You are on page 1of 3

Control valves - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Control_valves

Control valves
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Control valves are valves used to control conditions such as flow, pressure, temperature, and liquid level by
fully or partially opening or closing in response to signals received from controllers that compare a "setpoint" to
a "process variable" whose value is provided by sensors that monitor changes in such conditions.[1]

The opening or closing of control valves is done by means of electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic systems.
Positioners are used to control the opening or closing of the actuator based on Electric, or Pnuematic Signals.
These control signals, traditionally based on 3-15psi (0.2-1.0bar), more common now are 4-20mA signals for
industry, 0-10V for HVAC systems, & the introduction of "Smart" systems, HART, Fieldbus Foundation, &
Profibus being the more common protocols.

Contents
1 Types of control valve bodies
2 See also
3 References
4 External links

Types of control valve bodies


The most common and versatile types of control valves are sliding-stem globe and angle valves. Their popularity
derives from rugged construction and the many options available that make them suitable for a variety of
process applications, including severe service.[2] Control valve bodies may be categorized as below:[3]

Angle valves
Cage-style valve bodies
DiskStack style valve bodies
Angle seat piston valves
Globe valves
Single-port valve bodies
Balanced-plug cage-style valve bodies
High capacity, cage-guided valve bodies
Port-guided single-port valve bodies
Double-ported valve bodies
Three-way valve bodies
Diaphragm Valves
Rotary valves Globe valve
Butterfly valve bodies
V-notch ball control valve bodies
Eccentric-disk control valve bodies
Eccentric-plug control valve bodies

1 of 3 9/2/2010 11:08 AM
Control valves - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_valves

sliding cylinder valves


Directional control valve
spool valve
piston valve
air operated valves
air operated valve
relay valve
air operated pinch valve

See also
Globe control valve
Control engineering
with pneumatic actuator
Control system
and smart positioner
Instrumentation
Instrumentation engineering
Pneumatic flow control
Process control
HART Protocol
Fieldbus Foundation
PROFIBUS

References
1. ^ Bela G. Liptak (Editor) (2003). Instrument Engineers' Handbook (4th Edition ed.). CRC Press.
ISBN 0-8493-1083-0.
2. ^ Hagen, S. (2003) "Control valve technology" Plant Services (http://www.plantservices.com/articles
/2003/124.html)
3. ^ Fisher Controls International (http://www.documentation.emersonprocess.com/groups/public/documents
/book/cvh99.pdf) Emerson Process Management website.

External links
Control valve tutorials (http://www.spiraxsarco.com/resources/steam-engineering-tutorials/control-
hardware-el-pn-actuation.asp) Tutorials covering the sizing, capacity and characteristics of control valves.
Actuators, positioners, controllers and sensors are also discussed - Spirax Sarco
Control Valve Handbook (4th Edition) (http://www.documentation.emersonprocess.com/groups/public
/documents/book/cvh99.pdf) A 297-page online book.
Process Instrumentation (Lecture 8): Control valves (http://www.unisanet.unisa.edu.au/Information
/100048info/IL8.doc) Article from a University of South Australia website.
Valve Animations (http://www.flowcontrol.com/Animation/index.html) Flash animations demonstrating
conventional and pressure independent control valve operation.
Samson AG Demo Valve Sizing Software. (http://www.samson.de/support/enser002.htm) Basic Trial
valve sizing programme.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_valves"


Categories: Control devices | Valves | Engineering stubs

2 of 3 9/2/2010 11:08 AM
Control valves - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_valves

This page was last modified on 27 May 2010 at 15:56.


Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may
apply. See Terms of Use for details.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

3 of 3 9/2/2010 11:08 AM