exceeded Paris, had it not
one of ’em run away; and hence the Arch been 14 times burnt down, or much da
biſhop and Canons have a Privilege once maged by Fire. The Danes burnt it in 842.
per Annum to fet at Liberty a condemn'd. Moſt of it was burnt down again in I i 18 ;
Prifoner on Aſcenſow-Day, Over the great and it fuffer'd much afterwards by Fire in
Gate of the Church, there's a Triumphal I I 2o, 1 126, and i 173, when 13 Pariſhes
Arch in Honour of K. Henry IV. with Em were confum'd, with a great many People.
blems of his Vistory over the Leaguers, 'Twas taken by the Engliſh in 1418, who
who are repreſented in Fetters gnawing burnt Hoax of Arc here. 'Twas retaken by
their Chains, and the King of Spain ſtand Charles VII. of France in 1449; and in 151 r,
ing by with a mournful Look. The Body fo many of the Inhabitants died of thé
of the Church is fupported by 2 i Pillars ; Plague, that the Streets were cover'd with
and among. other magnificent Tombs, Grafs.. 'Twas taken by the Proteſtants du
there's one for John D. of Bedford, who was ring the Civil Wars, but retaken and pilla
Regent of France for Henry VI. of England. ged by Charles IX. in 1562, when Anthony
He is repreſented on Horfeback in Armour. King of Navarre received a mortal Wound
'Tis faid, that when Lewis XI. came to fee before it. Henry IV. took it in 1594 from
this Church, fome would have perfwaded the Leaguers. ’Tis alfonoted for the Death
him to demoliſh that Monument, alledging, of William the Conqueror, for the Birth of the
'twas a Shame that fo great an Enemy to his learned Bochart, Bigot, the two Corneilles the
Crown ſhould have fo fine a Tomb there; famous Poets, and feveral other learned
but he anfwer’d, “ ’Tis well he lies there ; Men. It lies about 68 Miles N. W. from
“for were he alive, he would force us all to Paris, about 25 S. from Diepe, and 35 S. E.
“ run. There are I o Dignitaries, 5o Canons, from Havre-de-Grace, in Long. 2o. Lat. 49#.
8 Petty Canons, and a great Number of 2. Pont de l'Arche, Lat. Pous Arcis, or Ar
Chaplains, belonging to this Church, which esenst, 3 Leagues S. from Rouen, is a ſtrong
is more regular and handfome than the Ca Place, defended by a Caſtle, and has a fair
thedral at Paris. The next Church to it in Stone Bridge over the Seine into an Iſland
Splendor is that of St. Oină or Oventius, form’d by that River, with another Bridge
with a neighbouring Abbey built by King at the further Side of it. 'Twas built in
Clºtharius, in the pleafanteſt Place of the 861, to ftop the Incurſions of the Normanr,
Ci The Church has two Windows op and was the firſt Town that furrender’d to
pefite to one another of curious Archi Henry IV. upon his coming to the Crown
testure, in Form of a Roſe ; one of them in 1589. |

built by the Mafter, and the other by the 3. Elbeuf, a large Town on the seine, a
Servant; which being the beft, his Mafter bove 2 Leagues N. W. from Pont de l’Arche.
kill'd him out of Envy, for which he was 'Tis noted for making of Cloth, and was
hang’d, and both of ’em are buried in the erested into a Dutchy and Peerage by Hen
Quire. The Kings lodge in this Abbey ry III. in 1581, for a Branch of the Houfe
when they come to Rouen: There are many of Lorrain,
other fine Strustures in the City, the chief
cf which is the Royal Palace, where the The N O R M A N V E X I N.
Parliament fits. 'Twas built by Lewis XII.
in . 1499, has noble Courts, magnificent Contains Giſºri on the Apte, Lat. cefortiam,
Apartments, and a large Hall of excellent or Cæfarotium. ’Tis the chief Town of this,
Archite&ure, called the Gilded Chamber. Diſtrict, which was given to William Duke
T t t tt t af
I o 6o F R A AV C E.
of Normandy by Lewis IV. in 49ɔ ; but re 1694 ; but La Förref! fays, 'tis fince better
united to the Crown by Lewis VII. in r r 58, rebuilt than before.
and 3 Years after given with his Daughter 2. Eu, a Town on the Frontiers of Pi
to Henry II. of England. ’Tis noted for an cardy on the River Brefle, where it falls into .
Interview betwixt Philip Augufu and that the Sea, about 2o Miles N. E. from Diepe.
fame Henry in i 188, when they went on a 'Twas made a County and Peerage in 14; 8.
Croifado to the Holy Land ; and likewife for by Charles VII. in Favour of Charles of Ær
a Vi&tory in I 198 by Richard I. of England tois. It has fince belongd to feveral other
over Philip of France in the Neighbourhood, Families, and was left by Mademoifelle de
who efcap’d thither. It has a large Jurif Montpenfer to the D. de Main in 1693. ”Tis
distion, had formerly the Title of a Coun noted for Philip, one of its Counts, that
ty, and belong'd to the Family of Nemours. was Conſtable of France, and in 1396 went
with 2ooo_French Gentlemen to affift sigij:
B R A T; mund K. of Hungary againſt the Turks, who
having defeated the Chriſtians, 6oo of the
Is a finall Diſtri&t, which has no Place of French were taken and cut to Pieces; and
Note but Gourney, a large open Town on the Count and his Brother, with 14 more,
the Epte. It lies betwixt Giſors and Roan, were forc'd to pay a Ranfom of aooooo :
Ducats for their Lives. |

3. Caudebec, on the Seine, about 2o Miles


The Country ºf C A U X, N. W from Rouen, noted for making thofe
Lies N. from Rouen, and was the Seat of Hats which bear its Name, and for fome.
other Manufa&ures.
ehe ancient Caletes. Hn this Country, the
eldest Sons both of the Gentry and Com 4. Listebønne, Lat. Juliobona, fuppofed to
mons inherit almoſt the Whole of their Fa be the Capital of the ancient caletes, thô
ther's Estates, and allow but fmall Portions Kalefas thinks otherwife. It gives the Ti
to the reft of the Children, according to tle of Prince to a Branch of the Houfe of
the Cuſtom of the Normans, by which they Lºrrain. It lies 3 Leagues below Caudebes.
obliged the youngeft Sons to take them 5. Tvetot, a fmall Town, with a Territo
felves to Arms. It contains, ry, that formerly had the Title of a King
1. Diepe, Lat. Julia Caletorum, and Dieppa, dom, which was given it by Clothariu I. in
a well fortified Town on the Coaft, 25 M. 534, to expiate his Crime for murthering
N from Rouen, at the Mouth of the Aers, the Lord of it on a Holy Friday in the
with one of the beft Harbours in thofe Church of Soifons. It bears ftill the Title
Parts, capable of Ships of 5oo Tun, but of of a Principality, and is poífeffed by the
difficult Acceſs. ’Tis fortified with Bul Family of Belley. Their Sovereignty and
warks towards the Sea, a Fortrefs at the Independency is afferted in the Records of
Suburb of Pollet, and a Caſtle; which, with Normandy, and appears by feveral Patents as
the rocky Mountains that lie on the S. low as 1464. Henry IV. at the Coronation
make it a Place of good Strength. It has of his Queen, obferving that the Mafter of
frequently been a Theatre of War betwixt the Ceremonies had affign’d no Place to the
the Engliſh and French, was chofen by Hen Lord of Bellay, check'd him, and faid, He
ry IV. for his Head Quarter againſt the would have an honourable Place given to.
League, is pretty large, and well built, in his little K. of Tvetot. It lies 5 Miles N.
from Caxdebec.
habited by a great Number of Seamen, who 6. Harfleur, a fmall Sea-Port at the Mouth
are reckon'd expert Mariners; by Mecha
nicks, who make curious Works in Ivory; ofthe Seine, about a League W. from Havre
and by Merchants, who drive a confiderable de-Grace, and 5 W. from Caudebee. ’Twas.
Trade, eſpecially in the Newfoundland Fiſhery. förmerly confiderable for its Traffick, till
’Tis remarkable for the Defeat of the D de Francus I. enlarged and fortified Havre-de
Maienne, General of the League, by Hen Grace, which is a more convenient Harbour.
zy IV in 1589. Moſt of the Inhabitants. It belong'd to the Counts of Galderland,
were Proteſtants beföre the late Perfecu who exchanged it for other Lands with-Phi
sion. The Engliſh and Dutch bomb’d it in lip the Bold in 1281.
7. Havrea
R -

F R A AV C E. I o6 1
7. Havre-de-Grace, Lat. Gratie Portu, a good, becauſe of Sand-Banks which lie a
ftrong Town at the Mouth of the Seine, on League out ar Sea.
the N. Side of that River, 35 Miles N. W.
from Roaen. 'Tis a pretty Town, and has The Dioceſe of E V R E U X,
a good Trade to Newfoundland and other
Places. 'Tis pleafant and well built, was Lies betwixt the River seine and Caranton,
fortified by Francis I. and Henry II. againſt the Rºumois, and the Biſhopricks of see, and
the Incurſions of the Engliſh. In 1562, 'twas Chartref, is about 17 Leagues from s to N.
feiz’d by the Proteſtants, and deliver’d to and 16 from E. to W. and was the Seat of
Qụ. Elizabeth, in Confideration of the Af the ancient Aulerci Eburovices. It contains,
fifance fhe gave them. The French beſieg'd 1. Evreux, the Capital, Lat. Mediolanum
it the Year after, and 'twas bravely defended áulercorum, on the River Itow, in a fruitful
by the Earl of Warwick ; but he was forced Plain. This Coufitry was formerly au Ap
to furrender it, becauſe of the Plague in Pannage of the Sons of Normandy, and af.
the Town, which deſtroyed 3 ooo of his terwards of the Sons of France, under the
Men. Lewis XIII. built a Citadel here, with Title of a County. 'Twas made a Dutchy
4 Royal Baftions. 'Twas bombarded, and by Charles IX. and Lewis XIV. gave it to
moſt of it deſtroy'd, by the Engliſh in the D. of Bouillon, in Exchange for Bouillon,
1694. in 1652. It lies about 25 Miles S. from
: Fefkamp, a famous Abbey near the Sea, Rºsén, is a Biſhop's See, has a Bailiwick, and ~
about 4 Leagues, N. from Havre-de-Grace. a Preſidial Court. Cardinal du Perroń, an
'Tis noted for the Sepulchre and Monu Apostate Protestant, who diſputed with
ments of the Dukes of Normandy. Duke M du Pleſis, as before-mentioned, was Bi.
ſhºp of this Place. It has a great many
Richard II. left Money to fill a Stone Cof
fin there with Corn, which he order’d to Churches and Monaſteries, with other good
be diſtributed to the Poor every Friday, Štructures, The Cathedral is a stately Edi
with 2o d. in Silver. fics, adorn'd with 12 large Towers." The
9. Longueville, a Town on the Sie, 8 Biſhop is Suffragan of Rouen. Their moſt
Leagues N. of Rouen, erected into a Dutchy remarkable Monasteries are, St. Thurin and
and Peerage by Louis XII. in 15o5. Since Si Saviour; the latter a Royal Nunnery, in
which, it has been poffeffed by feveral Fa which there's a Tabernacle much admir’d.
milies : The laft was Charles Paris Count of The Family of d'Evreux, formerly Earls of
St. Paul, who was kill'd at the paffing of Eſſex, defcended from the ancient Lords of
the Rhine in 1672. His Succeſſion is not this Place. The River Iton finks into the
yet fettled. Earth withiu 3 Leagues of this City, runs
1o. Aumale, Lat. Albamala, by the Engliſh 3 Miles under Ground, and breaks out a
called Albermarle, lies on the River Breffe, gain, fays Bleau, with a great Noiſe. It
about 2 o Miles S. from Abbeville on the h:sformerly good Walls, and a strong
Frontiers of Picardy, and above 6 Leagues Castle. -

E. from Diepe. It had formerly Lords of 2. Beaumont le Rºger, Lat. Bellus Mons Ro,
its own, defcended from the Counts of geri, on the River Rile, above 11 Miles
Champagne ; but afterwards belong'd to the N. W. from Evreux. It has the Title of a
Family of Harcourt, and then came by Mar County, and was built by Roger, one of its
riage to the Houſe of Lorrain. Henry II. Lords, in the 12th Century. Charles V.
made it a Dutchy and Peerage in 1547, in united it to the Crown. , ’Tis strongly for
Favour of Claud of Lorrain. ’Tis noted for tified, and the Rille hides it felf under
Woollen Cloth, and an ancient Abbey of Ground near it, and breaks our again at
Benedistiner. Groll. -

i 1. Fºrges, i 1 Miles S. W. from Aumale, 3. Breteuil, on the ſton, about 14 Miles


noted for irs Medicinal Waters, which are N. W. from Evreux. 'Twas given by Hen
very wholefome. ry II., of England and D. of Normandy to Rº
i 2. st. Vallery, a Sea-Port, about 35 M. hert de Montfort, afterwards purchas'd by phi
N. E. from Diepe, had its Name from an lip Augustus of France, came to the K. of Nas
ancient Abbot. The Harbour is not very varre by way of Inheritance, was by him
Tttttt 2 G3**
I o 62 F R A N c F.
exchanged with Charles VI. in 1419, and ro Leagues where broadest. It contains,
made a Dutchy and Peerage by Lewis XII. 1. Seez, its Capital, 25 Miles S. from Li
4. Vernon, a fmall Town on the Seine, a Jeux. The Biſhop is Suffragan of Rºuen.
bout 8 Miles E. from Evreux. It had for The Latins call it Sagium, and Urbs salunto
merly Lòrds of its own, was united to the rum. 'Twas formerly the Capital of the
Crown by Philip Augufius, and has fince Sefavii.
been the Dowry of feveral Queens. 2. Alenfºn, Lat Alencºnium, about 6 Miles
5. Conches, a fmall Town on a River that S. W. from Seez, on the River sarte, and
falls into the Iton, noted for its Abbey de has a Bridge_over it. ’Tis a fine Town,
dicated to St. Peter and St. Paul. It lles a the Seat of a Bailiwick, and of a Court of
bout 5 Leagues S. W. from Evreux. Finances. It had formerly Lords of its
6, Verneuil, on the River Aure, 3 Leagues own, till purchafed by Philip Augustu in
S.E. from Breteuil, Lat. Vermolium. ’Twas *299., It has ſince been an Appannage for
taken from the Engliſh in 1424, but retaken feveral Sons of France, many of whom are
that fame Year, when the French were de buried here in the Church of Notre-Dame.
feated before it. Charles VII. recover'd it 'Tis a Dutchy and Peerage. The laſt Duke
again by the Treachery of a Miller, who was Francis, Brother to the French K. He
let the French into the Town in 1449. was chofen, Governor of the Netherlands,
Hn this Country lies alfo Harcourt, for and propos'd Marriage to Qu. Elizabeth. It
merly a confiderable Borough, which gave luas fince been united to the Crown, and
Title of Count to that Noble Family, whoſe fuffer'd much during the War betwixt the
Heirefs married the Marq. of Elbeuf, a Proteſtants and Papifts. The Marefchal de
Branch of the Family of Lorrain, in 1574. Matignon hinder’d the Mafſacre of the Pro
teſtants, here on , St. Bartholomew's-Day in
The Biſhopriek ºf L I S I E U X, 1572, "Tis noted for a fort of fine Stónes,
call'd the Diamonds of Alençon.
Lat. Noviomagus Lexºviorum, or Lexovium, 3. Argentan, Lat. Are Genue Argentomum,.
the Capital of the ancient Lexovii mention’d or Argenromagum, on the River örne, is á
by Cafar. The Diocefe lies betwixt the very neat Town, has a confiderable Trade.
Sea and the Biſhopricks of Evreux, Seez, and and lies about s Leagues S.W.from setz. ”
Bayeux, is about 17 Leagues from N. to S. 4- Falaiſe, Lat. Falsts, on the River Aute,
and 16 from E. to W. and reckon'd one of about 5 Leagues N. W. from Argentan. It
the fruitfuleft Parts of Normandy, becaufe has a Castle built on a Rock, and is noted
of the many Rivers that water ir. Their for the Birth of William the Conquerer. It
Biſhop has the Title of Count. The Ca has a Tower fuppoſed to have been built b
thedral is dedicated to St. Peter, and the Julius Gefar. The Dukes of Normandy chof“.
Town is noted for its Fountains and Earthen it for their Refidence. "Twas the laff which
Ware. fubmitted to the Engliſh, and the laft but
2. Honfeur, a fmall Town on the Seine, one reduc'd by Charles VII. of France. ”Tis
over againſt Harsteur, about 3 o Miles N. W. noted for its Fair held in the Suburb of Gui
from Roan. -
bray in Auguſt every Year fince the Time of:
3. Pent l’Eveque, a fmall Town on the Willian the Cºnqueror. Tis, encompaſſed
withis large
River Lefon, above 2 Miles N. from Lizieux, and Moats,
naturally verytwo Ponds and Rocks.y
strong.
noted for its excellent Cheefe.
4. Ponteau de Mer, Lat. Pons Audemari, a A League W. from this Town lies the
kout 4 Leagues E. from Pont l’Eveque. 'Tis Mountain of Airsneer, where Hawks, Fat
noted for its Saufages, was taken by the çons, and other Birds of Prey, are cáught.
Leaguers in 1592, but recover'd foon after In 1579, feveral Medals of Brafs, with #e.
by Henry IV. lius Ceſar's Head, were found by Peafants.
as they dug the Ground about this Moun
The Biſhoprick ºf S E E Z, tain... In the Village of Arwes, belonging to
this Town, there's a Lake fed by fubterra
Ljes betwixt Evreux, Lifeux, and Bayeux, neous Ghannels, which fometimés dries up,
is about 25 Leagues from S., E. to N.W. and and is fuddenly fill'd again. 3
|- v The
F R A AV C E. ro63
The Lower Town is furrounded with Wa
The Biſhopriek ºf B A Y E U X, ter, which makes it very strong.
3. Vire, on a River of the fame Name,
The Seat of the ancient Biscaffes, Bids about 1 z Miles S. W.from caen, noted for
caſes, or Viduraſſet. It contains, 1. Bayeux, making of Cloth. ItsJurifdistion is large,
Lat. Baioce, or Juliobona Biducafum. It lies but depends on Caen. 'Twas one of the
on the Aure, that lofes it felf in a fort of
laft Towns that adher'd to the Engliſh,
Abyſs a League S. of the Town, which is and did not furrender till they obtain’d
5 Miles S. of the Shore, and 15 N. W. from Charles VII's Pardon. -

Caen. ’Tis the Seat of a Biſhop and Baili 4: Torigny, Lat. Tauriniseum, 6 Leagues.
wick. It fuffer'd much by the Normans in N. from Wire, formerly a conſidérable Town,.
the 9th and Ioth Centuries. 'Twas taken and has ſtill the Title of a County and a Bai
by the Proteſtants in 1562. The Cathedral liwick, but fubjećł to Caen. |

is a beautiful Stru&ture, and has 5 o Canons,


of whom 17 are Dignitaries. Their Biſhop The Biſhºpriek ºf*C O U T A N C E, ºr .
is firſt Suffragan of Rouen. C O N S T A N C E,
2. Caen, upon the River Orne, Lat. Cado
mum, or Cadomus, the Capital of Lower Nor Lies between the Sea and the Biſhopricks
mandy, lies about 7 Miles S. from the Sea, of Bayeux and Avranches, and is fuppoſed:
25 N. W. from Lifeux, and about 15 N. E. to be the Seat of the Unelli or Venelli, about
from Bayeux. ’Tis the Seat of a Bailiwick, 2o Leagues from N. to S. and i 2 from E. to:
a Prefidial Generality, Elestion, and Court W. It contains, 1. Coutance, or Confiance,.
of Finances. It has a famous Univerſity, Lat. Cefira Confiantia, and by fome thought
confiſting of three Colleges, founded by to be the Brioveris or the Auguſta Romandno
Charles VII. in 1452. The famous Bochart, rum of the Ancients. Some think it de
who was Minifter here, rejests the Etymo riv'd its Name from Confiantius chlorus, who
logy of Caii Domus, as if it had been the encamp'd here when he went over to Bri
Seat of the Emperor Caius ; and fays, 'tis a tain. ’Tis pleafantly fituated among Mea
saxon Word, with a Latin Inflection, figni dows and Brooks, lies about 26 Miles S. W.
fying a pleafant Habitation. William the from Bayeux, is a large and populous Town,
cºnqueror, and Maud of Flanders his Wife, but was difmantled by Louis XI. in 1465,
are interr’d in the two Abbies of St. Bennet becaufe it took Part with his Brother a
here, which they founded. ’Tis a Place gainſt him. 'Twas taken by the Protestants.
of confiderable Trade, and large Boats come in 1562. The Biſhop is Suffragan of Rouen,
up to it from the Sea. It has a Fair of They have a Bailiwick, Prefidial Vifcounty,
3 Days at Easter, granted them by William Elećtion, and Eccleſiaſtical Court The
the conqueror. The Town-Houfe is a noble Remains of feveral Aquædu&ts, and other
Strusture, with 4 Towers, and a Clock, Roman Works, are ftill to be feen here. Ic
which ſhows the Increafe and Decreafe of has many good Strustures, and among o
the Moon. At the upper End there’s a thers, the Cathedral, the Churches of S. Pè.
strong Castle, built on a Rock, with a great ter and S. Nitholar, divers Monasteries, and
fquare Tower in the Middle, and one at a College of Canons.
each Corner, with a Platform and large 2. St. Lo, a pretty Town, of good Trade,
Ditches. This Town became confiderable on the River Vire, and well fortified. It
while poffefs'd by the Engliſh, who allow'd belongs to the Family of Matignon, has a.
it t Privileges. 'Twas taken by the Pro Bailiwick, Ele&tion, and Vifcounty, an Ab... .
teſtants in 1562, but reſtor’d to Charles IX.
bey, and a Church founded by Gharlemagne.
upon his granting them Liberty of Con 3. Carentan, on the River oure, 17 Miles.
fcience. After which he order’d the Garri N. from Coutances, has the Title of a Vif
fon of the Caſtle to attack the Town ; but county, is a Place of good Trade, and large.
they quickly reduc'd it by the Help of the Barks come up to it from the Sea. ’Tis ſi--
famous Admiral Caligny. ’Tis divided into tuated among Marſhes, has a Castle, and
the Upper and Lower Towns by the River might eaſily be made impregnable. The
Arne, over which there are two Bridges, Proteſtants took it in 1574, under the Counc
444?**
Io64 F R A N C E.
de Montgommery ; but the Count de Matignon S. to N. It contains, 1. Avranches, Lat.
retook it foon after. It- has a Bailiwick Ingena Abrintatuorum, Abrince, Legedia, and
and an Ele&tion. Arborica. ’Tis the Seat of a Biſhoprick,
4. Cherbourg, on the Ocean, 2o Miles Suffragan of Rouen, and has the Title of a
N. W. from Carentan, Lat. Caeſaris Burgus, Viſcounty, with a Bailiwick and Ele&tion.
becaufe built by Cafar, according to Tra It had formerly Lords of its own, but is
dition. ’Twas formerly well fortified, but now united to the Crown. The Biſhop's
diimantled in the clofe of the 16th Centu Palace is one of the fineſt and ſtrongeft in
ry, during the Wars with the Proteſtants, Normandy. Befides che Cathedral of St. An
left the Engliſh ſhould have feiz'd it. 'Twas drew, it has feveral Pariſh Churches and
the laft which revolted from them in Nor Monafteries, and is well fortified with a
mandy. The French have again fortified it of ftrong Castle and Bulwarks. ’Tis noted for
late. 'Twas formerly noted for making a Council held by the Legates of Pope
Glafs, as good as that of Venice; but that Alexander III. to take Information concern
Manufa&ture is fince remºved. ing the Murther of Thomas à Becket, Arch
5. Granville, Lat. Grandis Villa, or Magna biſhop of Canterbuy, of which Henry II. of
Villa, about 17 Miles S. from Coutances. England was obliged to clear himſelf by
’Tis built part on a Rock, and part on the Oath.
Coaft, where it has a good Harbour. - 2. Mont St. Michael, Lat. Mons Sanffi Micha
6. La Hogue, a fmall Town on the Coaſt, elis, in Periculo Maris, a large Town, de
, about 1 o Miles N. from Carentan, and 15 fended by a ftrong Caſtle, at the Foot of a
S. E. from Cherbourg, , memorable for the Rock, upon which a Hermit formerly
great Vistory obtained near it over the liv'd, and afterwards a Benedistin Abbey was
French Fleet, by Admiral Ruffel in 1692, where built. ’Tis ſeparated from the Continent
29 of the beſt French Men of War, among by a Sand 2 Leagues in Length, which is
which was their Admiral, call'd the Royal cover’d by the Sea at high Water, but paf
s un, running afhore after, the Battle, were fable on Foot when the Tide is out. The
burnt and funk by Sir Ralph Delaval, thô Legendaries fay, 'twas built and dedicated
the French had taken out their Guns, and to St. Michael the Archangel, upon his ap
planted them on Platforms to keep off the pearing to the Biſhop of Avranches in 7o8,
; Engliſh, who attack’d them with their Boats. and defiring it. The Dukes of Normandy
This was perform’d in the View of the late endow'd it with large Revenues, and Ri
King James, who was there with an Army chard I. of England beautify'd and repair'd
ready to have embark'd for England, while it. It lies about 3 Leagues from Avranches,
z Colonel Parker, with other Aflaffins, were is noted for a Medicinal Fountain, and the
to have murther’d Queen. Mary, K. Widiam Pilgrimages of fuperfitious People, who go
being then in Flanders. thither for Shells, &c. Great Quantities of
7. Barfleur, about 12 Miles N. from La Salt are extracted from the neighbouring
Hogue. 'Twas at one of thofe two Places Sands, impregnated by the Sea-Waters.
where the Kings of England us’d to land There's another Rock over againſt it, which
when Mafiers of Normandy. "'Tis a fmall had alſo a Caſtle, now demoliſh’d, and both
Town, and made memorable as well as La of ’em are call’d Tumbæ in Latin.
Hogue for the Defeat of the French Fleet near 3. Mortain, Lat. Moritanium, or Moritolium,
it in 1692. The French Geographers reckon about 17 Miles E. from Avranches, has a
Jerſey and Guernſey Part of the Diocefe of Bailiwick, and the Title of a County. It
Coutances ; but fince they are ſtill poffeß’d had formerly Lords of its own, and was the
by the Engliſh, we refer them to the De Inheritance of Stephen King of England, to
fcription of England. - whom 'twas given by his Uncle Henry I. but
- is now united to the Crown, and has been
The Biſhºprick ºf A V R A N C H E s, feveral times poffeffed by Princes of the
French Blood, with the Title of a County
-- Lies S. of Coutances, was the Seat of the and Peerage. "Twas anciently very strong,
· Ambiliates or Abrincatui of Pliny. , ’Tis a and is noted for a particular Privilege, which
bout 14 Leagues from E. to W. and 8 from is, That at publick Proceſſions, the Serjeant
of
F R A N C E. I o65
of the County, instead of a Banner, carries cording to their Succeſs. Charles the Great
a drawn Sword, with the Arms of the made War upon them; but they recover'd
Prince who is Lord of it on the Point. their Liberty under Charles the Bald, by the
Valour of Neomenius, defcended from their
ancient Kings, who was made their Gover
The Government of Brittany. nor by Charlemagne. La Forrest fays, he pro
claim'd himſelf King ab ut 834, and his
Mº L L makes this Country about 18o Son Heruſpeus maintain’d his Digniry ; but
Miles from S. E. to N. W. and about his. Kinfinan and Succeſſor Solomon having
76 where broadeft. La Forreſt makes it 32 kill'd him, and dying in 878, Brittany was.
Leagues from S. to N. and about 6o from divided into feveral Faćtions and Sovereign
E. to W. Bleau makes it about 6o Leagues ties, till 935, that Adan, firnam’d Strong
long, and about 33 where broadeft. ’Tis Beard, feiz'd the whole, and took the Title
bounded on all Sides by the Sea, except on of Count, which his Succeſfors enjoy’d till
the E. where it has Anjou and Main, and about 12o6, that Philip Augustu oblig'd Guy
Part of Normandy and a ſmall Part of Poitou of Thouars to quit the Government, and
on the S. E. "Tis one of the largeſt Pro gave it, with the Title of Duke, to Peter of
vinces of France. 'Twas anciently called Dreux, Son-in-Law to Guy, and Grandfon to
Armerica, becauſe of its Situation on the Robert the Great, 5th Son to Louis VI. of
Sea, and under that Name included a great France, who having married the Heirefs,
Part of Normandy. We refer for the an own'd Lewis IX. of France for his Liege
cient Inhabitants to the Divifions of An Lord, and was for that Reafon called Mau
cient Gaul, formerly mentioned. They clerc; i. e. an Ignorant Clerk, by the Bri
were by Cefar called Civitates Armorice tains, who hared him for betraying their
when he fubdued them. The prefent Name Liberty. Philip the Fair of France made
came from the Inhabitants of Great Britain, 7ohn II. Grandfon to this Peter, Duke and
who fettled there under Maximus, according Peer of France. John III. firnam'd the Good,
to fome, or that fled thither from the Fury ſucceeded, and dying in 1341, a bloody
of the Saxons, according to others. Bede, War happen’d betwixt John IV. of Monfore
Lib. 1. Cap i alledges, the firſt Britains and Charles of Blois, who both claim’d che
who poffeſs'd themfelves of the S. Part of Dutchy. The former was fupported by
Great Britain, came from hence, which we Edward III., of England, and the latter by
fubmit to the Reader’s Judgment : But Philip de Valois of France. This War lafted
however that was, the People who went about 15 Years, till John, Son to John of
from hence on the Occafion above-men Monfort, defeated and kill’d his Competiror
tioned became very powerful, and were go Charles at the Battle of Arry in 1364, for
vern d by Counts, who afterwards affum’d which he obtain’d the Title of Warlike and
the Title of Kings; one of whom, called Conqueror. He was fucceeded by 6 others,
Risthim u join’d with the Romans againſt the the laft of whom was Francis II. who leaving
Goths, by whom he was defeated. Bleaa is but one Child call’d Anne, ſhe was firft mar
of the fame Opinion with Bede, and fays, ried to Charles VIII, of France, and then to
That when Maximus, who proclaim’d him Lewis XII. by whom ſhe had a Daughter
felf Emperor of Great Britain, divided Gaul nam’d Claudia, who was married to Francis I.
among fuch as were faithful to him, he gave of France, whoſe Son Henry II. was the first
Little Brittany to Conantis, one of his Tri K. of France that had the Dutchy by Suc
bunes, who took the Title of King, and ceffion, and united it to the Crown.
his Succeſfors enjoy’d it independantly, till
they were fubdued by Dagobert I. in 635,
according to fome, or by Chilperic I. in 57o, The Deſcription of the Country.
according to others, who made them. Tri
butaries, and to reaffume the Title of H E chief Rivers of Brittany are, the
Counts. There are others who afcribe this Loire, the Villaine, the Oufte, Blaver,
to clovis the Great; after whofe Time they Aufen, Trieix, and La Rance, which contribute
took the Title of Kings or Counts, ac much to its Fertility in Corn and F: E
Io66 F R A N C E. "
The Country in general abounds not only Controverſies, in Publick Houſes. They
with all Neceffaries, but with Rarities not are retkon'd devout in their Way, and tó,
to be found elſewhere. The Land towards have a natural Averfion to the Normans.
the Sea is very well manur'd. It abounds Their Language is that of the ancient
with Meadows, Woods and Forreſts, Milk, Britains, and has a great Affinity with the
Butter, Corn, Fruit, Seeds, Cyder, Perry, Welſh ; but according to Bleau, is fweeter
and Malt Drink. They have no Wine, nor and more elegant.
do they value it much. Their Rivers and Their Situation on the Sea makes them
Seas abound with Fiſh; the chief of which apply themfelves to Foreign Trade; and be
are Dolphins, Sturgeon, Tunnies, Sea-Calfs, fides the Commodities above-mentioned,
one they call La Prifes, which they reckon they deal in Linen, Sail-Cloth made of
fit for the King's Table. They have Sal Wool and Hemp, and build many Ships.
mon, Herring, Pilchards, and a Fiſh called They are expert Mariners, and good Sol
Rouget, or a fort of a Barbel, not found diers by Sea and Land. They fell great
elſewhere. They have alfö one peculiar to Quantities of Cattle, Corn, Fiſh, and But
themfelves, which fome call Imperador, or ter; which, if we believe La Forrest, is the
Emperor, and others Gracious Lord. There's beft in Europe. They have a Fórreſt of
one call'd Crabans, which looks like a Sea Black Wood in Hunaudaye. The Aquæducts.
Duck, and feems to be ofan amphibious Na of Dol, the ancient Vaults betwixt Rieux
ture, betwixt Fifh and Fleſh. Bleaa fays, and Redon, and the fubterranean Torrent in
they breed in the Planks of Ships, from the Forreſt of St. Aubin of Cormier, are much
which they grow out like a Cruft, with admir’d by Travellers.
their Beak toward the Water, much in the The Country is divided into Upper and
fame Manner as Authors give an Account Lower: The Upper, into the Biihopricks
of the Scots Barnacles. They have likewife of Rennet, Nantes, St. Malo, Dol, and St. Brica.
abundances of Salt-Mines, with thofe of The Lower, into thofe of Vannes, Quimper
Iron and Lead. In the Mountains of Salles, corentin, St. Pol, de Leon, and Treguier. ' In
there are Streams whoſe Water fmells like Upper Brittany, they ſpeak the Low Britain.
Antimony, and the Sand feems to be mix'd ln the Dioceſes of Cornouaille, St. Pol, and
with Gold. In the fame Hills, there are
Tregaier, they fpeak the true Britain. Thofe
found Pieces of Sulphur, Antimony, and of Dol, Rennes, and St. Malo, fpeak French ;
Red Stones, with Copper and Tin. All and thofe of Nantes, Vannes, and St. Brita,
thofe Stones are tough and bituminous, and ſpeak a mix'd Language, and fometimes
fmell like Sulphur. In fome of thofe Hills both.
there's Plenty of Talc, and Alumen Pluma
tum, which fhines like a Looking-glafs in
the Sun. Blau fays, 'tis thought to be the UI P P E R B R I T T A N y.
Incombuſtible Stone of the Ancients. They
have alſo Jafpers, which are heavy, and of The Dioceſe ºf R E N N E S cºntains,
a blackiſh Green, many Marcafīts, and a
bundance of pure and clear Chryſtal in the 1. Renner, Lat. Redome, Rhedones, and Cºn
Mines of Vulgoet and elfewhere. Amber is date Rhedonum. 'Twas the Metropolis of
found in Belle Iste; and in the Lake of Guif Armoricº, and conquer’d by Cefar. The
pel, in the Territory of Rennes, there are Dukes of Brittany made it their Capital. It
abundance of Chelonites, a fort of Precious lies on the River Vilaine and Lille, about 4o
Stone refembling Tórtoife-fhell, which Miles S. W. from Avranches, and 35 S. E.
fome call Toad-ftones. They are good a from St. Malo. in Long. 17. 32. Lat. 48. 9.
gainſt Poifon. . . . 'Tis the Seat of a Biſhop and Parliament,
The Britains who live near the Sea are and has a Palace of modern Structure, with
reckon'd rough in their Converfation; but a Clock, whofe Bell is reckon'd one of the
thofe of the Inland Country more polite, largeſt in France. The Cathedral is dedica
and in general fociable enough, but fubtle ted to St. Peter. They have feveral other
and crafty. They love Gain, make moſt of Pariſh-Churches and Monaſteries. It Iies in
their Bargains, and determine most of their a pleafant and fruitful Country, encompaffed
witla
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F R A N C. E, 1967
with Meadows and Forreſts. Bleau fays, Lewis XIV. but the latter ungratefully re
'tis as ſtrong by Situation as moſt Towns peal'd it in Ostřober, 1685. contrary to all his
in france, had ſtrong Walls, Bulwarks, deep Oaths and Promifes, and to the Obligations :
Ditches, and was defended by strong Tow: he ow'd the Proteſtants, who fet the Crown ,
ers; but later Geographers fy nothing of on the Heads of his Predeceſſors, and kept
its Strength. * * -
it on his own. "Tis the Seat of a Biſhop,
ºf

