Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3
ETAP Arc Flash Analysis The ETAP V&V process for the Arc Flash program has ove

ETAP Arc Flash Analysis

The ETAP V&V process for the Arc Flash program has over 900 test case scenarios that are run before each ETAP release. The following cases are excerpts from the Arc Flash V&V documentation.

Arc Flash Comparison Case # 1

Comparison of ETAP Arc Flash Results against hand calculated results based on IEEE Standards

Excerpts from Validation Cases and Comparison Results (TCS-SC-120)

Highlights

Comparison of ETAP Arc Flash analysis results against hand calculated results based on the equations listed in IEEE standard 1584 2002.

The calculations include both open air and enclosed equipment.

The calculation results are within the specified range of validity of the IEEE 1584 Equations.

The hand calculated results were developed based on a program developed in Matlab version 6.5.0 Release 13.0.1.

ETAP results and the Matlab hand calculated results have a percent difference less than 0.001% in all cases.

System Description The Arc Flash calculation in ETAP for different bus voltages and input parameters was entered into different Buses in the program. Each bus had a different type of equipment as described in the IEEE standard. The following types of equipment were described for each bus at different voltage levels.

MCC

Switchgear

Switchboard

Switchrack

Panelboard

Cable Bus

Open Air

Typical Gaps and X-factors were used for the calculation. The Incident energy and the Flash Protection Boundary were calculated based on a Fault Clearing Time (arc fault clearing time) of 0.1 seconds.

Copyright © 2005 Operation Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Page 1 of 3

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Operation Technology, Inc. The Licensee may copy portions of this documentation only for the exclusive use of Licensee. Any reproduction shall include the copyright notice. This exception does not allow copies to be made for other persons or entities, whether or not sold. Under this law, copying includes translating into another language. Certain names and/or logos used in this document may constitute trademarks, service marks, or trade names of Operation Technology, Inc. or other entities.

Comparison of Results The following table of comparison shows the differences between ETAP Results and

Comparison of Results The following table of comparison shows the differences between ETAP Results and those calculated by Hand using the Matlab program. The difference in all cases is smaller than 0.001%.

Copyright © 2005 Operation Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Page 2 of 3

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Operation Technology, Inc. The Licensee may copy portions of this documentation only for the exclusive use of Licensee. Any reproduction shall include the copyright notice. This exception does not allow copies to be made for other persons or entities, whether or not sold. Under this law, copying includes translating into another language. Certain names and/or logos used in this document may constitute trademarks, service marks, or trade names of Operation Technology, Inc. or other entities.

      Hand Calculated (Matlab)     ETAP results (Editors)   %Diff (Hand Calcs
     

Hand Calculated (Matlab)

   

ETAP results (Editors)

 

%Diff (Hand Calcs vs. ETAP)

Bus kV

Type

Ia (kA)

E (Cal/cm^2)

FPB (ft)

Level

Ia (kA)

E (Cal/cm^2)

FPB (ft)

Level

Ia

E

FPB

Level

0.480

Other

7.027

0.780

1.212

0

7.027

0.780

1.212

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

MCC

6.295

2.658

2.441

1

6.295

2.658

2.441

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Switchgear

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Switchboard

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Switchrack

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

6.295

2.532

2.497

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Panelboard

6.295

2.658

2.441

1

6.295

2.658

2.441

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Cable Bus

6.295

2.947

2.356

1

6.295

2.947

2.356

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.480

Open Air

5.534

1.486

1.672

0

5.534

1.486

1.672

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

MCC

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Switchgear

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Switchboard

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Switchrack

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Panelboard

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

14.456

2.713

4.645

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Cable Bus

14.456

2.715

3.015

1

14.456

2.715

3.015

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Open Air

14.456

1.573

2.295

0

14.456

1.573

2.295

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.5

Other

14.456

1.694

2.381

0

14.456

1.694

2.381

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Cable Bus

23.888

2.174

4.046

1

23.888

2.174

4.046

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Open Air

23.888

1.192

3.080

0

23.888

1.192

3.080

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

MCC

23.888

2.973

8.505

1

23.888

2.973

8.505

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Switchgear

23.888

2.490

8.505

1

23.888

2.490

8.505

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Switchboard

23.888

3.294

8.505

1

23.888

3.294

8.505

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Switchrack

23.888

4.207

8.505

2

23.888

4.207

8.505

2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Panelboard

23.888

3.294

8.505

1

23.888

3.294

8.505

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.8

Other

23.888

2.174

4.046

1

23.888

2.174

4.046

1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Cable Bus

71.737

81.541

33.040

4

71.737

81.541

33.040

4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Open Air

71.737

36.241

33.040

4

71.737

36.241

33.040

4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

MCC

71.737

18.787

33.040

3

71.737

18.787

33.040

3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Switchgear

71.737

13.047

33.040

3

71.737

13.047

33.040

3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Switchboard

71.737

81.541

33.040

4

71.737

81.541

33.040

4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Switchrack

71.737

23.718

33.040

3

71.737

23.718

33.040

3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Panelboard

71.737

92.776

33.040

4

71.737

92.776

33.040

4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Other

71.737

8.350

33.040

3

71.737

8.350

33.040

3

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Table 11: Comparison of Arc Flash results between ETAP and Hand Calculations developed based on IEEE 1584 2002 standards for different voltage levels and types of equipment. Note that incident energy is calculated based on a fault clearing time of 0.1 sec.

Reference

1. IEEE Standard 1584 2002 pages 4-13.

2. ETAP Short Circuit ANSI V&V Documents, Case Number TCS-SC-120.

Copyright © 2005 Operation Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Page 3 of 3

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Operation Technology, Inc. The Licensee may copy portions of this documentation only for the exclusive use of Licensee. Any reproduction shall include the copyright notice. This exception does not allow copies to be made for other persons or entities, whether or not sold. Under this law, copying includes translating into another language. Certain names and/or logos used in this document may constitute trademarks, service marks, or trade names of Operation Technology, Inc. or other entities.