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1. He hid __________the shed _________ the men

went away.
2. I am going to _________ airport to meet
_______ sister.

Can you fill in the missing words?

1. He hid behind the shed until the men went away.

2. I am going to the airport to meet my sister.

The words behind and until are used to fil in the blanks in sentence 1.
What parts of speech are they?
Behind is a preposition and until is a conjunction.
In sentence 2 the word the and my are used.
The is an article and my is a Possessive Adjective.

A sentence is made up of many parts of speech. The sense of the sentence will not complete if
some of its words are missing.


Fill in the blanks with suitable pronouns, adjectives, articles or prepositions.

e.g. I went to _____ airport to meet _____ brother ______ returned from London last night.
I went to the airport to meet my brother who returned from London last night.

1. This is ______ nurse _______ looked after _______ when he was ill.
2. He gave ________ a surprised look when I told _______ the news.
3. _______ brother, _______ likes to play badminton, has been chosen for the school team.
4. He was dressed in _______ blue uniform _______ had silver buttons.
5. His neighbours have complained to _______ about the noise ______dog makes at night.
6. They received _______ letter and _______ parcel _______ him.
7. That is ________ policeman _______ caught _______ snatch thief yesterday.
8. She met ________ cousin ________ the party last night.
9. He poured ________ cup _______ coffee _______ himself and drank it _______ a
10. I accidentally upset _______ contents of ________ handbag ________ to ______floor.
11. He brought _________friend home for dinner when he returned _____ the show.
12. There aren’t any houses in _______ area but only ______ hut up on ________hill.
13. She bought _______ dozen plastic plates and bowls _______ ______ Trade Fair last
14. I checked _______ total again to see if she had made ______mistakes in ______the
15. We saw ________ accident on _______ way to school _______ morning.
16. I caught hold of _______ dog and fastened _______ collar round _______ neck.
17. _______uncle of _______ came to visit us yesterday with one of _______ friends.
18. There was ________ account of _______ robbery last night in ________ newspaper this

Study the sentences below.

1. That is the girl whose pen I borrowed.

2. The girl whom I waved to live near my house.
3. That is the shop which was robbed last week.
4. Who took the book that was on the table?

Pick out the Relative Pronouns from the above sentences.

They are whose, whom, which and that.

We use the Relative Pronouns who, whose, whom, which and that to join sentences.


1. I was walking home.

I met Gaik Hoon.

Joining Sentence: I was walking home when I met Gaik Hoon.

2. This is the place.

The dog buried the bone.

Joining Sentence: This is the place where the dog buried the bone.

We can also use Relative Adverbs like when and where to join sentences.

Example 2:

1. We watched the men.

They were mending the road.

Joining Sentence: We watched the men mending the road.

We can join sentences by leaving out some words.


Join the following sentences using conjunctions, Relative Pronouns or Relative Adverbs, or
by leaving out some of the words.

e.g. I loved playing with dolls. I was a little girl.

I loved playing with dolls when I was a little girl.
1. I hit the board hard. It broke in two.
2. He slipped and fell. He was playing football.
3. We will wait at the bus-stop. The next bus comes.
4. We arrived at the cinema. The show had begun.
5. Here is the photograph of the person. I have been looking for him.
6. The teacher is our form-master. We greeted him just now.
7. The sky has cleared up. It was dark and cloudy a while ago.
8. We met the artist. His paintings were awarded the first two prizes at the exhibition.
9. I was packing my things for the trip. They came to fetch me.
10. We caught him. He was stealing the money from the shelf
11. The light went out. I was reading a book.
12. The little boy did not stop crying. I bought him an ice-cream.
13. I could not go out to dinner with my friends. I had a lot of work to do.
14. He told us a lie. He was thinking that we would believe him.
15. I introduced my friend to Eng Hock. He had wanted to meet her for a long time.
16. We contributed money to a fund for the flood victims. Their property was destroyed by the
17. I was reading a book. I heard a loud crash from the back of the house.
18. He searched the room. He had left his wallet.