2. Fougeres, on the River Cefnon, 9 Leagues who is by his Place a Counfellor of the ,
N.E. from Rennes, noted for its Traffick in Parliament of Rennet. It has alſo a Prefi--
Glafs over all the Kingdom. It gave Name dial, a Generality, a Chamber of Accounts,
to a confiderable Family, one of whom and of Money. The Univerſity was ere&ed
fortified it, and built a Caſtle there. by - ::
Pius II. with large Privileges, and
3. Pitry, on the Vilaine, about 7 Leagues: feveral Roman Monuments, with Infcriptions
N.E. from Rennes, with the Title of a Ba upon Stone, has a ſtrong Caſtle, with large
rony. ’Tis noted for the Defeat of the round Towers, built by the laft Dukes of
D. of Brittany and his Confederates near it Brittany, and is otherwife well fortified.
in 1488 by K. Charles VIII.'s General. The The Tide, which flows two Leagues above
French Proteſtants had a confiderable Church this Town, brings confiderable Vefſels up
here before the Perfecution. It belongs to to its Harbour. It has 4 Suburbs. The
the Family of Tremouille, and is one of the Cathedral, dedicated to St. Peter, is adorn’d
9 Baronies which have a Vote in the Meet with two high Towers, and fome Mo
ing of the States. numents of the ancient Dukes of Brit
tany. They have alſo a Collegiate Church,
The Dioceſe of N A N T E S, feveral Pariſh-Churches, and divers Mona
fteries. . The other remarkable Buildings
Lies between Pºitou and Anjou, is about are, the Town-Houfe, of modern Archi
2o Leagues from S. to N. and 24 from E. te&ture, the Palace for the Chamber of Ac
to W. It contains, 1. Nantes, Lat. Nannete, counts, that for the Preſidial, with a beau
Cºndivincum, and Civitas Namnetum. It lies tiful Tower and Clock, and a ftately Hof
upon the Ardre and Loire, about go Miles S. pital. It gave Title of Count to the eldeft
from Rennes. It has a very fine Bridge over Son of Brittany, and is ſtill a fort of inde
the Loire, and a large Suburb at the End of pendant Government on the reſt of the
it, is the moſt confiderable Town of the Dutchy.
Province for Tráde, and one of the richeft 2. Antenis, Lat. Ancenifum or Angenifum,
in the Kingdom. They pretend 'twas built the Capital of the ancient Amniter. It lies
by Namnes, the 2 1 ft King of the Gauls, 128o on the Loire, about 6 i Leagues N. E. from
Years before Chrift, and was the Capital of Nantes. It had formerly a ſtrong Caſtle,
the Namnetes. It had formerly the Title of now demoliſh’d. The Town is of little
a County. Lambert, one of its Counts, Note, except for its Situation.
from whom 'twas taken by Charles the Bald, 3. Cliffon, on the Frontiers of Poitos,
stir'd up the Britains to a Revolt, took the which gave Name to the famous Conſtable
Town, and kill'd his Competitor; but be du Cliffon, who did fuch Service to the State
ing forc'd out again becaufe of his Tyran in the Reigns of Charles V, and VI. and
ny, he leagu’d with the Normans, took the kill'd 4.oooo Flemmings in one Battle, Anno
Town by Scalade, kill'd the Biſhop at Mafs 1382. It lies about $ $ Leagues S. E from
in 844, carried off all the People able to Nantes, and is well fortified with a ſtrong
bear Arms, and kill'd the reft. 'Twas ta Castle of difficult Acceſs. |

ken by the Engliſh in 1342, but retaken Not far from this Town lies the Forreſt
fcon after. ’Tis famous for the Edi&t made ef Gralla, where Guillery, a famous High
by Henry IV. in 1598, for allowing the Pro way-man, built a Strong-hold, and, with
teſtants the Liberty of their Religion, and his Companions, held out a Siege againft
all orher Privileges : with the Papists, the neighbouring Magiſtrates, and 5 oco
which was regiſtred in Parliament the Men ; but was at laft taken and broke on
așth of February, 1599. and made irrevo the Wheel in 16o8.
cable. 'Twas ratified by Lewis XIII. and by
Uuuu uu 4. Macke
|
1 o68 F R A . IN C E.
4. Matherau, about 2o Miles S. W. from which are to be feen within a Mile of it,
Nantes, Capital of the Dutchy and Peerage and the Biſhoprick was tranſported hither
of Raits, noted for the Inveſtiture of He by Anne of Brittany, Queen of France, the
raſpeus, Son to Neomenes, in the Kingdom of. clofe of the 15th Century. La Ferrest fays, ,
Brittany by the Emperor Charles the Bald. the Biſhop is Lord of Part of the Town,
5. Painteuf, at the Mouth of the Lºire, which is become one of the richeft in France
where great Vefſels bound to Nantes are by their Trade to the Indier, and the Prizes
obliged to unload. "Tis about 17 Miles they take in Time of War. They let loofe
below that City. 12 great Dogs every Night without their
6. Guerande, Lat. Guerada, or Aula Ruiri Walls, led by a common Soldier, to give
aca, about 32 Miles W. from Nantes, is a Notice of the Approach of any Énemy by
finall Town, noted for its Salt-Pits, and their barking. Their Cathedral, dedicated
for a Treaty betwixt the D. of Brittany and to St. Vincent, is very ancient. It has feve
Charles of Blois, by which the former was ral fair Monaſteries, and other publick
left in Poffeffion of the Dutchy in 1365. Structures of good Note. James Cartier, a
7. Croife, a Trading Town on the Coaſt, Native of this Place, made a Voyage to cs
about 2 Leagues S. W. from Guerande, no mada in 1534, and at his Return publiſh’d a
ted for its Salt-Pits. Defcription of the Iſlands, Capes, Coaſts, ở c.
8. La Roche Bernard, near the River Vi of that Country. The Confederate Fleet
laine, about 4 Leagues N. from Guerande, a bombarded this Place in the Reign of the .
pretty ſmall Town. late King William; but could not come near
9. chateau-Briant, Lat. Castrum Briantii, enough to do it much Hurt, becauſe of
about I o Leagues N. from Nantes, an an the Sands that lie at the Mouth of the Har--
cient Town, noted for the Revival of all bour. Freſh Water is brought into the .
the ancient Edićts againſt Hereticks, as they Town by Canals # League long.
call them, by Henry II. in 155 1, where he 2. Caucale, on the Sea, about 2 Leaguęs .
gave Power to the Prefidials to determine E. from St. Mala, noted for its good Oyſter-.
Caufes of Herefy without Appeal ; and Fiſhing.
where he likewife order’d a Court to be 3. Dinant, on the Rance, about 15 Miles
kept every Wºdneſday to examine the Reli S. from St. Malo. ’Tis the Capital of a
gion of all Judges, and their Condust a finall Country called the Dinanoife, was for
bout Hereticks; and that none ſhould be merly well fortified, the Refidence of the
admitted to any Post, without an authentick Dukes of Brittany, and the Appannage of
Certificate that they were Roman Catho their youngeft Sons.
licks.
The Biſhoprick of D O L,
The Biſhoprick of St. M A LO,
Lies E. from St. Malo, is about 7 Leagues.
Lies between the Sea and the Biſhoprick from S. to N. and 4 from E. to W. It has
of Dol on the N. thofe of St. Brieux and no Town of Note but Dol, Lat. Doła, and ,
Pannes on the W. and S. and that of Rennes Urbs Dolenfis, about 2o Miles S. E. from
on the E. ”Tis about 2o Leagues from N. St. Malo. It lies in a marfhy Plain, is but a .
to S. and 9 from E. to W. where broadeſt. fmall Town, and defended with a ftrong
Ht contains, 1. St. Malo, Lat. Maclovium, or Fort. The Cathedral was founded by one
Maclopolis, from its firſt Biſhop Maclovias. It Biſhop Samſon, and his Succeſſors have the
lies about 34 Miles N. W. from Rennes, and Title of Count, and carry an Archbiſhop’s.
is one of the beft Sea Ports in France, but Crofier, having been formerly Metropoli
of difficult Acceſs, "Tis feated on a Rock tans of the Province ; but were forc'd to
in the Sea, which encompaffes it twice per fubmit to the Archbiſhop of Thurs by Pope
Day, and is defended by a ſtrong Castle, Innocent III. This Town was the Refidence
flank'd with great Towers, furrounded of the ancient Diablinter, fo called becaufe
with Ditches, and has always a good Gar they made ufe of fmall Vefſels nam’d
rifon. ”Twas built out of the Ruins of an Liatrtf.
anciens Town called Alet, the Remains of
The
F R A, N C: E. I o69
thinks it to be the Dariorigum of Ptolomy. It
zi, Bjºrit# # B R I E U X, . has a pretty good Harbour, the Sea flowing
up to it by the Channel of Morbihan. Duke
Lies about the Middle of Brittany, W. of John of Montfort built a Caſtle here, where
st. Malo, is about 17 Leagues from E. to W. his Succeſſors frequently kept their Court.
and 21 from S. to N. The Capital is 'Tis ftill the Capital of Lower Brittany, but
st. Brieux, about 2 o Miles W. from St. Malo. not fo confiderable as formerly. It has a
It had that Name from their firſt Biſhop a Cathedral, and fome Parochial Churches,
bout 552. ”Tis well fortified, and has a and the Biſhop is Lord of Part of the Town:
good Harbour. The Biſhop is Lord of the 2. Auray, a finall Town on the Bay of
Town, which is well built and populous, Morbihan, about 4 Leagues W. from Vannes,
and cover’d from the Sea, which is half a noted for the Vistory of John V. of Brit
League diſtant, by a Rock; near which teny in 1364 over his Competitor Charles of
there's a Church dedicated to St. Michael, Blois. -

and a Caſtle which commands the Town 3. Port-Louis, or Blavet, Lat. Portu Ludo
and Harbour. The only noted Structures vici, or Blavetum, on the Mouth of the Ri
are, the Cathedral, the Biſhop's Palace, and ver Blavet, with a good Harbour, about 1o
that for adminiſtring Juſtice. ’Tis fuppo Leagues W. from Vannes. "Tis one of the
fed to have been the Capital of the Bidui, beſt and ftrongeſt Sea-Ports in France. The
mentioned by Ptolomy. Leaguers gave it to the Spaniards, who fur
2. Lambale, almoſt 4 Leagues E. from render’d it to Henry IV. by the Treaty of
St. Brieux, formerly the Capital of the Am Vervins in 1598. Twas taken by the Pro
biliatet, noted for its Trade in Cattle and teſtants in 1625 ; but not being able to take
Parchment. "Tis furrounded , with good the Citadel, they were obliged to abandon
Paſtures, but in a decaying Condition, thô it. 'Twas taken afterwards by the Princes
formerly confiderable, when the Dukes of of the Blood, who made War upon
Brittany refided in it. There are no other Lewis XIII. but furrender’d again upon the
Towns in this Diocefe that merit a De
OIC,
:::::
and made much ſtronger than be
fcription. |

4. Hennebont, a fmall Town near 3 Leagues


L o w E R B R I T T A N Y, N. from Port-Louis, upon the fame River,
noted for an Abbey of Ciffertian Nuns.
5. Rohan, a large open Town on the Ri
The Dioceſe of V A N N E S, ver Ouste, about 13 Leagues N. E. from
Port-Louis, which gave Name to one of the
Was formerly the Seat of the ancient Ve moſt ancient and illuſtrious Families of
neti, whoſe Capital was reckon'd the great France, for whom Henry IV. ere&ed it into
eft and richeft Town of Armorica in Ceſar's a Dutchy and Peerage in 16o5. This Fa
Time, and the Inhabitants the beft Mari mily defcended from the ancient Princes of
ners. It lies S. W. from the Diocefe of Brittany, and produc'd many great Men :
Rennes, S. from St. Malo, and is about 2 5 Among others, Henry II. D. of Rohan, one
Leagues from E. to W. and 13 from S. to of the famous Generals of the French Pro
N. Strabo thinks the Venetians defcended
teſtants, whom he defended fo bravely a
from this People. This Country was taken gainſt their Perfecutors. He died of ths
from the Romans by the Colony that came Wounds he received at the Battle of Rhin
from Great Britain, who were ſubdued by feld in 1638, or rather of poifonous Plai
Clovis the Great ; and the French kept it 9o sters, which a Surgeon, corrupted by the
Years, till Waroc, a Britiſh King, reconquer'd Jefuirs, apply’d to them. He wrote that
it; and his Succeſfors kept it till the Reign excellent Piece, which is fo well known by
of Pepin and Charlemagne. It contains, the Name of his Meinoirs, and gave Ground
1. Vannes, which lies about 6 Miles N. to fay of him, as was formerly faid of ja.
from the Sea, and 4 Miles S. W. from Ren lius Cæſar, That he knew how tó manage the
nes. 'Tis called Venetia by Cefar, Cintium Pen as well as the Sword. '.

Civitat in the Notitia Imperii; and Wałefus


G u u u u u 2 6, Gs?.
- ss ==

1 o7o F R A: N C E.
6. Gutmene, 5 : Leagues W. from Rohan, etu, and the Vagºritum of Ptolony, the Capt.
a Town with the Title of a Principality. tal of the Arvii. The Sea brings up great
7. Belle-Iſ, Lat. Caloneſia, an Iſland about Boats into the Harbour. Their Cathedral is
7 Leagues from the main Land, berwixt a, fine ancient Building, with two great
Port-Louis and Vannes, S. from the Gülph óf Towers. The City is large, well built, and
Morbihan, about 7 : Leagues long, and 3 has a confiderable Trade by the River oder,
broad. Its Harbour is defended by a good on which it ſtands. 'Twas formerly fub.
Citadel, and the reſt of the Iſland by inac jećł to Counts of its own, who in ancient
ceſſible Rocks. , ’Tis fruitful in Corn and Charters are called Counts of Cornubia or
Paſturage, and abounds with Rabbets. Cornuģallia. They have feveral Pariſh-Chur
Charles ÍX erested it into a Marquifấtein ches and Monafteries, and the Suburbs are
1573, and gave it to the Count of Raiz. inhabited by rich Merchants. The Biſhop's
’Tis likewife remarkable for its Salt-Pits. Palace is a frately Building, and they have
The Engliſh and Dutch Fleets appear’d off of another handfome Strućture where the Pre
it in 17o3, when a Prieft, fays La Forreſt, fidial Court fits,
made the Women put on Men's Apparel, 2. Ruimperlay, a finall Trading Town on
and appear with them on the Coaſt; which the River Laita, above 3 Leagues N. W.
the Enemy taking to be Troops, did not at from Port Louis.
tempt to land. It has 14o Villages, fays 3. Conquerneau, Lat. Concernium, a well for
Bleau, divided into 4 Pariſhes, and 2 or 3 tified Town and Caſtle, in a Bay 4 Leagues.
Caſtles, befides that which defends the Har S. E. from Quimper-Corentin. Off of this,
bour called Sauzon. It has an Abbey fo rich Place there lies a ſmall Iſland called Gleneau.
Iy endow'd, that 'twas thought a compe 4. Audierme, a pretty Town on the Sea
tent Přeforment for Anthºny de Bourbon, bafe Coaſt, about 6 Leagues S. W. from Quim
Brother to K. Henry IV. ’Tis the ufual Ren per-Corentin. Off : the Roint of Land near
dezvous of the Freneh Fleet when they put this Place lies the Iſlands of Saints, dange
to Sea in the Channel ; and the Harbour, rous for Sailors, becaufe of the Rocks, and
which lies on the N. Side, is of late fo well a Vortex there. Formerly there was an Cl,
fortified, that 'tis reckon'd impregnable. racle of the Gauliſh Mercury in this Place.
% 8; The lfle of Grouais, near the Mouth 5. Douarnenes, a Town in a Bay of the
of the River which goes up to Port-Louis. fame Name, almoſt 4 Leagues W. from
R lies very high, and has nothing confide Ruimper Corentin, to which large Barks come.
rable, but only to be avoided, becaufe 'tis up, and other Veffels from, a great Bay, ,
dangerous for Ships that paſs too near it. where they fifh Pilchards. -

6. Chateaulin, a confiderable Town, a


The Dioceſ of Q U IM P E R-CORE N bove 5 Leagues N. from Quimper-Corentin,
T IN, or C O R N OU A I L L E, on the River Aufen. This Country is fulli
The Seat of the ancient Guriofilites, lies
: Woods and Rivers, and has
ICS.
many Ab
W from Port-Louis, is about 36 Leagues E.
and W. and 5 or 6 N. and S. It feems to The Biſhoprick of St. P O L D E L E O N, ,
derive the latter Name from the Britains
that Janded out of Cornwall in England. It Lat. Leona, Fanum Sansti Pauli Leonini, Sts
contains, 1. Quimper-Corentia, the Seat of viocanus Portus, and Civitau Offmiorum, was
their Biſhop, 13 Leagues W. from Pºrt the Capital of the offmii, where Maximus.
Louws: The ancient Name of the Town was difputed the Empire with Theodofus about
Quimper, or Kemper; and Goren'in being the the Year 383: 'Twas faid to be a Town of
Name of their firft Biſhop, was added. 'Tis Note in Cafar's Time, and by fome fuppo
the Capital of the County of Cormouaille, fed to be the Vorganuum and Vorgium of the
and their Biſhop bears the Title of Count. Ancients. 'Tis Capital of a fmall Country
'Twas built from the Ruins of the Town called the Leonois, which had formerly Counts,
of G, that was fwallowed up by the Ocean, of its own, but was afterwards united to
and is defended by a very large Tower. Va the Domain of Brittany, and the Dukes fre
lefus fuppofes it to be the Alauna of Æthis quently reſided in a Caſtle there,
|-
w:WCli.
F R A N É E. Mo71,
welf fortified. It lies on the Northern 'Tis noted for little now but an Abbey of.
Coast, about 47 Miles N. from Quimper Beneditiin Monks.
Cºrentin, 3 o N. E. from Bref, and 3o W. 3. Conquet, a fmall Sea-Town near the .
from Treguier. The Diocefe, of which 'tis Southern Cape of the Bay of Bref, which
the Metropolis, is about 18 Leagues long, gives Name to the Road betwixt that Place,
and 8 broad. ’Tis reckon'd the ancienteit and the Iſle of Uſhant. It is cali’d by the
Vifcounty of Brittany, and was poffeffed by French, the End of the World, becauſe there's
the Family of Rohan, defcended from the no Land betwixt it and America. |

firſt Chriſtian Princes of that Country ; but 4. Uſhant, Lat. Uxantus, an Iſland W. of,
they fold it to the D. of Brittany in 1254. Cºnquet Road, about 4 Leagues in Compafs..
The Town is very pleafant ; but their Port It is pleafant, but contains only fome Villa--
is not confiderable, thô. defended by a ges, and a Caſtle to defend it againſt Pirates..
Castle. It had its prefent Name from its There are other fmall Iſlands thereabouts, .
firſt Biſhop, who died in 6oo, and was which have nothing conſiderable.
fince canoniz’d. The Chapter is compos’d
of a Chanter, 3 Archdeacons, 16. Canons,
and 7 Prebendaries,
The apprist ºf T REGU I E R,
2. Bref, 3o Miles S. W. from St. Pol de Part of the Country of the ancient off.
Leon, Lat. Brivates Portu, Gefocribale, and mii, lies on the N. Coaſt, betwixt St. Po!?
Geſchrivate. It lies on the N. Side of a and St. Mało, and is about 12 Leagues long ,
Bay, 7 Leagues long, and about 2 broad, and broad. It contains, 1. Treguier, alias.
over-againſt the Town, whoſe Depth is in Lantriguet, Lat. Trecorium, by fome thought.
moſt Places from I o to 15, and no where to be the ancient Vorganium. It lies T3a
lefs than 7. Fathom. If we believe La For Miles E. from St. Pol, and above 4ọ N. W.
rif, 'tis the beft and fineft Harbour in Eu from St. Malo. Their firſt Biſhop was Tudat,
ripe. The Sea, he fays, enters into it 4 dif an Engliſh-man, to whom their Čathedral is
ferent Ways, which we fuppofe he means dedicated. This Town has been frequent
of three other Bays form’d in the great ly ravaged by the Saxons, Normans, and Damer,
one. The Ships, he fays, are always a It is noted for the Birth of St. Ives, a fa
float in it; but the Entrance into the Har mous Lawyer in the Time of Philip the Fair,
bour call’d Goulet, is very difficult, becaufe and the Titular Saint of the French Lawyers.
of the Rocks which lie under Water on It has a pretty good Harbour.
both Sides. The Town lies on the Defcent 2. Morlaix, Lat. Mons Relaxas, and Morlæum,
of a Hill towards the Harbour, the En on a River of the fame Name, about 2 5
trance of which is defended by a ſtrong Ca Miles S. W., from Treguier. It has a good
stle dug out of a Rock. , The Town is well Harbour for large Barks, which come up to
fortified, and defended by a ſtrong Citadel. it from the Sea. The Stru&tures of chief
They have large Magazines of Naval Stores, Note here are, the Town-Houfe and Hofpi
Proviſions for 7o Men of War, and an tals. -

Arfenal very well furniſh'd. The greateſt N. from Tregtier there are feveral final
Part of the French Fleet in the Ocean is al Iſlands, called the Seven Istands ; and W. of .
ways laid up here, and they build Ships of it are 3 more, called the Triagetz.
Bo and 9o Guns ; all which together makes
the Town rich and populous. The Port is
much frequented by French Privateers, who The Government of Orleannois,
infest the Channel in Time of War. The
Engliſh attempted a Defcent here in 1694, . S the largeſt, and contains the pleaſanrest :
where the brave Lieutenant-General Talmaſh Countries of France, most of which are :
receiv'd the Wounds that he died of; for the water’d by the Loire. The other Rivers are,
Deſign being diſcover’d, the Frenth were fo the Indre, the Cher, Vienne, Mayenne, sarte,
well provided, that the Attempt did not and Charente, which make the Country fruit. .
ſucceed. On the S. Side of this Bay lies ful, as 'tis made pleafant by the fine Towns .
the Sea. Port called Landevenec, which fome and Houfes one meets every where. Gli ,
take to be the Windona. Fºrtus: of Ptolomy. the Banks of the Rivers, there are Vine- -
-----7
yargs, .
1972 F R A N c F.
yards, cultivated Lands, large Forreſts, and under Ægidiu, their laft General in Gaul:
every thing pleafant to the Eye, whence And Clovis his Son puſh’d his Conquests fo
fome have cảlled it the Inchanted country, far into Aquitain, by the Defeat of Alarie
or Fairy Land. The Name comes from Or the Goth, that Orleans became the Head of
leans, the chief Town of the whole. Its the Kingdom call'd Orleannois, and the Share
- greateſt Length from E. to W. is about 9o of Clodomir, ad Son to Clovis. He was kil
Leagues, and the greateſt Breadth from S. led by the Burgundiant in 5o4, and fucceeded
tº N. is 6o, fays La Ferref. Bleau makes by his Brother Clotharius, who married his
the Length much the fame, and the Breadth Widow, and deſtroy'd his Iffue. His Suc
79. Mol fays, 'tis 19o Miles from S. to ceffor Gontran made Chalons in Burgundy the
N. and 24o from E. to W. It has the Seat of his Government, and took the Ti
Iſe ºf France and Normandy on the N. sain tle of King of Burgundy; fo that the King
*ºnge, Perigord, La Marche de Limofin, and dom of Orleans lafted but about 81 Years :
Bºurbonnou, on the S. Burgundy and Cham And hence it came, that Fredegarius and
Pagne on the E. and Brittany and the Sea on others reckon’d Orleans in Burgundy. During
the W. ’Tis divided into 14 Provinces or the Weaknefs and Diviſions of Charlemagne's
Countries, 5 of which lie upon the Lºire, Succeſſors, Hugh Capet and his Poſterity
viz. the Orleannois, properly fo called, or feiz'd this Town, with other Dominions,
Lºw Beaufe, Nivernois, Blaifois, Touraine, and and his Succeſſors refided here ; fo that it
Anjºu ; 5 on the Right or N. of the Loire, was annex'd to the Crown, and not aliena
viz. Maine, Le Perche, Vendomois, the Country ted till the Time of Philip of Valois, who
of Chartrain, and Gatinots. The other 4 arë, gave it, with the Title of Duke, to Philip,
Berry, Poitou, the County of Annis, and the his 4th Son, in 1344. After which, it be
-Angoumois. came the Appannage of the 2d Sons of
Orleannois,: fo call'd, lies between France, viz. of Louis, Son to Charles V. to
Berry, Part of Blafois, and Part of Nivernois, whom fucceeded Charles and Louis, his Son
on the S. Part of Beauce, Part of the Iſle of and his Grandfon. To him fucceeded Louis,
France, and Part of Gatinois, on the N. Son to Henry II. To him Gafon, Son to Hen
Part of Dunois and Blaifois on the W. and ry; and to him Philip, Son to Louis XIII.
Part of Gatinois on the E. according to Bleau. who dying in June 17o1, his Son Philip of
He makes the greateſt Length about 16 Orleans, D. of Chartres, fucceeded. This
Leagues S. E. and N.W. and the greateſt Town was beſieg'd by the Engliſh in 1429,
Breadth much-the fame. It contains, and fo ftreighten’d, that they refolv'd to
1. Orleans, Lat. Aurelia, Aurelie, Aurelix furrender to the D. of Burgundy, who was
"num, and Genabam. It lies on the Loire, a then in the Engliſh Army, and their Ally :
bout 62 Miles S. W. from Paris, in Long. But the Engliſh being againft it, the D. was
2o. 45. Lat. 47. 56. "Tis faid to have been difgufted, which laid the Foundation of
founded by the Druids, and enlarged by the their Expulſion from France, and gave Op
Emperor Aurelian, who call'd it by his own portunity to Jean of Arc, formerly men
Name in 163. "Tis one of the principal tioned, to raife the Siege ; from whence ſhe
Cities of France, and lies on a Hill down to was called the Maid of Orleans. This hap
the River, in Form of a Bow. Ceſar win pen'd on the 8th of May, 1418, or, as Łs
ter’d here, and made it one of his chief Pla Forreſt fays, in 1419; the Anniverfary of
ces of Arms. 'Twas befieged by Attila the which is ſtill kept, and a Monument of this
Hax, call'd the Scºurge of God, about 449, Vi&tory was erested on the Bridge, repre
and juſt about furrendring, had not St. Æg fenting the Blefſed Virgin with our Saviour
xan their Biſhop affur’d them of Relief. Ac on her Arms, ready to be buried, with
cordingly Theodoric King of the Goths, with K. Charles VII. on his Knees on one Side,
the Romans under Aetius, and the Francs un and Joan of Arc booted and fpur’d on the
der Merovcus, defeated Attila in the Plains other. In 156o, the D. of Guiſe difarm'd
of Sologne, not far from the City, and kill’d the Inhabitants, fill'd the Town with Sol
18οoco of his Men, fay the French Hifto diers on Pretence of a Confpiracy, brought
rians. Childsric IV. Succeffor to Meroveus, Francis II., in Triumph to the City, and
did afterwards recover it from the Romant procur'd the Pr, of Conde to be entine;
:
Olc
F R A W C. E.. Ț
lefe his Head; but he was forc'd to alter Bailiwick, and Chamber of Möney. "Tis
his Politicks by the Death of Francis II. one of the richeft and beſt Trading Towns
which happen’d foon after. So that in 1562, in the Kingdom, its Commerce being much
the Pr. of Condé and the Proteſtants took it, advanced by the River Loire, on which it
2nd the D, of Guife was killed befieging it. has a good Haven. By this River their de
The Papifts retook it after, and were drove licate Wine and excellent Brandy are car
out again by the Proteſtant General La Noue. ried to Nantes, from whence it receives all
'Twas afterwards betray’d to the Leaguers, Foreign Commodities. The City is large
but fubmitted to King Henry IV. in 1594. and well built, the Streets broad, straight,
This City has been famous in all Ages. neat, and pav'd with fmall fquare Stone.
Gregory of Tºurs fays, when King Gontran It has feveral fpacious Markets fhaded with
above-mentioned made his Entrance into it, Trees, which makes the City very pleafant;
the Latins, Syrians, and Jews, harangu’d him ſo that the Emperor Charles V. faid, He had
in their proper Languages : But whether feen in France a World, meaning Paris; a
they were Learned Men of thofe Nations City, meaning Orleans ;. and a Village, .
who ſtudy’d there, or Merchants, is note meaning Poitiiers, becaffe 'tis fill'd with
certain. Some fay, 'twas a famous Acade Gardens. The Town-Houfe is a noble
my in the Time of St. Louis. Philip the Fair. Strućture, with a lofty Tower, from whence :
founded an Univerſity for the Civil Law there's a View of the City, Suburbs, and
here in 13 12 ; and Pope Clement V. added neighbouring Country. The Palace of
the Canon Law in 1367. The Scholars are Juſtice is a good Edifice. The Houfes in
divided into 4 Nations, viz. French, Gar general are fair and beautiful, tho' ancient.
znans, Normans, and Picards ; each of which . The Town is fortified with a Terrafs and a . .
have their proper Officers and Privileges. strong Wall, upon which there are 2o ftrong .
The Germans particularly had a Procurator, Towers fill'd with Earth. It has 8 Gates, .
a Library and Treaſurer, of their own, and Bleau fays Io ; and before it in the River,
made a Proceſſion once per Annum thro' the there lies an Iſland, join'd to the Town by .
Town with an Imperial Standard. There a Bridge of 16 Arches, upon which ſtands .
are two common Libraries well furniſh’d the Monument of Jean of Arc, and by ano-.
belonging to this Univerfity. "Tis alſo the ther to the Suburb of Pontereau. The Iſland .}
Seat of a Biſhop, the firft of whom was it felf is very pleafant, adorn’d with Walks ,
called St. Altin ; and ’tis noted for 5 Na of Trees, and fine Buildings. The Clock :
tional Councils in the 6th Century, for fet in the Town-Houfe weighs above 8oooo
ling Church-Diſcipline, the Elećtion, Rights Pound, fays Bless. He adds, That the City
and Limits of Metropolitans. The Biſhop, abounds with all Neceffaries for Life, and :
is Suffragan of Paris, and has a Privilege one of the ftrongeft Wines in France, but :
when enthron’d to be carried to the Cathe not reckon'd very wholefome ; fo that the ·
dral on the Shoulders of the 5 eldeft Barons King's Butler is forbid to give any of it to
of his Diocéfe, and on the firſt Day of his his Majesty. The adjacent Country is very :
Entrance to releaſe all the Prifoners in the pleafant, interfpers’d with Vineyards, Mea--
Town, except thofe committed for Treafon, dows, Orchards, and Arable Ground. The
Parricide, wilful Fire, and Robbery. This Vineyards about the Town contain above -
Privilege was obtain’d from the Emperor 22 Pariſhes, and the Country-Houfes are ·
Kalentinian III. who they fay was cur'd of a better than ufual. The Air of the City is ·
dangerous Difeafe by St. Agnan their Biſhop. good; the Inhabitants of the City and ad--
The Cathedral is a fumptuous Stru&ture, jacent Country are for moſt part courteous .
1oo Foot long, 6o broad, and 1o2 high ; and polite, being much. civiliz'd by the -
to which belong 59 Canons, and 12 Dig great Number, of the King's Officers who
nitaries. There are befides 4 Collegiate live in the Place. They are industrious,
and 22 Parochial Churches. The Collegiate much given to Trade, ſtrong, and brave ; ,
Church of St. Agnan has 3 i Prebendaries, of but are of late too much addićted to Luxu
whom 8 are Dignitaries. ’Tis alfo the Seat ry. The beſt French is ſpoke here and at
of a Generality, under which are 12 Ele Blois ; and all the Ways leading to the
stions, and i 148 Pariſhes; of a Prefidia), a Town are pav’d with a hard Fliut for three .
Leagues -
---- ----

I o74 F R A AJ C E.
Leagues round. This is the only fortified richly endow'd by that Prince, "Twas ti
Town in the Country. ken by the Proteſtants in the 16th Cen
-2. Melun, a fmall Town on the Loire, 3 tury.
Leagues below · Orleans, Lat. Magdunum. 6. Gergeau, on the Loire, Lat. Jargoilam,
charles V. delighted much in this Place. Gergolium. It lies almoſt 4 Leagues S. E.
'Twas taken and plunder'd by the Engliſh from Orleans, is a good Town, with an an
in the Reign of Charles VH, cient and noble Caſtle, and a Bridge over
3. Baugenty, Lat. Balgentiacum, or Baugen the River. 'Twas taken by the Engliſh un
tiacum, on the Loire, about a League and a der the E. of Salisbury in 142o, and retaken
half below Melan. It flands in a pleafant next Year by the D. of Alençon and the Maid
:Soil, abounding with Corn, Wine, Fruit, of Orleans, when they cut off the Earl of
and Game. It had formerly Lords of its Suffolk, and about 4oo Engliſb.
own, was afterwards the Appannage of one 7. La Ferte-Senneter, a large Town, with
of the younger Sons of France, and is now the Title of a Dutchy and Peerage, above
united to the Crown. The Engliſh took it
3 Leagues S. from Orleans.
in 1428, and quitted it next Year. 'Tis 8. Sully, Lat. Soliacum, on the Loire, about
noted for a Council of Lords and Prelates 7 Leagues S. E. from Orleans, an ancient
affembled by Lewis XI. about his Divorce Town and Caſtle, with the Title of a Ba
from Queen Eleanor, the Heirefs of Guienne, rony. 'Twas made a Dutchy and Peerage
on Pretence of Confanguinity, by whom in 16o6 by Henry IV. in Favour of the Mar
he had two Daughters; and upon the Di quis of Rofney, a Proteſtant Lorđ, who did
vorce, reſtor’d all ſhe had brought to him him great Service, and continued firm to
in Marriage. The French Hiſtorians fay, his Religion after his Maſter's Apoſtacy
the King fued the Divorce ; but others fay, He has left Memoirs of what happen’d moſt
’twas the Queen her felf, to which ſhe was confiderable during his Life, that are much
prompted by the Prieſts and the Court of efteem’d.
Rome, who dreaded the Power of the French
King ; and that he would keep them within G A S T I N O IS or G A T I N O IS,
Limits, as the old Emperors had done. She
was the more inclin’d to it, becaufe of herLat. Vaftinenf; Pagus, has the Iste of France
Love to Henry D. of Normandy, afterwards on the N. and N. E. Burgundy on the E. Ni
K. of England, whom ſhe married upon the vernois and Berry on the S. and Orleannoir,
Divorce, which was eafily obtain’d at Rome, with Part of Berry, on the W. ’Tis about
as Wikes, an Engliſh Hiſtorian, tells us, Hiff. 3 o Leagues N. and S. and 16 E. and W.
Angl. Script. Tom. II. P. 29. She carried her where broadeſt. Part of it belongs to the
Daughters with her into England; and this, Iste ºf France, which we have already de
fays La Forreſt, laid the Foundation of a fcrib’d. The Gatinois, now under Confide
cruel War betwixt England and France,which ration, contains,
Îafted above 3oo Years. 1. Montargis, Lat. Montargiua, about 13
4. Pluvier, or Pithiviers, a fmall Trading Leagues E. from Orleans, a pretty Town on
Town 7 : Leagues N. E. from Orleans. the Loing, with a good Caſtle, rebuilt by
'Twas taken by the Engliſh in the 15th Cen Charles V. about 137o. This Town was
tury. "Tis defended with a Caſtle, has an befieged by the Engl fb under the E. of War
ancient Priory depending on the Abbot of wick in 1426, where they were defeated by
Cluny; a Court of Juſtice, an Election, and the Count of Dunois, fays La Forrest. 'Twas -
an Archdeaconry. burnt in 1528, and repair'd next Year by
5. Clery, Lat. cleriaeum, a large Town a Francis I. ’Tis the Capital of this Part of
bout a Leagues S. W. from Orleans, on the Gatinois, is the Seat of an Ele&tion, Baili
other Side the Loire. 'Tis noted for pre wick, and Provoftfhip, and was Part of the
tended Miracles wrought in our Lady's Appannage of the late D. of Orleans.
Church there. 'Twas taken by the Engliſh 2. Chatilen, on the Loing, about 3 : Leagues
in 1428, repair’d by Lewis XI. who was in S. from Montargis, a pleafant Town, with a
terr’d here in a stately Monument; and Caſtle on a Hill. ’Twas Part of the Title,
there's a College of Canons founded, and of the famous Admiral Coligni, from whoma
'twas
F R A AV C E. 1 o75
'twas taken, together with Chateau. Renard, in this Country, and thrô all the Gatinois,
in 1569. -
That if Men challenged one another, and
3. Sainet Fargeau, on the fame River, 5 were agreed with Confent of the Bailiff,
Leagues S. E. from Chatilon, Capital of a they were find in 2 s. 6 d. but if they
fmall Country called Puifay. fought afterwards, the Bail of the Van
4. Cofne, Lat. Conium, and Conada, on the quilh'd was fin'd in 5 l. 12 s. whence came
Loire, 6 Leagues S. W. from Sainet Fargeau, the Proverb, if a Man was feverely us’d by
noted for its Cutlers Ware, and founding Judges, That he was one of the Men of Lorris,
of Cannon. It fuffer'd much during the who were find when they were beat.
Civil Wars in the 16th Century. -
9. Neuvy, betwixt Cofne and Briare, by
5. Briare, Lat. Brivodurum, fo called from fome thought to be the Noviodunum of c4
its Bridge over the Loire. It gives Name far, formerly a confiderable Town, but now
to the famous Canal which joins the Loire of little Note.
and the Seine, by Means of the Loing. 'Twas
begun by Henry IV. and finiſh’d by Lewis XIII. N I V E R N O I s,
'Tis 12 Leagues lor gºto Montargis, from
whence another of 18 Leagues has been Lat. Nivernenſis Pagu, has Gatinois on the
dug to Orleans; which, together with the N. Burgundy on the E. Bourbonnois on the S.
Loire, form an irregular Polygone. Near and Berry on the W. Bleau makes it about
this Place a Battle was fought betwixt the 2o Leagues S. and N. and near 12 E. and
Royal Army and that of the Princes in W. where broadeſt. 'Twas the Seat of the
165o, wherein the latter were defeated. Kadicaſes, who depended on the Ædai, as
6. Gien, Lat. Giemum, or Gemiacum, on fome fay; thô others will have Chalms tó be
the Loirt, over which it has a Stone Bridge. the Country of that People. ’Tis one of the
It lies about 1 I_Leagues S. E. from Orleans, fruitfuleft Countries in France. It contains,
is a pleafant Town, with the Title of a 1. Nevers on the Loire, about 75 Miles
County, and an Election. It belongs to the S. E. from Orleans, called by Cefar, as fome.
Family of Seguier, and fuffer'd much by think, Noviodunum in Æduis. He erected
Wars in the 16th and 17th Century. Magazines for his Armies here. , ’Tis alfo
7. Estamper, Lat. Stampa, on the River called in Latin Niverne, Nivernium, vadicaf:
Tuine, a Town on the Frontiers of the Iste fum, Nevernum, and Auguſta Nemetum. Ít
France, near 13 Leagues N. E. from Or had Counts of its own from the 9th Cen
leant, with the Title of a Dutchy and tury, who held it of the D. of Burgundy. It
Election. It belongs to the ancient Domain came afterwards by Marriage to the Houfe
of the Crown, was given by Charles VII. to of Cleve, and was erested into a Dutchy
the D. of Brittany, return'd to the Crown and Peerage by Francis I. in 1 5 2 1 for Francis
with Anne of Brittany, and by her Daughter of Cleve. It came afterwards by Marriage
Claude came to Francis I. who made it a to the Family of Mantua, and then to the
Dutchy and Peerage in 1536, in Favour of Palatine Family, who fold it to Cardinal
John de la Broffe, whom he married to Anne Mazarine in 16; I. He obtain'd the Title
of Duke and Peer for his Nephew Philip de
de Piffeleu, his Miftrefs, fo well known in
the History of that Time by the Name of Manciny, at prefent D. of Nevert, fays La
the Dutchefs of Estampes. Henry IV. mort Forrest. " Tis the Seat of a Biſhoprick, Suf.
gaged it feveral times, and at laft to his na fragan of Sens, of a Bailiwick, and Cham
tural Son ceſar D. of Vendofme. 'Twas ta ber of Accounts. The Caſtle of the an
ken by the Proteſtants in 1567, and fuffer'd cient Counts, where Caſimir King of Poland,
much by the Army of the Princes in 1652. who married Lº ifa, Daughter to Edward,
8. Lorris, Lat. Lauriacum, or Loriacum, a Count Palatine of the Rhine, died in 1672,
bout 4 : Leagues N. from Gien, and 9 E. is a fine Structure. This Town is noted
from Orleans. "Tis the Capital of a fmall for its Manufaċture of Glafs and Earthen
Country called by its Name, and lies near Ware. ’Tis fortified with Walis, defended
the great Forreſt of Orleans, which former by many high Towers and deep Ditches.
ly contain’d 14.ooco Acres; but is now re The chief Stru&tures are, 1. The above
dnç’d to half that Number. 'Twas a Cuſtom mentioned Palace of the Dukes, where,
X XX X XX among
I o76 F R A IN C E.
among other fine Moveables, there’s a large lowed the Count of Nevers, and was fettled
Marble Table, upon which there's another here ; fo that the D. of Nevers has the No
of a lefs Size tranſparent, and adorn’d with mination of that Biſhop.
fine Pistures. 2. The Stone Bridge on the 7. Vezeløy, Lat. Viciliacum, on the Fron
Loire, with 2 o Arches, a Draw-Bridge on tiers of Burgundy, E. from Clamecy, the Seat
each Side, and Towers to defend them. of an Ele&tion, and of an ancient Abbey
3. The Cathedral, whofe Steeple has many of Benedistins. It has a Collegiate Church
embofs’d Figures of Stone on the Outfide. and Prebendaries, and is noted for a Coun
It has 1 i Pariſh-Churches, an Abbey of cil held by Pope Eugene III. in i 145 for a
Augustin Monks, another of Nuns, and fe Croifade.
veral other Religious Houfes. 8. Corbigwy, a finall Town on the River
2. St. Pierre le Mouffier, about 4 # Leagues Tonne, famous for the Abbey of St. Leonard
S. from Nevers, noted for a confiderabłe of the Order of St. Bennet. The Marqui
Prefidial Court, where the Juſtice is recko fates of Arguien and Langeron lie in this
ned very fevere. It has alſo a Provoſtíhip Country. |
and Bailiwick.
3. Decize, Lat. Decetia, in an Iſland form'd B E R R Y,
by the Loire and Airon, 6 # Leagues from
Nevers. , ’Tis Capital of the Country of Ba Lies W. from Nivernois, Lat. Bituricenfr
zois, and a Place of Antiquity, as appears Provincia . The greateſt Length from S. E.
by Roman Medals found in it. ’Tis the to N. W. is above 29 Leagues, and from
Decetta Wadicaffum of the Ancients. , The N. E. to S. W. about as much. 'Twas the
D. of Nevers has a Caſtle here, which de Seat of the ancient Biturges, once Mafters
fends the Town and the Bridge, it being an of all Gallia Celtica, and made great Con
important Pafs on the Loire. queſts in Germany and Italy. Š:: thè
4. La Charite, about 5 Leagues N. W. Race of the firſt French Kings, 'twas Part of
from Nevers, and had its Name from the the Kingdom of Orleans, and of the King
Liberality of the Monks of Cluny to poor dom of Aquitain under the 2d; but after
Pilgrims and Strangers who pafs’d this wards fubjećt to Counts of its own, called
Way. It ſtands on a Hill near the Loire, Counts of Bourger. The ľaft of ’em fold it
over which it has a Stone Bridge. There’s to Philip I. of France in 11 o 1, and King John
a Priory here ºf the Order of Cluny, whoſe ere&ted it into a Dutchy and Peerage in
Prior is Lord of the Town both as to Spi 136o for his 3d Son. It has feveral times
rituals and Temporals. It fuffer'd much fince been an Appannage to the younger
during, the War with the Engliſh, and in Sons of France, as 'tis now to the Dauphin’s
that betwixt the Proteſtants and Papifts in 3d Son. It abounds with Corn, Wine, and
the 16th Century, when 'twas frequently Pafturage, great Flocks of Cattle, and par
taken and retaken. It has a large Market ticularly of Sheep, whofe Wool is famous.
Place, moſt of which is cover’d by the pub It contains,
lick Hall ; and feveral Churches, befides the 1. Bourges, in Latin, Avaricum Biturigum,
Priory. Cuborum, Biturige, and Biturice, on the Ri
5. Donzy, a fmall Town on the River ver Eure, about 3o Miles N. W. from Ne
Nozain, 3 : Leagues N. E. from La Charite, vers, and I o 5 S. from Paris, in Long. 2 1.
Capital of the Diſtrict of Donzois, and has 15. Lat. 47. 12. fo that 'tis reckon’d to lie
the Title of a Dutchy. about the middle of the Kingdom, is Capi
6. Clamecy, Lat. Climacum, a Town on tal of the Dutchy, and was one of the moſt
the River Tonne, which begins here to be confiderable Towns in Gaul when befieged
navigable. It lies 6 Leagues E. from Don and taken by Cefar. It made a ftout Re
zy, is the Seat of an Ele&tion, and of a fiſtance, for he could only lay Siege to it.
Titular Biſhop, called the Biſhop of Beth on one Side, between the River and the
lehem, who has only the Government of an Marſh. He rais'd two high Towers, from
Hofpital. He carries that Title fince 1223, whence his Soldiers leap’d on the Walls,
when the Christians being expelled the which fo terrified the Inhabitants, that they
Hsh Land, Reynºld Biſhop of Bethlehem fol retir’d to the great Market, and from thence
endea-
F R A AN C E. 1 ɔ77
endeavour'd to make their Eſcape thrô the of betraying the King's Secrets, ởe. They
Gates ; but the Romans Prevented it, and pretend that Urfinu, a Difciple to the Apo
cut moſt of ’em off, for having murther'd ftles, was their firſt Biſhop in the 2d Cen
the Rºmans they found at Gien ; fo that tury. An Aſſembly of Prelates was held
of 4.oooo People, fcarce 4oo efcap'd to the here in 1438, where the French Clergy ac
Army of Vereingeturix, General of the Gauls. knowledg'd the Council of Baſil, and ap
This happen’d 52 Years before our Saviour. prov'd the Pragmatick San&tion, as the Par
Deſderita, General to Chilperie I., K. of Paris, liament of Paris did the next Year. This
took it from the K. of Orleans in 583, and Conftitution was firſt drawn up by Lewis XI.
burnt moſt of it. Charlemagne repair'd it, corrected and enlarged by the Council of
and Philip Augufu fortify'd and adorn'd it Bafil. It confifted of 23 Articles, 2 r of
with a Caſtle. In 14 12, Charles VI. and the which were approved by Pope Eugene IV.
D. of Burgundy, with nooooo Men, beſieg'd The chief of ’em were, 1. That Biſhops
the D. of Orleans and his Confederates in elećłed ſhould be own’d as fuch without
it, but in vain ; fo that at laft both Parties going to Rome. 2. That the Ele&tions of
came to an Agreement. Charles VII. made Biſhops and Abbots ſhould be free and in
it the Place of his Refidence during the firft dependant both of the King and Pope.
Years of his Reign, which made the Engliſh, 3: That the Authority of a General Coun
by way of Derifion, call him K. of Berry. cil ſhould be fuperior to that of the Pope.
Charles VIII. kept Lewis of Orleans, who 4. That the Pope ſhould not bestow the
fucceeded him, a Prifoner here in a Cage of Survivance or Reverſion of any Living to
Iron and Wood. In 1562, the Proteſtants his Favourites. 5. That the Court of Rome
took this Town, but 'twas betray’d foon af fhould levy no Money in France but on
ter to the D. of Guif by the Governor; fo urgent Occaſions, with the Confent of
that the Leaguers kept it till 1594, that the King and the Gallican Church. Pope
'twas furrender’d to Henry IV. , 'Tis the Seat Eugene repenting that he had granted fo
of an Archbiſhop, who is called Patriarch much, broke with the Council, and would
of Aquitain; of a Bailiwick, a Preſidial, and have hinder’d the Pragmatick San&tion to
Generality. The Univerſity was foun be received in France, but in vain ; fo that
ded by St. Lewis, is famous for the Civil
it continued till Francis I. aboliſh’d it in
and Canon Law, and has produc'd many I 516, by an Agreement with the Pope, cal
grear Men. The Citizens have 4 great Pri led the Concordate. ’Tis a flouriſhing and
viléges, as Du Chefne informs us; 1. That confiderable City, of an Oval Figure, with
their Goods cannot be confifcated. 2. They 7 Gates, befides Poſterns. The old Waffs
are free from Garrifons and Winter Quarters. were built by the Romans, and are ſtill very
3. Thofe of ’em who poffefs Lordſhips, ſtrong. There's the Remains of an ample
are exempted from the Ban and Arrierban. Theatre, with feveral arch'd Paffages under
4. Their Eſtates pay nothing to the King. Ground, and other Monuments of Roman
Thefe Privileges were granted for their Antiquities. They have 17 Parochial, 7
Fideliry to chirles VII. . They are govern'd Collegiate Churches, 3 Abbies, a College of
by a Mayor and Sheriffs, from whom in Jefuits, and many Monaſteries. The Ca
Law-Suits there's no Appeal but to the Par thedral of St. Stephen is very large, has a
liament of Paris. The moſt remarkable lofty Tower, and gilded Porches. 'Twas
Buildingsare, 1. The Town Houfe. 2. That built by John Duke of Berry, Brother to
of Jaques cear, Treaſurer to Charles VII. Charles V. in 254. He was buried here e
who acquir’d fuch Riches by trading to His Golden Crown, with a great deal of
Sea, ć-c. that he bought feveral Lordſhips, Gold and Silver Plate of curious Work
and built a fumptuous Palace here, with as manſhip, are ſtill to be feen here; with the
many Windows as there are Days in the Bones of a Giant called Briat, who was faid
Year; the Remains of which are still to be to be 15 Cubits high. The Rivers and
feen. He likewife enlarged aừd adorned Marſhes about the Town make it of diffi
the Town ; but his great Riches brought cult Acceſs. It has 7 Suburbs, one at every
the Envy of the Court upon him,, fo that Gate; and their Magazine of Arms is kept
i:- was fórfeited and baniſhed, on Pretence in the great Tower, whoſe Walls were
Xxxxxx 2 three
1978 F R A W C E.
three Fathom thick; and 'twas fo high, s.w. from Berget. It had formerly Lords
that they could fee 4 Leagues round from of its own,of the Counts of Bloir.
whom
the Top of it; but the greateſt Part was were Vaffals. It came at laft into the Fa
ruind by the Wars in 1561. mily of Condé, by Way of Exchange, and ,
2. Henrichemont, or Boisbelle, a large Town, was by them called Enguin; but the Title,
with the Title of a Principality, belonging was fince transferred to Montmoravey. "Tis a
to the Family of Bethune-Sally, and the fineft Place of Antiquity, and one of the 2o
Castle of the Province, about 4 : Leagues Towns burnt by the Gauls, fays Du chefne,
N.E. from Bourges. to ſtarve Ceſar's Army. "Tis a large forti
3. Sancerre, Lat. Sacrum-Cereris, or Sacre fied Town, with feveral Suburbs, defended
cºfarinum, on the Loire, above 8. Leagues by a Caſtle and a Tower, is the Seat of a
N. E. from Bourges. ’Tis faid to be focal Bailiwick, has feveral Chatellanies ánd Ba
led becauſe the Pagans worſhip'd Ceres ronies depending upon it, has divers Paro
here, or becaufe Cafar lodg'd his Houſhold chial, Collegiate Churches, and Monafte
Gods, and offer’d Sacrifice, in this Place, ries, is noted for good Wines, and for its,
after his Victory over the Bitariges. It has Traffick in Wool and Kid-Leather Gloves.
the Title of a County, and had Lords of The moſt remarkable Strustures are, the
its own, many of whom were great Men, Royal. Palace, the Court of Juſtice, the
It took Part with the Dukes of Orleans a Church of St. Stephen, and the Convent of
gainst thoſe of Burgundy. It prov'd a Re Benedistins.
fuge to many Protestants who eſcap'd the 9. Charoß, about 1 # League from IgGu-.
Maſſacre of Št. Bartholomew. "Twas twice dan, a Dutchy and Peerage, ere&ted for a.
in vain befieged by the Papiſts in 1568, and Branch ofthe Family of Bethune by LewisXIV.
1572 ; but was reduced by Famine in 1573, in 169o.
after 8 Months Siege. This Town has 2 1 1o. Dun-le-Rºy, Lat. Regiodunum, on the
Chatellanies and 5oo. Pariſhes depending River Auran, above 5 Iseagues S. E. of Bºur
upon it. | ges. It had formerly Lords of its own, but,
4. Concreffant, a pleafant City on the Sau is now united to the Crown.
are, fortify'd and adorn'd with a good Ca I 1. La Chatre, a large Borough on the
file. It lies about 8 : Leagues N. E. from Indre, the Title of an ancient Family of the
Bourges. fame Name, which has been very Illuſtrious,
5. Aubigny, Lat. Albiniacum, 9 Leagues N. fince the 12th Century.
from Bourgés, on the River Nerre. It had 12. Chateau-Roux, Lat. Alerea, Castrum Ru
formerly a Royal Court of Juſtice, and fum, or_Castrum Rodolphum, a large Town.
was given by Charles VIII. to Bernard Stu with 4 Pariſhes, a Collegiate Church, a fine.
art, Captain of his Guards, of the Family Caftle, and a Park belonging to the Prince.
of Lennºx in Scotland. 'Tis a pleafant Bo of Conde, who is Lord of it. "Twas ere&ted.
rough, fortify'd and adorn'd with a fine into a Dutchy and Peerage by Lewis XIII.
Caftle. -
in 1616.
6. Chatilan, a large Borough, pleafantly 13. Blanc, a fmall City on the Creuſe, a
fituated on the Loire, about I I Leagues N. E. bout 19 Leagues S. W. from Bourges.
from Bourges, and gave Title to the famous 14. Argento», Lar. Argentomagus, on the
Admiral Coligny. Creuſe, about 15 Leagues S. W. from Bour
7. st. Aignan, on the Cher, about 15 Leagues ges. ’Tis defended by a fair Caftle, flank'd
N.W. of Bourges, a Town with the Ti with 1 o Towers, one of which was built
tle of a Dutchy and Peerage, erested by by the Emperor Heraclius, and has the Fi
Lewis XIV. for M. de Beauvilliers, the Firft gure of an Ox carv'd on it, with Ceſar's De
Gentleman of his Chamber, and noted for vice, Veni, Pidi, Vici.
the Worſhip paid there by fuperftitious Peo 15. Bourg de Deolz, or Baurgdieux, Lat. Do
ple to St. Aignan, Biſhop of Orleans, from lenfi Vicus, on the Indre, over againſt Cha.
whence it has its Name. 'Twas of old cal teau-Roux, about I o Leagues W. from Bour
led Chateau-Hagari. - -- ges...”Tis Capital of a Territory 2.o Leagues
8. iffudum, Lat. Exeledunum, Exilidunum, in Circuit, which abounds : good Wine
and Ernodurus, on the Thiol, about ao Miles and Wool, has the Title of a County, is
noted.
F R A IN C E. I o79
noted for an ancient Abbey of Benedistins, for its Manufacture of Cloth of Silver and
and a Vi&tory obtain’d by the Goths over Gold, and Silks of all Sorts. The publick
the Armorican Britaint. Places, Streets and Houfes, are very fair,
16. Vierzon, Lat. Vrsto, 7 Leagues N.W. and the City populous. The Cathedral of
of Bourges, on the Conflux of the Eure and St. Gratian, fo called from their firſt Biſhop
cher. It ſtands on a fruitful Soil, among at the End of the 2d Century, as they pre
Rivers, green Fields, Meadows and Vine tend, is a noble Strućture. He was fuc
yards. It was taken and burnt by the Eng ceeded by feveral others of great Fame, and
lijk in I 197. particularly by St. Martin and St. Gregory.
17. Meun fur Eure, mid-way betwixt Vier The Legendaries pretend, that King Clovir
zen and Bºurges, has a Collegiate Church, is having made an Offering of his Horfe at
the Seat of a Bailiwick, and was formerly the Tomb of St. Martin, and fent I co Pieces
deſtroy’d by the Englijh. of Gold to redeem him, his Horfe would
not ftir when the King mounted him, till
T O U R A I N E, he paid down şoo Pieces. St. Martin, it
feems, was more moderate in Point of Blood,
Lat. Ager Turonenſis, has Maine and the Wen than his Tomb was in Point of Money ;
definois on the N. Anjºu and Poitou on the W. for he would never communicate with the
siaſis and Berry on the E. and the Marqui Biſhops Idatius and Ithacite, after they had
fare of Limoſin on the S. , Bleaa makes it 25 procur'd the Death of the Herefiarch Prif
Leagues from S.E. toN.W. where longest, cilian. There's a Gate of this Ciry com
and about 2o Leagues E. and W. where monly call’d Port Fourgon; but the right
broadeft. The Romans made it Part of the Name is, The Gate of King-Hugon, an an
3d Lugdunenſis. The ancient Inhabitants : cient Count of Touraine, who repair'd it.
were the Turones or Turoni, a powerful Peo The fuperfitious Inhabitants fay, there’s e
ple in caſar’s Time. Lewis III. gave this Hobgoblin of this Name which goes round
Country to the Count of Anjou, to defend the City by Night, and beats the Night
the Loire againſt the Normans. It came af Walkers. Some derive the Nick-Name of
terwards to other Families, was ere&ted in Hugonot, given to the French Proteſtants,
to a Dutchy by K. John for one of his own from their meeting formerly by Night in
Sons, and for fome Time poffeſſed by the the fubterranean Vaults uear this Gate, to
Family of Douglaf in Scotland, for their avoid the Fury of their Perfecutors.-- But
great Šervices to the Crown of France. The others affign it a more illustrious Original,
Ď. of Alençon, Son to-Henry III. had it for and fay, That the Leaguers gave them this
his Appannage; and after his Death, .in Name, becaufe they were for keeping the ·
1584, 'twas united to the Crown. This Crown upon the Head of the prefent Line,
Country is fo fruitful, that 'tis commonly defcended from Hugh Capet, wlien they were
call'd the Garden of France. It contains, for giving it to the Houſe of Gaife, as de
1. Tºurs, Lat. Turonum, and Ceſarodunum fcended from Charlemagne. But however ·
Turnum, on the Loire, about i 18 Miles S.W. that is, the Proteſtants were fo powerful in
from Paris, 46 S. W. from Orleans, 28 S. W. this City, that they kept it firm to Henry III.
from Blois, and abour 75 N. W. from Bºur and IV. and when the Parliament of Paris
ter, in Long. 19. 37. Lat: 47. 28. "Tis an declar’d for the League, the Loyalifts retir’d
incient, large, and fine City, is the Seat of hither, and ere&ted another Tribunal, which
an Archbiſhop, a Prefidial, Generality, and annull'd all the Edi&ts of the Parliament of
Chamber of Money. ’Tis the Capital of Paris in Favour of the Rebels. From the
the Dutchy, and lies on the S. Side the Money that was coin'd here, and current
Lire, over which it has a beautiful long through all the Kingdom, came the Denr--
Store Bridge. ’Tis noted for a great Victory mination of Deniert, Sola, and Livres Tour
obtain’d near it by Charles Martel in 732, mois.
over Abderames, the Saracen General, who 2. Marmoutier, a famous Abbey of the
was kill'd there, with 2ooooo of his Men, Order of St. Bennet near Tºurs, where they
as French Authors give out; thô others re keep a Bottle of holy Oil for confecrating
duce them to 75oo.o. This City is famous their Kings on Occaſion.--
Near -
no8o F R A N c E.
Near a Village cali’d Columbiers, 2 Leagues Towers and Bulwauks, on an inacceſſible
E. from Tours, there's a ſubterranean Vault Rock, fo that the Engliſh could not take it.
call'd the Dropping Cave, where the Drops This Caſtle has been often made a Prifon
petrify as they fall from the Roof. 'Tis for Criminals of State. Louis XI. kept the
obferv'd to be extraordinary cold in Sum Cardinal Balue here; and Lewis XII. impri
mer. Near this Place ſtands the Caſtle of fon'd Lodowick Sforza, D. of Milan, in it
Pleft, which, with its fine Gardens and Or till he died. Du Chefne fays, there was an
chards, deferve a Traveller's View. Iron Gate in this Caſtle, at the End of a
3. Amboife, Lat. Ambácia, on the Loire, 5 long Paffage cut thro' a Rock into a fquare
Leagues E. from Tours. ’Tis a very ancient Room, where there was a Man found of 8
Town, and noted for a Royal Palace built Foot long, fitting on a Stone, and leaning
by Charles VIII. who was born and died in his Head on his Hands as if alleep; but he
this City. King Clovis, and Alaric the Goth,
diffolved into Duft upon letting in the Air,
had an :::::::: here in 5 o6. The Nor except the biggeſt Bones; and the Cranium,
mans ruin'd it in the 12th Century. 'Twas that were a long time kept in our Lady’s
afterwards poífeffed by the Families of An Church there. Here is alſo the Tomb of
jou and Berry, and united to the Crown by Agnes Sarelle, Miſtrefs to Charles VII. the
Charles VII. in 143 1, becauſe the Lord of faireſt Woman of her Time, with her Sta
it join'd with the Engliſh. Louis XI. inſti tue of white Marble, done to the Life. On
tuted the Order of St. Michael here the firft the other Side the River, lies the Bewedistin
of Auguſt, 1469. The Healthfulnefs of the Abbey of Beaulieu, in which there's a Py
Place has frequently occafioned the French ramid 12 Foot long, with Chara&ters that
Kings to refide here. In 156o, fome Pro could never be decipher’d ; fo that 'tis not
testant Gentlemen defign'd to have refcued known whether it be a Gothick or Gauliek
Fajncis II. who was in a manner kept Pri Monument. Loches has a Bailiwick, and a
: by the Houfe of Guife at this Place; Royal Court of Juſtice.
which being difcover’d, was called a Plot 7. La Haye, a large Town on the Fron
againſt the King, and they were put to tiers of Poitřou, 5 : Leagues S. W. from
Death for it. This Town has a fine Bridge Loches. It has the Title of a Barony, was
over the Loire. an important Pafs during the Wars of the
4. Langes, a fmall Town on the Loire, a 16th Century, and noted for the Birth of
bout 5 Leagues S. W. from Tours, noted for the great Philofopher Des Cartres. |
its fine Melons. 8. Chenºnceaux, on the Cher, 8 Leagues
5. Chinom, a Town on the Vienne, 7 S.E. of Tours, noted for a Royal Palace and
Leagues S. W. from Tours, with a good Ca Caſtle, built by Queen Catharine de Medicis,
}
ftle, and Court of Judicature. 'Twas here and adorn’d with fine Marbles and Starues
that Goan of Arc came to Charles VII. in brought from Italy; among which, that of
1429, and knew him to be King, fay the Scipio Africanus is much efteem’d. •
:
French Authors, tho' ſhe had never feen 9. Mont-Louis, a Borough near the Loire,
him ; and that he had nothing about him about 2 Leagues E. from Tours. The Hou
which could diftinguiſh him from any of fes are all cut out of a Rock, and nothing
his Nobles. ’Tis noted alſo for the Death appears above it but the Chimnies.
of Henry II. of England in 1189. ’Tis a ve
ry ancient Town, and was beſieged by Ægi B L A S O I S,
diu the Roman General; but he was oblig'd
to raife the Siege by a great Rain. Rabelais, Lies between Berry, Orleannois, properly
the Comical Poet, was born here ; and al fo called, Vendemois, and Tºurainë, in Form
Îedg'd this Town was built by Cain, from of a Semi-circle, is about 42 Leagues where
whom it deriv'd its Name. longeft, and ro where broadeft. ’Tis a very
6. Loches, Lat. Lucce, or Locie, on the fruitful Country,agreeably interfpers'd with
łndre, about 25 Miles S. E. from Tours, in Mountains, Hills, Vineyards, Forrests and
which Charles VII. and Lewis XI. delighted Plains, abounding with Gardens, Orchards,
much. Tis an ancient Place, and very Meadows, and Corn-Fields, and water’d
ſtrong, being defended by a Caſtle, with with many Rivers and Streams. It had for
merly
F R A N C E. ro8r
merly Counts of its own, who were the Purity. Peter l'Hermite, the firſt Preacher
powerfuleſt Lords in France, and Mafters of of the Crufadoes, was a Native of this.
Champagne and Chartres ; but in 1391, 'twas Place. This Town has the Title of a Coun
fold to a Prince of the Blood, and fince ty, and was noted for the Refidence of fe
united to the Crown. It has frequently veral Queen Dowagers of France, who died
been an Appannage of the Sons of France, here. , 'Twas taken by the Protestants du
as 'twas lately of the Duke of Orleans. It ring the Civil Wars, and retaken and fack'd
contains, by the D. of Guife in 1562. The States of
1. Blois, Lat. Blefum, Castrum Blefenfe, or the Kingdom were affembled here in 1566,
Carbile, on the Loire, about I o Leagues to accommodate the Differences betwixt thé
N. E. from Tours, and 1 I S. W. from Or Proteſtants and Papifts, but without Effect.
leans. 'Tis thought to be the Capital of the They were affembled again in 1588, be
Cºrbilones,but is certainly a Place of confide caufe of the great Diforders occaſioned in
rable Antiquity. La Forreſt fays, it has the moft the Kingdom by the Catholick League ; at:
pleafant Situation in Europe, lies upon the which Time the D. of Guife, and the Ćar
eaſy Afcent of a Hill on the N. Side of the dinal his Brother, the Heads of the League,
Loire, over which there’s a fine Stone Bridge, were killed here by Henry III.'s Order. Thé
which joins the Suburb call'd Vienne to the fpacious Park adjoining to the Royal Gar
Town. On the Bridge there's a Pyramid den, and the Tennis-Court, whicň is the
with an Infcription, to fhew that Henry IV. largeft in France, are much taken Notice of
rebuilt it in 1598. Here is a fumptuous by Travellers.
Castle begun by K. Lewis XII. finiſhed and . 2. Chambort, 3 : Leagues S. E. from Etoit,
enlarged by feveral fucceeding Princes. It is a Royal Palace begun by Francis I. who
has a curious Garden, adorn'd with Water employ’d 18oo Workmen on it for 12 Years;
works, and antick Statues. The Goodnefs but 'twas not finiſhed till the Time of
of the Air, the Pleaſantnefs of the Situa Henry II. ’Tis adorn'd with many Towers.
tion, and the frequent Refidence of the and Chimnies, which form a delicate Prof.
Kings and their Children here, occaſioned peết thrô the Avenues in the neighbouring
it to be called the City of Kings. Its firſt Forreſt. "Tis remarkable for a Winding: .
Counts were the Predeceffors of Hugh Ca Stair-cafe of 274 Steps, fo large, that feverat
fet, from whom the prefent Royal Family Companies, can walk up and down it a
is defcended. Thofe Counts were Sove breaft ; and Bleau fàys, the Stairs are for
reign Princes, coin'd Money, ſtamp'd with wide, that thofe at the Extremities on both
a Hebrew Letter, a Flower-de-Lueer-afid Sides can't fee one another. He adds, Thar
their own Name, on one Side; and on the this Palace is large enough to lodge all the
Reverfe, a Crofs with a B. and thefe two Princes of Europe together, and is of fuch:
Words, Castro-Blefis. There's the Remains admirable Architeếture, that the greatest
of a Reman Aquedust here, into which Maſters of it may learn fomething new
3 Men may ride a-breaft: And at a Village there. There's a Garden call'd the Queen's,
called orchefe, about 2 Leagues N. W. from of 5oo Acres of Ground, and an Avenue
the Town, the Inhabitants alledge Julius from the Forrest of Blois of a Mile long,
Cafar to have kept his Magazines, becaufe and a confiderale Breadth, form’d by 6c53
the Ruins offome great Stru&tures, Arches, large Elms ; and adjoining to it, there's a.
thick Walls, ởe. are ftill to be feen there. large Park.
Between this Village and Blois, a Mine of 3. st. Diee, a finall Town on the Leire,
Terra sigiliata, equal to that of Lemnos, was above 3 Leagues E. from Blois, noted for
diſcover’d above 1oo Years ago. The the excellent Wine produçed in its Terri
neighbouring Paftures are fo very good, tory.
that the Milk and Cream of this Country 4. Remerentin, on the saadre, about 7 ;
is eſteem’d an excellent Dainty. Their Leagues S. E. from Blois, formerly a confi
Banne-chretien Pears and Perdrigon Plumbs are derable Town, and called Rotomagus while.
much valued. This City is alfo noted for this Country was poſſefs'd by the celt.e. 'Tis
the best Watches of the Kingdom; and the noted for its Manufacture of Cloth, is the
French Tongue is fpoke here in its geateſt Capital of So'gne, has the Title of a Coun
tY,
1982 F R A N C E.
ty, and is the Seat ofan Elektion. In 1597; 2. Montoire, 3 i Leagues W. from zen.
the Monks fuborn’d a Maid here, call'd define, is a fmall City, formerly cail'd Mºnt :
Aiarth, Broffer, to counterfeit her being pof Aureuſ.
feſs'd ; and in her Fits, ſhe ſpoke many . 3. Modoubleaa, a ſmall Town on the Fron
Things against Henry IV. which confirm'd "tiers of Main.
the Leaguers againſt that Prince ; upon
which fhé was confin’d. In 156o, Francis II.
The Country of B E A U C E,
publiſh'd an Editt here against the Pro
teſtants. - -

Lies W. from Orleannais Preper and Bla


5. Chateaudun, the Capital of the Dunºis, fois. The greateſt Length is about 14
above 9 Leagues N. E. from Blois, is the Leagues, and the greateſt Breadth about 1 1 .
Seat of an Elečtion, a Chatellany, and Court The Latin Name is Belfia or Belfa. "Twas
of Juſtice. ’Tis an ancient. I own on the formerly of a much larger Extent, con
River Lºire, flands on a Hill, from whence tain'd the Territory of Chartres, and feve
it may be feen, at a confiderable Diſtance, ral neighbouring Countries; but Kalefitu re
and is defended by a ſtrong Caſtle. It fuf duces it to the preſent Dimenſions, which
fered much by the Wars, has an ancient fome call Beauce Proper, or the Country -of
Abbey of Citiertians, and feveral Collegiate Chartres, the Seat of the ancient Carmuter,
and Éariſh Churches. 'Twas formerly a fo famous in Cefar's Commentaries. The
Biſhºprick, but now included in the Dio Country is fo fruitful in Corn, that 'tis cal
cefe of Chartres. led the Granary of France. It contains,
1. Chartres, Lat. Carnutum, the Capital of
The V E N D O M O I S, the Country, about 45 Miles S. W. from
Paris, 4o N.W., from Orleans, and 5 o N. E.
Lies on the W. Side of this Country, is from Blois. ’Tis the Seat of a Biſhop, Pre
about i 1 Leagues where longeft, and 8 fidial, and Vidame. 'Tis fo ancient, that
where broadeſt. It contains, fome alledge it to have been built 22oo
1. vendofine, on the Leffer Loire, about 6 Years before Chrift, by the Sons of Gomer.
Leagues W. from Blois. 'Tis the Capital of The Druides and the Saronides, the Prieſts of
the Čountry, formerly the Seat of the Vin the ancient Gauls, are by others faid to have
docinii, whence 'twas called Windoeinenf, Pa founded it, to have kept their Religious Af
gus, and the Town Windocinum Gastrum. It femblies here; and foretold, That a Virgin
had Counts of its own, whoſe Heirefs mar fhould bring forth a Son: Upon which Prifcus,
rying John de Bourbon Count de la Marche, the Renan Governor of Gaul, built a ſtately
Francis I. erested it into a Dutchy and Peer Temple in Honour of that Virgin, with
age for charles of Barbon, Grandfather to this Infcription, Virgini Pariture; i. e. To
Henry IV. In 1342, one of their Counts the Virgin that ſhall bring forth. . The People
built the Abbey of the HolyTrinity for the of this City and Country made a long Re
B nedistins herë, and preſented them with a fiftance againſt the Romans, and at laſt ob
Tear, pretended to be one of thoſe which tain’d honourable Terms from them. They ·
our Sáviour wept over Lazarus's Grave: had Biſhops very early; for if we mav be
The Popes exempted them from Epifcopal lieve Du Chefne, he that inftru&ed K Clovis
Juriſdistion, and gave their Abbot Leave to was their 14th Biſhop. This City and
áfume the empty Title of Cardinal of Country had formerly Counts of their own,
st. Prifu. The Proteſtants took this Town
the Anceſtors and Succeffors of Hugh Capet,
in 1563, and broke down the Idolatrous who were alfo Counts of Champagne. It
Images. 'Twas afterwards taken by the came afterwards by Marriage and Purchafe
Leaguers; but Henry IV. retook it by Storm to the Crown, and was an Appannage to fe
in F; 69, when he put the Governor and a veral Sons of France. Francis I. made it a
Frantifan Friar to Death, who had been Dutchy and Peerage in 1528, in Favour of
chief in the Revolt; but pardon'd the reft. Anne of France Dutchefs of Ferrara. Her
This Town has an ancient Castle, a Col Grandfon the D. of Nemours reſtor'd it to
lege of the Fathers of the Oratory, and Lewis XIII. 'Twas enjoyed by the late
fone Religious Houſes. D. of Orleans, and belongs now to his Sori
the
F R A N C E. 1 o 83
the D. of Chartret. This City and Coun chy and Peerage by Henry III. in 1581 for
try has been fubjeŚt to many Changes. John Lewis de la Valet Nogaret, his Favourire,
'Twas taken in the Clofe of the 6th Centu whom he raiſed to the higheſt Dignities of
ry by Thiery K. of Burgundy from his Bro the Kingdom. He was a very great Man,
ther Clotharius, was burnt by the D. of Aqui a good General, but exceſſively proud, and
tain in 743, by the Normani in 91 1, and by a violent Enemy to the Proteſtants.
the Count of Danois in 143 1. The Prote 4. Maintenon, about 14 Miles N. E. from
fants befieg'd it in 1568, and, under the Chartres, on the River Eure, ere&ted into a
Condu& of the great Admiral Coligny, de Marquifate, and now gives Title of Dut
feated the Papifts who came to relieve it ; chefs to the famous Madam Maintenon, Wi
but Catharine de Medicis, by a treacherous dow to the Poet Scarron, Mıftrefs to .
Pacification, wherein ſhe promis'd them Li Lewis XIV. a Lady of great Parts and In
berty of Confcience, prevented their taking trigue, and now, according to general Re
it ; which the fuperftitious Papifts afcrib’d port, his Wife. This Place is alfo noted
to the miraculous Affiftance of the Holy for the famous Aquedu&t begun there by
Virgin. Henry IV. took it from the Leaguers that fame Prince.
in 1591, and was confecrated there in'ı 594, 5. Auneau, a large Town about 3 Leagues
with Oil fromh the Viol of Marmoutier, S. E. from Chartres, noted for the Defeat of
which they pretend to be as good as that of the German Reifres that came to affift the
the Holy Bottle at Rheims; for the Leaguers Proteſtants in 1587, by the D: cf Guife.
were then in Poffeffion of that City. The 6. Bonneval, on the Frontiers of Blois, a
River Eure divides Chartres into two une bout 6 Leagues S. W. from Chartres, a
qual Parts. The Streets are narrow, but fmall Town on the Loire, noted for a fa
the Houfes fine, and the publick Places mous Abbey of St. Bennet, which occaſion'd
fpacious. Their Churches are magnificent, the building of the Town. -

eſpecially the Cathedral dedicated to the 7. Dreux, which we formerly defcrib’d in


Virgin, whoſe Quire, with a Church un our Account of the Iſle of France, is by .
der Ground, and its two Steeples, ai e ad fome placed in this Country, becaufe its
mir’d by Strangers. The Chapter confifts ancient Name is Durocaſe Carnutum ; but it
of 72 Canons, 17 of whom åre Dignita now depends on the Generality of Paris.
ries; and among them, there are 6 Arch To what we faid of it P. 1 o47, we ſhall
deacons and 4 Provoſts. It has 3 Abbies, add, That it had formerly Counts of its
befides feveral other Religious Houfes, and own, and was the Place where the Druider
is noted for feveral confiderable Manu held their Afſemblies, and for that Rea
fastures, for which the Water of the Eare fon accounted facred. Here they ga
is reckon’d very proper. The Town is en ther’d the Milletoe from the Oaks with
compafled with Walls and Ditches. It has many Ceremonies, after facrificing two
8 Gates, 2 of which are walled up. Bleau white Bulls ; and on the 6th Day of the
fays, it has 7 Pariſh-Churches, belides 3 in Moon, the Prieſts cut the Shrub with a
the Suburbs, and 8 Abbies. In the Cathe Gold Sickle, and the People receiv'd it in a
dral Church they ſhow a Well, into which white Cloth, being perfwaded that 'twas a
a great many Chriſtians were thrown by Heavenly Gift, and a fovereign Remedy a
stgirinus the Roman Proconful.. They have gainſt all Diftempers. This Town, roge
alſo a College of Canons. The Grove of ther with Wendoſme, were burnt by King
the Druides, mentioned by Cafar, was upon Henry II. and his Son Richard of England.
a Mountain near the Town. The Citizens 'Tis alfo nored for the Vistory before men
are very courteous, and much addićted to tioned gain’d by the Papifts over the Prote
Trade. -
ftants in 1562, when the D. of Montmorency,
2. Nogent le-Roy, on the River Eure, which Lord High Conftable of France, General of
there begins to be navigable, almoft 3 the Papifts, and the great Admiral Coligny,
Leagues N. E. from Chartres. 'Tis noted . General of the Proteítants, were both ta
for the Death of K. Philip de Valois in 135 o. ken. It lies about 2 o Miles N. W. from
3. Eſpernon, an ancient Barony about 1 ; Chartres.
League E. from Nogent-le-Rºy, made a Dut
Yyyyyy L E
1 o 84 F R A AN C E.
5. Montmirail, a finall Town, Capitaf of
L E P E R C H E, the Country called Perche-Goet, and one of
the 5 Baronies of that District. It lies 5
Lies W. from Beauce, and N. from Blafois Leagues S. E. from Nogent le Rotron. -

and Fendemoừ, , Bleau makes the greateſt 6. Broa, a large Town, with the Title
Length from S. E. to N. W. above 15 of a Barony, noted for its Markets. It lies
Leagues, and the greateſt Breadth from E. 5 # Leagues S. E. from Nogent le Rotrou.
to W. above 18. ’Tis fubdivided into leffer 7. Chateauneuf, a finall Town in the Ti
Diſtri&ts, which we ſhall not infift upon ; but merais, Capital of the difmembred Lands,
take Notice, that the Latin Name is Perti fo called becaufe they were feparated from
cu. Some reckon it to have been ancient Perche by Agreement betwixt Henry II. and
ly poffeſs'd by the Aulerci Diablintes in the Anthony de Bourbon D. of Vendofme. It lies
Time of the Romant, but without Ground; 8 : Leages N. E. from Nogent le Rotrou.
for thoſe People were feated in Brittany, as 8. Senonches, a Town with the Title of a
Mal fue proves againſt Sanfon. , 'Twas a long Principality, 3 : Leagues W. from Chateau
time overgrown with Forreſts. and there neuf.
fore called Perticus salttu, and ftill abounds
9. La Tour-Grife, near Verneuil, 8 Leagues
with Wood. It had Lords of its own from N. from Nogent le Rotrou, the only Town in
the 9th Century, but was afterwards united that call'd the French Lands.
to the Crown. Ht contains,
1. Nogent le Rotrou, Lat. Novigentam Ro The Country of M A I N E, |

trici, from Count Rºtrold, who founded it.


It lies about 28 Miles W. from Chartres, is Has Normandy on the N. Anjou and Tou
a large Town, and Capital of the Country. raine on the S. Brittany on the W. Le Perche
'Tis one of the fineſt and richeft Boroughs and Vendomois on the E. Bleau makes the
in France, and has a confiderable Trade in greateſt Length from S. E. to N. W. about
Linen Cloth, Serges, Leather, and Knives. 33 Leagues, and the greateſt Breadth, E.
It rebelled againſt the Engliſh, but was reta and W. about 19. La Forreſt fays, it had its
ken by the E. of Salisbury in 1429, when he Name from the Lexomani, who ravag’d Italy
hang'd many of the Inhabitants. Charles VII. 6oo Years before our Saviour. The Romans
took it again in 1447; and in 1651, Lew made it a Part of the 3d Lionnois. The
is XIV. ere&ted it into a Dutchy and Peer French conquer’d it about 5 o 3, in the Reign
age for the D. of Bethune, and order’d it to of Clovis. 'Twas afterwards fubject to
be call d Nogent de Bethune. Counts, who match'd into the Houfe of
2. Belleme, a fmall City with a Royal Anjou, that were afterwards Kings of Eng
Court of Juſtice, 5 Leagues N. W. from land. In 12c2, the K. of France forfeired
Nºgent le Rotrou. 'Twas anciently the Refi John K. of England of this and all his other -
dence and the Title of the Counts of Le Dominions in France, on Pretence of Felo
Ferche, and on that Account had the firſt ny, for the Murther of Arthur of Brittany.
Vote in the Aſſembly of the Province. John King of France made it a County and
There's a Mineral Fountain in the Neigh Peerage in 138o for Leais his 2d Son, K. of
bourhood, which is very much efteem’d. Naples and Sicily. His Grandfon D. Charles
3. Mortagne, about 15 Miles N. W. from left it by Legacy to K. Lewis XI. in 1491.
Nogent le Ro.rou, a large and populous Town, Lewis XIV. has fince made it a Dutchy for
the Seat of a confiderable Bailiwick, and an Lewis, one of his natural Sons by the Mar
Ele&tion, adorn'd with feveral Churches, chionefs of Montefpan. It contains,
and defended by an ancient Caſtle. It had 1. Manr, Lat. Cenomanum, Vindinam, and
formerly the Title of a County. Subdinum. It lies about 55 Miles S. W. from
4. La Trappe, a famous Cifertian Abbey, Chartres, 75 N. W. from Orleans, 9; S. W.
whoſe Monks lead a ſtrićt Life, according from Paris, in Long. 19. i 5. Lat. 48. 15.
to the Reformation of St. Bernard, brought 'Tis a very ancient City, reckon'd one of
in there by one of its Abbots. The late the oldeſt in Gaul, and was a very flouriſh
K. James us'd to retire hither on Account ing Town in the Time of Charlemagne ; but
of Devotion. fuffer’d fo much by the Wars of the Englijb.
- and
F R A N C E. 1 o85
and Normans, that it has loft its ancient pends on Normandy. It lies about 24 Leagues
Splendor. It lies on a Mountain on the N. W. from Mans.
Sarte, where the Huifne falls into it, and is the 8. St. Germain le Guillaum, a large Town
Seat of a Biſhop and Prefidial. The Cathe of confiderable Trade, betwixt Mºyenne and
dral, dedicated to St. Julian their firft Bi La Val, about 7 Leagues S. W. from May
ſhop, is a ſtately Edifice, and the French eh? Me.
Kings are Canons of it from their Birth. 9. La Val, on the Mayenne, 8 Leagues
'Twas befieged by the Engliſh in 1425, and S. W. from the Town of Mayenne, noted
is faid to be the firſt Town in France a for its great Trade in fine Cloth. It
gainſt which Cannon was made ufe of The gave Name to the ancient Counts of La Val,
People of this City and Country are honou belongs to the Houfe of Trimouille, and has
rably mentioned by the Roman Hiſtorians the Title of a County.
and the old Geographers, under the Name 1o. Beaumont le Miftonte, on the River
of Cenomani Aulerci; and when they made Sarte, above 7 Leagues N. W. from Mans,
their Invaſions into Italy, they fettled in the noted for its Lords, who were great Men
N. E. Part of that Country, where they from the 11th to the 14th Century. It
built Breſſe, Verona, Trent, Crema, Mantua, &c. came at laft by Marriage to the Crown, and
The Province in general abounds with was united to it by the Title of a Dutchy,
Corn, Wine, Linfeed, Cattle, and has Mines of which La Fleche was made the Capital.
of Iron. The People are reckon'd wit 1 r. st. Sufan, a Town with the Title of
ty and courteous. a Barony, Capital of the Diſtrist of Char
2. Mayenne, Lat. Madiana, or Maduana, on 14té.
a River of the fame Name, 3 o Miles N. W. 12. Sable, on the Sarte, with the Tirle of
from Mans, a very pleafant Town, ere&ed a Marquifate, noted for making fine Gloves.
into a Dutchy and Peerage by Charles IX. It lies about 13 Leagues S. W. from Mans,
in 1573, for Charles of Guife, one of the on the Frontiers of Anjou.
Heads of the Catholick League. Cardinal
Mazarine bought it in 166o, and gave it A N J O U,
with one of his Neeces to the D. of Maza
71Me. Has Brittany on the W. Touraine on the É.
3. Chateau du Loir, a finall Town, plea Le Maine on the N. and Poitou on the S.
fantly fituated on the Leffer Loire, with the Bleau makes the greateſt Breadth from S. te
Title of a Barony, belonging to the Domain N. 19 : Leagues, and the greateſt Length
of the Crown. It had formerly a Caftle, from E. to W. about 23. Others make it
now in Ruins; but the Town is rich and 3o Leagues long, and 2o broad. The La
populous : Its Diſtrićt is to Leagues long, tins call it Ducatus Audegavenfis. Some de
3 or 4 broad, abounds with Wheat, and rive the Name from its Rivers, Aigade in
Red and White Wine. It lies almoſt 12 the old Gaulie Tongue importing fo much.
Leagues S. E. of Mans. The Angevini or A.des, its ancient Inhabi
4. La Fºrte Bernard, on the River Huife, tants, were govern’d by Captains, who
14 Leagues N.E. of Mans, according to Bleau. commanded : in Tîme of War, and ad
It has a Court of Juſtice, which depends miniſtred Juſtice in Time of Peace, before
on the Parliament of Paris, is a pleafant the Roman Conqueſt. They were much
Town, and noted for the Birth of Robert efteem’d by the Rom ‘ns, becaufe they were
Garnier, one of the beft French Tragick of a more mild and tra&table Diſpoſition
Poets. than the reft of the Gauls. 'Twas Part of
5. Bometable, a fmall Town of confide the 3d Lionnois, and taken from the Romans
rable Trade, about 8 : Leagues N. E. from by Chilperie I. about 472. "Twas afterwards
Márni, noted for making fine Inkhorns. poffeffed by feveral Counts, who had the
. 6. Meßners, a fmall Town, noted for its Title of D. of France. Eudes, Son to Rº- .
good Markets, on the Frontiers of Nor bert, to whom Charles the Bald gave this
mandy. Province, coming to the Crown, he gave
7. Dºmfrºnt, a Town belonging to the Anjou to a Lord of Brittany, Grandfather to
Diocefe of Manr, but for Temporals de Ingelher, to whom Lewis the Stammrerer gave
Yyyyyy 2 Ill Ore
-~
no86 F R A N C E.
more Lands in 879. Theft Lords grew fo Side of a pleaſant Hill under the Castle,
potent, that Falk V. became K. of Jerufs which is built on a Rock, flank'd with 18.
lem in i 1 3 1 ; and Henry Planta enet, Son to large round Towers, and a Half-Moon, en
Godfrey III. Count of Anjou and Main, fuc compaffed with a broad Ditch, cut out of
ceeded in the Right of his Mother Mathilda the Rock on the Side of the River, from
to the Crown of England. His Son Ri whence their Proviſions are drawn up by
chard I. enjoyed thefe Counties; but Philip Engines. The City is large, well built, and
Augufita took them from K. John of England, . populous, and has a good Trade, eſpecially
on Pretence of the Felony above-mention'd, in White Wine, the beſt of France growing
in 1 2 o 2 It has feveral times been an Ap in this Province. K. John of England built
pannage fince to the Sons of France, and that Part of the City beyond the River, call’d
was made a Dutchy in 136o. Charles, the the Blaek Town, becaufe moſt of the I Houfes
laft of that Family of Anjou, having left are cover'd with Slates of that Colour. It
Lewis XI. his Heir, 'twas united to the has 5 principal Gates, and as many confidera
Crown, and again made an Appannage to ble Suburbs, adorn’d with feveral Churches,
feveral Sons of France. The Îaft that pof and other Religious Houfes. The Cathe
feſs'd it was Philip, 2d Son to the Dauphin, dral of St. Maurice, built without Pillars, is
who has now the Title of K. of Spain. The a noble Structure. It has 3 Steeples of an
Country is well water’d, abounds with extraordiņary Height built over the Portal,
Fiſh, Gardens, Meadows, Forreſts with all that in the Middle being built on an Arch
forts of Game, and Vineyards, which pro fupported by the other two, is accounted a
duce as good Wine as any in France; with noble Piece of Archite&ture, and looks as
which, and their Brandy, they drive a con if it hung in the Air. In this Church there’s
fiderable Trade. ’Tis water’d by more than the Tomb of Renne K. of Sicily and Jerufs
4o Rivers, moſt of which fall into the lem, with his Robes, Crown, and his Pi&ture,
Laire. It abounds likewife with Lakes, done by himfelf. They pretend alſo to fhew
Marſhes, and Founrains. It contains, the Sword of St. Maurice, the fuppos’d
· 1. Angers, Lat. Juliomagas Andega vorum, Commander of the Theban Legion, and one
d"
or Andium, Andegave, or Andegavi, It lies of the Pitchers that held the Water which,
on the River Mayenne, about 5 o Miles S. W. our Saviour turn’d into Wine at Cana in
from Mans, 156 S. W. from Paris, about Galilee. The Chapter is compos’d of 29.
2o N. W. from Sanmur, and 32 N. E. from Canons, a Dean, a great Archdeacon, two
Nantes. 'Tis the Chief of the Dutchy, faid other Archdeacons, 3 Treafurers, a Chan
to have been founded by fome ancient Phi ter, and a Penitentiary. There’s a great
Jofophers, enlarg’d and adorn’d by the Tro Proceſſion here Annually at a Feſtival cał
jans; but this ſmells too much of Fable. led the Feaft of God, when all the Priefts and.
'Tis the Seat of a Biſhop, a Prefidial Court, Monks, with the chief Inhabitants, and
a Bailiwick, and a Chamber of Money. It Multitudes of Strangers, carry burning
has one of the famoufeſt Univerfities in Torches, and engraven Scripture Hifto
France for Civil and Canon Laws, founded ries, to atone for the pretended Crime of
by D. Lewis I. Son to King John, in 1398, their Archdeacon Berengarius, who oppos’d
when he endow'd it with large Privileges. Tranfubſtantiation here when that Doĉtrine
Lewis XIV. eſtabliſh'd a Royal Academy was firft broach'd about 1 o 19. They have
here in 1685, with the fame Privileges as ș other Churches in the City, and one in
*
that of Paris. It confifts of 3 o Members, the Suburbs, befides 4 Monaſteries, with a.
who muft all be Natives or Inhabitants of Church belonging to each. They fấy, Chri
the Town. They are not to meddle with ftianity was preach'd here by one of St. Ju |-|

Religion, Politicks, or 'Divinity, nor to lian’s Companions, who preach'd it at Mans,


judge of any Compofures but their own, The Proteſtants took the Castle in 1 585,
without the King’s Direstion. They have but were foon drove out again by the Inha
a Dire8tor, a Chancellor, 2 Secretaries, and bitants. This City is govern’d by a Mayor,
4 Officers. The Town is divided by the and 24 Efchevins. He has bred many great
River into two Parts, join’d by a large Lawyers; among others, the famous Bº
Bridge. The greatest Part stands on the din The Fathers of the Oratory have a
Cel
~
F R A W C E. 1087
College of Divinity and Philoſophy in this tion, depopulated the Town. The Fathers
City. The Merchants in this Place had of the Oratory have a fine College here ;
formerly great Privileges, and among others, and the Church of St. Peter, lately built, is
that of coining Money. Part of the Town a noble Stru&ture. About a Mile from this
ftands low ; and it is a Proverb in the Town there are fubterranean Vaults of half
neighbouring Country, That Angers is a low a League long.
Town, has high Steeples, rich Whores, and poor 4. Doue, a pretty Town betwixt Saumur
Scholars. There are feveral Remains of Ro sand Angers, where there's an Amphitheatre,
znan Antiquitjes, and Part of an Amphi which was cut out of a Rock by the Ro
theatre in the Suburb call'd Grohan, where mans. It lies almoſt 4 Leagues S. W. from
feveral Medals of the old Roman Emperors Saumur, and is called in Latin, Theotuadum
have been dug up. Gastellum, or Doadum. . The Amphitheatre
2. Pont de Cee, Lat. Pons Cafaris, faid to be was about 16oo Foot in Circuit, and capa
built by Juliu Ceſar ; but others think the ble of 15.ooo Spe&tators. It has 22 Steps.
Name comes from the Breadth of the Loire cut in the Rock, and the Walls are builc
at that Place, which looks like a Branch of without Mortar. The Inhabitants ftill aćł
the Sea. It lies about 1 : League E. from Comedies in the Ruins; and near it, there's
Angers. The Town of that Name lies in the Remains of an ancient Road to Pont de:
an Iſland, and confifts of one long Street, Cee, a high Wall, and feveral fubterranean.
with a Bridge half a Mile long. . Near this Vaults. Waleſus thinks 'tis not a Roman,
Town there are Quarries of excellent Black Work, but the Remains of one of the old
and White Marble, and Free-Stone, which Palaces of the Kings of Aquitain, which he
are fold very cheap. , The Troops of Lew ſupports by feveral Paflages of Hiſtory.
is XIII. defeated thofe of Qu. Mary de Me The French K. keeps a Garrifon here.
dicis here in 162 o, upon her retiring from 5. Brifae, a fmall Town about 3 Leagues.
Court, which brought on the Reconcilia S. E. from Angers, noted for the Merit of
tion betwixt her and her Son. its anciënt Lords of the Family of cºffe.
3. Saumur, Lat. Salmurium, or Tuneum, on Lewis XIII. made it a Dutchy and Peerage
the Loire, 2 Miles S. E. from Angers. 'Tis for Charles de Coffe, Marefchal of France, in:
much admir’d for its pleafant Situation at 161 1. It has a fine Caſtle, a great Park,.
the Foot of a Hill, is defended with ftrong and a large Pond about a League long.
Walls and Towers, and a Caftle that has 6. Le Puy, a fmall Town within 2 Leagues:
3 Bastions, fac'd with large fquare Stones. of Saumur, noted for an Image of the Vir
Palestu thinks the Name to be deriv’d from gin, which the People refort thither, to
worſhip.
its Strength ; and that 'twas anciently cal
led Salvas Murus, becauſe the Inhabitants 7. Montfereau, a fmall Town at the Con
were protested by its Fortifications. The flux of the Kienne and the Loire, near 3:
Caſtle on the Loire, and the neighbouring Leagues N. E. from Saumur, noted for irs
Plains, form a charming Profpe&t. . 'Twas Corn Markets, and a Battle fought againft:
noted for a Church dedicated to the Holy the Normans in 879,
Virgin, where the Priefs alledg'd many 8. Fontevrauld, a League S. from Minta
Miracles to be wrought. That Trade de frean, noted for a famous Nunnery foun
cay’d at the Reformation ; but the Town ded in 1 1oo by the Archdeacon of Rennes,
grew confiderable by its being one of thofe who was Miffionary to France by Pope Ur
given to the Proteſtants for their Security. bin II. The Abbeſs is General of the Or
The famous Philip du Pleſis Mornay was der, and has Jurifdi&tion over the Monks:
made Governor of this City by K. Henry IV. as well as the Nuns of it. They had this
and they had a noble Protestant Univerſity Privilege from the Miſſionary, who was ve-.
in ir, where the renown'd John Cameron, a ry familiar with the Nuns.
sect: Divine, was Profeffor of Diviniry, and 9. Beaufort, a pretty Town about two.
fucceeded by Lewis Cappol, Mofs Amyrald, Leagues S. from the Lºire, and 4 E. from,
and John de la Place, all very great Men. Angers, with the Title of a County. 'Twas,
În 1684. Lewis XIV. diffolv'd this Univer Part of the ancient Domain of the Crown,.
firy, which, with the following Perfecu but feveral times alienated from ir. 'Twas.
mada:
I o88 F R A N C E.
made a Dutchy and Peerage for the D. of Hiſtory of the 14th and 15th Centuries ;
Beatfort, but réunited again to the Crown but fuffer'd much, and was fack’d by the
when the D. was killed in 1667. Proteſtants, in 1 562.
I o. Bauge, Lat. Balgium, on the River 19. Ingrande, on the Loire, about 4 !
Cºfnen, about 7 Leagues N. E. from An Leagues S. W. from Angers, a Town of
gers, the Seat of a Court of Juſtice, and conſiderable Trade.
formerly of a Prefidial, noted, fays La For 2 o. Mont-Jan, above half a League S. from
º ef, for a Victory which the French obtain’d Ingrande, on the other Side the Loire, neted
there ºver the Engliſh in 142o. This Town for a vain-glorious Marefchal of France in
was built by Foulk Count of Anjou in the Reign of Francis I. who was Lord of it ;
I ojo. 'Tis ſtill the Seat of an Elećtion. and to mimick Kings, fent and received
I 1. Jarze, a large Town, with the Title Ambaſſadors, for which he was laugh’d ar
of a Marquifate, which gives Name to an by the Courts of Spain and France.
ancient Family.
I 2. Waajours, a Castle on the Frontiers of P O I T O U,
Thurain, ereſted into a Dutchy and Peerage
by Lewis XIV. Is the largefi Province comprehended in
I 3 La Fleche, Lat. Flexia, on the Leffer the Government of Orleannois, has Anjos
Loire, about 8 Leagues N. E. from Angers, and Part of Touraine on the N. the Océan
noted for a fine College of Jefuits founded on the W. Part of Touraine, Berry, and the
by Henry IV. in 16o2, capable of lodging Marquifate of Limofin, on the E. and sain
the King and all his Court. His Heart was tonge, Angumois, and Aunis, on the S. Bleau
buried under the Stair that goes up to the makes the greateſt Length E. and W. 75
Altar, in one of the Chapels, according to Leagues, and the greateſt Breadth N. and
his own Order, becaufe, fays La Crof, he S. about 25. Moll makes it 25 Miles from
was born in the Caſtle here, which he after S.E. to N.W. and about 1 o3 from E. to W.
converted into a College. 'Tis divided into Upper and Lower, and by
14. Huille, a Town near the Loire, built the katins called Pittavia, from its ancient
în 995, on the Front of a Hill, where there Inhabitants the Pistavi or Pitiones. The Ori
grows excellent White Wine. It fuffer'd ginal of the Name is not known; but there’s
much in the 15th Century by the Engliſh, no Probability that they were a Colony of
and in the 16th by the Proteſtants, who fet the Piffs that came hither from the N. of
Fire to the Caſtle, becauſe the Garrifon Britain, as fome have alledged, fince Ceſar
would not furrender, where Part of ’em in his Time called them Pistons. They
were burnt. were a brave and valiant People, defeated
15 Durfal, on the Leffer Loire, 5 : Leagues 3 Roman Legions commanded by Lucius
N. E. from Angers, a fmall Town, with a Manliau, one of Cefar's Lieutenants, and
fine Caſtle, and the Title of a County. were afterwards fubdued by Publiu crafu,
'Twas built in 1o38, and belongs to the notwithftanding the League form’d by Ver
Family of Rochefocault. - cingetorix, a Native of Auvergne, to ftop the
16. Lude, on the Leffer I vire, 14 Leagues Roman Progrefs. Being thus fubdued, the
N. E. from Anders, a pretty Town, with Chief of their Nobility accompanied the
the Title of a Dutchy, and a fine Castle, Emperor Claudiu into Great Britain, and
belonging to the Illustrious Family of Lude, were allowed to rebuild their Capital City
who derive their Origine from Ludus, a Bri upon their Return, in Confideration of
tifh Lord. their good Services. Poitou was afterwards
17. Chateangontir, a Town on the May reckon'd Part of the 2d Aquitania. About
enne, 7 Leagues N. W. from Angers, was 4 ro, the Country was over-run by the Fax
built in I c;8 by F nlk Count of Anjou, who dals, and foon after was, with the neigh
called it after a Farmer's Name that fav'd bouring Countries, fubdu’d by the Viſgoiks,
him there. who kept Poffeffion 84 Years, till about
18. Craon, on the Ondon, about 9 Leagues 5o9, that Clovis I. defeated them at the Bar
N. W. from Angers, which gave Name to tle of Civaux near Poitiiers, kill'd their King
irs Barons, who were much talk'd of in the Alaric, and drove them out of the Country.
Char
|- |

F R A W C E. I o89
Charlemagne erećłed Poitou into a Councy for ted, there being feveral Meadows and Corn
one Alfon, whoſe Succeſſors were Dukes of Fields within the Walls. It lies about 62 .
Guienne, the laft of whom was William IX. Miles S. E. from Angers, and 75 S. E. from
or, as fome fay, X. whoſe Heirefs Eleanor Nantes, in Long. 19. Lar. 46. 3o. on a rifing.
marrying Lewis VII. was divorc'd from him, Ground, between the River Clain and a finali
as we have formerly mention'd, and mar Rivulet. , ’Tis the Seat of a Biſhop, of a
ried Henry Plantagenet, afterwards K. of Eng Senefchal's Court, a Prefidial, Generality,
land, who enjoy'd this Country in her Right. Court of Finances, and a Chamber of Mô.
Philip Augustu took it from their Son King n;y. It has an Univerſity, founded by
John of England. But the Englijb were re Charles VII. in 143 1, and reckon’d next to .
ftor'd to it by the Treaty of Bretigni in that cf Paris. It has a fumptuous Hall,
136o, and kept it till they were drove out built in Henry IV.'s Time, where Law is
of the Kingdom by Charles VII. in 145 1. read to the Students. The Cathedral -of
This Country abounds with Corn, Cat St. Peter was begun by Henry II. of England,
tle, Wool, Flax, Wine, Fruit, Fiſh, Fowl, and finiſhed 2co Years after. ’Tis a fum
and Wild Beafts ; and fo much Salt on the ptuous Edifice of fquare Stone. It has alſo :
Coaſts, as makes one of the greateſt Branches a Collegiate Church called St. Hilary, im
of the King's Revenue. The Vipers, of mediately fubjećł to the Pope, of which .
which the Venice Treacle is made, are for the French King is Abbot as Count of Poi.
moſt part fent from this Country. The Hiers. Here they fhew a Stone, which they -
principal Rivers are, Vie, Clain, Lay, Sevre, fay confumes dead Bodies in 24 Hours ; and :
Theue, Vandee, Vienne, Dive, Voune, Gartampe, a hollow Stump of a Tree, ínto which they
Charente, and Seudre. Bleau fays, the Inha pretend that Madmen being put, recover ·
bitants are ingenious, and jocofe, eſpecial their Senſes, from whence they have s jo--
ly the Citizens of Poistiers. The Country cofe Proverb, That fuch a Man ought to be fene -
People, he fays, are crafty, and not much tº Sº Hilary's Cradle. There are 24 Paro-.
to be truſted. Their Nobility and Gentry chial Churches, 5 Abbies, and feveral other
are reckon’d brave, provident, and daring. Monafteries, in the Town. ’Tis govern’d .
The Reformation made a great Progrefs in by a Mayor, 12 Efchevins or Afdermen,
this Country, which made it a Seat of and 12 Sworn Counſellors. . The Mayor
dreadful Perfecution, efpecially fince the has the Title of Captain, and Governor of
Year 168o, where the French King's Inten Poistiers, and has the Privilege of a Noble
dants and Dragoons committed unheard of man, which was granted to the Town when . .
Cruelties. It contains, Charles VII. transferred the Parliament hi- -
1. Poistiers, Lat. Augustoritum, Pistavium, ther in the Beginning of his Reign. 'Tis
Limoniam, Pistava, and Urbs Piffavofum. the largeſt City in France next to Paris for ,
'Twas one of the moſt confiderable Cities Circuit, and on one Side is very strong by
in Gaul. Some think the ancient Town cal Marſhes and Ponds ; but the Lower Town .
led Limºnum ftood a little further to the N. is commanded by high Rocks. The Wa- -
in that Place call’d Old Poistiers, where there ter about the Town is not very good; but
are ancient Ruins ftill to be feen. In the this Defećt is fupplied by conveying Water
prefent Poistiers, there are the Remains of a
into it from a neighbouring Founfain. It :
Rºman Amphitheatre, and Aquedu&t. In had formerly a ſtrong Castle, which is now
1336, the Black Prince, Son to Edward III. decay’d ; but has a very fine Hall, where the
of England, with 12ooo Men, defeated King Judges fit. Near to this there's an ancient -
John of France with 5 oooo, and took him Tower, built by one of their Counts,
Prifoner, within 2 Leagues of this Town, wherein the 7. Vifcounties of the Country,
which was chiefly owing to the Confidence. are reprefented ; and at the Gate of St. La.
the French had in their Numbers; fo that zarus, there was another Castle, now in •
they would hear of nothing but the Princes Ruins. On thơWall that looks to the great
furrendering on Difcretion, thô he offered Market, there's the Statue of Confiantin the
to retire to Bourdeaux with his Army, and Emperor with a Sword in his Hand. A
ta repay the Damage he had done them. mong the Briars and Thorns in the Neigh-.
'Tis a very large City, but not well inhabi-- bourhood of the City, are found "":
I o 9o F R A N C E.
of the Vipers formerly mention'd, of which a Court of Judicature. It had formerly
they make the Trochiſque of Poistieri, fo Lords of its own, but is now united to the
much esteem’d. Within a Mile of the Crown, and was made a Dutchy by Hen
Town, there’s a Stone call’d the Pierre ry III. and IV. for a Lady of the Houſe of
Levee, or the Erested Stone, which all Stran Rohan. ’Tis a pretty Town, has an Ele&tion
gers go to fee. ’Tis a large fquare Stone, and Bailiwick, a large Parochial Church, a
25 Foot high, 17 broad, and 62 in Circuit, Collegiate Church, and feveral Monatteries;
with this Distich upon it : among others, ohe of Carmelites, noted for
a Statue of the Virgin, called our Lady ºf
Hie Lapis ingentem ſuperat gravitate cºlsfum Recovery, becaufe the Monks here fuborn'd
Ponderis, ở grandi Sidere Mole petit. fome Nuns to counterfeit their being poſ
fefs'd by the Devil, and recover’d by this
But upon what Account 'twas fet up, they Statue. The Cheat was diſcover’d by a Se
do not tell us. cular Prieft, who fuffer'd much on that Ac
2. Mirebeau, 5 Leagues N. W. from Poi count ; but the Parliament of Paris put a
stiers, Capital of the Mirebalais. 'Twas built Stop to the Impoſture. The D. of Anjos
in 1o38, and reunited to the Crown about attack'd this Town in 1569, but was re
the End of the 16th Century. pulſed by the Proteſtants under the Pr. of
3. Caffelherault, on the Vienne, 6 Leagues Condé. The Reform’d had one of their laft
N. E. from Poistiers, famous for its Cutlers National Synods here, with the King’s Con
Ware, and its Bridge, one of the fineft in fent, in 1658.
the Kingdom, being 23 o Paces long, 66 6. Richelieu, about 1o Leagues N. E. from
broad, and confifts of 9 Arches. Francis I. Poistiers : Moll makes it 35 Miles, built by
maderit a Dutchy and Peerage for Francis de Cardinal Richelieu, in a pleafant Country,
Bourbon in 15 15. 'Twas afterwards fettled, abounding with Corn, Fruit, Wine, and
with the Title, by Agreement, on James Game. Lewis XIII. ere&ted it into a Dut
E. of Arran, Governor of Scotland during chy and Peerage for the Cardinal, who
the Minority of Qu. Mary, upon the Match founded an Univerſity here in 164o. ’Tis
concluded betwixt her and the Dauphin of a fquare Town, with a Market at each Cor
France, afterwards Francis II. and was long ner, and a large one in the Middle, where
enjoy'd by the Family of Hamilton, who there’s aftately Church, adorn'd with Mar
ftill claim the Right to it. It fuffer'd much ble Pillars, enrich’d with a great Quantiry
during the Wars betwixt the Proteſtants of Plate, and ferv'd by the Fathers of the
and Papifts, and is the Capital of the Dut Oratory. The Streets are ftraight, center
chy. "Tis pleafantly fituated, has a Prof. in the 5 Markets, and their Houfes uniform.
pećł Weſtwards to a Royal Warren, and „Tis adorn’d with Halls, Fountains, Walks,
the Ruins of an old Caſtle. Near this Town and Gardens, fine Walls and Towers, and
are found little Stones, which being cut furrounded with deep and large Ditches, in
and poliſh'd, look almoſt as well as true which there are great Numbers of Swans.
Diamonds, and are therefore called the The Duke’s Caſtle is as regular as any in
Diamonds of Cafelherault. The Prote Europe, beautify'd with the fineſt Tapestry,
ftants repulſed the D. of Anjou when he be Paintings and Statues, furrounded with fine
fieged this Town during the Civil War ; Avenues, Parks, Orchards, Gardens, Fcun
and till the late Perfecution, had the Liberty tains, and Grotto’s, which make it one of
of their Religion, and a confiderable Church the fineft Places in France. 'Twas fettled
there. This Dutchy contains many Lord on the Cardinal, and his Heirs Male or Fe
ſhips and Villages. male, is the Seat of a Senefchal, and the
4. Thouars, on the River Thoue, Io Leagues Inhabitants have great Privileges.
N. W. from Poistiers, famous for its Fide 7. Champigny, on the River Amable, a
Îity to the Romans. 'Tis a Dutchy and Peer bout a League N. from Richelieu, formerly
age, and a Fief of the Crown. a Place of Note, and the Seat of the Dukes
5. Loudun, Lat. Juliodunum, above 8 Leagues of Montpenfier, who exchang’d it for other
N. W. from Poistiert. ’Tis Capital of the Lands with the Cardinal, and demoliſhed
Diſtrict of Loudungit, has a Bailiwick, and the Castle and Chapel, to beautify Richelieu.
'Tis
-

-==--------=== ------- - - ----- - - ----- * * *


- - -- - -- -

- F R A N C E. 1o91
"Tis ſtill a good Borough, and has a fine made in its ftead, with which he could hold
Park. his Bridle, and was from hence firnam'd
8. Monconteur, a finall City on the Side of Iron Arm. The D. of Soubize carried on the
a Hill, water’d by the Dive, 8 Leagues Siege, and took it. 1 · ·

N. W. from Poistiers, built by Foulk III. of 2. Niort, on the Sevre, a Town of good
Anjou, noted for the Defeat of the Poistovins, Trade. It lies about 15 Leagues S. W. from
and thofe of Main, by Godfrey Martel, who Poistiers, has a Court of Juſtice, is noted
took both rheir Counts Prifoners ; and for for its 3 Annual Fairs, and the adjacent
the Defeat of the Proteſtants in 1569 under ::fy
OIII.
breeds the beft MF'est in the King
|
Admiral Coligny, by the D. of Anjou, after
wards Henry III. Notwithſtanding which, 3. Maillezais, Lat. Mallincum, on the Au
the Admiral brought Charles IX. to grant an tife. It lies about 2 i Leagues S. W. from
honourable Peace to the Proteſtants in 157 1. Poitiiers, and was frequently the Refidence
9. Montmorillon, on the Gartempe, formerly of the Counts of Poistiers and Dukes of
a large and confiderable Town, but ruin’d Guienne. ’Tis noted for a famous Abbey
in the Reign of Henry III. founded by D. William in 1o28, was after
1o. Mortemar, a Dutchy and Peerage, be wards made a Biſhop's See in 13 17; but
longing to the Family of Rochecouars. that Dignity was transferred to Rochel in
1 r. Vivonne, 4 Leagues S. from Poistiers, 1648.
a Dutchy and Peerage, ere&ted by Lewis XIV. 4. Lucon, Lat. Lucio, or Luciona, above $
for the Marefchal of tlıat Name. Leagues S. W. from Millezair, and about 1 :
12. Lacignan, Lat. Lucignanam, on the from the Sea. It ſtands on a marſhy Ground, -
Voxne, 5 Leagues S. W. from Poistiers, no is the Seat of a Biſhoprick, and noted for
ted for the Valour of its Lords, who were an ancient Benedistine Abbey.
Kings of Cyprus, Jeruſalem, and Armenis. 5. Talmond, Lat. Tallus Mundi ; i. e. The
The Legendaries fay, the Caſtle of this Height of the World; a Town about 7
Place was built by Melufine, who was half Leagues W. from Lucom, with the Title of
a Woman, half a Snake. This Caſtle was a Principality, belonging to the Houſe of
eſteem'd impregnable, but taken by the Pro Trimouille. /

teſtants under the brave Teligni in 1569, 6. La Roche-fur-Yon, above 7 Leagues


and retaken and demoliſhed by the D. of N. W. from Lucon, is a Borough, with the
Montpenfier in 1574. Title of a Principality, belonging to the
13. St. Maixent, on the Sevre, near Tbife, Houfe of Bourbon-Vendoſme, and was fre
1 1 Leagues S. W. from Poistiers, the Seat of quently the Portion of their youngeft Sons.
a Court of Judicature and Ele&tion, famous It gave Title to the 2d Son of the Pr. of
for a confiderable Abbey dedicated to a Conde, whofe eldef Brother dying in 1685,
Hermite of she fame Name, who liv’d in he took the Title of Pr. of Conti.
the Reign of Clovis I. ’Tis noted for its 7. Sables D'Olonne, a large Town with a
Manufaĉture of Serges, and fine Stockings. Harbour on the Ocean, about 2 Leagues W.
from Talmond, and 3 o Miles N. W. from
L O W E R P O I C T O U Rochel. The Inhabitants are good Mari
ners, and drive a confiderable Trade by fiſh
Contains, 1. Fontenay-le Comte, Lat. Fonte ing on the Bank of Newfoundland. It derives
naum, on the Vande, which begins here to its Name from the dangerous Sands which
be navigable. ’Tis the Capital of Lower lie at the Mouth of the Harbour. Its Ter
Poistou, has a Ccurt of Judicature, and two ritory produces abundance of Wine and
Annual-Fairs in Oĉíober and June, which Salt. -

makes it one of the moſt confiderable Towns 8. L’Ife de Dien, a fmall Iſland on the
in the Province. It lies about 22 Leagues Coaſt, about a League long, and half a
S. W. of Poistiers, and is well built. ’Twas League broad, about 5 o Miles N. W. from
taken by the Proteſtants in 1568, but quit Rochel.
ted by them next Year. They beſieg'd it 9. Noir-Monstier, an Iſland about 1; Miles
again in 157o, when their General La Noue N. from L'Iſle de Dieu, about 3 Leagues in
had his Left Arm broke, and one of Iron Circuit, and Mas the Title of a Marquifatea
Zzz z zz I o. Bosht":,
I o92 F R A N C E.
* 1 o. Bouhin, another Iſland N. from Noir Fiſhes, fuch as were never feen there be
Monfier, nearer the Coaſt, and of lefs Ex fore, came to the Harbour, which was a
tcnt. - * great Relief to the Inhabitants; and as foon
I 1. Mºntegu, a fmall City on the Frontiers as the Siege was raifed, they went off, and
ef Brittany, about 2o Miles S. from Nantes. were never feen more. The French Hifto
ir 12. Mortigni, another fmall City on the rians do likewife inform us, That moft of
Frontiers of Brittany, about 1o Leagues the chief Perfons concern'd in the Maffacre
S. E. from Nantes. of Paris were flain at this Siege; (and among
the reft, the D. D’Aumale, and Marefchaf
The cºuntry ºf A U N I S, Coffens, who were the firft that enter’d Ad
miral Coligwy's Chamber, and murther’d him)
Lat. Alnenfis, Alnetenſis, or Almifenf; Trastus. with 3 Mafters of the Camp, feveral great
'Tis about 7 Leagues long, and 7 broad, Lords and Gentlemen, 6o Captains, 6o Lieu
Poistou on the N. and E. Saintonge on the S. tenants and Enfigns, and about 2oooo com
the Ocean on the W. and lies in Form of a mon Soldiers. "Twas befieg'd again in
Triangle. 'Twas called the great Fief of 1628 by Lewis XIII. who was put upon it
Aunis, becaufe it depended on the Crown, by the Cardinal de Richelieu, to weaken the
but was purchas'd from its Lords by Philip Proteſtants, to whom this Place was a Bul
the Fair, and Philip of Valois. 'Tis a fruit wark. They expected Help from King
ful Country. Its Wine is much efteem'd, Charles I. of Great Britaim, who fent the
and 'tis water’d by the Sevre and Charente. D. of Buckingham to relieve it, while at the
It contains, - fame time fome Engliſh Men of War, lent
1. Rochel, fo called from the Rocks 'tis to the French King, were made ufe of againft
built upon. It lies on the Coast, about 68 the Town. The D. of Buckingham landed
Miles S., from Nantes, and 2 : Leagues E. on the Iſle of Re, in order to relieve the
from the Iſle of Re, in Long. 18. 15. Lat. Town, but without Succeſs, for which his
46. 12. Lat. Vapella, Rupella, Santonum, and Condu& was very much fufpe&ted and
Pertu Santonum. ’Tis Capital of the Coun blam'd; and he was ftabb’d by Felton at Portſ:
try, Seat of a Biſhop Suffiagan of Bour mouth when going a fecond time to attempt
deaux, of a Sovereign Court, of the Salt the Relief of it with a Fleet, which pro
Pits on the Ocean, of a Generality, and ceeded however, but without neceffary Pro
Chamber of Money. , 'Twas built in the viſions; fo that the T. was taken the 29th
9th Century to oppofe the Defcents of the of Ostober, 1628, after 7 Months Siege, the
Normans, was :::::::
a long time by Lords King having order'd a Mole of prodigious.
of the Family of Mauleon, and afterwards by Bulk to be made for blocking up the Har
the Engliſh, with the reft of the neighbour bour. During the Siege, the Citizens fuf.
ing Country, till they were drove from fer'd fo much by a terrible Famine, that they
thence by Louis VIII. in 1224. , 'Twas re eat Dogs, Cats, Horfes, Hides, and Leather;
ftor'd to them by the Treaty of Bretigny in and of 15 coo People, not above 4coɔ e
z 36o, as one of the Conditions for fetting fcap’d this dreadful Famine. Some of the
K. John of France at Liberty, whom they poor People eat the Fleſh of the Dead, Rats
had taken in Battle : But I o Years after the and Mice, Wheat being at 2 o l. a Bufhel,
Inhabitants revolted, and return'd to the Bread ao s. a Pound, Mutton above 6 l. a
Obedience of France, for which they were Quarter, Butter 3 o r. a Pound, Eggs 8 s. a
allow’d great Privileges; and amongst others, piece, Wine ao s. a Pint, Milk 3 os. Dry’d
That it ſhould be govern’d by 1oo of their Fiſh 2 o s. apiece; ańd the People who
chief Burghers, one of whom was Annu efcap’d were reduc'd to meer Skeletons.
ally chofen Mayor. The Citizens embrat'd The French King demoliſh'd the Fortifica
rhé Reformation in 1567; and put them tions, depriv'd the Town of their Privi
felves into the Hands of the Proteſtant leges, and perfecuted the Proteſtants, con
Princes and Lords. 'Twas befieg’d by the D. trary to the Edist of Pacification. He fuf.
of Anjou, Brother to Charles IX., but in vain. fèr'd none of the Fortifications to remain,
"I is obſervable, That when the City was but two Towers for Defence of the Hár
prested with Famine, vast Shoals of ſmall bour, and a Boom ciofs the Entry of the
v
|-
- Port,
F YR VA ; W : C ' E. I o 93
Port, which is lock'd up every Night. When the D. of Buckingham landed here
Lewis XIV. built aftrong Citadel here, and for the Relief of Rochel, he was repulſed
other Works in 1689, to prevent a Defcent with confiderable Lofs by the Marefchal de
by the Engliſh and Dutch, and to keep the Toiras, which was chiefly owing to his own
new Converts in awe. The Town is fquare, Treachery orill Conduct, having aĉted con
about 3 Miles in Circuit ; and the Harbour trary to the Meaſures he had laid down by
is form’d of a Canal a Mile long, and half the D. de Soubize.
a Mile broad, where Ships ride very fafe,
which advances its Trade. -

XA I N T O N G E or SA IN TONGE,
2. Rochefort, Lat. Rupifortium, near the
Mouth of the Charente, about 2 o Miles S. E: Lat. Santonia, has Angoumois and Perigord
from Rochel. It has a good Harbour, is be on the E. the Sea on the W. Poistou and
come a confiderable Town, well fortified, the Country of Aunis on the N. the River
and adorn'd with fine Buildings, pleafant Garone and the Bourdelais on the S. ’Twas
Gardens, has an Arfenal for building Men the Seat of the ancient santones, who were
of War, a Foundary for Cannon, fine Rope the firſt that oppos’d Ceſar; but were after
Yards, and an Hoſpital for old and wounded wards reduc'd by him. They fell next un
Mariners. der the Dominion of the Goths, who were
3. Marans, about 15 Miles N. E. from Ro expelled by the French after the Battle of
chel, in a marſhy Ground, about 2 Leagues Kouglay in so8. Under the Kings of the
frem the Sea. ’Tis fortified with a Caſtle, firſt Race, they had Counts of their own,
was frequently taken and retaken during fell afterwards to the Families of Avjos and
the Wars for Religion in the 16th Century, Guienne, and by the Heirefs of the laſt, af.
and is noted for its Corn Markets, fron ter Lewis VII. divorc'd her, came to Hex
whence 'tis called the Granary of Rochel, ry II. of England in 1 152., The Country
4. Surgeres, a pretty Town, noted for was taken from K. John of England in 12oz,
its Horſe-Fairs. It lies about 6 : Leagues but reſtor'd by the Treaty of Bretigny, in:
E. from Rachel. -
136o, and return'd again, with Guienne, to
the Crown of France in 155 r. Saintonge a- ---- -

The 1ste ºf R E, bounds with Corn, Wine, Fruit, Pasturage,


Saffron, Roſemary, and Wormwood, noted
Lat. Radis Infula, or Rescu, about s Miles for their particular Virtues. It abounds al
W. from Rochel, 5, Leagues long, and fo with Salt on the Coaſt, and very good.
1 : broad. ’Tis yery fruitful, and abounds Fiſh. Their principal Rivers are, Gironne,
fo with Wine, that many times they give the Charente, and the Seudre, which facili
Wine of the old Vintage for Casks to con tate the Tranſportation of their Commodi
tain that of the new. It abounds likewife ties. The Country is about 34 Leagues
with Salt. · . . . .. . . -

E. and W. and 32 N. and S, according to


The chief Villages are, 1. St. Martin, fome: But Bleau does not make the Breadth
which is pretty large. ; 2. That called ore, from E. and W., anything fo confiderable.
or the Iſland, becaufe 'tis feparated from the It contains, |- . . . . . . .: , : ſi
reft by a Canal. -
1. Saintes, on the Charente, about 3o M.
The moſt confiderable Fort is that called S. E. from Rechel, Lát, Santºnes, and Mediola-,
Le Pree, on the N. W. Side of the Iſland, num Santonum. 'Tis the Capital of the Pro
the Cannon of which reaches to the Conti vince, one of the oldeft in Gaul, and is the,
nent. ’Tis flank'd with 4 Bastions, Half Seat of a Biſhop. Suffragan of Boardeaux,
Moons, and other o: and had more and of a Preſidial. It had formerly Counts:
Fortifications added towards the Sea in of its own, and has gonfiderable Monu
1689. They have alfo a high Tower, on ments of Rºmas Antiquities, as a Trium-,
which they fet a Beacon in the Night, that phal Arch upon the Bridge, an Amphi
Ships may avoid the Rocks, at the S. End theatre, and Agueducts, - It fuffer'd much
of the Iſland, called the Baleins or Whales. by the Wars of Religion in the 16th Cen
There is alſo another strong Fort at St. Mar tury, i :
'twas raken by the Proteſtants.
tin's; but the Governor reïdes at Fort free; Tsey isdral of St. Peter was builtChar
br\
- - - z zz z z 2
Io94 F R A W C * E.
Gharlemagne. The Gity is large, but indif the Uſurpations of the Pope. The King,
ferently built. aftomiſh’d with this Anfwer, turn’d round :
2. St. John de Angeli, Lat. Angeliacam, on to his Courtiers, faid, Surely this is a Man
the River Boutonne, about 5 # Leagues N.E. of God, let him go, and forbad giving him
from Saintes. 'Twas formerly a ſtrong any Trouble. When the Town was be
Town, was befieged by the Proteſtants in fieged the fecond time, Mr. Welch told them.
1562, but in vain ; was afterwards taken by 'twould be taken, becauſe of the Badneſs
them, retaken in 1589 by the D. of Anjo«, of their Lives, which happen'd according
recover’d again by the Proteſtants, and re ly in 162 I, when the King charged thoſe
taken after two Sieges in 162 i by Lewis XIII. who ſtorm’d the Town to take particular
who demoliſh'd its Fortifications. During Care, that no Hurt fhould be done to
the two laft Sieges, Mr. Welch, a Minister Mr. Weleh, or any that belong’d to him.
baniſh’d from Scotland by King James I. of 3. Pons, about 4 : Leagues S. E. from
Great Britain, for oppofing Epifcopacy, liv'd Saintes, has the Title of a Seigniory, upon
there ; and when the Town was on the which depend 25 o Fiefs. It gave Name to
Point of being taken at the firſt Siege, he the ancient Family of Pons. |

encourag’d the Inhabitants to hold out, and . 4. Barbefeux, a finall Town on the Fron
affur’d them it ſhould not be taken ; but a tiers of Angoumois, with the Title of a Mar.
Breach being made in the Walls, and the quifate, given by Lewis XIV. to his Secre--
People ready to furrender, thô he had no tary, one of the Sons of M. de Louvrir.
Skill in War, he order’d one of the Gun 5: Mortagne, a large Town on the Gi-.
ners to fire a certain Cannon, and told him, ronde, with a finall Bay of difficult Acceſs.
it would difmount the King's Battery, which 6. Royan, on a Rock, near the Mouth of
fell out accordingly ; and the King giving the Gironde, a fmall Town, famous for its .
over the Siege, came to an Agreement with green Oyſters. 'Twas taken by the Prote
the City, which was one of the Proteſtant stants in the beginning of the faſt Century, .
Cautionary Towns. The King being al retaken and difinantled by Lewis XIII. in
lew’d to coñhe in with his Court, and 1622. It lies about 8 Leagues S. W. from
the Inhabitants being unwilling that Mr. Saintes.
zrelch. ſhould preach on the Lord’s Day 7. Brouage, Lat. Santonum Portus, on a Bay
while the King was there, left it might en near the Coaſt, noted for its Salt-Pits, and
dånger him, he would not forbear. The for being beſieged by the Pr. of Conde in
King fent one of the Peers to interrrupt 1586, when he funk old Ships in its Har
and bring him before him; and while bour, which hás very much fpoil'd it. It
Mr. Welch was in his Sermon, he ftop’d be lies above 8 Leagues S. from Rochel. "Twas
fore the Peer came near the Church, and formerly called Jacqueville, from James Lord
told them, tho’ he had no Notice from anyº of Pons, that founded it, and is Capital of
Man, that a Peer was coming on that Er the Diftrićt called Brouageais, which is a
rand, and order’d them to make Way for bove 9 Leagues in Length, and 7 broad.
him, becauſe the Church was much crowded. The Salt in this Distriết brings the King
When the Peer came near the Pulpit, he in 14oooooo of Livres per Annum. 'Tis
charged him in the Name of God to fit ftrongly fortified; and at Marennes and La ·
down and hear his Word ; and told him, he Tremblade, two of the fineſt Villages in
would, go along with him when he had France, both in this Distrist, the French King.
done. The Peer fat down accordingly, be has Magazines for Naval Stores.
ing over-aw'd with the Charge, till the Ser 8. Soubize, above two Leagues N. frorn
mon, was finiſh’d. Mr. Welch - went with Brouage, on the Mouth of the Charente, has
him to the King, who ask'd him in a threat the Title of a Principality, belonging to a
ening Manner, How he dar’d to : He Branch of the Family :Rohan, and gave
refy fo near his Perſön? Mr. Wel: anſwer’d; #:: to the Duke of Soubize, a famous
That he preach'd no Herefy, but the Re oteſtant General, formerly mention’d.
demption of Man by Jeſus Chriſt; accor 9. Tonne-Charente, above 2 Leagues E. from
ding to the Word of God; and the Free Soubize; on the fame River, gives Title of
ston of Christian Kings ind People, from: Prince to the Family of Rochichowart. ***
1c. Tyl«
F R A AV C E. ro95
12. Tylebourg, on the fame River, two forts of Houfhold Stuffs, fo curiouſly re
Leagues N. from Saintes, formerly a strong prefented, as furpafs any Thing done by
Town, noted for a Vićtory by St. Lewis in #::
râIt.
The Entrance of thofe Caves is very
z 242 over the Count de la Marche, fupported
by the Engliſh. The chief Town of this Diſtri&t is Aa
1 1. oleron, Lat. Uliarius, an Iſland 7 Leagues gouleme, Lat. Engolfina, Iculifna, or Ecoliſms,
from the Coaſt, betwixt Rocheland the Mouth upon the Charente, about 3 o Miles E. from
of the Gironne. ’Tis about 5 # Leagues long, Saintes, and 5 o S. E. from Rochel. This
and 2 where broadeft. It abounds with Town and Diſtrist was formerly fubjećt
Corn and Rabbets, was fortified in 1689, to to Counts of their own, from the Time
prevent a Defcent by the Engliſh, has a of Charles the Bald to that of Philip the
Řrong Castle of the fame Name on the S E. Fair, to whom the laſt Count gave it in
Corner of the Iſland, many Villages and fe 13o3 'Twas afterwards the Appannage;
veral Forts. It has a College of Canons, of feveral Sons of France. ’Tis reckon'd
another of Capuchins, a Benediffin Abbey, one of the ancienteſt Towns in the King
and 6 Parifhes, and is capable of raifing dom. Clovis I. took it from the Viſigoths in
2ooo Men fit to bear Arms. The People 5o9. The Normans took it in the 9th Cen
were formerly all Proteſtants, . Their chief tury : It held out againſt the Engliſh in the
Commerce is in Fiſh and Salt, of which 1 5th. The Proteſtants took it in 1562, but
they make great Quantities. were obliged to quit it next Year. They
12. The Iſle of Armot, a League from retook it 6 Years after, when it fuffer'd
Oteron, about 2 : Leagues, and much of the much during the Siege. Francis I. made it
a Dutchy in 1 ; 15. ’Tis the Seat of a Pre
fame Breadth. The chief Village is St. Ste
phen’s, where there's a Court of Juſtice. It fidial, an Election, and of a Biſhop, who is
Suffragan of Bourdeaux, Chief Chaplain td>
abounds with Corn, Winë, Salt, and Wood. the King in Aquitaine, and a Baron. It
stands on the Top of an Hill, is acceſſible :
A N G o U M o 1 s, - only by one Paſs, fortified with a ſtrong Ca
ftle and Bulwarks. Its Mayor is always
Has Poistou on the N.: Perigord on the S. reckon'd among the Nobility. It has 3
Saintonge on the W. and the Limofin on the E. Gates, and a Cathedral dedicated to St, Au
about 23 Leagues long, and 17 broad. Its finitu, their firſt Biſhop, 8 Churches, and 6
principal. Rivers are, the Charenre, Touvre, Abbies. The Legendaries fay, That when
Droume, Tardoire, Bandiãe, Le Ne, and An K. Clovis came before it, the Walls fell down
guienne. ’Twas the Seat of the Agefinates,of their own Accord, as thofe of Jerichº ·
and Part of the Kingdom of Aquitaine, a did before Joſhua; whereas they were only
bounds with Corn, Wine, Paftures, and decay’d with Age. In the adjacent Fields .
Saffron. The River Charente is remarkable there's a Spring, from whence iffues a
for its Clearnefs, and frustifying the Ground mighty Torrent. . . . . . .
over, which it flows. * 3. čegnae, Lat. Conacum, on the Charente, .
Bleau mentions a Ri
ver called Perufa in this Country, which above të: W. from Angouleme, notei
flows in April, May and June, every Year, for the Birth of Francis I. and for excellent
and dries up afterwards. The Country Peo Wine and Brandy. The Proteſtants rook it
ple know the Time of its flowing by the în 1ș62, but restor'd it after the Battle of
filling up of a certain Well, which is an Jarnac. The Prince of :::::::::
it in
infallible Sign. He mentions likewife the vain in 16; 1, the Count de Haretur? ::
Caves of Rancon in this Diſtri&t, which he obligd him to retire from before it: ' :
reckons one of the greattft:Wơnders in Na 3. Jarnae, on the fame River, above gº
ture ; for when one enters them with a Legưes W. from Angouleme, noted for a
Light, of which they are totally deſtitute, Vistory which the D. of Anjou, afterwards -
there appears noble and : Apartments, Henry fII. obtain'd there over the Prote.
tall Statues of Men expreſſed to the Life, ſtants in 1ș69., The Pr. of Condé, who
Figures of feveral Ahimals, Columns, cu: commanded them, was treacherouſly kill'd
riouſly engraved, Altars, Clothes, and all by Minteſquiou, whence Un Cºup để:
a III é
1o96 F R A N C E.
became a Proverb in that Country, to fig and Lower; and the Upper has very little
nify Treachery. Woođ. The moſt remarkable Subdiviſions
4 Chateauneuf, a fmall Town on the fame are, into Champagne Proper, or the County
River, about 2 : Leagues S. E. from jarnac, of Troyes, the Rhemois, Chalomois, Perchess,
whither a Body of Proteſtants endeavour'd Baffigni, the Country of Argonne, Rethelou,
to retire after that unhappy Battle ; but La Brie Champenois, and Senonois. The In
being ſhut out, they fuffer'd much by thofe habitants are accounted ingenious, frugal,
who purfued them as they pafs'd the Ri induſtrious, much given to Hunting and
VCT. Arms, and their Nobility and Gentry in
5. La Rochefoucault, Lat. Rupes Foucaldi, a genious, and well bred. They have not
a large Town on the Touvre, about 4 Leagues much Trade, becaufe few of their many
N. E. from Angouleme, which gave Name to Rivers are navigable within the Limits of
the Family of Rochefoucault, one of the moft the Country. 'Twas Part of Gallia Celtica,
ancient and illuſtrious in France, divided and Galia Belgica. For the reft, we refer to
into feveral Branches, which has produc'd the ancient Divifion of Gaul, Page 984, ớc.
many great Men. The prefent Duke is Bleas fays, they can raife I oooo Foot and
Francis VII. Prince of Marfillac, &c. Father rooo Horfe for War. When 'twas divided
to Francis D. of Rocheguion, who has the Re among the Sons of Clovis, 'twas Part of the
verſion of the Places of the Great Huntf Kingdom of Auftrafia or Metz, whoſe Go
man of France, and Great Mafter of the vernors were called Dukes of Champagne.
King's Wardrobe. The Town is noted for Thofe eſtabliſh’d by Charlemagne, had very
making fine Gloves. . It has a noble Caſtle, great Authority. The firſt who made the
which the Emperor Charles V. reckon'd one Government Hereditary was Robert, Son to
of the Wonders of France. It has alfo a Herbert II. Count of Vermandois, who took
Collegiate Church, an Abbey of Carmelites, Troyes in 953, and in 5 Years after made
4 Baronies, and 19 Pariſhes, belonging to himſelf Mafter of all Champagne. His Po
its Chatellany. fterity took the Title of Palatins, fays La
Forrefi, becauſe they had Jurifdistion in the
Palace over the Officers of the Houſhold,
The Government of Champagne, and not becaufe they were Vaffals to the
Emperor, as fome fay. But Bleau alledges,
L4 T. Campania, becauſe of its large That Count Theobald II. being at Variance
Plains, was the Seat of the ancient with Henry I. of France, put himſelf under
Rhemi, fo famous in Ceſar's Commentaries, the Prote&ion of the Emperor Henry, who
who were fubdivided into the Tricaffes, Lin gave him the Title of Palatin. However
gowes, Catalauni, Melde, and Senoner, who that is, theſe Counts were Peers of France,
ave their Names to the feveral Parts they and had 7 Counts under them, by whom
inhabited. They fate next to the Ædui in they affembled their States. Their Succeſ:
the General Affemblies of the Gauls. 'Tis fion continued till Henry III. Count of Cham
one of the beft and largeſt Provinces of the pagne, and the firſt of the Name K, of Ne
Kingdom, has Franche County, Lorrain, and varre, his Predeceſſors Theobald IV. and V.
Barrois, on the E. the Iſle of France on the W. having enjoyed that Honour before him.
Burgundy on the S. Hainault and Luxemburg Henry III. leaving only his Daughter Jane,
on the N. La Forreſt makes it 5o Leagues fhe brought the County by Marriage to Phi
from S. to N. and 35 E. and W. including lip the Fair of France in 1285. Since which,
Brie of Champagne. Bleaa makes the Breadth it has always been united to that Crown.
4o Leagnes. Moll makes it above 12o Miles
from S. to N. where longeft, and Hos from cHAMPAGNE PR ope R entains,
E. to W. where broadeft. Its chief Rivers
are, the Seine, Tonne, the Meuſe, the Aube, 1. Troyes, Lat. Treca, Trecafis, Tritaſium, Au
the Marne, the Aiſne, and Vest, befides ma gufta Tricafnorum, and Augusta Bona, on the
ny others of lefs Note. -
Seine, about 76 Miles S. E. from Paris, in
. The Country abounds with Corn, and Long. 22. 45. Lat. 48. 15. It has a Biſhop
excellent Wine. "Tis divided into Upper Suffragan of Seni, is Capital of the Coun
try,
----

F R A N c E. I o97
try, was the Refidence of their firſt Counts, This is one of the fineſt Cities in France for
who were hence call’d Counts of Troyes, has its Squares, neat Streets, ſtately Houfes,
a Bailiwick, Preſidial, and a Chamber of Mo and other Edifices. The Walls are about a
ney. Some fabulous Writers fay, 'twas League in Circuit, and they have a confi
founded by a Colony of Trojans after the derable Trade by their Fairs. The Cathe
Deſtru&tion of Troy, who gave it its Name. dral is one of the moſt fumptuous Stru
But however that is, 'tis gertainly very an ĉtures in the Kingdom. The Portal rifes
cient, and the Inhabitants of the Town and as high as the Towers; and its principal
Diſtrist are by the old Geographers called Gate, for Largenefs, Finenefs, Magnificence
Tricasts. They had Biſhops very early; and and Ornaments, feems to have exhaufted alí
St. Lupus, one of 'em, is faid by his very that can be done by Art, fays Bleau This
Afpeċt to have quelled the Fury of Attila Church was built by clotildis, Wife to King
the Hun ”Twas ruin’d by the Normans in Clovit, their firſt Chriſtian King, and has 67
the 9th Century, and repair'd by Robert of Canons. There are 4 Abbies, feveral Con
Vermandous in 953. Several General Coun vents and Pariſh-Churches, in this City, and
cils of the Gallican Church have been held an Univerſity eſtabliſhed by Charles Cardi
here. It ſtands in a fruitful Soil, is well nal of Lorrain, their Archbiſhop. Several
fortified, advantagiouſly fituated, and capa Councils have been held here, the moſt re
ble of holding out a long Siege. ’Tis po markable of which were, one in 813 under
pulous, and reckon'd one of the pleafanteft Charlemagne, to reform the Difcipline of the
Cities in Gallia Belgica, has a confiderable Clergy; one in 1 122, when the Emperor
Trade in Linen, 2 Collegiate, 6 Parcchial Henry VI. was excommunicated, becaufe he
Churches, and 3 Abbies, befides the Cathe would not renounce the Inveſtiture of
dral of St Stephen, a magnificent Stru&ture, Churches; and one in 1 1 3 1 againſt the
to which belong 4o Canons. , They pretend Schifmatical Pope Peter de Luna. There are
to have fome of our Saviour’s Hair, one of many Rºman Monuments about this City,
the Diſhes uſed at his laft Supper, and a particularly the Ruins of a Garrifon built
Piece of the true Crofs, &c. at a finall Diſtance by Cefar; and feveral
of their Gates, which retain the Names of
Mars, Baechua, Ceres, and Venus. In 1677,
The R H E M O I S cºntains, another famous Monument was diſcover’d
- * A there, being a Triumphal Arch, that for
1. Rheims, Lat Rhemi, Durocortorum, and merly was the Northern Gate of the City.
Rhemorum Caput, on the River Veste, above It confifts of 3 other Arches, one called
7o Miles N. from Trois, and 7o N. E. from the Arch of the Seaſons, becaufe it repre
Paris. ’Tis one of the ancienteſt Cities of fents them by 4 Children fitting round a’
the Kingdom, was one of the moſt confi Woman, and Pi&tures of the 12 Months,
derable of Galia Belgica in the Time of Au with feveral Ornaments. 2. The Arch o£”
gustus, and is the See of an Archbiſhop, who, Romulus, which has the Pićture of him and
fince the Reign of Lºuis VII. has a Right Remus fucking a Wolf, and by them the
tə confecrate the Kings of France, of which Shepherd Fauſtulus, and Acca Laurentia his.
he is the firſt Duke and Eccleſiaſtical Peer. Wife. . 3., The Arch of Leda, repreſenting
That Prince appointed 12 Peers to affist at her, with her Sons Castor and Pollux; a Swan,
that Ceremony ; 6 Ecclefiafticks, vix. the and a Cupid with a Link in his Hand. The
Archbiſhop of Rheims, the Biſhops of Laon Archbiſhops of Rheins have generally been
and Langres, who are Dukes and Peers; the Princes of the Blood, or Sons of the Chief
Biſhops of Beauvais, Noyon, and Chalons, who Men of the Kingdom.
are Counts and Peers. The 6 Laicks are, 2: Epernay, a large Town on the Marne,
the Dukes of Burgundy, Guienne, and Nor 5 : Leagues S. W. from Rheims, or 25 Miles
mandy, and the Counts of Tholoufe, Cham S. according to Moll, noted for a famous.
pagne, and Flanders. 'Tis performed in the . Abbey of Auguſtins. -

Metropolitan Church of our Lady, with 3. Ffmes, a Town on the Weſley, 6 Leagues.
confecrated Oil : in a finall Veffel, cal-; N. W. from Rheims, remarkable for being
led the HºlyAngºule, formerly mentioned. the Boundary between the Biſhopricks of
Rheixi,
1o98 F
-
R A . N . C ' E.
Rheims, Laon, and Soifons, which are deter peror Charles V. in 1544, which he muft
mined by a Stone ere&ted near this Town. have raifed, had he not intercepted a Letter
from the D. of Guife to the Ġovernor, by
C H A L O N O I S, which he counterfeited the Duke's Hånd
and fent a Letter to the Governor, ordering
Lies on the S. of Rhamnis. The chief him to deliver up the Place, which was a:
Town is Chalons, Lat. Catalaunum, 3 o Miles cordingly done. - -

S. E. from Rheims, is one of the chief 3. Waff, on the Blaife, a fmall Town
Towns in Champagne for Beauty, Bulk, which iome place in the Diſtrict of Baſģij.
Wealth, and Privileges. It ſtands pleafant It lies 6.Leagues S. from Vitry, has a Čourt
ly on the River Marne, which ſeparates it of Judicature, and is remarkable for having
from one of its Suburbs, and affords them given Occafion to the laſt Religious war
the Conveniency of tranſporting their Com in 1562, thus; The Duke of Guiſe paffing
modities to Paris, 'Twas one of the chief thro' it on a Sabbath-Day while the Protė:
Towns of Gallia Belgica in the Time of the ſtants were at Church, his Retinue infulted
Romans. Their Bifhop is Suffragan of Rheims, them ; which raifing a Tumult, wherein
one of the Patrimonial Counts, and one of : ? : "::: his Followers mur
the 3 Eccleſiaſtical Counts and Peers. 'Tis ther’d
begun above 6o of the Proteſta
the War. ſtants, which -

the Seat of a Prefidial and Bailiwick, and


the Parliament of Paris was transferred hi 4. Joinville, on the Marne, about 44 Mi
ther during the Fury of the League, where S. E. from Chalons, and 14 E. :::::::
finall Town, which gavė Title to : il
they publiĪh’d an Å& againſt the Pope's
Legate, and appeal’d from his Bulls to the luftrious Family, whoſe Heirefs married in
next Council the 6th of June, 1591. 'Tis to the amily of Guife. Henry II. erected
eontroverted, whether 'twas in the neigh it into a Principality for Francis D. of Guif
bouring Plains, or in thofe of Soulogne near in 15 s 2, who in December, 1584, concluded |
Orleans, that Attila the Hun was defeated by . the Catholick League here, which occa
Meroveio and the Romans. The Houfes are fion'd "r: : and Defolation in
neat, the Streets large, with Walks of France. e Tombs of the Houfe of* Gui
are in the Church here. eº. uife
Trees, on eắch Side. The Cathedral of :

St. Stephen is a large well built Structure,


with a lofty Tower. It has 12 neat Paro B A S S I G N Y contains, }
chial Churches, and 3 Abbies. The Town
is large, encompaſſed with ſtrong Walls I Langres, on a Hill near the Marne, 3 o
and deep Ditches; and the Houfes being Miles S. from Joinville, is Capital ef the
built of a chalky Stone, look very white. Diſtri&t, and faid to have been built by
They have a confiderable Trade in Cloth, Langhº VI., King of the Celte, 1832 Yeers
Linen, and Corn. The Civility of the In before Chriſt. The Latins call it Lingawe,
habitants, the Pleafantnefs of its Situation, Lingones, and Andomadunum Lingomum. Ít #::
and the Fruitfulnefs of the neighbouring been noted ever fince the Eruption of sigº
Soil, occaſion it to be much frequented. vefia and Belevefa into Italy from this Coin
try in the 164th Year of Rome. This Di
-L E P E R c H o 1 s entain, ſtrict is reckon'd the higheft Part of :::::
becauſe s or 6 Rivers ſpring from it. This
1. Vitry, on the Marne, 6 Leagues S. E. City was : by the Vandals in 7o4;
from Chalons. It had its Name from the but was fo much recoverd in the 12th Cen:
Roman Legion Vistrix, who founded it; but tury, as to be called the Noble, Great, and
being deſtroy'd by the Emperor Charles V. Renown'd City. Lewis VII. ruin'd it in
Frapiis I. rebuilt it near the former Town, I 145. stancis I. rebuilt it about 4oo Years
and call'd it by the Name of Vitry le Fran after. The Biſhop is Suffragan of Lyons,
rsis. ’Tis fortified after the modern Way. Spiritual and Temporal Lord of this ćiry,
-2. St. Dizier, a fmall Town on the Marne, and one of the 3 Ecclefiastical Dukes and
about 5 : Leagues S. E. from Vitry, remark Peers. The City is large, and well forti
able for a Siege it held out againſt the Em fied, has a Bailiwick and Prefidial, and a
good
F R A AN C E. I o 99
good Cathedral, dedicated to St. Mammez nam'd, and is reckon'd one of the prettieft
the Martyr. Towns in France. On the other Side the
2. Chaumont, on the Marne, about 13 M. River lies the ftrong Fortrefs of Mont Olym
N. W. from Langres, and by fome reckon’d puº, and the Ruins of an old Castle, fuppoſed
the Capital of Baffigny. . It had formerly to have been a Pagan Temple.
Lords of its owa, who fold it to the Counts 5. Donchery, on the Meuf, a Town with
of champagne. Lewis XII. begun its Forti an ancient Provostíhip on the Frontiers of
fications. Francis I. and Henry II. enlarged Luxemburg, 6 Miles S. E. from Meziers, and
them. 4 N. W. from Sedan.
3. Bar-ſur-Aube, fo called from its Situa 6. Roeroy, ao Miles N. W._from Charle
tion on the River Aube, is noted for its ville, at the Entrance of the Forreſt of Ar
good Wine. It had Counts of its own in dennes. 'Twas fortified by Francis I. and is
the 11th Century, whofe Succeſſion conti noted for a Victory by the D. of Engsien,
nued about 2oo Years; after which, this afterwards Pr. of Cºndé, over the Spaniards
Town was united to Champagne. It lies a in 1643.
bout 24 Miles E. of Troyes. 7. Sedan, on the Meuſe, 15 Miles S. E.
4. Montigny le Roy, a large Town near the from Charleville, and 25 W. from Luxemburg,
Head of the Meufe, about 1 2 Miles N. E. is well fortified, and has the Title of a
from Langres. - Principality. It belong'd formerly to the
Archbiſhops of Rheims, one of whom ex
The Country of A R G O N N E, chang'd it for other Territories with the
Crown of France. It afterwards came to
Contains only one Town of Note called the Family of Marck by the Marriage of the
St. Menehoud, on the Loire. ’Tis defended by Heirefs with the Duke of Bouillon, and was
a good Castle on a Hill, and famous for the given to Lewis XIII. by Frederick de la Tour,
many Sieges it has undergone. Pr. of Sedan, and D. of Auvergne, for the
Dutchies of Albret, Chateau Thierry, and the
Ther R E T E L O I S contains, County of Evreux. "Tis noted for the Birth
of the famous Marefchal de Turenne, who
1. Retel, on the Aifne, about 22 Miles N. was a Son of the Family; and before the
from Rheims, and is now called Mazarine, late Perfecution, was inhabited by Prore
fince the Cardinal bought it from the D. of stants, who had a famous Univerſity háre,
Nevers. "Tis Capital of the Diſtrict, which where Du Moulin, James Chapelle le Blanc, Ti
has the Title of a Dutchy. "Twas the Bar lenu, and other great Men, were Profeſſors.
rier of Champagne before Lewis XIV. took 'Twas chiefly by the Intrigues of the Car
Roeroy. "Tis noted for a Vistory in 165o dinal Mazarine that the Family was depriv'd
by the Marefchal du Pleft-Preſin over the of this Principality, the Lands given in Ex
Troops of Spain, and thofe of the Prince change being nothing comparable to it.
of Conde. |

The Principality is about 4 Leagues fquare,


2. Chateau Parein, or Parcien, on the abounds with Wood and Corn, and the
Aifne, 8 Miles W. from Retel, formerly be Town is pleafant, the Meufe running thrô
long'd to the Counts of Champagne, but it, and the Caſtle reckon'd impregnable. It
came to the Crown of France by Marriage, has a Platform large encugh to draw up
was afterwards given to the Family of Cha 4.ooo Men, and the Magazine is as well fur
tilm, and made a Principality by Charles IX. niſh'd as moſt cf the Kingdom. The Town
for the Houfe of Croy. is but fmall, and ccnfifts principally of 3
3. Meziers, 35 Miles N. E. from Rheims. Streets.
It lies on the Meufe, has a ftrong Citadel, 8. Raucourt, a Town with the Title of a
and is an important Pafs betwixt Iuxemburg Principality, united long ago to that cf Se
and France. ’Tis noted for its Manufa&ure dan.
of fine Cloth. 9. Moufon, on the Meufe, about 12 Miles
4. charleville, on the Mesſe, about 5 Miles S. E. from sedan, Capital of its Distrist. It
N. W. from Meziers. 'Twas built in 16c9, belong’d formerly to the Archbiſheps of
by charles D. of Neveri, from whom 'twas Rheims, who exchang'd it for Faily in 1379.
A a a a aaa - 'Twas
1 Ioo F R A AJ C E.
'Twas taken by Charles V. in 1521, and reta lies about 15 Miles S. E. from Meaux, was
ken by the Fr. 3 o Years after, who fortified an ancient Peerage belonging to the Crown,
a ftrong Hill that commands it, and keep a and renewed by Lewis XIV. for Henry of Or
Garrifon there. It had a Sovereign Court leans D. of Longueville. "Tis noted for its
of Juſtice before the Parliament of Metz excellent Cheefe.
was erećted. | 4. La Ferte, fous Jouare, a Town on the
Conflux of the Marne and Morin, above 4
B R I E C H A M P E N O I S E, Leagues S. E. from Meaux. It has a fine
Wooden Bridge, and a good Caſtle, which
Was the Seat of the ancient Melde, and was taken by the Proteſtants in 1562.
in the Time of the Romans Part of the 4th 5. Chateau-Thierry, on the Marne, about 3 o
Lyonnois. It lies betwixt the Marne, the Miles E. from Meaux, Capital of its Diſtri&t,
Seine, and the Diocefe of Chalons, is about and made a Dutchy and Peerage by Charles IX.
12 Leagues long, and I o broad, abounds in 1566. It has alfo a Prefidial, Bailiwick,
with Corn, Wine, Fruit, and Pafturage. Election, and Provoftſhip. 'Twas taken by
The French took it about the 1oth Century ; the Emperor Charles V. in 1544, pillaged
after which it had Lords of its own. It by the D. of Guienne during the Wars of
belong’d alfo to the Family of Brittany, the League, but fubmitted afterwards to
from whom it came to that of Artois, has Henry IV. who granted them large Privi
fince been an Appannage of the Sons of leges. 'Twas exchanged by Lewis XIII.
France, and was by Lewit XII. united to the with fome other Territories, for the Prin
Crown. It contains, cipality of Sedan in 1642. ’Tis pleafant
1. Meaux, on the Marne, the Capital of and ſtrong by Situation, has a good Caſtle,
the Country, which lies about 2 o Miles and feveral Churches.
N.E. from Paris, and 52 N. W. from Rheims, 6. Montereau, fur Tonne, on the Conflux of
Lat. Melde, Meledis, and Jatinum Meldarum. the Seine and fonne, 12 Leagues S. from
'Tis the Seat of a Biſhop Suffragan of Pa Meaux, and 5 # S. W. from Provins, noted
ris, of a Bailiwick and Ele&tion. It fuffer'd
for the Murther of John D. of Burgundy in
much in the Reign of K. John in 1358, and 1419, in Prefence of the Dauphin, after
rook Part with his Son the Dauphin, for wards Charles VII. in Revenge of the Mur
which 'twas afterwards fack'd. The Engliſh ther of the D. of Orleans, which cof France
took it in 1421, after 3 Months Siege. a great deal of Blood, as we formerly men
'Twas the firſt Town of the Kingdom where tioned in the Hiſtory of Flanders, P 938.
the Reformation was preach'd, for which 7. Monceaux, a Royal Palace, or Pleaſure
two of their Preachers were burnt about Houfe, at the Conflux of the Marne and
1 525. 'Twas alfo the firſt which fubmitted Ourq, adorn’d with Parks, Forreſts, Rivers,
to Henry IV. after having fuffer'd much by and Gardens, inferior to few in the King
the Wars of the League. ’Tis pleafantly dom for Beauty and Pleafure. 'Twas be
fituated, and divided by a fmall River that gun by Q. Catherine de Medicis, and finiſh’d
falls into the Marne. The Cathedral is de by Henry IV.
dicated to St. Stephen. It has a Collegiate
Church dedicated to St. Sanstin, their firſt S E N O N O I S,
Biſhop, with feveral Abbies, and Parochial
Churches. ’Tis a very ancient City, and Lies betwixt Champagne Proper, the Auxe
mentioned by Cæſar in his Commentaries. rois, and Gatenois, was the Country of the
2. Provins, on the Youfie, Capital of the ancient Senones, fo famous for their Con
Lower Brie, about 28 Miles S. E. from Meaux. : in Italy and Greece. 'Twas they who
'Tis the Seat of a Bailiwick, was formerly rft took and pillag’d Rome, and built a
the Capital of the whole Country, and the Town in the Marquifate of Ancona called
Refidence of their Counts. 'Tis noted for Senegaglia, quaſi Galia Senonum. They foun
its red Rofes, of which they make an excel ded Sienna likewife in Tufany. Their Boun
lent Conferve. daries were formerly much larger, and
3. Colomiers, a fmall Town on the Morin, reached betwixt the Seine, the Rhone, the
the Seat of a Royal Court and Elećtien. It Mountains of St. Claud, and the Vogefas.
They
F R A N C E. I IO I
They bore a great Hatred to the Romans, 7. Bray, a fmall City on the Seine, about
and made long Wars againſt them, becaufe $ $ Leagues W. from Sens. It belong’d
they prote&ted their Enemies the Ædui. It formerly to the Families of Champagne, Na
had particular Lords after the Time of the varre, and Nemours, and now belongs to
Romans, till 'twas fubdued by King Robert of that of De Meſme.
- France. It contains,
1. Sens, on the River Tonne, about 5 o M. The Chronological Succeſſion of the
S. E. from Paris, and 3o W. from Trois. Counts of Champagne and Brie is as follows:
The Latins call it Senones, and Agendicum
Senonum. They pretend 'twas built by Sa 1. Robert, who began his Government in
motes I. K. of the Gauls, 2o6o Years before 958. 2. Herbert, who died in 983. 3. Ste
Chrift : But however that be, 'tis certainly phen I. who fucceeded, and govern'd 26
very ancient. "Tis the Seat of an Arch Years. 4. Eudes, fucceeded in 1o 19. 5. Theº
biſhop, (who calls himſelf Primate of the bauld I. in 1o37. 6. stephen II. 7. Theº
Gauls, and of Germany) of a Prefidial and bauld II. who fucceeded in I i or. 8. Hen
Bailiwick. The Town is large, well built, ry I. in 1152. 9. Henry II. in 118o; Io. Theº
and waſhed with the Venne and the Tonne. bauld III. in 1197. i 1. Theobauld IV. King
The Cathedral of St. Stephen is a magnifi of Navarre, in 12o 1. 12. Theobauld V. in
cent Structure, with two great Towers ; 1254. 13. Henry III. in 127o. 14. jaan
and at the Foot of the chief Altar, there’s Qu. of Navarre in 1274. She married Philip
a Golden Table, enrich’d with Precious of France in 1284, who united it to the
Stones, upon which are engraven in Baffo Crown.
Relievo the 4 Evangelifts, with St. Shephen
on his Knees in the middle of 'em. The
Chapter confifts of 9 Dignitaries, a Dean, F R E N C H L o R R A I N, "

5 Archdeacons, a Precentor, a Treaſurer,


and Purveyor. The Biſhops of Paris, Char S fubdivided into the 3 Biſhopricks of
trer, Meaux, and Orleans, were formerl Metz, Toul, and Verdun, which lie E. from
Suffragans of this See. The Jurifdistion Champagne, and contains, -

of this City is about 17 Leagues long, and 1. Metz, Lat. Metæ, Mediomatricum, Divo
8 broad. |
durum, and Mediomatricorum, on the Conflux
2. Tonnerre, on the Armanfon, Lat. Torno of the Mfelle and the Seille, about 88 Miles
durum, about 4o Miles S. E. from Sens. It S. E. from Rheims, 25 N. from Nancy, and
has the Title of a County, large Privileges, 32 E. from Verdun, is the Capital of Frenth
and is noted for its excellent Wine. Lorrain, as 'twas formerly of the Medtema
3. Chably, a large Town on the Frontiers trices, and of the Kingdom of Auſtrafia or
of Burgundy, about 35 Miles S. E. from Metz. , La Forreſt fays, this City, with thofe
Sens, noted for its good Wine, and for a of Thul and Verdun, when the Empire was
bloody Battle fought there in 841, betwixt divided betwixt Charlemagne's Poſterity,
Charles the Bald K. of France, Lotharius the withdrew from the Dominion of France,
Emperor, and Lewż K. of Germany, all three govern'd themfelves by their own Laws, and
Sons to Lewis the Meek. -
took the Hitle of Imperial. King Henry II.
4. St. Florentin, on the Armanfon, about 9 reduc'd rhem to the Obedience of France in
Leagues S.E. from Sens, a Town with the 1552, and built a ſtrong Citadel thère, which
Title of a Vifcounty, which had formerly enabled the D. of Guife to hold out a Siege
Lords of its own ; but was united to the againſt the Emperor Charles V. in 1552 ; fo
Crown in 1343. that he was obliged to raife it with the Lofs
5. Jagny fur Tonne, 16 Miles S. E. from of above 3 oooo Men. Thefe Towns were
Sens, a ſmall Town on that River, with the confirmed to France by the Treaty of Cha
Title of a County, belonging to the Family teau-Cambrefs in 1559, and by that of Men
of Lefdiguier. - fier in 1648. The City is fine, large, rich,
6. Nogent fur Seine, about 2o Miles N. E. and ſtrong. Lewis XIIÍ. establiſh’d a Parlia
from Sens, a pleafant Town, with a fine ment and Bailiwick here in 1633. ’Tis alfo
Bridge over the Seine. the Seat of a Biſhop Suffragan of Treva)
Aaa aaaa 2 who
I IO2
F R A N C E.
who has the Title of a Prince of the Em
pire. The moſt remarkable Structure in
this City is the Cathedral of St. Stephen, an F R E N c H B A R R,
'ancient and noble Pile, where they have a
Font of an entire Piece of Porphyry, 1o Cº: 1. Stenay, on the Meuſe, Capi
Foot long. It has 16 Pariſh-Churches, 7 tal of the Country.” Twas taken by the
Nunneries, and feveral other Religious Hou French in 1634, when they demoliſhed the
fes. The Town is about 9 Miles in Cir Fortifications, but have repair'd them fince.
cuit ; but before the Suburbs were demo It lies about 16 Miles S. W. from Verdun.
liíh'd, Bleau fays 'twas 4 Leagues. It has a Jameti, a fmall Town, very well for
3 Gates and 2 Bridges, befides 2 more with tified, on the Frontiers of Luxemburg, be
out the Town. The Jews have a Syna twixt Stenoy and Dam-Villiers.
gogue and a great Trade here. Before the 3. Dun, near the Meuſe, a fmall Town,
late Perfecution, the Proteſtants had Chur about 12 Miles N. W. from Verdun, fie
ches, and a Share of the Government. quently taken and retaken during the Wars
They had formerly a Right of coining Mo of Lorrain.
ney, and their Chief Magiſtrate was recko 4. Longowy, a ſtrong Place on a rifing
ned among the Nobility. There are feve Ground near the Frontiers of Luxemburg.
ral Arches, and other Monuments of Ro
man Antiquities, in and about this City, Having omitted the Atlas Historique’s Ac
eſpecially at Jouy, about a League from it. count of the Genealogy, Arms, Titles, Pre
2. Saar-Louis, on the Sare, about 25 Miles tenſions, and Alliances, of the Houfe of
N. E. from Metz, a ftrong Town, with a Larrain, in the Defcription of that Country,
Prefidial, inclos'd within the Bailiwick of we ſhall infert it here.
Vaudevrange. 'Twas built by the French
King in 168o, and confirm’d to him by the The moſt approv’d Authors derive them
Treaty of Ryfwick. from Charles of France, whoſe Daughter
3. Toul, on the Moſelle, about 3 o Miles married Albert Count of Namur. Gerard of
S. W. from Metz, and 19 from Nancy, is the Alſace having married Albert’s Daughter,
Seat of a Biſhop, who has the Title of a fucceeded him. His Son Thierry the Valiant
Count, and is Suffragan of Treves. The fucceeded, refign'd the Government to his
Latins call it Tullum, or Tullum Leucorum. 'Tis Son, and retir’d to a Cloyſter, where he
a large Town, but fortified only with died about 1 1 15. He was fucceeded by Si
Walls, and is the Seat of a Bailiwick. They man I. who was fucceſsful in War, and
pretend to have been taught the Chriſtian married the Emperor Lothariu's Sifter, by
Religion by one of St. Peter's Difciples. whom he had Matthew I. who married the
4. Vaucouleurs, on the Meufe, a fmall Town, Emperor Frederick Barbaroff’s Sifter, and
but noted for having been frequently a died about 1 1 39. He was fucceeded by his
Place of Interview betwixt the Kings of Son Simºn II. who refign’d his Government
France and the Emperors. ’Tis alfo famous to his Brother Frederick I. who died about
for the Village of Arques in its Neighbour 12o7. He was fucceeded by Theobald I.
hood, where joan of Arc, the Maid of Or who died about 12 14. He by Matthew II.
leans, was born. ft lies about 15 Leagues who died in 122o. He by Frederick II. who
S. W. from Metz. died in 125o. He by Theobald II. who died
5. Verdun, on the Meuſe, about 3o Miles in 13o3. He by Frederick III. who died
W. from Metz, is the Seat of a Biſhop, in 1323. His Son Raoul, by the King of
who has the Title of Count of Verdun, and Navarre's Daughter, fucceeded, and died in
Prince of the Empire. The Latins call it 1329. He was fucceeded by John, who
Firdunum, Verodunum, Produna, and Virº died in 1346. He by Charles I. who mar
dunum. ’Tis alfo the Seat of a Bailiwick, ried a Daughter of Bavaria, and died in
is fortified with good Walls, and a regular 143o. He by his Daughter Iſabel, who
Citadel married Rene D. of Anjou, carried the Suc
**
ceffion.
*F R A N C E. 11o3
ceffion into his Family, and was fucceeded another Branch of Harcourt which proceed
by her Son John II. of Anjou. He by Ni ed from Charles II. D. of Elboeuf. The pre
cholas his Son, who died without Iffue in fent Prince is Alphmfu, H.nry Charles, who
1433. He by roland his Aunt, who mar has a Son Francis, called Pr. of Montlaur.
ried Frederick II. Count of Vaudemont. She The Branch of Lifebome proceeded alfo from
was fucceeded by Rene II. D. of Lorrain, Charles II. of Elboeuf, the laft of whom be
who fignaliz'd himſelf againſt the Swiſſers, ing kill'd in 17o2. He has two Siſters left,
and died in 15 o8. He by Anthony Duke of one of whom is married to a Prince of the
Lorrain, who married a Daughter of Bourbon Family of Eſpinoy.
Mºntpencier, and died in 1544. He by Fran The Duke of Lorrain's Titles are, D. of
cis, who married a Daughter of Denmark, Lºrrain and Mercæure, Duke of Calabria, Bar,
and died in 1545. He by Charles III. who and Guelderland, Mal q. of Pont-a-mouſſon, and
married a Daughter of France, and died in of Nomeny, Count of Provence, Vaudemom,
16o8. He by Henry, who died without If. Blamond, Zutphen, Saar-Werden, and Salm.
fue Male in 1624. He by Charles IV. Son His Pretenſions are, 1. To the Dutchy of
of Francis Count of Vaudement, who died in Calabria, becauſe of the Succeſſion of the
1675 without Iffue. He by Charles Leopold, Kingdom of Naples, and that John and Ni
of the Branch of Vaudemont, who married chºlas Dukes of Calabria forfeited it to the
the Emperor Ferdinand III's Daughter, was Sons and Nephews of Rene I. of Anjou, and
fo famous for his War againſt the French and Iſabel of Lorrain. 2. To the Dutchy of Guel
Turks, as General for the Emperor, and died derland, becaufe of the Marriage of Rene
in 169o. He by the prefent D. Leopold Jo Duke of Lºrrain with Philippine, Sifter and
fph Charles, who married the D. of orleans's Heirefs to Charles Count of Egmond, whoſe
Daughter, and was reftor'd to his Domi Title and Arms the D. ftill carries to pre
nions by the Treaty of Ryfwick. He has ferve his Right. 3. To the County of zut
one Son and two Daughters alive, and one phen, as Part of the Dutchy of Guelderland.
Brother, Charles Joſeph, who is Grand Prior The Duke of Lorrain's Dominions are,
of Caffide, Biſhop of Ofnabrug and Paderborn, 1. The Dutchy of Lorrain. 2. Of Bar.
befides two other Brothers. There are fe 3: The Marquifate of Pºnt-a.mouſin. 4. The
veral Branches of this Family extinguiſh'd, County of Blankenberg. 5. Of Falkenstein.
which we ſhall take no Notice of The 6. Of Dºwnersberg. 7. Of Clermont. 8. Of
Branches remainingare that of Elboeuf, which Beilstein. 9. The Provoſtíhip of Kummels
fprung from Rene II. The preſent Prince is berg. z o._That of Hattonsburg. I 1. The
Henry, who is Lieutenant-General to the County of Salm, by the Heireis, who mar-,
K. of France. The Branch of Vaudemont, ried Francis D. of Lorrain.
from wkom the prefent Duke of Lºrrain is The Titles of the Pr. of Vaudemont are,
defcended, proceeded from Charles III. and Prince of Vaudemont and Nomeny, &c. Thofe
there’s a new Branch of that Family, which of the Pr. of Elboeuf, Elboeuf, &c. Thofè
proceeded from Charles IV. The prefent of the Pr. of Harcuart, Count of Montlar, &c.
Prince is Charles Henry, who was Governor Thofe of the Pr. of Lifebonne, Pr. of cºm
of Milan for K. Philip V. The Branch of mercy, Lifebowne, &c. Thofe of the Pr. of
Mercæure and Vendoſme proceeded from Antho Harcourt Armagnac are, Count of Harcourt
ny D. of Lorrain. The prefent Prince is Armagnac, Charny, and Brionne, Viſcount of ,
Lewis Joſeph D. of Vendofme, one of the French Merlan, Governor of the Country of Anjou,
King’s Generals; and he has a Brother who Peer and Grand Querry of France, &c. Ali
is Grand Prior of Frante. The Branch of thefe Princes have the fame Pretenſions with
Harcourt Armagnac proceeded from Charles I. the Duke.
Marquis of Elboeuf. The prefent Prince is The Dominions of the Pr. of Vaudemont
Lewis Count of Harcourt and Armagnac, who are, 1. The County of Vaudemont. 2. The
has feveral Sons. The Branch of Marfan Marquifate of Nomeny. 3. The Town of Veu
proceeded from Henry Count of Harcourt and devrange. 4. Of Zirck. 5. Of Sistorf. 6. The
Armagnac. The prefent Prince is Charles Abbey of Toley. 7. Of Matloch. 8. Of Bo
Count of Marfan, and he has a Son called fendorf. 9. Of Frifdorf , 1o. Of Fraxan,'
Charles of Lorrain, Prince of Pons. There's 1 1. Of Lauteren.
Tee -
-I I o 4 F R A N C E.
The Dominions of the Pr. of Elboeuf are, of the Houſhold, 1 Marefchal, with feve
I: The Dutchy of Elboeuf 2. The Coun ral other Offiçers under them belonging to
ties of Harcourt, Rieux, and Lifebonne. 3. The the Kitchin, &c.
County of Montlar. The Great Chamberlain has under him,
The Dominions of the Pr, of Harcourt the 2 Firſt Gentlemen of the Chamber, as
are, 1. The Counties of Armagnac, Charny, other Chamberlains, 5 Phyſicians, 5 Sur
and Brion. 2. The County of Marfan. geons, 1 Apothecary, 24 Valets de Cham
The Arms of the Duke of Lorrain are, bre;, with feveral Uſhers of the Clofet,
1. Or Bend-wife, Gules charged with 3 fmall Hall, &c.
Wings Argent, for Lorrain. 2. Burele, Argent The Great Querry or Mafter of the
and Gules, for Hungary. 3. Sprinkled with Horfe has 5 more under him, i Harbinger,
Flower-de-Lys Or, on a Label of Gules of 5 2 Mafters of the Waggons, 24 Pages, with
Pendants, for Naples. 4. Argent Croſs-wife, their Governor and Deputy-Governor, with
Potency or, canton'd into 4 Croflets of the Preceptors for the Tongues, Arts, and Hi
fame, for Jeruſalem. 5. Or, 4 Pals Gules, for ftory ; 6 Trumpets of Pleaſure, 28 Foot
Arragon. 6. Sprinkled with Flower-de Lys men, 12 Heydukes, and 12 other Officers.
Or, with a Border Gules, for Anjeu. 7. A The Great Huntfman has under him 4o
zure, a Lion Or crown'd, for Guelderland. other Officers, with 6 that belong to Wolf.
8. Or, a Lion Sable, crown'd or, for Juliers. Hunting.
9. Azure, two Barbels Or, Back to Back, The Great Mafter of the Wardrobe has
fprinkied with Croffes, for Bar. Io. The 12 other Officers under him.
Efcutcheon is furmounted by a Helmet Or, The Grand Almoner has under him,
crown'd with the fame, and the Crown is I Firſt Almoner, I Confeffor, and 12 other
furmounted with an Eagle Argent, crown’d Almoners. -

the fame. I 1. The Arms are cover'd with The Cadets confift of 1 Captain, 1 Cap
à Ducal Mantle. tain-Lieutenant, 2 Lieutenants, 1 Enfign,
The Arms of the D. of Harcourt Armag 2 Serjeants, 6o Gentlemen, with Maffers
mae are the fame, except that inſtead of the of Fencing, Dancing, Mathematicks, Paint
Helmet, there's a Crown; and that at the ing. &c. -

two Sides of the Coat, there's a Royal The Great Marefchal has under him the
Sword with a Purple Belt, becauſe of his Marefchals of Lorrain and Bar.
Dignity as Grand Querry of France; and The Gens d'Arms confiſts of 2 Compa
the Mantle covering the Arms is ſprinkled nies, the Duke himſelf Captain, 2 Captain
with Flower de-Lys or. Lieutenants, 1 Major, 4 Sub Lieutenants,
2. Guidons, 2 Quarter-Maſters, 4 Briga
The Atlas Historique gives us the follow diers, 4 Sub-Brigadiers, 2 Harbingers, foo
ing State of the D. of Lorrain's Houſhold, Troopers, 2 Kettle-Drummers, and 4 Trum
etS,
of the Order of his Officers, and of the
different Tribunals in his Dominions. The Swif; Guard de Corps constifts of
|
1 Colonel, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Serjeants, 4
1. The Council of State, which confifts Corporals, 1 Harbinger, and 1oo Swiffers; |

of a Keeper of the Seals, 4 Counfellors, Se 2 Drums, I Captain, 1 Enfign, I Quarter


cretaries of State; 4 Comptrollers, Mafters Mafter, I Secretary, 1 Provoſt, 2 Surgeons,
of Requeſts; 2 Counfellors, Prelates; 9 and i Fife.
Counfellors, Noblemen and Gentlemen ; The Generals are, I Lieutenant-General,
ro Counfellors, Lawyers; 1 Secretary of 1 Mareſchal de Camp, 2 Brigadiers, and
the Council, 1 Clerk, 6 Counfellors, Secre I Great Mafter of the Artillery.
taries ; 8 Advocates, and 2 Uſhers. The Guard de Corps confifts of 2 Com
In the Houſhold, there's, 1. The Great panies, 2 Captains, 2 Enfigns, 8 Exempts,
Mafter ; under him i Intendant, and 4 Ma 4 Sub Brigadiers, Ioo Troopers, 4 Trum
fters of the Houſhold ; 1 Mafter of the Ce pets, 2 Captain-Lieutenants, 2 Quarter
remonies, and Introducer of Ambaffadors, Mafters, 4 Brigadiers, 2 Harbingers, 2 Ket
6 Gentlemen in Ordinary with Salaries, tle-Drums.
1 2 others who are Titulars, 3 Comptrollers
The
F R A N C E. 1 ror;
The Regiment of Guards confists of 1 frey of Ardennes, and fupported by the En
Colonel, I Lieutenant-Colonel, 1 Major, peror Henry II. againſt the Counts of Lou
and 2 other Majors, 16 Captains, 32 Lieu vain and Namur, who claim'd the Dutchy in
tenants, 16 Enſigns, 32 Serjeants, 48 Cor Right of their Wives. He join’d the Em
porals, 5 Hautboys, and i Drum-Major. peror againſt the Saracens in Italy; during
The Tribunals in his Dominions, 1. The which, his Competitors invaded his Coun
Sovereign Court, which confifts of 1 Chief try; but he defeated them, and kill'd the
Prefident, i Vice-Prefident, 24 Counfellors, Count of Louvain. He was defeated and
Clergy, Gentlemen, and Lawyers, 1 Attor taken in a Battle with the Frixons in 1o 18,
ney-General, 1 Advocate-General, and 2o fet at Liberty a Year afrer, and died.
other Officers. -
4. He was ſucceeded by his Brother Go
The Chamber of Accounts for Nancy and thelo, firnam’d Augustus. He took Part with
Barledue eonfifts of a Preſidents, 23 Coun the Emperors Otho III. Henry II. Conrad II.
fellors, 1 Attorney-General, and 7 other and Henry III. and kept Robert of France, Son
Officers. to Hugh Capet, in Awe. He took the Town
The Council of Finańces confifts of 1 of Verdun in 1o28, againſt the Mind of the
Intendant, and Comptroller-General, 9 Emperor Conrad the Salic; but was recon
Counfellors, 1 Attorney-General, and 15 cil'd to him, became his General, and had
other Officers. from him the Succeffion of the Duke of
The Bailiwicks and Provoftfhips in his Lorrain Moſellane, upon his Death without
Dominions are 93. Iffue-Male ; and in Acknowledgment, made
The Council for Rivers, Waters, For War upon, kill'd and defeated, Odo Count
reſts, &c. confifts of 8 Counfellors, and 1 2 of Champaign, who invaded the Empire in
other Officers. 1o37. He died in I o44,
The Councił for Buildings, &c. confifts 5. His Son Godfrey II. call'd the Brave,
of 1 Superintendant, and I o other Officers. fucceeded. He made War upon the Empe
ror Henry III. becaufe he gave away the .
Lorrain Moſellane from him ; but a Peace
The H i s T o R y of the Houſe was concluded by the Mediation of Pope
· of Lorrain. Leo X. with whom he went into Italy, where
he affifted Boniface Marquis of Hetruria and
TH: Family being fo very illuftrious in Tuſcany againſt his Enemies fo fucceſsfully,
it felf, and having fo long made a great that Boniface on his Death-Bed bequeath'd
Figure in the World, we ſhall add to the him his Widow, who contraćłed a Mar
fhort Account of it, P. 72o. the following riage betwixt his Son Godfrey Crook-back by
Abſtrast from the Atlas Historique of their Agnes of Hapsburg, and her own Daughter
moft remarkable Princes. by Boniface. His Reputation rais'd theJea
1. Charles I. youngeſt Son to K Louis, the loufy of other Princes, who accus'd him
Ultra Marine of France, had the Dutchy of to the Emperor of a Deſign to uſurp -
Lorrain from his Couſin the Emperor otho II. the Crown of Italy, from which he
in 957, for which he did Homage. The vindicated himſelf. He made War how
French being offended at this, depriv’d him ever upon the Emperor, för having ili
of the Crown of France, which was his treated his Ally Count Baldwin of Flanders ;
Right, and gave it to Hugh Capet in 984. but concluded it by an advantagious Peace
Hugh afterwards took Charles Prifoner, and in 1o 58. This Prince made himſelf terri
fent him to Orleans, where he died in 994. ble to all the neighbouring Potentates by
2. His Son Otho ſucceeded, made War his glorious Expeditions, and died in 1076.
on Hugh Capet, and by a Peace with him, 6. His Son Godfrey III. firnam'd the Crook
obtain’d Cambray and Tournay, and, according baek, fucceeded to his Valour as well as Do
to fome, extended his Dominions as far as minions. During his Father’s Life, he af. -
Bruſſels. He was much belov’d of his Peo fifted his Uncle Pope Stephen X. againſt the
ple for his mild Government, and died in Normans. He fignaliz'd his Zeal afterwards
;
loc 4. for the Church of Rome in 15o9, fettled
3. He was fucceeded by his Kinfinan Gºd Popę Nicholas II. in the See against his Com-.
petitor º
I I d6 F R A AJ C E.
į: John Biſhop of Velitra ; and after He was buried near his Brother's Tomb,
ope Nicholar's Death, defended the Libertyand fuçceeded by
of the Conclave againít the Emperors, 9. His Brother William, who govern’d
maintain’d Alexander II. againſt Honoriu II. Lºrrain while his Brothers were in the Ho
defeated the Emperor’s Forces that came in Land. He had two Wives, by the firſt of
to Italy againſt the former, and fupprefs'd whom he had Theodorick, Godfrey, and Henry':
an Iniurrećtion in Lorrain, which the Em The firft fucceeded him in Lorrain, the ad
peror had ftir’d up againſt him. He twice went into the Eaſt ; and the 3d being cast
defeated Robert Count of Friefland, who had by a Tempeſt on the Coafts of Galicia, he
made War upon his Ally the Countefs of fettled there, and founded the Royal Family
Flanders, and was affaffinated by a Frießend of Portugal. He defeated the Count of Lìm
Captain who came to treat with him in burg, who would have taken Lower Lºrrain
Ioo8, according to the beft Chronologers; from him; but the Emperor Henry V. taking
for Writers differ as to the Time. Part with the Count, William was obliged
7. Having no Iffae, he was fucceeded to retire to Upper Lorrain, and died in 1 r. 18.
by his Sifter's Son, Godfrey IV. Son to Eu Ho. He was fucceeded by Theodorick his
ffache II. Count of Bouillon. His Title was Son, firnam'd the Valiant. He made an Ex
difputed by the Emperor Henry IV. who pedition to the Holy Land; and in 1 129, re
-claim'd the Reverfion as a Fief of the Em fign'd the Government to his eldeſt Son,
pire, for want of Iffue-Male, and gave it to and enter'd into a Monaftery.
his own Son Conrad. This occafioned War 1 r. Simon his Son :H, who bein
betwixt Godfrey and feveral Princes, whom fevere in his Adminiſtration, his Subje&s,
he defeated ; and having afterwards done encouraged by other Princes, rebelled a
remarkable Services to the Emperor in di #: him ; but he reduc'd them, and the
vers Wars, he quitted his Pretenſions upon ounts of Louvain and Limburg, by the Af.
Lorrain to Godfrey about 1 o89. In 1995, a fiſtance of the Emperor Lºtharius IÍ. his Fa
Croifado being refolv’d upon in the Council ther-in-Law, under whom he ferv'd as Lieu
of Clermºnt, Godfrey was declared General tenant-General in Italy, and defeated the
of the Chriſtian Army, which was above K. of Sicily, who favour'd the Schifmatical
3 ooooo ſtrong. In 1o97, he took Niee, An Pope Anaclet. He went afterwards to the
tioch, and Edeſſa; and on the 15th of July, Holy Land, where he defeated the Saracent,
1o99, he took Jeruſalem by Force. The took from them Joppa and Tripoli, and died
Sultan of Egypt oppos'd him with a formi at Venice in his Return about i 14o, or, as
dable Army, but loft I ooooo Men, which fome fay, in 1 139.
fecur'd Godfrey rhe Poffeſſion of all the Holy . 12. Matthew I. his Son, fucceeded. He
Land. The Chriſtians would have crown'd married the Emperor Frederick Barbaroffa's
him K. of Jeruſalem; but being as remarka Sifter, founded feveral Abbies, and was a
ble for his Modeſty as his Courage, he re great Benefa&tor to the Clergy. He took
fus’d to accept either that Title or a Crown, Part with that Emperor to fupport Pope
where our Saviour had appear’d and fuffer'd Vistor, which embroil’d him with the Cler
in Form of a Servant. He died in 1 Ioo, gy of Lorrain. He attended the Emperor
and was buried in the Church of the Holy Frederick in 1159, during his War in Lom
Sepulchre at Jerafalem, of which he was bardy, and was prefent at feveral Sieges.
call'd King, tho’ he refus’d the Title. Upon his Return, his own Gentry, who
Having no Iffue of his own, he was fuc had feiz'd the Revenues of the Church du
ceeded by ring the Šehiſm, and were unwilling to re
8: His Brother Baldwin as K. of Jerufs ftore them, took Arms and befieg'd him in
- lem, and D. of Lorrain, who following the the Caſtle of saarbruik; but the Emperor
· Steps of his Brother, took Cæſarea, Azola, defeated the Rebels, and reliev'd him. He
- Antipatris, Afcalon, Acre, and Tortoſa, and died in I 166, and was fucceeded by
was very near being taken at the Siege of 13. His Son Simon II. His Brother Fre
· Rama. He died in 1 1 18, without Children, derick rebelled againſt him ; but was defeat
thô he had two Wives, the firſt being Ger ed, and afterwards reconcil’d. He affifted
trude, Daughter to William the Conquerer. Theobald I. Count of Bar, in the cons: O
F R A AN C E. I 1 o7
of Namur and Luxemburg, which Theobald gave him Authority to make Peace betwixt
claim’d in Right of his Wife, fubdu’d thofe the French and Flemmingt. He defeated the
of Metz in Battle, and died without Chil Biſhop of Metz, who made War upon him,
dren in 12o7. He was fucceeded b took the Count of Bar his Nephew, and the
14. Frederick or Ferry I. his Nephew, by Count of Salm, who join'd with the Biſhop,
the Affiftance of Theobald Count of Bar, in and fet thęm at Liberty for a Ranfom. He
Exclufion of Frederick Count of Bitche, Fre join'd with the Emperor Henry VII. againſt
derick’s Father. He afterwards had War the Count of Wirtemberg, who had revolt
with his faid Father-in-Law, who took him ed, attended the Emperor at his Coronation
and his two Brothers, put them in Irons, at Aix la Chapede, and follow'd him to Mi
and did not releafe them but on fevere Con lan, where 'twas fuppos'd he receiv'd Poifon,
ditions, from which he afterwards abfolv'd and died of a lingering Diftemper after his
them. Frederick made an Alliance with Fre Return in 13 i 2. He was fucceeded by
derick II. K. of the Romans, took Hagenaw 19. His Son Frederick III. He married the
for him, and mediated a Peace betwixt that Emperor Albert I.'s Daughter, defeated the
King and Philip of France. . He died in 12 13, Counts of Habsburg and Richarourte, and
or, according to others, in 1215, and was forc'd them to beg Peace. He declar'd for
fucceeded by Frederick of Austria againſt Louis of Bavaria,
15. His Son Theobald I. the handfomeft was taken at the Battle of Muldorf, but fet
Prince of his Age. He married a Daugh at Liberty by the Mediation of Car. IV, of
ter of Habsburg, had Wars with the Empe France. He made War with the Archbiſhop
ror Frederick II. to whom he was forc'd to of Treves and other Princes againſt the Peo
fubmit, was poifon’d by a Woman fuborn’d ple of Metz, affifted Philip de Valois of France
for that End, and dying without Iffue, he in the Battle of Montcafel, and was kill'd the
was fucceeded by : of Augnf, 1328. He was fucceeded
16. His Brother Matthew II. in 123o. He
had War with the Count of Bar his Uncle, 2o. Raoul or Rodolph his Son. He had Wars
which was finiſhed by a Treaty. He took with the Count of Bar, his Brother-in-Law,
Part with Rodolph Archbiſhop of Trevet a who refus’d Homage for what he held of
gainſt his Competitor Arnold, and made an him ; but Philip de Valois made Peace be
End of that Schifm to the Satisfa&tion of twixt them. He contributed much to the
both, died in 125o, and was fucceeded by Vi&tory of the French over the Engliſh at the
17. His Son Frederick II. married a Daugh Battle of St. Omers ; and in 134o, affifted
ter of Navarre, having firſt renounc'd his the Çafilians againſt the Moors, whom he de
Pretenfions to that Crown by the faid Mar feated. He was kill'd, fighting valiantly,
riage. He compromis'd feveral Quarrels in the Battle of Creſ; by the Engliſh, who
with his neighbouring Princes, was taken defeated Philip de Valais there, and kill'd 12oợ
Prifoner in a War with the Cđunts of Pench Knights, and 8o Bannerets, in 1346.
Vienne and Macm, but afterwards fet at Li He was fucceeded by -

berty, founded feveral Monaſteries, and 2 1. John I. his Son, under the Guardian
died in 13o3, as he was to affift at an Inter ſhip of his Mother during his Minority;
view betwixt the K. of the Romans and Phi She being a Princefs given to War, attack'd
lip the Fair of France. He was fucceeded by her Neighbours, particularly thofe of Metz,
18. His Son Theobald II. who, before he and exhaufted ::::::::::::: He took
came te the Government, fignaliz'd his Va the Government upon him in 1356, and
lour at the Battle of Spire, where Albert of was taken Prifoner by the Pr. of Wales, with
Austria defeated Adolph of Naſſau, his Com K. John of France, and ranfom’d for 3oooo
petitor for the Empire. He was taken in Livres. He afterwards ferv'd the Teutonick
13ο2 at a Battle in Flandert, where he affift Knights in Pruſia, and defeated the Britons,
ed Philip the Fair of France against the Flem who invaded his Country. The Emperor
mings. Being fet at Liberty, he affifted the Charles IV. efteeming him much for his
fame Philip the Fair in 13o4 at the Battle of Valour, made him Lieutenant-General of
Mons, where 25.ooo Flemmings were killed. his Armies and Provinces on the Moſelle. He
The great Hand he had in this Vistory, was taken at the Battle of Auray in 1364,
Bbb bbbb - änd
s'

1 to 8 F R A W Ĉ E.
and releas'd by the Treaty of Guerande. to Anthony of Vaudement, and the remore
He founded the Order of the Knights of Hopes of feeing a Prince of Lorrain one
Lorrain in 1586. He was poifon’d at Neuf Day upon the Throne, were the principal
chatenu on the Menfe by the Inhabitants of Conditions of the Decifion pronounc’d at
that Town, who had a Quarrel with him, Rheinis in 144o by Charles VII. In 1437,
and died in 1389. He was fucceeded by while Rene was in Prifon, his Brother
22. His Son Charles II. who was bred at Louis II. King of Naples, died, by which he
Fhé Court of France, and affified Philip D. of became Heir to that Kingdom. His Wife
Burgundy in his Battle againſt thofe of Chrut Iſabel went and tock Poflefſion, and he fol
at Rozbick in 1382, before he came to the low'd, after he was fet at Liberry, leaving
Government. He went with the Army of his Son John to govern Lorrain. Rene having
Charles VI. against the Barbarians in Africk, no Succefs in that Expedition, he retir’d to
where he was defeated'in 1361. He after Provence, where he applied himfelf to Stu
wards defeated thofe of Strasburg, who in dy and Painting, in which he fucceeded
vaded his Country, and went with feveral better than in Arms. He died in 148o, and
of his Nobility to Lithuania, where he much was fucceeded by |- |

contributed to the Defeat of the Turks at 24. His Son John II. His Father had
the Battle of Vilna, and brought their Ge quitted Lorrain to him before his Deàth,
neral Prifoner to Marienburg. During the and having married Mary of Bourbon, in Con
Competition for the Imperial Crown, he fideration of that Match he was made Lieu
#ook Part with Rupert of Bavaria againft tenant-General of Lorrain by his Father in
Wºntestaus, and defeated the Emperor’s Ar 1458. He went with fome of his Nobility
my commanded by his Brother Sigiſmond to affift the Tufcans, who made him their
K. of Bohemia. He likewife defeated near Generalifimo; and having obliged Alphon
Nancy the D. of Orleans, and feveral Princes fa of Arragon to abandon his Enterprize,
who had join'd againſt him, and ravag'd the City of Florence gave him a great Sum
the Territories of Commerci and Bar. Be for this Service. John, who defign'd the
ing offended with Charles VI. of France, he Conqueft of Naples, appointed a Deputy
diĪcharg’d any of his Daughters, by an Ar Governor of Lorraix, and went to Naples,
ticle of his Will in 1412, to marry into the where he defeated Ferdinand, Son to Alphon
Family of france. He was made Confiable fu the Ufurper. After the Defeat, Erdinand
of France in 1418 by Qu. Iſabel of Bavaria ; retir’d to the City of Naples, where his
, , but quitted that Poſt, becaufe of the Con Wife, who was a dextrous Woman, gain’d
fufions of the Kingdom. He died in 143o. the People by her Cunning; and Pope
having first revok'd the above-mention'd Paul II. and Ferdinand K. of Arragon, having
Articie of his Will, and prevail’d with the prevail'd with Scanderbeg King of Epirms to
Estates to repeal the Salic Law, in Favour of come to Ferdinand’s Afifance, he overcame
Iſabel his only Daughter. He was fucceed D. John by his Multitude. . Jahn return’d
ed b * - to Lorrain in 1464, and join’d in the League
-

- :
His Daughter Ifabel, and her Hus for the publick Good against Lewis XI. of
band Rene of Ænjou, Count of Guife," and France, from whom he obtain’d 2ooooo.
Heir to the Dutchy of Bar. Anthony of Crowns, and á Freedom of Homage for fe
Faudemont, Nephew to Charles II. diſputed veral Parts of his Dominions. He after
the Title according to the Salie Law; and wards attempted the Recovery of Arrago»,
being afsted by Philip the Good of Burgundy, which He claim’d in Right of his Mother.
defeated Rene near Bulgneville, and fent him Ferri Couẩt of Vaudemont led his Froops
with the Biſhop of Metz Prifoner to Dijon. from i orrain, while the Di marched with
During his Captivity, an Accommodation reat Diligénce to catalonia, where he was
was concluded betwixt thofe Princes'; and proclaim’d Prince of Gironne, and Bartelona:
by the Intervention of the Councił of hºffe, open'd their Gates to him. His Army be
Charles VII. of France was chofen i Arbitra iấg 2 goso strong, he defeared rie:K. of Ar
zor, with the Confent of both · Parries. ragon, and in 3 Months fubdued all Catala,
The Arange of the two Families: and the nia ; btır he died of Poifonº in 147b, in the
Marriage of rºland of 3 jou with Ferri, Son waidst of bis Glory. He was:ſucceeded by
- 25. His
*.

- F _R , A ! N C E. I I O9
s;. His Son Nicholas, who having ſecret the D. of Orleans, the chief of the Confe
Engagements with France, at which Court derates. He defeated them on feveral Oc
he "liv'd, negleted his Father's Conqueſts caſions, and forc'd the D. to demand Peace.
in catalonia, and likewife his Government The important Services which Rene did to
of Lorrain ; fo that he did not go thither the Crown of France, embolden'd him to
till he was follicited by Deputies from his demand the Provinces which belong'd to his
Eſtates. He mifcarried in the Siege of Grandfather. Bar was given to him, and
Metz, and died of Poifon, as he was about his Pretenſions on Provence and Forcalquier
to attempt it a 2d time in 1473. He was were referred to indifferent Judges, but de
fucceeded by termin’d by Force. The Neapolitans fent to
26. Rere İI, Son to Ferri II. Count of Vau offer him the Crown of the two Sicilies, and
demont, by mºland of Anjºu ; fo that the Houfe he procur'd the Confent of France to thảt
of Lorrain was again pofiefs'd of the Go Expedition ; but when he arriv'd at iyon:
vernment, after being excluded from it 43 with his Army, Charles VIII. of France de
Years. Duke Nicholas dying without Iffue, clar’d againſt him, contrary to his Agree
the States came to offer the Government to ment, which oblig'd Duke Rene to return.
Tºland; but ſhe quitted it to her Son, whom Louis XII. was, norhing more favourable to
they gladly receiv'd. He happen'd to have him. Never was there a Prince of more
twó very bad Neighbours, Charles the Bold Bravery and Merit, fays the Atlas Historique,
D. of Burgundy, and Louis XI. of France; the nor one, who had lefsJuſtice done him. He
first of which fought to ruin him by Power, died in 15 o8, and was fucceeded by
and the other by Cunning. The D. of Bur: 27. His Son Anthony, by a Daughter of
gundy, on Pretence of defending him, ſeiz'd Guelder. He was bred at the Court of
his principal Towns ; and Louis XI. to break Louis XII- of France, under the Name of
est the Alliance betwixt Rene and Duke D. of Calabria. . He fignaliz’d himſelf in
charlet, prevail'd with him to declare War feveral Battles, and repreſented the D. of
against the D., as he laid Siege to Naits in , Normandy at the Coronation of Francis I. He
tňe Diocefe of Cologne. Upon which Duke was the firſt who took Arms againſt the Lu
charles enter'd Lorrain, rávag’d the Country, therans who revolted in Alface, becauſe of
and took Nancy in 1475. After which he the Perfecution, and defeated them twige
marched againſt the Swiffers, who calling in 1525. He died in 1 544, and was fuç
Duke Rene to their Afiftance; he defeated i ceeded by . . . . . - - -

D. charles in 1476. i Upon this, the Swiſſers 28. His Son Francis I. pf whom we have
furniſh’d Rene with 17ooo Men, with which nothing remarkable. He died in 1545, and
he enter'd his own Dominions, and in a was fucceeded by - -

bloody Battle in 1477, defeated D. Charles, 29. His Son Charles III. under the Guar
who was kill'd there, as has been formerly dianſhip of his Mother Dutchefs Christin«
mention'd. This Vi&tory, thô as advanta of Denmark, and the Pr, of Vaudemont his
gious to Louis XI, as to Rene himſelf, brought , Uncle. Henry II., of France being at Nancy,
: the Contempt, of France upon him ;. for oblig'd the Dutchefs Dowager to retire to
· Louis XI. kaving no more Uſe for the Duke * Flandert, and put the Administratian in the
afrer he was rid of his chief Enemy, he per Hands of the Count de Kaudemºnt. „He ćar
festly mocked him, thô he ow'd his Safety ried D Charles with him to Paris, bred him
and Aggrandiſement to Rene's Valour. Louis at his Court, and married him to his Daugh
feiz'd the Dutchy of Bar, after the Death of ter Claude in 1538. When he came to the
Rene King of Sicily, trayers'd his Grandfon Government, he join'd with the Princes of
Rene II. in his Pretenfions upon Prevence, Guife againſt the King, cf. France, and was in
and deſign’d to have taken him in his Way great Dºnger of his Life at the Siege of
... thither, The Venetiens choſe Rene to com štarfil. Ha appointed the Parliament yf
mand their Armies, and the Valour he tefti
- St. Michel, and the Univerſity of Pin: ż
fied on that Occaſion made them give him Mouffºn; and having a Genius for Learning.
the Title of the greateſt Captain, of his restor’d it in Lorrain. He mediated a Peacs
- Time. After the Death of Lºuis XI, the „betwixt Spain and Finrº, and built the new
Regent, of Frante fent for, Rene foz oppoſe „Town of Nancy. He was the haạifogså
B bb bbbb : - - Prince
I\ I I O F R A N C E.
Prince of his Age, fo that ºll the great Men Swediſh General Horn, at the Battle of Nºrd
of Europe were fond of having his Pi&ture; lingen. He obliged the Pr. of conde to raife
and Amurath III. Emperor of the Turki, had the Siege of Dºle, and M. de Trenne to raife
one of them brought him every Year. He that of Etampes. He fought y Hours at
died in 16o8, and was interr'd with fuch ºnce in the Attacks of Paligni and Brifte
Magnificence, that the Manner of it was ſurpris'd General Renzaee's Army, and took
engrav'd as the compleateſt Model of any his Cannºn and Baggºge at zutelingen in
thing of that kind. He was fucceeded by 1643, defeated the Elector Palatine at Bis
36. His Son Henry, firnam'd the Gºod. gen the 16th of September, 1668, and the
He married catharins, Sister to Henry IV. of M. de Crequr near Treves in 1675, where he
France, who being a Proteſtant, it embroild took him... He was almoſt conſtantly fuc-
him with the Court of Rome, that would ceſsful in War, but took more Care of his
liften to no Terms of Accommodation, ex Fame, than of continuing the Government
cept the Dutchefs would renounce her Re in his Family. He was obliged to agree to
ligion ; which ſhe abſolutely refus’d, and feveral difadvantagious Treaties with frente
chofe rather to live privately in a Houfe and broke them gain for the sake of hi:
near Nancy, without the Duke’s Conjugal Liberty, which occaſioned him to paf; for
Society, than to wound her Confcience. an inconſtant Prince; thô he did it rather
She died foon after, and the Duke died in out of Policy than Choice. He was feiz'd
1624, without any Male-Iffue by his . 2d. by the Spaniards at Brufel, in 1654, and car
Wife. He was a couragious, mild, and li ried to Tºledº, where he continued Pri
beral Prince, and regarded by his Subje&s foner, till he was allow'd to be preſent
as their common Father. He was fucceed at the Treaty of Peace in 1659. At laſt he
ed by was baniſh'd, from his Domínions by the
3 r. His Brother Frantis II. The States French, and died in Exile at Birkenfeld in
in 1625 own'd, that the Government was 1676, the 72d-Year of his Age. He had
due to him by the Salic Law, which was as no Children by his firſt Dutchefs Nicola of
ancient as the Throne of Lorrain, and re Lorrain ; but by his ad, he had the Pr. of
stor’d by the Will of Rene II. Upon whích Kaudemºnt, the late Governor of the Mils
Charles IV. his Son, who had govern’d a nefe. One of the greateſt of his Blemiſhes
bove a Year, by Vertue of his Marriage was, his Peevifhneſs towards his Nephew
with Princefs Nicola, Daughter te the luft and Succeſſor Charler V. whom he would.
Duke, refign'd the Scepter to his Father, noť truft with any thing of the Govern
who, after feveral Asts of Sovereignty, re ment during his :
stor'd it generouſly to -

La Fºrrest, from whom we gave an Ac


32. His Son charles IV. who afterwards count_of him in the Defcription of Lor
govern’d in his own Name ; whereas before rain, P. 72 o. calls him Charles III, which
he had join'd the Name of his Wife in all by the Aslaw Historique appears to be a Mi
publick Asts. Duke Francis was chofen stake. The Reader is ålfo deſir’d to cor
General by the Venstiani in their War against rect a Miftake in the last Line but two of
Pope Paul III. but his Refpest to the Šee of the firſt Column of P. 7 ao, and to make it
Rome would not fuffer him to accept it. 1659,, inſtead of 1692 ; and to obferve,
He was Lieutenant-General fer the King of that the Atlas Historique places Charles IV.’s
Rance in the Countries of Toul and Verdun, Death in 1676; whereas La Fºrrest makes it
and died in 1632. His Son Charles IV. was 1675; and in the 7th Line of the 2d Col.
at firft defign’d for a Clergyman ; but left of P 72o, 'tis by Miftake printed 1665. He
being Coadjutor to the Biſhop of Toul upon was fucceeded by
, the Death of his eldeſt Brother Henry, and 33. His Nephew Charles V. firnam'd the
married Princefs Nicola, his Coufin-German Invincible. He was Som to D: Nicholas Fran
above-mentioned. He was a brave, gene cis, by Princefs Claude, Sifter to his Uncle's.
rous, and bold Prince, and reckon'd the Wife; fo that he was Nephew to his Un
beft Generał of his Time. He commanded
cle both by Father and Mother. We ſhall.
in the Imperial Army at the Battle of Prague, add to what we faid of him, P: 72o. That
defeated the Duke of Sax-Weimar, and the he was wounded in the Head at the Battle
of
v.
F R -A N C E. I I I I.
ef snuff in 1674., En 1676, he comman
ded the Imperial Army on the Rhine, and
took Philipsburg. In 1677, he enter'd into The Government of Burgundy.
his own Country as far as Mouffon, and made
that noble Retreat fo much commended H::::::: are divided as to the ::::
by his Enemies. In 1678, he married the Qu. of the Name : Some derive it from .
the Caſtles which the ostrºgoths built in that
Dowager of Poland, Sifter to the Emperor
Leopold I. In 1683, he commanded the Country, and call'd bĂ the Name of Burgs.
Emperor's Army as General, oblig’d the Others derive it from a Town or Bourg
Grand Vizir to raife the Siege of Vienna, built on the River Ongne, which they pre
took all his Artillery and Baggage, defeated -fend gave Name to the whole Country.
the Tartars three times that Campaign, took Others afcribe it to their frequent affem
Barcan, where he defeated the Turks, and bling under Tents, and will have the
concluded the Campaign with the taking Word Bourg to fignify fuch an Aſſembly.
of Grøn. In 1684, he gain’d 3 great Bat Others derive it from ognius, under which
tles, took Picegrad, Vaecia, and Peft. In Name they worſhip'd Herculer; but Blaas
1685, he defeated the Turks at Gran, rais'd thinks more probably, that they were fo
the Siege of it, and took Neuchatel by Af called from their living in Villages very
fault. In 1686, he took Buda by Storm in near one another, for which - the Germans a
Prefence of the Turkiſh Army, after an ob call'd them Bourgwoondert.
itinate Reſiſtance. In 1687, he defeated Authors are as much divided as to their
the Turks in the Plains of Mohats, forc'd Origine; fome bring them from Eurºpean :
their Intrenchments, kill'd 12ooo on the Seythis, and fay, they defcended from the
Spot, and took all their Cannon and Bag Kandals and Northern Goths, who being ex
gage, and afterwards reduc'd Tranſilvanis. pelled their Country about the Year 28o, ,
Falling fick in 1688, he could not begin fettlęd in thát Part of Germany called Ale
the Campaign; but being a little better, mannis; about the Palatinate, and Marqui--
he ccver’d the Siege of Belgrads with his fate of Baden; and that the Roman Empire
Horſe, while the Elećłor of Bavaria took declining under Honorius and Arcadius, they
it by Storm. In 1689, he commanded the were invited by Stilice into that Part of Gaul :
Confederate Army on the Rhine, and took which they now poſſefs, having firſt drove
Mentz from the French. He afterwards af the Hedui out of that call'd the Dutchy, and .
fifted the Ele&or of Brandenburg in taking the Sequani out of that called the County
Bomme, which was the laft A&tion perform'd of Burgundy. La Forreſt fays, they eſtabliſh’d
by this incomparable Hero; for he died at themſelves here and in Swiſſerland under the
Welz in Auftria, in his Way to Vienna, the Condućt of their King Gaudiſele about 4o4;
18th of April, 169o, and was buried at and that Gundicaire his Son extended his s
Nancy in 17oo, with extraordinary Pomp, Conquests from the Rhine almoft to the Me--
and amidft Floods of Tears from his Sub diterranean, and poffeffed La Bref, Part of
jests. He was fucceeded by -
the Lionnais, Savoy, Dauphiné, and Part. of
34. The prefent D. Leopold I. under the Provence. He died about 434; and Gondert
Guardianſhip of his Mother. He was bred his Son leaving 4 : Sons, they made War
at the Court of Vienna, and own’d for D. of upon one another; but the eldeſt prevail'd,
Larrain, by all the Courts of Ewrope except and cut off the reft, with their Pósterity, .
that of France. At 17 Years of Age, he except two Daughters of his youngest Bro
, fignaliz’d his Hereditary Courage in the ther Chilperic, the youngeft of whom was
· Băttle against the Turks at Temifwaer in 1696, married to Clovis I. of France in 478, who
where he was in great Danger. In 1697, having defeated the Children of Gondebaar,
he was at the taking of the Caſtle of Ebe united the Kingdom of Burgundy to that of
renburg under Pr. Lºuis of Baden. In 1698, France, having thrown the last K. of Bur--
he married the D. of Orleans’s Daughter, gundy, with all his Family, into a Well in
and was reftor'd to Part of his Dominions 534- From that Time till 879, it continu’d
by the Treaty of Ryſwick. fubjest to France ; but Boſºn, who married
e Ermaz
i1i2 F R A N C E.
Ermengard, Sifler to Louis the stammerer, got men are much addisted to fine Apparel.
himſelf crownd K. of Burgundy or Arles, at 'Tis divided into 1o Diftrićts. ' •
an Aſſembly held at Manfal in Dauphiné.
His Son Lºuis ſucceeded in 89o as King of rt, p i D I J o N o Is, º
Arles or Burgundy on this Side Montjura; for
Rodolph, Son to Conrad Count of Pâris, Which contains, I. Dijon, the Metropo.
form’d another Kingdom, which he cali’d lis of the Country. It lies on the ouché,
Bargundy beyond Men:jura, or St. Claud, con in Long. 23. 45. Lat. 47. 22. about 6o Miles
taining the Savoyard Alps, the Country of S E from Trois in Champagne, 45 W. fion
Paty, and the Grifºns. Thefe Kingdoms Beſançon in the French County, and about 13 o
were united in 933, under Rodolph II. K. of S. E. from Paris. ’Tis the Seat of a Par
Burgardy, beyond Mentjura. Rodolph III. left liament, appointed by Lewis XI. in 1477;
the Emperor Comrad H. his Heir, who died of a Preſidia], Chamber of Accourirs, a
in 1o39, and his Succeſfors (fays La Ferref) Court of Money, and a Generality. Their
hád only the empty Title of Kings of Bur Mayor has the Title of a Vifcount, is Go
gundy. The fame Author fays, the firft vernor of the Town, and of the 3d Eſtate.
Duke was Buvon, in the Reign of Charles It had Counts of its own during the Time
the Simple of France ; and that Robert K. of of the Dukes of Burgundy. The Emperor
Igante, Grandchild of the laft Duke, feiz'd Aurelian is ffid to have founded this City,
that Dutchy in 1 oo2, and left it to Robert and call’d it Divio, or Divionum, to appeafe
his youngeft Son. For the Succeſſion, af the Gods for having destroy'd a Town cál
terwards, we refer to P. 7o5. Col. 2. 'Tis led Bourg d'Ongne, where Hercules and other
nów the Appannage of Louis of France D. of Idols were worſhip'd, as above mention'd.
-Bargundy, elđeft Son to the Dauphin. But others derive the Name from the Gau
La Ferrest fays, this Dutchy is about 4o lick Word Div, which fignifies a Fountain.
Leagues from S. to N. and 27 from E. to The Poſterity of Hugh Capet enlarged this
*W, but Blega makes ir 45 or ro in Length, Town, and the fettling 'of the Parliament
and abour 35 in Breadth. Mo? taking in La increas'd it, which was one of the Condi
Brefè and Bugey, makes it s 5 Miles long from tions they obtain’d from Lewis XI. upon
*S. E. to N. W. and about 7o Miles where their Revolt from the Houfe of Burgundy,
broadest. It has champagne on the N. Dau when they found, by the Marriage of their
ºpkins and the Lionnois on the S. the French Heirefs tó the Houfe of Austria, that their
County and Savoy on the E. Bourbonnois and Princes would no more refide among them.
Nivernois on the W. *** * ** , ’Tis new one of the moſt confiderabfe
The principal Rivers are; the Saone, the Towns of the Kingdom, large, and well
Tonne, Ain, Seine, Armanfon, Arroxx. The built : Its Walls are ftrong, furrounded
º Country abounds with Wheat, and other with Towers and Baſtions, and the Caſtle
Corn for their own Ufe and Exporta , flank'd with 4 large Towers, and 2 Rave
3tion ;' with excellent Wine, Hemp, Flax, Jins. Their meſt confiderable publick
:Cattle, Forreſts, Pasturage, and strong Buildings are, the Church of the carsku
Töwns, and is very populous. Their fans, adorn’d with the Tombs of the Dukes
3 Nobility are reckon'd valiant ; and Bleau of Burgundy; the Hall forJuſtice, the King’s
fays, this Country is able to raife 14 ooɔ Palace, the Town-Houfe, 16 Churches,
Foot, and 8oo Horſe. It åböunds likewife 2 Abbies, and ; Hoſpitals. The States of
- with Mines. They had formerly their the Country meet here once in 3 Years.
• Meetings of Estates, and have filí a Sha Bleau fays, the Mayor was formerly obligd
dow of 'em, where the Clergy, Gentry, and to take an Oath in St. Mary’s Church, and
Towns, have Votes. The French King áp to repeat it after thre King’s Attorney, by
points one General-Governor cver the which he fwore Fealty to the King ; and
Country, befides thofe of Towns. They that he ſhould defend the Rights and Privi
had förmerly Proteſtants in fevera! Parts of leges of the City againſt every ore, and
i. the Dutchy. The People in general are even against the King himſelf, as often as
• ingenicus, brave, and industricus, but Neceffiry requir’d, Befides the Mayor, they
fomewhat given to Drinking. The Wo had 24 Eichevins or Aldermen. As often as
the
F R A N C E. 1 1 13
the King enter'd the Town in State, he 8. Bellegarde, on the fame River, about
was oblig’d to fwear in the Church of S. Be 4 Leagues S. E. from Dijon. Lewis XIII.
nignu, That he would not violate the Privi made it a Dutchy and Peerage in 162o, for
leges of the City. After which, the Mayor Rºger de St. Lacy. It belongs now to the
fwore Fealry to him in their Name, ty'd a Family of Conde, and has been difinantled
white Girdle about the King's Bridle, and, fince the Conquest of French County.
with the Aldermen, attended his Majefty 9. Beaune, Lat. Belna, about 2 o Miles S.
to the Chapel. - -
from Dijon, is a very pleafant Town, was
2. Fontainet, a Town about 2 Leagues W. frequently the Refidence of the Dukes of
from Dijon, noted for the Birth of St Ber Burgundy, and the Seat of the Chief Tribu
mard, the Founder of the Order of the Ber nal of the Country before 'twas tranf.
mardins. ferred to Dijon. It has ftill a Chancery and
3. Fontain Françoife, mear the Borders of Bailiwick, is noted for excellent Wine,
Freneh County, 3 Leagues N. E. from Dijon, and one of the nobleft Hoſpitals in France:
famous for a Vićtory obtain’d by Henry IV. The adjacent Country is very fruitful and
over the Spaniards and Leaguers in 1595. pleafant, and there are feveral Monuments.
4. Auffone or Auxon, Lat. Auffona, on the of Roman Antiquities in this City.
saone, which has the Title of a Vifcounty
and Bailiwick. It had formerly Lords of The Distrif; caird, The Country of the
its own, ferv'd as a Barrier to France before M O UN TA I N S, contains
the Conqueft of French County, and was ve
ry zealous for Popery in the 16th Century. 1. Chatilon, on the Seine, about 3 o Miles.
It lies 4 Leagues E. from Dijon. S. E. from Dijon. , ’Tis a pleafant Town,
5. Cisteaax or Citeau, above 2 Leagues wich a ruinous Caftle, where the Dukes of
S. E. from Dijon. It had its Name from a Burgundy formerly refided. ’Tis Capital of
great Number of Cifterns dug there under the Diſtri&t, the Seat of a Bailiwick, is di
Ground, and is famous for its Abbey of vided by the River, and has a Fountain
Cifertian Monks founded in 1o98, by the near it, which fends forth Water enough to
Affiftance of Otho I. of Burgundy, and feve turn feveral Mills.
ral Biſhops. "Tis a Branch of the Benedistin 2. Bar, on the fame River, towards the
Order. The Monks here grew fo nume Frontiers of Champagne, of which’tis recko.
rous, and the Order fo powerful, that for ned a Part. It lies about 4 Leagues N. W.
a long time they had a great Share in the from Chatillon, and was quitted by Charles VII:
Government of Europe. There have been to the D. of Burgundy by the Treaty of Ar
4 Popes, feveral Cardinals and Biſhops, and ras in 1435. The Town is pleafant andi
many Writers, of this Houfe. The Abbot well built, and ſtands in a fruitful Soil,
is a Member of the States, a Counfellor of
the Parlament of Burgundy, and General of The Distria ºf A U x E R R o I s, *
the Order, who are faid to have 3 coc Con
vents and Nunneries in the Chriſtian World. Is the N. W. Corner of Burgundy, given
-- 6. Nuits, above 2 Leagues S. W. from Di. by Robert of France to the Count of N:
ien, a pretty Town, with the Title of a vers, who married his Sifter in 1 o 1 %. It
Bailiwick, and a Court, fubje&t to that of came by Marriage to Peter de courtenay,
Dijon, from which Moll places it Io Miles S. Emperor of Constantinople, in 1184, and af.
-: 7. St. Jean de Laune, on the Sagne, about terwards the fatne way to the Families of
3 Leagues S. E. from Dijon, noted for an an ehatilon, Purgandy; add ch story, charles y,
cient Abbey, and for holding out in 1636 of France bốught it, charles VII. quitté3 it
againſt the Imperial Army commanded by to the D. of Burgundy ini 14; $. ärid Lewi; XI:
the D. of Lorrain, the brave Count Galar, feiz'd it after the Beath of Charles the Terri--
the Marquis de Grana, and others, who were ble in 1477. It contains, - * - - - -
forc'd to raife, the Siege, and to abandon 1. Auxerre, Lat. Antifodorum, on the "Ri--
Part of their Cannon and Baggage, the ver Yºnne, above I º League. W from ch». .
Count de Rantzan; the Governor of the rikon, and above 48 i N.W.º físma Dziens. -
Towa, did fo harrafs them with Sallies, 'Twas almost ruin’d by Attita the Hii in:; ; ; ,
34 A :
1 1 14 F R A N 6° E.
and again by Robert of France, who took it of
theSt. Reim, in a noted Abbe y
Benedistins. belonging to
|

from the Count of Nevers in 1oo 5. "Tis


fo ancient, that Julian the Apoſtate is faid 6. Arney le Duc, at the Head of the Ar
to have refreſhed his Army here in 356. Its
laft Counts fold it to Charles V. Charles VII.
: 3::: :": : of the Seats of the
aily of Auxois. It lies abo
was forc'd to yield it to the D. of Burgundi ;
: Chatillon. ut a League S.
but Lewis XI. repofſefs'd himſelf of it af | 7. Saulies, Lat Sidolucum, one of the Ci
terwards. It has a Biſhop Suffragan of Sens, ties of Gallis Celtica, confiderable for no
a Bailiwick, Preſidial, and Election. The thing now but its Antiquity.
Cathedral of St. Stephen is a magnificent
Structure, with a fine Quire, and a lofty The Distrist of A U T U N o I s,
Tower. The Chapter confists of 56 Ca
tìOI1S. Lies S. W. from Dijon. It contains.
2. Crevant, on the fame River, about 1. Autun, its Capital, about 3o Miles s.w.
2 Leagues S.E. from Auxerre, noted for the from Đijan upon the Arroux. Some fay
Defeat of the French under the Lord High 'twas built by Samothes above 2ooo Ye:
Conſtable Stuart, of the Family of Lenox in before Chrift. 'Twas one of the moſt con
sestland, by the Englijb and Burgundiant in fiderable Towns in Gaul, and Capital of the
I423. Ædui, then called Æduorum Bribratře, who
being too ſtrong for the Sequoni, the latter
The Difriff ºf A U X O IS, invited the Rºmans to their Affiſtance; up
on which Julius Cæſar came with an Århy
On the Fiontiers of Auxerrois, contains, and fubdued the Country. 'Twas after
1. semuer, on the Armanſon, the Capital of wards called Augustodunum, in Honour of
the Diſtri&t, with a confiderable Bailiwick. Auguſtu ; and the Emperor Claudius admit
*Tis divided into three Parts, defended with ted the Citizens of Autun into the Number
strong Walls, a ſtrong Caſtle, and many of the Senators. This Town was ruin'd
great Towers. "Tis govern’d by a Mayor, by Attile the Hun in the Year of Christ 4;
and 6 Aldermen, and was taken by Lewis XI. by the Normans in the Century, and by
after the Death of Charles the Terrible of the Proteſtants in the 9th
16th. Since which
Barguudy. It lies about 3o Miles N. W. this City has never recover'd its Lustre:
from Dijon. There are however many Monuments of
2. Noyers, 39 Miles N. W. of Semuer. It Roman Antiquities in the Place, as the
had Lords of its own in the Time of Clo Ruins of a Temple of janu, the Temple
afterwards,
*vis I. and who were very great of Cupid, of a Campus Martius, of a Hill of
Men. It belongs now to the Family of Jupiter, Statues, Columns, Aquedu&ts, Tri
Nkuchatel, and is the Seat of a Bailiwick. umphal Arches, &c. and in Constantiu and
3. Avalon, about 15 Miles N. W. from Confiantin's Time, they had a Cápitol dedi.
sensuer, Capital of a Diſtrict that bears its cated to Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, a Tem
Name, and had formerly Counts of its own. ple of Apollo, and a famous School for Rhe
He had a ſtrong Castle, which K. Robert took torick and other Humane Learning. They
with much Difficulty after 3 Months Siege had formerly Counts of their own, whoſe
in 1oo5. "Tis one of the Seats of the Baily Heiref; married with the Duke of Burgundy.
of Auxois.
'Tis the Seat of a Biſhop, who has the
4. sz. Reime, a fmall Town, noted for the Right of Regale over the Archbiſhoprick
Worſhip paid there to that Saint, from of Lyºns during the Vacancy of the See :
whom 'tis named. It ſtands near the Ruins and he has the like over Autun, which
of the ancient Alexia, now Aliz, mention'd
de:
nds upon him as Metropolitan when their
in cafar's Commentaries to have been taken ce is vacant. This Biſhop has the Pall of
by the Ramºnt, and was the Capital of the an Archbiſhop. The Cathedral of St. La
Résudubii. zarne is a stately Strutture. Befides which
s. revigni, a finali Town on, a Moun it has many other. Churches, Abbies, ani
uin, where they pretend to keep the Body Convents. The Town is divided into two
~ Parts
F R A N C E. I 1 I5
Parts by the River Arroux, which falls there Bridge of Wood and another of Stone over
into the Loire, and plentifully fupplies them the Branches of the River. The Town
with Fiſh. Their Chief Magistrate is a is fpacious and fine, and the Cathedral of
Baily; butin theTime of the Romans, they St. Vincent, formerly of St. Stephen, is a no
had a Sovereign Magiſtrate called Mergobrete, ble Structure. The Chapter confifts of 25
and afterwards Vierg, whom they chofe An Canons, whereof 7 are Dignitaries. It has
nually. They had likewife a Senate of many Pariſh-Churches, a fine College of Je
Druids, an Academy for the Nobility of fuits, , and the Citadel is defended by 4
Gaul, and a School for their younger Royal Baſtions.
Sons.
2. Verdun, upon Dºux, about 2 Leagues
2. Mont-Ceny, a fmall Town betwixt Au N. E. from Chalons,theis a fmall Town, with
tum and Bourbon-Lancy, the Seat of a Baili the Title of a County.
wick.
3. La Ferte, on the River Croſne or Große,
3. Bourbºn Lancy, above 6 Leagues S. W. almoft 2 Leagues S. W. from Chalons, noted
from Autum, near the River Loire, famous for a famous ciffertian Abbey.
for its Baths and Mineral Waters, from the
Time of the Romans to this Day. Henry III. The Distrist of B R I O N N o I s,
reviv'd their Fame, by bathing here himſelf,
and preferring them to all the other Mine Contains only Semur, its Capital, near the
ral Waters of the Kingdom. The Town is River Loire, and fome Villages.
well built, pleafantly fituated in a fruitful
Territory, and defended by a ſtrong Caſtle The Distrist of C H A R O L O I s,
called Bourbon, which could not be taken du
ring the Civil Wars of the 16th Century. Was a long time poſſeffed by the Famil
The Caſtle is ancient, but the Walls ſtrong, of Chalon:, but afterwards exchanged wit
and furrounded with a Trench cut out of the Family of Burgundy, and came to that
a Rock. of Armagnae by Marriage. One of that
Family fold it to Philip the Bold of Burgun
The Distria of C H A L O N N O IS, dy in 1388. ’Twas afterwards the Title
and Appannage of their eldeft Sons. Lew
Contains, 1. Chalons, on the Saone, about is XI. feiz'd it treacherouſly in 1477; but
3o Miles S. E. from Dijon. ’Tis the Seat Charles VIII. quitted it by the Treaty of
of a Biſhop, who has the Title of a Count, s enlis to Archduke Philip in 1493. "Twas
and is Suffragan of Lyons, is Capital of the afterwards confirmed to the spaniards by
Country, and has a confiderable Bailiwick. feveral Treaties, and affign’d by them to the
'Tis a very ancient Town, as appears from Pr. of Condé for Debt. It contains,
a great Number of Statues, Infcriptions, 1. Charoles, on the Reconfe, about 3o Miles
the Ruins of an Amphitheatre, and many S. W. from Chaloni. "Tis the Capiral of the
other publick Buildings. The Romans made County, a pleafant Town, and has a Col
it a Place for Magazines and Rendezvous, legiate Church, with a ftrong Caſtle, and
and call'd it Cabillo Æduorum, Cabillorum, Ca feveral Monaſteries. 'Twas quitted, toge
bilonia, and Cabillonus. The Kings of Bur ther with its Diſtriết, by the Treaty of Ni
gundy made it the Place of their Refidence, mguen to the French.
and the French Kings of the firſt Race made 2. Charlieu, a Town noted formerly for
themfelves Mafters of it. 'Twas made a
an Abbey.
County by Lewis the Meek, in Favour of one 3. Parey, a pretty fmall Town, built by
Varin, whoſe Succeffors enjoy'd it. It came one of the Dukes of Burgundy.
afterwards by Marriage to the Family of 4. Digoin, Lat. Digonia, with the Title of
Burgundy. ’Tis defended by a good Caſtle, a Barony, on the Conflux of the Arroux and
fuffer’d much during the Civil Wars with Loire. -

the Proteſtants, and was taken by them in The other Places of Note in this Di
1562 ; but they quitted it foon after. The ftriết are, Toulon, La Guiche, Chaumont, and
Saone forms an Iſland here, and there's a Oye,
Ccc cccc zhe
1 1 16 F R A AV C | E.
lick of Autun when conquer’d by Ceſar.
The Distrist ºf M A C O N N O I S, ºr The Burgundians took it from the Romanr,
M A s c o N N o I s, made it Part of their Kingdom in the 5th
Century; in the 9th it belong'd to the
Contains, 1. Mafon, Lat. Matisto AEduo Kingdom of Arles, and in the roth to that
rum, on the Saone, 2 o Miles S. E. of Charoles. of Burgundy beyond the Jara. It came af
'Tis the Capital of the Country, noted for terwards to particular Lords. The Family
excellent Wine, has a Biſhop Suffragan of of Bauge poffefs'd moſt of it, and it fell af.
Lyons, a Prefidial, and a Governor, who is terwards to the Family of Savoy by Mar
the King’s Lieutenant. ’Tis a very ancient riage, with feveral adjacent Countries; but
Town, was noted in Cafar's Time for ma Francis I. reunited them to the Crown of
king of Arrows, fuffer'd much by the Huns, France in Right of his Mother, who was a
and was ruin’d by the Wars betwixt the . Daughter of Savoy. ”Twas reſtor’d to sa
French and Burgundians. It had formerly vºy by the Treaty of Cambrefs in 1559, but
Counts of its own, came by Marriage to reconquer’d by Henry IV. and was united to.
the Family of Burgundy, one of whom fold the Crown by the Treaty of Lyons in 16o1,
it to S. Louis in 1238. Charles VII. quitted when the Marqúifate of Saluces was given
it to Philip of Burgundy by the Treaty of to the D. of savoy. Tis divided intõ Up
Arras in 1435. Louis XI. feiz'd it in 1477. per and Lower by the River Aine. The .
The States of Maconnois meet here apart Weſtern Part contains Brefi Proper, and the
when the States of Burgundy affemble. It Principality of Dombes ; and the Eastern:
has a fine Stone Bridge over the River, Part contains Bugey, the Valromey, and the
which joins it to the Suburb of St. Law Country of Gex.
A rente, where there are two ftately Towers. The principal Town is Bourg, on the
Their Cathedral is dedicated to St. Vincent. Reiſſouf, about 2 o Miles S. E. from Mafton.
·1A They have a College of Jefuits, with fe 'Tis Capital of the Country, has a Bailiwick,.
veral other Pariſh-Churches and Monafte Prefidial, and Ele&tion. "I was twice mades
ries, and a Collegiate Church, whoſe Ca a Biſhop's See by the Popes; but fupprefs'd.
nons muft all be of Noble Extra&tion. by them again in 15 16, and 1534. It
2. Cluny, on the Grofne, about 3 Leagues ftands on a marſhy, but fruitful Soil ; near
S. W. from Mafeon, famous for its Abbey, which, there are Hills cover’d with Vine--
which is chief of the Order, and depends yards. It formerly belong'd to the Dukes
immediately on the Pope. 'Twas founded, of Savoy, feveral of whom are interr’d here.
according to the Order of St. Bennet, by They built a ſtrong Citadel in it Anno 1569;
William I. of Aquitaine in 91 o, and fuffer’d but 'twas demoliſh’d by the French, who ,
much by the Wars with the Protestants in have kept this Country fince 16o1. The
the 16th Century, when their fine Library Government is in the Hands of two Syn
was burnt. The Monks of this Abbey dics. It has very ſpacious and noble Halls,
murther’d one of the Counts of Mafton, and and the Church of St. Brou; noted for the
made the Vulgar believe that he was car Sepulchre of the Dukes of Savoy. The
ried away by the Devil. Horfes of this Country are very much e
3. Tournus, Lat. Trinurcium, near the Saone, freem'd. There are feveral other Towns in
about 2o Miles N. from Mafcom. ’Tis a this Diſtriĉt which do not merit a particu
confiderable Town, famous for an Abbey lar Defcription. The famous M. de Vrage
of Benedistins, and noted for Councils held lar, the great Refiner of the French Tongue,
there in the 1oth and 12th Centuries. :rićt.born at Perouges,
-
a Barony in this Di
-

The Distriã of L A B R E S S E,
The Printipºlity ºf D o M B E s,
Is about 6 Leagues S. and N. and 9 E.
and W. It lies E from the Territory of Is inclos'd in Breſſe, made formerly Part
Mafton, abounds with Corn, Hemp, Fowl, of the Kingdom of Burgundy, was afterwards
Fiſh, Pafturage, and produces fome Wine. poffeffed by particular Lords, and came at
'Twas under the Protećtion of the Repub laſt to the Houſe of Bourbon Montpenfier,
whoſe
F R A N c E. " 1 1 17
whoſe Heirefs marrying the laft D. of or
leans, her Daughter Mary left this Principa The Government of Lyonnois,
lity by Will to Lewis Auguſtu D. of Main in
1693, one of the preſent French King's na L A T. Ager Lugdunenſis, had its Denomi
tural Sons. 'Tis a pleafant Country, con nation from its Capital City Lugdunum,
tains 1 1 Chatellanies, and the chief Town
is Trevoux, Lat. Trevoltium, on the Saone, a
now Lyons. 'Twas Part of the ancient Gal
bout 25 Miles S. W. from Bourg. ’Tis Ca liaiCeltica and Aquitania. Bleau fays, 'tis about
12 Leagues long, and 7 broad; but this muft
pital of the Country, is the Seat of a Par be underſtood of the Lyonnis Proper, for La
liament and Bailiwick, and has a Mint, Forrest makes this Government 65 Leag. from
where they coin Money in the Name of the E. to W. and 45 from S. to N. Moli makes
Prince. It has a Collegiate Church, and fe it 14o Miles from S. to N. and r7o from
ral Pariſh-Churches. The Members of
E. to W. La Forrest fays, the Territory in
Parliament have the Privileges of the No general is not very fruitful, becaufe moſt of
bility. it is taken up with Mountains and Forreſts :
But to compenfate this, he tells us, there’s
The Distrist of B U G E Y, fcarce any Province of the Kingdom that
has a better Trade, becauſe of the great
Lies S. from Breff: Proper, is a Mountain Commerce of its :) their Manufa
ous Country, but fruitful enough, abounds &tures of Steel, and great Trade in Cattle,
with Lakes and Rivers, and is well ftor’d He adds, That 'tis one of the moſt pleaſant
with Fiſh, Fowl, and Wild Beafts in its Governments in France, interfpers'd with
Forreſts. The chief Town is Bellay, Lat. Plains and Hills, which produce good Cörn,
Bellica, near the Rhone, about 3 o Miles S.E. and excellent Wine.
from Trevoux. 'Tis the Seat of a Bifhop, Its principal Rivers are, the Loire, Cher,
who is Lord of the Town, and Suffragan Creuſe, Ore, Allier, Lazarques, Giez, Truyere,
of Beſançon. 'Twas burnt down in 1385, Saone, and the Rhone.
but rebuilt, and fortified by Amadeus VIII. 'Tis divided into 6 Distrists, viz. Lyon
Duke of savoy. The Cathedral of St. John nois Proper, Beaujolais, Forez, Auvergne, Bour
Baptift has a Chapter of 19 Canons, 4 of bonnois, and the Marche or Marquifate.
whom are Dignitaries. 2. Roufflon, a fmall
Town not far from Bougey, formerly the LYONN OI S PRO PER
Capital of the Country.
Contains, 1. Lyºns, Lat. Lugdunum, on thºs
Conflux of the Rhoſne and saone, in Long. 24.
The Distrist of V A L R O M E Y, Lat. 45. 42. about 1 o Miles S. from Tre
voux, about 2 ro S.E. from Paris, 58 S. W.
T. Contains no Place of Note but seyfel, "a from Geneva, and 58 N. W. from Grenoble
fmall Town on the Rhone, Capital of its in Languedoc, is the Capital of the Govern
ment, the Seat of an Archbiſhop, who is
Distrist. It lies 2o Miles N. from BeWay, Primate of Gaul, has a Preſidial, a Genera
and 15 W. from Annecy in Savoy.
lity, a Senefchal'sJurifdićtion, and a Cham
ber of Money or Mint. 'Tis a very an
The Distrist of G E X, cient City ; but Authors are much divided
about the Origine of the Name. Some de
Lat. Gega, or Gaium, is a fmall Territory rive it from Lugdue, a King of the celte ;
between the County of Burgundy on the N. and Danum, which fignifies a Mountain, be:
and the City of Geneva on the S. along the cauſe there's one near it, and two included
Lake of Geneva, whoſe Capital is Gex, the in it. . Strabo fays, 'twas founded by Momo-,
Seat-of a Baily. Some take this Distrist to a Gauliſh Prince. But Celiarius afcribes its
be Part of the Country of the ancient Nan Origine to a Colony fettled there by Luciuc
tuates. The Town of Gex lies about 13 Minutius Plancus, the Roman Governor of that
Miles N. W. from Geneva. Country, as appears by Gruter's Infcriptions,
Ccccccc 2 Page
. . -r 1 1 \}
IN C E.
Page 439. Nº 8. 'Twas very much enlar from hence bear the Title of Counts of Ly. :
ged in Auguſtus's Time, was the Metropolis oms. ’Tis noted alſo for the Murther of the:
of the Country, and Seat of the Roman Go Emperor Gratian by Andragathus in 383. |
vernors. Claudius Ceſar was born there, ac-. 'Twas pillaged and burnt by Severus in 198,
cording to Suetonius ; and the fame appears for entertaining his Enemy Albinus. Two
by an Infcription found upon a Stone on General Councils were affembled here in
the Bank of the Rhoſne, mentioned by Gru 1245, and 1274. It difputes with Roan for
ter, P. 3o, and this Emperor very much a being the richeft, largeft, and moſt trading
dorn’d it. Spon mentions feveral Mo City in France next to Paris; its Traffick be
numents of the fame Nature to prove its ing much advanced by its convenient Situ
Antiquity. La Forrefi agrees, that 'twas ation on the Rhone and Saone, and by a Tho
built by Minutiu Planctu, by Order of the rowfare to Italy. The ancient Geographers
Senate, a little after the Death of Juliu Ce mention it always with fome Elogium, as
far, or, according to others, in the Time of Great, Happy, Eamous, and the Granary of
Augustus, to lodge Part of the Inhabitants France, &c. It has a particular Court for
of Vienne, who were chafed from their own Merchants, call'd the Tribunal of Commerce, ,
City by a Sedition. Soon after ’twas built, and is noted for a great Trade in Exchange.
the Romans fettled a great Trade of Cloth The Town is divided into 2 Parts,the great
there. Augustus is faid to have fojourn'd eft lies between the Rhoſne and Saone, cal-.
here 3 Years, and other Emperors ſtay’d led the Quarter of St. Nizier; and the leffer,.
there a confiderable Time. The fame Year that of St. John. ’Tis divided into 32.
that Nero burnt Rome, Lyons was confumed, Wards, govern’d by their proper Officers.
as fome fay, by ::::: and Nero con 'Tis encompaffed with large Suburbs, and
tributed 46oooo Sefterces towards rebuild has an old ſtrong Caſtle cut out of a Rock,
ing it, which made the People of the Ly and therefore call'd. Pierre-size, where the
ennois adhere to his Intereft againſt Galba, Prifoners of State are kept. "Tis, adorn’d
till they were undeceived. ’Tis faid, that with many ſtately. Edifices ; among which,
Pontius Pilate, who condemn'd our Saviour, their Guildhall is_reckon'd a Mafter-piece
was a Native of this City; that he was. of Archite&ture. It has likewife the Ruins
confin'd hither for his Extortion, as well as of feveral Roman Structures, particularly of
Herod Antipas, and his Miſtrefs Herodias; and an Amphitheatre, divers Aquedu&ts, pub
that all three of them were ftarv'd to Death
lick Baths, &c. It has a long Stone Bridge.
here. This City was the Theatre of the over the Rhoſne, and 3 fair Bridges over the.
-
5th Perfecution under the Emperor Marsus. Saone. On the Hill call'd St. Sebastians,
Aurelius, about the Year of our Lord 62;. there's a ſtrong Fort of St. John, with ma
when in one Day 'tis faid about 19οoo of ny Vaults and Cafemates. The Church cal
'em had their Throats cut, and were thrown, led Our Lady of Fourvier, was formerly a
into the River Arar, which made the Wa Temple of Venus. In one of the Suburbs
ter fo bloody, that 'twas call'd Sanguinea, call'd Wºyze, there's a ſtately Mauſoleum, fup
from whence they pretend to derive the ported by 4 Columns, fuppoſed to be that
Name of Saona. The Chriſtians fuffer’d of Herod, Herodias and Pilate ; but Bleau.
here alfo in the Time of the Emperor fays, 'twas ere&ted for two Lovers, who
severus, who put to Death, St. İremens Bi died of Joy upon their meeting unexpe&
fhop of Lyons in the 3d Century. This Ci edly together after long Abſence. Their
ty was taken from the Romans by the Francs, Government was formerly by 2 Confuls and
and from them came to the Burgundians. 1 o Efchevins; but Henry IV. reduc'd 'em to ,
”Twas ruin’d by the saracens in the 8th Cen 4, two of which are chofen Annually; buc.
tury. Rodolph HL of Burgundy dying with the Provoſt of the Merchants or Governor
out Iffue, the Emperor Conrad gave the of the Town is chofen once in two Years.
Lordſhip of Lyons to the Archbiſhop and, The Magiſtrates and their Heirs have the
Church of this City. Philip the Fair bought Privilege of being accounted Noble. They
it from one of the Archbiſhops in 1312, have another Fort call’de St. Clare, at the.
and ere&ted it into a County in Favour Conflux of the Rhoſne and Saone. The Cap
of the Cancns, as 'tis pretended, who tain of the Town who commands the Guards,
- AS,
«

F R A N C E. 1 1 19
is nam’d by the Provoſt of the Merchants, nons, of whom the King is the Chief. In
but receives his Authority from the King, the Collegiate Church of St. Justus, the
and has 2oo Musketiers under his Com Counts of Tournon are the chief Canons, be
mand. Every Ward has a Captain, who caufe 'twas founded by Archbiſhop S. Justus,
carry the Arms of the Town in their Co one of their Family, in Honour of whom
lours. They have 4 Annual Fairs, with thofe Counts kept that Name from Father
many Immunities, as a Freedom from to Son. In the Collegiate Church of
Taxes; and a Confervator of their Privile St. John, the Canons muſt prove their No
ges, who determines Controverfies among bility by 4 Defcents. They have many
Merchants at their Fairs. Their Cathedral Prebends, of whom the Archbiſhop is
is dedicated to St. John the Baptift, ftands in
Chief, 4 Guardians, 7 Knights and Doctors
the low Place of the Town near the River of the Law, and 7o other Priefts, who have
Saone, and was founded by one of the Kings each their proper Office. There are 69
of Burgundy. The Dean has the Title of a Mannors belonging to this Church, and 4.
Duke, and the Canons of Counts, as before of them are Baronies, which, together with
mentioned. Bleau reckons 17 Pariſh-Chur their Tax on the Houfes of the City, bring
ches, 14 or 15 Monafteries, and a noble them, in Annually 3 ooooo Livres. This.
· Hoſpital for the Poor, dedicated to St. Ma City has an Univerſity, and boastsof many
ry, of admirable Architecture. It has 6 Learned Men ; among others, of Plautiu,.
Gates, many Squares, and 4 Suburbs. The Maſter to the great Cicero, and Preceptor tó.
Air of the City is fharp, becauſe of the the Emperors Caracada and Caligula. In one
Mountains it inclofes; and the neighbour of their Councils held here by Innocent IV.
ing Country abounds with Gardens, green. the Emperor Frederick II. was dethron'd ;:
Fields, and Meadows. Many Places of its aad in that held by Gregory X, the Eaſtern
District produce excellent Wine. At S. Mar Emperor Michael Paleologus fubmitted him
tin la Plaine, there was formerly a Gold felf and his State to the Rºman Church.
Mine; and at Cheff, one of Copper mix’d Bleau fays, their Bridge over the Rhoſne is
with Silver, and one of Vitriol equal to 8o Paces long, and has 19 large Arches, and
that call’d Roman. The Stones dug out of 7 leffer ones. By a Croſs upon this Bridge,
the Quarry of St. Belus are mix’d with Sparks Dauphine is divided from Lyons. That over
of Gold, and they have black Marble at the Saone has 9 Arches, and forms a com
Cruzan, &c. mark'd with the Figures of modious Harbour for Ships. On the Bridge
Tears, and Rings of a Milk-white Colour. upon the Rhoſne, the Emperor Gratian was -
The Inhabitants are courteous, induſtrious, murther’d; and from that on the Saone, the
and accommodate themfelves to the Man barbarous Emperor Caligula order’d fuch as
ners of the feveral Foreign Merchants who were overcome when they contended for ·
frequent the City. , They have Tradeſmen - the Prize of Eloquence, to be thrown into
of all forts, and noble Manufa&tures of Silk the River. In this City, there's a Maga
and other precious Stuffs, in which they zine well furniſh’d with all Neceffaries for
conſtantly employ’d 2oooo People formerly; War. , Mr. Laſèl, in his Travels to Italy,
and their Merchants were reckon'd to gain fays, the Town-Houfe is built of white .
by them 3ooooo Livres per Annum. They Stone, and feems to refemble that of Am
print abundance of Books, with which they ferdam; and that the Stair-Cafe and Hali :
furniſh the Mart of Francfort, and other Pla are worth a Traveller’s View. He fays, the
ces of Europe, and were fo populous, that Place called La Charite is a noble Strusture, .
they could furniſh the K. with 3ooo Foot, compos’d of 9 Courts, where 1 şoo poor
and 3oo Horfe, without lifting one Citizen. People are constantly kept at work: He
They receiv’d Chriſtianity very early, and mentions likewife the Cabinet of M. Ser
destroy'd the Monuments of Idolatry in the vier, which was filled with curious Mathe
Reign of Auguſtus. St. Ireneus, their Bi matical and Mechanical Inventions ; and
fhop, held a Council of the Gallican Church among others, with a Mödel how to change
here, and upon that Account his Succeſfors Dining-Rooms 3 or 4 times by means of a ,
were reckon’d Primates of Gaul. The Ca Wheel, which moves the Gueſts, with ther.
thedral has 9. Dignitaries, and 26 Ca Table and Seats, from one Room to another
Dr. Mcrc::-:
S

1 12o F R A N C E. }
Dr. Northleigh fays, they boaft that in 5. Condraeu, on the Rhoſne, 7 Leagues S.
their Cathedral of St. John, they had in the from Lyons, a large Town, noted for its ex
13th Century, at one time, the Son of an cellent Wine.
Emperor, 9 Sons of Kings, 14 Dukes Sons,
3o Counts, and 2 o of Barons. In the The Distrist of B E A U J O L O IS,
Tower of this Church, they have a Clock
much admir’d for the Variety of its Mo Lies N. from Lyonnois, produces Corn,
tions and Mechanifm. The Jefuits College Wine, Fruit, and good Paſturage. It be
on the Rhoſne is the fineſt Strusture in the long'd formerly to the Family of Bojes,
whole City, being a regular Square, cu then to the Dukes of Bourbon; but was uni
riouſly painted in Frefeº. They have a fpa ted to the Crown by Francis I. after the
cious Library, but not very well furniſhed Death of the Conftable de Bourbon about
with Books; the moſt valuable being a MS. I 53 1. It contains,
of Pliny's Natural History, 4 or 5oo Years 1. Ville-Franche, Lat. Villa-Franca, on the
old, and that fame History printed in Vel Rheſne, 6 Leagues N. W. from Lyons. 'Tis
lum about 2oo Years ago. The Abbey of a pretty Town, Capital of the Diſtri&t, and
Daifne without the Town is an ancient has the firft Convent of the Order of S. Fran
Piece of Archite&ure, of good Moſaic Work, ei: d'offe in France. It has a Collegiate
in the fame Place where Čaligula ere&ted his Church, an Academy, an Election, Baili
Athenæum for the Improvement of the Greek wick, and Granary of Salt.
and Latin Tongue, and order'd thofe who 2. Beaujeu, 4 Leagues N. W. from Fiste
were overcome to be thrown into the Ri Franche, gave Name to the Country, and to
ver,as above-mention’d. He alfo takes Notice the illuſtrious Family of Beaujeu, fo well
of fome Altars of Agat and Lapis Lazuli in known fince the 1 oth Century. Over the
their Churches. In the Abbey above-men Gate of the principal Church, there's an
tion’d, they pretend to fhew the celebrated old Piece of Workmanſhip in Bafo-Relieve,
Buckler of Scipio; but the Dostor fays, that reprefenring a Roman Sacrifice of a Hog, a
'tis only a Bafon or Diſh well guilt and em Sheep, and an Ox. |

boffed; and that M. Patin, the great Anti


quary of Padua, was of the fame Opinion. The Distrist ºf F O R E Z,
He adds, That in the Front-Walk of the
Town-Houfe, they have the Speech of the Had its Name from its Forreſts. 'Twas
Emperor Clauditis, who was born here, the Country of the Segufani in the Time of
which, by the Spelling and Pointing, fuffi the Romans. 'Twas formerly fubject to
ciently proves its Antiquity. This City Counts of its own, from whom it came to
ſuffer'd much by the Wars of the Prote the Dauphin of Auvergne, and then to the
stants in the 16th Century, when they de Houfe of Bourbon; but united to the Crown
fac'd many of the Images. by Francis I. ’Tis a fruitful Country, a
2. Tarare, a fmall Town about 9 Leagues bounds with Noblemen’s Houfes, Streams
N. W. from Lyons, on the Frontiers of Beau and Brooks, and is divided into Upper and
jalois, at the Foot of a Mountain, which Lower. ’Tis noted for Manufa&tures of
gives it Name. Iron-work. The chief Towns are,
3. Anfe, a fmall Town 5 Leagues North 1. Mont-Brifon, Lat. Caſtrum Brifonis, on the
from Lyons, near the Saone, built by Or Vlife: ’Tis Capital of the Country, has an
der of Auguſtus, who plac'd a Garrifon Election, Bailiwick, and Provoflfhip, a Col
of 4 Cohorts there, and call'd it Antium, legiate Church, and feveral Monafteries. It
from the Town of that Name in the Neigh lies 13 Leagues W. from Lyons.
bourhood of Rome. This Town did like 2. St. Stephen de Furens, on a River of that
wife fuffer much by the Civil Wars in the Name, 1 i Leagues S. W. from Lyons, noted
16th Century. - for its Iron Ware, that’s tranfported all over
4. st. Chaumont, on the Borders of the Europe, the Water of the River being re
Forets, with the Title of a Marquifate, no markable for tempering Iron. 'Twas faken
ted for its Silk Manufaċtures. twice by the Proteſtants in the 16th Cen
- tury
- -

F R A N C E. Î I2I
tury. The neighbouring Country affords Goths, and taken from them by Clovi, I. of
store of Coal, and there's a Coal-Mine there France in șo8. "Twas afterwards under
which has burnt feveral Years. particular Governors, who made themfelves
3. Feurs, Lat. Frum segufanorum, the chief Hereditary, and took the Title of Counts.
Town of the Upper Forez, 1 1 Leagues W. The firſt were thcfe of Poiffiers, the 2d
from Lyons, upon the Loire, is a very ancient thofe of Bourges, and the 3d thoſe of La ·
Town, and ( according to fome. ) gave Tour; from whence the Family of La Tºur
Name to the whole Country. d'Auvergne is fuppoſed to proceed. Philip .
4. Roanne, Lat. Rodumna, on the Loire, Augustus took it from the laſt of them for
where that River begins to be navigable. Felony in 12 1o. Lewis VIII. gave it to his
It lies above 13 Leagues N. W. from Lyons, . own 4th Son; after whoſe Death, 'twas uni
and is Capital of a fmall Diſtrićt called Rº ted to the Crown : But the Son of the for- .
sanois: 'Twas made a Dutchy by Charles IX. feited Count coming into Favour, he had
has a fine College of Jefuits, and feveral Part of it reſtor’d, and 'twas enjoyed by his .
ọther Monaſteries. -

Posterity till the Heirefs brought it by


5. st. Galmier, near the Loire, half-way Marriage to Lawrence de Medicis, Father to
betwixt Feurs and St. Stephen de Furent, and Catharine de Medicis, Wife to Henry II. of
9 Leagues S. W. from Lyons, noted for a France. She gave it to Charles de Valoit, .
Fountain, whofe Water tafts like Wine ; natural Son to Charles IX. from whom ’t was
and if : Part of Wine be mix'd with it, 'tis taken by A&t of Parliament in 1656, in
not to be diftinguiſhed from Pure Wine. Favour of Queen Margaret, who gave it to
the Dauphin, afterwards Lewis XIII and fo .
The Distrist of A U V E R G N E, the County was united to the Crown. The -
other Part of it was erested into a Dutchy.
Lat. Arvernia, lies W. from Forez, and S. and Peerage by K. John ; for his 3d Son the
from Bourbennois. ’Tis about 4o Leagues D. of Berry, who dying without Posterity,
S. and N. 3o E. and W. and is divided in Cha. VI. gave it to the Houfe of Bourbon in
to Upper and Lower. 'Twas the Country of 14co, who enjoy’d it till the Constable de e
the ancient Arverni, who boafted they were Bourbon, who was kill'd at the Siege of Rome
of the fame Origine with the Romans. Si in 1527, was forfeited, and then 'rvas adjud
dunius, their Countryman, gives it a mighty edg to Louife of Savoy. Mother to K. Frantis I,
Chara&ter for Fruitfulnefs, Pleafantnefs, Po who gave it to the Crown in 153 ". Since
puloufnefs, &c. thère being Meadows and which, it has not been alienated.
green Fields on the Tops of their Hills,
Vineyards on the Sides, and Towns and Vil L O W E R A U V E R G N IE
lages at the Foot of ’em : That their Plains
abound with Corn, are water’d by Foun Contains, I. Clermont, Lat. Aagafa Nemz. --
tains and Springs, their Roads fhaded with tam Arvernum, Arverna Civitas, and Claro
Trees and Woods, their Rocks fortified Mons, on the Tiritains, about 75 Miles VV,
with Caſtles and Towers, and the People from Lyons. 'Tis the Capital of Lower Au--
ingenious and religious. They were fo po vergne, commonly call'd Limague, is built on
pulous in Cefar's Time, that they fay The the Ruins of the ancient Gergovia, was de
charged them with 3 oooo Men as their ſtroy'd by the Goths, Aisns, and Vandal: ; but
Quota for his Wars; but their Country fo well repair’d afterwards, that 'tis now a
was of a much larger Extent then than large well built City, with the Tithe of a
now. Their Commodities are, Corn, Wine, County, has a Biſhop Suffragan of Burzer,
Mineral Waters, Tapeſtry, Cloth, Lace, a Preſidial, and Court of Aids. There’s a -
and Knives. La Forreſt fays, That before Bridge over the River, of Stone form’d
the Rºman Conqueſt, they had Kings of from the Water of a neighbouring Foun. .
their own, who gave Cefar a great deal of tain that petrifies, fays La Forrest ; fo that
Trouble, particularly their K. Vercingetoriæ, the Inhabitants are forc'd to cut the Arches :
who defended Alexia fo bravely, where he from time to time, left it ſhould stop the
was taken and carried to Rozme. In the De Current. Celius R*degint: fays, That in .
clenfion of the Empire, 'twas feiz’d by the Julius Caſar’s Time, there was a Wooden
Tewer
1 122 F R A IN C E.
Tower here, which could never be burnt, 5. Aigue Perces, Lat. Aque Calide, the Ca
becaufe 'twas built of Timber call'd Larix, pital of the Dutchy of Montpenfer, and that
that refits Fire. In the Time of Nero, Ze call'd the Dauphiné of Auvergne, lies 3 :
nodoru, a famous Statuary, made a Colofiu Leagues N. E. from Riom.
of Mercury here 4oo Foot high, and was 6. Montpenfer, a Town with the Title of
fent for to Rome to make a Statue of that Em a Dutchy, almoſt 7 Leages N.E. from cler
peror of 11o Foot high. In thofe Days, they mont. It had formerly Lords of its own of
nad a Heathen Temple, in this City pav'd feveral Families, but was purchafed by the
with Marble, of inlaid Work, which : A Duke of Berry in 1384, whofe Daughter
double Wall of 3 1 Foot thick, and was co brought it by Marriage to John, the firſt D.
ver'd with Lead. Their Cathedral is a ſtate of Bourbon, in 14oo, from whofe youngest
ly Fabrick, cover’d with a Mixture of Son came the Counts of Montpenfer. It had
Pewter and Lead. Vercingetorix held out this a ſtrong Caſtle, which was demoliſhed by
Town againſt Cefar, and oblig'd him to Lewis XIII. in 1634.
raife the Siege. Abundance of Roman 7. St. Porcain, a fmall Town, pleafantly
Medals, and other Antiquities, are fre fituated on the Confines of the Bourbonnois,
quently dug up near this City, where there 5 Leagues N. from Montpenfier.
are Marble Columns, and feveral other Re 8. Cropiere, on the River Dore, a large
mains of Roman Buildings. The Biſhop's Town, with a famous Monaftery for La
Palace is a fine Strusture. They have 3 dies of Quality. It lies above 7 Leagues
Collegiate Churches, 2 Monafteries, 3 Nun S. E. from Clermont.
neries, 2 Abbies, befides feveral Convents 9. Iſſoire, Lat. Iciodurum, upon the Alliere,
without the Town. about 15 Miles S. E. from Clermont, noted
2. Monferrand, about a quarter of a League for a good Breed of Horfes, and for a very
E. from Clermont, noted for its fine Situation
deep Lake; into which, if one throw a
and Strength. It has a Collegiate Church Stone, fays La Crofe, there rifes a Vapour
and 4 Abbies, and had formerly a Court of which diffolves into Rain. ’Tis a Town
Aids, as it is now the Seat of a Baili of good Trade in Corn and Wine, and has
wick. feveral Monafteries and Nunneries.
3. Thiers, on the River Dore, near the 1o. Brioude, Lat. Brivas, Brivatum, Vicus
Borders of the Forez, about 2 o Miles E. Brivatenfis, on the Alliere, about 27 Miles
from Clermont, has a Collegiate Church, a S. E. from Iffaire. It has a Bridge of one
Chapter, and feveral Abbies, and is a Town very high and large Arch over the River.
of confiderable Trade in Paper and Knives. It has a Collegiate Church of Canons, who
4. Riom, Lat. Ricomagus, above 2 Leagues call themfelves Counts of the Town. This
N. from Clermont. 'Tis fo pleafantly fituated, College was founded by John I. D. of Gui
that 'tis called the Garden of Auvergne. ’Tis enne, in 898. They depend immediately on
the Capital of the Dutchy, has a Senefchal’s the Pope. They have feveral other Reli
Jurifdiĉtion, a Generality, one of the moft gious Houfes within and without the Town.
confiderable Prefidials in France, an Ele&tion, I I. Alegre, a confiderable Town, with
a Mint, and Confular Jurifdi&tion. John the Title of a Marquifate, and aftrong Ca
D. of Berry, 3d Son to K. John, built the file at the Feot of a very high Mountain,
Caſtle here where the Courts of Judicature on the Top of which there's a very large
are kept. He founded alſo a Chapter call’d and deep Lake. It lies about 7 Leagues
the Holy Chapel, whoſe Treaſurer and Ca S. E. from Brioude.
nons depend immediately on the Pope, but 12. Lezoux, about 5 Leagues E. from Cler
are nam’d by the King. There are two o mont, a Royal Town betwixt the Alliere
ther Chapters here, and a College of Prieſts and the Dore, in a pleafant Soil and health
of the Oratory founded by Lewis XIV. ful Air, which occaſions it to be much fre
where they teach Philoſophy, Divinity, and quented in Time of a Plague, fays Blaau:
the Languages. The Churches are magnifi It appears to be very ancient, becaufe of
cent, the Houfes beautiful, and the Mona the Roman Monuments continually dug up
fteries adorn’d with Fountains and pleafant about it. It has a Collegiate Church, and
Walks. is noted for its excellent Melons.
13. Maringues,
=---
––––-----—----

---- -
- *- .*
- -
|- -"

*
F R A -
N - C E. 1 123
13. Maringuet, on the Aliert, has a good immediately on the Pope, and is Temporal
Harbour, much frequented by Veifels, Lord of the Town. 'Twas taken by the
which makes - it one of the beſt Trading Proteſtants in 1562.
Towns in the Country. It lies almoſt 5 4. Mauriac, a fmall Town on the Fron
Leagues E. from Clermont. | tiers of Limofin, above 7 Leagues N. W.
14. Pont Gibeaut, about 4 Leagues N. W. from Aurilac, noted for a noble College of
from Clermont, noted for a Silver Mine for Jefuits, and a great Fair of Horfes.
merly in its Neighbourhood. 5. Beffe, a Town on the River Coufe, at
15. La Rueule, a Caſtle 6 Leagues S. W. the Foot of that called the Golden Mountain.
of Clermont, noted for a Fountain, a 6th Part Near this Town, La Frrest fays, there's a
of whoſe Water being mix’d with Wine, bottomlefs Lake call'd Pavin, into which, if
diminiſhes nothing of its Strength or Taft, one throw a Stone with any Violence, it
becaufe it naturally tafts like Wine. Near raifes Vapours, which occaſion Lightning
to this Place lies that called Mont d'or, and Thunder.
or Golden Mountain, becauſe the Sand in Bleau gives this further Account of Aa
the neighbouring Ponds fhines like Gold. vergne in general, That the Mountains, be
There are feveral Springs here, which are fides excellent Grafs, produce abundance of
very wholefom to bathe in. Phyſical Herbs; and that thofe of Upper
16. Vic le Comte, about 5 Leagues S. E. Auvergne, thô the Country be of much lefs
from Clermont, Capital of that called the Extent, produces more Milk by the Cattle
County of Auvergne. It has a fine Palace, they feed, than Lower Auvergne does Wine,
and a Chapel built by the D. of Albanie, of tho' it be every where full of Vineyards.
the Royal Family of Scotland, who was Vice 'Tis noted alſo for excellent Cheefe. In
roy of that Kingdom in the Minority of the Mountain of Cantal, the higheſt in the
K. James V. Country, and which reaches 2 or 3 Leagues
-

17. Uſon, a Royal Caſtle, 2 Leagues S. E. in Length, there's conſtantly Snow. From
from Iſſoire, upon the higheft Rock in Au this Mountain proceed abundance ofSprings
vergne, fupported by natural Columns of of different Qualities : One of them, at a
Rock, on the Top of which there's a very Place called La Chere, freezes in the hotteft
fine Spring. Weather, and is hot and fends out Smoke
in the Winter. Mont-Liouran near Marat a
U P P E R A U V E R G N E, bounds with excellent Phyſical Herbs, mach
valued by all the Phyſicians in Europe. Mont
Lies S. W. from the Lower, and contains, Duranius has abundance of Springs on the
1. st. Flour, Lat. Floriop lis, its Capital. 'Tis Top, and at the Foot of it feveral Baths,
fituated on a steep Rock, near a fmall River, fome very hot, fome luke-warm, and others
about 16 Leagues S. from Clermont. ’Tis a cold, which Nature feems to have fitted for
Biſhop's See Suffragan of Bourges, and had all forts of Diftempers. He adds to what
its Name from St. Florus, one of their Bi we have faid of the Lake near Bef, That
fhops. The Chapter was feculariz’d by when a Stone is thrown into it, it raifes
Pope sixtiu IV. Storms of Hail and Rain, as well as Light
2. Murat, a finall Town with the Title ning and Thunder; and that in another
of a Vifcounty, about 4 # Leagues N. W. hollow Place near it, a Noife like Thunder
from St. Flour. It lies at the Foot of a is heard in the Summer-time, tho' nothing
Rock, upon which there was a Caſtle for be thrown into ir. At Rochedagou, 1 o Leagues
merly, reckon'd impregnable. N. W. from Clermont, there’s a Rock from
3. Aurillac, on the River Jourdain, about whence are dug red Stones, which fhine as
35 Miles S. W. from St. Fleur. Some de bright as Diamonds ; and at La Croix morant, .
- rive the Name from Grains of Gold that there are Baths good againſt Leprofy. He
were found in the Sand of a neighbouring fays, the Water of the River Tiritaine,
Lake. It has a Prefidial and a Bailiwick, is which petrifies, is Alluminous ; and in that
noted for its Trade in Lace, and for the Part :::: Country there are two Baths
Birth of Pope Silvefter II., who was a Monk called St. Marks, one of which is Sulphu
in the Abbey here. Its. Abbot depends reous, and the other is Liny; and at Nyons,
D d d d d d d tuere
I 124 F R A IN C E.
there are the beſt Baths in France. From abundance of Cattle, Rabbets and Hares,.
the Hill near Clermont, there flows a Bitu Walnuts, of which they make excellent Oii,
men, which is good for ſtrengthening the and Iron Mines. It has excellent Pastures,
Nerves. And at Montferrand, there's a clear in fome. Places very good Wine, Wool,
Fountain, whoſe Waters turn into Pitch Mineral Waters and Baths, good againſt alí
and Bitumen, eſpecially in the Summer, of forts of Diftempers. La Forrest fays, the Goths
which there’s a Hill form'd, call'd the Moun took it from the Romans, and the French
tain of Pitch. Near Riom, there's abundance from the Goths; 'twas afterwards Part of
of Saffron, and Veins of beautiful red Stone. the Kingdom of Aquitania, and then fub
Near Briouds, there are Quarries of Mar jećt to particular Lords, the firſt of whom
ble and Jafper. At the Head of the Alliere, was Ademar, who liv'd in the beginning of
there are Stones of a blue and purple Co the Ioth Century. His Poſterity continu’d
lour. And in the Mountains of Uffin, till the Year 12oo, that the Heirets brought
there’s abundance of Lapus Lazuli. There it to the Family of Dampier. An Heirefs
are many Glafs-Houfes in this Country. of that Family brought it to the Houfe of
The beſt Paper of Europe is made here ; and Burgundy, whoſe Heirefs Beatrix brought it
vast Quantities of Pitch are produc'd by to Robert of France, 4th Son to St. Lewis,
their Fir-Trees about Ambert, Alegre, &c. who was the Founder of the prefent Royai
Near the Monaftery of Menat, there's a Field Family of Bourbon.
which ever now and then fends out Flames ’Tis divided into Upper and Lower by
ef Fire. They tranſport great Quantities the River Alliere.
of Mules, befides other Cattle. This Coun
try was fo powerful formerly, that Strabº The U P P E R costains,
mentions Bituitiu, one of their Kings, who
brought 2ooooo Men into the Field, and 1. Mbalint, Lat. Molina, or Mulinum, the
loft i 2oooo of them in a Battle on the Ri Capital of the whole Country, on the A.
ver fer. The Country abounds with No liers, about 47 Miles N. from Clermont, 22
blemen’s Seats. Bleau fays, the People in S. E. from Nevert, 48 S. E. from Bourges,
general are civil, induſtrious, and brave, and about 142 Miles S. E. from Paris. "Tis.
but crafty ; and that the Country is eve a very ancient Town, fuppoſed to be built
where difficult of Acceſs, being :::::: on the Ruins of the old Silviniacum. 'Twas
with Mountains. There's one Part of it the ordinary Refidence of the Princes of.
near the Confines of Burgundy called Livra the Family of Bourbon, who built its noble
dois, which being overflowed with Water, and magnificent Caſtle, where moſt of their,
the People clear'd it, by :::: a Canal Pictures are excellently done. The City is .
of rooo Foot long, through a Mountain, not very large of it felf; but taking in its
which occaſioned their calling it by this Suburbs, is of a confiderable Extent, wall’de
Name, Quaf livree d'Eaux ; i. e. Clear’d of in, and defended with Towers. The Town
Water. · is well built, and much frequented by Peo
ple of Quality. It has a Prefidial, a Royal
Bailiwick, and a Generality, is furreunded
The B o u R B o N N o 1 s. with Trees, and call'd the Paradife of the
Country. King Charles IX. call’d an Affem
His Province, fays La Forreſt, was the bly of the Grandees here in 1565. ”Tis
Seat of the ancient Boii, who fent Co noted for its Medicinal Waters, and the beft
lonies into Germany and Italy. Bleau fays, Cutlers Ware in Europe. The Cathedral is
the Name is deriv’d from the C. of Bour dedicated to the Virgin, and a noble Stru
bon. It has Forez and Auvergne on the S. &ture. The Church of St. Peter is alſo a
Nevers on the N. Burgundy on the E. and fine Building. It has feveral other Pariſh
Berry on the W. is about 39 Leagues E. and Churches and Monafteries of both Sexes.
W. and 2o S. and N. It has many Rivers, The Town enjoys great Privileges, and å
the chief of which are, the Alliere, Sarnet, bounds with Tradefmen of all forts. The
Zonda, and Beberis. ’Tis fertile in Corn of Inhabitants are courteous, and fpeak good
all forts, Pulfe, and Fruit, has many Woods, French, Dr. Northleigh fays, their Mineral
- Waters.
F R A N c E. I. I 25
Waters are much of the fame Nature with “ deferving Husband, who never gave :
thofe of the Bath, and Aix la Chapelle, com “ her any other Occaſion of Grief but ,
pos'd of a bituminous Subſtance, mix'd “ by his Death, in the Year of Chriſt
with an Alcalifate Salt ; into which, if we “ 1552, and of her Mourning the 2 oth.
put an Acid, it cauſes a Fermentation ; and
produces the fame Effect on Syrup of Vio He was fo much the Darling of the Peo
Iets as the Salt of Tartar, turning it green. . ple, that the King's Officers were obliged
They have of late been much us'd againft to exécute him in the Town-Houfe, left he
the Gout, and other Nervous Diftempers. ſhould have been refcued; and his Dutchefs
In the Church of the Viſitation, there's the retir’d into a Monaſtery, where ſhe ended
Monument of the great D. of Montmorancy, her Days in Grief for his Death. -

who was facrific'd to the Refentinents of 2. Vichy, on the fame River, noted for
Cardinal Richelieu, notwithstanding the its Mineral Waters, which are in great
great Interceffion made for him, as being Efteem. It lies about 8 : Leagues S. E.
the Chief of the greateſt Family in the from Moulins, and is fortified.
Kingdom next to that which wore the
Crown. The Chapel in which he is in L O WE R B o U R B O N cºntains,
terr'd confifts only of a fmall Cupola to co
ver him: His Canopy and Armour are fup 1. Bourbon l'Archembaud